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Application Examples (U.K.)


Example Problem No. 3
A portal frame type steel structure is sitting on concrete footings. The soil is to be
considered as an elastic foundation. Value of soil subgrade reaction is known from which
spring constants are calculated by multiplying the subgrade reaction by the tributary area of
each modeled spring.

NOTE:
1) All dimensions are in meters.
Spring constant calculation
Spring of joints 1, 5, 10 & 14 =

2.4 x 0.3 x 41666.67


= 30000 KN/m
Spring of joints 2, 3, 4, 11, 12 & 13 = 2.4 x 0.6 x 41666.67
= 60000 KN/m
2) Soil Subgrade Reaction 41666.67 KN/m 3
Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.
STAAD PLANE PORTAL ON FOOTING FOUNDATION

Every input has to start with the word STAAD. The word PLANE signifies that the
structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes.
UNIT METER KNS

Specifies the unit to be used.


JOINT COORDINATES
1 0.0 0.0 0.0 5 2.4 0.0 0.0
6 1.2 3.0 0.0 ; 7 1.2 6.0 0.0
8 7.2 6.0 0.0 ; 9 7.2 3.0 0.0
10 6.0 0.0 0.0 14 8.4 0.0 0.0

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Joint number followed by X, Y and Z coordinates are provided above. Since this is a plane
structure, the Z coordinates are given as all zeros. Semicolon signs (;) are used as line
separators to facilitate specification of multiple sets of data on one line.
MEMBER INCIDENCES
1 1 2 4
5 3 6 ; 6 6 7
7 7 8 ; 8 6 9
9 8 9 ; 10 9 12
11 10 11 14

Defines the members by the joints they are connected to.


MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH
1 4 11 14 PRIS YD 0.30 ZD 2.40
2 3 12 13 PRIS YD 0.60 ZD 2.40
5 6 9 10 TABLE ST JO254X203
7 8 TA ST UB305X165X40

First two lines define member properties as PRIS (prismatic) for which YD (depth) and ZD
(width) values are provided. The program will calculate the properties necessary to do the
analysis. Member properties for the remaining members are chosen from the British steel
table. The word ST stands for standard single section.
UNIT MMS
CONSTANTS
* E FOR STEEL IS 210 (KN/sq.mm.) AND FOR
* CONCRETE 21 (KN/sq.mm.)
E 210 MEMB 5 TO 10
E 21 MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14
DEN 76.977E-09 MEMB 5 TO 10
DEN 23.534E-09 MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14
POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14
POISSON STEEL MEMB 5 TO 10

The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of
elasticity), Density and Poissons ratio. Length unit is changed from METER to MMS to
facilitate the input. Any line beginning with an * mark is treated as a comment line.
SUPPORTS
2 TO 4 11 TO 13 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 60
1 5 10 14 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 30

The supports for the structure are specified above. The first set of joints are supports
restrained in all directions except MZ (which is global moment-z). Also, a spring having a
spring constant of 60 KN/mm is provided in the global Y direction at these nodes. The
second set is similar to the former except for a different value of the spring constant.
UNIT METER
LOADING 1 DEAD AND WIND LOAD COMBINED

Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title.


SELF Y -1.0

The selfweight of the structure is specified as acting in the global Y direction with a -1.0
factor.
Since global Y is vertically upwards, the -1.0 factor indicates that this load will act

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downwards.
JOINT LOAD
6 7 FX 20.0

Load 1 contains joint loads also. FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X
direction.
MEMBER LOAD
7 8 UNI GY -45.0

Load 1 contains member loads also. GY indicates that the load acts in the global Y
direction. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load, and is applied on members 7
and 8, acting downwards.
PERFORM ANALYSIS

This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.


PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS

The above PRINT command instructs the program to print analysis results which include
joint displacements, member forces and support reactions.
FINISH

This command terminates the STAAD run.


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35.

