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THE

BALL

VALVES

THE GROUP . . .

Promoted by Mr. B.L. Shaw, the NECO GROUP is one of the largest Industrial Groups in India. Among the many activities ( mining, infrastructures, automotive, etc. ) that count over 12500 employees, Ferrous
Foundry is the core business of the Group where NSSL LIMITED has
taken up manufacture of Industrial Valves in ferrous and non-ferrous
materials.
NSSL LIMITED, formerly known as NECO SCHUBERT & SALZER LIMITED,
was established in 1988-89. The Company has modernized their shop
floor facilities by introducing CNC machines, Plasma, MIG & Automatic
sub-arc welding machines, automated testing stands and NDE.s facilities. The Unit, with constant efforts, dedication and with the support of
skilled technical personnel, is now manufacturing valves as large as 48
in pressure class up to ASME 2500, in Cast Carbon Steel, Stainless Steel
and various Alloy Steels for different applications.

The products are designed and manufactured to the International


Standards such as Gate Valves as per API 600 / ISO-10434, API 6D,
ASME B16.34 and API 603 ; Globe Valves as per BS 1873, ASME
B16.34 ; Swing Check Valves as per BS 1868, API 6D, ASME B16.34.
The system and procedures established in the company have been
audited and certified by DNV to ISO 9001:2000.The Quality System
is additionally crowned by AMERICAN PETROLEUM INSTITUTE for
the use of the API 6D Monogram.
The valves are being used in the Core Sector projects and replacements. The clientele, both in Government and Non-Government
Sectors are very wide. The encouragement extended by the prestigious customers in the field of Oil, Gas, Energy, Fertilizers, Steel Sectors, Power and Nuclear Plants have helped the Unit to develop
and market products which are of import substitute nature, such as
valves for CRYO application, valves for sour applications (NACE),
valves for hydrogen service, oxygen service and CNG service.

. . . THE COMPANY

NSSL ITALIA Offices : Via Coppalati 6 - 29122 Piacenza

Latest achievement of the Group expansion policy, NSSL ITALIA provides the Oil & Gas Industry with
the highest quality BALL VALVES.
Quality and reliability through a full commitment at all levels give NSSL ITALIA today the potential
to conquer a prominent position on the market.
A long experienced management supported by a highly skilled team assure our customers the best
answer to suit their needs.
Fast service and a firm concern for
quality are the basis of our growth
and our constant progress.
NSSL ITALIA, fully accredited company,
produce valves with advanced technology, production and testing facilities
under a severe quality control system.
In-house engineering and design facilities allow the company to respond promptly to any request for special service applications and reduce pre-production activity time assuring a timely performance.
The production covers a full range of forged steel ball valves floating & trunnion mounted, soft &
metal seated, side entry, top entry, and fully welded construction in sizes ranging from through
56 and pressure class from 150 Lbs through 2500 Lbs in full accordance with the relevant industry
Standards API 6D & BS 5351 ( BS EN ISO 17292 )

PRODUCTION & TESTING

With a total covered workshop area of 13000


sqm NSSL ITALIA plant operates mainly with
multi-pallets work zones, CNC vertical and
parallel lathes for the machining of bodies,
closures and balls for the complete range.
The shop is equipped with all latest technology
machines, including a vertical lathe Mandelli
1700, first installed in Italy, for components on
valves up to NPS 56.
Welding process is also performed in-house with
capable resources and qualified procedures in
accordance with EN ISO 15614-1 European
Norms and ASME IX ( SMAW - SAW - GMAW ).

Valves engineering and design is developed inhouse by mechanical engineers of our Technical
Department which integrates the traditional system with the latest computerized technology
such as F.E.M. and Solid Works 3D model.
For the production of our ball valves, high quality
forgings and components are purchased from
qualified Italian suppliers and full traceability is
guaranteed by strict quality control procedures.
Subsequent to the machining process, the components are dimensionally checked by skilled
personnel in the metrological room, equipped
with three-dimensional control machines
( DEA & COORD3 )

Valves testing area is fully equipped and in continous growth by means of the highest technology
tools including electronic devices. Test benches
are available for valves up to 56 #1500 for all
configurations. Facilities for gas testing, fugitive
emissions and fire safe testing are also available.
All technicians involved in NDT inspections are
qualified in accordance with EN 473 and certified
by CICPND. ASNT qualification is also available.
The Organization and the activities of the Quality
Department are strictly conducted to established operating procedures certified in accordance with ISO 9001:2000. The design is covered by the API 6D Monogram.

REFERENCE STANDARDS
NSSL ITALIA S.r.l. manufacture ball valves in accordance with API, ASME and BS standard requirements. The list
reported below contains the most important applicable standards for ball valves. On request NSSL ITALIA S.r.l.
may design manufacture and test in accordance with other international standard or Customer specifications.
ISO - International organization for standardization

API - American Petroleum Institute

ISO 9001 : Quality system. Model for quality assurance in design, development, production, installation and servicing.
ISO 5208 : Industrial valve pressure testing

Spec. 6A : Specification for wellhead and Christmas


tree equipment

ANSI - American National Standard Institute


ASME - American Society of Mechanical Engineers

Spec. RP6F : Recommended practice for fire testing


of valves

B16.11 : Forged steel fitting socket-welding and


threaded
B16.5 : Steel pipe flanges and flanged fittings
B16.10 : Face to face and end to end dimension of
ferrous valves
B16.25 : Butt welding ends

Spec. 6FA : Specification for fire testing of valves

B16.34 : Steel valves - Flanged and butt welding


ends.
B31.3 : Chemical plant and petroleum
B31.4 : Liquid petroleum transportation piping system
B31.8 : Gas transmission and distribution piping
system
British Standard
BS 1560 : steel pipe flanges and flanged fittings.
BS 2090 : face to face, center to face, end to end
and center to end dimension of flanged and butt
welding and steel valves for the petroleum, petrochemical and allied industries
BS 4505 : Flanges and bolting for pipes valves and
fittings
BS 5146 : Inspection and test of steel valves for
petroleum, petrochemical and allied industries
BS 5351 : Steel ball valves for the petroleum, petrochemical and allied industries.
BS 6755 : Testing of Valves.

Spec. 6D : Specification for pipeline valves

Std. 598 : Valve inspection and test


Std. 605 : Large diameter carbon steel flanges
Std. 607 : Fire safe for soft seated quarter-turn
valves

MSS - Manufactures Standardization Society


SP 6 : Standard finished for contact faces of pipes
flanges
SP 25 : standard marking system for valves fittings,
flanges and unions.
SP 44 : Steel pipeline flanges
SP 45 : by pass and drain connection standard
SP 55 : Quality standard of steel casting visual
method
SP 61 : Hydrostatic testing of steel valves

SP 72 : Ball valves and flanges of butt welded ends


for general service.

NACE - National association of corrosion Engineers


MR01.75 & ISO 151 : Sulphide Stress Cracking Resistant Materials for offshore applications

SIDE
ENTRY
BALL
VALVES

FORGED STEEL
BALL VALVES
Split Body - Side Entry
ASME Class 150 Lbs
API 6D

ASME #150 F. B.
Size
inch/mm

>
>
>
>

2
50
3
80
4
100
6
150
8
200
10
250
12
300
14
350
16
400
18
450
20
500
22
550
24
600
26
650
28
700
30
750
32
800
34
850
36
900
40
1000
42
1050
48
1200
56
1400

I-d

O-d

1.93
49
2.91
74
3.94
100
5.91
150
7.91
201
9.92
252
11.93
303
13.15
334
15.16
385
17.17
436
19.17
487
21.18
538
23.19
589
24.92
633
26.93
684
28.94
735
30.67
779
32.68
830
34.41
874
38.43
976
40.16
1020
45.91
1166
53.54
1360

1.93
49
2.91
74
3.94
100
5.91
150
7.91
201
9.92
252
11.93
303
13.15
334
15.16
385
17.17
436
19.17
487
21.18
538
23.19
589
24.92
633
26.93
684
28.94
735
30.67
779
32.68
830
34.41
874
38.43
976
40.16
1020
45.91
1166
53.54
1360

SPLIT BODY - SIDE ENTRY


L - Rf L - Bw
7.01
178
7.99
203
9.02
229
15.51
394
17.99
457
20.98
533
24.02
610
27.01
686
30.00
762
34.02
864
35.98
914
39.02
991
42.01
1067
45.00
1143
48.98
1244
50.98
1295
53.98
1371
57.99
1473
60.00
1524
69.02
1753
73.03
1855
84.02
2134
97.99
2489

8.50
216
11.14
283
12.01
305
17.99
457
20.51
521
22.01
559
25.00
635
30.00
762
32.99
838
35.98
914
39.02
991
42.99
1092
45.00
1143
49.02
1245
53.03
1347
55.00
1397
60.00
1524
64.02
1626
68.03
1728
77.01
1956
82.01
2083
94.02
2388
97.99
2489

Weight
lb/kg

6.10
155
7.68
195
9.25
235
12.01
305
15.55
395
18.31
465
21.46
545
23.82
605
26.57
675
25.00
635
33.46
850
36.81
935
39.76
1010
41.93
1065
44.69
1135
38.98
990
51.38
1305
54.13
1375
56.50
1435
62.80
1595
65.35
1660
75.79
1925
89.17
2265

4.13
105
6.10
155
7.68
195
9.65
245
11.02
280
12.60
320
13.19
335
14.76
375
15.94
405
17.32
440
19.49
495
20.67
525
23.03
585
24.61
625
25.59
650
27.36
695
29.33
745
29.92
760
31.89
810
35.63
905
37.01
940
43.11
1095
51.38
1305

4.13
105
4.92
125
6.50
165
7.28
185
8.86
225
10.83
275
12.01
305
13.19
335
13.98
355
15.55
395
17.13
435
18.70
475
20.67
525
22.24
565
26.18
665
27.76
705
29.53
750
30.51
775
31.89
810
35.63
905
36.61
930
41.93
1065
49.41
1255

62
28
121
55
194
88
357
162
562
255
849
385
1232
559
1687
765
2260
1025
2690
1220
3957
1795
5203
2360
6845
3105
8146
3695
9910
4495
11508
5220
14980
6795
17626
7995
19389
8795
27668
12550
31459
14270
48258
21890
75154
34090

Lever Op. up to 6 / 8 x 6 - Over Gear Op.


Bore size acc. to API 6D
Flanges acc. to ASME B16.5 & B16.47
End to End acc. to API 6D & ASME B16.10

ASME #150 R. B.
Size
inch/mm

2 x 1 1/2
50 x 40
3x2
80 x 50
4x3
100 x 80
6x4
150 x 100
8x6
200 x 150
10 x 8
250 x 200
12 x 10
300 x 250
14 x 12
350 x 300
16 x 12
400 x 300
18 x 16
450 x 400
20 x 16
500 x 400
24 x 20
600 x 500
30 x 24
750 x 600
36 x 30
900 x 750

I-d

O-d

1.93
49
2.91
74
3.94
100
5.91
150
7.91
201
9.92
252
11.93
303
13.15
334
15.16
385
17.17
436
19.17
487
23.19
589
28.94
735
34.41
874

1.50
38
2.91
49
3.94
74
5.91
100
7.91
150
9.92
201
11.93
252
13.15
303
15.16
303
17.17
385
19.17
385
23.19
487
28.94
589
34.41
735

SPLIT BODY - SIDE ENTRY


L - Rf L - Bw
7.01
178
7.99
203
9.02
229
15.51
394
17.99
457
20.98
533
24.02
610
27.01
686
30.00
762
34.02
864
35.98
914
42.01
1067
50.98
1295
60.00
1524

8.50
216
11.14
283
12.01
305
17.99
457
20.51
521
22.01
559
25.00
635
30.00
762
32.99
838
35.98
914
39.02
991
45.00
1143
55.00
1397
68.03
1728

Weight
lb/kg

6.10
155
7.68
195
9.06
230
11.02
280
13.58
345
15.94
405
19.09
485
21.06
535
23.62
600
25.00
635
27.76
705
32.09
815
38.78
985
46.26
1175

3.74
95
4.13
105
6.10
155
7.87
200
10.04
255
11.22
285
12.80
325
13.58
345
13.58
345
16.54
420
16.34
415
19.49
495
23.03
585
27.36
695

3.94
100
4.13
105
5.12
130
6.50
165
7.28
185
8.86
225
11.22
285
11.81
300
12.01
305
13.78
350
13.98
355
17.13
435
20.28
515
27.76
705

60
27
71
32
137
62
223
101
410
186
646
293
1025
465
1356
615
1541
699
2343
1063
2449
1111
4347
1972
7163
3249
13922
6315

FORGED STEEL
BALL VALVES
Split Body - Side Entry
ASME Class 300 Lbs
API 6D

ASME #300 F. B.
Size
inch/mm

2
50
3
80
4
100
6
150
8
200
10
250
12
300
14
350
16
400
18
450
20
500
22
550
24
600
26
650
28
700
30
750
32
800
34
850
36
900
40
1000
42
1050
48
1200
56
1400

>
>
>
>

SPLIT BODY - SIDE ENTRY

I-d

O-d

L - Rf L - Bw

Weight
lb/kg

1.93
49
2.91
74
3.94
100
5.91
150
7.91
201
9.92
252
11.93
303
13.15
334
15.16
385
17.17
436
19.17
487
21.18
538
23.19
589
24.92
633
26.93
684
28.94
735
30.67
779
32.68
830
34.41
874
38.43
976
40.16
1020
45.91
1166
53.54
1360

1.93
49
2.91
74
3.94
100
5.91
150
7.91
201
9.92
252
11.93
303
13.15
334
15.16
385
17.17
436
19.17
487
21.18
538
23.19
589
24.92
633
26.93
684
28.94
735
30.67
779
32.68
830
34.41
874
38.43
976
40.16
1020
45.91
1166
53.54
1360

8.50 8.50
216
216
11.14 11.14
283
283
12.01 12.01
305
305
15.87 17.99
403
457
19.76 20.51
502
521
22.36 22.01
568
559
25.51 25.00
648
635
30.00 30.00
762
762
32.99 32.99
838
838
35.98 35.98
914
914
39.02 39.02
991
991
42.99 42.99
1092 1092
45.00 45.00
1143 1143
49.02 49.02
1245 1245
52.99 52.99
1346 1346
55.00 55.00
1397 1397
60.00 60.00
1524 1524
64.02 64.02
1626 1626
67.99 67.99
1727 1727
77.01 77.01
1956 1956
82.01 82.01
2083 2083
85.43 85.43
2170 2170
107.99 107.99
2743 2743

6.50
165
8.07
205
10.04
255
12.60
320
15.16
385
18.31
465
21.46
545
25.00
635
27.36
695
30.51
775
33.66
855
37.20
945
40.35
1025
42.72
1085
45.47
1155
48.82
1240
52.17
1325
54.92
1395
57.09
1450
63.98
1625
66.54
1690
57.68
1465
89.96
2285

4.33
110
6.10
155
8.07
205
9.65
245
11.02
280
12.60
320
14.17
360
15.55
395
17.13
435
18.11
460
19.88
505
20.87
530
23.43
595
25.00
635
25.39
645
27.76
705
29.72
755
30.12
765
31.89
810
35.63
905
37.99
965
43.50
1105
50.98
1295

3.74
95
4.92
125
6.50
165
8.07
205
8.86
225
11.61
295
13.19
335
13.58
345
15.55
395
16.34
415
18.50
470
19.09
485
21.65
550
23.03
585
25.98
660
29.13
740
30.31
770
31.69
805
32.68
830
36.42
925
37.60
955
43.50
1105
50.20
1275

62
28
121
55
205
93
403
183
617
280
1107
502
1620
735
2271
1030
3128
1419
3514
1594
4846
2198
6153
2791
7632
3462
10293
4669
12716
5768
14539
6595
17502
7939
19940
9045
22260
10097
30373
13777
35514
16109
53031
24055
84116
38155

Lever Op. up to 6 / 8 x 6 - Over Gear Op.


