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AS 4100-1998 Example 003 - 1
AS 4100-1998 Example 003

WIDE FLANGE MEMBER UNDER COMBINED COMPRESSION & BENDING
EXAMPLE DESCRIPTION
The frame object interacting axial and bending strengths are tested in this
example.
A continuous column is subjected to factored loads and moments N = 200 kN;
Mx = 1000 kN-m. This example was tested using the AS4100-1998 steel frame
design code. The design capacities are compared with independent hand
calculated results.
GEOMETRY, PROPERTIES AND LOADING














L = 6 m






Material Properties
E = 200x10
3
MPa

v = 0.3
G = 76923.08 MPa



Loading

N = 200 kN
Mx = 1000 kN-m


Design Properties
fy = 250 MPa
Section: 350WC197
N
M
x

L
A A
Section A-A
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AS 4100-1998 Example 003 - 2
TECHNICAL FEATURES TESTED
Section compactness check (bending, compression)
Section bending capacity with compression reduction
Member bending capacity with in-plane compression reduction
Member bending capacity with out-of-plane compression reduction
RESULTS COMPARISON

Independent results are taken from hand calculations based on the CSI steel
design documentation contained in the file SFD-AS-4100-1998.pdf, which is
available through the program Help menu.
Output Parameter SAP2000 Independent
Percent
Difference
Compactness Compact Compact 0.00%
Reduced Section Bending Capacity,
Mr33 (kN-m)
837.5 837.5 0.00%
Reduced In-Plane Member Bending
Capacity,
Mi33 (kN-m)
823.1 823.1 0.00%
Reduced Out-of-Plane Member
Bending Capacity, Mo (kN-m)
837.5 837.5 0.00%
COMPUTER FILE: AS 4100-1998 EX003
CONCLUSION
The results show an exact comparison with the independent results.
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AS 4100-1998 Example 003 - 3
HAND CALCULATION

Properties:
Section: 350WC197
Ag = An = 25100 mm
2

I22 = 200,000,000 mm
4

I33 = 486,000,000 mm
4

J = 5,750,000 mm
4

Iw = 4,590,000,000,000 mm
6


Member:
lz=le33 = le22 = 6000 mm (unbraced length)
Considered to be a braced frame
| =0.9
Loadings:
* 200 N kN =
* 1000
m
M kN m =
Section Compactness:
From example SFD IN-01-1, section is Compact in Compression
From example SFD IN-01-2, section is Compact in Bending
Section Compression Capacity:
From example SFD IN-01-1, 6275kN =
s
N
Member Compression Capacity:
From example SFD IN-01-1,
22
4385 kN =
c
N
Section Bending Capacity:
From example SFD IN-01-2,
33 ,major
837.5 kN-m = =
s s
M M

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AS 4100-1998 Example 003 - 4
Section Interaction: Bending & Compression Capacity:
33 33 33
* 200
1.18 1 1.18 837.5 1 837.5
0.9 6275
| |
| |
= = - s =
| |
| -
\ .
\ .
r s s
s
N
M M M
N

33
953.252 837.5
r
M = s
33
837.5kN-m =
r
M

Member Strong-Axis Compression Capacity:
Strong-axis buckling strength needs to be calculated:
Frame is considered a braced frame in both directions, so
33
1
e
k =
33
33
6000
43.119
139.15
e
l
r
= =

( )
33
33
33
1 250
6000
43.119
250 139.15 250
f y
e
n
K f
l
r

-
= = - =
33
33 2
33 33
2100( 13.5)
19.141
15.3 2050

o = =
+
n
a
n n

33
0.5
b
o = since cross-section is not a UB or UC section
33 33 33 33
43.119 19.141 0.5 52.690 = +o o = + - =
n a b


33 33
0.00326( 13.5) 0.1278 0 q = = >
2 2
33
33
33 2 2
33
52.690
1 1 0.1278
90 90
2.145
52.690
2 2
90 90
| | | |
+ +q + +
| |
\ . \ .
= = =
| | | |
| |
\ . \ .


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AS 4100-1998 Example 003 - 5
2
33 33
33 33
90
1 1
| |
| |
| |
|
| o =
|
|
|
| \ .
\ .
\ .
c

2
33
90
2.145 1 1 0.8474
2.145 50.690
| |
| |
| |
|
o = = |
|
|
| -
\ .
\ .
\ .
c

33 33
= o s
c c s s
N N N
33
0.8474 6275
c
N = -
33
5318
c
N kN =

Member Interaction: In-Plane Bending and Compression Capacity:
min
max
0
0
1000
| = = =
m
M
M

Since the section is compact,
3 3
33
33 33
1 1 * *
1 1 1.18 1
2 2
| |
| |
| | +| +| | | | |
| = + |
| | |
| |
| |
\ . \ .
\ .
\ . \ .
m m
i s
c c
N N
M M
N N

3 3
1 0 200 1 0 200
837.5 1 1 1.18 1
2 0.9 5318 2 0.9 5318
i
M
| | | |
+ + | | | | | |
| = + |
| | |
| |
- -
\ . \ . \ .
\ .
\ .

823.11kN-m =
i
M

Member Interaction: Out-of-Plane Bending and Compression Capacity:
3
22
1
1 1 *
0.4 0.23
2 2
o =
| |
| | | | | |
+ |
| |
|
|
\ .
\ .
\ .
bc
m m
c
N
N

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AS 4100-1998 Example 003 - 6
3
1
1 0 1 0 200
0.4 0.23
2 2 0.9 4385
o =
| |
| | | |
+
|
| |
|
-
\ . \ .
\ .
bc

4.120 o =
bc


( )
2
2 6 12
2
2
6
8
33 22
2 10 4.59 10
6000
76923.08 5.75 10
4.86 2 10
25100
t
t - - - -
= + = - - +
+
+ -
w
z
oz
g
EI
l
N GJ
I I
A


11
4.423 10 kN = -
oz
N


33 b o m s sx
M M o o = w/ an assumed uniform moment such that o
m
=1.0
33
1.0 0.7954 837.5 666.145 kN-m = - - =
b o
M


33 33 33
22
* *
1 1
| || |
= o s
| |
| |
\ .\ .
o bc b o r
c oz
N N
M M M
N N

33 11
200 200
4.12 666.145 1 1 2674 837.5
0.9 4385 0.9 4.423 10
o
M
| || |
= - = s
| |
- - -
\ .\ .

33
837.5 kN-m =
o
M