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NOVE M B E R

2013

5368.0

INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN GOODS AUSTR A L I A AND SERVICES


EMBAR G O : 11.3 0 A M (CAN B E R R A TIME) TUES 7 JAN 2014

Balance on Goods and Services


Trend estimates Seasonally adjusted

KEY

FIG U R E S
Sep 2013 $m Oct 2013 $m Nov 2013 $m Oct 13 to Nov 13 % change

$m 1000 0 1000

BALANCE ON GOODS AND SERVICES


2000 3000

Trend estimates Seasonally adjusted CREDITS (Exports of goods and services)

681 601

494 358

350 118

29 67

4000 Aug Nov Feb May Aug Nov 2012 2013

Trend estimates Seasonally adjusted DEBITS (Imports of goods and services) Trend estimates Seasonally adjusted

27 021 27 071

27 241 27 283

27 384 27 377

27 703 27 672

27 736 27 641

27 733 27 495

nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)

KEY
!

POI N T S

BALAN C E ON GOODS AND SERVI C E S In trend terms, the balance on goods and services was a deficit of $350m in November 2013, a decrease of $144m (29%) on the deficit in October 2013.
!

In seasonally adjusted terms, the balance on goods and services was a deficit of $118m in November 2013, a decrease of $240m (67%) on the deficit in October 2013.

CRED I T S (EXPO R T S OF GOOD S AND SERVI C E S )


!

In seasonally adjusted terms, goods and services credits rose $94m to $27,377m. Nonrural goods rose $93m (1%) and rural goods rose $18m (1%). Net exports of goods under merchanting remained steady at $44m. Nonmonetary gold fell $61m (4%). Services credits rose $45m (1%).

I N Q U I R I E S
For further information contact Val Tot on Canberra (02) 6252 5540 for Goods, and Ryan Oswin on Hobart (03) 6222 5898 for Services.

DEBI T S (IMPO R T S OF GOOD S AND SERVI C E S )


!

In seasonally adjusted terms, goods and services debits fell $146m (1%) to $27,495m. Consumption goods fell $127m (2%) and nonmonetary gold fell $42m (12%). Intermediate and other merchandise goods remained steady at $9,632m. Capital goods rose $70m (1%). Services debits fell $48m (1%).

w w w. a b s . g o v. a u

NO T E S

FORT H C O M I N G ISSU E S

ISSUE

RELEASE DATE

December 2013 January 2014 February 2014 March 2014 April 2014 May 2014

6 February 2014 6 March 2014 3 April 2014 6 May 2014 5 June 2014 2 July 2014

REVISIO N S

Revisions have been made to incorporate the latest data relating to international trade in goods and services since the last issue of this publication:
!

on an international merchandise trade basis, exports and imports have been revised back to May 2013 on a balance of payments basis, goods credits and debits have been revised back to April 2013, and services credits and debits back to July 2012.

Table 17 summarises revisions to goods and services on a balance of payments basis, in original current price terms, since the last issue of this publication. In original terms, the revisions have:
! !

increased the deficit on goods and services for 201213 by $378m increased the deficit on goods and services for the four months to October 2013 by $445m.

CHAN GE S FORTH C O MI N G ISSU E S

Changes to export and import statistical codes.

See page 4 Changes in forthcoming issues for details. Adjustments have been made to the value of the 'metal ores and minerals' and 'capital goods n.e.s.' components in the balance of payments series. See page 5 Value adjustments for details.

VALU E ADJU S T M E N T S

Bria n Pink Austr a l i a n Sta t i s t i c i a n

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

CONT E N T S

page

..................................4 Value adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Time series data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6


Changes in forthcoming issues
ANAL Y S I S

Analysis and comments


TABLES

.......................................8

INT ER N A T I O N A L TRADE IN GOO DS AND SER V I C E S ON A BALA N C E OF PAYME N T S BASIS

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

.... Goods and services, summary, original . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Goods credits, original . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Goods debits, original . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Goods credits, seasonally adjusted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Goods debits, seasonally adjusted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Goods credits, trend estimates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Goods debits, trend estimates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Services, summary, original . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Services, summary, seasonally adjusted and trend estimates . . . . . . . . . . . Services, original, quarterly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods and services, summary, seasonally adjusted and trend estimates

14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

INT ER N A T I O N A L MER CH A N D I S E TRAD E ON AN INT E R N A T I O N A L MER CH A N D I S E TRAD E BASI S

12 13 14 15

................ International merchandise imports, by commodity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . International merchandise trade, by country and country groups . . . . . . . International merchandise trade, by state . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
International merchandise exports, by commodity

25 28 31 32

OTHER TABLES

16 17
OTHER INFOR MA T I O N

Period average exchange rates per Australian dollar Summary of revisions, goods and services, original

................ ................

33 34

Explanatory notes

.......................................... Appendix Related articles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

35 42

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

CHAN G E S IN FORT H C O M I N G ISSU E S

CHAN G E S TO EXPO R T AND IMPO R T STAT I S T I C A L CODE S

Statistical codes in the Australian Harmonized Export Commodity Classification (AHECC) and the Customs Tariff classifications have been revised with new codes in effect from the January 2014 issue of this publication. The changes result from the introduction of new statistical codes separately identifying pharmaceuticals in Chapter 30 and carpet in Chapter 57 in both the AHECC and the Customs Tariff. There are also statistical code changes in the Customs Tariff identifying carpet underlay in Chapters 39 and 40. The changes will not impact directly on the presentation of statistics in this publication but will impact on detailed import and export statistics available on request.

Changes to Australian Harmonized Exports Commodity Clas sification (AHEC C )

The following table shows codes that closed on 31 December 2013 and their replacement codes which opened on 1 January 2014.

Closed 31/12/2013 30034010 30044017 57032000 57033000

Replaced by: 30034040, 30034041, 30034042, 30034043 30044044, 30044045, 30044046, 30044047 57032001, 57032002 57033010, 57033011, 57033012

For information see the Australian Harmonized Export Commodity Classification (AHECC) Electronic Publication, Jan 2012 (cat. no. 1233.0).
Changes to the Customs Tariff

The following table shows codes that closed on 31 December 2013 and their replacement codes which opened on 1 January 2014.

Closed 31/12/2013 3003400048 3004400059 3918900090 4008110071 5703200012 5703200013 5703200014 5703300015 5703300016

Replaced by: 3003400030, 3003400031, 3003400032, 3003400033 3004400034, 3004400035, 3004400036, 3004400037 3918900031, 3918900032 4008110036, 4008110037 5703200041 5703200041 5703200042, 5703200043 5703300053 5703300050, 5703300051, 5703300052, 5703300053

A complete copy of the new Customs Tariff is available from the Customs website <http://www.customs.gov.au>, select 'tariff', then 'working tariff current'.

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

VALUE ADJUS T M E N T S

VALU E ADJU S T M E N T S

International merchandise trade exports data presented in tables 1215 of this publication are based on information provided by exporters to the Australian Customs and Border Protection Service (Customs and Border Protection). At the time of initial reporting to Customs and Border Protection, quantity and unit price information might be estimated for commodities such as iron ore and coal. Final quantity and/or unit price information is updated progressively in merchandise trade data as exporters revise the information provided to Customs and Border Protection. When additional information on quantity and/or unit price for these commodities is available, the ABS may adjust the balance of payments series in current price, original terms to reflect actual transaction values. In most instances, transfer of ownership occurs when goods cross the customs frontier. In certain circumstances the ownership of large value capital expenditure items can occur prior to the items crossing the customs frontier. The ABS may adjust the relevant balance of payments series to record the timing when transfer of ownership was effected.

Goods credits

Iron ore (in original terms)


!

a negative $300m adjustment has been applied to the 'metal ores and minerals' component for November 2013. All previous adjustments have been removed.

Goods debits

Capital expenditure (in original terms)


!

the 'capital goods n.e.s.' component includes an estimate of expenditure on capital goods that have changed ownership but have not yet crossed the customs frontier.

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

TIME SERIE S DATA

TIME SER I E S DAT A

Tables 1 to 16 of this publication are available free on the ABS website <www.abs.gov.au> from the 'Downloads' tab of this issue with longer time series. A number of these tables present more detailed breakdowns than included in the publication. A number of additional tables are available free on the ABS website.

Tables with more detailed breakdowns:

11a Services credits: Original Quarter1 11b Services debits: Original Quarter1 12b Merchandise exports by Standard International Trade Classification (3 digit), FOB Value 13b Merchandise imports by Standard International Trade Classification (3 digit), Customs Value 14a Merchandise exports, Country and Country Groups, FOB Value 14b Merchandise imports, Country and Country Groups, Customs Value

Additional tables :

31 Merchandise exports by Broad Economic Category (BEC) 32a Merchandise exports, Industry (ANZSIC 2006), FOB Value from July 2005 onward 32b Merchandise exports, Industry (ANZSIC 1993), FOB Value from January 1988 to June 2009 33 Merchandise imports by Broad Economic Category (BEC) 34 Merchandise imports by Balance of Payments Broad Economic Category (BoPBEC) 35a Merchandise imports, Industry (ANZSIC 2006), Customs Value from July 2005 onward 35b Merchandise imports, Industry (ANZSIC 1993), Customs Value from January 1988 to June 2009 36 Merchandise exports, State by Country and Country Groups 37 Merchandise imports, State by Country and Country Groups 91 Monthly seasonal adjustment factors and forward factors for 12 months.

With a one quarter lag for the more detailed breakdowns.

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

T I M E S E R I E S D A T A continued

TRAD E IN SER V I C E S DAT A CUBE S

Trade in services data cubes are usually updated on an annual basis. Calendar year (cat. no. 5368.0.55.004) statistics are updated following the March issue of this publication and financial year (cat. no. 5368.0.55.003) statistics are updated following the September issue of this publication. The following tables were included in the calendar and financial year data cubes: 1 International trade in services, credits, state by year 2 International trade in services, credits, year by state 3 International trade in services, debits, state by year 4 International trade in services, debits, year by state 5 International trade in services, credits, year by country and service 6 International trade in services, credits, service by year and by country 7 International trade in services, debits, year by country and service 8 International trade in services, debits, service by year and by country 9 International trade in services, credits, year by country and travel service 10 International trade in services, debits, year by country and travel service 11 International trade in services, credits, education related travel, by educational sector, by type of expenditure by year.

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

ANAL Y S I S AND COMM E N T S

BALA N C E ON GOOD S AND SER V I C E S

In trend terms, the balance on goods and services was a deficit of $350m in November 2013, a decrease of $144m (29%) on the deficit in October 2013. In seasonally adjusted terms, the balance on goods and services was a deficit of $118m in November 2013, a decrease of $240m (67%) on the deficit in October 2013.

EXPO R T S OF GOOD S AND SER V I C E S

Between October and November 2013, the trend estimate of goods and services credits rose $143m (1%) to $27,384m. In seasonally adjusted terms, goods and services credits rose $94m to $27,377m. Nonrural goods rose $93m (1%) and rural goods rose $18m (1%). Net exports of goods under merchanting remained steady at $44m. Nonmonetary gold fell $61m (4%). Services credits rose $45m (1%).

Exports of goods

GO O D S CR E D I T S
Trend estimates (a) Seasonally adjusted

$m 30000 25000 20000 15000 10000

Nov 2009

Nov 2010

Nov 2011

Nov 2012

Nov 2013

(a) A trend break has been applied to April 2010

RURAL GOODS

In trend terms, exports of rural goods fell $36m (1%) to $3,049m. In seasonally adjusted terms, exports of rural goods rose $18m (1%) to $3,046m. The main components contributing to the rise in seasonally adjusted estimates were:
! !

other rural, up $25m (2%) meat and meat preparations, up $18m (2%).

Partly offsetting these rises was the cereal grains and cereal preparations component, down $15m (3%).
NONR U R A L GOODS

In trend terms, exports of nonrural goods rose $122m (1%) to $18,330m. In seasonally adjusted terms, exports of nonrural goods rose $93m (1%) to $18,302m. The main component contributing to the rise in seasonally adjusted estimates was metal ores and minerals, up $341m (4%). Partly offsetting this rise was the coal, coke and briquettes component, down $202m (6%). For price and volume details, see the Selected commodities section on page 12.

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

A N A L Y S I S A N D C O M M E N T S continued

Exports of goods continued

NET EXPO R T S OF GOO D S UNDER MER C H A N T I N G

In trend terms, net exports of goods under merchanting rose $3m (8%) to $42m. In seasonally adjusted terms, net exports of goods under merchanting remained steady at $44m.
NONMO N E T A R Y GOLD

In trend terms, exports of nonmonetary gold rose $39m (3%) to $1,319m. In original and seasonally adjusted terms, exports of nonmonetary gold fell $61m (4%) to $1,334m.
Exports of servic es

SE R V I C E S CR E D I T S
Trend estimates Seasonally adjusted

$m 5000

4500

4000

3500 Nov 2009 Nov 2010 Nov 2011 Nov 2012 Nov 2013

In trend terms, services credits rose $14m to $4,644m. In seasonally adjusted terms, services credits rose $45m (1%) to $4,651m. The main components contributing to the rise in seasonally adjusted estimates were:
! !

travel, up $29m (1%) other services, up $14m (1%).

In seasonally adjusted terms, tourism related services credits rose $28m (1%) to $2,917m.
IMPO R T S OF GOOD S AND SER V I C E S

Between October and November 2013, the trend estimate of goods and services debits fell $3m to $27,733m. In seasonally adjusted terms, goods and services debits fell $146m (1%) to $27,495m. Consumption goods fell $127m (2%) and nonmonetary gold fell $42m (12%). Intermediate and other merchandise goods remained steady at $9,632m. Capital goods rose $70m (1%). Services debits fell $48m (1%).

