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scandinavian needlecraft 35 step-by-step projects to create the scandinavian home scandinavian needlecraft CLARE YOUNGS CICO BOOKS LONDON NEWYORK lrtreduction eta og wth enbriered bid a bog wth embroidered bi Ble dencelon fled bog Scag fog | ig rol wiht dein Fedak beg) ol Gifts and decorations Folk horse wall hanging Coat hanger cover Reindeer Tipe recsures Christmas sockings Folk bird garland Embroidered gif tage 4 6 10 12 16 20 24 26 32 contents Kitchen Erraded sek lg ie Bhe ering to evel “bie umn Folkbeo ogg coces Clothes and accessories fleecy ot woe! dippers ied aera ces Embroidered linen calor Feral winter seat Sean el mites Fell boby boots Semple linen chess 40 42 46. 4g, 50. 92 34 58 0. 62. 64 66 68 Soft furnishings ‘Applcus bd pilow Bhs border how Enbrodered pelnet ond curtain Cian teboek rd Ei hs pa Vintage foal dpcore Coton we bath not Patch div coe Grossaitch heat plow Grgfern bead cu Temploles and sich guides Techniques a Acknowledgments 72 % 78 80. 82 84 86 92 om. 7 125 128 introduction Scandinavia is made up of five countries—Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden—with a varied landscape of forests, lakes, mountains, rivets, and thousands of islands forming archipelagos along rocky coastlines. For three months of the year, the days ‘re long, and filed wit ligh; forthe rest of the year, the days are short and the nights long ‘and cold. The home is the center of family life d there is an eagemess fo fill it with h and light and make i'@ cozy place to see out the winler months The area has long tradition of folk att ismanship. The practicalities of remote, ural life and limited resources h n understanding of the simple, honest beauty of natural raw materials such as linen, wool, and wood. The countries af jeeped in myths ger on furniture, omaments, and legends, and traditions that have been cherished and handed down throug lions, and many of these have found their way into kaditional mot time, handicraft goes hand in hand with a respect for the natural johing. AV the sa world: animals, natural forms, plants, flowers and trees, and # seasons have all chang} been sources of inspiration in Scandinavian design. The pale colors used in Scandinavian Inleriors reflect the c lear northern light. The color palette is made up of tones of chalky whil cheery, vibrant reds, bl ver grays, milky blues, and sof gree es, yellows are picked out on fumiture and in the soft furnishings, 10 make comfortable and welcoming place. It is all about hygge—a Danish word that means «© sense of wellbeing, a comfortable feeling, coziness, and pleasure in the simple things in life It is @ look that I-ond many other people—love. The unpretentious balance between function and beauty, the calm serenity of pale, uncluttered interiors, and the use of beautiful natural materials have made Scandinavian design renowned the world over This collection is largely inspired by my love of Scandinavian textiles, from early traditional embroidery to the bold, abstract, and innovative fabrics of the Finnish textile company Marimekko in the 1960s and '70s, to the wonderfully colorful and organic designs of Josef Frank, wilh so much in between, But | ho Iso looked at many olher aspects of Scandinavian design in my research, from beauifully painted folkan! furniture and murals and the inkicale, hand: carved wooden furniture of the 18th century fo traditional ceramics of the 19th century, as well as more recent designers such as the sist Sig Lindberg and the clean ines of Danish designer Ame Jacobsen. | have been inspired by the architecture of Stockholm's Old Town square and by the natural beauty of the Scandinavian landscape, from the pine and birch forests that cover much of northern via to the blue, green, and gray colors of the lakes, glaciers, and surrounding seos. In this book, | have tried to translate all these sources, and more, into the medium of textiles without losing any of the spirit and vitality of the original Anyone new to sewing will soon realize how relaxing sewing, especially embroidery can be. It is a pleasure to see something develop slowly and the satiskaction you will gain from holding a finished piece sewn by yourself is immense and something fo be proud of. You may nol get a perfect sich every time: perfection comes with years of proctice, patience, cond a willingness lo unpick and redo! But | do not believe