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STANDARD SPECIFICATION OF PRESSURE VESSELS FOR PACKAGE ITEMS

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Abbreviations:

ASME ASTM BHN DFT EN F ! H#$ #B #"$ #S MT NB

American Society of Mechanical Engineers American Society of Testing Materials Brinell Hardness Number Dry Film Thickness European Standards Fibre "lass einforced !lastic Hydrogen #nduced $racking #ndian Boiler egulations

#nter "ranular $orrosion #ndian Standards Metric Ton Nominal Bore

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CONTENTS
1.0 2.0 ".0 $.0 &.0 (.0 +.0 ,.0 -.0 10.0 11.0 12.0 SCOPE CODE - SPECIFICATIONS REG !ATIONS DESIGN #ASIS %ATERIA!S 'EADS %AN 'O!ES)'AND'O!ES AND NO**!ES F!ANGES INSPECTION PRESS RE TESTING .E!DING POST .E!D 'EAT TREAT%ENT RADIOGRAP'/)NON-DESTR CTI0E TESTING

1".0 1$.0 1&.0 1(.0

FIRE PROOFING AND INS !ATION C!EANING AND PAINTING GENERA! !IST OF ATTAC'%ENTS 1APP!ICA#!E STANDARDS AND SPECIFICATIONS2 ANNE3 RES I2 I52 III2 I02 0ENDOR DATA RE4 IRE%ENT DATA S'EET FOR PRESS RE 0ESSE! 1To be 6i55e7 in b8 t9e 0en7or2 %ATERIA! SE!ECTION DESIGN P'I!OSOP'/ OF TA!! CO! %NS

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1.0 %&% %&* 2.0 *&%

SCOPE This specification co'ers general re(uirements for material) design) fabrication) erection and testing of pressure 'essels& +essel Si,ing-Design shall be in 'endor.s scope unless other/ise specified& +endor shall submit all design parameters of 'essels as per Anne0ure1##& CODE - SPECIFICATION REG !ATIONS Design $odes a2 b2 c2 d2 +essels /ith design pressure %&3 4g-$m*5g2 and less than *%3 4g-cm*5g2 shall be Designed) fabricated) inspected and tested as per ASME $ode Sec& +lll Di'& %& 5latest2 All 'essels /ith design pressure *%3 4g-cm*5g2 shall be designed) fabricated) inspected and tested as per ASME $ode Sec& +### Di'&*& 5latest2 +essels full of li(uid and-or /ith design pressure 6 %&3 4g-cm* 5g2 shall be designed) fabricated) inspected and tested as per ASME $ode Sec& +### Di'&% 1 !ractice& Mechanical design of self7supporting tall column shall be carried out as per guidelines gi'en in Anne0ure1 l+& Material Specifications Materials to be used shall conform to a2 b2 ASME Section ##& #ndian Standard Specification of e(ui'alent grade& Statutory egulations& a2 National la/s 9 regulations together /ith local bye1la/s for the country or state /here 'essels are to be erected must be complied /ith& Appro'al of design and dra/ings from statutory authorities shall be +endor.s responsibility& :ind and earth(uake loads shall be calculated in accordance /ith rele'ant #ndian Standards unless other/ise specified&

*&*

*&8

b2 ".0 8&%

DESIGN #ASIS Minimum :all Thickness +essel shell and heads shall ha'e minimum /all thicknesses calculated /ith design pressure and temperature) in accordance /ith codes) but in no case) shall the thickness be less than that determined by follo/ing formulas; a2 For carbon and lo/ alloy steel 'essels 1 <mm 5#ncluding corrosion allo/ance not e0ceeding 8&3 mm2) but not less than that calculated as per follo/ing ; F= D#AMETE S >ESS THAN *?33 MM

:all thickness @ Dia-%333 A %&B A $orrosion Allo/ance F= D#AMETE S *?33 mm AND AB=+E

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:all thickness @ Dia& -%333 A *&B A $orrosion Allo/ance& All dimensions are in mm& b2 For stainless steel 'essels and high alloy steel 'essels 8 mm) but not less than that calculated as per follo/ing for diameter more than %B33mm& :all thickness 5mm2 @ Dia& -%333 A *&B $orrosion allo/ance) if any) shall be added to minimum thickness& c2 d2 e2 8&* lf the 'essel height 5H2 from base of skirt to top tangent line is greater than B times diameter 5D2 then 'essel shall be considered as column and shall be designed accordingly& For carbon and lo/ alloy steel columns-to/ers 1 Cmm 5including corrosion allo/ance not e0ceeding 8&3 mm2 For stainless steel and high alloy steel columns-to/ers B mm& $orrosion allo/ance) if any) shall be added to minimum thickness&

