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40 | THOSE WHO CAN, TEACH
Your teacher training special report.
By Sue White
52 | DONT QUIT YOUR DAY JOB
You might be surprised what your yoga
teacher gets up to outside the studio.
By Katie Brown
56 | GOOD FOR YOU
How your practice improves your health.
By Katherine Griffin
68 | FUTURE YOGA
Where is yoga headed from here?
By Brook McCarthy
on the cover
January 201 4
Cover credits Model: Kino MacGregor
Photography: DAVID MARTINEZ
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TEACHER
TRAINING
ANNUAL
4 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4

conscious yoga athletica

practice
34 | BASICS
Upward Extended Foot Pose: build core strength
while developing stability and stillness with
Urdhva Prasarita Padasana.
By Nikki Costello
49 | HOME PRACTICE
Well grounded: rooting down through the
earth lets you stay strong and flexible, even
when life tries to throw you off balance.
By Deborah Burkman
79 | MASTERCLASS
Depth perception: use this quieting twist
to pause and check in with your inner life.
By Annie Carpenter
86 | ASK THE MENTOR
How important is your voice when teaching?
departments 92 | ASK THE EXPERT(S)
Our experts share: why I became a teacher
and what I wish Id known back then.
inspiration
15 | OM
Find your happy place; keep cool with sweet
treats; tame tension in your neck and shoulders;
get outdoors for ultimate health; spot a safe
self-tanner; up your vitamin D levels.
26 | LIVING YOGA
Its a womans world: why are more women than
men drawn to yoga? By Katie Manitsas
30 | WELLBEING
Bypass burnout: learn to take time out before
you work yourself into a rut. By Diana Timmins
64 | ESSAY
What catching pneumonia taught Victoria Penko
about yoga teaching and herself.
contents
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90 | NEWS AND REVIEWS
Books, DVDs, apps, websites and worthy
causes: our pick of the best.
114 | THE AYJ INTERVIEW
Tibetan Buddhist Robina Courtin on having
the courage to change your thoughts.
By Tamsin Angus-Leppan
travel
72 | FINDING NEVER NEVER LAND
A traditional Sri Lankan working village offers
a rare yoga retreat experience. By Kris McIntyre
health
22 | JOIN CLUB MED
The Mediterranean diet just got even better
for you. By Lavinia Spalding
reader offer
96 | SUBSCRIBE
Subscribe for two years and well add
two bonus issues to your subscription!
January 201 4
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editors letter
A teacher affects
eternity; he can
never tell where his
influence stops
Henry Adams
Both of my parents were high school teachers before they retired.
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on his education and intellectual awakening. It was amazing that this
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psychologically and spiritually.
If you are considering taking that big step to becoming a yoga
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beyond the mat and peeked into the
future to see what might be in store
for the yoga teachers of tomorrow.
Theres a lot to take in.
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yoga teacher whos stood out for
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inspiration and awakening. And who
knows? Maybe one day youll be that
special teacher that someone will
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AUS T R AL I AN YO GA J O U R NAL
ODYSSEUS PUBLISHING PTY LIMITED
ABN 39 122 001 665
Suite 15, Level 2/174 Willoughby Road,
Crows Nest NSW 2065
PO Box 81 St Leonards NSW 1590
Tel: (02) 9439 1955 Fax: (02) 9439 1977
www.yogajournal.com.au
Subscription enquiries: (02) 9439 1955
8 issues (1 year) $60.00
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E D I T O R Alison Turner
editor@yogajournal.com.au
AR T D I R E C T O R Julitta Overdijk
NAT I O NAL ADV E R T I S I N G MANAG E R
Cara Boatswain (02) 9439 1955
cara@odysseus.com.au
P U B L I S HE RS
Ian Brooks ian@odysseus.com.au
Todd Cole todd@odysseus.com.au
P R I NT E R
Printed by Webstar Print
Australian Yoga Journal is published and distributed
eight times a year by Odysseus Publishing Pty Limited,
under license from Cruz Bay Publishing Inc., 475
Sansome Street, Suite 850, San Francisco, California,
United States of America. Copyright 2014 Cruz Bay
Publishing Inc. The trademark YOGA JOURNAL is a
registered trademark of Cruz Bay Publishing Inc. All
rights reserved. This publication may not be reproduced
in whole or part without the written permission of
the publisher. Copyright of all images and text sent
to Australian Yoga Journal (whether solicited or not)
is assigned to Odysseus Publishing upon receipt.
Articles express the opinions of the authors and are not
necessarily those of the Publisher, Editor or Odysseus
Publishing Pty Limited. Distributed by Network Services.
ISSN 1837 2406.
I SSUE NO 32. JANUARY 201 4
O D Y S S E U S
p u b l i s h i n g
C R UZ BAY P U B L I S HI N G I N C .
G E NE R AL MANAG E R Patricia Fox
G R O U P P U B L I S HE R Bill Harper
E D I T O R I N C HI E F Kaitlin Quistgaard
C R E AT I V E D I R E C T O R Charli Ornett
MANAG I N G E D I T O R , I NT E R NAT I O NAL
E D I T I O NS Dayna Macy
C R E AT I V E S E RVI C E S D I R E C T O R
Jane Tarver
The exercise instructions and advice in this magazine
are designed for people who are in good health and
physically fit. They are not intended to substitute
for medical counselling. The creators, producers,
participants and distributors of Australian Yoga
Journal disclaim any liability for loss or injury in
connection with the exercises shown or instruction
and advice expressed herein.
Alison Turner
editor@yogajournal.com.au
Visit us on Facebook:
facebook.com/australianyogajournal
Follow us on Twitter:
twitter.com/Yoga_Journal_Au A
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Heres (a sweaty) me having a delicious
post-yoga class lunch at Sydneys Egg of the
Universe with owners Harry and Bryony.
8 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4

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contributors
Brook McCarthy
Brook McCarthy is a yoga teacher
and Director of Yoga Reach online
marketing consultancy. She helps
yoga teachers to magnify their
impact, be bol d in business,
and bring more people to the
mat through business coaching,
courses, and eprograms. Visit
YogaReach.com.au or follow Brook
on Twitter @YogaReach.
Kris McIntyre
Kris McIntyre is a Ryoho yoga
therapist and writer, best known as
the host of Australias YOGA TV,
which has been syndicated around
the world. She currently teaches
public yoga classes in Sydney and
seasonal yoga retreats with Peppers
Salt Resort & Spa in orthern S\
and Lake Crackenback Resort
& Spa in the Snowy Mountains.
krismcintyre.com
Victoria
Penko
V i c t o r i a
Penko spent
her late teens
and twenties travelling the globe
reporting for UK magazines and
TV show. But she always had the
feeling there was something more
she needed to do. Her inner activist
surfaced when she was offered
the chance to interview Iamilies
of the disappeared for Amnesty
International. Lver since she has
been looking for meaningful ways
to contribute and now works in the
Australian environmental sector,
promoting water and environment
programs. Shes also a yoga teacher.

talk to us
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Want to see yourself, a family member,
a friend or even a pet in a future issue
of Australian Yoga Journal? Send your
pics (high resolution jpgs are preferred)
to editor@yogajournal.com.au.
...
READERS PIC
...

CORRECTION In the article At the Beach (issue 31, p82) we state that more kid-
friendly yoga sequences are available at overthemoonstudio.com. This is incorrect
the sequences are actually available on the Yoga Education Resources website at
yogaeducationresources.com.au. We apologise for this error.
We aspire to inspire
I picked up AYJ for the first time at
the airport on my way to a meditation
retreat. I have recently incorporated yoga
and meditation into my life to assist with
depression and low selIesteem. I wanted to
thank you for producing such an inspirational
and aspirational magazine. As someone who is very new to
meditation, Sally Kempton's article On the Right Track"
helped me feel more committed and connected to my practice.
Im so relieved to know Im not the only one who has a monkey
mind and often feels frustrated during meditation! Meanwhile,
Alison Turner's advice to look in the mirror" and quit the
negative talk" \ays to be Kinder to You" has helped me
relax a little and be kinder to myselI. Thank you Ior producing
an insightIul, nurturing and inIormationrich magazine. I'm so
happy I found this wonderful resource.
SARAH
Ed: And we are so happy that you found us, Sarah! (Oh, and Im glad you liked
my story, too *does a little dance*).
Serenity now
Lucinda Bresnehan, who teaches
yoga at the Lotus Centre in
Hobart, Tasmania, shares this
photo oI her Iouryearold niece,
Kirra. She loves Lotus Pose,"
Lucinda says. Very cute, indeed.
Thanks to the teachers
I've been practising yoga Ior several
years now and have in general been
quite regular with class attendance.
However due to an overall collapse of
my routine in the last six months Ive
been struggling to remain regular in
my yoga. This brings me to the crux
of my letter: teacher dedication.
\hile we as pupils have the
opportunity to skip a class here and
there, our teachers cannot afford
this luxury. Day after day week
aIter week Irom dawn practices to
evening relaxation classes go on all
over the world where we can go to
gain instruction and insight. None
oI this would be possible without
the selfless dedication of our yoga
instructors. These inspirational
human beings devote themselves
to passing on their knowledge to us
and nurturing our skills and abilities.
So next time you consider skipping
class, spare a thought for the people
who make this all possible. Maybe you
could devote your next session to our
yoga teachers, take the time to say
thanks at the end of class or even just
return their welcoming smile.
JEREMY JUDD
Ed: Youve nailed it, Jeremy
our teachers are inspirational.
And this issue is dedicated to them!
winning
letter
J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4

Everything in moderation
I absolutely love my Yoga Journal the
stockpile of editions in my living room
is constantly being thumbed through Ior
inspiration, interesting sequencing, recipes
and motivation to continue and enhance
my yoga journey. \hich is why I was a little
disappointed to come across a couple of
things that just don't belong in Yoga Journal.
There are so many healthy dessert recipes
out there that give us the goodness oI three
types oI Iruit" I'm baIIled as to why you would
encourage yogis to try a pavlova that includes
/z cups oI caster sugar! issue , pg z.
Similarly, we can make myriad healthy
choices in liIe to keep our hearts healthy
why would a yoga magazine advise people
to consume red wine every day!:! True,
the article only suggests a little red wine a
day" issue pg but does this Iit in with
the lifestyle of a healthy yogi? Just ask any
reputable naturopath whether the rest oI our
organs would be healthier with or without at
least a Iew alcoholIree days per week.
I am by no means a renunciate, nor do
I preach that we must abstain Irom alcohol or
sugar indeed I agree that moderation is key
however I don't Ieel that a yoga magazine
needs to start incorporating the same sort of
questionable health" tips that we could pick
up Irom any one oI thousands oI glossy/trash
mags. I want to continue looking forward to
being inspired by every page oI AYJ when it
arrives in my mailbox. Please don't allow this
magazine to drift into the same category as
women's interest" magazines. Please keep
up the Iabulous work and inspire us on every
page to be healthier and happier yogis.
MI A MARTI N
Ed: Thanks for your feedback, Mia. Im a
firm believer in enjoying the wonderful life
Ive been blessed with, and think that the
pavlova in question (as the recipes states)
should be saved for special occasions, when
a little enjoyment is warranted. Also, a glass
of red wine a day has been shown to offer
health benefits, but if you dont want to drink
This months winning
letter has scored
Sarah a $150 Eco
Yoga Store voucher.
Email your letter to
editor@yogajournal.com.au
or snail mail it to
PO Box 81,
St Leonards,
NSW 1590.
Include your
full name and
address. Prizes
available to
Australian and NZ
residents only.
it, you dont have to all the more for me!
But seriously, Yoga Journal is for everyone,
and our aim is to provide a holistic view of
a healthy lifestyle that includes diet and
health as well as asanas and meditation.
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Crane Pose. Because it takes
concentration and strength.
And I feel I have achieved
something after Ive done it.
KRI STI N TUCKER
Ardha Chandrasana because
I am half the moon!
LUCY ALEXANDER
Tree for me. As I see how
strong and flexible trees are
and I visualise I can take on
all the beautiful qualities of a
tree when I am in this pose.
LESLEY CHRI STI AN
Urdhva Dhanurasana.
Confronting, difficult
and grunt-eliciting but
a fabulous confidence
building, strengthening
and releasing asana.
AI LEEN DAVI D
Savasana - if I can stay still
for Savasana Ive nailed my
practice!
KERRY LAMONT
Headstand, king of asanas...
because it makes me
appreciate life more when
upside down.
AYMAN KHATI B
Handstand, nothing like
changing your perspective
and realising your strength.
NEEN WAT
Happy Baby - dont care
bout nuthin when Im
doing happy baby.
KI MMI E CLI NEN
Any arm balance that I nail.
Because its an arm balance,
and because I nail it.
HELEN JOHNSON
Join us on FB!
facebook.com/
australianyogajournal
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WE ASKED
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like to practice?
I like to do my yoga practice
before bed in the evening.
Gets the days events
processed and makes for a
good nights sleep.
RUTH HULBERT
Its different every day
and doesnt always involve
rolling the mat out.
ANNA KELLY
Any time, but particularly
early morning when
everyone else is in bed so I
can find my peace.
JI LL GREENSMI TH-TUCKER
Join our 3750+ Facebook friends! Like us
at facebook.com/australianyogajournal
We want to hear from you! Email your thoughts, photos,
ideas and requests to editor@yogajournal.com.au
you tell us
We asked our Facebook friends: which pose makes you feel powerful, and why?
The most popular pose was Warrior II because, as teacher Marcus Felicetti says, Thats
what its designed to do. You open the body up and stand firm, squeezing the earth, feeling
the kinetic energy rising into your sacrum, which is the source of your physical power.
But there were plenty of other responses, with interesting reasons behind them:
Vale, Roma Blair
All of us here at Australian Yoga
Journal pay tribute to the mother
of yoga in Australia, Roma Blair, who
has passed away at the age of 90.
Roma (Swami Nirmalananda) died on
Tuesday, November 5, 2013, in Burleigh
Heads, Qld, after becoming critically ill.
A successful model, Roma was only 18
and living in Java during WWII when she
was taken as a POW by the Japanese. She
was held in an internment camp for three
and half years, during which time she gave
birth to a son and suffered from severe dysentery. After the war,
plagued by ill health and nightmares, Roma was introduced to yoga.
After returning home to Australia, she started the Roma Blair
Yoga Clubs and brought yoga to the homes of millions of Australians
through her national TV show Relaxing with Roma. In 1967 she
founded the International Yoga Teachers Association, headquartered
in Sydney, the first association to professionally train yoga teachers
as a non-profit registered organisation. At the age of 43, Roma
became Australias first female swami.
Earlier this year Roma told Yoga Journal, If I went to God tomorrow
I know what I can and Im quite happy and Im quite prepared for it.
J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4
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next issue
Summers in full swing, and
Yoga Journal is loving life.
Join us for new inspiration,
better health and poses to
challenge and empower:
Lengthen your spine and
expand your breath with
Extended Side Angle Pose
Strengthen your bones
with food
Release tension and
find stillness at the end
of a busy day
Australian Yoga Journal
February/March 2014 issue
goes on sale Thursday,
January 13. Grab your copy
or subscribe today!
Subscribe to our print
or digital version.
See page 96 or visit
yogajournal.com.au
for more information.
02 6161 1462 courses@dru.com.au

www.dru.com.au

Want to be a
yoga teacher?
Make it Dru!
YOGA Transform your life with yoga. Be who you want to be!Dru Yoga Teacher Training

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embracing the elements
Kim Rintel (pictured here in Salt Lake City, US) has taught in the US and now in Australia where
she teaches Vinyasa yoga, Trauma Sensitive yoga and meditation in Victoria. "Yoga is life and
life is yoga, to me both are a constant balance of my external and internal environment," she
says. "I like to take in what's around me and mesh that with whats going on within my mind
and body. Doing yoga outside feels like a deeper and more heart-opening experience."
YOGA STARS Want to see your photo here?
Send your pics to editor@yogajournal.com.au
J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4 YO G AJ O U R N A L . C O M. AU 1 5

HAPPY PLACE
The latest science offers some simple
things you can do to beat stress
Results of a study published in
the journal Psychological Science
showed that breaking into a
genuine smile, one that engages not just the
muscles around the mouth but also those around
the eyes, can measurably lower your heart rate
after a stressful event. Whether you feel happy
while smiling doesnt matter, says lead author
Tara Kraft, a doctoral candidate in clinical
psychology at the University of Kansas, US.
Muscle activation alone does the trick.
SMILE
THERAPY
in good company
Recent research at the University of Hawaii, US, shows
that stress can be as contagious as the common cold.
We pick up the negative attitudes and even the
negative body language of stressed-out friends,
family members and colleagues. Pay careful attention
to the emotions you experience in anothers company,
says psychology professor Dr Elaine Hatfield, the
studys lead author. If theyre negative, dont take
on too much. And if theyre positive, seek out that
persons company.
be here now
According to new research done at the
Center for Mind and Brain at the University
of California, Davis in the US, focusing on
the present moment can significantly reduce
your levels of the stress hormone cortisol.
If you start rehashing the past or worrying
about the future, try drawing your attention
back to the present by focusing on the
sensations of your own breath,
recommends lead author Dr Tonya Jacobs.
According to Dr Mathew White, a lecturer
at the University of Exeter Medical
School in the UK, looking at water is a mood enhancer.
Water feels good to us perhaps because 60 per cent
of the human body is comprised of it and because we
gestate in amniotic fluid. Visiting the ocean may have
more of a calming effect than being near a river, lake or
stream. And the positive effects could be cumulative
over multiple visits, says Dr White. If you cant get to
a body of water, try adding a water element to your
backyard or verandah.
A new study published by Swedens University
of Gothenburg found that as choir members
sing together their heartbeats begin to
synchronise, which results in a calming effect on the
mind and body. Other studies have shown that singing
releases feel-good endorphins. And
a 2010 study by researchers in the
United Kingdom and here in
Australia found that singing lowers
levels of depression and anxiety
and improves a general sense of
wellbeing in the elderly. The
respiration involved in singing
slows down the heart rate and
calms the nervous system, says
Gothenburg study author Dr Bjrn
Vickhoff. Someday, we may even
have prescriptions for stress that
include recommended songs
likely those that have a slow, easy
tempo and are especially relaxing.
LP PRUH WKDQ RN
Carnegie Mellon University, US, released a new study that offers
the first proof that self-affirmation can protect against the
negative effects of stress. Study subjects suffering from chronic
stress solved 50 per cent fewer test problems than those who were
under less stress. But when the stressed-out subjects completed
self-affirmation activities, such as writing about healthy personal
relationships or other matters that were important to them, they
performed just as well as their less-stressed counterparts, perhaps
because they felt calmer and more confident, says study co-author
Janine Dutcher. Before a test, annual performance review or first
date, remembering your personal values can help you to focus
and succeed, she suggests.
DIVE IN
GLEE
CLUB
wellness
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1 6 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4

When filling
moulds, leave about
half a centimetre at the
top of the mould, to
allow for the mixture
to expand.
Use freshly-
squeezed juices like
OJ for added sweetness
and flavour,
or milk or soy for creamy
mixes. Coconut water
or coconut milk
work, too.
Use ice block moulds
made with BPA-free
plastic, such as Tovolos
range (visit
shopnaturally.com.au).
Very juicy fruits,
like melons, have a
high water content and
may not need extra liquid to
pure. If you start with
frozen fruit, you may need
to add up to cup
more liquid.
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food
beauty bar
The seasons coolest treats are loaded
with good-for-you antioxidants and
no added sugar
In a blender or food processor,
combine 2 to 3 cups
fresh fruit chunks
and to cup
juice or milk. Blend
until smooth, or
pulse until slightly
chunky. Spoon into
ice block moulds,
insert sticks and
freeze for six hours
or overnight. Makes
six to eight iceblocks.
J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4 YO G AJ O U R N A L . C O M. AU 1 7

tension
tamer
Strengthen and release to ease
neck pain
If you have tightness or tension in your neck,
certain poses can be difficult, and practising
them out of alignment could lead to injury. Yoga
teacher Desire Rumbaugh, creator of the DVD
Yoga to the Rescue for Neck and Shoulders, says
the best way to ease tightness or pain in the neck
is to address it at its roots in the upper back and
shoulders. Many daily activities have us hunching
over and rounding forward. The result of this is
a collapsed chest and tight shoulders, which pull
on the neck. Yoga can help by strengthening
the upper back to maintain the spines natural
curves and by stretching the chest and front of
the shoulders to release the neck.
To let go of tension in the neck, shoulders, and
upper back, hold each of the poses below for five
breaths, says Rumbaugh. Adjust if you feel strain
in your neck or shoulders.
Text neck. Its a term
coined by chiropractor Dr
Dean Fishman to describe
a particul arl y modern
form of neck pain caused
by bowing your head over your text messages.
6PDUWSKRQHV DUHQW WKH RQO\ FXOSULWV ORRNLQJ
down at a tablet or anything else in your hands
for an extended period can put pressure on your
neck and lead to stiffness and discomfort.
Harvard ergonomics professor Dr Jack
Dennerlein, author of a study on the ergonomics
of tablet use, suggests using a stand, especially
when youre using it for an extended period of
WLPH &KRRVH RQH WKDW DOORZV \RX WR JR KDQGVIUHH
and puts your device in a position that doesnt
require you to bend your neck to look down. For
shorter sessions, change positions often. And
try not to get so immersed that you ignore the
twinges that tell you its time to look up.
Smarter
device use
can keep your
neck pain-free
TENSION-RELEASING POSES
Wide-Legged Standing
Forward Bend
Hold a belt if your shoulders are
tight. Reach your arms forward.
Downward Facing Dog Pose
Rest your forehead on a block
to release the neck. Keep arms
active and chest open.
Supine Twist
Expand your chest and let your
inner shoulders gently stretch.
HEADS UP
Childs Pose
Place your arms and forehead on
a bolster, allowing your neck to rest
in a neutral position.
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1 8 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4

into the wild
Seeking a path to good health?
Get yourself outside
Step into a dappled glade. Inhale the fresh air. Gaze
up through the branches and feel your tension melt
away. Researchers already know that a walk in the
woods has measurable benefits for the brain and
body. But a recent study by scientists in Zhejiang
Province, China, goes further, finding that time
spent in the wild may actually prevent disease.
Researchers sent 10 young men on a two-day
trip to the lush Wu Chao Mountain forest; another
10 went to a nearby city. The groups stayed in
comparable hotels, ate the same meals and walked
outside for about three hours each day. In the end,
the forest group had lower levels of natural
chemicals that promote high blood pressure and
inflammation, less evidence of oxidative stress
(the unchecked activity of free radicals) and
more white blood cells linked to immunity. They
also reported feeling less anxiety, depression,
anger, and fatigue and having more vigour
than the less fortunate urban group.
Did you love Babar the elephant as a kid? Well, he's all grown up now and loves
his yoga, just like you. Get yourself one of these adorable Babar tote bags from
Out of Print Clothing (US$18, outofprintclothing.com), which celebrates the
world's best stories through fashion and design. For every product sold, Out
of Print donates a book to a community in need through Books For Africa.
ELEPHANT POSE
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J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU 1 9

