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c„ôv 15 c„ôv 08 09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi el© 01 msL¨v 06 w`jøx‡Z †jvKmfv fe‡bi mvg‡b

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we¯Ívi K‡i‡Qb A‡bK eQi a‡iB|

wZwb A‡bK eQi a‡i evsjv‡`k

miKvi Gi wmAvBwc wn‡m‡e

g‡bvbxZ n‡q‡Qb Ges A‡bK eQi

a‡iB evsjv‡`‡ki m‡e©v”P U¨v· `vZv

wn‡m‡e mybvg AR©b K‡ib|

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ZvwjKvq bvg G‡b wZwb Avevi

wb‡R‡K Av‡jvPbvq G‡b‡Qb|

e¨vcK mvsMVwbK `¶Zvi cwiPq

w`‡q‡Q|

Z‡e, ‡ek K‡qKRb gyiwM e¨emvqx

Awf‡hvM K‡ib, mvjvg Pxb ‡_‡K K…

wÎg wWg B‡¤úvU© K‡i, m¯Ívq ‡`‡k

mvcøvB w`‡q ‡ewk cqmv Kvwg‡q‡Qb|

Zviv e‡jb, mvjvg Gi GB A‰bwZK

Kvh©Kjv‡ci Kvi‡Y mviv ‡`‡k gyi-

wMi e¨emv ûgwKi gy‡L c‡i|

02 02 09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi Av‡iv Lei †dBmeyK cÖhyw³ GLb †W«v‡b e¨venvi ‡dBmeyK wb‡q ‡K‡j¼vwii

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c«¯‘‡Zi weeiYx‡Z Rvbvq ‡h, mvjvg

GKRb mdj e¨emvqx| we‡kl K‡i

cywó mgm¨v `yi Kivi e¨vcv‡i †m

GKUv eo f~wgKv ‡i‡L‡Q|

Zviv miKvi‡K mvjv‡gi weiæ‡×

e¨e¯’v M«nY Ki‡Z Aby‡iva K‡ib

Ges mvjv‡gi cqmv ‡_‡K mviv

‡`‡ki gyiwM e¨emvqx‡`i ¶wZc~iY

w`‡Z Avnevb Rvbvb|

evsjv‡`‡ki GK Rb e¨emvqxi GB

evsjv‡`k †_‡K 2000

†gMvIqvU we`¨yZ wKb‡Z

m¤§Z n‡q‡Q fviZ

evsjv‡`k ‡_‡K 2000 ‡gMvIqvU

we`¨yZ wKb‡Z m¤§Z n‡q‡Q fviZ|

evsjv‡`‡ki DØ…Ë we`¨yr wb‡q miKvi

Gi `ywðšÍ v jvNe Ki‡Z GwM‡q

G‡m‡Q fviZ miKvi| evsjv‡`k

miKv‡ii we`¨yr gš¿Yvj‡qi GKRb

c«wZwbwa Rwb‡q‡Qb, fviZ miKv‡ii

mv‡_ kxN«B DØ…Ë we`¨yZ ißvwbi R‡b¨

Pyw³ Ki‡Z hv‡”Q, evsjv‡`k|

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AwZwi³ we`¨yZ Drcv`b Ki‡Q| GB

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miKv‡ii AwZwi³ A_© LiP n‡”Q|

GB Ae¯’vq evsjv‡`k miKvi‡K

we`¨yZ ißvwb Kivi civgk© ‡`b

we‡klÁiv|

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c«`v‡bi Kvi‡Y, fvi‡Zi mv‡_

evsjv‡`‡ki KyU‰bwZK m¤ú‡K©

kxZjZv Pj‡Q| ZeyI fvi‡Zi

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Kvi‡Y, GB Pyw³‡Z fviZ jvfevb

n‡e e‡j fviZxq we‡klÁiv gZvgZ

w`‡j, ‡kl ch©šÍ evsjv‡`‡ki mv‡_

we`¨yZ Avg`vwbi m¤§wZ c«`vb K‡i

fvi‡Zi we`¨yZ gš¿bvjq|

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c«`vb Ki‡ZI m¤§Z n‡q ‡Q

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evsjv‡`k. mvc vqvm© ‡µwW‡U

02 02 09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi Av‡iv Lei †dBmeyK cÖhyw³ GLb †W«v‡b e¨venvi ‡dBmeyK wb‡q ‡K‡j¼vwii
02 02 09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi Av‡iv Lei †dBmeyK cÖhyw³ GLb †W«v‡b e¨venvi ‡dBmeyK wb‡q ‡K‡j¼vwii
0303 09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi Av‡iv Lei KbmvU© di evsjv‡`kt 55 eQi ci Lye kxN«B igbv
0303
0303

ˆ`wbK KvíwbK

09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi

Av‡iv Lei

 

KbmvU© di evsjv‡`kt 55 eQi ci

Lye kxN«B igbv eUg~‡j ev¤^v'i

Av‡qvR‡b GKUv Af~Zc~e© ‡gMv

KbmvU© Av‡qvRb n‡”Q| mv¤cÖwZK

Kv‡j ‡bcvwj I wgqvbgvi iK `‡ji

mdj Kbmv‡U©i c‡i AveviI GKwU

we‡`wk wUg Avm‡Q, Z‡e GKUv eW

e¨vwZµg Av‡Q| ïay gvÎ igbvi GB

KÝv‡U©i Rb¨ Avevi GKwÎZ n‡”Q

1971 mv‡ji ‡mB HwZnvwmK

"KbmvU© di evsjv‡`k"-Gi wkíxiv|

Gevi Zviv Ki‡e "KbmvU© di

evsjv‡`k t 55 eQi cvi nj"|

KÝv‡U© ‡Zvjv UvKv w`‡q RR©

n¨vwimb-Av‡jb wMÝeviM ¯§…wZ‡Z

GKwU m½xZ we`¨vjq ‡Lvjv n‡e

mvfv‡i|

c«v_wgK Av‡jvPbvq 1971 mv‡ji

KÝv‡U©i ‡h wkíxiv evsjv‡`‡k Avmvi

0303 09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi Av‡iv Lei KbmvU© di evsjv‡`kt 55 eQi ci Lye kxN«B igbv

e¨vcv‡i Drmvn Rvwb‡q‡Qb, Zviv

n‡jb ee wWj¨vb, wiO‡Mv ÷vi,

GwiK K¬¨vcUb, K¬vDm fyigvb, Ges

jxIb iv‡mj| iwe k¼‡ii f~wgKvq

Avm‡e Zvi ‡g‡q AbykKv k¼i (whwb

m¤cÖwZ bivB‡j Avm‡Qb), Ges RR©

n¨vwim‡bi f~wgKvq Avm‡e _g BqK©

(‡iwWI‡nW)|

w` KbmvU© di evsjv‡`k 1971

mv‡j evsjv‡`‡ki ¯^vaxbZv hy×

PjvKvjxb mg‡q evsjv‡`‡ki

kiYv_©x‡`i mvnv‡h¨i D‡Ï‡k¨

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c«v½‡b RR© n¨vwimb I iwe ksKi

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GKwU m½xZvbyôvb | GB Abyôv‡bi

