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Materials System Specification

01-SAMSS-010 Fabricated Carbon Steel Piping Piping Standards Committee Members


Al-Sannaa, M.S., Chairman Al-Dossary, M.B. Al-Nasri, N.I. Al-Qahtani, K.D. Al-Sabti, R.A. Al-Sharif, T.M. Al-Teraiki, A.M. Balhareth, N.M. Chen, J.T. Fadley, G.L. Ismail, A.A. Khashab, J.M. Kim, S.U. Lewis, T. Mahmoud, K.A. Mullen, M.A. Phan, H.C. Solaiman, M.Z. Stark, G.D.

30 April 2005

Saudi Aramco DeskTop Standards


Table of Contents

1 2 3 4 5 6

Scope............................................................. 2 Conflicts and Deviations................................ 2 References..................................................... 2 Purchase Order Information........................... 4 Material Requirements................................... 5 Requirements for Design, Cutting and Fitting.................................. 6 7 Bending.......................................................... 8 8 Welding........................................................ 10 9 Inspection and Tests.................................... 10 10 Product Marking and Preparation for Shipment..................... 11
Previous Issue: 30 March 2005 Next Planned Update: 1 May 2010 Page 1 of 12 Primary contact: Muhsen S. Al-Sannaa on 874-6679

Document Responsibility: Piping Issue Date: 30 April 2005 Next Planned Update: 1 May 2010

01-SAMSS-010 Fabricated Carbon Steel Piping

Scope 1.1 This specification defines the minimum mandatory requirements governing the fabrication of carbon steel pipe spools, including welding, heat treatment, cold bending, and threading of pipes. This specification may be used for piping made of high strength special steel or alloy steels for low and high temperature applications. In this case, exceptions and additions to this specification will be stated in the Purchase Order or its attachments. The governing specification shall be ASME B31.3 unless B31.1, B31.4 or B31.8 is specified in the Purchase Order as required. Field-type cold bends used in cross-country pipeline construction are excluded. Also, hot furnace or induction bends are excluded from this specification.

1.2

1.3 1.4

Conflicts and Deviations 2.1 Any conflicts between this specification and other applicable Saudi Aramco Materials System Specifications (SAMSSs), Engineering Standards (SAESs), Standard Drawings (SASDs), or industry standards, codes, and forms shall be resolved in writing by the Company or Buyer Representative through the Manager, Consulting Services Department of Saudi Aramco, Dhahran. Direct all requests to deviate from this specification in writing to the Company or Buyer Representative, who shall follow internal company procedure SAEP-302 and forward such requests to the Manager, Consulting Services Department of Saudi Aramco, Dhahran.

2.2

References The selection of material and equipment, and the design, construction, maintenance, and repair of equipment and facilities covered by this standard shall comply with the latest edition of the references listed below, unless otherwise noted. 3.1 Saudi Aramco References Saudi Aramco Engineering Procedure SAEP-302 Instructions for Obtaining a Waiver of a Mandatory Saudi Aramco Engineering Requirement

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Document Responsibility: Piping Issue Date: 30 April 2005 Next Planned Update: 1 May 2010

01-SAMSS-010 Fabricated Carbon Steel Piping

Saudi Aramco Engineering Standards SAES-A-301 SAES-W-011 SAES-W-012 Materials Resistant to Sulfide Stress Corrosion Cracking Welding Requirements for On-plot Piping Welding Requirements for Pipelines

Saudi Aramco Materials System Specifications 01-SAMSS-016 Qualification of Pipeline and Pressure Vessel Steels for Resistance to Hydrogen-Induced Cracking API Line Pipe Low Temperature Pipe Small Direct Charge Purchase of In-Plant Pipe Induction and Furnace Hot Pipe Bends High Frequency Welded Pipe, Class B High Frequency Welded Pipe, Class C Butt welding Pipe Fittings

01-SAMSS-035 01-SAMSS-036 01-SAMSS-038 01-SAMSS-039 01-SAMSS-332 01-SAMSS-333 02-SAMSS-005

Saudi Aramco Inspection Requirements Form 175-013100 Fabricated Carbon Steel Piping

