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www.abb.com/fieldbus Fieldbus Evolution The way from 4 20 to Fieldbus. © 2008-04 V03 ABB Automation
www.abb.com/fieldbus
Fieldbus Evolution
The way from 4
20
to Fieldbus.
© 2008-04 V03 ABB Automation Products GmbH
3KXN600001R5801_Presentation_Fieldbus_Evolution_G001.ppt
Fieldbus Evolution Contents This session covers: Overview 4 20 mA Technology HART Wireless HART PROFIBUS
Fieldbus Evolution
Contents
This session
covers:
Overview
4
20
mA Technology
HART
Wireless HART
PROFIBUS
PROFINET
FOUNDATION Fieldbus
Industrial IT
Fieldbus benefits

© 2008-04 V03 ABB Automation Products GmbH - 2

Fieldbus Evolution Overview Overview 4 20 mA Growing capabilities. The way from pure measurement to
Fieldbus Evolution
Overview
Overview
4
20
mA
Growing capabilities. The way from pure measurement
to Plant- and Asset-Management.
HART
Wireless HART
PROFIBUS
PROFINET
FOUNDATION
Fieldbus
Industrial IT
Fieldbus benefits
today
2000
1999
1989
1980
4
204
20
mAmA
1950

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Fieldbus Evolution 20 4 mA analog technology Overview 4 20 mA HART Wireless HART PROFIBUS
Fieldbus Evolution
20 4
mA analog technology
Overview
4
20
mA
HART
Wireless HART
PROFIBUS
PROFINET
FOUNDATION
Fieldbus
Industrial IT
Fieldbus benefits
Analog electrical transmission standard for industrial
instrumentation and communication.
Current loop for signal transmission.
Supply of the devices over the wire.
Two wire cabling. Connection of each device
with I/O cards.
I/O Cards
Field devices
4
204
20
mAmA

© 2008-04 V03 ABB Automation Products GmbH - 4

Fieldbus Evolution Analog / Digital communication Overview 4 20 mA HART Wireless HART PROFIBUS PROFINET
Fieldbus Evolution
Analog / Digital communication
Overview
4
20
mA
HART
Wireless HART
PROFIBUS
PROFINET
FOUNDATION
Fieldbus
Industrial IT
Fieldbus benefits
What are the differences between analog and digital
communication in the process automation.
analog
digital
• Transmission of just one
process value (value of
current)
• More than one process value
can be transmitted
• Additional status information
with each variable
• Recognizing of physical
errors (like line break)
possible
• Additional Asset
Management data can be
transmitted
• High resolution of measured
value

© 2008-04 V03 ABB Automation Products GmbH - 5

Fieldbus Evolution Communication Protocol Layer model Overview 4 20 mA HART Wireless HART PROFIBUS PROFINET
Fieldbus Evolution
Communication Protocol Layer model
Overview
4
20
mA
HART
Wireless HART
PROFIBUS
PROFINET
FOUNDATION
Fieldbus
Industrial IT
Fieldbus benefits
Digital communication protocols have standardized structures
according to the OSI Layer model (Open Systems
Interconnection reference model)
7
Application Layer
Command level, application access to the protocol
data and commands
6
Presentation Layer
5
Session Layer
4
Transport Layer
Not used in automation
communication protocols
except in Industrial Ethernet
(TCP/IP, UDP protocols) or used
Wireless standards like
IEEE 802.11
3
Network Layer
2
Data Link Layer
Physical addressing priciples, frame building,
media access control
1
Physical Layer
specification of cables, current and voltage,
topologies, coding algorithms, data rate
OSI model for interoperability.

© 2008-04 V03 ABB Automation Products GmbH - 6

Fieldbus Evolution Communication Protocol Layer model Overview 4 20 mA HART Wireless HART PROFIBUS PROFINET
Fieldbus Evolution
Communication Protocol Layer model
Overview
4
20
mA
HART
Wireless HART
PROFIBUS
PROFINET
FOUNDATION
Fieldbus
Industrial IT
Fieldbus benefits
creating
Command + Data
interpreting
Command + Data
physical
medium
transmission
© 2008-04 V03 ABB Automation Products GmbH - 7
Fieldbus Evolution HART (Highway Addressable Transducer Protocol) Overview 4 20 mA Analog transmission with
Fieldbus Evolution
HART (Highway Addressable Transducer Protocol)
Overview
4
20
mA
Analog transmission with overlayed additional digital
informations.
HART
Wireless HART
PROFIBUS
PROFINET
FOUNDATION
Fieldbus
Industrial IT
Fieldbus benefits
Allows transmission of more than one process information plus
bidirectional communication capabilities in addition to 4
20
mA
process value.
Master station polls all slaves (cyclic communication).
Multidrop mode allows bus topologies (otherwise Point-to-Point
connection of devices).
Digital signal is overlayed on the loop current
using Frequency-Shift-Keying.
FDT/DTM enabled + EDD enabled.
1.2 kBit/s
Remote I/0 or Multiplexer
Field devices

