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EQuality Education System

National Literacy Mission (NLM)



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EQuality Education System
EQuality Education System
The National Literacy Mission (NLM) was a nationwide
programme started by Government of India in 1988 to remove
the scourge of illiteracy.

The National Literacy Mission (NLM) aims at imparting
functional literacy to millions of Indians, especially those in the
age-bracket of 15-35 years.

Background
EQuality Education System
EQuality Education System

The National Literacy Mission (NLM) means not only learning
how to read, write and count but also helping people become
aware of why they are deprived and helping them move
towards change.

The National Literacy Mission works at two levels:

General Council

Executive Council

EQuality Education System
EQuality Education System
The General Council is headed by the Ministry of Human
Affairs and the Executive Council by the Secretary
(Elementary Education and Literacy).

The Directorate of Adult Education provides necessary
technical and resource support to the National Literacy
Mission Authority (NLMA).

EQuality Education System
EQuality Education System

Total Literacy Campaigns (TLC):

This model is the dominant strategy for the eradication of
adult illiteracy in India. TLC campaigns are area-specific,
time-bound, volunteer-based, cost-effective and outcome-
oriented.

The campaigns are implemented through district-level
literacy committees which are registered under the
Societies Registration Act as independent and autonomous
bodies
Major campaigns under NLM
EQuality Education System
EQuality Education System
Post Literacy Programme (PLP):

Post-literacy programmes attempt to give interested
learners an opportunity to harness and develop their
learning potentials after completion of a course in basic
literacy.

Post literacy programmes are open to neo-literates in the
age group of 9-35 who have completed the basic literacy
course under the total literacy campaigns, dropouts from
primary schools and pass outs from Non formal Education
(NFE) programmes.
EQuality Education System
EQuality Education System

Continuing Education Programme (CEP):


The Continuing Education Scheme is multi-faceted and is
postulated on the principles of treating basic literacy, post
literacy and later continuing education.

Above all the scheme aims at addressing the socio-
economic situations of the community to provide
infrastructure for larger development initiatives.


EQuality Education System
EQuality Education System
National Literacy Mission and Womens Empowerment

NLM has played a significant role in creating an environment
where women themselves demand knowledge and study to
empower themselves.

As a result of these literacy programmes, the female literacy
rate during the period 1991-2001 increased by 14.87%. This
was 3.15% more compared to male literacy rate that was
11.72% in 1991-2001.
EQuality Education System
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EQuality Education System
EQuality Education System