Mv‡bi GKwU msKjb wKQyw`b c‡iB

1971 mv‡j ‡ei nq Ges 1972

mv‡j GB Abyôv‡bi Pjw”PÎI ‡ei

nq| MZ 2005 wL«÷v‡ã D³

Pjw”PÎwU‡K GKwU Z_¨wPÎmn

bZybfv‡e wWwfwW AvKv‡i ‰Zwi Kiv

nq|

RR© n¨vwimb me©c«_‡g Zvi c«v³b

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wZ Rvbvb, KviY ZLb g~jZ `‡ji

mv‡_ Zvui ‡Kv‡bv m¤úK© wQ‡jv bv|

Rb ‡jbb Abyôv‡b Avm‡Z ivwR

wQ‡jb, wKš‘ wZwb ‡mmgq Av`vj‡Z

Zvui mšÍv‡bi e¨cv‡i Zvui ¯¿x B‡qv‡Kv

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e‡j ‡kl ch©šÍ Avm‡Z cv‡ibwb|

Avi wgK R¨vMvi ZLb wQ‡jb `w¶Y

d«v‡Ý| wfmv msµvšÍ RwUjZvi

Kvi‡Y Zvui c‡¶I Avmv m¤¢e nhwb|

‡kl ch©šÍ weUj‡mi GKgvÎ wi‡½v

÷vi Zvu‡`i mv‡_ ‡hvM w`‡Z m¶g

0303 09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi Av‡iv Lei KbmvU© di evsjv‡`kt 55 eQi ci Lye kxN«B igbv

nb| mv‡_ Av‡iv ‡hvM ‡`b ee

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n¨vwim‡bi bZyb `j e¨vW wd½v‡ii

hš¿x`j I Av‡iv A‡b‡K|

‡mZviev`K iwe ksKi I weL¨vZ

m‡iv`ev`K I¯Ív` Avwj AvKei Lvb

hš¿m½x‡Zi gva¨‡g Abyôvb ïiæ

K‡ib| Zvu‡`i mv‡_ Zejvq wQ‡jb

I¯Ív` Avjøv ivLv Lvb| Zvuiv evsjv

ayb bv‡g GKwU ayb cwi‡ekb K‡ib|

weUj&m ‡f‡O hvIqvi ci GB

AbyôvbB wQ‡jv n¨vwim‡bi mivmwi

AskM«nY Kiv c«_g Abyôvb| GwiK

K¬¨vcUbI GB Abyôv‡bi g‡a¨ w`‡q

c«vq cvP gvm ci ‡Kv‡bv mivmwi

Abyôv‡b Mvb MvB‡jb Ges ee

wWjvbI 1969 mv‡ji ci c«_gev‡ii

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RR© n¨vwim‡bi ‡jLv "evsjv ‡`k"

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K‡i|

KÝv‡U©i Av‡qvRKiv ‡i‡bmvu `j‡K

Avnevb K‡i‡Q GB ‡c«vM«v‡gi mv‡_

hy³ n‡Z| ‡i‡bmvu `jwU "evsjv‡`k"

bv‡gi `ywU weL¨vZ Mvb (GKwU RR©

n¨vwim‡bi, Av‡iKwU †Rvb ev‡q‡Ri

MvIqv) bZyb ‡iKwW©s K‡i Zv‡`i

"GKvˇii ‡i‡bmvu" (1998)

A¨vjev‡gi Rb¨|

0303 09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi Av‡iv Lei KbmvU© di evsjv‡`kt 55 eQi ci Lye kxN«B igbv

my›`ie‡b inm¨RbK fv‡e ev‡Ni msL¨v e…w×

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eQ‡ii avivi wecix‡Z hvq| evsjv‡`k miKvi

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mv‡_ KvR Ki‡Q| avibv Kiv n‡”Q fvi‡Zi

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ebf~wg M½v I e«þcy‡Îi ‡gvnbvq Aew¯’Z Ges

evsjv‡`k I fvi‡Zi cwðge½ Ry‡o we¯Í…Z |

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Rb‡Mvôxi Kv‡Q Riæwi| evN ‡h‡nZy memgq

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nq wki`vuovq ev‡Ni Kvgo c«wZ‡iva Kivi Rb¨

hv Zv‡`i cQ‡›`i AvµgY ‡KŠkj|

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wgVvcvwb Lvq| ‡KD ‡KD g‡b K‡i ‡cqcvwbi

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Gi ‡Kv‡bv mgvavb nqwb| DuPy ‡XD‡qi Kvi‡Y

ev‡Ni Mv‡qi MÜ gy‡Q hvq hv c«K…Zc‡¶ ev‡Ni

wePiY GjvKvi mxgvbv wPnè wn‡m‡e KvR K‡i|

d‡j wb‡Ri GjvKv i¶vq ev‡Ni Rb¨ Dcvq

GKUvB, Avi Zv n‡jv hv wKQy Abyc«‡ek K‡i

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n‡q D‡V‡Q| evsjv‡`k I fvi‡Zi G A‡j

R‡jv”Q¡v‡m nvRvi nvRvi gvbyl gviv hvq| Avi

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Kiv nq ‡h Avevm¯’‡ji wew”QbœZvi Kvi‡Y GB

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evwK As‡k ev‡Ni gvbylfxwZ evo‡jI

my›`ie‡bi evN gvbyl‡K wkKvi evbv‡bv eÜ

Ki‡e bv nq‡Zv|

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A‡j iq¨vj ‡e½j UvBMv‡ii wePiY wQ‡jv|

cÂv‡ki `k‡KI eZ©gvb gaycyi Ges XvKvi

MvRxcyi GjvKvq GB evN ‡`Lv ‡h‡Zv; gaycy‡i

me©‡kl ‡`Lv ‡M‡Q 1962 Ges MvRxcy‡i 1966

wL«óv‡ã| eZ©gv‡b mviv c…w_ex‡Z 3000-Gi

g‡Zv GB evN Av‡Q, Zb¥‡a¨ A‡a©‡KiI ‡ewk

fviZxq Dcgnv‡`‡k| GB msL¨v wnmve Kiv

nq ev‡Ni RxweZ `ywU Dcc«RvwZ ev

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Gi Pvgov Lye g~j¨evb| ZvB ‡Pviv wkKvwi‡`i

Kvi‡Y GB c«vYx c«vq wejyß n‡q h‡”Q| ZvQvov

ebvÂj DRvo n‡q hvIqv,Lvev‡ii Afve Ges

cwi‡ek wech©‡qi Kvi‡Y GB c«vYx c«vq wejyß

n‡q ‡M‡Q|

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GLb nqZ c«vb‰ewPÎ nviv‡”Q|

0303 09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi Av‡iv Lei KbmvU© di evsjv‡`kt 55 eQi ci Lye kxN«B igbv
0404 09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi m¤úv`Kxq m¤úv`Kxq MšÍe¨ BD‡Uvwcqv bvCg †gvnvq‡gb BwZnv‡mi ‡evSv Kvua ‡_‡K bvgvB
0404
0404

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09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi

m¤úv`Kxq

 
0404 09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi m¤úv`Kxq m¤úv`Kxq MšÍe¨ BD‡Uvwcqv bvCg †gvnvq‡gb BwZnv‡mi ‡evSv Kvua ‡_‡K bvgvB

m¤úv`Kxq

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bvCg †gvnvq‡gb

BwZnv‡mi ‡evSv Kvua ‡_‡K bvgvB wKfv‡e? weMZ 6

`k‡Ki NUbvi w`‡K hw` Lye Kv‡Q ‡_‡K ZvKvB, Z‡e

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Avgiv Avkv Kwi, ¯^cœ ‡`wL| BD‡Uvwcqv Ggb GK MšÍe¨