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

A N A L Y S I S A N D C O M M E N T S continued

Imports of goods

GO O D S DE B I T S
Trend estimates (a) Seasonally adjusted

$m 25000 20000 15000 10000

Nov 2009

Nov 2010

Nov 2011

Nov 2012

Nov 2013

(a) Trend breaks have been applied to January 2011, July 2011 and January 2012

CONSU M P T I O N GOOD S

In trend terms, imports of consumption goods fell $18m to $6,807m. In seasonally adjusted terms, imports of consumption goods fell $127m (2%) to $6,685m. The main component contributing to the fall in seasonally adjusted estimates was nonindustrial transport equipment, down $145m (8%). Partly offsetting this fall was the household electrical items component, up $34m (9%).
CAPIT A L GOOD S

In trend terms, imports of capital goods fell $24m to $5,429m. In seasonally adjusted terms, imports of capital goods rose $70m (1%) to $5,421m. The main components contributing to the rise in seasonally adjusted estimates were:
! !

capital goods n.e.s., up $163m (15%) machinery and industrial equipment, up $137m (8%).

Partly offsetting these rises was the civil aircraft and confidentialised items component, down $175m (34%).
INT E R M E D I A T E AND OTH E R MER C H A N D I S E GOO D S

In trend terms, imports of intermediate and other merchandise goods rose $79m (1%) to $9,667m. In seasonally adjusted terms, imports of intermediate and other merchandise goods remained steady at $9,632m. The largest movements in components contributing to seasonally adjusted estimates were:
! !

fuels and lubricants, down $126m (3%) processed industrial supplies n.e.s., up $93m (4%).

NONMO N E T A R Y GOLD

In trend terms, imports of nonmonetary gold fell $16m (4%) to $356m. In original and seasonally adjusted terms, imports of nonmonetary gold fell $42m (12%) to $319m.

10

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

A N A L Y S I S A N D C O M M E N T S continued

Imports of servic es

SE R V I C E S DE B I T S
Trend estimates Seasonally adjusted

$m 6000 5500 5000 4500 4000

Nov 2009

Nov 2010

Nov 2011

Nov 2012

Nov 2013

In trend terms, services debits fell $23m to $5,475m. In seasonally adjusted terms, services debits fell $48m (1%) to $5,438m. The main component contributing to the fall in seasonally adjusted estimates was travel, down $41m (2%). In seasonally adjusted terms, tourism related services debits fell $44m (2%) to $2,772m.

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

11

A N A L Y S I S A N D C O M M E N T S continued

Selec ted commodities

SE L E C T E D CO M M O D I T I E S , Qu a n t i t y an d un i t va l u e an a l y s i s : In t e r n a t i o n a l m e r c h a n d i s e t r a d e b a s i s (a ) Or i g i n a l te r m s
CHANGE IN Jun 2013
%

Jul 2013
%

Aug 2013
%

Sep 2013
%

Oct 2013
%

Nov 2013
%

IRON ORE Lump Quantity Unit value Fines Quantity Unit value
1 4 7 6 4 4 2 4 7 14 7 5 1 1 1 8 5 1 4 5 3 1 6

COAL Hard coking Quantity Unit value Semi-soft Quantity Unit value Thermal Quantity Unit value

11 26 4 26 1

16 4 5 2 1 1

4 1 23 4 11 1

9 2 6 5 3

9 10 1 11 4

3 4 19 4 12 2

(a)

nil or rounded to zero (including null cells) Data in this table are on a revised international merchandise trade basis and exclude value adjustments applied to balance of payments series.

On an international merchandise trade basis, in original terms (noting the footnote in the above table), between October and November 2013 the largest movements recorded for the following selected commodities were: Iron ore lump fell $29m (2%), with quantities down 5% and unit values up 3%. Exports to:
!

China fell $93m (8%), with quantities down 10% and unit values up 3%.

Partly offsetting this fall were exports to:


!

the Republic of Korea, up $52m (66%), with quantities up 57% and unit values up 6% Japan, up $30m (10%), with quantities up 6% and unit values up 4%.

12

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

A N A L Y S I S A N D C O M M E N T S continued

Selec ted commodities continued

Iron ore fines rose $246m (5%), with quantities down 1% and unit values up 6%. Exports to:
!

the Republic of Korea rose $162m (54%), with quantities up 43% and unit values up 7% Japan rose $133m (37%), with quantities up 31% and unit values up 5%.

Partly offsetting these rises was exports to China, down $73m (2%), with quantities down 8% and unit values up 6%. Hard coking coal rose $15m (1%), with quantities down 3% and unit values up 4%. Semisoft coal fell $118m (16%), with quantities down 19% and unit values up 4%. Exports to:
!

Japan fell $92m (37%), with quantities down 39% and unit values up 3%.

Thermal coal fell $155m (11%), with quantities down 12% and unit values up 2%. Exports to:
! !

Japan fell $73m (10%), with quantities down 12% and unit values up 2% the Republic of Korea fell $62m (25%), with quantities down 25% and unit values up 1%.

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

13

GO O D S AND SE R V I C E S (a) , Su m m a r y Sea s o n a l l y Ad j u s t e d an d Tre n d Es t i m a t e s

Dec 2012
$m

Jan 2013
$m

Feb 2013
$m

Mar 2013
$m

Apr 2013
$m

May 2013
$m

Jun 2013
$m

Jul 2013
$m

Aug 2013
$m

Sep 2013
$m

Oct 2013
$m

Nov 2013
$m

SEAS O N A L L Y ADJU S T E D BALANCE On goods and services CREDITS Total goods and services Total goods Rural goods(b) Nonrural goods(b) Net exports of goods under merchanting (c) Nonmonetary gold(c) Total services DEBITS Total goods and services Total goods Consumption goods Capital goods Intermediate and other merchandise goods Nonmonetary gold(c) Total services
1 396 24 950 20 598 2 959 16 406 16 1 217 4 351 26 345 21 010 6 315 5 301 9 017 377 5 335 1 556 24 966 20 518 2 873 16 189 28 1 427 4 448 26 522 466 25 717 21 237 3 065 16 860 28 1 284 4 479 42 25 871 21 309 3 099 17 018 27 1 166 4 561 1 237 25 484 21 007 3 117 16 555 29 1 306 4 477 26 720 702 26 460 21 950 3 195 17 270 29 1 455 4 511 27 162 678 26 047 21 539 3 174 17 174 27 1 164 4 508 26 725 1 605 26 160 21 603 3 247 17 384 30 941 4 557 27 764 944 27 107 22 486 3 199 18 006 30 1 250 4 621 28 051 601 27 071 22 451 3 084 18 086 32 1 249 4 620 27 672 358 27 283 22 677 3 028 18 209 44 1 395 4 606 27 641 118 27 377 22 726 3 046 18 302 44 1 334 4 651 27 495

26 183 25 912

21 118 20 794 20 449 6 459 5 489 8 821 348 5 404 6 468 5 152 8 835 339 5 390 6 460 4 540 9 083 367 5 463

21 213 21 577 21 195 22 227 22 461 22 156 22 156 22 056 6 127 5 790 8 850 446 5 508 6 480 5 455 9 223 419 5 585 6 589 5 617 8 630 360 5 530 6 716 5 624 9 486 401 5 537 6 976 5 560 9 417 508 5 590 6 754 5 537 9 505 360 5 517 6 812 5 351 9 632 361 5 486 6 685 5 421 9 632 319 5 438

T R E N D E S T I M A T E S (d) BALANCE On goods and services CREDITS Total goods and services Total goods Rural goods(b) Nonrural goods(b) Net exports of goods under merchanting Nonmonetary gold Total services DEBITS Total goods and services Total goods Consumption goods Capital goods Intermediate and other merchandise goods Nonmonetary gold Total services

1 815 24 842 20 445 2 980 16 051 21 1 392 4 397 26 656 21 279 6 349 5 490 9 042 399 5 377

1 321 25 187 20 749 3 000 16 374 24 1 351 4 438 26 508

910 25 470 20 999 3 031 16 632 26 1 311 4 471

683 25 681 21 188 3 076 16 803 28 1 281 4 494

662 25 865 21 355 3 129 16 941 28 1 256 4 510 26 527

780 26 060 21 535 3 176 17 103 28 1 228 4 524 26 840

910 26 273 21 733 3 195 17 307 29 1 203 4 540 27 183

935 26 511 21 951 3 184 17 541 30 1 196 4 560 27 446

842 26 772 22 186 3 156 17 787 32 1 211 4 585 27 614

681 27 021 22 412 3 121 18 014 35 1 242 4 609 27 703

494 27 241 22 611 3 085 18 208 39 1 280 4 630 27 736

350 27 384 22 739 3 049 18 330 42 1 319 4 644 27 733

26 380 26 365

21 104 20 950 20 905 6 380 5 359 8 994 371 5 404 6 385 5 259 8 947 360 5 430 6 387 5 237 8 913 368 5 460

21 031 21 309 21 632 21 894 22 075 22 183 22 238 22 259 6 414 5 305 8 922 390 5 496 6 485 5 431 8 984 408 5 531 6 585 5 541 9 089 417 5 551 6 687 5 582 9 210 416 5 552 6 766 5 561 9 343 405 5 539 6 807 5 512 9 473 390 5 520 6 825 5 453 9 588 372 5 498 6 807 5 429 9 667 356 5 475

(a) (b) (c)

For sign conventions, see paragraph 15 of the Explanatory Notes. For all time periods, estimates for sugar, sugar preparations and honey are included in Nonrural goods. This component is not seasonally adjusted.

(d)

Caution should be used when interpreting recent trend estimates as they may be affected by unusual economic factors. For more details on trend estimates, please see paragraph 19 of the Explanatory Notes.

14

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

GO O D S AND SE R V I C E S (a) , Su m m a r y Ori g i n a l

Dec 2012
$m

Jan 2013
$m

Feb 2013
$m

Mar 2013
$m

Apr 2013
$m

May 2013
$m

Jun 2013
$m

Jul 2013
$m

Aug 2013
$m

Sep 2013
$m

Oct 2013
$m

Nov 2013
$m

BALANCE On goods and services CREDITS Total goods and services Total goods Rural goods(b) Nonrural goods(b) Net exports of goods under merchanting Nonmonetary gold Total services DEBITS Total goods and services Total goods Consumption goods Capital goods Intermediate and other merchandise goods Nonmonetary gold Total services

253 26 281 21 936 3 079 17 624 16 1 217 4 345 26 028 20 488 6 188 5 292 8 631 377 5 540

3 616 22 460 18 168 2 428 14 285 28 1 427 4 292 26 076

101 23 652 19 115 2 987 14 816 28 1 284 4 537 23 551

1 791 26 137 21 452 3 333 16 926 27 1 166 4 685 24 346

647 25 362 20 797 3 165 16 297 29 1 306 4 565

78 27 088 22 669 3 534 17 651 29 1 455 4 419

810 26 535 22 306 3 363 17 752 27 1 164 4 229 25 725

2 340 26 850 22 308 3 350 17 987 30 941 4 542 29 190

529 28 416 23 680 3 228 19 172 30 1 250 4 736 28 945

1 052 27 336 22 829 2 860 18 688 32 1 249 4 507 28 388 22 462 6 922 5 634 9 546 360 5 926

2 030 27 743 22 944 3 000 18 505 44 1 395 4 799 29 773 23 958 7 812 5 666 10 119 361 5 815

1 880 26 833 22 123 2 973 17 772 44 1 334 4 710 28 713 23 384 7 442 5 804 9 819 319 5 329

26 009 27 166

20 475 18 886 6 151 5 103 8 873 348 5 601 5 839 4 464 8 244 339 4 665

19 252 20 619 21 809 20 155 5 782 4 349 8 754 367 5 094 5 828 5 507 8 838 446 5 390 6 399 5 568 9 423 419 5 357 5 994 5 558 8 243 360 5 570

23 277 23 348 7 007 6 006 9 863 401 5 913 7 400 5 735 9 705 508 5 597

(a)

For sign conventions, see paragraph 15 of the Explanatory Notes.

(b)

For all time periods, estimates for sugar, sugar preparations and honey are included in Nonrural goods.

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

15

GO O D S CR E D I T S , Ori g i n a l

5 MONTHS ENDED NOVEMBER 201011


$m

201112
$m

201213
$m

Sep 2013
$m

Oct 2013
$m

Nov 2013
$m

2012
$m

2013
$m

Change
%

Total goods credits General merchandise Rural goods Meat and meat preparations Cereal grains and cereal preparations Wool and sheepskins Other rural (a) Nonrural goods Metal ores and minerals Coal, coke and briquettes Other mineral fuels Metals (excl. nonmonetary gold) Machinery Transport equipment Other manufactures Other nonrural (incl. sugar and beverages) (a) Goods procured in ports by carriers Net exports of goods under merchanting Goods acquired under merchanting (negative exports) Goods sold under merchanting Nonmonetary gold

247 022 232 543 30 473 6 930 7 351 3 048 13 144 202 070 79 483 44 101 23 594 12 687 8 444 3 902 16 289 11 980 1 590 223 1 723 1 946 14 256

265 109 248 248 34 728 7 121 9 061 3 123 15 423 213 520 85 426 48 216 25 691 11 699 8 838 4 198 16 916 10 868 1 668 211 1 475 1 686 16 650

249 021 22 829 22 944 22 123 232 509 21 548 36 271 2 860 7 645 9 285 2 869 16 472 753 604 228 1 275 21 505 3 000 835 445 296 1 424 18 505 8 107 3 626 2 083 880 741 483 1 465 975 145 44 102 146 1 395 20 745 2 973 865 400 290 1 418 17 772 7 950 3 371 2 109 811 747 356 1 430 857 141 44 102 146 1 334

102 578 95 269 14 382 3 162 3 483 1 040 6 697 80 887 30 026 16 476 12 374 4 087 3 751 1 919 7 031 4 533 690 93 709 802 7 216

113 884 107 535 15 411 3 998 2 969 1 234 7 210 92 124 39 963 17 222 11 563 4 443 3 848 2 181 7 353 4 832 719 180 446 626 6 169

11.0 12.9 7.2 26.4 14.8 18.7 7.7 13.9 33.1 4.5 6.6 8.7 2.6 13.7 4.6 6.6 4.2 93.5 37.1 21.9 14.5

196 238 18 688 79 243 38 912 26 424 10 478 8 709 4 334 16 035 10 425 1 678 277 1 479 1 756 16 235 8 447 3 370 2 256 828 772 462 1 429 978 146 32 80 112 1 249

(a)

For all time periods, estimates for sugar, sugar preparations and honey are included in Other nonrural.

