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BSC3119 Nokia BSC/TCSM, Rel. S12, Product Documentation, v.

IMSI-based Handover

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IMSI-based Handover

The information in this document is subject to change without notice and describes only the product defined in the introduction of this documentation. This documentation is intended for the use of Nokia Siemens Networks customers only for the purposes of the agreement under which the document is submitted, and no part of it may be used, reproduced, modified or transmitted in any form or means without the prior written permission of Nokia Siemens Networks. The documentation has been prepared to be used by professional and properly trained personnel, and the customer assumes full responsibility when using it. Nokia Siemens Networks welcomes customer comments as part of the process of continuous development and improvement of the documentation. The information or statements given in this documentation concerning the suitability, capacity, or performance of the mentioned hardware or software products are given as is and all liability arising in connection with such hardware or software products shall be defined conclusively and finally in a separate agreement between Nokia Siemens Networks and the customer. However, Nokia Siemens Networks has made all reasonable efforts to ensure that the instructions contained in the document are adequate and free of material errors and omissions. Nokia Siemens Networks will, if deemed necessary by Nokia Siemens Networks, explain issues which may not be covered by the document. Nokia Siemens Networks will correct errors in this documentation as soon as possible. IN NO EVENT WILL NOKIA SIEMENS NETWORKS BE LIABLE FOR ERRORS IN THIS DOCUMENTATION OR FOR ANY DAMAGES, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL OR ANY LOSSES, SUCH AS BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF PROFIT, REVENUE, BUSINESS INTERRUPTION, BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY OR DATA, THAT MAY ARISE FROM THE USE OF THIS DOCUMENT OR THE INFORMATION IN IT. This documentation and the product it describes are considered protected by copyrights and other intellectual property rights according to the applicable laws. The wave logo is a trademark of Nokia Siemens Networks Oy. Nokia is a registered trademark of Nokia Corporation. Siemens is a registered trademark of Siemens AG. Other product names mentioned in this document may be trademarks of their respective owners, and they are mentioned for identification purposes only. Copyright Nokia Siemens Networks 2007. All rights reserved.

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Contents

Contents
Contents 3 List of tables 4 List of figures 5 Summary of changes 7 1 2 3 3.1 3.2 4 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 5 6 Overview of IMSI-based Handover 9 Requirements for IMSI-based Handover 13 Technical description of IMSI-based Handover 15 Interworking 15 Restrictions 16 Functionality of IMSI-based Handover 17 Usage of Authorised Networks and Subscriber Groups Support for IMSI-based handover to GSM cell 19 Support for IMSI-based handover to WCDMA cell 21 Scenarios for IMSI-based handover usage 23 Effects of IMSI-based Handover on interfaces 35 User interface of IMSI-based Handover 37 18

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List of tables

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List of figures

List of figures Figure 1. Figure 2. Figure 3. Mapping of subscribers to permitted GSM and WCDMA networks IMSI-based Handover between GSM networks 20 22 18

IMSI-based Handover between a GSM and a WCDMA network

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Summary of changes

Summary of changes

Changes between document issues are cumulative. Therefore, the latest document issue contains all changes made to previous issues.

Changes made between issues 2 and 11


In Overview of IMSI-based Handover, references have been improved. A reference to Nokia Flexi EDGE has been added to the list of requirements for BTS software versions in Requirements for IMSI-based Handover.

Changes made between issues 11 and 1


Requirements for IMSI-Based Handover

The requirements have been updated.


Technical description of IMSI-Based Handover

Interworking has been updated.


Functionality of IMSI-Based Handover

Chapter Usage of Authorised networks and Subscriber groups has been added. Chapter Support for IMSI-based handover to GSM cell has been updated. Figure IMSI-Based Handover between GSM networks has been redrawn. Chapter Support for IMSI-based handover to WCDMA cell has been updated. Figure IMSI-Based Handover between a GSM and a WCDMA network has been redrawn. Chapter Scenarios for IMSI-based handover usage has been added.

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Overview of IMSI-based Handover

Overview of IMSI-based Handover


After the WCDMA network deployment has taken place, the GSM/EDGE cells can have four types of neighbouring cells:
.

Operator's own GSM/EDGE cells Operator's own WCDMA cells GSM/EDGE cells of a greenfield operator WCDMA cells of a greenfield operator

The purpose of the IMSI-based Handover (IBHO) is to enable the mobile subscriber in a home or visited network to measure selectively only the cells of specified public land mobile network (PLMN) areas and to make handovers to specified PLMNs. The function of this application software is based on the international mobile subscriber identity, IMSI.
Benefits

The main benefit of IMSI-based Handover is that the handover access of the other operators' subscribers can be limited only to defined cells to maintain service preference to own subscribers. The other operators can prefer their own cells and thus optimise costs caused by network visits. The IMSI-based Handover application software consists of two parts depending on which network type the handover is directed to:
.

Support for IMSI-based handover to GSM cell Support for IMSI-based handover to WCDMA cell

Support for IMSI-based handover to WCDMA cell requires that the GSMWCDMA Inter-System Handover is enabled. The IMSI-based Handover is an application software and requires a valid licence in the BSC. For more information, see Licensing in BSC.