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beauty
the
safer
safe tan
How to get the safest glow sans sunshine
How safe is that sunless tanning mousse
youre currently massaging in? Many
tanners on the market are laden with
ingredients that really have no place on
your skin, but there are healthier options.
Harsh chemicals such as certain oils,
SDUDEHQEDVHG SUHVHUYDWLYHV ILOOHUV DQG
fragrances can all be irritating to the skin
causing topical dermatitis, aggravating
allergies and sensitive skin, says Kimmie
Worley, managing partner of Chocolate
Sun, available at iamnaturalstore.com.au.
Some chemicals in beauty products
have even been linked to cancer and
immune dysfunction, so the fewer
chemicals in your product, the better.
Look for products that use pure and
natural ingredients, adds Worley.
Austral ian brand Eco Tan was
founded by Sonya Driver when her
sister's melanoma diagnosis pushed her
to research safe tanning options. She was
stunned to learn safe tanning was a loose
term in the world of tanning marketing.
I was determined to develop a safe
tanning option for her, she says.
Eco Tan made Australian history by
becoming the first tanning company to be
certified organic. The colour is made from
FDFDR FKRFRODWH VR WKHUH DUH QR JUHHQ RU
orange tones present and the formulations
are free of nanoparticles so they dont
break the skin barrier and enter the blood
stream. Instead it works on the outer dead
layers of the skins surface only.
These are al l smal l steps some
savvy compani es are maki ng i n
replacing chemicals in tanners with
natural alternatives. But be mindful
RI JUHHQ ZDVKLQJ PDUNHWLQJ VSLQ
used to deceptively claim a product is
HQYLURQPHQWDOO\ IULHQGO\ XUJHV 'ULYHU
Our skin is our largest organ, and
much of what we put onto it gets absorbed
into the blood stream, Driver says.
Here are some ingredients to look out for:
t Synthetic colour pigments made from
coal tar. Animal studies have shown
almost all of them to be carcinogenic,
warns Driver.
t Fragrance can indicate the presence
of up to 4000 separate ingredients, many
toxic or carcinogenic, Driver adds.
t Propylene glycol. In a nutshell its a petrol
chemical that penetrates the skin and can
weaken protein and cellular structure.
The jury is still out on using tanners
during pregnancy, adds Worley. Speak
directly to your doctor to have them give
their approval for any skincare routine
or treatment you may want to partake in
during pregnancy, she says. EMMA BANGAY
SAFER TANNERS TO TRY
Eco Tan Organic Invisible
Tan, $34.95, ecotan.com.au
Lavera Organic Fake Tan
$34.95, nourishedlife.
com.au
Santorini Sun
Everyday Gradual Tan
Moisturiser $23.95,
santorinisun.com
Solar Translucent
Bronzer by Vapour
Organic Beauty, $36,
iamnaturalstore.com.au
Chocolate Sun
$44, iamnatural
store.com.au
2 0 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4

Vitamin D
The sunshine vitamin
Vitamin D is essential for maintaining strong bones and
muscles, as well as overall health and wellbeing. Unlike other
vitamins and minerals the amount of D found in foods is very
small, so its very hard to get what you need from your diet.
The best way to get D is to expose your bare skin to
sunlight ultraviolet radiation from the sun is necessary for
the production of vitamin D in your skin but you can also
get D from supplements if youre running low or youre
worried about exposing your skin to the sun.
In summer, a few minutes of sun on your face, arms and
hands is plenty. Regular exercise can also help your body to
produce vitamin D.
Vitamin D deficiency might not have any obvious
symptoms. If youre worried, ask your doc for a blood test.
73
Percentage of
Australians who
have low levels
of Vitamin D, according to
Professor Michael Holick
from Boston University, US,
a translational physician-
scientist.
health
J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4
TEACHER
DISCOUNT
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teachers out there doing a
fantastic job of bringing Yoga
to the people...
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www.ecoyogastore.com.au
sales@ecoyogastore.com.au
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OFFER ENDS 15 MARCH 2014

eating wisely
For breakfast tomorrow, how about a bowl of tangy Greek
yoghurt topped with fresh apricots, almonds and a drizzle of honey?
For lunch, how does a peppery rocket salad with cucumbers,
radishes, feta, mint and olives sound? Or a hearty pumpkin soup
with tomatoes, turmeric, cinnamon and coriander? Dinner might
be orecchiette the small pasta discs Irom Puglia the heel oI the
Italian boot cooked al dente with chopped broccoli rabe or rapini,
blanched until just crispytender and tossed with extra virgin olive
oil, minced fresh garlic, hot red chilli and lemon zest.
If these dishes sound delicious, its because they are. If they sound
healthy, it's because they're examples oI the Mediterranean diet.
Of course, this probably isnt the first youve heard of this diet,
oIten reIerred to as the world's healthiest. Mediterranean cuisine
has been a source of interest since the 50s and 60s, when nearly
12,000 men from seven countries participated in a celebrated
zyear dietary study. The results suggested that people Irom the
Mediterranean region were less likely to experience heart problems.
Soon aIterward the Mediterranean diet" was born, combining
elements of cuisines from Italy, Spain, Greece, Southern France
and parts oI the Middle Last and relying mainly on Iresh vegies,
Iruits, Iish, grains, legumes, nuts, cheese and olive oil. Meat, sugar,
saturated Iats and processed Ioods are largely avoided.
A multitude of studies have since reported the diets long list of
potential advantages Irom protection against cancer, diabetes and
Parkinson's to increased mental agility, Iertility and longevity. But
the beneIits aren't just health related the Iood tastes good, the
ingredients are accessible and the recipes are surprisingly simple.
HEALTHY HEARTS AND MINDS
The Mediterranean diet is once again making headlines. It's being
reinvigorated not only by new research into how it aIIects longterm
health but also by fresh culinary influences that broaden its appeal.
A recent clinical trial tracked 7447 participants with major
risk Iactors Ior heart disease. The results, published in the
One of the worlds oldest and most healthful
cuisines just got easier and more delicious
By Lavi ni a Spal di ng
join
club med
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22 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4

VEGETABLE BAKE (BRIAMI)
SERVES 6
1 medium eggplant,
cut into large cubes
salt
2 medium zucchini, cut
into 1cm slices
2 medium carrots,
cut into 1cm slices
250g broccoli, cut into large florets
250g cauliflower, cut into large florets
3 small brown or red onions,
cut into quarters
3 medium potatoes,
cut into 1cm slices
2 small red capsicums,
cut into large chunks
2 cloves garlic
cup extra virgin olive oil
3 medium tomatoes,
blanched and peeled
(or
1 x 440g can whole peeled tomatoes)
1 cup hot water freshly milled
sea salt, to taste
freshly ground black pepper,

to taste
dried oregano, to taste
crusty bread, to serve
Method
1 Preheat oven to 180C (160C
fan-forced).
2 Place eggplants in salted water for
20 minutes to draw out bitterness,
then drain.
3 Place drained eggplants, zucchini,
carrots, broccoli, cauliflower, onions,
potatoes, capsicum, whole peeled
garlic cloves and olive oil in a large
baking dish on the stovetop and saut
over medium heat for 510 minutes
(do not brown).
4 Add tomatoes and hot water and mix
well, then season to taste, add oregano
to taste and bake for 30 minutes,
checking regularly and adding extra
hot water if necessary.
5 When vegetables are cooked and
sauce is thick, serve with crusty bread.
The Mediterranean Diet
($34.99) is published by
Pan Macmillan Australia.
J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4 YO G AJ O U R N A L . C O M. AU 23

New England Journal of Medicine, found that
people with previous coronary incidents
who ate a traditional lowIat diet had a o
to 50 per cent higher risk of heart attack
and stroke than those on a Mediterranean
diet rich in nuts or extra virgin olive oil.
In fact, the evidence from the first four
years of the study was so strong that the
researchers decided to end the trial early.
Meanwhile, another new study the
largest oI its kind to date published
in the journal Neurology suggests that
sticking closely to a Mediterranean diet
may help stave off dementia. Four years
after more than 17,000 men and women
shared data about their diet, the study
reported that those who adhered to the
Mediterranean diet were j per cent
less likely to have experienced cognitive
problems such as memory loss.
Studies have also shown that the diet
promotes a longer life in general and,
specifically, reduces the risk of diabetes
and bowel and prostate cancers.
THOU SHALT BE HEALTHY
Dr Catherine Itsiopoulos, associate
professor in dietetics and human nutrition
at La Trobe \niversity in Melbourne,
has been studying the Mediterranean
diet for more than two decades. Dr
Itsi opoul os, who has Creekborn
parents, has put together a cookbook
called The Mediterranean Diet .jj, Pan
Macmillan Australia. The book includes
some oI the exact meals she has used in
the numerous studies she has undertaken
to illustrate the diets protective effects
against diabetes and heart disease.
In addition to her recipes, eating plans
and general dietary advice, Dr Itsiopoulos
has developed 10 commandments of
the Mediterranean diet, to help people
understand what it involves.
Dr Itsiopouloss 10 commandments:
1 \se olive oil as the main added Iat
aim Ior around 6omls /day,
2 Lat vegetables with every meal include
100g leafy greens, 100g tomatoes
and zoog other vegetables per day,
3 Include at least two legumes meals
z,og serve per week,
4 Lat at least two servings oI Iish ,ozoog
serves per week and include oily Iish
such as Atlantic and Australian salmon,
blueeye trevalla, blue mackerel, gemIish,
canned sardines and canned salmon.
Canned tuna is not as high in the
important Iish oil omega, but still a
good choice to include in your fish serves.
5 Lat smaller portions oI meat beeI, lamb,
pork and chicken and less oIten no
more than once or twice a week,
6 Lat Iresh Iruit every day and dried Iruit
and nuts as snacks or dessert,
7 Lat yoghurt every day about zoog and
cheese in moderation about o to o
grams per day,
8 Include wholegrain breads and cereals
with meals aim Ior slices oI bread
per day,
9 Consume wine in moderation one
standard drink a day, which is about
oomls, always with meals and don't get
drunk. Try and have a couple oI alcohol
Iree days a week,
10 Have sweets or sweet drinks for special
occasions only.
BEYOND CLUB MED
Its hard to imagine improving upon
this path to wellness, but leave it to
the renowned holistic health writer Dr
Andrew \eil Iounder and director
of the Arizona Center for Integrative
Medicine at the College oI Medicine,
\niversity oI Arizona, \S to crank up
the diets nutrition quotient and make
it tastier and more accessible. Dr Weil
has created a Iood pyramid, coIounded a
successful chain restaurant and authored a
cookbook, all based on the Mediterranean
diet but with a Iew special twists.
While researching his book on ageing,
Lr \eil explains, he encountered the idea
that many chronic diseases begin as low
level inappropriate inflammation.
It seemed the most i mportant
strategy Ior optimising health, maximising
longevity and reducing the risk of serious
disease was to lead an antiinIlammatory
liIestyle," he says. And a key to that is the
antiinIlammatory diet.
So I used the Mediterranean diet as a
template but added Asian influences and
tweaked it to make it especially powerful
Ior containing inIlammation."
If you already eat healthily, following
Dr Weils instructions wont be a stretch.
Start by eliminating processed foods, filling
up instead on Iresh produce oI all colours
from apples and artichokes to blueberries,
beetroot and bok choy. Kick the bread
habit and stick with true whole grains like
brown rice, barley, Iarro a chewy, nutty
grain similar to pearl barley and quinoa.
Intact grains have a lower glycaemic index
which indicates how a Iood aIIects blood
sugar levels. But when such grains are
ground, the index rises, meaning that even
wholemeal bread can cause bloodsugar
spikes. If you can roll a piece of the bread
into a marblesize ball, Lr \eil says, it will
digest too quickly and is best avoided. Dr
Weils eating plan does allow for organic
pasta, but its always cooked al dente
again, the impact on blood sugar is lower
when pasta is really chewy.
Instead of red meat and poultry, says
Dr Weil, opt for vegetarian protein
sources like beans and legumes. But Ieel
free to indulge in moderate amounts of
highquality dairy like yoghurt and natural
cheeses, and embrace two Mediterranean
staples: nuts especially walnuts, which
are high in omega Iatty acids and extra
virgin olive oil, which contains polyphenols
that can lower disease risk.
Rely on olive oil as your major Iat,"
Dr Weil advises. Its the one associated
with the Mediterranean diet Ior which we
have the best evidence Ior health beneIits."
\hat's more, he says, it has a unique anti
inflammatory component.
When considering meal preparation,
remember that quick and simple low
temperature techniques yield the best
results. That oIten means stirIrying
always with good" oils like topquality
extra virgin olive, organic expellerpressed
canola or grapeseed. For fish and vegies,
steaming works beautifully and preserves
nutrients well.
You might also be surprised by how
delicious raw ingredients can be: one of
Lr \eil's Iavourites is Tuscan kale salad
with garlic, red capsicum and pecorino
Toscano a sheep's milk cheese Irom
Tuscany. \hen marinated in citrus and
salt for 15 minutes, the kale becomes
24 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4
eati ng wi sel y

six to skip and stock
To follow Dr Weils approach, avoid foods that promote inflammation and choose ones that keep inflammation at bay
SKIP
STOCK
Processed oils like cottonseed,
soybean and peanut
High-glycaemic tropical fruits like
bananas, pineapple, mango and papaya
Refined, processed and manufactured
food, including quick-digesting carbs like
bread, white potatoes, crackers, chips
and pastry
Coffee
Sugar even juice. Fruit juice is a
concentrated sugar source, Dr Weil says,
not that different from soft drink in its
impact on blood sugar.
Red meat and poultry
Whole grains and cracked grains
Plain dark chocolate, which is low in
sugar, provides a healthy fat and
contains beneficial antioxidants
Tea white, green or oolong
Cool-climate fruits like berries,
cherries, apples and pears.
Oils the best choices are extra virgin
olive, coconut, grapeseed, organic
expeller-pressed canola, avocado,
sesame and palm fruit.
Oily fish high in omega-3 fatty acids,
like wild salmon, sardines and herring, or
an algae-based supplement with both
DHA and EPA, plus vegetarian omega-3
sources like flax and hemp seeds.
Youll need
375g filo pastry
1 tablespoons olive oil
250g feta cheese, crumbled
4 eggs lightly beaten
300ml low-fat milk
Method
1 Oil a rectangular baking dish. Preheat
oven to 200C (180C fan forced).
2 Place 2 sheets of filo pastry on
a bench and brush top layer only
with a little olive oil.
3 Place filo sheets on oiled baking dish.
4 Scatter some feta lightly over the
pastry.
5 Repeat steps 34, layering each new
pair of filo sheets over the last, until
all the filo and feta have been used.
Put a layer of pastry on the top.
6 Using a sharp knife, cut the pastry into
squares, through all the layers.
7 Mix eggs with milk and pour over pie,
then set aside for 10 minutes until egg
mixture has soaked into pastry.
8 Bake for 2530 minutes or until golden
brown on top.
tender and loses its bitterness, resulting
in perfectly succulent salad greens.
From astragalus root to zaatar, herbs
and spices also play a starring role in Dr
Weils food philosophy.
For instance, There's been a great deal
oI research into turmeric as a natural anti
inIlammatory," he says.
Cinger another very potent anti
inIlammatory and garlic, a natural
antibiotic, also rank highly. Fresh is always
best Lr \eil suggests keeping herbs in
a tightly sealed jar in the fridge. As you
expand your spice cabinet and repertoire,
try shifting your view of herbs and spices:
they're not just Ilavour, they're Iood.
Wher e Dr Wei l modi f i es t he
Mediterranean diet most is by adding
an Asian twist: Brussels sprouts are stir
Iried with tamari sauce, long green beans
with sesame and citrus. He makes liberal
use of Asian mushrooms, too: shiitake,
maitake, oyster and enoki have anti
cancer, antiviral and immunityenhancing
properties. Plus they deliver the rich,
savoury fifth taste of umami to the palate.
When you start eating this way, you
don't Ieel deprived," he says. You enjoy
your food even more. You dont even
have to tell people it's healthy, it's just
good Iood."
Lavinia Spalding is the author of Writing Away.
Visit her at laviniaspalding.com.
THEANOS EASY CHEESE PIE WITH FILO
MAKES 1 6 SNACK- SI ZE SQUARES
J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4 YO G AJ O U R N A L . C O M. AU 25

26 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4
living yoga
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its a
womans world
Why are more women than men drawn to yoga?
Katie Manitsas investigates
Show up to a yoga class anywhere
in the developed world, from New York
to Sydney, and youre likely to find more
women in attendance than men. If youve
chosen a more dynamic form of yoga such
as Bikram or Ashtanga you might have a
more even split; but delve into the more
esoteric teac hings or the less strenuous,
and women will tip the balance pretty
much the world over.
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scriptures suggest women cant attain
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today the presence is largely female. Why
is this? When I asked some female yoga
teachers in Australia this question I got
the sense that there is no one reason.
Yoga is challenging for men physically,
but especially for their egos where the
challenge is to be doing something
theyre not immediately good at, says
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Grzybowski, whos been teaching for 33
years. Feeling into poses may be something
women are instinctively better at.
Many men think of yoga as being sissy
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football teams now have yoga as part of their
training, to improve flexibility and reduce
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emotional aspects of a regular practice see
many men eschewing the yoga mat for
more vigorous forms of exercise. Women
tend to be more proactive about
mental and emotional health
than men. While men will
happil y spend time and
money on the gym or other
body/ i mage i mprovi ng
activities, theyre generally
less inclined to approach
s t r es s mana gement or
spiritual wellbeing with the
same gusto as women.
It may be true that men
prefer a physical challenge rather

Eileen Hall
Age: 57
Practising yoga: 35 years
Born: Australia
Style of yoga taught
and practised: I was
traditionally taught and
certified in Iyengar yoga
by BKS Iyengar for seven
years. Then I stepped over
to the Ashtanga yoga
method as taught by
K. Pattabhi Jois.
Favourite yoga philosophy
teaching: The Bhagavad
Gita. I read it over and over
for its insights to right
livelihood in the here and
now. The yoga practitioner
whosemind is unbridled can
never attain self-realisation.
Only one who hasmastered
the self and who strives
byright means is assured
of success.
J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU 27

Guru Jivan
(Renee Goodman)
Age: 60
Practising yoga: 45 years
Born: USA, now living in Melbourne
Style of yoga taught and practiced:
Kundalini yoga as taught by Yogi
Bhajan.
Favourite yoga philosophy
teaching: If you cant see God in
all, you cant see God at all, Yogi
Bhajan.
than an emotional one, and are looking
for instant results in an exercise regimen.
But plenty of women feel the same way.
Perhaps one difference between men
and women might lie in womens ability
to persist and break through emotional
challenges rather than give up when feeling
confronted. Women may be more resilient
to the challenges that starting out in yoga
can present, because in general they adapt
better to change than men. Physically, a
woman goes through a greater and more
intense cycle of developmental and
hormonal changes in her life. Plus, many
women give birth to life, and all the ups and
downs that come with it.
Our yoga and spiritual practices
throughout our lives should support us
in each phase, says Guru Jivan, a yoga
teacher who has taught and practised
Kundal ini yoga as taught by Yogi
Bhajan in Melbourne Ior more than ,
years. Many older women have found
that having a strong practice throughout
their lives has made transitioning into
the menopausal phase much smoother.
Personally, I found menopause to be no
diIIiculty at all aIter nearly o years oI a
steady daily practice of Kundalini yoga
and meditation.
Just as some styles of yoga will appeal
more to men, some have adapted to have
a greater focus on womens teachings.
Kundalini yoga is a good example here,
with a whole set of teachings offered with
women only in mind.
NUMBERS THAT DON T ADD UP
A zoz \S Yoga Journal study showed
that of the people practising yoga regularly,
8z.z per cent are women and only .8
per cent are men. A zoz Australian study
for the International Journal of Yoga
showed the male attendance level at only
., per cent.
Although women have made a strong
claim on the teachings and practice of
28 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4
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l i vi ng yoga

Eve Grzybowski
Age: 68
Practising yoga: 42 years
Born: Chicago, US, and now lives
on Mitchells Island, NSW.
Style of yoga taught and practised:
Ive been influenced by the yoga of
B.K.S. and Gita Iyengar, Donna Farhi,
Judith Lasater, Donald Moyer,
K. Pattabhi Jois all of these filtered
through my life experience to create
I guess what you could say is Eve yoga.
Favourite yoga philosophy teaching:
Patanjalis Sutra I:2 and I:3. Yoga is the
stilling of movement in the mind; and
Then pure awareness can abide in its
very nature.
J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU 29
yoga in the developed world, when we
get to the top of the ladder, theres
a stronger male presence. Many of the
superstar yoga teachers are male,
particularly in the \S. It seems that yoga
has followed in the footsteps of many
industries and although Iemale and male
teachers will usually be paid the same
amount Ior the same work at the top
there appears to be more space for men
than is reflected by gender split of regular
yoga practitioners in the Western world.
Why this is so is a huge question that
delves into the arena of feminist politics
in a way the limitations and word count
of this article couldnt hope to explore
properly. But, just as in other industries
and professions, one of the reasons why
women are so poorly represented in high
level positions is due to their choice to
take time off work to have children.
The other factor is that teaching yoga
is oIten a second career a sideline to
their day job see p6 Ior more on this.
Other people become a yoga teacher after
leaving the corporate world or another
type of more stressful employment
behind. And part of this lifestyle change
often includes a lessening of ambition.
Yoga as a practice is always changing,
always evolving although the essence oI
the teachings remain the same. The core
of yoga is in its philosophical backbone
but the interpretations of the practice
throughout history and within different
cultural contexts must surely take into
account who is doing the practice.
If women dont honour and nourish the
phases and cycles of their lives they will
do themselves and the practice oI yoga
a disservice. Perhaps the biggest lesson
to learn is to let go oI our collective goal
oriented culture and soften into being
rather than achieving.
A liIelong practice removes the need
and desire to achieve, allowing you to
be in the moment," says Lileen Hall, an
Ashtanga yoga teacher oI over , years.
Through this comes awareness as we age,
transform and evolve.
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wellbeing
As another year draws to an
end, some yoga teachers may breathe
a secret sigh of relief at the looming
Chri stmas cl osedown. Those
abundant with inspiration and energy
may continue teaching the eager
who merrily Iorego mince pies and
champagne to mindIully manoeuvre
their way into the ew Year, whereas
others wearily cross the Iinish line
with a thud. That almighty clunk was
me a couple oI years ago a burnout
that prompted a sabbatical oI stress
less selIenquiry.
I worked i n the Iastpaced
entertainment industry until, at 24,
I threw in the TV towel to pursue
yoga teaching. I was passionate
about sharing yoga with others,
yet misguided about realities of
teaching and to a degree what
yoga is. \ith an unbalanced Iocus
on yoga's physicality, combined with
mastering the art oI peoplepleasing
and motherhood, I quickly headed
Ior third degree burnout. Most days
involved numerous nappy changes,
bottles and burping, copious coIIees
on the run, pleading with sluggish
traIIic and eventually barrelling into
classes breathlessly attempting to
dump my dishevelled desperation
at the door. I became an actor with
teaching yoga my role, not entirely
what I or my students signed
up Ior. My Iormer cure Ior burnout
became my cause. My love became my
living, and I was desperate Ior a break.
Around this time, my teacher
from Indias International Centre
Ior Yoga Lducation and Research
ICYLR, Lr Ananda Balayogi
Bhavanani, wisely said, II you love
and live yoga, where is the need Ior a
break: II it's just another proIession
Ior you, then please take one at
the earliest". This reinIorced that
teaching yoga is a privilege, not
punishment, hence I took leave until
I could practise what I preached and
teach with integrity. I had dug myselI
a hole, and needed time to climb out.
WORK WITHIN YOUR LIMITS
Bur nout appear s wi despr ead
nowa da y s , a nd di I I i c ul t i e s
discovering personal limitations is a
common cause. ]etsetting instructor
Amy Ippoliti burnt out in zoo Irom
Irantically racing around ew York
on a scooter, teaching up to six
classes daily. Hectic international
teaching commitments coupled with
a painIul divorce landed her in hot
water again in zooj.
I packed my schedule to the
brim and had recurring injuries
and constant mel tdowns Irom
the frustration of being unable to
establish a healthy routine or social
liIe," she says. I was acutely aware
that I had to step oII the hamster
wheel, because nobody wants to
Ieel like their teacher is the most
unbalanced person in the classroom."
Many teachers can relate, even
in laidback Byron Bay. In zooj,
Byron Yoga Centre i nstructor
bypass
burnout
Burnout doesnt mean the
end of a yoga-teaching
career it can be the
beginning of a liberating
lesson about taking time
out, writes Diana Timmins
3 0 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4

