Sei sulla pagina 1di 33

Contans® WG

Biological Fungicide for the control of


Sclerotinia sclerotiorum and Sclerotinia minor.
Crop
Protection
standard
products

Proprietary
formulations New
and
SipcamAdvan
Products to
pre-
Products US market
mixtures

Bio-rationals
– a new
generation
•  Sclerotinia control
•  Soybeans , dry
Contans
beans
•  Lettuce and others
Crop
Protection
standard
products •  Disease control
ActinoGro Row crops

Proprietary
New
formulations SipcamAdvan
and Products
Products to Cocoon •  Sun protection
US market
pre-mixtures

Fireline and
•  Fire Blight Control
Firewall
Bio-rationals
– a new
generation
New •  New biofungicide
fungicides coming that
and protects crops from
insecticides root rots
New Fungicide for White Mold - Contans ®
–  Soil-active : works in the soil or on crop
residue attacking Sclerotinia, the source
of the disease, before it infects plants
–  Exempt from EPA requirements for food
tolerance means no plant back or
rotational crop issues
–  Zero hour re-entry interval
–  Huge interest this year - White Mold
can reduce yield by more than 50%
Contans® -Controlling White Mold in Dry Beans
and Soybeans

•  Contans attacks Sclerotinia at the source


•  C. minitans attacks and destroys the sclerotia & mycelia
of
–  Sclerotinia sclerotiorum
–  Sclerotinia minor
•  Commercial focus on soybeans, dry beans, snap beans,
other legume crops, leafy vegetables, canola and
sunflowers
What is Contans®WG ?
•  Contans®WG consists of the natural soil fungus

Coniothyrium minitans.

•  Coniothyrium minitans is a specific antagonist of the


resting survival structures (sclerotia) of the plant
pathogens Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, Sclerotinia
trifoliorum, Sclerotinia minor and Sclerotium cepivorum.

•  1 kg Contans®WG contains 1 x 1012 active spores of


the soil fungus Coniothyrium minitans
How does Contans® WG work?

Coniothyrium minitans attacks


the survival structures (sclerotia) of Sclerotinia spp.

• Once applied and incorporated into the soil, the spores


of Coniothyrium minitans germinate in the moist soil.

•  The mycelium of Coniothyrium minitans attacks and


destroys the resting survival structures (sclerotia) of the
plant pathogen in the soil within two to three months.
Accumulation of the survival structures
(sclerotia) in the soil

Sclerotia
per m²

Oilseed-rape
every 3
years
After infection of
oilseed-rape (once)

Treatment with
Contans®WG
after infection
year
Efficacy of Contans®WG
90

untreated
control
76.2
80

Contans
WG
68.8
70

63.5

56.4
60
survived
sclero<a
(%)
50

43.8
40

33.8
30

17.7
20

6 7
10

3.2 4.4 3.8


0



Rostock

 

Rostock

 Groß
Gerau Groß
Gerau 





Poel





 




Poel







1994/95 1995/96 1994/95 199596 1994/95 1995/96

loca<on
and
<me
of
the
trials
Efficacy of Contans®WG toward the sclerotia of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum in the soil
2009 White Mold Outbreak
• Damp weather and cool temperatures
have caused a major outbreak of white
mold on soybeans in OH for the 1st time in
almost a decade according to researchers.
• ND, MN, IA, WI, IL, IN, OH, and MI have
reported incidence of the disease due to
the cool, wet summer.

• Red area of the map RRV and thumb of


MI -edible beans, sunflowers, and canola
high levels of incidence
• Green area of the map is where a
higher incidence of the disease is found
on soybeans
• Blue area of the map -processing beans
with a high level of incidence.
White Mold Management Strategies
•  Dr. Carl Bradley provided several management strategies which include
cultural practices, as well as chemical and biological products.
•  It is important to note that Contans WG should not be applied to flowering
soybean plants. Rather, it should be applied to the soil in the fall after
harvest or in the spring prior to planting
--Carl A. Bradley
•  Another consideration is to use Contans after soybean harvest. Contans is
a biological control agent proven to be effective in white mold control in
many crops.
---Iowa State – IPM Newsletter 8-15-09

•  Contans applied 1lb per acre in Fall.


