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Scrambling Code Planning Guidelines

Scrambling Code Planning Guidelines

Scrambling Code Planning Guidelines
Scrambling Code Planning Guidelines
Scrambling Code Planning Guidelines
Scrambling Code Planning Guidelines

Scrambling Code Planning Guidelines

Scrambling Code Planning Guidelines

1 Overview

Scrambling codes is used to help UE to identify WCDMA cells, Scrambling codes planning is a very important part of WCDMA radio network planning. The main problem of scrambling codes planning is how to correctly and effectively configure the Scrambling codes. This document elaborates the scrambling codes planning scheme and ZTE’s Scrambling Code planning proposal for Tamin.

2 Scrambling Code Planning Principle

On the perspective of network planning, WCDMA scrambling code planning refers to allocation of main scrambling codes to cells. WCDMA downlink has 64 code groups, totally 512 primary scrambling codes. Each cell is assigned with one primary scrambling code as one of the identification parameters. When the quantity of cells is greater than 512, a primary scrambling code can be repeatedly allocated to different cells as long as the cells with the same primary scrambling code are spaced far enough to keep the receiving signals lower than the threshold level within the coverage of another cell using the same primary scrambling code.

2.1 Cluster-based Scrambling Code Reuse Method

If the scrambling code reuse distance is met, the same scrambling code can be reused in different base stations. We commonly call a group of base stations using different scrambling codes within the reuse distance as a cluster, that is, the scrambling codes are reused in the mode of cluster, as shown in Fig.1.

5 2 7 5 2 12 9 7 4 1 11 12 9 6 3
5
2
7
5
2
12
9
7
4
1
11
12
9
6
3
4
1
11
8
5
2
6
3
13
10
7
8
5
2
12
9
13
10
7
4
1
11
5
2
12
9
6
3
7
4
1
11
8
12
9
6
3
13
10
4
1
11
8
5
2
6
3
13
10
7
8
5
2
12
9
13
10
7
4
1
11
12
9
6
3
4
1
11
8
6
3
13
10
8
13
10

Figure 1

Cluster-based Scrambling Code Reuse Method

Scrambling Code Planning Guidelines

Scrambling Code Planning Guidelines

Scrambling Code Planning Guidelines

In reuse of the same scrambling code, the reuse base stations should be adequately spaced in geological distance.

Reuse distance of typical raido environment are recommended as below:

Table 1

Analysis of Same-scrambling Code Reuse

Area

Code reuse distancekm

NodeB radiuskm

Dense urban

4

0.30.6

Common urban

7.4

0.61.2

suburb

17

1.23

rural

73

510

2.2 PSC Planning Principles

Downlink code planning is the process to allocate 512 sets of primary codes to different sectors which shall conform to the following principles:

2.2.1 PSC reserve for expansion and indoor site

The characteristic of network construction by steps should be taken into consideration for scrambling code planning, with a certain number of scrambling codes reserved for network expansion and indoor distribution system. When analyzing the maximum number of scrambling codes used in each area, the number is calculated by the minimum radius of the macro cellular base stations

in the specific area. The number of scrambling codes actually allocated should

be assigned depending on the number of macro cellular base stations in the planned area. The unused scrambling codes can be reserved for subsequent expansion. For micro-cell and indoor distribution system, which the base stations are well spaced, particularly those in the indoor distribution system, the

scrambling codes are reused at a high rate, so 40 scrambling codes should be reserved.

2.2.2 PSC reserve for boundary site

A number of scrambling codes should be reserved for coordination of boundary

base stations. Generally, a big WCDMA network is divided into multiple subnets planned by different planners. It is highly likely that the base station at the border of two subnets is allocated with the same scrambling code due to the lack of knowledge of the scrambling code allocation plans for other subnets, and the interference may be caused as the distance between the same-scrambling code base stations fails to meet the scrambling code reuse distance requirement. To avoid such case, planners should reach a consensus on the number of scrambling codes reserved for coordination by boundary base stations. The number of reserved scrambling codes should be confined within the distributable number in a cluster (see Table 1), but the number of scrambling codes in application can be smaller than the stipulated one.