Lila Kirtana witnessed two teachers suIIer
with unsustainable workloads to the point oI
surrender, and soon struggled personally when
her initial eagerness saw her saying yes" to
every opportunity.
Suddenly I was teaching o classes weekly,
supervising trainees and lecturing as well as
cooking and cleaning Ior the centre," she says.
My personal practice dwindled and I was
teaching similar sequences daily, as I had no
time to play with variations."
As water Iinds its own level, I realised
teaching so many classes wasn't Ior me. I learnt
to say no to some things and prioritised my own
practice to Iind a happy balance. ow I Ieel
inspired to do something creative Ior each
class I teach, and my passion to share yoga
philosophy has returned."
The ideal number oI weekly classes is purely
individual. Some like me select quality over
quantity and Iind one class daily or even one
class weekly is ample. Owner oI Vinyasa Yoga
\ollongong Steven HinchliIIe, on the other
hand, comIortably instructs Iour to Iive classes
on most days.
Listen to your body and mind, and set your
own rhythm," he says. Regardless oI personal
limits, it's important to have at least one day
oII weekly, to recharge physically and mentally.
\hen you're teaching, you're giving a lot oI
energy to your students. You need time to
recentre yourselI."
REPLENISH YOUR ENERGY
\hen running ragged, the very things we
instil within students are oIten those we cease
prioritising: personal practice, down time and
diet. Being selIsacriIicial isn't noble, but could
tip the scales Ior teachers zapped oI energy and
teetering on the brink oI burnout. Taking time
out to practise, play or pause one day weekly,
one hour daily, even one minute hourly adds
up incalculably, reIilling our own cup allows
its energy to abundantly overIlow into others.
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Regardless of personal limits, its important
to have at least one day off weekly, to
recharge physically and mentally
J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU 3 1

wel l bei ng
online/
technical
resources
If freedom and finances
dont stretch far enough to
attend regular classes in
person, mobile phone apps
like Yoga Studio, All-in
YOGA and Daily Yoga (All-
In-One) offer accessible
alternatives. The internet
also offers a range of
general support to keep
you connected, including:
yogaclassplan.com
teachasana.com
90monkeys.com
facebook.com/
APlaceForYogaTeachers
charlottedodson.tv
yogaglo.com
myyogaonline.com
yogadownload.com
yogatoday.com
yogapad.com.au
It's crucial to take time out and recharge,"
says Sydneybased celebrity yoga teacher,
Charlotte Lodson. Start each day with your
own practice. This could be zo minutes oI
pranayama and meditation, or going to your
own personal teacher."
Both Lodson and HinchliIIe have avoided
signiIicant periods oI burnout despite busy
schedules, perhaps due to committing to regular
practices extending beyond the mat. The
+DWKD <RJD 3UDGLSLND classical text states that
physical practice is only preparation Ior deeper
practices oI raja yoga mental development, yet
many teachers get hung up on doing their asana
practice," says HinchliIIe.
It's like a student cheI spending all their
time perIecting Iood preparation skills,
but never cooking or eating anything. Most
important oI all is learning to develop a sense
oI presence every single minute oI every day."
Lngaging in daily activities that cultivate
a sense oI presence Iosters an awareness that
alerts us when our cup is in danger oI drought,
and mindIully presses the brake pedal when
running on empty. It may be walking in nature
and listening to the ambience, immersing
oursel ves in creative outl ets or simpl y
momentary pauses between tasks.
Lodson also reiterates the importance oI
replenishing energy physically which doesn't
constitute takeaway coIIees between classes!
Lnsure you eat healthily and in small amounts,"
she says. Have a banana and nuts handy when
you're on the go. Keep well hydrated by putting
chlorophyll in your water bottle and reIilling it
throughout the day."
COPING WITH CRITICISM
Many teachers remember the Iear oI their Iirst
Iew gigs, oIten ending in a postclass plunge
similar to a sugar rush. My Iear escalated. What
if I dont portray the ideal yoga persona? What if
P\ ERG\ ZREEOHV DQG PLQG IUHH]HV" :RUVH ZKDW
if people complain? Lven iI hundreds sung my
praises, just one unhappy camper knocked me
oII my perch. Harsh selIjudgements constantly
consumed me, a Iar cry Irom Patanjali's
description oI yoga in the Sutras .z as the
cessation oI the Iluctuations oI the mind".
In his book Mindfulness at Work, research and
evaluation oIIicer Ior Ceelong's Preventative
Health Initiative Lr Stephen McKenzie classiIies
good teachers as light on their mental Ieet".
Being light on your mental Ieet means being
mindIully agile enough to get out oI the way
oI your thoughts such as how well or badly
you're doing beIore they land on you," he
says. Cood teachers just do what they're doing
without needing to create their sense oI selI
through it. Cood teachers transcend their
selves: I help others to realise their full potential to
be more than they think they are, by firstly being more
than I think I am.
Says Lodson, \hen we begin teaching, it's
easy to try guessing what students are thinking,
but you'll never really know what anyone is
32 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4

EXTRA
Charlotte Dodson is kindly
offering all AYJ readers
FREE membership valid for
one month from the date of
registration to access her
online classes, live chats and
tips. Visit charlottedodson.tv/
promotions and enter code
AYJ-EXCLUSIVE before
31 January, 2014.
thinking. All you can do is teach with sincerity
and be the best you can one moment to the next.
An instructor's aim is to encourage
positivity and love Irom within every student.
Some Iind this conIronting iI they aren't ready
to Iace their own challenges. It's important to
honour this situation, just as it's important Ior
students to respect their teacher. Remember
that as a teacher, youre guiding students to
Iind the teacher within. Any criticism is a great
observation worth taking on board, but not
taken personally."
EDUCATION FOR INSPIRATION
Caining teaching certiIication shouldn't be
the end oI education. Many yoga associations
recognise the best teacher is also the best
student by i mpl ementi ng proIessi onal
development policies to maintain registration.
Furthering knowledge in areas that are rusty
or oI speciIic interest not only prepares us
Ior various classroom encounters, but also
maintains Ireshness and enthusiasm.
As more health practitioners recommend
yoga to patients, trainings speciIic to anatomy,
psychology and therapeutics are particularly
recommended," says Ippoliti.
In zo, Ippoliti coIounded jo Monkeys
joMonkeys.com, an online educational
resource Ior yoga proIessionals to polish skills
and build business knowhow. Already, jo
Monkeys has helped over ,oo graduates in
countries enhance conIidence and grow class
attendance by approximately z. per cent.
OI course there are other accessible ways
of being studious that dont burn holes in the
back pocket, like attending kirtan devotional
singing or satsang spiritual teachings within
the yoga communi ty, or autonomousl y
revisiting old textbooks and yogic scriptures.
Simply spending o minutes daily reading
up on subjects that need strengthening is an
instant boost oI liIeIorce Ior weary
teachers," Ippoliti says.
Making a ew Year's resolution to
make conscious eIIorts to continue learning
is the perIect way Ior a yoga teacher to remain
inspired and inspiring Ior others this year and
beyond.
Repeatedly digging your own hole, battling
to dodge it and going through the process oI
reemerging is not a healthy liIestyle nor
sustainable. It's Iar better to use your vast yogic
toolbox to prevent digging the hole in the Iirst
place. Things will then naturally Ilow with greater
ease, energy, class structure, student numbers,
perhaps even traIIic en route to classes!
Diana Timmins is a freelance health and wellbeing
journalist and certified Hatha instructor in
Wollongong, NSW.
symptoms of burnout
Could you be on the brink of burnout? While its best
to seek expert advice for medical diagnosis, possible
indicators can include:
Good teachers just do what theyre doing without
needing to create their sense of self through it...
Good teachers transcend their selves
PSYCHOLOGICAL
SYMPTOMS
negativity
reluctance to teach
unenthused to provide
adjustments
uninspired to practise
or plan
irritability
weepiness
anxiety
depression
irritability
PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS
dizziness
muscular tension
insomnia
fatigue
weight fluctuations
breathlessness
frequent colds and flus
gastrointestinal
disturbances
J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU 3 3

As a yoga student, you can learn to build core strength without doing
crunches. In a traditional situp, you would liIt the head and shoulders oII
the Iloor to bring the elbows towards the knees. This crunch" movement
contracts the abdomen and primarily strengthens one set oI muscles, the
rectus abdominis muscles the sixpack area, which run vertically Irom
the Iront oI the rib cage down to the top oI the pelvis.
\hen you work to develop core strength in yoga, the goal is not to
isolate one part oI the body, or just contract certain muscles. Instead, think
oI the core in relationship to everything else: your other muscles, your
limbs and even your mind. \rdhva Prasarita Padasana \pward Lxtended
Foot Pose tones the entire abdominal region the Iront, the sides and
the deeper transverse muscles that cross the sides oI the torso and it does
so by lengthening and extending the whole body. The two ends oI your
body the arms and legs are actively pulling in opposite directions, like
a tug oI war, but the centre, your core, becomes stable and still.
basics
core values
(
upward extended foot pose
urdhva prasarita padasana
urdhva = upward; prasarita = extended;
pada = foot; asana = pose
)
Tone your mid-section and draw on your inner strength
By Ni kki Costel l o

move from
the centre
Core work in yoga is not
isolated movement. You
work from your centre
in relationship to the
effort of your arms and
legs. Learning to
connect the work of the
limbs to the core is the
key to practising more
advanced poses such
as arm balances and
inversions.
RELAX YOUR
NECK AND FACE
ENGAGE THE
ABDOMINALS
3 4 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4

FULLY EXTEND
YOUR LEGS
SLOWLY LIFT AND
LOWER YOUR LEGS
J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU 3 5

STEP 1
Bend the legs toward the
abdomen, keeping the
pelvis stable.
SET UP
& Lie on your back, with your legs fully
extended along the floor.
& Stretch your arms alongside your body
and turn your palms to face the floor.
& Bend both legs with your feet on the
floor, bringing your heels towards the
buttocks with your feet and knees together.
& Lift your legs, bending from the hips to
bring your thighs in towards your abdomen.
REFINE Press your palms and outer
shoulders into the floor to widen your
chest. Lift both legs together to bring the
thighs towards your abdomen. Allow the
abdomen to be soft as it moves inward and
towards the lumbar spine. Keep the weight
of your outer hips on the floor and the
sides of your torso long. Bring your
attention toward the sacrum (the
triangular bone at the base of the
spine) and be sure that both sides of the
sacrum also make contact with the floor.
FINISH Squeeze in the outer thighs and
hips to bring the legs together as one.
Practise raising the thighs towards the
abdomen with awareness and control.
(Avoid using a swinging motion to create
momentum to lift the thighs.) Raise and
lower them several times, and with each
repetition, gently and gradually engage
the abdominal muscles without tensing
other parts of the body like the neck,
throat, face, or tongue.
lift and lower your bent legs
\rdhva Prasari ta Padasana i s
practised with the back oI the body
supported by the Iloor, allowing the
spine to Iully elongate. And the pose
gives you the strength to keep your spine
long in an upright or standing position.
\ith strong core muscles, you can sit
and stand up tall, with a liIt in the centre
oI your body. \ithout core strength,
the rib cage starts to sink towards the
pelvis, and the shoulders and head can
get pulled Iorward, causing tension in the
upper back. Practising \rdhva Prasarita
Padasana can help relieve or prevent pain
and tension in the entire back.
Practice the pose in three phases. II
you're already strong, you can spend more
time in the Iinal phase. Alternatively, you
can stop at the early, less rigorous phases
until you build more abdominal strength.
Try to avoid tensing or gripping the neck,
throat and Iacial muscles, and instead
keep them relaxed in each phase.
In the Iirst phase, with the knees bent
see Step , the arms stay at the sides oI
the body to support the back muscles
until the core becomes stronger. The key
is to liIt the bent legs together without
pressing the lower back to the Iloor,
instead, rest the weight evenly on both
sides oI the pelvis. Raise and lower your
legs bringing the Ieet back to the Iloor
several times. otice how the abdomen
moves in and back toward the spine
while the lumbar remains neutral, neither
Ilattened nor overly arched. Let the work
oI holding your legs up come Irom your
abdominal muscles, not the muscles oI
your lower back.
In the next phase see Step z, practise
holding the legs up perpendicular to the
Iloor using abdominal strength. Keep both
sides oI the pelvis stable and keep the lower
back neutral. II your legs swing towards
your head, the lumbar spine will contract
into the Iloor, and iI they swing too Iar
away Irom your head, the lumbar may
get overly arched. \ith the legs reaching
toward the ceiling, extend your arms
overhead and press them into the Iloor.
Firm the muscles around your knees and
elbows. This resistance, or contraction, is
what allows you to relax your hip Ilexors
and groin. Continue to Ieel the abdomen
moving towards the back.
In the Iinal phase, your arms and legs
are pulling and reaching in opposite
directions. Reach your arms and press
them to the Iloor to allow the chest to
expand. The chest counterbalances the
weight oI the legs as you liIt and then
lower them towards the Iloor. II you
don't reach through your arms and legs,
pressure can build in the lower back,
thighs and groin. Lower your legs as
slowly as needed in order to keep your
abdominals pulling in and your lower back
stable. \hen you start practising \rdhva
Prasarita Padasana, you may not be able
to lower the legs all the way with control.
In that case, Iirst practise the earlier
phases oI the pose. Keep practising and
remember to tug in both directions Ior a
strong and steady core.
Nikki Costello is a certified Iyengar yoga
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STEP 2
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lengthen your torso.
stretch your legs toward the ceiling
SET IT UP
& Lie on your back, with your legs fully
extended along the floor.
& Stretch your arms alongside your body,
with your palms facing down.
& Bend your knees, bringing your heels
towards the buttocks.
& Bend your legs at the hips to bring your
thighs towards your abdomen.
& Extend your legs upwards.
& Firm your thighs and grip the muscles
around the knees.
& Extend your arms overhead, with your
palms facing up.
REFINE Keep the back of the outer hips
in contact with the floor and your legs
perpendicular to the floor. Stretch the
back of your legs from your sitting bones
upwards to your heels. Roll the outer
thighs inwards while keeping the inside
edges of your feet together. Press the
front of your thighs towards the thigh
bones and widen the backs of your legs.
Now extend your arms overhead, along
the floor, fully stretching from your waist
to your armpits, to your elbows, to the
backs of your hands and fingers. Press
the backs of your arms to the floor and
expand your chest.
FINISH Elongate your entire torso
by reaching your arms in one direction
and pressing your thighs in the opposite
direction. Allow the front of the abdomen
to soften down. Stay for 20-30 seconds
without tensing the neck or facial
muscles.
elements of practice
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iow Yoga


Immersion Retreats
& 200hr
Teacher Training
Ubud, Bali
April 4th-May 4th 2014
with Amy Jean Pastore
and
Balarama Chandra Das
assisted by Antigone Garner
and Poncho Cottier
inspired by the ow
intelligently aligned
intuitive by nature
stay for weeks 1 and 2
for a Yoga Retreat
or
stay for the month
and become
a Certied Yoga Teacher.
to register and for more info:
amypastore.com
J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4

urdhva prasarita padasana
SET IT UP
& Lie on your back, with your legs fully extended
along the floor.
& Extend your arms overhead with your palms
facing up.
& Press the backs of your arms down and expand
your chest.
& Firm your thighs and grip the muscles around
the knees.
& Lift the legs up to 90 degrees.
& Begin to lower them gradually towards the floor.
REFINE To lift your legs, first reach with your
arms from your waist to your fingertips and
expand your chest completely. Spread your toes
and stretch the bottoms of your feet. Reach out
equally through your legs and lengthen them
from the backs of your thighs to your heels.
Keep extending in these opposite directions to
raise the legs upwards. Maintain the fullness in
your chest to balance the weight of the legs. As
you lift the legs, do not let the legs swing towards
your face beyond 90 degrees.
FINISH As you lower the legs, keep reaching
strongly through your arms and legs. Maintain
a gentle curve in your lumbar by lengthening
the tailbone towards the heels and elongating
your abdomen. To build strength, practice
Steps 1, 2 and 3 in succession. The progression
will teach you how the abdominal muscles are
toned without creating unnecessary tension
in your hips, groin and quadriceps, or neck and
facial muscles.
optimise your pose Refine your practice of Urdhva Prasarita Padasana.
Challenge yourself
Grasp the legs of
a table for support
and raise and lower
your legs 10 times.
Relax your abdomen
With your legs reaching
up, loop a belt around
your feet and hold the
ends. Rest your elbows
on the floor.
Support your lower back
Keep your arms by
your sides, pressing
into the floor, to support
your back in all phases
of the pose.
Prep your hamstrings
Before you practise
the pose, stretch your
hamstrings for a few
minutes in Legs-up-
the-Wall Pose.
Expand your chest
Place a folded blanket
under your forearms and
firmly press the backs of
your arms down to open
your chest.
5DLVH DQG ORZHU \RXU OHJV
with control to tone the
DEGRPLQDO PXVFOHV
basi cs
3 8 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4
FINAL POSE

TEACHER
TRAINING
ANNUAL
those
who can,
So you want to be a yoga teacher?
Sue White takes a look at your
options to help you find the
right style and the right course
For the yogis of bygone eras who learned their
craft through sitting at the feet of their guru,
todays world of yoga teacher training would be
almost unrecognisable. Its true: yoga teachers of
the new millennium are spoilt for choice.
Eager teacher trainees can now choose both the
teacher and the method of study that suits them,
with everything from residential programs to
distance education and intensive courses on offer.
So how do you decide? Some trainees choose based
on their preferred style of practice, while others just
want to take on training with their favourite teacher
or local school. If you dont follow a specific path of
yoga, deciding can be difficult, and in these cases the
answer often comes down to cost or convenience.
teach
4 0 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4
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If youre going with a school you
dont know, take some classes
with them Iirst as anyone who
knows even a little about yoga
soon learns, approaches and
styles can be vastly different.
Many students take on
teacher training simpl y to
deepen their own knowledge:
its a valid choice, but whichever
way you go, be prepared to put
aside time, open your heart and
mind and get ready to see the
world in a different way.
Although you can expect to
pay anywhere Irom ooo to
z,ooo Ior a training program,
youll find that your favourite
teacher will often have done
more than one yoga teaching is
seen as a field where the learning
journey is a never ending one.
Read our overview of the major
styles and schools and remember
while the styles and approach
may differ greatly, were essentially
all on the same path. With that
in mind, open your heart and get
ready for the journey.
STYLES TO CONSI DER
ANUSARA YOGA
Snapshot Founded by American John Friend, Anusara is a style of hatha yoga that combines
a liIeaIIirming Tantric philosophy with a Iocus on alignment.
Training Lither choose to become an Anusara certiIied teacher a long road, taking many
years or an Anusarainspired teacher, which requires zoo hours with a certiIied teacher, oo
hours of Anusara immersion and two years teaching experience before you begin.
The training radically improved my teaching, giving me conIidence to skilIully weave
powerIul alignment principles with upliIting heartcentred philosophy, resulting in
transformative classes that students love, says Cassandra Missio, certified Anusara teacher.
Typical cost 8ooo Ior inspired accreditation, z,ooo or more Ior certiIied accreditation.
Good to know In February zoz, a scandal rocked the Anusara world as Friend was accused oI
mismanagement and abuse, including having sexual relations with students and leading a Wiccan
covent. Following these allegations, hundreds oI Anusara teachers resigned. In March zoz, Friend
stepped down from leading the organisation, but returned to teaching several months later. In
ovember zoz, the Anusara School oI Hatha Yoga, a global teacherled school, incorporated.
Accreditation All Anusara trainings are certiIied with \Sbased Yoga Alliance.
Locations There are certiIied Anusara yoga teachers in most capital cities in Australia,
offering immersions and teacher trainings.
More info anusara.com
ASHTANGA YOGA
Snapshot The Iounder oI this Ilowing Hatha practice, Sri K Pattabhi ]ois, passed away in
zooj, but the Ashtanga yoga lineage remains strong around the world.
Training Traditionally, you had to travel to India numerous times to study at the source,
with Sri Pattabhi ]ois Curuji himselI. Today, the lineage holder is his grandson, Sharath
]ois. AIter regular visits we're talking a Iew months at a time, over a Iew years Sharath or
Iormally, Curuji becomes your teacher and eventually you may be oIIered authorisation
to teach. This is still the position oI the K Pattabhi ]ois
Ashtanga Yoga Institute KP]AYI in Mysore, India,
however some accredited teachers are now beginning to run
their own trainings here in Australia.
A student needs to first become a good student...
Someone with a strong mind and overwhelming enthusiasm...
Maybe aIter o years oI tasting and experimenting with yoga,
maybe then they might be ready to teach, says respected
Australian Ashtanga teacher Lileen Hall.
Typical cost Depends how long you take.
Good to know There are diIIerences oI opinion about
possibilities for Ashtanga certification in the Australian
community, however, KP]AYI says it is the only authority
able to authorise or certify individuals to teach the Ashtanga
yoga method as taught by Sri K Pattabhi ]ois and R. Sharath."
Accreditation As Ashtanga training is not a Westernised
training, accreditation is given through the institute in
Mysore. However, the institute's website states: Students
travelling to Mysore should not come with the expectation
oI obtaining authorised or certiIied status." The idea is that
you come to learn, not to get a certification.
Locations Mysore, India
More info kpjayi.org P
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4 2 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4

BIKRAM YOGA
Snapshot This jominute practice, created by Bikram
Choudhury, uses z6 postures asana and two breathing
practices, all done in a heated room.
Training All training is done in Los Angeles, \S, you'll need
to be at least z years old and have a certiIicate Irom a local
Bikram teacher saying you've been practising the style Ior at
least six months. The nineweek intensive training runs six
days a week.
I love the discipline oI Bikram yoga, the heat, the intensity
and the sweat. It gives me strength, toning, flexibility and
stillness oI mind," says Simon Phelan, a Melbournebased
Bikram Yoga teacher.
Typical cost \S,oo Ior training including share
accommodation more in a private room.
Good to know A typical day at teacher training starts at 8am
and lasts until at least midnight, including two daily Bikram
yoga classes.
Accreditation Successful graduates receive certification as
Bikram Yoga Method Instructors. You'll then need to travel
to Los Angeles every three years to do a shorter, recertification
course \Sz,o.
Locations Los Angeles, US
More info bikramyoga.com
DRU YOGA
Snapshot An accessible form of yoga based on flowing
movements, directed breathing and visualisation. Lru Yoga
began in \ales in the late jos. It's now taught in Lurope,
Australasia and North America.
Training Australian courses tend to run in nine Iourday non
residential weekends, spread over three years. In between
modules there is a comprehensive reflective practice program
and personal mentoring is encouraged. Students are supported
to start teaching about , months in, aIter which they can start
earning an income from their teaching.
The Lru course oIIers a complete package: personal
development, structure for your home practice, skills to teach
and practical ways to give back to the world, says Judy Charlton,
a Lru Yoga graduate.
Typical cost z, per month, Ior three years o total.
Good to know Lru Yoga training is not only Ior those who want
to become a teacher, many therapists, management trainers and
human resource leaders do the course for insight into yogas
understanding of body, emotions, mind and group dynamics.
Accreditation Craduates register with the International School
oI Lru Yoga, and the course is accredited with Yoga Alliance
\S and PaciIic Rim, Yoga Australia and the Independent Yoga
etwork \K.
Locations Courses run across the country, but start dates vary.
In zo, new Australian trainings are currently scheduled Ior
Brisbane. You can also train as a Lru teacher in the \K, Ireland,
Netherlands or Canada.
More info dru.com.au
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J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU 4 3

