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Name: _____________________________ Section: _________


1) Over the last 200 years, humans have caused a major increase in the following greenhouse gas: carbon dioxide (CO2), or methane (these are the 2 you should have in your class notes)

(1 point)

2) List one human activity that produces a large amount of the gas you listed in question 2.

(1 point)

Answers that reference any one of the following are correct: For CO2: burning fossil fuels, or operating power plants, factories, or transportation vehicles (cars, buses, trucks). For methane: cows passing gas (farting) An answer that is not acceptable is: pollution. This is not specific enough. You need to say what kind of pollution.

3) For humans, a RESOURCE is anything we need or use or that has value to us. Explain what a RENEWABLE RESOURCE is. (1 point) A renewable resource is a resource that is replaced by nature either as fast as, or faster than, we use it up, OR A resource that is replenished by nature; OR a resource that nature makes new again. The answers above were things we talked about in class. Other answers may be acceptable; however, just giving an example of a renewable resource (renewable wind energy, solar energy) does not explain what a renewable resource is.

4) Currently, Americans rely heavily on the burning of fossil fuels as sources of energy. As a result of increased demand for energy sources, there is a continuing effort to find alternatives to burning fossil fuels. Discuss fossil fuels and alternative energy sources. In your answer be sure to: state one disadvantage of burning fossil fuels for energy identify one energy source that is an alternative to using fossil fuels state one advantage of using this alternative energy source state one disadvantage of using this alternative energy source (1 point) (1 point) (1 point) (1 point)

Disadvantage of burning fossil fuels for energy: Acceptable responses include, but are not limited to: They pollute the atmosphere. They lead to global warming. Fossil fuels are a limited resource. Alternative energy source: Acceptable responses include, but are not limited to: solar energy; windmills; water power; biofuels One advantage of your alternative energy source: Acceptable responses vary depending on the alternative energy source identified: does not pollute the environment; is renewable; Fossil fuels are not burned; Biofuels are cheap and readily available One disadvantage of your alternative energy source. Acceptable responses include, but are not limited to: Wind speeds vary, so the amount of energy provided is not constant; Dams built for water power destroy habitats; Biofuels release some pollution; Solar power cant be collected at night; Solar panels / dams / windmills are costly to build