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The Packet Switched IBHO is currently not implemented. For activating and deactivating the application software, see Activating and Testing BSS12158: IMSI-based Handover.
Compliance

The IMSI-based Handover complies with the 3GPP standards. The IMSI information element is always handled in the HANDOVER REQUEST and COMMON ID messages because of IBHO. For more information, see 3GPP TS 48.008: Mobile-services Switching Centre Base Station System (MSC - BSS) interface; Layer 3 specification, version 4.8.0, Rel4.
Related topics in IMSI-based Handover
.

Requirements of IMSI-based Handover Technical description of IMSI-based Handover Functionality of IMSI-based Handover Effects of IMSI-based Handover User interface of IMSI-based Handover

Other related topics in BSC/TCSM documentation


.

Test and Activate . Radio Network Performance . BSS12158: IMSI-based Handover . Activating and Testing BSS12158: IMSI-based Handover . Operability . BSS2132: Double BCCH Allocation List . Activating and Testing BSS2132: Double BCCH Allocation List Reference . Commands . MML Commands . E4 Authorised Networks and Subscriber Group Handling . EE Base Station Controller Parameter Handling in BSC . EQ Base Transceiver Station Handling in BSC

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Overview of IMSI-based Handover

Counters/Performance Indicators . Call Control Measurements (CSW) . 51 BSC Level Clear Code (PM) Measurement . 104 IMSI-based Handover Measurement Parameters . BSS Radio Network Parameter Dictionary

Descriptions . Feature Descriptions . Radio Network Performance . Dynamic Frequency and Channel Allocation . GSM-WCDMA Interworking

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Requirements for IMSI-based Handover

Requirements for IMSI-based Handover


The basic requirements for the IMSI-based Handover are:
.

The BSC is a Nokia equipment. At least 32-kbit/s links are recommended. 16-kbit/s telecom signalling links on Abis interface are not powerful enough in the cells where the IMSI-based Handover is enabled and Half Rate codecs are used. The MSC always sends the IMSI (regardless of mobile's Dual Transfer Mode capability) to the BSC in the HANDOVER REQUEST and COMMON ID messages when it is available in the MSC. The Nokia MSC with M12 or newer software has this functionality. The Multiple-PLMN and Inter-PLMN Handover Support in MSC and HLR must be enabled in the MSC to make the handover between PLMNs possible. In the MSC, configuration of handover agreement lists (related to the FN1168: Multiple-PLMN and Inter-PLMN Handover Support in MSC and HLR function in Nokia MSC) is needed in order to prevent handovers to an unwanted PLMN on the SDCCH channel when filtered subscriber-specific neighbour cell lists are not sent to the MS.

Requirements for BTS SW versions are:


.

Nokia UltraSite CX4.1 or newer Nokia MetroSite CXM4.1 or newer Nokia Talk-family and Nokia PrimeSite DF7 CD1 or newer Nokia Flexi EDGE (any software release)

IMSI-based Handover is not supported by the Nokia 2nd generation and Nokia InSite BTSs.

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Requirements for sending IMSI

The IMSI-based Handover application software is based on the international mobile subscriber identity (IMSI). It is a combination of Mobile Country Code (MCC) + Mobile Network Code (MNC) + Mobile Subscriber Identification Number (MSIN). The MSC sends the IMSI to the BSC at the beginning of the call in a COMMON ID message. In case of an Inter-BSC, or Inter-System (BSCRNC) Handover, the MSC sends the IMSI in the HANDOVER REQUEST message. If the Inter-BSC or GSM-WCDMA Inter-System Handover takes place before the MSC has IMSI, the MSC sends the COMMON ID message to the target BSC after receiving the IMSI. The BSC retains the IMSI during an active call. IMSI transmission is controlled with the COMMON ID supported option for BSSAP, which has to be set on in the MSC. For instructions on configuring IMSI transmission in the MSC, see Base Station Controller Handling in MSC in MSC documentation. For an overview, see Overview of IMSI-based Handover.

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Technical description of IMSI-based Handover

3
3.1

Technical description of IMSI-based Handover


IMSI-based Handover has effects on the use of some application and operating software products.

Interworking
Inter-System Handover

The Inter-System Handover must be enabled in the BSC before the IMSIbased handover to WCDMA cell can work. For more information, see GSM-WCDMA Interworking.
Inter-PLMN Handover

If the IMSI based handover GSM enabled (IGE) parameter has value 'Y', then it should also be noted that the GSM PLMN priorisation (GPP) parameter affects the PLMN prioritisation in IMSI-based handovers to GSM.
Dynamic Frequency and Channel Allocation (DFCA)

If the SEG-specific parameter IMSI based handover GSM enabled (IGE) has value 'Y', the idle BA list cannot be used in active mode. This affects the reporting from the undefined neighbour cells and weakens the functioning of the DFCA in a call set-up. Therefore, it is recommended that the IMSI-based handover to GSM cell and DFCA should not be used simultaneously, because the simultaneous use weakens the functionality of the DFCA considerably. The IMSI-based handover to WCDMA cell and DFCA can be used simultaneously without restrictions. For more information, see Dynamic Frequency and Channel Allocation.

