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Rules of Non-Essential Mud Engineering 1. Theory, Mud never needs as much water as is being run.

Mud without water is what your house is sitting on. If you want mud coming out the flow line like what is under your house, then dont run water. 2. Theory, The screwed up mud has washed the hole out and we have got to pump 100% excess cement to compensate. 3. Theory, when we get cement back to the flow line and possibly in sand traps it was screwed up mud channeling like hell, our cement figures were right. 4. Theory, I need a mud report minutes before I turn in a report. If the mud is not good you will know it well before report time. You will be on the phone lining up a fishing tool hand. 5. Theory, we have a safety meeting before most operations to accumulate witnesses that the mud engineer was present and is to blame if any screw ups occur. We never listen to their suggestions! 6. Theory, we never intentionally take an influx into the well bore. If we had a 150 bbl gain, it was ballooning formation. Never mind that the retort water doubled and the mud weight fell drastically, it just appeared that way, your solids settled out in that spot of screwed up mud. 7. Theory, thats not cement. All mud that flows like a volcano and sits in the sand traps for m ore than 24 hours has to be thinned with a sledge hammer and chisel. 8. Theory, its easy to see why you are non essential personnel and you are always on the last flight. If something happened to the on-duty engineer, there would be no one to blame if something went wrong and you were already gone on the first flight. You are lucky not to be crew changing in a row boat. 9. If you aint convinced yet, Payday in on the 30th. Rules of Thumb *PV = 3 to 3.5 times Mud Wt. *YP = Mud Wt. (Not always) *Vis = 4 x Mud Wt. *Add 1 or 2 sx of Gel every 100 ft. drilled. *Above 12 ppg, % Solids = 2x Mud Wt. *Diff. In Vis no more than 10 sec. between pump suction and flow line/20 sec. B/U after trips. *Add 1 to 2 sx of Gel for each hour centrifuge is run. *sp. gr. x 8.33 = ppg *bbl x 5.615 = cubic feet *cubic feet x 7.48 = gallons Weight Up 1470(MW2 MW1) MW2= Desired mud wt. 35 MW2 MW1= Starting mud wt. (Answer)(Volume of mud to wt.up) = lbs. / 100 lb sacks = Number of barite sx. needed to wt. up Volume Increase Sacks of Barite/14.70 Mud Wt. Reduction Vi(W1-W2) Vi= Initial volume, W1= Starting mud wt. W2-DW W2= Desired mud wt., DW= Dilution wt.

Cylinder Volume in bbls/ft. BPF= Diameter(squared) x .0009714 Gals/Liner ft.= Diameter(squared) x .048 Hydrostatic Pressure (.052)(Mud wt)(TVD)= PSI Bottom Hole Temperature F= .016(TVD)+72F Kill Mud Wt SIDPP + Mud Wt. Size a Hole for Washout Hole(squared) x %Washout then take Square Root of that number. Washout Calculations * 15% with 9 7/8 open hole w/ 5 Drill pipe 9.875(squared)(1.15) 5(squared) = .0846 bbls/ft 1029.4 Rectangular Tank w/ Flat Bottom BBLS/in. = L x W x 144 9702 Rectangular Tank w/ Slopping Sides bbls/in = L x D x (W1 + W2) = _________/ 2 = Answer Buoyancy Factor BF = 1 Mud Wt 65.5