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Types of Sewing Machines Well-selected sewing machine is essential for achieving good results.

It should be used correctly in accordance with the job requirements. 1. Lockstitch Sewing Machine. This is usually used in homes and sometimes in school. This is also called Domestic ewing !achine". It is run by foot and may also be converted to electric #ower machine.

$. Hi-Speed Lockstitch Sewing Machine. This is sometimes called %straight stitching machine" or industrial sewing machine. It has automatic lubrication and is used by tailors and dressma&ers.

'. Over Edging Machine. (ther com#anies call it small machine". It finishes the raw edges of the #attern for construction.

4. Embroidery Machine. This is used in ma&ing fancy stitches and in ma&ing different &inds of embroidery stitches on fabrics for the )arong Tagalog* #illow cases* linen* and other novelty items.

5. B tton Ho!er Machine. This is used in ma&ing buttonholes on garments.

+. B tton "ttachment Machine. This is used in attaching buttons to the garments.

,. #o b!e $eed!e Machine. This is used in the construction of the different &inds of clothing es#ecially for the inseam* outseam and side seam.

-. Bartacking Machine. This is used in reinforcing the o#ening and closing of #oc&ets and #lac&ets of garments.

Two Ma%or &arts of the Lockstitch Sewing Machine The two major #arts of the loc& stitch sewing machine are the u##er and lower #arts. The 'pper &arts is composed of. 1. Head is the com#lete sewing machine without a cabinet or stand. $. "rm is the curve #art of the head containing mechanism for o#erating the needle. '. Bed is the flat #ortion of the machine and beneath is the feed dog where it is mounted* and the shuttle and lower thread are #laced. &arts of the Sewing Machine in the "rm 1. Spoo! &in is the thread holder. $. Thread ( ide &ee#s the thread in #osition. '. Thread Take p Lever releases the thread and interloc&s with the bobbin thread. /. &resser bar !ifter moves the #resser foot high. 0. Tension controls the looseness and tightness of stitches. +. $eed!e Bar holds the needle in #lace. ,. $eed!e )!amp holds and tightens the needle.

-. &resser *oot holds the fabric in #lace while sewing. 1. $eed!e is a slender tool attached in the needle clam# used for sewing. 12. Bobbin +inder controls the bobbin while winding thread. 11. Stitch reg !ator chec&s the length of the stitches. 1$. Ba!ance +hee! sets the mechanism in motion. 1'. Be!t connects the balance wheel to the drive wheel. 1/. Stop Motion Screw hinders moving when loosened and starts moving when tightened.

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&arts of Sewing Machine while

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1. *eed #og moves the fabric sewing. $. Throat p!ate is the windows of feed dog and it is where the bobbin threads come out. '. S!ide p!ate is a movable #late covers the shuttle and bobbin case. /. Sh tt!e holds the bobbin case while sewing. 0. Bobbin is a metal s#ool for winding thread. +. Bobbin )ase holds the bobbin. The Lower &arts of the Lock Stitch Sewing Machine The lower #arts of the sewing machine are the cabinet and the stand. The cabinet has drawers and screw on the hinges for the attachment of the head. The following are the lower #arts of the sewing machine and their uses. 1. Band +hee! leads the balance wheel through the belt connection. $. Band +hee! )rank moves the band wheel. '. &itman ,od holds the treadle to band wheel cran&. /. Be!t ( ide holds the belt to its #lace. 0. Be!t Shifter removes the belt from the wheel. +. #ress ( ard #rotects the dress from the wheel. ,. Tread!e is where the feet are stationed to drive the band wheel through the #itman rod. -. Legs su##ort the cabinet of the machine. 1. )abinet holds the head of the machine by interloc&ing screw on the hinges. the that