16

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

GO O D S DE B I T S (a) , Ori g i n a l

5 MONTHS ENDED NOVEMBER 201011


$m

201112
$m

201213
$m

Sep 2013
$m

Oct 2013
$m

Nov 2013
$m

2012
$m

2013
$m

Change
%

Total goods debits General merchandise Consumption goods Food and beverages, mainly for consumption Household electrical items Nonindustrial transport equipment Textiles, clothing and footwear Toys, books and leisure goods Consumption goods n.e.s. Capital goods Machinery and industrial equipment ADP equipment Telecommunications equipment Civil aircraft and confidentialised items (b) Industrial transport equipment n.e.s. Capital goods n.e.s. Intermediate and other merchandise goods Food and beverages, mainly for industry Primary industrial supplies n.e.s. Fuels and lubricants Parts for transport equipment Parts for ADP equipment Other parts for capital goods Organic and inorganic chemicals Paper and paperboard Textile yarn and fabrics Iron and steel Plastics Processed industrial supplies n.e.s. Other merchandise goods (b) Goods procured in ports by carriers Nonmonetary gold

225 381 220 414 68 533 9 017 5 440 15 953 10 588 5 202 22 333 53 824 15 727 7 798 7 073 5 960 7 395 9 871 98 057 1 223 1 713 31 699 9 304 918 14 339 4 495 2 351 1 194 3 788 2 911 22 008 501 1 613 4 967

257 516 250 808 72 224 9 802 5 120 17 442 11 175 5 218 23 467 69 597 20 340 8 226 7 891 6 709 9 583 16 848 108 987 1 251 1 678 38 288 10 763 713 14 103 4 504 2 177 1 165 4 002 3 055 24 899 475 1 914 6 708

255 381 22 462 23 958 23 384 250 212 22 102 23 597 23 065 75 612 6 922 7 812 7 442 10 186 5 113 18 778 12 265 5 193 24 077 66 201 20 322 7 876 8 279 4 483 9 662 15 579 108 399 1 136 1 546 38 932 10 306 599 13 720 4 118 2 214 1 085 3 931 3 024 25 619 474 1 695 5 169 1 010 471 1 501 1 144 535 2 261 5 634 1 784 648 855 503 671 1 173 1 168 496 1 877 1 200 619 2 452 5 666 1 647 727 784 519 759 1 230 1 051 578 1 685 1 179 580 2 369 5 804 1 947 751 842 344 598 1 322 9 819 102 94 3 631 849 41 1 199 348 197 113 322 329 2 427 22 145 319

113 697 111 184 33 431 4 526 2 422 7 775 5 343 2 507 10 858 30 360 9 356 3 277 3 892 2 405 4 532 6 898 47 393 507 784 16 396 4 604 265 6 181 2 064 1 032 490 1 871 1 331 10 893 248 727 2 513

116 429 114 480 36 583 5 154 2 417 8 675 5 968 2 691 11 678 28 845 9 130 3 528 3 757 2 102 3 806 6 522 49 052 573 568 17 360 4 551 245 6 294 1 657 1 023 550 1 614 1 571 12 069 243 734 1 949

2.4 3.0 9.4 13.9 0.2 11.6 11.7 7.3 7.6 5.0 2.4 7.7 3.5 12.6 16.0 5.5 3.5 13.0 27.6 5.9 1.2 7.5 1.8 19.7 0.9 12.2 13.7 18.0 10.8 2.0 1.0 22.4

9 546 10 119 120 127 3 427 862 50 1 262 284 211 107 341 307 2 278 22 148 360 124 129 3 757 884 43 1 286 366 221 115 311 323 2 390 25 145 361

(a) (b)

For sign conventions, see paragraph 15 of the Explanatory Notes. From July 2008, commodities subject to a 'no commodity details' or 'no value details' restriction are included in Civil aircraft and confidentialised items. For earlier periods, commodities subject to a 'no commodity details' or 'no value details' restriction are included in Other merchandise goods.

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

17

GO O D S CR E D I T S , Sea s o n a l l y Ad j u s t e d

Feb 2013
$m

Mar 2013
$m

Apr 2013
$m

May 2013
$m

Jun 2013
$m

Jul 2013
$m

Aug 2013
$m

Sep 2013
$m

Oct 2013
$m

Nov 2013
$m

Total goods credits General merchandise Rural goods Meat and meat preparations Cereal grains and cereal preparations Wool and sheepskins Other rural (a) Nonrural goods Metal ores and minerals Coal, coke and briquettes (b) Other mineral fuels (c) Metals (excl. nonmonetary gold) Machinery Transport equipment Other manufactures Other nonrural (incl. sugar and beverages) (a) Goods procured in ports by carriers(c) Net exports of goods under merchanting(d) Nonmonetary gold(d)

21 237 19 925 3 065 642 768 257 1 398 16 860 7 029 3 421 1 965 1 019 728 359 1 339 860 142 28 1 284

21 309 20 116 3 099 661 817 250 1 370 17 018 7 181 3 327 2 125 912 758 372 1 283 924 137 27 1 166

21 007 19 672 3 117 668 770 228 1 450 16 555 7 197 3 166 1 894 935 710 343 1 316 849 145 29 1 306

21 950 20 466 3 195 687 834 243 1 430 17 270 7 415 3 332 2 191 910 739 347 1 290 896 149 29 1 455

21 539 20 348 3 174 693 770 259 1 452 17 174 7 042 3 398 2 140 933 730 398 1 415 978 140 27 1 164

21 603 20 632 3 247 752 742 274 1 479 17 384 7 270 3 422 2 211 896 771 398 1 368 908 141 30 941

22 486 21 206 3 199 759 739 289 1 413 18 006 7 867 3 261 2 134 949 733 436 1 515 963 146 30 1 250

22 451 21 170 3 084 777 676 272 1 359 18 086 8 093 3 252 2 258 893 746 440 1 359 900 144 32 1 249

22 677 21 238 3 028 760 566 272 1 431 18 209 8 091 3 563 2 075 889 723 449 1 388 886 145 44 1 395

22 726 21 348 3 046 778 551 260 1 456 18 302 8 432 3 361 2 154 833 731 366 1 413 870 140 44 1 334

(a) (b) (c) (d)

For all time periods, estimates for sugar, sugar preparations and honey are included in Other nonrural. From July 1971 to June 2005, only a lengthofmonth adjustment has been applied to this component. From July 2005, this component is seasonally adjusted using seasonal factors derived from a monthly volume series. In using these seasonally adjusted series, care should be exercised because of the difficulties associated with reliably estimating the seasonal pattern. This component is not seasonally adjusted.

18

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

GO O D S DE B I T S (a) , Sea s o n a l l y Ad j u s t e d

Feb 2013
$m

Mar 2013
$m

Apr 2013
$m

May 2013
$m

Jun 2013
$m

Jul 2013
$m

Aug 2013
$m

Sep 2013
$m

Oct 2013
$m

Nov 2013
$m

Total goods debits General merchandise Consumption goods Food and beverages, mainly for consumption Household electrical items Nonindustrial transport equipment Textiles, clothing and footwear Toys, books and leisure goods Consumption goods n.e.s. Capital goods Machinery and industrial equipment ADP equipment Telecommunications equipment Civil aircraft and confidentialised items (b)(c ) Industrial transport equipment n.e.s.(d) Capital goods n.e.s. Intermediate and other merchandise goods Food and beverages, mainly for industry Primary industrial supplies n.e.s.(d) Fuels and lubricants(c) Parts for transport equipment Parts for ADP equipment Other parts for capital goods Organic and inorganic chemicals Paper and paperboard Textile yarn and fabrics Iron and steel Plastics Processed industrial supplies n.e.s. Other merchandise goods (b)(d )( e ) Goods procured in ports by carriers(c) Nonmonetary gold(c)

20 794 20 449 21 213 21 577 21 195 22 227 20 455 20 082 6 468 6 460 898 427 1 584 1 070 423 2 065 5 152 1 693 729 655 165 811 1 099 8 835 87 142 3 034 828 53 1 145 324 184 90 283 261 2 242 21 141 339 912 419 1 606 1 012 442 2 069 4 540 1 562 600 692 181 662 843 9 083 94 109 3 194 825 45 1 179 288 197 92 360 257 2 238 62 142 367 20 767 6 127 855 418 1 531 1 010 425 1 887 5 790 1 632 614 722 489 780 1 554 8 850 96 122 3 338 843 48 1 105 281 169 87 282 257 2 049 42 132 446 21 158 6 480 873 451 1 557 1 054 457 2 087 5 455 1 617 632 745 333 755 1 373 9 223 103 152 3 436 845 49 1 096 287 184 93 326 268 2 222 29 132 419 20 835 6 589 864 444 1 626 1 111 416 2 128 5 617 1 650 656 697 408 724 1 482 8 630 97 112 2 929 846 48 1 121 272 177 96 294 271 2 208 26 132 360 21 826 6 716 906 413 1 742 1 093 444 2 119 5 624 1 807 663 680 341 765 1 368 9 486 110 90 3 477 882 52 1 206 305 184 98 297 286 2 201 149 148 401

22 461 21 953 6 976 976 440 1 775 1 146 491 2 150 5 560 1 671 680 688 395 779 1 347 9 417 109 110 3 068 952 53 1 198 325 182 102 292 289 2 565 25 148 508

22 156 22 156 22 056 21 796 6 754 959 432 1 624 1 126 446 2 167 5 537 1 720 710 701 503 675 1 228 9 505 114 128 3 427 881 50 1 239 302 187 101 330 293 2 283 22 148 360 21 795 6 812 970 395 1 732 1 133 445 2 137 5 351 1 654 678 661 519 729 1 110 9 632 107 89 3 757 817 42 1 198 327 183 104 303 287 2 247 25 145 361 21 737 6 685 942 429 1 587 1 148 459 2 120 5 421 1 791 727 671 344 615 1 273 9 632 102 82 3 631 819 43 1 212 329 189 104 308 304 2 340 22 145 319

(a) (b)

For sign conventions, see paragraph 15 of the Explanatory Notes. From July 2008, commodities subject to a 'no commodity details' or 'no value details' restriction are included in Civil aircraft and confidentialised items. For earlier periods, commodities subject to a 'no commodity details' or 'no value details' restriction are included in Other merchandise goods.

(c) (d) (e)

This component is not seasonally adjusted. In using these seasonally adjusted series, care should be exercised because of the difficulties associated with reliably estimating the seasonal pattern. From July 1981, this component is not seasonally adjusted.

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

19

GO O D S CR E D I T S (a ) , Tre n d Es t i m a t e s

Feb 2013
$m

Mar 2013
$m

Apr 2013
$m

May 2013
$m

Jun 2013
$m

Jul 2013
$m

Aug 2013
$m

Sep 2013
$m

Oct 2013
$m

Nov 2013
$m

Total goods credits General merchandise Rural goods Meat and meat preparations Cereal grains and cereal preparations Wool and sheepskins Other rural (b) Nonrural goods Metal ores and minerals Coal, coke and briquettes Other mineral fuels Metals (excl. nonmonetary gold) Machinery Transport equipment Other manufactures Other nonrural (incl. sugar and beverages) (b) Goods procured in ports by carriers Net exports of goods under merchanting Nonmonetary gold

20 999 19 663 3 031 645 756 246 1 384 16 632 7 012 3 225 2 091 905 731 345 1 308 873 141 26 1 311

21 188 19 878 3 076 655 778 245 1 397 16 803 7 131 3 271 2 066 921 732 350 1 309 881 142 28 1 281

21 355 20 071 3 129 671 796 246 1 416 16 941 7 183 3 308 2 069 930 734 358 1 321 895 143 28 1 256

21 535 20 279 3 176 691 801 251 1 433 17 103 7 241 3 327 2 094 933 738 371 1 343 913 143 28 1 228

21 733 20 502 3 195 712 782 259 1 441 17 307 7 343 3 336 2 130 928 741 389 1 370 926 144 29 1 203

21 951 20 725 3 184 733 748 267 1 436 17 541 7 505 3 343 2 161 918 742 405 1 394 929 144 30 1 196

22 186 20 943 3 156 750 705 272 1 428 17 787 7 712 3 358 2 173 909 741 418 1 408 924 144 32 1 211

22 412 21 135 3 121 764 660 275 1 422 18 014 7 935 3 374 2 173 897 739 424 1 414 914 144 35 1 242

22 611 21 292 3 085 775 615 275 1 420 18 208 8 145 3 389 2 168 883 737 426 1 415 902 143 39 1 280

22 739 21 379 3 049 782 573 273 1 421 18 330 8 322 3 395 2 148 869 732 422 1 414 886 143 42 1 319

(a)

Caution should be used when interpreting recent trend estimates as they may be affected by unusual economic factors. For more details on trend estimates, please see paragraph 19 of the Explanatory Notes.

