Sei sulla pagina 1di 19

JNTU ONLINE EXAMINATIONS [Mid 2 - em3]

1. In a 3-phase synchronous motor [01D01]


a. The field mmf leads the air gap flux and air-gap flux leads the armature
b. The armature mmf leads the air-gap flux and air-gap flux leads the field mmf
c. The armature mmf leads the air-gap flux and air-gap flux lags the field mmf
d. The field mmf leads the air gap flux and air-gap flux lags the armature mmf
2. An Ideal synchronous motor has no starting torque because the [01D02]
a. rotor winding is highly reactive
b. rotor is made up of salient poles
c. relative velocity between the stator and the rotor mmfs is zero
d. relative velocity between the stator and the rotor mmfs is not zero
3. In a synchronous motor [01M01]
a. the rotor mmf and stator mmf are rotates with respect to each other
b. the rotor mmf and stator mmf are stationary with respect to each other
c. rotor mmf rotates slightly faster in comparison to stator mmf
d. stator mmf rotates slightly faster than rotor mmf
4. In a 3-phase synchronous motor the magnitude of field flux [01M02]
a. remains constant at all loads
b. varies with load
c. varies with speed
d. varies with power factor
5. The armature current of a synchronous motor on no load [01M03]
a. Zero
b. Is in phase with applied voltage
c. Lags behind the applied voltage by 90
0
d. Leads the applied voltage by 90
0
6. In construction, synchronous motor is similar to an [01S01]
a. Induction motor
b. dc motor
c. rotary converter
d. Alternator
7. Number of slip rings in a 3.phase synchronous motor will be [01S02]
a. 1
b. 0
c. 2
d. 3 (or) 4
8. In synchronous motors, the stator field and rotor field rotates at [01S03]
a. same speed
b. different speed
c. zero speed
d. depends on the power factor
9. A 3-phase synchronous motor needs dc supply for excitation [01S04]
a. of stator
b. At loaded conditions
c. continuously
d. At the starting instant only
10. The doubly excited magnetic systems are [01S05]
a. synchronous motors
b. Electro- magnetic relays
c. Solenoids
d. Toroids
11. A cylindrical rotor synchronous motor is switched on to the supply with its field windings shorted
on themselves it will [02D01]
a. not start
b. start but not run at synchronous speed
Get more @ www.UandiStar.org
100 % free SMS ON<space>UandIStar to 9870807070 for JNTU Alerts, Techology News, Tips/Tricks, JOB Alerts & more......
c. start as an induction motor and run as a synchronous motor
d. start and run as a synchronous motor
12. The rotor of a synchronous motor can only run at synchronous speed of the stator magnetic field
due to [02D02]
a. Faraday's Law of electro-magnetic induction
b. Lenz's Law
c. Magnetization of rotor poles by stator magnetic fields
d. Interlocking action between stator and rotor fields
13. 3-phase synchronous motors need [02M01]
a. dc supply only
b. 3- ac supply only
c. 3-phase ac supply and single phase a.c supply
d. 3-phase ac supply as well as d.c supply
14. A synchronous motor is operating with normal excitation with the increase in load the armature
current drawn from the supply mains increases due to [02M02]
a. Increase in back emf
b. Fall in motor speed
c. Increase in resultant voltage across the armature
d. Increse in power factor
15. Synchronizing power co-efficient for a salient pole machine is [02M03]
a.
b.
c.
d.
16. Rotor winding of a synchronous motor is excited by [02S01]
a. dc supply at 100-250V
b. revolving field
c. ac supply at 400V
d. Induction from stator currents.
17. The relative speed between the magnetic fields of stator and rotor under steady state operation is
zero for [02S02]
a. an Induction machine
b. dc machine
c. schrage motor
d. synchronous machine
18. A synchronous motor operating with normal excitation adjusts to increased load due to increase
in [02S03]
a. armature current
b. speed
c. power factor
d. back emf
19. In a synchronous motor, under operating conditions, the angle between induced voltage and
supply voltage will be [02S04]
a. zero
b. between 0
0
and 90
0
c. between 90
0
and 180
0
d. more than 180
0
20. The magnitude of emf induced the armature of a synchronous motor (E
b
) depends upon [02S05]
a. rotor excitation
b. rotor speed
c. supply voltage
d. speed, excitation of rotor and supply volltage
21. In a synchronous motor electro-magnetic power varies [03D01]
a. directly as applied voltage
Get more @ www.UandiStar.org
100 % free SMS ON<space>UandIStar to 9870807070 for JNTU Alerts, Techology News, Tips/Tricks, JOB Alerts & more......
