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Central and Eastern European Politics Research proposal Matei Nina Marina MCP 1

My research project, which I intent to make a part of my Dissertation theory, will be placed at the border of three research areas: the history of political ideas, religious philosophy and political theory. My Dissertation project hopes to analyze and reach a conclusion on the issue of convergence or parallelism between the political projects put forth by two 19th century thinkers, the post-Calvinist theologian and statesman Abraham Kuijper and Islamic thinker Muhammad Ben Badis. The research project at hand intends to focus specifically on a major element of the aforementioned research, namely the concept of sovereignty of God in relation to the issue of government legitimacy by social contract. The comparative view will touch upon the interpretation given to this concept by Kuijper and Abul Mawdudi, the latter being a 20th century Islamic intellectual and statesman directly influenced by Ben Badiss writings. The main question to be asked and hopefully answered is the following: To what extent did Abraham Kuijpers Calvinist perspective and Ab 'l-Al Mawdds Islamic oriented view produce a similar interpretation on the idea of sovereignty of God in relation to the concept of social contract? The working hypothesis that is intended to be either refuted or supported by the research states that: A situation of convergence is discernable in the evolution of Kuijiper and Mawdds thought regarding the relation between sovereignty of God and social contract. In the realm of political theory and history of political thought, research rarely included reflections on methodology, the questions of how and the why remaining in the backgroud by comparison to how this issue developed in other areas of social science research. Nevertheless there are aknowledged methods, from that of Leo Strauss to Quinten Skinner, Terrance Ball and George Gadamer. The research will be based mainly on the analysis, interpretation and comparison of the body of texts partaining to the two aformentioned religous thinkers and stateman. Leaving aside methods of pure political theory and focusing more on history of political thought, I will mainly relly on Quinten Skiners third way approach between strict textualism and contextualism, taking into account the texts before the authors, but also considering the context, both intelectual and socio-political, in which they appear.

Partial Bibliography: ALGHAILANI, Saeed Ali; Ibn Badis and Modernity; Historical and Social Sciences; IPEDR vol.17 (2011); p.55 - 70 BALL, Terence; Reappraising Political Theory, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 1995 BELLAMY, Richard and BALL, Terence (edited), The Cambridge History of Twentieth Century Political Thought; Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2003 BLACK, Antony; The history of Islamic Political thought from the Prophet to the Present; Edinbourg University Press; Edinbourg; 2011 HEFNER, Robert; The New Cambridge History of Political Islam Vol 6; Cambridge University Press; Cambridge, New York, 2010 HUNTER, Ian; Natural Law and Civil Sovereignty; Palgrave Macmillan Ltd, New York, USA; 2002 JACKSON, Robert; Sovereignty - Evolution of an Idea; Polity Press; Cambridge, UK, 2007 KUIJPER, Abraham: Calvinism en revisie; The Presbyterian and Reformed Review; Amsterdam, July 1891; p. 1- 48 Calvinism, Six Lectures delivered in the Theological Seminar at Princeton; Fleming H Revell Company; New York and Chicago; US; 1899 Calvinism, The Origin and Safeguard of our Constitutional liberties; Bibliotheca Sacra; Dallas Theological Seminary; October 1895; pp. 645 674 Encyclopedia of Sacred Theology; Charles Scribners Sons; New York, 1898 The Antithesis between Symbolism and Revelation; T. & T. Clark; Edinburgh; 1880 To be near unto God; Eerdmans-Sevensma Co., Michigan, 1918 KURZMAN, Charles; Modernist Islam 1840 1940 a source book ; Oxford University Press; Oxford, New York; 2002 LASKI, Harold J.; Studies in the problem of sovereignty; Yale University Press, New Haven; UK, 1917 LEOPOLD, David and STEARS, Marc; Political theory methods and approaches; Oxford University Press; Oxford; UK, 2008 MAWDUDI, Ab 'l-Al: Towards Understanding Islam; U.K.I.M. Dawah Centre; 1992 Human Rights in Islam; Islamic Foundation, 1976 Islamic Way of Life; Islamic Foundation; Birmingham; UK reprint of 2001 Fundamentals of Islam The Islamic Law and Constitution SKINNER Quentin, Visions of Politics, volume 1: Regarding Method; Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2002 SKINNER, Quentin; Meaning and Understanding in the history of ideas; History and Theory, Vol. 8, No. 1 (1969), pp. 3-53, published by Wiley-Blackwell