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SMK AMINUDDIN BAKI, 31200 CHEMOR PERAK DARUL RIDZUAN

YEARLY PLAN CHEMISTRY FORM 4 2013

Yearly Plan Chemistry- Form 4

CIK AYUNI BT AZIZAN - SMK AMINUDDIN BAKI C !M"#

Week

Themes and learning areas INTRODUCIN C!"#ISTR$ %& INTRODUCTION TO C!"#ISTR$ (week 2) 7/1 11/1

Learning objectives 1.1 Understanding chemistry and its importance

Suggested learning activities Collect and interpret the meaning of the word chemistry!. "isc#ss some e$amples of common chemicals #sed in daily life s#ch as sodi#m chloride% calci#m car&onate and acetic acid. "isc#ss the #ses of these chemicals in daily life. 'iew a (ideo or comp#ter co#rseware on the following) a. careers that need the knowledge of chemistry &. chemical*&ased ind#stries in +alaysia and its contri&#tion to the de(elopment of the co#ntry. ,ttend talks on chemical*&ased ind#stries in +alaysia and their contri&#tion to the de(elopment of the co#ntry.

Learning outcomes , st#dent is a&le to) e$plain the meaning of chemistry% list some common chemicals #sed in daily life% state the #ses of common chemicals in daily life% list e$amples of occ#pations that re-#ire the knowledge of chemistry% list chemical*&ased ind#stries in +alaysia% "escri&e the contri&#tion of chemical*&ased ind#stries towards the de(elopment of the co#ntry.

Notes

Vocabulary chemicals* bahan kimia chemical*&ased ind#stry * industri berasaskan kimia

(week 2) 7/1 11/1

1.2 .ynthesising scientific method

/&ser(e a sit#ation and identify all (aria&les. .#ggest a -#estion s#ita&le for a scientific in(estigation. Carry o#t an acti(ity to) a. o&ser(e a sit#ation &. identify all (aria&les c. s#ggest a -#estion% d. form a hypothesis% e. select s#ita&le apparat#s% f. list down work proced#res. Carry o#t an e$periment and) a. collect and ta&#late data%

, st#dent is a&le to) identify (aria&les in a gi(en sit#ation% identify the relationship &etween two (aria&les to form a hypothesis% design and carry o#t a simple e$periment to test the hypothesis% record and present data in a s#ita&le form% interpret data to draw a concl#sion% write a report of the in(estigation.

.t#dents ha(e knowledge of scientific method in 0orm 1% 2 and 1. .cientific skills are applied thro#gho#t.

sol#&ility * keterlarutan

Yearly Plan Chemistry- Form 4

CIK AYUNI BT AZIZAN - SMK AMINUDDIN BAKI C !M"#

&. c. d. (week 1) 12/1 13/1 1.1 4ncorporate scientific attit#des and (al#es in cond#cting scientific in(estigations

present data in a s#ita&le form% interpret the data and draw concl#sions% write a complete report. , st#dent is a&le to) identify scientific attit#des and (al#es practised &y scientists in carrying o#t in(estigations% practise scientific attit#des and (al#es in cond#cting scientific in(estigations.. 6hro#gho#t the co#rse% attention sho#ld also &e gi(en to identifying and practising scientific attit#des and (al#es .t#dents ha(e ac-#ired prior knowledge of elements% compo#nds and mi$t#res in 0orm 2. 9thanamide is also known as acetamide. collision* perlanggaran diff#sion * peresapan melting point*takat lebur free7ing point* takat beku sim#lation*simulasi inter* con(ersionperubaha n keadaan

'iew (ideos or read passages a&o#t scientific in(estigations. .t#dents disc#ss and identify scientific attit#des and (al#es practised &y researchers and scientists in the (ideos or passages. .t#dents disc#ss and 5#stify the scientific attit#des and (al#es that sho#ld &e practised d#ring scientific in(estigations.

#'TT"R 'ROUND US (& T!" STRUCTUR" O) T!" 'TO# (week 1) 12/1 13/1

2.1 ,nalysing matter

"isc#ss and e$plain the partic#late nat#re of matter. Use models or (iew comp#ter sim#lation to disc#ss the following) a. the kinetic theory of matter% &. the meaning of atoms% molec#les and ions. Cond#ct an acti(ity to in(estigate diff#sion of particles in solid% li-#id and gas. 4n(estigate the change in the state of matter &ased on the kinetic theory of matter thro#gh sim#lation or comp#ter animation. Cond#ct an acti(ity to determine the melting and free7ing points of ethanamide or naphthalene. 8lot and interpret the heating and the cooling c#r(es of ethanamide or naphthalene.

, st#dent is a&le to) descri&e the partic#late nat#re of matter% state the kinetic theory of matter% define atoms% molec#les and ions% relate the change in the state of matter to the change in heat% relate the change in heat to the change in kinetic energy of particles% e$plain the inter*con(ersion of the states of matter in terms of kinetic theory of matter.

(week 2)

2.2

"isc#ss the de(elopment of atomic models

, st#dent is a&le to)

"ates and how

make generalisation

Yearly Plan Chemistry- Form 4

CIK AYUNI BT AZIZAN - SMK AMINUDDIN BAKI C !M"#

21/1 2:/1

.ynthesising atomic str#ct#re

proposed &y scientists namely "alton% 6homson% ;#therford% Chadwick and <ohr. Use models or comp#ter sim#lation to ill#strate the str#ct#re of an atom as containing protons and ne#trons in the n#cle#s and electrons arranged in shells. Cond#ct acti(ities to determine the proton n#m&er% n#cleon n#m&er and the n#m&er of protons% electrons and ne#trons of an atom. Use a ta&le to compare and contrast the relati(e mass and the relati(e charge of the protons% electrons and ne#trons. 4n(estigate the proton and n#cleon n#m&ers of different elements. "isc#ss ) a. the relationship &etween proton n#m&er and n#cleon n#m&er% &. to make generalisation that each element has a different proton n#m&er. Carry o#t an acti(ity to write) a. the sym&ols of elements% &. the standard representation for an atom of any element% where) , * = * > element , > n#cleon n#m&er = > proton n#m&er Constr#ct models or #se comp#ter sim#lation to show the atomic str#ct#re.

descri&e the de(elopment of atomic model% state the main s#&atomic particles of an atom% compare and contrast the relati(e mass and the relati(e charge of the protons% electrons and ne#trons% define proton n#m&er% define n#cleon n#m&er% determine the proton n#m&er% determine the n#cleon n#m&er% relate the proton n#m&er to the n#cleon n#m&er% relate the proton n#m&er to the type of element% write the sym&ol of elements% determine the n#m&er of ne#trons% protons and electrons from the proton n#m&er and the n#cleon n#m&er and (ice (ersa% constr#ct the atomic str#ct#re.

models are de(eloped are not needed. 8roton n#m&er is also known as atomic n#m&er. ?#cleon n#m&er is also known as mass n#m&er.

*mengitlak

(week :) 2@/1 1/2

2.1 Understanding

Collect and interpret information on) a. the meaning of isotope%

, st#dent is a&le to)

Yearly Plan Chemistry- Form 4

CIK AYUNI BT AZIZAN - SMK AMINUDDIN BAKI C !M"#

isotopes and assessing their importance

&.

isotopes of hydrogen% o$ygen% car&on% chlorine and &romine.

