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I nt r oduc t i on

The Hy-Line International Online Management Guide has its roots in the Hy-Line Red
Book, Management and Disease Control book, which was published many years ago.
The Red Book contained detailed information about management and health of Hy-
Line's laying hens and was in a folder-format with loose sheets of paper that could be
replaced when updated. The Red Book was eventually replaced by individual printed
management guides for each of Hy-Line's varieties of laying hens. These individual
management guides were updated every 2 to 3 years.
In the spirit of the Red Book, Hy-Line will provide up-to-date management information
and recommendations about all our hens more frequently through this online
management guide.
The original Hy-Line Red Book.
The pictured copy is relatively recent with a publication date of 1982.
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Management
Management for Breeders
Lighting Program
Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Performance Standards
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
What i s New
This section contains a list of new or updated information in the Red Book.
August 3, 2010 Avian urolithiasis (gout) (new).
August 3, 2010 Ventilation (revised).
August 3, 2010 Basic rules of lighting, definition of housing styles (revised).
August 3, 2010 Perches (revised).
J une 28, 2010 Molting recommendations (revised).
J une 28, 2010 Nutrition and egg weight (revised).
May 24, 2010 Ventilation (revised).
May 24, 2010 Molting recommendations (revised); including post-molt nutrition
recommendations for Hy-Line W-36, W-98, Gray, Brown, and Silver Brown.
May 20, 2010 No updates. The Hy-Line Online Management Guide is completely
new.
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Management
Management for Breeders
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Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Performance Standards
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
This page was last updated August 3, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Sear c h t he Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne
Management Gui de
Enter your search criteria in the box below to search the Hy-Line International Online
Management Guide.

Note: The search function is only available if your computer is connected to the Internet.
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Management
Management for Breeders
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Health
General Nutrition
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Performance Standards
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Search
Dow nl oad t he Hy-Li ne Onl i ne Management Gui de
t o Your Comput er
The electronic version of the Hy-Line Online Management Guide is available on-line, is
searchable, and frequently updated. In addition, the Hy-Line Online Management Guide
is also available for installation on your personal computer. You can download the Hy-
Line Online Management Guide using the links below or you can request the Hy-Line
Online Management Guide on CD-ROM by contacting Hy-Line Technical Service at
RedBook@hyline.com.
Dow nl oad and i nst al l at i on i nst r uc t i ons
If you wish to install the Hy-Line Online Management Guide on your personal computer,
right-click or control -click the link below and select "Download Linked File" or "Save
Target As" from the pop-up menu.
Download the Hy-Line Online Management Guide (.zip format, 16.5 MB). Updated
August 3, 2010.
The Hy-Line Online Management Guide is compressed ("zipped") to facilitate faster
downloads and must be ex t r ac t ed bef or e i t w i l l w or k . To install the
downloaded Hy-Line Online Management Guide on your computer, follow these
instructions:
1. Right-click or control -click the downloaded folder.
2. Select "Extract all files" from the pop-up menu (or you may wish to use a third-party
expander software).
3. Follow the instructions on your screen to save the extracted Red Book to your
computer.
4. Open the extracted folder and double-click the file called "RedBook.html".
That is it. The Hy-Line Online Management Guide will open in your favorite Web browser
(e.g., Safari, FireFox, Google Chrome, Internet Explorer, etc.) and you can create a
bookmark to the Red Book on your hard drive just like you would any other bookmark for
easy access. You do not need Internet connection to view the Red Book as it resides on
your computer's hard drive. However, the downloaded Hy-Line Online Management Guide
on your computer will not be automatically updated (as will the on-line version), so you will
need to visit the web site on a regular basis to download updated versions of the Red Book.
Contact Hy-Line Technical Service at RedBook@hyline.com with questions.
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Management
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General Nutrition
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Performance Standards
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
This page was last updated August 3, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Pr i nt t he Hy-Li ne Onl i ne Management Gui de
The electronic version of the Hy-Line Online Management Guide is available on-line, is
searchable, and frequently updated. In addition, the Hy-Line Online Management Guide
is also available for installation on your personal computer. However, Hy-Line realizes
that you may want a printed version of the Hy-Line Online Management Guide.
Per f or manc e and nut r i t i on i nf or mat i on f or i ndi vi dual Hy -Li ne
l ayi ng hens
Tables of performance standards and nutrition recommendations for each of Hy-Line's
varieties are available in pdf format for easy printing.
Performance standards. Click on the link and select the Hy-Line variety of interest.
Nutrition recommendations. Click on the link and select the Hy-Line variety of
interest.
Pr i nt t he ent i r e Hy -Li ne Onl i ne Management Gui de w eb si t e
If you prefer to print the whole, entire Hy-Line Online Management Guide web site, you
can download the pdf file here and print the specific pages you are interested in.
Because of limitations of printing web sites and the frequent updates to the Hy-Line
Online Management Guide, the use of the Internet version is recommended.
RedBook.pdf (8.6 MB; 443 pages). Updated August 3, 2010.
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Management
Management for Breeders
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Health
General Nutrition
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Performance Standards
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
This page was last updated August 3, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Cont ac t Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal
Do you have comments or questions about the Hy-Line Online Managemetn Guide?
Please contact Hy-Line International at RedBook@hyline.com.
You may also find more information about Hy-Line International at our web site,
www.hyline.com.
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Management
Management for Breeders
Lighting Program
Health
General Nutrition
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Performance Standards
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Di sc l ai mer
The information and suggestions contained in this online management guide should be
used for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that that local
environmental and disease conditions may vary and a guide cannot cover all possible
circumstances. While every attempt has been made to ensure that the information
presented is accurate and reliable at the time of publication, Hy-Line cannot accept
responsibility for any errors, omissions, or inaccuracies in such information or
management suggestions.
Further, Hy-Line does not warrant or make any representations or guarantees regarding
the use, validity, accuracy, or reliability of, or flock performance or productivity resulting
from the use of, or otherwise respecting, such information or management suggestions.
In no event shall Hy-Line be liable for any special, indirect or consequential damages or
special damages whatsoever arising out of or in connection with the use of the
information or management suggestions contained in this management guide.
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Management
Management for Breeders
Lighting Program
Health
General Nutrition
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Performance Standards
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Management
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry
practices and management are used. The Hy-Line Red Book management guide
outlines successful flock management programs and provides management
recommendations for Hy-Line's varieties based on field experience compiled by Hy-Line,
extensive grandparent flock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world, and
principles taken from industry technical literature. Where a difference between varieties
exists it will be noted in the text.
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Management
House Preparation
Pullet Management
Socialization of Birds
Cage Growing
Floor Growing
Floor Systems
Perches
Monitoring Body Weights
Body Weight Uniformity
Beak Treatment
Moving from Grower to Layer
Facilities
Nest Training
Molting
House Temperature and
Relative Humidity
Ventilation
Management for Breeders
Lighting Program
Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Performance Standards
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Br eeder Management
The management and nutrition of breeders (parent stock) follow the same principles as
for commercial hens; these principles are explained in detail throughout the Red Book.
However, a few items are unique to breeders and these are explained through the links
to the left.
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Management
Management for Breeders
Cage Systems for Breeders
Parent-Stock Mating Ratios
Hatchery Management
Hatching Egg Care
Gender Identification of
Chicks
Lighting Program
Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Performance Standards
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
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Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Li ght i ng Pr ogr ams
Egg production is very closely related to the changes in day length. Body weight gain in
grow, egg numbers, egg size, livability, and total profitability can be favorably influenced
by a proper lighting program.
When open-type houses are used, which allow natural daylight to affect the flock, the
lighting program must be planned in conjunction with changes in the natural day length.
Because no 2 places have the same sunrise-sunset times year-round, custom lighting
programs for any location worldwide are available. Grandparent flocks can use the
settings for parent flocks.
The customizable lighting program is available in multiple languages and will create a
downloadable spreadsheet with sunrise and sunset times for any location in the World
and the lighting program for your flock. The following are screenshots from the lighting
program (see also the section on Basic Rules of Lighting).
Lighting program available in different languages for any location around the world.
Example from the lighting program, showing weekly changes in artificial light (green bars) and natural light
(black line) for a given location and time of year.
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Management
Management for Breeders
Lighting Program
Basic Rules of Lighting
Midnight Feeding
Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Performance Standards
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
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Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
Example from the lighting program, showing the actual times for turning artificial lights on and off (as well as
local sunrise and sunset times).
This page was last updated July 17, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Heal t h
A flock of pullets or layers can only perform up to its genetic potential when disease
influence is minimized. The appearance of various diseases can vary from a subclinical
effect on performance to outright severe mortality. The diseases of economic importance
vary widely between locations, but in every case the challenge is to identify and control
those diseases.
Choose the links on the left to learn about maintaining health of Hy-Line's birds.
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Management
Management for Breeders
Lighting Program
Health
Biosecurity
Vertically Transmitted
Diseases
Vaccination
Infectious Bursal Disease
Internal Parasites
Coccidia
External Parasites
Fowl Pox Prevention
Avian Urolithiasis (Gout)
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Performance Standards
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Gener al Nut r i t i on Rec ommendat i ons
The nutritional recommendations presented in this guide result in excellent production in
a wide variety of situations and are derived from observations in the field with Hy-Line
pullets and laying hens. However, specific conditions and specific production objectives
may necessitate increasing or decreasing the recommended daily energy and nutrient
intakes. In such cases, advice from Hy-Line Technical Service and/or a professional
nutritionist is recommended.
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Management
Management for Breeders
Lighting Program
Health
General Nutrition
Feed Management
Energy
Protein and Amino Acids
Use of Exogenous Feed
Enzymes
Feeding the Pullet
Feeding the Laying Hen
Nutrition and Egg Weight
Nutrition and Eggshell Quality
Drinking Water
Rapeseed Meal (Canola) and
Hy Line Brown Hens
Nutrition Recommendations
Performance Standards
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This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Nut r i t i on Rec ommendat i ons
The nutritional recommendations presented in this guide result in excellent production in
a wide variety of situations and are derived from observations in the field with Hy-Line
pullets and laying hens. However, specific conditions and specific production objectives
may necessitate increasing or decreasing the recommended daily energy and nutrient
intakes. In such cases, advice from Hy-Line Technical Service or a professional
nutritionist is recommended.
Ener gy r ec ommendat i ons
A range of recommended energy concentrations is provided to accommodate several
situations where diets of different densities are needed (and to accomodate regional
differences in energy table values of feed ingredients). As a general rule, the energy
concentration at the low end of the recommended range corresponds to the higher feed
consumption rates. Increased energy and nutrient density of the feed is useful at certain
times, especially when energy consumption may be a limiting factor, such as the critical
period between housing and peak production (see sections for Feeding the Laying Hen
and the nutrition-program recommendations for each individual variety). Flocks
consuming less than 260 to 280 kcal/day (1.09 to 1.17 MJ/day) per bird at peak
production tend to suffer post-peak dips in production.
Heat stress will also result in lower feed and energy consumption. As a result, increasing
the energy content in the feed can result in better body weight gain, egg production, and
egg weight, especially when the effective ambient temperature is high. Fats or oils are
concentrated sources of energy and can be useful in increasing the energy content of
feed. The digestion of fat produces less body heat (i.e., fat has a relatively low heat
increment), which is useful during periods of heat stress.
Ami no ac i d r ec ommendat i ons
The amino acid recommendations are based on digestible lysine and all other amino
acids are calculated using ideal amino acid ratios. Recommendations for total amino
acids is subsequently calculated using digestibility coefficients from corn (maize) grain
and soybean meal. The ideal amino acid ratios used are based on a review of the
literature, and may differ slightly among Hy-Line varieties.
By basing the recommendations on digestible amino acids, the recommendations
become independent of feed ingredient sourcesin other words, the recommendations
can be used for corn (maize) and wheat based diets alike.
Because of variations in amino acid composition among and within feed ingredients, it is
highly recommended to periodically analyze feed ingredients for amino acid content or
at the very leastanalyze for the crude protein content (from which amino acid
composition can be estimated).
Cal c i um and phosphor us r ec ommendat i ons
The recommended calcium (Ca) and (available) phosphorus (P or P
av
) recommendations
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Nutrition Recommendations
Vitamins
Trace minerals

Hy-Line W-36
Hy-Line W-98
Hy-Line Brown
Hy-Line Silver Brown
Hy-Line Gray

Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock
Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent
Stock
Performance Standards
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result in excellent eggshell and bone-structure quality. In some cases, lower-than-
recommended contents may produce good results as well, depending on the rate of egg
production, egg weight, and age of the hens. Note that the recommendations are
independent of the use of phytase. See also the section on avian urolithiasis (gout).
Sodi um (Na) and c hl or i de r ec ommendat i ons
Hy-Line birds need about the same number of milligrams of sodium (Na) per day as that
of other laying hens. However, because their lower feed intake, the sodium content in
percent of the diet should often be higher for Hy-Line hens than for other laying hens
(see the Formulating for Feed Intake section and the suggested nutrition programs for
each of Hy-Line's laying hens, available through the menu on the left). Hy-Line's hens
can tolerate these relatively high levels of sodium without causing wet manure. Note that
(even marginally) low consumption of sodium can cause nervous hens and may lead to
feather picking and cannibalism.
There is little recent research on chloride (Cl) needs of laying hens, so the minimum
recommendations have been set to equal those of sodium. In contrast, there are some
indications that relatively high consumption of chloride (Cl) may lead to wet manure and
poor eggshell quality, but the maximum dietary chloride level is up to the individual
nutritionist. Normally, there are no problems with dietary chloride levels of up to 0.30%.
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Per f or manc e St andar ds
Through the cooperation of our worldwide customer base and layer industry
benchmarking companies, Hy-Line International is able to maintain a database of the
most recent performance data on Hy-Line's varieties of laying hens. Depending on the
specific variety, the database contains data of performance characteristics from millions
of hens (e.g., over 30 million Hy-Line Brown and over 50 million Hy-Line W-36) for egg
production, livability, feed and water consumption, egg weight, and egg mass.
With this database, Hy-Line International develops performance standards for each of
our varieties of hens. Ther ef or e, t he per f or manc e st andar ds r ef l ec t t he
per f or manc es of Hy -Li ne hens under ac t ual f i el d c ondi t i ons. All flocks
submitted are used to calculate the average performance. We calculate the optimum
performance using the data of the top 25% of the flocks. The data from these top-25%
flocks reflect management practices which result in full expression of the genetic
potential of the variety under field conditions.
