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EN 3-2005 Example 002 - 1
EN 3-2005 Example 002

WIDE FLANGE SECTION UNDER BENDING
EXAMPLE DESCRIPTION
The frame object axial strengths are tested in this example.
A beam is subjected to factored load N = 1050 kN. This example was tested
using the Eurocode 3-2005 steel frame design code. The design capacities are
compared with independent hand calculated results.
GEOMETRY, PROPERTIES AND LOADING











L = 1.4 m






TECHNICAL FEATURES TESTED
Section compactness (beam)
Section shear capacity
Section bending capacity with shear reduction

Material Properties
E = 210x10
3
MPa

v = 0.3
G = 80770 MPa



Loading

N = 1050 kN


Design Properties
fy = 275 MPa
Section: 406x178x74 UB
N
Ed

L/2
A
A
Section A-A
L/2
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EN 3-2005 Example 002 - 2
RESULTS COMPARISON

Independent results are taken from hand calculations based on the CSI steel
design documentation contained in the file SFD-EC-3-2005.pdf, which is
available through the program Help menu. Examples were taken from Example
6.5 on pp. 53-55 from the book Designers Guide to EN1993-1-1 by R.S.
Narayanan & A. Beeby.
Output Parameter SAP2000 Independent
Percent
Difference
Compactness Class 1 Class 1 0.00%
Section Shear Resistance,
Vpl,Rd (kN)
689.2 689.2 0.00%
Section Bending Resistance,
Mc,y,Rd (kN-m)
412.8 412.8 0.00%
Section Shear-Reduced Bending
Resistance, Mv,y,Rd (kN-m)
386.8 386.8 0.00%

COMPUTER FILE: EN 3-2005 EX002
CONCLUSION
The results show an exact comparison with the independent results.
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EN 3-2005 Example 002 - 3
HAND CALCULATION

Properties:
Material: S275 Steel
fy = 275 MPa
E = 210000 MPa
Section: 406x178x74 UB
A = 9450 mm
2
b = 179.5 mm, tf = 16 mm, h = 412.8 mm, tw = 9.5 mm, r = 10.2 mm
2 412.8 2 16 380.8mm
w f
h h t = = - =
( ) ( ) 2 412.8 2 16 10.2 360.4mm
f
d h t r = + = - + =
2 179.5 9.5 2 10.2
74.8mm
2 2
w
b t r
c
-
= = =
Wpl,y = 501,000 mm
3

Other:
0
1.0
M
=
1.2 q =

Loadings:
0 kN
Ed
N =
1050kN N = @ mid-span
Results in the following internal forces:
525 kN
Ed
V =
367.5 kN-m
Ed
M =


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EN 3-2005 Example 002 - 4
Section Compactness:

235 235
0.924
275
y
f
c = = =

Localized Buckling for Flange:
.1
9 9 0.924 8.32
cl
= c = - = for pure compression
74.8
4.68
16
e
f
c
t
= = =
.1
4.68 8.32
e cl
= < =
So Flange is Class 1 in pure compression

Localized Buckling for Web:
.1
72 72 0.924 66.56
cl
= c = - = for pure bending
360.4
37.94
9.5
e
w
d
t
= = =
.1
37.94 66.56
e cl
= < =
So Web is Class 1 in pure bending

Since Flange & Web are Class 1, Section is Class 1.

Section Shear Capacity
2
min
1.2 380.8 9.5 4341mm
v w w
A h t

= = - - = q
( ) 2 ( 2 ) 9450 2 179.5 16 9.5 2 10.2 16
v f w f
A A bt t r t = + + = - - + + - -
2
min
4021.2mm
v v
A A

= <
So
2
4341mm
v
A =
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EN 3-2005 Example 002 - 5
,
0
4341 275
689, 245
1.0 3 3
y
v
pl Rd
M
f
A
V N

| | | |
= = =
| |
\ . \ .

,
689.2kN
pl Rd
V =

Section Bending Capacity
,
, ,
0
1501, 000 275
412, 775, 000N-mm
1
pl y y
c y Rd
M
W f
M
-
= = =


, ,
412.8kN-m
c y Rd
M =

With Shear Reduction:
2
2
,
2 2 525
1 1 0.27
689.2
Ed
pl Rd
V
V
| |
- | |
= = =
|
|
|
\ .
\ .

2
380.8 9.5 3617.6mm
w w w
A h t = = - =
2 2
, , ,
0
275 0.27 3617.6
1, 501, 000
4 1.0 4 9.5
y
w
v y Rd pl y
M w
f
A
M W
t

| | | | -
= =
| |
-
\ . \ .

, ,
386,829, 246N-mm
v y Rd
M =
, ,
386.8kN-m
v y Rd
M =