embroidery has to be absolutely perfect: the odd wobbly line or a few misplaced stiches all reinforce the charm of a homemade piece Ive given full sleprbystep insuctions and stitch guides for each project ond, if you're new fo embroidery oF come actoss a stich that you'te not sure how to work, the techniques section on pages 117-124 will provide all the information you need I hope you gain as much pleasure from these projects os | have and they give you the confidence to experiment and develop your own ideas. Before long, you will be making beautiful things for yourself and wonderful gifts for your family and friends. CHAPTER ONE bags felt bag with embroidered bird The bird image is a popular motif in Scandinavian craft. Designs are passed on from generation fo generation and even odey many modern Scandinavian designers reveal their ols in the folk art of years gone by. | made this bag out of beautifuly thick fel, which is quite hard to source. Wool felt isthe bes. If you connot find any the tight thickness, use a double layer of thin felt and machine stitch around the top and handle holes to join the layers together. > Po \ \ a 1 Enlarge the bog temples on page 96 by 250 percen! (see poge 117) ia Transfer the bag shapes to thick | cream felt and the appliqué hopes to hin bue fel, and cut out. Using dressmaker's carbon paper, aster the sitch design to the front panel of he bag Isee page 118) Cut out he thee leaf sections from the fron panel 2 Place the blue cotton fabric behind the \ cutout leof sections. Pin itin place, making sute that is free of wrinkles. Using tread thot matches the felt, machine topsich round each cutout leaf shape, siching close o the edge. materials peoete sh ee AO x 18 in, (100 x 45 em) thick cream felt Small piece of blue cotton fabric to go behind the cutouts Small piece of blue Fel for the appliqué 3% x 114 in, (9x 4 em) oronge felt for the label Dressmakers carbon paper Blue and green stranded embroidery floss (cation) felt bag with embroidered bird 7 5 Fold the lobe in half lenghwise and sew up each long side close to the edge. 6 Wilh wrong sides together, pin he kont cand bock panel ofthe bag together along the side edges, inserting the label in the seam in. (2.em| down from the top lef edge, 7 Fin the base to the botiom of the bag and baste (lack) it in place. Using bive embroidery floss [coton), work the decorative cross sich ‘round the sides and base ofthe bag. Bring tho needle out al the top of one side seam con the right side, obout Ye in. (3 mn) down iy from the top of the bog and ¥ in. {5 mm in Hf, fom ho side, Take he raed ovr toto ofthe bag ond bock through the same hole. Make evenly spaced diagonal sliches all down the side seam and ‘round the base, Fast of, then work A the second side seam in the same way. Ga 8 Come back he ether way, making diagonal siiches the! startin the opposite direction so that they cross over on the icined edge folt bag with embroidered bird 9 blue dandelion felted bag 1... materials Scandinavian patiein work is stylized. In the 1950s, a much freer, looser stitch was Teese ‘and sftch guide on rage sometimes used, olen adapted ftom fadtional embroidered mots. took his syle as my 9 5 (0 em bb inspiration and embroidered a simple dandelion motif on a subtle milky-blue felted wool, feled wool 1212 25 in, 82 x64 em) caon Suede handles givo the bag that extlueiou fel oe Dressmaker's carbon poper or "ssve poper Two 19x 14in, (48 x 4em) strips of dark blue or block suede for handles 3x14 in [Bx 4 em) orange fat for label Dork blue ond vite srondet ‘embroidery floss (colton) 1 Enlarge the iomplates on page 97 by 200 petcent [see poge 117]. Transfer them 1 the fabrics (s02 poge 1 18), cand cul out one font and one back section fiom both the felled wool and the lining fobic. 2 Using dressmake’s carbon paper othe fssue paper and basting tacking] method {see page 116) transfer the patiern lo the fon! of the bag. Following the sich guide on page 97, using dark blue ‘embroidery floss [cotton), embroider the dandelion, 3 Using white stranded embroidery floss (coton}, embroider the label motif on one half ofthe piece of orange fel. Fold the Fel in half widhwise, ‘wrong sides together, ‘and machine sich down each ofthe side edges close to he edge. 41 Pin the font and boc lining pieces ‘ight sides together. Machine stich down each side and calong the bottom of the lining. Tim the seam allowance and cut across the comers fo reduce the blk, Repeot wih he front and back bag pieces, positioning the label between the front and back pleces about 1¥2 in. (4 em) down fom the top and iJ focing in toward the bag, 4 | WV 10 bags ge of the bog {see page 120), stortorget tote bag in the Old Town, the Gamla Stan, of central Stockholm. led 1 2 Slortorget is the mai mater square is lined w Motif on page 97 d 1 Bthcentury houses in shades of och Dressmakers carbon paper and reds, some with k ‘Approx. 