Bore size acc. to API 6D
Flanges acc. to ASME B16.5 & B16.47
End to End acc. to API 6D & ASME B16.10

ASME #300 R. B.
Size
inch/mm

2 x 1 1/2
50 x 40
3x2
80 x 50
4x3
100 x 80
6x4
150 x 100
8x6
200 x 150
10 x 8
250 x 200
12 x 10
300 x 250
14 x 12
350 x 300
16 x 12
400 x 300
18 x 16
450 x 400
20 x 16
500 x 400
24 x 20
600 x 500
30 x 24
750 x 600
36 x 30
900 x 750

I-d

O-d

1.93
49
2.91
74
3.94
100
5.91
150
7.91
201
9.92
252
11.93
303
13.15
334
15.16
385
17.17
436
19.17
487
23.19
589
28.94
735
34.41
874

1.50
38
2.91
49
3.94
74
5.91
100
7.91
150
9.92
201
11.93
252
13.15
303
15.16
303
17.17
385
19.17
385
23.19
487
28.94
589
34.41
735

SPLIT BODY - SIDE ENTRY


L - Rf L - Bw
8.50
216
11.14
283
12.01
305
17.99
457
20.51
521
22.01
559
25.51
648
30.00
762
32.99
838
35.98
914
39.02
991
45.00
1143
55.00
1397
67.99
1727

8.50
216
11.14
283
12.01
305
17.99
457
20.51
521
22.01
559
25.00
635
30.00
762
32.99
838
35.98
914
39.02
991
45.00
1143
55.00
1397
67.99
1727

Weight
lb/kg

6.50
165
8.07
205
10.04
255
12.40
315
14.96
380
17.72
450
20.67
525
23.23
590
25.79
655
28.15
715
30.31
770
36.22
920
43.11
1095
50.20
1275

3.74
95
4.13
105
6.10
155
8.07
205
9.45
240
11.02
280
12.80
325
14.17
360
14.17
360
16.73
425
16.73
425
19.88
505
23.43
595
27.76
705

3.94
100
3.74
95
4.92
125
6.50
165
8.07
205
9.25
235
11.61
295
13.19
335
13.19
335
15.55
395
15.55
395
18.50
470
21.65
550
28.94
735

60
27
73
33
139
63
251
114
481
218
646
293
1312
595
1797
815
2132
967
3507
1591
3662
1661
5877
2666
9879
4481
18036
8181

FORGED STEEL
BALL VALVES
Split Body - Side Entry
ASME Class 600 Lbs
API 6D

ASME #600 F. B.
Size
inch/mm

>
>
>
>

2
50
3
80
4
100
6
150
8
200
10
250
12
300
14
350
16
400
18
450
20
500
22
550
24
600
26
650
28
700
30
750
32
800
34
850
36
900
40
1000
42
1050
48
1200
56
1400

SPLIT BODY - SIDE ENTRY

I-d

O-d

L - Rf L - Bw

Weight
lb/kg

1.93
49
2.91
74
3.94
100
5.91
150
7.91
201
9.92
252
11.93
303
13.15
334
15.16
385
17.17
436
19.17
487
21.18
538
23.19
589
24.92
633
26.93
684
28.94
735
30.67
779
32.68
830
34.41
874
38.43
976
40.16
1020
45.91
1166
53.54
1360

1.93
49
2.91
74
3.94
100
5.91
150
7.91
201
9.92
252
11.93
303
13.15
334
15.16
385
17.17
436
19.17
487
21.18
538
23.19
589
24.92
633
26.93
684
28.94
735
30.67
779
32.68
830
34.41
874
38.43
976
40.16
1020
45.91
1166
53.54
1360

11.50 11.50
292
292
14.02 14.02
356
356
17.01 17.01
432
432
22.01 22.01
559
559
25.98 25.98
660
660
30.98 30.98
787
787
32.99 32.99
838
838
35.00 35.00
889
889
39.02 39.02
991
991
42.99 42.99
1092 1092
47.01 47.01
1194 1194
51.02 51.02
1296 1296
55.00 55.00
1397 1397
57.01 57.01
1448 1448
60.98 60.98
1549 1549
66.30 66.30
1684 1684
70.00 70.00
1778 1778
75.98 75.98
1930 1930
82.01 82.01
2083 2083
85.43 85.43
2170 2170
85.63 85.63
2175 2175
95.87 95.87
2435 2435
106.69 106.69
2710 2710

6.50
165
8.46
215
10.83
275
14.17
360
16.54
420
20.28
515
22.83
580
24.80
630
27.76
705
30.51
775
34.25
870
37.60
955
40.55
1030
40.16
1020
46.26
1175
50.98
1295
52.56
1335
55.31
1405
60.83
1545
64.96
1650
70.87
1800
81.89
2080
94.29
2395

4.13
105
6.69
170
8.46
215
10.04
255
11.42
290
13.19
335
14.96
380
15.55
395
17.13
435
18.50
470
19.88
505
37.60
955
23.43
595
25.00
635
26.38
670
29.33
745
29.92
760
30.91
785
34.25
870
36.22
920
39.37
1000
44.88
1140
50.98
1295

3.94
100
5.12
130
6.50
165
8.07
205
10.24
260
12.20
310
13.78
350
14.37
365
16.34
415
17.13
435
19.49
495
20.08
510
22.64
575
24.41
620
27.36
695
31.69
805
31.69
805
32.28
820
37.40
950
38.78
985
43.90
1115
50.39
1280
57.28
1455

73
33
141
64
254
115
562
255
1076
488
1675
760
2357
1069
2392
1085
3364
1526
4627
2099
5818
2639
8347
3786
10443
4737
12445
5645
14901
6759
18472
8379
21470
9739
24998
11339
29297
13289
40430
18339
47088
21359
70549
32001

Lever Op. up to 4 / 6 x 4 - Over Gear Op.


Bore size acc. to API 6D
Flanges acc. to ASME B16.5 & B16.47
End to End acc. to API 6D & ASME B16.10

104694

47489

ASME #600 R. B.
Size
inch/mm

2 x 1 1/2
50 x 40
3x2
80 x 50
4x3
100 x 80
6x4
150 x 100
8x6
200 x 150
10 x 8
250 x 200
12 x 10
300 x 250
14 x 12
350 x 300
16 x 12
400 x 300
18 x 16
450 x 400
20 x 16
500 x 400
24 x 20
600 x 500
30 x 24
750 x 600
36 x 30
900 x 750

I-d

O-d

1.93
49
2.91
74
3.94
100
5.91
150
7.91
201
9.92
252
11.93
303
13.15
334
15.16
385
17.17
436
19.17
487
23.19
589
28.94
735
34.41
874

1.50
38
2.91
49
3.94
74
5.91
100
7.91
150
9.92
201
11.93
252
13.15
303
15.16
303
17.17
385
19.17
385
23.19
487
28.94
589
34.41
735

SPLIT BODY - SIDE ENTRY


L - Rf L - Bw
11.50
292
14.02
356
17.01
432
22.01
559
25.98
660
30.98
787
32.99
838
35.00
889
39.02
991
42.99
1092
47.01
1194
55.00
1397
66.30
1684
82.01
2083

11.50
292
14.02
356
17.01
432
22.01
559
25.98
660
30.98
787
32.99
838
35.00
889
39.02
991
42.99
1092
47.01
1194
55.00
1397
66.30
1684
82.01
2083

Weight
lb/kg

6.50
165
8.46
215
14.76
375
13.98
355
16.54
420
20.28
515
22.24
565
24.02
610
26.97
685
29.53
750
32.28
820
37.20
945
44.69
1135
51.97
1320

3.74
95
4.13
105
6.69
170
8.46
215
10.04
255
11.42
290
13.19
335
14.96
380
14.96
380
17.13
435
17.13
435
19.88
505
23.43
595
27.95
710

3.94
100
3.94
100
5.12
130
6.50
165
8.07
205
10.24
260
12.20
310
13.78
350
13.78
350
16.34
415
16.34
415
19.49
495
22.64
575
29.65
753

71
32
90
41
179
81
337
153
655
297
1219
553
1792
813
2529
1147
2978
1351
3724
1689
4575
2075
7167
3251
12784
5799
22881
10379

FORGED STEEL
BALL VALVES
Split Body - Side Entry
ASME Class 900 Lbs
API 6D

ASME #900 F. B.
Size
inch/mm

2
50
3
80
4
100
6
150
8
200
10
250
12
300
14
350
16
400
18
450
20
500
24
600
28
700
30
750
32
800
34
850
36
900

>
>
>
>

I-d

O-d

1.93
49
2.91
74
3.94
100
5.91
150
7.91
201
9.92
252
11.93
303
12.68
322
14.69
373
16.65
423
18.54
471
22.44
570
26.18
665
28.03
712
29.92
760
31.81
808
33.66
855

1.93
49
2.91
74
3.94
100
5.91
150
7.91
201
9.92
252
11.93
303
12.68
322
14.69
373
16.65
423
18.54
471
22.44
570
26.18
665
28.03
712
29.92
760
31.81
808
33.66
855

SPLIT BODY - SIDE ENTRY


L - Rf L - Bw
14.49
368
15.00
381
17.99
457
24.02
610
29.02
737
32.99
838
37.99
965
40.51
1029
44.49
1130
47.99
1219
52.01
1321
60.98
1549
69.02
1753
74.02
1880
80.00
2032
85.00
2159
90.00
2286

14.49
368
15.00
381
17.99
457
24.02
610
29.02
737
32.99
838
37.99
965
40.51
1029
44.49
1130
47.99
1219
52.01
1321
60.98
1549
69.02
1753
74.02
1880
80.00
2032
85.00
2159
90.00
2286

Weight
lb/kg

8.46
215
9.65
245
11.61
295
15.16
385
18.70
475
21.65
550
24.21
615
25.39
645
28.15
715
31.69
805
35.24
895
41.73
1060
48.62
1235
51.38
1305
53.54
1360
57.87
1470
60.43
1535

4.13
105
6.50
165
8.46
215
10.24
260
11.81
300
13.58
345
15.16
385
15.75
400
17.32
440
19.29
490
21.06
535
24.21
615
26.57
675
28.54
725
30.91
785
31.89
810
33.46
850

4.13
105
5.31
135
6.69
170
8.46
215
10.43
265
13.19
335
14.96
380
14.57
370
17.32
440
19.69
500
19.88
505
25.00
635
27.76
705
30.51
775
31.89
810
33.66
855
35.43
900

112
51
126
57
324
147
798
362
1283
582
2231
1012
3333
1512
3422
1552
4773
2165
6230
2826
9277
4208
15004
6806
21847
9910
26863
12185
28263
12820
37930
17205
41671
18902

Lever Op. up to 4 / 6 x 4 - Over Gear Op.


Bore size acc. to API 6D
Flanges acc. to ASME B16.5 & B16.47
End to End acc. to API 6D & ASME B16.10

ASME #900 R. B.
Size
inch/mm

2 x 1 1/2
50 x 40
3x2
80 x 50
4x3
100 x 80
6x4
150 x 100
8x6
200 x 150
10 x 8
250 x 200
12 x 10
300 x 250
14 x 12
350 x 300
16 x 12
400 x 300
18 x 16
450 x 400
20 x 16
500 x 400
24 x 20
600 x 500
30 x 24
750 x 600
36 x 30
900 x 750

I-d

O-d

1.93
49
2.91
74
3.94
100
5.91
150
7.91
201
9.92
252
11.93
303
12.68
322
14.69
373
16.65
423
18.54
471
22.44
570
28.03
712
33.66
855

1.50
38
2.91
49
3.94
74
5.91
100
7.91
150
9.92
201
11.93
252
12.68
303
14.69
303
16.65
373
18.54
373
22.44
471
28.03
570
33.66
712

SPLIT BODY - SIDE ENTRY


L - Rf L - Bw
14.49
368
15.00
381
17.99
457
24.02
610
29.02
737
32.99
838
37.99
965
40.51
1029
44.49
1130
47.99
1219
52.01
1321
60.98
1549
74.02
1880
90.00
2286

14.49
368
15.00
381
17.99
457
24.02
610
29.02
737
32.99
838
37.99
965
40.51
1029
44.49
1130
47.99
1219
52.01
1321
60.98
1549
74.02
1880
90.00
2286

Weight
lb/kg

8.46
215
9.65
245
11.61
295
15.16
385
18.70
475
21.65
550
24.21
615
25.39
645
27.95
710
31.30
795
31.30
795
41.14
1045
48.62
1235
57.68
1465

4.13
105
4.13
105
6.69
170
8.27
210
10.43
265
11.61
295
13.78
350
15.94
405
15.94
405
17.32
440
17.32
440
21.06
535
24.02
610
28.74
730

4.13
105
4.13
105
5.12
130
6.50
165
8.46
215
10.63
270
12.99
330
15.16
385
15.16
385
17.52
445
17.52
445
19.88
505
25.00
635
30.91
785

95
43
121
55
214
97
454
206
974
442
1541
699
2549
1156
3613
1639
3818
1732
5388
2444
6347
2879
11909
5402
19193
8706
33865
15361

FORGED STEEL
BALL VALVES
Split Body - Side Entry
ASME Class 1500/2500 Lbs
API 6D

ASME #1500 F. B.
Size
inch/mm

10

2
50
3
80
4
100
6
150
8
200
10
250
12
300
14
350
16
400

I-d

O-d

SPLIT BODY - SIDE ENTRY


L - Rf L - Bw

1.93 1.93 14.49 14.49 8.46


49
49
368
368
215
2.91 2.91 18.50 18.50 10.43
74
74
470
470
265
3.94 3.94 21.50 21.50 12.40
100
100
546
546
315
5.67 5.67 27.76 27.76 15.55
144
144
705
705
395
7.56 7.56 32.76 32.76 19.09
192
192
832
832
485
9.41 9.41 39.02 39.02 23.03
239
239
991
991
585
11.30 11.30 44.49 44.49 27.95
287
287 1130 1130 710
12.40 12.40 49.49 49.49 30.12
315
315 1257 1257 765
14.17 14.17 54.49 54.49 33.46
360
360 1384 1384 850

Weight
lb/kg

4.13
105
6.50
165
1.18
30
10.43
265
12.01
305
14.37
365
16.54
420
17.13
435
18.90
480

4.13
105
5.12
130
6.89
175
9.25
235
11.61
295
13.98
355
16.93
430
16.73
425
19.49
495

115
52
218
99
441
200
1063
482
1814
823
3313
1503
4967
2253
6299
2857
8977
4072

ASME #2500 F. B.
Size
inch/mm

2
50
3
80
4
100
6
150
8
200
10
250
12
300

Size

Size
inch/mm

I-d

O-d

SPLIT BODY - SIDE ENTRY


L - Rf L - Bw

2 x 1 1/2 1.93 1.50 14.49 14.49


50 x 40
49
38
368
368
3x2
2.91 2.91 18.50 18.50
80 x 50
74
49
470
470
4x3
3.94 3.94 21.50 21.50
100 x 80
100
74
546
546
6x4
5.67 5.67 27.76 27.76
150 x 100 144
100
705
705
8x6
7.56 7.56 32.76 32.76
200 x 150 192
144
832
832
10 x 8
9.41 9.41 39.02 39.02
250 x 200 239
192
991
991
12 x 10 11.30 11.30 44.49 44.49
300 x 250 287
239 1130 1130
14 x 12 12.40 12.40 49.49 49.49
350 x 300 315
287 1257 1257
16 x 12 14.17 14.17 54.49 54.49
400 x 300 360
287 1384 1384

>
>
>
>

Weight
lb/kg

8.46
215
10.43
265
12.40
315
15.55
395
19.09
485
23.23
590
26.57
675
29.72
755
32.87
835

4.13
105
4.13
105
6.50
165
8.46
215
10.43
265
11.61
295
14.37
365
16.73
425
16.73
425

4.13
105
4.13
105
5.12
130
6.69
170
9.06
230
11.22
285
13.78
350
16.73
425
16.73
425

95
43
152
69
276
125
633
287
1252
568
2255
1023
3887
1763
5518
2503
6197
2811

Lever Op. up to 3 / 4 x 3 - Over Gear Op.


Bore size acc. to API 6D
Flanges acc. to ASME B16.5 & B16.47
End to End acc. to API 6D & ASME B16.10

O-d

L - Rf L - Bw

1.65 1.65 17.76


42
42
451
2.44 2.44 22.76
62
62
578
3.43 3.43 26.50
87
87
673
5.16 5.16 35.98
131
131
914
7.05 7.05 40.24
179
179 1022
8.78 8.78 50.00
223
223 1270
10.43 10.43 55.98
265
265 1422

ASME #2500 R. B.
inch/mm

ASME #1500 R. B.

I-d

SPLIT BODY - SIDE ENTRY

I-d

O-d

17.76
451
22.76
578
26.50
673
35.98
914
40.24
1022
50.00
1270
55.98
1422

Weight
lb/kg

9.45
240
12.20
310
13.98
355
19.09
485
24.61
625
29.53
750
34.45
875

4.92
125
6.89
175
8.86
225
10.43
265
15.16
385
17.91
455
20.67
525

5.12
130
7.68
195
9.25
235
10.04
255
13.39
340
16.73
425
19.09
485

196
89
417
189
844
383
1704
773
2996
1359
4636
2103
7083
3213

SPLIT BODY - SIDE ENTRY


L - Rf L - Bw

2 x 1 1/2 1.65 1.50 17.76


50 x 40
42
38
451
3x2
2.44 2.44 22.76
80 x 50
62
42
578
4x3
3.43 3.43 26.50
100 x 80
87
62
673
6x4
5.16 5.16 35.98
150 x 100 131
87
914
8x6
7.05 7.05 40.24
200 x 150 179
131 1022
10 x 8
8.78 8.78 50.00
250 x 200 223
179 1270
12 x 10 10.43 10.43 55.98
300 x 250 265
223 1422

17.76
451
22.76
578
26.50
673
35.98
914
40.24
1022
50.00
1270
55.98
1422

Weight
lb/kg

9.45 4.92 5.12 148


240
125
130
67
12.20 4.92 5.12 346
310
125
130
157
13.98 6.89 7.87 589
355
175
200
267
19.09 8.86 9.25 1131
485
225
235
513
21.85 10.43 10.04 2410
555
265
255 1093
26.77 15.16 13.39 3675
680
385
340 1667
29.92 20.67 19.09 5642
760
525
485 2559

FULLY
WELDED
BALL
VALVES

FORGED STEEL
BALL VALVES
Fully

Welded

Body

ASME Class 150 Lbs


API 6D

ASME #150 F. B.
Size
inch/mm

12

>
>
>
>

2
50
3
80
4
100
6
150
8
200
10
250
12
300
14
350
16
400
18
450
20
500
22
550
24
600
26
650
28
700
30
750
32
800
34
850
36
900
40
1000
42
1050
48
1200
56
1400

I-d

O-d

1.93
49
2.91
74
3.94
100
5.91
150
7.91
201
9.92
252
11.93
303
13.15
334
15.16
385
17.17
436
19.17
487
21.18
538
23.19
589
24.92
633
26.93
684
28.94
735
30.67
779
32.68
830
34.41
874
38.43
976
40.16
1020
45.91
1166
53.54
1360

1.93
49
2.91
74
3.94
100
5.91
150
7.91
201
9.92
252
11.93
303
13.15
334
15.16
385
17.17
436
19.17
487
21.18
538
23.19
589
24.92
633
26.93
684
28.94
735
30.67
779
32.68
830
34.41
874
38.43
976
40.16
1020
45.91
1166
53.54
1360

FULLY WELDED BODY


L - Rf L - Bw
7.01
178
7.99
203
9.02
229
15.51
394
17.99
457
20.98
533
24.02
610
27.01
686
30.00
762
34.02
864
35.98
914
39.02
991
42.01
1067
45.00
1143
48.98
1244
50.98
1295
53.98
1371
57.99
1473
60.00
1524
69.02
1753
73.03
1855
84.02
2134
97.99
2489

8.50
216
11.14
283
12.01
305
17.99
457
20.51
521
22.01
559
25.00
635
30.00
762
32.99
838
35.98
914
39.02
991
42.99
1092
45.00
1143
49.02
1245
53.03
1347
55.00
1397
60.00
1524
64.02
1626
68.03
1728
77.01
1956
82.01
2083
94.02
2388
97.99
2489

ASME #150 R. B.