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‡`‡ki bvg Ô‡Kv_vI bqÕ Avi Zvi ivRavbxi bvg

ÔAveQvqvÕ, Ggb GKwU KvíwbK Øxc-‡`k‡K Aej¤^b

K‡i ‡lvok kZ‡Ki BD‡iv‡ci gbxmx m¨vi Ugvm ‡gvi

GKwU Av`k© mvgvwRK I ivR‰bwZK e¨e¯’vi cwiKí

iPbv K‡ib ÔBD‡UvwcqvÕ bv‡gi MÖ‡š’i gva¨‡g| M«š’Lvwbi

iPbv Kvj 1915-1916, j¨vwUb fvlvq| Bs‡iwR Abyev`

c«_g c«KvwkZ nq 1551 mvj| ‡mB ‡_‡K GB kã, Ges

GB ¯^‡cœi hvÎv ïiæ|

Avgvi GK eÜy Ab¨ fv‡e e‡j K_vUv| "¯^‡cœ hw`

‡cvjvI Lve, Z‡e wN w`‡qB Lve|" K_vUv ï‡b gRv cvB

c«wZevi| wKš‘ c«kœ ‡_‡K hvq, AvR‡Ki `ywbqvq Avgiv

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1977 mv‡j XvKvq Rvcvb GqvijvB‡Ýi GKwU wegvb

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cvZv 14)| wKš‘ ‡Kb ‡k‡l `k©K‡`i wZwb RvwM‡q

Zyj‡jb (Avgiv wKš‘ Zv Kwiwb)? AvR‡K ‡h ‡mŠw` gwnjv

ïay Mvwo bq, wb‡Ri ‡`k Pvjvevi AwaKv‡ii Rb¨ jo‡Q,

Zv‡K ‡eMg ‡iv‡Kqv wK ej‡eb? ‡R‡M DV, bvwK Nywg‡q

_vK? ‡Kvb c‡_ gyw³?

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ev cve©Z¨ PÆM«vg| GwU PÆM«vg

‡Rjvi Ask wnmv‡e evsjv c«‡`‡ki

AšÍM©Z wQj| 1947 mv‡j GB

GjvKv c~e© cvwK¯Ív‡bi Ask nq|

1971 mv‡j evsjv‡`k ¯^vaxb nIqvi

ci GwU evsjv‡`‡ki ‡Rjv wnmv‡e

AšÍf©y³ nq| 1980 Gi `k‡Ki

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- ivOvgvwU, ev›`ieb, I LvMovQwo‡Z

wef³ Kiv nq|

1997 mv‡ji kvwšÍ Pyw³i c~Y©

ev¯Ívevqb nq 2020 mv‡j|

ev¯Íevq‡bi eQi bZyb wKQy welq

Avbv nq, hvi g‡a¨ wbR fvlvq

cix¶v ‡`evi `vwe wQj c«_g

mvwi‡Z|

K¨v‡d g¨vs‡Mv

-13 c„ôvi ci

‰`N¨© Abyhvqx we‡k¦i e…nËg ‡g‡U«v

e¨e¯’v nj jÛb AvÛviM«vDÛ I mvs-

nvB ‡g‡U«v| ‰`bw›`b hvÎx cwienY

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e¨e¯’vwU nj ‡UvwKI ‡g‡U«v I g‡¯‹v

‡g‡U«v| evsjv‡`k ‰`‡N¨©i w`K ‡_‡K

c…w_wei 30Zg, wKš‘ hvÎx msL¨vi

w`K ‡_‡K 9g|

evsjv‡`‡k c«vq 8400 wK‡jvwgUvi

`xN© Af¨šÍixY b`x Rjc_ i‡q‡Q|

Gi g‡a¨ 5400 wK‡jvwgUvi mviv

eQi ‡bŠPjvP‡ji Rb¨ Db¥y³ i‡q‡Q|

Aewkó c«vq 3000 wK‡jvwgUvi ïay

el©vKv‡j e¨eüZ nq|

mvaviYZ ‡`‡ki `w¶Y I

c~e©v‡ji b`x¸‡jv ‡bŠPjvP‡ji Rb¨

‡ewk Dc‡hvMx| b`xc‡_ PjvPjKvix

hvÎx‡`i g‡a¨ AwaKvskB (94%)

‡bŠKv I j‡Â Ges evwKiv (6%)

÷xgv‡i hvZvqvZ K‡ib| GLb

cvZvj ‡U«b nevi Kvi‡Y hvZvq‡Zi

Rb¨ b`xi e¨venvi 60% K‡g ‡M‡Q|

G‡Z Rjevqy `~lY A‡bKUv K‡g‡Q|

K¨v‡d Kvi hy³ Kivi e¨vcv‡i

hvÎxiv LyeB Drmvnx| Rvbv ‡M‡Q j¤^v

hvÎvc‡_ wVKgZ Lvevi e¨e¯’v bv

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cvZvj ‡U«‡b cyi‡bv w`‡bi ‡U«‡bi gZ

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Pvjvb ‡`Iqv m¤¢e bq | wU‡KU QvWv

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Kivi Kvi‡Y GB Sv‡gjv A‡bKUv

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†`v‡q‡ji wek¦Rq

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gv‡mi g‡a¨B| GiB fvm©‡b 16 ‡Kvi

c«‡mmi Ges 8 wMMvevBU weë Bb

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n‡q‡Q| KviY, U¨ve Ges jvcU‡c

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c«‡mmi ‡_‡K we`¨yZ mvk«qx Ges

nvjKv|

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mshy³ ‡`v‡qj j¨vcUc Ges U¨ve

gv‡K©U Gi GKUv eo Ask `Lj

Ki‡e e‡j aviYv Ki‡Qb evRvi

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Avk¼vq mvgmys Ges Gcj

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cvq|

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j¨vcUc Ges U¨ve Gi mvd‡j¨i

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wkí ms¯’vi M‡el‡KivB ‡`v‡qj

j¨vcUc Ges U¨ve Gi mvd‡j¨i

c«avb wbqvgK. miKvi ïay gvÎ

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Avk Ges ‡cvkvK wk‡íi c‡i

evsjv‡`‡ki ‰e‡`wkK gy`«v DcvR©‡bi

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aviYv Ki‡Qb we‡klÁiv|

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‡kvbv‡e|

evsjv Awfav‡b

-‡kl cvZvi ci

kãgvjvi Dci| AvbygvwbK wL«÷c~e©

  • 2300 A‡ã iwPZ GB Awfavb Gejv

(eZ©gvb wmwiqv) GjvKv‡Z mÜvb

cvIqv ‡M‡Q| wL«÷xq 2q kZ‡Ki

mg‡q e¨ejxqb Awfavb Di©v-ûeyj y

my‡gixq fvlvi Av‡iKwU cyivZb Aw-

favb|

2000 †gMvIqvU

- 2q cvZvi ci

c«`vb Ki‡ZI m¤§Z n‡q ‡Q

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fviZxq Kg©KZ©viv Am‡šÍvl c«Kvk