GENERAL HATHA
Snapshot Unless a yoga teacher training is labelled as a specific training in
a certain style oI yoga, you are generally saIe to assume it's a generic Iorm oI Hatha
yoga Iollowing the teachings oI ancient yogic sage, Patanjali, and the eight limbs oI yoga.
Training Training commitments and schedules vary according to the studio some are
held as intensives over a period of months, others might run one weekend a month for
one to three years. Most will involve at least
,o up to ooo hours oI training, this includes
contact hours, classes and homework.
I love that Hatha yoga brings together the
energies of the sun and moon, inviting each
student to investigate the balance between
eIIort and grace," says Samantha olanSmith,
a Hatha yoga teacher.
Typical cost Varies substantially, but expect
to pay anywhere Irom ,oo to ,oo or more.
Accommodation might be extra if residentials
are involved. In general, longer courses cost
more and some notIorproIits may charge less.
Good to know Many teachers start with
a general Hatha training and then go on to
something more specific down the track.
Accreditation Some trainings are registered
with Yoga Australia, while others have Yoga
Alliance \S/international accreditation
instead see get connected, opposite page. You
mainly want accreditation so that you can get
public liability insurance, or to assure students
about the standard of your training.
Locations Across Australia in almost every
capital city. Asking your favourite yoga studio
for their recommendations is a good place to
start and so is looking in our directory, at the
back!. Yoga Australia's website yogaaustralia.
org.au lists courses registered with them.
Snapshot An i nternati onal l y
recognised approach to the practice
and teaching of yoga, emphasising
a precise, careful and thorough
methodology. The jyearold guru
oI the lineage, BKS Iyengar, still
practises daily from his home institute
RIMYI in Pune, India. Iyengar yoga
is strictly a term coined by his students
he doesn't believe in branding yoga.
Iyengar yoga aims at a consistency
of form, methodology and approach
across its many teachers worldwide.
Training You'll need to have practised
Iyengar yoga for a minimum of three
years before undertaking training
with a teacher accredited by the
BKS Iyengar Yoga Association oI
Australia BKSIYAA. There are Iive
levels of Iyengar teacher training,
each containing two or three stages.
Start at Introductory, Level I you're
still considered to be in training on
completion. You can use the Iyengar
Certification Mark at Introductory,
Level z, aIter a minimum oI oo hours
oI training, oo hours oI assisting,
adjusting and teaching and passing the
rigorous assessments set by BKSIYAA.
Taki ng on the commi tment
to train to become a yoga teacher
deepl y changed my l i I e. The
ongoing practice has only become
richer reIreshing my eyes and
focusing my heart, says Caroline
Coggins, a senior Iyengar teacher.
Typical cost Many teachers dont
charge Ior apprenti ceshi p styl e
teacher training. If its a course format,
training may cost upwards oI ,ooo
over a twoyear period.
Good to know Iyengar yoga teacher
training is renowned for upholding
rigorously high standards, just one
reason it takes most students five years
to complete Introductory Levels and
z accreditation.
Acc r edi t at i on Introductor y
assessments are conducted at least twice
yearly by the BKSIYAA in Australia,
typically in major capital cities.
Locations Train across Australia or
internationally.
More info iyengaryoga.asn.au
IYENGAR YOGA
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4 4 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4

IYTA (HATHA)
Snapshot: \hile IYTA International
Yoga Teachers Associ ati on i s an
association of yoga teachers, its primarily
a training body that has trained more
than zooo classical Hatha yoga teachers
in the past o years.
Training One oI the longestrunning
teacher training courses in Australia,
IYTA oIIers ,o hours oI lectures,
teaching, mentoring and research over
a zmonth period. There are two ways
to study with IYTA: Sydneybased
students meet once a month all day
Saturday and Sunday Ior weekends
during the course. The second option is
via correspondence you'll receive LVLs
oI the Sydney sessions. Both groups
must also attend a Iiveday residential
in Sydney.
At the end of their training course
students say that they have thoroughly
enjoyed their yoga journey," says course coordinator Satyaprem Cibson.
Typical cost ,oo, payable in instalments. Cost includes ,day Sydney
residential and all course materials.
Good to knowYou need three years yoga experience to apply. An IYTA
liaison teacher in each state will supervise and monitor your asana component.
Accreditation The course is registered with Yoga Australia. You can also
apply Ior Iull membership oI IYTA on graduation to access to their Iree,
ongoing continuing professional development.
Locations Sydney, or your lounge room!
More info iyta.org.au
JIVAMUKTI YOGA
Snapshot Founders oI ]ivamukti Yoga, ew
Yorkers Sharon Cannon and Lavid LiIe, have
designed a style of flowing vinyasa that brings the
philosophical teachings of yoga into the modern
classroom.
Training The main centre Ior ]ivamukti training is
in ew York, where a oohour intensive typically
runs once a year. However, with the opening oI
]ivamukti Yoga Sydney in zo, Australian trainings
may eventually be on the agenda as the community
in Australia continues to grow.
The thing which really excited me about doing
the training was that I knew Jivamukti integrates
the physical and spiritual into their classes. I
wanted to add that to my teaching, says Jess
Olivieri, a Jivamukti teacher.
Typical cost About \Sooo plus accommodation
costs at ew York State's holistic learning centre,
Omega Institute, where the training is run.
Good to know Training is tough! Lxpect long days
and no slacking oII. You also need to commit to
becoming vegetarian or vegan.
Accreditation ]ivamukti Yoga training is certiIied
under Yoga Alliance.
Locations ew York, \S, Cermany iI you
happen to speak Cerman, possibly also Costa Rica
in zoz. Australian trainings are on the horizon.
More info jivamuktiyoga.com.au and
jivamuktiyoga.com
J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU 4 5
get connected
Upon completing your yoga teaching qualification youll likely want (or need)
to join a professional body such as Yoga Australia (formerly the Yoga Teachers
Association of Australia).
While its not mandatory, about 1740 Australian yoga teachers are members of
Yoga Australia (others join the US equivalent, Yoga Alliance).

There are discounts with some insurance houses, on conferences and seminars,
and members can post events and further trainings.
Professional body accreditation, or eligibility to get it, is required by some insurers
as well as groups such as Fitness Australia. Yoga Australia has agreements in
place that anyone teaching in their gyms should have at least a 200-hour training,
and apply for registration with them.
To join Yoga Australia, youll need to complete at least 200 hours (provisional
membership) and at least 350 hours (full membership) of recognised teacher
training. If your course is one of the 69 across Australia registered with them,
application is simply a matter of sending in your certificate and the $110 fee
($77 if youre already a member of another yoga teaching association), but if
youve studied elsewhere, dont fret. It doesnt mean they wont take you, you
just need to outline your training and make sure it covers the areas Yoga Australia
requires. For more info, see yogaaustralia.org.au.

KUNDALINI YOGA
Snapshot Kundalini Yoga is a dynamic
practice that was brought to the West
by Yogi Bhajan. Although he's no longer
alive, his teachings of sets or kriyas
remain popular. In class, expect dynamic
asana designed to strengthen the glandular
and nervous systems, a good dose of
meditation or chanting and a feeling that
something has just happened.
Training You can become a Level
Kundalini Yoga teacher by training in
Sydney, Melbourne or Mackay, Qld.
Formats vary the Sydney training is run
as three sixday residential retreats, while
the Melbourne course has a mix of retreats
and weekend intensives. The zzohour
training includes 8o hours oI classroom
instruction, plenty of homework and a
oday personal sadhana.
Kundalini Yoga Level teacher
training is more than simply an instructors
course. It's a liIechanging experience
that awakens a powerful journey into the
SelI," says Patty Kikos, Kundalini Yoga
teacher.
Typical cost ,oo6ooo payment
plans and early bird discounts apply.
Good to know Kundalini Yoga is not
linked to the religion Sikhism, but as the
Iounder Yoga Bhajan was a Sikh, many
Westerners are confused about this.
Accreditation The Kundalini Research
Institute in New Mexico, US, controls
accreditation. Craduates automatically
become members oI the Kundalini Yoga
Teachers Association oI Australia and Z
KYTAZ. Although it isn't registered
with Yoga Australia, graduates can sign
up and register.
Locations Around Australia and across
the globe.
More i nfo kundaliniyoga. com. au,
kundaliniresearchinstittute.org, ho.org
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4 6 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4
continuing professional development
As new teachers soon learn, most yoga teachers are continually developing their
knowledge and understanding of the practice. If youre a member of a professional
body, continuing professional development (CPD) is usually a requirement.
The Yoga Australia CPD Policy requires members to undertake CPD activities
which earn at least 12 CPD points in each year of membership. If the training
is directly related to yoga, one hour equals a point. If its less direct, two hours
equals a point.
Workshops, seminars, retreats and conferences all usually qualify as CPD points.
While most teacher training bodies offer some ongoing training, groups such as
IYTA who make this a priority for their members usually have their own methods
of calculating points for their purposes.
Not sure where to start? Yoga Synergy co-founder Simon Borg-Olivier offers an
extremely well-regarded anatomy and physiology course (yogasynergy.com/main/
anatomy-physiology), which runs annually in Sydney as well as online.
Yoga Australia offers occasional CPD opportunities to their members, and guest
teachers often travel to share their expertise with yoga teachers it can be
worth joining mailing lists of yoga schools in your area to see whos headed in
your direction or checking the courses and events page on the Yoga Australia
website (yogaaustralia.org.au).

SATYANANDA YOGA
Snapshot Developed by Indian yoga master Swami
Satyananda Saraswati, who died in zooj, the style emphasises
that the physical is only one part of yoga practice.
Training The twoyear, ohour Liploma oI Satyananda
Yoga Training is intended to be a journey oI selIdiscovery.
It requires no experience in yoga to enter. The teaching
module comes in the last six months.
I started the course for myself, then during the journey
I realised that the rich knowledge and tools taught by this
tradition are meant to be shared with others, says Maria
Hadnut, a Satyananda graduate.
Typical cost Fees Ior the whole course range Irom z,o
to ,,oo, depending on your choice oI accommodation.
Liscounts apply Ior students living in lowincome countries.
Good to know The diploma is taught through a mixture
oI residential ashram stays and distance learning.
Accreditation The Liploma oI Satyananda Yoga Training
is Australian Covernment accredited, so students may be
eligible for Austudy or other government assistance. Its
also recognised as a ,oohour course with Yoga Alliance
and is registered with Yoga Australia, too.
Locations In Australia study is held at Mangrove
Mountain, S\, and Rocklyn, Victoria modules and z
only, however you can arrange to do part oI your studies
at Satyananda academies in the US, South America, India
or Europe.
More info satyananda.net/yogicstudies, yogavic.com
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yoga practitioner. Sue is a regular contributor to the Australian
Yoga ]ournal, and also loves to travel.Visit suewhite.com.au.

home practice
well-grounded
Rooting down through the earth lets
you stay strong and flexible, even when
life tries to throw you off-balance
By Deborah Burkman
the practice
This grounding sequence builds a
strong foundation in the legs, giving
you steadiness in balancing poses and
allowing you to safely explore deeper
stretches. When you can keep your hips
and legs stable in Parivrtta Trikonasana
(Revolved Triangle Pose), you can
rotate into the twist without straining
your lower back or sacrum.
PLQGERG\ EHQHWV
As you move through your standing
poses, imagine your feet are like roots,
connecting you to the earth, giving you
power. From that strong place in your
lower body, allow your upper body to
feel lifted and fluid. Like a tree standing
tall on a blustery day, allow the roots of
each pose to help you find confidence
and inner resilience.
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In each standing pose, think of rooting
down through your legs and feet, and
notice if that lets you reach tall from
your lower belly. To further encourage
the grounding effects of the sequence,
youll either gaze up at your hand or
down your nose in each pose.
J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU 49
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THROUGH 12 ON
SECOND SIDE
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1 PADANGUSTHASANA
HAND-TO-BIG-TOE POSE
Inhale with feet hip-width apart, hands on
hips. Exhale, fold forward with straight or
bent legs and grab your big toes with the
first two fingers and thumbs. Inhale; look
up. Exhale; fold, keeping your abs engaged.
6 PRASARITA PADOTTANASANA
WIDE-LEGGED STANDING FORWARD BEND
Stand with your feet wide, hands on hips.
Exhale, fold forward with straight or bent
legs and place your hands on the ground in
between your legs. Inhale, look up and
extend your spine forward. Exhale as you
fold, moving your head towards the ground.
12 PARSVOTTANASANA
INTENSE SIDE STRETCH, WITH BLOCKS
Come back to Intense Side Stretch. Hold for
five breaths. Inhale; extend your spine. Exhale;
bring your hands to your hips. Inhale; come up
to standing. Exhale; do poses 7 through 12 on
second side. Then come into Tadasana.
2 UTTHITA TRIKONASANA
EXTENDED TRIANGLE POSE
Inhale; step your right foot out to the right.
Turn your left foot in 45 degrees. Exhale;
place your right hand on your shin or on the
ground outside your right foot. Lift your left
arm to the sky. Gaze towards your left hand.
7 TADASANA MOUNTAIN POSE
Inhale and straighten your arms, bringing your
head up. Exhale; engage your abdominals with
your hands on your hips. Inhale; come up with
a flat back. Exhale as you step to the top of
your mat with your arms by your sides. Gaze
down your nose. You should feel very stable
and grounded here.
13 VRKSASANA TREE POSE
From Tadasana, grab your right ankle, and
press the right foot into the left inner thigh.
To balance, squeeze your foot and thigh
towards each other. Lift your hands to the
sky, and touch your palms together. Gaze
down your nose. Repeat on second side.
8 PARSVOTTANASANA
INTENSE SIDE STRETCH, WITH BLOCKS
Inhale, step your left foot back, and turn
your foot out 45 degrees. Exhale as you
hinge at your hips. Place your hands on
blocks on either side of your right foot.
Bring your torso towards your right leg.
14 TADASANA MOUNTAIN POSE
From Tree Pose, come back to Mountain
Pose. This is an active and alert pose.
Keep your weight evenly distributed on
all four corners of your feet. Engage your
quadriceps and abdominals. Maintain a
neutral spine and pelvis.
TO BEGIN
Warm up with several rounds of
Surya Namaskar A and B (Sun
Salutations A and B). As you practise
the poses in the following sequence,
hold each pose for five breaths.
5 0 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4
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3 VIRABHADRASANA II
WARRIOR POSE II
Inhale to come up. Exhale; bend your
right knee over your right ankle. Reach
your arms out to the sides and stack your
shoulders over your hips. Gaze towards
your right hand.
9 PARIVRTTA TRIKONASANA
REVOLVED TRIANGLE POSE, WITH BLOCK
Place your left hand on a block on the
outside of your right foot. Inhale as you
reach your right hand up and twist your
spine towards the right. Gaze at your right
hand. For more stability, bring your left foot
further out to the left.
15 ADHO MUKHA SVANASANA
DOWNWARD FACING DOG POSE
Inhale; lift your hands to the sky. Exhale;
fold forward. Inhale; look up halfway.
Exhale; with hands on the ground, step
your feet back. Press your hands firmly
into the ground. Engage your lower abs.
16 BALASANA CHILDS POSE
Bend your knees and bring them to the
floor. Reach your arms in front of you as you
bring your buttocks towards your heels with
your toes pointed and legs together. Bring
the hands back towards your heels, and rest
your head on the ground.
4 REVERSE WARRIOR POSE
Inhale as you drop your left arm and rest
it on your left thigh. Lift your right arm
and gaze towards your right hand. Try
not to backbend from your lower back.
You should feel very grounded in your
legs as you extend your torso upwards.
10 PARSVOTTANASANA
INTENSE SIDE STRETCH, WITH BLOCKS
Exhaling, release Revolved Triangle and
come back to Intense Side Stretch with both
hands on blocks. Take five deep breaths,
keeping your legs steady and strong.
5 UTTHITA PARSVAKONASANA
EXTENDED SIDE ANGLE POSE
Inhale; come back to Warrior II. Exhale;
place your right forearm on your right thigh
as you extend your left arm over your left
ear. Gaze towards your left palm. Do poses
2 through 5 on the second side.
11 ARDHA CHANDRASANA
HALF MOON POSE
Inhale; move the block on the right forward
with your right hand. Lift your left arm and
leg as you twist your torso towards the left.
Stack your hips on top of each other and on
top of your right leg. Your left leg will be
parallel to the floor. Gaze at your left hand.
REPEAT POSES 2
THROUGH 5 ON
SECOND SIDE
J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4

As lead singer with legendary Aussie punk
band the Celibate Rifles, Damien Lovelock is used
to an audience but these days theyre more likely to
be doing Tree Pose or Downward Dog than crowd-
surfing, moshing or stage-diving.
Meanwhile, when Juliette Ridge and Stan Cortes
arent on their yoga mat leading a class, they spend
their time up in the sky Juliette on a plane at
10,000 metres and Stan abseiling down the side
of a skyscraper.
These three yoga teachers are just a small
proportion of the hundreds of Australian yogis who
combine teaching with another profession. And
chances are your regular yoga teacher does more
than instruct asana in their typical working week.
Lydia Dyhin, course manager for the
International Yoga Teachers Association (IYTA),
says many yoga trainees on the course are already
professionals from a wide range of careers.
People become passionate about yoga while
theyre doing other things and because theyre so
passionate they want to pass this knowledge on to
others, she says.
But it can be quite challenging to make a living
from yoga teaching alone. Its a big step to make
yoga your only source of income, Dyhin continues.
Although it is possible.
She advises taking it in stages and gradually
increasing the number of classes you teach, while
keeping your day job as a back-up.
Its a very personal decision and depends on
your individual expenses, she says. But combining
teaching with another profession doesnt have to
be a conflict. Having another job can keep you
grounded while giving you perspective and
empathy with your students.
Here, Damien, Juliette and Stan share their
stories of mixing business with pleasure.
don t quit
your day job
Yoga teaching is
often a part-time
profession you
might be surprised
what your guru is
up to when theyre
not in the studio
By Kati e Brown
52 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4
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Stan (left, in white helmet) cleans windows
with his business partner Andre Quin.
scaling new heights
Stan Cortes, aged 40, Kundalini yoga
teacher and owner and operator of
Abseilers United
My first experience of yoga was when
a Iriend took me to an earlymorning
Kundalini class. There was a lot of
chanting and it really touched me. Soon
afterwards, I went to a workshop with
my girlfriend, which was run by the same
teacher. So I didn't look Ior yoga it Iell
into my lap!
I was keen to find out more, so I took
a Kundalini yoga teaching course, which
ran over three years. The more I learnt,
the more I wanted to learn, but we were
in Brazil and to delve deeper into the
philosophy, I had to learn English.
I knew an Aussie dude who convinced
me to study the language in Sydney, so I
did. My English was very, very limited, so
at first I worked as a kitchen hand.
At the time, a friend of my flatmate was
the owner of an abseiling company and he
took me climbing. Eventually I asked him
for a job and he gave me a chance.
A year after arriving in Australia, I met
Sara an artist, who became my wiIe, so I
ended up staying!
Then four years later I began teaching
regular yoga classes and, with another
friend, set up Abseilers United. Basically
we do highrise maintenance, repairs and
inspections on buildings, which includes
painting, window cleaning and installing
banners. I call myselI a ]ackoIalltrades
on ropes!
I find yoga helps me more with my job
than my business helps me with yoga.
There are scary moments, but yoga keeps
you present and connected.
I wake up every morning at 4:30am to
meditate and prepare myself for the day.
During the day when I need to focus, I
do yoga breathing just concentrating on
the inhalation and exhalation. The scariest
aspect is when the job is very fiddly and
you have to be super careful not to drop
anything, as there are always people below.
I deal with lots of different people
from owners of companies to body
corporates and cleaners and I try to be
kind and connect with everyone to go
beyond the ego and not get caught up in
disputes and competition.
I work Monday to Friday, am ,pm.
I also teach a yoga class on a Tuesday
evening and a Sunday morning. But I
don't consider yoga to be a job it's just
something I love to do and it comes first
in my life.
When my students find out what I do
for a living, they often say, Wow, thats
weird! And theyre shocked I dont teach
Iulltime. I've been teaching yoga Ior zo
years and because Ive always had another
income, it has never worried me if I have
one student or a hundred.
There are some teachers who purely
live off yoga and sometimes you can see
their stress and how it gets passed on
to the class. One thing I always tell my
students in teacher training is that it takes
a while to become established as a teacher
and have a good class.
Im not sure what Ill do in the future,
but having another activity besides
yoga gives me the opportunity to bring
together all the teachings Ive learned.
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If someone had told me that coming into
my 60th year Id be a yoga teacher, Id
have thought they showed an alarming
lack of insight.
In my zos, I got a job as a TV research
assistant, studied communications at
university and joined a rock band, the
Celibate Rifles.
As the Rifles became more successful it
was hard to find time to do anything else.
It was an intense liIe we'd do gigs three
or four days a week and on days off Id be
exhausted and wouldnt want to be near
anyone. Then wed be back on the bus or
plane flying to Europe or America.
But in hindsight, I was heading in a
yoga direction I did some work with
Tibetan refugees, met His Holiness the
Dalai Lama and practised meditation with
Tibetan monks.
Then in my midos, I bruised my
spinal cord playing footy. I was in a bad
way for months. Doctors kept giving me
stronger and stronger drugs, but nothing
worked I had no energy and Ielt terrible.
The one thi ng that gave some
temporary relief was going to the steam
room at the gym. I was there one day and
got chatting to this old digger whod had
a double knee and hip replacement. I was
really despairing and he just said, You
wanna try that yoga mate; its unreal.
There was a Ryoho yoga class starting in
half an hour, so I went along. At times it
was excruciating, but I could still feel it was
doing me good. From then on I went twice
a week my back Ielt better, I had more
energy and felt more positive about life.
After si x years, I met Andrzej
Gospodarczyk, founder of Ryoho yoga.
He said the only way to learn more was
to do the teacher training course. It
involved a year's Iulltime study, attending
a minimum of five classes a week as well
as quarterly retreats.
I still had no interest in teaching. I
was doing gigs and working as a radio and
TV sports commentator. I just wanted
to improve my own practice and delve
deeper into the theory.
I enrolled and found most of the other
trainees were zoyearold girls who'd been
vegetarians and gymnasts all their lives!
Then at the end of the year, in order to
from punk to pranayama
Damien Lovelock, aged 59, Ryoho yoga teacher, sports commentator, singer and writer
graduate, I had to do practice teaching.
Ive been on stage in front of 10,000
people, but I was far more terrified when
I taught my first yoga class. I only had
four people, but its the responsibility you
have for their health.
Although I may have been the worst
practitioner on the course, I discovered
I was a pretty good teacher.
I do have students who recognise
me from the Celibate Rifles. Mostly
they think its funny, but there are a few
who think it's inappropriate but they
probably dont like me anyway!
I've been instructing Ior z years
now and I also teach the Central Coast
Mariners in the ALeague and the S\
Origin team.
As well as my yoga classes, I teach
boxing training, which I call Boxiyo the
class runs Ior , minutes oI partner work
and then half an hour of yoga.
I still do the odd gig with the Rifles
and Im on radio; theres talk I might be
doing a rugby league show on Ireetoair
TV next year.
Ive never been that good at maximising
my earning potential I'm more oI a doer
than a business planner but my careers
have kept me enthusiastic and open
hearted. I could be wracked with financial
insecurity, debt and apprehension about
tomorrow like a large percentage oI the
population over ,, but I don't Ieel that
way at all. Yoga just lets me live the life I
want to live.
5 4 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4
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After completing a degree in economics
and psychology, I worked in banking. But
aIter six months I Iound an oIIicebased
environment wasnt for me. So I left.
I wanted a career with variety, where I
could travel and be active my sisterinlaw
suggested I join the Qantas cabin crew. It
wasnt a job Id considered before, but I sent
an application to Qantas and was accepted.
I loved the job straight away. I worked on
the international routes and found myself
away for up to eight days and then home
for three or five days. I loved the dynamic
lifestyle, but the downside was I had to quit
my soItball and netball teams I couldn't
commit to games and didnt want to turn up
to work with a black eye or sprained ankle!
Soon after, I noticed a yoga studio near
my home in Cronulla, S\ and tried a
class. It was Hathabased and I loved it.
From then on, I attended classes whenever
I could in Australia and overseas. I'd pack
yoga paws as I didn't have room Ior a mat!
and whenever I landed in a new city jet lag
permitting I'd take classes in Los Angeles,
San Francisco, ew York, Hawaii, Bali,
Singapore, London and Berlin.
After exploring the physical asanas,
I became drawn to the philosophies and
history, so I decided to do a teaching course.
The course which worked best around my
schedule was the IYTA Teacher Training
Scheme International Yoga Teachers'
Association, so in jj, I enrolled.
I loved combining my work with learning
about yoga I'd oIten be awake at odd
hours of the night, so Id get out my books
and read this amazing wisdom.
My objective hadnt been to teach yoga,
but after graduating, I felt I should pass on
this knowledge and help inspire others, so
I became a locum teacher covering classes
when I was in the country. Although I
loved it, I found it challenging to walk into
a class and teach, when I hadnt seen the
students before and they hadnt seen me.
After a couple of years, I decided to do
something regular, so I transferred from
international to domestic flying, which gave
me a more structured work schedule, and
began teaching a weekly class at Culburra
SurI Club on the south coast oI S\. I also
continued to study and took an anatomy and
physiology course with Simon BorgOlivier
and a Yoga Arts Ashtanga teaching program.
Since zooj, I've been studying Iyengar yoga
with Kay Parry in Bondi, S\.
Tuesday became my yoga day I loved it
and really enjoyed the sense of community
that came with the class.
Quite a few cabin crew combine their job
with another passion and it's great to have the
opportunity to do this. The techniques have
been a saviour Ior me at work a restorative
practice is essential for jet lag. I also love
being part of the yoga community.
Ive always found my practice quite
centering wherever I am in the world, I
sit on my mat and feel grounded. Physically,
it keeps me fit for my job and emotionally
it helps maintain a sense of calm and
detachment when dealing with people and
situations. Being cabin crew, you need to
be good at dealing with people, have good
communication skills and be a problem
solver these have all helped with teaching.
I am so lucky to be able to do both jobs
they are my passion and together create
a perfect balance.
Katie Brown is a yoga teacher and journalist,
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up, up and away
Juliette Ridge, aged 46, Iyengar yoga teacher and Qantas cabin crew
J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU 5 5
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ways your yoga
practice can improve
your health
Photography by Ann Elliott Cutting
GOOD
FOR
YOU!