Design !ressure Design pressure shall be calculated as per the follo/ing unless other/ise specified else/here in the package; a2 :hen operating pressure is upto D3 4g-cm* 5g2 the design pressure shall be e(ual to ma0imum operating pressure at top of 'essel or highest point in 'essel plus %3E 5minimum of %&3 4g-cm*2 more than operating pressure& :hen operating pressure is o'er D3 4g-cm* 5g2) the design pressure shall be e(ual to operating pressure plus BE 5minimum D 4g-cm*2& b2 c2 Design pressure at any lo/er point is to be determined by adding the ma0imum operating li(uid head and any gradient /ithin the 'essel& +essel operating under 'acuum 5or partial 'acuum2 shall be designed for differential e0ternal pressure of %&3BB 4g-cm*&

8&8

Design Temperature Design temperature shall be calculated as per the follo/ing unless other/ise specified else/here in the package; a2 b2 c2 For 'essels operating at 3F $ and o'er) the design temperature shall be operating temperature plus %BF $& Ho/e'er design temperature shall not be less than <BF $& For 'essel operating belo/ 3F $) design temperature shall be lo/est operating temperature& Minimum Design Metal Temperature 5MDMT2 shall be lo/er of minimum atmospheric temperature and minimum temperature en'isaged during operation&

8&?

$orrosion Allo/ance Minimum corrosion allo/ance for carbon steel 'essels shall be 8&3 mm unless other/ise specified else/here in the package& Allo/able Stresses Basic allo/able stresses for shell) heads and other components etc& shall be the 'alues specified in the design code& The allo/able stresses for structural members and anchor bolts shall be as specified in #ndian Standard #S; C33& :ind and Seismic >oads&

8&B 8&B&% 8&B&* 8&<

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8&<&% 8&<&* $.0

:ind load shall be calculated as per #ndian Standard #S CDB site specific /ind data if attached /ith the bid package& Earth(uake forces shall be calculated in accordance /ith #ndian Standard #S; %CG8 or it shall be based on meteorological and seismic data of the site) if attached /ith the bid package& %ATERIA!S Materials of 'arious parts of e(uipment shall be selected as per Table gi'en in Anne0ure H lll for general industrial condition-ser'ices&

?&% ?&%&%

Specifications of $arbon Steel !lates $hemical Analysis !lates used shall conform to latest issue of specification SA1*3 /ith additional re(uirements mentioned herein& a2 b2 =nly normalised plates free from inIurious defects /ith /orkmanlike finish shall be used& econditioning-repair of plates by /elding shall not be permitted& =ne product analysis of each heat shall be carried out and reported& $hemical analysis shall be as per applicable specifications /ith carbon content not e0ceeding 3&*8E&

Additionally) one of follo/ing re(uirements for carbon e(ui'alents 5$e(2 based on heat analysis shall be satisfied& $e( @ $ A Mn-< J 3&?* &&& 5%2

$e( @ $ A Mn-<A 5$r A Mo A +2-BA 5$uANi2-%B J 3&?8 &&& 5*2 E(uation 7 5%2 shall be used /hen applicable material specify $ and Mn only&

E(uation 1 5*2 is applicable for restricted chemistry re(uirements or for supplementary re(uirements of S%G 9 S*% of specification SA1*3& ?&%&* Kltrasonic E0aminations of !lates a2 b2 !lates ha'ing thickness %< mm to B3 mm 5both inclusi'e2 shall be e0amined ultrasonically as per specification SA1 ?8B& For thickness abo'e B3 mm) ultrasonic e0aminations shall be carried out as per specification SA1BDC and shall ha'e acceptance standard of le'el1B&

c2 For (uenched and tempered steel plates) ultrasonic e0amination shall be carried out after the specified heat treatment&

?&%&8

Simulated Heat Treatment of Test $oupons For plates abo'e %< mm thickness intended for hot rolling- forming L i2 ii2 iii2 ecommended normalising cycle Soaking temperature Holding time one hour per *B mm thickness but not less than half an hour $ooling in still air =ne normalisingLA one stress relie'ing as per K$S B< of ASME code Sec +###) Di'1 %

