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1. Explain about "unity in diversity" in India? 2. How urban globalization affecting rural economy in
1.
Explain about "unity in diversity" in India?
2.
How urban globalization affecting rural economy in India?
3.
what is a thermodynamic system? explain different types of thermodynamic
systems?
4.
what are the requirements of cooling system? Explain different types of cooling
system?
G.S Question:
1.
chairman of national advisory council to P.M - C.N.R Rao
2.
who introduced mansabdari system - Akbar
3.
Bear lake situated at - Canada
4.
pallegra caused because of which vitamin deficiency- Niacin
5.
which river cut the tropic of capricorn twice- Limpopo(in Africa)
6.
Height peak in satpura range- dulgarh (M.P)
6.
space application centre- Ahmedabad
7.
NH15 - Amritsar - Gurdaspur
8.
CISF security to be first confirmed by - Infosys
9.
Which Article abolished childrens working in factories- Article 24
10.
What is the age limit for supreme court- No age limit (Require 10 years of
exp as High court judge)
11.
Recently constructed dam Tipaimukh dam located at - Manipur (controversial
dam b/t india and bangladesh)
12.
konkan bilateral relation between which countries- India & U.K
13.
Mophla revolt at- Malabar coast(Kerala)
14.
R.B.C also called as - Erythrocytes
15.
Fundamental rights are discussed on which INC session- Karachi session
(under leadership of jawaher lal nehru)
16.
first buddist council held at- Rajgir
17.
2010 FIFA world cup held at- SouthAfrica
18.
who started the newspaper called "Neel Dharpan" - Deen Bandu Mitra
19.
Political guru of Gandhi - Gopala Krishna Ghokhle
20.
Least decadal growth rate in which state- Kerala
21.
"National Environment Engineering" Institute is located in - Bihar
22.
President submit his resignation to whom? - Vice president
23.
Sex ratio of India according to 2001 cencus - 933/1000
24.
Krishna River emerges from - Mahabaleshwar
25.
Tadri Ultra Mega Power Project is at - Karnataka
26.
More sugar content contains in- Fructose
27.
National Solar Mission is to ensure 20000 MW power production by the year -
2022
28.
In Assembly elections which state has won all seats by single party----Sikkim
29.
president of INC during split extremist and moderate - Ras Behari Ghosh
(surat split)
30.
Nuclear submarine Arihant power capacity - 85MW
31.
What is minimum distance from Earth and Moon - perigee
32.
blood pressure measured by - Sphygmomanometer
33.
Next climate change summit to be held at - Washington DC
34.
Grand Master Parimarjan Negi won which prize - Parsvnath Commonwealth
Chess Championship
35.
Who is the president of IAEA - yukio amino
36.
Who received 17th Rajiv Gandhi Sadbhawna Puraskar - Gautam Bhai

ONGC Paper on 20 June 2010 @ Sree Narayana Gurukulam College of Engg., Kochi

These are the technical questions in mechanical branch.

Radial force acting on the outer surface of a thick cylinder subjected to internal pressure p?
Radial force acting on the outer surface of a thick cylinder subjected to internal pressure p? Ans:
zero
Factor of safety at fatigue loading is Endurance limit\working stress
Venture meter used to measure – Discharge.
Ratio of Surface convection resistance to internal conduction resistance is
Fluid used in inverted manometer has ( Low density, high density, low surface tension, high surface
tension)
To avoid separation, the ratio of throat of venturimeter to dia of pipe is
Maximum efficiency of flow through pipe is – 67.6
Air vessel is used to
In centrifugal pump fluid enters radially.
Lathe bed is made up of…. material
Cold chisel is made up of – Cast tool steel
Hack saw blade is specified by length of blade.
No of buckets on the periphery of pelton wheel is D/(d+15)
Efficiency of reaction turbine is inversely proportional to √H.
Kelvin Planck statement states the conservation of ……
Which one is an extensive property (P, T, V, and Density)
PVn is an equation for isentropic process.
Bell Coleman cycle is Reversible… ..
Entropy is related to (P, T, P& T, Heat & work).
Work done in free expansion process is Zero.
Throttling process is a non steady flow process.
Effeciency of Carnot cycle can be increased by increasing the highest temp.
Condition of fluids at the inlet of counter flow heat exchanger is
Efficiency of Diesel cycle approaches to Otto cycle when Cut off is increased.
In automobiles the heat exchanger used is Cross flow.
When absorptivity =1, reflectivity=0, transmittivity=0 the body is called Black body.
If one of the link of the kinematics chain is fixed it is called mechanism.
Centrifugal tension on the belt has no effect on the power transmitted.
Angle of approach
If inertia forces and couple acting on a body balance each other, it is Dynamic balance.
When nature of contact between the elements of a pair is such that only surface contact occurs it is
If elements of a pair is kept in contact by external forces it is forced closed pair.
Military organization follows line organization.
The load cup a screw jack is made separate from the head spindle to – prevent the rotation of the
load being lifted.
Gantt chart is used for……….Production Schedule.
Minimum no of teeth on pinion which will mesh with any gear without interference for 20º full
depth involute teeth will be 18.
The screw is specified by major diameter.
If the axis of first and last wheels are coaxial then the gear train is reverted gear train.
Gear is specified by pitch diameter.
Maximum shear stress theory is applicable to ductile materials.
Yield point on a static loading is …… as compared to fatigue loading.
Longitudinal stress is ½ times the circumferential stress.
Two shafts have equal strength if – twisting moment is same.
Increase in hardness due to cold working of a component is work hardness. Resultant of two
Increase in hardness due to cold working of a component is work hardness.
Resultant of two equal forces acting at an angle ø is 2P cos ø/2.
Crater wear is predominant in Tungsten carbide tools.
The value Engg technique in which experts of same rank assembled for product development is
called Brain storming.
Method used for manufacturing of 2 m long seamless pipe is… ..
Welding method which uses a pool of molten metal is SAW.
Welding technique which uses a non consumable electrode.
Universal gas constant R is …of two specific heats. (Difference)
The important geometrical quantity in cutting of metals which can be used as a criterion for
machinability is Shear angle.
For turning small taper on long work piece suitable method is tail stock set over method.
Piezometer gives gauge pressure.
Surface finish factor for mirror finished plane is….
PERT – Programme evaluation and review technique.
Emersion Efficiency plan.
CPM requires a single time estimate.
A critical activity has zero slack.
Interchangeability can be achieved by Standization.
Production cost per unit can be reduced by – producing more units from the same input.
Job evaluation is a method for measuring relative value of a job.
In value Engg important consideration is given to cost reduction.
Simplex method is used for Linear programming.
How to check the measure the quantity of materials arrives in store. (Purchase order, Delivery
chellan, Receipt voucher)
Routing function in a production system is concerned with machine utilization.
Moment of inertia of a circular section about an axis perpendicular to the section is ∏d4/32.
Principle of transmissibility of forces.
The point at which the weight of a body acts irrespective of its position is Centre of gravity.
In which of the following, flow of fluid from low pressure to high pressure takes place. (Flow of liquid
in vertical pipe, Adiabatic flow in horizontal pipe, )
The strain energy stored in a body, when suddenly loaded is four times the strain energy stored
when the same load is applied gradually.
If bending stress acting on a curved beam, the stress at neutral axis is
The stress developed when a member is suddenly loaded is two times the stress produced when the
same load is applied gradually.
Minimizing machine facilities done by Process Layout.