Kivi ‡c«¶vc‡U Pyw³wU mv¶‡i ‡`ix

n‡”Q e‡j Rvbv hvq|

ZeyI GB mKj ‡QvU LvU wel‡qi

mgvavb K‡i, kxN«B Pyw³Uv mv¶i

n‡e e‡j Rvwbq‡Qb Dfq ‡`‡ki

Kg©KZ©viv|

Avkv Kiv hv‡”Q, AvMvgx wZb

gv‡mi g‡a¨B GB AeKvVv‡gv wbg©vb

K‡i fviZ evsjv‡`k †_‡K 2000

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m¶g n‡e|

GB we`¨yZ ißvwbi myev‡` fvi‡Zi

g‡a¨ evsjv‡`kx we‡ivax g‡bvfve

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we‡klÁiv|

evsjv fvlvi Aweav‡bi GZ eo

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c«Pyi ‡jvKmvb n‡e| iex evey ‡e‡P

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gn‡ji wPšÍv| Z‡e e¨vcvi nj, Dwb

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wdwjw¯Íb RvwZms‡Ni

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c«Kvk ‡c‡q‡Q| jvj‡bi ‡ek wKQy

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ag©-‡MvÎ-eY©-m¤cÖ`vq m¤ú‡K© AZxe

ms‡e`bkxj wQ‡jb| we«wUk Avg‡j

hLb wn›`y I gymwjg g‡a¨ RvwZMZ

we‡f`-msNvZ evWwQj ZLb jvjb

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-cÖ_g cvZvi ci

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‡bq e…‡Ub| c«_g wek¦hy× R‡qi ci

e…‡Ub ¯^vaxbZv ‡`qvi A½xKv‡i

1918 mvj ‡_‡K 30 eQi ‡`kwU‡K

jvj‡bi GB BwZnvm M‡elKiv

µgvMZ cy‡iv c…w_ex‡K Rvbv‡”Q|

jvj‡bi Mvb GLb c«vq 18wU fvlvq

Abyev` n‡q‡Q| jvj‡bi Ae`vb

mwVK fv‡e ¯§iY Kivi Rb¨ AwZ-

evwbwR¨Ki‡bi e¨vcv‡i mZK© _vKv

wb‡R‡`i Aaxb iv‡L| g~jZ GB

mgqwUB wdwjw¯Íb‡K Avie k~b¨ Kivi

c«‡qvRb| Avgiv mevB Avmv Kwi

jvjb ‡hb ‡P ¸‡qfviv'i gZB

Rb¨ fv‡jvfv‡e Kv‡R jvMvq B½-

gvwK©b kw³|

AZ¨waK wU-kvU©'Gi ms¯‹…wZi g‡a¨

nvwi‡q bv hvq|

Uvbv Av‡›`vj‡bi ci

Av‡gwiKvi gZ cwieZ©‡bi

Kvi‡Y GB eZ©gvb cwieZ©b

m¤¢e n‡q‡Q| Bmiv‡qj-Gi

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ivR‰bwZK ‡bZ…e…›` G‡m‡Q

hviv †Rviv‡jv fv‡e e‡j‡Q

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mgm¨vi mgvavb Ki‡Z n‡e|

bZyb iv‡ó«i c«wZ mg_©b

Rvwb‡q evsjv‡`k ‡_‡K WvK

wUwKU c«Kv‡ki c«¯Íve ‡`qv

n‡q‡Q|

06 06 09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi Av‡iv Lei †djvbxi fv¯‹h© -cÖ_g cvZvi ci ‡djvbxi evev bv‡Mk¦ix
06 06 09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi Av‡iv Lei †djvbxi fv¯‹h© -cÖ_g cvZvi ci ‡djvbxi evev bv‡Mk¦ix
06 06 09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi Av‡iv Lei †djvbxi fv¯‹h© -cÖ_g cvZvi ci ‡djvbxi evev bv‡Mk¦ix
0707 09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi Av‡iv Lei KjKvZvq evsjv fvlvi cÖPjb K‡g Avm‡Q mv¤cÖwZKKv‡j KjKvZvq evsjv
0707
0707

ˆ`wbK KvíwbK

09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi

Av‡iv Lei

 
0707 09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi Av‡iv Lei KjKvZvq evsjv fvlvi cÖPjb K‡g Avm‡Q mv¤cÖwZKKv‡j KjKvZvq evsjv

KjKvZvq evsjv fvlvi cÖPjb K‡g Avm‡Q

0707 09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi Av‡iv Lei KjKvZvq evsjv fvlvi cÖPjb K‡g Avm‡Q mv¤cÖwZKKv‡j KjKvZvq evsjv

mv¤cÖwZKKv‡j KjKvZvq evsjv

fvlvi c«Pjb Avk¼vRbKfv‡e K‡g

Avm‡Q| eBcvovq wnmve wb‡Z wM‡q

Rvbv ‡M‡Q MZ Qq gv‡m ‡gvU wewµi

c«vq 80% Bs‡iwR eB| evsjv

eB‡qi g‡a¨ PvKix, ¯^v¯’¨, iƒcPP©v

welqK eB‡qi KvUwZ ‡ewk| mvwnZ¨

eB c«vq wewµB nq bv| GB wel‡q

Av‡¶c K‡i (bvg c«Kv‡k Awb”QyK)

GK ‡jLK Rvwb‡q‡Qb, "evsjv‡`‡ki

evRvi Av‡Q e‡jB Avgiv GLbI

wU‡K AvwQ| bvn‡j Avgv‡`i ‡jLv

Avi AvRKvj ‡KD c‡i bv| mevB

‡PZb fvMvZ wb‡q e¨¯Í| Kj ‡mbUvi

Kvwnbx Avevi mvwnZ¨i Dcv`vb K‡e

‡_‡K? hËme nvweRvwe Bs‡iwR PP©v!"