(b)

For all time periods, estimates for sugar, sugar preparations and honey are included in Other nonrural.

20

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

GO O D S DE B I T S (a) ( b ) , Tre n d Es t i m a t e s

Feb 2013
$m

Mar 2013
$m

Apr 2013
$m

May 2013
$m

Jun 2013
$m

Jul 2013
$m

Aug 2013
$m

Sep 2013
$m

Oct 2013
$m

Nov 2013
$m

Total goods debits General merchandise Consumption goods Food and beverages, mainly for consumption Household electrical items Nonindustrial transport equipment Textiles, clothing and footwear Toys, books and leisure goods Consumption goods n.e.s. Capital goods Machinery and industrial equipment ADP equipment Telecommunications equipment Civil aircraft and confidentialised items (c) Industrial transport equipment n.e.s. Capital goods n.e.s. Intermediate and other merchandise goods Food and beverages, mainly for industry Primary industrial supplies n.e.s. Fuels and lubricants Parts for transport equipment Parts for ADP equipment Other parts for capital goods Organic and inorganic chemicals Paper and paperboard Textile yarn and fabrics Iron and steel Plastics Processed industrial supplies n.e.s. Other merchandise goods (c) Goods procured in ports by carriers Nonmonetary gold

20 950 20 905 21 031 21 309 21 632 21 894 22 075 22 183 22 238 22 259 20 591 20 537 20 641 20 901 6 385 6 387 6 414 6 485 868 427 1 620 1 020 438 2 011 5 259 1 635 681 690 261 780 1 212 8 947 92 124 3 239 833 49 1 117 312 187 89 309 254 2 167 35 140 360 874 427 1 605 1 028 435 2 017 5 237 1 625 660 701 277 757 1 218 8 913 93 124 3 222 831 49 1 121 293 184 90 307 257 2 168 36 137 368 878 429 1 597 1 042 435 2 033 5 305 1 630 642 710 307 744 1 273 8 922 96 124 3 211 837 49 1 127 285 181 91 306 262 2 180 36 136 390 885 433 1 609 1 061 438 2 060 5 431 1 647 637 713 349 743 1 343 8 984 100 123 3 214 853 49 1 137 284 180 93 306 268 2 207 34 136 408 21 215 21 479 6 585 6 687 896 433 1 639 1 083 443 2 090 5 541 1 670 644 708 386 748 1 385 9 089 104 119 3 238 870 50 1 151 290 180 95 305 274 2 243 30 138 417 914 432 1 673 1 104 449 2 117 5 582 1 691 661 699 410 746 1 375 9 210 107 114 3 280 880 50 1 170 298 181 98 304 281 2 281 26 141 416 21 670 6 766 934 428 1 692 1 121 453 2 138 5 561 1 708 679 690 424 734 1 327 9 343 108 108 3 343 880 49 1 191 307 183 100 304 287 2 314 23 144 405 21 793 21 866 6 807 6 825 951 424 1 694 1 134 456 2 148 5 512 1 718 692 681 434 715 1 271 9 473 109 103 3 430 873 48 1 208 316 184 102 306 292 2 334 22 146 390 963 421 1 687 1 143 457 2 153 5 453 1 727 703 674 439 692 1 219 9 588 109 97 3 524 860 46 1 221 323 186 103 309 296 2 344 22 148 372 21 903 6 807 970 416 1 672 1 147 457 2 144 5 429 1 735 712 668 448 672 1 193 9 667 108 91 3 615 846 45 1 228 328 186 104 309 299 2 337 23 148 356

(a) (b)

For sign conventions, see paragraph 15 of the Explanatory Notes. Caution should be used when interpreting recent trend estimates as they may be affected by unusual economic factors. For more details on trend estimates, please see paragraph 19 of the Explanatory Notes.

(c)

From July 2008, commodities subject to a 'no commodity details' or 'no value details' restriction are included in Civil aircraft and confidentialised items. For earlier periods, commodities subject to a 'no commodity details' or 'no value details' restriction are included in Other merchandise goods.

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

21

SE R V I C E S (a) ( b ) , Su m m a r y Or i g i n a l

5 MONTHS ENDED NOVEMBER 201011 201112 201213


$m $m $m

Sep 2013
$m

Oct 2013
$m

Nov 2013
$m

2012
$m

2013
$m

Change
%

Services credits Manufacturing services on physical inputs owned by others Maintenance and repair services n.i.e. Transport Passenger (c) Freight Other Postal and courier services (d) Travel Other services Services debits Manufacturing services on physical inputs owned by others Maintenance and repair services n.i.e. Transport Passenger (c) Freight Other Postal and courier services (d) Travel Other services Memorandum items: Tourism related service credits (e) Tourism related service debits (e)

50 299 33 49 6 412 2 800 390 2 253 969 30 582 13 223 57 967 1 342 14 758 6 103 8 251 279 125 25 697 17 169 33 382 31 800

50 529 21 47 6 331 2 620 372 2 278 1 061 30 439 13 691 61 194 1 380 16 118 6 688 8 945 368 117 26 784 17 911 33 059 33 472

52 741 1 57 6 074 2 374 341 2 305 1 054 31 233 15 376 64 610 552 16 853 7 070 9 144 555 84 26 624 20 581 33 607 33 694

4 507 3 11 503 159 27 215 102 2 649 1 341 5 926 66 1 443 571 809 50 13 2 672 1 745 2 808 3 243

4 799 3 12 513 185 26 219 83 2 836 1 435 5 815 76 1 418 505 858 48 7 2 467 1 854 3 021 2 972

4 710 3 12 517 189 26 219 83 2 743 1 435 5 329 69 1 377 476 846 48 7 2 029 1 854 2 932 2 505

21 669 23 2 500 959 143 958 440 13 088 6 058 27 393 247 7 315 2 984 4 065 230 36 11 368 8 463 14 047 14 352

23 294 12 57 2 595 909 131 1 081 474 13 728 6 902 28 580 304 7 197 2 685 4 217 242 53 12 102 8 977 14 637 14 787

7.5 100.0 147.8 3.8 5.2 8.4 12.8 7.7 4.9 13.9 4.3 23.1 1.6 10.0 3.7 5.2 47.2 6.5 6.1 4.2 3.0

(a) (b) (c)

nil or rounded to zero (including null cells) For sign conventions, see paragraph 15 of the Explanatory Notes. For more detailed trade in services components, see table 11. Passenger services includes agency fees and commissions for air transport.

(d) (e)

Postal and courier services includes indirect commissions for sea transport. For a more detailed explanation of tourism related services, see paragraph 29 of the Explanatory Notes.

22

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

10

SE R V I C E S (a) , Su m m a r y Sea s o n a l l y Ad j u s t e d an d Tre n d Es t i m a t e s

Feb 2013
$m

Mar 2013
$m

Apr 2013
$m

May 2013
$m

Jun 2013
$m

Jul 2013
$m

Aug 2013
$m

Sep 2013
$m

Oct 2013
$m

Nov 2013
$m

SEAS O N A L L Y ADJU S T E D Services credits Manufacturing services on physical inputs owned by others(b) Maintenance and repair services n.i.e. (b) Transport Passenger (c) Freight (d) Other Postal and courier services (e) Travel Other services Services debits Manufacturing services on physical inputs owned by others(b) Maintenance and repair services n.i.e. (b) Transport Passenger (c) Freight Other (b) Postal and courier services (e)(d ) Travel Other services (d) Memorandum items: Tourism related service credits (f) Tourism related service debits (f)
4 479 4 519 206 26 189 97 2 609 1 348 4 561 6 517 208 23 191 95 2 683 1 355 4 477 6 510 180 32 205 93 2 617 1 343 4 511 6 514 188 30 204 91 2 631 1 360 4 508 1 5 509 185 29 204 91 2 648 1 346 4 557 1 12 508 188 27 207 86 2 658 1 377 4 621 2 10 520 200 27 207 86 2 717 1 373 4 620 3 11 506 184 27 209 86 2 716 1 385 4 606 3 12 515 184 26 214 90 2 705 1 372 4 651 3 12 515 183 26 215 91 2 734 1 386 5 438 69 1 363 498 806 48 11 2 274 1 732 2 917 2 772

5 390 5 463 5 508 5 585 5 530 5 537 5 590 5 517 5 486 36 1 438 614 768 48 9 2 164 1 751 2 815 2 778 76 1 412 606 749 48 9 2 218 1 757 2 891 2 824 32 1 400 589 756 46 8 2 284 1 792 2 797 2 873 31 30 1 432 1 377 599 554 779 768 46 46 8 9 2 318 2 347 1 804 1 776 2 819 2 833 2 916 2 901 39 1 410 544 811 48 7 2 324 1 764 2 847 2 868 54 1 429 571 803 48 7 2 347 1 760 2 917 2 917 66 1 367 516 794 50 7 2 320 1 763 2 900 2 836 76 1 336 501 777 48 10 2 315 1 758 2 889 2 816

T R E N D E S T I M A T E S (g) Services credits Manufacturing services on physical inputs owned by others Maintenance and repair services n.i.e. Transport Passenger (c) Freight Other Postal and courier services (e) Travel Other services Services debits Manufacturing services on physical inputs owned by others Maintenance and repair services n.i.e. Transport Passenger (c) Freight Other Postal and courier services (e) Travel Other services Memorandum items: Tourism related service credits (f) Tourism related service debits (f)
4 471 4 518 202 27 192 96 2 618 1 332 4 494 5 516 198 28 195 95 2 626 1 347 4 510 6 514 193 28 199 94 2 635 1 355 4 524 7 512 190 29 202 91 2 645 1 360 4 540 1 8 511 189 29 205 89 2 658 1 362 4 560 1 9 511 188 28 207 88 2 672 1 367 4 585 2 10 512 188 27 209 87 2 689 1 372 4 609 2 11 513 188 27 211 88 2 706 1 377 4 630 3 12 513 187 26 212 88 2 721 1 381 4 644 3 12 514 185 26 214 89 2 731 1 384 5 475 74 1 356 500 797 49 10 2 301 1 743 2 916 2 801

5 430 5 460 5 496 5 531 5 551 5 552 5 539 5 520 5 498 44 1 420 605 759 47 9 2 211 1 754 2 820 2 817 40 1 415 600 759 47 9 2 236 1 770 2 824 2 836 36 1 413 594 763 47 9 2 268 1 780 2 828 2 862 34 37 1 412 1 408 584 570 773 782 47 47 8 8 2 301 2 325 1 784 1 781 2 835 2 846 2 885 2 896 44 1 400 555 789 47 8 2 334 1 774 2 860 2 890 52 1 390 540 794 48 8 2 331 1 766 2 877 2 871 60 1 379 525 796 48 9 2 323 1 757 2 894 2 848 68 1 367 512 798 49 9 2 313 1 750 2 908 2 824

(a) (b) (c) (d)

nil or rounded to zero (including null cells) For sign conventions, see paragraph 15 of the Explanatory Notes. This component is not seasonally adjusted. Passenger services includes agency fees and commissions for air transport. In using these seasonally adjusted series, care should be exercised because of the difficulties associated with reliably estimating the seasonal pattern.

(e) (f) (g)

Postal and courier services includes indirect commissions for sea transport. For a more detailed explanation of tourism related services, see paragraph 29 of the Explanatory Notes. Caution should be used when interpreting recent trend estimates as they may be affected by unusual economic factors. For more details on trend estimates, please see paragraph 19 of the Explanatory Notes.

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

23

11

SE R V I C E S (a) , Or i g i n a l Qu a r t e r l y

CREDITS Dec Qtr 2012


$m

DEBITS Mar Qtr 2013


$m

Jun Qtr 2013


$m

Sep Qtr 2013


$m

Dec Qtr 2012


$m

Mar Qtr 2013


$m

Jun Qtr 2013


$m

Sep Qtr 2013


$m

Services Manufacturing services on physical inputs owned by others Maintenance and repair services n.i.e. Transport Passenger (b) Freight Other Postal and courier services (c) Travel Business Personal Educationrelated Other (d) Construction Insurance and pension services Financial services Charges for the use of intellectual property n.i.e. Telecommunications, computer and information services Telecommunication services Computer and information services Computer services Information services Other services Other business services Research and development services Professional and management consulting services Legal, accounting, management consulting, public relations and other professional services Advertising, market research and public opinion polling Technical, traderelated and other business services Architectural, engineering and other technical services Waste treatment and de-pollution, agricultural and mining services Operational leasing services Traderelated commission services Other business services n.i.e. Personal, cultural and recreational services Audiovisual and related services Other personal, cultural and recreational services Government goods and services n.i.e. Memorandum items: Gross insurance premiums receivable / payable Gross insurance claims payable / receivable Tourism related services (e)

13 252 13 514 13 213 13 785 12 1 575 662 86 583 244 7 784 1 008 6 776 3 295 3 481 9 110 538 171 456 59 397 312 20 65 2 150 154 1 050 879 171 946 511 57 82 179 117 215 35 180 232 320 194 8 446 14 1 607 708 73 550 276 7 976 1 081 6 895 3 389 3 506 9 107 550 189 473 46 427 316 20 91 2 136 162 1 121 888 233 853 436 52 67 169 129 221 54 167 232 301 240 8 684 1 17 1 421 466 97 602 256 7 669 1 056 6 613 3 845 2 768 7 141 612 202 450 49 401 332 22 47 2 259 157 1 150 976 174 952 460 96 72 161 163 201 30 171 233 397 217 8 135 6 33 1 565 535 79 643 308 8 149 987 7 162 4 062 3 100 7 131 630 176 512 50 462 362 35 65 2 149 169 1 072 878 194 908 388 113 77 145 185 189 29 160 238 357 225 8 684

16 547 15 360 16 317 17 436 147 4 441 1 833 2 460 129 19 6 601 766 5 835 207 5 628 181 207 1 066 435 57 378 303 23 52 2 780 113 1 166 1 091 75 1 501 849 102 181 40 329 438 364 74 251 340 217 8 434 160 4 033 1 740 2 124 144 25 6 115 815 5 300 248 5 052 196 227 993 484 53 431 326 36 69 2 419 50 1 073 991 82 1 296 768 52 182 88 206 490 343 147 243 382 238 7 855 93 4 080 1 701 2 225 138 16 6 844 877 5 967 213 5 754 211 266 988 524 56 468 371 27 70 2 667 84 1 183 1 088 95 1 400 792 62 169 53 324 398 326 72 246 387 248 8 545 159 4 402 1 704 2 513 146 39 7 606 848 6 758 351 6 407 209 279 963 559 62 497 397 31 69 2 671 80 1 137 1 055 82 1 454 882 61 152 51 308 333 291 42 255 399 253 9 310

(a) (b) (c)

nil or rounded to zero (including null cells) For sign conventions, see paragraph 15 of the Explanatory Notes. Passenger services includes agency fees and commissions for air transport. Postal and courier services includes indirect commissions for sea transport.

