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Facing Colonialism: How Would You Respond? Response Group Overview ‘This Response Group activity allows students to explore Nigerian responses to five events during the colonial period, First, students are introduced to colonialism in Africa. Then, they sit in groups of three and assume the role of Nigerians to make decisions about how to respond to five events: the slave trade, protection treaties and Christian missionaries, Jaja of Opobo, Lagos and Chief Oluwa, and women’s reaction to colonial taxes. For cach event, groups view a transparency, read a summary of the event, and determine which of three choices is the best way to respond. Presenters from each group share their findings with the class. Afterward, the teacher reveals how Nigerians actually responded. Finally, students analyze images and quotes about colonialism’s effects on Nigerians and other Africans. Procedures at a Glance Seat students in heterogeneous groups of three so that all can see the overhead projection screen. Tell them they will assume the role of Nigerians responding to events during the colonial period. Project Transparencies 2.2F and 2.2G, and introduce students to colonialism in Africa. Then, pass out Student Handout 2.2A. Project Transparency 2.2A, and have students read the summary of Event A, The slave trade. Allow groups time to discuss Critical-Thinking Question A, review the list of possible responses, and record their answers, Ask Presenters to share their answers with the class, and then use the Teacher’s Guide to Transparencies to reveal how Nigerians responded to the event. Repeat this process for each of the remaining events, rotating the role of Presenter for cach transparency. Finally, pass out Student Handout 2.2B, and have students examine quotes and images about colonialism’s effect on Africans. 40. Modem Afi (© Teachers Cuscum Insite Sti 22) Procedures in Detail 1. This activity is designed to allow students to explore Nigerian perspectives on colonialism. By assuming the role of Nigerians faced with dilemmas caused by British colonial actions, students will be better able to understand Nigerians’ responses and resistance to colonialism, Tdea for Student Response: On the left side of their notebooks, have students respond to the following scenario, if three robbers with guns entered your house, would you (1) fight them, (2) cooperate with them so that they would not hurt you or your family, or (3) call the police and wait for assistance. When students have finished, allow several to share their responses. After the activity, have students compare their responses to this scenario with how Nigerians responded to colonialism, 2. Before class, place students into heterogeneous groups of three, Prepare an overhead transparency that shows students how to set up their desks so students in each group can both talk among themselves and clearly see the transparencies; array clesks along imaginary axes extending from the center of the projected transparency, Project the transparency, and ask students to move into their correct places. 3. Tell students they will learn about colonialism in Africa, Project Transparency 2.2F, Which shows a map of territorial claims in Africa in 1850, (Note: We placed the introductory Transparencies 2,2F and 2,2G—at the end so that Transparency 2.2 corresponds to the information about Event A on Student Handout 2.2A.) Have students examine the map carefully and respond to the following questions: What do you see here? What were some of the largest kingdoms in Africa? Why might the Europeans have come to the coasts of Africa? Then, project Transparency 2.2G, which shows @ map of territorial claims in Africa in 1914, Have students examine the map carefully and respond to the following questions: What do you see here?’ In what ways are these maps different? This second maps shows European colonialism in Afri what might colonialism be? How might Africans have been affected by these territorial claims? After students have analyzed the maps, use the following information to introduce the class to colonialism in Africa European influence in Africa began slowly but eventually led to the colonial conquest of almost the entire continent. European contact with Africa began in the 1400s when the Portuguese established stopover ports along the coast of Africa for their ships traveling 10 Asia's spice markets. In the late 1500s, Europeans began taking enslaved Africans to ‘© Teaches? Cumiutn Insttte Medeen Ace