1% yd (1.1 m) ble cotton dill or canvas, 44 in, (112 em) wide, for the outer bag ful curvy facades, which provided the inspiration for this stu Keep it at the botiom ofthe stairs to store all the clutter that gathers there, or use Approx, 14d (1.1 m) red coton lil, 44 in, (112.em) wide, for managed without it! the lining shylish toy F even a po} White sewing cotton Two 14 x 2in, (4 x Sem) pacet of green Felt forthe label Red stranded embroidery floss {cotton} 2 on page 97 by lage the hand embroider the desig width of ho zigzag to make fh lines forthe twigs in the tee stortorget tote bag 13 41 With righ sides together, pin the boom edge of the embscidered front panel to one long side of the base oblong. Stating and finishing Yein. (1 em] from the end, toking a Yin. (1m) seam, machine stich ‘long the lenglh. Attach the side and back panels 1 the base in the ‘same way, Pin the side seams together, inortng the label in position in the font right secm. 1 i. 4 em from the top and facing inward Machine sich Trin the seam allowance and press the seams open, 7 Wih sight sides together, place the lining section inside the outer sectfon Postion the handles facing down into the bag, sandwiched between the lining and the outer bog, 2% in. (7 em} in tom {20ch side edge on the back and front sections of the bog. Pin in place. Taking a in. (I-cm) seam, machine sich all cround the lop edge of the bog 14 bags 5 Repeat Step 3 to moke the lining, but leave a Sin. [12cm gop in one side seam. * we 6 To make the handles, take the hwo 7 long stips—one ofthe outer fabric and one ‘of he lining, Pin them right sides together. Taking 2 Yein.(1-om) seam, machine sich down each long side. Tim the seam allowances to Yin, (Sm). Tur right side out Press. Repeat to make the second handle, d QQ wi 8 Tum the bog right side out. Slipstich the aap in the lining seam closed see page 120}, Press. log roll with twig detailing icra: A slack of logs next to an open fireplace is @ homely, comforting sight. log Template and stich guide on page 98 baskets oe a populr way o storing them neni, but this log rll makes seta cron paper stylish allemative. Made from thick dill or canvas and finished with a 32 24, (80 60 en) canvas or dil removable liner made of plastic sheeting (bough! from a gorden center) and 32x 24 in, (80x 60 en denim st jing he it is both ti tive i org webbing handles, ts boh proccal and atactve, The ig design 9274 ci (on the front is machine stitched and is inspired by the birch trees of the sheeting inavion 14x24 in, (8 x6 em) orange Scandinavian forests. ee rang 20 in, (50 em! lengh of Yin. 11 Enlarge the twig design on poge 98 by Sel your sewing machine to 0 (1-em) black cotton tope 200 percent iee page 117. Using crssicke’s wide, close zigzog sich, Stich he 2Ysin, [ben legh of Vin catbon paper [see page | 18], rsferitio design in begray thread, adusing (em) black eaten tape th top righthand econ ol he camer, iin. the wid of he sich os nce” 08 tye 50m (130) apo in [4m in fom the top ond side edges. you go. you ples, you con sich Sem) webbing by hand using sain sich 4 suc eee Gea Gee tape Blueray sewing thread Whit stranded embroidery floss i {cotton} y 3 Fin the comvas and denim panels right Machine stitch sides together, sandwiching the 20% ‘round all sides 4 in. (50cm) length of block coton tape (1 can) fom the edge, betiveen the layers at the center ofthe leaving 0 Sin. [12cm] gop in botom seam, making sure thatthe length cone side. Tim across each is tucked inside. comer and trim the seam NDB tor na Yin (1m) hem ‘on the top ond side edges, Press, pin, and machine topsich, stitching 0s cose tothe edge ofthe fabric as possible, edge, Yin, [1 em) from the edge. Tim he materials Template and sich guide on page 104 Thin cond Fodeaway marker pen Two sri of cation fabric, 3! in. (8 em) wide, length o: desired Blue ond green skonded embroidery fs (cotton) are wet cllowance to Y% in. (5 mm], ond cut tiny Vshaped notches