G33F$ to %333F$

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?&%&? ?&%&B ?&%&<

$harpy +7notch impact testing as per SB of specification SA1*3 to be carried out at design temperature for lo/ temperature ser'ices& !lates needed for #B 'essels shall meet the re(uirements of #B 5#ndian Boiler egulation2&

!lates abo'e B3 mm in thickness shall meet follo/ing additional re(uirements& a2 b2 c2 +acuum treatment as per supplementary re(uirement S% of specification SA1*3& $harpy +1notch test as per the supplementary re(uirement SB of specification SA1*3& Material meant to be used for design temperature /armer than =F $& 1 1 1 minus *GF $& As per Table A *&%B of specification SA1*3& Trans'erse to the direction of rolling&

Test temperature Acceptance $riteria =rientation of test bar d2 e2 ?&*

Bend test as per supplementary re(uirement S%? of specification SA1*3& Simulated heat treatment of mechanical test coupon as per clause ?&%&8 of this specification &

Specification of Stainless Steel !lates-!ipe-Forging !lates used shall conform to latest issue of specification SA1?C3 /ith additional re(uirements mentioned herein& a2 b2 All plates shall be hot rolled) annealed) pickled and shall ha'e No&% finish on both sides /ith reference to specification SA1?C3& Knless other/ise specified) plates) pipes forgings and fittings representati'e of each heat shall be subIected to inter granular corrosion tests as per ASTM A*<* practice E for all the 833 series materials& The bend test specimen shall be e0amined at a magnification of *330& !lates ha'ing thickness %< mm to B3 mm 5both inclusi'e2 shall be e0amined ultrasonically as per specification SA ?8B& For the thickness abo'e B3 mm ultrasonic e0amination shall be carried out as per specification SA BDC and shall ha'e acceptance standard of le'el B

c2 d2 ?&8

Si0 copies of certificates and documents of all tests re(uired here) duly certified by inspecting authority shall be submitted to MKANTA-!urchaser inspector before fabrication of 'essel& Material certificates shall conform to #nternational standard as applicable& Material for #nternal >ining-!ainting F ! >ining i2 ii2 :here e'er F ! lining on inside of e(uipment is specified the resin used shall be 'inyl ester) e(ui'alent or better to suit the intended ser'ice& The steel surface shall be abrasi'e blasted as per SS!$1S!1%3 and anchor profile of surface shall be 8C to DB micron& !rimer coat of polyamide cured epo0y 5*B to DB micron DFT2 shall be immediately applied after cleaning to pre'ent rust formation before application of F ! lining&

?&? ?&?&%

?&?&*

ubber >ining Application of rubber lining on inside of 'essels) shall be done as per #S ?<C* !art1# and MKANTA Specification issued /ith MDS&

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?&?&8

!ainting on internal surface Surface preparation and application of primer and painting shall be in accordance /ith specification M!S1!#1!T"133% for specified ser'ice&

&.0

'EADS a2 Heads shape) dimensions proposed by the manufacturer must be stated in offer& All carbon steel dished heads and toricones upto %< mm thickness 5nominal2 shall be stress relie'ed and more than %< mm thickness shall be normalised if cold pressed or formed& Ho/e'er) in case hot forming carried out in the normalising range) no stress relie'ing is necessary& $old formed dished heads and SS 'essels shall not be solution annealed unless any of the follo/ing conditions e0ists& i2 ii2 iii2 c2 Specifically called for particular e(uipment-ser'ice Hardness 'alue after forming e0ceed *8B BHN Nominal thickness of plate %< mm or abo'e&

b2

Hot formed dished ends of SS 'essels shall be solution annealed& %AN'O!ES)'AND'O!ES AND NO**!ES

(.0 a2 b2 c2 d2 e2 f2

Manholes shall be minimum ?B3 mm NB unless other/ise specified& Manhole co'er shall be pro'ided /ith a da'it or hinge& Small 'essels shall be pro'ided /ith t/o pad type inspection opening of %B3 NB& lf it is not possible for small 'essel upto 833 mm diameter 'essel a suitable spool pipe shall be pro'ided in the piping for inspection& For 'essels /ith diameter less than G33 mm and ha'ing remo'able internals) shell flanges shall be pro'ided& As a general rule all no,,les attachment to shell-head shall be set in type& The reinforcement for the no,,les opening shall be integral type /hen re(uired by the applicable code-standards or /hen the thickness of 'essel /all e0ceeds B3 mm& Self1reinforcement type no,,les C3NB and abo'e shall be set1in type&