Weight
lb/kg

6.10
155
7.68
195
9.25
235
12.01
305
15.55
395
18.31
465
21.46
545
23.82
605
26.57
675
25.00
635
33.46
850
36.81
935
39.76
1010
41.93
1065
44.69
1135
38.98
990
51.38
1305
54.13
1375
56.50
1435
62.80
1595
65.35
1660
75.79
1925
89.17
2265

4.13
105
6.10
155
7.68
195
9.65
245
11.02
280
12.60
320
13.19
335
14.76
375
15.94
405
17.32
440
19.49
495
20.67
525
23.03
585
24.61
625
25.59
650
27.36
695
29.33
745
29.92
760
31.89
810
35.63
905
37.01
940
43.11
1095
51.38
1305

4.13
105
4.92
125
6.50
165
7.28
185
8.86
225
10.83
275
12.01
305
13.19
335
13.98
355
15.55
395
17.13
435
18.70
475
20.67
525
22.24
565
26.18
665
27.76
705
29.53
750
30.51
775
31.89
810
35.63
905
36.61
930
41.93
1065
49.41
1255

59
27
115
52
184
84
339
154
534
242
806
366
1171
531
1602
727
2147
974
2555
1159
3759
1705
4943
2242
6503
2950
7739
3510
9414
4270
10933
4959
14231
6455
16744
7595
18420
8355
26284
11923
29886
13557
45845
20796
71397
32386

Lever Op. up to 6 / 8 x 6 - Over Gear Op.


Bore size acc. to API 6D
Flanges acc. to ASME B16.5 & B16.47
End to End acc. to API 6D & ASME B16.10

Size
inch/mm

2 x 1 1/2
50 x 40
3x2
80 x 50
4x3
100 x 80
6x4
150 x 100
8x6
200 x 150
10 x 8
250 x 200
12 x 10
300 x 250
14 x 12
350 x 300
16 x 12
400 x 300
18 x 16
450 x 400
20 x 16
500 x 400
24 x 20
600 x 500
30 x 24
750 x 600
36 x 30
900 x 750

I-d

O-d

1.93
49
2.91
74
3.94
100
5.91
150
7.91
201
9.92
252
11.93
303
13.15
334
15.16
385
17.17
436
19.17
487
23.19
589
28.94
735
34.41
874

1.50
38
2.91
49
3.94
74
5.91
100
7.91
150
9.92
201
11.93
252
13.15
303
15.16
303
17.17
385
19.17
385
23.19
487
28.94
589
34.41
735

FULLY WELDED BODY


L - Rf L - Bw
7.01
178
7.99
203
9.02
229
15.51
394
17.99
457
20.98
533
24.02
610
27.01
686
30.00
762
34.02
864
35.98
914
42.01
1067
50.98
1295
60.00
1524

8.50
216
11.14
283
12.01
305
17.99
457
20.51
521
22.01
559
25.00
635
30.00
762
32.99
838
35.98
914
39.02
991
45.00
1143
55.00
1397
68.03
1728

Weight
lb/kg

6.10
155
7.68
195
9.06
230
11.02
280
13.58
345
15.94
405
19.09
485
21.06
535
23.62
600
25.00
635
27.76
705
32.09
815
38.78
985
46.26
1175

3.74
95
4.13
105
6.10
155
7.87
200
10.04
255
11.22
285
12.80
325
13.58
345
13.58
345
16.54
420
16.34
415
19.49
495
23.03
585
27.36
695

3.94
100
4.13
105
5.12
130
6.50
165
7.28
185
8.86
225
11.22
285
11.81
300
12.01
305
13.78
350
13.98
355
17.13
435
20.28
515
27.76
705

57
26
67
30
130
59
212
96
390
177
614
278
974
442
1288
584
1464
664
2226
1010
2327
1055
4130
1873
6805
3087
13226
5999

FORGED STEEL
BALL VALVES
Fully

Welded

Body

ASME Class 300 Lbs


API 6D

ASME #300 F. B.
Size
inch/mm

2
50
3
80
4
100
6
150
8
200
10
250
12
300
14
350
16
400
18
450
20
500
22
550
24
600
26
650
28
700
30
750
32
800
34
850
36
900
40
1000
42
1050
48
1200
56
1400

>
>
>
>

FULLY WELDED BODY

ASME #300 R. B.

I-d

O-d

L - Rf L - Bw

Weight
lb/kg

1.93
49
2.91
74
3.94
100
5.91
150
7.91
201
9.92
252
11.93
303
13.15
334
15.16
385
17.17
436
19.17
487
21.18
538
23.19
589
24.92
633
26.93
684
28.94
735
30.67
779
32.68
830
34.41
874
38.43
976
40.16
1020
45.91
1166
53.54
1360

1.93
49
2.91
74
3.94
100
5.91
150
7.91
201
9.92
252
11.93
303
13.15
334
15.16
385
17.17
436
19.17
487
21.18
538
23.19
589
24.92
633
26.93
684
28.94
735
30.67
779
32.68
830
34.41
874
38.43
976
40.16
1020
45.91
1166
53.54
1360

8.50 8.50
216
216
11.14 11.14
283
283
12.01 12.01
305
305
15.87 17.99
403
457
19.76 20.51
502
521
22.36 22.01
568
559
25.51 25.00
648
635
30.00 30.00
762
762
32.99 32.99
838
838
35.98 35.98
914
914
39.02 39.02
991
991
42.99 42.99
1092 1092
45.00 45.00
1143 1143
49.02 49.02
1245 1245
52.99 52.99
1346 1346
55.00 55.00
1397 1397
60.00 60.00
1524 1524
64.02 64.02
1626 1626
67.99 67.99
1727 1727
77.01 77.01
1956 1956
82.01 82.01
2083 2083
85.43 85.43
2170 2170
107.99 107.99
2743 2743

6.50
165
8.07
205
10.04
255
12.60
320
15.16
385
18.31
465
21.46
545
25.00
635
27.36
695
30.51
775
33.66
855
37.20
945
40.35
1025
42.72
1085
45.47
1155
48.82
1240
52.17
1325
54.92
1395
57.09
1450
63.98
1625
66.54
1690
57.68
1465
89.96
2285

4.33
110
6.10
155
8.07
205
9.65
245
11.02
280
12.60
320
14.17
360
15.55
395
17.13
435
18.11
460
19.88
505
20.87
530
23.43
595
25.00
635
25.39
645
27.76
705
29.72
755
30.12
765
31.89
810
35.63
905
37.99
965
43.50
1105
50.98
1295

3.74
95
4.92
125
6.50
165
8.07
205
8.86
225
11.61
295
13.19
335
13.58
345
15.55
395
16.34
415
18.50
470
19.09
485
21.65
550
23.03
585
25.98
660
29.13
740
30.31
770
31.69
805
32.68
830
36.42
925
37.60
955
43.50
1105
50.20
1275

59
27
115
52
195
88
383
174
586
266
1051
477
1539
698
2157
979
2972
1348
3338
1514
4603
2088
5845
2651
7251
3289
9779
4436
12080
5480
13812
6265
16627
7542
18943
8593
21147
9592
28854
13088
33738
15304
50380
22852
79910
36247

Lever Op. up to 6 / 8 x 6 - Over Gear Op.


Bore size acc. to API 6D
Flanges acc. to ASME B16.5 & B16.47
End to End acc. to API 6D & ASME B16.10

Size
inch/mm

2 x 1 1/2
50 x 40
3x2
80 x 50
4x3
100 x 80
6x4
150 x 100
8x6
200 x 150
10 x 8
250 x 200
12 x 10
300 x 250
14 x 12
350 x 300
16 x 12
400 x 300
18 x 16
450 x 400
20 x 16
500 x 400
24 x 20
600 x 500
30 x 24
750 x 600
36 x 30
900 x 750

I-d

O-d

1.93
49
2.91
74
3.94
100
5.91
150
7.91
201
9.92
252
11.93
303
13.15
334
15.16
385
17.17
436
19.17
487
23.19
589
28.94
735
34.41
874

1.50
38
2.91
49
3.94
74
5.91
100
7.91
150
9.92
201
11.93
252
13.15
303
15.16
303
17.17
385
19.17
385
23.19
487
28.94
589
34.41
735

FULLY WELDED BODY


L - Rf L - Bw
8.50
216
11.14
283
12.01
305
17.99
457
20.51
521
22.01
559
25.51
648
30.00
762
32.99
838
35.98
914
39.02
991
45.00
1143
55.00
1397
67.99
1727

8.50
216
11.14
283
12.01
305
17.99
457
20.51
521
22.01
559
25.00
635
30.00
762
32.99
838
35.98
914
39.02
991
45.00
1143
55.00
1397
67.99
1727

Weight
lb/kg

6.50
165
8.07
205
10.04
255
12.40
315
14.96
380
17.72
450
20.67
525
23.23
590
25.79
655
28.15
715
30.31
770
36.22
920
43.11
1095
50.20
1275

3.74
95
4.13
105
6.10
155
8.07
205
9.45
240
11.02
280
12.80
325
14.17
360
14.17
360
16.73
425
16.73
425
19.88
505
23.43
595
27.76
705

3.94
100
3.74
95
4.92
125
6.50
165
8.07
205
9.25
235
11.61
295
13.19
335
13.19
335
15.55
395
15.55
395
18.50
470
21.65
550
28.94
735

57
26
69
31
132
60
239
108
457
207
614
278
1246
565
1707
774
2025
919
3332
1511
3479
1578
5584
2533
9385
4257
17134
7772

13

FORGED STEEL
BALL VALVES
Fully

Welded

Body

ASME Class 600 Lbs


API 6D

ASME #600 F. B.
Size
inch/mm

14

>
>
>
>

2
50
3
80
4
100
6
150
8
200
10
250
12
300
14
350
16
400
18
450
20
500
22
550
24
600
26
650
28
700
30
750
32
800
34
850
36
900
40
1000
42
1050
48
1200
56
1400

FULLY WELDED BODY

ASME #600 R. B.

I-d

O-d

L - Rf L - Bw

Weight
lb/kg

1.93
49
2.91
74
3.94
100
5.91
150
7.91
201
9.92
252
11.93
303
13.15
334
15.16
385
17.17
436
19.17
487
21.18
538
23.19
589
24.92
633
26.93
684
28.94
735
30.67
779
32.68
830
34.41
874
38.43
976
40.16
1020
45.91
1166
53.54
1360

1.93
49
2.91
74
3.94
100
5.91
150
7.91
201
9.92
252
11.93
303
13.15
334
15.16
385
17.17
436
19.17
487
21.18
538
23.19
589
24.92
633
26.93
684
28.94
735
30.67
779
32.68
830
34.41
874
38.43
976
40.16
1020
45.91
1166
53.54
1360

11.50 11.50
292
292
14.02 14.02
356
356
17.01 17.01
432
432
22.01 22.01
559
559
25.98 25.98
660
660
30.98 30.98
787
787
32.99 32.99
838
838
35.00 35.00
889
889
39.02 39.02
991
991
42.99 42.99
1092 1092
47.01 47.01
1194 1194
51.02 51.02
1296 1296
55.00 55.00
1397 1397
57.01 57.01
1448 1448
60.98 60.98
1549 1549
66.30 66.30
1684 1684
70.00 70.00
1778 1778
75.98 75.98
1930 1930
82.01 82.01
2083 2083
85.43 85.43
2170 2170
85.63 85.63
2175 2175
95.87 95.87
2435 2435
106.69 106.69
2710 2710

6.50
165
8.46
215
10.83
275
14.17
360
16.54
420
20.28
515
22.83
580
24.80
630
27.76
705
30.51
775
34.25
870
37.60
955
40.55
1030
40.16
1020
46.26
1175
50.98
1295
52.56
1335
55.31
1405
60.83
1545
64.96
1650
70.87
1800
81.89
2080
94.29
2395

4.13
105
6.69
170
8.46
215
10.04
255
11.42
290
13.19
335
14.96
380
15.55
395
17.13
435
18.50
470
19.88
505
37.60
955
23.43
595
25.00
635
26.38
670
29.33
745
29.92
760
30.91
785
34.25
870
36.22
920
39.37
1000
44.88
1140
50.98
1295

3.94
100
5.12
130
6.50
165
8.07
205
10.24
260
12.20
310
13.78
350
14.37
365
16.34
415
17.13
435
19.49
495
20.08
510
22.64
575
24.41
620
27.36
695
31.69
805
31.69
805
32.28
820
37.40
950
38.78
985
43.90
1115
50.39
1280
57.28
1455

69
31
134
61
241
109
534
242
1022
464
1592
722
2239
1016
2272
1031
3196
1450
4396
1994
5527
2507
7929
3597
9921
4500
11823
5363
14156
6421
17549
7960
20397
9252
23748
10772
27832
12625
38408
17422
44733
20291
67021
30401
99459
45115

Lever Op. up to 4 / 6 x 4 - Over Gear Op.


Bore size acc. to API 6D
Flanges acc. to ASME B16.5 & B16.47
End to End acc. to API 6D & ASME B16.10

Size
inch/mm

2 x 1 1/2
50 x 40
3x2
80 x 50
4x3
100 x 80
6x4
150 x 100
8x6
200 x 150
10 x 8
250 x 200
12 x 10
300 x 250
14 x 12
350 x 300
16 x 12
400 x 300
18 x 16
450 x 400
20 x 16
500 x 400
24 x 20
600 x 500
30 x 24
750 x 600
36 x 30
900 x 750

I-d

O-d

1.93
49
2.91
74
3.94
100
5.91
150
7.91
201
9.92
252
11.93
303
13.15
334
15.16
385
17.17
436
19.17
487
23.19
589
28.94
735
34.41
874

1.50
38
2.91
49
3.94
74
5.91
100
7.91
150
9.92
201
11.93
252
13.15
303
15.16
303
17.17
385
19.17
385
23.19
487
28.94
589
34.41
735

FULLY WELDED BODY


L - Rf L - Bw
11.50
292
14.02
356
17.01
432
22.01
559
25.98
660
30.98
787
32.99
838
35.00
889
39.02
991
42.99
1092
47.01
1194
55.00
1397
66.30
1684
82.01
2083

11.50
292
14.02
356
17.01
432
22.01
559
25.98
660
30.98
787
32.99
838
35.00
889
39.02
991
42.99
1092
47.01
1194
55.00
1397
66.30
1684
82.01
2083

Weight
lb/kg

6.50
165
8.46
215
14.76
375
13.98
355
16.54
420
20.28
515
22.24
565
24.02
610
26.97
685
29.53
750
32.28
820
37.20
945
44.69
1135
51.97
1320

3.74
95
4.13
105
6.69
170
8.46
215
10.04
255
11.42
290
13.19
335
14.96
380
14.96
380
17.13
435
17.13
435
19.88
505
23.43
595
27.95
710

3.94
100
3.94
100
5.12
130
6.50
165
8.07
205
10.24
260
12.20
310
13.78
350
13.78
350
16.34
415
16.34
415
19.49
495
22.64
575
29.65
753

67
30
86
39
170
77
320
145
622
282
1158
525
1703
772
2402
1090
2829
1283
3537
1605
4346
1971
6809
3088
12145
5509
21737
9860

FORGED STEEL
BALL VALVES
Fully

Welded

Body

ASME Class 900 Lbs


API 6D

ASME #900 F. B.
Size
inch/mm

2
50
3
80
4
100
6
150
8
200
10
250
12
300
14
350
16
400
18
450
20
500
24
600
28
700
30
750
32
800
34
850
36
900

>
>
>
>

I-d

O-d

1.93
49
2.91
74
3.94
100
5.91
150
7.91
201
9.92
252
11.93
303
12.68
322
14.69
373
16.65
423
18.54
471
22.44
570
26.18
665
28.03
712
29.92
760
31.81
808
33.66
855

1.93
49
2.91
74
3.94
100
5.91
150
7.91
201
9.92
252
11.93
303
12.68
322
14.69
373
16.65
423
18.54
471
22.44
570
26.18
665
28.03
712
29.92
760
31.81
808
33.66
855

FULLY WELDED BODY


L - Rf L - Bw
14.49
368
15.00
381
17.99
457
24.02
610
29.02
737
32.99
838
37.99
965
40.51
1029
44.49
1130
47.99
1219
52.01
1321
60.98
1549
69.02
1753
74.02
1880
80.00
2032
85.00
2159
90.00
2286

14.49
368
15.00
381
17.99
457
24.02
610
29.02
737
32.99
838
37.99
965
40.51
1029
44.49
1130
47.99
1219
52.01
1321
60.98
1549
69.02
1753
74.02
1880
80.00
2032
85.00
2159
90.00
2286

ASME #900 R. B.

Weight
lb/kg

8.46
215
9.65
245
11.61
295
15.16
385
18.70
475
21.65
550
24.21
615
25.39
645
28.15
715
31.69
805
35.24
895
41.73
1060
48.62
1235
51.38
1305
53.54
1360
57.87
1470
60.43
1535

4.13
105
6.50
165
8.46
215
10.24
260
11.81
300
13.58
345
15.16
385
15.75
400
17.32
440
19.29
490
21.06
535
24.21
615
26.57
675
28.54
725
30.91
785
31.89
810
33.46
850

4.13
105
5.31
135
6.69
170
8.46
215
10.43
265
13.19
335
14.96
380
14.57
370
17.32
440
19.69
500
19.88
505
25.00
635
27.76
705
30.51
775
31.89
810
33.66
855
35.43
900

107
48
119
54
308
140
758
344
1219
553
2119
961
3167
1436
3250
1474
4534
2057
5919
2685
8813
3998
14254
6466
20755
9415
25520
11576
26850
12179
36033
16345
39588
17957

Lever Op. up to 4 / 6 x 4 - Over Gear Op.