b. directly as square of the applied voltage
c. inversely as applied voltage
d. inversely as square of the applied voltage
22. In synchronous power equation of a synchronous motor. is known as [03D02]
a. Load angle
b. Phase displacement angle
c. Power angle
d. Phase angle
23. Synchronizing power of a synchronous motor varies [03G03]
a. directly as synchronous reactance,X
s
b. directly as square of the synchronous reactance, mathop X nolimits_s
2
c. inversely as the synchronous reactance
d. inversely as the square of the synchronous reactance
24. A 3-phase ,400V,50Hz synchronous motor is operation normally. If the load on the motor is
doubled keep the excitation constant,the new load angle will become nearly [03M01]
a. half
b. double
c. four times
d. times
25. In a synchronous motor,the synchronizing power comes into action when [03M02]
a. rotor speed either exceeds or falls below the synchronous speed
b. rotor speed is equal to synchronous speed
c. rotor speed falls below the synchronous speed
d. rotor speed exceeds the synchtronous speed
26. Torque angle is defined as the space angle between [03S01]
a. stator field axis and resultant field axis
b. rotor field axis and resultant field axis
c. stator field axis and rotor field axis
d. stator field axis and mutual field axis
27. In a synchronous motor torque or load angle _ _ _ _ _ _ with increase in load [03S02]
a. No change
b. Decreases
c. Increases
d. Not depend on load
28. The value of load angle for a synchronous motor is minimum when the motor is operating on
[03S03]
a. No load
b. Full load
c. Minimum load
d. Maximum load
29. The value of load angle for a synchronous motor depends mainly upon its [03S04]
a. Excitation
b. Load
c. Supply voltage
d. Speed
30. The mechanical displacement of the rotor field axis with respect to stator field axis in a
synchronous motor running on full load is of the order of [03S05]
a. 0
0
b. 5
0
c. 10
0
d. 15
0
31. A synchronous motor, connected to an infinite bus, is working at a leading power factor. Its
excitation voltage `E
f
' and terminal voltage `V
t
' are related as under [04D01]
a. E
f
> V
t
and E
f
lags V
t
Get more @ www.UandiStar.org
100 % free SMS ON<space>UandIStar to 9870807070 for JNTU Alerts, Techology News, Tips/Tricks, JOB Alerts & more......
b. E
f
< V
t
and E
f
lags
V
t
c. E
f
> V
t
and E
f
leads
V
t
d. E
f
< V
t
and E
f
leads
V
t
32. A synchronous motor operating at rated voltage draws 1.0 p.u current at 1.0 power factor. The
machine parameters are synchronous reactance 1.0 pu.armature resistance negligible.Apart from
supplying this rated power, if the motor has to supply an additional reactive power of 0.8 pu,
then the field current has to be increased by [04D02]
a. 42 %
b. 46 %
c. 52 %
d. 69 %
33. A synchronous motor can operate over a wide range of power factors, i.e from lagging to leading
power factor this is achieved by [04M01]
a. changing the field excitation
b. varying the speed
c. varying the applied voltage
d. changing the load
34. A sychronous motor fed from an infinite bus is at half-full load. If an increase in the field current
a reduction in the armature current, then the motor [04M02]
a. delivering reactive power to the bus at leading p.f
b. delivering reactive power to the bus at lagging p.f
c. absorbing reactive power from the bus at leading p.f
d. absorbing reactive power from the bus at lagging p.f
35. Synchronizing power coeffcient for cylindrical-rotor machine is [04M03]
a.
b.
c.
d.
36. Maximum power in cylindrical and salient-pole machines obtained respectively at load angles of
[04S01]
a. 90
0
,90
0
b. < 90
0
,90
0
c. 90
0
,<90
0
d. >90
0
,90
0
37. In synchronous motor minimum armature current corresponds to [04S02]
a. Lagging power factor
b. Leading power factor
c. Zero power factor
d. Unity power factor
38. The motor with highest efficiency is [04S03]
a. Induction motor with low slip
b. D.c compound motor
c. Synchronous motor
d. Induction motor with medium slip
39. A synchronous motor will deliver maximum power when [04S04]
a. load angle is equal to input power angle
b. Input power factor is unity
c. Load angle is 45
0
d. Load angle is 0
0
40. A 3-phase synchronous motor will operate on lagging power factor till [04S05]
a. Open circuit voltage per phase E
0
exceeds V sin0
b. E
0
<V sin0
c. E
0
< V
Get more @ www.UandiStar.org
100 % free SMS ON<space>UandIStar to 9870807070 for JNTU Alerts, Techology News, Tips/Tricks, JOB Alerts & more......
d. E
0
sin V
41. The expression for real power input of synchronous motor is [05D01]
a.
b.
c.
d.
42. Expression for real power output of synchronous motor is [05D02]
a.
b.
c.
d.
43. The disadvantage of synchronous condenser when compared to static capacitors is [05M01]
a. cost is less than static capacitors
b. fall out of synchronism
c. cost is higher than static capacitors
d. fall out of synchronism & cost is higher than static capacitors
44. The voltage at the end of a transmission line can be controlled by installing a _ _ _ _ _ _ at the
end of the transmission line [05M02]
a. synchronous condenser
b. capacitor bank
c. reactor
d. capacitor
45. A rise of voltage at the motor terminals tends to cause the motor to operate [05M03]
a. under excited and draw lagging current
b. over excited and draw lagging current
c. over excited and draw leading current
d. under excited and draw leading current
46. By varying the load on the motor, the paths of the phasor and phasor I follow a circle. The
locus is known as [05S01]
a. excitation circle
b. power circle
c. not depend on current phasor
d. excitation & power circle
47. Maximum power developed in synchronous motor for fixed values of V,E and 0=90
0
[05S02]
a.
= b.