The flocks in our database show a range of performance and are subject to variation
due to feeding, climate, and management systems. These different practices may not
always meet the recommendations made by Hy-Line International, but fit the local
conditions and economic circumstances of the specific market at the specific time. For
example, feed costs were record-high in 2007 to 2008, which resulted in many changes
to diets during this period. Some of the changes were not supportive of optimum egg
production and were later modified to achieve the desired results. However, Hy-Line
International does not 'mine the data' and strives to provide accurate information about
the performance as it is observed in the field; therefore, these flocks subjected to
suboptimal diets were included in Hy-Line's flock-performance database and used to
determine the performance standards. Note that the performance of individual flocks will
vary (even on the same farm), but the extremes will average out in a large data set such
as ours, and even the extreme flocks represent part of the normal field variation.
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Performance Standards
Hy-Line W-36
Hy-Line W-98
Hy-Line Brown
Hy-Line Silver Brown
Hy-Line Gray

Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock
Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent
Stock
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
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This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Avi an Ur ol i t hi asi s (Gout )
I nt r oduc t i on
Avian urolithiasis, or gout, is not a single disease entity, but rather the result of kidney
damage from any of a number of potential causes. Kidney damage can be caused by
infectious disease, nutritional issues, toxic substances, or a combination of factors.
Visceral gout is a condition of chickens that has been recognized for more than 30 years.
Due to its striking lesions, many names have been used to describe visceral gout, such
as acute toxic nephritis, renal gout, kidney stones, nutritional gout, nephrosis, and others.
Visceral gout is readily recognized by its distinctive lesions which are characterized by
white chalk-like deposits covering the surface of various abdominal organs as well as the
pericardial (heart) sac.
Pat hol ogy and Cl i ni c al Si gns
Gout occurs when kidney function has decreased to the point where uric acid (a
nitrogenous waste) accumulates in the blood and body fluids. The uric acid subsequently
precipitates as calcium sodium urate crystals in a variety of locations, particularly in the
kidneys and on the serous membranes of the liver, heart, air sacs, and joints. The
damaged kidneys are characterized by atrophied or missing portions of kidney lobes,
kidney and ureter stones, and remaining kidney tissue that is swollen and white with
urates. Compensatory enlargement of remaining normal kidney tissue takes place in an
attempt to maintain adequate renal function.
Figure 1. Gout lesions: White chalky deposits over the heart, liver, and abdominal cavity.
Although gout has been recognized for some time as a cause of excessive pullet and
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Management for Breeders
Lighting Program
Health
Biosecurity
Vertically Transmitted
Diseases
Vaccination
Infectious Bursal Disease
Internal Parasites
Coccidia
External Parasites
Fowl Pox Prevention
Avian Urolithiasis (Gout)
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Performance Standards
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
layer mortality, it continues to be a diagnostic challenge. Chickens affected by renal
damage can continue to be productive until less than one third of kidney mass remains
functional. As a result, birds can be in full production and exhibit few external symptoms
until shortly before death.
Figure 2. Kidney degeneration, leaving swollen ureter on the right side.
Compensatory hypertrophy in lower lobes on the left side.
Ki dney Anat omy and Func t i on
The long, paired kidneys of the chicken are located in depressions in the pelvis bone in
the abdominal cavity. They are normally reddish-brown in color and have 3 distinct lobes
or divisions.
Figure 3. Normal kidneys
The primary function of the kidney is to maintain the chemical composition of body fluids
(blood). The kidney serves a variety of other functions in the body; removal of metabolic
waste and toxic products, conserving fluids and vital electrolytes, regulation of blood
volume, and production of hormones that regulate blood pressure and production of red
blood cells. The kidney is truly a vital organ. When renal function stops, uric acid,
normally excreted by the kidney in the urine, is then deposited any place that blood is
circulated. A bird with no renal function will likely die within 36 hours.
Causes of Gout
The cause of gout is often difficult to determine. The original kidney damage may occur
long before the onset of gout mortality. Possible factors that can cause or contribute to
gout are nutritional , infectious, and toxic.
Nut r i t i onal
Nutritional or metabolic factors known to affect the kidneys are:
Excess dietary calcium fed to immature pullets over a period of time will result in
kidney damage that may lead to gout. This could result from a feed milling error,
accidental delivery of layer feed to a growing house, or excessively early use of pre-
lay diet (i.e., before 15-16 weeks of age).
Grower diets that contain large particle-size CaCO
3
(i.e., greater than 1-2 mm mean
diameter) that allows individuals to selectively pick out and consume these particles,
in turn resulting in excessive intake of calcium. To ensure correct calcium intake,
grower diets should contain CaCO
3
only in a fine-powder form (i.e, 1 mm mean
diameter or less). Larger particle size CaCO
3
may be used beginning with the pre-lay
diet, after 15-16 weeks of age.
Phosphorus has been shown to partially protect the kidney against calcium-induced
damage. Phosphorus acts as a urinary acidifier and helps prevent kidney stones from
forming. Marginally low available-phosphorus contents in grower diets has been
associated with higher gout incidence.
Sodium bicarbonate is sometimes used to improve egg shell quality or combat the
effects of heat stress. Sodium bicarbonate can contribute to gout by making the urine
more alkaline, which, with high levels of calcium, is an ideal medium for formation of
kidney stones.
Water deprivation, due to mechanical malfunction, may affect kidney function, but
research has not demonstrated a direct result in gout.
Vitamin A deficiency over a long period of time can cause damage to the lining of the
ureters, but should be rare with modern vitamin formulation.
I nf ec t i ous
Viral agents known to be involved in gout are infectious bronchitis (IB) and avian
nephritis virus (ANV). Infectious bronchitis is a highly contagious virus that normally
involves the respiratory tract, but can also affect the reproductive and urinary systems.
Certain strains of bronchitis, termed nephropathogenic, have a special predilection for the
kidneys.
One mechanism by which bronchitis may affect the kidneys is chronic viral persistence
leading to nephritis and renal failure over time. As young birds are most susceptible to
bronchitis kidney damage, the initial infection may occur long before renal function is
critically reduced and mortality occurs. When pullets sexually mature, they are placed on
higher calcium diets to meet the demands of egg production. If the kidneys were
previously damaged, they may no longer function normally with the higher level of
calcium excretion, and the result is likely to be gout.
Avian nephritis virus, an enterovirus that affects the kidneys, has been associated with
kidney disease and serious outbreaks of mortality in Europe and Asia. Serological
surveys show that antibodies to avian nephritis virus can be detected in chicken and
turkey sera from around the world. Although most information at this time suggests only a
subclinical role for avian nephritis virus, research has shown avian nephritis virus
inoculated into healthy chickens will cause inflammation of the kidneys and could lead to
gout.
Tox i ns
Poisonous substances (toxins), while widely distributed in nature, are not considered
major causes of production loss or disease in poultry in most countries. There are,
however, problems that can arise from nephrotoxic substances. Some potentially toxic
substances are used on a routine basis, while others are the result of accidental
exposure.
Products used on a routine basis that have potential for human error and resulting
toxicity are antibiotics, anticoccidials, minerals, vitamins, manufactured chemicals, and
pesticides.
Antibiotics, such as sulfas and aminoglycosides, are eliminated from the body via the
kidneys and are potentially nephrotoxic, particularly when water intake is restricted.
Minerals and vitamins such as calcium, phosphorus, sodium, and vitamin D
3
are
potentially toxic to chickens. Chicks, however, are much more sensitive to toxicity,
probably because their kidneys are not fully developed.
Disinfectants and insecticides, when used according to manufacturers'
recommendations, are safe and effective, but a miscalculation of dosage can result in
toxicity.
There are several mycotoxins that are nephrotoxic and/or hepatotoxic in laying hens,
including ochratoxin A, oosporein, and deoxynivalenol (DON). The kidney and liver
damage caused by ingesting these mycotoxins can cause gout among other clinical
signs.
Cont r ol
Gout, when recognized as a problem in field cases, is likely to be a multi-factorial
problem and identifying a specific cause is often difficult. Another reason for diagnostic
difficulty is that kidney damage occurring during the growing period often has no apparent
signs until the birds later come into egg production and are fed high calcium diets.
Field cases and research have demonstrated the importance of interactions between 2 or
more contributing factors, especially nutrition and infectious bronchitis.
Nut r i t i on
The grower diets should contain no more than about 1% calcium (see the nutritional
recommendations) in powder (i.e., less than 1-mm mean diameter) form up to 15-16
weeks of age. A high calcium intake in immature pullets can cause serious kidney
damage.
The dietary content of available phosphorus levels should be adequate, typically
0.45-0.50% in grower diets, see the nutritional recommendations for each individual
Hy-Line variety. Insufficient phosphorus predisposes the kidneys to calcium damage.
The pre-lay diet should not be used before 15-16 weeks of age, and should not be
fed until the flock shows signs of sexual maturity (blooming of the combs and
waddles). Do not supply more than the recommended 2.50-2.75% calcium in the pre-
lay diet.
If sodium bicarbonate is used, use only enough to supply 20-30% of the diet's
recommended sodium content (with the remainder coming from salt, NaCl). A flock
with gout should not be medicated with sodium bicarbonate or fed a diet that is highly
alkaline (i.e., high levels of sodium or potassium).
Review all calcium and available-phosphorous levels in the feeding program and
follow the recommendations for the age and variety. Pullet and layer feeds should be
routinely analyzed for calcium and phosphorus.
Feed samples could be assayed for the presence of the mycotoxins citrinin,
ochratoxin, and oosporein.
Water deprivation should be avoided in growing and laying flocks.
I nf ec t i ous br onc hi t i s
Bronchitis alone has not been shown to trigger gout under research conditions, but in the
presence of calcium-induced kidney damage, bronchitis greatly amplifies gout mortality.
Due to the possible role of infectious bronchitis, the following should be considered.
Infectious bronchitis vaccines should be administered according to the manufacturers'
directions and recommendations. To provide optimum protection, the vaccination
program should include several live vaccinations of bronchitis (can be in combination
with Newcastle) at about 3 weeks, 8 weeks, and 14 weeks of age by spray or
drinking water. The degree of reactivity of the vaccinations starts low and then is
gradually increased each succeeding time by using either a less attenuated virus or
by giving it by a more reactive method, such as spray instead of water. Killed
vaccines or live boosters throughout lay help keep bronchitis immunity high.
The vaccine strains used should be those known to be endemic in the area. Use of
several serotypes of bronchitis vaccine will generally improve cross-protection against
other field variants and possibly against nephropathogenic strains.
Due to the complex clinical signs associated with infectious bronchitis, a diagnostic
laboratory should be enlisted to help in diagnosis and in virus isolation. Routine
serological testing can provide initial indications of bronchitis challenges. Virus
isolation may be facilitated with the use of specific-pathogen free (SPF) sentinel birds
placed in the house and isolation attempts from them after 5 to 10 days of exposure.
Tr eat ment
Experimental diets containing ammonium chloride, ammonium sulfate, DL-methionine,
and methionine hydroxy analog all successfully acidify the urine. Please check with a
local veterinarian if these treatments are approved for treatment in your the specific
country the flock is located in.
Summar y
The presence of gout mortality in pullets or layers indicates some form of kidney damage
has occurred at an earlier time in the flock's life. Research supports a strong link for
bronchitis and calcium-phosphorus imbalance as major causes of gout mortality. While
this is likely to be the underlying cause for most cases of gout, other factors such as
electrolyte balance, mycotoxins, and water deprivation need to be recognized as possible
contributing factors.
Likewise, any diet that increases urine alkalinity in combination with high calcium can
contribute to gout mortality in pullets and layers. If gout does occur in a flock, mortality
can be reduced by increasing the acidity of the urine to dissolve existing kidney stones or
to prevent additional kidney stones from forming.
This page was last updated August 3, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Vent i l at i on
This section was written in collaboration with Dr. Hongwei Xin, Professor, Department of
Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering and Department of Animal Science, Iowa State
University, Ames, Iowa, USA.
Ventilation is essential to ensuring the proper micro-environment for birds comfort and
health throughout the production cycle. During cold weather, the role of ventilation is to
remove the extra moisture and noxious gases (primarily carbon dioxide, CO
2
, and
ammonia, NH
3
) in the barn generated by the birds, manure, and combustion where
unvented heaters are used (e.g., in pullet or certain cage-free layer houses). The indoor
relative humidity (RH) should be kept in the range of 40 to 60%, although occasionally
higher RH (e.g., 70 to 75%) during part of the day will not adversely affect the birds. Too
low RH (i.e., too dry air) in the barn can lead to dusty environment and is undesirable for
the birds' respiratory health. Conversely, too high RH (too moist air) can lead to water
condensation in less insulated barns and promote growth of microbial organisms.
The NH
3
concentration should be kept below 25 ppm, especially for pullets, because
high NH
3
levels can adversely affect bird health (respiratory system and eyes), feed
intake, and production performance. The recommended ventilation rate (as shown in the
table below) should be adjusted to achieve the target thermal environment (20 to 29 C
[68 to 85 F] depending on age) and air quality. With the proper control of RH and NH
3
concentration, the indoor CO
2
level during cold weather generally falls below 3000 ppm,
which is much lower than the recommended threshold for human or animal health.
During warm weather, the role of ventilation is to remove the extra bird body heat to
maintain the comfortable indoor temperature. The amount of ventilation used for
temperature control (typically 3.7 to 5.6 m
3
/hour per kilogram of body weight or 1.0 to 1.5
ft
3
/minute per pound of body weight) far exceeds the amount of air needed to control
gaseous levels in the barn. Hence, in summertime, indoor NH
3
or CO
2
levels are not of
concern.
Pr ovi si on of suf f i c i ent vent i l at i on or f an c apac i t y
A common mistake is to assume a fan will deliver the amount of air as specified by the
manufacturer without considering the operating static pressure or conditions of the fan
(e.g., belt tightness, blade or shutter cleanliness). For instance, a 1.2-m (48-in) diameter
fan is commonly considered to have an airflow capacity of 30,600 m
3
/hour (CMH) or
18,000 ft
3
/minute (CFM). In reality, when operating at 25 Pa (0.1 inch water column)
static pressure in a poultry barn, the fan may only deliver 18,700 CMH or 11,000 CFM,
corresponding to 61% of the nominal capacity! Moreover, it is not uncommon that static
pressure in some barns reaches 50 Pa (0.2 inch water column), which will reduce the
airflow capacity even more. Hence, when determining the number of fans needed for the
barn, one must take into consideration the influence of static pressure and degradation
of the fan capacity over time due to motor wearing, loose belt, and dirty blades or
shutters. Otherwise the barn will end up being considerably short of ventilation capacity.
