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# 1.

## What is the [HCOO

] in the solution that contains 0.015 M HCOOH and 0.02 M HCl.
KaHCOOH = 1.8 10
4
1) 1.8 10
4
2) 1.35 10
4
3) 1.8 10
2
4) 8 10
3
2. What volume must 1L of 0.5 M CH
3
COOH solution should be diluted with in order to double pH?
K
a
= 1.810
5
?
1) 3.36 10
4
L 2) 2.76 10
3
L 3) 3.10 10
3
L 4) 1.05 10
4
L
3. CN

+ HAc HCN + Ac

## which of the following is correct equilibrium constant for the reaction?

(Given K
a
(HCN) = 4.9 10
10
, K
a
(CH
3
COOH) = 1.8 10
5
)
1) 6.326 10
7
2) 7.84 10
15
3) 3.674 10
4
4) 5.16 10
3
4. How many moles of HCl must be removed from 1 litre of aqueous HCl solution to change its pH from
2 to 3
1) 1 2) 0.02 3) 0.009 4) 0.003
5. pH of 0.1 M BOH (a weak base) is found to be 12. The solution at temperature TK will display an
osmatic pressure equal to
1) 0.01 RT 2) 0.10 RT 3) 0.11 RT 4) 1.1 RT
6. Four species are listed below :
I)
3
HCO

II)
3
H O
+
III)
4
HSO

IV)
3
HSO F
Which one of the following is correct sequence of their acid strength
1) II < III < I < IV 2) I < III < II < IV 3) III < I < IV < II 4) IV < II < III < I
7. The dissociation of water at 25
0
C is 1.9 10
7
percent and the density of water is 1.0 g/cm
3
. The
ionisation constant of water is :
1) 3.42 10
6
2) 3.42 10
8
3) 1.00 10
14
4) 2.00 10
16
8. .Approximate pH of 0.10 M aqueous H
2
S solution having K
1
and K
2
for H
2
S at 25
0
C 10
-7
and 10
-13
respectively is
1) 4 2) 5 3) 9 4) 8
9. pKa value of CH
3
COOH is 4.78. Which of the following statement is correct
1) pH of 0.1 M CH
3
COOH is 4.78
2) pH = 4.78 then degree of dissociation of CH
3
COOH is maximum
3) pH = 4.78 then degree of dissociation of CH
3
COOH is minimum
4) pH = 4.78 then 50% CH
3
COOH is dissociation
10. The self ionization constant for pure formic acid,
2
K HCOOH HCOO
+
( ( =

has been estimated s
10
-6
at room temperature. The density of formic acid is 1.22 g/cm
3
. The percentage of formic acid
molecules in pure formic acid converted to formate ion is
1) 0.002% 2) 0.004% 3) 0.006% 4) 0.008%
11. At what molar concentrations of HCl will its aqueous solution have an [H
+
] to which equal contribu-
tion come from HCl and H
2
O at 90
0
C [K
w
of H
2
O = 10
12
M
2
at 90
0
C]
1)
8
50 10

2)
7
40 10 M

3)
7
50 10

4)
7
30 10

## 12. 100 ml of 0.5 M hydrazoic acid (N

3
H K
a
= 3.6 10
4
) and 400 ml of 0.1 M cyanic acid
(HOCN, K
a
= 8 10
4
) are mixed. Which of the following is true for final solution?
1) [H
+
] = 2 10
2
M 2) [N
3

] = 3.6 10
2
M
3) [OCN

] = 4.571 10
3
M 4) [OCN

] = 6.4 10
3
M
13. Adding a few drops of hydrochloric acid to a beaker containing water results in the formation of hydrated
species. Identify which hydrated species can exist in solution
I) H
3
O
+
II)
3 2
H O

III)
5 2
H O

IV) H
2
ClO

## 1) I only 2) I and II 3) I, II and III 4) I, II, III and IV

14. Which of the following combinations of weak-acid dissociation constants and molar concentrations
would correspond to the SMALLEST percent dissociation?
1) K
a
= 1.7 x 10
-4
, C
o
HA
= 0.001 M 2) K
a
= 1.8 x 10
-5
, C
o
HA
= 0.01 M
3) K
a
= 6.5 x 10
-5
, C
o
HA
= 0.1 M 4) K
a
= 6.5 x 10
-5
, C
o
HA
= 0.01 MS
15. Liquid ammonia ionizes to a slight extent. At 50
0
C, its ionic product is 10
30
. The number of
anions present per mm
3
of pure liquid ammonia is
1) 6 10
2
2) 17 10
15
3) 6 10
23
4) 6 10
5
16. The self Ionisation equilibrium of pure formic acid 2HCOOH

HCOOH
2
+
+ HCOO

has Ionisation
product K = 10
6
mol
2
/lit
2

at 298 K. If percentage Ionisation is 4

10
3
. The density of acid in gm/ml is
1) 1.15 2) 1.725 3) 2.3 4) 2.875
17. Consider the following reactions of X
I : [Al(OH)
3
(H
2
O)
3
] + OH

[Al(OH)
4
(H
2
O)
2
]

+ H
2
O
II : [Al(OH)
3
(H
2
O)
3
] + H
3
O
+
[Al(OH)
2
(H
2
O)
4
]
+
+ H
2
O
Select correct statement:
1) X is an acid in I and base in II 2) X is a base in I and acid in II
3) X is a base in I and II both 4) X is an acid in I and II both
18. The position of equilibrium lies to the right in each of the following reaction
2 5 3 4 2 4
N H NH NH N H
+ +
+ +
3 4
NH HBr NH Br
+
+ +
2 4 2 5
N H HBr N H Br
+
+ +
Select the correct order of acidic strength
1)
2 5 4
HBr N H NH
+ +
> > 2)
2 4 3
HBr N H NH > >
3)
4 2 5
HBr NH N H
+ +
> > 4)
3 2 4
HBr NH N H > >
19. In order to prepare a buffer of pH 8.26, the amount of (NH
4
)
2
SO
4
required to be mixed with 1 L of 0.1
MNH
3
i s [pK
b
= 4.74]
1) 1.0 mol 2) 10.0 mol 3) 0.50 mol 4) 5 mol
20. Find the ApH (initial pH final pH) when 100 ml 0.01 M HCl is added in a solution containing 0.1 m
moles of NaHCO
3
solution of negligible volume ( )
7 11
2 3
1 2
10 , 10 :
a a
k k for H CO

= =
a) 6 + 2 log 3 b) 6 log 3 c) 6 + 2log 2 d) 6 2 log 3
21. A buffer solution containing 0.04 m Na
2
HPO
4
and 0.02 m Na
3
PO
4
is prepared. The electrolytic oxidation of
1 millimole of the oraganic compound RNHOH is carried out in 100 ml of the buffer. The reaction is :
RNHOH+H
2
O