+.0

F!ANGES a2 b2 c2 d2 e2 All flanges shall be as per ASME B1%<&B& Flanges not co'ered by ASME B1 %<&B shall be to ASME B1%<&?D 5Series B2& For no,,les %33 mm NB and belo/) only /eldneck flanges shall be used& Slip on flanges may be used for no,,les abo'e %33 mm NB for class %B3 only& =nly /eldneck flanges shall be used in hydrogen ser'ice) cyclic ser'ice and corrosi'e ser'ices /here corrosion allo/ance is in e0cess of 8&3 mm& All flanges abo'e class %B3 shall be /eldneck type& All flanges of class G33 and abo'e shall ha'e gasket surfaces for TN&

,.0

INSPECTION

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All 'essels shall be offered for stage1/ise as /ell as for final inspection to !urchaser or his authorised inspector& #nspector shall ha'e free access to all /orkshops of 'endor or his sub1'endors& -.0 PRESS RE TESTING All 'essels shall be hydrostatically or pneumatically tested as per the code& ln order to safeguard against the risk of brittle fracture during hydrostatic test) temperature of test fluid shall meet the re(uirements of K"1GG of ASME Sec& +### Di'&% and shall preferably not be less than l<F $& 10.0 .E!DING Full penetration /eld shall be employed for Ioining pressure parts& :here both sides are not accessible for /elding) root run by tungsten inert gas process or backing strip may be used to ensure full penetration& Backing strip) if used) is to be remo'ed after /elding) /here'er possible& 11.0 POST .E!D 'EAT TREAT%ENT a2 +essels shall be heat1treated /hene'er it is re(uired due to ser'ice re(uirement or due to code re(uirements& +essels shall be post /eld1heat treated as a complete unit and no /elding shall be permitted once post /eld heat treatment is performed& :here'er heat treatment on stainless steel is carried out) it shall be follo/ed by micro etching test and #"$ test as per ASTM A *<* !ractice E unless other/ise specified to ascertain suitability and effecti'eness of solution annealing& The bend test specimen shall be e0amined at a magnification of *33 O

b2

12.0 %*&% %*&*

RADIOGRAP'/)NON DESTR CTI0E TESTING The e0tent of radiography shall be as specified in the package& #n no case shall the radiographic e0amination be less than that specified in the code& Ho/e'er) spot radiography is the minimum re(uirement for all 'essels& :hen spot radiography is specified) the follo/ing re(uirements shall supplement the re(uirements specified in ASME Section +### Di'ision %P 5i2 5ii2 5iii2 All QT. 1 Ioints shall be radiographed& Minimum BE of total /eld length e0cluding QT. 1 Ioints shall be radiographed& E'aluation) tests and repair shall be as per applicable code&

%*&8 %*&? %*&B %*&< 1".0

All no,,les fabricated from plate) irrespecti'e of thickness) shall be %33E radiographed& :eld seams of formed ends shall be %33E radiographed after forming and heat treatment) if any& The techni(ue employed and the /eld (uality achie'ed shall meet the re(uirement of the code& All no,,le to shell /elds 5 oot and Final run2 shall be e0amined by magnetic particle-Dye penetrant test& FIRE PROOFING AND INS !ATION +essels re(uiring insulation and-or fire proofing shall be pro'ided /ith supports as per MKANTA standard issued /ith MDS&

1$.0

C!EANING AND PAINTING a2 b2 c2 +essels shall be cleaned internally to remo'e scale) rust) dirt) foreign material by /ire brushing& Stainless steel surfaces both inside and outside shall be pickled and passi'ated in accordance /ith specification ASTM1A8 C3 after hydrotest& All e0ternal surfaces shall be cleaned) primed and painted in accordance /ith M!S1!#1!T"133% for

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specified en'ironment& 1&.0 %B&% %B&* GENERA! +essel /eighing more than B&3 MT shall be pro'ided /ith lifting lugs& Skirt supported 'essels shall be pro'ided /ith tailing lugs) if necessary& Manufacturer shall supply spares as gi'en belo/; "askets Fasteners Sight->ight glass %B&8 %B&? %B&B %B&< %B&D %B&C 1(.0 ; ; ; T/o sets for each installed gasket& %3E 5minimum t/o in each si,e2 of installed fasteners& ? Sets for each installed glass&

