Sei sulla pagina 1di 63

! #

% && ∋∋ && ∋∋ #( )∗+∗ , )−./ )∗/0

#3 4 5 4

5 # 5 ! 6 # ! && ∋∋4 #3 1 6 6 6 # # # 4 6 ! 5 1 5 # ∀6

#3 # && 5 6 ∋∋ 5 # # 1 5 4 ∋∋ 4

# : ! ∀6 ; ; 6 4< # & 5 1 : 6

;∃ ∋=; #3 5 ∋∋ >

6 5 9 # 6 4 ∃∃ 1 ∋∋ # 6 #

5 < # 5 ! 5 ∋∋ 4 ! && ∋∋ #? # ∀6 & ∋∋ 5 ∋∋ 5 6 = ( 4 #!≅ 6 ! ∋∋ 4 # # Α % )∗Β. )∗ΒΧ∆ Α∀ & ( 55 # 4 )∗∗/∆4 5 #

Α ! )−Χ0 )−Χ/∆# 4 1 4 4

5 # 4 6 ∋7 ∋∋! #3 ∋∋ Α)∗−)∆ ∋? ∋∋ Ε 5 # Φ =8 # Α)∗−)∆ 4 ? 6 # # # %∀ 8 #

Α)∗−.∆ % Α)−Χ∗∆ 5? 6 6 ( ∀6 6 # 4 6 # Α∀ ( 6 ∋7 ( 6 6 ? ∀& 11 # 4 6 4 &

)∗∗.# 4 5 # Γ 4

# : < ) + # #

6 6 # 6 # # #3 : # 6 6

#3 6 ? #3 #3 5 6

! 5 < ∋∋ 6 4 # # # # 1 #3 # 6 # ! # Η %∀ 4 ! 5 , # Α % Ι ϑ4 )−0/∆ 6 6 ≅4 # 4 : 1 && ∋∋ # ! & < %∀ 6 # # 66 ! 6 ! && ∋∋4 # ( # # # ( & ∋∋ :∀ # 1 < . / # :1 ∋∋ 1 && ∋∋4 #3 ( 3 ∋% 5 5 < ∋7 0 11 ∋∋ 1 && ∋∋ 6 5 # 1 6 ? ∋∋ # # 4 # & 4 1 # 66 # & 6 6 = # 5 > ∋∋ ( # ∋∋ # ∋∋ 1 # 4

( 6 && #

)∗∗− 1 ∋∋ ∋2 1 #3

5 ∋78 & #39 1 1 & ∋∋ 4 5

1 5 6 !

1 6 ∋∋ ∋∋ (

)

∀6 4 ∋∋! #3 5 4 5 1 5 Α # 4

( # # # 6 6 && #3 ∀∀ 5 ## ∋∋ (

5 5 > # #3 3 # # ∋∋ ∋∋ ∀& 5 & 4 # ∀6 6 & ! && ∋∋ 6 5 ! # #3 Α 53 4 53 # 4 # 6 6 6 # ! ∋7 ( # # # 6 # ∀6 # 11 # 4 ( 3 ∀∀ # # ∋∋ ∋∋ 4

4 6 ∋∋ > # 4 & 4 & 5 # 1 4 # 4 4 6 ( # !

Α ! ∆4 1 5 & 6 ## ∋∋ ∋7 #3 6 ? #

#

# 4 ( ( #3 11 ∋∋

6 4 # ∋∋ 1 53 > #3 5 & ( 1 (

#3 6 4 6 5 # ∋∋ 6 = # 4 6 6 =

55 ∋∋ #3 5 1 # > #3 3

∋7

1

# ! ∋7 1 4 ∀6 1 ∋∋ & # & 4 #

#3 6 4 :( <4 #3 1

6 # ∀6 66 9 # 9 # 5 4 ( #3 7 # # 1 Κ

5

Λ 6 & & #3 6 # # 6 ∋∋ 4 #3 3 ! ##3

∋74 ! 6 ∋∋ # 1 # 2 6 ? 5 4 1 ∋∋ 4 ∋7 ! & 66 ∀6 # 1 # ∋∋ 4 ∀6 # :( <

# ∀6 # ∋∋ 6 #3 # ! 6 ∋∋ && ∋∋4 & #39

∋∋! #3 5 6 66 4 # && #3 1 # 8

5 # 6 # 4 #3 3 4 # 4

6 1 1 6 6 ! ∋∋ 6 && # ∋∋ 6 && # : <4

1 # 1 # 5 4 ). 1 && )−.Χ Α# 3 3 # ∋∋ # 1 ! >

#3

: ∋! 6 = 4 % && ∋∋ # ∀6 6 ## 4

# ! 6 # 6 && # & ∋∋ ? ∋∋ ! ∋∋ #3 &&

&& ∋∋ 11 5 5 5 # 6 # 1 6 4 6 & 4 #3 3 1 # ∋7 # ( 6

1 ( 6 4 9 # 6 1 #

( 5

(

∋∋ 4 #3 3 # # ∋∋ 4 ∀∀ 5 1 #3 #

6

4 ∋∋ # 1 5 & Κ

1 #3 ∃∃ # # # # ∋∋ ∋7

# 6 # # # (

6 4 7 5 4 6 5 5 & #

# # 1 8 ( 6 # # 7 1 ( ∋7 1 7 ∋∋

# # 7 6 5 1 6 6 4 # 5 6 # 6 ! 6

# # # #3 6 # # 6 5 4 6 ( # 4 ∋∋ & ( #3 ! ∋∋ & # 1 # ( 5 ( 6 5 #3 6 1 ! ∋∋ 6 6

( 4 & 5 #3 && # # (

# 6 Μ # # 4 66

6 &

#!≅ 6 66 ( 4 ∋∋ # ∀& #3 6 #3 ∋∋ & 1 ∀6 ∀6 # ( 4 #3 ∋7 1 6 ∀6 ( <

.