•  Followed by 1 lb per acre early spring .
•  Treat soil not the plant to reduce fungal
Pathogen
2006 Wisconsin Soybean field. Contans spring
applied 1 lb/acre. No-till field.
Red arrow shows area where grower ran out of
product. Darker shading indicates higher
incidence of white mold. See aerial yield map on
next slide.
Wisconsin, 2006 Assuming $10/bu beans this reflects a
$90 ROI/acre
- Soybean Field

Contans® WG
Untreated52 61 bu/A
bu/A

Contans WG, 1 lb/A, spring 2006


Control of Sclerotia of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum
on Snap beans with Contans®WG
New York State Agricultural Experiment
Station, Cornell

H. Dillard & A. Cobb


Crop: Beans
Plot size: 6 foot sqaure
Replications: 4, randomised
Date of artificial infection:
June 13
Number of applied sclerotia:
7962 per plot (per 340 litres of soil)
Rate of application:
4 lb Contans WG / acre

Date of application: June 13


Application:
Backpacksprayer, 2 x 50 gal/A
Date of planting: June 13
Evaluation: October 13.
Recovering of 5 x 100 ml samples of soil
from each rep/treatment. Counting of
sclerotia.
Fisher´s Protected LSD (P<0,05)
IPM of White Mold on Snap Beans
Stevenson et al., University of
Wisconsin-Madison, USA
Rate of application:
1.8 & 3.6 lb Contans WG per acre
Date of application:
Just before panting (6-10 weeks
before bloom)
Application:
Spraying, soil incorporation
Date of planting:
Plover: June 2001,
Hancock: April
Fungizides used:
Hancock: Topsin M 70 WP (2.0),
Plover: Benalte (1.5)
Evaluation:
White mold development immediately
before commercial harvest. Four 5
-feet-long sections of row
(randomized).
Fisher´s Protected LSD (P<0,10)
Contans®WG – The Advantages
•  Environmentally compatible and plant-carefully biological fungicide
•  Reduces and eliminates the disease causing sclerotia from treated
soil
•  Cost effective
•  Prevents root-infection caused by soil growing mycelium of the
pathogen
•  Prevents a new contamination of the soil with sclerotia
•  Contans® WG attacks and destroys the surviving structures
(sclerotia) of the disease
•  Contans® WG reduces the source of Sclerotinia-diseases and
provides long term protection
UNDERSTANDING
SCLEROTINIA
Apothecia of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum
Eruption of Ascospores
Sclerotinia Apothecia
Sclerotinia Infection in Dry Bean

• Spores do not infect


green tissue

• Begin growth on dead


tissue – flower parts
preferred

• Oxalic Acid Produced


 Tissues Die
• Then spread to dying
tissues (they were
green)
Not
Apothecia
of
Sclero'nia
sclero'orum

Bird’s Nest Fungi


(Eggs in Nest)
The fungus Coniothyrium minitans
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
Production process of Contans®WG
What is Contans®WG ?

Contans®WG

Spores of Coniothyrium minitans

Glucose
.

1 x 109 active spores per gram


Contans

•  Coniothyrium minitans
•  109 spores/g
•  1 - 2 lb/acre

•  74,000 spores/sq in.


Does the number of the sclerotia in the soil
really matter?

Source file:
„White mold in Soybean“
P. Hart
Michigan State University, 1998
Inoculum = Apothecia in a
soybean field
Mode of Action

Spores of C. minitans

Sclerotium

germ tube

Pictures: Katrin Hedke, University of Rostock


Parasi8sm
of
Coniothyrium
minitans
on
sclero8a
of
Sclero'nia
sclero'orum

from
natural
field
soil
treated
with
Contans®WG


C.
minitans
forming
pycnidia
(red
arrows)
and
propaga8ng
on
a
sclero8um


Source:
A.
v.
Tiedemann,
K.
Hedke
&
R.
Mögling

Dept.
of
Phytomedicine,
Faculty
of
Agriculture,
University
of
Rostock,
Germany

Thank You!