Fabrication tolerances indicated in MKANTA Standards-Specifications shall be adhered to& No,,les upto B3 mm NB si,e shall be stiffened /ith * numbers of ?3 mm /ide 0 < mm thick stiffeners /elded at G3 apart& +essel diameter 833 mm NB and belo/ shall be made from seamless pipe only& No,,le connections used for 'essels shall not be less than ?3 mm NB& olling direction of plate for shell shall be length/ise& "uarantee) packing) marking on 'essels and shipment) etc& to be as per package specifications& !IST OF ATTAC'%ENTS T#T>E +essel Tolerance Support for Hori,ontal +essel Skirt Base Details Angle >eg Support !ipe >eg Support Bracket Support for +ertical +essel Manhole /ith Hinge $o'er Manhole /ith Da'it Standard Bolt Hole =rientation #nternal Flanges #nternal Feed !ipe Support Standard Specification for shop 9 field painting D=$KMENT N=& M!S1M$1STD1333% M!S1M$1STD1333* M!S1M$1STD13338 M!S1M$1STD1333? M!S1M$1STD1333B M!S1M$1STD1333< M!S1M$1STD1333D M!S1M$1STD1333C M!S1M$1STD1333G M!S1M$1STD133%3 M!S1M$1STD133%% M!S1!#1!T"1333%

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ANNE3 RE I 0ENDOR DATA RE4 IRE%ENT

S &No& % *

Description Data sheet for !ressure 'essel Mechanical design calculations "eneral arrangement dra/ing of e(pt& along /ith orientation and design para1meters and special notes regarding design-fabrication-testin g procedures) dra/ing #nde0 etc& E(uipment fabrication dra/ing /ith material specifications sho/ing all main /elds) no,,les) manhole details) internals and other accessories Material test and analysis certificates :elding procedure (ualification) /elders (ualification reports) ultrasonic) M!-D! test) $harpy + notch test) hydrotest) records) radiography reports and !:HT charts

No& copies re(uired ? ?

:ith proposal e(uired =ne 'essel typical

After order placement for re'ie/-appro'al e(uired e(uired

After fabrication of e(uipment /ith Data folder 1 Not re(uired

Not re(uired

e(uired

e(uired

Not re(uired

e(uired

e(uired

<

Not re(uired

e(uired by #nspection agency

e(uired

<

<

Not re(uired

e(uired by #nspection agency

e(uired

Notes;

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%& *&

English language 9 Metric Knits shall be used in all documents& All dra/ings shall be dra/n in Autocad 1%?& No hand dra/n dra/ing shall be accepted& All residual calculations shall be computerised& =ther documents and letters shall be furnished in electronic format& The soft/are used shall be as follo/s; a2 MS =ffice GD and abo'e

b2 AD=BE A$ =BAT ?&3 9 Abo'e& 8& T/o sets of $D for all electronic files shall be submitted apart from hard copies /ith the data folder&

ANNE3 RE : II DATA S'EET FOR PRESS RE 0ESSE!


5To be filled in by the +endor2 &

!roIect; Knit; #tem No& E(uipment; $ode for design and construction Design conditions; !ressure 54g-cmRg2 Temperature 5F$2 $orrosion allo/ance Ser'ice >i(uid le'el 5mm2 Special surface finish inside 'essel Type of 'essel Diameter 5mm2 Height T> to T> 5mm2 Noint efficiency adiography !ost /eld heat treatment Materials of construction Shell) reinforcement pads Heads-cones Shell flanges No,,le flanges #nternal parts E0ternal studs-nuts #nternal bolts-nuts $lip attachments 5e0ternal2 Any other general re(uirement

$lient; Nob No; !ackage; Type; =perating conditions; !ressure 54g-cmRg2 Temperature 5F$2 H*S S T >ethal S T =thers S T

e(d& S T Not e(d& S T Hori,ontal S T 'ertical S T Skirt->eg height Shell Shell Head Head

No,,le necks Man /ay neck !ipe fittings "askets 5e0ternal2 "askets 5#nternal2 Skirt- leg support

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+endor shall submit completed data sheet along /ith offer /here'er engineering dra/ing is not attached for the 'essel&

ANNE3 RE III %ATERIA! SE!ECTION


The follo/ing table gi'es general guidelines for material selection for 'arious !ressure !arts-Non !ressure !arts of the e(uipment;
!ressure !arts Design Temp& F$ !ipe 5See Note C2 Bolts-studsNuts e0ternal SA 8*3 "r BC)C$)CT Strain hardened Same as pressure parts Non1pressure !arts Structural attachmen #nternal t /elded pipes-pl to ates pressure parts