= c.
= d.
=
48. Maximum power developed in synchronous motor for fixed V and 0 [05S03]
a.
= b.
= c.
= d.
=
49. In V- curves the armature current is minimum, the power factor is unity and the corresponding
field current is known as [05S04]
a. Normal field current
b. Excitation
Get more @ www.UandiStar.org
100 % free SMS ON<space>UandIStar to 9870807070 for JNTU Alerts, Techology News, Tips/Tricks, JOB Alerts & more......
c. Over excited current
d. Normal field current (or) excitation
50. At no load synchronous motor draws small current from the supply mains to meet [05S05]
a. Total losses
b. Internal losses
c. Full load losses
d. No-load losses and full load losses
51. A salient pole synchronous motor continues rotating even if its excitation current is reduced to
zero. This is due to [06D01]
a. rotating magnetic field of stator
b. rotating magnetic field of rotor
c. interlocking action between stator and rotor rotating magnetic fields
d. magnetization of rotor salient poles by stator magnetic field.
52. A 3-phase synchronous motor connected to an infinite bus-bar, with constant excitation is driving a
certain load and operating at leading power factor. If the shaft load is reduced. [06D02]
a. the load angle will increase
b. the load angle will decrease
c. power factor will increase
d. not depend on load angle
53. The operation of a 3-phase synchronous motor operating on constant excitation across infinite
bus will not be stable, if power angle [06M01]
a. exceeds internal angle 0
b. less than 0
c. exceeds
d. is less than
54. A synchronous motor is running clockwise. If the direction of field current is reversed, the motor
would [06M02]
a. come to stop
b. run in reverse direction
c. run as before
d. run as before but at less speed
55. The synchronizing-power co-efficient is a measure of stiffness of electromagnetic coupling
between [06M03]
a. rotor field only
b. stator and rotor fields
c. stator field only
d. not depend on both fields
56. If the field of a synchronous motor is underexcited, the power factor will be [06S01]
a. Lagging
b. Leading
c. Unity
d. More than unity
57. A synchronous motor is supplying a load at unity p.f if the load on the motor is increased keeping
its excitation and terminal voltage constant the power factor [06S02]
a. will remain the same
b. will become leading
c. will become lagging
d. will unity
58. A smooth cylindrical synchronous motor will always stop when [06S03]
a. excitation winding gets disconnected
b. load varies
c. supplyvoltage fluctuates
d. supply frequency varies
59. The speed of a synchronous motor can be varied by varying its [06S04]
a. excitation
b. supply voltage
c. supply frequency
d. load
Get more @ www.UandiStar.org
100 % free SMS ON<space>UandIStar to 9870807070 for JNTU Alerts, Techology News, Tips/Tricks, JOB Alerts & more......
60. The speed of a synchronous motor [06S05]
a. remains constant from no load to full load
b. varies with the variation in load
c. decreases with the increase in load
d. increases with the increase in load
61. A synchronous motor operates at 0.8 p.f lagging. If the field current of the motor is continuously
increased. [07D01]
a. the p.f decreases upto a certain value of the field current and there after it increases
b. the armature current increases upto a certain value of the field current and there after it decreases
c. the p.f increases upto a certain value of field current and there after it decreases
d. the armature current decreases upto a certain value of the field current and there after it increases
62. A synchronous motor on load draws a current at a leading power factor angle 4. if the internal
power angle _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ which is the angle between the excitation emf and the current in
the phase or diagram is shown in figure (a) q, then the air-gap excitation mmf lags behind the
armature mmf
[07D02]
a. q
b.
c.
d.
Figure(a)
63. In a synchronous motor the excitation voltage on no load approximately equal to the applied
voltage. This will happen [07M01]
a. with low excitation
b. with zero excitation
c. with 100 % excitation
d. with 50 % excitation
64. A synchronous motor installed at the end of a transmission line is operating at lagging power
factor. With the fall in supply voltage, the power factor of the synchronous motor will [07M02]
a. go down
b. improve
c. remains unchanged
d. independent of supply voltage
65. The power developed by a synchronous motor is [07M03]
a. inversely proportional to the supply voltage
b. directly proportional to the sine of the load angle
c. inversely proportional to the excitation voltage
d. directly proportional to the synchronous reactance
66. Synchronous motor can operate at [07S01]
a. leading power factor only
Get more @ www.UandiStar.org
100 % free SMS ON<space>UandIStar to 9870807070 for JNTU Alerts, Techology News, Tips/Tricks, JOB Alerts & more......
b. lagging power factor only
c. unity power factor only
d. lagging, leading unity power factors
67. At constant load, the magnitude of armature current drawn by a synchronous motor is large for
[07S02]
a. low excitation
b. high excitation
c. 100 % excitation
d. low and high values of excitation
68. Variation in dc excitation of a synchronous motor causes variation in [07S03]
a. speed of motor
b. power factor
c. armature current
d. armature current and power factor
69. Power factor of a synchronous motor can be varied by varying [07S04]
a. applied voltage
b. supply frequency
c. excitation
d. load
70. Stability of a synchronous motor _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ with the increase in excitation [07S05]
a. increases
b. decreases
c. remains un affected
d. independent of excitation
71. For a given developed power, a synchronous motor operating from a constant voltage and
constant frequency supply, will draw minimum and maximum armature currents, and
respectively corresponding to [08D01]
a. at unity pf, but at zero p.f
b. at unity p.f, but at zero
p.f c. both and at unity p.f
d. both and at zero p.f
72. Maximum power output of synchronous motor is expressed as [08D02]
a.
b.
c.
d.
