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BSN-3A HUMANITIES COUNTRY: CHINA Why is it that China is given the title of the Cradle of Civilization in Asia? It is because China is one of the world's oldest continuous civilizations. The history of China is told in traditional historical records that refer as far back as the Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors about 5,000 years ago, supplemented by archaeological records dating to the 16th century BC. The early history of China is complicated by the lack of a written language during this period coupled with the existence of documents from later time periods attempting to describe events that occurred several centuries before. Explain the significance of the Great Wall of China is built. The Great wall's Chinese culture reflects from when Shi Huangdi was ruler, who started the Great Wall from the Yellow Sea in the east to the Gobi Desert in the West. The Great wall was also first come together from smaller walls to discourage attacks from Northern nomads. Thus Shi Huangdi was determined to close up the gaps and unify the wall 1,400 miles to the west. His thinking at the time was so if enemies decided to come they would have to gallop halfway to Tibet to get around it. He forced peasants to build the wall. If they did not, their only choice other than building the wall was death. Many of them worked on the wall and still died anyway. They did not work for wages, and really did not love the empire. Now, since the Great wall is so huge, that it is one of the few human-made features on Earth visible from space. Chinese may proudly to say that Great Wall in China is the only manmade structure visible from the moon! Actually, the Great Wall is the irreplaceable monument in the China. Moreover its representative of the cultural meaning is shown in the national anthem, one part of the lyrics who will not be slaves our own flesh and blood, to build a new Great Wall!

From past until now, Great Wall is the representative of the Chinese people. Nowadays, China starts to break- down the old regulations and open the door to face the outside world. Therefore, people in China are facing the new identity which is modern Chinese. In October at 2007, the Italian luxury group Fendi held a fashion show on the Great Wall in China. That is a big event in the world; it symbols the internationalization of China, and the nationality of people being changed from oldie to modern.

The posture of Great Wall also communicates a hidden meaning of the nationality of the people in china. Chinese in other word, the descendant of Dragon, because of the Great Wall its posture like a sleeping dragon sunning itself on the mountain. Therefore, the state tends to describe all people living under the Great Wall as the children of the Dragon, in order in to being out the sense of unity among Chinese people. On other hand, Chinese people accepted that identity while Great Wall helps them to indicate the distinct nationality in the world. The slang which popular in the Chinese society Bu dao chang cheng fei hao han that mean visiting Great Wall at least one time otherwise you would not be a real Han. No doubt, Great Wall is not only the ancient monument but the identification of Chinese. How does the religion of Buddhism affect the lives of Chinese people? Buddhism has a huge role in the Chinese culture. Since Buddhism is a more a way of life then a religion it is an obvious part of their culture. Buddhism shows itself in the way people eat, the construction of their building, the way in which people interact with each other, and the way the people of China

generally live. Though Buddhism has an overall effect on all of China it only has a huge effect on the western side of China were the number of Buddhist followers is the densest. Buddhism taps into people's world-views and they grow up believing certain things that meld the way they live. It affects them from such a young age that they have no problem bringing into the Culture of their adult hood. Following the fundamentals of Buddhism such as the eight fold path requires people to meld their lives accordingly. Living continuously in a state of Buddhism requires the culture to be adapted to these views, and for people in the culture to live accordingly. Buddhism's effect on the culture of China is starting to decrease as technology grows but will never truly disappear. Still in the rural areas you can see an obvious effect of this powerful religion. Why did China consider population as a factor towards their development and comment critically to one of the policies of China, the policy of One Child- Policy. China decided to lower their population in order to increase their GDP and to increase the population aging. Three features of the Chinese political system and associated policymaking help explain the Chinese exception: a statist tradition and bureaucratic institutions that treat individual citizens as subjects of the state; a post-revolutionary regime that places birth control at the heart of its political legitimacy; and a policymaking process that is carried out among political elites shrouded with secrecy and lacking public scrutiny. Combined, these three features of the Chinese political system help explain not only the design but also the survival of the one-child policy. For me, the One-Child Policy that China is imposing is unfair to the people. Humans have the choice of choosing how many children they should have and also the gender. It is immoral to kill children just because they already have one. So what if they are already big in population? As long as the family can afford to they should just let it go. It is also the countrys loss if they dont have that much men in the future because of that policy. Enumerate and explain Chinas contribution to the World Civilization. PAPER For the nation that uses some 80,000 different symbols in their language, it was just natural to invent the paper. Papers were produced from 3 different kinds of sources, namely, the silk rags, wooden strips and bamboo, hemp or clothes. The ancient China also pioneered the concept of ink (206B.C.-A.D.220) and they were the first to invent printer (618-906A.D) and print a book (868 AD). COMPASS It was a tool that was invented to fulfill religious purposes. A compass was used to examine whether an under-construction building was facing the right direction so that it could be in perfect harmony with nature. For example, the scientists of ancient China believed; if the house faces north, the inhabitants will be perfectly getting along with the nature. The earliest compass made by the ancient Chinese inventors, resembled a wooden circle which had a number of marks on it along with a magnetic spoon on the top. SILK Probably the most significant contribution of the ancient china was the fine variety of silk that goes by the name of Chinese silk. The ancient Chinese were the one who taught the rest of the world how to harvest silk from silk worms. They also coined the techniques of creating clothes, fans, kites, paper, and many other articles from it. Others: An object for counting, called an abacus The unique method of treatment called acupuncture The first rudder The first planetarium The first water powered blast furnace