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1. One who is out to subvert a government Anarchist 2. One who is recovering from illness Convalescent 3.

One who is all powerful Omnipotent 4. One who is present everywhere Omnipresent 5. One who knows everything Omniscient 6. One who is easily deceived Gullible 7. One who does not make mistakes Infallible 8. One who can do anything for money Mercenary 9. One who has no money Pauper 10. One who changes sides Turncoat 11. One who works for free Volunteer 12. One who loves books Bibliophile 13. One who can speak two languages Bilingual 14. One who loves mankind Philanthropist 15. One who hates mankind Misanthrope 16. One who looks on the bright side of things Optimist 17. One who looks on the dark side of things Pessimist 18. One who doubts the existence of god Agnostic 19. One who pretends to be what he is not Hypocrite 20. One incapable of being tired Indefatigable 21. One who helps others Good Samaritan 22. One who copies from other writers Plagiarist 23. One who hates women Misogynist 24. One who knows many languages Polyglot 25. One who is fond of sensuous pleasures Epicure 26. One who thinks only of himself Egoist 27. One who thinks only of welfare of women Feminist. 28. One who is indifferent to pleasure or pain Stoic 29. One who is quite like a woman Effeminate 30. One who has strange habits Eccentric 31. One who speaks less Reticent 32. One who goes on foot Pedestrian 33. One who believes in fate Fatalist 34. One who dies without a Will Intestate 35. One who always thinks himself to be ill Valetudinarian 36. A Government by the people Democracy 37. A Government by a king or queen Monarchy 38. A Government by the officials Bureaucracy 39. A Government by the rich Plutocracy 40. A Government by the few Oligarchy 41. A Government by the Nobles Aristocracy 42. A Government by one Autocracy 43. Rule by the mob Mobocracy 44. That through which light can pass Transparent 45. That through which light cannot pass Opaque 46. That through which light can partly pass Translucent 47. A sentence whose meaning is unclear Ambiguous 48. A place where orphans live Orphanage 49. That which cannot be described Indescribable 50. That which cannot be imitated Inimitable 51. That which cannot be avoided Inevitable 52. A position for which no salary is paid Honorary 53. That which cannot be defended Indefensible 54. Practice of having several wives Polygamy 55. Practice of having several husbands Polyandry 56. Practice of having one wife or husband Monogamy 57. Practice of having two wives or husbands Bigamy 58. That which is not likely to happen Improbable 59. People living at the same time Contemporaries 60. A book published after the death of its author Posthumous

61. A book written by an unknown author Anonymous 62. A life history written by oneself Autobiography 63. A life history written by somebody else Biography 64. People who work together Colleagues 65. One who eats too much Glutton 66. That which cannot be satisfied Insatiable 67. One who questions everything Cynic 68. A flesh eating animal Carnivorous 69. A grass eating animal Herbivorous 70. One who lives in a foreign country Immigrant 71. To transfer one's authority to another Delegate 72. One who is a newcomer Neophyte 73. That which is lawful Legal 74. That which is against law Illegal 75. One who is unmarried Celibate 76. A game in which no one wins Draw 77. A study of man Anthropology 78. A study of races Ethnology 79. A study of the body Physiology 80. A study of animals Zoology 81. A study of birds Ornithology 82. A study of ancient things Archaeology 83. A study of derivation of words Etymology 84. Murder of a human being Homicide 85. Murder of a father Patricide 86. Murder of a mother Matricide 87. Murder of an brother Fratricide 88. Murder of an infant Infanticide 89. Murder of self Suicide 90. Murder of the king Regicide 91. To free somebody from all blame Exonerate 92. To write under a different name Pseudonym 93. A thing no longer in use Obsolete 94. A handwriting that cannot be read Illegible 95. Words written on the tomb of a person Epitaph 96. One who is greedy for money Avaricious 97. Something that cannot be imitated Inimitable 98. One who doesn't know how to read and write Illiterate 99. A person's peculiar habit Idiosyncrasy 100. An animal who preys on other animals Predator 101. Violating the sanctity of a church Sacrilege 102. One who can throw his voice Ventriloquist

Important Points to Note: When any value increases by 10%, it becomes 1.1 times of itself. (since 100+10 = 110% = 1.1) 20%, it becomes 1.2 times of itself. 36%, it becomes 1.36 times of itself. 4%, it becomes 1.04 times of itself. Thus we can see the effects on the values due to various percentage increases. When any value decreases by 10%, it becomes 0.9 times of itself. (Since 100-10 = 90% = 0.9)

20%, it becomes 0.8 times of itself 36%, it becomes 0.64 times of itself 4%, it becomes 0.96 times of itself. Thus we can see the effects on a value due to various percentage decreases. Note: 1. When a value is multiplied by a decimal more than 1 it will be increased and when multiplied by less than 1 it will be decreased. 2. The percentage increase or decrease depends on the decimal multiplied. Eg: 0.7 => 30% decrease, 0.67 => 33% decrease, 0. 956 => 4.4% decrease and so on . Eg: When the actual value is x, find the value when it is 30% decreased. Soln: 30% decrease => 0.7 x. Eg: A value after an increase of 20% became 600. What is the value? Soln: 1.2x = 600 (since 20% increase) x = 500.