73. Synchronous condensers, when operated at power factor ranging from lagging through unity to
leading for voltage control are called the [08M01]
a. voltage boosters
b. mechanical synchronisers
c. synchronous reactors
d. bank of capacitors
74. In power factor improvement, the synchronous motor is to be [08M02]
a. lightly loaded and over- excited
b. heavily loaded and over excited
c. heavily loaded and under excited
d. lightly loaded and under excited
75. A synchronous motor with normal excitation operates at lagging power factor the relation
between the excitation voltage (E
f
) and terminal voltage (V
t
) is [08M03]
a.
b.
c.
d.
Get more @ www.UandiStar.org
100 % free SMS ON<space>UandIStar to 9870807070 for JNTU Alerts, Techology News, Tips/Tricks, JOB Alerts & more......
76. v-curves of a synchronous motor gives the relation between [08S01]
a. armature current and field current
b. applied voltage and field current
c. power factor and field current
d. armature current and power factor
77. Inverted - v curves of a synchronous motor shows the variation of [08S02]
a. power factor and dc excitation at constant load.
b. supply voltage and field current at constant excitation
c. power factor and supply voltage during hunting
d. supply voltage and excitation current at constant load
78. Synchronous capacitor is [08S03]
a. an ordinary static capacitor bank
b. an over-excited synchronous motor driving mechanical load
c. an over - excited synchronous motor without mechanical load
d. an under-excited synchronous motor
79. A synchronous motor operating at loading power factor can be employed as a [08S04]
a. phase advancer
b. voltage booster
c. mechanical synchroniser
d. synchronous reactor
80. Higher the applied voltage in a synchronous motor [09D01]
a. higher will be the stator flux
b. higher will be the speed
c. lower will be the stator flux
d. lower will be the speed
81. The synchronous motor meets the increase in load by taking more armature current as [09D02]
a. the rotor pole falls back relative to the stator pole causing an increase in motor current
b. the back emf deceases casing an increase in motor current
c. rotating field is strengthened causing an increase in motor current
d. rotor field is weakened causing an increase in motor current
82. For a 3-phase, 4-pole, 50Hz synchronous motor the frequency, pole number are halved. The
motor speed will be [09M01]
a. 375rpm
b. 75rpm
c. 1500rpm
d. 3000rpm
83. A 3-phase synchronous motor connected to an infinite bus is operating at half full load with
normal excitation. when the load on the synchronous motor is suddenly increased [09M02] a.
its speed will first decrease and then become synchronous
b. its speed will first increase and then become synchronous
c. its speed will fluctuate around the synchronous speed and then become synchronous
d. its speed will remain unchanged
84. Units of synchronizing - power co efficient are [09M03]
a. watts per electrical radian
b. watts
c. electrical radians
d. watts electrical radian
85. The resultant voltage acting across the armature circuit of a synchronous motor (E
r
) is the _ _ _ _
_ _ _ of induced emf in the armature circuit (E
b
) and supply voltage V [09S01]
a. arithmetic sum
b. arithmetic difference
c. phasor sum
d. phasor difference
86. Synchronous motors generally have [09S02]
a. smooth cylindrical rotor
b. salient pole rotor
c. distributed rotor
d. either salient pole or cylindrical rotor
Get more @ www.UandiStar.org
100 % free SMS ON<space>UandIStar to 9870807070 for JNTU Alerts, Techology News, Tips/Tricks, JOB Alerts & more......
87. The magnitude of counter or back emf in a synchronous motor [09S03]
a. is always less than supply voltage
b. is always more than supply voltage
c. is always equal to supply voltage
d. may be either equal to or less than or more than supply voltage
88. A synchronous motor with comparatively large air gap gives [09S04]
a. higher stability limit
b. lower stability limit
c. load variations
d. less synchronizing power
89. Maximum output power occurs at [09S05]
a.
b.
c.
d.
90. During hunting of synchronous motor [10D01]
a. -ve phase sequence currents are generated
b. harmonics are developed in the armature circuit
c. damper bar develops torque
d. field excitation increases
91. In a synchronous motor when the rotor speed exceeds the synchronous speed during hunting
[10D02]
a. the damper bars develop synchronous motor torque
b. the damper bars develop induction motor torque
c. the damper bars develop induction generator torque
d. -ve sequence currents are generated
92. When a synchronous motor is running at synchronous speed, the damper winding produces
[10M01]
a. damping torque
b. eddy current torque
c. torque aiding the developed torque
d. no torque
93. Salient pole type rotors as compared to cylindrical pole type are [10M02]
a. smaller in diameter and larger in axial length
b. larger in diameter and smaller in axial length
c. larger in diameter as well as axial length
d. smaller in diameter as well as axial length
94. Synchronising power co-efficient is also known as [10M03]
a. stifness of coupling
b. rigidity factor
c. stability factor
d. stifness of coupling (or) stability factor (or) rigidity factor
95. The phenomenon of oscillation of the rotor of a synchronous motor about its equilibrium position
corresponding to new load on sudden throwing off or increasing of load is called the [10S01]
a. swinging
b. hunting
c. cogging
d. crawling
96. A 3-phase synchronous motor hunts due to variations in [10S02]
a. supply voltage
b. supply frequency
c. excitation
d. supply voltage, frequency and excitation
97. In 3-phase synchronous motor, hunting is prevented by [10S03]
a. dummy coils
b. compensating winding
c. damper winding
Get more @ www.UandiStar.org
100 % free SMS ON<space>UandIStar to 9870807070 for JNTU Alerts, Techology News, Tips/Tricks, JOB Alerts & more......