Saudi Aramco Standard Drawings AB-036227 AE-036175 AE-036643 3.2 Industry Codes and Standards American Petroleum Institute API SPEC 5L Specification for Line Pipe Piping Symbols Welding Boss for Threaded Connections Welding Boss for Socket Weld Connections

American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME B1.20.1 ASME B16.11 ASME B16.5 Pipe Threads, General Purpose (Inch) Forged Steel Fittings, Socket-Welding and Threaded Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings

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Document Responsibility: Piping Issue Date: 30 April 2005 Next Planned Update: 1 May 2010

01-SAMSS-010 Fabricated Carbon Steel Piping

ASME B16.9 ASME B31.1 ASME B31.3 ASME B31.4 ASME B31.8 ASME SEC V

Factor-made Wrought Buttwelding Fittings Power Piping Process Piping Pipeline Transportation Systems for Liquid Hydrocarbons and Other Liquids Gas Transmission and Distribution Piping Systems Nondestructive Examination

Manufacturers Standardization Society MSS-SP-83 Carbon Steel Pipe Unions, Socket-Welding and Thread Ends

Purchase Order Information The Purchase Order will include the following: a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) The applicable code (ASME B31.1, B31.3, B31.4, or B31.8). Detailed Isometric Drawings or Piping Detail Sheets. Service conditions. Post-weld heat treatment, if required by service conditions (otherwise, it shall be governed by the applicable code). Materials to be supplied by the Vendor. Materials to be supplied by the Buyer to the Vendor, if any. Inspection requirements - Form 175-013100 plus any additional requirements. Minimum I.D. dimension, if required to permit passage of instrumented scraper or maintenance scraper. Impact testing requirements. Non-material Requirements (NMR) form for fabricated pipe bend(s) if applicable. Surface preparation and paint or coating requirements.

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Document Responsibility: Piping Issue Date: 30 April 2005 Next Planned Update: 1 May 2010

01-SAMSS-010 Fabricated Carbon Steel Piping

Material Requirements All materials supplied by the Vendor for piping elements or structural attachments shall conform to the requirements of the applicable code and shall be traceable to mill certificates. Material selection may be further limited in this specification or in the Purchase Order. Used or reclaimed materials or materials of unknown specification are not permitted. 5.1 Pipe 5.1.1 Unless otherwise specified in the Purchase Order, the allowable materials are: 1) API SPEC 5L Grade B through X60, either seamless or single seam submerged arc welded pipe, conforming to 01-SAMSS-035 or 01-SAMSS-038. ASTM A53 seamless Grade B, black or A106 Grade B. For sizes above 6-inch diameter, the material shall meet the composition (including carbon equivalent) and hardness requirements specified in 01-SAMSS-035 or 01-SAMSS-038.
Commentary Note: Saudi Aramco Material System standardizes on two grades of carbon steel pipe materials as follows: ASTM A106 or API SPEC 5L grade B and API SPEC 5L grade X60. It is desirable to fabricate piping systems with these materials to match the materials of the overall piping systems.

2)

5.1.2 5.1.3

For wet sour service, welded pipe shall conform to 01-SAMSS-016 or seamless pipe shall be used. ERW pipe (electric resistance welded) shall not be used for process piping unless approved by the Chairman of Material Engineering and Corrosion Control Standards Committee and the Chairman of the Piping Standards Committee of CSD. In all cases, only HF (high frequency) ERW pipe will be considered for use. All ERW pipe shall meet the 01-SAMSS-332 or 01-SAMSS-333 requirements as applicable.

5.2

Pipe Nipples Nipples shall conform to paragraph 5.1 and shall be Schedule 80 minimum. Threads shall be in accordance with ASME B1.20.1 taper pipe thread. For pipe sizes of 1-inch and smaller in vibration service where bracing can not be effectively provided, nipples with schedule 160 shall be installed.
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Document Responsibility: Piping Issue Date: 30 April 2005 Next Planned Update: 1 May 2010

01-SAMSS-010 Fabricated Carbon Steel Piping

5.3

Flanges Flanges shall be weld neck type. Flange specification, rating, and facing shall be as specified in the Purchase Order. Flanges for sour service shall be in accordance with SAES-A-301.