We| making sure that you do not eut through the siching GIPLON Hong this apron on « hook or on the back of a door lo bring a bit of Scandinavian chic to your kitchen. | used a striped linen, but ticking could also work well, especially in a red stripe to contrast with the denim. | decided fo use o herring motion the pocket design; it forms part of many traditional Scandinavian dishes, so is perfect for cooking in, Qyzy a, BL 211) Enos peter orice of by 200 pecent (see pope { [Medias ore ene testyctiee tote cal fle detect pat ces be + | labic and cu out. Fld over a ein [cm] double hem on the bottom ‘edge, pin, ond machine stich. Repeat with th making sure the hom is flat, then s and curved side edges, | the straight side edges inthe same wey. pico 2 Using light dressmaker’ carbon paper 1 the ce 0 pax materials ‘Templates and stich guide on page 10 40 x 40 in. (100 x 100 em) striped linen 11% 167 in, (28x 41 cm denim fer pocket Dressmaker’s carbon poper White sewing thread 2x2 in. (6.5 x 5 cm) red felt fo abe White stranded embroidery floss (cotton ‘on poge 105 to the denim pocket 12 118]. Machine sti using a tight zigzag stich the design 5 Pin he pocket on the apron, tucking the label under the right hand edge of the pocket, Yin. (1 cm] fom the lop, withthe rave edges lacing inward. Meche stich along the two sides ond base of pocket, close fo the edge, so that you have formed a double row of siches. Machine slic ftom the top to the bottom ofthe pocket, in between the fish and the cutlery, to create o divide in the pocket © Forthe ties, cut wo 4 x 28:n, (10x 7Oem) ablongs of sped fabric, Fold each one in half widthwise, wrong sides together, and press, Open ou, then press under % in, (2 cm along each long ledge. Fold in the raw edges at each short end of he sip and press, then refold along the center crease, Pin, then machine sth ‘round the three unfolded sides, sitching as close o the edge os possible, Place on the apron, flush with the side hem, then slich all ‘round in a rectangle ond finally om comer to comer. Sew the reck piece in the same way. Poss the finished apron. opron 45 blue herring t ea towel .... table runner sie vores cvs stylish allernative to tablecloths This one is decorated with running stitch, the simplest of embroidery, but used lo great effect here. I have chosen a deep indigo blue and matched the embroidery thread so that itconttas's well on the cream border To fit your table, simply decrease or increase the length of the central panel Using a ler and fode-away matker pen, draw nine straight lines across the width of the lwo border panels. Vary materials the distance between each line by Ya, Ye, or Yin. ae ee (5, 10, er 15 mm). Using woning sich fsee poge 121), sew along the lines. Vary the thickness of the bad stitches by using either all six stands of the 55 x21 in. (138 x 53 cm) cotton embroidery floss (cotton) or by doubling it to 12 cor linen fobrie strands. Vary the length ofthe stiches and the spaces in between them with each line. 2 pieces cotton er linen in @ ‘contrasting color, each 514 x 21in (14 x 530m) 61 «21 in (152 x 53 em) coton lining fabric Standed embroidery fos (coon) 2 Using cream standed to metch central ponel embroidry floss [cotton], sew one ‘Cream stranded embroidery floss line of runing stich % in. [2 em) in {corer from each shor edge of the center ponel. Wi right sides together, pin and machine stich the border panels tothe center panel | Press the seams fa 3 Place the ining and outer panels right sides together. Pin and machine sich all around the edge, leaving a én. (15cm) gap in cone ong side. Tun the table runner right side out, Fold inthe seam a the gap ond slipsich it closed. Press 48 kitchen folk-heart Egg COZI!S ti veni cis ing 6 note these endearing egg cozies. They are an ideal fist project for anyone new to sewing, ‘and make a quick gift idea for the more experienced needleworker 11 Enlarge the templates on poge 104 bby 200 percent (see poge 117). ace ‘he motifs onto felt se page 1 18] and cut Cut hwo egg cozy shapes fom gray felt «and two from cream fe. Cutout the cream and geay heat shopes. 