RNO
2
+4H
+
+4e

## given that for

H
3
PO
4
pK
a1
, pK
a2
and pK
a3
are 4, 8 and 12 respectively; the dip in pH after electrolytic oxidation will be :
1) 11.7 2) 8.3 3) 3.4 4) 1
22. How many moles of HCl will be required to prepare one litre of buffer solution
(containg NaCN + HCN) of pH 8.5 using 0.01 gm formula weight of NaCN. pKa
HCN
= 9.5
1) 9 10
2
2) 9 10
3
3) 7 10
2
4) 7 10
3
23. Calculate the ratio of pH of a solution containing 1 mole of CH
3
COONa + 1 mole of HCl per litre and
of the other solution containing 1 mole of CH
3
COONa + 1 mole CH
3
COOH per litre
1) 1/6 2) 1/4 3) 1/8 4) 1/2
24. 20 ml.of 0.2 M NaOH are added to 50 ml of 0.2 M acetic acid. pKa = 4.74. Then pH of the solution
is
1) 4.74 2) 4.56 3) 4.92 4) 5.10
25. One litre of buffer solution of pH = 6.7 can be prepared by 0.005 mole Na H
2
PO
4
and X mole of Na
2
H
PO
4
. K
2
for H
3
PO
4
= 610
-8
. The value of X is
1) 0.1 2) 0.01 3) 0.001 4) 0.0001
26. A buffer solution of pH = 6.7 can be prepared by employing solution of NaH
2
PO
4
and Na
2
HPO
4
. If
0.005 mol of NaH
2
PO
4
is weighed out. The no.of moles of Na
2
HPO
4
must be used to make 1 litre of
the solution is K
2
for H
3
PO
4
= 6

10
8
1) 0.0015 2) 0.003 3) 0.0045 4) 0.006
27. pH of a mixture which is 0.1M in CH
3
COOH and 0.05 M in (CH
3
COO)
2
Ba is [PK
a
of CH
3
COOH =
4.74].
1) 4.74 2) 5.04 3) 4.44 4) 7.00
28. The pH of 0.2 M NaHCO
3
solution at 25
0
C is 9.2. A 22 mL 2.0 M solution of H
2
CO
3
when treated
with 80 mL 0.5 M NaOH results into formation of H
2
CO
3
+NaHCO
3
buffer with pH of 8.6. Hence
pK
a
2
of H
2
CO
3
is
1) 10.8 2) 7.6 3) 9.2 4) 8.6
29. H
2
CO
3
is diprotic acid for which Ka
1
= 4.2 10
7
and Ka
2
= 4.7 10
11
. Which solution will
produce a pH close to 9?
1) 0.1 M H
2
CO
3
2) 0.1 M Na
2
CO
3
3) 0.1 M NaHCO
3
4) 0.1 M Na
2
CO
3
and 0.1 M NaHCO
3
30. Equilibrium constant of the reaction of NH
4
OH with strong acid is 10
9
. Initially a solution of 0.05 M
(NH
4
)
2
SO
4
and 0.1 M NH
4
NO
3
is prepared. If 0.1 M NaOH is added in equal volumes. The pH of
solution
1) 8 2) 9 3) 6 4) 10
31. What is the pH of an aqueous solution of 0.1 M ammonium formate assuming complete dissociate. pK
a
of formic acid = 3.8 and pK
b

of ammonia = 4.8
1) 6.5 2) 7.5 3) 8.5 4) 9.5
32. The dissociation constants for aniline, propanoic acid and water are 9 10
10
, 4 10
6
and 10
14
respectively. The degree of hydrolysis of 0.1 N aniline propanoate solution is
1) 16% 2) 32% 3) 47.2% 4) 62.5%
33. The pH curve of the titration of weak acid with a strong base, is given below
Now choose the correct option among the following :
1) pH at point P =
[ [
0
1 1
log ,
3 2
pKa A
where AA
0
is the initial concentration of weak acid
2) pH at point Q = pKa.
( )
( )
1
log
2
weak acid
Salt
3) pH at point
[ [
1 1 1
log
2 2 2
R pKw pKa Salt =
4) pH at point
[ [
1 1
log
2 2
S pKw Base =
34. It is found that 0.1 M solution of four sodium salts NaA, NaB, NaC and NaD have the following pH
values. Which one of the corresponding acids is strongest?
1) NaD 11.0 2) NaC 10.0 3) NaB 9.0 4) NaA 7.0
35. An acid base indicator has Ka = 3.0 10
-5
. The acid form of the indicator is red and the basic form
is blue. The change in [H
+
] required to change to indicator form 75% red to 75% blue is
1) 8 10
-5
M 2) 9 10
-5
M 3) 1 10
-5
M 4) 3 10
-4
M
36. 2.5 mL of
2
5
M
weak monoacidic base ( )
12 0
1 10 25
b
K at C

= is titrated with
2
15
M HCl in water
at 25
0
C. The concentration of H
+
at equivalence point is ( )
14 0
1 10 25
w
K at C

=
1) 3.7 10
13
M 2) 3.2 10
7
M 3) 3.2 10
2
M 4) 2.7 10
2
M
37. During the titration of 100 ml of a weak monobasic acid solution using 0.1 M NaOH, the solution
became neutral at 40 mL addition of NaOH and equivalence point was obtained at 50 mL NaOH
a
of the acid is (log 2 = 0.3)
1) 1 10
7
2) 2 10
7
3) 3 10
7
4) 4 10
7
38. Equal volumes of the following solutions are mixed. In which of the following case the pH of resulting
solution will be the average of the two solutions. Give K
a
(HCN) = 10
10
K
a
of acetic acid is equal to K
b
of ammonia
1) HCl (pH = 2) and NaOH(pH = 12) 2) HCl (pH = 2) and HCl (pH = 4)
3) HCN(pH = 2) and NaOH (pH = 12) 4) CH
3
COOH (pH = 5) and NH
3
(pH= 9)
39. Mark the i ncorrect statement regardi ng NH
4
F solution
1) Solution can act a buffer solution 2) For the solution,
w
h
a b
K
K
K K
=
3) Solution involves only anionic hydrolysis 4) Degree of hydrolysis is equal to (K
h
)
1/2
40. 0.2 mole of NH
4
Cl dissolved in 1000 gm of water lowered the freezing point by 0.71
0
C. Degree of
dissociation of salt is 0.75. K
f
for H
2
O is 2 K kg mol
1
. The degree of hydrolysis of salt is
1) 0.033 2) 0.066 3) 0.049 4) 0.099
41. The degree of hydrolysis of 10
2
M NH
4
CN in aqueous solution is 0.46. If the concentration of NH
4
CN
increased four folds, the new degree of hydrolysis would be
given K
a
(HCN) = 7.2 10
10
and K
b
(NH
4
OH) = 1.8 10
5
at 25 C
1) 0.23 2) 0.46 3) 0.92 4) 0.100
42. Consider the titration curve shown below.
The titration curve represents the titration of:
1) a strong acid (beaker) with a strong base (buret).
2) a weak acid (beaker) with a strong base (buret).
3) a strong base (beaker) with a strong acid (buret).
4) a weak base (beaker) with a strong acid (buret).
43. When bromocresol green is dissolved in aqueous solution, an equilibrium is established between
bromocresol green (HIn, a weak monoprotic acid), the anion (conjugate base) of bromocresol
green (In
-
) and H
+
ions:
HIn(aq, yellow) <==> H
+
(aq, colorless) + In
-
(aq, blue-green)
If a small amount of bromocresol green is dissolved in a buffer solution at pH 11, the color of the
resulting solution would be closest to:
1) colorless. 2) yellow. 3) blue-green. 4) red.
44. For an indicator, the value of pH = 2 when half of the indicator is present in the unionised form.
The pK
In
of the indicator is
1) 2 2) 3 3) 4 4) 5
45. K
sp
of CuS, Ag
2
S and HgS are 10
31
, 10
44
and 10
54
respectively. Select the correct order for their
solubility in water
1) Ag
2
S > HgS > CuS 2) HgS > CuS > Ag
2
S 3) HgS > Ag
2
S > CuS 4) Ag
2
S > CuS > HgS
46. Which of the following is correct decreasing order of solubility of AgCl ?
I) In water II) 0.1M NaCl III) 0.1M BaCl
2
IV) 0.1M NH
3
1) III > II > I > IV 2) IV > I > II > III 3) I > IV > II > III 4) I > II > III > IV
47. K
sp
of Pb Br
2
is 8 10
5
. If the salt is 80% dissociated in solution. The solubility of salt is
1) 0.016 M 2) 0.024 M 3) 0.034 M 4) 0.042 M
48. Solubility product constant (K
sp
) of salts of types MX, MX
2
and M
3
X at temperature T are
4.0 10
8
, 3.2 10
14
and 2.7 10
15
, respectively. Solubilities (mole dm
3
) of the salts at temperature
T are in the order :
1) MX > MX
2
> M
3
X 2) M
3
X > MX
2
> MX 3) MX
2
> M
3
X > MX 4) MX > M
3
X > MX
2
49. The solubility product of AB is 4