d. short -pitch winding
98. The damper windings also called [10S04]
a. damper grids
b. squirrel cage windings
c. compensating winding
d. damper grids (or) squirrel cage windings
99. In a synchronous motor, squirrel cage winding is provided for making motor [10S05]
a. noise free
b. cheap
c. self starting
d. quick start
100. If the field winding of a synchronous motor is short-circuited and the motor stator is connected to
3-phase ac supply through an auto transformer, the motor will [11D01]
a. start and run as a 3-phase induction motor
b. crawl
c. hunt
d. not start
101. When a synchronous motor is started, the field winding is energized [11M01]
a. in the very beganning
b. when the motor attains a speed slightly less than the synchronous speed
c. any time
d. after the motor has attained the synchronous speed and synchronized
102. A cylindrical rotor synchronous motor is switched on to the dc supply with its field winding
shorted on themselves. It will [11M02]
a. not start
b. start but not run at synchronous speed
c. start as an induction motor and then run as a synchronous motor
d. start and run as a synchronous motor
103. Starting torque of a synchronous motor is [11S01]
a. zero
b. low
c. high
d. half full load torque
104. Which of the following motors is not inherently self starting motor? [11S02]
a. synchronous motor
b. 3-phase induction motor
c. reluctance motor
d. D.C series motor
105. The synchronous motor can be started by [11S03]
a. self starting
b. providing damper winding in its rotor circuit
c. changing the flux
d. coupled to d.c. series motor
106. When a synchronous motor is started, the field winding is [11S04]
a. open circuited
b. short-circuited
c. excited from a d.c source
d. excited from a 3-phase ac source
107. A 3-phase synchronous motor provided with damper winding is started as a 3-phase [11S05]
a. synchronous motor
b. synchronous alternator
c. induction motor
d. induction generator
108. Synchronous motors inherently not self starting motors as [12D01]
a. the direction of instantaneous torque on the rotor reverses after each half cycle
b. there is no slip
c. the stator does not produce revolving magnetic field
d. it has no starting winding
Get more @ www.UandiStar.org
100 % free SMS ON<space>UandIStar to 9870807070 for JNTU Alerts, Techology News, Tips/Tricks, JOB Alerts & more......
109. Which of the following synchronous motors will be smallest in size [12M01]
a. 5 Kw, 375rpm
b. 5 Kw , 500rpm
c. 5 Kw, 750rpm
d. 5Kw, 800rpm
110. While starting a 3-phase synchronous motor by induction motor action, very high emf is induced
in the field winding. The damage to the insulation of field winding and slip-rings can be avoided
by [12M02]
a. splitting the field winding in several sections
b. open circuiting the field winding throughfield discharge resistance
c. splitting the armature winding in several sections
d. open circuits the arm winding
111. Which of the following methods is employed for starting a 3-phase synchronous motor? [12S01]
a. damper winding
b. star - delta starter
c. resistance starter in the stator circuit
d. damper windings in conjunction with a star-delta starter or an auto-transformer starter
112. The standard full - load power factor ratings for synchronous motors are [12S02]
a. zero
b. unity
c. 0.8lag
d. 0.8 lead and unity
113. Ac electrical machines should have proper _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ in order to limit the operating
temperature [12S03]
a. voltage rating
b. current rating
c. speed
d. kw rating
114. The size of a synchronous motor reduces with the increase in [12S04]
a. speed
b. kw output rating
c. flux density
d. current
115. During short - circuit test on a synchronous motor _ _ _ _ _ _ are short circuited [12S05]
a. armature terminals
b. field terminals
c. all stator phase windings
d. one of the stator phase winding
116. A 3-phase synchronous motor is widely used for [13D01]
a. power factor improvement
b. high torque loads
c. low torque loads
d. fluctuating loads
117. Synchronous motors are employed in [13D02]
a. small sizes
b. all sizes
c. large sizes-higher than about 45kw
d. very large sizes-higher than 500kw
118. Which of the following is not the advantage of a sychronous motor [13M01]
a. High operation efficiency
b. operation over a wide range of power factor from lagging to leading
c. operation at constant speed from no.load to full load
d. its rotor has 2 slip-rings
119. Which of the following synchronous motors has cost comparable to that of an induction motor
[13M02]
a. High kw output high speed
b. High kw output low speed
c. low kw output low speed
Get more @ www.UandiStar.org
100 % free SMS ON<space>UandIStar to 9870807070 for JNTU Alerts, Techology News, Tips/Tricks, JOB Alerts & more......