5.4

Unless otherwise shown on the Purchase Order drawings, the pipe fittings shall be as follows: 5.4.1 Butt welding pipe fittings shall be used for nominal pipe sizes 2-inch and larger. Butt welding pipe fittings for sour service shall be in accordance with 02-SAMSS-005, or SAES-A-301. The material grade and the nominal wall thickness of butt welding fittings shall match, or be equivalent in strength to, that of the adjoining pipe. 5.4.2 Forged steel threaded or socket-welding fittings shall conform to ASME B16.11, pressure class 3000 and ASTM A105 for nominal pipe sizes smaller than 2-inch. All unions shall conform to MSS-SP-83 for nominal pipe sizes smaller than 2-inch. For nominal pipe sizes 2-inch and smaller, forged steel welding bosses shall conform to either Drawing AE-036175 or AE-036643 or be equivalent to A105 integrally reinforced fittings, pressure class 3000 minimum. All such fittings shall be designed to abut the pipe wall with a full penetration weld. Couplings and half-couplings shall not be used as integrally reinforced fittings. Couplings are not permitted between the header and root valve. Bushings with one size reduction shall not be used. Only hex head steel bushings shall be used. Flush steel bushings are not permitted.

5.4.3 5.4.4

5.4.5

5.5

Reinforcing and Attachments Steel plate used for reinforcing pads, sleeves, saddles and other structural attachments shall conform to a code listed plate material with specified minimum yield strength of 206.8 MPa (30,000 psi) or greater. The weep hole shall not be mechanically plugged nor seal welded but can be plugged with grease.

Requirements for Design, Cutting and Fitting 6.1 Drawings

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Document Responsibility: Piping Issue Date: 30 April 2005 Next Planned Update: 1 May 2010

01-SAMSS-010 Fabricated Carbon Steel Piping

6.1.1

The Vendor shall prepare the detailed shop fabrication drawings based on the Purchase Order drawings, if needed. The shop drawings shall be submitted to the Buyer for approval prior to fabrication unless if so specified in the Purchase Order or when special details are proposal are involved. Any details not shown on Buyer's drawings (for example reinforcing pads) shall be designed by the Vendor in accordance with ASME B31.3. Standard piping symbols used on Piping Detail Sheets and Isometric Detail Sheets are identified on Standard Drawing AB-036227. Approval of Vendor's drawings by the Buyer does not relieve the Vendor of the responsibility for compliance with the code, this specification and the Purchase Order requirements. Welded branch connections and other joints shall be full strength reinforced such that the maximum allowable operating pressure of a pipe spool shall be limited by either the specified pipe or the flange rating. All reinforcing pads shall have a minimum outer radius of 51 mm. A 3-6 mm weep hole shall be provided for each reinforcing pad.

6.1.2 6.1.3 6.1.4

6.1.5

6.2

Mitered Joints & Bends 6.2.1 6.2.2 Mitered pipe joints are not permitted. A mitered joint is defined as a joint with an angular offset larger than three degrees. Mitered bends are not permitted.

6.3

For socket-welded connections, the axial gap between male and female component, as shown in Figure 328.5.2C of ASME B31.3 code, shall be maximum of 3 mm and minimum of 1.5 mm. Ends for Field Welding 6.4.1 The ends of pipe and pipe spools to be joined by girth welds during field installation, shall be prepared and matched to facilitate fit-up in the field. Exception to this requirement is indicated in the drawing where extra length is to be cut back in the field for adjustment. Corresponding welding ends shall be clearly marked. All welding ends shall be beveled with an angle of 35 degrees, 5 degrees, and a root face of 1.6 mm. The bevels shall be either machinecut bevels or smooth, clean, slag-free flame cut. The end plane shall be normal to the pipe axis as defined on the piping drawing, within 0.25 degrees.
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6.4