(d) (e)

Other personal travel includes health-related travel. For a more detailed explanation of tourism related services, see paragraph 29 of the Explanatory Notes.

24

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

12

INT E R N A T I O N A L ME R C H A N D I S E EX P O R T S (a ) , By co m m o d i t y

Sep 2013
$m

Oct 2013
$m

Nov 2013
$m

Percent of total merchandise exports (b)


%

5 MONTHS ENDED NOVEMBER 2012


$m

2013
$m

MAJO R COMM O D I T I E S ( c ) 011 041 281 283 285 287 321 333 334 343 542 682 684 971 Meat of bovine animals Wheat and meslin Iron ore and concentrates Copper ores and concentrates Aluminium ores and concentrates Ores and concentrates of base metals, n.e.s. Coal, not agglomerated Crude petroleum oils Refined petroleum oils Natural gas Medicaments Copper Aluminium Gold, nonmonetary
504 348 6 472 474 537 443 3 357 803 217 1 288 243 244 336 1 122 538 294 6 364 425 530 317 3 607 754 177 1 198 235 309 276 1 317 559 193 6 579 298 483 399 3 355 621 240 1 262 279 219 333 1 239 2.5 0.9 29.5 1.3 2.2 1.8 15.1 2.8 1.1 5.7 1.3 1.0 1.5 5.6 2 105 2 603 20 990 2 141 2 218 1 716 16 357 4 938 1 332 6 279 1 561 1 217 1 480 6 828 2 656 1 724 31 449 1 968 2 501 1 825 17 145 4 079 1 191 6 462 1 334 1 371 1 609 5 732

SECT I O N AND DIVI S I O N OF THE SIT C 0 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 Food and live animals Live animals (excl. fish, crustaceans, molluscs and aquatic invertebrates) Meat and meat preparations Dairy products and birds eggs Fish (not marine mammals), crustaceans, molluscs and aquatic invertebrates, and preparations thereof Cereals and cereal preparations Vegetables and fruit Sugars, sugar preparations and honey Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices, and manufactures thereof Feeding stuff for animals (excl. unmilled cereals) Miscellaneous edible products and preparations Total Food and live animals Beverages and tobacco Beverages Tobacco and tobacco manufactures Total Beverages and tobacco Crude materials, inedible, except fuels Hides, skins and furskins, raw Oil-seeds and oleaginous fruits Crude rubber (incl. synthetic and reclaimed) Cork and wood Pulp and waste paper Textile fibres and their wastes (not manufactured into yarn or fabric) Crude fertilizers (excl. those of Division 56) and crude minerals (excl. coal, petroleum and precious stones) Metalliferous ores and metal scrap Crude animal and vegetable materials, n.e.s. Total Crude materials, inedible, except fuels Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials Coal, coke and briquettes Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials Gas, natural and manufactured Total Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials

80 753 173 61 603 185 36 25 75 89 2 079

141 835 249 65 445 158 15 28 94 96 2 126

93 864 273 80 400 172 25 26 80 80 2 092

0.4 3.9 1.2 0.4 1.8 0.8 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.4 9.4

387 3 162 871 418 3 483 876 135 114 589 394 10 428

451 3 997 977 423 2 967 952 127 126 435 452 10 908

1 11 12

174 5 180

182 5 187

169 5 174

0.8 0.8

894 38 932

876 27 903

2 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29

87 25 1 83 20 506 26 8 421 22 9 191

98 53 1 113 22 520 17 8 090 23 8 939

98 181 1 104 22 413 40 8 210 21 9 090

0.4 0.8 0.5 0.1 1.9 0.2 36.9 0.1 40.8

343 436 10 372 103 2 452 174 29 926 109 33 923

477 576 8 443 101 2 590 129 40 135 128 44 588

3 32 33 34

3 370 1 020 1 375 5 765

3 626 936 1 284 5 847

3 371 861 1 382 5 614

15.1 3.9 6.2 25.2

16 476 6 283 6 752 29 511

17 222 5 277 6 967 29 466

(a)

(b)

nil or rounded to zero (including null cells) Some SITC sections and divisions exclude commodities subject to a confidentiality restriction. These are included in Division 98. For more information see paragraphs 26 and 27 of the Explanatory Notes. Percent of total merchandise is calculated for the most recent month.

(c)

The 'Major commodities' section lists commodities at the SITC Rev 4 3-digit level which are the most significant (by value) or are of particular interest. Abbreviated descriptors have been used. The list of 'Major commodities' is reviewed annually.

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

25

12

INT E R N A T I O N A L ME R C H A N D I S E EX P O R T S (a ) , By co m m o d i t y

conti n u e d

Sep 2013
$m

Oct 2013
$m

Nov 2013
$m

Percent of total merchandise exports (b)


%

5 MONTHS ENDED NOVEMBER 2012


$m

2013
$m

SECT I O N AND DIVI S I O N OF THE SIT C 4 41 42 43 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes Animal oils and fats Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated Fats and oils (processed), waxes and inedible mixtures or preparations, of animal or vegetable origin, n.e.s. Total Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes Chemicals and related products, n.e.s. Organic chemicals Inorganic chemicals Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials Medicinal and pharmaceutical products Essential oils and resinoids and perfume materials, toilet, polishing and cleansing preparations Fertilisers (excl. crude) Plastics in primary forms Plastics in nonprimary forms Chemical materials and products, n.e.s. Total Chemicals and related products, n.e.s. Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material Leather, leather manufactures and dressed furskins, n.e.s. Rubber manufactures, n.e.s. Cork and wood manufactures (excl. furniture) Paper, paperboard and articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard Textile yarn, fabrics, madeup articles n.e.s. and related products Nonmetallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s. Iron and steel Nonferrous metals Manufactures of metals, n.e.s. Total Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material Machinery and transport equipment Power generating machinery and equipment Machinery specialized for particular industries Metal working machinery General industrial machinery and equipment, n.e.s. and machine parts, n.e.s. Office machines and automatic data processing machines Telecommunications and sound recording and reproducing apparatus and equipment Electrical machinery, apparatus and appliances, parts (incl. non electrical counterparts of electrical domestic equip) Road vehicles (incl. aircushion vehicles) Transport equipment (excl. road vehicles) Total Machinery and transport equipment
45 16 2 63 28 18 5 51 43 19 62 0.2 0.1 0.3 145 66 5 216 168 86 11 265

5 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59

12 65 65 283 53 14 23 27 91 634

11 70 58 273 64 10 22 38 88 633

15 74 64 317 64 8 24 26 77 670

0.1 0.3 0.3 1.4 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.3 3.0

116 275 241 1 786 272 180 147 135 386 3 536

76 349 295 1 566 301 91 124 151 421 3 375

6 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69

21 15 5 75 18 112 49 779 94 1 169

19 17 8 84 21 108 49 831 87 1 224

20 15 5 61 20 70 37 774 92 1 094

0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.2 3.5 0.4 4.9

79 93 38 333 113 281 277 3 810 485 5 508

96 88 31 387 103 462 255 4 190 467 6 079

7 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79

75 160 14 173 112 103 135 303 159 1 234

78 154 14 157 103 103 131 320 164 1 222

65 149 12 169 114 112 125 234 135 1 115

0.3 0.7 0.1 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.6 1.1 0.6 5.0

394 937 69 790 441 443 665 1 322 630 5 691

375 813 72 834 564 530 652 1 418 782 6 040

(a)

nil or rounded to zero (including null cells) Some SITC sections and divisions exclude commodities subject to a confidentiality restriction. These are included in Division 98. For more information see paragraphs 26 and 27 of the Explanatory Notes.

(b)

Percent of total merchandise is calculated for the most recent month.

26

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

12

INT E R N A T I O N A L ME R C H A N D I S E EX P O R T S (a ) , By co m m o d i t y

conti n u e d

Sep 2013
$m

Oct 2013
$m

Nov 2013
$m

Percent of total merchandise exports (b)


%

5 MONTHS ENDED NOVEMBER 2012


$m

2013
$m

SECT I O N AND DIVI S I O N OF THE SIT C 8 81 82 83 84 85 87 88 89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles Prefabricated buildings and sanitary, plumbing, heating and lighting fixtures and fittings, n.e.s. Furniture and parts thereof; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings Travel goods, handbags and similar containers Articles of apparel and clothing accessories Footwear Professional, scientific and controlling instruments and apparatus, n.e.s. Photographic apparatus, equipment and supplies and optical goods, n.e.s., watches and clocks Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s. Total Miscellaneous manufactured articles Commodities and transactions not classified elsewhere in the SITC Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind Gold coin whether or not legal tender, and other coin being legal tender Coin (excl. gold coin) not being legal tender Gold, nonmonetary (excl. gold ores and concentrates) Combined confidential items excluding some of SITC 28099 (exports only) and some of SITC 51099 (imports only) Total Commodities and transactions not classified elsewhere in the SITC Total merchandise exports Balance of Payments Adjustments Goods Credits (exports) on a Balance of Payments Basis

10 8 3 19 6 161 21 224 452

13 8 5 20 5 174 23 235 484

17 7 4 19 4 157 25 239 473

0.1 0.1 0.7 0.1 1.1 2.1

60 38 16 108 25 754 96 960 2 058

72 41 18 97 25 855 113 1 111 2 334

9 93 95 96 97 98

127 127 1 122 553 1 929 22 695 134 22 829

138 78 1 317 560 2 092 22 806 138 22 944

102 95 1 239 444 1 881 22 266 143 22 123

0.5 0.4 5.6 2.0 8.4 100.0 . . . .

374 388 1 6 828 2 326 9 917

588 437 5 732 2 734 9 492

101 721 113 448 857 102 578 436 113 884

..

not applicable nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)

(a)

(b)

Some SITC sections and divisions exclude commodities subject to a confidentiality restriction. These are included in Division 98. For more information see paragraphs 26 and 27 of the Explanatory Notes. Percent of total merchandise is calculated for the most recent month.

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

27

13

INT E R N A T I O N A L ME R C H A N D I S E IM P O R T S (a ) , By co m m o d i t y

Sep 2013
$m

Oct 2013
$m

Nov 2013
$m

Percentage of total merchandise imports (b)


%

5 MONTHS ENDED NOVEMBER 2012


$m

2013
$m

MAJO R COMM O D I T I E S (c) 333 334 542 625 723 743 752 764 781 782 784 821 971 Crude petroleum oils Refined petroleum oils Medicaments Rubber tyres, treads, flaps and inner tubes for wheels Civil engineering and contractors' plant and equipment Air pumps, compressors or fans; hoods; centrifuges; filtering apparatus; parts Automatic data processing machines Telecommunications equipment Motor cars for the transport of persons Motor vehicles for the transport of goods Parts and accessories of the motor vehicles Furniture, bedding, mattresses and supports, and stuffed furnishings Gold, nonmonetary
1 748 1 569 598 207 247 219 536 918 1 340 393 240 309 360 1 931 1 541 702 220 258 319 614 845 1 720 520 255 298 361 1 813 1 882 621 209 267 234 642 893 1 524 436 241 324 319 8.3 8.6 2.9 1.0 1.2 1.1 2.9 4.1 7.0 2.0 1.1 1.5 1.5 9 137 6 767 3 528 1 355 2 351 1 278 2 719 4 188 7 096 3 662 1 314 1 366 2 513 8 882 7 942 3 324 1 143 1 344 1 426 2 939 4 049 7 948 2 503 1 260 1 552 2 166

SECT I O N AND DIVI S I O N OF THE SIT C 0 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 1 11 12 2 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 3 32 33 34 Food and live animals Live animals other than fish, crustaceans, molluscs and aquatic invertebrates Meat and meat preparations Dairy products and birds eggs Fish (not marine mammals), crustaceans, molluscs and aquatic invertebrates, and preparations thereof Cereals and cereal preparations Vegetables and fruit Sugars, sugar preparations and honey Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices, and manufactures thereof Feeding stuff for animals (excl. unmilled cereals) Miscellaneous edible products and preparations Total Food and live animals Beverages and tobacco Beverages Tobacco and tobacco manufactures Total Beverages and tobacco Crude materials, inedible, except fuels Hides, skins and furskins, raw Oilseeds and oleaginous fruits Crude rubber (incl. synthetic and reclaimed) Cork and wood Pulp and waste paper Textile fibres and their wastes (not manufactured into yarn or fabric) Crude fertilizers (excl. those of Division 56) and crude minerals (excl. coal, petroleum and precious stones) Metalliferous ores and metal scrap Crude animal and vegetable materials, n.e.s. Total Crude materials, inedible, except fuels Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials Coal, coke and briquettes Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials Gas, natural and manufactured Total Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials

4 50 59 139 108 167 51 131 53 181 943 188 58 245 5 7 54 11 9 27 62 34 210 2 3 400 275 3 677

9 50 78 174 109 198 38 163 67 209 1 095 214 53 267 5 9 65 16 10 22 50 42 219 1 3 550 250 3 801

9 53 72 169 96 182 36 123 111 166 1 016 213 52 265 5 9 69 17 9 13 28 36 186 5 3 775 227 4 008

0.2 0.3 0.8 0.4 0.8 0.2 0.6 0.5 0.8 4.7 1.0 0.2 1.2 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.9 17.3 1.0 18.4

28 260 253 617 417 790 161 616 302 824 4 269 842 143 985 1 23 49 275 71 39 160 403 169 1 190 5 16 199 1 146 17 351

36 246 336 737 515 900 197 706 364 901 4 939 940 251 1 191 1 25 45 307 85 46 109 237 184 1 039 20 17 203 1 324 18 547

(a)

(b)

nil or rounded to zero (including null cells) Some SITC sections and divisions exclude commodities subject to a confidentiality restriction. These are included in Division 98. For more information see paragraphs 26 and 28 of the Explanatory Notes. Percent of total merchandise is calculated for the most recent month.

