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Performance of superheater materials in simulated oxy-fuel combustion conditions at 650C

D. Bankiewicz1, S. Tuurna2, P. Yrjas1, P. Pohjanne2


1

bo Akademi University, Turku, Finland 2 VTT Research Centre, Tampere/Espoo, Finland

Modified from

EUROCORR 2011
4-8 Sept, Stockholm

Test plan
Conditions Test length (h) CO2 O2 H2O N2 (vol%)

Oxy-fuel 1 Oxy-fuel 2 Oxy-fuel 3

168 168 168, 500, 1000

60 60 60

4 4 4

0 10 30

36 26 6

Fe

Cr

Ni

Cu

HR3C
Sanicro 25 TP347HFG_1 TP347HFG

51.98

26.1

19.46

43.64

23.56

24.08

5.3 2.83

66.7

18.6

11.6

66.19

18.3

11.7

0%

10%

20%

30%

40%

50%

60%

70%

80%

90%

100%

Laboratory method for HT corrosion tests


1. Preparation of salts
2. Preparation of steel samples for the experiment 3. Tube furnace tests

4. Preparation of samples for SEM/EDXA


5. Analysis of SEM results

Oxide layer thickness [m]

250 200 150 100 50 Cross section [m] 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000

Oxide layer thickness 347HFG after exposures in 60%CO2-30%H2O with CaCO3-CaSO4


100 Oxide layer thickness, m 80

60
40 20

500 h

1000 h

- carburization of the material

HR3C

168 h

Sanicro 25

347HFG

Carburization of 347HFG after exposure to 85CaCO3 + 15CaSO4, 650 C


60% CO2, 30% H2O

No carburization of 347HFG after exposure to CaSO4, 650 C


60% CO2, 30% H2O

Conclusions and wrap up of tests in high CO2


1. Tests in 60% CO2, no H2O with no salt at 650 C no measurable oxide layer was found on the samples no carburization 2. Tests in 60% CO2, 30% H2O with no salt at 650 C no measurable oxide layer was found on the samples no carburization oxide layer growth on 347HFG after longer exposures

(500, 1000h)

3. Tests in 60% CO2, 30% H2O with 85 CaCO3 + 15 CaSO4 at 650 C measurable oxide layer just on 347HFG material clear carburization of 347HFG after 168, 500 and 1000 h exposures

4. Tests in 60% CO2, 30% H2O with pure CaSO4 at 650 C


no measurable oxide layer was found on the samples no carburization

Is the lower resistance of 347HFG in high CO2 atmosphere caused by water vapor? Differences in 347HFG vs. 347HFG_1 performance?

347HFG vs. 347HFG_1


Molybdenum was reported to have a negative effect in water vapour. Mo can form highly volatile hydroxyl what can increase the tendency of scale cracking and have an impeding effect on scale healing [1]. Here 347HFG 0.23Mo vs. 347HFG_1 0.04Mo HR3C and Sanicro 25 no Mo and Cr content is > 20%

Generally lower resistance of 347HFG too low Cr content

[1] Schtze et al. Materials Research, Vol. 7. 1, 111-123, 2004