BY
KATHERINE
GRIFFIN
ADDITIONAL
REPORTING
BY
ALICE
WALTON
Much has changed since US preventative medicine specialist Dr Dean Ornish included yoga in his
groundbreaking protocol for preventing, treating and reversing heart disease more than three
decades ago. Back then, the idea of integrating yoga with modern medicine was seen as far-out.
Todays picture is very different: as yoga has
become an increasingly integral part of
21st-century life, scientists, armed with new
tools that allow them to look ever deeper
into the body, have been turning their
attention to what happens physiologically
when we practise yoga not just asana but
also pranayama and meditation. These
physicians, neuroscientists, psychologists and
other researchers are uncovering fascinating
evidence of how the practice affects us
mentally and physically and may help to
prevent and assist in the treatment of a
number of the most common ailments that
jeopardise our vitality and shorten our lives.
Dozens of yoga studies are underway
at medical institutions around the world,
particularly in the US. More studies are on the
way, thanks in part to the work of researchers
at the US Institute for Extraordinary Living
at the Kripalu Center for Yoga and Health,
one of the first research institutes to focus
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5 6 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4

BALANCING ACT
When you were a kid, your day
included activities that tested your
balance walking along curbs,
hopping on your skateboard. But
when you spend more time driving
and sitting at a desk than in activities
that challenge your balance, you can
lose touch with the bodys magical
ability to teeter back and forth and
remain upright. Balance poses are a
core part of asana practice, and
theyre even more important for older
adults. Better balance can be crucial
to preserving independence, and can
even be lifesaving falls are the
leading cause of injury-
related death in
people over 65.
J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU 5 7

exclusively on yoga. And in India,
scientist Dr Shirley Telles heads up
Patanjali Yogpeeth Research
Foundation, which is spearheading
studies large and small.
While studies of yogas impact on
health are at an all-time high, experts
say that much of the research is still
in the early stages. But the quality is
improving, says Dr Sat Bir Singh
Khalsa, a Harvard neuroscientist who
has studied yogas health effects for
12 years. Its likely, he says, that the
next decade will teach us even more
about what yoga can do for our minds
and bodies. In the meantime, the
patterns beginning to emerge suggest
that what we know about how yoga
keeps us well may be just the tip of
the iceberg.
Dr Kim Innes, a Kundalini yoga practitioner and a clinical
associate professor at the University of Virginia in the US,
recently published a study on how yoga may benefit people
who have a variety of health risk factors, including being
overweight, sedentary and at risk for type 2 diabetes. Forty-
two people who had not practised yoga within the previous year took part in an
eight-week gentle Iyengar yoga program; at the end of the program, more than
80 per cent reported that they felt calmer and had better overall physical
functioning. Yoga is very accessible, Dr Innes says. Participants in our trials,
even those who thought they could not do yoga, noted benefits even after the
first session. My belief is that once people are exposed to gentle yoga practice
with an experienced yoga therapist, they will likely become hooked very quickly.
YES,
YOU
CAN!
Much attention has been given
to yogas potential effect on
the persistent dark fog of
depression. Dr Lisa
Uebelacker, a psychologist at
Brown University,US, became
interested in examining yoga
as a therapy for depression
after studying and practising
mindfulness meditation.
Because depressed people
tend to be prone to rumination,
Dr Uebelacker suspected that
seated meditation could be
difficult for them to embrace.
I thought yoga might be an
easier doorway, because of
the movement, she says. It
provides a different focus from
worry about the future or
regret about the past. Its an
opportunity to focus your
attention somewhere else.
In a small study in 2007,
UCLA researchers examined
how yoga affected people who
were clinically depressed
and for whom antidepressants
provided only partial relief.
After eight weeks of practising
Iyengar yoga three times a
week, the patients reported
significant decreases in
both anxiety and depression.
Dr Uebelacker currently has
a larger clinical trial underway
that she hopes will provide a
clearer picture of how yoga
helps with mental illness.
ray of light
pain reliever
Yoga shows promise as a
treatment for relieving certain
kinds of chronic pain. A recent
German study published in
the Clinical Journal of Pain
compared Iyengar yoga with
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among people with chronic
neck pain, they found that
yoga reduced pain scores
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yogas effects on a different
kind of chronic pain, University
of California Los Angeles
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studied young women suffering
from rheumatoid arthritis, an
often debilitating autoimmune
disorder in which the immune
system attacks the lining of
the joints. About half of those
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Iyengar yoga program reported
improvements in measures
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and depression.
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may help bring blood pressure down to safer levels
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response. Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania,
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controlled trials of yoga for blood pressure. They found
that 12 weeks of Iyengar yoga reduced blood pressure as
well as or better than the control condition of nutrition
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5 8 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4

YOGA
PRESCRIPTION
HAPPY
DAY
Its taken the development of modern technologies like
functional MRI screening to give scientists a glimpse of how
yogic practices like asana and meditation affect the brain.
We now have a much deeper understanding of what happens
in the brain during meditation, says Harvard neuroscientist
Dr Sat Bir Singh Khalsa. Long-term practitioners see changes
in brain structure that correlate with their being less reactive
and less emotionally explosive. They dont suffer to the same
degree. Scientists at the University of Wisconsin, US, have
shown that meditation increases the activity of the left
prefrontal cortex the area of the brain thats associated with
positive moods, equanimity and emotional resilience. In other
words, meditating regularly may help you weather lifes ups
and downs with greater ease and feel happier in your daily life.
Bringing yoga and Western
medicine together
Duke Integrative Medicine
Duke Universitys Integrative Medicine
department in the US has lived up to its
name by integrating yoga into medicine
and medicine into yoga. The department
is one of the only major medical centres
in the US to offer yoga teacher training.
Its two programs, Therapeutic Yoga for
Seniors and Yoga of Awareness for
Cancer, are taught by a team of yoga
instructors, doctors, physical therapists
and mental health professionals.
These yoga teacher trainings accept
about 100 people a year and involve
elements of asana, pranayama,
meditation and mindfulness working
together as adjuncts to the conventional
medical treatments that patients may
also be receiving simultaneously. Once
training is complete, teachers can work
on contract for hospitals and other
health agencies.
Kimberly Carson, the founder and
co-director of the yoga training
programs, stresses that what sets the
programs apart is their research-based
approach. Medicine listens best when
you speak its language, says Carson,
a yoga therapist who has taught in
medical settings for more than 15 years.
The evidence base is what the medical
community listens to, she says.
Essential to the programs success,
says Carson, is the staffs commitment
to thinking critically about how they
promote the benefits of yoga. The
quickest way to shut doors is to
state as fact claims that arent
substantiated, she points out.
Luckily, the evidence base for yoga
and other alternative methods is fast
growing, and Duke University has been
a forerunner in opening the lines of
communication between yoga and
medicine.
J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU 5 9

REST
EASY
YOGA
PRESCRIPTION
Turning doctors into mind-
body experts
Benson-Henry Institute for
Mind Body Medicine
Located in one of the best academic
medical centres and in one of the most
doctor-friendly cities in the US, the
Benson-Henry Institute for Mind Body
Medicine at Massachusetts General
Hospital is well poised to train new
doctors to incorporate mind-body
techniques into their practice. Its
founder and director emeritus, Dr
Herbert Benson, pioneered research on
the relaxation response as a powerful
antidote to the stress response; he was
also one of the first to illustrate that
meditation changes metabolism, heart
rate and brain activity as a result of the
relaxation response. This commitment
to research is still what makes the
institute stand out: Dr Benson and his
colleagues recently published a
landmark study illustrating some of
the changes in gene expression that
can come from practices that elicit
the relaxation response, including
meditation and yoga.
Doctors at the institute help treat
patients for everything from heart
disease and diabetes to infertility.
Individual therapeutic yoga instruction
is offered as an adjunctive approach
for a wide variety of conditions, both
physical and mental. Dr Darshan Mehta,
the institutes medical director and
director of medical education, says
that along with maintaining its
commitments to research and patient
care, the Benson-Henry Institute is
dedicated to educating medical
students and residents in integrative
medicine. Boston is famous for
training leaders in medicine, Mehta
says. We need to expose the next
generation of doctors to the benefits
of mind-body medicine. My hope is that
after studying at the Benson-Henry
Institute theyll be able to at least
recognise value in it and perhaps add
it to their practices in some way.
Asana, pranayama and meditation all train you to fine-tune
your attention, whether by syncing your breathing with
movement, focusing on the subtleties of the breath or letting
go of distracting thoughts. Studies have shown that yogic
practices such as these can help your brain work better.
Recently, University of Illinois, US, researchers found that
immediately following a 20-minute Hatha yoga session,
study participants completed a set of mental challenges both faster and more
accurately than they did after a brisk walk or a jog.
Researchers are in the earliest stages of examining whether yogic practices could
also help stave off age-related cognitive decline. The yogic practices that involve
meditation would likely be the ones involved, because of the engagement of control
of attention, says Dr Khalsa. Indeed, research has shown that parts of the cerebral
cortex an area of the brain associated with cognitive processing that becomes
thinner with age tend to be thicker in long-term meditators, suggesting that
meditation could be a factor in preventing age-related cerebral cortex thinning.
STAY
SHARP
MAINTENANCE
PLAN
A 2013 review of 17 clinical trials concluded
that a regular yoga practice that includes
pranayama and deep relaxation in Savasana
(Corpse Pose), practiced for 60 minutes
three times a week, is an effective tool for
maintaining a healthy weight, particularly
when home practice is part of the program.
In our revvedup, alwayson
world, our bodies spend too
much time in an overstimulated
state, contributing to an
epidemic of sleep problems.
A recent Duke University
analysis of the most rigorous
studies done on yoga for
psychiatric conditions found
promising evidence that yoga
can be helpful for treating sleep
disorders. Asana can stretch and
relax your muscles, breathing
exercises can slow your heart
rate to help prepare you for
sleep, and regular meditation
can keep you from getting
tangled up in the worries that
keep you from drifting off.
better sex
In Mumbai, India, women who took
part in a 12-week yoga camp reported
improvements in several areas of
sexuality, including desire, orgasm
and overall satisfaction. Yoga (like
other exercise) increases blood flow
and circulation throughout the
body, including the genitals. Some
researchers think yoga may also
boost libido by helping practitioners
feel more in tune with their bodies.
Researchers at the University of
Pittsburgh School oI Medicine,
\S, Iound that adults at risk Ior
typez diabetes who did yoga twice
a week for three months showed a
reduction in risk factors including
excess weight and blood pressure.
While the study was small, all who
began the program stuck with it
throughout the study, and 99 per
cent reported satisfaction with the
practice. In particular, they reported
that they liked the gentle approach
and the support of the group. If
larger, future studies show similar
results, the researchers say, yoga
could gain credence as a viable way of
helping people stave off the disease.
down with diabetes
6 0 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4

YOUNGER-LOOKING D N A
While the fountain of youth remains a
myth, recent studies suggest that
yoga and meditation may be
associated with cellular changes
that affect the bodys ageing
process. Each of our cells includes
structures called telomeres, bits of
DNA at the end of chromosomes that
get shorter each time a cell divides.
When telomeres get too short, the
cells can no longer divide and they
die. Yoga, it seems, may help to
preserve their length. Men with
prostate cancer who took part in a
version of Dr Dean Ornishs Ornish
Healthy Lifestyle Program, which
included an hour a day of yoga, six
days a week, showed a 30 per cent
jump in the activity of a key telomere-
preserving enzyme called
telomerase. In another study,
stressed care-givers who took part
in a Kundalini yoga meditation and
chanting practice called Kirtan Kriya
had a 39 per cent increase in
telomerase activity, compared
with people who simply listened
to relaxing music.
immune activity
Many studies have suggested that yoga can fortify the bodys ability to
ward off illnesses. Now one of the first studies to look at how yoga affects
genes indicates that a two-hour program of gentle asana, meditation and
breathing exercises alters the expression of dozens of immune-related genes in
blood cells. Its not clear how the genetic changes observed in this study might
support the immune system. But the study, from the University of Oslo in Norway,
provides striking evidence that yoga can affect gene expression big news that
suggests yoga may have the potential to influence how strongly the genes youre
born with affect your health.
COOL
INFLAMMATION
Were used to thinking of
inflammation as a response
that kicks in after a bang on
the shin. But increasing
evidence shows that the
bodys inflammatory
response can also be
triggered in more chronic
ways by factors including
stress and a sedentary
lifestyle. And a chronic state
of inflammation can raise your
risk for disease.
Researchers at Ohio State
University, US, found that
a group of regular yoga
practitioners (who practised
once or twice a week for at
least three years) had much
lower blood levels of an
inflammation-promoting
immune cell called IL-6 than a
group new to yoga. And when
the two groups were exposed
to stressful situations, the
more seasoned practitioners
showed smaller spikes of IL-6
in response. According to the
studys lead author, Dr Janice
Kiecolt-Glaser, the more
experienced practitioners
went into the study with lower
levels of inflammation than
the novices and they also
showed lower inflammatory
responses to stress, pointing
to the conclusion that the
benefits of a regular yoga
practice compound over time.
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JOINT
SUPPORT
YOGA
PRESCRIPTION
Caring health care
Urban Zen Integrative Therapy
program
The brainchild of designer Donna Karan,
Rodney Yee, Colleen Saidman Yee and the
Beth Israel Medical Centers chair of
integrative medicine, Dr Woodson Merrell,
the Urban Zen Integrative Therapy
program at UCLA seeks to strengthen the
human element in hospital-based health
care and to lessen the pain and anxiety
many patients experience when
undergoing treatment for cancer and
other illnesses. Launched in 2009, the
program offers a 500-hour training
course for yoga teachers and health care
professionals in five healing modalities:
yoga therapy, Reiki, essential-oil therapy,
nutrition and contemplative care.
Included in the training are 100 hours
of clinical rotations, carried out at
participating hospitals and long-term
care facilities in New York; Los Angeles;
Columbus, Ohio; and Port-au-Prince, Haiti.
Were bringing mindfulness into arenas
where there is often only anxiety, panic,
stress and crisis states, says co-director
Rodney Yee. We all realise mindfulness
and meditation are so important to daily
life. This is a way to bring this to patients
in a medical setting, to support patients
needs. For example, depending on the
needs of the patient, a certified therapist
might help patients do in-bed yoga poses,
breathing techniques and meditation that
they can then repeat on their own.
Yee says hes been amazed by the
receptivity of the medical community
towards the program. Old stigmas are
dissolving, he says, and new attitudes
are emerging. But its a two-way street,
he adds. The yoga community has our
own work cut out for us, keeping up with
the science and being open to addressing
the issues that will affect yogas role in
Western medicine for years to come.
Taiwanese researchers from the Taiwan Adventist Hospital
scanned the vertebral discs of a group of yoga teachers
and compared them with scans oI healthy, similaraged
volunteers. The yoga teachers discs showed less evidence of
the degeneration that typically occurs with age. One possible
reason, researchers speculate, has to do with the way spinal
discs are nourished. Nutrients migrate from blood vessels
through the tough outer layer oI the disc, bending and Ilexing
may help push more nutrients through this outer layer and
into the discs, keeping them healthier.
your
spine
on
yoga
keep your heart healthy
Despite advances in both
prevention and treatment,
heart disease remains one
of the no. 1 killers of both men
and women. Its development
is influenced by high blood
pressure, high cholesterol, high
blood sugar and a sedentary
lifestyle all of which can
potentially be reduced by yoga.
Dozens of studies have helped
convince cardiac experts that
yoga and meditation may help
reduce many of the major risk
factors for heart disease; in
fact, a review of no fewer than
70 studies concluded that yoga
shows promise as a safe,
effective way to boost heart
health. In a study this year by
researchers at the University
of Kansas Medical Center, US,
subjects who participated in
twice-weekly sessions of
Iyengar yoga (including
pranayama as well as asana)
significantly cut the frequency
of episodes of atrial fibrillation,
a serious heart-rhythm disorder
that increases the risk of
strokes and can lead to heart
failure.
By gently taking joints ankles, knees,
hips, shoulders through their range of
motion, asana helps keep them lubricated,
which researchers say may help keep you
moving freely in athletic and everyday
pursuits as you age.
Many women have turned to yoga to help them cope with
the symptoms of menopause, from hot flashes to sleep
disturbances to mood swings. A recent analysis of the most
rigorous studies of yoga and menopause found evidence that
yoga which included asana and meditation helps with the psychological symptoms
oI menopause, such as depression, anxiety and insomnia. In one randomised controlled
trial, Brazilian researchers Irom the Federal \niversity oI Sao Paulo examined how
yoga affected insomnia symptoms in a group of 44 postmenopausal women. Compared
with women who did passive stretching, the yoga practitioners showed a big drop in
incidence of insomnia. Other, more preliminary research has suggested that yoga may
also help to reduce hot flashes and memory problems, too.
NEWS
FLASH
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6 2 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4

POWER
SOURCE
WATCH YOUR BACK
Some 60 to 80 per cent of people
suffer from lower-back pain, and
theres no one-size-fits-all treatment.
But theres good evidence that yoga
can help resolve certain types of
back troubles. In one of the strongest
studies, researchers at Group Health
Research Institute in the US worked
with more than 200 people with
persistent lower-back pain. Some
were taught yoga poses; the others
took a stretching class or were given
a self-care book. At the end of the
study, those who took yoga and
stretching classes reported less
pain and better functioning,
benefits that lasted for several
months. Another study of 90 people
with chronic lower-back pain found
that those who practiced Iyengar
yoga showed significantly less
disability and pain after six months.
Former US Yoga Journal editor
Katherine Griffin is a writer and editor.
emotional
rescue
Recent studies have suggested
that exercise is linked with
increased levels of a brain
chemical called gamma-
aminobutyric acid (GABA), which
is associated with positive mood
and a sense of wellbeing. It turns
out that Iyengar yoga can also
increase the levels of this chemical
in the brain, more so than walking,
according to a Boston University, US,
study. In another study, a group of women
who were experiencing emotional distress
took part in two 90-minute Iyengar yoga
classes a week for three months. By the
end of the study, self-reported anxiety
scores in the group had dropped, and
measures of overall wellbeing went up.
If youve felt the thrill of
discovering you can hold
Chaturanga for longer and longer
periods, youve experienced how
yoga strengthens your muscles.
Standing poses, inversions and
other asanas challenge muscles
to lift and move the weight of
your body. Your muscles respond
by growing new fibres, so that
they become thicker and stronger
all the better to help you lift
heavy shopping bags, kids or
yourself into Handstand, and
to maintain fitness and function
throughout your lifetime.
J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU 6 3

What catching pneumonia taught Victoria Penko
about yoga teaching and herself
answering
the call
6 4 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4
essay
Theres a dog-eared Rumi quote stuck to
my fridge to remind me of my intention for 2013:
Respond to every call that excites your spirit.
In January 2013, my spirit was called and I was excited.
As a yoga teacher and parent to an incredible autistic son,
Id decided Id found my purpose: I was going to gift
yoga to parents of children with special needs. Having
been to hell and back following my sons diagnosis four
years earlier, I wanted to tackle the trauma I believed
parents of special needs children suffered. My own
reaction denial, Iear, a compulsive obsession with
researching to Iix him" had leIt me torn, oIIcentre
and hypervigilant. For a while I had not been in the best
place from which to parent any of my children, until the
full power of my yoga practice intervened. And, for the
record, I now have no desire to fix my wonderful son.
He is perfect as he is.
So I had a mission: I would develop and teach a
free yoga program for parents of children with special
needs. The restorative practices would gently nurture
and restore mums and dads, enabling them to better
regulate their emotions and behaviour. In turn, theyd be
in a better space to tackle parenting and what lay ahead.
ACCIDENTALLY ON PURPOSE
Once Id set my intention I was amazed at the speed
with which it materialised: our family early childhood
intervention centre snapped up the idea, the mats I
needed to give to parents were donated by a local yoga
studio via the LovEarth preloved mats recycling scheme
lovearth.com.au see p88 Ior more inIo and beIore
I could secondguess myselI, I'd raised Iunds Ior blocks,
blankets and straps via an online crowdsourcing site.
I was deeply humbled and completely ready to step up
to the plate. It had all happened so quickly and so easily,
I was obviously on purpose.
The first few weeks of the program lit up my soul.
Participant numbers were fewer than Id hoped for
but the space we created together was magical. Steely
muscles, once clamped tight with tension, slowly began
to loosen. I saw space created in chests that had been
constricted with shallowbreathing. Hunched shoulders
began to melt. Breathing became smoother and calmer.
Lventually there would be a sigh, an exhale a smile.
The time after class became equally significant. As
parents of special needs children we had a unique bond
and could talk in shorthand about our children's melt
downs and social challenges. I would frequently steer the
chat to selIcare oIten reIerring to the old aeroplane
adage of putting the oxygen mask on parents first so
that they can then assist their children. Yes! We needed
the oxygen, we agreed we needed to breathe, deeply.
Apparently my body wasnt listening.
A (BIG) BUMP IN THE ROAD
In the fourth week of the course I developed a fever and
an unrelenting, hacking cough. Shivering on my mat I
realised I needed to cancel the weeks lessons. I had flu
I told the centre but I was resilient and would be back
next week. But by the end of that day I was in hospital
on an IV drip being pumped with antibiotics to kill the
virus that was ravaging my lungs. It was pneumonia.
It was serious. Id be there for a while.
My initial reaction was disbelief. Like many people
sustained by yoga and healthy eating practices,
I considered myself literally immune from this stuff.

