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Americans and the Revolution

Chapter 9, Lesson 2 Social Studies (Grade 5) Lecture Notes for !"2#"2 !$ to !"%!"2 !$ &r' (a)*ood

+,-ective

(%a) ./plain ho* the need for reli0ious, political, and economic freedom influenced the settlement of North America ,) .uropeans' (1+2 2)

Common Core State Standard

CCSS.ELALiteracy.RI.5.2 1etermine t*o or more main ideas of a te/t and e/plain ho* the) are supported ,) 3e) details4 summari5e the te/t'

6oca,ular)
O

Patriot: A colonist *ho *as a0ainst 7ritish rule and supported the re,el cause in the American colonies' Loyalist: A person *ho supported the 7ritish 0overnment durin0 the American revolution' Neutral: Not ta3in0 a side in a disa0reement'

6oca,ular)
O

Pacifist: A ,eliever in the peaceful settlement of differences' Regiment: A lar0e, or0ani5ed 0roup of soldiers'

8a3in0 Sides
O

8he approval of the 1eclaration of 9ndependence sho*ed that the colonies had united a0ainst 7ritain'

&an) people in the !% colonies supported independence'

Churches and the :ar


O

Li3e other colonists, people in churches *ere divided on *hether the) supported the ;atriots or the Lo)alists or remained neutral' 8he Lutherans, li3e the people of other church 0roups, *ere divided ,et*een ;atriots and Lo)alists'

O 8a3in0 sides *as especiall) hard for

An0lican Church mem,ers'


O 8he 7ritish 3in0 *as the head of the

An0lican Church, as the Church of .n0land *as called in the colonies'

O &an) An0licans in the Ne* .n0land and

&iddle Atlantic Colonies *ere lo)al to the 3in0'

8homas (utchinson *as a 0overnor of the &assachusetts Colon) and a Lo)alist' <ohn ;eter &uhlen,er0 *as a ;atriot militia officer'
&em,ers of the Societ) of =riends, also called >ua3ers, *ould not fi0ht at all'

>ua3ers are a0ainst all *ars ,ecause the) ,elieve that fi0htin0 for an) reason is *ron0'

African Americans, =ree and .nslaved


O

At the start of the *arm ! out of ever) 5 people livin0 in the !% 7ritish colonies *as of African descent' African Americans ever)*here in the colonies, ho*ever, vie*ed the 1eclaration of 9ndependence *ith hope and e/citement'

African Americans, some free and some, enslaved, fou0ht at the 7attle of 7un3er (ill' Amon0 them *as Salem ;oor' (e *on praise for his heroic actions there'
African Americans fou0ht in the Continental Arm)' *ar as a re*ard for their service'

O O

O A,out 5,

O &an) *ere promised freedom after the O 9n Novem,er !##5 the ro)al 0overnor of

6ir0inia also had promised freedom to enslaved African Americans if the) ran a*a) from their o*ners and fou0ht for the 7ritish'

:omen and the :ar

O &an) *omen in the colonies too3 part in

the ;atriots? *ar effort'


O Some ran farms and ,usinesses' O +thers, such as 7ets) Ross, se*ed ne*

American fla0s for the Arm)'


O Some *omen used their talents to support

the ;atriot cause'


O &erc) +tis :arren *rote poems and

pla)s'
O

Not all *omen *ere ;atriots, ho*ever' 8here *ere Lo)alist *omen in ever) colon)' Some of them fou0ht for the 7ritish' &an) others 0ave the 7ritish food and other supplies'

O O

;eople in the :estern Lands


O Some 9ndian 0roups 0re* an0r) a,out the

American settlers on their land, ,ut man) came to depend on ,oth the Americans and the 7ritish and tradin0 partners'
O 8he 7ritish and ;atriots each hoped that

the 9ndians *ould ta3e their side, or if not, sta) out of the fi0htin0'
O

At first Americans on the frontier remained neutral' 8he) *anted to ,e free of an) 0overnment @ 7ritish or American' After a *hile, their feelin0 ,e0an to chan0e'

Althou0h the) did not support the ;atriot cause, the) did *ant to drive the 7ritish out of the *estern lands' 8he) felt that if the) did not help the ;atriots drive out the 7ritish, the 7ritish *ould pro,a,l) 3eep the *estern lands even if the Americans *on the *ar'