ohandas Karamchand (Mahatma) Gandhi - The Story of My Experiments with Truth (Autobiography) · Discovery of India, Bunch of Old Letters, - Jawaharlal Nehru · Freedom at Midnight - Dominique Lapierre and Larry Collins · The Argumentative Indian - Amartya Sen · India after Gandhi: The History of the World’s Largest Democracy - Ramachandra Guha · The Wonder That Was India - A L Basham

· The Great Indian Novel - Shashi Tharoor · A Corner Of A Foreign Field - Ramachandra Guha · India: A history - John Keay · Alberuni’s India by Alberuni (Translated by Edward C. Sachau) · My Country My Life - L. K. Advani (Autobiography) · Jinnah: India-Partition-Independence - Jaswant Singh · India 2020 A Vision for the New Millennium , Turning Points -APJ Abdul Kalam- APJ Abdul Kalam · My Unforgettable Memories -Mamata Banerjee · "Muslim in Indian cities”- Hamid Ansari · A Bend in the River, A House for Mr.Biswas -V. S. Naipaul · Broken Wings - Sarojini Naidu · A Foreign Policy for India- I.K. Gujral

List of books written by International politicians - ?

· The Communist Manifesto - Karl Marx

· Decision Points - George W. Bush · The Republic - Plato · My Life - Bill Clinton · Daughter Of The East - by Benazir Bhutto · Dreams from My Father , The Audacity of Hope, - President Barack Obama · A Journey - Tony Blair

· The Downing Street Years - Margaret Thatcher · Conversations with Myself - Nelson Mandela

· The Last Mughal: The Fall of a Dynasty: Delhi, 1857 - William Dalrymple

List of books written by Chetan Bhagat

Chetan Bhagat, is an Indian author, columnist, and speaker. Bhagat is the author of bestselling novels :

· Five Point Someone(2004) · One Night @ the Call Center(2005) · The 3 Mistakes of My Life(2008) · 2 States(2009) · Revolution 2020 (2011) · What Young India Wants(2012)

List of Books Written by other Writers

· Bring up the Bodies Hillary Mantel

· Matters of Discretion: An Autobiography I.K. Gujral · Turning Points-APJ Abdul Kalam · Diamond Dust & Other Stories- Anita Desai · Diamond Dust & Other Stories- Anita Desai · A General and His Army - Georgy Vladimov · A Himalayan Love Story - Namita Gokhale · A Last Leap South - Vladimir Zhirinovsky · A Nation Flawed-Lesson from Indian History - P.N. Chopra · A Peep into the Past - Vasant Navrekar · Mind Positive-Life Positive-S.Joginder Singh · Aawan Main Baarahon Maas-Ambika Dutta · “Those were the Days and then-The Life & Times of Lal Krishna Advani”-Mira Govind Advani · Ye Jo Hai Pakistan'- Shivendra Kumar Singh · Revolution 2020 Chetan Bhagat · A Brush with Life - Satish Gujral · A Suitable Boy Vikram Seth · A Tale of Two Gardens Octavio Paz · A Tribute to People’s Princess Diana – Peter Donelli · A Tryst With Destiny Stanley Wolfer · Abbot Walter Scott · Absalom, Absalom William Faulkner · Absalom and Achitophel John Dryden · Acoession to Extinction D.R. Mankekar · Across Borders, Fifty-years of India’s Foreign Policy – J.N. Dixit · Adam Bede George Eliot · Adhe Adhure Mohan Rakesh · Adonis P.B. Shelley · Bangla Desh-The Unifinished Revolution Lawrence Lifschultz · Banyan Tree Hugh Tinker · Beach Boy Ardesher Vakil · Beast and Man Murry Midgley