2 To make the cutout holes inthe heat shapes, | used « hole punch thot has diferentsized heads and made holes Me in, ond 42 in. (2 mm ond 1 mm) in diameter. f you do not have « hole punch, cut the holes with small scissors; the holes, will be mote lke petal shapes than perfec! circles, but they will work just os well 3 The embroidery is very i s a .. simple—|ust French knots and sight stiches. Chose one color of embroidery floss [cotlon} for the gray cozy and o diferent color for the cream cozy. Embroider the stiches con the heart shapes, using the stich guide on poge 104, materials Templetes and sich guide on page 104 Fadeaway marker pen 7 x6 in. (18 x 15 cm) each of gray ond cream Felt Eyelet or leather punch Stranded embroidery fs (cotton) in two colors carter cour Clothes and accessories fleecy Neat as crc tet ch hoses ces fora baby t materials has the added charm of two embroidered labels. The bird is @ popular motif in both Henelshs od ‘itch guide on ove tradtional and modem Scandinavian design PE gs tue Hece fabric Dresamoke’s cabon poper 1 Enlarge the templaies on page 108 by 200 percent tee page 117) c rope es ate tanser onto he fleece fbsic, and cutout. You will nee four panels forthe hot, plus one center circle. f eae ae 2.Using dressmake's carbon paper, tansfer he embroidery | ‘ ‘mots othe felt forthe labels. Sew the snowlake design by sewing fou stig stiches of equal logh hat os ore each | | ‘cher in the middle, Make one small sich across the overlapping | siiches inthe middle and finish off with « French knot at each end ofthe stiches. Embroider the bird using satin sich (see page 124) ‘3 Pin ond sow the labels 4 With ight sides together, pin and machine in position on two of he stich the four hat panels together, making hat panels, 234 in. (6.5 sure that the panels with labels are opposite _/ Cem) up from the bottom leach othe. Use stretch sich your machine / edge ond centered from has it. Tur the hat right side out and side to side, 2igzng sltch over each seom in a Contasing color. Tun under @ 2¥ein, (cm) hem around the botiom edge. Pin and machine stich. Zigzag stich over the hem line using thread thot is the same color { a3 the lesce fabric. / $3 Turn the hat inside out, Pin and baste [tack] the small round piece to \ the center top of the hat. Machine } sitch. Tum right side out \ fleecy hat 53 felted Wool slippers trecss:codsittmsiingn materials Scandinavia dates back to the Iron Age, and felt was cn essential port of life for Fora pair ofsippers approx. nan 8 1@ Iron Ag felt was on essential part of everyday life for Sees Templates and stich guide on Teodiionally, fel has been used in making jackets, hats, mitlens, socks, and boots, as well page 107, the nomadic tribes of the area, vital as insulation against the long, horsh winters Dressmaker's carbon paper Approx. 12. 16 in. 80 x 40 em) cream fled woel stylish ond contemporary felt slippers tha! have their roo's in an ancien! radon ‘Approx, 8x 12 in (2030 en) cream fleece fic 84x 11 in, (22 28 cm svedote detoiled, bul can be done even by anyone new to embroidery os itis moslly made up of rho deher «3 for soft furnishings such as rugs, blankets, and pillows. n recent years, designers have revived the interest in feltmaking and, in today’s Scandinavian homes, you may well find These felted wool slippers ore incredibly snug and comly. The embroidered design looks backstitch, satin stitch, and bullion knots. You can make your own felted wool for this eee embroidery Project by ioking a woollen sweater and boil washing it atthe highest temperature your eh machine will wash at, 7 Enlarge the templates on page 107 to the desired size {see page 1171, Stating wih he lei foot, cut out an upper and a sole fom felted wool, an upper from fleece, and a sole from suedete or chamois eather. Tun the temples over and cat the same pieces for the righ foot 2 Using dressmaker’s carbon per and the postion guide on the femplate [see page 107), raw the desiga onthe left upper. Tun the template and postion guide over and drow the design on the right uppec 3 Using he sich guide on page 107, ‘embroider the design on each slipper upper. felted wool slippers 55 4 With wrong sides together, pin the feted wool and fleece uppers together. Machine sich them together, stitching about ¥é in. [3 mim) from the edge. Do the some for the feted wool cand suedette soles, 55 Fin each upper secton othe conesponding sole piece, easing it around the hont curve of the slippet. 