Cond#ct acti(ities to determine the n#m&er of s#&atomic particles of isotopes from their proton n#m&ers and their n#cleon n#m&ers. Aather information from the internet or from printed materials and disc#ss the #ses of isotope. .t#dy electron arrangements of (ario#s atoms and identify their (alence electrons. "isc#ss the meaning of (alence electrons #sing ill#strations. Cond#ct acti(ities to) a. ill#strate electron arrangements of elements with proton n#m&ers 1 to 2B% &. write electron arrangements of elements with proton n#m&ers 1 to 2B. (week :) 2@/1 1/2 2.: ,ppreciate the orderliness and #ni-#eness of the atomic str#ct#re "isc#ss the contri&#tions of scientists towards the de(elopment of ideas on the atomic str#ct#re. Cond#ct a story*telling competition on the historical de(elopment of the atomic str#ct#re with emphasis on the creati(ity of scientists.

state the meaning of isotope% list e$amples of elements with isotopes% determine the n#m&er of s#&atomic particles of isotopes% 5#stify the #ses of isotope in daily life.

(week :) 2@/1 1/2

2.2 Understanding the electronic str#ct#re of an atom

, st#dent is a&le to) descri&e electron arrangements of elements with proton n#m&ers 1 to 2B% draw electron arrangement of an atom in an element% state the meaning of (alence electrons% determine the n#m&er of (alence electrons from the electron arrangement of an atom. , st#dent is a&le to) descri&e the contri&#tions of scientists towards the #nderstanding of the atomic str#ct#re% descri&e the creati(e and conscientio#s efforts of scientists to form a complete pict#re of matter , st#dent is a&le to) state the meaning of relati(e atomic mass &ased on car&on* 12 scale% state the meaning of relati(e molec#lar mass &ased on car&on*12 scale% ;elati(e form#la mass is introd#ced as the relati(e mass for ionic s#&stances. Aratef#lness kesyukuran

#'TT"R 'ROUND US +& C!"#IC'L )OR#UL'" 'ND ",U'TIONS (week :) 2@/1 1/2

1.1 Understanding and applying the concepts of relati(e atomic mass and relati(e

Collect and interpret data concerning relati(e atomic mass and relati(e molec#lar mass &ased on car&on*12 scale. "isc#ss the #se of car&on*12 scale as a standard for determining relati(e atomic mass and relati(e molec#lar mass.

Yearly Plan Chemistry- Form 4

CIK AYUNI BT AZIZAN - SMK AMINUDDIN BAKI C !M"#

molec#lar mass 4n(estigate the concepts of relati(e atomic mass and relati(e molec#lar mass #sing analogy or comp#ter animation. Carry o#t a -#i7 to calc#late the relati(e molec#lar mass of s#&stances &ased on the gi(en chemical form#lae% for e$ample CCl% C/2% ?a2C/1% ,l(?/1)1% C#./2.:C2/ (week D) 2/2 3/2 1.2 ,nalysing the relationship &etween the n#m&er of moles with the n#m&er of particles .t#dy the mole concept #sing analogy or comp#ter sim#lation. Collect and interpret data on ,(ogadro constant. "isc#ss the relationship &etween the n#m&er of particles in one mole of a s#&stance with the ,(ogadro constant. Carry o#t pro&lem sol(ing acti(ities to con(ert the n#m&er of moles to the n#m&er of particles for a gi(en s#&stance and (ice (ersa. (week D) 2/2 3/2 1.1 ,nalysing the relationship &etween the n#m&er of moles of a s#&stance with its mass "isc#ss the meaning of molar mass. Using analogy or comp#ter sim#lation% disc#ss to relate) a. molar mass with the ,(ogadro constant% &. molar mass of a s#&stance with its relati(e atomic mass or relati(e molec#lar mass. Carry o#t pro&lem sol(ing acti(ities to con(ert the n#m&er of moles of a gi(en s#&stance to its mass and (ice (ersa. (week D) 2/2 3/2 1.2 ,nalysing the relationship Collect and interpret data on molar (ol#me of a gas.

state why car&on*12 is #sed as a standard for determining relati(e atomic mass and relati(e molec#lar mass% calc#late the relati(e molec#lar mass of s#&stances.

, st#dent is a&le to) define a mole as the amo#nt of matter that contains as many particles as the n#m&er of atoms in 12 g of 12C% state the meaning of ,(ogadro constant% relate the n#m&er of particles in one mole of a s#&stance with the ,(ogadro constant% sol(e n#merical pro&lems to con(ert the n#m&er of moles to the n#m&er of particles of a gi(en s#&stance and (ice (ersa. , st#dent is a&le to) state the meaning of molar mass% relate molar mass to the ,(ogadro constant% relate molar mass of a s#&stance to its relati(e atomic mass or relati(e molec#lar mass% sol(e n#merical pro&lems to con(ert the n#m&er of moles of a gi(en s#&stance to its mass and (ice (ersa. , st#dent is a&le to) state the meaning of molar (ol#me of a gas%

12

C can also &e represented as 12 C or C*12 ,(ogadro constant is also known as ,(ogadro n#m&er.

Chemical form#lae of s#&stances are gi(en for calc#lation.

.68 .tandard 6emperat#re and

.68 suhu dan tekanan piawai

Yearly Plan Chemistry- Form 4

CIK AYUNI BT AZIZAN - SMK AMINUDDIN BAKI C !M"#

&etween the n#m&er of moles of a gas with its (ol#me

Using comp#ter sim#lation or graphic representation% disc#ss) a. the relationship &etween molar (ol#me and ,(ogadro constant% &. to make generali7ation on the molar (ol#me of a gas at .68 or room conditions. Carry o#t an acti(ity to calc#late the (ol#me of gases at .68 or room conditions from the n#m&er of moles and (ice (ersa. Constr#ct a mind map to show the relationship &etween n#m&er of particles% n#m&er of moles% mass of s#&stances and (ol#me of gases at .68 and room conditions. Carry o#t pro&lem sol(ing acti(ities in(ol(ing n#m&er of particles% n#m&er of moles% mass of a s#&stance and (ol#me of gases at .68 or room conditions.

relate molar (ol#me of a gas to the ,(ogadro constant% make generali7ation on the molar (ol#me of a gas at a gi(en temperat#re and press#re% calc#late the (ol#me of gases at .68 or room conditions from the n#m&er of moles and (ice (ersa% sol(e n#merical pro&lems in(ol(ing n#m&er of particles% n#m&er of moles% mass of s#&stances and (ol#me of gases at .68 or room conditions.

8ress#re

(week 7) 13/2 22/2

1.: .ynthesising chemical form#lae

Collect and interpret data on chemical form#la% empirical form#la and molec#lar form#la. Cond#ct an acti(ity to) a. determine the empirical form#la of copper(44) o$ide #sing comp#ter sim#lation% &. determine the empirical form#la of magnesi#m o$ide% c. compare and contrast empirical form#la with molec#lar form#la. Carry o#t pro&lem sol(ing acti(ities in(ol(ing empirical and molec#lar form#lae. Carry o#t e$ercises and -#i77es in writing ionic form#lae.