· Beating the Street Peter Lynch · Adrain Mole-The Wilderness Years Sue Townsend · Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Mark Twain · Affairs C.P.Snow · Brishbikkha - Bankim Chandra Chatterji · Britain’s True History - Prem Bhatia · Brothers Karamazhov - Fyodor Dostoevski · Bubble - Mulk Raj Anand · Buddha Charitam - Ashvaghosha · Affluent Society J.K.Galbraith · Afghanistan: Mullah, Marx and Mujahid R.H. Magnus & Eden Naby · Africa’s Challenge to America – Chester Bowles · After All These Years Susan Issacs · After the Dark Night S.M. Ali · Bloodline Sidney Sheldon · Blood Sport James Stewart · Blue Bird Maurice Macterlink · Bofors: The Ambassador’s Evidence – B.M. Oza · Bone People Keri Hulme · Book of the Sword Sir Richard Burton · Against the Grain Boris Yeltsin · Age of Reason Jean Paul Sartre · Agni Pariksha Acharya Tulsi · Agni Veena Kazi Nazrul Islam · Agony and the Ecstasy Irving Stone · Ain-i-Akbari Abul Fazal · Airport Arthur Hailey · Ajatshatru Jai Shankar Prasad · Akbarnama Abul Fazal · Alaska Unbound James Michener · Alchemist - Paulo Coelho · Amar Kosh Amar Singh · Ambassador’s Journal– J.K. Galbraith · Ambassador’s Report– Chester Bowles · AmeliaHenry Fielding · Autumn Leaves O.Pulla Reddi · Avanti Sundari Dandin · Babbit Sinclair Lewis · Baburnama Babur · Baby and Child Penelope Leach · Back to Methuselah G.B. Shaw · Backward Place Ruth Prawer Jhabwala · Bandicoot Run Manohar Malgonkar · Bang-i-Dara Mohammad lqbal

· Bliss was it in that Dawn Minoo Masani · Borders & Boundaries: Women in India’s Partition – Ritu Menon & Kamla Bhasin · Born Free - Joy Adamson · Bostaan - Sheikh Saadi · Bread, Beauty and Revolution - Khwaja Ahmed Abbas · Breaking the Silence - Anees Jung · Breakthrough - Gen.Moshe Dayan · Bride for the Sahib and Other Stories - Khushwant Singh · Bridge’s Book of Beauty - Mulk Raj Anand · Bridges of Madison Country - R.J. Waller · Brif History of Time - Stephen Hawking · Beginning of the Beginning Acharya Rajneesh · Beloved Toni Morrison · Adventures of Robinson Crusoe Daniel Defoe · Adventures of Sally P.G. Wodehouse · Adventures of Sherlock Holmes Sir Arthur Conan Doyle · Adventures of Tom Sawyer Mark Twain · Adversary in the House lrving Stone · Advice and Consent Allen Drury · Ben Hur Lewis Wallace · Bend in the Ganges Manohar Malgonkar · Bermuda Triangle Charles Berlitz · A Fortune Teller Told Me - Tiziano Terzani · A Possible India - Partha Chatterjee · A Psychoanalysis of the Prophets - Abdulla Kamal · A Reveolutionary Life - Laxmi Sehgal · A Secular Agenda Arun Shourie · A Simple Path Lucinda Vardey · Berry Patches Yevgeny Yevtushenko · Best and the Brightest David Halberstan · Betrayal of Pearl Harbour James Rusbridger and Eric Nave · Between Hope and History Bill Clinton · Between Hope and History Bill Clinton · Between the Lines Kuldip Nayar · Q and A Vikas Swaroop · Joseph Anton - Sulman Rushdie (Autobiography)

month

Date

Observed As

January

9-Jan

NRI Day

 

10-Jan

World Laughter Day

 

12-Jan

National Youth Day

 

15-Jan

Army Day

 

25-Jan

National Tourism Day

 

26-Jan

India’s Republic Day, International Customs Day

 

30-Jan

Martyrs’ Day; World Leprosy Eradication Day

February

February 2nd

World Marriage Day

Sunday

 

4-Feb

World Cancer Day

 

13-Feb

World Radio day

 

24-Feb

Central Excise Day

 

28-Feb

National Science Day

March

March 2nd

Commonwealth Day

Monday

 

March

World Kidney Day

2

nd Thursday

 

8-Mar

International Women’s Day

 

March 2nd

World Kidney Day

Thursday

 

15-Mar

World Consumer Rights Day

 

16-Mar

National Vaccination Day

 

18-Mar

Ordnance Factories Day (India)

 

20-Mar

World Sparrow Day

 

21-Mar

World Forestry Day

 

21-Mar

International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination

 

22-Mar

World Water Day

 

23-Mar

World Meteorological Day/ World Earth Day

 

24-Mar

World TB Day

April

2-Apr

World Autism Awareness Day

 

5-Apr

International Day for Mine Awareness; National Maritime Day

 

7-Apr

World Health Day

 

17-Apr

World Haemophilia Day

 

18-Apr

World Heritage Day

 

21-Apr

Secretaries’ Day

 

21-Apr

National Civil Services Day

 

22-Apr

Earth Day

 

23-Apr

World Book and Copyright Day

 

25-April

World Malaria Day

 