!late

Forging

Bolts-studsNuts #nternal

From 1*B? upto 1%G< Abo'e 1%G< upto 1C3

SA *?3 "r 83?>)83?)8%<>)8 %<)8?D 5#mpact tested2 SA *?3 "r 83?>)83?)8%<>)8 %<)8?D SA 8B8-BB8 "r A

SA 8%* Type 83?>)83?)8%< >)8%<)8?D SA 8%* Type 83?>)83?)8%< >)8%<)8*%) 8?D SA 888 "r C

SA %C* "r F 83?>)83?)8%<>)8% <)8?D

SA %C* "r F 83?>)F83?)F8%<>) SA %G? "r S F8%<) C$)CT F8*% )8?D SA B** >=: Temperature SA 8B3 "r >F8 SA 8*3 >D) SA %G? "r ? or "r D SA 8*3 >D) SA %G? "r ? or "r D SA 8*3 >D) SA %G? "r ? or "r D SA %G8 "r BD SA %G? "r *H SA *38 "r E

Abo'e 1C3 upto 1<3 Abo'e 1<3 upto 1?B Abo'e 1?B upto 1*G Abo'e 1*G upto 3

SA *38 "r E #mpact tested 5See Note%2 SA B8D $>&% #mpact tested 5See Note%2 SA B%< 5all grades2 #mpact tested 5See Note%2 SA B%< 5all grades2 5See Note 82

SA 888 "r 8

SA 888 "r 8

SA 8B3 "r >F8

SA B8D $>&% SA B%< 5 in all grades2 SA B%< 5 in all grades2

SA 888 "r < or "r %

SA 8B3 "r >F *

SA %3< "r B 5See Note82

SA %3B- SA *<< 5See Note82

SA 888 "r 8same as pressure parts SA 888 "r 8same as pressure parts SA 888 "r <same as pressure parts SA %3< "r Bsame as pressure parts

SA %G8"r BC) SA %G? "r C

SA %G8"r BC) SA %G? "r C

SA %G8"r BC) SA %G? "r C

SA %G8"r BC) SA %G? "r C

#ntermediate Temperature Abo'e 3 upto 8?8 SA B%< 5all grades2 5See Note 82 SA %G8 "r BD SA %G? "r *H
i2 #S *3<* 5plates upto833U$ ii2 same as pressure parts 5abo'e 833U$2

SA %3< "r B

SA %3B- SA *<<

SA %3< "r Bsame as pressure parts SA 8%* T! 83?>) 8%<>) 8*%same as pressure parts same as pressure parts

SA %G8"r BC) SA %G? "r ?

SA *?3 Type 83?>)8%<>)8*% 5See Note ?2 Abo'e 8?8 upto ?*D

SA 8%*T!83?>) 8%<>)8*%) SA 8D<T!8*%

SA %C* F 83?>) 8%<>) 8*%

SA %G8 "r BD SA %G? "r *H SA %G8 "r BD SA %G? "r ?

same as pressure parts same as pressure parts

SA %G8"r BC) SA %G? "r C

SA *3? "r B

SA 88B "r !%

SA %C* "r F%

SA %G8"r BC) SA %G? "r C

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!ressure !arts SA 8CD %% $>&%-$>&* SA *?3 T! 83?>) 8%<>)8*%See Note ? SA 8CD "r %% $>&%-$>&* SA 8CD "r %* $>&%-$>&* SA *?3 T! 83?) 8%<)8*% See Note ? SA 8CD "r ** $>&%-$>&* SA 8CD "r *% $>&%-$>&* SA *?3 T! 83?H) 8%<H)8*%H SA 88B "r !%% SA 8%*T!83?>) 8%<>)8*%) SA 8D<T!8*% SA 88B !%% SA 88B !%* SA 8%*- SA 8D< T!83?) 8%<) 8*%) SA 88B !** SA %C* "r F%% SA %C* F 83?>) 8%<>) 8*% SA %G8 "r BD SA %G? "r ? SA %G8 "r BD SA %G? "r ? SA %G8 "r %< SA %G? "r ? SA %G8 "r B %< SA %G? "r ? SA %G8 "r B BB SA %G? "r 8 SA %G8 "r BC SA %G? "r C5strain hardened2

