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1. Title of Project: FIN TESTING & ANALYSING MACHINE 2.

Names of Students: Kumbhar Ankush Bhiku Patil Vikram Rangrao Prayag Ajinkya Harish Takale Amarnath Pandurang M4125 M 4139 M4144 M 4152

3. Name of Guide: Mr. R. P. Patil Sir

4. Relevance: The removal of excessive heat from system components is essential to avoid damaging effects of burning or overheating. Therefore, the enhancement of heat transfer is an important subject of thermal engineering.

Fins are commonly applied for heat management in electrical appliances such as computer power supplies or substation transformers. Other applications include IC engine cooling, such as fins in a car radiator, fins on various heat exchangers, compressors, and aircrafts

5. Present Theory and Practices:

HEAT TRANSFER THROUGH FINS: The removal of excessive heat from system components is essential to avoid damaging effects of burning or overheating. Therefore, the enhancement of heat transfer is an important subject of thermal engineering. Extended surfaces (fins) are frequently used in heat exchanging devices for the purpose of increasing the heat transfer between a primary surface and the surrounding fluid. Various types of heat exchanger fins, ranging from relatively simple shapes, such as rectangular, square, cylindrical, annular, tapered or pin fins, to a combination of different geometries, have been used. The study of improving heat transfer performance is referred to as heat

transfer augmentation, enhancement or intensification. The heat transfer augmentation is very important subject in industrial heat exchangers and other thermal application.

Fig. no. 1.1 Heat transfer through fin

The major heat transfer from the fin surface to the surrounding fluid takes place by the process of convection. The rate of heat convection process is given by the formula, Q = hA (Ts - Tf) Where, h = convective heat transfer coefficient A = Area of fin Ts = surface temperature of fin Tf = surrounding fluid temperature [9]

Proposed work :

Experimental set up: The set up consists of following main components: Base stand. Cylinder with heater. Temperature measurement unit. Air flow unit.

Base stand : Base stand serves the purpose of supporting frame of the project. There are measuring instruments and gauges mounted on the panel consisting of voltmeter, ammeter, temperature indicator, switches, regulators etc. A U-tube manometer is also fitted on the panel to measure air flow rate. Temperature indicator is used along with thermocouples.

Cylinder with heater: A MS cylinder is fitted at the back side of the cabin. A bend type heater is inserted in the cylinder. A bolt of M6 size is inserted centrally to the cylinder. A fin can be attached to this bolt for testing. One sensor is welded to this bolt to measure the temperature at the base of fin. Heat is transferred from heater to cylinder and then from cylinder to the fin. The electrical input given to the heater can be varied with the help of regulator in order to take experiments at different heat ratings. Temperature measurement unit : Temperature measurement involves measurement of temperature at fin base, fin tip, and at 3 points along fin length. Length of fin is 65 mm so temperature is measured at length 0 mm, 20mm, 37mm, 57mm, and 65 mm. Inlet and outlet temperature of air is also measured for establishing mean surrounding temperature at fin. Temperature is measured with the help of K-type sensors and a 12-point temperature indicator. The range of K-type sensors is -500c to 3500c. Material used for this type of sensors is Chromel-Alumel.

Air flow unit: Air is used as cooling medium in this experiment. As we are implementing forced convection method of heat transfer, air is directed on the fin with the help of air blower. The duct is fitted firmly to the cylinder. Duct is having small opening such that the fin comes inside the duct. Exactly at the opposite side of the duct, a door is made for the purpose of replacement of another fin for testing. At the outlet side of the duct, an orifice meter is fitted with the help of pipe ends and flanges to measure the air flow rate. At the inlet of duct there is a valve through which air flow can be varied in order to change the surrounding conditions of the fin.

Types of fin used: Various types of fins are used for the testing are as follows : Circular fin Rectangular fin Triangular fin Conical fin

Triangular fin

Circular fin

Conical fin

Square fin

Cicular with groove fin

Tapered fin

Specification:

SR. No. 1 a) b) c) d) e)

PARTICULARS

SPECIFICATION/RANGE

QUANTITY

ELECRICAL COMPONENTS Cylinder block 120mm Blower 1.46 m3/min Heater 500 W Temperature Indicator 12 point, K-type input Sensors K-type (-500C to 3500C) 0-5 Amp 0-300 W 5mm thick 300mm long 1 inch

1 1 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1

f) Ammeter g) Voltmeter 2 a) b) c) d) 3 FRAME WORK Wooden work Wooden panel Base stand Acrylic sheets

AIR FLOW CIRCUIT a) Orifice Plate b) U-Tube manometer c) Ball Valve

Formulas: a) Calculation of average convective heat transfer coefficient: i. Conversion of Mercuri column to equivalent air column,

Where, m = density of Mercuri a = density of air ii. Velocity of air , Where, Ha = Equivalent height of air column (m).

iii.

Reynolds no.,

Where, V = Velocity of air (m/s) D = Diameter of fin (m) = kinematic viscosity of air (m2/s)

iv.

Equation For Finding Heat Transfer Coefficient : Nu = 0.0366 (Re)4/5 (Pr)1/3 Where, Nu = Nusselt no. Pr = Prandtl Number h = average convective heat transfer coefficient

Analysis of fin:
With help of this experimental set up we can calculate : 1. 2. 3. Heat transfer = Q = hA (Ts - Tf) Fin efficiency = Fin effectiveness = =

Expenditure:

SR. No. 1 a. b. c. d. e. f. 2

PARTICULARS ELECRIC COMPONENTS Blower Heater Temperature Indicator Sensors Ammeter Voltmeter

COST 4000 500 1800 1500 300 300 300 1500 700 250 1800 800 500 5000 19250

g. Regulator AIR FLOW CIRCUIT a. Orifice Plate b. U-Tube manometer c. Ball Valve MANUFACTURED COMPONENTS Fins Cylinder Block Insulation FRAME WORK & OTHER COST Total

References :
1. Heat & Mass transfer; R.K.Rajput ; S.Chand & Company ltd 2. Heat transfer; D.S.Pavaskar and S.H.Chaudhary; Nishant

prakashan.

Name of student Kumbhar Ankush Bhiku Patil Vikram Rangrao Prayag Ajinkya Harish Takale Amarnath Pandurang

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