(c)

The 'Major commodities' section lists commodities at the SITC Rev 4 3digit level which are the most significant (by value) or are of particular interest. Abbreviated descriptors have been used. The list of 'Major commodities' is reviewed annually.

28

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

13

INT E R N A T I O N A L ME R C H A N D I S E IM P O R T S (a ) , By co m m o d i t y

conti n u e d

Sep 2013
$m

Oct 2013
$m

Nov 2013
$m

Percentage of total merchandise imports (b)


%

5 MONTHS ENDED NOVEMBER 2012


$m

2013
$m

SECT I O N AND DIVI S I O N OF THE SIT C 4 41 42 43 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes Animal oils and fats Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated Fats and oils (processed), waxes and inedible mixtures or preparations, of animal or vegetable n.e.s. Total Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes Chemicals and related products, n.e.s. Organic chemicals Inorganic chemicals Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials Medicinal and pharmaceutical products Essential oils and resinoids and perfume materials; toilet, polishing and cleansing preparations Fertilisers (excl. crude) Plastics in primary forms Plastics in nonprimary forms Chemical materials and products, n.e.s. Total Chemicals and related products, n.e.s. Manufactured Leather, leather manufactures, and dressed furskins, n.e.s. Rubber manufactures, n.e.s. Cork and wood manufactures (excl. furniture) Paper, paperboard and articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard Textile yarn, fabrics, madeup articles n.e.s., and related products Nonmetallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s. Iron and steel Non-ferrous metals Manufactures of metals, n.e.s. Total Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material Machinery and transport equipment Power generating machinery and equipment Machinery specialized for particular industries Metal working machinery General industrial machinery and equipment, n.e.s., and machine parts, n.e.s. Office machines and automatic data processing machines Telecommunications and sound recording and reproducing apparatus and equipment Electrical machinery, apparatus, appliances, parts (incl. nonelec. counterparts of electrical domestic equip) Road vehicles (incl. aircushion vehicles) Transport equipment (excl. road vehicles) Total Machinery and transport equipment
3 52 4 60 182 101 54 797 225 59 160 145 203 1 926 13 277 76 250 248 261 339 268 713 2 445 454 567 42 1 348 770 1 160 1 035 2 199 374 7 949 11 38 3 53 218 145 63 915 226 81 165 155 238 2 206 14 293 79 260 265 279 308 162 744 2 404 432 610 46 1 223 824 1 094 1 020 2 693 284 8 226 3 44 3 50 236 110 54 830 202 77 160 167 222 2 058 10 279 87 236 260 269 320 165 745 2 371 406 652 55 1 435 851 1 173 1 013 2 424 212 8 220 0.2 0.2 1.1 0.5 0.3 3.8 0.9 0.4 0.7 0.8 1.0 9.4 1.3 0.4 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.5 0.8 3.4 10.9 1.9 3.0 0.3 6.6 3.9 5.4 4.6 11.1 1.0 37.7 35 176 32 242 1 278 781 272 4 556 931 538 662 657 961 10 635 59 1 747 348 1 191 1 135 1 088 1 862 1 047 3 225 11 702 1 921 4 475 297 5 660 3 763 5 530 4 909 13 005 2 177 41 738 30 203 18 251 1 042 605 294 4 357 1 079 532 811 747 1 069 10 535 63 1 527 394 1 212 1 292 1 301 1 602 1 108 3 641 12 140 2 215 3 353 244 6 528 4 053 5 287 5 127 12 737 1 555 41 099

5 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 6 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 7 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79

(a)

nil or rounded to zero (including null cells) Some SITC sections and divisions exclude commodities subject to a confidentiality restriction. These are included in Division 98. For more information see paragraphs 26 and 28 of the Explanatory Notes.

(b)

Percent of total merchandise is calculated for the most recent month.

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

29

13

INT E R N A T I O N A L ME R C H A N D I S E IM P O R T S (a ) , By co m m o d i t y

conti n u e d

Sep 2013
$m

Oct 2013
$m

Nov 2013
$m

Percentage of total merchandise imports (b)


%

5 MONTHS ENDED NOVEMBER 2012


$m

2013
$m

SECT I O N AND DIVI S I O N OF THE SIT C 8 81 82 83 84 85 87 88 89 9 93 95 96 97 98 Miscellaneous manufactured articles Prefabricated buildings; sanitary, plumbing, heating and lighting fixtures and fittings, n.e.s. Furniture, parts thereof; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings Travel goods, handbags and similar containers Articles of apparel and clothing accessories Footwear Professional, scientific and controlling instruments and apparatus, n.e.s. Photographic apparatus, equipment and supplies and optical goods, n.e.s., watches and clocks Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s. Total Miscellaneous manufactured articles Commodities and transactions not classified elsewhere in the SITC Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind Gold coin whether or not legal tender, and other coin being legal tender Coin (excl. gold coin) not being legal tender Gold, nonmonetary (excl. gold ores and concentrates) Combined confidential items excluding some of SITC 28099 (exports only) and some of SITC 51099 (imports only) Total Commodities and transactions not classified elsewhere in the SITC

143 309 105 595 154 443 139 1 030 2 918 1 3 2 360 503 868

137 298 113 606 133 466 152 1 148 3 053 3 3 361 519 886 22 210 1 748 23 958

132 324 114 547 137 455 152 1 079 2 940 1 5 1 319 344 669 21 784 1 600 23 384

0.6 1.5 0.5 2.5 0.6 2.1 0.7 5.0 13.5 1.5 1.6 3.1 100.0 . . . .

620 1 366 458 2 640 680 2 219 655 4 746 13 384 19 21 3 2 513 2 405 4 962

678 1 552 521 3 015 768 2 335 715 5 329 14 913 5 18 3 2 166 2 102 4 294

Total merchandise imports Balance of Payments Adjustments Goods Debits (imports) on a Balance of Payments Basis

21 240 1 222 22 462

106 459 108 947 7 238 113 697 7 482 116 429

..

not applicable nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)

(a)

(b)

Some SITC sections and divisions exclude commodities subject to a confidentiality restriction. These are included in Division 98. For more information see paragraphs 26 and 28 of the Explanatory Notes. Percent of total merchandise is calculated for the most recent month.

30

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

14

INT E R N A T I O N A L ME R C H A N D I S E TR A D E , By co u n t r y an d co u n t r y gro u p s

EXPORTS(a) 5 months ended November 2012


$m

IMPORTS(b) 5 months ended November 2013


$m

BALANCE OF MERCHANDISE TRADE 5 months ended November 2012


$m

201213
$m

Nov 2013
$m

201213
$m

Nov 2013
$m

5 months ended November 2013


$m

201213

5 months ended November 2013

Belgium Brazil Canada China Denmark Egypt (a) Fiji Finland France Germany Hong Kong (SAR of China) India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Japan Korea, Republic of Kuwait Malaysia Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Spain Sweden Switzerland Taiwan Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States of America Viet Nam Other Countries (b)(a ) Total APEC ASEAN Developing Countries Least Developed Countries European Union(c) OECD

1 436 737 1 568 77 950 192 512 305 159 1 190 1 985 2 452 11 415 4 750 557 593 74 226 715 46 466 19 096 490 5 195 623 2 485 7 309 632 2 757 1 681 1 974 6 425 1 380 465 260 670 7 535 4 958 805 2 322 5 520 9 021 1 809 10 293 246 984 200 781 25 020 162 433 2 445 15 044 101 099

108 67 84 8 865 7 51 29 10 67 208 208 731 491 3 1 3 13 75 3 923 1 741 28 347 14 193 605 21 160 65 167 302 115 52 20 88 413 304 14 201 408 695 152 1 216 22 266 18 466 1 687 14 894 126 1 212 8 409

443 349 706 28 553 41 186 141 85 460 806 1 050 5 085 2 126 215 74 33 104 294 20 109 8 355 173 1 993 376 1 008 3 321 300 1 370 871 630 3 555 605 225 138 278 3 309 1 840 367 838 2 830 3 957 684 3 837 101 721 82 719 11 142 65 019 892 6 539 44 308

312 297 550 42 676 40 143 133 23 370 754 1 162 3 563 1 872 12 59 26 94 260 20 307 8 348 235 2 069 136 896 3 254 141 1 055 667 786 2 615 552 207 145 432 2 915 1 769 305 1 040 1 549 3 951 888 6 838 113 448 94 823 9 981 75 771 873 4 858 42 384

1 594 579 2 154 44 482 896 59 167 860 3 900 10 936 1 246 2 385 6 049 27 1 501 673 5 510 18 344 9 214 450 8 936 2 166 1 802 7 068 179 3 004 531 382 14 319 853 2 933 2 297 2 870 3 861 11 129 558 3 270 6 365 25 657 3 557 23 877 236 641 165 984 45 644 129 837 804 41 733 112 926

156 46 145 4 784 149 2 16 61 338 1 031 104 195 434 2 140 61 439 1 589 1 102 1 173 158 134 687 14 250 72 19 1 149 74 193 170 260 389 887 57 281 562 2 071 429 1 963 21 784 15 659 4 213 12 602 59 3 704 9 930

653 260 963 20 688 416 43 78 371 1 662 4 799 578 1 148 2 778 10 684 306 2 375 7 756 3 893 225 4 100 910 823 3 090 70 1 363 228 181 6 494 405 1 481 1 042 1 280 1 677 4 885 238 1 395 2 910 11 897 1 711 10 594 106 459 74 774 20 621 58 566 325 18 550 49 958

718 247 899 22 693 589 9 75 330 1 733 5 153 560 1 158 2 663 9 680 302 2 623 8 426 4 572 134 4 353 831 736 3 365 85 1 385 363 95 5 334 452 1 113 921 1 364 1 768 5 061 306 1 606 2 757 11 036 1 832 10 611 108 947 76 942 20 015 60 553 401 18 940 50 969

158 158 586 33 468 705 453 138 701 2 710 8 951 1 206 9 030 1 299 530 593 1 428 447 4 795 28 122 9 882 40 3 741 1 543 683 241 453 247 1 150 1 592 7 894 527 2 468 2 037 2 200 3 674 6 170 247 949 845 16 637 1 749 13 584 10 344 34 797 20 624 32 596 1 641 26 688 11 827

406 50 349 19 984 549 134 58 307 1 362 4 399 602 2 405 791 3 59 654 208 2 362 11 881 3 775 101 2 284 696 161 111 55 329 304 691 2 719 101 905 776 933 1 147 3 292 2 565 1 208 7 085 943 3 773 4 501 17 881 10 035 15 218 472 14 083 8 585

(a)

nil or rounded to zero (including null cells) Exports of Alumina to Bahrain, Egypt and Iceland are excluded from individual country totals and included in 'Other Countries' up to December 2012. From June 2013, exports data with confidentiality restrictions 'No commodity details' or 'No value details' are excluded from individual country totals and included in 'Other Countries'. See Explanatory Notes paragraphs 26 and 27 for more details.

(b)

(c)

From September 2008 imports data with confidentiality restrictions 'No commodity details' or 'No value details' are excluded from individual country totals and included in 'Other Countries'. See Explanatory Notes paragraphs 26 and 28 for more details. The European Union includes 28 member countries for all periods.