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Enhanced Measurement Reporting (EMR)

The SI5x messages are sent according to the default ANE (IMSI based handover GSM cells anonymous ms (IBGA)) on the SDCCH channel, that is, the GSM/EDGE neighbours are measured according to the default ANE list. This means that the IMSI-based selective neighbour measuring is not possible on the SDCCH. On the TCH, the call-specific SI5x and MI messages are sent from the beginning of the channel reservation, and the mobile starts to measure the call-specific neighbours and report with EMR as soon as it has received the SI and MI messages.

3.2

Restrictions
Do not use the following measurements in the same cell where the IMSIbased handover to GSM cell is enabled:
.

Undefined Adjacent Cell Measurement Channel Finder Measurement Statistical Support for Automated Planning Automated Planning Enhancement

The above-mentioned measurements require the use of an Idle State List during a call and IMSI-based handover to GSM cell cannot be enabled, if the Idle State List is in use.
Double BCCH Allocation List

The IMSI-based handover to GSM cell requires that the Neighbour Cell List is used for active mobiles. If the IMSI-based handover to GSM cell is used in a cell, the use of Idle State List for active MSs is forbidden. This means that the existing SEG level parameter BCCH allocation usage for active MS (ACT) is not allowed to have value 'IDLE', if the existing SEG level parameter identification of BCCH frequency list (IDLE) has another value than 0. For more information, see Activating and Testing BSS2132: Double BCCH Allocation List. For an overview, see Overview of IMSI-based Handover.

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Functionality of IMSI-based Handover

Functionality of IMSI-based Handover


The purpose of the IMSI-based Handover is to enable a control of handovers between networks of different operators according to the identity (IMSI) of a subscriber. With IMSI-based Handover, a host GSM operator is able to define that the BSC performs handovers only to the cells, which are permitted for the subscribers. The IMSI-based Handover also introduces a handover trigger which directs subscribers from the shared or roamed network to the subscribers' home PLMN. The IMSI-based Handover consists of two parts:
.

4.2 Support for IMSI-based handover to GSM cell, which deals with handovers between GSM networks. 4.3 Support for IMSI-based handover to WCDMA cell, which deals with handovers from the serving GSM network to the WCDMA networks.

Both parts of IBHO application software can be separately activated and deactivated on the cell level by an operator. This application software is controlled with on/off type licence, which is time dependent. Support for IMSI-based handover to GSM cell can be activated if a period of validity of IBHO feature licence has not expired. Support for IMSI-based handover to WCDMA cell can be activated if a period of validity of IBHO feature licence has not expired and the InterSystem Handover (ISHO) is active in the BSC.

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4.1

Usage of Authorised Networks and Subscriber Groups


An IMSI is a worldwide unique number sequence. It consists of three parts: Mobile Country Code (MCC), Mobile Network Code (MNC), and Mobile Subscriber Identification Number (MSIN). A home PLMN is a combination of MCC and MNC of a subscriber's IMSI. Subscriber Group (SG) refers to all subscribers of one operator, which are identified with the same home PLMN code of IMSI. Authorised Networks (ANE) contains a set of network PLMN identifiers which are used to select permitted cells from all neighbour cells of a serving cell.

Subscriber of Operator Y

Subscriber Groups (SG) 1. Operator X (Italy) 2. Operator D (Norway) 3. Operator Y (Italy) 128. Operator G (USA)

Authorised Networks (ANE) 1. ANE 2. ANE 3. ANE 4. ANE 5. ANE 6. ANE 7. ANE 8. ANE 9. ANE 10. ANE ND (Not defined)

Subscriber of Operator G

Search

Subscriber of Operator X

Subscriber of Operator S

Anonymous subscribers

BSS of GSM operator F in Italy

Figure 1.

Mapping of subscribers to permitted GSM and WCDMA networks

The operator links an SG to an ANE if the operator wants that the BSC uses a limited neighbour cell list for the SG. The BSC automatically adds GSM neighbours of the host operator's network to every neighbour GSM cell list. Therefore, the host GSM operator does not need to add a network identifier of its own GSM network to Authorised Networks lists.

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If an ANE is not defined for an SG, the BSC uses full neighbour GSM cell and neighbour WCDMA cell lists for the SG. The BSC uses a full neighbour GSM cell list for all subscribers if the parameter IMSI based handover GSM enabled (IGE) has value 'N' in the serving GSM cell. The BSC uses a full neighbour WCDMA cell list for all subscribers if the parameter IMSI based handover WCDMA enabled (IWE) has value 'N' in the serving GSM cell. The BSC uses a subscriber's IMSI information to recognise the mobile user on the dedicated mode if either Support for IMSI-based handover to GSM cell or Support for IMSI-based handover to WCDMA cell is activated on a serving cell. The BSC treats a mobile user as an anonymous subscriber, if the subscriber's IMSI information is not received from the MSC, or the subscriber cannot be linked to any of the SGs according to its home PLMN. An anonymous subscriber is allowed to measure selectively only specified PLMN cells from networks according to parameters IMSI based handover GSM cells anonymous MS (IBGA) and IMSI based handover WCDMA cells anonymous MS (IBWA). A host GSM operator can handle the majority of the subscriber groups as anonymous mobile subscribers, which means that the host GSM operator needs to define the most suitable BSC-level default ANEs for anonymous mobile subscribers. Therfore it is not necessary to create subscriber groups for all inbound roaming operators. If a subscriber's home PLMN is introduced in a certain SG, the BSC uses the SG-related ANE to define permitted neighbour cells for the subscriber on the dedicated mode.