, st#dent is a&le to) state the meaning of chemical form#la% state the meaning of empirical form#la% state the meaning of molec#lar form#la% determine empirical and molec#lar form#lae of s#&stances% compare and contrast empirical form#la with molec#lar form#la% sol(e n#merical pro&lems in(ol(ing empirical and molec#lar form#lae% write ionic form#lae of ions%

6he #se of sym&ols and chemical form#lae sho#ld &e widely enco#raged and not restricted to writing chemical e-#ations only. 4U8,C 4nternational Union of 8#re and ,pplied Chemistry.

4onic form#la formula ion

Yearly Plan Chemistry- Form 4

CIK AYUNI BT AZIZAN - SMK AMINUDDIN BAKI C !M"#

Cond#ct acti(ities to) a. constr#ct chemical form#lae of compo#nds from a gi(en ionic form#la% &. state names of chemical compo#nds #sing 4U8,C nomenclat#re. (week 3) 2:/2 1/1 1.D 4nterpreting chemical e-#ations "isc#ss) a. the meaning of chemical e-#ation% &. the reactants and prod#cts in a chemical e-#ation. Constr#ct &alanced chemical e-#ations for the following reactions) a. heating of copper(44) car&onate% C#C/1% &. formation of ammoni#m chloride% ?C2Cl% c. precipitation of lead(44) iodide% 8&42. Carry o#t the following acti(ities) a. write and &alance chemical e-#ations% &. interpret chemical e-#ations -#antitati(ely and -#alitati(ely% c. sol(e n#merical pro&lems #sing chemical e-#ations (stoichiometry). (week @) 2/1 3/1 1.7 8ractising scientific attit#des and (al#es in in(estigating matter "isc#ss the contri&#tions of scientists for their research on relati(e atomic mass% relati(e molec#lar mass% mole concept% form#lae and chemical e-#ations. "isc#ss to 5#stify the need for scientists to practise scientific attit#des and positi(e (al#es in doing their research on atomic str#ct#res% form#lae and chemical e-#ations.

constr#ct chemical form#lae of ionic compo#nds% state names of chemical compo#nds #sing 4U8,C nomenclat#re.

, st#dent is a&le to) state the meaning of chemical e-#ation% identify the reactants and prod#cts of a chemical e-#ation% write and &alance chemical e-#ations interpret chemical e-#ations -#antitati(ely and -#alitati(ely% sol(e n#merical pro&lems #sing chemical e-#ations.

, comp#ter spreadsheet can &e #sed for &alancing chemical e-#ation e$ercises.

precipitation * pemendakan

, st#dent is a&le to) identify positi(e scientific attit#des and (al#es practiced &y scientists in doing research on mole concept% chemical form#lae and chemical e-#ations% 5#stify the need to practice positi(e scientific attit#des and good (al#es in doing research

Yearly Plan Chemistry- Form 4

CIK AYUNI BT AZIZAN - SMK AMINUDDIN BAKI C !M"#

"isc#ss the role of chemical sym&ols% form#lae and e-#ations as tools of comm#nication in chemistry.

on atomic str#ct#res% chemical form#lae and chemical e-#ations% #se sym&ols% chemical form#lae and e-#ations for easy and systematic comm#nication in the field of chemistry.

(week 1B) 12/1 1:/1 #'TT"R 'ROUND US -& ."RIODIC T'/L" O) "L"#"NTS (week 11) 13/1 22/1 2.1 ,nalysing the 8eriodic 6a&le of 9lements

UE4,? 89?4F,4,? .,6U Collect information on the contri&#tions of (ario#s scientists towards the de(elopment of the 8eriodic 6a&le. .t#dy the arrangement of elements in the 8eriodic 6a&le from the following aspects) a. gro#p and period% &. proton n#m&er% c. electron arrangement. Carry o#t an acti(ity to relate the electron arrangement of an element to its gro#p and period. "isc#ss the ad(antages of gro#ping elements in the 8eriodic 6a&le. Cond#ct acti(ities to predict the gro#p and period of an element &ased on its electron arrangement. , st#dent is a&le to) descri&e the contri&#tions of scientists in the historical de(elopment of the 8eriodic 6a&le% identify gro#ps and periods in the 8eriodic 6a&le% state the &asic principle of arranging the elements in the 8eriodic 6a&le from their proton n#m&ers% relate the electron arrangement of an element to its gro#p and period% e$plain the ad(antages of gro#ping elements in the 8eriodic 6a&le% predict the gro#p and the period of an element &ased on its electron arrangement. , st#dent is a&le to) list all Aro#p 13 elements% state in general the physical properties of Aro#p 13 elements% descri&e the changes in the physical properties of Aro#p 13 elements% descri&e the inert nat#re of 4ncl#de scientists like Fa(oisier% "o&ereiner% ?ewlands% +eyer% +endelee( and +osely.

(week 11) 13/1 22/1

2.2 ,nalysing Aro#p 13 elements

Use a ta&le to list all the elements in Aro#p 13. "escri&e the physical properties s#ch as the physical state% density and &oiling point of Aro#p 13 elements. "isc#ss) a. changes in the physical properties of Aro#p 13 elements%

6he elements in Aro#p 13 can also &e referred to as no&le gases or inert gases. .t#dents are enco#raged to

4nert lengai

Yearly Plan Chemistry- Form 4

CIK AYUNI BT AZIZAN - SMK AMINUDDIN BAKI C !M"#

&.

the inert nat#re of Aro#p 13 elements.

"isc#ss the relationship &etween the electron arrangement and the inert nat#re of Aro#p 13 elements. Use diagrams or comp#ter sim#lations to ill#strate the d#plet and octet electron arrangement of Aro#p 13 elements to e$plain their sta&ility. Aather information on the reasons for the #ses of Aro#p 13 elements. (week 12) 1/2 :/2 2.1 ,nalysing Aro#p 1 elements Aather information and disc#ss) a. Aro#p 1 elements% &. general physical properties of lithi#m% sodi#m and potassi#m% c. changes in the physical properties from lithi#m to potassi#m with respect to hardness% density and melting point% d. chemical properties of lithi#m% sodi#m and potassi#m% e. the similarities in chemical properties of lithi#m% sodi#m and potassi#m% f. the relationship &etween the chemical properties of Aro#p 1 elements and their electron arrangements. Carry o#t e$periments to in(estigate the reactions of lithi#m% sodi#m and potassi#m with water and o$ygen. .t#dy the reactions of lithi#m% sodi#m and potassi#m with chlorine and &romine thro#gh comp#ter sim#lation. "isc#ss changes in the reacti(ity of Aro#p 1 elements down the gro#p.

elements of Aro#p 13% relate the inert nat#re of Aro#p 13 elements to their electron arrangements% relate the d#plet and octet electron arrangements of Aro#p 13 elements to their sta&ility% descri&e #ses of Aro#p 13 elements in daily life.

#se m#ltimedia materials.