26-Apr

World Intellectual Property Day

May

1-May

Workers’ Day (International Labour Day)

 

May 1st Tuesday

World Asthma Day

 

3-May

Press Freedom Day; World Asthma Day

 

May, 2nd Sunday

Mother’s Day

 

4-May

Coal Miners’ Day

 

8-May

World Red Cross Day

 

9-May

World Thalassaemia Day

 

11-May

National Technology Day

 

12-May

World Hypertension Day; International Nurses Day

 

15-May

International Day of the Family

 

17-May

World Telecommunication Day

 

24-May

Commonwealth Day

 

31-May

Anti-tobacco Day

June

4-Jun

International Day of Innocent Children, Victims of Aggression

 

5-Jun

World Environment Day

 

June, 3rd Sunday

Father’s Day

 

14-Jun

World Blood Donor Day

 

26-Jun

International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking

July

1-Jul

Doctor’s Day

 

6-Jul

World Zoonoses Day

 

11-Jul

World Population Day

August

August 1st

International Friendship Day

Sunday

 

3-Aug

International Friendship Day

 

6-Aug

Hiroshima Day

 

8-Aug

World Senior Citizen’s Day

 

9-Aug

Quit India Day, Nagasaki Day

 

15-Aug

Indian Independence Day

 

18-Aug

Intl. Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples

 

19-Aug

Photography Day

 

29-Aug

National Sports Day

September

2-Sep

Coconut Day

 

5-Sep

Teachers’ Day

 

8-Sep

International Literacy Day (UNESCO)

 

15-Sep

Engineers’ Day

 

16-Sep

World Ozone Day

 

21-Sep

Alzheimer’s Day; Day for Peace & Non- violence (UN)

 

22-Sep

Rose Day (Welfare of cancer patients)

 

26-Sep

Day of the Deaf

 

27-Sep

World Tourism Day

October

1-Oct

International Day for the Elderly

 

2-Oct

Gandhi Jayanthi; International Day of Non-Violence

 

3-Oct

World Habitat Day

 

4-Oct

World Animal Welfare Day

 

8-Oct

Indian Air Force Day

 

9-Oct

World Post Office Day

 

10-Oct

National Post Day

 

October, 2nd

World Sight Day

Thursday

 

13-Oct

UN International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction

 

15-Oct

World White Cane Day (guiding the blind)

 

16-Oct

World Food Day

 

24-Oct

UN Day; World Development Information Day

 

30-Oct

World Thrift Day

November

9-Nov

Legal Services Day

 

14-Nov

Children’s Day; Diabetes Day

 

17-Nov

National Epilepsy Day

 

19-Nov

Citizens’ Day

 

20-Nov

Africa Industrialization Day

 

29-Nov

International Day of Solidarity with Palestinian People

December

1-Dec

World AIDS Day

 

3-Dec

World Day of the Handicapped

 

4-Dec

Indian Navy Day

 

7-Dec

Armed Forces Flag Day

 

10-Dec

Human Rights Day; Intl. Children’s Day of Broadcasting

 

18-Dec

Minorities Rights Day (India)

 

22- Dec

National Mathematics Day

   
 

23-Dec

Kisan Divas (Farmer’s Day) (India)

 
 

Noble Prize are for Contributions to society

 

Noble Prize

Nobel prize winners of India

Rabindra Nath Tagore - 1913 in Literature,

C. V. Raman -1930 in Physics Har Govind

Khurana - 1968 for Medicine, Mother Teresa - 1979 for Peace, Amartya Sen - 1998 for Economics R. K. Pachuri - 2007 for Peace

 

The Oscars ( Organized by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences) -a set of awards given annually for excellence of cinematic achievements

List of Indian Oscar Winners

 

Oscars Award

India's first Oscars Winner- BhanuAthaiya (Best Costume Designer for Richard Attenborough's film Gandhi in 1982) Satyajit Ray won Honourary award for Lifetime achievement in cinema. (1991)

Russell Pookutty - Best Sound Mixing for Danny Boyle's film Slumdog Millionaire in 2008 A.R Rahman won 2 awards Best Score and Best Original Song (music) for Slumdog Millionaire in 2008 Gulzar won Best Song (lyrics) for Slumdog Millionaire in 2008

 

It is India's highest civilian award, awarded for the highest degrees of national service

Bharath Ratna

1st Indian to be awarded the Bharath Ratna - C. Rajagopalachari

 

No one received the Bharat Ratna for 2013. The last awardee for Bharat Ratna was late Bhimsen Joshi who had won in 2008.

 

Padma

Vibhushan, Padma

Bhushan and Padma

Shri

Padma awards are for exceptional and distinguished service in any field including

service rendered by Government servants.

 

Padma Awards

Out of the total of 54 Padma award, 2 were the Padma Vibhushan awards, 10 were the

Padma Bhushan awards and 42 were the Padma Shree awards.

The list of the winners was announced on 25 January 2013.

 

International Gandhi Peace Prize

This award is given to individuals and institutions for their contributions towards social, economic and political revolution through non-violence and Gandhian philosophy. The award carriesRs. 10 million in cash.

Former Zambian President Kenneth Kaunda has received the 2012 Mahatma Gandhi International Award for Peace and Reconciliation from the Gandhi Development Trust (GDT) in South Africa.