10
10
at 18
0
C. The loss of weight of precipitation of AB by washing
it with 5 litres of water is
1) 2

10
5
mol 2) 10
4
mol 3) 4

10
5
mol 4) 2

10
4
mol
50. The solubility of metal sulphides in saturated solution of H
2
S {[H
2
S] = 0.1 M} can be represented by

| |
2
2
2
2 2
2 ;
eq
M H S
MS H M H S K
H
+
+ +
+
(

+ + =
(

The value of K
eq
is given for few metal sulphide. If conc. of each metal ion in solution is 0.01 M, which
metal sulphides are selectively ppt at total [H
+
] =1 M in saturated H
2
S solution
Metal sulphides MnS ZnS CoS PbS
| |
2
2
2 eq
M H S
K
H
+
+
(

=
(

3 10
10
3 10
2
3 3 10
7
1) MnS, ZnS, CoS 2) PbS, ZnS, CoS 3) PbS, ZnS 4) PbS
51. The solubility of Mg(OH)
2
in a buffer of PH = 10 is found to be 0.0232 gm/lit. Molar solubility of
Mg(OH)
2
in pure water would be (in mol/lit)
1)
5
10

2)
8
3.2 10

3)
5
3.2 10

4)
4
10

## 52. For sparingly soluble salt NaZn(UO

2
)
3
(CH
3
COO)
9
. nH
2
O dissociates in Na
+
, Zn
2+
,
2
2
UO
+
and
CH
3
COO

## , the relationship of its solubility product (K

sp
) with its solubility(s) is
1)
21 21
3 .
sp
K S = 2)
21 14
3 .
n n
sp
K n S
+
= 3)
21 14
3 .
sp
K S = 4)
27 14
3 .
sp
K S =
53. The solubility of Mg(OH)
2
is increased by adding of NH
4
+
ion Mg(OH)
2
+ 2NH
4
+
2NH
3
+ 2H
2
O +
Mg
2+
If K
sp
(Mg(OH)
2
) = 110
-11
and K
b
for NH
4
OH = 1.810
-5
, then K
c
for the reaction is
1) 3.0810
-2
2) 2.7110
-2
3) 5.1010
-3
4) 5.7710
-2
53. A 0.10 M solution of fluoride ions is gradually added to a solution containing Ba
2+
, Ca
2+
and Pb
2+
ions,
each at a concentration of 1

10
-3
M. In what order, from first to last, will the precipi tates of
BaF
2
, CaF
2
, and PbF
2
form ?
Solubility Product, K
sp
BaF
2
1.8 10
7
CaF
2
1.5 10
10
PbF
2
7.1 10
7
1) CaF
2
, PbF
2
, BaF
2
2) BaF
2
, CaF
2
, PbF
2
3) PbF
2
, BaF
2
, CaF
2
4) CaF
2
, BaF
2
, PbF
2
54. Addition of hydrochloric acid to a saturated solution of cadmium hydroxide (Cd(OH)
2
, K
sp
= 2.5 x 10
14
)
in water would cause:
1) the solubility of cadmium hydroxide to decrease.
2) the OH

## concentration to decrease and the Cd

2+
concentration to increase.
3) the concentrations of both Cd
2+
and OH

to decrease.
4) the concentrations of both Cd
2+
and OH

to increase
55. The solubility of CaCO
3
= 8 mg/lit. Calculate the solubility product of BaCO
3
from this
information and from the fact that when Na
2
CO
3
is added slowly to the solution containing equimolar
concentration of Ca
2+
and Ba
2+
. no precipitate of CaCO
3
is formed until 80% of Ba
+2
has been precipi-
tated as BaCO
3
1) 1.28 10
9
2) 1.28 10
10
3) 1.28 10
11
4) 1.28 10
12
56. For the reaction ( )
2
2 Ag CN Ag CN
+
( +

, the equilibrium constant at 25
0
C is 4 10
19
. If a
solution is 0.1 M in KCN and 0.03 M in AgNO
3
originally, at equilibrium, the conc. of Ag
+
is
1) 7.5 10
16
M 2) 7.5 10
18
M 3) 1.25 10
19
M 4) 1.25 10
17
M
57. If 500 ml of 0.4 M AgNO
3
is mixed with 500 ml of 2 M NH
3
is solution then what is the concentration
of [Ag(NH
3
)
+
] in solution?
Given k
f
1
[Ag(NH
3
)]
+
= 10
3
; k
f
2
[Ag(NH
3
)
2
]
+
= 10
4
A) 3.33 10
7
M B) 3.33 10
5
M C) 3 10
4
M D) 10
7
M
58. The solubility product of AgCl is 10
10
at 25
0
C. A solution of Ag
+
ion at a concentration of
4 10
3
M just fails to yields a AgCl with a concentration of 1 10
3
M of Cl

## ion when the concentration of NH

3
in solution is 2 10
2
M. The equilibrium constant of
( )
3 3
2
2 Ag NH Ag NH
+
+
( +

is
1) 10
8
2) 10
8
3) 2 10
8
4) 2 10
8
59. The solubility of silver formate in pure water is 10
2
mol/lit. K
a
of formic acid is 1 10
5
. The solubility
of silver formate in buffer solution of pH = 3 is
1) 10
1
mol/lit 2) 10
2
mol/lit 3) 10
3
mol/lit 4) 10
4
mol/lit
60. K
sp
for Sr F
2
= 5 10
9
at 25
0
C. How much NaF should be added to 100 ml of solution having
0.015M Sr
+2
ions to reduce its concentration to 0.005M
1) 0.1764 gm 2) 0.0882 gm 3) 0.0661 gm 4) 0.0441 gm
61. 25 ml clear saturated solution of PbI
2
(aq) requires 12.5 ml of AgNO
3
(aq) solution for complete neutral-
ization. K
sp
of PbI
2
is 4 10
9
. So conc. of AgNO
3
is
1) 2 10
3
M 2) 3 10
3
M 3) 4 10
3
M 4) 5 10
3
M
62. The solubility of the compound TL
2
S in pure water is 310
-6
mol/lit. Assume that the dissolved S
-2
ion
hydrolysis almost completely into HS
-
and that the further hydrolysis to H
2
S can be neglected.
K
2
(H
2
S) = 10
-14
. The solubility product of the compound is
1) 9 10
-12
2) 8.1 10
-22
3) 8.1 10
-12
4) 3.24 10
-22
63. 300 ml of saturated clear solution of CaC
2
O
4
(aq) requires 6 ml of 0.001 M KMnO
4
(aq) in acid
medium for complete oxidation of C
2
O
4
-2
ions. The K
sp
of CaC
2
O
4
is
1) 5 10
-9
2) 5 10
-10
3) 2.5 10
-9
4) 2.5 10
-10
64. How many numbers of mole of AgI which may be dissolved in 1 lit. of 1M CN
-
solution K
sp
for
AgI = 1 10
-17
m
2
. Ag
+
+ 2 CN
-
Ag (CN)
2
-
K
c
= 9 10
19
M
-2
1) 0.245 2) 0.3675 3) 0.491 4) 0.735
65. Both Ag CNS and Ag Br is dissolved in a water. K
sp
of AgBr = 5 10
-13
and K
sp
of Ag CNS = 1
10
-12
. The solubility of Ag Br in solution is
1) 4 10
-7
M 2) 2 10
-7
M 3) 8.16 10
-7
4) 6.2 10
-7
M
66. The solubility product of AgCl is 1.8 10
10
. The minimum volume (in L) of water required to
dissolve 1.9 mg of AgCl is approximately.
1) 10 2) 2 3) 1 4) 20
67. What is the aq. ammonia concentration of a solution prepared by dissolving 0.15 mole of
+
4
NH CH
3
COO

