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Fort Liard Metis Scrip Applications.

Fort Liard is located on the Liard River 1 in what was a traditional Aboriginal meeting
place. The Liard River flows through the Yukon, British Columbia and the Northwest
Territories. Rising in the Saint Cyr Range of the Pelly Mountains in southeastern Yukon,
it flows 1,115 km (693 mi) southeast through British Columbia, marking the northern end
of the Rocky Mountains and then curving northeast back into the Yukon and Northwest
Territories, draining into the Mackenzie River at Fort Simpson, Northwest Territories. In
the spring, the Slavey people came from places like Nahanni Butte, Fort Nelson, Hay
Lake/Assumption, Trout Lake, and all over the land, gathering for a time of meeting and
An old story says that so many people would be gathered on the site, that if you put all
the canoes together, one could walk across the Liard to the other side; the Liard is nearly
half a kilometre wide here. Back then, canoes were made out of spruce bark. This is one
of the few places in Canada where spruce trees grow large enough to make canoes out of
the bark.
The Slavey Dene began trading with Euro-Canadians sometime in the 1700s, and was
increased with Alexander Mackenzie's exploration of the Mackenzie River, known locally
as the "Deh Cho" (Big River). The Northwest Company founded a post in the Fort Liard
area sometime before 1807. The post was generally referred to as "Riviere aux Liards"
(River of Aspens).
A falling-out with the traders occurred. In his report of May, 1821 to the Hudson Bay
Company Governor and Committee, George Simpson notes that this post "was amongst
the first established in the District, but abandoned several years ago in consequence of
the people being massacred by the Indians to the number of sixteen or eighteen and not
re-established until last year." With the amalgamation of the Hudson Bay Company and
the Northwest Company in 1821, the post was taken over by The Bay and the fur trade
era began in earnest. It was the beginning of massive cultural change.
In the spring, moosehide boats, based on the Hudson Bay Company's sturdy York boats,
were floated down the rivers to the fort. The people brought their dogs, families, and
winter's catch of furs to trade for knives, muskets, pots, axes and other metal products,
tea, flour, beads, blankets, and a number of other useful items. The moosehide boats were
up to 20 meters in length and were constructed from six to ten untanned moosehides,
sewn together and stretched over a spruce pole frame. Upon arrival, the boats were
dismantled, and the hides were used.
Father Zephirin Gascon, an oblate missionary of Mary Immaculate, was the first oblate
priest to visit Fort Liard. He was born in Quebec in 1826, became a priest in 1854, and
just a few years later founded the Fort Liard Mission in 1859.

It is located in the NWT, 37 km (23 mi) north of the British Columbia border.

The missionaries played an important role in the history of the region, travelling the
country by snowshoe, dog team and boat to spread their word. One priest, Brother Felix,
worked out of Fort Liard from 1912 until 1965.
The Grey Nuns also lived in the area and greatly influenced how arts and crafts were
decorated by the local women, shifting the focus from the traditional geometrical shaped
designs to flowers, birds and other animals.
Boucher, Francois; for his daughter Marguerite Boucher; claim no. 78; address: Muskeg
Lake; born: 1875 at Fort Liard; father: Francois Boucher (Mtis & deponent); mother:
Eliza (Indian); scrip cert.: form C, no. 1147 for $240.00
Boucher, Francois; heir of his deceased daughter Catherine Boucher; claim no. 381;
address: Muskeg Lake; born: 1877 at Fort Liard; father: Francois Boucher (Mtis &
deponent); mother: Eliza (Indian); died: around 1877 or 1878; scrip cert.: form D, no. 917
for $ 240.00
Boucher, Francois; heir of Bazil Boucher (deceased); claim no. 385; address: Muskeg
Lake; born: 1873 at Fort Liard; father: Francois Boucher (Mtis & deponent); mother:
Eliza (Indian); died: Fall, 1877; scrip cert.: form D, no. 919 for $ 240.00
Hyslop, Elizabeth; address: Fort Resolution via Edmonton; claim no. 178; born: 1840 at
Dease Lake near Liard River; father: Francois Houle (Mtis); mother: Elise Toutpeid
(Chipewyan Indian); maried: 1862 at Fort Simpson to Baptiste Bourchier, & 1898 at Fort
Rae to James Hyslop; children deceased: Marie; scrip notes nos. A4558 & A5569 for 160
& 80 acres respectively.
Jones, Charlotte Sarcel - Concerning her Mtis grant of $240.00 - Address, Fort
Resolution - Born, Fort Liard, 1868 - Father, Sarcel, (Indian) - Mother, Deceased,
(Indian) - Married, October, 1906 at Fort Simpson to Henry William Jones - Children,
five - Edward Gabriel, September 14, 1900, Dora Virginia, February 12, 1903, Alfred,
August 28, 1904, Henry, December 24, 1906, Frederick, March 24, 1909 - Claim no. 35
King, Selina, - Concerning her Mtis claim - Address, Fort Liard - Born, October 20,
1904 at Fort Simpson - Father, Edmond Elonkkiu, (Indian) - Married, February 5, 1920 at
Fort Simpson to William Chapman King - Claim no. 53
Lafferty, Joseph - Concerning his Mtis claim - Born, Fort Liard, 1896 - Father, Boniface
Lafferty - Mother, Madeleine Bouvier - Married, to Celine Laviolette, 1924 - Claim no.
Lafferty, Victor - Concerning his Mtis grant of $240.00 - Address, Providence - Born,
Fort Liard in 1887 - Occupation, trader and interpreter - Father, Boniface Lafferty,
(Mtis) - Mother, Madeline Bouvier, (Mtis) - Married, in 1912 at Resolution to Mary