 

Lal Bahadur Shastri National Award is for Excellence in Public Administration, Academics and Management

Lal Bahadur Shastri National Award

Smt. Tessy Thomas, chosen for the prestigious “Lal Bahadur Shastri National Award for

Excellence in Public Administration" - 2012

 
 
 

PARAM VIR CHAKRA : It is the highest decoration of valour awarded for the most conspicuous bravery or some daring or prominent act of valour or self-sacrifice in the presence of the enemy on land,sea or air.

MAHA VIR CHAKRA : It is the second highest decoration. It is awarded for acts of conspicuous gallantry in the presence of the enemy, whether on land, at sea or in the air.

VIR CHAKRA : It is the third in the order of awards for acts of gallantry in the face of the enemy on land,sea or air.

ASHOK CHAKRA : Awarded for the most conspicuous bravery or some daring act of valour or self-sacrifice on land, at sea or in the air.

   

Gallantry Awards

KIRTI CHAKRA : Awarded for conspicuous gallantry. SHAURYA CHAKRA : Awarded for an act of gallantry.

 

PARAM VISHISHT SEWA MEDAL : Awarded in recognition of distinguished service of the most exceptional order.

ATI VISHISHT SEWA MEDAL : Awarded in recognition of distinguished service of an exceptional order.

VISHISHT SEWA MEDAL : Awarded in recognition of distinguished service of a high order.

SENA MEDAL / NAU SENA : MEDAL/VAYU SENA MEDAL For good work on the field, at sea or in the air.

Indira Gandhi Peace Prize

The Indira Gandhi Prize or the Indira Gandhi Peace Prize or the Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and Development is the prestigious award accorded annually by India to individuals or organizations in recognition of creative efforts toward promoting international peace, development and a new international economic order. The prize

carries a cash award of 25 lakh Indian rupees

Pulitzer Prize

The Pulitzer is a U.S. award for achievements in newspaper and online journalism, literature, and musical composition. It was established in 1917 by provisions in the will of American (Hungarian-born) publisher Joseph Pulitzer, and is administered by Columbia University in New York City.Prizes are awarded yearly in twenty-one categories. In twenty of the categories, each winner receives a certificate and a US$10,000 cash award.The winner in the public service category of the journalism competition is

awarded a gold medal.

 

It is recognised worldwide as the hallmark of corporate excellence. It builds the Brand Equity and inspires and aligns the entire workforce.

The Golden Peacock Awards

23rd World Congress on Leadership & Quality of Governance & Presentation of Golden Peacock Awards was held at Bengaluru on February 8-9, 2013 . The theme for the World Congress this year was the challenge of integrating leadership and quality of

governance for sustainability.

Manthan Award

It is an initiative in India to recognize the best practices in e-Content and Creativity.

Man Booker Prize

The Man Booker Prize for Fiction is a literary prize awarded each year for the best original full-length novel, written in the English language, by a citizen of the Commonwealth of Nations, Ireland, or Zimbabwe.

FiFi Award

The FiFi

(Fragrance

Foundation)

Awards honor

the

fragrance industry's

creative

achievements

 

Magsaysay Awards

The Ramon Magsaysay Award is an annual award established to perpetuate former Philippine President Ramon Magsaysay's. This award is given annually on August 31, for outstanding contributions to Public service, community leadership, journalism, literature and creative arts and international

understanding.They are often regarding as the Nobel Prize of Asia.

 

The Green Star Awards recognize those who have made extraordinary efforts to respond to environmental disasters around the world.

Green Star Award

The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, Green Cross International and the UN Environment Programme are the joint organizers of the Awards. The 2013

edition of the Green Star Awards will be presented on 2 September 2013 in Geneva, Switzerland, as part of the 20th anniversary celebrations of Green Cross International.

Sports awards of India and Football cup Competitions in India

Sports Awards of India

 

The Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna is India’s highest honour given for achievement in sports

Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna

1st

recipient

of

Rajiv

Ganghi

Khel

Ratna

Award

-

Viswanathan

Anand

 
 

1st women recipient of Rajiv Ganghi Khel Ratna Award - Karnam Malleshwari

Arjuna Awards

The Arjuna Award was instituted in 1961 as the highest national recognition of distinguished sportspersons. The awardee is given a bronze statuette of Arjuna, a scroll, and a cash prize along with a monogram, a blazer and a tie. During the year 1994, the amount of cash prize to the winner of the Ariuna Award was Rs. 50.000/ 241. Arjuna Awards for the year 1994 were Presented by the president of India to 8 outstanding

sportspersons at Rashtrapati Bhawan on the 29th August, 1995.

Dronacharya Award

Dronacharya Award was instituted in 1985 to honour eminent coaches who have done outstanding and meritorious 'work on consistent basis Every awardee is given a cash prize of Rs. 75,000/ alongwith a bronze statue of

Dronacharya, a scroll, a suit, a blazer and a tie.

Dhyan Chand Award

Dhyan Chand Award is India's highest award for lifetime achievement in sports and games, given by the Government of India.The award is named after the legendary Indian hockey player Dhyan Chand. The award was initiated in 2002. The award carries

a cash prize of INR 5 lakh (500,000 rupees)

MAKA Award

The Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (MAKA) Award is given primarily to the top overall winners in the Inter-University Tournaments, as these tournaments are a very much integral and important part of games and sports in the universities and colleges and they also play a very important role in supplying the talents to the country. They usually send their recommendation to the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports of India each year.

Football Cup Competitions in India

Federation Cup

Abbreviated as the Fed cup, this is one of the knockout styled club football match, which is held in the nation every year. Starting from the year 1977, this is one of the most prestigious and important national level football match after the I - League. The winning club of this cup is provided with an opportunity to compete in the A. F. C. Cup or the Asian Football Confederation Cup where they are accompanied by the champion team

of the I - League.