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

31

15

INT E R N A T I O N A L ME R C H A N D I S E TR A D E , By sta t e

5 MONTHS ENDED NOVEMBER 201213


$m

Nov 2013
$m

2012
$m

2013
$m

E X P O R T S (a)(b ) New South Wales Victoria Queensland South Australia Western Australia Tasmania Northern Territory Australian Capital Territory State not available for publication (b) Re-exports Total
37 015 21 709 44 431 10 712 115 589 3 031 5 959 7 772 7 759 246 984 2 861 1 830 3 796 859 10 935 231 525 1 444 783 22 266 15 847 8 884 19 126 4 134 46 370 1 185 2 588 2 142 3 444 101 721 15 654 9 696 19 435 4 684 53 535 1 048 2 695 1 2 734 3 967 113 448

I M P O R T S (c)(d ) New South Wales Victoria Queensland South Australia Western Australia Tasmania Northern Territory Australian Capital Territory State not available for publication (d) Total
84 655 58 543 42 190 7 056 33 876 696 5 129 12 4 483 236 641 8 082 5 667 3 643 705 2 911 69 361 1 344 21 784 37 842 26 042 18 934 3 197 15 219 302 2 515 2 2 405 106 459 39 036 27 999 18 584 3 563 15 226 322 2 114 2 2 102 108 947

(a) (b)

(c) (d)

Exports by state of origin in which the final stage of production or manufacture occurs. Exports of Alumina to Bahrain, Egypt and Iceland are excluded from individual state totals and included in 'State not available for publication' up to December 2012. From June 2013, exports data with confidentiality restrictions 'No commodity details' or 'No value details' are excluded from individual state totals and included in 'State not available for publication'. See Explanatory Notes paragraphs 26 and 27 for more details. Imports by state of destination. From September 2008 imports data with confidentiality restrictions 'No commodity details' or 'No value details' are excluded from individual state totals and included in 'State not available for publication'. See Explanatory Notes paragraphs 26 and 28 for more details.

32

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

16

PE R I O D AV E R A G E EX C H A N G E RA T E S (a) , Pe r Au s t r a l i a n do l l a r

Pe r i o d

United States dollar

UK pound sterling

Euro

Japanese yen

Special Drawing Right

Trade-weighted index of value of the A$(b)

FINAN C I AL YEAR 201011 201112 201213


0.9891 1.0319 1.0268 0.6213 0.6516 0.6548 0.7248 0.7712 0.7941 82.10 81.14 89.89 0.6346 0.6629 0.6752 74.0 76.0 77.0

MON T H S 2012 September October November December 2013 January February March April May June July August September October November
1.0395 1.0292 1.0410 1.0468 1.0503 1.0319 1.0333 1.0387 0.9920 0.9432 0.9172 0.9043 0.9278 0.9516 0.9331 0.6455 0.6405 0.6517 0.6487 0.6572 0.6658 0.6854 0.6789 0.6482 0.6090 0.6039 0.5837 0.5853 0.5911 0.5797 0.8085 0.7937 0.8110 0.7985 0.7911 0.7723 0.7967 0.7977 0.7638 0.7148 0.7009 0.6788 0.6952 0.6977 0.6915 81.24 81.31 84.24 87.59 93.35 96.06 97.97 101.53 99.93 91.83 91.37 88.42 92.05 93.13 93.25 0.6766 0.6681 0.6807 0.6805 0.6842 0.6752 0.6870 0.6906 0.6614 0.6233 0.6102 0.5954 0.6096 0.6183 0.6096 76.9 75.9 77.0 77.5 78.2 77.6 78.4 78.8 75.7 72.1 70.6 69.5 71.3 72.4 71.4

(a)

These exchange rates and the trade-weighted index are derived using rates provided by the Reserve Bank of Australia in respect of each trading day.

(b)

May 1970 = 100. The Trade-weighted index is reweighted annually on 1 December.

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

33

17

SU M M A R Y OF RE V I S I O N S , Go o d s an d Ser v i c e s Ori g i n a l ( a )

201011
$m

201112
$m

201213
$m

May 2013
$m

Jun 2013
$m

Jul 2013
$m

Aug 2013
$m

Sep 2013
$m

Oct 2013
$m

BALANCE On goods and services CREDITS Total goods and services Total goods Rural goods Nonrural goods Net exports of goods under merchanting Nonmonetary gold Total services DEBITS Total goods and services Total goods Consumption goods Capital goods Intermediate and other merchandise goods Nonmonetary gold Total services
378 134 134 54 145 414 168

263 67 2 68 1 330

27 32 32 1 1 59

31 28 26 2 59

57 32 2 29 1 89

11 86 3 88 1 97

278 274 47 229 2 4

18 97 26 70 1 79

641 10 2 3 9 651

161 1 1 2 160

165 2 1 1 167

111 42 34 8 153

156 64 35 2 27 220

136 51 39 133 43 85

186 167 42 93 32 19

(a)

nil or rounded to zero (including null cells) This table is presented consistent with BPM6 sign conventions. This means for the balance on goods and services a negative revision indicates a decrease in a surplus or an increase in a deficit. For debits a negative revision indicates an increase in debits while a positive revision indicates a decrease in debits.

34

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

EXPLA N A T O R Y NOTES

INTR ODU C TI ON

1 This publication presents preliminary estimates of Australia's international trade in goods and services on a balance of payments basis (tables 111 and 17) and merchandise import and export statistics on an international merchandise trade basis (tables 1215). In addition, table 16 Exchange rates and tradeweighted indexes (TWI) are derived by using exchange rates and indexes provided by the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA). As of December 2011 the RBA has changed the methodology for compiling the TWI to include both merchandise and services trade, rather than merchandise trade only. This takes advantage of countrylevel services trade data that have been published by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). 2 Merchandise trade statistics on an international merchandise trade basis are compiled from information submitted by exporters and importers or their agents to the Australian Customs and Border Protection Service (Customs and Border Protection). Adjustments for coverage, timing and valuation are made to international merchandise trade data to convert them to a balance of payments basis. The services data are sourced from the quarterly Survey of International Trade in Services and a range of administrative data and indicator series. 3 More comprehensive quarterly estimates of Australias trade in goods and services, together with comprehensive details of Australias balance of payments are included in the quarterly publication, Balance of Payments and International Investment Position, Australia (cat. no. 5302.0). Detailed monthly statistics on merchandise trade are available in Time Series Spreadsheets on the ABS website or by subscription to tailored services. More information on the International Trade in Services by Country, by State and by Detailed Services Category are available on a financial year basis (cat. no. 5368.0.55.003) following the September issue of this publication and calendar year basis (cat. no. 5368.0.55.004) following the March issue of this publication.

CONC E P T S , SOUR C E S AND METHOD S

4 The conceptual framework used in compiling Australia's merchandise trade statistics can be found in International Merchandise Trade, Australia: Concepts, Sources and Methods, 2001 (cat. no. 5489.0). 5 The conceptual framework used in compiling Australia's balance of payments statistics is based on the International Monetary Fund's Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, Sixth Edition (BPM6). Descriptions of the underlying concepts and structure of the balance of payments and the sources, methods and terms used in compiling estimates are presented in the publication Balance of Payments and International Investment Position, Australia: Concepts, Sources and Methods, 1998 (cat. no. 5331.0). This version reflects the international standards prior to BPM6 and is currently being revised. The first part of the revised document was released on 8 March 2011, featuring only the Goods Account. Other components will be released as they become available. Further information on the key changes introduced with BPM6 can be found in the Information paper: Implementation of new international statistical standards in the ABS National and International Accounts, September 2009 (cat. no. 5310.0.55.002). 6 To bring merchandise trade statistics on an international merchandise trade basis to a balance of payments basis, timing adjustments are made to ensure that the transaction is recorded in the period in which ownership changed, rather than in the period in which the transaction was recorded by Customs and Border Protection or the period in which the goods arrived in/departed from an Australian port. Adjustments are also made to account for the change of ownership of goods not included in merchandise trade statistics. Chapter 6 of cat. no. 5331.0 provides more detail on the relationship between statistics on an international merchandise trade basis and on a balance of payments basis.

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35

E X P L A N A T O R Y N O T E S continued

CONC E P T S , SOUR C E S AND M E T H O D S continued

7 International merchandise trade exports data presented for recent months in tables 1215 of this publication are based on information initially reported by exporters to Customs and Border Protection. At the time of initial reporting to Customs and Border Protection the final prices may not be known for some commodities. Therefore, the information recorded for recent months for commodities like iron ore and coal can include a variety of prices including previous or current contract prices and the prevailing spot prices. Newly negotiated contract prices may not be fully reflected in the data first reported to Customs and Border Protection, and to compensate for this, the balance of payments series may reflect adjusted price levels. 8 The Concepts, Sources and Methods publications and information papers are available to download for free from the ABS website. Select Statistics, then select By Catalogue Number, and then the catalogue numbers as above.

CLAS S I F I CA TI ON S

9 The merchandise trade data on an international merchandise trade basis are presented using the following commodity classifications: ! the Harmonized System 2012 (available on request) ! the Standard International Trade Classification (SITC Revision 4) ! the Classification by Broad Economic Categories (BEC) ! the industry classification: Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification, 2006 (ANZSIC 06) from July 2005. 10 The balance of payments 'goods and services' series are presented according to three classifications with the goods classifications derived from SITC Revision 4 and BEC. The classifications are: ! for goods: ! the Balance of Payments Commodities for Exports (BoPCE) ! the Balance of Payments Broad Economic Categories (BoPBEC) for Imports ! for services: ! the Extended Balance of Payments Services Classification (EBOPS).

ACCU R A C Y , RELI A B I L I T Y AND REVIS IO N S

11 While every effort is made to ensure the accuracy and reliability of estimates, most series are subject to revision as more complete and accurate information becomes available. Care should be exercised in the use and interpretation of estimates in this publication. The transactions occurring in international trade in goods and services are of many different kinds, and therefore the compilation of trade estimates entails the use of a very wide range of statistical data of varying degrees of accuracy and timeliness. For further information on the monthly services series, see paragraph 25. 12 The revisions are applied differently for merchandise trade and balance of payments series. Each month, merchandise trade data are revised for the previous six months to incorporate latest available data. 13 For the balance of payments 'goods and services' series, in original terms, revisions in the July, October, January or April issues are limited to significant new and revised data from survey sources that have become available since the previous issue. This is to ensure the monthly series align with the comparable series in the most recent issue of the Balance of Payments and International Investment Position, Australia (cat. no. 5302.0). In the September issue revisions can be applied to the four previous financial years. In other issues revisions can be applied to the previous and current financial years to incorporate the latest available survey and administrative data. 14 In seasonally adjusted and trend terms, revisions may occur at any time point but tend to focus on the most recent estimates. Please also refer to paragraphs 17 and 18 (seasonal adjustment), and 19 (trend estimates) below.

36

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

E X P L A N A T O R Y N O T E S continued

SIG N CON V E N T I O N

15 In keeping with BPM6 conventions, balance of payments basis credit entries are shown with an implied positive sign and debit items are shown as negative entries. For statistics on an international merchandise trade basis, both imports and exports are shown without sign. The calculation of percentage changes on balance of payments debit items are made without regard to sign. References to balance of payments debit items in Key Figures, Key Points, and Analysis and Comments are also made without regard to sign. 16 The estimates of international trade in goods and services on a balance of payments basis are seasonally adjusted, however the merchandise exports and imports statistics on an international merchandise trade basis are not. Monthly original estimates are volatile, being subject to calendarrelated and large irregular influences. Seasonally adjusted estimates are derived by estimating and removing from the original series systematic calendar related effects, such as seasonal (e.g. Christmas), trading day and moving holiday (e.g. Easter) influences. Seasonal adjustment does not aim to remove the irregular or nonseasonal influences which may be present in any particular month. These irregular influences may reflect both random economic events and difficulties of statistical recording. 17 The seasonally adjusted statistics in this publication use the concurrent seasonal adjustment technique and Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) modelling to estimate factors for the current and previous months. Under concurrent seasonal adjustment, the estimates of seasonal factors are fine tuned as new or revised original estimates become available each period. The seasonally adjusted estimates are subject to revisions at each reference month as the estimates of seasonal factors are improved. 18 ARIMA modelling relies on the characteristics of the series being analysed to project future period data. ARIMA modelling is used on a casebycase basis where it results in reduced revisions to seasonally adjusted series when subsequent data becomes available. The projected values are temporary, intermediate values, that are only used internally to improve the estimation of the seasonal factors. The projected data do not affect the original estimates and are discarded at the end of the seasonal adjustment process. The ARIMA model is assessed as part of the annual review and, following the 2013 annual review, the majority of directly seasonally adjusted trade in goods and services time series use an ARIMA model. 19 The monthtomonth movements of the seasonally adjusted estimates may not be reliable indicators of underlying behaviour because they include irregular or nonseasonal movements. Trend estimates reduce the effect of these movements as they are derived by applying a 13term Henderson moving average to the seasonally adjusted series. The 13term Henderson moving average (like all Henderson averages) is symmetric, but as the end of a time series is approached, asymmetric forms of the average are applied. While the asymmetric weights enable trend estimates for recent months to be produced, it does result in revisions to the estimates for the most recent six months as additional observations become available. Revisions to trend estimates can also occur because of revisions to the original data and as a result of the reestimation of the seasonal factors. Trend estimates should be used with caution, especially around the time of unusual influences, until these have been appropriately taken into account. 20 Information papers and articles on time series methods are available on the ABS website: ! for seasonal adjustment methods, see Information Paper: An Introductory Course on Time Series Analysis, Jan 2005 (cat. no. 1346.0.55.001) and Time Series Analysis Frequently Asked Questions, 2003 (cat. no. 1346.0.55.002)

SEAS ON A L LY ADJUS T ED AND TREN D ESTI M A T E S

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

37

E X P L A N A T O R Y N O T E S continued

SEAS ON A L LY ADJUS T ED AND T R E N D E S T I M A T E S continued

for ARIMA modelling, see Feature article: Use of ARIMA modelling to reduce revisions in the October 2004 issue of Australian Economic Indicators (cat. no. 1350.0) for trend estimates methods, see Information Paper: A Guide to Interpreting Time Series Monitoring Trends (cat. no. 1349.0) alternatively contact the Assistant Director, Time Series Analysis on (02) 6252 6345 or email: time.series.analysis@abs.gov.au.

