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954/2 Oct 2009

1

Confidential

MATHEMATICS S/T PAPER 2 ANSWER SCHEME

1. Solve the equation sin 3θ + sin 5θ = cos θ for values of θ between 0 and ππππ.
.
sin 3θ + sin 5θ = cos θ
sin 5θ + sin 3θ = cos θ
 5
θ+ θ
3
 5
θ− θ
3
2sin
 cos
 = cos θ
M1
2
2
2sin4θ cos θ = cos θ
2sin4θ cos θ – cos θ = 0
cos θ (2sin4θ – 1) = 0
M1
(2sin4θ – 1) = 0
1
cos θ = 0 ,
sin4θ = 2
(both)
A1
π
π
5
π
13
π
17
π
B1
θ =
4θ =
,
,
,
2
6
6
6
6
π
5 π
π
, 13
π
17
A1
θ
=
,
,
,
(CAO)
24
24
2
24
24 π
0.1309, 0.6545, 1.571, 1.702,
2.225
(CAO)
0.131, 0.654, 1.57, 1.70, 2.23
(CAO)

2. Express 6 sin x cos x – 8 cos 2 x + 22 in the form A sin 2x + B cos 2x + C, with A, B and C are constants to be determined. Hence, find the largest and smallest value for

1 .
2
6 sin x cos x − 8 cos
x + 22
6 sin x cos x – 8 cos 2 x + 22
= 3(2 sin x cos x) – 4(2 cos 2 x) + 22
= 3(2 sin x cos x) – 4(cos 2x + 1) + 22
M1
= 3sin2x – 4cos 2x + 18
A1
Let g(x) = 3sin2x – 4cos 2x = rsin(2x –αααα)
, r>0, αααα= acute
= r sin2x cosαααα – r cos2x sinαααα
r sinαααα= 4 …(II)
B1
∴ r cosαααα = 3 … (I) and
(I) 2 +(II) 2 : r 2 (cosαααα) 2 +r 2 (sinαααα) 2 = 3 2 + 4 2
r 2 [(cosαααα) 2 + (sinαααα) 2 ] = 25
r 2 = 25
r = 5
3
From (I) : 5 cosαααα = 3
cosαααα =
⇒ αααα =53.13 o
5
g(x) = 3sin2x – 4cos 2x =
5 sin (2x –53.13 o )
B1
g(x) min = –5
g(x) max = 5
1
Let f(x) =
2
6sin x cosx − 8cos x + 22
1
1
=
=
°
3sin 2x − 4cos2x + 18
5sin(2x
53.13 )
+
18
1
1
f(x)
=
min =
A1
5 + 18
23
1
1
A1
f(x)
=
max =
− 5 + 18
13

3. If x y = z, express

d

y

d

x

in terms of

d

z

d

x

.

x y = z, solve the differential equation

y = 0 when x = 0.

Using the substitution

d

y

d

x

= x y, given that



 x – y = z …(I) Differentiate (I) with respect to x d x – d y = d z d x d x d x 1– d y = d z ⇒ d y = 1– d z …(II) B1 d x d x d x d x d y x = x – y d Substitute (I) and (II) d z ⇒ d z = 1– z M1 1– d = z x d x ∫ 1 1 − z dz = ∫ dx M1 – ln(1– z) = x + C A1 Given x = 0 , y = 0 then z = x – y = 0 – ln(1– 0) = 0 + C ⇒ C = 0 M1 ∴– ln(1– z) = x – ln(1– (x – y)) = x ln(1– x + y) = – x A1 or y = e – x + x –1

4. In the diagram, HAK is a tangent to the circle ABCD. The chord BC is parallel to HK. Chords AD and BC produced meet at X. Prove that
∆CXD are similar.
(ii)
∆ABD and
.
C
B
X
α
1
α
2
D
α
3
H
A
K
( i ) Let ∠∠∠∠ABC = α 1 , ∠∠∠∠ADB =α 2 , ∠∠∠∠HAB =α 3
α
1 = α 3 (given BC//HK, a pair of alternate interior angle)
B1
α
B1
2 = α 3 (angles in alternate segments)
B1
∴αααα 1 = αααα 2 ⇒⇒⇒⇒ ∠∠∠∠ABC = ∠∠∠∠ADB
C
B
X
α
β
1
1
θ
1
α
θ
4
2
α
2
D
β
α
2
3
θ
3
H
Let
A
K
∠∠∠∠XDC=α 4 , ∠∠∠∠CXD =θ 1 ,∠∠∠∠ABD=θ 2 , ∠∠∠∠XCD=β 1 , ∠∠∠∠BAD=β 2 ,