Running fans under higher static pressures, such as 50 Pa, unduly increases workload
Cont ent s
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Floor Systems
Perches
Monitoring Body Weights
Body Weight Uniformity
Beak Treatment
Moving from Grower to Layer
Facilities
Nest Training
Molting
House Temperature and
Relative Humidity
Ventilation
Management for Breeders
Lighting Program
Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Performance Standards
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Graph the performance of your flock
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of the fan motor and significantly reduces the fan performance efficiency, i.e., CFM
output per unit of electric energy input.
Pr oper di st r i but i on of t he ai r f l ow
Uniform distribution of the ventilation air to avoid dead zones or cold spots throughout
the barn is as important as providing sufficient ventilation capacity. Uniform air
distribution is attained by proper placement and operation of the barn air inlets and use
of proper building static pressure. Under cold weather and for young birds, air should be
distributed uniformly to the entire bird-occupied zone with minimal drafts. This is the
reason for using cross-ventilation, as opposed to tunnel ventilation, which would create
undesirable end-to-end temperature gradients or drafts, during cold weather. In contrast,
for temperature control under warm and sometimes humid climate conditions, it is
beneficial to increase air velocity over the birds to enhance body heat dissipation. The
higher air velocity will add the wind-chill effect to the birds and reduce the impact of
humidity, hence lowering the effective environmental temperature. Tunnel ventilation is
typically used to achieve the higher air velocity. When air temperature exceeds certain
level, say 35C (95F), increasing ventilation or air velocity alone will not achieve the
needed cooling. Under such circumstances supplemental cooling, e.g., fan-pad
evaporative cooling or high-pressure fogging needs to be employed to ensure bird
thermal comfort.
Below are suggested ventilation rates for Hy-Line W-36 and Hy-Line Brown measured
per 1000 birds.
See also the Temperature and Relative Humidity section.
Suggest ed vent i l at i on r at es f or Hy -Li ne W-36 (SI uni t s)
1
Out si de
ambi ent
t emper at ur e
Fi r st
w eek of
age
3 w eek s
of age
6 w eek s
of age
12
w eek s
of age
18
w eek s
of age
19+
w eek s
of age
C
m
3
/hour
per 1000
birds
m
3
/hour
per 1000
birds
m
3
/hour
per 1000
birds
m
3
/hour
per 1000
birds
m
3
/hour
per 1000
birds
m
3
/hour
per 1000
birds
32 340 510 1020 2550 5950 7650-9350
21 170 255 510 1275 2550 4250-5100
10 120 170 340 680 1870 2550-3400
0 70 130 230 465 1260 850-1300
-12 70 100 170 340 500 600-850
-23 70 100 170 340 500 600-680
1
The air quality and bird comfort must be considered when setting the ventilation rates.
Suggest ed vent i l at i on r at es f or Hy -Li ne W-36 (I mper i al uni t s)
1
Out si de
ambi ent
t emper at ur e
Fi r st
w eek of
age
3 w eek s
of age
6 w eek s
of age
12
w eek s
of age
18
w eek s
of age
19+
w eek s
of age
ft
3
/min ft
3
/min
ft
3
/min per ft
3
/min per ft
3
/min per ft
3
/min per
F
per 1000
birds
per 1000
birds
1000 birds 1000 birds 1000 birds 1000 birds
90 200 300 600 1500 3500
4500-
5500
70 100 150 300 750 1500
2500-
3000
50 70 100 200 400 1100
1500-
2000
32 40 75 140 300 750 500-750
10 40 60 100 200 300 350-500
-10 40 60 100 200 300 350-400
1
The air quality and bird comfort must be considered when setting the ventilation rates.
Suggest ed vent i l at i on r at es f or Hy -Li ne Br ow n (SI uni t s)
1
Out si de
ambi ent
t emper at ur e
Fi r st
w eek of
age
3 w eek s
of age
6 w eek s
of age
12
w eek s
of age
18
w eek s
of age
19+
w eek s
of age
C
m
3
/hour
per 1000
birds
m
3
/hour
per 1000
birds
m
3
/hour
per 1000
birds
m
3
/hour
per 1000
birds
m
3
/hour
per 1000
birds
m
3
/hour
per 1000
birds
32 360 540 1250 3000 7140
9340-
12000
21 180 270 630 1500 3050 5100-6800
10 130 180 420 800 2240 3060-4250
0 75 136 289 540 1500 1020-1700
-12 75 110 210 400 600 700-1050
-23 75 110 210 400 600 700-850
1
The air quality and bird comfort must be considered when setting the ventilation rates.
Suggest ed vent i l at i on r at es f or Hy -Li ne Br ow n (I mper i al uni t s)
1
Out si de
ambi ent
t emper at ur e
Fi r st
w eek of
age
3 w eek s
of age
6 w eek s
of age
12
w eek s
of age
18
w eek s
of age
19+
w eek s
of age
F
ft
3
/min
per 1000
birds
ft
3
/min
per 1000
birds
ft
3
/min per
1000 birds
ft
3
/min per
1000 birds
ft
3
/min per
1000 birds
ft
3
/min per
1000 birds
90 210 320 740 1755 4200
5500-
7000
70 110 160 370 880 1800
3000-
4000
50 75 110 245 470 1320
1800-
2500
32 45 80 170 320 890 600-1000
10 45 65 120 230 360 410-625
-10 45 65 120 230 360 410-500
1
The air quality and bird comfort must be considered when setting the ventilation rates.
This page was last updated August 3, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Basi c Rul es f or Li ght i ng Pr ogr ams
Gui del i nes f or gr ow i ng per i od
Start pullets with 20 to 22 hours of continuous and bright (20 to 30 lux, 2 to 3 foot-
candles) light during the first week of age. Alternatively, an intermittent lighting program
(4 hours of light followed by 2 hours of darkness) can be used during the first week of
age. The dark period (or periods) serves as 'resting time' and helps strong chicks to
show the weak chicks how to find feed and water.
The light intensity should be 30 lux (3 foot-candles) during the first week of age, after
which it can be reduced to 5 to 10 lux (0.5 to 1.0 foot-candles) in cages or to 15 lux (1.5
foot-candles) when grown on the floor. The higher light intensity for floor-grown birds will
allow the birds enough light to navigate their environment. In cages, there should be 10
lux (1.0 foot-candles) at the feed through and 5 lux (0.5 foot-candles) inside the cage.
Reduce the day length weekly to reach 9 to 10 hours at 10 weeks of age or, if longer,
the day length dictated by greatest natural day length in open or brownout houses. In Hy-
Line Brown and W-98 lines, a constant day length of 9 hours may be used to control
excessive body weight after 10 weeks of age.
The light intensity in the grow and lay houses should be similar, because pullets can be
stimulated to start egg production by an increase in light intensity even if the day length
is unchanged. Therefore, the light intensity in the grow house should be gradually
increased in increments of 5 lux (0.5 foot-candles) per week to the intensity used in the
lay house, starting 2 to 3 weeks before the pullets are moved.
Gui del i nes f or l ayi ng per i od
Onset of sexual maturity (egg production) generally depends on 4 requirements:
a minimum chronological age which is genetically determined (17 weeks),
a minimum body weight (see tables of 18-week target body weight for individual Hy-
Line varieties),
a nutrient and energy consumption to support production, and
a constant or increasing day length of at least 12 hours.
Light stimulation should not be provided until flocks reach the optimum body weight (see
tables of 18-week target body weight for individual Hy-Line varieties). Flocks which are
light-stimulated into production at lower body weights will likely produce below normal
egg weight and suffer from reduced peak production and post-peak dips in production.
Timing of light stimulation can be used as a tool to help attain desired egg size. In
general, earlier light stimulation will result in a few more eggs per hen, but at a tradeoff
for slightly reduced egg weight. Later light stimulation will result in a few less total eggs,
but a slightly larger egg weight earlier in production. In this way, lighting programs can be
customized to best meet the egg size demand of a particular market.
Provide light stimulation when the target body weight is reached, usually around 17 to 19
Cont ent s
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weeks of age. The appropriate target body weight depends in part on the variety of hen
and in part the desired egg size. Stimulation at a relatively early age or low body weight
will result in production of a greater number of eggs with a lower average egg size,
which will negatively impact chick quality. Stimulation at an older age or a heavier body
weight will produce a few less eggs, but of greater average egg size.
The initial light increase should be no less than 1 hour (especially in open or brown-out
houses). Increase the day length by 15 to 30 minutes per week or once every 2 weeks
until 16 hours of light is reached. Preferably, the period of increasing day length
stimulation should last until peak production (i.e., until about 30 weeks of age). The light
intensity at housing should be 15 to 30 lux (1.5 to 3.0 foot-candles) in light-controlled
houses and 30 to 40 lux (3 to 4 foot-candles) in open-sided houses.
Allow no decrease in day length or light intensity in adult layers. Such decreases in day
length will adversely affect egg production.
Gui del i nes f or housi ng st yl es
It is necessary to first determine what style of houses are being used regarding light
control for both growing and laying. For the purpose of designing a flock lighting
program, each house has to be designated either dark-out or open.
Dark-out means there is essentially no outside light coming in the house that would
physiologically affect the flock's maturity. In that case, the outside natural daylength
can be ignored and the ligthing program be planned using only artificial lights. That
said, it is beneficial to consider and synchronize the time of lights-on and -off with
the natural sunrise and sunset, respectively, under the constraints of the artificial
daylength.
Open house styles mean there are windows, curtains, or even just enough light
leakage through fans and air vents that allow outside natural daylight to significantly
illuminate the interior of the house. In many cases, this cannot be avoided, but a
lighting program with the desired light patterns can still be planned using artificial
interior lighting added to the natural daylight changes occurring outside.
Sometimes it is not clear whether a house is sufficiently dark-out or not, and these
houses are often called brown-out. It is mostly light-controlled, but not totally dark, as
some light gets in through the ventilation, etc. The question is how to consider the
house, open or dark-out?
One method is to measure the light intensity with a light meter. Compare the
maximum mid-day light intensity with the lights on to the intensity with the
lights off (measuring just the light leakage from outside). If the light leakage
is less than 10% of the maximum value, it is probably insignificant in
stimulating the birds and can be ignored (i.e,. consider the house dark-out).
However, if it is more than 10% of that maximum value, it probably needs to
be considered open.
Another method is just to observe the flock's activity. With the lights off, will
the flock awaken and become active when the sun rises, just from light
leaking in from outside? If so, then consider the house as open for this
purpose. Even with these guidelines, it is still a judgment call whether a
significant portion of the flock is being affected by outside light.
Li ght -c ont r ol l ed gr ow i ng t o l i ght -c ont r ol l ed l ayi ng
Step-down day length from 20 to 22 hours of light the first week of age to 9 to 10
hours of light at 10 weeks of age and hold constant.
Increase day length 1 hour at the 18-week body weight target. Add 15 to 30 minutes
per week until 16 hours total light is reached and hold constant.
Li ght -c ont r ol l ed gr ow i ng t o open or br ow nout l ayi ng
Step-down day length from 20 to 22 hours of light the first week of age to either
9 to 10 hours of light at 10 weeks of age, or
1 hour less than the natural day length the flock will be exposed to after
moving to the layer house.
Increase day length to
natural day length or
a minimum increase of 1 hour at the 18-week body weight target.
Add 15 to 30 minutes per week (or every 2 weeks) until either
16 hours total light, or
at least the longest natural day length of the year.
Open or br ow nout gr ow i ng t o l i ght -c ont r ol l ed or br ow nout l ayi ng
Step-down day length from 20 to 22 hours of light the first week of age to either
9 to 10 hours of light at 10 weeks of age or , if longer,
the longest natural day length the flock will be exposed to from 8 to 18 weeks
of age.
Increase day length 1 hour at the 18-week body weight target.
Add 15 to 30 minutes per week (or every 2 weeks) until either
16 hours total light, or
at least the longest natural day length of the year for brownout.
This page was last updated August 3, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Per c hes
Perches provide a significant improvement to the growing and laying house environment.
In grow, they allow birds to fully develop their leg and flight muscles and will habituate
jumping behavior, which will be important in good nesting behavior and if the laying hens
are later housed in aviaries. In addition, perches reduce the social stress by providing
safe resting sites. In part because of the improvement in social pressure, perches can
improve feed and water consumption, with resulting effects on body weight gain, body
weight uniformity, and egg production. Perches also increase the effective space in the
house, and piling is a common problem in flocks without access to perches.
When pullets and laying hens are housed under cage-free condition, it is important that
they have access to perches and that there is sufficient perch space. Perches helps
improve the social environment as mentioned as above and significancly reduces
occurences of eggs laid outside the nests (i.e., "floor eggs").
The dimensions for A-frame perches are shown in the drawing below. If individual
perches are placed too close to the floor, birds cannot escape from social-stress
situations. Perches above the feed or water lines, perches extending from the wall (i.e.,
half an A-frame), or other perch designs can also be used. The perch length depends on
bird density (see table). If space allows, place perches on slats to maintain good litter
conditions.
A-Frame perch. The width (or diameter) of each perch should be 2.5 cm (1 in) or wider to allow for a
comfortable grip.
The length of all perches in the house depends in part on bird density (see table below).
The r ec ommended per c h depends on bi r d densi t y and l ayi ng-hen
var i et y
Bi r d densi t y Mi ni mum per c h l engt h per bi r d
Hy-Line W-36, W-98, and Gray Hy-Line Brown and Silver Brown
7 birds per m
2
2
2 cm
(0.8 in)
4 cm
(1.6 in)
Cont ent s
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Monitoring Body Weights
Body Weight Uniformity
Beak Treatment
Moving from Grower to Layer
Facilities
Nest Training
Molting
House Temperature and
Relative Humidity
Ventilation
Management for Breeders
Lighting Program
Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Performance Standards
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(1.5 ft /bird)
8 birds per m
2
(1.3 ft
2
/bird)
4 cm
(1.6 in)
6 cm
(2.8 in)
9 birds per m
2
(1.2 ft
2
/bird)
6 cm
(2.8 in)
8 cm
(3.1 in)
10 birds per m
2
(1.1 ft
2
/bird)
8 cm
(3.1 in)
12 cm
(4.7 in)
11 birds per m
2
(1.0 ft
2
/bird)
10 cm
(3.9 in)
13 cm
(5.1 in)
12 birds per m
2
(0.9 ft
2
/bird)
12 cm
(4.7 in)
14 cm
(5.5 in)
This page was last updated August 3, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Non-Fast Mol t i ng
Many producers are now using programs to induce molting which do not involve fasting
of the birds because of welfare concerns. The Hy-Line laying hens will perform very well
after a rest, particularly in the latter weeks of the molt cycle with excellent shell quality
and persistency. The optimum age for molting depends on the current flocks'
performance, local egg markets, and scheduling of the next pullet flock, but is usually
around 65 weeks.