in 1L H
2
O.[
) COOH CH ( a
3
K =1.810
5
;
) OH NH ( b
4
K =1.810
5
]
1) 8.3 10
4
2) 0.15 3) 6.4 10
4
4) 3.8 10
4
68. A 1 litre solution containing NH
4
Cl and NH
4
OH has hydroxide ion concentration of 10
6
mol/lit.
Which of the following hydroxides could be precipitated when the solution is added to 1 litre solution
of 0.1 M metal ions
I Ag(OH) (K
SP
= 5 10
3
) II Ca(OH)
2
(K
SP
= 8 10
6
)
III Mg(OH)
2
(K
SP
= 3 10
11
) IV Fe(OH)
2
(K
SP
= 8 10
16
)
1) I, II, IV 2) IV 3) III and IV 4) II, III, IV
69. Consider an aqueous solution that contains 0.10 M each of Pb
2+
, Hg
2+
and Ni
2+
ions. If a solution
containing 2 10
20
M S
2
ion is added to the solution containing the metal ions then which sulphides
will precipitate from the solution
Given : K
SP(PbS)
= 8 10
28
; K
SP(HgS)
= 4 10
53
and K
SP(NiS)
= 3.2 10
19
1) PbS, HgS and NiS 2) PbS and HgS 3) HgS and NiS 4) HgS only
70. A weak monoacidic base is titrated against HCl of 0.3 M and the end point has reached on adding
20 mL of the acid. To this solution 120 mg of NaOH if added, the pH of the resulting solution would be
[pK
b
of the base 4.2]
1) 4.2 2) 8.4 3) 9.8 4) 10.2
71. Solubility of a sparingly soluble salt Ba
3
(PO
4
)
2
in a mixture of
1
20
M BaCl
2
(o = 1) and
1
20
M
Ba(NO
3
)
3
(o = 1) is [K
sp
Ba
3
(PO
4
)
2
= 10
7
M
5
. At mass Ba = 137, P = 31, O = 16]
1) 300.5 mg/lit 2) 601 mg/lit 3) 3005 mg/lit 4) 6010 mg/lit
72. The ionization constants for H
2
S are K
1
= 1.0

10
7
, K
2
= 1.0

10
14
. The pH of 0.005M Na
2
S
solution is
1) 2.3 2) 11.7 3) 10.7 4) 12.7
73. Solid BaF
2
is added to a solution containing 0.1 mole of sodium oxalate solution (1 lit) until equilibrium
reached if the K
sp
of BaF
2
and BaC
2
O
4
is 10
6
mol
3
/ lit
3
and 10
7
mol
2
/lit
2
.
The conc. C
2
O
4
2
in solution
is
1) 7.4

10
2
M 2) 3.7

10
2
M 3) 7.4

10
3
M 4) 3.7

10
3
M
74. Solution s a mixture of 0.05 M NaCl and 0.05M NaI. The concentration of iodide ion in the solution
when AgCl Just starts precipiating is equal to:
(K
sp
AgCl = 1

10
10
M
2
; K
sp
AgI = 4

10
16
M
2
)
1) 4

10
6
M 2) 2

10
8
M 3) 2

10
7
M 4) 8

10
15
M
75. Which of the following is most soluble in water?
1) MnS (K
sp
= 8

10
37
) 2) ZnS (K
sp
= 7

10
16
)
3) Bi
2
S
3
(K
sp
= 1

10
72
) 4) Ag
3
(PO
4
) (K
sp
= 1.8

10
18
)
76. At what
2
3
Br
CO

(

(

does the following cell have its reaction at equilibrium?
Ag(s) |Ag
2
CO
3
(s)| Na
2
CO
3
(aq)| |KBr(aq)| AgBr(s)| Ag(s)
K
sp
= 8 10
12
for Ag
2
CO
3
and K
sp
= 4 10
13
for AgBr
a)
7
1 10

b)
7
2 10

c)
7
3 10

d)
7
4 10

## Assertion (A) & Reason (R) type questions :

1) Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of A
2) Both A and R are true and R is not correct explanation of A
3) A is true, R is false 4) A is false, R is true
77. Assertion (A) : A solution whose pH is 6.9, must be acidic
Reason (R) : In an acidic solution H
+
ion concentration must be greater than
w
K
78. Assertion (A) : Water acts as levelling solvent for various acids
Reason (R) : Levelling effect of water is due to its high dielectric constant and strong proton accept-
ing tendency
79. Assertion (A) : pH of buffer solution changes with change in temperature
Reason (R) : K
W
of water changes with change in temperature
80. Assertion (A) : A bowler bowling the last crucial over in an India Pakistan 20 20 match breathes
heavily due to excitement and tension, leading to significant change in the pH of blood
Reason (R) : pH of blood =
| |
3
2 3
log
HCO
pKa
H CO

(

+
81. Assertion (A) : Addition of a small amount of sodium acetate to a dilute solution of acetic acid doesnot
effect the pH value
Reason (R) : Buffer solutions have a definite pH value
82. Assertion (A) : A buffer solution has a capacity to resist the change in pH value on addition of small
amount of strong acid or base to it
Reason (R) : pH value of buffer solution does not change on dilution or on keeping for long standing
83. Assertion (A) : Aqueous solution of CH
3
COONa is alkaline in nature
Reason (R) : Acetate ion under goes anionic hydrolysis
84. Assertion (A) : Aqueous solution of CH
3
COONH
4
is found to be neutral
Reason (R) : Because this salt does not undergo hydrolysis
85. Assertion (A) : pK
a

of a weak acid becomes equal to pH of the solution at the mid point of its titration
Reason (R) : The molar concentrations of proton aceptor and protondonor become equal at the
midpoint of titration of weak acid
86. Assertion (A) : Na
2
CO
3
does not affect the pH of pure water on dissociation
Reason (R) : Salt of strong acid and strong base do not undergo hydrolysis
87. Assertion (A) : Equal number of millimoles of CH
3
COOH and NaOH when mixture together, the
resulting aqueous solution becomes alkaline
Reason (R) : Since the base is stronger, the salt formed undergoes anionic hydrolysis
88. Assertion(A): Dilution of an aqueous solution of salt of strong a acid and weak base will cause an
increase in pH
Reason(R): Degree of ionisation of weak base will increase with dilution
89. Assertion(A): In an acid base titration involving a strong acid and a weak base, methyl orange can be
used as an indicator
Reason(R): Methyl orange changes its colour in the pH range 3 to 5
90. Assertion(A): In acidic medium Zn
+2
is not precipitated by S
2
Ions
Reason(R): Zn S is soluble in aqueous solution
91. Assertion(A): The pH of an aqueous solultion of aceticacid remains unchanged on the addition of
sodium acetate
Reason(R): The ionisation of acetic acid is supressed by the addtion of sodium acetate.
92. Assertion (A) : The addition of silver ions to a mixture of aqueous sodium chloride and sodium
bromide solution will first precipitate AgBr rather than AgCl
Reason (R) : The value of K
sp
of AgCl < K
sp
of AgBr .
93. Assertion (A) : To precipitate the cations of fourth group in qualitative analysis, medium is made alkaline
before passing H
2
S gas
Reason (R) : This is done to suppress the ionisation of H
2
S in fourth group analysis
Comprehensions type questions :
Passage - 1:
The pH value for pure water is 7.0 at 27
0
C, whereas natural rain water is slightly acidic. This is mainly
due to presence of SO
3
and NO
2
gas obtained by oxidation of SO
2
and NO gas. In some causes acid
rain due to SO
3
and NO
2
consist of pH of 4.5 to a value as low as 1.7. At 27
0
C the acidity constant are
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 3
SO aq H O l HSO aq H aq
+
+ +
| |
3
2
1
2
10
a
H HSO
K M
SO
+

