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# CN1111-Tutorial 3: Ideal gas law and single phase system Question 1: Felder 3.

23 A mixture of methane and air is capable of being ignited only if the mole percent of methane is between 5% and 15%. A mixture containing 9.0 mol% methane in air flowing at a rate of 700 kg/h is to be diluted with pure air to reduce the methane concentration to the lower flammability limit. Calculate the required flow rate of air in mol/h and the percent by mass of oxygen in the product gas. Question 2: Felder 3.41 Three different liquids are used in the manometer shown here:

a) Derive an expression for P1-P2 in terms of A, B, C, h1 and h2. b) Suppose fluid A is methanol, B is water, and C is a manometer fluid with a specific gravity of 1.37; pressure P2 = 121.0 kPa; h1 = 30.0 cm; and h2 = 24.0 cm. calculate P1 (KPa). Question 3: Felder 3.49 A temperature scale that never quite caught on was formulated by the Austrian chemist Johann Sebastian Farblunget. The reference points on this scale were 0FB, the temperature below which Farblungets postnasal drip began to bother him, and 1000 FB, the boiling point of beer. Conversions between FB and C can be accomplished with the expression T(C) = 0.0940 T (FB) + 4.00 Louis, Farblungets French nephew, attempted to follow his uncles footsteps by formulating his own temperature scale. He defined the degree Louie using as reference conditions the optimum serving temperature of marinated snails (100 L corresponding to 15 C) and the temperature at which the elastic in his briefs began to relax (1000 L corresponding to 43 C). a) At which temperature in f does the beer boil? b) What is the temperature interval of 10.0 Farblunget degrees equivalent to in C, K, F and R? c) Derive equations for T(C) in term of T (L) and T(L) in term of T(FB). d) What is the boiling point of ethane at 1atm (Tbp = -88.6 C) in F, K, R, FB and L? e) What is the temperature interval of 50.0 Louie degrees equivalent to in Celsius degrees, Kelvin degrees, Fahrenheit degrees, Rankine degrees, and Farblunget degrees?

Question 4: Felder 5.30 A fuel gas containing 86% methane, 8% ethane, and 6% propane by volume flows to a furnace at a rate of 1450 m3/h at 15 C and 150 kPa (gauge), where it is burned with 8% excess air. Calculate the required flow rate of air in SCMH. Question5: Felder 5.49 You have been assigned the task of measuring the equilibrium constant for the reaction N2O4 2NO2 as a function of temperature. To do so, you obtain a rigid 2-liter vessel equipped with a pressure gauge, evacuate and then fill the vessel with a mixture of NO2 and N2O4, and heat the vessel to T0 = 473 K, a temperature at which you know the gas is essentially pure NO2. The gauge pressure at this point is noted to be 1.00 atm. You then decrease the temperature in stages, recording the equilibrium gauge pressure at each temperature. The data are as follows: T(K) 473 350 335 315 300 Pgauge (atm) 1.00 0.272 0.111 -0.097 -0.224 a) How many gram-moles of NO2 are in the vessel at 473 K? b) The reaction equilibrium constant is Kp = PNO22/PN2O4 Where PNO2 and PN2O4 are the equilibrium partial pressures of NO2 and N2O4. Derive an equation or a series of equations for calculating Kp (atm) from specified values of T and Pgauge. c) The equilibrium constant should vary with temperature according to the relation Kp = ae-b/T Use the results of part (b) to determine the values of a and b by a graphical curve-fitting procedure.