4.2

Support for IMSI-based handover to GSM cell


The IMSI-based handover to GSM cell can be used, for example, in the following cases:
.

The host GSM operator offers GSM coverage in the same country for several competing GSM operators. The host GSM operator offers GSM coverage in the same country for several co-operating GSM operators.

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The host GSM operator wants the BSS to prevent unnecessary HO attemps of its own subscribers to the client operator's GSM network. The client GSM operator wants to transfer own subscribers to its own network whenever possible.

GSM (A)

GSM (A)

GSM (A)

GSM (A)

GSM (A)

GSM (A)

GSM (B)

GSM (B)

GSM (B)

GSM (B)

GSM (C)

GSM (C)

GSM (C)

GSM (C)

GSM (C)

IBHO to home network for subscribers of operator C (Client) when network coverage becomes available

IBHO to home network for subscribers of operator B (Client) when network coverage becomes available

Subscribers of operator A (Host) stay in home network

Figure 2.

IMSI-based Handover between GSM networks

One or several GSM operators can compose a GSM network group, which acquires GSM coverage from a GSM host operator in the same country. It is also possible that a GSM network group acquires GSM coverage from a GSM host operator, which operates on both sides of the country borders and has neighbour cells from several networks across the country border. The GSM host operator is able to make GSM roaming agreements with several GSM network groups, which are co-operating or partly cooperating with each other. The GSM host operator can continue existing GSM or WCDMA roaming agreements with operators, which do not have their own GSM network or are not using any GSM network of the other operators in the country. It means that after IMSI-based handover activation, new handover target cells can be defined in the network of the host GSM operator without any impact on the handover paths for the current roaming subscribers.

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Functionality of IMSI-based Handover

The GSM host operator composes an Authorised Networks list into the BSC due to these cases. The roaming and sharing concepts must be agreed before a subscriber group can be attached as users of one of existing Authorised Networks. When the IMSI based handover GSM enabled (IGE) parameter has value 'Y', the IMSI-based Handover to GSM cell is initiated to a neighbour GSM cell of ANE as soon as the coverage of at least one neighbour GSM cell of ANE is available, that is, the following equation is met:
AV_RXLEV_NCELL (n) > RxLevMinCell (n) + MAX (0, Pa)

An IMSI-based handover to GSM cell is initiated to a cell, which belongs to another PLMN than the serving cell. Neighbour GSM cells are always included in the neighbour cell list if the cells belong to the same network as the serving GSM cell. If neighbour GSM cells belong to the same Authorised Networks, the cells have equal handover target priority compared to each other regardless of belonging to one or several PLMN areas. The GSM cells are put in a priority order according to the results of signal quality measurements, which are done and reported by the MS to the host GSM network.

4.3

Support for IMSI-based handover to WCDMA cell


The IMSI-based handover to WCDMA cell can be used, for example, in the following cases:
.

The host GSM operator offers GSM coverage in the same country for several competing WCDMA operators. The host GSM operator also has an own WCDMA network (and subscribers) in the same country. The host GSM operator wants to prevent handover attempts of its own subscribers from the GSM network to other operators' WCDMA network(s). The host GSM operator wants to prevent handover attempts of other operators' subscribers from the GSM network to its own WCDMA network.

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WCDMA (A)

WCDMA (A)

WCDMA (A)

WCDMA (A)

WCDMA (A)

GSM (A)

GSM (A)

GSM (A)

GSM (A)

GSM (A)

GSM (A)

WCDMA (B)

WCDMA (B)

WCDMA (B)

WCDMA (B)

WCDMA (C)

WCDMA (C)

WCDMA (C)

WCDMA (C)

WCDMA (C)

IBHO to home network for subscribers of operator C (Client) when network coverage becomes available

IBHO to home network for subscribers of operator B (Client) when network coverage becomes available

Normal ISHO control for subscribers of operator A (Host) in home network

Figure 3.

IMSI-based Handover between a GSM and a WCDMA network

One or several WCDMA operators can compose a WCDMA network group, which acquires GSM coverage from a GSM host operator in the same country. It is also possible that a WCDMA network group acquires GSM coverage from a GSM host operator, which operates on both sides of the country borders and has neighbour cells from several networks across the country border. The GSM host operator is able to make GSM roaming agreements with several WCDMA network groups, which are co-operating or partly cooperating with each other. The GSM host operator can continue existing GSM or WCDMA roaming agreements with operators, which do not have their own WCDMA network or are not using any WCDMA network of the other operators in the country. It means that after IMSI-based handover activation, new handover target cells can be defined in the network of the host GSM operator without any impact to the handover paths for the current roaming subscribers. The GSM host operator composes an Authorised Networks list into the BSC because of these cases.