J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU 6 5
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As my husband said, staring at the doctors
incredulously, but you dont understand:
she never gets sick.
Yet the doctors were clear: I had
Community Acquired Pneumonia, which
was a risk for the very young, the elderly
and those with compromised immune
systems. Why had I got it? They couldnt
say. Perhaps Id been stressed lately?
Under pressure at work? Or just unlucky?
I would have happily plumped for the
latter suggestion, but two months of
recuperating gave me plenty of time to
reflect. Having now discussed this with
many respected yoga colleagues and
mentors, Ive concluded that my teaching
project was, in fact, a key contributor to
the illness. The project was all right; the
way I did it, I now realise, was all wrong.
HINDSIGHT IS A WONDERFUL THING
My biggest error, in hindsight, was not
fully exploring my motivation for wanting
to teach parents of special needs kids.
While I thought the work I was doing
was a form of seva VHUYLFH DIWHU PXFK
VRXO VHDUFKLQJ , UHDOLVHG WKDW LW ZDV
XQFRQVFLRXVO\ WKHUDS\ , ZDV WU\LQJ
to conquer the pain Id experienced on
our autism journey; I was St George and
autism was the dragon.
Marianne Elliott has seen this before.
Shes the regional leader in Australia and
New Zealand for Off the Mat, Into the
World, a global movement which promotes
FRQVFLRXV VXVWDLQDEOH \RJD DFWLYLVP DV
featured in the movie Yogawoman 2II
7KH 0DW KROGV \RJDEDVHG WUDLQLQJ VHVVLRQV
to help people find ways to consciously
contribute through service or activism.
One area the training explores is examining
what motivate us to act.
Its true that our wounds can
motivate us to want to create positive
change in the world, Elliott says. But its
extremely important that we dont allow
our wounding to negatively influence and
undermine our work in the world.
She makes a good point. The work Id
attempted certainly triggered unresolved
issues for me. Even the simple matter
of working from the early intervention
centre Id attended with my son activated
unpleasant feelings from the past. While
I thought Id made peace with these issues,
I hadnt. Now I needed to work through
those residual matters with a counsellor
and on my mat... and not as a teacher.
As yoga teachers we have to do our
personal work on issues that arise, says

6 6 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4
Elliott. Otherwise, while we hope to serve
others we may unconsciously be serving
ourselves, with difficult outcomes.
Alternatively we might find ourselves
serving no one at all.
GOING IT ALONE
Pr omi nent among t he s t r es s or s
I experienced in hospital was the guilt at
having to abandon new students who
were just beginning to experience yogas
benefits. Having set up the project alone
I had no one to call on to step in and pick
up where Id left off.
Michael de Manincor, founder and
H[HFXWLYH GLUHFWRU RI WKH <RJD )RXQGDWLRQ
DQG IRUPHU SUHVLGHQW RI <RJD $XVWUDOLD
believes that community collaboration is a
key to success in projects such as this. De
0DQLQFRU VHW XS WKH <RJD )RXQGDWLRQ WR
share yoga with people who experience
hardship or disadvantage. He realised from
the outset that he couldnt work alone.
I could have started this work as an
individual, as many generous yoga teachers
have done, but as a busy person with
various work and family responsibilities,
I knew this work needed the support of
others, he explains.
De Manincors passion for this project
inspired others and eventually they
collectively founded an independent
QRWIRUSURILW RUJDQLVDWLRQ ZKLFK QRZ KDV
an amazing team of almost 40 people,
working together.
What we have created by working
together is far greater than could have
ever been achieved by the same 40 people
working independently, de Manincor
says.Some of the benefits of working
with others include collective support,
LQVSLUDWLRQ EUDLQVWRUPLQJ DQG SUREOHP
solving. Teachers are able to cover classes
for each other when needed, and can
take over classes and programmes to
keep them going whenever one teacher
is unable to continue. We learn from
each other, as well as opportunities for
professional development.
Ultimately, the joy of offering yoga to
people in need is what brings us together
and keeps us going, he continues. I
have no doubt that people value the
yoga that we give, but I also think that
we have created something special, as
a unique, supportive and collaborative
opportunity for people to work together
and experience the joy of giving.
KEEPING ENOUGH OIL IN THE TANK
So its pretty clear: there was a great deal
of svadhyaya VHOILQTXLU\ , RPLWWHG WR
undertake when setting up this teaching
project and its blatantly obvious that
I failed to draw on the support of a willing
yoga community. Now, as I talk to fellow
\RJD WHDFKHUV D OLWWOH ODWH IRU VXUH
another question keeps arising about
capacity: how do you know if youve got
enough oil in the tank to take on another
project, another class?
While I was trying to run the program
at the early intervention centre, I was
also my famil ys onl y breadwinner,
ZRUNLQJ LQ D VHQLRU SRVLWLRQ SDUWWLPH
in a company undergoing organisational
change. Meanwhile, my husband and
I were continuing to oversee our sons
therapy and deal with our youngest childs
first year at school. And lets not forget
P\ RWKHU \RJDWHDFKLQJ ZRUN
In retrospect I didnt have the capacity,
no matter how much I wanted to serve.
, ZDV EHLQJ OHG E\ P\ KHDUW ZKLFK LVQW
always a terrible thing, but a heart needs
a grounded body and legs to carry it and
mine were caving in under me from the
weight of my responsibilities. Something
KDG WR JLYH )LUVW LW ZDV P\ GDLO\ \RJD
practice. Then it was my lungs.
Leigh Blashki, President of Yoga
Australia, gives wise counsel on this issue:
Teaching yoga to others is like providing
much needed water to the parched and
thirsty, he says. But where does that
ZDWHU FRPH IURP" )RU PDQ\ WHDFKHUV
DQG FDUHUV LQFOXGLQJ \RJD
WHDFKHUV WKHUH LV RIWHQ
not much water left in the
personal bucket as we seem
to be endlessly ladling it
out only to find the last few
drops at the bottom to try
and nourish ourselves.
To be effective teachers
and carers we need to ensure
our bucket is regularly filled
or overflowing, so we are
appropriately nourished and
can share with others from
the abundant overflow.
Bl as hki emphas i s es
that each of us, through
svadhyaya and a good dose
of commonsense, needs to
work out the appropriate
types of nourishment with
which to fill our own bucket.
essay
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)RU VRPH L W PD\ EH SUL PDUL O \
nutritional, while for others it may
have more to do with building reserves
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yoga teachers, of course, the common
restorative strategy for filling our buckets
is ensuring our own appropriate, regular
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relaxation, meditation or other lifestyle
measures. Then when we are juicy and
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others, remembering to keep a watch on
the level in our bucket.
Critically, the yoga teachers among
us have to remember that theres a
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many wonderful benefits, its not the
same as being wholly focused on your own
personal yoga practice. Its important not
to let that practice fade.
Elliot agrees vehemently. Aside from
her teaching and her work with Off the
Mat, Into the World, she is a human
rights advocate and has worked in many of
the worlds most treacherous war zones.
Elliots recent book, Zen Under Fire, charts
her work with the UN in Afghanistan
and the critical importance of her yoga
practice in the midst of war.
My yoga practice keeps me honest, in
life generally, and in my work, she says.
With yoga I cant hide from the reality
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EULQJV PH IDFHWRIDFH ZLWK P\VHOI RYHU
and over again. And, importantly, yoga
gives me the tools to meet whatever I find
in myself with kindness. When my work
starts to trigger uncomfortable emotions,
thats when I know I need my practice
more than ever.
TAKING ONE WHOLE HEART HOME
While I still love Rumis quote, Respond
to every call that excites the spirit, Im
now also adopting another: A thousand
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whole heart home. With apologies to
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turned out that I couldnt.
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first Im spending some time doing the
personal work I hadnt realised needed to
be done. My yoga practice is back on track
and Im looking at ways to cut back on my
workload to give me the time and space
to take on what I still view as important
work. When I go back to the program Ill
certainly be doing it very differently. And
one more things for sure: I wont be doing
it alone.
Victoria Penko, a former journalist, now
works as a yoga teacher and in the Australian
environmental sector, promoting water and
environment programs.

future
yoga
Yoga continues to grow in
popularity here in Australia we
take a look at where its headed
BY BROOK McCARTHY
6 8 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4

Youve heard of acro yoga and aerial yoga, standup
paddleboard yoga and yogalates, but have you heard oI yoga
on horseback, yoga with Iree weights or yoga combined with
wine appreciation: Lon't worry you soon will.
\hile yoga has been practised in the Last Ior thousands
oI years, this ageold tradition transplanted into modern
Australian culture via America is less than zoo years old in
the west. It has spawned a signiIicant number oI homegrown
leaders and legends, including Shandor Remete, Roma Blair,
Martyn ]ackson, Lve Crzybowski, Lileen Hall and icky
KnoII. More recently, Simon Borg Olivier, icole \alsh,
Luncan Peak and Mark Breadner have been leading the way
Ior a new generation oI yogis. Yoga has Iound its way into
the hearts, minds and spirits oI Australians all across the
country and it's made one thing very clear it's here to stay.
BORN TO YOGA
Old '6os and 'os yoga stereotypes still die hard, but you're
more likely to be a secular yogi" in modern day Australia
practising a rigorous Bapisteinspired power yoga or vinyasa
Ilow workout rather than a chanting, meditating Zenout.
Yoga is now mainstream. Chances are, even your Iavourite
Iootball team has yoga in its training program the practice
increases Ilexibility and reduces the risk oI injury, meaning
CLOCKWISE FROM TOP LEFT: yoga raving at the Future Sound of Yogas
Night Creatures; Yoga by the Sea; pre-natal yoga is growing in popularity;
post strength training stretch using the TRX at Flow Athletic; lululemon
athletica Balmains Yoga Degustation; Yoga from the SKY at Centrepoint
Tower; Yoga by the SEA at Sydney Aquarium
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J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU 6 9

Iewer missed games and better allround
perIormance. And increasingly, people
discovering yoga Ior the Iirst time are
arriving at their Iirst class pregnant,
as more obstetricians and midwives
advocate yoga Ior pregnancy.
HalI oI our new students come to us
when they're pregnant, jo per cent oI
whom are totally new to yoga," says Andi
Kiprillis oI Yoga Plus in Melbourne's
Berwick, who's seen ooo babies born
to students in the three years that the
studio has been operating. Our next
generation oI nonin utero yogis is
starting much earlier, sampling yoga in
preschool or primary school, spearheaded
by Australian organisations like Zenergy
Yoga and Yoga to Co Kids.
YOGA YOUR WAY
Partyhearty yogis are Ilocking to yoga
raves" alcohol and tobaccoIree events
that combine yoga and music Ior a good
time that you won't regret the next
morning. L]husband and yoga teacher
wiIe act the Future Sound oI Yoga
regularly tour the east coast oI Australia
as well as overseas. Their joyous Iusion oI
yoga, dance and music with a live L] was
quickly imitated and adopted by diIIerent
groups and companies. Lxperiencing
yoga beyond the class Iormat runs the
gamut, Irom twohour workshops or
intimate yoga and meditation weekends
away to Iestivals combining multiple
crowdpulling teachers, homegrown and
international kirtan artists, vegetarian
Iood and gluten and sugarIree treats.
Sydney's yoga ghetto, Bondi Beach, is so
synonymous with yoga that it even has its
own Bondi Yoga Festival. In short, yoga
is now hip.
Kate Kendall, coowner oI trendy Flow
Athletic in Sydney's Paddington, teaches
yoga blended with Iree weights, TRX and
cycling. \e attract people who don't gel
with traditional yoga but are looking Ior a
complete, balanced workout," says Kendall.
\e marry the athletic mindset with the
'magic' oI yoga in a contemporary setting."
Kendall's studio runs very early morning
classes, not so students can meditate at vata
time beIore 6am, but so oIIice workers can
be at their desks by :oam.
Our students crave relaxation and
want to be shown how to slow down.
I teach people to be more bodyaware and
curious, and to retain this state oI alertness
throughout their day," Kendall says.
A LEARNING CURVE
The increasing popularity oI yoga has
seen a boom in teacher training, with
approximatel y o teacher training
programs on oIIer, giving teachers and
studios the chance to earn some serious
cash. Byron Bay has become a magnet
Ior overseas students who come to study
amid Byron's worldrenowned beaches
and hinterland. People are seeking Byron
based teachers to train with, searching Ior
past student Ieedback online, augmented
with social media research. The only
mystery is why Byron's yoga teacher
community hasn't Iormed an alliance
to lobby tourist boards internationally,
similarly to what the Laintree region's
spas and retreats have done.
Yoga teachers working in Australia can
expect to earn , per class working in a
gym, an average oI 6, in a studio and o
in corporate yoga settings. Lnterprising
teachers are increasingly online savvy,
building Iollowings through blogs and
social media, teaching oneonone yoga
through Skype and creating ecourses and
eprograms Iocusing on common issues
and ailments such as adrenal Iatigue,
insomnia and diabetes.
Facebook and Instagram are Iilled with
pictures oI advanced asanas perIormed
by impossibly lithe practitioners. Yoga
selIies", which tread a Iine line between
aspirational and narcissistic, will hopeIully
become less popular as teachers grow to
realise they oIten put people oII rolling
out a mat Ior the Iirst time.
YOGA IN THERAPY
Yoga's rich, varied and sometimes
downright weird toolbox oI techniques
are increasingly used in talk therapy. Led
by ]on KabatZinn's mindIulness based
stress reduction" training, therapists across
Australia are prescribing mindIulness,
breathing techniques and meditation to
their patients. \ith more than , per
cent oI people reporting a mental health
concern at some time according to the
Australian Bureau oI Statistics combined
with high rates oI youth suicide, rising
obesity rates, social isolation and chronic
Indigenous Australian health issues, it's
clear that we are ripe Ior yoga.
Aus t r al i a i s a wor l d l eader i n
yoga therapy training standards and
practitioner registration, with the
Australian Psychological Society recently
welcoming a Yoga Psychology Interest
Croup. Yoga is being taught in prisons,
old age homes, rural and urban Indigenous
communities and teenage mothers'
groups as well as groups recovering Irom
cancer treatments and others living with
chronic disease or pain.
LEFT: a class underway at the Playground
Weekender Festival, Wisemans Ferry, NSW.
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70 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4

Yoga is psychology, says Dr Lauren
Tober, a clinical psychologist and yoga
teacher working in the Byron Bay area.
Yogic philosophy and practices bring a
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is why many people see a psychologist.
In my classes and counselling sessions
I often teach clients to develop a witness
perspective, welcoming all sensations,
emotions, thoughts and beliefs.
Dr Tober draws on research headed by
Richard Miller on the efficacy of iRest
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of deep rel axation and meditative
inquiry provided by the US Integrative
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chronic mental health conditions.
Human Rights Officer Marianne
Elliott trained to be a yoga teacher with
the intention of returning to her post in
Afghanistan to teach her humanitarian
colleagues in the field. Living with high
levels of stress, danger and isolation in
Afghanistan and Gaza led me to yoga
teacher training, says New Zealander
Elliott. I wanted to find a new way to
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where Id been working, so I designed an
RQOLQH \RJD FRXUVH WKH NLQG RI FRXUVH
I would have liked.
Students all over the world are now
doing Elliotts online video courses,
which include 30 Days of Curvy Yoga for
rounder physiques and 30 Days of Yoga
for People to Busy to Do Yoga.
Some of my online students live in
remote rural areas with no studio nearby,
Elliott says. A surprising number of
people arent comfortable starting yoga in
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being too old, too fat, too inflexible, too
unfit or too uncoordinated.
A SPLINTERED TRADITION
Yoga in Australia today is not a coherent
movement. While power and vinyasa yoga
styles are more popular, there remain
plenty of slower, more devotional styles
and purist spiritual communities that
focus on yogas less popular components,
including vegetarianism or veganism, seva
VHUYLFH DQG SKLORVRSK\
In the last few years weve noticed
students seeking a more comprehensive
experience of yoga, notes Yoga Australia
president, Leigh Blashki. This search for
yogas deeper aspects has predominantly
been in meditative practices, including
pranayama, Yoga Nidra, mindfulness and
VHOIHQTXLU\ DV ZHOO DV \RJD WKHUDS\
Yoga is not a coherent culture of rituals,
institutions or leaders. Writes Matthew
Remski: It has no family infrastructure.
,W RIIHUV QR OLIHWUDQVLWLRQ ULWXDOV ,W GRHV
not marry or bury us. It does not host
AA meetings. It runs no soup kitchens.
I dont need yoga to be a religion. I need
it to provide community.
Real community extends far beyond tea
shared after class. Community mobilises
to fill the gap between government
services and need, fundraising, organising
and empowering individuals to cohesive
action. And whil e there are many
individual studio seva projects, including
SOHQW\ RI IUHH RU ORZFRVW FODVVHV LWV RQO\
very recently that the yoga community
KDV PRELOLVHG IRU VRFLDO FKDQJH OHG
by groups such as Yoga Aid, the Yoga
Foundation, the Worlds Longest Yoga
Chain and Off the Mat, Into the World.
TOWARDS MATURITY
The Australian yoga community is still
finding its feet, yet to know how to
collectively respond to controversies
within our community, including sexual
abuse by senior teachers, yogas attraction
to people with eating disorders, the
sexualisation of yoga through advertising
and social media as well as our ideological
and philosophical differences.
Yoga has much to offer societys most
vulnerable. To be taken seriously, we need
to be intellectually rigorous in our beliefs
and opinions and step up as leaders, to
demonstrate that were not merely paying
lip service to our core foundation of
compassion and union.
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that global warming will cause mass social
upheaval and people will need to be more
dependent on the goodwill of each other,
says Eve Grzybowski. If yoga teachers
and students have practices that foster
kindness, love, compassion, connection
and gratitude, well have what it takes
to get through tough times. You can
probably bet your car that in the future,
yoga will keep evolving.
Brook McCarthy is a yoga teacher and director
of Yoga Reach online marketing consultancy
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EXVLQHVV FRDFKLQJ FRXUVHV DQG HSURJUDPV
RIGHT: Adore Yoga organised the Guinness record-
breaking Worlds Biggest Laughter Yoga Class on
October 20 this year, bringing the community
together to raise $25,000 for Cancer Council NSW
and to support teachers and students with cancer. P
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J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU 7 1

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experience
finding
never
never
land
In the jungle heartland of
old Ceylon, a traditional Sri
Lankan working village offers
a rare yoga retreat experience
By Kri s McI ntyre
Its 8am and guest yoga teacher
Mithila Ubayasekara is encouraging me
to drop into feminine and come into
masculine, drop down to reach up and
do a dog split.
In the week that follows, some of
the other more bizarre instructions Ill
receive will include: Wag your tail,
waddle, downward duck, be in alien
abduction and slosh. Its all part of the
Yogamonks approach to aligning the
spine and bringing balance into the body.
, P DW 8OSRWKD D WUDGLWLRQDO
working village in the jungle heartland
of Sri Lanka that, for six months of the
year, welcomes guests to experience a
rare kind of yoga retreat.
Cradled between paddy fields and
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Galgiriyawa Mountains, Ulpotha
PHDQLQJ ZDWHU VSULQJ LV VWHHSHG LQ
sacred mystique and natural splendour.
According to local legend, pilgrims
travelling from India in search of
Shivas son, Lord Kataragama, believed
Ulpotha was a sacred site associated
In the absence of electricity,
Ulpotha is lit by lanterns
72 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4

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CLOCKWISE FROM TOP: this is the lake hut in which guests can stay a night or two (at no extra cost). You get there by rowing across
the little lake on a raft. A very romantic spot! FAR RIGHT: a yoga class in the shala. CENTRE: Anusara teacher Cat de Rham from Hawaii
adjusts a student. FAR LEFT: Ulpotha encourages days spent in the pursuit of simple pleasures like swimming in the lake.
with the deity. The land is also believed
to be the playground oI Prince Saliya
the son of Sri Lankas most legendary
king, Dutugemunu, who united the
country during his reign Irom 6 BC.
According to myth, the Prince escaped
the ancient city of Anuradhapura with his
outcast gypsy wife Asokamala, who was
described in ancient texts as a rare beauty
in the realm of the divine. Through a
secret tunnel, they came to live in a cave
above the lake at Ulpotha.
SERENDIPITY AND SYNCHRONICITY
Myths and legends aside, there's no
disputing the magical beauty of Ulpotha
and the profound impact it has on the
human psyche. Im fortunate enough to
be at Ulpotha during one of the owners
frequent visits to the retreat.
A former investment banker turned
acci dent al busi nessman, Vi r en
Perera exudes the relaxed charisma of
someone who knows they have a blessed
life. Despite the fact he says its the
land that makes Ulpotha special, its
obvious that a big part of the retreats
success has to do with his own magic.
In hearing Perera talk about how
Ulpotha evolved, I come to understand
that its the product of an unusual recipe
of serendipity, synchronicity, trust and
fun. Ulpotha came about playfully,
Perera tells me. It was never meant to
be anything in particular but it seems just
about perfect for whatever anyone might
take it to be.
J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4 YO G AJ O U R N A L . C O M. AU 7 3

Ulpotha was never
meant to be anything
in particular, but seems
just about perfect for
whatever anyone
might take it to be"
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experi ence
He chanced upon Ulpotha in the
early 1990s during a road trip with two
IULHQGV 0XGL\DQVH 7HQQHNRRQ DQG
Manik Sandrasagra. When they came
across an old man who was selling his
land, Perera brought the property sight
unseen because he was enchanted by the
old mans smile and energy.
As the new guardians of the land, Perera
and Tennekoon set about restoring the
PDLQ KRXVH :DODXZD DQG VWDUWLQJ D
village. Tilled by human hand and threshed
by buffalo, thousands of trees were
planted and diverse crops were cultivated
usi ng organi c i ndi genous farmi ng
practices that follow the lunar cycle.
Eventually, the village grew in population
to 40 and it was clear funding was needed
WR NHHS WKH SURMHFW JRLQJ %XW ZDQWLQJ
to make it an experiment where money
didnt matter, Perera was reluctant to
involve anyone from the business world.
Tennekoons philosophy of leisure,
pleasure and rest took on the order of the
GD\ ZKLOH 9LUHQV KDQGVRII PDQDJHULDO
style and insistence that there would be
no dogma led to Ulpotha being run by
a committee of villagers.
One serendipitous moment led to
another and Perera and Tennekoon
met Englishman Giles Scott. According
to Viren it was Scotts idea for a more
practical turn in direction to come to
Ulpotha. Giles introduced yoga as a
bridge to the West, which now subsidises
the village and attracts paying guests for
six months of the year. The rest of the
year it is for what Perera says it was always
PHDQW WR EH QRWKLQJ
Sadly Tennekoon died after a long
ABOVE: one of the many hammocks
that dot the grounds, in which guests
can swing and dream the day away
74 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4

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TOP: one of the storage buildings for Ulpotha's
locally-grown organic crops, including rare
heritage red rice. CENTRE: top teacher John
Scott in King Pigeon on one of the rocks in the
lake. BELOW: guest yoga teacher Mithila
Ubayasekara is one of only five certified
Yogamonks practitioners in the world.
illness, but Perera and Giles have remained
custodians of the l and, uphol ding
Tennekoon s vi si on f or Ul potha.
Ironically, Perera and Giles are not
yogis, vegetarian or by Perera's account
even environmentally conscious. But
Tennekoons spirit lives on. He could not
entertain even having a fridge as anything
more than a means for keeping unfresh
food, so aside from a small solar panel
to charge handheld devices there is no
electricity or need for plastic and the
other trappings of modern living.
IN THE COMPANY OF KINDRED SPIRITS
All the ingredients are here for us to live
in peace, happiness and harmony with
nature, says Perera.
What he likes most about Ulpotha
is that to this day theres still no fences,
doors or locks. Even though the villagers
scratched their heads at why Perera
and Tennekoon would want to build
mud huts, a commitment to only using
natural materials and traditional building
practices was core to their vision.
Accommodating a maximum oI z
guests at a time, Ulpothas lodgings
consist of simple wattle and daub huts.
Sparsely decorated and largely open to
the outside world, the elegant simplicity
is a reminder of how little we really need
to live comfortably.
Outside my hut, buffalo work the
fields, squirrels scurry along tree branches,
an eagle soars, lizards laze in the sun and
monkeys swing in the branches just out of
reach to the disapproval oI the resident
dogs Scooby Doo and Didi.
Without electricity and the distraction
of mod cons, life at Ulpotha is dictated by
the rhythm of the day. We rise with the sun
and spend our days in the pursuit of simple
pleasures like walking in the mountains,
swimming in the lake and hanging out in
hammocks that dot the grounds.
Our daily program consists of morning
and afternoon yoga, pranayama and
meditation, complemented by Ayrurvedic
treatments and massage with Ulpothas
visiting therapists, including Australian
Reiki practitioner Erin Kostanski.
After dark we gather in the communal
area Ambalama" to tell our stories. It
soon becomes obvious that the very things
that might Irighten oII some people no
electricity, yoga and meditation, cold
showers, vegetarian meals and being at
one with nature" are the very things that
attract those who come here.
My Iellow guests are mostly o and
osomethings Irom all walks oI liIe the
CEO of an agricultural business living
in Norway, a Danish schoolteacher, an
Iranian psychology student, the owner of
a kids theatre group in Dubai, a former IT
consultant studying yoga and Ayurveda in
California and the manager of a Swedish
housing organisation. They're citizens of
the world; many of them are here for their
second, third or fourth visit to Ulpotha.
Lanish businessman Bjorn is in the
third week of his second visit and says
the communal area is one of the reasons
he returned. You get to know people
really well, really quickly, he says. Its a
place where friendships form easily and
continue long after you leave.
ON THE MAT
Ulpothas rotation of yoga teachers come
from around the world and an array of
yogic traditions to host twoweek
programs when the retreat is open to
guests. Mithila is here on her fifth visit
and she relishes the opportunity to teach
in an environment where its so easy to
connect with nature and our own natural
rhythms. Born in Sri Lanka, she now lives
in Sweden and is one of only five certified
teachers of the Yogamonks method in the
world. With a passion for dance, she was
attracted to the teachings of Jonathan
Monk as art in movement.
Fun, beauty and gracefulness are all
part of the practice, she says. Inspired
by traditional Hatha yoga and Tai Chi,
Yogamonks seeks to help the spine
unwind and relax into alignment. Its a
backtobasics approach that encourages
working consciously with the opposing
J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU 75