d. low kw output high speed
120. The efficiency of a properly designed synchronous machine is of the order of [13S01]
a. 60 %
b. 80 %
c. 99 %
d. 92 %
121. The negative phase sequence in a 3-phase synchronous motor exists when the motor is [13S02]
a. under - loaded
b. over - loaded
c. hot
d. supplied with unbalanced voltage
122. A synchronous motor may fail to pull into synchronism owing to [13S03]
a. excessive load
b. high excitation
c. low friction
d. excessive load and low excitation
123. A 3-phase synchronous motor will not start if [13S04]
a. voltage is too low
b. voltage is too high
c. one phase is shorted
d. current is high
124. In case one phase of a 3-phase synchronous motor is short-circuited, the motor will [13S05]
a. not start
b. run at of synchronous speed
c. run with excessive vibrations
d. takes less than the rated load
125. Single phase ac motors are classified on the basis of [14D01]
a. construction
b. starting methods
c. rpm
d. construction and starting methods
126. In cross-field revolving theory the field created by rotor currents is at _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ to the field
created by the stator currents [14D02]
a. parallel
b. right angles
c. > 90
0
d. < 90
0
127. In double revolving field theory the fields produced in -ve and +ve d-direction are rotates at
[14M01]
a. synchronous speed
b. less than synchronous speed
c. twice the synchronous speed
d. half of the synchronous speed
128. In single phase induction motor the slip (S
f
) of the rotor with respect to the forward rotating field
is [14M02]
a.
b.
c.
d.
129. The slip of the rotor in single phase induction motor with respect to the backward field is
[14M03]
a. s
b
=2-s
b.
c.
Get more @ www.UandiStar.org
100 % free SMS ON<space>UandIStar to 9870807070 for JNTU Alerts, Techology News, Tips/Tricks, JOB Alerts & more......
d.
130. The synchronous impedance of a synchronous induction motor is much larger than that of
synchronous motor due to [14S01]
a. its larger air -gap
b. presence of damper bars in it
c. its less magnetic reluctance
d. supply of dc excitation to its 3-phase rotor
131. Which of the following statements about synchronous induction motors is incorrect [14S02]
a. it is basically a wound rotor induction motor with fewer and larger slots on rotor
b. It has a verysmall air-gap as expected in a plain induction motor
c. it is connected to 3-phase ac supply on stator side and to dc on rotor side
d. it is provided with a heavy rotor winding
132. Synchronous induction motors [14S03]
a. are used where high starting torque is required
b. can be operated on full load on lagging power factor
c. these are rated upto 30kw
d. are used where low starting torque is required
133. In particular motor there is a stator phase winding and a short -circuited rotor winding the motor
runs as synchronous speed but does not necessitate any dc excitation. The motor is a [14S04]
a. 3-phase induction-motor
b. 3-phase synchronous motor
c. 3-phase reluctance motor
d. hysteresis motor
134. Performance characteristics of single phase induction motors are _ _ _ _ _ _ _ that of 3-phase
induction motors [15D01]
a. as satisfactory as
b. less satisfactory than
c. more satisfactory than
d. distinct charactristics
135. In a comparative study of the torque-slip characteristic of a balanced poly phase induction motor,
it is found that for zero slip [15M01]
a. the torque for the former is zero and has a non-zero -ve value for the latter
b. the torque has a non-zero +ve value on the former and has a non-zero -ve value on the latter
c. the torque is zero on both of the characteristics
d. the torque has non-zero +ve value on both of the characteristics
136. In cross field the field is created by the stator and rotor currents at right angles the cross field is
_ _ _ _ _ _ stator field at actually operating speeds [15M02]
a. some what weaker than
b. some what stornger than
c. of the same strength
d. < 90
0
137. In comparision to three phase induction motors, single phase induction motors have [15M03]
a. lower efficiency
b. high p.f
c. good speed regulation
d. less slip at full load
138. A single phase induction motor is [15S01]
a. self starting
b. not self starting
c. self starting with the help of an auxilary winding
d. run at constant speed
139. Double revolving field theory is based on the idea that pulsating field produced in single phase
motors can be resolved into two components of _ _ _ _ _ _ _ its amplitude and rotating in _ _ _ _
_ _ _ direction with synchronous speed [15S02]
a. half, same
b. half, opposite
c. times of, same
Get more @ www.UandiStar.org
100 % free SMS ON<space>UandIStar to 9870807070 for JNTU Alerts, Techology News, Tips/Tricks, JOB Alerts & more......
