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EKHLASS INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL

LOT 4779, Taman Kijal Meraga


24100 Kijal, Kemaman,
Terengganu.
Malaysia

SECOND TERM EXAMINATION 2013


BIOLOGY YEAR 10
PAPER 2
DURATION: 2 HOURS

Name:
Date :

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DO NOT OPEN THIS QUESTION PAPER UNTIL INSTRUCTED TO DO SO


1.
2.
3.

This question paper contains 17 printed pages included front cover.


Answer all questions in section A and one from section B.
This question paper must be submitted as soon as the time is over.

Paper

MARKS

Paper 1

/ 50

Paper 2

/ 140

Carry marks
TOTAL
Percentage and Grade

/ 10
/ 200

BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

10 PAPER 2

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SECOND TERM EXAMINATION 2013


BIOLOGY YEAR 10 PAPER 2
SECTION A : Answer all questions
1. The diagrams below show a complete flower and a section of a flower of the Kalanchoe
plant.

a. Identify structures A-C.

A : ______________________________________
B : ______________________________________
C : ______________________________________
[3]

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Marks

BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

10 PAPER 2

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b. State two features shown in the diagram that show that this flower is adapted for insectpollination.

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[2]

c. What is self-pollination?

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[2]

d. State one characteristic of flowers adapted for self-pollination that is not shown in the
diagram.

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[2]

e. From what you can see in the diagram, what feature of the flower suggests that the fruit of
this flower is likely to contain more than one seed?

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Marks

BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

10 PAPER 2

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[2]

2. The diagram shows a section of a flower.

a. Identify structures A H.

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[4]

b. State whether this flower is adapted for insect-pollination or wind-pollination.

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Marks

BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

10 PAPER 2

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[2]

c. State two features shown in the diagram that show this flower is adapted for the type of
pollination suggested in (b).

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[2]

d. Which of the structures A H are directly involved in pollination?

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[2]

e. After fertilisation, state which structure will develop into a

i.

Fruit.

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Marks

BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

10 PAPER 2

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[2]

ii.

Seed.
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[2]

3. Complete the table to compare the characteristics of wind pollinated flowers and insectpollinated flowers.

Feature

Wind-pollinated flower

Insect-pollinated flower

Petal size
Petal colour
Nectar guides
Stigma
Anthers
Pollen grains
[6]

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Marks

BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

10 PAPER 2

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4. a) Distinguish between asexual reproduction and sexual reproduction.
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[2]

b) Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of asexual reproduction.


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[2]

c) What are the special features of plants that enable them to carry out sexual reproduction?
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[2]

5. a) Distinguish between pollination and fertilisation in flowering plants.


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[2]
b) Outline the growth of the pollen tube and its entry into the ovule.
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Marks

BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

10 PAPER 2

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[4]
c) Describe fertilisation in flowering plants.
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[4]

6. The diagram below shows how the thickness of the uterine lining changes over time during a
menstrual cycle.

a. On which days is the women most fertile?

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Marks

BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

10 PAPER 2

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[2]

b. What causes the decrease in the thickness of the uterine lining from day 0 to day 5?

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[2]

c. If the women is pregnant, what will happen to the thickness of the uterine lining after day 28?

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[2]

d. On the diagram below, draw how the level of progesterone changes over the course of the
menstrual cycle, assuming that the women is not pregnant.
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Marks

BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

10 PAPER 2

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[3]

7. The diagram shows the front view of the female reproductive system.

a. Identify structure A E.

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10

Marks

BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

10 PAPER 2

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[3]

b. State the functions of structures A C.

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[3]

c. If fertilisation occurs, where would the fertilised egg implant?

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[2]

d. How does the shape of structure A at point X help its function?

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[2]
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11

Marks

BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

10 PAPER 2

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8. a) Which type of cell division gives rise to human gemates?

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[2]

b) When a sperm fertilises an egg, a zygote is formed.

i.

State one difference between a zygote and a gamete.


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[2]

ii.

Which type of cell division takes place in a zygote as it develops?


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[2]

9. The diagram shows a developing fetus and part of the uterine wall.

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12

Marks

BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

10 PAPER 2

_____________________________________________________________________________
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a. Identify structures A C.

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[3]

b. State the functions of structures A C.

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[3]

c. List two substances that will be transferred from the fetus to its mother.

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13

Marks

BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

10 PAPER 2

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[2]

d. How do the substances listed in (c) move into the mothers blood?

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[2]

e. The capillaries at the site of exchange between fetus and mother are located in finger-like
villi. What is the advantage of this?

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[2]

10. Distinguish between the following terms:


i.

Semen and sperm

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14

Marks

BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

10 PAPER 2

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[2]

ii.

Ovary and oviduct.

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[2]

iii.

Ovulation and menstruation.

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[2]

11. Describe how a human embryo is protected and nourished inside its mother.

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15

Marks

BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

10 PAPER 2

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[6]

12. The following table compares mitosis and meiosis. Put a tick ( ) if the statement is correct
and a cross ( X ) if the statement is incorrect.
Characteristics

Mitosis

Meiosis

Chromosomes replicate
Involves two nuclear divisions
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16

Marks

BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

10 PAPER 2

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Occurs in a haploid cell
Crossing over takes place between the chromatids
Homologous chromosomes pair up
Sister chromatids separate
Occurs during growth
Daughter cells are identical to the parent cell
Occurs during gamete formation
[9]
13. Figures A, B, and C are photomicrographs of stages of nuclear division in the root hair cells
of a plant.

Name the type and stage of division shown in each photomicrograph.


Types of division

Stage

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17

Marks

BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

10 PAPER 2

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B

C
[6]
14. The diagram shows an animal cell during a mitotic division.

a. Identify the structures A, B, and C.


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[3]

b. What is the role of structure C?


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[2]
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18

Marks

BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

10 PAPER 2

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c. What stage of mitosis does the diagram show?
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[2]
15. The figure below shows a photomicrograph of cells from a root tip of a plant. The cells are in
various stages of mitosis.

a. Identify and label on the diagram, cells that are undergoing the following stages of
mitosis.
i.
ii.
iii.
iv.

Prophase
Anaphase
Metaphase
Telophase
[4]

b. Suggest what would happen to the root tip as a result of mitosis.


________________________________________________________________________
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[2]
16. Explain the meaning of the following terms:
a. Gene
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19

Marks

BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

10 PAPER 2

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[2]
b. Chromosome
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[2]
c. Homologous chromosome
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[2]

SECTION B ( 10 marks )
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20

Marks

BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

10 PAPER 2

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Answer one question only.
1. Using appropriate diagram, explain the process of fertilisation in a flowering plant.
2. Compare and contrast the fertilisation process in flowering plants and in humans.
3. a) What is meiosis and where does it occur in the human body?
b) Explain why meiosis is essential for human.
4. a) Describe the role of mitosis in maintaining genetic stability.
b) Explain how meiosis can lead to genetic variation.
5. Describe how a human embryo is protected and nourished inside its mother.

End of papers
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21

Marks

BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

10 PAPER 2

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22

Marks