KjKvZv fvi‡Zi c~e©vÂjxq ivR¨

cwðge‡½i ivRavbx, c«avb

evwYR¨‡K›`« Ges e…nËg kni|

KjKvZv I Zvi cvk¦©eZ©x ‡Rjv¸wji

Askwe‡kl wb‡q MwVZ e…nËi

KjKvZvi RbmsL¨v 1 ‡KvwU 40

j‡¶i KvQvKvwQ| GB RbmsL¨vi

wePv‡i KjKvZv fvi‡Zi Z…Zxq e…

nËg kni I wØZxq e…nËg

‡g‡U«vcwjUvb ev gnvbMixq AÂj

Ges we‡k¦i Aóg e…nËg gnvbMi

AÂj| KjKvZv ‡cŠiGjvKvi DËi

w`‡K DËi PweŸk ciMbv, c~‡e© DËi

I `w¶Y PweŸk ciMbv Ges `w¶Y

w`‡K `w¶Y PweŸk ciMbv ‡Rjv

Aew¯’Z| cwðg w`‡K ûMwj b`x GB

kni‡K nvIov ‡Rjv ‡_‡K wew”Qbœ

K‡i‡Q|

1772 mv‡j gywk©`vev` kni ‡_‡K

evsjvi ivRavbx KjKvZvq ¯’vb-

všÍwiZ Kiv nq| 1911 mvj ch©šÍ

KjKvZv ïaygvÎ evsjviB bq, mgM«

we«wUk fvi‡Zi ivRavbx wQj| 1947

mv‡j fviZ wefv‡Mi ci KjKvZv

beMwVZ cwðge½ iv‡R¨i ivRavbx

‡NvwlZ nq| GB mgq KjKvZv wQj

AvaywbK fvi‡Zi wk¶v, weÁvb, wkí,

ms¯‹…wZ I ivRbxwZi GK cxV¯’vb|

  • 1954 mv‡ji ci ‡_‡K ivR‰bwZK

Aw¯’iZv I A_©‰bwZK Ae¶‡qi d‡j

‡mB ‡MŠie A‡bKvs‡k Le© nq| Z‡e

  • 2000 mv‡ji ci ‡_‡K GB kni cy-

bivq A_©‰bwZK I evwYwR¨K mg…w×i

c‡_ AM«mi nq Ges mvs¯‹…wZK

üZ‡MŠie A‡bKvs‡kB cybiæ×vi

K‡i|

fvi‡Zi ¯^vaxbZv Av‡›`vjb I

cieZ©xKv‡j evgcš’x MY

Av‡›`vjb¸wj‡Z GB kni GK we‡kl

f~wgKv M«nY K‡iwQj| Ab¨w`‡K

AvaywbK fvi‡Zi c«avb c«avb mvs¯‹…

wZK Av‡›`vjb¸wjiI c«vY‡K›`« GB

KjKvZv| GB Kvi‡Y GB kni‡K

fvi‡Zi mvs¯‹…wZK ivRavbx bv‡g

AwfwnZ Kiv nq| Avevi KjKvZv

kn‡i wewfbœ fvlv, RvwZ I ag©vej¤^x

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mnve¯’v‡bi Rb¨ GB kni‡K Avb›`

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m‡Z¨›`«bv_ emy, wm wf ivgb, AgZ¨©

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AwawôZ|

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kni e¯¿eqb I cvUwk‡í we‡kl mg…

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wk¶vq wkw¶Z I msev`c‡Îi

cvVK| ‡ckvMZfv‡e Guiv wQ‡jb

Rwg`vi, miKvwi Kg©Pvix ev wk¶K|

Ebwesk kZvãx‡Z evsjvi beRvMiY

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m¤cÖ`vq kn‡ii D‡j L‡hvM¨

RvwZMZ msL¨vjNy m¤cÖ`vq|

GQvovI KjKvZv c«evmx Pxbv,

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Angxqv, ¸RivwU, A¨vs‡jv-BwÛqvb,

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cywi fvlvI kn‡ii GKvs‡ki

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c`©vq wnw›` fvlvi AvM«vmb| AvRKvj

c«vq me Rbwc«q wmwiqvj Bs‡iwR ev

wnw›` ‡Z n‡q _v‡K| Ab¨ ‡`‡ki

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d‡j GKUv bZyb ‡Rbv‡ikvb eo

n‡”Q hv‡`i Rb¨ evsjv GLb Z…Zxq

fvlv, Ges ¯^vfvweK fv‡eB Gi Dci

Zv‡`i `Lj `ye©j n‡q hv‡”Q| Gi

cwiYwZ ‡`Lv hv‡”Q evsjv eB‡qi

KvUwZ n«v‡mi gva¨‡g| 'Avb›`evRvi'

cwÎKvi GK m¤úv`K Rvwb‡q‡Qb,

"GK mgq mybxj-`v Gme e¨vcv‡i

Lye ‡mv”Pvi wQ‡jb| Dwb memgq

ej‡Zb, evsjv‡`‡ki w`‡K ZvKvI|

ILv‡b evsjv PP©v Zey Pj‡Q, mvay-

PjwZ ¯ø¨vs wgwj‡q n‡jI Pj‡Q|

mybxj evey P‡j hvevi c‡i evsjv fvlv

wb‡q Av‡›`vjb Kivi gvbyl Avi

bvB|"

KjKvZvq PjwZ GKUv Mí Av‡Q

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c‡i wj‡LwQ‡jb ‡h evsjv fvlvq

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KjKvZvi we`¨vb'iv ‡ev‡Sb ‡h evsjv

fvlvi ‡K›`«we›`y GLb Avi KjKvZv

bq|

0707 09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi Av‡iv Lei KjKvZvq evsjv fvlvi cÖPjb K‡g Avm‡Q mv¤cÖwZKKv‡j KjKvZvq evsjv

mshy³ Avie Avwgiv‡Z bvMwiK‡Z¡i bZyb wbhg

mshy³ Avie AvwgivZ msm` bZyb

bvMwiKZ¡ AvBb Av‡jvPbv Ki‡Q|

c«¯ÍvweZ AvB‡b ‡KD hw` 10 eQi

GB ‡`‡k KvR K‡i, Z‡e Zvi bvK-

wiKZ¡ cvevi AwaKvi _vK‡e|

eZ©gvb AvB‡b ïaygvÎ 20 eQi

_vKvi c‡i bvMwiKZ¡ cvIqv hvq|

mgqmxgv 20 eQi ‡_‡K 10 eQ‡i

bvwg‡q Avbvi Kvi‡Y ejv n‡q‡Q GB

Avey avwe‡Z cvIqv hvq, d‡j GwU

mvZwU Avwgiv‡Zi g‡a¨ me‡P‡q abx

I kw³kvjx| ‡Zj wk‡íi Kvi‡Y

GLvbKvi A_©bxwZ w¯’wZkxj Ges

RxebhvÎvi gvb we‡k¦i m‡e©v”P¸wji

GKwU|

mshy³ Avie Avwgiv‡Z c«_g gvbe

emwZi mÜvb cvIqv hvq L…ó c~e©

5500 kZvãx ‡_‡K| ZrKv‡j

0707 09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi Av‡iv Lei KjKvZvq evsjv fvlvi cÖPjb K‡g Avm‡Q mv¤cÖwZKKv‡j KjKvZvq evsjv

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gvbyl mshy³ Avie AvwgivZ cvm‡cvU©

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w`‡q e¨emvi gva¨‡g 3000 L…óc~e©

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ïiæ nq| cieZ©x‡Z Igvbv

e›`i(eZ©gvb I¤§-Avj-‡KvqvBb)

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mshy³ Avie AvwgivZ ‡h‡nZy

e¨vemvi LvwZ‡i eû eQi Awfevmx

DrmvwnZ K‡i, RbmsL¨vq Gi Pvc

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Avj dyRvBivn, ivm Avj LvBgvn,

Avk kvwiKvn Ges D¤§ Avj

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gvbyl Av‡Q miKvwi wnmv‡e 25 jvL,

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jvL, ‡emiKvwi wnmv‡e 20 jvL|