Rose Madeline - Children, four - Alice, 1913, Leon, 1914, Edward, 1917, Virginia, 1919 Claim no. 23
Lafond, Eliza; address: Lac Muskeg, Sask; claim no. 35; born: Fall, 1869 at Fort Liard;
father: Francois Boucher (Mtis); mother: Eliza (Indian); husband: Roger Lafond, scrip
cert.: form E, no. 3224.
Lpine, Francois; address: Fort Chipewyan via Edmonton; claim no. 216; born: 1859 at
Fort Liard; father: Baptiste Lpine (Mtis); 220; mother: Angelle Houle (Mtis); married:
1884 at Fort Simpson to Marie Adele Savoyard; children living: Marie Adele; Francis;
Denise and Beatrice; children deceased: Duffield and Baptiste.
Lpine, Madelaine; address: Fort Chipewyan via Edmonton; claim no. 222; born: 1840 at
Fort Liard; father: Francois Houle (Mtis); mother: Elise Toutpied (Mtis); married: 1855
at Fort Simpson to Baptiste Lpine died: 1896 at Fort Chipewyan; children living:
Francois; Baptiste; Christine; Bella; William and Adele; children deceased: Jean;
Madelaine; Susette; Rose and Michel.
Lpine, William; address: Fort Chipewyan via Edmonton; claim no. 223; born: 1853 at
Fort Liard; father: Baptiste Lpine (Mtis); 228; mother: Angelle Houle (Mtis); married:
1884 at Fort Providence to Cecile Le-grand-Isle; children living: Guillaume; Alexandre;
Adele; Napoleon and Rosine; children deceased: Francis.
McLean, William James; for his daughter, Kate Flora Yuill, nee McLean; born: 15
January, 1871 at Fort Liard; address: Winnipeg; father: William James McLean
(Whiteman and deponent); mother: Helen Hunter Murray (Mtis); scrip cert.: form E, no.
3384; claim no. 226.
McLeod, Marguerite - Concerning her Mtis claim - Address, Fort Liard - Born, at Fort
MacPherson in 1886 - Father, John Firth, (White man) - Mother, Marguerite Stewart,
(Mtis) - Married, in 1902 at Fort Simpson to Frederick McLeod - Children, seven living,
two dead - Laura, 1905, William Charles, 1907, Joan Alice, 1909, Marguerite Ruby,
1911, Powina, 1912, Violet Agnes, 1915, John Angus, 1918 - Claim no. 17.
Thomas, Mary; for her deceased son, Richard Thomas Hardisty; by her first husband
William Lucas Hardisty; born: 6 June, 1862 at Fort Liard; died: 1885 at Batoche; father:
William Lucas Hardisty (Mtis); mother: Mary Allan (Mtis & deponent); file ref.
1404822; claim no. 748.

Compiled by Lawrence Barkwell

Coordinator of Metis Heritage and History Research
Louis Riel Institute