STAAD PLANE PORTAL ON FOOTING FOUNDATION


UNIT METER KNS
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0.0 0.0 0.0 5 2.4 0.0 0.0
6 1.2 3.0 0.0 ; 7 1.2 6.0 0.0
8 7.2 6.0 0.0 ; 9 7.2 3.0 0.0
10 6.0 0.0 0.0 14 8.4 0.0 0.0
MEMBER INCIDENCES
1 1 2 4
5 3 6 ; 6 6 7
7 7 8 ; 8 6 9
9 8 9 ; 10 9 12
11 10 11 14
MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH
1 4 11 14 PRIS YD 0.30 ZD 2.40
2 3 12 13 PRIS YD 0.60 ZD
2.40
5 6 9 10 TABLE ST JO254X203
7 8 TA ST UB305X165X40
UNIT MMS
CONSTANTS
* E FOR STEEL IS 210 (KN/SQ.MM.) AND FOR
* CONCRETE 21 (KN/SQ.MM.)
E 210 MEMB 5 TO 10
E 21 MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14
DEN 76.977E-09 MEMB 5 TO 10
DEN 23.534E-09 MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14
POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14
POISSON STEEL MEMB 5 TO 10
SUPPORTS
2 TO 4 11 TO 13 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 60
1 5 10 14 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 30
UNIT METER
LOADING 1 DEAD AND WIND LOAD COMBINED
SELF Y -1.0
JOINT LOAD

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36.
37.
38.
39.

6 7 FX 20.0
MEMBER LOAD
7 8 UNI GY -45.0
PERFORM ANALYSIS
P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
-----------------------------------

NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS =
14/
14/
ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH=
3/
3/
12 DOF
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =
SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX =
1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS
REQRD/AVAIL. DISK SPACE =
12.0/ 38898.2 MB

10
32

40. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS


JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM
-----------------JOINT

LOAD

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

X-TRANS

RADIANS)

Y-TRANS

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.5036
1.0712
1.0285
0.5240
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

JOINT

Z-TRANS

-0.1075
-0.1232
-0.1367
-0.1466
-0.1531
-0.1720
-0.1898
-0.2097
-0.1902
-0.0897
-0.1210
-0.1504
-0.1759
-0.1969

SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS


-----------------

STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE

X-ROTAN

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

METE

Y-ROTAN

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

Z-ROTAN

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

-0.0003
-0.0002
-0.0002
-0.0002
-0.0001
-0.0032
-0.0045
0.0022
-0.0003
-0.0005
-0.0005
-0.0005
-0.0004
-0.0003

STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE

LOAD

FORCE-X

FORCE-Y

FORCE-Z

MOM-X

MOM-Y

MOM Z

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

0.00
0.09
0.00
0.00
-40.09
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

73.95
82.01
87.96
72.58
90.25
105.55
32.25
45.92
26.90
59.06

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

2
3
4
11
12
13
1
5
10
14

MEMBER END FORCES


STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE
----------------ALL UNITS ARE -- KNS METE
MEMBER

LOAD

JT

AXIAL

SHEAR-Y

SHEAR-Z

TORSION

MOM-Y

MOM-Z

1
2

0.00
0.00

32.25
-22.08

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
16.30

2
3

0.00
0.00

96.03
-75.69

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

-16.30
67.82

3
4

0.00
0.00

-103.38
123.71

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

-92.63
24.50

4
5

0.00
0.00

-35.75
45.92

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

-24.50
0.00

3
6

261.08
-258.66

-0.09
0.09

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

24.81
-25.09

6
7

132.10
-129.67

-56.74
56.74

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

-73.59
-96.63

7
8

76.74
-76.74

129.67
142.70

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

96.63
-135.72

6
9

-36.65
36.65

126.56
145.80

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

98.68
-156.40

8
9

142.70
-145.12

76.74
-76.74

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

135.72
94.50

10

9
12

290.93
-293.35

40.09
-40.09

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

61.90
58.38

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MEMBER END FORCES


STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE
----------------ALL UNITS ARE -- KNS METE
MEMBER

LOAD

JT

AXIAL

SHEAR-Y

SHEAR-Z

TORSION

MOM-Y

MOM-Z

11

10
11

0.00
0.00

26.90
-16.73

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
13.09

12

11
12

0.00
0.00

89.32
-68.99

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

-13.09
60.58

13

12
13

0.00
0.00

-134.12
154.45

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

-118.96
32.39

14

13
14

0.00
0.00

-48.90
59.06

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

-32.39
0.00

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

41. FINISH
*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
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TIME=

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