( (

= =
( ) ( ) ( )
2
3 3
HSO aq SO aq H aq
+
+
| |
2
3
7
2
3
10
a
SO H
K M
HSO
+

( (

= =
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
2
2 2 3
2 SO aq H O aq SO aq H aq
+
+ +
9
1 2
10
a a a
K K K M

= =
2
H O H OH
+
+
K
w
= 1014
94. The pH of 0.01 M aqueous solution of Na
2
SO
3
will be (Assume hydrolysis proceeds only one step)
1) 8.5 2) 9 3) 9.25 4) 9.5
95. If rain water consists of 2.463 litre SO
3
gas dissolved in 1 litre water at partial pressure of 2 atm, then
pH of solution is
(R = 0.0821 litre atm/K mole)(log 2 = 0.3)
1) 0.7 2) 1.4 3) 0.6 4) 0.4
96. In acid rain in Assam it was found that 1 litre rain water consist of 2.463 litre equimolar mixture of SO
3
and NO
2
gas dissolved at a partial pressure of 0.1 atm. Find out the pH of the solution if HNO
2
produced is 60% dissociated under given condition at 27
0
C
1) 2 2) 2.75 3) 2.25 4) 1.85
Passage -II:
Three bottles labelled A, B, C contain 150 ml of 0.1 M weak mono protic acid, 50 ml 0.1 M strong
mono acidic base, 150 ml 0.1 M strong monoprotic acid respectively a student performs some experi-
ments then the following observations are made
a) When solution A and B are mixed then it form a buffer of pH = 4.7
b) When B and C mixed then solution is acidic
c) When A and C are mixed then solution is acidic and pH is 2 log 5
97. What would be ionisation constant of weak acid
1) 2 10
4
2) 10
5
3) 2 10
6
4) 5 10
6
98. What will be pH of solution when B and C are mixed completely
1) 2 log 5 2) 5 log 2 3) 2 4) 1
99. What will be degree ionisation when weak acid solution is mixed with strong acid
1) 5 10
3
2) 2 10
3
3) 2 10
4
4) 5 10
4
Passage - III:
Aqueous 200 ml 0.1 M H
2
A solution when titrated against 0.1 M NaOH shows different results,
in presence of different indicators. For phenolphthalein indicator it is converted to Na
2
A and with methyl
orange it is converted to NaHA
Ka
1
H
2
A = 10
3
, Ka
2
H
2
A = 10
6
H
2
A + NaOH NaHA + H
2
O (methyl orange)
NaHA + NaOH Na
2
A + H
2
O (Phenol phthalein)
100. When 100 ml of NaOH is added in the presence of methyl orange indicator pH of solution is
1) 3.5 2) 4.5 3) 3 4) 4
101. When 200 ml of NaOH is added the pH of the solution is
1) 3.5 2) 4.5 3) 3 4) 4
102. When 400 ml of NaOH is added in the presence of phenol phthalein indicator. The pH of
solution is
1) 8 2) 4.74 3) 9.26 4) 7
Passage IV :
A weak Base BOH was titrated against a strong Acid The PH at 1/4 the equalivalent point was 9.24
. Now strong base 6 m eq. added to it. Total salt converted to weak base . The total volume was 50 ml.
103. The PK
b
of Base is
1) 4.76 2) 5.061 3) 5.23 4) 5.36
104. The pH of the solution after addition of strong Base is
1) 9.22 2) 10.22 3) 11.22 4) 12.22
Passage : V
The pH of pure water at 25
0
C and 60
0C
is 7 and 6.5 respectively. HCl gas is passed through
water at 25
0C
till the resulting 1 litre solution which acquires a pH of 3. Now 4

10
3
mole of NaCN are
added to this solution. The fresh 0.1M HCN solution has pH is 5.2. Now half part of solution obtained
after addtion of NaCN. 0.25 milli moles of NaOH added and other second part add 0.5 milli mole of
105. The heat of formation of water from H
+
and OH

is
1) 13.06 Kcal 2) 16.32 Kcal 3) 16.32 Kcal 4) 13.06 Kcal
106. The volume of HCl passed through the solution at 25
0
C and 1 atm is
1) 24.46 ml 2) 2.446 ml 3) 0.2446 ml 4) 244.6 ml
107. The dissociation constant of HCN is
1) 4.0

10
10
2) 4.0

10
6
3) 4.0

10
4
4) 4.0

10
8
108. The pH of the solution after addition of NaCN is
1) 9.87 2) 8.87 3) 6.87 4) 5.87
109. The pH of solution after addition of 0.5 milli mole of HCl is
1) 9.68 2) 9.4 3) 8.4 4) 8.7
Passage VI :
0.1 M CH
3
COOH solution is titrated against 0.05 M NaOH solution. pH of 0.1 M CH
3
COOH is 3.
110. The pH of solution at 1/4
th
neutralization of acid is
1) 4.21 2) 4.52 3) 5.12 4) 5.47
111. The pH of solution at 3/4
th
neutralization of acid is
1) 4.21 2) 4.52 3) 5.12 4) 5.47
Passage VII :
A one litre buffer solution containing 0.5 M CH
3
COOH and 0.25 M CH
3
COONa. The pKa value of
acetic acid is 4.74. The solubility product of Ca(OH)
2
Al(OH)
3
, Cr(OH)
3
are 5.5 10
-6
, 1.3 10
-33
,
6.3 10
-31
in pure water respectively.
112. PH of the buffer solution is
1) 5.04 2) 4.74 3) 4.04 4) 4.44
113. If 0.25 mole of HCl is added to the buffer solution then the pH is
1) 3.86 2) 4.74 3) 4.86 4) 2.43
114. If 0.25 mole NaOH is added to the buffer solution than the pH is
1) 4.04 2) 4.74 3) 4.44 4) 5.04
115. AlCl
3
is added to the a buffer solution then the concentration of Al
+3
present in the solution is
1) 1.82 10
-5
M 2) 6.75 10
-5
M 3) 6.75 10
-4
M 4) 1.82 10
-4
M
116. One lit solution containing Ca
+2
, Al
+3
, Cr
+3
in 0.1 M concentration each. The solution is mixed with one
lit. buffer solution. Which ion remains un precipitated
1) Ca
+2
2) Al
+3
3) G
+3
4) All
Passage VIII
Arsenic sulphite As
2
S
3
is a sparingly soluble salt and presence of As
+3
Ion in solution is observed by
the formation of its precipitate
The solubility of As
2
S
3
is observed to be
9
1
10
48
M

in a solution of 10
2
M Na
2
S solution at 25
o
C.
Assuming no hydrolysis of cationic or Anionic part
117. The K
sp
value of As
2
S
3
at 25
o
C
1)
24
1
10
576