Bore size acc. to API 6D
Flanges acc. to ASME B16.5 & B16.47
End to End acc. to API 6D & ASME B16.10

Size
inch/mm

2 x 1 1/2
50 x 40
3x2
80 x 50
4x3
100 x 80
6x4
150 x 100
8x6
200 x 150
10 x 8
250 x 200
12 x 10
300 x 250
14 x 12
350 x 300
16 x 12
400 x 300
18 x 16
450 x 400
20 x 16
500 x 400
24 x 20
600 x 500
30 x 24
750 x 600
36 x 30
900 x 750

I-d

O-d

1.93
49
2.91
74
3.94
100
5.91
150
7.91
201
9.92
252
11.93
303
12.68
322
14.69
373
16.65
423
18.54
471
22.44
570
28.03
712
33.66
855

1.50
38
2.91
49
3.94
74
5.91
100
7.91
150
9.92
201
11.93
252
12.68
303
14.69
303
16.65
373
18.54
373
22.44
471
28.03
570
33.66
712

FULLY WELDED BODY


L - Rf L - Bw
14.49
368
15.00
381
17.99
457
24.02
610
29.02
737
32.99
838
37.99
965
40.51
1029
44.49
1130
47.99
1219
52.01
1321
60.98
1549
74.02
1880
90.00
2286

14.49
368
15.00
381
17.99
457
24.02
610
29.02
737
32.99
838
37.99
965
40.51
1029
44.49
1130
47.99
1219
52.01
1321
60.98
1549
74.02
1880
90.00
2286

Weight
lb/kg

8.46
215
9.65
245
11.61
295
15.16
385
18.70
475
21.65
550
24.21
615
25.39
645
27.95
710
31.30
795
31.30
795
41.14
1045
48.62
1235
57.68
1465

4.13
105
4.13
105
6.69
170
8.27
210
10.43
265
11.61
295
13.78
350
15.94
405
15.94
405
17.32
440
17.32
440
21.06
535
24.02
610
28.74
730

4.13
105
4.13
105
5.12
130
6.50
165
8.46
215
10.63
270
12.99
330
15.16
385
15.16
385
17.52
445
17.52
445
19.88
505
25.00
635
30.91
785

90
41
115
52
203
92
431
196
926
420
1464
664
2421
1098
3433
1557
3627
1645
5119
2322
6030
2735
11314
5132
18233
8271
32171
14593

15

FORGED STEEL
BALL VALVES
Fully

Welded

Body

ASME Class 1500/2500 Lbs


API 6D
ASME #1500 F. B.
Size
inch/mm

16

2
50
3
80
4
100
6
150
8
200
10
250
12
300
14
350
16
400

I-d

O-d

FULLY WELDED BODY


L - Rf L - Bw

1.93 1.93 14.49 14.49 8.46


49
49
368
368
215
2.91 2.91 18.50 18.50 10.43
74
74
470
470
265
3.94 3.94 21.50 21.50 12.40
100
100
546
546
315
5.67 5.67 27.76 27.76 15.55
144
144
705
705
395
7.56 7.56 32.76 32.76 19.09
192
192
832
832
485
9.41 9.41 39.02 39.02 23.03
239
239
991
991
585
11.30 11.30 44.49 44.49 27.95
287
287 1130 1130 710
12.40 12.40 49.49 49.49 30.12
315
315 1257 1257 765
14.17 14.17 54.49 54.49 33.46
360
360 1384 1384 850

ASME #2500 F. B.

Weight
lb/kg

4.13
105
6.50
165
1.18
30
10.43
265
12.01
305
14.37
365
16.54
420
17.13
435
18.90
480

4.13
105
5.12
130
6.89
175
9.25
235
11.61
295
13.98
355
16.93
430
16.73
425
19.49
495

109
49
207
94
419
190
1009
458
1724
782
3148
1428
4719
2140
5984
2714
8528
3868

Size
inch/mm

2
50
3
80
4
100
6
150
8
200
10
250
12
300

I-d

O-d

FULLY WELDED BODY


L - Rf L - Bw

1.65 1.65 17.76


42
42
451
2.44 2.44 22.76
62
62
578
3.43 3.43 26.50
87
87
673
5.16 5.16 35.98
131
131
914
7.05 7.05 40.24
179
179 1022
8.78 8.78 50.00
223
223 1270
10.43 10.43 55.98
265
265 1422

ASME #2500 R. B.
Size
inch/mm

ASME #1500 R. B.
Size

inch/
mm

2 x 1 1/2
50 x 40
3x2
80 x 50
4x3
100 x 80
6x4
150 x 100
8x6
200 x 150
10 x 8
250 x 200
12 x 10
300 x 250
14 x 12
350 x 300
16 x 12
400 x 300

>
>
>
>

I-d

O-d

FULLY WELDED BODY


L - Rf L - Bw

1.93
1.50 14.49 14.49 8.46
49
38
368
368
215
2.91
2.91 18.50 18.50 10.43
74
49
470
470
265
3.94
3.94 21.50 21.50 12.40
100
74
546
546
315
5.67
5.67 27.76 27.76 15.55
144
100
705
705
395
7.56
7.56 32.76 32.76 19.09
192
144
832
832
485
9.41
9.41 39.02 39.02 23.23
239
192
991
991
590
11.30 11.30 44.49 44.49 26.57
287
239 1130 1130 675
12.40 12.40 49.49 49.49 29.72
315
287 1257 1257 755
14.17 14.17 54.49 54.49 32.87
360
287 1384 1384 835

Lever Op. up to 3 / 4 x 3 - Over Gear Op.


Bore size acc. to API 6D
Flanges acc. to ASME B16.5 & B16.47
End to End acc. to API 6D & ASME B16.10

Weight
lb/kg

4.13
105
4.13
105
6.50
165
8.46
215
10.43
265
11.61
295
14.37
365
16.73
425
16.73
425

4.13
105
4.13
105
5.12
130
6.69
170
9.06
230
11.22
285
13.78
350
16.73
425
16.73
425

90
41
145
66
262
119
601
273
1190
540
2143
972
3692
1675
5242
2378
5887
2670

I-d

O-d

17.76
451
22.76
578
26.50
673
35.98
914
40.24
1022
50.00
1270
55.98
1422

Weight
lb/kg

9.45
240
12.20
310
13.98
355
19.09
485
24.61
625
29.53
750
34.45
875

4.92
125
6.89
175
8.86
225
10.43
265
15.16
385
17.91
455
20.67
525

5.12
130
7.68
195
9.25
235
10.04
255
13.39
340
16.73
425
19.09
485

186
85
396
180
802
364
1619
734
2846
1291
4404
1998
6729
3052

FULLY WELDED BODY


L - Rf L - Bw

2 x 1 1/2 1.65 1.50 17.76


50 x 40
42
38
451
3x2
2.44 2.44 22.76
80 x 50
62
42
578
4x3
3.43 3.43 26.50
100 x 80
87
62
673
6x4
5.16 5.16 35.98
150 x 100 131
87
914
8x6
7.05 7.05 40.24
200 x 150 179
131 1022
10 x 8
8.78 8.78 50.00
250 x 200 223
179 1270
12 x 10 10.43 10.43 55.98
300 x 250 265
223 1422

17.76
451
22.76
578
26.50
673
35.98
914
40.24
1022
50.00
1270
55.98
1422

Weight
lb/kg

9.45 4.92 5.12 140


240
125
130
64
12.20 4.92 5.12 329
310
125
130
149
13.98 6.89 7.87 559
355
175
200
254
19.09 8.86 9.25 1074
485
225
235
487
21.85 10.43 10.04 2289
555
265
255 1038
26.77 15.16 13.39 3491
680
385
340 1584
29.92 20.67 19.09 5359
760
525
485 2431

TOP
ENTRY
BALL
VALVES

CAST & FORGED STEEL


BALL VALVES
Top

Entry

Body

ASME Class 150 Lbs


API 6D

ASME #150 F. B.
Size
inch/mm

18

>
>
>
>

2
50
3
80
4
100
6
150
8
200
10
250
12
300
14
350
16
400
18
450
20
500
22
550
24
600
26
650
28
700
30
750
32
800
34
850
36
900
40
1000
42
1050
48
1200
56
1400

I-d

O-d

1.93
49
2.91
74
3.94
100
5.91
150
7.91
201
9.92
252
11.93
303
13.15
334
15.16
385
17.17
436
19.17
487
21.18
538
23.19
589
24.92
633
26.93
684
28.94
735
30.67
779
32.68
830
34.41
874
38.43
976
40.16
1020
45.91
1166
53.54
1360

1.93
49
2.91
74
3.94
100
5.91
150
7.91
201
9.92
252
11.93
303
13.15
334
15.16
385
17.17
436
19.17
487
21.18
538
23.19
589
24.92
633
26.93
684
28.94
735
30.67
779
32.68
830
34.41
874
38.43
976
40.16
1020
45.91
1166
53.54
1360

TOP ENTRY BODY


L - Rf L - Bw
7.01
178
7.99
203
9.02
229
15.51
394
17.99
457
20.98
533
24.02
610
27.01
686
30.00
762
34.02
864
35.98
914
39.02
991
42.01
1067
45.00
1143
48.98
1244
50.98
1295
53.98
1371
57.99
1473
60.00
1524
69.02
1753
73.03
1855
84.02
2134
***
***

8.50
216
11.14
283
12.01
305
17.99
457
20.51
521
22.01
559
25.00
635
30.00
762
32.99
838
35.98
914
39.02
991
42.99
1092
45.00
1143
49.02
1245
53.03
1347
55.00
1397
60.00
1524
64.02
1626
68.03
1728
77.01
1956
82.01
2083
94.02
2388
***
***

ASME #150 R. B.

Weight
lb/kg

7.28
185
9.25
235
11.22
285
12.80
325
16.14
410
19.49
495
22.44
570
26.18
665
27.76
705
29.33
745
33.46
850
37.01
940
39.76
1010
41.93
1065
44.69
1135
49.61
1260
51.57
1310
55.51
1410
56.50
1435
65.16
1655
67.32
1710
76.97
1955
***
***

8.07
205
8.86
225
11.22
285
11.02
280
12.80
325
13.98
355
18.70
475
18.11
460
18.31
465
19.88
505
22.24
565
22.44
570
24.21
615
26.57
675
28.94
735
31.89
810
33.27
845
34.45
875
37.01
940
39.96
1015
42.32
1075
47.05
1195
***
***

3.54
90
4.53
115
5.71
145
8.66
220
10.63
270
12.40
315
16.14
410
17.13
435
17.91
455
18.70
475
22.24
565
23.43
595
23.82
605
25.00
635
28.15
715
31.10
790
32.68
830
34.84
885
36.81
935
40.75
1035
42.13
1070
48.62
1235
***
***

68
31
130
59
231
105
485
220
893
405
1246
565
1576
715
1687
765
2436
1105
3340
1515
4266
1935
6085
2760
7077
3210
8399
3810
10163
4610
12423
5635
15631
7090
17218
7810
20084
9110
28208
12795
33466
15180
49835
22605
***
***

Lever Op. up to 6 / 8 x 6 - Over Gear Op.


Bore size acc. to API 6D
Flanges acc. to ASME B16.5 & B16.47
End to End acc. to API 6D & ASME B16.10

Size
inch/mm

2 x 1 1/2
50 x 40
3x2
80 x 50
4x3
100 x 80
6x4
150 x 100
8x6
200 x 150
10 x 8
250 x 200
12 x 10
300 x 250
14 x 12
350 x 300
16 x 12
400 x 300
18 x 16
450 x 400
20 x 16
500 x 400
24 x 20
600 x 500
30 x 24
750 x 600
36 x 30
900 x 750

I-d

O-d

1.93
49
2.91
74
3.94
100
5.91
150
7.91
201
9.92
252
11.93
303
13.15
334
15.16
385
17.17
436
19.17
487
23.19
589
28.94
735
34.41
874

1.50
38
2.91
49
3.94
74
5.91
100
7.91
150
9.92
201
11.93
252
13.15
303
15.16
303
17.17
385
19.17
385
23.19
487
28.94
589
34.41
735

TOP ENTRY BODY


L - Rf L - Bw
7.01
178
7.99
203
9.02
229
15.51
394
17.99
457
20.98
533
24.02
610
27.01
686
30.00
762
34.02
864
35.98
914
42.01
1067
50.98
1295
60.00
1524

8.50
216
11.14
283
12.01
305
17.99
457
20.51
521
22.01
559
25.00
635
30.00
762
32.99
838
35.98
914
39.02
991
45.00
1143
55.00
1397
68.03
1728

Weight
lb/kg

6.89
175
7.68
195
9.25
235
11.02
280
13.58
345
15.94
405
18.90
480
20.87
530
23.43
595
27.36
695
27.36
695
34.45
875
39.96
1015
49.41
1255

8.07
205
8.46
215
8.86
225
10.83
275
11.02
280
12.80
325
13.98
355
18.70
475
18.70
475
17.91
455
17.91
455
21.85
555
23.43
595
31.10
790

3.54
90
3.35
85
4.53
115
5.71
145
8.46
215
10.43
265
12.40
315
15.75
400
15.75
400
17.52
445
17.52
445
23.03
585
23.43
595
29.92
760

57
26
77
35
159
72
291
132
547
248
999
453
1056
479
1737
788
2068
938
2747
1246
3393
1539
5227
2371
8825
4003
15525
7042

CAST & FORGED STEEL


BALL VALVES
Top

Entry

Body

ASME Class 300 Lbs


API 6D

ASME #300 F. B.
Size
inch/mm

2
50
3
80
4
100
6
150
8
200
10
250
12
300
14
350
16
400
18
450
20
500
22
550
24
600
26
650
28
700
30
750
32
800
34
850
36
900
40
1000
42
1050
48
1200
56
1400

>
>
>
>

I-d

O-d

1.93
49
2.91
74
3.94
100
5.91
150
7.91
201
9.92
252
11.93
303
13.15
334
15.16
385
17.17
436
19.17
487
21.18
538
23.19
589
24.92
633
26.93
684
28.94
735
30.67
779
32.68
830
34.41
874
38.43
976
40.16
1020
45.91
1166
53.54
1360

1.93
49
2.91
74
3.94
100
5.91
150
7.91
201
9.92
252
11.93
303
13.15
334
15.16
385
17.17
436
19.17
487
21.18
538
23.19
589
24.92
633
26.93
684
28.94
735
30.67
779
32.68
830
34.41
874
38.43
976
40.16
1020
45.91
1166
53.54
1360

TOP ENTRY BODY


L - Rf L - Bw
8.50
216
11.14
283
12.01
305
15.87
403
19.76
502
22.36
568
25.51
648
30.00
762
32.99
838
35.98
914
39.02
991
42.99
1092
45.00
1143
49.02
1245
52.99
1346
55.00
1397
60.00
1524
64.02
1626
67.99
1727
77.01
1956
82.01
2083
85.43
2170
***
***

8.50
216
11.14
283
12.01
305
17.99
457
20.51
521
22.01
559
25.00
635
30.00
762
32.99
838
35.98
914
39.02
991
42.99
1092
45.00
1143
49.02
1245
52.99
1346
55.00
1397
60.00
1524
64.02
1626
67.99
1727
77.01
1956
82.01
2083
85.43
2170
***
***

ASME #300 R. B.

Weight
lb/kg

7.28
185
9.45
240
11.22
285
12.80
325
16.34
415
19.49
495
22.44
570
26.18
665
27.76
705
29.53
750
33.46
850
37.01
940
39.76
1010
41.93
1065
44.69
1135
49.61
1260
51.57
1310
55.51
1410
56.50
1435
65.16
1655
67.32
1710
76.97
1955
***
***

8.46
215
8.86
225
11.22
285
11.02
280
12.99
330
13.98
355
18.70
475
18.11
460
18.31
465
20.08
510
22.24
565
22.44
570
24.21
615
26.57
675
28.94
735
31.89
810
33.27
845
34.45
875
37.01
940
39.96
1015
42.32
1075
47.05
1195
***
***

3.74
95
4.72
120
5.71
145
8.66
220
10.83
275
12.40
315
16.14
410
17.13
435
17.91
455
18.70
475
22.24
565
23.43
595
23.82
605
25.00
635
28.15
715
31.10
790
32.68
830
34.84
885
36.81
935
40.75
1035
42.13
1070
48.62
1235
***
***

84
38
141
64
238
108
489
222
915
415
1246
565
1576
715
1687
765
2436
1105
3340
1515
4266
1935
6085
2760
7077
3210
8399
3810
10163
4610
12423
5635
15631
7090
17218
7810
20084
9110
28208
12795
33466
15180
49835
22605
***
***

Lever Op. up to 6 / 8 x 6 - Over Gear Op.


