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Software Verification

PROGRAM NAME:
SAP2000
REVISION NO.:
0



AISC LRFD-99 Example 002 - 1
AISC LRFD-99 Example 002

WIDE FLANGE MEMBER UNDER COMBINED COMPRESSION & BIAXIAL BENDING
EXAMPLE DESCRIPTION
A check of the column adequacy is checked for combined axial compression and flexural loads.
The column is 14 ft tall and loaded with an axial load, 1400
u
P = kips and bending,
ux uy
M ,M =
200k-ft and 70k-ft, respectively. It is assumed that there is reverse-curvature bending with equal
end moments about both axes and no loads along the member. The column demand/capacity
ratio is checked against the results of Example 6.2 in the 3
rd
Edition, LRFD Manual of Steel
Construction, pages 6-6 to 6-8.
GEOMETRY, PROPERTIES AND LOADING




TECHNICAL FEATURES TESTED
Section Compactness Check (Compression & Bending)
Member Compression Capacity
Member Bending Capacity
Demand/Capacity Ratio, D/C


Member Properties
W14X176
E = 29000 ksi

Fy = 50 ksi
Loading
Pu = 1,400 kips
Mux = 200 kip-ft
Muy = 70 kip-ft
Geometry
H = 14.0 ft
Software Verification
PROGRAM NAME:
SAP2000
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AISC LRFD-99 Example 002 - 2
RESULTS COMPARISON

Independent results are hand calculated and compared with the results from
Example 6.2 in the 3
rd
Edition, LRFD Manual of Steel Construction, pages 6-6 to
6-8.
Output Parameter SAP2000 Independent
Percent
Difference
Compactness Compact Compact 0.00%
c n
P | (kips)
1937.844 1937.839 0.00%
b nx
M | (k-ft)
1200

1200 0.00%
b ny
M | (k-ft)
600.478 600.478 0.00%
D/C 0.974 0.974 0.00%
COMPUTER FILE: AISC-LRFD99 EX002
CONCLUSION
The results show an acceptable comparison with the independent results.
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AISC LRFD-99 Example 002 - 3
HAND CALCULATION

Properties:
Material: ASTM A992 Grade 50 Steel
Fy = 50 ksi, E = 29,000 ksi
Section: W14x176
A = 51.8 in
2
,
bf = 15.7 in, tf = 1.31 in, d = 15.2 in, tw = 0.83 in
2 15.2 2 1.31 12.58
c f
h d t in = = - =
Ix = 2,140 in
4
, Iy = 838 in
4
, rx = 6.4275 in, ry = 4.0221 in
Sx = 281.579 in
3
, Sy = 106.7516 in
3
,

Zx = 320.0 in
3
, Zy = 163.0 in
3
.
Member:
Kx = Ky = 1.0
L = Lb = 14 ft
Other
0.85
c
=
0.9
b
| =

Loadings:
Pu = 1400 kips
Mux = 200 k-ft
Muy = 70 k-ft

Section Compactness:
Localized Buckling for Flange:
( ) ( )
/ 2
15.7 / 2
5.99
1.31
f
f
b
t
= = =
29000
0.38 0.38 9.15
50
p
y
E
F
= = =
p
< , No localized flange buckling
Flange is Compact.

Localized Buckling for Web:
12.58
15.16
0.83
c
w
h
t
= = =
0.9 51.8 50 2331
b y b g y
P A F kips = = - - =
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PROGRAM NAME:
SAP2000
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AISC LRFD-99 Example 002 - 4
1400
0.601
2331
u
b y
P
P
= =

Since 0.601 0.125
u
b y
P
P
= >
1.12 2.33 1.49
u
p
y b y y
P E E
F P F

| |
= >
|
|
\ .

( )
29000 29000
1.12 2.33 0.601 46.647 1.49 35.884
50 50
p
= = > =
p
< , No localized web buckling
Web is Compact.

Section is Compact.

Member Compression Capacity:

For braced frames, K = 1.0 and KxLx = KyLy = 14.0 ft, From AISC Table 4-2,

kips P
n c
1940 = |

Or by hand,

1.0 14 12 50
0.552
4.022 29000
y y
c
y
K L F
r E

t t
- -
= = =
-

Since 1.5,
c
<
( )
2 2
0.552
0.658 50 0.658 44.012
c
cr y
F F ksi

= = - =

0.85 44.012 51.8
c n c cr g
P F A = = - -
1937.84
c n
P kips =

From LRFD Specification Section H1.2,

1400
0.722 0.2
1937.84
u
c n
P
P
= = >
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AISC LRFD-99 Example 002 - 5

Therefore, LRFD Specification Equation H1-1a governs.

Section Bending Capacity

50 310
1333.333
12
px y x
M F Z k ft
-
= = =
py y y
M F Z =
However,
163
1.527 1.5,
106.7516
y
y
Z
S
= = >
So
3
1.5 1.5 106.7516 160.1274
y y
Z S in = = - =


50 160.1274
667.198
12
py
M k ft
-
= =

Member Bending Capacity

From LRFD Specification Equation F1-4,


yf
y p
F
E
r L 76 . 1 =

29000
1
1.76 4.02 14.2 14
12
50
p b
L ft L ft = - - = > =


b nx b px
M M =
0.9 1333.333
b nx
M = -
1200
b nx
M k ft =


b ny b py
M M =
0.9 667.198
b ny
M = -
600.478
b ny
M k ft =




Software Verification
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SAP2000
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AISC LRFD-99 Example 002 - 6

Interaction Capacity: Compression & Bending

From LRFD Specification section C1.2, for a braced frame, Mlt = 0.

,
1 ntx x ux
M B M = where 200 =
ntx
M kip-ft; and
,
1 nty y uy
M B M = where 70 =
nty
M kip-ft

1
1
1
1
>
|
|
.
|

\
|

=
e
u
m
P
P
C
B

For reverse curvature bending and equal end moments:

0 . 1
2
1
+ =
M
M


|
|
.
|

\
|
=
2
1
4 . 0 6 . 0
M
M
C
m

( ) 2 . 0 0 . 1 4 . 0 6 . 0 = =
m
C

( )
2
1 2 e
EI
p
KL
t
=


( )
2
1 2
29000 2140
21, 702
14.0 12
e x
p kips
t - -
= =
-

( )
2
1 2
29000 838
8, 498
14.0 12
e y
p
t - -
= =
-


1
1
1
1
>
|
|
.
|

\
|

=
x e
u
mx
x
P
P
C
B
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AISC LRFD-99 Example 002 - 7
1
0.2
0.214 1
1400
1
21702
x
B = = >
| |

|
\ .

1
1
=
x
B
1
1
1
1
>
|
|
.
|

\
|

=
y e
u
my
y
P
P
C
B
1
0.2
0.239 1
1400
1
8498
y
B = = >
| |

|
\ .

1
1
=
y
B
200 200 0 . 1 = - =
ux
M kip-ft;
and
70 70 0 . 1 = - =
uy
M kip-ft


From LRFD Specification Equation H1-1a,


1400 8 200 70
0.974 1.0
1940 9 1200 600.478
| |
+ + = <
|
\ .
, OK
0.974
D
C
=