Sei sulla pagina 1di 48

Landing performance

Performance Engineer Briefing


Presented by HOU Runtian / Flight Operations Support Director

Introduction
For Landing Performance, the regulation requires a check of:
Maximum Certified Weight Landing distance Go Around Climb Gradients

These checks are required


At Dispatch for destination Airport and destination alternate airport During the flight in case of diversion

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

Introduction
Certification standards and
Operational rules mainly address Dispatch

Landing distance assessment in


flight not yet covered by regulations

Outputs from Takeoff and Landing Performance Assessment


Aviation Rulemaking Committee (TALPA ARC) are retained by Airbus for Landing distances computation in Flight

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

Introduction Before 2012 Changes:


Certified landing distance was ALD Used as a reference for Dispatch Used as a reference for In-Flight Assessment

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

Introduction

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

Actual Landing Distances


ALD:

Simplified model: At Dispatch, Landing performance assessment is based on


forecasts and not on real values as for Takeoff performance Runway in use (QFU) for Landing is not always known at dispatch time No effect of Temperature No effect of Runway slope Very short distance due to minimum airborne distance. On DRY Runway, Flight tests are based on: Minimal Flare Touchdown vertical speed 8 ft/sec Glide angle up to 3.5 That gives a time between threshold and touch down below 4s

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

Actual Landing Distances


The ALD determined in this manner on dry runway does not
include any margin and provides optimistic results.

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

Introduction

Before 2012 Changes:


Certified landing distance was ALD

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

Introduction

2012
Airbus decided to simplify, clarify and secure Landing
Performance calculation ALD not used and not published in Operational documentation anymore (only available in PEP Airplane Flight Manual)

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

Introduction

2012

RLD is the reference for Dispatch. In-Flight Landing Distance is the new reference for
In-Flight assessment

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

Introduction

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

Content
1 Dispatch

In-Flight

In-Flight with Failure

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

1 - Dispatch

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

1 - Dispatch

AFM: All the certified landing distances (ALD and RLD) TLO: "Landing point" and "Landing chart" calculations in manual approach / manual braking are unchanged (based on RLD) (No need to recompute Landing charts)

AFM: The Landing distance panel is renamed Required Landing Distance TLO: Landing Point option renamed Landing Point Dispatch
AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

1 - Dispatch

A318 / A319 A320 / A321 FLIGHT CREW OPERATING MANUAL

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

1 - Dispatch

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

1 - Dispatch
Dry Runway: RLDDRY = = 1.667 x ALDDRY

Wet Runway: RLDWET = 1.15 x RLDDRY RLDWET = 1.15 x 1.667 x ALDDRY RLDWET = 1.917 x ALDDRY Contaminated Runway: RLDCONTA = MAX (1.15 x ALDCONTA ; RLDWET)

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

1 - Dispatch

2012
FCOM DISPATCH: RLD for all runway states
Dry Runway: RLDDRY Wet Runway: RLDWET Contaminated Runway: RLDCONTA
AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

Procedure: If Runway forecasted Contaminated : Check RLDCONTA Check RLDWET Retain MAX of RLDWET and RLDCONTA

1 - Dispatch

2012
FCOM DISPATCH: RLD for all runway states

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

Content
1 Dispatch

In-Flight

In-Flight with Failure

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

2 - In-Flight

Before 2012 Changes:


Certified landing distance was ALD Used as a reference for In-Flight Assessment

2012
In-Flight Landing Distance is the new reference for In-Flight
assessment

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

In-Flight Landing Distances


For In-Flight Landing Distance assessment, ALD is not the right
answer.

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

2 - In-Flight

Use of More Operational Runway Conditions 6 braking performance levels


Labelled by Reported Braking Action (RBA) Good, Medium, Poor and intermediates

Tool required for Runway Condition assessment

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

IN FLIGHT PERFORMANCE

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

OEB

OPS DATA

2 - In-Flight

In-Flight Landing distance


All relevant parameters considered
Pressure altitude Planned approach speed Outside temperature and wind Runway slope Reverse thrust use Realistic Airborne Phase
ALD DRY CONTA ~4s to 5s FLARE ~VAPP at touch down 7s FLARE 93% VAPP at touch down In-Flight LD 7s FLARE 96% VAPP at touch down 7s FLARE 96% VAPP at touch down