Bore size acc. to API 6D
Flanges acc. to ASME B16.5 & B16.47
End to End acc. to API 6D & ASME B16.10

Size
inch/mm

2 x 1 1/2
50 x 40
3x2
80 x 50
4x3
100 x 80
6x4
150 x 100
8x6
200 x 150
10 x 8
250 x 200
12 x 10
300 x 250
14 x 12
350 x 300
16 x 12
400 x 300
18 x 16
450 x 400
20 x 16
500 x 400
24 x 20
600 x 500
30 x 24
750 x 600
36 x 30
900 x 750

I-d

O-d

1.93
49
2.91
74
3.94
100
5.91
150
7.91
201
9.92
252
11.93
303
13.15
334
15.16
385
17.17
436
19.17
487
23.19
589
28.94
735
34.41
874

1.50
38
2.91
49
3.94
74
5.91
100
7.91
150
9.92
201
11.93
252
13.15
303
15.16
303
17.17
385
19.17
385
23.19
487
28.94
589
34.41
735

TOP ENTRY BODY


L - Rf L - Bw
8.50
216
11.14
283
12.01
305
17.99
457
20.51
521
22.01
559
25.51
648
30.00
762
32.99
838
35.98
914
39.02
991
45.00
1143
55.00
1397
67.99
1727

8.50
216
11.14
283
12.01
305
17.99
457
20.51
521
22.01
559
25.00
635
30.00
762
32.99
838
35.98
914
39.02
991
45.00
1143
55.00
1397
67.99
1727

Weight
lb/kg

6.89
175
8.07
205
10.04
255
12.60
320
15.16
385
17.72
450
20.67
525
23.23
590
25.79
655
28.15
715
30.71
780
36.22
920
43.11
1095
50.20
1275

8.07
205
8.07
205
8.86
225
11.42
290
11.22
285
12.80
325
14.37
365
18.90
480
18.90
480
18.50
470
18.50
470
22.44
570
24.21
615
32.09
815

3.35
85
3.35
85
4.72
120
5.91
150
8.86
225
10.83
275
12.80
325
16.34
415
16.34
415
18.11
460
18.11
460
22.44
570
24.02
610
31.10
790

60
27
95
43
183
83
362
164
631
286
1184
537
1265
574
2026
919
2414
1095
3230
1465
4006
1817
6122
2777
10287
4666
18278
8291

19

CAST & FORGED STEEL


BALL VALVES
Top

Entry

Body

ASME Class 600 Lbs


API 6D

ASME #600 F. B.
Size
inch/mm

20

>
>
>
>

2
50
3
80
4
100
6
150
8
200
10
250
12
300
14
350
16
400
18
450
20
500
22
550
24
600
26
650
28
700
30
750
32
800
34
850
36
900
40
1000
42
1050
48
1200
56
1400

I-d

O-d

1.93
49
2.91
74
3.94
100
5.91
150
7.91
201
9.92
252
11.93
303
13.15
334
15.16
385
17.17
436
19.17
487
21.18
538
23.19
589
24.92
633
26.93
684
28.94
735
30.67
779
32.68
830
34.41
874
38.43
976
40.16
1020
45.91
1166
53.54
1360

1.93
49
2.91
74
3.94
100
5.91
150
7.91
201
9.92
252
11.93
303
13.15
334
15.16
385
17.17
436
19.17
487
21.18
538
23.19
589
24.92
633
26.93
684
28.94
735
30.67
779
32.68
830
34.41
874
38.43
976
40.16
1020
45.91
1166
53.54
1360

TOP ENTRY BODY


L - Rf L - Bw
11.50
292
14.02
356
17.01
432
22.01
559
25.98
660
30.98
787
32.99
838
35.00
889
39.02
991
42.99
1092
47.01
1194
51.02
1296
55.00
1397
57.01
1448
60.98
1549
66.30
1684
70.00
1778
75.98
1930
82.01
2083
85.43
2170
85.63
2175
95.87
2435
***
***

11.50
292
14.02
356
17.01
432
22.01
559
25.98
660
30.98
787
32.99
838
35.00
889
39.02
991
42.99
1092
47.01
1194
51.02
1296
55.00
1397
57.01
1448
60.98
1549
66.30
1684
70.00
1778
75.98
1930
82.01
2083
85.43
2170
85.63
2175
95.87
2435
***
***

ASME #600 R. B.

Weight
lb/kg

7.68
195
9.65
245
11.61
295
13.39
340
16.54
420
20.08
510
22.83
580
26.57
675
28.15
715
29.92
760
34.06
865
37.40
950
40.16
1020
42.52
1080
45.28
1150
50.20
1275
51.97
1320
56.10
1425
57.28
1455
65.75
1670
67.91
1725
77.76
1975
***
***

8.66
220
9.25
235
11.61
295
11.42
290
12.80
325
14.57
370
19.09
485
18.39
467
18.70
475
20.28
515
22.64
575
22.05
560
24.61
625
26.97
685
29.33
745
32.28
820
33.86
860
35.24
895
37.40
950
40.55
1030
42.72
1085
59.25
1505
***
***

3.94
100
4.92
125
6.10
155
5.12
130
11.02
280
12.99
330
16.54
420
17.48
444
18.31
465
19.09
485
22.64
575
24.02
610
24.21
615
25.39
645
28.54
725
31.69
805
33.27
845
35.24
895
37.20
945
41.14
1045
42.13
1070
49.02
1245
***
***

95
43
152
69
247
112
503
228
924
419
1261
572
1594
723
1713
777
2449
1111
3362
1525
4295
1948
6091
2763
7092
3217
8410
3815
10174
4615
12440
5643
15668
7107
17249
7824
20108
9121
28234
12807
33333
15120
49883
22627
***
***

Lever Op. up to 4 / 6 x 4 - Over Gear Op.


Bore size acc. to API 6D
Flanges acc. to ASME B16.5 & B16.47
End to End acc. to API 6D & ASME B16.10

Size
inch/mm

2 x 1 1/2
50 x 40
3x2
80 x 50
4x3
100 x 80
6x4
150 x 100
8x6
200 x 150
10 x 8
250 x 200
12 x 10
300 x 250
14 x 12
350 x 300
16 x 12
400 x 300
18 x 16
450 x 400
20 x 16
500 x 400
24 x 20
600 x 500
30 x 24
750 x 600
36 x 30
900 x 750

I-d

O-d

1.93
49
2.91
74
3.94
100
5.91
150
7.91
201
9.92
252
11.93
303
13.15
334
15.16
385
17.17
436
19.17
487
23.19
589
28.94
735
34.41
874

1.50
38
2.91
49
3.94
74
5.91
100
7.91
150
9.92
201
11.93
252
13.15
303
15.16
303
17.17
385
19.17
385
23.19
487
28.94
589
34.41
735

TOP ENTRY BODY


L - Rf L - Bw
11.50
292
14.02
356
17.01
432
22.01
559
25.98
660
30.98
787
32.99
838
35.00
889
39.02
991
42.99
1092
47.01
1194
55.00
1397
66.30
1684
82.01
2083

11.50
292
14.02
356
17.01
432
22.01
559
25.98
660
30.98
787
32.99
838
35.00
889
39.02
991
42.99
1092
47.01
1194
55.00
1397
66.30
1684
82.01
2083

Weight
lb/kg

7.09
180
8.46
215
10.83
275
13.98
355
16.54
420
20.28
515
22.24
565
24.02
610
27.17
690
29.53
750
32.28
820
37.20
945
44.69
1135
51.97
1320

8.46
215
8.66
220
9.25
235
11.61
295
11.22
285
12.80
325
14.57
370
19.09
485
19.09
485
18.70
475
18.70
475
22.64
575
24.61
625
32.28
820

3.54
90
3.94
100
4.92
125
6.10
155
5.12
130
11.02
280
12.99
330
16.54
420
16.54
420
18.31
465
18.31
465
22.64
575
24.21
615
31.89
810

77
35
106
48
209
95
408
185
708
321
1329
603
1594
723
2630
1193
3117
1414
4098
1859
6391
2899
7762
3521
13166
5972
23313
10575

CAST & FORGED STEEL


BALL VALVES
Top

Entry

Body

ASME Class 900 Lbs


API 6D

ASME #900 F. B.
Size
inch/mm

2
50
3
80
4
100
6
150
8
200
10
250
12
300
14
350
16
400
18
450
20
500
24
600
28
700
30
750
32
800
34
850
36
900

>
>
>
>

I-d

O-d

1.93
49
2.91
74
3.94
100
5.91
150
7.91
201
9.92
252
11.93
303
12.68
322
14.69
373
16.65
423
18.54
471
22.44
570
26.18
665
28.03
712
29.92
760
31.81
808
33.66
855

1.93
49
2.91
74
3.94
100
5.91
150
7.91
201
9.92
252
11.93
303
12.68
322
14.69
373
16.65
423
18.54
471
22.44
570
26.18
665
28.03
712
29.92
760
31.81
808
33.66
855

TOP ENTRY BODY


L - Rf L - Bw
14.49
368
15.00
381
17.99
457
24.02
610
29.02
737
32.99
838
37.99
965
40.51
1029
44.49
1130
47.99
1219
52.01
1321
60.98
1549
69.02
1753
74.02
1880
80.00
2032
85.00
2159
90.00
2286

14.49
368
15.00
381
17.99
457
24.02
610
29.02
737
32.99
838
37.99
965
40.51
1029
44.49
1130
47.99
1219
52.01
1321
60.98
1549
69.02
1753
74.02
1880
80.00
2032
85.00
2159
90.00
2286

ASME #900 R. B.

Weight
lb/kg

8.46
215
9.65
245
11.61
295
15.16
385
18.70
475
21.65
550
24.21
615
25.39
645
28.15
715
31.69
805
35.24
895
41.73
1060
48.62
1235
51.38
1305
53.54
1360
57.87
1470
60.43
1535

8.46
215
9.06
230
11.02
280
11.22
285
13.19
335
15.16
385
20.08
510
20.67
525
21.26
540
23.03
585
24.80
630
27.36
695
32.48
825
34.84
885
37.20
945
38.78
985
41.54
1055

3.35
85
4.53
115
5.71
145
13.19
335
10.83
275
12.80
325
16.54
420
17.52
445
18.31
465
19.29
490
24.02
610
24.80
630
28.54
725
31.69
805
34.45
875
36.42
925
39.17
995

129
59
145
66
373
169
918
416
1476
669
2566
1164
3833
1739
3935
1785
5489
2490
7165
3250
10668
4839
17255
7827
25125
11397
30892
14013
32502
14743
43619
19786
47922
21737

Lever Op. up to 4 / 6 x 4 - Over Gear Op.


Bore size acc. to API 6D
Flanges acc. to ASME B16.5 & B16.47
End to End acc. to API 6D & ASME B16.10

Size
inch/mm

2 x 1 1/2
50 x 40
3x2
80 x 50
4x3
100 x 80
6x4
150 x 100
8x6
200 x 150
10 x 8
250 x 200
12 x 10
300 x 250
14 x 12
350 x 300
16 x 12
400 x 300
18 x 16
450 x 400
20 x 16
500 x 400
24 x 20
600 x 500
30 x 24
750 x 600
36 x 30
900 x 750

I-d

O-d

1.93
49
2.91
74
3.94
100
5.91
150
7.91
201
9.92
252
11.93
303
12.68
322
14.69
373
16.65
423
18.54
471
22.44
570
28.03
712
33.66
855

1.50
38
2.91
49
3.94
74
5.91
100
7.91
150
9.92
201
11.93
252
12.68
303
14.69
303
16.65
373
18.54
373
22.44
471
28.03
570
33.66
712

TOP ENTRY BODY


L - Rf L - Bw
14.49
368
15.00
381
17.99
457
24.02
610
29.02
737
32.99
838
37.99
965
40.51
1029
44.49
1130
47.99
1219
52.01
1321
60.98
1549
74.02
1880
90.00
2286

14.49
368
15.00
381
17.99
457
24.02
610
29.02
737
32.99
838
37.99
965
40.51
1029
44.49
1130
47.99
1219
52.01
1321
60.98
1549
74.02
1880
90.00
2286

Weight
lb/kg

8.46
215
9.65
245
11.61
295
15.16
385
18.70
475
21.65
550
24.21
615
25.39
645
27.95
710
31.10
790
33.86
860
41.14
1045
48.62
1235
57.68
1465

8.46
215
8.46
215
9.06
230
11.02
280
11.22
285
13.39
340
15.16
385
20.47
520
20.47
520
21.06
535
21.06
535
24.80
630
25.39
645
30.51
775

3.35
85
3.35
85
4.33
110
5.91
150
8.86
225
10.83
275
12.80
325
16.34
415
16.34
415
18.31
465
18.31
465
23.82
605
26.38
670
31.50
800

115
52
170
77
313
142
611
277
1215
551
2004
909
2414
1095
3975
1803
4643
2106
6259
2839
7758
3519
11903
5399
19866
9011
33596
15239

21

CAST & FORGED STEEL


BALL VALVES
Top

Entry

Body

ASME Class 1500/2500 Lbs


API 6D

ASME #1500 F. B.
Size
inch/mm

22

2
50
3
80
4
100
6
150
8
200
10
250
12
300
14
350
16
400

I-d

O-d

TOP ENTRY BODY


L - Rf L - Bw

1.93 1.93 14.49 14.49 8.46


49
49
368
368
215
2.91 2.91 18.50 18.50 10.43
74
74
470
470
265
3.94 3.94 21.50 21.50 12.40
100
100
546
546
315
5.67 5.67 27.76 27.76 15.75
144
144
705
705
400
7.56 7.56 32.76 32.76 19.09
192
192
832
832
485
9.41 9.41 39.02 39.02 23.03
239
239
991
991
585
11.30 11.30 44.49 44.49 27.95
287
287 1130 1130 710
12.40 12.40 49.49 49.49 30.12
315
315 1257 1257 765
14.17 14.17 54.49 54.49 33.46
360
360 1384 1384 850

ASME #2500 F. B.

Weight
lb/kg

8.46
215
9.25
235
11.61
295
12.01
305
13.98
355
15.75
400
20.67
525
21.85
555
22.44
570

3.35
85
4.92
125
6.10
155
9.25
235
11.22
285
13.19
335
16.93
430
17.91
455
19.29
490

126
57
344
156
619
281
1329
603
2445
1109
3177
1441
4451
2019
5769
2617
8596
3899

Size
inch/mm

2
50
3
80
4
100
6
150
8
200
10
250
12
300

Size

Size
inch/mm

I-d

O-d

TOP ENTRY BODY


L - Rf L - Bw

2 x 1 1/2 1.93 1.50 14.49 14.49


50 x 40
49
38
368
368
3x2
2.91 2.91 18.50 18.50
80 x 50
74
49
470
470
4x3
3.94 3.94 21.50 21.50
100 x 80 100
74
546
546
6x4
5.67 5.67 27.76 27.76
150 x 100 144
100
705
705
8x6
7.56 7.56 32.76 32.76
200 x 150 192
144
832
832
10 x 8
9.41 9.41 39.02 39.02
250 x 200 239
192
991
991
12 x 10 11.30 11.30 44.49 44.49
300 x 250 287
239 1130 1130
14 x 12 12.40 12.40 49.49 49.49
350 x 300 315
287 1257 1257
16 x 12 14.17 14.17 54.49 54.49
400 x 300 360
287 1384 1384

>
>
>
>

Weight
lb/kg

8.46
215
10.43
265
12.40
315
15.75
400
19.09
485
23.23
590
26.77
680
29.72
755
32.68
830

8.46
215
8.46
215
9.25
235
11.42
290
12.01
305
13.78
350
15.94
405
21.06
535
21.06
535

3.35
85
3.35
85
4.72
120
6.10
155
9.25
235
11.42
290
13.19
335
16.73
425
16.73
425

115
52
223
101
456
207
836
379
1563
709
2820
1279
3388
1537
5941
2695
7068
3206

Lever Op. up to 3 / 4 x 3 - Over Gear Op.


Bore size acc. to API 6D
Flanges acc. to ASME B16.5 & B16.47
End to End acc. to API 6D & ASME B16.10

O-d

L - Rf L - Bw

1.65 1.65 17.76


42
42
451
2.44 2.44 22.76
62
62
578
3.43 3.43 26.50
87
87
673
5.16 5.16 35.98
131
131
914
7.05 7.05 40.24
179
179 1022
8.78 8.78 50.00
223
223 1270
10.43 10.43 55.98
265
265 1422

ASME #2500 R. B.
inch/mm

ASME #1500 R. B.

I-d

TOP ENTRY BODY

I-d

O-d

17.76
451
22.76
578
26.50
673
35.98
914
40.24
1022
50.00
1270
55.98
1422

W
9.25
235
12.60
320
14.37
365
19.09
485
21.85
555
26.57
675
30.12
765

Weight
lb/kg

8.46 3.94 271


215
100
123
9.65 4.92 549
245
125
249
11.81 6.50 1043
300
165
473
14.17 9.65 2070
360
245
939
16.73 11.61 3115
425
295 1413
19.88 13.98 5761
505
355 2613
23.23 17.13 9261
590
435 4201

TOP ENTRY BODY


L - Rf L - Bw

2 x 1 1/2 1.65 1.50 17.76


50 x 40
42
38
451
3x2
2.44 2.44 22.76
80 x 50
62
42
578
4x3
3.43 3.43 26.50
100 x 80
87
62
673
6x4
5.16 5.16 35.98
150 x 100 131
87
914
8x6
7.05 7.05 40.24
200 x 150 179
131 1022
10 x 8
8.78 8.78 50.00
250 x 200 223
179 1270
12 x 10 10.43 10.43 55.98
300 x 250 265
223 1422

17.76
451
22.76
578
26.50
673
35.98
914
40.24
1022
50.00
1270
55.98
1422

W
9.65
245
12.20
310
13.98
355
19.09
485
21.85
555
26.77
680
30.12
765

Weight
lb/kg

8.46 3.94 183


215
100
83
8.46 3.94 357
215
100
162
9.65 4.92 666
245
125
302
11.81 6.50 1486
300
165
674
14.17 9.65 2546
360
245 1155
16.73 11.61 4636
425
295 2103
19.88 13.98 7343
505
355 3331

DESIGN - VALVE ASSEMBLY


TYPICAL TRUNNION MOUNTED BALL VALVE ASSEMBLY
MAIN

COMPONENTS

23

>

>

> BODY

>

>

> CLOSURES

>

>

> BALL

>

>

> STEM

>

>

> SEATS - INSERTS

>

>

> STUDS & NUTS

>

>

> SUPPORT PLATES

DESIGN - SEAT FEATURES

Soft Seat Assembly

Metal Seat Assembly

24

DOUBLE-PISTON EFFECT

Soft Seat Assembly w/Greasing System


Metal Seat Assembly

Standard design for NSSL


trunnion
mounted
ball
valves : each seat rings perform a single piston action.
During service, the fluid pressure, both upstream and
downstream, creates a resultant thrust that pushes the
seat rings against the ball ; at
the same time the fluid pressure acting in the body cavity
creates an opposite thrust
that pushes the seat rings
away from the ball. The
single-piston design permits
the automatic release of any
overpressure in the body cavity when the valve is in the
fully open or fully closed position, which makes the seat
assembly self-relieving.

On request the seat rings design may be modified to perform a double piston action.
During service the fluid pressure, both upstream and
downstream, as well as in the
body cavity, creates a resultant thrust that pushes the
seat rings against the ball,
creating a double-piston effect. Valves with doublepiston seat assembly may require a relief valve in order to
reduce the build-up of overpressure in the body cavity.

** Back-up rings are available


on request for ASME #150 ,
#300, #600 and #900 ; standard solution for ASME
#1500 and #2500.