© 2008-04 V03 ABB Automation Products GmbH - 8

Fieldbus Evolution WirelessHART Overview Wireless standard for the HART protocol. 4 20 mA HART Wireless
Fieldbus Evolution
WirelessHART
Overview
Wireless standard for the HART protocol.
4
20
mA
HART
Wireless HART
PROFIBUS
PROFINET
FOUNDATION
Fieldbus
Industrial IT
Fieldbus benefits
Allows HART diagnosis and maintenance without wired connection
to the device.
Basing on IEEE 802.15.4 Standard (Low Rate Wireless Personal
Area Network - 2003) -> guarantees long battery life (months up to
years)
Uses HART command structures
HART infrastructure can be reused
FDT/DTM enabled + EDD enabled
Gateway / Multiplexer
monitoring / maintenance
Field devices

© 2008-04 V03 ABB Automation Products GmbH - 9

Fieldbus Evolution PROFIBUS (Process Field Bus) Overview 4 20 mA Digital transmission protocol covering layer
Fieldbus Evolution
PROFIBUS (Process Field Bus)
Overview
4
20
mA
Digital transmission protocol covering layer 1, 2, and 7 of the
OSI model.
HART
Wireless HART
PROFIBUS
PROFINET
FOUNDATION
Fieldbus
Industrial IT
Fieldbus benefits
Basis is PROFIBUS DP communication technology.
DP-V0 for cyclic (non deterministic), DP-V1 for acyclic
communication and DP-V2 for inter device communication.
Master / Slave communication, „Report distribution“ for Alarms and
Events
Implements Application profiles: PA Profile,
HART on DP, … .
Block principle (Function Blocks, Transducer Blocks, physical
Blocks)
31.25 kBit/s on MBP side to 12 MBit/s on DP side.
FDT/DTM enabled + EDD enabled.
Master
Linking device
DP
PA (MBP)
Field devices

© 2008-04 V03 ABB Automation Products GmbH - 10

Fieldbus Evolution PROFINET (Process Field Network) Overview 4 20 mA HART Wireless HART PROFIBUS PROFINET
Fieldbus Evolution
PROFINET (Process Field Network)
Overview
4
20
mA
HART
Wireless HART
PROFIBUS
PROFINET
FOUNDATION
Fieldbus
Industrial IT
Fieldbus benefits
Ethernet based communication standard, using the
PROFIBUS DP transmission principles.
Basis is PROFIBUS DP communication technology
(command structure).
Data Link Layer is Industrial Ethernet, Application Layer is
PROFIBUS DP.
Wireless communication according to the IEEE 802.11 is
possible.
Inter fieldbus communication via proxy servers
FDT/DTM enabled + EDD enabled.
PROFINET
Proxy
Proxy
Fieldbus
PROFIBUS
Field devices

© 2008-04 V03 ABB Automation Products GmbH - 11

Fieldbus Evolution FOUNDATION Fieldbus Overview 4 20 mA Deterministic digital transmission protocol covering layer
Fieldbus Evolution
FOUNDATION Fieldbus
Overview
4
20
mA
Deterministic digital transmission protocol covering layer 1, 2,
and 7 of the OSI model.
HART
Wireless HART
PROFIBUS
PROFINET
FOUNDATION
Fieldbus
Industrial IT
Fieldbus benefits
HSE (High Speed Ethernet, up to 100 MBit/s, Wireless
communication according to the IEEE 802.11 is possible) and H1
(31.25 kBit/s) is available.
Publisher/ Subscriber for cyclic (deterministic) and Client/ Server
model for acyclic communication plus „Report distribution“ for
Alarms and Events or Trends.
Block principle (Function Blocks, Transducer Blocks, Resource
Blocks).
Communication between Device-Function-Blocks (control in the
field).
FDT/DTM enabled + EDD enabled.
Linking device
HSE
H1(MBP)
LAS
Field devices

© 2008-04 V03 ABB Automation Products GmbH - 12

Fieldbus Evolution Industrial IT Overview 4 20 mA HART Wireless HART PROFIBUS PROFINET FOUNDATION Fieldbus
Fieldbus Evolution
Industrial IT
Overview
4
20
mA
HART
Wireless HART
PROFIBUS
PROFINET
FOUNDATION
Fieldbus
Industrial IT
Fieldbus benefits
Powerful and coordinated with each other ABB Service
Product Portfolio to rule your plant.
Plant Automation, Asset Optimization and collaborative
business processes combined in the 800xA System, using the
ABB Apect Object Technology.
Everything can be done in real time within a single system.

© 2008-04 V03 ABB Automation Products GmbH - 13

Fieldbus Evolution Fieldbus benefits Overview 4 20 mA Reduced wiring, and therefore, ease of engineering
Fieldbus Evolution
Fieldbus benefits
Overview
4
20
mA
Reduced wiring, and therefore, ease of engineering and installation
HART
Wireless HART
PROFIBUS
PROFINET
FOUNDATION
Fieldbus
Industrial IT
Fieldbus benefits
Communication faults can be located from the control room
Instrument settings can be downloaded from the control room
High resolution of the measured value
The original signal is not altered by analog/digital conversion
Communication of measurement value and device status from field
instruments to DCS
Plausibility checks confirm the quality of the signal
Diagnostic information for predictive maintenance; maintenance is
performed only when scheduled
or required

© 2008-04 V03 ABB Automation Products GmbH - 14

Fieldbus Evolution Conclusion ABB makes the difference… 1010 0101 Freedom Power Reliability
Fieldbus Evolution
Conclusion
ABB makes the difference…
1010
0101
Freedom
Power
Reliability

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Fieldbus Evolution
Fieldbus Evolution

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