2)
10
1
10
36

3)
22
1
10
144

4)
9
1
10
24

## 118. The solubility of As

2
S
3
at 25
o
C is a solution of
3
3 10 M

AsCl
3
solution is, assuming no hydrolysis
1)
6
1
10
144
M

2)
7
1
10
180
M

3)
6
1
10
36
M

4)
4
1
10
96
M

## 119. If the hydrolysis of sulphide Ion is to be considered, then the solubility of As

2
S
3
in pure water is
1 2
7 14
2 2
10 , 10
a a
K H S K H S

= =
1)
4
1.67 10 M

2)
5
5.4 10 M

3)
3
7.2 10 M

4)
2
6 10 M

Passage - IX:
AgCNS and AgBr both dissolved in water K
sp
AgCNS = 5 10
13
K
sp
AgBr = 1 10
12
120. The solubility of AgCNS in water is
1) 4 10
7
M 2) 8.16 10
7
M 3) 2 10
7
M 4) 6.08 10
7
M
121. The solubility of AgBr in water is
1) 4 10
7
M 2) 8.16 10
7
M 3) 2 10
7
M 4) 6.08 10
7
M
Passage - X:
A solution contains a mixture of Ag
+
(0.1 M) and
2
2
Hg
+
(0.1 M) which are to be separated by
selective precipitation
K
sp
AgI = 1.0 10
17
K
sp
of Hg
2
I
2
= 1 10
27
122. The maximum concentration of I

## ion at which one of them gets precipitated completely is and first

precipitating ion is
1) 10
16
M, Ag
+
2) 10
16
M, Hg
2
+2
3) 10
13
M, Ag
+
4) 10
13
M, Hg
2
+2
123. The percentage of metal ion precipitated is
1) 99% Ag
+
2) 99% Hg
2
2+
3) 99.9% Ag
+
4) 99.9% Hg
2
2+
Passage XI :
The salt Zn(OH)
2
is involved in the following two equilibria Zn(OH)
2
(s) Zn
+2
(aq) + 2 OH

(aq)
K
sp
= 1 10
17
Zn(OH)
2
(s) + 2OH

(aq) [Zn(OH)
4
]
2
(aq) K
c
= 0.1
124. The pH at which the solubility of Zn(OH)
2
is minimum
1) 11 2) 8 3) 9 4) 10
125. The solubility of salt is
1) 1 10
10
2) 1 10
9
3) 2 10
10
4) 2 10
9
Passage XII :
A solution containing zinc and manganese ions each at a concentration of 0.01 mol/dm
3
is saturated
with 0.1 M H
2
S. K
sp
Zn S = 1 10
22
mol
2
/lit
2
. K
sp
Mn S = 1 10
16
mol
2
/lit
2
. K
1
, K
2
for H
2
S are
1.0 10
7
and 1.0 10
14
126. The pH at which the MnS will start precipitate
1) 3 2) 4 3) 5 4) 6
127. The conc. of Zn
+2
remaining when MnS starts precipitate
1) 10
8
mol/lit 2) 10
9
mol/lit 3) 10
10
mol/lit 4) 10
11
mol/lit
Passage XIII :
The acid ionisation constant for
Zn
+2
+ H
2
O Zn(OH)
+
+ H
+
is 1.0 10
-9
128. The basic dissociation constant of Zn(OH)
+
is
1) 10
-4
2) 10
-5
3) 10
-6
4) 10
-7
129. The pH of 0.001 M solution of ZnCl
2
in above problem is
1) 4 2) 5 3) 6 4) 7
Passage - XIV
Solid AgNO
3
is gradually mixed with equimolar solution of NaBr and NaCl, each having
molarity 0.02 M
K
SP(AgBr)
= 5 10
16
K
SP(AgCl)
= 1.0 10
10
130. The minimum [Ag
+
] required for just the start of precipitation of AgBr
1) 5 10
14
M 2) 2 10
15
M 3) 2.5 10
14
M 4) 5 10
15
M
131. [Ag
+
] required to just start the precipitation of AgCl is
1) 5 10
8
M 2) 2.5 10
8
M 3) 5 10
9
M 4) 2.5 10
19
M
132. The concentration of Br

## ion left in the solution when precipitation of AgCl just start

1) 1.0 10
9
M 2) 2 10
7
M 3) 5 10
9
M 4) 1.0 10
7
M
Passage - XV
Colligative property measurement is one of the techniques used in the measurement of chemical
quantities with reasonable accuracy.
If a 40.65 gm sample of K
2
SO
4
and BaSO
4
is dissolved in 900 gm of pure water to form a solution
A is 57
0
C, its vapour pressure is found to be 39.6 torr while vapour pressure of pure water at 57
0
C is
40 torr. Density of solution A is 1.24 gm/ml.
In a different experiment when small amount of pure BaSO
4
is mixed with water at 57
0
C it gives the
osmotic rise of 4.05 10
5
atm.
133. Percentage of K
2
SO
4
in the sample is
1) 65.75% 2) 71.34% 3) 60.35% 4) 78.74%
134. Solubility product of BaSO
4
in water at 57
0
C is
1) 5 10
19
2) 3.125 10
13
3) 5.625 10
13
4) 2.25 10
12
Passage - XVI:
Radiochemical techniques can be used to determine solubility product estimation. The measure-
ment of radioactivity can be used to find the concentration in a solubility equilibrium giving a fair idea
about various equilibrium concentrations. In an experiment, 50.00 ml of a 0.010 M AgNO
3
solution
containing a silver isotope with a radioactivity of 75,000 counts per min per ml were mixed with 100 ml
of a 0.03 NaIO
3
soluition. The mixed solution was diluted to 500 ml and filtered to remove all of the
AgIO
3
precipitate leaving behind a radioactive solution. Molar mass of AgIO
3
= 285 g/mol. The re-
maining solution was found to have a radioactivity of 50 counts per min per ml.
135. Find the mass of the ppt. of AgIO
3
obtained separated
a) 142 mg b) 283 mg c) 383 mg d) 483 mg
136. The K
sp
of AgIO
3
a) 3.3 10
16
b) 3.3 10
8
c) 5.3 10
10
d) 5.3 10
8
137. The % of unprecipitated silver ions is :
a) 0.15% b) 0.37% c) 0.67% d) 0.97%
One or more than one correct answer type questions :
138. In 0.020 M carbonic acid solution
1) H
2
CO
3
is stronger acid than HCO
3
-
2 )
2
2 3 3
1 2
2 , .
eq a a
H CO H CO K K K
+
+ =
3)
2
3 3
HCO CO

( ( ~

4) It can be said
2 1
a a
K K >>
139. For pure water
1) pH increases with increase in temperature 2) pH decreases with increase in temperature
3) pH = 7 at temperature of 25
0
C
4) pH increases at low temperature but decreases at high temperatures
140. In the following reaction
( ) ( )
3 2
2 2 3 2
6 5
Al H O H O H O Al H O OH
+ +
+
( ( + +

