Sei sulla pagina 1di 30

SSPPEEEEDD CCOONNTTRROOLL OOFF SSIINNGGLLEE PPHHAASSEE IINNDDUUCCTTOONN MMOOTTOORR UUSSIINNGG AA TTRRIIAACC

SUBMITTED BY: GROUP NO: 13 CHAITANYA KRISHNA A KARTHIK K SIDDHARTHA S SHANKER M 08241A0205
SUBMITTED BY: GROUP NO: 13 CHAITANYA KRISHNA A KARTHIK K SIDDHARTHA S SHANKER M 08241A0205
SUBMITTED BY: GROUP NO: 13 CHAITANYA KRISHNA A KARTHIK K SIDDHARTHA S SHANKER M 08241A0205
SUBMITTED BY: GROUP NO: 13 CHAITANYA KRISHNA A KARTHIK K SIDDHARTHA S SHANKER M 08241A0205

SUBMITTED BY:

GROUP NO: 13 CHAITANYA KRISHNA A KARTHIK K SIDDHARTHA S SHANKER M

08241A0205

08241A0216

08241A0245

09245A0213

Single phase induction motor are small motors having a wide field of usefulness where a

Single phase induction motor are small motors having a wide field of usefulness where a poly phase supply is not available. They are generally used in fans, blowers, washing machines, refrigerators, etc. The speed of the induction motor can be varied in a narrow range by varying the voltage applied to the stator winding. This method of speed control is suitable for such applications, where the load varies approximately as the square of speed, such as centrifugal pump drives, fan load.

such applications, where the load varies approximately as the square of speed, such as centrifugal pump
such applications, where the load varies approximately as the square of speed, such as centrifugal pump

The terminal voltage across the stator winding of the motor can be varied for obtaining the desired speed control by controlling the firing angle of the semiconductor power devices(TRIAC in our project) For any firing angle α the average output voltage across a TRIAC is given by

V = (2V’cosα/̟)

;

V’ is the max voltage provided.

In our project the following are works to be done : I. Simulation of schematic
In our project the following are works to be done : I. Simulation of schematic
In our project the following are works to be done : I. Simulation of schematic
In our project the following are works to be done : I. Simulation of schematic
In our project the following are works to be done : I. Simulation of schematic

In our project the following are works to be done :

I. Simulation of schematic circuit in multisim software.

II. PCB design in Eagle software.

III. After getting the actual PCB soldering of components on PCB.

IV. And finally connecting all along with AC motor and performing the experiment of speed control.

S.no. Name of the component Rating Quantity Name of IC 1. Transformer 220/15V-1amp 1
S.no. Name of the component Rating Quantity Name of IC 1. Transformer 220/15V-1amp 1

S.no.

Name of the component

Rating

Quantity

Name of

IC

1.

Transformer

220/15V-1amp

1

 

2.

Potentiometer

20kand

1

 

10k

1

3.

Resistors

10 k,

1

 

2kand

1

1k

3

4.

Capacitor

100uf

1

 

10uf

2

5.

555 timer

LM555CM

1

 

6.

Rectifier

1amp

2

MIC

DB107

7.

Op-Amp

 

1

LM741

8.

AND gate

 

1

7408N

9.

DC regulated Power supply

5V ,

1

 

12V

2

SCHEMATIC CIRCIUT DIAGRAM
SCHEMATIC
CIRCIUT
DIAGRAM
The functioning of the entire triggering circuit can be studied in five parts: 1. TRANSFORMER
The functioning of the entire triggering circuit can be studied in five parts: 1. TRANSFORMER
The functioning of the entire triggering circuit can be studied in five parts: 1. TRANSFORMER

The functioning of the entire triggering circuit can be studied in five parts:

1. TRANSFORMER

2. RECTIFIER

3. COMPARATOR

4. 555 TIMER

5. AND GATE

TRANSFORMER

The transformer in our circuit is a step down transformer

This transforms the 220V input to 15V at 1 amp.

It acts as an isolation device between the ac mains and the electronic circuit.

RECTIFIER

There are two bridge rectifiers used in the circuit to rectify the 15V ac . The output from one of the rectifier is filtered using the appropriate capacitors and is used as a input to positive terminal of the comparator. The output of the remaining rectifier acts as the reference to the comparator. The rectifiers used in the circuit are MIC DB107

COMPARATOR

The comparator used in the circuit is LM741 The comparator compares the rectified voltage at the positive terminal with the filtered input voltage at the negative terminal which acts as a reference and hence generates a square wave. The magnitude of the square wave is equal to the saturation value, and its magnitude is positive when the input voltage is greater than the reference voltage and vice versa. The resultant output wave forms the input to the AND gate

Reference Signal Input to AND gate Pulsating DC
Reference Signal Input to AND gate Pulsating DC
Reference Signal Input to AND gate Pulsating DC
Reference Signal Input to AND gate Pulsating DC
Reference Signal Input to AND gate Pulsating DC
Reference Signal Input to AND gate Pulsating DC
Reference Signal Input to AND gate Pulsating DC
Reference Signal
Reference
Signal
Input to AND gate
Input to
AND gate
Pulsating DC
Pulsating
DC

555 TIMER

The 555 timer used in the circuit is in the astable mode. The resistors R1 and R2 help in varying the frequency of the output from the comparator , This helps in generating a pulse train used to trigger the gate of the triac used. The biasing voltage used in the circuit is 5V. Frequency of generated pulse (f) = 1/[(R1+2R2)*C*ln(2)] The thus generated pulse train is fed to an AND gate.

AND-GATE

The AND gate used in the circuit is 7408N. The input of the gate is derived from the output of the comparator and of the 555 timer. The AND gate is used to eliminate the negative pulse train.

POTENTI- TRIGERRING OMETER 6 CIRCIUT 4 5 V2 D9 2N5444 230 V 50 Hz 0Deg
POTENTI- TRIGERRING OMETER 6 CIRCIUT 4 5 V2 D9 2N5444 230 V 50 Hz 0Deg
POTENTI- TRIGERRING OMETER 6 CIRCIUT 4 5 V2 D9 2N5444 230 V 50 Hz 0Deg
POTENTI- TRIGERRING OMETER
POTENTI-
TRIGERRING
OMETER

6

CIRCIUT 4 5 V2 D9 2N5444 230 V 50 Hz 0Deg
CIRCIUT
4
5
V2
D9
2N5444
230 V
50 Hz
0Deg
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0

0
0
0
IM
IM
The simulation of the schematic circuit in the multisim software have been done.
The simulation of the schematic circuit in the multisim software have been done.

The simulation of the schematic circuit in the multisim software have been done.

THANK

YOU