Induced molting can extend the productive life of a flock by improving rate of lay, shell
quality, and albumen height. However, these levels will be somewhat lower than the best
pre-molt values. Egg size will essentially remain unaffected and will continue to increase
after egg production resumes.
A flock can be induced to cease laying by a variety of methods. A welfare-oriented non-
fast molting method has been developed that results in post-molt performance equivalent
to that of fasting methods. Free access to water at all times during the non-fast molt is
essential. It is important to know the sodium (Na) content of the drinking water. High
sodium levels (i.e., 100 ppm or higher) can adversely affect this type of molt program.
The best post-molt egg production is achieved after a complete cessation of egg
production that lasts for at least 2 weeks and a concomitant loss of body weight to the
18-week target weight (although, in the case of heavy birds, it is not recommended that
the body weight loss exceed 24 to 25% of the pre-molt body weight for white laying hens
and 21 to 22% for brown laying hens). After the initial body weight loss, the body weight
can be held steady by a combination of adjusting the number of feedings per day and/or
a shift to a higher-energy (laying-hen-type) diet.
Because of the importance of the body weight loss during molt, it is recommeded to
closely monitor the body weight of the flock during the molt process. Body weights
should be collected twice per week from the same cages every time. The cages should
be selected from bottom, middle, and top tiers; all rows; and from the front, middle, and
end of the house.
The following table outlines the recommendations for the non-fast molting program
recommended by Hy-Line. Note that there are many different successful methods to
molt laying hens.
Non -f ast mol t i ng r ec ommendat i ons
Mol t
day
Li ght Feed
t ype
Feed
modi f i c at i on
1
Feed
i nt ak e
2
House
t emper at ur e
3
Comment s
Hours
per
day
g/day
per bird
(lb/day
per 100
birds)
C
(F)

Cont ent s
Online Management Guide Home
Management
House Preparation
Pullet Management
Socialization of Birds
Cage Growing
Floor Growing
Floor Systems
Perches
Monitoring Body Weights
Body Weight Uniformity
Beak Treatment
Moving from Grower to Layer
Facilities
Nest Training
Molting
House Temperature and
Relative Humidity
Ventilation
Management for Breeders
Lighting Program
Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Performance Standards
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
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Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
-7 to
-5
16
Layer
diet
Fine-particle
CaCO
3
Full feed
24-25
(75-77)
Fi ne -par t i c l e
CaCO
3
di et :
Remove all large-
particle size CaCO
3
and replace with
fine-particle CaCO
3
(less than 2-mm
mean diameter). Do
NOT change the
percent calcium in
the laying-hen diet.
-4 to
-1
24
Layer
diet
Fine-particle
CaCO
3
, no
added salt
(NaCl)
Full feed
24-25
(75-77)
0-6
6-8
4
Molt
diet
5
Fine-particle
CaCO
3
54-64
(12-14)
27-28
(80-82)
The higher house
temperatures will
help reduce feed
intake and, in turn,
facilitate a reduction
in body weight to the
18-week target
weight (note that
white laying hens
should not lose
more than 24-25%
of their pre-molt
body weight and
brown laying hens
should not lose
more than 21-22%
of the pre-molt body
weight).
7-17 6-8
Molt
diet

54-64
(12-14)
27-28
(80-82)
Maintain body
weight.
18-
19
12 or
16
6
Layer
diet
7
Mixture of fine-
and coarse-
particle CaCO
3
as in a normal
layer diet
64-73
(14-16)
27-28
(80-82)
Control (limit) feed
intake to avoid fat
birds.
20-
21
16
6
Layer
diet
7
Full feed
26-27
(78-80)
Lower house
temperature as
needed to increase
feed intake.
22-
24
16
Layer
diet
7

Full
feed
7
24-25
(75-77)
Lower the ambient
temperature to
"normal."
1
Include a probiotic or a complex-carbohydrate product (e.g., mannan-oligo-saccharide; MOS) at 0.5 kg per
metric ton (1 lb per 2000 lb) finished diet through all stages of the molt program.
2
Feed intake depends on house temperature. Lower temperatures (colder) may require more feed.
3
Depends on air quality in house. The suggested house temperatures may not be achievable in cold
weather.
4
Set lights at 8 hours or natural day length in open-sided houses. Normally, it is not necessary to change
the light intensity.
5
The molt diet is high in fiber (low in energy) and contains no added sodium (Na) (i.e., no added NaCl or
NaHCO
3
).
6
Light-stimulate the birds to bring the birds into production by increasing the light hours to the number of
hours they were given before the molt (e.g., 15 or 16 hours). This increase can be performed over 1 week
(i.e., from 8 hours to 16 hours in a single day) or over 2 weeks (i.e., from 8 to 12 hours and then from 12 to
16 hours). Monitor and control feed intake for the first few days after light stimulation to avoid fat birds as
they are getting back into lay (which would significantly increase egg weight in the second cycle).
7
According to the post-molt nutrition recommendations for the individual Hy-Line variety.
Mol t di et
The molt diet is a low-energy, high-fiber diet with no added salt or sodium bicarbonate
(such that all the sodium, Na, comes from the feed ingredients themselves). It should still
contain trace minerals and vitamins to supply nutrients for a non-producing hen. The
energy and nutrient recommendations for the molt diet is shown in the table below. In the
United States, such a diet is made using corn grain and about 20% soybean hulls (plus
vitamins and minerals).
Mol t di et nut r i t i onal r ec ommendat i ons.
I t em Mol t di et
Rec ommended c onc ent r at i on
1
Metabolizable energy, kcal/lb 1180-1270
Metabolizable energy, kcal/kg 2600-2800
Metabolizable energy, MJ/kg 10.90-11.70
Mi ni mum r ec ommended c onc ent r at i on
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.30
Methionine, % 0.15
Methionine + cystine,% 0.32
Threonine,% 0.18
Tryptophan, % 0.10
Arginine, % 0.38
Isoleucine, % 0.18
Valine, % 0.23
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 0.33
Methionine, % 0.16
Methionine + cystine, % 0.36
Threonine, % 0.21
Tryptophan, % 0.12
Arginine, % 0.41
Isoleucine, % 0.20
Valine, % 0.26
Crude protein (N 6.25),
2
% 8.5
Calcium, % 1.3-2.0
Phosphorus (available),
3
%
0.25
Sodium (Na),
4
%
0.03
Chloride, % 0.03
1
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed ingredients.
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ
substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy content may have to be
adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher energy concentrations shown are
appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
2
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn
(maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
3
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are insufficient
data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead,
use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
4
The sodium (Na) content in the Molt-1 diet should not exceed 0.035%.
This page was last updated June 28, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Nut r i t i on and Egg Wei ght
Body weight at point of lay influences yolk size, which, in turn, influences egg weight.
Therefore, changing the pullet feeding and management program to increase body
weight at point of lay can increase the egg size throughout the laying period and vice
versa.
During the laying period, egg weight can be influenced by changing the consumption of
balanced protein or amino acids (of these, methionine has traditionally been used to
affect egg weight), linoleic acid, and supplemental fat or oil. Rather than changing just
methionine, it is recommended to change all the amino acids to influence egg weight.
Consumption of energy will typically affect the rate of egg production before affecting
egg weight, so the dietary energy content should normally not be changed in an attempt
to influence egg weight.
Note that if these nutritional strategies are used to influence egg weights to avoid
excessively heavy eggs, i t i s i mpor t ant t o st ar t egg -w ei ght c ont r ol ear l y i n
t he pr oduc t i on c yc l e (i.e., 2 to 3 g before the desired egg weight). Once the eggs
are above the desired weights, it is difficultif not impossibleto reduce egg weight
without also reducing egg production.
Strategies to decrease (or "control") egg weight include
1. Reducing feed intake
this may best be done by increasing the ambient temperature in the barn
without negatively affecting air quality, or
by controlling the number of feedings per day),
2. Reducing the consumption of amino acids ("balanced protein")
3. Reducing the consumption of fat or oil
this may be done without affecting the dietary energy content through the use
of exogenous feed enzymes
for the Hy-Line W-36 and W-36 Parent Stock, reducing the dietary fat or oil
content before peak production is helpful (as long as the birds still receive
sufficient energy)
4. Reducing the consumption of linoleic acid (C18:2 n-3)
it appears that fat or oil in general (as opposed to a specific fatty acid) has
more influence on egg weight than linoleic acid (at linoleic-acid intakes
above 1 g per day)
5. Reducing the body weight at point of lay (and avoid increases in body weight above
the performance standards throughout the lay cycle).
The opposite strategies can be used to increase egg size. All strategies (except perhaps
body weight, which is not easily changed without changing egg production) can be
implemented at different ages to influence the shape of the egg-weight curve.
Cont ent s
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Management
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Lighting Program
Health
General Nutrition
Feed Management
Energy
Protein and Amino Acids
Use of Exogenous Feed
Enzymes
Feeding the Pullet
Feeding the Laying Hen
Nutrition and Egg Weight
Nutrition and Eggshell Quality
Drinking Water
Rapeseed Meal (Canola) and
Hy Line Brown Hens
Nutrition Recommendations
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This page was last updated June 28, 2010
Nut r i t i on Rec ommendat i ons f or Hy-Li ne W-36
Jump to the sections for:
W-36 Growing period nutritional recommendations.
W-36 Laying period nutritional recommendations.
W-36 suggested nutrition program for laying period.
W-36 Molt and post-molt nutritional recommendations.
Download the combined W-36 performance and nutrition-recommendations tables
for easy printing (pdf, 1243 kb).
Hy -Li ne W-36 Non-f ast mol t nut r i t i onal r ec ommendat i ons
See the molting recommendations for Hy-Line's recommendations for inducing a molt
(includes nutrient recommendations for the molt diet).
Hy -Li ne W-36 Post -mol t nut r i t i onal r ec ommendat i ons
After the Molt diet, when egg production commences, formulate diets according to level
of desired percentage egg production and egg weight. The post-molt diets are
formulated similar to that of the last laying hen diet fed, albeit with the following
modifications:
20 kcal/kg (9 kcal/lb, 0.08 MJ/kg) less energy,
5% reduction in amino acid levels (corresponding to about 0.25 percentage points
less crude protein),
increased calcium content (see tables below), and
decreased available-phoshporus content (see tables below).
Hy -Li ne W-36 post -mol t per i od nut r i t i onal r ec ommendat i ons.
I t em Peak i ng Above 83% t o
78% egg
pr oduc t i on
77 -75% egg
pr oduc t i on
Less t han 75%
egg pr oduc t i on
Rec ommended c onsumpt i on
Calcium, g/day 4.35 4.55 4.75 4.95
Phosphorus
(available),
mg/day
500 450 400 350
Rec ommended post -mol t di et ar y c al c i um and avai l abl e phosphor us
c ont ent s.
Peak i ng
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 73 78 83* 89 93
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Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


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Stock
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Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 16.1 17.2 18.3* 19.4 20.5
Calcium,
1
%
5.96 5.58 5.24 4.94 4.68
Phosphorus (available),
2
%
0.68 0.64 0.60 0.57 0.54
Above 83% t o 78% egg pr oduc t i on
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 83 88 93* 98 103
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 18.3 19.4 20.5* 21.6 22.7
Calcium,
1
%
5.48 5.17 4.89 4.64 4.42
Phosphorus (available),
2
%
0.54 0.51 0.48 0.46 0.44
77 -75% egg pr oduc t i on
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 85 90 95* 100 105
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 18.7 19.8 20.9* 22.1 23.2
Calcium,
1
%
5.59 5.28 5.00 4.75 4.52
Phosphorus (available),
2
%
0.47 0.44 0.42 0.40 0.38
Less t han 75% egg pr oduc t i on
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 86 91 96* 101 106
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 19.0 20.1 21.2* 22.3 23.4
Calcium,
1
%
5.76 5.44 5.16 4.90 4.67
Phosphorus (available),
2
%
0.41 0.38 0.36 0.35 0.33
*Typical feed consumption in North America based on available data for the age.
1
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes
of 2-4 mm. See also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
2
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there
are insufficient data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content
of digestible phosphorus. Instead, use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the
available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Nut r i t i on Rec ommendat i ons f or Hy-Li ne W-98
Jump to the sections for:
W-98 Growing period nutritional recommendations.
W-98 Laying period nutritional recommendations.
W-98 Suggested nutrition program for laying period.
W-98 Molt and post-molt nutritional recommendations.
Download the combined W-98 performance and nutrition-recommendations tables
for easy printing (pdf, 1243 kb).
Hy -Li ne W-98 Non-f ast mol t nut r i t i onal r ec ommendat i ons
See the molting recommendations for Hy-Line's recommendations for inducing a molt
(includes nutrient recommendations for the molt diet).
Hy -Li ne W-98 Post -mol t nut r i t i onal r ec ommendat i ons
After the Molt diet, when egg production commences, formulate diets according to level
of desired percentage egg production and egg weight. The post-molt diets are
formulated similar to that of the last laying hen diet fed, albeit with the following
modifications:
20 kcal/kg (9 kcal/lb, 0.08 MJ/kg) less energy,
5% reduction in amino acid levels (corresponding to about 0.25 percentage points
less crude protein),
increased calcium content (see tables below), and
decreased available-phoshporus content (see tables below).
Hy -Li ne W-98 Post -mol t nut r i t i onal r ec ommendat i ons
After the Molt-3 diet, when egg production commences, formulate diets according to
level of desired percentage egg production and egg weight following the nutritional
recommendations for first-cycle laying hens, albeit with a 20 kcal/kg (9 kcal/lb, 0.08
MJ/kg) reduction in the dietary energy content. Other noticeable differences in the post-
molt diets are an increased need for dietary calcium and a decreased need for dietary
phosphorus, reflected in the tables of post-molt nutritional recommendations shown
below.
Hy -Li ne W-36 post -mol t per i od nut r i t i onal r ec ommendat i ons.