, st#dent is a&le to) list all Aro#p 1 elements. state the general physical properties of lithi#m% sodi#m and potassi#m% descri&e changes in the physical properties from lithi#m to potassi#m% list the chemical properties of lithi#m% sodi#m and potassi#m% descri&e the similarities in chemical properties of lithi#m% sodi#m and potassi#m% relate the chemical properties of Aro#p 1 elements to their electron arrangements% descri&e changes in reacti(ity of Aro#p 1 elements down the gro#p% predict physical and chemical properties of other elements in Aro#p 1% state the safety preca#tions when handling Aro#p 1 elements. .

6eachers are enco#raged to #se demonstration for acti(ities in(ol(ing sodi#m and potassi#m

1B

Yearly Plan Chemistry- Form 4

CIK AYUNI BT AZIZAN - SMK AMINUDDIN BAKI C !M"#

8redict physical and chemical properties of Aro#p 1 elements other than lithi#m% sodi#m and potassi#m. Watch m#ltimedia materials on the safety preca#tions when handling Aro#p 1 elements. (week 11) 3/2 12/2 2.2 ,nalysing Aro#p 17 elements Aather information and disc#ss on) a. Aro#p 17 elements% &. physical properties of chlorine% &romine and iodine with respect to their colo#r% density and &oiling point% c. changes in the physical properties from chlorine to iodine% d. descri&e the chemical properties of chlorine% &romine and iodine% e. the similarities in chemical properties of chlorine% &romine and iodine% f. the relationship &etween the chemical properties of Aro#p 17 elements with their electron arrangements. Carry o#t e$periments to in(estigate the reactions of chlorine% &romine and iodine with) a. water% &. metals s#ch as iron% c. sodi#m hydro$ide. "isc#ss changes in the reacti(ity of Aro#p 17 elements down the gro#p. 8redict physical and chemical properties of Aro#p 17 elements other than chlorine% &romine and iodine. Watch m#ltimedia materials on the safety preca#tions when handling Aro#p 17 , st#dent is a&le to) list all Aro#p 17 elements% state the general physical properties of chlorine% &romine and iodine% descri&e changes in the physical properties from chlorine to iodine% list the chemical properties of chlorine% &romine and iodine% descri&e the similarities in chemical properties of chlorine% &romine and iodine% relate the chemical properties of Aro#p 17 elements with their electron arrangements% descri&e changes in reacti(ity of Aro#p 17 elements down the gro#p% predict physical and chemical properties of other elements in Aro#p 17% state the safety preca#tions when handling Aro#p 17 elements.

11

Yearly Plan Chemistry- Form 4

CIK AYUNI BT AZIZAN - SMK AMINUDDIN BAKI C !M"#

elements. (week 12) 1:/2 13/2 2.: ,nalysing elements in a period Collect and interpret data on the properties of elements in 8eriod 1 s#ch as) a. proton n#m&er% &. electron arrangement% c. si7e of atom% d. electronegati(ity% e. physical state. "isc#ss changes in the properties of elements across 8eriod 1. Carry o#t e$periments to st#dy the o$ides of elements in 8eriod 1 and relate them to their metallic properties. "isc#ss in small gro#ps and make a presentation on the changes of properties of o$ides of elements across 8eriod 1. "isc#ss and predict changes in the properties of elements in 8eriod 2. Collect and interpret data on #ses of semi* metals i.e. silicon and germani#m in the microelectronic ind#stry. (week 12) 1:/2 13/2 2.D Understanding transition elements Carry o#t an acti(ity to identify the positions of transition elements in the 8eriodic 6a&le. Collect and interpret data on properties of transition elements with respect to melting points% density% (aria&le o$idation n#m&ers and a&ility to form colo#red compo#nds. /&ser(e the colo#r of) a. a few compo#nds of transition elements% &. prod#cts of the reaction &etween , st#dent is a&le to) identify the positions of transition elements in the 8eriodic 6a&le% gi(e e$amples of transition elements% descri&e properties of transition elements% state #ses of transition elements in ind#stries. /$idation n#m&er is synonymo#s with o$idation state. Chemical e-#ations are not re-#ired. , st#dent is a&le to) list all elements in 8eriod 1% write electron arrangements of all elements in 8eriod 1% descri&e changes in the properties of elements across 8eriod 1% state changes in the properties of the o$ides of elements across 8eriod 1% predict changes in the properties of elements across 8eriod 2% descri&e #ses of semi*metals. .emi*metals are also known as metalloids

12

Yearly Plan Chemistry- Form 4

CIK AYUNI BT AZIZAN - SMK AMINUDDIN BAKI C !M"#

a-#eo#s sol#tion of compo#nds of transition elements with sodi#m hydro$ide sol#tion% ?a/C% and ammonia sol#tion% ?C1(a-). /&ser(e the colo#r of precio#s stones and identify the presence of transition elements. Ai(e e$amples on the #se of transition elements as catalysts in ind#stries. (week 1:) 22/2 2D/2 2.7 ,ppreciating the e$istence of elements and their compo#nds Aather information on efforts of scientists in disco(ering the properties of elements and make a m#ltimedia presentation. "isc#ss in a for#m a&o#t life witho#t (ario#s elements and compo#nds. Carry o#t pro5ects to collect specimens or pict#res of (ario#s types of rocks. "isc#ss and practise ways to handle chemicals safely and to a(oid their wastage. #'TT"R 'ROUND US L"'RNIN 'R"' 0 1& C!"#IC'L /ONDS (week 1:) 22/2 2D/2 :.1 Understanding formation of compo#nds Collect and interpret data on the e$istence of (ario#s nat#rally occ#rring compo#nds for e$ample% water% C2/% car&on dio$ide% C/2% and minerals to introd#ce the concept of chemical &onds. "isc#ss) a. the sta&ility of inert gases with respect to the electron arrangement% &. conditions for the formation of chemical &onds% c. types of chemical &onds. (week 1D) 2@/2 1/: :.2 .ynthesising ideas on formation of ionic Use comp#ter sim#lation to e$plain formation of ions and electron arrangement of ions. , st#dent is a&le to) descri&e efforts of scientists in disco(ering the properties of elements% descri&e what life wo#ld &e witho#t di(erse elements and compo#nds% identify different colo#rs in compo#nds of transition elements fo#nd nat#rally% handle chemicals wisely. , st#dent is a&le to) e$plain the sta&ility of inert gases% e$plain conditions for the formation of chemical &onds% state types of chemical &onds.

, st#dent is a&le to) e$plain formation of ions% write electron arrangements for the ions formed%

4onic &ond is synonymo#s with electro(alent

11

Yearly Plan Chemistry- Form 4

CIK AYUNI BT AZIZAN - SMK AMINUDDIN BAKI C !M"#

&ond

Cond#ct an acti(ity to prepare ionic compo#nds for e$ample% magnesi#m o$ide% +g/% sodi#m chloride% ?aCl and iron(444) chloride% 0eCl1 . Carry o#t an acti(ity to ill#strate formation of ionic &ond thro#gh models% diagrams or comp#ter sim#lation. Use comp#ter sim#lation to ill#strate the e$istence of electrostatic force &etween ions of opposite charges in ionic &ond.

e$plain formation of ionic &ond% ill#strate electron arrangement of an ionic &ond% ill#strate formation of ionic &ond.

&ond.