Durand Cup

Started in the year 1888 at Shimla by Mortimer Durand, the then Foreign Secretary of India, this tournament was suspended twice in between during the time of the world wars. Though, initially, it was held in Dagshai as a recreational event for the British troops, but later in 1940, the city of New Delhi became the permanent venue of the

tournament.

Santosh Trophy

This is one of the annual football tournaments in India, where the state as well as the government institutions participate. The football team from the state of West Bengal was the 1st winner of this trophy. As of now, they even lead the list of the all-time winners

with 31 titles.

Indian Super Cup

Contested between the winners of the Federation Cup and the I - League, this is a one- off yearly club football match in India. In case, the champions of the I - League becomes the Federation Cup winner, then the opposition is formed by the runners-up of the league. The winning team of this football tournament of India receives the shield

whereas, the individual players receive winners' medals.

I. F. A. Shield

Organized by the I. F. A. or the Indian Football Association, it is a yearly football competition. Started in the year 1893, this is the 4th oldest club football

cup competition of the world.

Direction and senses practice test

1.

One evening, two friends Riya and Priya were talking to each other, with their backs towards each other, sitting in a

park. If Riya’s shadow was exactly to the left of her, then which direction was Priya facing?

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Riya’s shadow fell to her left i.e. towards East (as it was evening). So, Riya was facing South. As Priya had her back towards Riya, hence, Priya was facing North.

One morning after sunrise, Vikram and Shailesh were standing in a lawn with their backs towards each other. Vikram’s shadow fell exactly towards left hand side. Which direction was Shailesh facing ?

Answer: Option D Explanation:

Since Vikram’s shadow fell towards left, therefore, Vikram is facing North. So, Shailesh standing with his back towards

Vikram, will be facing South.

3.

Raju who is facing east, turns 100 0 in the anti-clock-wise direction and then 145 0 in the clock-wise direction. Which direction is he facing now?

 

C

D

4.

A man walks 5 km toward south and then turns to the right. After walking 3 km he turns to the left and walks 5 km. Now in which direction is he from the starting place?

 

Answer: Option D Explanation:

Hence required direction is South-West.

 

5.

There is a circular field having four doors in North, East, West and South. A person walks 3 meters from the North door. Another person comes out of the South door and walks 9 meter towards East so that he is just able to see the first man. What is the diameter of the field ?

A12

B15

C9

 

DNone of these Answer: Option C View Answer

6.

I

want to go to the Central Market. I moved northwards and after covering some distance turned to left and moved 5 km

and reached a crossing. The road infront of me led to Casino while the road to my left led to Miranda College and the road to my right led to the Central Market. In which direction the Central Market is located with reference to starting point ?

 

Answer: Option B Explanation:

It is clear from the diagram that Central Market is located to the North-West of theView Answer 7. A clock is so placed that at 2:00 p.m. the minute hand points towards north-west. In which direction does the hour hand point at 6:00 p.m. ? ANorth-West BWest CNorth-East DSouth-East Answer: Option D View Answer 8. A person walks 15 km towards north and turns left walks 10 km and turns right walks 15 km and turns right walks 17 km. Then find the distance he is from the starting point and in which direction he is from the starting point? A10 km, west B27 km, west C10 km, east D27 km, west Answer: Option D Explanation: 'A' is the starting point and 'E' is the destination. The distance from A to E is 10 + 17 = 27 km 'E' is towards west from A. View Answer 9. Anju started walking positioning his back towards the sun. After, sometime he turned left, then turned right and then towards the left again. In which direction is he going now? ANorth or South BEast or West CNorth or West DSouth or West Answer: Option A Explanation: " id="pdf-obj-13-2" src="pdf-obj-13-2.jpg">

It is clear from the diagram that Central Market is located to the North-West of the starting point.

7. A clock is so placed that at 2:00 p.m. the minute hand points towards north-west.
7.
A clock is so placed that at 2:00 p.m. the minute hand points towards north-west. In which direction does the hour hand
point at 6:00 p.m. ?
ANorth-West
BWest
CNorth-East
DSouth-East
Answer: Option D
View Answer
8.
A person walks 15 km towards north and turns left walks 10 km and turns right walks 15 km and turns right walks 17
km. Then find the distance he is from the starting point and in which direction he is from the starting point?
A10 km, west
B27 km, west
C10 km, east
D27 km, west
Answer: Option D
Explanation:
'A'
is
the
starting
point
and
'E'
is
the
destination.
The
distance
from
A
to
E
is
10
+
17
=
27
km
'E' is towards west from A.
View Answer
9.
Anju started walking positioning his back towards the sun. After, sometime he turned left, then turned right and then
towards the left again. In which direction is he going now?
ANorth or South
BEast or West
CNorth or West

DSouth or West Answer: Option A Explanation:

