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BS 5950-1990 Example 001 - 1
BS 5950-1990 Example 001

WIDE FLANGE SECTION UNDER BENDING
EXAMPLE DESCRIPTION
The frame object moment and shear strength is tested in this example.
In the example a simply supported beam is laterally restrained along its full
length and is subjected to a uniform factored load of 69 kN/m and a factored
point load at midspan of 136 kN. This example was tested using the BS 5950-
1990 steel frame design code. The moment and shear strengths are compared
with independent hand calculated results for the program chosen section.
GEOMETRY, PROPERTIES AND LOADING



L=6.5 m






TECHNICAL FEATURES TESTED
Steel Frame Section Optimization
Section Compactness Check (Bending)
Section Bending Capacity
Section Shear Capacity
Material Properties
E = 205000 MPa

v = 0.3
G = 78846.15 MPa



Loading

W = 69 kN/m
P = 136 kN

Design Properties
Ys = 275 MPa
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BS 5950-1990 Example 001 - 2
RESULTS COMPARISON

Independent results are hand calculated based on the methods in Example 2 on
page 5 of the SCI Publication P326, Steelwork Design Guide to BS5950-1:2000
Volume 2: Worked Examples by M.D. Heywood & J.B. Lim.
Output Parameter SAP2000 Independent
Percent
Difference
Optimized Section UB533x210x92 UB533x210x92 0.00%
Compactness Class 1 Class 1 0.00%
Design Moment,
M33 (kN-m)
585.4 585.4 0.00%
Design Shear, Fv (kN) 292.3 292.3 0.00%
Moment Capacity,
Mc (kN-m)
649.0 649 0.00%
Shear Capacity, Pv (kN) 888.4 888.4 0.00%
COMPUTER FILE: BS 5950-1990 EX001
CONCLUSION
The results show an acceptable comparison with the independent results.
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BS 5950-1990 Example 001 - 3
HAND CALCULATION

Properties:
Material:
E = 205000 MPa
Ys = 275 MPa
1.0 275
y s
Y MPa = - =
Section: UB533x210x92
Ag = 11,700 mm
2
D = 533.1 mm, b = 104.65 mm
t = 10.1 mm, T = 15.6 mm
2 533.1 2 10.1 501.9 d D t mm = = - =
Z33 = 2,072,031.5 mm
3

S33 = 2,360,000 mm
3

Loadings:
Paxial = 0
wu = (1.4wd + 1.6wl) = 1.4(15) + 1.6(30) = 69 kN/m
Pu = (1.4Pd + 1.6Pl) = 1.4(40) + 1.6(50) = 136 kN
2 2
69 6.5 136 6.5
8 4 8 4
u u
u
w l Pl
M
- -
= + = +
585.4
u
M kN m =
69 6.5 136
2 2
u u
v
w l P
F
+ - +
= =
292.3
v
F kN =


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BS 5950-1990 Example 001 - 4
Section Compactness:
0
g y
P
R
A
= = (since there is no axial force)
533.1
15.6 0 250.95
2 2 2
c
y
D P
T
t

| | | |
= = =
| |
\ . \ .

250.95
1
/ 2 501.9 / 2
c
d

o = = =
275 275
1
275
y
c

= = =

Localized Buckling for Flange:
104.65
6.71
15.6
b
T
= = =
8.5 8.5
p
c = =
6.71 8.5
p
= < = , No localized flange buckling
Flange is Class 1

Localized Buckling for Web:
501.9
49.69
10.1
d
t
= = =
1 2 o = < , so:
79 79 1
79
0.4 0.6 0.4 0.6 1
p
c

o
-
= = =
+ + -

49.69 79
p
= < = , No localized web buckling
Web is Class 1.

Section is Class 1.

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BS 5950-1990 Example 001 - 5
Section Shear Capacity:
2
2
533.1 10.1 5, 384.31
v
A Dt mm = = - =
2 2
0.6 0.6 275 5384.31
v y v
P A = = - -
2
888.4
v
P kN =

Section Bending Capacity:
With Shear Reduction:
2
0.6 533 292.3
v v
P kN F kN - = > =
So no shear reduction is needed in calculating the bending capacity.
33 33
1.2 275 2, 360, 000 1.2 275 2, 072, 031.5
c y y
M S Z = s = - s - -
649 683.77
c
M kN m kN m = s
649
c
M kN m =