I t em Peak i ng Above 83% t o
78% egg
pr oduc t i on
77 -75% egg
pr oduc t i on
Less t han 75%
egg pr oduc t i on
Rec ommended c onsumpt i on
Calcium, g/day 4.30 4.45 4.60 4.80
Phosphorus 500 450 400 350
Cont ent s
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Stock
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Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
(available),
mg/day
Rec ommended post -mol t di et ar y c al c i um and avai l abl e phosphor us
c ont ent s.
Peak i ng
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 85 90 95* 100 105
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 18.7 19.8 20.9* 22.1 23.2
Calcium,
1
%
5.06 4.78 4.53 4.30 4.10
Phosphorus (available),
2
%
0.59 0.56 0.53 0.50 0.48
Above 83% t o 78% egg pr oduc t i on
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 85 90 95* 100 105
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 18.7 19.8 20.9* 22.1 23.2
Calcium,
1
%
5.24 4.94 4.68 4.45 4.24
Phosphorus (available),
2
%
0.53 0.50 0.47 0.45 0.43
77 -75% egg pr oduc t i on
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 90 95 100* 105 110
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 19.8 20.9 22.1* 23.2 24.3
Calcium,
1
%
5.11 4.84 4.60 4.38 4.18
Phosphorus (available),
2
%
0.44 0.42 0.40 0.38 0.36
Less t han 75% egg pr oduc t i on
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 95 100 105* 110 115
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 20.9 22.1 23.2* 24.3 25.4
Calcium,
1
%
5.05 4.80 4.57 4.36 4.17
Phosphorus (available),
2
%
0.37 0.35 0.33 0.32 0.30
*Typical feed consumption in North America based on available data for the age.
1
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes
of 2-4 mm. See also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
2
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there
are insufficient data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content
of digestible phosphorus. Instead, use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the
available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Nut r i t i on Rec ommendat i ons f or Hy-Li ne Gr ay
Jump to the sections for:
Hy-Line Gray growing period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Gray laying period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Gray suggested nutrition program for laying period.
Hy-Line Gray molt and post-molt nutritional recommendations.
Download the combined Hy-Line Gray performance and nutrition-recommendations
tables for easy printing (pdf, 1243 kb).
Hy -Li ne Gr ay Non-f ast mol t nut r i t i onal r ec ommendat i ons
See the molting recommendations for Hy-Line's recommendations for inducing a molt
(includes nutrient recommendations for the molt diet).
Hy -Li ne Gr ay Post -mol t nut r i t i onal r ec ommendat i ons
After the Molt diet, when egg production commences, formulate diets according to level
of desired percentage egg production and egg weight. The post-molt diets are
formulated similar to that of the last laying hen diet fed, albeit with the following
modifications:
20 kcal/kg (9 kcal/lb, 0.08 MJ/kg) less energy,
5% reduction in amino acid levels (corresponding to about 0.25 percentage points
less crude protein),
increased calcium content (see tables below), and
decreased available-phoshporus content (see tables below).
Hy -Li ne Gr ay post -mol t per i od nut r i t i onal r ec ommendat i ons.
I t em Peak i ng Above 93% t o
90% egg
pr oduc t i on
89 -83% egg
pr oduc t i on
Less t han 83%
egg pr oduc t i on
Rec ommended c onsumpt i on
Calcium, g/day 4.45 4.65 4.85 5.05
Phosphorus
(available),
mg/day
460 415 370 325
Rec ommended post -mol t di et ar y c al c i um and avai l abl e phosphor us
c ont ent s.
Peak i ng
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 90 95 100* 105 110
Cont ent s
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Vitamins
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Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


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Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock
Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent
Stock
Performance Standards
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Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 19.8 20.9 22.1* 23.2 24.3
Calcium,
1
%
4.94 4.68 4.45 4.24 4.05
Phosphorus (available),
2
%
0.51 0.48 0.46 0.44 0.42
Above 93% t o 90% egg pr oduc t i on
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 100 105 110* 115 120
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 22.1 23.2 24.3* 25.4 26.5
Calcium,
1
%
4.65 4.43 4.23 4.04 3.88
Phosphorus (available),
2
%
0.42 0.40 0.38 0.36 0.35
89 -83% egg pr oduc t i on
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 100 105 110* 115 120
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 22.1 23.2 24.3* 25.4 26.5
Calcium,
1
%
4.85 4.62 4.41 4.22 4.04
Phosphorus (available),
2
%
0.37 0.35 0.34 0.32 0.31
Less t han 83% egg pr oduc t i on
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 100 105 110* 115 120
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 22.1 23.2 24.3* 25.4 26.5
Calcium,
1
%
5.05 4.81 4.59 4.39 4.21
Phosphorus (available),
2
%
0.33 0.31 0.30 0.28 0.27
*Typical feed consumption in North America based on available data for the age.
1
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes
of 2-4 mm. See also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
2
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there
are insufficient data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content
of digestible phosphorus. Instead, use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the
available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Nut r i t i on Rec ommendat i ons f or Hy-Li ne Br ow n
Jump to the sections for:
Hy-Line Brown growing period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Brown laying period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Brown suggested nutrition program for laying period.
Hy-Line Brown molt and post-molt nutritional recommendations.
Download the combined Hy-Line Brown performance and nutrition-recommendations
tables for easy printing (pdf, 1243 kb).
Hy -Li ne Br ow n Non-f ast mol t nut r i t i onal r ec ommendat i ons
See the molting recommendations for Hy-Line's recommendations for inducing a
molt (includes nutrient recommendations for the molt diet).
Hy -Li ne Br ow n Post -mol t nut r i t i onal r ec ommendat i ons
After the Molt diet, when egg production commences, formulate diets according
to level of desired percentage egg production and egg weight. The post-molt
diets are formulated similar to that of the last laying hen diet fed, albeit with the
following modifications:
20 kcal/kg (9 kcal/lb, 0.08 MJ/kg) less energy,
5% reduction in amino acid levels (corresponding to about 0.25 percentage
points less crude protein),
increased calcium content (see tables below), and
decreased available-phoshporus content (see tables below).
Hy -Li ne Br ow n post -mol t per i od nut r i t i onal r ec ommendat i ons.
I t em Peak i ng Above 93% t o
89% egg
pr oduc t i on
88 -85%
egg
pr oduc t i on
Less t han
85% egg
pr oduc t i on
Rec ommended c onsumpt i on
Calcium, g/day 4.70 4.90 5.10 5.30
Phosphorus
(available),
mg/day
440 400 360 320
Rec ommended post -mol t di et ar y c al c i um and avai l abl e
phosphor us c ont ent s.
Peak i ng
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 93 98 103* 108 113
Cont ent s
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General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Vitamins
Trace minerals

Hy-Line W-36
Hy-Line W-98
Hy-Line Brown
Hy-Line Silver Brown
Hy-Line Gray

Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock
Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent
Stock
Performance Standards
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Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 20.5 21.6 22.7* 23.8 24.9
Calcium,
1
%
5.05 4.80 4.56 4.35 4.16
Phosphorus (available),
2
%
0.47 0.45 0.43 0.41 0.39
Above 93% t o 89% egg pr oduc t i on
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 100 105 110* 115 120
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 22.1 23.2 24.3* 25.4 26.5
Calcium,
1
%
4.90 4.67 4.45 4.26 4.08
Phosphorus (available),
2
%
0.40 0.38 0.36 0.35 0.33
88 -85% egg pr oduc t i on
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 100 105 110* 115 120
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 22.1 23.2 24.3* 25.4 26.5
Calcium,
1
%
5.10 4.86 4.64 4.43 4.25
Phosphorus (available),
2
%
0.36 0.34 0.33 0.31 0.30
Less t han 85% egg pr oduc t i on
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 99 104 109* 114 119
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 21.8 22.9 24.0* 25.1 26.2
Calcium,
1
%
5.35 5.10 4.86 4.65 4.45
Phosphorus (available),
2
%
0.32 0.31 0.29 0.28 0.27
*Typical feed consumption in North America based on available data for the age.
1
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in
particle sizes of 2-4 mm. See also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
2
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However,
there are insufficient data available to make recommendations about a minimum
dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead, use the available-phoshorus
recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Nut r i t i on Rec ommendat i ons f or Hy-Li ne Si l ver
Br ow n
Jump to the sections for:
Hy-Line Silver Brown growing period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Silver Brown laying period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Silver Brown suggested nutrition program for laying period.
Hy-Line Silver Brown molt and post-molt nutritional recommendations.
Download the combined Hy-Line Silver Brown performance and nutrition-
recommendations tables for easy printing (pdf, 1243 kb).
Hy -Li ne Si l ver Br ow n Non-f ast mol t nut r i t i onal
r ec ommendat i ons
See the molting recommendations for Hy-Line's recommendations for inducing a
molt (includes nutrient recommendations for the molt diet).
Hy -Li ne Si l ver Br ow n Post -mol t nut r i t i onal
r ec ommendat i ons
After the Molt diet, when egg production commences, formulate diets according
to level of desired percentage egg production and egg weight. The post-molt
diets are formulated similar to that of the last laying hen diet fed, albeit with the
following modifications:
20 kcal/kg (9 kcal/lb, 0.08 MJ/kg) less energy,
5% reduction in amino acid levels (corresponding to about 0.25 percentage
points less crude protein),
increased calcium content (see tables below), and
decreased available-phoshporus content (see tables below).
Hy -Li ne Si l ver Br ow n post -mol t per i od nut r i t i onal
r ec ommendat i ons.
I t em Peak i ng Above 93% t o
89% egg
pr oduc t i on
88 -85%
egg
pr oduc t i on
Less t han
85% egg
pr oduc t i on
Rec ommended c onsumpt i on
Calcium, g/day 4.70 4.90 5.10 5.30
Phosphorus
(available),
mg/day
440 400 360 320
Rec ommended post -mol t di et ar y c al c i um and avai l abl e
phosphor us c ont ent s.
Cont ent s
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Vitamins
Trace minerals

Hy-Line W-36
Hy-Line W-98
Hy-Line Brown
Hy-Line Silver Brown
Hy-Line Gray

Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock
Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent
Stock
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Peak i ng
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 93 98 103* 108 113
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 20.5 21.6 22.7* 23.8 24.9
Calcium,
1
%
5.05 4.80 4.56 4.35 4.16
Phosphorus (available),
2
%
0.47 0.45 0.43 0.41 0.39
Above 93% t o 89% egg pr oduc t i on
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 100 105 110* 115 120
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 22.1 23.2 24.3* 25.4 26.5
Calcium,
1
%
4.90 4.67 4.45 4.26 4.08
Phosphorus (available),
2
%
0.40 0.38 0.36 0.35 0.33
88 -85% egg pr oduc t i on
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 100 105 110* 115 120
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 22.1 23.2 24.3* 25.4 26.5
Calcium,
1
%
5.10 4.86 4.64 4.43 4.25
Phosphorus (available),
2
%
0.36 0.34 0.33 0.31 0.30
Less t han 85% egg pr oduc t i on
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 99 104 109* 114 119
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 21.8 22.9 24.0* 25.1 26.2
Calcium,
1
%
5.35 5.10 4.86 4.65 4.45
Phosphorus (available),
2
%
0.32 0.31 0.29 0.28 0.27
*Typical feed consumption in North America based on available data for the age.
1
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in
particle sizes of 2-4 mm. See also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
2
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However,
there are insufficient data available to make recommendations about a minimum
dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead, use the available-phoshorus
recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
House Pr epar at i on
Preparing the house for chicks arrival is important to ensure health and growth of the
chicks. Two weeks prior to arrival, the house should be cleaned and disinfected and a
rodent-control program should be implemented. Old feed should be removed from feed
bins and feed troughs. Five days prior to chick arrival, the house should be fumigated.
Fumigation will help avoid the introduction of diseases, including mycoplasmosis,
lymphoid leukosis (LL), Marek's disease, infectious bursal disease (IBD; Gumboro
disease), and salmonellosis.
Start heating the house and start the brooders 2 days prior to chick arrival to ensure that
the house and equipment is warmed thoroughly. The 2 days of heating is often
necessary because the equipment and litter will warm at a slower rate than the air
(where temperature is measured). The waterlines should be cleaned and disinfected at
this time. Paper should be placed inside the cages adjacent to the feed trough or, in a
floor system, on the floor under the feeders.
On the day before the chicks arrive, ensure that the house or brooders are at the correct
temperature and that, ideally, the relative humidity is between 40 and 60%. Fill the
feeders to their highest level with fresh starter feed and adjust the feeder guards so the
chicks can reach the feed. Adjust the drinkers to the appropriate height (the top of
drinking cups should be level with the chicks' back, whereas nipple drinkers should be
level with the chicks' head) and make sure they work properly. Flush the water system to
remove residual disinfectant and ensure a supply of fresh, clean water. Check the light-
control timers and make sure the lights are turned on for the appropriate length of time
and the correct light intensity (30 lux; see the Lighting Program section). To encourage
water consumption, water-soluble vitamins and electrolytes can be added to the drinking
water for the first 2 to 3 days after arrival.
House Pr epar at i on Chec k Li st
Prior to delivery of chicks
Clean and disinfect cages or floor brooding area and equipment, the building
interior and attached service areas and equipment.
Check to make sure equipment is working properly and is adjusted to the
right height.
Remove all old feed from bins, hoppers, and troughs. Disinfect and allow to
dry before new feed is delivered.
Place rodenticide where it will not be consumed by the chicks.
One day before delivery
Set heating system at correct temperatures (see recommended brooding
temperatures).
Check water system and adjust to proper height for chicks.
Disinfect and flush water lines.
On delivery day
Have waterers full or water system in operation.
Check brooder temperatures.
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As chicks are placed, trigger water cups or nipples to encourage drinking.
When nipple drinkers are used, reduce the water pressure so birds can see
the drop of water hanging on the drinker.
Feed should be placed on paper in cage.
Operate feeders at highest feed level.
Keep light at high intensity 20 to 22 hours per day for the first week (see
lighting programs).
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Pul l et Management
Hy-Line commercial and parent-stock chicks adapt equally well to floor and cage-
brooding systems. The chicks require no special hatchery services except vaccination
against Marek's disease. Nevertheless, a laying-hen flock has a major part of its potential
performance determined during the first 17 to 20 weeks of its lifetime. Therefore, special
attention should be paid to the growing period to assure that the hens reach the laying
house ready to deliver her bred-in performance potential. Mistakes made in grow are
very difficult, if not impossible, to correct in the laying house.