(week 1D) 2@/2 1/:

:.1 .ynthesising ideas on formation of co(alent &ond

Collect and interpret data on the meaning of co(alent &ond. Use models and comp#ter sim#lation to ill#strate formation of) a. single &ond in hydrogen% C2% chlorine% Cl2% hydrogen chloride% CCl% water% C2/% methane% CC2% ammonia% ?C1% tetrachloromethane% CCl2% &. do#&le &ond in o$ygen% /2% car&on dio$ide% C/2% c. triple &ond in nitrogen% ?2. "raw diagrams showing electron arrangements for the formation of co(alent &ond incl#ding Fewis str#ct#re. "isc#ss and constr#ct a mind map to compare the formation of co(alent &ond with ionic &ond.

, st#dent is a&le to) state the meaning of co(alent &ond% e$plain formation of co(alent &ond% ill#strate formation of a co(alent &ond &y drawing electron arrangement% ill#strate formation of co(alent &ond% compare and contrast formation of ionic and co(alent &onds.

(week 1D) 2@/2 1/:

:.2 ,nalysing properties of ionic and co(alent compo#nds

Collect and interpret data on properties of ionic and co(alent compo#nds. Work in gro#ps to carry o#t an acti(ity to compare the following properties of ionic and co(alent compo#nds) a. melting and &oiling points%

, st#dent is a&le to) list properties of ionic compo#nds% list properties of co(alent compo#nds% e$plain differences in the electrical cond#cti(ity of ionic

.ol(ent * pelarut

12

Yearly Plan Chemistry- Form 4

CIK AYUNI BT AZIZAN - SMK AMINUDDIN BAKI C !M"#

&. c.

electrical cond#cti(ities% sol#&ilities in water and organic sol(ents.

"isc#ss) a. differences in electrical cond#cti(ities of ionic and co(alent compo#nds d#e to the presence of ions% &. differences in the melting and &oiling points of ionic and co(alent compo#nds. Aather information on #ses of co(alent compo#nds as sol(ents in daily life. (week 17% 13 G 1@) D/: 21/: INT"R'CTION /"T2""N C!"#IC'LS 3& "L"CTROC!"#ISTR$ (week 2B) 1B/D 12/D D.1 Understanding properties of electrolytes and non*electrolytes +4" H9,; 9I,+4?,64/? Cond#ct acti(ities to classify chemicals into electrolytes and non*electrolytes. "isc#ss) a. the meaning of electrolyte% &. the relationship &etween the presence of freely mo(ing ions and electrical cond#cti(ity. "isc#ss) a. electrolysis process% &. str#ct#re of electrolytic cell. Use comp#ter sim#lation to) a. identify cations and anions in a molten compo#nd% &. ill#strate to show the e$istence of ions held in a lattice in solid state &#t mo(e freely in molten state. Cond#ct an acti(ity to in(estigate the electrolysis of molten lead(44) &romide% 8&<r2 to)

and co(alent compo#nds% descri&e differences in melting and &oiling points of ionic and co(alent compo#nds% compare and contrast the sol#&ility of ionic and co(alent compo#nds% state #ses of co(alent compo#nds as sol(ents.

, st#dent is a&le to) state the meaning of electrolyte% classify s#&stances into electrolytes and non* electrolytes% relate the presence of freely mo(ing ions to electrical cond#cti(ity. , st#dent is a&le to) descri&e electrolysis% descri&e electrolytic cell% identify cations and anions in a molten compo#nd% descri&e e(idence for the e$istence of ions held in a lattice in solid state &#t mo(e freely in molten state% descri&e electrolysis of a molten compo#nd% write half*e-#ations for the discharge of ions at anode and cathode%

.t#dents ha(e &asic knowledge that electrical circ#it can &e &#ilt #sing sol#tions and electrolysis of water. 6he term and skill in writing half e-#ation or half reaction is new to st#dents. molten leburan half*e-#ation * setengah persamaan half*reaction * setengah tindak balas

(week 2B) 1B/D 12/D

D.2 ,nalysing electrolysis of molten compo#nds

1:

Yearly Plan Chemistry- Form 4

CIK AYUNI BT AZIZAN - SMK AMINUDDIN BAKI C !M"#

a. &. c.

identify cations and anions% descri&e the electrolysis process% write half*e-#ations for the discharge of ions at anode and cathode.

predict prod#cts of the electrolysis of molten compo#nds.

Collect and interpret data on electrolysis of molten ionic compo#nds with (ery high melting points% for e$ample sodi#m chloride% ?aCl and lead (44) o$ide% 8&/. 8redict prod#cts from the electrolysis of other molten compo#nds. (week 21) 17/D 21/D D.1 ,nalysing the electrolysis of a-#eo#s sol#tions Cond#ct an acti(ity to in(estigate the electrolysis of copper(44) s#lphate sol#tion and dil#te s#lph#ric acid #sing car&on electrodes to) a. identify cations and anions in the a-#eo#s sol#tions% &. descri&e the electrolysis of the a-#eo#s sol#tions% c. write half e-#ations for the discharge of ions at the anode and the cathode. Cond#ct e$periments to in(estigate factors determining selecti(e discharge of ions at electrodes &ased on) a. positions of ions in electrochemical series% &. concentration of ions in a sol#tion% c. types of electrodes. Use comp#ter sim#lation to e$plain factors affecting electrolysis of an a-#eo#s sol#tion. 8redict the prod#cts of electrolysis of a-#eo#s sol#tions and write their half e-#ations. , st#dent is a&le to) identify cations and anions in an a-#eo#s sol#tion% descri&e the electrolysis of an a-#eo#s sol#tion% e$plain #sing e$amples factors affecting electrolysis of an a-#eo#s sol#tion% write half e-#ations for the discharge of ions at the anode and the cathode% predict the prod#cts of electrolysis of a-#eo#s sol#tions.

1D

Yearly Plan Chemistry- Form 4

CIK AYUNI BT AZIZAN - SMK AMINUDDIN BAKI C !M"#

(week 22) 22/D 23/D

D.2 9(al#ating electrolysis in ind#stry

Cond#ct e$periments to st#dy the p#rification and electroplating of metals. Using comp#ter sim#lation% st#dy and disc#ss) a. e$traction of al#mini#m from al#mini#m o$ide% &. p#rification of copper% c. electroplating of metals. Carry o#t acti(ities to write chemical e-#ations for electrolysis in ind#stries. Collect data and disc#ss the &enefits and harmf#l effects of electrolysis in ind#stries.

, st#dent is a&le to) state #ses of electrolysis in ind#stries e$plain the e$traction% p#rification and electroplating of metals in(ol(ing electrolysis in ind#stries% write chemical e-#ations to represent the electrolysis process in ind#stries% 5#stify #ses of electrolysis in ind#stries% descri&e the pro&lem of poll#tion from electrolysis in ind#stry. , st#dent is a&le to) descri&e the str#ct#re of a simple (oltaic cell and "aniell cell% e$plain the prod#ction of electricity from a simple (oltaic cell% e$plain the reactions in a simple (oltaic cell and "aniell cell% compare and contrast the ad(antages and disad(antages of (ario#s (oltaic cells% descri&e the differences &etween electrolytic and (oltaic cells. , (oltaic cell is alsocalled gal(anic cell. +ention new cells s#ch as lithi#m ion% nickel hydride and polymeric cells.