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AvBbwU cvm Kivevi Rb¨|

c~‡e© Igvb I Igvb

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`k‡K ‡c‡U«vwjqvg

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wk‡íi weKv‡ki mv‡_ mv‡_

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bKvqb N‡U, d‡j 1970-

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AvwgivZ¸wj we«wUk

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Avm‡Z m¶g nq| ‡`‡ki

LwbK ‡Z‡ji ‡ewki fvM

gaywgZvq Pj‡Q 6:00, 8:00, 10:00
gaywgZvq Pj‡Q
6:00, 8:00, 10:00
0707 09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi Av‡iv Lei KjKvZvq evsjv fvlvi cÖPjb K‡g Avm‡Q mv¤cÖwZKKv‡j KjKvZvq evsjv
0808 ˆ`wbK KvíwbK 09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi we‡bv`b 20 Rb ‡miv wn‡ivi GKRb wn‡m‡e Zv‡K wbe©vwPZ
0808
ˆ`wbK KvíwbK
09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi
we‡bv`b
20 Rb ‡miv wn‡ivi GKRb wn‡m‡e Zv‡K
wbe©vwPZ K‡i|
1971 mv‡j hLb evsjv‡`‡ki ¯^vaxbZv hy×
PjwQj, ZLb RR© n¨vwimb Zvi eÜy iwe ksKi
Gi civg‡k© wbDBq‡K©i g¨vwWmb ‡¯‹vqvi
Mv‡W©b c«v½‡b `ywU `vZe¨ m½xZvbyôvb (KbmvU©)
Gi Av‡qvRb K‡ib| AbyôvbwU‡Z RR©
n¨vwimb, iwe ksKi QvovI Mvb cwi‡ekb
K‡ib ee wWjvb, GwiK K¬¨vcUb, wi‡½v ÷vi
mn AviI A‡b‡K| Kbmv‡U© RR© n¨vwimb Zvi
wb‡Ri ‡jLv "evsjv‡`k" Mvb cwi‡ekb K‡ib|
Kbmv‡U©i wU‡KU, wmwW I wfwWI n‡Z c«vß A_©
BDwb‡m‡di dv‡Û Rgv Kiv nq|
cwÛZ iwe ksKiB g~jZt GB Abyôv‡bi Rb¨
RR© n¨vwimb‡K DØy× K‡iwQ‡jb| evsjv‡`‡ki
¯^vaxbZv msM«v‡gi ‡¶‡Î AvšÍR©vwZK cwigÛ‡j
"KbmvU© di evsjv‡`k" GKwU Awe¯§iYxq
NUbv| RR© n¨vwim‡bi 1974 mv‡ji gvwK©b
hy³ivó« Abyôvbgvjvq cwÛZ iwe ksKi I Zvui
m½xiv D‡Øvabx As‡K m½xZ cwi‡ekb
K‡iwQ‡jb|
cwÛZ iwe ksK‡ii Agi KxwZ© n‡”Q cvðvZ¨
iwe k¼i ¯§i‡Y bovB‡j bZyb moK
I c«Zx‡P¨i m½x‡Zi wgjb| cvðvZ¨ m½x‡Zi
weL¨vZ ‡envjvev`K Bû`x ‡gbywn‡bi m‡½
‡mZvi-‡envjvi K‡¤úvwRkb Zvui GK Agi
0808 ˆ`wbK KvíwbK 09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi we‡bv`b 20 Rb ‡miv wn‡ivi GKRb wn‡m‡e Zv‡K wbe©vwPZ

iwe k¼‡ii 1971 mv‡j "KÝvU© di

evsjv‡`k" ¯§i‡Y bovB‡j bZyb moK D‡Øvab

Kiv n‡”Q| cwÛZ k¼‡ii `yB ‡g‡q, AbykKv

k¼i I ‡bviv ‡RvÝ, moK D‡Øvab Ki‡Z

Avm‡eb| ‡bviv ‡RvÝ gvwK©b hy³iv‡ó«i weL¨vZ

R¨vR& m½xZ wkíx| wZwb iwe ksK‡ii Kb¨v|

Zvui gv m¨y ‡RvÝ GKRb b…Z¨wkíx wQ‡jb|

2002 mv‡j Zvui c«KvwkZ c«_g cc m½xZ

A¨vjevg "Kvg AvI‡q DB_ wg" Gi gva¨‡g

wZwb e¨vcK mvdj¨ jvf K‡ib| mviv we‡k¦ Gi

2 ‡KvwU Kwc wewµ nq| GB A¨vjev‡gi Rb¨

wZwb 8wU Mª¨vwg GIqvW© cvb|

Iw`‡K ‡evb AbykKv ksKi GKRb ‡mZvi

ev`K Ges wgDwRK K‡¤úvRvi| wZwb iwe

ksKi Ges myKY¨v ‰KZvb Gi KY¨v| bq eQi

eqm ‡_‡K AbykKv Zvui evevi Kv‡Q ‡mZv‡ii

`x¶v wb‡Z ïiæ K‡ib| AbykKv ksKi Zvui

m½xZ c«wZfvi Rb¨ 1998 mv‡j e…‡U‡bi nvDR

Ae KgÝ kxì jvf K‡ib| wZwbB me‡P‡q Kg

eq‡m GB m¤§vb jvf K‡ib | 2004 mv‡j

UvBg g¨vMvwRb Gwkqv GwWkb KZ©…K Gwkqvi

m…wó hv Zvu‡K AvšÍR©vwZK m½x‡Zi GK D”P

Avm‡b ewm‡q‡Q|

  • 1990 mv‡j weL¨vZ m½xZÁ wdwjc Møv‡mi

m‡½ ‡hŠ_ c«‡hvRbv "c¨v‡m‡Rm" Zvui GKwU

D‡jøL‡hvM¨ m…wó| 2004 mv‡j cwÛZ iwe ksKi

wdwjc Møv‡mi Iwiqb c«‡hvRbvi ‡mZvi As‡ki

m½xZ iPbv K‡ib|

wmwiqvq gvwK©b Dcw¯’wZi Kvi‡Y cyi®‹vi cÖZ¨vL¨vb

Awb‡KZ AvjgwM‡ii mviv RvMv‡bv Qwe

"welv`" MZ GK eQi fvj e¨emv K‡i‡Q|

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mvwPb wjUj †d`vi

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GB wb‡q jm A¨v‡Ä‡jm Ges XvKv, `yB kn‡iB

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mivmwi m¤cÖPvi Kiv GB Abyôv‡b g‡Â

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P‡j‡Q| Avi GB hy‡× gvwK©b Dcw¯’wZ cy‡iv

hyׇK AviI ‡Nvjv‡U K‡i w`‡q‡Q| Ges GB

cwiw¯’wZi mv‡_ bvbv c«hyw³ ‡Kv¤úvwb RwoZ,

hvi g‡a¨ A¨vcj Av‡Q| Avcbv‡`i Av‡gwiKvb

cwÎKv‡ZB c«Kvk ‡c‡q‡Q ‡h A¨vcj KwÝDgvi

c«hyw³ QvovI wgwjUvwi Lv‡Z c«Pyi LiP Ki‡Q|

ZvB Avwg GB cyi®‹vi wb‡Z AcviMZv RvbvB|"

c«wZwµqv Rvb‡Z PvB‡j, cyi®‹vi KwgwUi

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GB hy‡×i c¶cvZx bv, Ges MZ Rwi‡c 89%

Av‡gwiKvbB e‡j‡Q Zviv GB cwiw¯’wZi

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K¨vcwoIi Reve VvÛv ‡gRv‡Ri

n‡jI XvKvi ‡gRvR wQj Mig| Abyôv‡bi c‡i

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mevB Pvq Qwei gva¨‡g ivRbxwZ Ki‡Z| wKš‘,

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nj|"

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c«Pyi UvKv ‡`Iqv nq, QvqvQwei fwel¨r wKš‘

