Sei sulla pagina 1di 622

Purdue University

3-4-2011

Theoretical and Experimental Analysis of Liquid Flooded Compression in Scroll Compressors

Ian Bell

Purdue University - Main Campus, ian.h.bell@gmail.com

Follow this and additional works at: http://docs.lib.purdue.edu/herrick

Bell, Ian, "Theoretical and Experimental Analysis of Liquid Flooded Compression in Scroll Compressors" (2011). Publications of the Ray W. Herrick Laboratories. Paper 2.

http://docs.lib.purdue.edu/herrick/2

This document has been made available through Purdue e-Pubs, a service of the Purdue University Libraries. Please contact epubs@purdue.edu for additional information.

THEORETICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF LIQUID FLOODED

COMPRESSION IN SCROLL COMPRESSORS

A Dissertation

Submitted to the Faculty

of

Purdue University

by

Ian Hadley Bell

In Partial Fulfillment of the

Requirements for the Degree

of

Doctor of Philosophy

May 2011

Purdue University

West Lafayette, Indiana

ii

To my family

iii

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

I couldn’t have made it to this point without the help of many people.

To begin with, I’d like to thank Andy and Forbes Pearson who took a chance on

a college freshman and sparked the fire in me to study refrigeration. Your generosity is in no small part the reason for this dissertation.

I have had the privilege of working with two of the best advisors that I have

ever met. Eckhard and Jim, thank you. The caring that you demonstrate for your

students is a model that I will take with me wherever I go. Thank you also for all the extra-curricular opportunities that you offered me during my time at Purdue. Galen and Travis, thank you as well for all your help and insightful comments.

I would also like to thank Fritz, Bob, Gilbert and Frank in the shop at Herrick

Labs for their support. Special thanks to Frank Lee who was always good for a smile,

a laugh, and a helping hand. My experimental work was a success in no small part

due to your help. And of course to my friends and labmates who made living in West Lafayette possible: Ananya, Abhinav, Bryce, Carolin, Christian, Cord, Craig, David, Gerhard, Jitendra, Joe, Jonathan, Margaret, Mallory, Matt, Mayen, Ping, Sebastian, Shaunak, Shiva, Stefan, and a host of others. Last but not least, my family - Mom, Dad, Nate, Tad, and Abby. You guys have been there through good times and bad, and I thank you for it.

iv

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

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LIST OF TABLES

 

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ix

LIST OF FIGURES

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xi

NOMENCLATURE

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xviii

ABSTRACT

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xxxvi

CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION, MOTIVATION, AND OBJECTIVES

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1.1 Background

 

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1

1.2 Motivation .

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1.3 Objective

 

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1.4 Overview .

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4

CHAPTER 2. LITERATURE SURVEY

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5

2.1 Flooded Compression

 

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5

2.1.1 Screw Compressors

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5

2.1.2 Scroll Compressors

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2.1.3 Spool Compressors

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2.1.4 Cycle and System Analysis

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2.1.5 Solubility

 

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10

2.1.6 Compressed Air Energy Storage

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12

2.2 Modeling Of Scroll Compressors

 

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12

2.2.1 Geometry

 

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14

2.2.2 Mass Flow Modeling

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14

2.2.3 Mechanical Losses And Friction

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20

2.2.4 Heat Transfer

 

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20

CHAPTER 3. FLOODED VAPOR COMPRESSION CYCLE MODELING

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3.1 Motivation .

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22

3.2 Baseline Cycle .

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22

3.3 Cycle Modeling

 

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28

3.3.1 Mixture Properties

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29

3.3.2 Compressor

 

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31

3.3.3 Oil Separator

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32

3.3.4 Condenser/Gas Cooler

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33

3.3.5 Oil Cooler

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34

3.3.6 Hydraulic Expansion Device

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35

3.3.7 Evaporator And Expansion Valve

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36

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3.3.8

Regenerator

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37

3.3.9

Mixer

 

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38

3.3.10

Closure

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38

3.4 Modeling Results

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39

3.4.1 Fluid Pair Selection

 

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40

3.4.2 CO 2 With Flooding

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47

3.4.3 Annual Energy Consumption Of Freeze Store

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3.4.4 R410A Residential Heat Pump With Flooding And Regenera-

 

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60

3.5 Summary

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63

CHAPTER 4. SCROLL COMPRESSOR GEOMETRIC MODEL

 

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4.1 Base Circle And Involutes

 

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64

4.2 Scroll Wraps .

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67

4.3 Discharge Angle .

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73

4.4 Chamber Definitions

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4.5 Mathematical Interlude

 

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4.5.1

Analytic Area Calculations

 

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4.6 Suction Chamber

 

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4.6.1 Definition Of Suction Chamber Volume

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4.6.2 Suction Chamber Geometric Calculations

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86

4.7 Suction Area Chamber

 

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4.8 Compression Chambers

 

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96

4.9 Discharge Region

 

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100

4.10 Discharge Chambers d 1 And d 2

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101

4.11 Discharge Chamber dd

 

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106

4.11.1 Two Arc Discharge Geometry

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107

4.11.2 Arc-Line-Arc Discharge Geometry

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112

4.11.3 Calculations For dd Chamber

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115

4.12 Flow Areas For Leakage And Primary Flow Paths

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122

4.12.1 Radial Leakages

 

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123

4.12.2 Flank Leakage

 

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123

4.12.3 Suction And Discharge Flow Areas

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126

4.12.4 Discharge Port

 

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129

4.13 Volume Results

 

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131

CHAPTER 5. SCROLL COMPRESSOR OVERALL MODEL

 

133

5.1 Motivation .

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133

5.2 Mixture Properties

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133

5.2.1

Gas and Liquid Properties

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135

5.3 Mass Flow Models

 

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135

5.3.1 Two-Phase Compressible Flow In Nozzles

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137

5.3.2 Radial And Flank Leakage

 

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138

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5.4 Forces

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