See also information for
Temperature and relative humidity
Ventilation
Pul l et Management Chec k Li st
Grow pullets in strict isolation from older birds. Maintain good sanitation. Plan work
routines so that disease-causing agents cannot be carried from older birds to the
growing pullets.
During the first 6 weeks, operate feeders to provide feed at least twice daily. Starting
at 2 to 3 weeks of age, check feed consumption and body weights against the body
weight standards for the specific Hy-Line variety.
Weigh at least 100 pullets weekly during the growing period, beginning at 2 to 3
weeks of age.
Check water availability in each cage row daily. Check for and repair leaks. Raise
waterers as the birds grow (nipples higher than the birds' heads; cups or troughs
level with their backs).
Plan and follow a vaccination schedule to fit the location. A local veterinarian or a
Hy-Line representative can be of assistance in making recommendations. Remove
mortality daily and dispose of properly. Examine for causes of excessive mortality.
Three days before moving pullets to the laying house, begin using water-soluble
vitamins and electrolytes in the drinking water. Continue for 3 days after housing.
This helps minimize the stress of moving. Handle birds gently during transfer to
avoid injuries.
Pullets should be housed at 17 weeks of age, before the onset of sexual maturity.
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Facilities
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Relative Humidity
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Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Soc i al i zat i on of Bi r ds
It is important to socialize the birds raised on the floor and in cages to humans by
walking through the house daily. It is recommended that the birds be walked 4 times per
day with a 2-hour interval between walkings. This would give the birds time to relax and
settle between walkings. Brighten the house and walk briskly through the house to
improve the process of socialization.
For breeders, males and females should be grown together to allow socialization and to
avoid mating problems as adults. When males are grown separately from females, the
males should be intermingled with pullets from 3 weeks of age. Where males are weaker
than females at hatch, house males separately until week 3 of age. If males continue to
be weaker than females after 3 weeks of age, intermingle males with females at a 1:1
ratio through the growing period.
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Body Weight Uniformity
Beak Treatment
Moving from Grower to Layer
Facilities
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Relative Humidity
Ventilation
Management for Breeders
Lighting Program
Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
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Cage Gr ow i ng
Chicks started in cages should be placed in the upper levels (decks), where the air is
warmer and the light brighter. The chicks can be distributed among all cage levels at
around 14 days of age when the space has become too restricted in the upper levels.
Intermingle seemingly weak and strong chicks (from different transport boxes) to allow
the stronger chicks to 'train' the weaker chicks to find water and feed. The starter feed
should be placed inside the cage on the cage paper after the chicks have had a chance
to drink. Continue feeding on the paper for the first 7 to 10 days after arrival.
Place paper on the cage floor during the brooding period. This will allow supplemental
feeding on the cage paper to quickly get chicks eating. Place feed on the cage paper in
front of the permanent feeder to train chicks to move towards the feeders. Remove the
paper by 14 days of age to avoid build up of feces that could lead to infectious bursal
disease or coccidia infections. Waterlines should be flushed prior to arrival of the chicks.
Drinking water temperature should be 25 to 30C (77 to 86F) for the first week.
Adjusting water system pressure in nipple drinkers to create a hanging drop will help
chicks find water. Cup drinkers should be manually filled during the first 3 days to train
chicks to drink.
Rec ommended c age spac e i n gr ow i ng per i od
I t em Al l Hy -Li ne Var i et i es
Cage floor
310 cm
2
/bird
(48 in
2
/bird)
Feeder
5 cm/bird
(2 in/bird)
Drinking system, trough waterer
2.5 cm/bird
(1 in/bird)
Drinking system, cups or nipples 1 per 8 birds
Breeders can be raised and produced in specifically designed breeder cages with
success. To avoid leg problems, the rearing cage should be constructed with wire that is
at least 2 mm (0.08 in) in diameter with spacing between wires to provide a maximum
cell size of 18 mm 18 mm (0.71 in 0.71 in). The floor of the cages should not be
slippery or sloped. The height of the cage should be a minimum of 40 cm (15.75 in). If
too low, the roosters can experience problems with legs and pressure sores on the keel
bone. Growing breeders in cages and then transferring them to a floor production
system is not advisable. Breeders handled in this way can experience behavior problems
(e.g., displaced pecking behavior) as adults. Therefore, it is essential to grow the birds
on the floor when they will be housed in floor systems for the laying period. See also the
Cage Systems Management for Parent Stock section for recommendations for breeders
in lay.
Rec ommended c age spac e f or br eeder s i n gr ow i ng per i od
1
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I t em
Hy -Li ne W-36, W-98, or Gr ay
br eeder s
Hy -Li ne Br ow n or Si l ver Br ow n
br eeder s
Cage floor
300-350 cm
2
/bird
(47-54 in
2
/bird)
380-400 cm
2
/bird
(59-62 in
2
/bird)
Feeder
7-8 cm/bird
(2.8-3.1 in/bird)
8-9 cm/bird
(3.1-3.5 in/bird)
Drinking
system
1 per 8-10 birds 1 per 8-10 birds
1
See the Cage Systems Management for Parent Stock section for cage-space recommendations in lay.
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Fl oor Gr ow i ng
It is essential to grow the birds on the floor when they will be housed in floor systems for
the laying period. Ensure that the feed and water systems in the growing and laying
facilities are compatible. Ideally, the growing house should have elevated bird walkways
with feed and water stations. Flocks housed in all -slat houses during lay should also be
grown on slat or wire floors.
Chicks started on the floor should be transferred from the transport boxes to the litter
under the water lines or near drinkers to encourage drinking. To make it easier for the
chicks to drink, use supplemental drinkers in addition to the automatic drinkers. The
supplemental drinkers should be used for the first 10 to 14 days and can also be used
for administering the first vaccination if given in the water. When used, gradually move
supplemental feeders and drinkers towards the permanent feeders and drinkers in the
room to train the chicks to find the permanent feeders and waterers.
Birds should be grown in housing that allows adjustment to the lighting program and the
light intensity. The lighting programs are usually similar to those used for birds in cage
production, but light intensity may be different. It is important to provide floor-grown birds
with enough light intensity to allow them to navigate their environment. A light intensity
of 20 to 30 lux (2 to 3 foot-candles) should be used during the first week of age,
dropping down to 15 lux (1.5 foot-candles) by week 4 and remaining at the level until
week 15 of age. At week 15 of age, gradually increase the light intensity, reaching 20 to
30 lux (2 to 3 foot-candles) by the time the pullets are transferred to the layer house.
Birds moving into open-sided housing should have higher light intensities of 30 to 40 lux
(3 to 4 foot-candles) at the time of housing.
Rec ommended f l oor spac e i n gr ow i ng per i od
1
I t em Al l Hy -Li ne Var i et i es
Floor
835 cm
2
/bird
(0.9 ft
2
/bird)
Feeder
5 cm/bird and 1 pan per 50 birds
(2 in/bird and 1 pan per 50 birds)
Drinking system, trough waterer
2.0 cm/bird
(0.8 in/bird)
Drinking system, cups or nipples 1 per 15 birds
Drinking system, fountains 1 per 150 birds
1
See the Floor-systems section for floor-space recommendations in lay.
Rec ommended f l oor spac e f or br eeder s i n gr ow i ng and l ayi ng per i ods
Hy -Li ne W-36, W-98, or Gr ay Hy -Li ne Br ow n or Si l ver Br ow n
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Facilities
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Relative Humidity
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Age
br eeder s br eeder s
0-8
weeks
700 cm
2
/bird
(0.75 ft
2
/bird)
700 cm
2
/bird
(0.75 ft
2
/bird)
8-17
weeks
1000 cm
2
/bird
(1.10 ft
2
/bird)
1150 cm
2
/bird
(1.25 ft
2
/bird)
17+
weeks
1200 cm
2
/bird
(1.30 ft
2
/bird)
1625 cm
2
/bird
(1.75 ft
2
/bird)
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Fl oor Syst ems Management
The Hy-Line laying hens can be used successfully in floor systems due to their good
livability and nest behavior when the birds have been appropriately socialized. It is
important to provide the birds with the best possible floor environment to achieve the
performance potential of the Hy-Line laying hen. It is essential to grow the birds on the
floor when they will be housed in floor systems for the laying period.
Ensure that the feed and water systems in the growing and layer facilities are
compatible. Check the lighting program and intensity and synchronize with the growing
house. The Hy-Line laying hen will need bright light of at least 20 lux (2.0 foot-candles),
and it is important not to have any shadows in the house. Dark areas outside the nests
will encourage floor eggs. Upon arrival, allow the pullets access to nests during the day
they arrive. Place the pullets on the slats at housing. Walk the birds several times daily,
particular in the morning, to ensure the birds are finding feed and water. Pay special
attention to nest training and make sure the house it equipped with perches.
The litter area in layer houses should not be more than 60 cm (24 in) below the slat area.
Position lights to eliminate shadows on the litter below the slat area. Position lights to
provide the brightest light intensity over the litter or resting areas and the lowest light
intensity at the front of the nest boxes. Flocks housed in all -slat houses should also be
grown on slat or wire floors.
Rec ommended f l oor densi t i es
1
I t em
Hy -Li ne W-36,
W-98, or Gr ay
Hy -Li ne Br ow n or
Si l ver Br ow n
Floor
space
All litter
10 birds/m
2
/bird
(1.1 ft
2
/bird)
8 birds/m
2
/bird
(1.3 ft
2
/bird)
All slat
12 birds/m
2
/bird
(0.9 ft
2
/bird)
10 birds/m
2
/bird
(1.1 ft
2
/bird)
Litter-slat combination
11 birds/m
2
/bird
(1.0 ft
2
/bird)
9 birds/m
2
/bird
(1.2 ft
2
/bird)
Feeder
access
Straight trough
8 cm/bird
(3.0 in/bird)
9 cm/bird
(3.5 in/bird)
Round pans 1 pan per 40 birds 1 pan per 30 birds
Water
access
Nipples or cups 1 per 10 birds 1 per 10 birds
Water trough
2.5 cm/bird
(1 in/bird)
2.5 cm/bird
(1 in/bird)
Circular automatic water fountain,
46-cm (18-in) diameter
1 per 125 birds 1 per 125 birds
Nest
Colony nest, single tier, 1.1-1.4 m
(3.5-4.5 ft) width
160 birds/nest
(80 birds/side)
150 birds/nest
(75 birds/side)
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space
Individual nest 8 birds/nest 8 birds/nest
1
See the Floor-growing section for floor-space recommendations in grow and for breeders in grow and lay.
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
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Moni t or i ng Body Wei ght s i n Gr ow
The body weight and body weight uniformity is the best indicator of how well the pullet
flock is performing. In the past, shank length was used as an indicator of pullet-flock
performance, but it is difficult to influence shank length without also influencing body
weight. As a result, monitoring the pullets' body weight on a regular basis throughout
growth is recommended.
The pullets' rate of body weight gain can be controlled, in part, by the lighting program.
Moreover, the rate of body weight gain is influenced by nutrition, the number and timing
of beak treatments, the vaccination program, and the overall health status of the pullets.
Birds grown on the floor will expend more energy and will often be as much as 50 g (0.1
lb) lower in body weight at 12 weeks of age than cage-grown birds. To offset any
decrease in egg size caused by low body weights, it is common to delay light stimulation
until the pullets reach the breed's stimulation body weight (usually the 18-week target
weight).
Body weights should be monitored weekly during the growing period and at least until
after peak. A minimum of 100 birds should be weighed individually with a scale having
increments no larger than 50 g or 1/10 lb. Weighing should be started at 2 to 3 weeks of
age and continued every week. It is most critical to weigh just prior to a scheduled feed
change. If the flock is below target body weight, it should be left on the higher-nutrient
feed formulation until the target weight for age is reached (see the Feeding the Pullet
section).
If the 18-week target weight cannot be reached, then attempt to increase body weight
uniformity to better manage the flock in lay.
Follow the links below to see the pullet body weight standards
Commercial pullets
Hy-Line W-36
Hy-Line W-98
Hy-Line Gray
Hy-Line Brown
Hy-Line Silver Brown
Parent-stock pullets
Hy-Line W-36 parents
Hy-Line W-98 parents
Hy-Line Gray parents
Hy-Line Brown parents
Hy-Line Silver Brown parents
Grandparent pullets
Hy-Line Grandparents
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Facilities
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Relative Humidity
Ventilation
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General Nutrition
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This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Body Wei ght Uni f or mi t y
In addition to body weight averages, the uniformity of body weights within the flock is an
indicator of normal flock development. Uniformity is expressed as the percent of
individual weights which occur within 10% of the current flock average. The goal at point
of lay is minimum 80% uniformity, although uniformities of 90% are often seen. Flocks
lacking uniformity at point of lay often exhibit lower and later peaks than expected and
are more difficult to design diets for (because there is a mixture of light and heavy birds
in the flock). In grow, flocks of low uniformity can be segregated into similar weight
groups to reduce feed competition between large, medium, and small birds. These
groups should be managemed differently to allow the small group to gain weight faster.
Distribution of body weights. At 18 weeks of age, at least 80% of the birds should be within 10% of the
average body weight.
Factors, which can adversely affect the uniformity are
crowding,
disease,
vaccination program,
poor beak trimming,
lack of perches (or inadequate perch space), and
inadequate nutrient and energy intakes.
In other words, ensure that flocks have adequate feed, light, air (quality), and water (i.e., the
acronym 'FLAW') at all times. See also the section on monitoring body weight.
Cal c ul at i ng body w ei ght uni f or mi t y
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Facilities
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Relative Humidity
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General Nutrition
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Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
Weigh at least 100 female birds individually. Be sure the weighed birds represent an
average of the birds in the house.
Cages
Weigh all birds individually in each selected cage.
Select cages evenly spread in the house, and select a combination of cages
from top, middle, and lower tiers, and from both ends of the house as well as
the middle.
Weigh all the birds in the same cages every time body weight uniformity is
determined.
Floor
Select birds from all locations in the house.
Example of uniformity calculation
Number of birds weighed = 105
Average (mean) body weight = 1.320 kg
10% of the average body weight = 10% 1.320 kg = 0.1320 kg
Upper body weight range = 1.320 kg + 0.1320 kg = 1.452 kg
Lower body weight range = 1.320 kg - 0.1320 kg = 1.188 kg
Count the number of weighed birds with a body weight
between the upper and lower body weight range = 88
Body weight uniformity = (88 birds in weight range / 105 birds weighed)
100 = 84%
Use the spreadsheet shown below to calculate the body weight mean (i.e., average),
percent uniformity, and coefficient of variation (CV). Weigh the birds as per the
instructions above and enter the body weights in the high-lighted yellow fields (starting in
cell B5). Leave cells blank if there is no datado not enter a zero (0).