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forces of the body through gentle but
deliberate movement. The focus is on
lifting and extending from the spine,
pushing in one direction to lengthen into
the other instead of exerting effort.
Lead from the heart and let it lift
you, Mithila says, encouraging us to take
ourselves less seriously. Shes playful and the
perfect guide to help us untangle our bodies
and minds from the stresses we arrived with.
Decide where to place your mind,
she instructs as she leads us into our
meditation practice. It comes easily here.
The days are long and time moves slowly
so the mind starts to goes with it.
IN THE WEDAGEDARA
The Wedagedara is Ulpothas version
of the day spa. Since 2005, Ulpothas
resi dent Ayur vedi c doctor Sri l al
Mudunkothge has been overseeing the
administered by Dr Srilal and his team go
towards funding the free clinic established
by Ulpotha for the local villagers.
All guests receive a consultation with
Dr Srilal as part of the package with the
option to undergo personalised detox and
rejuvenation programmes at an additional
cost. I sign up for preparatory and
elimination therapies that are steps along
WKH SDWK WR 3DQFKDNDUPD $\XUYHGLF
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Srilal takes my pulse and asks me a series
of questions about my eating, sleeping
and bodily functions to determine my
dosha, or constitution.
There is the constitution of the
universe and the constitution of the
body, he says. According to ancient
Ayurvedic philosophy, we cant change
our constitution but we can balance the
body through the right combination of
lifestyle, exercise and diet.
Dr Srilal prescribes daily treatments
LQFOXGLQJ IXOOERG\ PDVVDJHV IDFLDOV
steams and herbal baths. Im lathered
with Indian gooseberry paste, turmeric,
sesame oil, honey and milk until I have
WKH WHOO WDOH HXSKRULF JORZ DQG UHGVWDLQHG
armpits and feet that come with visits to
the Wedagedara.
A couple of days later, Dr Srilal
reassures me that my pulse is better and
the strange crawling sensation around my
navel is just toxins gathering in my belly.
Its all part of the process. The other
important ingredient is the food.
%DVHG RQ $\XUYHGLF SULQFLSOHV RI
balancing vatta DLU pitta ILUH DQG kapha
ZDWHU RXU PHDOV LQFOXGH WKH VL[ WDVWHV
of sweet, sour, salty, bitter, pungent and
CLOCKWISE FROM TOP LEFT: some of
the delicious Sri Lankan vegie sambols and
stuffed rice patties that are part of the wide
array of luncheon dishes on offer at Ulpotha.
The rice and most of the vegies are grown
in Ulpotha's large organic kitchen garden.
RIGHT: a typical Panchakarma Ayurvedic
detox treatment at Ulpotha includes a full
body massage with warm plant-based medicinal
oil which brings the toxins to the surface of
the skin. The massage is followed with a long
soak in one of the healing warm herbal baths
pictured to draw the toxins out of the body.
BELOW: top international teacher Stephen
Thomas adjusting a student.
retreats holistic approach to health
and healing. In keeping with the way
everything else about Ulpotha has come
to be, Dr Srilal arrived here after a chance
meeting with Perera at the Colombo
Swimming Club. An offhand comment
by Dr Srilal about how hard it was to find
medicinal herbs for his clinic led to Perera
offering to grow the seeds at Ulpotha and
an invitation for the doctor to give up
his city practice to set up a traditional
clinic to support the local vil lage.
A week or so after his visit, the doctors
rent doubled and he decided to make
the move. Serendipity had struck again.
Proceeds from the tourist treatments
76 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4

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Ulpotha welcomes guests for only 30 weeks of the year,
from June to August and November to April. Bookings
are from Sunday to Sunday and the all-inclusive
package includes accommodation, meals, yoga
classes and one free massage starting at US$1300.
Additional Ayurvedic five- to 28-day programs are
available at an additional cost. For dates and pricing
details visit ulpotha.com.
BOOKINGS: go to ulpotha.com or via Ulpothas Australian
agent Maria Chanmugam on maria@ulpotha.com or 0406
595 033.
GETTING THERE: Ulpotha will organise a driver for the
three-hour journey from Colombo Airport to the retreat
for LKR9,000 (approximately AUD$80) each way.
VISAS: a 30-day visitor visa can be obtained at
eta-sri-lanka-visa-support-au.com.
WHAT TO BRING: you dont need much, but in addition
to the list Ulpotha sends you, its worth bringing a good
headlamp or backlit e-reader for reading at night,
a pedicure set and good quality shampoo and conditioner.
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astringent. With fresh produce plucked from the kitchen garden
and cooked in terracotta pots on open fires, theres an earthy
wholesomeness about the menu. Curries, rice, vegetables and
fruit are the daily staple and, on hopper night, we party on Sri
/DQNDQVW\OH SDQFDNHV DQG WKH ORFDO EUHZ DUDN
Frolicking on the lake with newfound friends one day, I recall
Perera describing his relationship with Tennekoon and Giles.
Our connection was just about having fun and everything we
did was just like playing, he told me. His words evoke a sense
of the carefree delight of childhood and it dawns on me that this
SODFH LV OLNH 1HYHU 1HYHU /DQG IRU JURZQXSV
As we gather in the tea hut on my last morning at Ulpotha,
I wonder if Ive made it one step closer to the moksha, or
enlightenment that Dr Srilal described as the ultimate goal of
Ayurveda. Somewhat ironically, I catch a glimpse of a fellow guests
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I promise to hold on to the magic and memory of this little piece
of sacred Sri Lanka.
Accomodation
is twin-sharing
in elegant
wattle & daub
huts open to
nature. Beds
are equipped
with excellent
mosquito nets.
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Modern life provides a constant stream of intense stimulation. When we walk
out the door, were bombarded by sights, smells, sounds and tactile sensations.
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leave us feeling disconnected from our inner life. And when we lack a strong
and intelligent connection to our own inner being, we may feel fragmented or
overwhelmed by all that we are bound to in our daily lives.
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Use this quieting twist to pause
and check in with your inner life
By Stephani e Snyder
continued on page 82
depth perception
J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU 7 9
masterclass
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1
2
1 BADDHA KONASANA
BOUND ANGLE POSE
Open your hips and begin the process of
drawing inwards with Bound Angle Pose.
2 ARDHA BADDHA PADMA
PASCHIMOTTANASANA
BOUND HALF-LOTUS SEATED
FORWARD BEND
Practise a simple bind with your leg in
Half Lotus to prepare for the final pose.
Now that youve practised the notes that
make up the pose, you can put them all
together into a beautiful symphony of action
thats like a lullaby for your nervous system
8 0 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4
mastercl ass

3
4
5
FINAL POSE
3 BHARADVAJASANA
BHARADVAJAS TWIST
Incorporate binding with a twist while
warming up the side body, spine, and
shoulders.
4 TRIANG
MUKHAIKAPADA
PASCHIMOTTANASANA
THREE-LIMBED
FORWARD BEND
Keep your pelvis compact and
rooted while you find length in
your side body and spine.
5 MARICHYASANA II
The shape of Marichyasana II
allows you to draw inwards and
access deep inner quietude
J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4 YO G AJ O U R N A L . C O M. AU 8 1

But when we do, we allow ourselves the
opportunity to gain awareness and selI
knowledge. If we can learn to skillfully
listen through quiet practice, we can find
our innermost voice and express it to the
world. This integration of the inner and
outer worlds is what allows us to live a life
of empowerment and purpose.
Marichyasana II is a great pose for
invoking the state of pratyahara. The pose
combines the containment of a bind with
the surrender of a forward fold. As you
physically wrap and then fold into yourself
in this pose, you invite a sense of stillness
and quiet.
As you move through this practice,
please remember that it may take several
years to come into the final pose and that
there is no rush to get there. The point
is to gracefully transition from one pose
into another with quiet awareness. Once
in the pose, bow your head into a calm and
quiet moment even as you are bound and
wrapped up around yourself. If you can do
it here, you can do it anywhere!
BEFORE YOU BEGIN
Come into Balasana Child's Pose, and
take a few slow, deep breaths, setting your
intention to quietly turn your attention
inwards. Move into Supta Padangusthasana
Reclining Hand to Big Toe Pose and then
Supta Virasana Reclining Hero Pose. LiIt
into Adho Mukha Svanasana Lownward
Facing Log Pose Ior at least Iive breaths
and finish your preparatory practice with
a Iew rounds oI Surya amaskar B Sun
Salutation B.
BADDHA KONASANA
Bound Angle Pose
Ba ddha Kona s a na
introduces the forward
fold and deep external
rotation of the legs
that are required in
Marichyasana II. It's key that the external
rotation happens in the hip joint and not
in the knee. You should never feel knee
pain in any of the poses in this sequence.
Begin in Landasana StaII Pose with
your legs stretched out in front of you.
Lraw your right knee into your chest and
hug the shin so that your calf and your
hamstrings connect Iirmly. This position
wil l be referred to throughout the
sequence as a closed knee." Keeping the
knee closed and without any movement
in the knee joint itself, begin to rotate
your right thighbone externally. Sense
the rotation that's happening deep inside
the hip joint. Bring the right heel towards
your right inner groin, keeping the inner
ankle long and the foot engaged, and rest
your outer thigh on the Iloor. Repeat on
the left side.
Place the soles oI your Ieet together,
hold your ankles and lift up through
your spine to open the chest. As your
chest lifts, press the feet into each other
to pack the top of thighbones into the
pelvis. Your outer hips, thighs and sitting
bones will root down as you lift the pelvic
floor and belly. From this grounded and
engaged place, begin to bend into the
forward fold, moving your forehead to
the floor. Keep the front of your spine
long and your breath deep and slow. Stay
here for five deep breaths, noticing how
folding forward begins to quiet the mind;
let that peace set the tone for the rest of
the sequence.
ARDHA BADDHA PADMA
PASCHIMOTTANASANA
Bound Half-
Lotus Seated
Forward Bend
Thi s pos e wi l l
f ur t her i mpr i nt
key actions of Marichyasana II. Baddha
Konasana introduced external rotation in
the hips and a forward fold. In this asana,
you'll bind" the pose by reaching your
arm behind you to hold onto your foot.
Begin in Landasana. Lraw your right
knee into your chest and externally
rotate the thigh just as you did in Baddha
Konasana. Keep the knee closed and the
rotation coming from the hip joint. This
time, bring your right foot to the very top
of your left thighbone and fit the edge
of your foot snugly into the space at the
top of your hip crease. Keep the right
foot active and the inner ankle long. The
right thigh should rest comfortably on the
Iloor iI it Iloats above the Iloor, return to
Baddha Konasana and revisit this pose in
a few months or more. Keep your left leg
active and left foot gently flexed.
Reach your right arm out to the right
and turn the thumb towards the floor.
Rotate your inner elbow Iorward and
then down; the arm will be internally
rotated. Maintain this rotation and bend
the elbow, wrapping the arm behind
your back. Slide your forearm across your
sacrum, and bind the pose by grasping
your right big toe with your right hand.
Inhale and lift your belly and chest.
Widen your collarbones. Exhale and fold
forward over the left leg. Take your left
Ioot with your leIt hand. Hug the outer
edge of your left foot up into the outer
left hip while extending the inner left
heel away Irom the inner groin. Pause Ior
a deep breath. Create a ripple of energy
in your body to draw you deeper into
the forward bend: draw the pelvic floor
towards the belly, the belly towards the
heart, the heart towards the crown of the
head and the crown of the head towards
your left foot to help you glide further
into the pose. Rest your head on your
shin. Hug your outer leIt pelvis back and
down as you square your shoulders with
the Iloor. Pause here Ior several breaths.
Give yourself enough time to feel your
body settle down into the floor. Take
this moment to get quiet and turn your
awareness inwards.
BHARADVAJASANA
Bharadvajas Twist
This twist will prepare
you for Marichyasana
II by warming up your
spine and opening your
side body, shoulders and
hips. Similar to the last
pose, you'll place one leg in HalI Lotus
and bind that leg, to that shape you'll
place the other leg in Ardha Virasana
HalI Hero Pose and add a twist.
continued from page 79
82 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4
mastercl ass

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into the chest, placing your knee in a
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the right sitting bone and place your left
shin on the floor, tucking the top of your
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your inner left heel against your outer
left hip. Firm the top of the left foot into
the floor and bring your weight back to
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lengthen your inner ankle. Fan your toes
out and down. Now pull your right knee
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hip crease just as you did in Ardha Baddha
Padma Paschimottanasana.
Bring your hands by your sides, and
then pause. Sense and observe the midline
of your body. As you twist, imagine the
midline drops down through your tailbone
and into the earth and keeps you rooted
like an anchor.
Now, with your foundation firmly
established, youre ready to move into
the full pose. Begin to twist from the
lower left side of your belly, turning your
belly, chest and shoulders and turn you
gaze towards the right. Slide your right
arm behind you to hold the right foot.
Bring your left hand to your right knee;
gently pull back on the knee and continue
to twist to the right. Keep your thighs
about hip distance apart.
Pause, and anchor your tailbone and
outer pelvis down while lifting your pelvic
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PASCHIMOTTANASANA
Three-Limbed
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fold your right leg
into Ardha Virasana
with your right shin hugging in towards
the midline and the top of your right foot
on the floor. Squeeze the outer ankle in
towards the inner ankle. Spread your toes.
Adjust your weight so that your sitting
bones rest evenly on the floor and your
hips are square. With your hands by your
hips, lift through the inner spine and open
the chest. Keeping your spine long, begin
to fold forward over your left leg. As you
fold forward, feel your belly lift up and
over your left thigh. Take your left foot
with both hands, and bring your forehead
to your shin.
:LWK WKH QH[W IHZ EUHDWKV UHILQH WKH
pose. Imagine your left leg as a straw. Suck
the energy up the straw from foot to hip.
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back so that its even with the right hip.
As your left leg is being sucked into the
hip joint, notice how that allows you to
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tends to be congested and shortened in
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your right knee, you can place the sole

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of your right foot against your upper left
thigh and take ]anu Sirsasana HeadoI
theKnee Pose instead.
Now its time to soften the mind. As
you breathe into this forward fold, allow
the upper thighbones and inner groin
to release back and down. Inhale, and
lengthen the Iront oI your spine, exhale
and deepen the forward bend, drawing
your shoulder blades down and into the
back ribs. At the end oI each exhalation,
release the back side of your lungs into the
body. Linger in that moment oI release
beIore you exit the pose, inviting the state
of pratyahara to deepen with each breath.
MARICHYASANA II
Weve arrived at the
deeply bound twisted
posture that perhaps
str uck f ear i n you
during your first yoga class. But now that
youve practised the notes that make up
the pose, you can put them all together
into a beautiful symphony of action thats
like a lullaby for your nervous system.
Begin with a few quiet breaths in
Landasana. Lraw your right knee into
your chest and squeeze the knee closed.
Lxternally rotate your thighbone, and
place your right foot in a comfortable
HalI Lotus. From there, bend your leIt
knee and pull your left heel in towards
your leIt sitting bone. Reemphasise that
action by interlacing your fingers around
the left shin to squeeze the leg into your
trunk, becoming as compact as possible.
This will pack the right Ioot the Lotus
Ioot into the lower abdomen. It will also
bring most of your weight onto your right
sitting bone and outer thigh, enabling you
to create a stable foundation.
Pause, and take a slow breath as you
revisit the intention of drawing your
attention inside. Slide your left shoulder
inside your left leg and begin to bow
forward. Bring the back of your left
armpit in Iront oI your leIt shin. Lxtend
the left arm out to the left, and internally
rotate the arm to wrap it around your left
leg and behind your back. Lo the same
internal rotation with your right arm as
you reach it behind you. Bind the pose by
clasping your hands together. Let your
forehead rest either on the right knee or
on the floor in front of your trunk. Close
your eyes, and let your awareness hover
on the breath. Notice how the shape of
the pose encourages a deep sense of quiet.
Finish with an easy supine twist and
Viparita Karani Legs up the \all Pose.
Stephanie Snyder is a vinyasa yoga teacher and
the creator of the Yoga Journal DVD, Yoga
for Strength and Toning. For information
visit stephaniesnyder.com.
Notice how the shape of the pose
encourages a deep sense of quiet
Australian Yoga Journal is now digital
View the entire magazine on your iPad, Mac,
PC or Android in vibrant colour
Visit www.yogajournal.com.au today
view
anywhere!
mastercl ass

ask the mentor
How important is your voice when teaching yoga? Expert Christina Brown offers her advice
What a beautifully phrased question!
I can feel your love of yoga in your words
and this passion will be the key that will
naturally allow your voice to connect with
students and help them on their journey.
To answer your question more fully, we
can examine factors like your own level
of relaxation while teaching; the depth,
cadence and range in your voice; the words
you choose; and the importance of allowing
for silent spaces. Just as newsreaders and
radio announcers tend to cultivate a lower
UDQJH DV WKH\ EHOLHYH OLVWHQHUV FRQVLGHU
WKDW PRUH WUXVWZRUWK\ PDQ\ \RJD WHDFKHUV
notice their voice lowers and their cadence
smooths while teaching, so their voice may
I am currently doing a yoga
teacher training program.
How does one cultivate a
voice that connects; takes
students on a journey that
they wish to pursue for the
rest of their lives? Angela
8 6 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4
teaching
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Christina Brown runs
Transfrom Yoga & Pilates
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in Sydney and also runs
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be rather different to the one they use while
chatting with friends. Rather than forcing
this, allow it to come from a state of your
own relaxation. When you come out of a
meditation, Savasana or after pranayama,
chanting or Hatha yoga practice, you may
notice your voice lowers purely from the
deep level of relaxation. If you cant fully
relax in a way that works for you before
you teach, try letting the Om or other chant
opening your class to resonate through your
own body and vocal chords.
Often teachers feel so in the moment
as they teach, they naturally relax and their
voice reflects this. Acknowledging this might
feel like a challenge while you build your
confidence during and after your teacher
training course, take heart: nearly all of my
teacher trainees are convinced they sounded
really nervous in teaching their initial classes.
Yet when Ive been a student assessing those
same classes, Ive rarely picked up on their
nervousness.
While a deeper, smoother teaching
voice may help lull your students into
serene states of mind, you still need to
be authentically you. Allow your voice to
alter to reflect the phase of the class. The
soft, lulling voice you use while guiding a
class into a long forward fold may be quite
different to the strong, encouraging voice
urging students to stay a few more breaths
in a strong backbend. The voice you use
to correct a misalignment you notice in
students throughout the room will be very
different to a quiet personalised correction
to the student next to you.
On that note, dont try to secretly
whisper to a student during class. Imagine
youre adjusting a student and you try
to communicate privately. Inevitably
students will sense a secret; their ears
will prick up and theyll be intrigued
away from their own experience. Instead,
position yourself close to your students
ear and speak with a quiet tone that a few
neighbouring students will hear. This will
convey that there are no secrets worth
straining ears for and allow class members
to stay within their own experience.
Choose your words carefully. Take
classes with eloquent teachers who inspire
you and notice their turn of phrase. Jot
them down after class if necessary.
Another thing which perplexes teacher
trainees is knowing how much of the class
to fill with their voice. Its common to feel
youve talked too much, while others feel
they ran out of words and the instruction
wasnt full enough. Beginners may need
more instructions, while experienced
practitioners may appreciate refined
instructions and plenty of silence in
between. Keep in mind many students have
come from busy work and home lives and
Do you have a question about
teaching youd like answered?
Let us know! Published questions will
receive a FindYoga.com.au teacher
listing for one year, valued at $180.
Email us at editor@yogajournal.com.au
(with Ask the Mentor in the subject
line), message us on our Facebook page
or write to us at PO Box 81, St Leonards
NSW 1590. Please include your full
name, address and phone number.
will appreciate quietness. Ask a friend
to come for their feedback on this, or
record yourself and then listen at home.
Remember that if you speak from
your heart and convey your truth,
students will feel this. If their passion
is waiting to be ignited, your passion
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have that very feeling within yourself
and this will shine brightly though.
J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU 87

touch
healing
Gentle biodynamic craniosacral
therapy induces healing and deep
relaxation, writes Molly Furzer
Booking my appointment with biodynamic
craniosacral therapist Sakina Reijners, I realise I know
very little about this form of bodywork. But Ive heard
great success stories and Im keen to see what it offers.
As Reijners takes my history at the start of the session,
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manipulative. In fact, I will be lying on a massage table
fully clothed as she applies gentle touch to a few areas
of the body.
Starting at my ankles, the touch is so subtle, I am
hardly aware of it and I quickly
fall into a state of deep relaxation.
By holding your ankles Im
listening to the whole body, she
explains. After a few minutes she
tells me the sacrum is the next part
of the body to receive touch. Not
long after she holds the sacrum,
I can feel a subtle opening of
my right hip, my knee falling to
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unwinding itself and relaxing, she tells me.
Moving her hands to the occiput, at the base of my
head, she discovers that my hip issues are mirrored in my
neck and shoulders. And yes, I do have niggling problems
there. I am amazed that with this gentle physical touch
in just a few parts of the body she has been able to read
the situation so accurately.
Its at this point that I feel the benefits in my nervous
system as I nod off into a wonderfully blissful state that
Reijners says her clients often experience.
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state where they have dreams
and see images or colours. Most
feel a deep sense of relaxation,
like their body is asleep and their
mind is awake, she explains.
HOW IT WORKS
Biodynamic craniosacral therapy
has its roots in osteopathy, but
differs by being completel y
8 8 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4
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(
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complementary practice

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QRQPDQLSXODWLYH ,W UHFRJQLVHV WKDW WKH
ERG\ KDV D QDWXUDO DELOLW\ WR VHOIUHSDLU
and facilitates reorganisation of the
bodys physiological, psychological and
energetic systems to enable healing to
take place.
As Reijners explains to me, the therapy
is based around the concept of the breath
of life, or lifeforce.
The craniosacral fl uid fl ows in
expression of the breath of life, she says.
We can feel craniosacral fluid moving in
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you can touch the intelligence of life that
is pushing the flow. Its a flow that doesnt
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has its own flowing nature.
Craniosacral fluid is found in several
places in body: it surrounds the brain,
encases the spine and is held in reservoirs
near the sacrum. The fluid is accessed
through the touch of the therapist.
There are a few common places that
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people the sacrum and occiput, Reijners
says. It depends on the issues people
come in with and what I feel needs to
be touched. Sometimes its a particular
vertebrae that needs to be held.
Admittedly these are not easy concepts
for the layman, which is why having a
session is really the best way for clients
to comprehend the therapy.
They understand that the kind of
touch we use puts the body into a deep
state of relaxation that allows the body
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built you from a couple of cells, so it
already has a blueprint of what you are. So
when things are out of whack, it has the
intelligence to know what the right way
is, to be more integrated. The problem
is that when the body is overwhelmed by
trauma, it cant process the emotions and
it gets stuck in a certain pattern.
Biodynamic craniosacral therapy is
particularly effective for trauma, from
accidents and birth issues to emotional
events. Emotions that were lodged in
the energetic body are released without
reliving the trauma in detail.
There is some recognition of what is
coming out, but theres not so much of
an emotional attachment to it, because
The body built you from a couple of cells, so
it already has a blueprint of what you are
To find out more about biodynamic
craniosacral therapy, visit Sakina
Reijnerss website at sunseed.co
or go to the Pacific Association
of Craniosacral Therapists at
biodynamic-craniosacral.com.
its the body physically releasing it,
says Reijners. And often questions
they have find a resolution during the
session. People seem to be more focused
about whats the right thing to do, their
direction. I find that really inspiring,
because it really helps people.
Reijners recommends about three
sessions to make progress on issues. Best
of all, changes made during a biodynamic
craniosacral session are likely to be set.
One of the theories of craniosacral
therapy is that youre changing on a core
level, because your body is changing itself,
getting back to its normal harmony;
therefore the problems shouldnt come
back, Reijners says.
If youve had a few proper sessions
where real change has taken place these
issues should not return.