GB cyi®‹vi w`‡q AZUv cwieZ©b nq bv|

B`vwbs ‡gvevBj ‡dv‡b QvqvQwe ‡`Lvi ‡iIqvR

D‡V ‡M‡Q| K›Uv± ‡j‡Ýi gva¨‡g ‡Pv‡Li gwbi

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‡mB Av‡Mi gZ gh©v`v bvB ej‡jB P‡j|

ivR‰bwZK Kvi‡Y cyi®‹vi c«_¨vL¨vb Aek¨

eûevi n‡q‡Q| QqRb weRqx ‡bv‡ej cyi¯‹vi

c«Z¨vLvb K‡i‡Qb| R¨vu cj mvu‡Î 1964 mv‡j

mvwn‡Z¨ ‡bv‡ej wb‡Z A¯^xK…wZ Rvbvb|

wf‡qZbv‡gi mv‡eK c«avbgš¿x wj WvK ‡_v

1973 mv‡j gvwK©b ciivó« gš¿x ‡nbwi wK-

wmÄv‡ii m‡½ ‡hŠ_fv‡e kvwšÍ‡Z cyi¯‹vi wb‡ZI

A¯^xK…wZ Rvbvb|

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e«vb‡Wv wb‡R bv G‡m Zvi eÜy mvwPb

wjUj‡d`vi-‡K cvVvb| A‡bKUv Awb‡K‡Zi

Abyiƒc mvwPb GKUv wjwLZ e³e¨ c‡o

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Rvbvq ‡h Av‡gwiKvi gyj Avw`evmx ‡bwUf

Av‡gwiKvb‡`i Dci AZ¨vPv‡ii Kvi‡Y wZwb

GB cyi®‹vi c«_¨vL¨vb Ki‡Qb|

NUbvwU N‡U 1973 mv‡ji cyi®‹vi Abyôv‡bi

mgq, ‡hLv‡b eª¨v‡Ûv "MWdv`vi" Qwei Rb¨

‡miv Awf‡bZv cyi®‹vi cvq| ‡mB mgq

"Db‡WW wb" bv‡gi GjvKvq GdweAvB-Gi

‡Mv‡q›`viv ‡bwUf Av‡gwiKvb msM«vgx‡`i mv‡_

e›`yK hy‡× wjß nq| ‡mB NUbvi ‡Ri a‡iB

eª¨v‡Ûvi GB cyi®‹vi c«_¨vL¨vb|

‡mB 1973 mv‡jI ejv n‡qwQj, "GLv‡b

ivRbxwZ ‡Kb?" AvR ‡mB GKB K_v Awb‡KZ

AvjgwMi‡KI ïb‡Z n‡”Q|

0808 ˆ`wbK KvíwbK 09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi we‡bv`b 20 Rb ‡miv wn‡ivi GKRb wn‡m‡e Zv‡K wbe©vwPZ
0808 ˆ`wbK KvíwbK 09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi we‡bv`b 20 Rb ‡miv wn‡ivi GKRb wn‡m‡e Zv‡K wbe©vwPZ
09 09 09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi we‡bv`b jvj gIjvbv bZyb wUwf wmwiqvj- jvj gIjvbv Ae‡k‡l bvbv
09 09
09
09

ˆ`wbK KvíwbK

09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi

we‡bv`b

 
09 09 09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi we‡bv`b jvj gIjvbv bZyb wUwf wmwiqvj- jvj gIjvbv Ae‡k‡l bvbv
jvj gIjvbv
jvj gIjvbv

bZyb wUwf wmwiqvj- jvj gIjvbv

Ae‡k‡l bvbv Ríbv-Kíbv'i Aemvb NwU‡q

"jvj gIjvbv" wUwf wmwiqv‡ji Awf‡bZv

ZvwjKv c«Kvk n‡q‡Q| mv¤cÖwZK Kv‡ji wUwf

bvU‡Ki g‡a¨ GB wmwiqvjwU Lye eo gv‡ci

c«‡hvRbv| GKvi‡Y GB bvU‡K Awfbq Ki‡Z

A‡bK wmwbqvi Awf‡bZv Drmvnx wQ‡jb| Z‡e

‡KvbI ai‡bi jwes QvovB Awf‡bZv RqšÍ

‡fŠwgK fvmvbxi f~wgKvwU ‡c‡q‡Qb| Gi Av‡M

wZwb byivj`xb-Gi f~wgKvq Awfbq K‡i h‡_ó

mybvg Kywi‡q‡Qb|

Ave`yj nvwg` Lvb fvmvbx (1880-1976)

Ab¨Zg Z…Yg~j ivRbxwZwe` I MYAv‡›`vj‡bi

bvqK, whwb 1947-G m…ó cvwK¯Ívb I 1971-

G c«wZwôZ evsjv‡`‡ki ivRbxwZ‡Z ¸iæZ¡c~Y©

f~wgKv cvjb K‡ib| 1929-G Avmv‡gi ayeox

‡Rjvi e«þcyÎ b‡`i fvmvb P‡i c«_g K…lK

m‡¤§jb Av‡qvRb K‡ib| GLvb ‡_‡K Zvi bvg

ivLv nq "fvmvbxi gvIjvbv"| Gici ‡_‡K

Zvi bv‡gi ‡k‡l fvmvbx kã hy³ nq| ‡`‡ki

gvby‡li Kv‡Q 'gRjyg Rb‡bZv' wnmv‡eI wZwb

cwiwPZ| gvIjvbv fvmvbx Rxe‡bi ‡ekxifvM

mgq gvIcš’x Kg¨ywb÷ Z_v evgaviv ivRbxwZi

mv‡_ RwoZ wQ‡jb| Zvui Abymvix‡`i A‡b‡K

GRb¨ Zvu‡K "jvj gIjvbv" bv‡gI WvK‡Zb|

1945-46 mv‡j Avmvg Ry‡o evOvwj‡`i

weiæ‡× "ev½vj ‡L`vI" `v½vi mgq evOvwj‡`i

i¶vi Rb¨ fvmvbx Avmv‡gi wewfbœ RvqMv Ny‡i

‡eovb| cvwK¯Ívb Av‡›`vj‡b Ask wb‡q 1947

mv‡j Avmv‡g wZwb ‡M«dZviI nb| 1957

mv‡ji KvMgvix m‡¤§j‡b wZwb cvwK¯Ív‡bi

cwðgv kvmK‡`i ÔIqvjvBKzg mvjvgÕ e‡j

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evwR‡qwQ‡jb|

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kvmbZš¿ wej ‡ck Kiv nq Zv‡Z cvwK¯Ívb‡K

BmjvwgK wicvewjK e‡j ‡NvlYv ‡`Iqv

n‡qwQj ZLb fvmvbx cë‡bi Rbmfvq Zvi

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gIjvbv fvmvbx e‡jb ‡h c~e©evsjv cvwK¯Ív‡bi

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wiK Pyw³ evwZ‡ji `vwe Rvbvb|

1967'‡Z ‡K›`«xq miKvi ‡iwWI Ges

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fvmvbx ewjô f~wgKv cvjb K‡ib| AvBqye Lvb

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c~e© cvwK¯Ívb' `vwe DÌvcb K‡ib|

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e¨vcKnv‡i MYnZ¨v Pvjv‡”Q| Aek¨ GB evZ©vi

d‡j Pxb miKvi Zv‡`i Ae¯’v‡bi cwieZ©b

Av‡b bvB| 1971 cieZ©x ¯^vaxb evsjv‡`‡k

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evua wbg©v‡Yi c«wZev‡` HwZnvwmK js gv‡P©i