954/2 Oct 2009

2

Confidential

 From part (i) α 1 = α 3 = α 2 α 1 = α 4 ∴α 4 = α 2 … (Exterior angle of cyclic quadrilateral) (∗) B1 β 1 = β 2 θ 1 =θ 2 (Exterior angle of cyclic quadrilateral) …(☆) (If two angles of one triangle equal two angles B1 B1 of another triangle, the remaining angles are equal) (ℂ) [Can also use: θ 1 = θ 3 (given BC//HK) θ 2 = θ 3 (angles in alternate segments). So θ 1 = θ 2 ] From (∗),(☆),(ℂ) : ∆ABD and ∆CXD are similar (AAA) B1

5. The population of an island at time t is p. The number of births per unit time is b, and the number of deaths per unit time is proportional to the population at that time. By taking p as a

continuous variable, show that

positive constant.  Solve the differential equation with the

condition that p =

t.Find the exact time when the population of the island

d

t

= b kp, where k is a

d

p

b

k when t = 0. Express p as a function of

5

 is 9 b 10 k .Sketch the graph of p versus t. Number birth perunit time: dp = b dt Number death perunit time: dp ∝ p ⇒ dp = –kp , k>0 dt dt B1 ∴ d p = b – kp d t A1 ∫ 1 dp = ∫ dt M1 b − kp 1 ∫ − k dp = ∫ dt − k b − kp 1 A1 −k ln(b–kp) = t + C Given p = b 5 k when t = 0 1 ln(b–k b 5 k ) = 0 + C ⇒ C = 1 ln( 4 b ) 5 M1 −k −k 1 1 −k ln(b–kp) = t + −k ln( 4 b ) 5 1 1 ln( 4 b ) = t 5 – k ln(b–kp) + k (Multiply –k ) ln(b–kp) – ln( 4 b ) = –k t 5 ln [(b–kp)× 5 4b ] = –k t …………(☆) [( 4 – 5 4 k b p)] = e –k t 5 b 4 b e –k t M1A1 ⇒ p = k – 5 k Given: p= b 9 10 k From (☆):–k t = ln[(b–k b 9 10 k 5 )× 4b ]=ln 1 8 M1 t = 1 k ln 8 or 3 k ln 2 A1 p
b
asymptote
D1
k
and p value
b
5
k
shape of
D1
t
curve

6. Ship P moves with a velocity of (60i +25j) kmh 1 and ship Q moves with a velocity (9i +12j) kmh 1 , where i and j are unit vectors in the directions to the east and north respectively. At a particular instant , the position vector of ship Q relative to ship P is 22i km. Calculate the magnitude and direction of the velocity of ship P relative to ship Q and the shortest distance



At 0900 hours when ship P is directly north of ship Q, ship P changes its course but maintains its speed to intercept ship Q. Find the course that must be steered by ship P and the time

taken to intercept ship Q.

between ship P and ship Q. Ship P
Ship Q
Ship P relative to Q
60
V
=
   kmh −1
V
=
 
9
V
=V −V
kmh −1
PQ
P
Q
ɶ
ɶ
ɶ
P
Q
ɶ
25
12
ɶ
θ
60
9
β
M1
=
θ
β
25
12
25
12
60
9
2
2
2
2
V
P =
(60) + (25)
V
Q =
(9) + (12)
51
A1
=
65 kmh −1
=
15 kmh −1
= 
13
θ=tan −1 (
60
)=67.38 o
θ=tan −1 (
9
)=36.87 o
=51 i +13 j kmh −1
25
12
A1
2
2
Magnitude , V PQ =
(51) + (13)
=
2770 , 52.63 , 52.6 kmh −−−−1
α
Direction , α= tan −1 ( 51
13 ) =75.70 o
α
13
A1
In
the direction N 75.70 o E
51
P
1
90 –α = 90–75.70=14.30 o
Let shortest distance =QP 1 =d
V
Sine Rule
PQ
ɶ
d
d
22
=
M1
0
0
sin14.30
sin 90
o
14.30
A1
22 km
d = 5.434 km , 5.43 km
P
Q
Ship P
Ship Q
Ship P relative to Q
9
V
=
kmh −1
V
P = 65 kmh −1
Q
ɶ
12
P
β
β
12
9
2
2
V
Q =
(9) + (12)
=
15 kmh −1
Q
θ=tan −1 (
9
)=36.87 o
12