Clearly, there are two possible movements of Anju: <a href=View Answer 10. One evening, two friends Riya and Priya were talking to each other, with their backs towards each other, sitting in a park. If Riya’s shadow was exactly to the left of her, then which direction was Priy a facing? A North-East Bnorth CEast DSouth Answer: Option B Explanation: Riya’s shadow fell to her left i.e. towards East (as it was evening). So, Riya was facing South. As Priya had her back towards Riya, hence, Priya was facing North. 1. CTRL+C (Copy) 2. CTRL+X (Cut) 3. CTRL+V (Paste) 4. CTRL+Z (Undo) 5. DELETE (Delete) 6. SHIFT+DELETE (Delete the selected item permanently without placing the item in the Recycle Bin) 7. CTRL while dragging an item (Copy the selected item) 8. CTRL+SHIFT while dragging an item (Create a shortcut to the selected item) 9. F2 key (Rename the selected item) 10. CTRL+RIGHT ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next word) 11. CTRL+LEFT ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous word) 12. CTRL+DOWN ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next paragraph) 13. CTRL+UP ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous paragraph) 14. CTRL+SHIFT with any of the arrow keys (Highlight a block of text) SHIFT with any of the arrow keys (Select more than one item in a window or on the desktop, or select text in a document) 15. CTRL+A (Select all) 16. F3 key (Search for a file or a folder) 17. ALT+ENTER (View the properties for the selected item) 18. ALT+F4 (Close the active item, or quit the active program) 19. ALT+ENTER (Display the properties of the selected object) 20. ALT+SPACEBAR (Open the shortcut menu for the active window) 21. CTRL+F4 (Close the active document in programs that enable you to have multiple documents opensimultaneously) 22. ALT+TAB (Switch between the open items) 23. ALT+ESC (Cycle through items in the order that they had been opened) 24. F6 key (Cycle through the screen elements in a window or on the desktop) 25. F4 key (Display the Address bar list in My Computer or Windows Explorer) 26. SHIFT+F10 (Display the shortcut menu for the selected item) 27. ALT+SPACEBAR (Display the System menu for the active window) 28. CTRL+ESC (Display the Start menu) 29. ALT+Underlined letter in a menu name (Display the corresponding menu) Underlined letter in a command name on an open menu (Perform the corresponding command) 30. F10 key (Activate the menu bar in the active program) 31. RIGHT ARROW (Open the next menu to the right, or open a submenu) 32. LEFT ARROW (Open the next menu to the left, or close a submenu) 33. F5 key (Update the active window) 34. BACKSPACE (View the folder onelevel up in My Computer or Windows Explorer) 35. ESC (Cancel the current task) 36. SHIFT when you insert a CD-ROMinto the CD-ROM drive (Prevent the CD-ROM from automatically playing) Dialog Box - Keyboard Shortcuts 1. CTRL+TAB (Move forward through the tabs) 2. CTRL+SHIFT+TAB (Move backward through the tabs) 3. TAB (Move forward through the options) 4. SHIFT+TAB (Move backward through the options) 5. ALT+Underlined letter (Perform the corresponding command or select the corresponding option) 6. ENTER (Perform the command for the active option or button) 7. SPACEBAR (Select or clear the check box if the active option is a check box) 8. Arrow keys (Select a button if the active option is a group of option buttons) 9. F1 key (Display Help) 10. F4 key (Display the items in the active list) 11. BACKSPACE (Open a folder one level up if a folder is selected in the Save As or Open dialog box) Microsoft Natural Keyboard Shortcuts " id="pdf-obj-14-2" src="pdf-obj-14-2.jpg">

Clearly, there are two possible movements of Anju:

10.

One evening, two friends Riya and Priya were talking to each other, with their backs towards each other, sitting in a park. If Riya’s shadow was exactly to the left of her, then which direction was Priya facing?

Answer: Option B Explanation:

Riya’s shadow fell to her left i.e. towards East (as it was evening). So, Riya was facing South. As Priya had her back towards Riya, hence, Priya was facing North.

  • 1. CTRL+C (Copy)

  • 2. CTRL+X (Cut)

  • 3. CTRL+V (Paste)

  • 4. CTRL+Z (Undo)

  • 5. DELETE (Delete)

  • 6. SHIFT+DELETE (Delete the selected item permanently without placing the item in the Recycle Bin)

  • 7. CTRL while dragging an item (Copy the selected item)

  • 8. CTRL+SHIFT while dragging an item (Create a shortcut to the selected item)

  • 9. F2 key (Rename the selected item)

    • 10. CTRL+RIGHT ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next word)

    • 11. CTRL+LEFT ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous word)

    • 12. CTRL+DOWN ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next paragraph)

    • 13. CTRL+UP ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous paragraph)

    • 14. CTRL+SHIFT with any of the arrow keys (Highlight a block of text)

SHIFT with any of the arrow keys (Select more than one item in a window or on the desktop, or select text in a document)

  • 15. CTRL+A (Select all)

  • 16. F3 key (Search for a file or a folder)

  • 17. ALT+ENTER (View the properties for the selected item)

  • 18. ALT+F4 (Close the active item, or quit the active program)

  • 19. ALT+ENTER (Display the properties of the selected object)

  • 20. ALT+SPACEBAR (Open the shortcut menu for the active window)

  • 21. CTRL+F4 (Close the active document in programs that enable you to have multiple documents opensimultaneously)

  • 22. ALT+TAB (Switch between the open items)

  • 23. ALT+ESC (Cycle through items in the order that they had been opened)

  • 24. F6 key (Cycle through the screen elements in a window or on the desktop)

  • 25. F4 key (Display the Address bar list in My Computer or Windows Explorer)

  • 26. SHIFT+F10 (Display the shortcut menu for the selected item)

  • 27. ALT+SPACEBAR (Display the System menu for the active window)

  • 28. CTRL+ESC (Display the Start menu)