d. times,
opposite
140. In a sigle phase ac induction motor [15S03]
a. rotor is a wound rotor
b. rotor is supplied with single phase ac
c. stator is supplied with single phase ac
d. stator is not repond to ac supply
141. A rotating magnetic field is produced by current in two windings displaced by 90
0
electrical. this
is the principle of [15S04]
a. phase sequence
b. phase splitting
c. phase advance
d. phase timing
142. The torque developed by a single phase induction motor drops to zero at [15S05]
a. synchronous speed
b. a speed slightly above synchronous speed
c. speed slightly below synchronous speed
d. zero power factor
143. Which of the following statements associated with split phase motors is incorrect? [16D01]
a. main winding has low resistance and high reactance
b. main winding current and auxiliary winding current are 90
0
out of phase
c. torque developed is proportional to the sine of the angle beween main winding and auxiliary winding
currents
d. starting winding is connected through centrifugal switch
144. In case of split-phase motor, the phase shift between currents in the two windings is around
[16D02]
a. 30
0
b. 70
0
c. 90
0
d. 120
0
145. The two windings provided on the stator of a single phase induction motor, one is main winding
and the other is auxiliary winding are connected [16M01]
a. in parallel
b. in series
c. either series or parallel
d. through inductive coupling
146. In a single phase induction motor [16M02]
a. both the main and auxiliary windings are placed on stator
b. both windings are placed on rotor
c. main winding is placed on stator and auxiliary winding on rotor
d. auxiliary winding is placed on stator and main winding on rotor
147. Phase splitting can be accomplished in a single phase induction motor [16M03]
a. only by adding a capacitor in series with the auxiliary winding
b. only by causing the auxiliary winding to have low reactance c.
only by causing the auxiliary winding to have high resistance
d. only by adding a capacitor in parallel with the auxiliary winding
148. The no load current of a single phase induction motor is around _ _ _ _ _ _ % of full load current
[16S01]
a. 10
b. 20
c. 40
d. 80
149. The power factor at which single phase induction motor usually operate is [16S02]
a. 0.7 lag
b. 0.8 lag
c. 0.7 lead
d. unity
Get more @ www.UandiStar.org
100 % free SMS ON<space>UandIStar to 9870807070 for JNTU Alerts, Techology News, Tips/Tricks, JOB Alerts & more......
150. The stator winding of a single phase induction motor is splitted into two parts in order to [16S03]
a. improve efficiency
b. improve power factor
c. develop starting torque
d. increase speed
151. When a single phase induction motor picks up predetermined speed, its starting winding is
disconnected and the motor continues running on _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ winding [16S04]
a. rotor
b. armature
c. main
d. compensating
152. In a split phase motor the ratio of number of turns on auxilary winding to that on main winding is
[16S05]
a. unity
b. less than one
c. more than one
d. two
153. The direction of shaded pole motor can be reversed by [17D01]
a. reversing supply terminals
b. shifting any shading coil to the other half of the pole
c. shifting two shading coil to the other half of the pole
d. shifting all the shading coils to the other half of the pole
154. Shaded pole induction motor does not have the draw back of [17D02]
a. high cost
b. very low efficiency (5 to 35 %)
c. non-uniform operating torque
d. very little over-load capacity
155. In a shaded pole motor, shading coils are used to [17M01]
a. reduce winding losses
b. reduce friction losses
c. produce rotating magnetic field
d. protect against sparking
156. In a shaded pole squirrel cage induction motor the flux in the shaded part always [17M02]
a. Leads the flux in the unshaded pole segment
b. is in phase with the flux in the unshaded pole segment
c. lags the flux in the unshaded pole segment
d. not depend on the flux in the unshaded pole segment
157. Shaded pole induction motor does not have the advantage of [17M03]
a. high starting torque
b. rugged construction
c. low initial as well as maintenance costs
d. comparactively small starting current
158. Split phase motors are seldom used in size larger than _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ with a speed of 1440 r.p.m
[17S01]
a.
b.
c.
d. 1kw
159. Which of the following statements about split phase motors are correct [17S02]
a. its starting torque is 1.5 to 2 times of full-load running torque
b. its starting current is about 6 times of full-load current
c. main winding and auxiliary winding currents are about 60
0
out of phase
d. its starting current is about 10 times of full load current
160. In a shaded pole motor the phase splitting is achieved by placing a shading coil at the slot cut
around the [17S03]
a. larger part of the pole
b. smaller part of the pole
Get more @ www.UandiStar.org
100 % free SMS ON<space>UandIStar to 9870807070 for JNTU Alerts, Techology News, Tips/Tricks, JOB Alerts & more......
c. both the parts of the pole
d. pole
161. In a shaded pole motor, the rotating field is developed by using [17S04]
a. salient poles
b. a capacitor
c. shading coils
d. damper winding
162. Shaded pole motor is provided with [17S05]
a. laminated salient pole and a squirrel cage rotor
b. a commutator
c. a capacitor
d. a centrifugal switch
163. Which of the following statement associated with universal motor is incorrect [18D01]
a. it is a series connected commutated motor
b. it is a constant speed motor
c. its armature is of same construction as ordinary series motor
d. like all series motors, its no load speed is very high
164. A universal motor runs at [18D02]
a. higher speed with dc supply and with less sparking
b. higher speed with ac supply and with less sparking
c. same speed with both ac and dc supplies
d. higher speed with ac supply but with increased sparking at the brushes
165. In a large sized ac series motor, armature reaction effect is neutralized and spark less
commutation is achieved by: [18M01]
a. providing a compensating winding
b. increasing supply frequency
c. increasing supply voltage
d. connecting a high resistance in series with the field winding
166. In an ac series motor, power factor is improved by [18M02]
a. increasing the inductance of armature and field winding
b. reducing the inductance of armature and field winding
c. increasing the supply voltage
d. increasing the inductance of armature only
167. In ac series motors armature coils are usually connected to commutator [18M03]
a. through resistance
b. through inductors
c. through capacitors
d. solidly
168. AC series motors are built with as few field turns as possible to reduce [18S01]
a. flux
b. eddy current losses
c. reactance
d. speed
169. Ac series motors in comparision to dc series motors do not have [18S02]
a. wider air gap
b. lesser number of field turns
c. larger number of armature conductors
d. brushes of smaller width
170. In a large sized ac series motor, the inductive effects of armature and field cause [18S03]
a. serious commutation difficulties
b. less iron losses
c. high power losses
d. high current
171. In an A.C series motor [18S04]
a. the starting current is about 2.5 times of full load current
b. the starting torque is about 6 times of full load torque
c. power factor varies from 0.6 to 0.7 lagging
d. the starting torque is less than full load torque
Get more @ www.UandiStar.org
100 % free SMS ON<space>UandIStar to 9870807070 for JNTU Alerts, Techology News, Tips/Tricks, JOB Alerts & more......