6.4.2

Document Responsibility: Piping Issue Date: 30 April 2005 Next Planned Update: 1 May 2010

01-SAMSS-010 Fabricated Carbon Steel Piping

6.5

Dimensional Tolerances Bend tolerances are: bend angle 0.5 degree and bend radius 1% unless otherwise indicated on Company drawing or Purchase Order. 6.5.1 6.5.2 6.5.3 The tolerance for axial dimensions, face-to-face, center-to-face and location of attachments shall be 3 mm maximum. Lateral offset of branches and connections from centerline of run shall not exceed 1.6 mm. Flange bolt holes shall straddle the established centerlines. Rotation of flanges, measured as the offset between elevation of bolt holes on opposite sides of a flange centerline shall not exceed 1.6 mm. The tilt of a flange measured at the periphery across any diameter shall not exceed 1 mm from the square position. When a minimum I.D. dimension is specified by the Purchase Order, the pipe spool shall be checked by the Vendor by passing a gauging scraper through the finished spool. The diameter of the gauging scraper shall be equal to the I.D. dimension specified and the length shall be approximately one-half of the diameter. Pipe spools and bends shall be checked and corrected after heat treatment to assure proper alignment of flanges and correct centerline dimensions.

6.5.4 6.5.5

6.5.6

Bending 7.1 General 7.1.1 Bends shall be completely free of buckles, dents, cracks, wrinkles, other mechanical damage, or indentations such as caused by the grips of the bending machine. A wrinkle is cause for rejection and is defined as a deviation of the pipe wall from the ideal contour of more than 15% of the nominal wall thickness perpendicular to the surface. The dimension of a flat spot shall not exceed the value given by the following formula: D=

( 2tD)

(1)

where: d : t : largest dimension of the flat spot nominal wall thickness

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Document Responsibility: Piping Issue Date: 30 April 2005 Next Planned Update: 1 May 2010

01-SAMSS-010 Fabricated Carbon Steel Piping

D :

nominal pipe diameter

7.1.2 The difference between the largest and the smallest diameter (ovality) of the cross-section of a bend shall not exceed 5% of the nominal pipe diameter at any point in the bend and shall not exceed 3% of the nominal pipe diameter at the ends. 7.1.3 The minimum wall thickness after bending shall at no point be less than the minimum allowable wall thickness of the pipe as specified in the Purchase Order. 7.1.4 Unless otherwise specified in the Purchase Order or shown on the drawings, the centerline radius of pipe bends shall not be less than five times the nominal pipe diameter (5D bends). 7.1.5 When bends are supplied with welding ends for field welding, a straight tangent of not less than one and one-half nominal pipe diameter or two feet, whichever is less, shall be provided at each end. (1.5D tangents are typical). 7.1.6 Pipe containing circumferential butt welds shall not be used to make bends. However, circumferential butt welds are permitted to join compound bends which were specified without a sufficient tangent between the two bends. 7.2 Cold Bending Cold bends shall be made below 649C (below 315C for grades of pipe strengthened by cold work). 7.2.1 Only seamless Grade B pipe shall be used. 7.2.2 For 6-inch NPS and larger pipe, cold bends shall not be used unless they were specified in the Purchase Order and the bend radius shall not be less than 10D. 7.2.3 For cold bends with a radius of less than 30D, the nominal diameter (O.D.) divided by the nominal wall thickness shall not exceed 135(D/t). 7.2.4 For wet, sour service, cold bends shall be heat treated at 593C to 649C for one hour per 25.4 mm of nominal wall thickness, but for not less than one hour. 7.2.5 For wet, sour service, each bend shall have a hardness measurement made at the outer radius of the bend area. Maximum allowable hardness is 237 Brinell (22 HRC). Portable hardness testers are acceptable,
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Document Responsibility: Piping Issue Date: 30 April 2005 Next Planned Update: 1 May 2010

01-SAMSS-010 Fabricated Carbon Steel Piping

(Equotip tester may be used only on material with a wall thickness greater than 12.7 mm). 7.3 Hot Bends Furnace hot bends or induction bends shall comply with the requirement of 01-SAMSS-039.
8 Welding

8.1

All welding, heat treating, and non-destructive testing shall be in accordance with the following specifications: a) b) SAES-W-011 for ASME B31.3 applications. SAES-W-012 for ASME B31.4 and ASME B31.8 applications.