Non !ressure !arts same as pressure parts same as pressure parts same as pressure parts same as pressure parts same as pressure parts same as pressure parts same as pressure parts same as pressure parts SA %G8"r BC) SA %G? "r C SA %G8"r BC) SA %G? "r C

E>E+ATED TEM!E ATK E Abo'e?*D upto B8C Abo'e?*D upto B33 Abo'e B8C upto BG8 Abo'e B33 upto C%B SA %C* "r F%% SA %C* "r F%* SA %C* F 83?) 8%<) 8*% SA %C* "r F** SA 88< "r F** SA %G8"r BC) SA %G? "r C SA %G8"r BC) SA %G? "r C

Same as pressure parts

SA 8%*- SA 8D< T!83?H) 8%<H) 8*%H)

SA %C* T!83?H) 8%<H) 8*%H)

Same as pressure parts

NOTES:
%& !ressure 'essel steel plates are purchased to the re(uirement of the standard ASME SA1*3&/hich re(uires testing of indi'idual plates for lo/ temperature ser'ice& $arbon steel material is ordered to meet the impact re(uirements ofV supplement SB) of standard ASME SA *3) typical material specification is as follo/s SA B%< "r&<3& Normalised) to meet impact re(uirements per supplement sB of SA *3 at 1B3F F& All permanent attachments /elded directly to GE nickel steel should be of the same material or of an austenitic stainless steel type /hich cannot be hardened by heat treatment& $heck for impact testing re(uirement as per K$S1<<) for coincident temperature and part thickness& Selection of stainless steel material shall be based on process recommendation-process licensor& This table is not applicable for atmospheric- lo/ pressure storage tanks& Materials shall be selected as per A!# <B3-A!# <*3 as applicable& Materials for caustic ser'ice) sour ser'ice or sour ser'ice A H#$ shall be selected based on specific recommendation of process licensor& Material for pressure 'essels designed according to ASME section +### di'ision * shall be gi'en special consideration as per code& All pipes shall be of seamless construction& Nonferrous material and super alloys are not co'ered abo'e and shall be selected based on specific recommendation& Material for 'essel -column skirt shall be the same material as of 'essel - column shell for the upper part /ith a minimum of B33mm&

*& 8& ?& B& <& D& C& G& %3&

ANNE3 RE I0 DESIGN P'I!OSOP'/ OF TA!! CO! %NS


Mechanical design of self supporting tall column and its anchorage block shall be carried out considering combination of 'arious loads& 1.0 !oa7in;s

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The loadings to be considered in designing a self supporting tall column-to/er shall include; %&% %&* #nternal and- or e0ternal design pressure specified on process data sheets& Self /eight of column inclusi'e of piping) platforms) ladders) manholes) no,,les) trays) /elded and remo'able attachments) insulation and operating li(uid etc& The /eight of attachments to be considered shall be as per Table1# enclosed& =ther loadings as specified in K"1** of ASME $ode Sec& +### Di'& %) /here'er applicable& Seismic forces and moments shall be computed in accordance /ith #S #CG8 5latest edition2 or it shall be based on meteorological and seismic data of the site) if attached /ith the bid package& Knless other/ise specified importance factor and damping coefficient shall be considered as * and *E respecti'ely& Basic /ind pressure and /ind 'elocity 5including that due to /inds of short duration as in s(ualls2 for the computation of forces-moments and dynamic analysis respecti'ely shall be in accordance /ith #S CDB !art18 5latest edition2 or site specific /ind data if attached /ith the bid package& Additional /ind loading on column due to e0ternal attachments like platforms) ladders) piping and attached e(uipment should be gi'en due consideration& >oadings resulting in localised and gross stresses due to attachment or mounting of reflu0-reboiler) condenser) etc&
!oa7in; Con7ition Analysis shall be carried out for follo/ing conditions; *&% *&* Erection $ondition =perating $ondition ; ; $olumn 5uncorroded2 erected on foundation) /ithout insulation) platforms) trays etc& but /ith /elded attachments plus full /ind on column& $olumn 5in corroded condition2 under design pressure) including /elded items) trays) remo'able internals) piping) platforms) ladder) reboiler mounted on column) insulation and operating li(uid etc& plus full /ind) on insulated column /ith all other proIections open to /ind) or earth(uake forces& $olumn 5in corroded condition2 under test pressure filled /ith /ater plus 88E of specified /ind load on un1insulated column including all attachments shall be considered&

%&8

%&?