  • 29. ALT+Underlined letter in a menu name (Display the corresponding menu) Underlined letter in a command name on an open menu (Perform

the corresponding command)

  • 30. F10 key (Activate the menu bar in the active program)

  • 31. RIGHT ARROW (Open the next menu to the right, or open a submenu)

  • 32. LEFT ARROW (Open the next menu to the left, or close a submenu)

  • 33. F5 key (Update the active window)

  • 34. BACKSPACE (View the folder onelevel up in My Computer or Windows Explorer)

  • 35. ESC (Cancel the current task)

  • 36. SHIFT when you insert a CD-ROMinto the CD-ROM drive (Prevent the CD-ROM from automatically playing)

Dialog Box - Keyboard Shortcuts

  • 1. CTRL+TAB (Move forward through the tabs)

  • 2. CTRL+SHIFT+TAB (Move backward through the tabs)

  • 3. TAB (Move forward through the options)

  • 4. SHIFT+TAB (Move backward through the options)

  • 5. ALT+Underlined letter (Perform the corresponding command or select the corresponding option)

  • 6. ENTER (Perform the command for the active option or button)

  • 7. SPACEBAR (Select or clear the check box if the active option is a check box)

  • 8. Arrow keys (Select a button if the active option is a group of option buttons)

  • 9. F1 key (Display Help)

    • 10. F4 key (Display the items in the active list)

    • 11. BACKSPACE (Open a folder one level up if a folder is selected in the Save As or Open dialog box)

Microsoft Natural Keyboard Shortcuts

1.

Windows Logo (Display or hide the Start menu)

1. Windows Logo (Display or hide the Start menu)
  • 2. Windows Logo+BREAK (Display the System Properties dialog box)

  • 3. Windows Logo+D (Display the desktop)

  • 4. Windows Logo+M (Minimize all of the windows)

  • 5. Windows Logo+SHIFT+M (Restorethe minimized windows)

  • 6. Windows Logo+E (Open My Computer)

  • 7. Windows Logo+F (Search for a file or a folder)

  • 8. CTRL+Windows Logo+F (Search for computers)

  • 9. Windows Logo+F1 (Display Windows Help)

    • 10. Windows Logo+ L (Lock the keyboard)

    • 11. Windows Logo+R (Open the Run dialog box)

    • 12. Windows Logo+U (Open Utility Manager)

    • 13. Accessibility Keyboard Shortcuts

    • 14. Right SHIFT for eight seconds (Switch FilterKeys either on or off)

    • 15. Left ALT+left SHIFT+PRINT SCREEN (Switch High Contrast either on or off)

    • 16. Left ALT+left SHIFT+NUM LOCK (Switch the MouseKeys either on or off)

    • 17. SHIFT five times (Switch the StickyKeys either on or off)

    • 18. NUM LOCK for five seconds (Switch the ToggleKeys either on or off)

    • 19. Windows Logo +U (Open Utility Manager)

    • 20. Windows Explorer Keyboard Shortcuts

    • 21. END (Display the bottom of the active window)

    • 22. HOME (Display the top of the active window)

    • 23. NUM LOCK+Asterisk sign (*) (Display all of the subfolders that are under the selected folder)

    • 24. NUM LOCK+Plus sign (+) (Display the contents of the selected folder)

MMC Console keyboard shortcuts

  • 1. SHIFT+F10 (Display the Action shortcut menu for the selected item)

  • 2. F1 key (Open the Help topic, if any, for the selected item)

  • 3. F5 key (Update the content of all console windows)

  • 4. CTRL+F10 (Maximize the active console window)

  • 5. CTRL+F5 (Restore the active console window)

  • 6. ALT+ENTER (Display the Properties dialog box, if any, for theselected item)

  • 7. F2 key (Rename the selected item)

  • 8. CTRL+F4 (Close the active console window. When a console has only one console window, this shortcut closes the console)

Remote Desktop Connection Navigation

  • 1. CTRL+ALT+END (Open the Microsoft Windows NT Security dialog box)

  • 2. ALT+PAGE UP (Switch between programs from left to right)

  • 3. ALT+PAGE DOWN (Switch between programs from right to left)

  • 4. ALT+INSERT (Cycle through the programs in most recently used order)

  • 5. ALT+HOME (Display the Start menu)

  • 6. CTRL+ALT+BREAK (Switch the client computer between a window and a full screen)

  • 7. ALT+DELETE (Display the Windows menu)

  • 8. CTRL+ALT+Minus sign (-) (Place a snapshot of the active window in the client on the Terminal server clipboard and provide the same

functionality as pressing PRINT SCREEN on a local computer.)

  • 9. CTRL+ALT+Plus sign (+) (Place asnapshot of the entire client window area on the Terminal server clipboardand provide the same functionality

aspressing ALT+PRINT SCREEN on a local computer.)

Microsoft Internet Explorer Keyboard Shortcuts

  • 1. CTRL+B (Open the Organize Favorites dialog box)

  • 2. CTRL+E (Open the Search bar)

  • 3. CTRL+F (Start the Find utility)

  • 4. CTRL+H (Open the History bar)

  • 5. CTRL+I (Open the Favorites bar)

  • 6. CTRL+L (Open the Open dialog box)

  • 7. CTRL+N (Start another instance of the browser with the same Web address)

  • 8. CTRL+O (Open the Open dialog box,the same as CTRL+L)

  • 9. CTRL+P (Open the Print dialog box)

    • 10. CTRL+R (Update the current Web page)

    • 11. CTRL+W (Close the current window)