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Optical Transport Network - Definition

According to the ITU-T Recommendation G.7 !" an Optical Transport Network #OTN$ is composed of a set of optical network elements connected %& optical fi%er links. The network pro'ides f(nctionalit& of transport" m(ltiple)ing" ro(ting" management" s(per'ision" and s(r'i'a%ilit& of optical channels carr&ing client signals. This architect(re can %e seen as a com%ination of the ad'antages of *D+ technolog& with the fle)i%ilit& of D,D-. Using OTN" the OA-./ f(nctionalit& of *D+ is applied to D,D- optical networks. OTN offers the following ad'antages relati'e to *D+6
*tronger error correction mechanisms" -ore le'els of tandem connection monitoring" Transparent transport of client signals" *witching scala%ilit&.

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OTN +ierarch& o'er'iew


SDH FDDI ATM IP GbE Clear channel

Associated overhead

OH OH OH
OH OH OH

OPUk ODUk OTUk[v] FEC OChr OCC OCCr OCCr OCCr OCC r

Non-associated associated overhead

OCh OCC OCC

OOS OSC OTSn

OMSn OPS0

OTM-n.m

OTM-nr.m

OTM-0.m

O/Uk" ODUk" and OTUk are electrical signals" while the O7h is an optical signal
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OTN Network 8)ample

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ODUfle) 7oncept
The ODUfle) concept has %een introd(ced to enhance the fle)i%ilit& in mapping data streams to OTN containers. Two fla'ors of ODUfle) can %e disting(ished6
ODUfle) for 79R client signals" ODUfle) for G:/-: mapped client signals.

The ODUfle) concept is similar to the 'irt(al concatenation approach. It a'oids the differential dela& pro%lem %& constraining the entire ODUfle) to %e carried o'er the same higher-order ODUk. ODUfle) also pro'ides one managea%le transport entit& per ser'ice.

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G Transport - New OTN +ierarch&


ODU clients
3 9A*8-?

LO ODU ODU
80 2 8

HO ODU/OTU ODU3 OTU3


32 n

79R2G; *T--3<=O7->4 79R) G:/ data 79R3 G *T--<>=O7-3!2 3 G9A*8-R :732 79R> G *T--2;<=O7-7<4 > G9A*8-R 3 G9A*8-R

ODU3 ODUfle) ODU2 ODU2e ODU5

4 16 n 40 n 4 10 3 10

ODU2 OTU2 ODU5 OTU5

ODU>

ODU> OTU>

1egac& G.7 ! +ierarch& G.7 ! Amendment 5 G.7 ! Octo%er 2


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A-/" 9-/" or G:/-: G-/ or G-/-like


!

! Re'ision -7onsented
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OTN -(ltiple)ing and -apping

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