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The roaming and sharing concepts must be agreed before a subscriber group can be attached as users of one of existing Authorised Networks. When the IMSI based handover WCDMA enabled (IWE) parameter has value 'Y', the IMSI-based Handover to WCDMA cell is initiated to a neighbour WCDMA cell of the greenfield operator as soon as the coverage of at least one neighbour WCDMA cell of the greenfield operator is available, that is, the following equation is met:
AV_ECNO_NCELL (n) > minimum CPICH Ec/Io level (n)

If neighbour WCDMA cells belong to the same Authorised Networks, the cells have equal handover target priority compared to each other regardless of belonging to only one or several PLMN areas. The WCDMA cells are set into priority order according to results of signal quality measurements, which are done and reported by the MS to the host GSM network.

4.4

Scenarios for IMSI-based handover usage


The following scenario lists the necessary steps for taking IMSI-based handover in use in the BSC: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Install a valid IBHO licence. Add network PLMNs into Authorised Networks (ANE) (to which certain subscribers will have equal handover access rights). Define Subscriber Groups (SG)s and attach those to the desired ANE. Use BSC level parameters to define IBHO handling for anonymous subscribers. Enable IBHO functionality in cells where subscribers will have limited handover access to GSM or/and WCDMA network(s). Define new adjacent cells which are located in other GSM or/and WCDMA network(s). Verify IMSI-based handovers by using IBHO Measurements.

The activation is described in detail in Activating and Testing BSS12158: IMSI-based Handover.

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Example

IBHO to GSM
The situation before IMSI-based handover configuration:
.

The host operator has a GSM network. Cells that belong to other networks have not been defined as neighbour cells for the GSM network of the host operator. The host operator has roaming agreements with several inbound roaming operators. The subscribers of the host operator and the inbound roaming subscribers only use the host operator's network.

The target situation:


.

The host GSM operator wants its subscribers and inbound roaming subscribers to use its GSM network (MCC = 856, MNC = 23) only. A GSM operator 'Greenfield1' wants its subscribers to use the host operator's GSM network whenever Greenfield1's own GSM network (MCC = 856, MNC = 78) is not available. A GSM operator 'Greenfield2' wants its subscribers to use the host operator's GSM network whenever Greenfield2's own GSM network (MCC = 856, MNC = 66) or Greenfield3's GSM network (MCC = 856, MNC = 90) is not available. A GSM operator 'Greenfield3' wants its subscribers to use the host operator's GSM network whenever Greenfield3's own GSM network or Greenfield2's GSM network is not available.

The solution is to use IMSI-based Handover to GSM. The IMSI-based Handover configuration:
.

The host GSM operator creates an authorised networks (ANE) for its network: . authorised networks identification (ANE) = 1 . network mobile country code 1 (MCC1) = 856 . network mobile network code 1 (MNC1) = 23 . network technology 1 (TECH1) = 0 (the technology is GSM only) The host GSM operator creates an authorised networks (ANE) for the operator Greenfield1's GSM network:

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. . . .

authorised networks identification (ANE) = 2 network mobile country code 1 (MCC1) = 856 network mobile network code 1 (MNC1) = 78 network technology 1 (TECH1) = 0 (the technology is GSM only)

The host GSM operator creates an authorised networks (ANE) for the operator Greenfield2's GSM network and the operator Greenfield3's GSM network: . authorised networks identification (ANE) = 3 . network mobile country code 1 (MCC1) = 856 . network mobile network code 1 (MNC1) = 66 . network technology 1 (TECH1) = 0 (the technology is GSM only) . network mobile country code 2 (MCC2) = 856 . network mobile network code 2 (MNC2) = 90 . network technology 2 (TECH2) = 0 (the technology is GSM only) The host GSM operator's subscribers and inbound roaming subscribers are directed to use the host operator's GSM network only: . IMSI based handover GSM cells anonymous MS (IBGA) = 1 (Authorised networks '1' is used) The host GSM operator creates a subscriber group (SG) for GSM operator Greenfield1's subscribers (the subscribers have SIM cards within MCC = 856 and MNC = 78): . subscriber group identification (SG) = 1 . home mobile country code (HMCC) = 856 . home mobile network code (HMNC) = 78 . authorised networks identification (ANE) = 2 The host GSM operator creates a subscriber group (SG) for GSM operator Greenfield2's subscribers (the subscribers have SIM cards within MCC = 856 and MNC = 61): . subscriber group identification (SG) = 2 . home mobile country code (HMCC) = 856 . home mobile network code (HMNC) = 61 . authorised networks identification (ANE) = 3 The host GSM operator creates a subscriber group (SG) for GSM operator Greenfield3's subscribers (the subscribers have SIM cards within MCC = 856 and MNC = 90):

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. . . .

subscriber group identification (SG) = 3 home mobile country code (HMCC) = 856 home mobile network code (HMNC) = 90 authorised networks identification (ANE) = 3

Note
.

The host GSM operator has to enable the IMSI-based handover to GSM cell functionality in cells where subscribers will have limited handover access to GSM network(s). It can be done by setting parameter IMSI based handover GSM enabled (IGE) to value 'Y'. The host GSM operator has to define neighbour cells from the GSM network(s) of Greenfield operators. There is no need to create subscriber groups for inbound roaming subscribers and host's subscribers. The BSC automatically adds GSM neighbours of serving PLMN to neighbour cell list. Therefore, the host GSM operator does not need to add a network identifier of its own GSM network to Authorised Networks lists.

