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MAA 161 STATISTICS FOR SCIENCES STUDENTS TUTORIAL 4

1. List the simple events for each of the following statistical experiments in a sample space S. a. One roll of a die b. Three tosses of a coin c. One toss of a coin and one roll of a die 2. Two students are randomly selected from a statistics class and it is observed whether or not they suffer from math anxiety. How many total outcomes are possible? Draw tree and Venn diagram for this experiment. 3. In a recent survey, 18 people preferred milk, 29 people preferred coffee, and 13 people preferred juice as their primary drink for breakfast. If a person is selected at random, find the probability that the person preferred juice as her or his primary drink. 4. Cheap Rentals has nothings but budget cars for rental. The probability that a car has air conditioning is 0.5, and the probability that a car has a CD player is 0.37. The probability that a car has both air conditioning and a CD player is 0.06. What is the probability that a randomly selected car has neither air conditioning nor a CD player? 5. Three cards are drawn from an ordinary deck without replacement. Find the probability of getting a. all black cards. b. all spades. c. all queens. 6. A vaccine has a 90% probability of being effective in preventing a certain disease. The probability of getting the disease if a person is not vaccinated is 50%. In a certain geographic region, 25% of the people get vaccinated. If a person is selected at random, find the probability that he or she will contract the disease. 7. Two thousand randomly selected adults were asked if they are in favour of or against cloning. The following table gives the responses. In Favour Against No opinion 395 405 100 Male 300 680 120 Female a. If one person is selected at random from these 2000 adults, find the probability that this person is i. In favour of cloning. ii. Against cloning. iii. In favour of cloning given the person is a female. iv. A male given the person has no opinion. b. Are the events male and in favour mutually exclusive? What about the events in favour and against? Why or why not? c. Are the events female and no opinion independent? Explain. 8. The probability that it snows and the bus arrives late is 0.023. Jose hears the weather forecast, and there is a 40% chance of snow tomorrow. Find the probability that the bus will be late, given that it snows.

9. A screening test for a certain disease is prone to giving false positives or false negatives. If a patient being tested has the disease, the probability that the test indicates a (false) negative is 0.13. If the patient does not have the disease, the probability that the test indicates a (false) positive is 0.10. Assume that 3% of the patients being tested actually have the disease. Suppose that one patient is chosen at random and tested. Find the probability that a. This patient has the disease and tested positive. b. This patient does not have the disease and tested positive. c. This patient tests positive d. This patient has the disease given that he/she tests positive 10. A promotional MP3 player is available with the capacity to store 100 songs which can be reordered at the push of a button. How many different arrangements of these songs are possible? 11. A new employee has a choice of 5 health care plans, 3 retirement plans, and 2 different expense accounts. If a person selects 1 of each opinion, how many different options does he or she have? 12. An automobile license plate consists of 3 letters followed by 4 digits. How many different plates can be made i. if repetitions are allowed? ii. if repetitions are not allowed? iii. If repetitions are allowed in the letters but not in the digits? Iv. License Plates are to be issued with 3 letters followed by 4 single digits. If the plates are issued at random, what is the probability that the license plate says USA followed by a number that is divisible by 5? 13. Several territories and colonies today are still under the jurisdiction of another country. France holds the most with 16 territories, the United Kingdom has 15, the United State has 14, and several other countries have territories as well. Choose 3 territories at random from those held by France, the United Kingdom, and the United State. What is the probability that all 3 belong to the same country?