9 0 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4
news & reviews
Our pick of the latest stuff to read, watch, listen to, download and get involved in
media
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MUSIC
Lulu and Mischka, Stillness in Motion
luluandmischka.com
The debut CD from Lulu and Mischka is the culmination
of two years of live chant circles in Sydney. The two
have finally released a studio recording of nine songs,
made possible through crowdfunding. The CD features
Bobby Singh on tabla and backing musicians Emanuel
Lieberfreund and Tyler Pike.
A highlight is Lulus enchanting voice. Its a great CD
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vocals. Using a mixture of English and Sanskrit lyrics,
the songs are cleverly crafted musical journeys of up to
nine minutes in length. Lulu and Mischka sing about
our connection with each other and with nature. In the
resounding chorus of the title track, Stillness in Motion,
the chant circle choir joins in to sing I am the waves,
I am the ocean, I am stillness in motion, and it is quite
possible to feel that you are floating on the rolling waves
of a vast clear ocean. But its not all lightness and ease:
ot her tracks like Warriors of Light entreat us to face the
unknown and the need to fight ones own fight.
The CD represents a different experience to
the simplicity and intimacy of their chant circles.
Nevertheless, the energy and enjoyment of this young
couple shines through and reflects their heartfelt
commitment and ability to uplift the world around them.
WEBSITE
LovEarth
recycled yoga mats
lovearth.com.au
LovEarth yoga mats are
part of a push to lessen the
ecological footprint of yoga
in Australia. Their mats are
made from natural tree
rubber and jute; they dont
include PVC, PER or TPE; and are fully biodegradable. You can
also trade your old mat to LovEarth and itll be distributed to
a community yoga group serving disadvantaged populations
simply email the guys at info@lovearth.com.au and theyll let
you know the nearest drop-off spot and send you a $13 Yoga
pass redeemable at over 400 yoga studios around Australia.
Nice. Plus, the website has dozens of great ideas for ways to
reincarnate your old mat at home.
BOOK
Yoga for a Healthy Lower Back: a Practical
Guide to Developing Strength and Relieving Pain
By Liz Owen and Holly Lebowitz Rossi, Shambhala
In their new book, Yoga for a Healthy Lower Back FRDXWKRUV /L]
2ZHQ DQG +ROO\ /HERZLW] 5RVVL DUJXH WKDW D JUHDW GHDO RI WKH
FXUUHQW HSLGHPLF RI ORZEDFN SDLQ FDQ EH DWWULEXWHG WR VWUHVV
and poor posture and that yoga practice can be a help for both. .
Owen, a teacher in the Iyengar tradition for more than 25
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from both the Western anatomical perspective and a traditional
yogic perspective, and include discussions of chakras HQHUJ\
FHQWUHV bandhas ORFNV DQG nadis HQHUJHWLF FKDQQHOV 1RWLQJ
that the lower back is connected via muscles and connective
tissues to the abdominal core, hips and sacrum, middle and
upper back and neck, the authors address each of these
areas with descriptions of asana variations designed to open
or strengthen the muscles and joints.
The final section of the book offers
sequences for specific back issues, from
computer overuse to pregnancy. With
its mix of practice and theory, Yoga for
a Healthy Lower Back is helpful both
for yoga students with back pain and
teachers who work with them.

J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU 9 1
W
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SOCIAL NETWORK
MyYogaPro
go.myyogapro.com
MyYogaPro combines
online yoga classes with
a social network for yogis
and a video game-like
rewarding system. It aims
to revolutionise the way
people learn and practise
yoga at home by making
it personal, social and
rewarding. MyYogaPro
offers a wide range of yoga classes that can be accessed anytime, anywhere and uses
game theory elements to maximise practice results you can earn rewards and badges
after completing courses and classes. All you have to do is sign up, create your personal
profile, pick your goal and youre ready to go.
MUSIC
The Unchanging
Donna De Lory, donnadelory.com
Occasioned by the recent passing of the
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Lory, the album The Unchanging is one
of Donna De Lorys most deeply felt,
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affirming albums to date. It features some
of her most personal songwriting, but
these songs connect the personal with the
universal, seamlessly blending evocative
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power of ancient Sanskrit mantras.
After a decade of recording popular
worl d devoti onal CDs, De Lor y
is one of mantra musics reigning
queens, but she is also no stranger to
the highest strata of the pop realm,
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and dancer for Madonna for many
years, as well as releasing her own pop
albums. She brings all of this to bear on
The Unchanging, striking a satisfying
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grooves, lush string arrangements and
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Both ethereal and earthy in all the
right places, De Lorys glorious voice
draws us deep into the heart of these
songs of both family and divine love;
into a merging with the totality of being
where loved ones are never truly absent.
BOOK
The Secret of Life
Wellness the essential
guide to lifes big questions
By Inna Segal, Rockpool
Publishing
Inna Segal is an internationally
recognised healer, professional
speaker and author. In her new
book, she goes beyond physical
healing to demonstrate how
life wellness reflects health
wellness. By answering 24 of
lifes biggest questions, Segal
guides readers through every
stage of personal wellbeing and
invites us to look within to find
the answers. From losing weight
and raising confident children
to dealing with depression
and loss, Segal covers the full
spectrum of human challenges.
:L W K U HDO O L I H H[DPSO HV
and practical exercises that
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WRGD\ OLIH 6HJDO RIIHUV WKH
must have tools for healing,
transformation, and evolution.
BOOK
Heaven on Earth: Timeless Prayers of
Wisdom and Love
Dr Stephanie Dowrick, Allen and Unwin
Almost all of us pray at some stage in our lives. Heaven on
Earth is a prayer book that offers you the wisest, most comforting
of prayers, while also guiding you on how to pray. A collection of
sublime prayers and teachings from a variety of traditions, this is
an inclusive how to book on achieving spiritual joy and peace.
From the most ancient heartfelt prayers to those newly written
by the author herself, this is a collection that meets us where
ZH DUH DQG WDNHV XV ZKHUH ZH PRVW ZDQW WR JR :KDWHYHU \RXU H[SHULHQFH RI SUD\HU
you will find a new depth of inspiration and support in these pages.
As a writer and spiritual leader who has supported and guided many thousands of
people to live more hopefully, Dowrick has a rare understanding of what prayer is and
how steadfastly it can support you, whatever your faith background or journey. Some of
the worlds most beautiful words are gathered here; so are many of the most uplifting and
consoling. From prayers to be shared with family, friends or community to prayers that
take you within to your own souls depths, this is a collection to be used and cherished.

ask the expert(s)
So, you think you want to be a yoga teacher? We asked some of our favourite teachers
what led them to follow this path, and what they wished theyd known back at the start...
SAMMY VEALL yoga213.com. au
After I met my teacher Steve Ross in LA
and was introduced to Hip Hop yoga,
I felt like my whole world expanded up
and out into the universe, leaving me with
a massive grin on my face. I had found
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and healthy but most importantly something that made
me happy! This is why I became a yoga teacher. I want to
share the magical world of music and yoga with everyone.
I wish Id known that everyone has off days. Sometimes
youll walk into the room and absolutely everything will
go perfectly, then other days you walk in and youre
calling your foot your hand and your stomach your neck,
and you do both poses twice on the same side and miss
a few poses in between and everyone is staring at you
thinking what is this lady talking about?
Every class is a new class and everyone has good
classes and bad classes. So I guess dont take yourself too
VHULRXVO\ ZHUH RQO\ KXPDQ
MYSAN SIDBO mysan.com. au
The start of me teaching yoga comes
from a number of challenges both
physi cal l y and mental l y f rom my
SUHYLRXV VSRUWLQJ EDFNJURXQG DV P\
own practice took shape, I started to feel
the need to share the freedom, the health
and happiness that yoga provided me. I started teaching
yoga because its my passion and I feel that my purpose is
WR VKDUH LW ZLWK RWKHUV 7RGD\ DV D IXOOWLPH \RJD WHDFKHU
and a mentor to yoga teachers, I feel so grateful for the
ability to share my passion and see students explore life
in happiness and health.
When I started, I wish Id known you dont have to
be perfect! Yoga is a constant learning experience. Its
always alive, forever changing. As I grew as a teacher,
I came to understand that both my practice and I are
always changing, so my teachings are forever evolving and
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heart and mind, happy body.
92 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4
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expert advice

KATIE MANITSAS
j i vamukti yoga.com. au
I fell in love with yoga
while I was still a teenager
and started attending
cl asses after school .
Very shortly after that I
realised I wanted to be
a yoga teacher and thats what Ive been
doing for the last 17 years. I became a
yoga teacher because I truly believe the
practices of yoga are transforming and I
wanted to share the transformation Ive
experienced myself through this ancient
art. I feel totally blessed every day to be a
yoga teacher, and honoured that students
show up to my classes!
I was pretty lucky in that I already
worked in a yoga studio as a receptionist
when I started teaching, so I had a
pretty good idea of what it would be
like. However, I think what a lot of teachers
underestimate is how much goes into
teaching a class, the preparation time and
the emotional and mental energy it takes
to serve your students well. Its also not
the most lucrative job in the world but
it is one of the most rewarding! Now that
Ive had young children Ive also found that
teaching yoga is a job thats flexible and
manageable with young kids around, much
more so than a typical j, job Ior example.
ASH NILSEN l i ghtyoga.com. au
After struggling with food
intolerances for years,
yoga turned out to be
the greatest relief of all
treatments I tried, as well
as supporting my general
health. I felt stronger, balanced and happier.
I believe many people discover yoga
when they go through difficult times. My
experience gave me a strong encouragement
to help other people. With a regular yoga
practice we can all learn to centre ourselves,
be more grateful and connect to the people
we love in a better way.
When I first started to teach regular
classes I was surprised how much the
energy in the room and among the students
could vary from time to time and how this
affected the class. It took me some time to
read my students properly and understand
how to adjust my class thereafter. We all
have good and bad days, as a teacher you
want to make sure you can contribute to
make people leave the class feeling lighter
and happier than when they arrived.
LIISA HALME
pri vateyogasydney.com
Yoga had been my number
one passion for years.
I was asked by my teachers
to cover their classes and
was generally encouraged
to get into teaching. It
seemed like a natural thing Ior me to do it
was what I wanted to do and so I enrolled
in teacher training, one of many to come.
Working a normal office job was never
really an option for me, even if it may have
provided a steadier income. Making a living
as a yoga teacher can prove challenging for
many new teachers, especially these days
when there are so many.
Back when I lived in London, yoga
teachers hours werent very conducive to
a normal social life, let alone a relationship:
super early mornings, lunchtimes, late
evenings and weekends are the most
popular times for yoga classes in most cities
around the world. Luckily now I live in
Sydney Eastern suburbs and its pretty easy
to work normal hours: my classes at 9:30am
during the week are packed! Otherwise Id
never see my husband
DIANA TIMMINS
I initially came to yoga
as a way of dealing with
work stress and to learn
how to love and respect
my body after many years
of battling body image
issues. The first teacher I ever deeply
connected with, Greg Wythes, provided me
with such a safe haven to learn and explore
the deeper parts oI myselI beyond my
physical shell that I had merely identified
myself with before. Greg inspired me so
greatly and taught me so thoroughly that
I was completely and utterly motivated to
share this with others, and offer the same
level of nurturing that would in turn allow
them to transform. Discovering yoga is one
of my lifes biggest blessings, and to share
this with others is an immense privilege.
I wish Id known that no amount of
practice can ever make perfect; we engage
in a yoga practice, not perfect. I was so
deeply passionate about changing lives
for the better that I initially placed far
too much pressure on myself to deliver
the perfect class that would wholly and
solely please all and sundry. I eventually
experienced a shift in perception and learnt
to relax into it a little more when one of my
beloved teachers imparted his wisdom: do
your best, and leave the rest. Suddenly the
selIinIlicted pressures dropped away, and
I was able to teach again from my heart.
MICHELLE JAYNE
mi chel l ej ayne.com. au
I accidentally stumbled
u p o n y o g a a f t e r
numerous philosophical
conversations about life
and a friend suggesting
I shoul d do teacher
training in this thing called yoga. The style
I initially learnt was slow and gentle, and
my fiery temperament ached for something
a little stronger, so our first introduction
didnt last much longer than 12 months.
Then I entered into the physical arena of
the Group Fitness world and one day was
asked to fill in for a yoga class. I hadnt
done all that much teaching since the
training, but knew how to lesson plan, so
with that in mind and a wide open heart
I said yes and have never looked back.
I dont think there was ever an intellectual
decision to be a yoga teacher, I dont feel
I made the choice as a career path, I just
felt I had found something that tapped
into the essence of not only myself, but
the students on the mat who were willing
participants to be guided into deeper layers
of this experience of being a human being
I wish I had laid more ground work in my
personal practice. Sometimes my passion
for things can get a little overwhelming,
and being in the fitness industry I forgot
how personal a yoga practice is. Having
J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU 93

a gym background provided motivation,
but the softer element of the practice was
overlooked as I charged ahead with the
physicality of it. Heading into my eighth
year of teaching yoga, I realise that just
when you think you know something,
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popular yoga was going to be and benefited
by opening a studio in the early days!
Otherwise, I believe we are always in the
right place at the right time, its merely our
choices that allow us to continue down
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back home to the source within
KRIS MCINTYRE kri smci ntyre.com
It happened by accident!
In my early 20s I was
wor ki ng t oo ha r d.
I wanted to get myself out
of the office on time
and do something to
make myself more interesting. I randomly
contacted Nature Care College and
decided to study Shiatsu because it sounded
interesting. In my very first lecture about
Traditional Chinese Medicine I felt like Id
stumbled upon the answers to everything I
never knew the questions to ask! Part of the
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and my then teacher encouraged me to do
the yoga teacher training course. I finished
that diploma and then studied Ryoho with
Andzej Gospodarczyk and Lisa Foster.
I wish Id known that you should really
research who you are studying with,
their qualifications and lineage. If you
can, talk to previous teacher trainees.
Also, the learning really begins once you
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your students, your own body and its
limitations, your ego and its limitations
and continued training and development.
Your own practice will also probably
suffer. For me this was one of the
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running around town teaching classes
left you with lots of time during the day,
but if you like to practice in the morning
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usually when youre teaching.
KELLI PRIEUR kel l i sheartgl ow.com
I became a yoga teacher
because I knew from my
experience of the practice
that it had the potential
not only to help people
heal themselves, but to
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possibility for change. I wanted to help
people remember that they have the power
to create whatever they want in this lifetime,
and that regardless of circumstance, they
have the opportunity to choose their
perspective, their reaction and how quickly
they move towards their dreams.
Its easy to slip into thinking that to be
of the greatest service you really should be
devouring every ancient yogic text, learning
6DQVNULW RU PDVWHULQJ \RXU GURSEDFN LQWR
full wheel. But really, what serves people
most is just being you. I wish Id known that
I was enough, and that all I needed to do
was show up as fully as myself as I possibly
could and from there, teach from my heart.
ANA DAVIS anadavi s.com
As a teenager I was
p a s s i o n a t e a b o u t
dance, but I was also a
conscientious student.
It was therefore not
surprising that as a young
adult I began to experience a conflict
between my head and my heart. My head
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academic achiever. But my heart wanted to
do a more embodied practice that got me
out of my head. Some years later, sitting
in the boardroom of the television and
video production company I worked for,
talking budgets and bonuses with other
department managers, I just knew I needed
to finally follow my heart, quit my job and
embark on a career as a yoga teacher.
Id have to say every experience Ive had
on my yoga teaching career over the last
18 years has contributed to bringing me to
the present moment, for which I am truly
grateful. I could say that Id wish Id known
what a financial drain and stress it would
be to establish a yoga studio in Sydneys
Eastern suburbs with no money behind
me. But its thanks to the challenges of
those years running a studio that I feel
I have gained a great deal of my knowledge
around the business of yoga.
CAITLIN REID
heal thandtheci ty.com. au
I was already working as
a dietitian and exercise
physiologist and seeing
many clients with mental
and physical stresses. I
wanted to add another
dimension to my services, providing them
with a connection between body and
mind, using yoga as a tool to teach them
discipline and commitment, as well as
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I wish Id known that teaching would
encroach on my own practice, making it
harder to dedicate as much time as Id like.
BRAD GOODCHILD,
bi kramyogafi vedock.com. au
Practising yoga regularly
has opened my body and
has allowed me to have a
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rel ationship with my
mind. This has given me
feelings of confidence and self esteem and
allowed my life to go places I never knew
I could. Becoming a yoga teacher for me
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share this knowledge with as many people
as possible so they too can have a healthy
relationship with themselves.
When I started a career as a yoga teacher,
I never knew how hard I was going to work
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starts, late night finishes and weekends. I
also never knew how uncertain I would feel
not knowing, week to week, how much Id
earn and whether or not I could pay the bills.
I also never knew how much of an example
you become for your students and how
they absorb everything you say and do and
sometimes everything you have to give.
Ive since learnt these are things that make
teaching yoga the best job in the world. The
work is hard but from giving and helping
others you receive it all back tenfold!
9 4 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4
expert advi ce

MASCHA COETZEE
yogawi thmascha.wordpress.com
From the age of around 19
I experienced a series of
PLFURVWURNHV ZKLFK OHIW
the right side of my body
temporaril y paral ysed
and my speech distorted.
I also suffered from migraines and fatigue,
my immune system was weakened, my
hormones were out of balance and I had
digestive issues.
With the hel p of my wonderful
teachers, yoga helped me look deep
within, improve my health and rid myself
of the conditions I was suffering from by
strengthening and cleansing my physical
body and the mind. I became a yoga
teacher because through my experience I
have found that yoga can heal people and
transform their lives.
My development as a yoga teacher
is ongoing and I believe it will stay this
way, as learning is a part of any teachers
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doubt, questioning whether I am good,
knowledgeable or mature enough to
teach. I have learnt that continuous study,
feedback from the students, commitment
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growth as a yoga teacher.
The path of a yoga teacher can seem
RYHUZKHOPLQJ E\ FKRRVLQJ WKLV FDUHHU
we take up on the enormous responsibility
f or t he phys i cal , ps ychol ogi cal ,
physiological safety and emotional
wellbeing of our students.
Also, while we dont want to admit it
at times, yoga is becoming a competitive
industry that I found hard to accept for a
while. But if we have a calling to teach, we
must survive and we must do it ethically,
with integrity. Outside of yoga training,
you need business management, marketing,
web design and accounting skills.
CHRISTINA BROWN
chri sti nabrown.com
I became a teacher out of
pure love and passion for
yoga. Nothing else made
me feel so good inside, on
all levels, and I wanted to
share that with the world.
I began yoga as a 19 year old naturopathic
student. I was on a quest for healing as
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, ORVW P\ SDUHQWV \RXQJ VR VWDWLVWLFDOO\
the future wasnt looking pretty for me.
I really felt my body light up after those
LQLWLDO SUDFWLFHV DQG LW KDV FRQWLQXHG VR
here I am, over two decades later, feeling
great and healthy. Thank you, yoga!
What I wish Id known when I started
was not to try to fit yourself to someone
elses practice. Your needs will change over
the decades and therefore so will your
ideal practice. Stay true to a practice that
nourishes you and teach from that practice.
Self care and self preservation are
important. Ensure you top yourself up
energetically and take rest days, too. There
are times you must hold back.
Also, once you start teaching your
learning grows exponentially. You dont
need to know the answers to all the
questions before you start. Your students
will teach you. For example, if someone
asks you what to do about their knee
problem, you can research it and come
back to them the next week. Thats how
you learn over the years.
J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4
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How did you come to the path of Buddhism?
When I was a kid I wanted to understand the way the world
worked and why things happen. I was raised a Catholic; I was
very into God. When I was 15 I heard black American music
and took on a more social way of seeing the world and then
when I was 19 I gave up God and chose boys instead because
you couldnt have both. After that it was communist radical
left politics in London in the sixties and then radical feminist
politics and then wanting something spiritual again. When I
was 30 I was back in Australia and I heard about these two
lamas running intensive retreats and wondered if they could
become my teachers. Ive been studying with them ever since.
Was there a particular Buddhist teaching that
really struck you?
Karma. I always wanted to understand why things are. The
Buddhist deal is we are suffering because we dont understand
why things are, like we believe that outside things will make
XV KDSS\ +HDULQJ DERXW WKH LGHD RI NDUPD WKDW LV WKH YLHZ
that youve created yourself, your consciousness didnt come
from your parents, you didnt come from a creator, you came
from previous moments of your own continuity and whatever
you think and do and say imprints in your mind and produces
\RX LQ WKH IXWXUH ILUVW KHDULQJ WKDW ZDV DQ DKD PRPHQW
Somehow you bring your own reality into this world and
you create yourself and its up to you. I found that view very
empowering, and I still do. Look at our psychology; everything
goes back to what mummy did to you, what daddy did to you,
what people do to you out there. In Buddhism, its up to you
to be the person who transforms yourself and then to be of
benefit to others.
What are the tools for doing this?
The starting point is having confidence that you can change
your own thoughts and then having the courage to own them
as yours. The Buddhist belief is that the only reason we have
problems is because we are attached to getting what we want.
We have a deep primordial craving to get things to be nice.
That means nice smells, nice tastes, nice words, nice boss, nice
everything. We cant bear the painful things, we only want the
nice things and this attachment to nice is running us second to
second. The slightest thing goes wrong, we cant bear it. We
are junkies for nice feelings. We have attachment and we have
aversion or anger. The minute attachment doesnt get what
it wants, anger or aversion or panic or despair or guilt arises.
We believe we are the recipient of an unfair thing. But if we
learn to look into the pain that we think is coming from the
mean husband, the lousy kids, if we look at the pain of the
jealousy itself, the pain of the anger itself, just the feelings,
we see that they are what are breaking our heart and if we
have the courage to look inside and start to change, thats
incredible. A good example is a guy whose daughter was raped
and murdered. Thirty years after this happened, he finally
realised that the reason he was suffering wasnt the rape of
his daughter, it was his rage. The point for him was to get rid
of this rage. That takes a lot of courage.
creating
courage
Melbourne born Robina Courtin, 68, spent her
youth searching for a worldview, dabbling in
everything from Catholicism to Communism.
In 1976 she found her path in Tibetan
Buddhism and was ordained as a nun in 1978.
From 1996 to 2009 she ran the Liberation
Prison Project, working with death row
inmates in US prisons. Her basic philosophy
is that we are junkies for nice feelings and
when we dont get what we want we feel
anger, despair or panic. Instead of looking
directly at this pain and attempting to dissolve
it, we prolong our suffering by blaming
someone or something outside of ourselves
for our pain. By Tamsin Angus-Leppan
1 1 4 YO G AJ O U R N AL . C O M. AU J A N UA RY 2 0 1 4
the ayj interview
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bottoms up.
lululemon.com.au
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