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ENEE 408E Optical System Design Design Problems #3, October 10, 2013 Due October 22, 2013

(1) Plot the variation in reflectance for P and S waves incident on an air/glass boundary

at angles from 0 to π/2. Take n 1 = 1, n 2 = 1.5. Calculate the S-wave reflectance at

Brewster’s angle.

(2) Calculate and plot the transmittance of a 1λ thick window designed for normal incidence

as the incidence angle varies from 0 to 90 . Use n=1.7, λ 0 =633 nm. Calculate for P and

S waves.

(3) A slab of glass with n 2 = 1.70 is exactly 0.083mm thick and is bounded on both sides

by air, n 1 =n 3 = 1. Coherent light of wavelength 1.55µm is incident on the slab.

Use the transformed impedance concept to plot the transmittance of the slab as a function of the angle of incidence from 0 to 90 . (Hint: use enough points). Calculate for P and

S waves.

(4) A flat, parallel-sided slab of silicon with n 2 =3.5 is bounded on both sides by air n 1 =1.

Coherent (laser) light of wavelength 1300 nm is incident normally on the slab. Calculate and plot the transmittance of the whole slab as a function of thickness as the thickness varies from 0 to 5µm. Use the transformed impedance concept. (Hint: use enough points).

(5) A slab of glass with n = 1.57 is exactly 3.4mm thick and is bounded on both sides by

air, n = 1. Coherent light of wavelength 880nmm is incident on the slab. Calculate:

(a)

The fractional intensity transmission for P waves incident at an angle of 45 .

(b)

The fractional intensity transmission for S waves incident at an angle of 45 .

(c)

The polarization state of the the reflected wave for a wave initially composed of 50%

S wave and 50% P wave (based on relative intensities). The wave is still incident at 45 .

(d) The polarization state of the reflected waves for a wave initially composed of 30% S

wave and 70% P wave (based on relative intensities). The wave is still incident at 45 .

(6)

How would the answers to 5(a), and 5(b) be modified if the light were incoherent?

(7)

Design a biconvex lens with R 1 =R 2 , d=20 mm and a focal length of 200 mm using

LAK8 glass. Do this both analytically and by using Code V. Don’t vary the lens thickness.

Choose the lens parameters so that the f/number of the lens is 4.

(8)

Repeat question (7) but make the lens a plano-convex one. The object is at infinity.

(9)

Repeat question (7) but optimize both surfaces of the lens for minimum aberration

(sharpest image). The object is at infinity. (10) Compare the spherical aberration for the extreme rays and the different lenses designed in questions (7), (7), and (9). (11) Use Code V to design an achromatic doublet for wavelengths of 450nm and 650nm. Make the lens an f/4 lens with a focal length of 150mm. The object is at infinity.

(8) For each of the following imaging situations calculate:

(a)

the position of the image

(b)

whether the image is real or virtual

(c)

linear and angular magnification

(d) draw a ray tracing diagram

(i) f=2; u=5

(ii)

f=-2; u=5

(iii)

f=3; u=1.5

(iv)

f=-3; u=2

(v)

a concave mirror with R=5; u=8

(vi)

a concave mirror with R=5; u=3

(vii) a convex mirror with |R|=5; u=3

DO NOT USE CODE V FOR THIS PROBLEM.