A B C D
1) A is an acid B is a base 2) A is a base B is an acid
3) C is conjucate acid of B and D is conjucate base of A
4) C is conjucate base of B and D is conjucate acid of A
141. Which is/are wrong statements
1) All anhenius acids are Bronsted acids but all arrhenius bases are not Bronsted bases
2) All Bronsted bases are Lewin bases
3) All Bronsted acids are Lewin acids
4) Conjugate acids of strong base is a strong acid
142. Which of the following is/are true about alkanity?
1) Alkali metal hydroxides are water-soluble ionic solids, most familiar bases
2) Alkaline earth oxides, such as CaO are weaker bases than corresponding hydroxides
3) 0.28 g of lime (CaO) in 1 lit. water gives a solution of pH = 12
4) 10
7
M NaOH solution has pH value 7
143. In photography, equionole is used as developer according to following reaction
Which of the following describe (s) the role of equinol in this reaction?
1) It acts as an acid 2) It acts as a weak base
3) It acts as an oxidising agent 4) It acts as a reducing agent
144. 0.56 gm CaO lime is dissolved in 100 ml water and made a saturated solution (k
w
= 10
13
). The correct
statements are
1) Concentration of OH

= 0.2 M
2) Conc. H
+
would be = 5 10
13
M
3) Degree of dissociation of water in the solution 9 10
15
4) If 1.12 gm of CaO added to 100 ml at same temperature then conc. OH

is = 0.4 M
145. Which of the following is true for alkaline aqueous solution?
1)
2
w
pk
pH >
2) pH > pOH 3)
2
w
pk
pOH <
4) pH < pOH
146. The acid dissociation constant for
( )
3
2
6
Al H O
+
is 1.410
-5
. It suggests
1) H
2
O molecules in the hydrated cation are much stronger proton donors than are free
solvent water molecules
2) Ionisation :
( )
3
2
6
Al H O
+
(aq) Al Al
3+
(aq) + 6H
2
O
3) Ionisation :
( )
3
2
6
Al H O
+
(aq) + H
2
O(l) H
3
O
+
(aq) + Al(H
2
O)
5
(OH)
2+
(aq)
4) Its pH might be more than 7.
147. Which of the following statements are correct?
1) NH
4
OH is a weak base 2) NH
4
Cl forms an acidic solution in H
2
O
3) H
3
BO
3
tripotic acid 4) CH
3
COONa forms a basic solution in water
148. Which of the following combination of solutes would result the formation of a Buffer solution
1) NH
3
+ NH
4
Cl 2) CH
3
COOH + NaOH in 2 : 1 molar ratio
3) NH
3
+ HCl in 2 : 1 molar ratio 4) CH
3
COOH + NaOH in 1 : 2 molar ratio
149. Which of the following statements are correct
1) Larger the value of dissociation constant, greater is the strength of acid
2) All Bronsted bases are Lewis bases but all Bronsted acids are not Lewis acids
3) Degree of dissociation of water increases with the rise of temperature
4) Degree of hydrolysis at salt of weak acid and weak base does not change with dilution
150. An acid-base indicator Hln exists 50% dissociated at pH = 9. The acid colour of the indicator is yellow
while its base colour is red. The red colour predominates when the concentration of conjugate base is at
least 8 times that of the acid while for yellow colour to predominate, the concentration of the species
possessing this colour must be at least 20 times that of the species possessing red colour. Now read the
following statements and choose the correct statement(s) from the key given below
1) The pH range of the indicator is 7.7 9.9
2) The pH range of the indicator is 8.2 10.3
3) The indicator may serve to indicate the end point of the titration of HCl vs. NH
4
OH
4) The indicator may serve to indicate the end point of the titration between HCl and NaOH
151. An acid-base indicator has K
b
equal to 1.0 10
6
. The acid form of the indicator is blue and the basic
form is red then
1) At pH 8, solution remains complete (99%) red 2) At pH 10, solution remains complete (99%) red
3) At pH 6, solution remains complete (99%) blue 4) At pH 8, solution remains complete (99%) blue
152. Let the colour of the indicator HIn (colourless) will be visible only when its ionised form (pink) is 25% or
more in a solution. Suppose HIn (pK
a
= 9.0) is added to a solution of pH = 9.6 predict what will happen
(Take log 2 = 0.3)
1) Pink colour will be visible 2) Pink colour will not be visible
3) % of ionised form will be less than 25% 4) % of ionised form will be more than 25%
153. Choose the correct alternatives
1) K
sp
of Fe(OH)
3
in aqueous solution is 3.8 10
38
at 298 K. The concentration of Fe
+3
will increases
with H
+
ion concentration decreses
2) In a mixture of NH
4
Cl and NH
4
OH in water, a further amount of NH
4
Cl is added. The pH of mixture
will decreases
3) An aqueous solution of each of the following salts NH
4
I, Cr(NO
3
)
3
, KCN will be basic, acidic
neutral respectively
4) Degree of hydrolysis of 0.1M CH
3
COONH
4
, 0.2 M CH
3
COONH
4
is same
154. On mixing equal volumes of the following solutions, precipitation of AgCl will occur with (K
sp
for AgCl
is 1.8 10
10
)
1) 10
3
M (Ag
+
) and 10
3
M (Cl

) 2) 10
4
M (Ag
+
) and 10
4
M (Cl

)
3) 10
5
M (Ag
+
) and 10
5
M (Cl

) 4) 10
10
M (Ag
+
) and 10
10
M (Cl

)
155. Which about solubility product is correct
1) If ionic product < solubility product, solution is unsaturated
2) For AlCl
3
K
sp
= 27S
4
, Hen S solubility in H
2
O
3) If ionic product > solubility product, precipitate occurs
4) Solubility AlCl
3
in 0.1 M KCl is S.Then K
sp
= 0.001S
156. In mixing equal volumes of the following solutions, precipitation of AgCl will occur
(K
sp
of AgCl = 1.8 10
-10
)
1) 10
-5
M Ag
+
and 10
-5
MCl
-
2) 10
-10
M Ag
+
and 10
-10
MCl
-
3) 10
-3
M Ag
+
and 10
-6
MCl
-
4) 10
-4
M Ag
+
and 10
-4
MCl
-
Matching type questions :
157. Match the following Column I with Column II
Column I Column II
a) NH
3
p) Aqueous solution is alkaline in nature
b) O
2
q) Lewis base
c)
3
HCO

## r) Does not have a conjugate base

d) KMnO
4
s) Amphoteric in nature
158. Column I Column II
A) CH
3
COOH P) Weak electrolyte
B) NH
4
Cl Q) Strong electrolyte
C) NH
4
OH R) On dilution of aqueous solution, the
D) CH
3
COONa degree of dissociation increases
S) pH increases on dilution of
aqueous solution.
T) pH - decreases on dilution of aq. solution
159. Match the following question Column I with Column II
Column - I Column - II
A) [H
+
] in an aqueous solution of NH
4
CN p)
( )
1 2
1/ 2
a a
k k
B) [H
+
] in an aqueous solution of NaHCO
3
q)
1
2
w a
b
k k
k
| |
|
\ .
C) [H
+
] in an aqueous solution of NH
4
HCO
3
r)
2 1
1
2
w
a a
b
k
k k
k
( | |
+
( |
\ .
D)
2
3
CO