SINGLE-PISTON EFFECT

Soft Seat Assembly w/Greasing System

Metal Seat Assembly w/Greasing System

SEAT

SEAT INSERT

SEAT SPRING

SPACER

SPACER PIN

BALL THRUST WASHER

BALL

SEAT FIRE SAFE

SEAT O-RING

SEAT BACK-UP**

GREASING CIRCUIT

GREASE O-RING

GREASE BACK-UP**

MATERIALS
VALVE BODY MATERIALS
The choice of material is usually based upon requirements for pressure, temperature, resistance to corrosion,
abrasion and method of manufacture. A material which is resistant to abrasion may have little resistance to corrosion for a particular fluid. Some fluids necessitate the use of special, costly materials or materials which pose
manufacturing difficulties in order to prevent severe corrosion damage to the valve. The majority of process fluids do not impose excessive requirements with regard to pressure, temperature and corrosion, which is why cast
iron and cast carbon steel are the most common materials used. When specifying materials it is always advisable
to quote a well known standard designation. In the tables below are reported the common materials used for
valve body. The UNS and ASTM designations are quoted for each material.

CARBON AND STAINLESS STEEL


Group Material

Generic Name

Major chemical
constituents

UNS spec.

Forging spec.
(ASTM)

Casting spec.
(ASTM)

Carbon steel

CS

C-Mn-Fe

K03504

A105/A105N

A216 WCB

Low temperature carbon steel

LTCS

C-Mn-Fe

K03011

A350 LF2

A352 LCA
A352 LCB
A352 LCC

Austenitic St. St.


300 series

316 13Cr-12Ni2Mo
316L 13Cr-12Ni2Mo

S31600

A182 F316

A351 CF8M

S31603

A182 F316L

A351 CF3M

Duplex 2205

22Cr-5Ni-3Mo-N

S31803

A182 F51

A890-J92205

25Cr-7Ni-4Mo-N

S32750

A182 F53

20Cr-18Ni-6Mo

S31254

A182 F44

Stainless steel

Super Duplex
2507
Super Austenitic
6Mo

A351-CD4MCu
A890 5A
A182-F44 A351CK3MCuN

SPECIAL AND EXOTIC MATERIALS


Group Material
Nickel-Iron
Alloy
Nickel
Nickel-Copper

Nickel
Superalloys

Titanium

Generic Name

Major chemical
constituents

UNS spec.

Forging spec.
(ASTM)

Casting spec.
(ASTM)

Incoloy 800

33Ni-42F e 21 Cr

N08800

B564-N08800

Incoloy 825

42Ni-21.5Cr-3Mo
-2.3Cu

N08825

B564-N08825

A494-CU5MCuC

Nickel

99/95Ni

N02200

B160-N02200

A94-Cz-100

N04400

B564-N04400

A94-M35-1

N05500

B564-N05500

Monel 400
Monel 500

67Ni-30Cu

Inconel 600

72Ni-15Cr-8Fe

N06600

B564-N06600

A94-CY40

Inconel 625

60Ni-22Cr-9Mo.5Cb

N06625

B564-N06625

A94-CW-6MC

Hastelloy C-276

54Ni-15Cr-16Mo

N10276

B564-N10276

A94-CW-2M

Titanium

98Ti

R50400

B381-GR2

B367-C2

Ti6-4

90Ti 46Al

R56400

B381-GR5

25

MATERIALS
VALVE TRIM MATERIALS
When selecting materials, always keep within the temperature limitations specified and make sure that the material combinations are suitable. Because the material for the valve trim is often selected with regard to its resistance to abrasion or cavitation, it is essential that the material combination is compatible, i.e. they resist wear
and galling in combination. The process fluid may, or may not, possess lubricating qualities which can assist with
both wear and galling. Lube oil or ethylene glycol will assist some combinations whereas steam or paraffin will
have little effect. 304 and 316 stainless steel can be surface treated to increase the hardness to about 1100 Hv.
The treatment does not impair the corrosion resistance. The ability to improve the hardness dramatically means
both materials can be used as trim and self-mated without the associated risks of galling.
Soft, non-metallic materials are used for valve seats or seat inserts when it is necessary to have a completely
leak-free valve. Choice of the correct material requires detailed knowledge of the process fluid and conditions.

TRIM MATERIALS

26

Group Material

Generic Name

Major chemical constituents

Carbon Steel

CS + E.N.P.

C-Mn-Fe + E.N.P.

Electroless Nickel Plating 75 to ASTM B 733

Low Temperature
Carbon Steel

LTCS + E.N.P.

C-Mn-Fe + E.N.P.

Electroless Nickel Plating 75 to ASTM B 733

UNS spec.

Forging spec.
(ASTM)

Incoloy 800

33Ni-42F e 21 Cr

N08800

B564-N08800

Incoloy 825

42Ni-21.5Cr-3Mo-2.3Cu

N08825

B564-N08825

Nickel
Monel 400
Monel 500

99/95Ni

N02200
N04400
N05500

B160-N02200
B56-N04400
B564-N05500

Inconel 600

72Ni-15Cr-8Fe

N06600

B564-N06600

Inconel 625

60Ni-22Cr-9Mo-.5Cb

N06625

B564-N06625

Hastelloy C-276

54Ni-15Cr-16Mo

N10276

B564-N10276

Titanium

Titanium
Ti6-4

98Ti
90Ti 46Al

R50400
R56400

B381-GR2
B381-GR5

Alloy steel

4140

1Cr0,25Mo0,40C0,81Mn

UNS G41400

AISI 4140

Nickel-Iron Alloy
Nickel
Nickel-Copper
Nickel
Superalloys

67Ni-30Cu

MATERIALS
SEAL MATERIALS
The choice of seal material is critical to the ultimate success of any sealing system. The "valve normal" operating
conditions are usually well-established and can be used for seal selection. However, operation through process
upsets is often forgotten; how much do pressure and temperature change? How quickly and for how long? If a
sealing system is intended to survive a short upset excursion and remain effective, the conditions must be evaluated during initial selection. Other non-operational conditions may have a dramatic effect on seal life :
1st cleaning with steam
2nd cleaning with chemicals
3rd sterilizing
The valve seal does not differentiate between operational and non-operational conditions. It is exposed to temperature, pressure, fluid and spindle/stem movement, or the lack of movement. The correct material selection
can only be made after the valve "life style" has been thoroughly examined. Failure to consider any aspect of
"life style" can result in unscheduled stops for maintenance, loss of production and high costs for spare parts.
Standard seal material options as follows :

GENERAL
27

GENERAL ( SEALING )
Generic
Name

DESIGNATION

SERVICE TEMPERATURE

APPLICATION
Graphite can be produced as plain fibre and braided to form a
self-lubricating high temperature packing, up to 340 C for general applications. In an inert environment, ambient air excluded,temperatures up to 500 C are possible. Graphite can be
braided with PTFE fibres and lubricated for medium pressure
universal applications up to 260C Pressures up to 400 barg
over the full pH range are possible. Typical applications include
high pressure steam valves.

Graphite

Spiral wound

Stainless steel 316 with graphite filler

Ring Joint

NSSL can provide RJ in any material designation

Metallic

MATERIALS
ELASTOMERS

ELASTOMER ( SEALING )
Generic
Name

NItrile rubber

Hydrogenated

DESIGNATION

N.B.R.

H.N.B.R.

SERVICE TEMPERATURE

0 to + 80[C]

APPLICATION
Also known as acrylonitrile rubber, nitrile content can vary
from18% to 50%. Higher nitrile content rubbers are suitable for
petrol and petroleum products. An oil-resistant synthetic rubber produced from a copolymer of acrylonitrile and butadiene.
Its main applications are in fuel hoses, gaskets, rollers, and
other products in which oil resistance is required.

-40 to + 150[C]

HNBR has also been widely employed in industrial sealing for


oil field exploration and processing, as well as rolls for steel
and paper mills. HNBR fulfill Explosive decompression Application requirements.

Nitirl

Viton

F.K.M (F.P.M.)

-40 to + 150[C]

Compounds with excellent resistance to petroleum products,


acids, alkalies and many solvents . Viton is generally compatible with hydrocarbon compatible with Ketones such as acetone and organic such as acetic acid. O-rings made of Viton are
typically color coded as black, but new gaskets, seals and Orings should be green FKM or black FKM, but with a green
mark on the outer edge. The name is a registered trademark
of DuPont Performance Elastomers L.L.C.

Chemraz
Karlez

F.F.K.M.

-20 to + 220[C]

Fluoroelastomers are more expensive than neoprene or nitrile


rubber elastomers partly because they provide additional heat
and chemical resistance.

28

- Designations as per ISO 1629 / ASTM D 1418

MATERIALS
THERMOPLASTICS
THERMOPLASTIC ( SEALING )
NSSL

DESIGNATION

SERVICE
TEMPERATURE

APPLICATION

-100 to + 180220[C]

Attacked by molten alkaline metals, such as sodium, and some halogenated compounds. Cannot
be moulded, with the exception of some of its
very similar alloys. Seals are machined from solid.
its unsurpassed lubricating qualities assist with
dry operation. PTFE has poor resilience but excellent chemical resistance. The resilience problem
can be overcome by applying a PTFE coating to a
more elastic core, such as graphite, natural or
synthetic rubber, silicone rubber or Viton.

P.T.F.E

Polytetrafluoroethylene

R.P.T.F.E./glass

Polytetrafloroethylene.
glass filled

-100 to + 180250[C]

Polytetrafl uoroethylene
carbon-graphite fi lled

-100 to + 180250[C]

R.P.T.F.E. /
carbon graphite

POM (Delrin)

Polyoxymethylene
acetal resin

-57 to + 85[C]

Nylon 12G

Polyamide

-50 to + 120[C]

Devlon

Polyamide

-100 to + 150[C]

Vespel Sp21

15% Graphite Filled


Polyimide

-100 to + 340[C]

PEEK

Polyetheretherketone

-100 to + 260[C]

PCTFE (Kel-F)

Polyclorotrifluoroethilene

-250 to + 150[C]

UHMWPE

Ultra High Molecular


Weight Polyethylene

-200 to + 80[C]

Reinforced PTFE seats are made with glass fi lled


PTFE (20%). They are harder than virgin PTFE.
White in colour with green or blue speckles.
Reinforced PTFE with 20% carbon and 5%
Graphite. These seats are black in colour
Delrin bridges the gap between metals and ordinary plastics with a unique combination of creep
resistance, strength, stiffness, hardness, dimensional stability, toughness, fatigue resistance,
solvent and fuel resistance, abrasion resistance,
low wear and low friction. No oxygen service.
Limited in temperature service, Nylon G12 is
suggested for high pressure instead of PTFE
At high temperature material with good abrasion
resistance andlow coefficient of friction. Good
resistance to hydrocarbon products. Similar to
Nylon 12G but with a wide range of temperature.
Low wear at high bearing, low coefficient of friction, long term thermal stability, outstanding
performance with or without lubrication, good
strength.
PEEK is a semicrystalline thermoplastic with excellent mechanical and chemical resistance properties that are retained to high temperatures. The
Youngs modulus is 3.9 GPa and its tensile
strength 90 to 100 MPa. PEEK is used to fabricate
items used in demanding applications, including
bearings piston parts, valves and pumps.
Recommended for cryogenic services.
Outstanding abrasion resistance, superior impact
resistance, non-sticking and self-lubricating properties and excellent mechanical properties, even
in cryogenic conditions
- Designations as per ISO 1043.1 / ASTM D 1600

29

MATERIALS
ABOUT CORROSION
The name NACE (originally known as the National Association of Corrosion Engineers) has become synonymous
with the requirement to combat Sulphide Stress Cracking, SSC, even though NACE produces more information
on all forms of corrosion. The NACE Standard MR-01-75 is applied to equipment which is exposed to hydrogen
sulphide. In very broad terms, sulphide stress cracking is a problem for materials which have been hardened and
tempered to increase strength. The main thrust of the NACE requirements is to limit material hardness.
In oilfield applications, fluids are divided into two major groups:
1. sweet
2. sour

30

Sweet fluids contain no hydrogen sulphide. Sour fluids contain hydrogen sulphide, usually as a trace element.
The percentage of hydrogen sulphide and the partial pressure are important factors in the probability of SSC.
NACE excludes the use of cast iron for pressure containment as well as the use of free-machining variety of
steels. For carbon steels, the hardness is restricted to 22 HRc, which is approximately 238 BHN. Welded components must be stress relieved to ensure the heat-affected-zone (HAZ), meets the hardness limit. Alternatively,
the carbon content can be restricted to less than 0.18% which effectively removes the gardening possibility.
With carbon steels, compliance with NACE does not create problems. Major problems are present with alloy
steels. Consider bolting : AISI 4140, ASTM A193 B7 is the most popular bolt/stud material. NACE limits the hardness to 22 HRc when the normal hardness would be 24 to 32 HRC. The reduction in hardness produces a reduction in strength; the ultimate strength will be reduced from 850/1000 MPa to about 770 MPa maximum. This
means a bolted connection will only have approximately 90% of the strength. Equipment working close to the
pressure limit may require alternative, better materials. The austenitic stainless steels cannot be work hardened
to increase the strength. Again, this can be a major problem for bolting and similar bar components. SSC is generally a problem experienced by materials in tension. Valve seats, pressed into the body, will be in compression
and should not be susceptible to SSC.
When NACE requirements are applied to a valve the design must be checked, not just the materials. Changing
from B7 studs to B7M studs may create new problems while eliminating the SSC issue.
A list of some popular materials with their respective hardness limitations can be found in Table 13.2 of NACE.

Typical example of Intergranular


Cracking due to Stress Corrosion
in correspondence of the grain
boundary

MATERIALS
ABOUT CORROSION

31

Causes of premature fracture influcenced by the corrosion of a structural component.

Two basic corrosion reactions, anodic and cathodic, dominate the SCC process in conjunction with mechanical
stress. The chemical composition of the environment, including pH and the presence of hydrogen recombination
poisons that affect the cathode reaction product, and the composition and metallurgical condition of the metal
determine which of the two partial corrosion reactions is dominant. Anodic SCC (active path corrosion) involves
the dissolution of metal during the initiation and propagation of cracks. Cathodic SCC (embrittlement by corrosion product hydrogen) involves the deposition of hydrogen at cathodic sites on the metal surface or on the
walls of a fissure or crack and its subsequent absorption into the metal lattice.

MATERIALS
ABOUT CORROSION
Stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) is a term used to describe service failures in engineering materials that occur by
slow environmentally induced crack propagation. The observed crack propagation is the result of the combined
and synergistic interaction of mechanical stress and corrosion reactions. This is a simple definition of a complex
subject, and like most simplifications, it fails
to identify the boundaries of the subject. As
a result, before this problem can be discussed in detail, one must clearly define the
type of loading involved, the types of materials involved, the types of environments that
cause this type of crack propagation, and the
nature of the interactions that result in this
phenomenon. The term stress-corrosion
cracking is frequently used to describe any
type of environmentally induced or assisted
crack propagation.
Effect of strain rate on SCC and hydrogen-induced
cracking

32

MATERIAL

ENVIROMENT

Carbon steel

Hot nitrate, hydroxide, and carbonate/bicarbonate solutions

High-strength steels

Aqueous electrolytes, particularly when containing H2S

Austenitic stainless steels

Hot, concentrated chloride solutions; chloride-contaminated steam

High-nickel alloys

High-purity steam

a-brass

Ammoniacal solutions

Aluminium alloys

Aqueous Cl-, Br-, and I- solutions

Titanium alloys

Aqueous Cl-, Br-, and I- solutions; organic liquids; N2O4

Magnesium alloys

Aqueous Cl- solutions

Zirconium alloys

Aqueous Cl- solutions; organic liquids; I2 at 350 C (660 F)

In general, SCC is observed in alloy-environment combinations that result in the formation of a film on the metal
surface. These films may be passivating layers, tarnish films, or dealloyed layers. In many cases, these films reduce the rate of general or uniform corrosion, making the alloy desirable for resistance to uniform corrosion in
the environment. As a result, SCC is of greatest concern in the corrosion-resistant alloys exposed to aggressive
aqueous environments.

MATERIALS
ABOUT CORROSION

Schematic of a typical time to failure as a function of initially applied stress for smooth sample
stress corrosion cracking tests

Schematic diagram of typical crack propagation


rate as a function of crack tip stress intensity
behavior illustrating the regions of stage 1, 2,
and 3 crack propagation as well as identifying
the plateau velocity and the threshold stress
intensity.

Crack Initiation at Surface Discontinuities. Stress-corrosion cracking frequently initiates at preexisting or corrosion-induced surface features. These features may include grooves, laps, or burrs resulting from fabrication
processes. Examples of such features are shown in Fig. 1; these were produced during grinding in the preparation of a joint for welding. The feature shown in Fig. (a) is a lap, which subsequently recrystallized during welding
and could now act as a crevice at which deleterious cations concentrate. The highly sensitized recrystallized material could also more readily become the site of crack initiation by intergranular corrosion. A cold-worked layer
and surface burrs, shown in Fig. (b), can also assist crack initiation.

Metallographic examination:
optical micrographs showing
defects on the inner surface
of type 304 stainless steel
pipe near weld root (a) and
near through crack (b).

33

DEFINITIONS

34

Annealing
Heating steel to, and holding at a suitable temperature, followed
by relatively slow cooling. The purpose of annealing may be to
remove stresses, to soften the steel, to improve machining, to
improve cold working properties, to obtain a desired structure.
The annealing process usually involves allowing the steel to cool
slowly in the furnace.
Anti-static design
A design which provides electrical continuity for the moving
valve components and across the valve body to the connected
piping.
ANSI
The American National Standards Institute, the National Standards Authority of the USA.
API
The American Petroleum Institute
ASME
American Society of Mechanical Engineers
ASTM
American Society for Testing and Materials
Atmospheric pressure
Atmospheric pressure is standardised, technically, at 101.325
kPa (absolute), equivalent to 14.696 psi( a). Remember! This is
the pressure at sea level. Equipment working at altitude will not
experience the same atmospheric pressure. Also the local atmospheric pressure changes with the weather. Local values are
likely to vary from 94 to 108 kPa at sea level.
Austempering
Quenching from a temperature above the transformation range
to a temperature above the upper limit of martensite formation,
and holding at this temperature until the austenite is completely
transformed to the desired intermediate structure, for the purpose of conferring certain mechanical properties.
Austenite
A face centred cubic crystal structure found in chrome-nickel
stainless steels.
Austenitic stainless steel
Steels containing high percentages of certain alloying elements
such as manganese and nickel which are austenitic at room temperature and cannot be hardened by normal heat-treatment but
do work harden. They are also non-magnetic in the annealed
condition and very corrosion resistant. Chromium content usually falls between 16 and 26% and nickel content less than 35%.
Typical examples of austenitic steels include the 18/8 stainless
steels and 14 % manganese steel. Work gardening or welding
may induce some magnetism.
Back pressure
The pressure at the safety valve outlet. This can be expressed as
a percentage of the fluid inlet pressure or as a specific pressure.
Back pressure is very important and has a significant effect on
valve performance.
Blowdown valve
A valve which permits pressurised fluid to be released to the
environment.
Bolted gland
A gland which is attached to the bonnet by two or more bolts or
studs. Because of the difficulty of maintaining exact alignment
on adjustable versions some form of spherical bearing on the
packing follower is recommended.