11 ∋∋ 4 ∋7 3 55 5 ( 4 ∀6 1 # ! ! && ∋∋4 5 #!≅ #3 6 1 6 4 ( ∃∃ 5 # 6 #3 ! 6 5 ∋∋ 5 # # Γ 24 ( 6 1 5 > Ν

6 # 4 # #3 # # 4 5 # #3

4 Α ∆4 1 Ν

#39 66 1 #3 3

#3 #3 ( 3 #3 1 # # ∋7 55

1 # # 4 # ! 1 4 & 6 =

. . Γ + 2
.
.
Γ
+
2

Γ

.

+

2

.

+

.

6

&& ∋7 Α)−Χ0∆4 ∃? # ( # 6

6

# # # ∋∋ ∀6 8 6 5 6 & #

# 6 # 4 ∋∋ :# # <4 # 55 6 6 1

>

Γ4 2 # 6 4 # 1 6 # 4 53 4 53 4 # # ∋7 # # 6 & Α( # 4 ( 7 6 = ∆4 ∀6 > #3 ( Α # 1 # 1 6 # # ∀6 # ! # ( ! 4 1 # 6 6 : 6 Ο∋ ∀6 < :# 6 Ο∋ ∀6 < ! ∋∋ : < ( #? ∋ 4 11

1 6 6 Γ∋ Ν

∋ ∀ ∋ 6 Γ∋ ∋ ∋ ≅ Ν . Γ + 2 . + .

.

Γ + 2

.

+

.

Ο Α#∋∆

.

! && ∋∋4 ( :6 1 # <4 ! 4 # ≅4 ! ∀6 ∀6 6 6 5 # 1 5 55 5 #3 ! && ∋∋ #3 ∀? ∀6 4 #3 6 ? 5 && # 5 # 6 # ∀6 4 5 # # :( < ∋∋ ∋7 # # # # #3 5 7 # # 4 #3 # ( 6 & # # 6 4 6 = #3 #

6 ! 5 # 6 # ∀6 (

# ∀6 4 6 5 & ( 6 & 6 5 ( ∀6 ∃∃ 6 ∋∋ #3 # # ! ∀6 4 6 # , 4 ∋∋ 6 # 1 # ∋∋ # 5 ∋∋ ! && ∋∋ 5 55

∋7 1 # # 6 ( #

6 5 1 )− & 4 66 # 5 6 # # 4 # 6 , # 4 # 1 > ! # # #3 4 : 6 Ο & < ∋∋ # & # 1 ## #

6 5 5 ( ! ∀6 5 # 55 8

# 4 & 5 # # ∋∋ ∋∋ 4 6 7 1 6 = ! 5 # ∋7 # ∋∋ # 4 6 & & #3 5 55 ∋∋ 4 #3 6 = 5 66 # # ( # # ∋∋ 4 7 6 1 ∋∋ 1 ( 6 # ∋∋ ∋! 1

! 6 ∋∋ # 1 # ( # 5 ## #3 &

3 6 4 94 1 4 55 # ∋7 1 ! 6 & #

6 ∀∀ 5 1 # ! 5 5 # ! && ∋∋4 4 6 5 # 4 #3 55 1 # 6 66 # & 4 # 4 6 55 4 # 5 & Α # # ∀6 1 # 6 # # ! ! ( # ∀∀ 6 = # ! !

+

1 55 ∀∀ 5 ! # ( ( # 6 = #3 & ∋∋ 5 5 ∃∃ # #394 # 1 # 4 && ∋∋ 3 1 6 # ∀6 6 = # ∋7 Α ( ∋∋ #3 # ∋∋ # ( # 6 4 & 4 # , & # # 4

6 1 ∋∋ 5 6 9 # # 4 # 5 5

& # # # 1 5 5 # # # Α 6

6 = 6 # ∆4 # ! # # # # 6 # ∋∋

Α # 6 66 6 ∋∋ 4 ∋7 5 # 6 #3 #3 5 7 # ∆4 # 6 & ∋7 6 4 # ∋∋ 4 # 55 # 4 # 7 ∋∋ ! #3 6 # , 6 5 ∋7

6 6 5 6 ! 6 ( # 5 1 #3

4 ( 6 6 # 8 1 ∋∋ 1 #3 6 6 6 # 4 ∀6 5 ## 8 ( ∀& # 66 #3 6 ## 6 # 6 # ∋7 ∋∋ 4 & # 6 4 ∀∀ # ∋∋ ! # # 6 %3 4 6 && # #3 ! 6 6 5 # ( 6 5 & # 5 # # 66 #