Example

IBHO to WCDMA: separate network identifiers for GSM and WCDMA


The situation before IMSI-based handover configuration:
.

The host operator has a GSM network and a WCDMA network. The host operator has defined neighbour cells from its own GSM network and WCDMA network only. The host operator has roaming agreements with several inbound roaming operators. The subscribers of the host GSM operator use the host operator's GSM and WCDMA network only. The inbound roaming subscribers use the host operator's GSM network only.

The target situation:

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Functionality of IMSI-based Handover

The host GSM operator wants its subscribers to use the host operator's GSM network (MCC = 856, MNC = 23) and WCDMA network (MCC = 856, MNC 55) only. The host GSM operator wants the inbound roaming subscribers to use its GSM network only. A WCDMA operator 'Greenfield1' wants its subscribers to use the host operator's GSM network whenever Greenfield1's own WCDMA network (MCC = 856, MNC = 78) is not available. A WCDMA operator 'Greenfield2' wants its subscribers to use the host operator's GSM network whenever Greenfield2's own WCDMA network (MCC = 856, MNC = 66) or Greenfield3's WCDMA network (MCC = 856, MNC = 90) is not available. A WCDMA operator 'Greenfield3' wants its subscribers to use the host operator's GSM network whenever Greenfield3's own WCDMA network or Greenfield2's WCDMA network is not available.

The solution is to use IMSI-based HO to WCDMA. The IMSI-based handover configuration:


.

The host GSM operator creates an authorised networks (ANE) for the host operator's GSM network: . authorised networks identification (ANE) = 1 . network mobile country code 1 (MCC1) = 856 . network mobile network code 1 (MNC1) = 23 . network technology 1 (TECH1) = 0 (the technology is GSM only) The host GSM operator creates an authorised networks (ANE) for the host operator's WCDMA network: . authorised networks identification (ANE) = 2 . network mobile country code 1 (MCC1) = 856 . network mobile network code 1 (MNC1) = 55 . network technology 1 (TECH1) = 1 (the technology is WCDMA RAN only) The host GSM operator creates an authorised networks (ANE) for the operator Greenfield1's WCDMA network: . authorised networks identification (ANE) = 3 . network mobile country code 1 (MCC1) = 856 . network mobile network code 1 (MNC1) = 78 . network technology 1 (TECH1) = 1 (the technology is WCDMA RAN only)

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IMSI-based Handover

The host GSM operator creates an authorised networks (ANE) for the operator Greenfield2's WCDMA network and the operator Greenfield3's WCDMA network: . authorised networks identification (ANE) = 4 . network mobile country code 1 (MCC1) = 856 . network mobile network code 1 (MNC1) = 66 . network technology 1 (TECH1) = 1 (the technology is WCDMA RAN only) . network mobile country code 2 (MCC2) = 856 . network mobile network code 2 (MNC2) = 90 . network technology 2 (TECH2) = 1 (the technology is WCDMA RAN only) The inbound roaming subscribers are directed to use the host operator's GSM network only: . IMSI based handover WCDMA cells anonymous MS (IBWA) = 1 (Authorised networks '1' is used.) The host GSM operator creates a subscriber group (SG) for host GSM operator's subscribers (the subscribers have SIM cards within MCC = 856 and MNC = 23): . subscriber group identification (SG) = 1 . home mobile country code (HMCC) = 856 . home mobile network code (HMNC) = 23 . authorised networks identification (ANE) = 2 . WCDMA RAN access (WA) = Y (Yes) The host GSM operator creates a subscriber group (SG) for WCDMA operator Greenfield1's subscribers (the subscribers have SIM cards within MCC = 856 and MNC = 78): . subscriber group identification (SG) = 2 . home mobile country code (HMCC) = 856 . home mobile network code (HMNC) = 78 . authorised networks identification (ANE) = 3 . WCDMA RAN access (WA) = Y (Yes) The host GSM operator creates a subscriber group (SG) for WCDMA operator Greenfield2's subscribers (the subscribers have SIM cards within MCC = 856 and MNC = 61): . subscriber group identification (SG) = 3 . home mobile country code (HMCC) = 856 . home mobile network code (HMNC) = 61 . authorised networks identification (ANE) = 4 . WCDMA RAN access (WA) = Y (Yes)

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# Nokia Siemens Networks

DN0481735 Issue 2-0 en

Functionality of IMSI-based Handover

The host GSM operator creates a subscriber group (SG) for WCDMA operator Greenfield3's subscribers (the subscribers have SIM cards within MCC = 856 and MNC = 90): . subscriber group identification (SG) = 4 . home mobile country code (HMCC) = 856 . home mobile network code (HMNC) = 90 . authorised networks identification (ANE) = 4 . WCDMA RAN access (WA) = Y (Yes)

Note
.