Bonnet
The component attached to the valve body through which the
stem or spindle passes and has locations for mounting the actuator. The bonnet includes the packing box which is equivalent to
the stuffing box on a pump or compressor. The bonnet can be
threaded, flanged, union, clamped, breech-lock or welded to the
body. Special valves can have the bonnet retained by shear rings.
Braided packing
Strands or filaments, all running in the same longitudinal direction, that are twisted together to form square or rectangular
sections. Various types of braiding are possible to produce
harder, stiffer or softer, more pliable, packing. The braiding can
be applied over a soft or hard central core. Reinforced corners
can be incorporated. The strands can be coated with solid or
fluid lubricant to extend operating conditions. Metallic strands
can be included for reinforcement and to improve heat transfer.
Braided packing can be extruded to compress the section and
control the finished size. Braided packing is generally supplied as
a continuous length, 5 to 20 m, depending upon the cross section. Sealing rings are produced by cutting the required length
from the coil.
Breakaway force
The force required on a linear motion sealing element to open
the valve against maximum differential pressure.
Breakaway torque
The torque required on a rotary motion sealing element to open
the valve against maximum differential pressure.
Bright drawing
The process of drawing hot rolled steel through a die to impart
close dimensional tolerances, a bright, scale free surface, and
improved mechanical properties. The product is termed bright.
Built-up back pressure
The pressure experienced at the safety valve outlet when passing 100% flow, due to friction losses in attached pipework and
any static back pressure.
Butt fusion weld
A thermal welding technique used with some non-metallic piping systems. Materials such as polypropylene can be welded by
using electric heaters. Machines can join 1200 mm diameter
pipe.
Butt weld joint
A welded joint between two components usually of the same
diameter and with identical weld preparations; for example, a
connection between two pipes or a pipe and a fitting. Welded
pipe can be manufactured with a butt weld joint. A pipe or a
fitting can be butt welded to a flat surface without a weld preparation but this form is not acceptable to many purchasers. Butt
weld pipe joints can be the highest integrity connection, if
proved by suitable NDE, or NDT, such as 100% radiography.
Butt fusion weld
A thermal welding technique used with some non-metallic piping systems. Materials such as polypropylene can be welded by
using electric heaters. Machines can join 1200 mm diameter
pipe.
C
The chemical symbol for the element carbon; alloyed with iron
to produce cast iron and steel. Carbon increases the strength of
iron and steel and can increase the hardness.

DEFINITIONS
Carbo-nitriding
A case-hardening process in which steel components are heated
in an atmosphere containing both carbon and nitrogen.
Carbon steel
A steel whose properties are determined primarily by the
amount of carbon present. Apart from iron and carbon, manganese up to 1.5% may be present as well as residual amounts of
alloying elements such as nickel, chromium, molybdenum, etc. It
is when one or more alloying elements are added in sufficient
amount that it is classed as an alloy steel.
Case-hardening
The process of hardening the surface of steel whilst leaving the
interior unchanged. Both carbon and alloy steels are suitable for
case-hardening providing their carbon content is low, usually up
to a maximum of 0.2%. Components subject to this process,
particularly in the case of alloy steels, have a hard, wearresistant surface with a tough core.
Cast iron
A definition can be applied that cast iron is an alloy of iron and
carbon in which the carbon is in excess of the amount that can
be retained in solid solution in austenite at the eutectic temperature. Carbon is usually present in the range of 1.8% to 4.5%.
In addition, silicon, manganese, sulfur and phosphorus are contained in varying amounts. Various types of cast iron are covered
by many of the National Standard authorities and include grey,
malleable and white irons. Elements such as nickel, chromium,
molybdenum, vanadium can be added to produce alloy cast
irons.
CE
Carbon equivalent, an assessment made of carbon and carbon
manganese steels used in a sour environment (H2S present),
according to the percentages of the constituents:
CE = C + Mn/6 + (Cr + Mo + V )/5 + (Ni + Cu)/15
Change-over valve
A valve with three connections which allows one circuit to be
connected to one of a possible two circuits. The circuit not connected is isolated. Valves of this type are frequently built into
equipment such as duplex filters. The change-over valve allows
one filter element to be used while the other is cleaned or replaced. In the case of duplex filters, two change-over valves are
ganged together. An inlet change-over valve is ganged with an
outlet change-over valve so that two filters work with one inlet
and outlet process connection. Very special change-over valves
are available to be used with safety relief valves. One process
connection may be connected to one of two safety relief valves
(srvs). The valve ensures that at least one srv is in circuit at all
times. Both srvs cannot be isolated simultaneously.
Charpy test
A test to measure the impact properties of steel. A prepared test
piece, usually notched, is broken by a swinging pendulum. The
energy consumed in breaking the test piece is measured in
Joules. The more brittle the steel the lower the impact strength.
CEN and ISO provide test methods.
Chokes
A manual valve used for continuous throttling applications; a
heavy duty needle valve. An American term used mainly in connection with crude oil production.

Co
Chemical symbol for Cobalt. It may be present in steels as an
impurity added with nickel. It is added specifically to tool steels
to improve hot strength. Cobalt becomes highly radioactive
when irradiated; specifications for nuclear applications restrict
the cobalt concentration to very low levels.
Closed-loop control system
A control system in which the measurement of process variables
corrects, if necessary, the position of a control element. Consider a householder sitting in the living-room of a house with
gas/water central heating. The living-room is fitted with a room
thermostat for temperature control. The householder goes to
the kitchen leaving the living-room door open. Cold air from the
hall enters the living-room reducing the temperature. The thermostat detects the fall in temperature and sends a signal to the
boiler to maintain the water temperature. If the radiator was
fitted with a thermostatic control valve, the sensor would detect
the fall in temperature. The thermostatic valve would open and
allow more hot water to flow through the radiator. The hot water temperature would fall prompting the boiler to turn on or
increase the fuel flow.
Cold working
Altering the shape or size of a metal by plastic deformation.
Processes include rolling, drawing, pressing, spinning, extruding
and heading. It is carried out below the re-crystallization point
usually at room temperature. Hardness and tensile strength are
increased with the degree of cold work whilst ductility and impact values are lowered. The cold rolling and cold drawing of
steel significantly improves surface finish.
Control valve
A valve which opens and closes in response to an external signal
and is powered by an external source. Similar to a regulator but
requires an external supply of electricity, compressed air or pressurized liquid. The control signal may be electric analogue, electric digital or fluid analogue.
Controlled atmosphere
A gas or mixture of gases in which steel is heated to produce or
maintain a specific surface condition. Controlled atmosphere
furnaces are widely used in the heat treatment of steel as scaling
and decarburization of components is minimized by this process.
In the case of steel this refers to a component that has been
case-hardened where the centre is softer than the hard surface
layer or case. It can also be applied to the central part of a rolled
rimming steel.
Controlled bore pipe
Pipe which is specially manufactured to close tolerances. Ordinary pipes may have a 12.5% tolerance on the wall thickness
which leads to considerable variation in the bore size. Controlled
bore pipes use strict manufacturing controls to ensure the bore
size varies from 1.5% or 3.2 mm in the larger sizes.
Cr
The chemical symbol for the element chromium, sometimes
abbreviated to "chrome". Chrome is added in small quantities to
steel, less than 3%, to improve the effectiveness of heat treatment and hardening and to increase the strength. When the
content is increased to between 10 and 30%, the steel acquires
stain resistance or becomes stainless, i.e. less likely to oxidize.

35

DEFINITIONS

36

Creep
The gradual permanent change in dimensions of solid materials
when exposed to long term tensile stress. Non-metallic materials
tend to creep much faster than metallic materials. High temperature is not necessary but it will accelerate the effect.
Cu
The chemical symbol for the element copper, which is usually
present in steels as a trace impurity. It is added to some chromenickel alloys to impart precipitation hardening properties. It is
added to some stainless steels to improve the strength and corrosion resistance at the expense of elasticity, and possibly castability.
Damper
A hydraulic device which can be fitted to power-actuated valves
to eliminate spindle/stem vibration and/or control actuation
speed.
Dashpot
A device which relies on fluid friction to produce a force which
opposes the motion. This can be a piston in a cylinder or a disc in
a close-fitting housing. The opposing force increases as velocity
increases.
Data sheet
A formatted sheet or sheets which fully describes the operating
conditions the valve will experience. Operating conditions are
not limited to the internal process fluid. External environmental
factors can play a decisive part in the valve selection and the
design of auxiliary equipment
Dead band
The range through which the controlled variable can reverse and
change in magnitude without initiating a regulator response.
Duplex stainless steels
A high strength, corrosion resistant group of stainless steels, iron
-chrome-nickel alloys, where the crystal structure is a mixture of
body-centred cubic ferrite and face-centred cubic austenite. The
balance between the two crystal groups is usually about 50-50
but heat treatment can change the proportions. The ferrite content is usually controlled to avoid cracking or lack of toughness
or susceptibility to stress corrosion cracking but a minimum percentage is required to ensure the strength.
Ductility
The property of materials which permits it to be reduced in
cross-sectional area, while experiencing tensile stress, without
fracture. In a tensile test, ductile metals show considerable elongation eventually failing by necking, with consequent rapid increase in local stresses.
Dye penetrant inspection
Colloquially known as "dye-pen", a method for detecting surface
porosity or cracks in metal. The part to be inspected is thoroughly cleaned and coated with a dye which penetrates any
surface flaws that may be present. The surface is wiped clean
and coated with a white powder. The powder absorbs the dye
held in the defects indicating their location.
Elongation
A measure of the ductility of a material; how much a material
can stretch before it fractures
Ferrite
A body-centred cubic crystal structure found in chromium alloys.

Fatigue
The effect on materials of repeated cycles of stress. The dangerous feature of fatigue failure is that there is not necessarily an
obvious warning, a crack forms without appreciable deformation
of structure making it difficult to detect the presence of growing
cracks. Fractures usually start from small surface nicks or
scratches or abrupt changes in shape which cause Iocalized
stress concentrations. Failure can be influenced by a
number of factors including size, shape and design of the component, condition of the surface or the overall operating environment.
Ferritic stainless steel
A term usually applied to a group of stain resistant steels with a
chromium content in the range of 12 to 30% and whose structure consists largely of ferrite. Alloys with chromium content at
the bottom of the range will not be "stainless" in the generally
accepted sense of the term. Such steels possess good ductility
and are easily worked but do not respond to any hardening or
tempering processes and have poor high temperature properties.
Fire-safe
A valve which is suitable for installations where the risk of being
engulfed by fire cannot be ignored. Valves are tested to a specification and qualified, see Chapter 15. Most valves which qualify
are ball and butterfly. Linear valves are often said to suffer from
stem thermal problems but some wedge gate valves have qualified. Most wafer and lug valves are generally not suitable.
Flanged connection
A pipe joint which uses two discs held together by bolts. Many
flange designs are available for high and low pressure. Flanged
connections are usually the preferred method of joining pipes
for 3" nb, DN 80 and larger.
Flow coefficient Cv, Kv
A factor, determined experimentally, which indicates the flow
capacity of incompressible fluid during non-choked, non-flashing
flow of a valve with a unit differential pressure. Two flow coefficients are in common use; the American Cv and the metric Kv.
Equations 1.1 and 1.2 relate to liquid flow. Liquid flow coefficients are based on turbulent flow conditions for a water-like
liquid.
Equ 1.1 Cv= Q sqr sg/
where:
Cv = US flow coefficient (USgpm/psi)
Q = liquid flow (USgpm)
sg= liquid specific gravity (non-dimensional)
Ap= differential pressure (Ib/in 2)
Flow-to-close, FTC
The direction of flow which tends to close the valve. In singleseat valves, it is the direction in which fluid flows over the sealing element and then out through the seat.
Flow-to-open, FTO
A linear motion valve fitted in a system so that the fluid flows
through the seat and passed the plug to the outlet. The hydraulic
process forces tend to open the valve.
Fluid
The term fluid is a generalization. It describes a group of "states''
liquids, vapors, gases and plasmas. The term could be used to
describe mixtures of these states and also mixtures with solids.
Fluid is a vague term and should be used with great caution. It is
not, as many people seem to think, synonymous with liquid.

DEFINITIONS
Forging
A process of working metal to a finished shape by hammering or
pressing and is primarily a "hot" operation. It is applied to the
production of shapes either impossible or too costly to make by
other methods or needing properties not obtainable by casting,
such as inherent integrity. Categories of forgings include hammer, press, drop or stamping.
Full bore
A valve which has the same flow area as the attached pipework.
This concept is not as simple as it seems. Pipework is produced
in discrete sizes and a valve will be matched to a particular wall
thickness with a similar pressure/temperature rating. Always
check actual sizes. Refer to Reduced-port for an indication of
problems.
Gas
A state of matter, achieved by heating beyond the superheated
vapour phase to a temperature higher than the critical temperature, in which the molecules move randomly to fill the volume
available. A gas cannot be converted to liquid by simply increasing the pressure. The volume of a gas changes easily to accommodate changes in the confining volume. The pressure and temperature of an ideal or perfect gas can be calculated by using the
characteristic equation and Boyle's and Charles' Laws. Ideal gas
properties can be converted to real gas properties by including
compressibility factors in the characteristic equation. Gases can
exist in mixtures, air, and can be dissolved in liquids, like fresh
water or seawater. Compressors are designed to handle gases.
Special compressors, like refrigeration compressors, are designed to handle gases and vapours, sometimes with trace quantities of liquid.
Gauge pressure
A pressure measurement relative to the local atmospheric pressure. Normal pressure gauges indicate this relative pressure.
Units are usually suffixed with "g", but this common practice is
frowned upon by the Standards Authorities.
Gland
The flange or special nut which retains and/or compresses the
packing in the packing box.
GMAW
Gas Metal-Arc Welding, another name for MIG welding, Metal
Inert-Gas welding.
GOST-R
Federal Agency on Technical Regulating and Metrology, the National Standards Authority of Russia.
Grey iron
Grey cast iron, also known as "flake iron", is the normal cast iron
used for many applications and is available in many grades
(strengths).
GTAW
Gas Tungsten-Arc Welding, another name for TIG welding, Tungsten Inert-Gas welding.
Guide bushing
A replaceable bushing, considered as a stationary trim component, within a valve to align the moving element with the seat.
Hard facing
A method of increasing the wear resistance of a metal by the
deposition of a hard protective coating. Alloys such as Stellite or
Colmonoy, or a metallic carbide or a ceramic oxide are most
often used for the coating. Increased corrosion resistance is an
additional benefit.

HAZ
Heat affected zone; the parent material immediately next to a
weld; the material which could have been "heat-treated" by the
welding process. Welding can change the local hardness and/or
modify the grain structure of the parent material.
Hazardous fluids
These are fluids, which by nature of their chemical properties,
create a potential for human injury, damage to property, to the
environment or a combination of these. There is no European or
International agreement on which fluids should be classed as
hazardous. The UK Health and Safety Executive has a document,
EH40, regarding the safety of personnel. In America there is a
useful document produced by the National Fire Protection
Agency, NFPA 325M. Another good source of information is the
requirements for the transportation by road of dangerous
goods, commonly known as ADR. A similar agreement applies to
rail transportation, RID. These documents are published in the
local language, not just English, French and German, and cover
over 20 countries. For flammable fluids useful data can be found
in IEC 79-12 which identifies gases and vapours for potentially
explosive atmospheres for electrical equipment. Dust clouds can
create a potential hazard and these should be checked rather
than assuming dust to be safe.
High pressure change-over valve
A type of regulator which automatically selects between two
feed systems depending upon the downstream pressure. For
rapidly filling vessels a low pressure high flow supply, from a
centrifugal pump, can be used. As the vessel pressure approaches the pump closed valve head, the change-over valve
changes supplies to a low flow high pressure source, possibly
from a positive displacement pump.
HRc
Rockwell hardness on Scale "C"
H2S trim
A valve with all contact materials in compliance with NACE
MR-01-75, latest edition.
Hydraulic lock
A situation usually encountered in gas systems when liquid has
become trapped in a confined volume which should only contain
gas, and prevents the movement of components.
Inclusions
Usually non-metallic particles contained in metal. In steel they
may consist of simple or complex oxides, sulphides, silicates and
sometimes nitrides of iron, manganese, silicon, aluminium and
other elements. In general they are detrimental to the mechanical properties but much depends on the number, their size,
shape and distribution.
Intercrystalline corrosion
Chromium-nickel austenitic stainless steels are prone to this
form of corrosion when they are welded and subsequently in
contact with certain types of corrosive media. When the metal is
heated to within a temperature range of 450 to 800~ precipitation of the chromium carbides takes place at the grain boundaries in the area of the weld and these areas no longer have the
protection of the chromium on the peripheries of the grains.
This type of corrosion is also known as Weld Decay and Intergranular Corrosion. The most common way to avoid the problem
is to select a grade of steel that is very low in carbon i.e. 0.03%
or less, or one that is stabilised with niobium or titanium.

