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UAV Design workshop

# 37, First Floor, Marappe Building, Challagatta, Bangalore-560037 Email:

Course overview
A. Course coverage B. Mission Focus C. Design Process D. Aircraft requirements E. Design methodology F. Course coverage G. UAVs vs Conventional Aircrafts H. Training modules

A// Course Coverage

Duration: One Month Design Projects
1 final project

Course flow
Daily classes Aircraft design theory Aircraft design tools Tests Final project

Aircraft design: A Conceptual Approach by Daniel P Raymer Airplane Design by Jan Roskam Autonomous Flying Robots by K.Nonami et al. Unmanned aircraft Systems UAVs Design, Development and Deployment by Reg Austin

Objectives of this workshop

In a Bachelor Engineering course students are mainly involved in theoretical aspects of aircraft design and its elements. But realization of an real aircraft involves various phases . As a student it would be ambitious to realize the full size aircraft of any aviation category. Hence it would be more appropriate to design an aircraft which is of a realizable size. UAVs of smaller size would perfectly suit this need. Hence the work shop deals with the design, fabrication and field testing of an small sized UAV.

How this is useful for the students?

Realization of an aircraft involves all the aspects of Aeronautical Engineering. The students will have a chance to match their theoretical knowledge to the practical aspects of designing and realizing the product which is of critical importance In a real industry environment , it is required to work on the design and analysis of real aircrafts. Once they are clear with the whole process of design they would able to understand and perform better in their organizations.

G// Course Coverage

Conceptual design Configuration, Sizing and layout Aerodynamics Propulsion Performance Controls Structures System Integration Other Issues

Course Coverage

Who will be the Trainers & Instructors??

Young & Dynamic Aerospace Engineers working in the Industry from several years on variety of aircraft design projects Design Engineers who in the past have worked on the Indias ambitious aircraft design projects (MAVs, UAVs, SARAS, NM5 etc..) at various organizations like IITs, NAL, ADA etc.. In the present working as Consultants, Project leaders for various AIRBUS design projects & with major European Suppliers for aircraft manufacturing companies worldwide Having an experience in the aerospace industry of over 5-7 yrs Manufacturing and hangar training will be provided by experienced Aircraft Maintenance Engineers (over 10-15 yrs of experience)

C// Mission focused

Mission requirements

Conceptual Design

Sizing & Performance Optimization weights, aerodynamics, Propulsion etc.

D// Design Process

Basic criteria for Design steps
Mission objectives

Cost/Economy/Finding Available or near term technology

Trade-offs (Analysis)
Simulation, Testing and Prototyping

E// Aircraft Requirements

Areas to be met to build a successful fl platform
Aerodynamics Propulsion Structure Stability, performance and Controls Cost aspects

F// Design Methodology

1. Ground up approach
Learn all the basics, then design your vehicle around your mission requirements
Aerodynamics Propulsion Structure Performance Stability and Control etc.

2. Empirical approach
Use essential data from previously designed aircraft in particular category to determine the baseline, then worry about the details Weight wing size engine size etc.

F// Design Methodology

Empirical design method (One of the many ways)
Estimate weight (TOW or Wo) based on known payload Estimate wing size based on known speed and lift coefficient Select wing shape and aspect ratio based on type of aircraft Select C.G. location based on static margin requirements (Stability) as given distance from a.c Select wing twist, if any Size control surfaces based upon tail distance from C.G Iterate

Need baseline data

UAVs vs Convn. AC
What makes UAV design different from traditional aircraft design They both are designed around payloads, but. ..

The problem
Low speed, small size High Altitude
Low density

UAVs Re = 10^5 10^6 MAVs Re = 10^4 10^5 Viscous forces are significant- separation prevalent : low L high D low L/D Outside of Classical Aerodynamic Design