(week 21) 1/7 :/7

D.: ,nalysing (oltaic cell

.t#dy the str#ct#re of a (oltaic cell s#ch as a simple (oltaic cell and "aniell cell. Cond#ct an e$periment to show the prod#ction of electricity from chemical reactions in a simple (oltaic cell. Carry o#t acti(ities on a simple (oltaic cell and a "aniell cell to e$plain the reactions in each cell. Collect data and disc#ss the ad(antages and disad(antages of (ario#s (oltaic cells incl#ding dry cell% lead*acid acc#m#lator% merc#ry cell% alkaline cell and nickel cadmi#m cell. "isc#ss and compare an electrolytic cell with a (oltaic cell.

(week 22) 3/7 12/7

D.D .ynthesising electrochemical series

Carry o#t an e$periment to constr#ct the electrochemical series &ased on) a. potential difference &etween two metals% &. the a&ility of a metal to displace another metal from its salt

, st#dent is a&le to) descri&e the principles #sed in constr#cting the electrochemical series% constr#ct the electrochemical series%

displacement reaction tindak balas penyesaran

17

Yearly Plan Chemistry- Form 4

CIK AYUNI BT AZIZAN - SMK AMINUDDIN BAKI C !M"#

sol#tion. "isc#ss #ses of the electrochemical series to determine) a. cell terminal% &. standard cell (oltage% c. the a&ility of a metal to displace another metal from its salt sol#tion. Carry o#t e$periments to confirm the predictions on the metal displacement reaction. Carry o#t an acti(ity to write the chemical e-#ations for metal displacement reactions. (week 22) 3/7 12/7 D.7 "e(elop awareness and responsi&le practices when handling chemicals #sed in electrochemical ind#stries "isc#ss the importance of electrochemical ind#stries in o#r daily life. Collect data and disc#ss the pro&lems on poll#tion ca#sed &y the ind#strial processes in(ol(ing electrochemical ind#stries. Cold a for#m to disc#ss the importance of waste disposal from electrochemical ind#stries in a safe and orderly manner. .how a (ideo on the importance of recycling and systematic disposal of #sed &atteries in a safe and orderly manner. 8ractise recycling #sed &atteries. INT"R'CTION /"T2""N C!"#IC'LS 4& 'CIDS 'ND /'S"S (week 2:) 1:/7 *1@/7 7.1 ,nalysing characteristics and properties of acids and &ases "isc#ss) a. the concept of acid% &ase and alkali in terms of the ions they contained or prod#ced in a-#eo#s sol#tions% &. #ses of acids% &ases and alkalis in daily life. Carry o#t an e$periment to show that the

e$plain the importance of electrochemical series% predict the a&ility of a metal to displace another metal from its salt sol#tion% write the chemical e-#ations for metal displacement reactions.

, st#dent is a&le to) 5#stify the fact that electrochemical ind#stries can impro(e the -#ality of life% descri&e the pro&lem of poll#tion ca#sed &y the ind#strial processes in(ol(ing electrolysis% 5#stify the need to dispose of waste from electrochemical ind#stries in a safe and orderly manner% practise safe and systematic disposal of #sed &atteries.

, st#dent is a&le to) state the meaning of acid% &ase and alkali% state #ses of acids% &ases and alkalis in daily life% e$plain the role of water in the formation of hydrogen ions to show the properties of acids%

6he formation of hydro$oni#m ion% C1BJ% is introd#ced. +onoprotic

monoprotic acid asid monobes diprotic acid asid dwibes

13

Yearly Plan Chemistry- Form 4

CIK AYUNI BT AZIZAN - SMK AMINUDDIN BAKI C !M"#

presence of water is essential for the formation of hydrogen ions that ca#ses acidity. Carry o#t an e$periment to show that the presence of water is essential for the formation of hydro$ide ions that ca#ses alkalinity. Watch comp#ter sim#lation on the formation of hydro$oni#m ions and hydro$ide ions in the presence of water. Cond#ct acti(ities to st#dy chemical properties of acids and alkalis from the following reactions) a. acids with &ases% &. acids with metals% c. acids with metallic car&onates. Write e-#ations for the respecti(e reactions. (week 2:) 1:/7 *1@/7 7.2 .ynthesising the concepts of strong acids% weak acids% strong alkalis and weak alkalis Carry o#t an acti(ity #sing pC scale to meas#re the pC of sol#tions #sed in daily life s#ch as soap sol#tion% car&onated water% tap water or fr#it 5#ice. Carry o#t an acti(ity to meas#re the pC (al#e of a few sol#tions with the same concentration. 0or e$ample% hydrochloric acid% ethanoic acid% ammonia and sodi#m hydro$ide with the #se of indicators% pC meter or comp#ter interface. <ased on the data o&tained from the a&o(e acti(ity% disc#ss the relationship &etween) a. pC (al#es and acidity or alkalinity of a s#&stance% &. concentration of hydrogen ions and the pC (al#es% c. concentration of hydro$ide ions and the pC (al#es% d. strong acids and their degree of

e$plain the role of water in the formation of hydro$ide ions to show the properties of alkalis% descri&e chemical properties of acids and alkalis.

and diprotic acid is introd#ced.

, st#dent is a&le to) state the #se of a pC scale% relate pC (al#e with acidic or alkaline properties of a s#&stance% relate concentration of hydrogen ions with pC (al#e% relate concentration of hydro$ide ions with pC (al#e% relate strong or weak acid with degree of dissociation% relate strong or weak alkali with degree of dissociation% concept#alise -#alitati(ely strong and weak acids% concept#alise -#alitati(ely strong and weak alkalis

6he form#la pC > *log KCJL is not re-#ired. "issociation is also known as

ionisation. dissociation penceraian ionisation * pengionan

1@

Yearly Plan Chemistry- Form 4

CIK AYUNI BT AZIZAN - SMK AMINUDDIN BAKI C !M"#

e. f. g.

dissociation% weak acids and their degree of dissociation% strong alkalis and their degree of dissociation% weak alkalis and their degree of dissociation.