37

DEFINITIONS

38

Isolating valve
A valve which is intended to be wide open or closed, with no
flow regulation functions.
Izod Impact test
A test specimen, usually of square cross-section is notched and
held between a pair of jaws, to be broken by a swinging or falling
weight. When the pendulum of the Izod testing machine is released it swings with a downward movement and when it
reaches the vertical the hammer makes contact with the specimen which is broken by the force of the blow. The hammer continues its upward motion but the energy absorbed in breaking
the test piece reduces its momentum. A graduated scale enables
a reading to be taken of the energy used to fracture the test
piece. To obtain a representative result the average of three
tests is used and to ensure that the results conform to those of
the steel specification the test specimens should be machined
and polished accurately. Charpy testing is now more popular.
Knoop hardness test
A micro hardness test in which a pyramid shaped diamond is
pressed into the surface.
Lamination
A problem which can occur with rolled raw materials, like steel
plate. The bulk material is not homogeneous and can separate
into layers.
Lantern ring
A spacer/bush used in packing boxes to allow the injection of
lubricant, the collection of leakage and the application of a water seal, to the spindle/stem. Lantern rings are usually metallic
but plastic or ceramic can be used. A short spacer with material
removed from the central portion to provide storage or collection volumes in the bore and around the od. Internal and external volumes are connected by a series of holes or slots.
Leakage rates
For substances hazardous to the environment the allowable
leakage rates are controlled by local, national or country grouping legislation. There is no complete list of hazardous substances
but a list entitled Red List Chemicals or NFPA 325, is available for
guidance. Local inspectors evaluate the site and issue an operating licence which specifies maximum emissions. More than one
licence may be necessary for a site.
For substances hazardous to personnel, but not to the environment, the allowable leakage rate is dependent upon local conditions; it is the concentration in the air which is important. Totally
enclosed processes, with little or no air movement, will achieve
high concentrations with low seal leakage. Open processes, with
very large air volumes and continuous air movement, will be
able to tolerate larger leakage rates without creating dangerous
concentrations. Leakage will generally be dispersed downwind.
Lubricator
A connection on the packing box to facilitate packing lubrication.
Martensitic stainless steel
An alloy of iron, carbon and chromium which can be hardened
by heat treatment, are magnetic but are not as corrosion resistant as other grades of stainless steel. The chrome content is
usually between 10 and 18% with a carbon content over 1%.
Carbon allows the material to be very hard and provides a
degree

MIG welding
Metal arc Inert-Gas welding is an electric arc welding process
where the arc is struck with the filler metal. The weld site is protected from atmospheric contamination by an inert gas shield,
argon, helium or carbon dioxide being the most popular.
Mo
Molybdenum is alloyed with high strength steel to improve the
high temperature physical properties. It is added to stainless
steels to increase resistance to pitting corrosion. "Moly" has a
favourable influence on the welding qualities.
NACE
National Association of Corrosion Engineers (of America). Although the NACE organisation provides guidance on all types of
corrosion its name has become synonymous with sour service
applications where hydrogen sulphide may be a problem.
Nb
The element niobium (used to be known as Columbium) is added
to some steels to stabilise carbon, in a similar way to titanium,
but has the added benefit of improving elevated temperature
strength.
nb
Nominal bore, the nominal size of a valve or pipe in inches.
Nominal bore pipework has a fixed outside diameter and variable wall thickness to accommodate different pressure ratings,
up to 12". Pipe sizes over 12" are designated by the outside diameter. In low pressure pipe the bore size may be larger than
the nominal bore. In high pressure pipe the bore size can be
considerably smaller than the nominal bore and the actual
diameter must be checked when calculating flow velocities. The
wall thickness of pipe is subject to manufacturing tolerances and
+12.5% is fairly typical. The pipe bore is therefore variable to
some extent. The pipe wall thickness available for stressing and
corrosion is also variable. DN is the metric equivalent of nb.
NDE
Non-destructive examination
NDT - Non-destructive testing
All those forms of testing that do not result in permanent damage or deformation to the part being tested. Typical examples
include magnetic crack detection, ultrasonic inspection, X-ray
inspection and gamma radiography. Some types of hardness
testing do not leave any damaging impressions.
Nipple
A short length of pipe, usually of small diameter, 2" nb, DN50, or
smaller.
Non-rising stem
Used on linear motion valves with inside screws. The nut is built
into the sealing element which moves due to rotation only of the
stem.
Non-rotating tip
The disc, plug or needle of a linear valve is attached to the stem
but does not necessarily rotate. It is a good way to reduce wear
when tightening the tip against the seat.
Normalising
A heat treatment process that has the object of relieving internal
stresses, refining the grain size and improving the mechanical
properties. The steel is heated to 800 to 900~ according to
analysis, held at temperature to allow a full soak and cooled in
still air.

DEFINITIONS
Normally closed
An isolating or control valve which requires control pressures
above atmospheric to open. If the actuating system fails and the
control pressure is reduced to atmospheric, the valve will close.
A control valve can also be called direct-acting.
Normally open
An isolating or control valve which requires control pressures
above atmospheric to close. If the actuating system fails and the
control pressure is reduced to atmospheric, the valve will open
wide. A control valve may also be called reverse-acting.
NPS
Nominal pipe size (see nb)
NPT
National Pipe Thread (of America), is a tapered pipe thread
which seals the fluid. Thread tape or sealant is applied to the
thread during assembly. The basic 60 thread form is cut on a
taper of 0.75" per foot on diameter. The standard provides sizes
up to 24" nb, but in practice 6" is about the largest used in process applications, Many users will not accept threaded fittings
over 3".
Obturator
The moving sealing element in a valve.
Oxidation
The most common form of chemical reaction which is the combining of oxygen with various elements and compounds. The
corrosion of metals is a form of oxidation, rust on iron and steel
for example is iron oxide. Refined metals can be considered as
unstable compounds; the natural stable state is their original
mineral ores.
Packing box
The part of the bonnet which contains the seal or packing to
reduce leakage along the valve stem.
Packing lubricator
An optional fitting on the bonnet to allow the packing to be lubricated while working.
Packing tape
Packing boxes can be sealed using thin tape which is rolled to fill
the box. Usually only PTFE and graphite is available in this form.
Panel mounting
A facility supplied on smaller valves which enables the valve to
be mounted with the connections behind the panel. Usually
applied to valves with screwed glands, extra nuts are provided to
clamp the panel.
Pipe
A conduit for carrying fluid which is designated by its nominal
bore, nb, or its nominal diameter, DN. Pipes below 14" nb have
unusual outside diameters i.e. 6.625", 10.75", etc. Pipes 14" and
above use the od as the size. Pipe with an appropriate wall thickness can be threaded with standard pipe threads.
PN
Pressure nominal, a European designation, in bar-g, of the maximum working pressure at ambient temperature. Pressure- temperature rating tables or graphs must be reviewed for the actual
material at specific operating temperatures. Metallic materials
are usually suitable up to 65 without de-rating.
Some non-metallic materials may need de-rating over 20C.

Positioner
A control valve actuator used for accurate control applications.
The positioner supplies air to the diaphragm or piston actuator
to adjust the valve in response to control signals. The positioner
is coupled to the valve/actuator stem and monitors the valve
position to ensure the valve does adjust in response to the control requirement. The feedback of valve stem position allows
very precise valve control.
Positive Material Identification, PMI
Certain critical components may have the material of construction identified beyond any doubt. A piece of the component can
be removed and given to a witnessing inspector who carries the
sample to a laboratory and watches the analysis. Alternatively,
the component is analysed by a portable instrument which confirms the chemical composition.
PRE
Pitting resistance equivalent, calculated from a formula, depending on the material considered :
PREN= Cr + 1.5 x (Mo + W + Nb) for stainless steel
PREN= 3.3 x Mo + 16 x N2 for duplex and super duplex steel
PREN= Cr -0.8 x Cu + 1.5 (Mo+ W) for nickel alloy weld wire
Precipitation-hardening steels
There are relatively few precipitation-hardening steels compared
to other alloy categories. A group of iron-chrome-nickel alloys
with relatively small nickel proportions. In the annual condition,
alloys can be austenitic or martensitic. Heat treatment hardens
the martensitic crystal structure.
Pressure containing part
A valve part which is in physical contact with the process fluid or
any actuating fluid. These parts may be subject to corrosion or
erosion by the fluid. Parts include: valve body, bonnet, stem and
spindle.
Pressure retaining part
A valve part which is stressed by internal fluid pressure due to its
function of holding one or more pressure containing parts in
position. Pressure retaining parts are not in direct physical contact with the process or actuating fluids and are not subject to
corrosion or erosion by them. Pressure retaining parts may be
subject to corrosion or erosion by atmospheric pollution. Parts
include: bonnet fasteners, glands, gland fasteners, stems, spindles and stem nuts.
Pressure-temperature ratings
Metallic and non-metallic materials used for valve manufacture
usually weaken and become more elastic as temperature increases. Some materials become brittle as temperature decreases. These factors are well known and have been studied
extensively by classification societies and standards authorities.
Allowable stress values have been correlated with working
temperature by pressure vessel standards and codes. The
most popular Standards are EN 13445, ASME VIII and ANSI B
16.34. BS 5500 has been replaced by PD 5500 and is popular
outside Europe. These Standards use different formulae to calculate the stresses arising from fluid pressure; the allowable stress
values are not interchangeable. Pressure-temperature ratings
are usually qualified as non-shock, may be time limited or have
specified full-cycle pressure limitations.

39

DEFINITIONS

40

RAL
The German organisation, Reichsausschuss Lieferbedingungen,
was instigated to standardise precise technical terms to allow
rationalisation of purchasing (long before the EU Single Market
Project). Now the RAL prefix is used for colour shades in accordance with international standards such as BS 381C.
Reduced-port
Always described as reduced-bore, a valve in which the seat area
or the ports leading to the seat are smaller than the nominal
pipe area in which it is fitted. In globe valves the ports may be
smaller and the seat may be larger than the nominal pipe area.
Gate valves may have 50% flow area, globe valves even less. The
increased velocity in the port or seat can result in increate erosion, corrosion and noise. Accelerated material loss is not limited
to solids handling. Increased liquid velocities can damage the
protective oxide layer resulting in unexpected corrosion. Some
valves do not have circular ports. Sudden changes in area can
create violent turbulence leading to greatly increased erosion
and corrosion.
Rising stem
On linear motion valves the stem rises through the yoke when
the valve is opened.
RJT
Ring Joint Type; a hygienic union pipe connector. Not to be confused with RTJ.
Rockwell hardness testing
A method for testing the hardness of metals by determining the
depth of penetration of a steel ball or a diamond sphero-conical
indentor. The value is read from a dial and is an arbitrary number related to the depth of penetration. For testing hard steels, a
sphero-conical diamond is used with a 150 kg load, the result is
read from the black scale on the dial and is prefixed with the
letter C. A hardened tool steel would typically give a reading of
62 HRc. For softer metals Scale B is used with a 1/16" diameter
steel ball and a standard load of 100 kg.
SAW
Submerged Arc Welded, a type of electric welding process used
on thick wall pipe and tube. The submerged arc process produces a very high quality, clean weld. Powdered flux is poured
into a dam which is clamped either side of the seam. The end of
the welding electrode is covered by the flux and air is effectively
excluded. The powdered flux melts to protect the molten filler
metal. Both flux and filler metal solidify on cooling. Unused powdered flux is collected for re-use. When cold, the flux forms a
solid slag which peels off the weld metal. Typical pipe sizes
would be in the range of 400 mm diameter and larger with wall
thickness of 6 to 32 mm. For corrosive applications the filler
metal should be the same chemical composition as the parent
metal or slightly more noble. For critical applications clarification
will be worthwhile.
SCC
Standards Council of Canada, the National Standards Authority
of Canada.
Screwed bonnet
A bonnet which is threaded and screwed directly into the valve
body.
Screwed gland
A gland which screws into a female thread in the bonnet. It can
be either adjustable or non-adjustable.

Se
The element Selenium, added to some steels to improve
Machining.
Seal weld
A threaded pipe connection, usually a taper thread but could be
applied to a parallel thread, which is made dry without sealants.
A fillet weld is added at the external joint face to prevent any
leakage. This type of construction is only acceptable when the
process fluid is not corrosive. The pipe threads, which provide
the strength for the joint, are not protected and are susceptible
to crevice corrosion or galvanic corrosion if the metals are significantly different.
Seamless
Pipe or tube which does not have a welded seam. Some rolled
plate and strip products have no seam because the edges are
joined by pressure welding when the metal is hot.
Seat
The pressure-retaining contact seal between the stationary and
moving parts of the valve. A valve may have more than one seat.
Seat leakage
The leakage through the seat when the valve is closed. Leakage
is standardised in many cases please refer to applicable specifications.
Self-energised packing
Packing which uses the fluid pressure to create the sealing forces
to prevent leakage. Higher pressures result in higher sealing
forces.
Shutdown valve, SDV
An isolating valve, part of the ESD system, which closes to isolate
equipment or a process during the shutdown sequence.
Smooth finish
A flange facing finish which is smooth but not polished. The finish would normally lie between 1.6 and 3.2 m. No visible tool
marks should be discernible.
Socket fusion weld
A thermal welding technique used with some non-metallic piping systems. Materials such as polypropylene can be welded by
using electric heaters.
Socket weld fittings
Fittings for connecting pipes, which use a single fillet weld
around the od of the pipe/tube for mechanical attachment and
sealing. The pipe/tube is inserted into the fitting, then welded. It
should only be used with safe fluids. The weld cannot be X-rayed
to verify integrity.
Soft-seat
A soft insert of plastic, elastomer or other readily deformable
material, in the valve body or the moving element which deforms on contact with the other sealing surface to provide low
or zero seat leakage.
Solution annealing
A heat treatment to allow precipitated constituents to return in
to the solution. Quenching "freezes" all the constituents in the
required state.
Sour
A description of the environment or the process fluid; hydrogen
sulphide, H2S, is present.

DEFINITIONS
Specification
A document issued as part of a contractual agreement for equipment. Most specifications refer to standards and amend or extend requirements to suit the particular application. Some specifications are "vague" in the sense that requirements are aspirations and cannot be verified. Before writing a specification, authors could be usefully guided by consulting Standard writing
rules, like BS 0 (Standards, specifications for structure, drafting
and presentation.). A specification which is vague or ambiguous
will be interpreted to the suppliers" advantage. A specification
which is capable of interpretation, is of little value to purchaser.
SSC
Sulphide stress cracking; a type of corrosion mechanism which
attacks components made of high strength materials which derive their strength from heat treatment to relatively high hardness levels. Sulphide stress cracking is usually associated with
hydrogen sulphide in connection with crude oil and natural gas
production.
Stainless steel
An alloy of iron and chromium which is usually, at least, 50% iron
and up to 30% chromium. Carbon is usually present from very
low concentrations, 0.03% to 1.0% or more. Stainless steel can
be divided into five groups: martensitic, ferritic, austenitic, duplex and precipitation-hardening.
Standard
A specification, issued by a National Standards Authority, a government sponsored organisation, which is characterised by strict
editorial control and verifiable requirements. Standards should
consist of clauses which mainly use "shall" to indicate a
"requirement" which must be met. Compliance with standards
must be verifiable, otherwise the effort is wasted. "Should" is
used to describe recommendations; "may" indicates a course of
action which is acceptable. Clauses which require an agreement
should be kept to an absolute minimum.
Steel
An alloy of iron and carbon with small quantities of silicon, manganese, moly or nickel. Phosphorous and sulphur are usually
present, in quite small quantities, less than 0.05%, as impurities
which impair the physical and chemical properties. If the carbon
content is between 0.4 and 1.2% approximately the steel can be
hardened by heat treatment although steels with lower carbon
contents can be heat treated, inadvertently, during welding.
Stem
The shaft which reciprocates in linear valves and actuators.
Stem connector
A clamp, usually in two halves, to connect the valve stem to the
actuator stem.
Stem leakage
Leakage through the stern (or spindle) seal when the valve is
open or closed. Some valve designs seal the packing box when
open; others when closed. Rotary valves generally are unable to
seal the packing box.
Stock finish
The standard surface finish applied to flange facings by the
flange manufacturer. Stock finish is a shallow spiral groove machined as one continuous cut across the face. The angled crests
created apply a strong grip to the gasket to resist blow-outs.
Flanges up to 12" have a 1/16" radius groove cut with a feed rate
of 1/32" per revolution. Larger flanges use a 1/8" radius tool and
3/64" per revolution.

Stress relieving
A heat treatment including heating and soaking at a suitable
temperature e.g. 600 to 650C followed by cooling at an appropriate rate in order to reduce internal stresses without substantially modifying the steel's structure. This treatment may be used
to relieve stresses induced by machining, quenching, welding or
cold working.
TIG welding
Tungsten arc Inert-Gas welding is an electric arc welding process,
where the arc is struck with a dedicated tungsten electrode
across to the workpiece. A separate filler rod or wire is fed into
the weld pool which is protected by an inert gas shield.
Toughness
The ability of a metal to rapidly distribute within itself both the
stress and strain caused by a suddenly applied load, or more
simply expressed, the ability of a material to withstand shock
loading, It is the opposite of "brittleness" which carries the implication of sudden failure. A brittle material has little resistance to
failure once the elastic limit has been reached.
Trim
The internal components of a valve in contact with the process
fluid.
Ultrasonic
Sound above the range of human hearing; typically frequencies
greater than 20 kHz. These high frequency sounds can be detected by piezo-electric crystals.
Vickers hardness test
This test, more commonly known as the Vickers test, finds
greater use in the laboratory than the workshop. It employs a
pyramid shaped diamond with an included angle of 136 which is
impressed into the specimen using loads of 5 to 120 kg making a
small square impression. This test is used for finished or polished
components because the impression can be very small. The diamond pyramid hardness number is obtained from a calculation
based on measuring the diagonals of the impressions
in the material. Test results are usually quoted as VPN,
Vickers Pyramid Number, or just HV.
W
The chemical symbol for tungsten, which used to be called Wolfram. Tungsten can greatly improve the hot properties of tool
steels. It is added to some chrome-nickel alloys to aid carbide
formation.
Welded bonnet
For applications requiring very high integrity the bonnet can be
welded to the body. Care must be taken to ensure the weld can
be inspected adequately to verify the soundness.
Weldolet
A specially-designed, mass-produced, forged fitting for making
tees in pipe runs. It produces a better result, from stressing and
fluid flow criteria, than butting a branch directly to the run pipe.
The trade name has passed into common usage to represent
fittings of this style produced by other manufacturers. Versions
are available for connections on bends, branches at an angle and
adding screwed connections.
WPS
Welding procedure specification
WQC
Welder qualification certificate

41

Cat-B-Gen-01-10

NSSL ITALIA S.r.l. - Via Coppalati 6 - 29122 Piacenza - Italy


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