The host GSM operator has to enable the IBHO to WCDMA cell functionality in cells where subscribers will have limited handover access to WCDMA network(s). It can be done by setting parameter IMSI based handover WCDMA enabled (IWE) to value 'Y'. The host GSM operator has to define neighbour cells from the WCDMA network(s) of Greenfield operators. There is no need to create subscriber groups for inbound roaming subscribers. The BSC automatically adds GSM neighbours of the host operator's network to neighbour cell list. Therefore, the host GSM operator does not need to add the network identifier of its own GSM network to Authorised Networks lists.

Example

IBHO to WCDMA: the same network identifiers for GSM and WCDMA
The situation before IMSI-based handover configuration:
.

The host operator has a GSM network and a WCDMA network . The host operator has defined neighbour cells from its GSM network and WCDMA network only. The host operator has roaming agreements with several inbound roaming operators.

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IMSI-based Handover

The subscribers of the host GSM operator use only the host operator's GSM and WCDMA network. The inbound roaming subscribers use the host operator's GSM network only.

The target situation:


.

The host GSM operator wants its subscribers to use the host operator's GSM network (MCC = 856, MNC = 23) and WCDMA network (MCC = 856, MNC 23) only. The host GSM operator wants the majority of the inbound roaming subscribers to use the host operator's GSM and WCDMA networks. The host GSM operator wants the subscribers of inbound roaming operators 'IR1' and 'IR2' to be handed over only inside the GSM network of the host operator. The host GSM operator wants the subscribers of inbound roaming operator IR-3 to be handed over to all networks from which cells are defined as neighbours for GSM network of the host operator. A WCDMA operator 'Greenfield1' wants its subscribers to use the host operator's GSM network whenever Greenfield1's own WCDMA network (MCC = 856, MNC = 78) is not available. A WCDMA operator 'Greenfield2' wants its subscribers to use the host operator's GSM network whenever Greenfield2's own WCDMA network (MCC = 856, MNC = 66) or Greenfield3's WCDMA network (MCC = 856, MNC = 90) is not available. A WCDMA operator 'Greenfield3' wants its subscribers to use the host operator's GSM network whenever Greenfield3's own WCDMA network or Greenfield2's WCDMA network is not available.

The solution is to use IMSI-based HO to WCDMA. The IMSI-based handover configuration:


.

The host GSM operator creates an authorised networks (ANE) for the host operator's GSM network and WCDMA network: . authorised networks identification (ANE) = 1 . network mobile country code 1 (MCC1) = 856 . network mobile network code 1 (MNC1) = 23 . network technology 1 (TECH1) = 2 (the technology is both GSM and WCDMA)

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# Nokia Siemens Networks

DN0481735 Issue 2-0 en

Functionality of IMSI-based Handover

The host GSM operator creates an authorised networks (ANE) for the operator Greenfield1's WCDMA network: . authorised networks identification (ANE) = 2 . network mobile country code 1 (MCC1) = 856 . network mobile network code 1 (MNC1) = 78 . network technology 1 (TECH1) = 1 (the technology is WCDMA RAN only) The host GSM operator creates an authorised networks (ANE) for the operator Greenfield2's WCDMA network and the operator Greenfield3's WCDMA network: . authorised networks identification (ANE) = 3 . network mobile country code 1 (MCC1) = 856 . network mobile network code 1 (MNC1) = 66 . network technology 1 (TECH1) = 1 (the technology is WCDMA RAN only) . network mobile country code 2 (MCC2) = 856 . network mobile network code 2 (MNC2) = 90 . network technology 2 (TECH2) = 1 (the technology is WCDMA RAN only) The majority of the inbound roaming subscribers are directed to use the host operator's GSM and WCDMA networks: . IMSI based handover WCDMA cells anonymous MS (IBWA) = 1 (Authorised networks '1' is used.) The host GSM operator creates a subscriber group (SG) for host GSM operator's subscribers. (The subscribers have SIM cards within MCC = 856 and MNC = 23.): . subscriber group identification (SG) = 1 . home mobile country code (HMCC) = 856 . home mobile network code (HMNC) = 23 . authorised networks identification (ANE) = 1 . WCDMA RAN access (WA) = Y (Yes) The host GSM operator creates a subscriber group (SG) for WCDMA operator Greenfield1's subscribers. (The subscribers have SIM cards within MCC = 856 and MNC = 78): . subscriber group identification (SG) = 2 . home mobile country code (HMCC) = 856 . home mobile network code (HMNC) = 78 . authorised networks identification (ANE) = 2 . WCDMA RAN access (WA) = Y (Yes)