ECON O M I C TER R I T O R Y

21 In accordance with BPM6 definitions, Australia's economic territory, on a balance of payments basis, is the area under the effective control of the Australian government. It includes the land area, airspace, territorial waters, including jurisdiction over fishing rights and rights to fuels and minerals. Australian economic territory also includes territorial enclaves in the rest of the world. These are clearly demarcated areas of land, located in other countries and which are owned or rented by the Australian government for diplomatic, military, scientific or other purposes. Specifically, the economic territory of Australia consists of: ! Geographic Australia which includes Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Christmas Island; ! Norfolk Island; ! Australian Antarctic Territory; ! Heard Island and McDonald Islands; ! Territory of Ashmore Reef and Cartier Island; ! Coral Sea Islands; ! Australia's territorial enclaves overseas; and ! the Joint Petroleum Development Area (joint territory between Australia and TimorLeste). 22 Because of administrative complexities and measurement difficulties, Norfolk Island transactions with the rest of the world will not always be captured in all relevant balance of payments statistics. Most of the transactions involving Norfolk Island are not material to Australia's trade performance and not capturing these transactions will not distort these statistics. However, any significant transactions will be identified and included in the relevant statistics.

COM M O D I T Y BRE A K D O W N OF GOOD S

23 For details of the classifications used to present goods exports (credits) and imports (debits) on a balance of payments basis, see tables 6.6 and 6.7, respectively, in Balance of Payments and International Investment Position, Australia: Concepts, Sources and Methods (cat. no. 5331.0). 24 The international merchandise trade statistics shown in tables 12 and 13 are classified by the Standard International Trade Classification (SITC). Imports and exports of goods at a more detailed level are available from the time series spreadsheets on the ABS website. All data from July 2005 are presented according to SITC Rev 4 and data prior to July 2005 are presented according to SITC Rev 3. For details refer to the 'Classifications and Standards Update' in the July 2008 issue of this publication.

MONT H L Y SERV I C E S SERI E S

25 Monthly indicators for many of the services components that are only surveyed quarterly are not available. Monthly estimates for the freight and other transportation components of services credits in table 9 are derived by dividing the quarterly estimate by three. Freight debits are derived directly from imports data for the reference month as a difference between total merchandise cost, insurance and freight (CIF) and free on board (FOB), adjusted to reflect timing and processing adjustments. For freight credits and other transportation credits and debits, estimates are derived by extrapolating the last quarter's data by an average of movements for the same quarter over the three previous years, and then dividing the estimate by three. Similarly other services estimates are derived by extrapolating the last quarter's data by an average of movements for the same quarter over the previous three years, and then dividing the estimate by three.

38

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

E X P L A N A T O R Y N O T E S continued

CONF I D E N T I A L I T Y OF MER C H A N D I S E TRA D E STATIST I CS

26 The release of statistics for certain merchandise trade commodities is restricted in order to prevent the identification of the activities of an individual business, where this is requested by the business concerned. These restrictions do not affect the total value of exports and imports, but they can affect statistics at the country, state and commodity levels, and other details only available on request such as Australian Ports. For information on the confidentiality restrictions applied to the merchandise trade statistics in this publication, refer to the current issue of International Merchandise Trade: Confidential Commodities List (CCL) (cat. no. 5372.0.55.001). 27 Exports data that have the confidentiality restrictions 'No commodity details' or 'No value details' are now aggregated into a single confidential commodity code. For data prior to June 2013, these data are added back into the appropriate state total and country total (i.e. these totals show the correct level of trade). From June 2013 these confidential data are not added back. Instead the confidential data are published as 'No country details' in the country totals and 'State of origin not available' or 'State not available for publication' in the state totals. Therefore, country and state totals from June 2013 may not represent the actual amount of trade in each country/state but only the trade in commodities without a 'No commodity details' or 'No value details' restriction. 28 Imports data that have the confidentiality restrictions 'No commodity details' or 'No value details' are aggregated into a single confidential commodity code. For data prior to September 2008, these data are added back into the appropriate state total and country total (i.e. these totals show the correct level of trade). From September 2008 these confidential data are not added back. Instead the confidential data are published as 'No country details' in the country totals and 'State of destination not available' or 'State not available for publication' in the state totals. Therefore, country and state totals from September 2008 may not represent the actual amount of trade in each country/state but only the trade in commodities without a 'No commodity details' or 'No value details' restriction.

TOUR I S M RELA T E D SER V I C E S

29 The tourism related services memorandum items provide timely indicators of the movements in tourism related activities, not an absolute measure of the level of these activities. The tourism related indicator has been derived by combining total travel services (business, educationrelated and other personal travel) and passenger transportation services (which includes agency fees and commissions for air transport). 30 Annual services data by state, by country and detailed services are released twice yearly. Calendar year data are usually released following the March issue of this publication and financial year data are usually released following the September issue. Refer to time series data under trade in services data cubes for details. 31 Services credits are classified by the state of provision, while services debits are classified by the state of consumption. The state allocations for transportation, travel, postal and courier, and telecommunication services are based on a number of indicators including merchandise trade statistics by state, overseas passenger arrivals and departures by state of clearance and data provided by the Department of Immigration and Citizenship. The allocation for other services (about 25% of all trade in services) is primarily based on the location of the business reporting the information, which serves as a proxy for the state of provision/consumption of that service. The data should be used with care but are considered suitable for analysis over time. 32 A comprehensive explanation of the data sources used and the methodology applied in the compilation of partner country statistics is provided in Chapter 17 of Balance of Payments and International Investment Position, Australia: Concepts, Sources and Methods (cat. no. 5331.0). Approximately 5% of total services credits and debits for both 200910 and 201011 were either confidential, or unable to be allocated to individual countries.

SERV I C E S BY STAT E AND BY PAR T N E R COU N T R Y

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

39

E X P L A N A T O R Y N O T E S continued

ABS DATA AVAI LA BL E

33 More detailed balance of payments and international merchandise trade data, including forward seasonal factors are available as time series spreadsheets or data cubes from the ABS website. Merchandise trade data by commodity, country and state that are not on the ABS website may be available on request. Inquiries should be made to the National Information and Referral Service as shown on the back of this publication. 34 Users may also wish to refer to the following publications which can be downloaded free of charge from the ABS website by using the 'Statistics' tab and selecting the relevant catalogue number: ! Balance of Payments and International Investment Position, Australia (cat. no. 5302.0) issued quarterly ! Balance of Payments Goods and Services, Preliminary Quarterly Estimates (cat. no. 5302.0.55.004) issued quarterly ! International Merchandise Imports, Australia (cat. no. 5439.0) issued monthly ! International Trade Price Indexes, Australia (cat. no. 6457.0) issued quarterly ! Balance of Payments and International Investment Position, Australia: Concepts, Sources and Methods (cat. no. 5331.0) ! Information Paper: Quality of Australian Balance of Payments Statistics (cat. no. 5342.0) ! International Merchandise Trade, Australia: Concepts, Sources and Methods (cat. no. 5489.0) ! A Guide to Australian Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Statistics (cat. no. 5362.0.55.001). 35 Current publications and other products released by the ABS are available from the 'Statistics' tab on the ABS website. The ABS also issues a daily Release Advice on the website which details products to be released in the week ahead. A foreign trade theme page and a balance of payments theme page are available on the ABS website. Select Topics @ a Glance Economy Foreign Trade or Balance of Payments. This page provides direct links to all foreign trade and balance of payments related data and publications, recent changes and forthcoming events, links to relevant websites and a range of other information about the Australian International Accounts.

REL A T E D PRO D U C T S AND PUBLI C A T I O N S

ROUNDIN G

36 Where figures have been rounded, discrepancies may occur between sums of the component items and totals. Percentage movements are calculated from data at the level of precision presented in this publication (i.e. $m) except for international merchandise trade tables. $b billion (thousand million) dollars $m million dollars ABS Australian Bureau of Statistics ADP automatic data processing ANZSIC Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification APEC Asia Pacific Economic Co-operation ARIMA autoregressive integrated moving average ASEAN Association of South-East Asian Nations BEC Classification by Broad Economic Categories BoPBEC Balance of Payments Broad Economic Categories BoPCE Balance of Payments Commodities for Exports BPM6 Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, Sixth Edition c.i.f. cost, insurance and freight

ABBR E V I A T I O N S

40

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

E X P L A N A T O R Y N O T E S continued
EBOPS Extended Balance of Payments Services Classification f.o.b. free on board n.e.s. not elsewhere specified n.i.e. not included elsewhere OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development SAR Special Administrative Region SITC Standard International Trade Classification

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

41

AP P E N D I X RELA T E D ARTI C L E S

Artic l e

Source (a) 5308.0 5302.0 1301.0 5302.0 (b) 5363.0 5368.0 5368.0.55.006 5368.0 5368.0 5368.0 5368.0 5496.0.55.001 5368.0 5422.0 5302.0 5485.0 5368.0 5368.0 5368.0 1301.0 5609.0 5232.0 5368.0 5368.0.55.020 5368.0.55.019 5368.0.55.017 5368.0.55.018 5310.0.55.002 5368.0.55.014 5302.0.55.003 5302.0.55.002 5368.0.55.013 5368.0.55.012 5368.0.55.011 5302.0 5302.0 5368.0.55.010 5368.0.55.009 5310.0.55.001 1233.0.55.001 5368.0.55.005 5368.0 5439.0 5439.0 5368.0 5368.0 5422.0 5422.0

Issue / Release Mar qtr 2013 Sep qtr 2007 2006 Sep qtr 2003 199899 Jun 2012 May 2013 Oct 2007 Feb 2006 Nov 2004 Oct 2004 Jun 2004 Mar 2004 Dec qtr 2000 Dec 2011 Jun 2011 Dec 2006 Aug 2006 Aug 2005 2005 Mar 2002 Mar qtr 2002 Aug 2013 Aug 2013 Mar 2013 Dec 2011 Sep 2011 Oct 2009 Oct 2009 Aug 2009 Jul 2009 Jul 2009 Jun 2009 Dec 2008 Jun qtr 2008 Jun qtr 2008 May 2008 Jan 2008 Sep 2007 Nov 2006 Jun 2006 May 2006 Oct 2005 Aug 2005 May 2003 Aug 2004 Jun qtr 2002 Dec qtr 1999

Investment Foreign currency exposure Foreign ownership of equity Kangaroo bonds Gross external debt Balance of payments International comparison of balance of payments statistics Merchandise trade Export and Import Invoice Currencies, June 2012 Characteristics of Australian Exporters, 201112 100 years of international trade statistics New methodology for deriving counts of Australian exports Australia's Importers, 200304 Australia's Exporters, 200304 Foreign ownership of Australian exporters and importers, 200203 Australia's trade with the USA Major commodities traded by Australia, 1991 to 2000 Trade in services ABS International Tourism Estimates Australian outward finance and insurance foreign affiliate trade, 200910 International trade in services by partner country, 2006, preliminary Changes to International trade in services statistics, August 2006 Changes to International trade in services travel statistics Finance Impact of the farm season on Australian production in 200203 and 200304 Recent trends in construction and first home buyers finance Household sector data in the financial accounts Technical information Technical note Low Value Threshold Proposed Implementation of the New International Standard for International Merchandise Trade Statistics, 2013 Amendments to Schedule 4 of Customs Tariff, March 2013 Changes to AHECC and Customs Tariff, 2012 Experimental Statistics on International Shipping Container Movements, 200910 Implementation of new international statistical standards in ABS National and International Accounts, September 2009 Impact of revised international standards on monthly International Trade in Goods and Services, August 2009 Estimation of Workers' Remittances based on Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, Sixth Edition, September 2009 Revisions to international standards in quarterly Balance of Payments and International Investment Position statistics from September 2009, 2009 Changes to International Trade in Goods Statistics Countries and Ports, July 2009 Revisions to international standards in monthly international trade in goods and services statistics from August 2009, 2009 Changes to International Trade in Goods Industry Statistics, July 2009 Technical note 1 Income on debt Technical note 2 Use of CDI data Impact of introducing Revision 4 of the Standard International Trade Classification, 2008 Changes to international trade statistics July 2008, 2007 to 2008 Introduction of revised international standards in ABS economic statistics in 2009, 2007 Changes on 1 January 2007 to Statistical Codes in the AHECC and the Customs Tariff, 2007 ABS implementation in January 2007 of revisions to international trade classifications, 2007 Revised treatment of Goods for Processing in Merchandise Trade and Balance of Payments Statistics Impact of Customs and ABS changes on import statistics from October 2005 ABS management of the impact of the implementation of the imports component of the New Customs System Changes to country and port classifications Implementation of New Customs Systems The effect of customs changes on export statistics Data confidentiality

(a) (b)

In the ABS website home page, select Statistics; By Catalogue Number; and click on the specified catalogue number and issue. Note: in some instances, a particular issue of the publication can be found in the Past & Future Releases page of the catalogue. This article can be found in pdf format by referring to the Downloads page of the specified issue of this publication on the ABS website.

42

ABS INT ER N A T I O N A L TRA D E IN GOOD S AND SER V I C E S 536 8 . 0 NOV 201 3

5368. 0

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AUSTR A L I A

Novem b e r 2013

ISSN 13282778

Commonwealth of Australia 2014 Produced by the Australian Bureau of Statistics