Screenshot of spreadsheet used to calculate body weight uniformity.
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Beak Tr i mmi ng
Beak trimming is not necessary in all management systems. However, if beak treatment
is performed, proper procedures should be followed.
The pullets are most successfully beak trimmed at hatch by infrared beak treatment, or
between 7 and 10 days of age by using a precision cam-activated beak trimmer. A
second beak trim is not always necessary in commercial birds, but a re-trim is
recommended in parent stock at 12 to 14 weeks of age.
Infrared beak treatment at hatch as shown at 4 days of age (left)
The result of an appropriate beak trim as it appears at 18 weeks of age (right).
The precision cam-activated beak trimmer should be equipped with a guide plate with
holes of 4.00, 4.37, and 4.75 mm (10/64, 11/64, and 12/64 in). The proper size hole
should be selected to provide a width of 2 mm between the nostrils and the cauterizing
ring. The proper size hole will depend both on size and age of the chicks. The
temperature of the beak-trimming blade should be approximately 595C (1100F) and
should be checked with a pyrometer. A variation of 38C (100F) is common due to
external influences and cannot be detected by the human eye, but will negatively affect
the beak treatment. Therefore, using a line-voltage meter according to the
manufacturer's instructions will facilitate maintaining the proper blade temperature at all
times.
Guide plate holes for precision beak trim.
Beak -t r i m r ec ommendat i ons
The following precautions and recommendations must be observed:
Do not beak-trim sick birds.
Cont ent s
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Floor Growing
Floor Systems
Perches
Monitoring Body Weights
Body Weight Uniformity
Beak Treatment
Moving from Grower to Layer
Facilities
Nest Training
Molting
House Temperature and
Relative Humidity
Ventilation
Management for Breeders
Lighting Program
Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Performance Standards
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Do not hurry.
Use only well-trained crews for beak trimming. Use electrolytes and vitamins
(containing vitamin K) in the water 2 days before and 2 days after beak trimming.
Use 360-access nipple drinkers.
Keep feed at the highest level for several days after beak trimming.
If a coccidiostat is used in the feed, supplement it with water-soluble coccidiostats
until feed consumption returns to normal.
If a second beak trimming is performed, the starter feed can be re-introduced for 1
to 3 weeks afterwards to account for the lower feed intake and ensure body weight
gains.
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Movi ng f r om Gr ow er House t o Layer House
It is essential to move the pullets to the lay house well in advance of the first eggs being
laid to ensure no eggs are laid in the grow facilities and, if a cage-free system is used, to
ensure that the females are well trained to use the nest (see the nest-training section).
The flock can be moved into the laying facility at 16 to 17 weeks of age or after
administration of the last live vaccinations.
For breeders, Hy-Line Brown, Gray, and W-36 males may be moved a few days earlier
to the laying house to give them more time to acclimate to their new environment before
the arrival of the females. This is not recommended for the Hy-Line W-98 and Silver
Brown males, however.
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Cage Growing
Floor Growing
Floor Systems
Perches
Monitoring Body Weights
Body Weight Uniformity
Beak Treatment
Moving from Grower to Layer
Facilities
Nest Training
Molting
House Temperature and
Relative Humidity
Ventilation
Management for Breeders
Lighting Program
Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Performance Standards
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
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Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
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Nest Tr ai ni ng
Confine the pullets to the slats (where the water and feeder lines are) at housing and
allow the pullets access to the nests during the day when they arrive. Walk the birds
several times daily, particularly in the morning, to ensure the birds are finding feed and
water. To reduce stress and ensure a trouble-free transfer, water-soluble vitamins,
probiotics, and vitamin C (ascorbic acid) can be added to the drinking water 3 days
before and 3 days after the transfer.
Open a few of the nest box curtains to encourage nest exploration in young laying flocks.
Nest lights can be used to train birds to explore the nests and should be turned on for 2
hours per day, starting 1 hour before the house lights are turned on and remain on for 1
hour after the house lights have been turned on. This will help prevent overcrowding and
smothering inside the nests. False walls that are 1-2 m (3-6 ft) in length every 12 m (39
ft) along the line of and perpendicular to the nest boxes will reduce nest overcrowding.
Train the pullets to use the nests by frequent walks through the house in the mornings
for the first 8 weeks after the birds are placed in the laying house. Use of electric
deterrent wires on the slats around the house perimeter will help discourage egg laying
in corners or near the walls. Electric deterrent wires must be turned on as soon as the
birds are housed. Place the electric deterrent wires 5 cm (2 in) away from the wall or the
house and about 10 cm (4 in) above the floor. Avoid using an electric wire over water
and feed lines as this practice increases nervousness among the birds. Instead, the use
of solid perches above water and feed lines is preferred.
It is important not to have shadows in the lay house, as dark areas outside the nest will
encourage floor eggs. Therefore, position lights to eliminate shadows on the litter below
the slat area. The lights should be positioned to provide the brightest light intensity over
the litter or resting areas and the lowest light intensity at the front of the nest boxes.
In the case of breeders, the breeding pens should be walked frequently (e.g., every 2
hours) in the afternoon while mating is occurring. This will prevent males from corralling
hens when the birds come into production.
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Body Weight Uniformity
Beak Treatment
Moving from Grower to Layer
Facilities
Nest Training
Molting
House Temperature and
Relative Humidity
Ventilation
Management for Breeders
Lighting Program
Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Performance Standards
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
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Ambi ent Temper at ur e and Rel at i ve Humi di t y
Observing the chicks will tell you whether or not the temperature is correct. If they are too
cool, they will huddle near the heat source. If they are too warm, they will spread out
away from the heat source. If there are drafts, they will huddle in groups to get away
from the spot where the cool air enters the heated area. Comfortable chicks will spread
out uniformly, without huddling, throughout the brooding area.
Look for signs of overheating (panting and drowsiness) or chilling (huddling and loud
chirping) and make appropriate adjustments. Heat control is more critical in cage
brooding because the chicks cannot move to find their comfort zone.
Birds are very sensitive to extremes of relative humidity. A relative humidity below 30%
will cause increased agitation of the chicks and may cause aggressive behavior.
Conversely, excessive moisture may cause wet litter conditions, associated with high
ammonia concentrations, poor air quality, enteric diseases, and respiratory problems.
Ideally, the relative humidity should be between 40 and 60%. Humidity control becomes
increasingly important when warm-room brooding in cold climates. To increase the
relative humidity, water can be sprayed on the walk ways or floors. Humidity will normally
be lowered to 30 to 40% by the end of the growing period.
See also the Ventilation section.
Rec ommended br oodi ng t emper at ur es
1
Age Hy -Li ne W-36, W-98, or Gr ay Hy -Li ne Br ow n or Si l ver Br ow n
Cage Floor Cage Floor
1-3
32-33C
(90-92F)
33-35C
(92-95F)
33-36C
(93-97F)
35-36C
(95-97F)
4-7
30-32C
(86-90F)
31-33C
(88-92F)
30-32C
(86-90F)
33-35C
(92-95F)
8-14
28-30C
(82-86F)
29-31C
(84-88F)
28-30C
(78-82F)
31-33C
(89-91F)
15-21
26-28C
(78-82F)
27-29C
(80-84F)
26-28C
(78-82F)
29-31C
(84-87F)
22-28
23-26C
(74-78F)
24-27C
(76-80F)
23-26C
(74-78F)
26-27C
(79-81F)
29-35
21-23C
(70-74F)
22-24C
(72-76F)
21-23C
(70-74F)
23-25C
(74-77F)
36+
21C
(70F)
21C
(70F)
21C
(70F)
21C
(70F)
1
Modify the temperatures as needed to meet the chicks' comfort needs.
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Facilities
Nest Training
Molting
House Temperature and
Relative Humidity
Ventilation
Management for Breeders
Lighting Program
Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Performance Standards
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Rec ommended br oodi ng t emper at ur es f or br eeder s
1,2
Loc at i on
Hy -Li ne W-36,
3
W-98, or Gr ay
br eeder s
Hy -Li ne Br ow n or Si l ver Br ow n
br eeder s
At edge of
hover
32C
(90F)
35C
(95F)
In cage or
room
32-33C
(90-91F)
33-35C
(91-95F)
1
Reduce temperatures by 2-3C (4-5F) per week to 21C (70F).
2
Modify the temperatures as needed to meet the chicks' comfort needs.
3
The temperature should be 1-2C (2-4F) higher for W-36 parent-stock males due to their smaller body
weight.
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
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Cage Syst ems Management f or Par ent St oc k
Hy-Line breeders can be raised and produced in breeder cages with success. Cage
systems have been specifically designed for use with breeders, and these should be
used. Advantages of keeping breeders in cages are
cleaner hatching eggs,
better control of enteric diseases (e.g., coccidiosis, infectious bursal disease, internal
parasites, salmonellosis),
more settable eggs,
better feed efficiency,
more efficient use of the breeder house space, and
lower labor costs.
The main disadvantages are lower fertility and higher capital investments in facilities.
Gr ow i ng per i od
The principles for raising breeder pullets in cages are similar to those of commercial
pullets. To avoid leg problems, the growing cage should be constructed with wire at
least 2 mm (0.08 in) in diameter with spacing between wires to provide a maximum cell
size of 18 18 mm (0.71 0.71 in). The floor in the cages should not be slippery or
sloped. The height of the cage should be a minimum of 40 cm (15.7 in). If too low, the
roosters can experience problems with legs and pressure sores on the keel bone. The
cages should be equipped with perches to facilitate leg development.
Males and females should be grown together to allow socialization. This can help avoid
mating problems that can occur as adults. Ideally, the males and females should be co-
mingled by 4 weeks of age.
Growing breeders in cages and then transferring them to a floor production system is not
advisable. Breeders handled in this way can experience behavior problems (e.g.,
displaced pecking behavior) as adults.
The Hy-Line W-36 male can be smaller and less developed than the female. Special
supportive care of the males include
higher brooding temperatures,
reduced bird densities,
vitamin and electrolytes in the drinking water, and
enriched feed.
Layi ng per i od
Movi ng
The flock can be moved into the laying facility at 15 to 16 weeks of age or after
administration of the last live vaccinations. Hy-Line W-36 and Hy-Line Brown males may
be moved a few days earlier to the laying house to give them more time to acclimate to
their new environment before arrival of the females. This is not recommended for the Hy-
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Line W-98 and Hy-Line Silver Brown males, however. It is important that growing and
production breeder cages be compatible in feeder, drinker, and lighting systems.
Supportive care to reduce stresssuch as water-soluble vitamins, probiotics, and
vitamin C (ascorbic acid)should be used 3 days before and 3 days after the transfer.
Flocks transferred early should be moved into the laying house with the same light hours
and light intensity as those used in the growing house.
Sel ec t i on
During the transfer of males, a selection for the best individuals should be made. All
roosters entering the laying house should be in good body condition, well-feathered, with
good feet and legs, and free of physical defects. Keep extra males in reserve cages to
use later. Any sex slips should be removed at transfer.
Cages
A breeder cage designed for colony sizes of greater than 100 birds will usually have
better fertility than those with smaller colony size. Smaller breeder cages with only 1 or 2
roosters are subject to accelerated fertility loss as the flock ages.
Breeder laying cages should provide 700 cm
2
(109 in
2
) of floor space per bird. The
height of the laying cage must be at least 60 cm (23.6 in) to avoid the roosters from
hitting their heads on top of the cage. Roosters striking their heads on top of the cage
will be reluctant to mate. Roosters in cage system can be dubbed to avoid being caught
in cage wires. The cages should be equipped with perches.
Mat i ng r at i os
Male to female ratio depend on the type of breeder cage and the size of the cage
colony, but as a rule they should follow those ratios used on the floor.
Li ght i ng pr ogr am
The same lighting program used for floor breeders should be used in caged breeder
flocks.
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
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Mat i ng Rat i os f or Par ent St oc k
The number of males and females in any breeding flock is important. If there are too few
males, overall fertility may suffer. Likewise, if there are too many males, they may fight
and fertility may also suffer. The viability of the males may vary from flock to flock, and
the exact number of males must be left to the judgment of the production manager.
Rec ommended mat i ng r at i os at housi ng
1
Hy -Li ne par ent st oc k Femal es Mal es
W-36 100 11
W-98 100 7
Brown 100 8
Silver Brown 100 7
1
Excess males should not be immediately discarded.
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Hat c her y Management
Managing a hatchery effectively requires a lot of effort by the hatchery manager and the
staff. In order to attain the highest level of chick quality, it is important to understand and
adhere to some basic principles of hatchery management. Following are a list of basic
principles that when followed can make life easier and more productive for the manager
and staff within the hatchery. Please also refer to hatching egg care .
Bi osec ur i t y and hygi ene
Biosecurity is of paramount importance to any poultry operation, especially breeding
farms and hatcheries. The following suggestions should be implemented at any hatchery,
especially hatcheries dealing with breeder chicks.
All equipment entering the hatchery must be cleaned and disinfected (or fumigated).
Staff and visitors must shower and change into clean clothing that is provided by the
hatchery.
Incoming air should be filtered, and the ventilation should create a positive pressure
environment with single direction flows.
Egg handl i ng, i dent i f i c at i on, and st or age
Egg handling and storage both have a direct impact on profitability as good handling and
storage procedures will help increase hatchability.
Eggs need to be collected regularly from the breeder farms.
Even if eggs are collected daily from farms, it is important that they are kept in an
appropriate environment to avoid decrease in hatchability.
Eggs must be collected in dedicated, clean, trucks with capability to keep eggs in an
appropriate environment. Measures to avoid egg damage should be a priority.
Eggs should be clean and be sanitized as soon as possible after collection from the
nest box area.
Eggs arriving in the hatchery must be clearly marked so as to prevent incorrect
settings. Each trolley or pallet must have the flock of origin and date of lay clearly
marked.
I nc ubat i on
Set t er s
The following rules should be followed whether single- or multi-stage setters are used.
Always set eggs in rotation, avoid excessive egg age.
Try to set eggs of similar age flocks together.
Set eggs earlier from young or old flocks.
Pre-warm eggs to 25C (77F) for 8 to 12 hours prior to setting.
Ideally, eggs should be set between 3 and 7 days after they were laid.
Increase incubation time by 1 hour for each day of storage beyond 10 days.