172. In an ac series motor compensation winding is provided to [18S05]
a. neutralize the armature mmf
b. increase sparking at the brushes
c. increase reactance drop
d. reduce armature heating and vibrations
173. A single phase reluctance motor [19D01]
a. has salient pole rotor structure and runs at sub synchronous speed
b. has salient pole rotor structure and runs at super-synchronous speed
c. has salient pole rotor structure and runs at synchronous speed
d. has non-salient pole rotor structure and runs at synchronous speed
174. Reluctance torque is the [19D02]
a. torque developed in a given synchronous motor as a function of field excitation and the sine of the torque
angle
b. torque developed by salient pole synchronous or synchronous induction motors due to
variations in air gap produced by armature reaction
c. torque developed by non-salient pole asynchronous motor
d. pulsating torque
175. Under no load operating condition the speed of a universal motor is limited by [19M01]
a. windage and friction
b. armature reaction
c. armature weight
d. supply frequency
176. In case of a high speed universal motor _ _ _ _ _ _ needs maximum attention [19M02]
a. air gap
b. end play
c. balancing of rotor
d. insulation of rotor
177. In universal motors normally the ratio of width of brushes to the width of commutator segements
is [19M03]
a. 2:1
b. 1:1
c. 1:2
d. 4:1
178. A universal motor is one which has [19S01]
a. constant speed
b. constant output
c. maximum efficiency
d. capability of operating both on ac and dc with comparable performance
179. Speed of the universal motor is [19S02]
a. depend on frequency of supply
b. proportional to frequency of supply
c. independent of frequency of supply
d. inversely proportional to frequency of supply
180. The speed of a universal motor is usually reduced by using [19S03]
a. v-belts
b. gearing
c. chains
d. brakes
181. The speed of a universal motor is not controlled by [19S04]
a. connecting rheostat in series
b. varying flux with tapped field windings
c. varying supply frequency
d. applying variable supply voltage
182. In a universal motor the most common causes of brush sparking is [19S05]
a. shorted field winding
b. open field winding
c. low commutator mica
d. shorted winding & shorted armature winding
Get more @ www.UandiStar.org
100 % free SMS ON<space>UandIStar to 9870807070 for JNTU Alerts, Techology News, Tips/Tricks, JOB Alerts & more......
183. For speeds higher than i.e 3000rpm, the machine used is [20D01]
a. induction motor
b. universal motor c.
synchronus motor d.
D.C motor
184. If the starting winding of a single phase induction motor is left in the circuit [20M01]
a. the motor will run faster
b. the motor will run slower
c. there will be undue sparking
d. the auxiliary winding will get over-heated due to continuous flow of current and may get
damaged
185. Which of the following types of motors are not single phase ac motors [20M02]
a. induction type motors
b. commutator type motors
c. synchronous type motors
d. schrage motor
186. Which of the following is not the induction motor [20M03]
a. reluctance motor
b. split phase motor
c. shaded pole motor
d. repulsion start induction motor
187. Single phase induction motor built with a variable air gap and without dc excitation is called the _
_ _ _ _ _ _ motor [20S01]
a. reluctance
b. hysterisis
c. repulsion
d. split phase
188. Reluctane motor is a _ _ _ _ _ _ _ motor [20S02]
a. doubly excited
b. un excited
c. singly excited
d. singly or doubly excited
189. reluctance motor [20S03]
a. is not a self starting motor
b. runs at variable speed
c. it needs dc excitation for its rotor
d. starts as an induction motor and runs as a synchronous motor
190. In a reluctance motor when the load increases to an extent that it cannot maintain synchronous
speed, it will [20S04]
a. fall out of synchronism and come to rest
b. run as an induction motor
c. draw excessive armature current and burn out
d. become unstable
191. If a single phase motor fails to start but gives humming noise, this may be due to [20S05]
a. low voltage
b. high voltage
c. shorted stator winding
d. blown fuses
Get more @ www.UandiStar.org
100 % free SMS ON<space>UandIStar to 9870807070 for JNTU Alerts, Techology News, Tips/Tricks, JOB Alerts & more......