(

in 0.01M H
2
CO
3
s) Does not depend on the
concentration of salt
t)
2
a
k
160. Match the mixture in Column I with their corresponding characteristic in Column II
List I List II
a) CH
3
COOH (pK
a
= 4.74; 0.1 M) + p) Acidic buffer at its maximum capacity
CH
3
COONa(0.1 M)
b) CH
3
COOH(0.1 M) + HCl (0.1M) q) buffer solution
c) CH
3
COOH (pK
a
= 4.74; 0.1 M) + r) pH < 7 at 25
0
C
NH
4
OH(pk
b
= 4.74, 0.1 M)
d) CH
3
COONa(300 ml of 0.1 M) + s) pH = 7 at 25
0
C
HCl (100 ml of 0.1 M)
Note : Equal volume of each component in each mixture is to be taken
161. Match the following Column I with Column II
Column I (Solution 0.1 M) Column II
a) NaCl p) pH will not vary with dilution
b) KCN q) Buffer solution
c) CH
3
COONa r) pH is almost 7
d) CH
3
COONH
4
s) Hydrolysis of only anion takes place
162. H
3
PO
4
is a triprotic acid with K
1
= 10
4
, K
2
= 10
7
, and K
3
= 10
10
List I List II (pH of the solution)
a) Equimolar mixture of NaH
2
PO
4
(0.1 M) p) 13
and Na
3
PO
4
(0.1 M)
b) H
3
PO
4
(0.1 mol) + NaOH (0.2 mol) in 1 litre solution q) 5.5
c) Na
3
PO
4
(0.1 mol) + NaOH (0.1 mol) in 1 litre solution r) 8.5
d) H
3
PO
4
(0.1 mol) + KOH (0.25 mol) in 1 litre s) 10
163.Column I Column II
a) PK
b
for X

(K
a
of HX = 10
6
) p) 6.9
b) pH of 10
8
MHCl q) 8
c) pH of 10
2
M acetic acid (K
a
= 1.6

10
5
) r) 3.3
d) pH of solution obtained by mixing equal
volumes of solutions with pH = 3 and pH = 5 s) 3.4
164. Column I Column II
a) CH
3
COOH
,
CH
3
COONa mixture in p) pH increases on addition of HCl
1 : 1 molar ratio
b) NH
4
OH, NH
4
Cl mixture in 1 : 1 molar ratio q) pH decreases on addition HCl
c) CH
3
COOH solution r) pH remains same on dilution
d) NH
4
OH solution s) pH increases on dilution
165. Column I Column II
a) CuSO
4
Solution p) cationic hydrolysis
b) Na
2
CO
3
solution q) Anionic hydrolysis
c) CH
3
COONH
4
solution r) Neutral solution
d) NaCl solution s) Acidic Solution
166. List I List II
a) Equimolar mixture of a strong acid and p) Acidic
a strong base
b) Equi-equivalent mixture of a strong acid q) Basic
and a weak base
c) Equi-equivalent mixture of a strong base r) Neutral
and a weak acid
d) Equi-equivalent mixture of a weak acid s) Cant be predicted
and a weak base
166. List I List II
a) CuSO
4
solution p) Acidic nature
b) Na
2
CO
3
solution q) Basic nature
c) CH
3
COOH + CH
3
COONa r) Cationic hydrolysis
solution
d) NH
4
OH + NH
4
Cl solution s) Anionic hydrolysis
167. Match the following Column I with Column II
List I List II
a) CuSO
4
p) Catonic hydrolysis
b) Na
2
CO
3
q) Anoinc hydrolysis
c) NaCl r) pH < 7
d) CH
3
COONH
4
s) pH = 7
168. For the following matching take the concentrations of the both the solutions being titrated to be equal to
0.1 M, and k
a
of CH
3
COOH = 2 10
5
, k
a1
of H
2
CO
3
= 10
7
, k
a2
of H
2
CO
3
= 10
11
,
k
b
of NH
3
2 10
5
)
List I (Titrations) List II (Properties)
a) CH
3
COOH + NaOH p) Approximate shape of the titration curve will be

b) NH
4
Cl + NaOH q) Phephthalein (pk
ln
= 9) can be used for end
point detection
c) Na
2
CO
3
+ HCl (upto 1
st
equivalence point) r) At equivalence point o
water
< 1.8 10
9
d) HCl + NaOH s) At equivalence point, pH >7
169. Match the following
List I List II
a) Acid indicator p) Colour of ionized form of indicator appears in acidic medium
b) Base indicator q) Colourless in acidic medium
c) Phenolphtalein r) Colour of ionized form of indicator appears in basic medium
d) Methyl orange s) Colour of unionized form of indicator appears in acidic medium
170. List I List II
(Salt) (Relation between solubility S mol L
1
and K
sp
)
a) Ag
2
CrO
4
p)
1/ 5
108
sp
K
S
| |
=
|
\ .
b) AgCNS q) Conc. of cation is 2S
c) Ca
3
(PO
4
)
2
r)
1/ 3
4
sp
K
S
| |
=
|
\ .
d) Hg
2
Cl
2
s) S = (K
sp
)
1/2
Numerical type questions :
171. 0.16 gm of N
2
H
4
are dissolved in water and the total volume made upto 500 ml. Calculate the percent-
age of N
2
H
4
that has reacted with water in this solution. The K
b
for N
2
H
4
is 4 10
6
M
172. The pH of glycine at the first half equivalence point is 2.40 and that at second half equiva-
lence paint is 9.60. At the equivalence point (The first inflection point) The pH is
173. 50 mL of 0.05 M Na
2
CO
3
is titrated against 0.1 M HCl. On adding 37.5 mL of HCl, pH of the solution
will be [Given : For H
2
CO
3
, pK
a
1
= 6, pK
a
2
= 10.33 log 3 = 0.47, log 2 = 0.30] (Express answer the
nearest integer
174. pH of the solution containing 50.0 ml of 0.3 M HCl and 50.0 ml of 0.4 M NH
3
is
[pK
a
(NH
4
+
) = 9.26]
2
and fill in the answer key ........
175. CH
3
NH
2
(0.1 mole, K
b
= 5 10
4
) is added to 0.08 moles of HCl and the solution is diluted to one
litre. The resulting hydrogen ion concentration is. Multiply your answer by 10
11
and fill in the answer key
........
176. A solution of weak acid was titrated with base NaOH. The equivalent point was reacted when
36.12 ml of 0.1 M NaOH have been added. Now 18.06 ml of 0.1 M HCl was added to this solution
then pH was 5. What is the pKa of acid
177. A certain buffer solution equal concentration of HX and X

. The K
b
for X

is 10
10
. The pH of the buffer
is
178. Find the pH of mixture obtained by mixing equal volume each of 0.1M Na
3
PO
4
and 0.1M NaH
2
PO
4
at
TK.
Given :
1 2
,
a a
K K and
3
a
K of H
3
PO
4
at TK are respectively 10
3
M, 10
6
M and 10
12
M
179. 50 ml 0.2M CH
3
COOH (K
a
= 10
5
) is titrated with 0.2M NaOH. The pH at equivalence point is
180. Ionisation constant of HA(weak acid) and BOH (weak base) are 3 10
7
each at 298 K. Calculate the
degree of hydrolysis of 0.1 MBA at the dilution of 10 lit. The value is multiply with 8 and fill the number
181. 250 mL a saturated solution of calcium oxalate required 6.4 mL of 0.001 M KMnO
4
solution in acid
medium for complete oxidation of oxalate ions. Hence the solubility product of calcium oxalate is : x
10
9
. The value of x would be ?
182. M(OH)
X
has K
sp
= 27 10
12
and solubility in water is 10
3
M. The value of X is
183. The solubility product constant (K
sp
) of M(OH)
2
is
19
5 10

at 25
0
C. pH of a saturated aqueous solution of
M(OH)
2
when large excess of base is dissolved at 25
0
C would be
184. After solid Sr CO
3
was equilibrated with a pH = 8.60 buffer, the solution was found to have
[Sr
2+
] = 2.2 10
4
M. Determine the solubility product of SrCO
3
. K
2
for H
2
CO
3
= 4.710
11
. Given 10

8.6
= 2.51 10
9
10

185. Ag
+
+ 2CN

Ag(CN)
2

K
f
= 1.0 10
19
the solubility product of AgI is 1 10
17
mol
2
/lit
2
The
number of mili moles of AgI required to dissolve 1 litre of 1 M CN