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

2 - In-Flight

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

2 - In-Flight

AFM: The Operational landing distance panel is redesigned Calculation based on TALPA ARC model New features: FMS VAPP Speed modelling Overweight landing Operational LD factor Calculation of landing distance following in-flight failure

TLO: New calculation mode Landing point in-flight TLO: Landing charts Autoland & Autobrake based on In-Flight Landing Distance instead of ALD

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

2 - In-Flight

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

2 - In-Flight

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I I AIRBORNE DISTI GROUND DIST I OLD I LD FACTOR I FACTORED OLD I I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I I M I M I M I I M I I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I I 452.3 I 603.8 I 1056.0 I 1.150 I 1214.4 I I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I I VAPP CAS I VAPP IAS I BRK ENER I VLS CAS I VREF CAS I I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I I KT I KT I % I KT I KT I I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I I 128.135 I 128.206 I 35.7 I************* I 123.135 I I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I I DELTA VREF I APPR COR I DV WIND I DV A/THR I DV ICE ACCR I I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I I KT I KT I KT I KT I KT I I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I I 0.000 I 5.000 I 0.000 I 5.000 I 0.000 I I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I I DV CDL I DV ADDITIONALI LD REF I FAILURE COEF I I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I I KT I KT I M I I I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I I 0.000 I 0.000 I************* I************* I I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I
AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

2 - In-Flight

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

2 - In-Flight

A318 / A319 A320 / A321 FLIGHT CREW OPERATING MANUAL

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

2 - In-Flight

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

2 - In-Flight

IN FLIGHT PERFORMANCE

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

OEB

OPS DATA

2 - In-Flight

LANDING DISTANCE - DRY

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

OEB

OPS DATA

LANDING DISTANCE - GOOD

2 - In-Flight

LANDING DISTANCE GOOD TO MEDIUM

LANDING DISTANCE - MEDIUM TO POOR

LANDING DISTANCE - MEDIUM

LANDING DISTANCE - POOR


OPS DATA

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

OEB

Content
1 Dispatch

In-Flight

In-Flight with Failure

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

3 - In-Flight with Failure


Analytical computation
Aircraft in degraded condition Appropriate speed increment

Available in combination with



Manual or Automatic landing Manual or Automatic braking Overweight MEL CDL

Based on In-Flight LD concept


RBA Realistic air distance

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

LDG PERF ..... AFFECTED

3 - In-Flight with Failure

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

3 - In-Flight with Failure

AFM:

New In-Flight Failure function in PEP AFM Certified Replaces Landing distance Factors from Paper AFM

TLO: New calculation mode Landing point in-flight with In-Flight Failure option

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

3 - In-Flight with Failure


Calculation of landing distance following in-flight failure

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

3 - In-Flight with Failure


Calculation of landing distance following in-flight failure: Results
I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I I AIRBORNE DISTI GROUND DIST I OLD I LD FACTOR I FACTORED OLD I I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I I M I M I M I I M I I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I I 495.0 I 723.0 I 1218.0 I 1.150 I 1400.7 I I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I

I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I I VAPP CAS I VAPP IAS I BRK ENER I VLS CAS I VREF CAS I I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I I KT I KT I % I KT I KT I I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I I 138.135 I 137.935 I 44.8 I************* I 123.135 I I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I

I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I I DELTA VREF I APPR COR I DV WIND I DV A/THR I DV ICE ACCR I I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I I KT I KT I KT I KT I KT I I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I I 10.000 I 5.000 I 0.000 I 5.000 I 0.000 I I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I

I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I I DV CDL I DV ADDITIONALI LD REF I FAILURE COEF I I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I I KT I KT I M I I I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I I 0.000 I 0.000 I 1056.0 I 1.153 I I--------------I--------------I--------------I--------------I

ADDITIONAL OUTPUTS / IN FLIGHT FAILURE CASES FLAP LEVER LDG: CONF 3 Ground idle inop = all engines

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

3 - In-Flight with Failure

A318 / A319 A320 / A321 FLIGHT CREW OPERATING MANUAL

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

3 - In-Flight with Failure

SYSTEM

Failures

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

3 - In-Flight with Failure

SYSTEMS
AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

3 - In-Flight with Failure

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

Summary
Comparison between ALD & IFLD Dispatch PEP
FCOM

In-Flight PEP
FCOM-QRH

In-Flight with failure PEP


FCOM-QRH

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

AIRBUS China LTD. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.