8.2

Repairs Unsuccessful weld repairs after the second attempt shall be cut out as a cylinder and shall be replaced with a new section of pipe.

8.3

Radiography 8.3.1 The non-mandatory appendix to ASME SEC V, Article 2 shall be used in determining the required number and location of radiographs for circumferential joints. 8.3.2 Progressive examinations and other additional radiography resulting from rejected or repaired welds shall be at Vendor's expense. 8.3.3 Progressive examinations and other additional radiography resulting from rejected or repaired welds shall not be included in the minimum percentage specified to be radiographed.

Inspection and Tests

All inspection and testing shall be performed as per Saudi Aramco Inspection Requirements Form 175-013100. 9.1 Hydrostatic Tests 9.1.1 When all openings on a pipe spool are either flanged or threaded, the spool shall be hydrostatically tested. When no test pressure is indicated in the Purchase Order, the hydrostatic test pressure shall be based on the flange rating as shown in ASME B16.5, but not less than the minimum test pressure per ASME B31.3 paragraph 345.4.2. In no case shall the
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Document Responsibility: Piping Issue Date: 30 April 2005 Next Planned Update: 1 May 2010

01-SAMSS-010 Fabricated Carbon Steel Piping

pipe be stressed to more than 90% of the specified minimum yield strength (SMYS) using the Barlow equation with nominal pipe wall thickness. No paint or primer shall be applied over the girth welds prior to hydrostatic testing. 9.1.2 The Vendor shall provide the necessary blind flanges, plugs and caps. 9.1.3 Piping spools which have welding ends shall not be pressure tested unless provisions for test ends have been indicated in the Purchase Order documents. For piping spools which are not to be pressure tested, all weld joints shall be 100% inspected by using the NDT methods specified in the Purchase Order. 9.2 Inspection The Vendor shall give reasonable advance notice in writing to the Buyer regarding the dates that fabrication will start and tests will be made. All materials, certificates, fabrication, testing and examinations shall be subject to verification by Buyer's Inspector in accordance with ASME B31.3 Chapter VI for full compliance with this Specification and the Purchase Order drawings and other requirements. Inspection shall be carried out at the place of manufacture.
10 Product Marking and Preparation for Shipment

10.1

Identification 10.1.1 Each spool shall be marked with the spool number painted at the ends as shown on the drawings. The numbers shall not be less than 25 mm in height. In addition, the spool number shall be die-stamped on the rim of each flange. Pipe bends, delivered as separate components, shall be marked by paint stenciling with the following additional information: a) b) c) d) e) f) g) Vendor name or trademark Outside diameter and nominal wall thickness Grade per API SPEC 5L or ASTM Bend angle and radius Point of tangency, both ends Tempering heat treatment verification Sour service or non-sour service
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10.1.2

Document Responsibility: Piping Issue Date: 30 April 2005 Next Planned Update: 1 May 2010

01-SAMSS-010 Fabricated Carbon Steel Piping

10.2

Cleaning All loose foreign material and weld spatter shall be removed from the inside and outside of the spool. The spool shall be clean and dry.

10.3

Painting Unless otherwise specified in the Purchase Order the pipe spools shall not be painted or coated.

10.4

Protection 10.4.1 When spools are supplied with blind flanges, the latter shall be bolted on with the specified gaskets and stud bolts. Other flange faces shall be protected by a suitable cover bolted to the flange. 10.4.2 Threaded bosses shall be fitted with steel bar stock plugs. Threaded pipe ends shall be provided with steel or malleable iron pipe caps as temporary closure. Threads shall be coated with a graphite and oil paste. 10.4.3 Welding ends shall be protected against damage during handling and shipment by means of a securely fastened bevel protector.
Revision Summary Major revision.

30 April 2005

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