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CSA S16-01 Example 001 - 1
CSA S16-01 Example 001

WIDE FLANGE MEMBER UNDER BENDING
EXAMPLE DESCRIPTION
The frame object moment and shear strength is tested in this example.
In the example a simply supported beam is (a) laterally restrained along its full
length, (b) laterally restrained along its quarter points, at mid-span and at the
ends (c) laterally restrained along at mid-span and is subjected to a uniform
factored load of DL = 7 kN/m and LL = 15 kN/m. This example was tested using
the CSA S16-01 steel frame design code. The moment and shear strengths are
compared with Handbook of Steel construction (9
th
Edition) results.
GEOMETRY, PROPERTIES AND LOADING



L = 8.0 m






TECHNICAL FEATURES TESTED
Section Compactness Check (Bending)
Member Bending Capacity, Mr (Fully Restrained)
Member Bending Capacity, Mr (Buckling)
Member Bending Capacity, Mr (LTB)
Material Properties
E = 2x10
8
kN/m
2
Fy = 350 kN/m
2

Loading


WD = 7 kN/m
WL = 15 kN/m

Design Properties
ASTM A992
CSA G40.21 350W
W410X46
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CSA S16-01 Example 001 - 2
RESULT COMPARISON

Independent results are taken from Example 1, 2 and 3 on page 5-84 and 5-85 of
the Hand Book of Steel Construction to CSA S16-01 published by Canadian
Institute of Steel Construction.
Output Parameter SAP2000 Independent
Percent
Difference
Compactness Class 1

Class 1 0.00%
Design Moment, Mf (kN-m) 250.0

250.0 0.00%
(a) Moment Capacity, Mr33 of
W410X46 (kN-m) w/ lb = 0 m
278.775 278.775 0.00%
(b) Moment Capacity, Mr33 of
W410X46 (kN-m) w/ lb = 2 m
268.57 268.42 0.06%
(c) Moment Capacity, Mr33 of
W410X60 (kN-m) w/ lb = 4 m
287.69 287.64 0.02%
COMPUTER FILE: CSA S16-01 EX001
CONCLUSION
The results show an exact match with the independent results.
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CSA S16-01 Example 001 - 3
HAND CALCULATION

Properties:
Material: CSA G40.21 Grade 350W
fy = 350 MPa
E = 200,000 MPa
G = 76923 MPa
Section: W410x46
bf = 140 mm, tf = 11.2 mm, d = 404 mm, tw = 7 mm
2 404 2 11.2 381.6
f
h d t mm = = - =
Ag = 5890 mm
2

I22 = 5,140,000 mm
4

Z33 = 885,000 mm
3

J = 192,000 mm
4


11 6
1.97 10
w
C mm = -
Section: W410x60
bf = 178 mm, tf = 12.8 mm, d = 408 mm, tw = 7.7 mm
2 408 2 12.8 382.4
f
h d t mm = = - =
Ag = 7580 mm
2

I22 = 12,000,000 mm
4

Z33 = 1,190,000 mm
3

J = 328,000 mm
4


11 6
4.68 10
w
C mm = -
Member:
L = 8 m
= 0.9

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CSA S16-01 Example 001 - 4
Loadings:
wf = (1.25wd + 1.5wl) = 1.25(7) + 1.5(15) = 31.25 kN/m
2
2
31.25 8
8 8
f
f
w L
M
-
= =
250
f
M kN m =

Section Compactness:
Localized Buckling for Flange:
.1
145 145
7.75
350
Cl
y
F
= = =
W410x46
140
6.25
2 2 11.2
f
f
b
t
= = =
-

.1 Cl
< , No localized flange buckling
Flange is Class 1.
W410x60
178
6.95
2 2 12.8
f
f
b
t
= = =
-

.1 Cl
< , No localized flange buckling
Flange is Class 1.

Localized Buckling for Web:
.1
1100 1100 0
1 0.39 1 0.39 58.8
5890 350 350
f
Cl
y y
C
C F

| |
| |
= = =
|
|
|
-
\ .
\ .

W410x46
381.6
54.51
7
w
h
t
= = =
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CSA S16-01 Example 001 - 5
.1 Cl
< , No localized web buckling
Web is Class 1.

Section is Class 1

W410x60
382.4
49.66
7.7
w
h
t
= = =
.1 Cl
< , No localized web buckling
Web is Class 1.

Section is Class 1

Section Bending Capacity for W410x46:
75 . 309 10 / 000 , 885 350
6
33
= - = = Z F M
y p
kN-m
775 . 278 75 . 309 9 . 0 = - =
p
M | kN-m

Member Bending Capacity for Lb=0 mm (Fully Restrained):
Braced segment center moment is greater than the braced segment end moments, so
2 = 1.000
2
2
22 22
0
u w
E
M EI GJ I C as L
L L
e t t | |
= +
|
\ .

33
33 33 33
1.15 1 0.28
p
r p p
u
M
M M M
M

(
= s
(



33
0.28 0
p
u
u
M
as M
M


33 33 33
1.15
r p p
leadingtoM M M = >
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CSA S16-01 Example 001 - 6
So

33 33
278.775
r p
M M kN m | = =

Member Bending Capacity for Lb=2000 mm:
Braced segment center moment is greater than the braced segment end moments, so
2 = 1.000


2
2
22 22 u w
E
M EI GJ I C
L L
e t t | |
= +
|
\ .

( ) ( ) ( )
( )
( )( )
5 6 3
2
5
6 9
2. 10 5.14 10 76923 192 10
1.0
2. 10
2000
5.14 10 197 10
2000
u
M
t
t
- - - - - -
-
= | |
-
|
+ - -
|
\ .

6
532.96 10 532.96
u
M N mm kN m = - =

0.67 0.67 309.75 208 532.96 ,
p u
M M kN m so = - = < =
33
33
33 33
28 . 0 1 15 . 1
p
u
p
p r
M
M
M
M M | | s
(

=
33
309.75
1.15 0.9 309.75 1 0.28 268.42 278.775
532.96
r
M kN m kN m
(
= - - = <
(



33
268.42
r
M kN m =

Section Bending Capacity for W410x60:
6
33
350 1,190, 000/10 416.5
p y
M F Z kN m = = - =
85 . 374 5 . 416 9 . 0 = - =
p
M | kN-m

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CSA S16-01 Example 001 - 7
Member Bending Capacity for Lb=4000 m:
Braced segment center moment is greater than the braced segment end moments, so
2 = 1.000


2
2
22 22 u w
E
M EI GJ I C
L L
e t t | |
= +
|
\ .

( ) ( ) ( )
( )
( )( )
5 6 3
2
5
6 9
2. 10 12 10 76923 328 10
1.0
2. 10
4000
12 10 468 10
4000
u
M
t
t
- - - - - -
-
= | |
-
|
+ - -
|
\ .

6
350.47 10 350.47
u
M N mm kN m = - =

0.67 0.67 309.75 279 350.47 ,
p u
M M kN m so = - = < =
33
33
33 33
28 . 0 1 15 . 1
p
u
p
p r
M
M
M
M M | | s
(

=
33
416.5
1.15 0.9 416.5 1 0.28 287.64 278.775
350.47
r
M kN m kN m
(
= - - = <
(


33
287.64
r
M kN m =