954/2 Oct 2009

3

Confidential Let P 2 Q = y
P
2
22 y km = tan 14.30 o
P
M1
1
A1
V
y
y = 5.608 km
PQ
ɶ
d
o
14.30
22 km
P
Q
P
Sine Rule
2
o
sin
λ
= sin 36.87
λ
V
P =65
M1
15
65
λ=7.96 o
V
P2Q
µ
Ship P has to steered in the
direction S 7. 96 o E.
A1
β=36.87
µ= 180 o –36.87 o –7.96 o = 135.17 o
V
=15
Q
Q
Sine Rule
V
65
P
2
Q
=
M1
0
0
sin135.17
sin 36.87
V P2Q =76.38 kmh −1
A1
Dist
an
ce y
5.608
km
Time =
=
= 0.0734 hour = 4 minutes
1
M1
Speed V
76.38 kmh −
P
2
Q
A1
The time is at 0904 hours

7. A discrete random variable X has the following probability distribution.

 x 5 6 7 8 P(X = x) 2c 2 c 2 + 2c 2 c c

where c is a constant to be determined.Find the exact value of E(|X–7|) 

 Sum of all probabilities = 1 2c 2 + c + c 2 + 2c + c 2 = 1 4c 2 + 3c – 1 = 0 M1 (4c –1)(c +1) = 0 ⇒ ∴ c = 1 4 , c>0 M1 A1 x 5 6 7 8 P(X = x) 1 1 9 1 8 4 16 16 E(|X–7|) = ∑ [ x − 7 ( P X = x )] =|5–7| 8 +|6–7| 1 4 +|7–7| 16 +|8–7| 1 9 1 16 M1 = 9 or 0.5625 A1 16

8. Continuous random variable X has the following cumulative

distribution function. F(x) =

0,

5

4

1

x

b

x

,

1

2

2

x

,

 x < 0, 0 ≤ x < 1, . x ≥ 1.

(i) Find the value of b. (ii) Hence , find P( 1 2 < X < 5 4 ).

 (i) lim x→ 1 F(x) = F(1) (ii) P( 1 2 < X < 5 4 ) lim x→ 1 [ 5 1 2 ]=1 b = P( 1 2 < X < 5 4 ) 4 x − 2 x − 1 M1 Only this method accepted [ 5 1 ] = 1–b =F( 4 ) –F( 1 2 ) 5 M1 − 4 2 b= 1 – 3 = 1 A1 = [1– 1 4( 5 ) ]–[ 5 4 ( 1 2 ) − 1 2 ( 1 2 ) 2 ] M1 4 4 4 =[ 4 ]–[ 1 2 ] = 5 3 10 A1

9. On average, the number of cars stopping over at a petrol

station is one car per minute. Find, correct to three decimal

places, the probability

petrol station in a period of one minute,  (ii) that more than

two cars stop over at the petrol station in a period of five

(i) that exactly three cars stop at the

 minutes. . X = number of cars stopping over at a petrol station is one minute X ~ P o (1) and P(X = x) = e − µ µ x = e − 1 (1) x x= 0,1,2, … x ! x ! , (i) P(X = 3) = − e 1 (1) 3 B1 3! = 0.06131 , 0.0613 B1 Y = number of cars stopping over at a petrol station is 5 minutes Y ~ P o (5) and P(Y = y) = e − µ µ y = e − 5 (5) y y= 0,1,2, … y ! y ! , (i) P(Y > 2) = 1–P(Y < 2) B1 = 1 – [P(Y =0)+P(Y =1)+P(Y =2)] M1 = 1–[ e − 5 (5) 0 + e − 5 (5) 1 + e − 5 (5) 2 ] = 1–e –5 [ (5) 0 + (5) 1 + (5) 2 ] 0! 1! 2! 0! 1! 2! M1 A1 = 1–[0.00674+0.03369+0.08422] = 0.8753 , 0.8754 , 0.875

10. A survey shows that 60% of the housewives have seen the advertisement of a new product in television. The probability that the housewife who has seen the advertisement buys the new product is 0.9, while the probability that the housewife who has not seen the advertisement buys the new product is

0.3. (i)

(ii) Find the probability that a

housewife who buys the new product has seen the

approximation, find the probability that less than 10 out of 50

new product.