Scrambling Code Planning Guidelines

Scrambling Code Planning Guidelines

Scrambling Code Planning Guidelines

3 PSC planning proposal

For PSC planning, ZTE propose to use 9~50 PSC group, totally 336 PSC for current out door site, group 1~8 is reserved for network expansion, group 51~59 is reserved for boundary site and group 60~64 is reserved for indoor site.more details please refer to table 2 and table 3

Table 2

Recommended Scrambling Code Allocation Plan-1

Allocation of

Common

Allocation of Scrambling Codes for Boundary site

Allocation of Scrambling Codes for Indoor site

Scrambling Codes

for network

expansion

Scrambling

Code Allocation

Recommende

d value

0~63

64~399

400~471

472~511

Table 3

Recommended Scrambling Code Allocation Plan-2

PSC

   

group

 

PSC

 

Purpose

1

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

 

2

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

3

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

                 

used for

4

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

network

                 

5

32

33

34

35

36

37

38

39

expansion

6

40

41

42

43

44

45

46

47

7

48

49

50

51

52

53

54

55

8

56

57

58

59

60

61

62

63

9

64

65

66

67

68

69

70

71

 

10

72

73

74

75

76

77

78

79

11

80

81

82

83

84

85

86

87

12

88

89

90

91

92

93

94

95

13

96

97

98

99

100

101

102

103

14

104

105

106

107

108

109

110

111

15

112

113

114

115

116

117

118

119

16

120

121

122

123

124

125

126

127

Used for

17

128

129

130

131

132

133

134

135

outdoor

18

136

137

138

139

140

141

142

143

site

19

144

145

146

147

148

149

150

151

20

152

153

154

155

156

157

158

159

21

160

161

162

163

164

165

166

167

22

168

169

170

171

172

173

174

175

23

176

177

178

179

180

181

182

183

24

184

185

186

187

188

189

190

191

25

192

193

194

195

196

197

198

199

Scrambling Code Planning Guidelines 26 201 200 202 203 204 205 206 207   27

Scrambling Code Planning Guidelines

Scrambling Code Planning Guidelines 26 201 200 202 203 204 205 206 207   27 209

26 201

200

202

203

204

205

206

207

 

27 209

208

210

211

212

213

214

215

28 217

216

218

219

220

221

222

223

29 225

224

226

227

228

229

230

231

30 233

232

234

235

236

237

238

239

31 241

240

242

243

244

245

246

247

32 249

248

250

251

252

253

254

255

33 257

256

258

259

260

261

262

263

34 265

264

266

267

268

269

270

271

35 273

272

274

275

276

277

278

279

36 281

280

282

283

284

285

286

287

37 289

288

290

291

292

293

294

295

38 297

296

298

299

300

301

302

303

39 305

304

306

307

308

309

310

311

40 313

312

314

315

316

317

318

319

41 321

320

322

323

324

325

326

327

42 329

328

330

331

332

333

334

335

43 337

336

338

339

340

341

342

343

44 345

344

346

347

348

349

350

351

45 353

352

354

355

356

357

358

359

46 361

360

362

363

364

365

366

367

47 369

368

370

371

372

373

374

375

48 377

376

378

379

380

381

382

383

49 385

384

386

387

388

389

390

391

50 393

392

394

395

396

397

398

399

51 401

400

402

403

404

405

406

407

 

52 409

408

410

411

412

413

414

415

53 417

416

418

419

420

421

422

423

54 425

424

426

427

428

429

430

431

used for

55 433

432

434

435

436

437

438

439

boundary

56 441

440

442

443

444

445

446

447

site

57 449

448

450

451

452

453

454

455

58 457

456

458

459

460

461

462

463

59 465

464

466

467

468

469

470

471

60 473

472

474

475

476

477

478

479

 

61 481

480

482

483

484

485

486

487

used for

62 489

488

490

491

492

493

494

495

indoor

63 497

496

498

499

500

501

502

503

site

64 505

504

506

507

508

509

510

511