Use comp#ter sim#lation to show the degree of dissociation of strong and weak acids as well as strong and weak alkalis. <#ild a mind map on strong acids% weak acids% strong alkalis and weak alkalis. (week 2D) 22/7 2:/7 7.1 ,nalysing concentration of acids and alkalis "isc#ss) a. the meaning of concentration% &. the meaning of molarity% c. the relationship &etween the n#m&er of moles with the molarity and the (ol#me of a sol#tion% d. methods for preparing standard sol#tions. .ol(e n#merical pro&lems in(ol(ing con(ersion of concentration #nits from g dm*1 to mol dm*1 and (ice (ersa. 8repare a standard sol#tion of sodi#m hydro$ide% ?a/C or potassi#m hydro$ide% M/C. 8repare a sol#tion with specified concentration from the prepared standard sol#tion thro#gh dil#tion. Carry o#t an e$periment to in(estigate the relationship &etween pC (al#es with the molarity of a few dil#ted sol#tions of an acid and an alkali. .ol(e n#merical pro&lems on the molarity of acids and alkalis. , st#dent is a&le to) state the meaning of concentration% state the meaning of molarity% state the relationship &etween the n#m&er of moles with molarity and (ol#me of a sol#tion% descri&e methods for preparing standard sol#tions% descri&e the preparation of a sol#tion with a specified concentration #sing dil#tion method% relate pC (al#e with molarity of acid and alkali% sol(e n#merical pro&lems in(ol(ing molarity of acids and alkalis. 6he #se of pC meter is recommended. .alt sol#tions can &e incl#ded in the disc#ssion. +olarity or molar concentration. .odi#m hydro$ide is not sta&le and a&sor&s moist#re% th#s the concentration is only appro$imate. /$alic acid% C2C2/2.2C2/ or

2B

Yearly Plan Chemistry- Form 4

CIK AYUNI BT AZIZAN - SMK AMINUDDIN BAKI C !M"#

sodi#m car&onate% ?a2C/1 is recommended as a primary standard sol#tion. (week 27) 2@/7 2/3 7.2 ,nalysing ne#tralisation Collect and interpret data on ne#tralisation and its application in daily life. Carry o#t acti(ities to write e-#ations for ne#tralisation reactions. Carry o#t acid*&ase titrations and determine the end point #sing indicators or comp#ter interface. Carry o#t pro&lem sol(ing acti(ities in(ol(ing ne#tralisation reactions to calc#late either concentration or (ol#me of sol#tions. , st#dent is a&le to) e$plain the meaning of ne#tralisation% e$plain the application of ne#tralisation in daily life% write e-#ations for ne#trali7ation reactions% descri&e acid*&ase titration% determine the end point of titration d#ring ne#tralisation% sol(e n#merical pro&lems in(ol(ing ne#trali7ation reactions to calc#late either concentration or (ol#me of sol#tions. ?e#tralise soil #sing lime or ammonia% #se of anti*acid. 6eacher sho#ld emphasise on #sing correct techni-#es.

(week 23) 2D/3 1B/3 INT"R'CTION /"T2""N C!"#IC'LS 5& S'LTS (week 2@) 1@/3 21/3 3.1 .ynthesising salts

UE4,? 89?4F,4,? 2 Collect and interpret data on) a. nat#rally e$isting salts% &. the meaning of salt% c. #ses of salts in agric#lt#re% medicinal field% preparation and preser(ation of food. Carry o#t e$periments to st#dy the sol#&ilities of nitrate% s#lphate% car&onate and chloride salts. 8repare sol#&le salts &y reacting) a. acid with alkali% , st#dent is a&le to) state e$amples of salts #sed in daily life e$plain the meaning of salt identify sol#&le and insol#&le salts% descri&e the preparation of sol#&le salts% descri&e the p#rification of sol#&le salts &y recrystallisation% list physical characteristics of 6he sol#&le salts prepared are p#rified &y recrystalisation. Use prepared crystals of salts. Use worksheets or -#i77es precipitation reaction tindak balas pemendakan

21

Yearly Plan Chemistry- Form 4

CIK AYUNI BT AZIZAN - SMK AMINUDDIN BAKI C !M"#

&. c. d.

acid with metallic o$ide% acid with metal% acid with metallic car&onate.

Carry o#t an acti(ity to p#rify sol#&le salts &y recrystallisation. "isc#ss the need to p#rify salts. /&ser(e to identify physical characteristics of crystals s#ch as copper(44) s#lphate% C#./2% sodi#m chloride% ?aCl% potassi#m chromate('4)% M2Cr/2% and potassi#m dichromate% M2Cr2/7. 8repare insol#&le salts s#ch as lead(44) iodide% 8&42% lead(44) chromate('4)% 8&Cr/2% and &ari#m s#lphate% <a./2% thro#gh precipitation reactions. Carry o#t acti(ities to write chemical and ionic e-#ations for preparation of sol#&le and insol#&le salts. Constr#ct a flow chart to select s#ita&le methods for preparation of salts. 8lan and carry o#t an acti(ity to prepare a specified salt. Carry o#t an e$periment to constr#ct ionic e-#ations thro#gh contin#o#s (ariation method. Calc#late -#antities of reactants or prod#cts in stoichiometric reactions. (week 1B) 2/@ D/@ 3.2 .ynthesising -#alitati(e analysis of salts "isc#ss the meaning of -#alitati(e analysis. .t#dy and make inferences on the colo#r and the sol#&ility of (ario#s salts in water.

crystals% descri&e the preparation of insol#&le salts% write chemical and ionic e-#ations for reactions #sed in the preparation of salts% design an acti(ity to prepare a specified salt% constr#ct ionic e-#ations thro#gh the contin#o#s (ariation method% sol(e pro&lems in(ol(ing calc#lation of -#antities of reactants or prod#cts in stoichiometric reactions.

, st#dent is a&le to) state the meaning of -#alitati(e analysis% make inferences on salts &ased on their colo#r and sol#&ility in

Chemical tests for /2% C2% C/2% ?C1 and CCl are confirmatory

22

Yearly Plan Chemistry- Form 4

CIK AYUNI BT AZIZAN - SMK AMINUDDIN BAKI C !M"#

Watch m#ltimedia presentation on methods #sed for identifying gases. /&ser(e and carry o#t chemical tests to identify o$ygen% /2% hydrogen% C2% car&on dio$ide% C/2% ammonia% ?C1% chlorine% Cl2% hydrogen chloride% CCl% s#lph#r dio$ide% ./2% and nitrogen dio$ide% ?/2% gases. Carry o#t tests to st#dy the action of heat on car&onate and nitrate salts. /&ser(e changes in colo#r and e(ol#tion of gases when the salts are heated. Carry o#t tests to confirm the presence of car&onate% s#lphate% chloride and nitrate ions in a-#eo#s sol#tions. Carry o#t tests to identify the presence of C#2J% +g 2J% ,l1J% 0e2J% 0e1J% 8&2J% =n2J% ?C2J% Ca2J ions in a-#eo#s sol#tion #sing sodi#m hydro$ide sol#tion% ?a/C% and ammonia sol#tion% ?C1 (a-). Carry o#t tests to confirm the presence of 0e2J% 0e1J% 8&2J and ?C2J ions in a-#eo#s sol#tion. Constr#ct a flow chart on the -#alitati(e analysis of salts. 8lan and carry o#t tests to identify anions and cations in #nknown salts. (week 11) @/@ 11/@ 3.1 8ractising to &e systematic and metic#lo#s when carrying o#t acti(ities Carry o#t acti(ities #sing correct techni-#es d#ring titration% preparation of standard sol#tions and preparation of salts and crystals. 8lan and carry o#t an e$periment% make o&ser(ations% record and analyse data systematically and caref#lly.

water% descri&e tests for the identification of gases% descri&e the action of heat on salts% descri&e the tests for anions% state o&ser(ation of reaction of cations with sodi#m hydro$ide sol#tion and ammonia sol#tion% descri&e confirmatory tests for 0e2J% 0e1J% 8&2J and ?C2J plan -#alitati(e analysis to identify salts.

tests. ,ction of heat on s#lphate and chloride salts may &e mentioned.