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The host GSM operator creates a subscriber group (SG) for WCDMA operator Greenfield2's subscribers (the subscribers have SIM cards within MCC = 856 and MNC = 61): . subscriber group identification (SG) = 3 . home mobile country code (HMCC) = 856 . home mobile network code (HMNC) = 61 . authorised networks identification (ANE) = 3 . WCDMA RAN access (WA) = Y (Yes) The host GSM operator creates a subscriber group (SG) for WCDMA operator Greenfield3's subscribers. (The subscribers have SIM cards within MCC = 856 and MNC = 90.): . subscriber group identification (SG) = 4 . home mobile country code (HMCC) = 856 . home mobile network code (HMNC) = 90 . authorised networks identification (ANE) = 3 . WCDMA RAN access (WA) = Y (Yes) The host GSM operator creates a subscriber group (SG) for inbound roaming operator IR1's subscribers. (The subscribers have SIM cards within MCC = 902 and MNC = 235.): . subscriber group identification (SG) = 5 . home mobile country code (HMCC) = 902 . home mobile network code (HMNC) = 235 . authorised networks identification (ANE) = 1 . WCDMA RAN access (WA) = N (No) The host GSM operator creates a subscriber group (SG) for inbound roaming operator IR2's subscribers (the subscribers have SIM cards within MCC = 858 and MNC = 30): . subscriber group identification (SG) = 6 . home mobile country code (HMCC) = 858 . home mobile network code (HMNC) = 30 . authorised networks identification (ANE) = 1 . WCDMA RAN access (WA) = N (No) The host GSM operator creates a subscriber group (SG) for inbound roaming operator IR3's subscribers (the subscribers have SIM cards within MCC = 907 and MNC = 34): . subscriber group identification (SG) = 7 . home mobile country code (HMCC) = 907 . home mobile network code (HMNC) = 34 . authorised networks identification (ANE) = ND . WCDMA RAN access (WA) = Y (Yes)

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# Nokia Siemens Networks

DN0481735 Issue 2-0 en

Functionality of IMSI-based Handover

Note
.

The host GSM operator has to enable the the IBHO to WCDMA cell functionality in cells where subscribers will have limited handover access to WCDMA network(s). It can be done by setting parameter IMSI based handover WCDMA enabled (IWE) to value 'Y'. The host GSM operator has to define neighbour cells from the WCDMA network(s) of Greenfield operators. There is no need to create subscriber groups for the majority of inbound roaming subscribers. The BSC automatically adds GSM neighbours of the host operator's network to neighbour cell list. Therefore, the host GSM operator does not need to add a network identifier of its own GSM network to Authorised Networks lists.

For an overview, see Overview of IMSI-based Handover.

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Effects of IMSI-based Handover on interfaces

Effects of IMSI-based Handover on interfaces


The IMSI-based Handover has effects on the following interfaces:
Abis interface

There are changes to the following messages because of IBHO:


.

SI_BEGIN Indicates to the BTS, if the IMSI-based Handover is enabled.

SACCH_INFO_MODIFY The call-specific neighbour cell lists are sent in this message to the BTS.

CHANNEL_ACTIVATION The call-specific neighbour cell lists are sent in this message to the BTS.

A interface

The IMSI information element is always handled in the following messages due to IBHO:
.

HANDOVER REQUEST COMMON ID

For more information, see 3GPP TS 48.008: Mobile-services Switching Centre - Base Station System (MSC - BSS) interface; Layer 3 specification, version 4.8.0, Rel4.
Air interface

IBHO has no impact on the Air interface.

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Gb interface

IBHO has no impact on the Gb interface. For an overview, see Overview of IMSI-based Handover.

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User interface of IMSI-based Handover

User interface of IMSI-based Handover


The IMSI-based Handover introduces parameters, counters, and MMLs.
Parameters

Base Station Controller (BSC) parameters


.

IMSI based handover GSM cells anonymous ms (IBGA) IMSI based handover WCDMA cells anonymous ms (IBWA)

SEG-specific BTS radio network object parameters


.

IMSI based handover GSM enabled (IGE) IMSI based handover WCDMA enabled (IWE)

Subscriber Group (SG) radio network object parameters


.

subscriber group identification (SG) subscriber group name (NAME) home mobile country code (HMCC) home mobile network code (HMNC) authorised networks identification (ANE) WCDMA RAN access (WA)

Authorised Networks (ANE) radio network object parameters


.

authorised networks identification (ANE) authorised networks name (NAME) network mobile country code 1 (MCC1) network mobile network code 1 (MNC1)

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network technology 1 (TECH1) network mobile country code 2 (MCC2) network mobile network code 2 (MNC2) network technology 2 (TECH2) network mobile country code 3 (MCC3) network mobile network code 3 (MNC3) network technology 3 (TECH3) network mobile country code 4 (MCC4) network mobile network code 4 (MNC4) network technology 4 (TECH4) network mobile country code 5 (MCC5) network mobile network code 5 (MNC5) network technology 5 (TECH5) network mobile country code 6 (MCC6) network mobile network code 6 (MNC6) network technology 6 (TECH6)

For more information on parameters, see BSS Radio Network Parameter Dictionary.
Alarms

IBHO has no impact on alarms.


Counters

IBHO introduces the IMSI-based Handover Measurement, which is a BTS/ segment specific measurement. This measurement is optional and is visible only when IMSI-based Handover in BSC application software is active in the BSC. For information on the counters, see 104 IMSI-based Handover Measurement. IBHO also affects the BSC level clear code (PM) measurement. For more information, see 51 BSC Level Clear Code (PM) Measurement.

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User interface of IMSI-based Handover

MMLs
.

Authorised Networks and Subscriber Group Handling (command group E4) Base Station Controller Parameter Handling in BSC (command group EE) Base Transceiver Station Handling in BSC (command group EQ )

For an overview, see Overview of IMSI-based Handover.

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