6 Tread a needle with embroidery toss (Coton. Take the needle though he top ofthe sole inst inside the upper and xing It ut onthe line of we machine stiching on he sole, The kool shen hidden. Toke the needle back down through the top layer about Yin. (5 mm) ». (2.em] down liom the lop edge Nth wrong sides together, aligning pressed edges, pin the facing to \ \ 1 dress, sandwiching the ends of slaps in between. (Adjust the smed-under hem as you go ifit joes not match exactly) 1 2. Place the bution loop at the lop of e back opening, adjusting the length s necessary to ft your bution. Pin, oste ack, and machine stich al found the pressed-under ormholes nd neckline of he dress, sitching in. (3 mm) from the edge and ving the botiom edge of the cing loose 113 Tun the dees sight side ou. Ton undera double Yen. [Sa] hem aroun the bottom of the dress, pin, and machine Sitch Sew on the but, Press, sompler linen dress 71 tt furnishings appliqué bird pillow sick cccgeavayd materials changing the look of a room and of bringing color and pattern into neutral areas, In ao eo designing this pillow, | was influenced by the wonderfully organic, abstract designs on re ord seas eater postwar Scandinavian textiles, ceramics, and glassware—but alhough i's reto in style, Yellow wollen fabri i would sit equally well on Victorian bedroom chair ora 20Ihcentary modern classic. Aven, 1213 in, 8089 en Ihave used mostly felt forthe appliqué, which does not have lo be lumed under around Scraps of while, red, yellow, ond the edge as you stich itn place. If you use a fabric that frays, either turn under the edges rae" fl Ain, (96cm) zipper Femember'o allow a lite exta when you ct ou the pieces or machine o close zigzag 9 nen et slich oll around fo attach the pieces. (cushion pod) 1 Enloige the templates on page 111 by 200 Percent [see page 117). Tiace them ono the felt kee poge 118] and cut ou. 2 Cernier the bird on he front ponel Pin, then slpsiich itn place [see page 120). Place all he remaining eppliqu’ pieces in position, Pin and base tack) ‘hem in ploce (see page 118] 3 Sipsiich all the appliqué pieces in place [see page 120) If you ore using a fatxic that frays, tum under a small hem as ‘you appliqué or machine sich line of close zigzag stiches all ‘round the shapes to cover any raw edges. appliqué bird pillow 73 4 Wit ight sides together, pin the font and back of the pillow cushion) together along the botiom edge. Machine Stich for a distance of 214 in. (6 em] fom each end, taking a Vein. (1-em) seam allowance ond leaving o gop the lengh of the zipper in the canter. Baste (lack) the seam in between t Iwo sliched ends. 5 Open the seam out and press lat, On the wrong side, Position the closed zipper centally on the pressed seam, Zipper side down. Pin in ploce. 74 soft furnishings 6 Using 0 zipper foo, sich he zipper in place all he vwoy around 77 Remove te basing ackng| sliches, hn over, ond press la {8 Following the insinctions forthe toe bag (see page 13), make the label © Open the zipper. With right sides together, pin the front and, bock panels together, inserting the label into the left seam, pointing inward. Machine stich, taking a Yein, (I-em| seam alowonce. Tim the comers and the seam allowance to 4 in. (5 ml. Tun right side Cu, easing the comers ino shape. Press. Insert the pilow form {cushion pad to finish appliqué bird pillow 75 blue border throw the scibic ued inte boner otitis materials cozy throw fs typically Scandinavian, The design is worked in French knots, an easy stich Tamale er sich gui on poe Tracing poper Airerasable marker pen 40 x 54 in. (100 138 cm] white Fleece fabric Two 40 x 13%4in. (100 x 33 cm) Pieces of blue woollen fabric for to do, which gives the throw a wonderful textural feel, 11 Enlarge the template on poge 113 by 200 percent (see page | 1171, Transfer the moto the bottom half of one boider stip and the top hol ofthe other, pling it »\ the border ‘in om) fam he tp edge ard \ LO 1 bal ct ntingcotono mach ¥6 in. (1 em) in from the side (see a ‘border color page 118} and moving italong the \ & border strips to repeat, os necessary, =~ \ 2. Using cotion yor to match the border fabric, embroider the design in French knots Isee poge 123} ‘3 With right sides together, fold the borders in half widthwise. Pin and machine stich down each short side. 4 Fold under small hem along each side 5 Turn the borders right ledge of the main sectionsf the throw. Pin and side out. Turn under @ hem machine sitch ‘onthe front and back edge cof the bordes and pinto the main part of he tow, sondwiching the thiow between the border edges, Pin in place, moking sure thatthe pin cotches the back pat ofthe border. Baste tx) and machine sich. Press. Go Z