, st#dent is a&le to) carry o#t acti(ities #sing the correct techni-#es d#ring preparation of salts and crystals.

,cti(ities are integrated in the topic where applica&le

21

Yearly Plan Chemistry- Form 4

CIK AYUNI BT AZIZAN - SMK AMINUDDIN BAKI C !M"#

.RODUCTION 'ND #'N' "#"NT O) #'NU)'CTUR"D C!"#IC'LS 6& #'NU)'CTUR"D SU/ST'NC"S IN INDUSTR$ (week 12) 17/@ 2B/@

@.1 Understanding the man#fact#re of s#lph#ric acid

"isc#ss #ses of s#lph#ric acid in daily life s#ch as in the making of paints% detergents% fertili7ers and acc#m#lators. Collect and interpret data on the man#fact#re of s#lph#ric acid. Constr#ct a flow chart to show the stages in the man#fact#re of s#lph#ric acid as in the contact process. Aather information and write an essay on how s#lph#r dio$ide% ./2% ca#ses en(ironmental poll#tion.

, st#dent is a&le to) list #ses of s#lph#ric acid% e$plain ind#strial process in the man#fact#re of s#lph#ric acid% e$plain that s#lph#r dio$ide ca#ses en(ironmental poll#tion.

(week 11) 21/@ 27/@

@.2 .ynthesising the man#fact#re of ammonia and its salts

"isc#ss #ses of ammonia in daily life% e.g. in the man#fact#re of fertili7ers and nitric acid. Carry o#t an acti(ity to in(estigate properties of ammonia. Collect data from (ario#s so#rces and constr#ct a flow chart to show the stages in the man#fact#re of ammonia as in the Ca&er process. "esign an acti(ity to prepare an ammoni#m fertili7er% for e$ample ammoni#m s#lphate% (?C2)2./2.

, st#dent is a&le to) list #ses of ammonia% state the properties of ammonia% e$plain the ind#strial process in the man#fact#re of ammonia% design an acti(ity to prepare ammoni#m fertili7er.

(week 12) 1B/@ 2/1B

@.1 Understanding alloys

Fook at some e$amples of p#re metals and materials made of alloys in daily life. Fist and disc#ss their properties. Carry o#t an acti(ity to compare the strength and hardness of alloys with that of their p#re metals. .t#dy the arrangement of atoms in metals and alloys thro#gh comp#ter sim#lation.

, st#dent is a&le to) relate the arrangement of atoms in metals to their d#ctile and mallea&le properties% state the meaning of alloy% state the aim of making alloys% list e$amples of alloys% list compositions and properties of alloys% relate the arrangement of atoms

8roperties incl#de cond#cti(ity% d#ctility% mallea&ility and l#stre. "isc#ss the making

d#ctile mulur mallea&le boleh tempa / bentuk l#stre kilau / relap

22

Yearly Plan Chemistry- Form 4

CIK AYUNI BT AZIZAN - SMK AMINUDDIN BAKI C !M"#

Work in gro#ps to disc#ss) a. the meaning of alloy% &. the p#rpose of making alloys s#ch as d#ral#min% &rass% steel% stainless steel% &ron7e and pewter% c. compositions% properties and #ses of alloys. Carry o#t e$periments to compare the rate of corrosion of iron% steel and stainless steel. .t#dy (ario#s local prod#cts made from alloys. (week 12) 1B/@ 2/1B @.2 9(al#ating #ses of synthetic polymers "isc#ss the meaning of polymers. /&ser(e e$hi&its of materials made of polymers and classify them into nat#rally occ#rring polymers and synthetic polymers. 4dentify the monomers in synthetic polymers #sing models or comp#ter sim#lation. Collect information on the -#antity and types of ho#sehold synthetic polymers disposed of o(er a certain period of time. "isc#ss the en(ironmental poll#tion res#lting from the disposal of synthetic polymers. Cold a de&ate on #ses and the en(ironmental effects of non*&iodegrada&le synthetic polymers in daily life.

in alloys to their strength and hardness% relate properties of alloys to their #ses.

of alloys% for e$ample steel and pewter as an enrichment e$ercise.

, st#dent is a&le to) state the meaning of polymers% list nat#rally occ#rring polymers% list synthetic polymers and their #ses% identify the monomers in the synthetic polymers% 5#stify #ses of synthetic polymers in daily life.

?at#ral polymers to &e disc#ssed are r#&&er% cell#lose and starch. .ynthetic polymers to &e disc#ssed are 8'C% polythene% polypropene% perspe$% nylon and terylene. ;ecycling as a disposal method can &e disc#ssed. Uses of &iodegrada&le polymers can &e disc#ssed.

&iodegrada&le terbiodegradasi non*&iodegrada&le tidak terbiodegradasi

2:

Yearly Plan Chemistry- Form 4

CIK AYUNI BT AZIZAN - SMK AMINUDDIN BAKI C !M"#

(week 1:) 7/1B 11/1B

@.: ,pplying #ses of glass and ceramics

Collect and interpret data on types% composition% properties and #ses of glass and ceramics. 8repare a folio incorporating (ideo clips and pict#res on #ses of glass and ceramics that ha(e &een impro(ed for a specific p#rpose% e.g. photo chromic glass and cond#cting glass.

, st#dent is a&le to) list #ses of glass% list #ses of ceramics% list types of glass and their properties% state properties of ceramics.

Alass types incl#de soda*lime glass% f#sed glass% &orosilicate glass and lead crystal glass.

(week 1:) 7/1B 11/1B

@.D 9(al#ating #ses of composite materials

Watch a m#ltimedia presentation and prepare a folio on) a. the meaning of composite materials% &. a list of composite materials incl#ding reinforced concrete% specific s#per cond#ctor% fi&re optic% fi&re glass and photo chromic glass% c. components of composite materials% d. #ses of composite materials. Compare the s#perior properties of composite materials to their original component thro#gh comp#ter sim#lation. "isc#ss and 5#stify the #ses of composite materials. Watch the prod#ction of composite materials in factories.

, st#dent is a&le to) descri&e needs to prod#ce new materials for specific p#rposes% state the meaning of composite materials% list e$amples of composite materials and their components% compare and contrast properties of composite materials with those of their original component% 5#stify #ses of composite materials% generate ideas to prod#ce ad(anced materials to f#lfil specific needs.

(week 1D) 1D/1B 13/1B

@.7 ,ppreciating (ario#s synthetic ind#strial materials

"isc#ss the importance of synthetic materials in daily life. Cold a for#m to disc#ss the importance of doing research and de(elopment for the well &eing of mankind contin#o#sly. Watch a m#ltimedia presentation or

, st#dent is a&le to) 5#stify the importance of doing research and de(elopment contin#o#sly% act responsi&ly when handling synthetic materials and their wastes% descri&e the importance of

2D

Yearly Plan Chemistry- Form 4

CIK AYUNI BT AZIZAN - SMK AMINUDDIN BAKI C !M"#

(week 17) re(ision (week 13% 1@ G 2B) 23/1B 1:/11

comp#ter sim#lation on poll#tion ca#sed &y the disposal of synthetic materials. 9?" /0 H9,; 9I,+4?,64/?

synthetic materials in daily life.

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