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gvP© I Abkb ag©N‡Ui c«Pjb nq evsjv‡`‡k|

wewPÎ I mvnmx GB ‡bZv‡K wb‡q bvU‡Ki

ïwUs GB gv‡mB ïiæ n‡e| avibv Kiv n‡”Q

AZ¨vaywbK c«hyw³i gva¨‡g 50 I 60 `k‡Ki

cye© evsjv'i Aven'Uv wbLyuZ fv‡e ‰Zwi Kiv

n‡e|

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wewUwf‡Z

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iex›`«bv_-bRiæ‡ji GK‡Î ‡jLv `yj©f Mvb

MZ eQi ivRkvnxi GK jvB‡e«wi‡Z Avwe®‹…

Z iex›`«bv_-bRiæ‡ji GK‡Î ‡jLv Mv‡bi

cvÛzwjwci wfwˇZ bZyb A¨vjevg evRv‡i

G‡m‡Q| ‡h‡nZy gvÎ GKwU Ac«KvwkZ Mvb

wecøeev‡`i Avwef©ve N‡U Zv‡Z a~g‡KZy

cwÎKvi we‡kl Ae`vb wQj| GB cwÎKv‡K

Avkxe©v` K‡i iex›`«bv_ VvKyi wj‡LwQ‡jb,

ÒKvRx bRiæj Bmjvg Kj¨vYx‡qly, Avq P‡j

("dy‡ji AvNvZ") cvIqv ‡M‡Q, cy‡iv A¨vjevg

Kivi Rb¨ 5 Rb iex›`« Ges bRiæj msMxZ

wkíx GKB Mv‡bi cvPwU ‡iKwW©s K‡i‡Q|

A¨vjevgwU ‡ei Ki‡Q ivRkvnxi DfPi

÷ywWI|

iex›`«bv_ Ges bRiæ‡ji g‡a¨ mL¨Zv

A‡bKUv wKse`wšÍi gZ| wKš‘ GB c«_g Zv‡`i

Avq‡i a~g‡KZy|

Avuav‡i evua AwMœ‡mZy, `yw`©‡bi GB `yM©wk‡i

Dwo‡q ‡` ‡Zvi weRq ‡KZb|Ó

cwÎKvi c«_g cvZvi kx‡l© GB evYx Qvcv

_vK‡Zv| cwÎKvi 26 ‡m‡Þ¤^i, 1922 msL¨vq

bRiæ‡ji KweZv 'Avb›`gqxi AvMg‡b' c«KvwkZ

nq| GB ivR‰bwZK KweZv c«KvwkZ nIqvq

GK‡Î Mvb iPbv Kivi bgybv cvIqv ‡Mj|

1917 wL«÷v‡ãi ‡klw`‡K bRiæj we«wUk ‡mb-

vevwnbx‡Z ‡hvM ‡`b| c«wk¶Y ‡k‡l KivwP

‡mbvwbev‡m ‰mwbK Rxeb

Zv‡K Kywgjøv ‡_‡K ‡M«dZvi Kiv nq|

ivRwe‡`«vnx nevi `v‡q Zv‡K GK eQ‡ii mk«g

Kviv`‡Û `wÛZ Kiv nq| Avwjcyi KvivMv‡i

hLb e›`x Rxeb KvUvw”Q‡jb

KvUv‡Z ïiæ K‡ib| GB

KivwP ‡mbvwbev‡m _vKv

m‡Ë¡I wZwb KjKvZvi

wewfbœ mvwnZ¨ cwÎKvi

M«vnK wQ‡jb| Gi g‡a¨

i‡q‡Q c«evmx, fviZel©,

fviZx, gvbmx, g¤§©evYx,

meyRcÎ, mIMvZ Ges

e½xq gymjgvb mvwnZ¨

cwÎKv| GB mgq Zvi

Kv‡Q iex›`«bv_ VvKyi,

kirP›`« P‡Ævcva¨vq Ges

dviwm Kwe nvwd‡Ri

wKQy eB wQj|

hy× ‡k‡l KjKvZvq

G‡m bRiæj we½xq

iex›`«bv_ Ges bRiæ‡ji mL¨Zvi Ab¨Zg wb`k©b iex VvKy‡ii ‡mB ‡UwjM«vg| 1923 mv‡j bRiæj KvivMv‡i e›`x‡`i Dci AZ¨vPvi e‡Üi `vex‡Z 40 w`‡bi Abkb ag©NU ïiæ K‡i| ‡mB Lei ‡c‡q iex›`«bv_ Zv‡K GKwU ‡UwjM«vg cvVvq, hvi fvl¨t "Abkb ag©NU eÜ Ki| Avgv‡`i mvwnZ¨ ‡Zvgv‡K `vex K‡i|"

ZLb iex›`«bv_ Zvi 'emšÍ

MxwZbvU¨' M«š’wU bRiæj‡K

DrmM© K‡ib| G‡Z

bRiæj we‡kl DjøwmZ

nb| GB Avb‡›` ‡R‡j

e‡m 'AvR m…wó my‡Li

Djøv‡m' KweZvwU iPbv

K‡ib|

iex›`«bv_ Ges bRiæ‡ji

mL¨Zvi Ab¨Zg wb`k©b

iex VvKy‡ii ‡mB

‡UwjM«vg| 1923 mv‡j

bRiæj KvivMv‡i e›`x‡`i

Dci AZ¨vPvi e‡Üi

`vex‡Z 40 w`‡bi Abkb

ag©NU ïiæ K‡i| ‡mB Lei

gymwjg mvwnZ¨ mwgwZi

Awd‡m emevm ïiæ K‡ib| GB Awd‡m KvRx

‡gvZvnvi ‡nv‡mb, ‡gvRv‡¤§j nK, KvRx Ave`yj

I`y`, gyn¤§` knx`yjøvn&, AvdRvjyj nK c«gy‡Li

mv‡_ cwiPq nq| `ywU Rbwc«q mvwnwZ¨K Avmi

M‡Rb`vi AvÇv Ges fviZxq AvÇvq

‡c‡q iex›`«bv_ Zv‡K GKwU

‡UwjM«vg cvVvq, hvi fvl¨t "Abkb ag©NU eÜ

Ki| Avgv‡`i mvwnZ¨ ‡Zvgv‡K `vex K‡i|"

GZw`‡bi ‡hvMv‡hvM m‡Z¨I ‡Kb GB MvbwUi

K_v Gi Av‡M Rvbv hvq bvB, GB wb‡q bvbv

Av‡jvPbv Pj‡Q| ‡KD ‡KD avibv Ki‡Q ‡h

AskM«n‡Yi myev‡` cwiwPZ nb AZyjc«mv`

‡mb, Aebx›`«bv_ VvKyi, m‡Z¨›`«bv_ `Ë,

‡c«gv¼yi AvZ_©x, wkwki fv`yox, kirP›`«

P‡Ævcva¨vq, wb‡g©j›`y jvwnox, ayR©wUc«mv`

gy‡Lvcva¨vq, ‡n‡g›`«Kygvi ivq, w`‡b›`«bv_

VvKyi, PviæP›`« e‡›`¨vcva¨vq, I¯Ív` KigZyjøv

Lvu c«gy‡Li mv‡_| Ae‡k‡l 1921 mv‡ji

A‡±vei gv‡m wZwb kvwšÍwb‡KZ‡b wM‡q

iex›`«bv‡_i mv‡_ mv¶vr K‡ib| ZLb ‡_‡K

iex›`«bv‡_i g…Z¨y ch©šÍ Zv‡`i g‡a¨ mym¤úK©

eRvq wQj|