Find the probability that a housewife buys the



(iii) Using an appropriate

 A = housewife has seen the advertisement B= housewife buys the new product P(B|A)=0.9 B P(A∩B)=0.54 A P(A)=0.6 P(A’)=0.4 P(B’|A)=0.1 P(B|A’)=0.3 B’ P(A∩B’)=0.06 B P(A’∩B)=0.12 A’ P(B’|A’)=0.7 B’ P(A’∩B’)=0.28

954/2 Oct 2009

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Confidential

 (i) P(B) = P(A ∩ B ) + P(A’ ∩ B ) = (0.6 × 0.9) + (0.4 × 0.3) =0.66 , 33 50 M1 A1 (ii) P(A|B) = P ( A ∩ B ) = 0.6 × 0.9 M1 ( P B ) 0.66 = 0.8182, 0.818 9 , 11 A1 (iii) X = number of housewives who buys the new product, have not seen the advertisement X~B(50, 2 11 ) Mean = np = 50× 2 = 100 (>5) 11 11 B1(both mean Variance = npq = 50× 2 11 × 9 = 900 & variance) 11 121 Suitable approximation : X~N ( 100 11 100 100 , 900 121 ) B1 Z= 11 = 11 30 900 11 121 X − X − P(X<10) = P(X<9.5) M1 P ( X − 100 9.5− 100 M1 = 11 < 11 ) 30 30 11 11 =P (Z<0.15) =0.5596 , 0.560 A1 (for0.15) A1

11. The number of ships which anchor at a port every week for 26 paricular weeks are as follows.

 32 28 43 21 35 19 25 45 35 32 18 26 30 26 26 38 42 18 37 49 63 23 40 20 29 46 (i) Display the data in a stemplot.  (ii) Find the median and interquartile range.  (iii) Draw a boxplot to represent the data.  (iv) State the shape of the frequency distribution. Give a



 (i) The number of ships that anchor at a port 1 8 8 9 2 0 1 3 5 6 6 6 8 9 3 0 2 2 5 5 7 8 4 0 2 3 5 6 9 5 6 3

Key : 1|8 means 18 ships

(ii) Median :

r= 1 2 (26)=13

2 2

r= 1 4 (26)=6.5

3

r= 4 (26)=19.5

Q 1 =y 7 = 25

Q 3 =y 20 = 40

Interquartile Range = Q 3 – Q 1 = 40 – 25

= 15

(iii) 1.5(Q 3 – Q 1 )= 22.5

Q 1 –22.5 = 25–22.5 = 2.5 Q 3 +22.5 = 40+22.5 = 62.5 Any value (2.5,62.5) is an outlier 63 is an outlier On graph paper, o

D1 (box and his median)

B1

B1

B1

B1

(both

Q)

M1

A1

D1

D1

D1

Median =

y 13

+ y

14

=

30

+

32

= 31

18

25 31  40  49 63

 D1 ( whiskers seen on graph paper) D1 ( all correct with outlier) (iv) the distribution is skewed to the right / positively B1 skewed Q 2 – Q 1 < Q 3 – Q 2 or right box longer than left box or left box shorter than right box or median is closer to Q 1 B1

12. A company sells two types of flour, brand A and brand B, in a 10 kg bag. The mass of brand A flour in each bag is normally distributed with mean of 10.05 kg and a standard deviation of

0.2 kg, whereas the mass of brand B flour in each bag is normally distributed with mean of 10.05 kg and a standard deviation of 0.05 kg. (i) Find the probability that a bag brand A flour and a bag brand B flour selected at random both are

more than 10 kg.

(ii) If J represents the total mass of two bags of brand A flour

and six bags of brand B flour, find the mean and variance of J.

Hence, find the probability that the total mass of the eight bags

of flour is less than 80 kg.





 (i) A~N(10.05, 0.2 2 ) B~N(10.05, 0.05 2 ) P(A>10) == P ( A− 10.05 − > 10 10.05 ) M1 0.2 0.2 A1 =P (Z> –0.25) = 0.5987 P(B>10) == P ( B− 10.05 − > 10 10.05 ) M1 0.05 0.05 =P (Z> –1) = 0.8413 P(both more than 10kg)= P(A>10) ×P(B>10) = 0.5987 ×0.8413 = 0.5037 A1 M1 A1 (ii) Let J = A 1 + A 2 + B 1 + B 2 + B 3 + B 4 + B 5 + B 6 . E(J) = E(A 1 + A 2 + B 1 + B 2 + B 3 + B 4 + B 5 + B 6 ) Mean of J = 2 (10.05) + 6 ( 10.05) = 80.4 M1 A1 Var(J) = Var (A 1 + A 2 + B 1 + B 2 + B 3 + B 4 + B 5 + B 6 ) Variance of J = 2(0.2) 2 + 6 (0.05) 2 = 0.095 M1 A1 J ~N(80.4, 0.095) and Z= J − 80.4 B1 0.095 P(J < 80 ) = P ( J − 80.4 < 80 80.4 − 0.095 0.095 ) M1 = P ( Z < –1.2978) or P ( Z < –1.298) = P ( Z > 1.2978) or P ( Z > 1.298) = 0.09718 , 0.09714 , 0.0972 , 0.0971 A1 A1

13.

14.