%&B
2.0

*&8

Test $ondition

*&? ".0

Earth(uake and /ind shall be considered not acting concurrently& De65e<tion o6 Co5=>n Ma0imum allo/able deflection at top of column shall be e(ual to height of the column di'ided by *33&

8&% 8&* 8&8 $.0

#f the deflection of column e0ceeds the abo'e allo/able limit) the thickness of skirt shall be increased as first trial upto a ma0imum 'alue e(ual to the column thickness and this e0ercise shall be stopped if the deflection falls /ithin allo/able limit& #f the abo'e step is inade(uate) skirt shall be gradually flared to reduce the deflection& Flaring of skirt shall be stopped if the deflection falls /ithin limits or half angle of cone reaches ma0imum limit of G degree& lf the abo'e t/o steps pro'e inade(uate in limiting the deflection /ithin allo/able limits) the thickness of shell courses shall be increased one by one starting from bottom course abo'e skirt and proceeding up/ards till the deflection falls /ithin allo/able limits& Stress !i>its The stresses due to pressure) /eight) /ind-seismic loads shall be combined using ma0imum principal stress theory for ASME Section +### Di'&l& Thicknesses are accordingly chosen to keep the stresses /ithin limits as per Table1*&

&.0

S?irt S=@@ort #ase Base supporting including base plate) anchor chairs) compression ring) foundation bolting etc& shall be designed based on o'er1 turning moment 5greater of seismic or /ind2& A minimum number of C foundation bolts shall be pro'ided& Nos& of foundation bolts shall be in multiple of four&

(.0

%ini>=> '87rotest Press=re Minimum Hydrotest !ressure shall be e(ual to %&8 0 design pressure 0 temperature correction factor& as specified in ASME $ode Section +### Di'&# 5$lause K"1GG2& The term test pressure shall apply to the pressure measured at the highest point of 'essel in its

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operating position and shall be applied to the highest point in its test position& +.0 D8na>i< Ana58sis o6 Co5=>n Dynamic analysis of each column shall be carried out for stability under trans'erse /ind induced 'ibrations as per standard design practice and calculations for each column shall be submitted to MKANTA for appro'al& The recommended magnification factor for unlined to/ers-column shall be taken as D3 and allo/able dynamic amplitude shall be limited to to/er diameter di'ided by fi'e&

TA#!E-1 DETAI!S AND .EIG'T OF CO! %N ATTAC'%ENT


% * 8 ? B E(ui'alent proIection to be considered for /ind load on caged ladder 833 mm Appro0& %333 mm B333 mm Shape factor for all 5for /ind force calculations2 :eight of trays 5/ith li(uid2to be considered :eight of plain >adder :eight of caged ladder 3&D %*3 4g&-cmR %B 4g-m 8D 4g-m

< D

Distance of platform belo/ each manhole Ma0imum distance bet/een consecuti'e platforms

C G33 mm upto % meter dia& column and %*33 mm for column dia& W % meter) from column insulation surface&

!roIection of !latform

G %3 %%

E(ui'alent height of platform 5for /ind load computation2 :eight of platforms !latform shall be considered an around

%333 mm %D3 4g-mR

TA#!E-2 1A!!O.A#!E STRESSES FOR CO%#INED !OADING2


$onditions =perating $= =DED DES#"N 40S0E

+essel condition-temp& Type of stresses NE: = $= =DED

Erection NE: AMB#ENT 40S0E

Test $= =DED AMB#ENT =&G30X!0E

TEM!E ATK E >=N"#TKD#NA> TENS#>E ST ESS >=N"#TKD#NA> $=M! ESS#+E ST ESS

40B

40B

B =&G30X!0E

$# $KMFE NT#A> TENS#>E ST ESS

40S0E

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:here S B E 4 X! Note; @ @ @ @ @ Basic allo/able Tensile Stress as per $lause K" *85a2 of ASME $ode Sec& +### Di'& l& YBY 'alue calculated as per $lause K"1*85b2& :eld Ioint efficiency of circumferential /eld) depending on e0tent of radiography& Factor for increasing basic allo/able 'alue /hen /ind or seismic load is present& Xield strength of shell material

Allo/able stresses in skirt to shell Ioint shall be as per follo/ing; a2 c2 3&?GS) if Ioint is shear type& 3&D3S) if Ioint is compression type

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