Eg: If 600 is decrease by 20%, what is the new value? Soln: new value = 0.8 X 600 = 480. (Since 20% decrease) Thus depending on the decimal we can decide the % change and vice versa. Eg: When a value is increased by 20%, by what percent should it be reduced to ge t the actual value? Soln: (It is equivalent to 1.2 reduced to 1 and we can use % decrease formula) % decrease = (1.2 1)/1.2 X 100 = 16.66%.

When a value is subjected multiple changes, the overall effect of all the ch anges can be obtained by multiplying all the individual factors of the changes. Eg: The population of a town increased by 10%, 20% and then decreased by 30%. Th e new population is what % of the original? Soln: The overall effect = 1.1 X 1.2 X 0.7 crease) = 0.924 = 92.4%. Eg: Two successive discounts of 10% and 20% are equal to a single discount of __ _ Soln: Discount is same as decrease of price. So, decrease = 0.9 X 0.8 = 0.72 => 28% decrease (Since only 72% is remaining). (Since 10%, 20% increase and 30% de

practice problems:

If 20% of 40% of a = 25% of a% of b, then what is b? a. 8/5 b. 16/25 c. 8/25 d. None

2. By what % is 200 more than 50? a. 100 b. 200 c. 300 d. None

3. A value changes from 30 to 80. What is the percentage change? a. 125 b. 166.66 c. 156 d. None

4. The population of a city is increased by 30% and thus became 78000. What is t he original population? a. 76000 b. 64200 c. 60000 d. None

5. In a theatre, the number of seats is increased by 20% and the price per ticke t is increased by 10% but the public response decreased by 30%. What is the net effect on the economy of the theatre? a.10% rise b. 7% fall c. 7% rise d. None

6. A saves 20% of his income. His income is increased by 20% and so he increased his expenditure by 30%. What is the percentage change in his savings? a. 20% fall b. 4% fall c. 20% rise d. 4% rise

7. The price of petrol is increased by 25%. By what percent the consumption be r educed to make the expenditure remain the same? a. 25% b. 33.33% c. 20% d. None

8. The side of a square is increased by 20%. The percentage change in its area i s ___ a. 20% b. 44% c. 36% d. None

9. If the length of a rectangle is increased by 33.33%, by what percentage shoul d the breadth be reduced to make the area same? a. 20% b. 33.33% c. 25% d. None

10. In an election between two candidates, A and B, A secured 56% of the votes a nd won by 48000 votes. Find the total number of votes polled if 20% of the votes were declared invalid. a. 500000 b. 400000 c. 600000 d. None

clear explanation for above problems: 1/5 X 2/5 X a = X a X b => b = 8/25 % difference = (200-50)/50 X 100 = 300 % % increase = (80-30)/30 X 100 = 166.66 % 1.3 x = 78000 => x = 60000. Net effect = 1.2 X 1.1 X 0.7 = 0.924 => 7.6% decrease.

Let I be the income. Expenditure = 0.8I New income = 1.2I (since 20% rise) New expenditure = (0.8I) X 1.3 (Since 30% rise) = 1.04I So, new savings = 1.2I 1.04I = 0.16I => 16% Savings = 0.2I => 20%

(So income decreased form 20% to 16%) % decrease = (20-16)/20 X 100 = 20%. It is equivalent to 1.25 decreased to 1. % decrease = (1.25-1)/1.25 X 100 = 20% 8. % change in area = 1.2 X 1.2 (since area = side X side) = 1.44 => 44%. It is equivalent to 1.25 decreased to 1. So 20% decrease. Valid Votes: A got 56% => B got 44% Difference = 12% = 48000 So, 100% = 400000. These are valid votes. But valid votes are only 80% of total votes. So, 80% of total votes = 400000 => total votes = 500000 STILL CONFUSE?SUBMIT YOUE QUIRY IN LEAVE REPLY/SUBMIT COMMENT 08455867975-9237020720-tapan_mamu

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