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CISC 95 Example 002 - 1
CISC 95 Example 002
WIDE FLANGE MEMBER UNDER COMPRESSION & BENDING
EXAMPLE DESCRIPTION
The frame object axial and moment strengths are tested in this example.
In this example a continuous column is subjected factored loads and moments Cf
= 2000 kN; Mfx-top= 200 kN-m; Mfx-bottom= 300 kN-m. This example was tested
using theCSA S16-01 (CISC 95) steel frame design code. The design capacities
are compared with Handbook of Steel construction (6
th
Edition) results.
GEOMETRY, PROPERTIES AND LOADING
2000 kN




















TECHNICAL FEATURES TESTED
Section Compactness Check (Compression & Bending)
Member Compression Capacity
Member Bending Capacity with no Mid-Span Loading
Material Properties
E = 200,000 MPa

= 0.3
G= 76,923.08 MPa




Loading Design Properties
fy = 300 MPa

Cf = 2000 kN
Mfx-top = 200 kN-m
Mfx-bottom = 300 kN-m

A
3.7 m

A
Mxf= 200 kN-m
Mxf= 300 kN-m


Section A-A
W310x129
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CISC 95 Example 002 - 2

RESULTS COMPARISON
Independent results are taken from Example 1 on page 4-108 of the Hand Book
of Steel Construction to CSA S16-94 published by Canadian Institute of Steel
Construction..
Output Parameter SAP2000 Independent
Percent
Difference
Compactness Class 1 Class 1 0.00%
Axial Capacity, Cr (kN) 3797.3 3797.3 0.00%
Bending Capacity, Mr33
(kN-m)
583.2 583.2 0.00%
COMPUTER FILE: CISC 95 EX002
CONCLUSION
The results show an acceptable comparison with the independent results.










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CISC 95 Example 002 - 3
HAND CALCULATION

Properties:
Material: CSA G40.21 Grade 300W
fy = 300 MPa
E = 200,000 MPa
G = 76923.08 MPa
Section: W310x129
bf = 308 mm, tf = 20.6 mm, d = 318 mm, tw = 13.1 mm
2 318 2 20.6 276.8
f
h d t mm = = - =
Ag = 16500 mm
2

r33 = 136.626 mm, r22 = 77.8499 mm
I22 = 100,000,000 mm
4
Z33 = 2,160,000 mm
3
J = 2,130,000 mm
4

12 6
2.211 10
w
C mm = -
Member:
lz= le33 = le22 = 3700 mm (unbraced length)
kz=k33 = k22 =1.0
0.9 | =

Loadings:
2000
f
C kN =
,
200
a xf top
M M kN m = =
,
300
b xf bottom
M M kN m = =


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CISC 95 Example 002 - 4
Section Compactness:
Localized Buckling for Flange:
.1
145 145
8.37
300
Cl
y
F
= = =
308
7.48
2 2 20.6
f
f
b
t
= = =
-

.1 Cl
< , No localized flange buckling
Flange is Class 1.

Localized Buckling for Web:

300 16500
4950
1000
y y g
C f A kN
-
= = =
.1
1100 1100 2000
1 0.39 1 0.39 53.50
4950 300
f
Cl
y y
C
C F

| |
| |
= = =
|
|
|
\ .
\ .

276.8
21.13
13.1
w
h
t
= = =
.1 Cl
< , No localized web buckling
Web is Class 1.

Section is Class 1

Member Compression Capacity:
Flexural Buckling
n = 1.34 (wide flange section)
22 22
22 33 22
22
1.0 3700 300
max( , ) 0.5859
77.8499 200000
y
f
k l
r E

t
-
= = = = =
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CISC 95 Example 002 - 5
( ) ( )
1 1
2 2 1.34
1.34
1 0.9 16500 300 1 0.5859
n
n
r g y
C A F |

-
= + = - - - +
3797.3
r
C kN =

Section Bending Capacity:
33 33
2,160, 000 300 648
p y
M Z F kN m = = - =

Member Bending Capacity:
2
2
1.75 1.05 0.3 2.5
a a
b b
M M
M M
e
| | | |
= + + s
| |
\ . \ .

2
2
200 200
1.75 1.05 0.3 2.583 2.5
300 300
e
| | | |
= + + = s
| |
\ . \ .

So
2
2.5 e =
2
2
22 22
22 22
u w
E
M EI GJ I C
l l
e t t | |
= +
|
\ .
2
5
5 8 6 8 12
2.5 2 10
2 10 1 10 76923.08 2.13 10 1 10 2.211 10
3700 3700
u
M
t t | | - - -
= - - - - - - + - - -
|
\ .

3842.7039
u
M kN m =
Since
33
0.67
u p
M M > -
33
33 33 33
1.15 1 0.28
p
r p p
u
M
M M M
M
| |
(
= s
(


33
648
1.15 0.9 648 1 0.28 0.9 648
3842.7039
r
M
(
= - - s -
(


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CISC 95 Example 002 - 6
33
639 583.2
r
M = s
33
583.2
r
M kN m =