Setters should be washed and disinfected after each use. While this is easy for
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single-stage, procedures must be adopted in multi-stage machines to ensure regular
cleaning and disinfection.
Hat c her s
Hatchers should be pre-warmed prior to the eggs being transferred from the setters.
Formalin or an alternative disinfecting fogging agent should be placed in the hatcher
just prior to piping.
It is important that dirty air cannot cycle through the hatchers. Care must be taken to
ensure that exhausted (dirty) air is not drawn back into the hatchery.
Hatchers should be closely monitored, although modern hatchers can be
programmed to adjust the internal climate to optimize the hatch, there is no
substitute for human monitoring during the hatch process. Necessary adjustments
should be made as the hatch window approaches and during the hatch process to
maximize the quantity and quality of the chicks.
Cleaning and disinfection following removal of the chicks is vital for maintaining
future chick quality.
Cl eani ng and di si nf ec t i on
Cleaning and disinfection are a vital aspect of any hatchery. A clean, sanitary hatchery
will decrease spread of disease between hatches and help ensure a higher level of chick
quality.
Written procedures and internal monitoring system should be adopted.
Regular hygiene audits should be carried out to ensure that correct cleaning and
disinfection is taking place.
Audits of incoming eggs should also take place to monitor the breeder farms. These
checks should cover both physical egg quality and bacterial load.
The use of an external auditor is recommended, these audits should be carried out
at regular intervals.
It is important that all working in the chick production process, including the breeder
farm manager are kept fully informed as to the status of performance and hygiene
levels within the hatchery and act quickly on any findings and recommendations.
Chi c k pr oc essi ng and vac c i nat i on
Chick processing and vaccination is when the hatchery is able to perform quality control
and help set the chick up for a healthy, productive life.
Chicks should be sexed as soon as possible after beening removed from the
hatchers.
Correct vaccine preparation is required. Care should be taken to follow the vaccine
supplier's recommendations.
Vaccine should be prepared as required and used promptly. Strict sanitation
procedures should be in place to ensure no contamination of vaccines or diluents.
Rec or d k eepi ng
Accurate records are an important tool for all hatcheries, as this will give supply farms,
hatchery management, and customers confidence in the traceability of the chicks.
Records should be maintained from the time eggs are collected on the farm to the
time chicks reach their final destination.
Routine breakouts should be carried out to monitor hatchery performance.
Communication of hatch results to the breeder farm is important so the breeder farm
can investigate changes in hatchability or fertility.
The performance of individual incubators should be monitored and any variations
investigated.
Individual flock records should be kept and any deviation from normal results should
be investigated.
Mai nt enanc e and ser vi c i ng of equi pment
Regular maintenance of all equipment is crucial for continuity of operation and for
obtaining the best product possible. All mechanical items used within the hatchery should
have a program of regular maintenance. The documentation of maintenance helps in the
identification of trends and issues with individual pieces of equipment. The constant
calibration and monitoring of all setters and hatchers is extra important as small changes
in temperature can affect the quality of the chick.
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Hat c hi ng Egg Car e
Chick weight at hatch is directly related to the weight of the hatching egg. Flock sizes are
becoming so large that it is difficult to supply the number of chicks requested in a single
hatch or from a single parent source. Uniformity of commercial pullets is extremely
important in attaining future production goals. To assist in attaining uniformity, it is
suggested that eggs be set according to parent source flock and this grouping be
maintained until chicks are placed in the brooder house. Research indicates that
grouping hatching eggs in 4-g incrementsand maintaining chicks hatched from each
group separatelysignificantly reduces the size variability of chicks at 4 weeks of age.
Hatching eggs should be gathered a minimum of twice daily or more during extremely
hot weather. Eggs should be stored at 18.3C (65F) with a relative humidity between 70
and 80%. Hatching eggs should be sanitized using products specifically developed for
this purpose.
Hatching eggs should not be kept longer than 10 days from the day they were laid. Best
hatches will result when eggs from 3 to 7 days of age are used. When it is necessary to
save eggs longer than 10 days, a temperature of 13C (55F) with a relative humidity
between 70 and 80% is recommended. Temperatures below this will result in an
unsatisfactory hatch.
Hy-Line W-36 hatching eggs should come from a flock that is at least 25 weeks of age
and weigh a minimum of 49 g per egg. Hy-Line W-98 hatching eggs should come from a
flock that is 24 weeks of age or older and weigh a minimum of 49 g per egg. Hy-Line
Brown and Silver Brown hatching eggs should come from a flock that is at least 24
weeks of age and weigh a minimum of 49 g per egg. Smaller eggs from younger flocks
can be used, although it should be realized that chicks size and early livability will not be
optimum.
It is extremely important that once eggs are cooled, they be maintained at a temperature
that does not allow them to 'sweat' (i.e., gather moisture from being exposed to warm,
humid air). The truck transporting the eggs from a cooler at the farm to the hatchery
should be capable of keeping the eggs cool enough to avoid sweating.
I nc ubat i on and hat c hi ng
Pre-warming of all Hy-Line hatching eggs is recommended to achieve maximum yield
and uniformity of hatch time. This is accomplished by removing the eggs from the cooler
8 to 12 hours prior to setting, and storing at a temperature of 24.1C (75F) during this
time. Provide adequate air movement in the pre-warming area to reduce sweating and
provide uniform temperature to all eggs.
Under normal conditions, the Hy-Line W-36 eggs will achieve optimum hatch in 21 days
and 6 hours. The Hy-Line W-98, Brown, and Silver Brown may require 21 days and 8
hours. Age of eggs will influence hatch times. Allow 1 additional hour of incubation for
every day beyond 10 days of egg age.
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I dent i f i c at i on of Hy-Li ne Commer c i al Chi c k s
Each Hy-Line chick must be individually examined at hatch to identify its gender before
shipping to customers or housing. There are 3 methods to determine the sex of a newly
hatched Hy-Line chick:
vent sexing,
color sexing, and
feather sexing.
Vent sexing is difficult and should be performed by trained professionals. In contrast, color
and feather sexing is relatively easy. Vent sexing can be used to check questionable color
or feather sexing, however.
Col or sex i ng
Color sexing of Hy-Line Brown can be conducted when the chicks are taken from the
hatchery before other processing is started. The sex is determined on the basis of down
color. The males are generally pure white (Figure 1), although, occasionally, they may
show some red over the head and neck.
Figure 1. One-day-old Hy-Line Brown males.
The Hy-Line Brown females are a buffy-red color (Figure 2). In perhaps 1% of the
chicks, some confusion may occur wherein females will show nearly white heads.
However, they will have the buffy-red color on the back, and still be recognizable from
the males.
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Figure 2. One-day-old Hy-Line Brown females.
Occasionally, a male may show some red on the head, but this will occur as a round
spot. In contrast, females showing red on the head will have the color concentrated
around the base of the beak and around the eyes (Figure 3).
Figure 3. One-day-old Hy-Line Brown males (left)
and females (right) showing coloration differences on the head (see text).
Feat her sex i ng
Hy-Line W-36, W-98, and Silver Brown commercial chicks are sexable by means of the
wing feathers (Figure 4).
Figure 4. The tip of the wing is used for feather sexing (left wing, top side shown).
Male chicks show slow feathering (Figure 5, left), where the primary and covert feathers
are of similar length, and the coverts and primaries are of similar thickness. The female
commercial chicks show fast feathering (Figure 5, right), where the coverts are shorter
than the primaries, and the coverts are thin and the primaries thick.
Figure 4. Slow feathering = male chicks (left). Fast feathering = female chick (right).
Left wing, top side shown. See text for description of sight and feel of the primaries and coverts.
In a small percentage of chicks, covert feathers may be longer and thicker than the
primary feathers (i.e., 'super-slow feathering'). These chicks may be males (Figure 5).
Figure 5. Super-slow feathering = male chicks.
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
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Basi c Rul es f or Li ght i ng Pr ogr ams
Gui del i nes f or gr ow i ng per i od
Start pullets with 20 to 22 hours of continuous and bright (20 to 30 lux, 2 to 3 foot-
candles) light during the first week of age. Alternatively, an intermittent lighting program
(4 hours of light followed by 2 hours of darkness) can be used during the first week of
age. The dark period (or periods) serves as 'resting time' and helps strong chicks to
show the weak chicks how to find feed and water.
The light intensity should be 30 lux (3 foot-candles) during the first week of age, after
which it can be reduced to 5 to 10 lux (0.5 to 1.0 foot-candles) in cages or to 15 lux (1.5
foot-candles) when grown on the floor. The higher light intensity for floor-grown birds will
allow the birds enough light to navigate their environment. In cages, there should be 10
lux (1.0 foot-candles) at the feed through and 5 lux (0.5 foot-candles) inside the cage.
Reduce the day length weekly to reach 9 to 10 hours at 10 weeks of age or, if longer,
the day length dictated by greatest natural day length in open or brownout houses. In Hy-
Line Brown and W-98 lines, a constant day length of 9 hours may be used to control
excessive body weight after 10 weeks of age.
The light intensity in the grow and lay houses should be similar, because pullets can be
stimulated to start egg production by an increase in light intensity even if the day length
is unchanged. Therefore, the light intensity in the grow house should be gradually
increased in increments of 5 lux (0.5 foot-candles) per week to the intensity used in the
lay house, starting 2 to 3 weeks before the pullets are moved.
Gui del i nes f or l ayi ng per i od
Onset of sexual maturity (egg production) generally depends on 4 requirements:
a minimum chronological age which is genetically determined (17 weeks),
a minimum body weight (see tables of 18-week target body weight for individual Hy-
Line varieties),
a nutrient and energy consumption to support production, and
a constant or increasing day length of at least 12 hours.
Light stimulation should not be provided until flocks reach the optimum body weight (see
tables of 18-week target body weight for individual Hy-Line varieties). Flocks which are
light-stimulated into production at lower body weights will likely produce below normal
egg weight and suffer from reduced peak production and post-peak dips in production.
Timing of light stimulation can be used as a tool to help attain desired egg size. In
general, earlier light stimulation will result in a few more eggs per hen, but at a tradeoff
for slightly reduced egg weight. Later light stimulation will result in a few less total eggs,
but a slightly larger egg weight earlier in production. In this way, lighting programs can be
customized to best meet the egg size demand of a particular market.
Provide light stimulation when the target body weight is reached, usually around 17 to 19
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weeks of age. The appropriate target body weight depends in part on the variety of hen
and in part the desired egg size. Stimulation at a relatively early age or low body weight
will result in production of a greater number of eggs with a lower average egg size,
which will negatively impact chick quality. Stimulation at an older age or a heavier body
weight will produce a few less eggs, but of greater average egg size.
The initial light increase should be no less than 1 hour (especially in open or brown-out
houses). Increase the day length by 15 to 30 minutes per week or once every 2 weeks
until 16 hours of light is reached. Preferably, the period of increasing day length
stimulation should last until peak production (i.e., until about 30 weeks of age). The light
intensity at housing should be 15 to 30 lux (1.5 to 3.0 foot-candles) in light-controlled
houses and 30 to 40 lux (3 to 4 foot-candles) in open-sided houses.
Allow no decrease in day length or light intensity in adult layers. Such decreases in day
length will adversely affect egg production.
Gui del i nes f or housi ng st yl es
It is necessary to first determine what style of houses are being used regarding light
control for both growing and laying. For the purpose of designing a flock lighting
program, each house has to be designated either dark-out or open.
Dark-out means there is essentially no outside light coming in the house that would
physiologically affect the flock's maturity. In that case, the outside natural daylength
can be ignored and the ligthing program be planned using only artificial lights. That
said, it is beneficial to consider and synchronize the time of lights-on and -off with
the natural sunrise and sunset, respectively, under the constraints of the artificial
daylength.
Open house styles mean there are windows, curtains, or even just enough light
leakage through fans and air vents that allow outside natural daylight to significantly
illuminate the interior of the house. In many cases, this cannot be avoided, but a
lighting program with the desired light patterns can still be planned using artificial
interior lighting added to the natural daylight changes occurring outside.
Sometimes it is not clear whether a house is sufficiently dark-out or not, and these
houses are often called brown-out. It is mostly light-controlled, but not totally dark, as
some light gets in through the ventilation, etc. The question is how to consider the
house, open or dark-out?
One method is to measure the light intensity with a light meter. Compare the
maximum mid-day light intensity with the lights on to the intensity with the
lights off (measuring just the light leakage from outside). If the light leakage
is less than 10% of the maximum value, it is probably insignificant in
stimulating the birds and can be ignored (i.e,. consider the house dark-out).
However, if it is more than 10% of that maximum value, it probably needs to
be considered open.
Another method is just to observe the flock's activity. With the lights off, will
the flock awaken and become active when the sun rises, just from light
leaking in from outside? If so, then consider the house as open for this
purpose. Even with these guidelines, it is still a judgment call whether a
significant portion of the flock is being affected by outside light.
Li ght -c ont r ol l ed gr ow i ng t o l i ght -c ont r ol l ed l ayi ng
Step-down day length from 20 to 22 hours of light the first week of age to 9 to 10
hours of light at 10 weeks of age and hold constant.
Increase day length 1 hour at the 18-week body weight target. Add 15 to 30 minutes
per week until 16 hours total light is reached and hold constant.
Li ght -c ont r ol l ed gr ow i ng t o open or br ow nout l ayi ng
Step-down day length from 20 to 22 hours of light the first week of age to either
9 to 10 hours of light at 10 weeks of age, or
1 hour less than the natural day length the flock will be exposed to after
moving to the layer house.
Increase day length to
natural day length or
a minimum increase of 1 hour at the 18-week body weight target.
Add 15 to 30 minutes per week (or every 2 weeks) until either
16 hours total light, or
at least the longest natural day length of the year.
Open or br ow nout gr ow i ng t o l i ght -c ont r ol l ed or br ow nout l ayi ng
Step-down day length from 20 to 22 hours of light the first week of age to either
9 to 10 hours of light at 10 weeks of age or , if longer,
the longest natural day length the flock will be exposed to from 8 to 18 weeks
of age.
Increase day length 1 hour at the 18-week body weight target.
Add 15 to 30 minutes per week (or every 2 weeks) until either
16 hours total light, or
at least the longest natural day length of the year for brownout.
This page was last updated August 3, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
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Mi dni ght Feedi ng
An optional lighting technique that will promote greater feed consumption is the
"midnight feeding." The technique involves turning the lights on for 1 hour in the middle
of the dark period and running the feeders during this time.
Midnight-feeding lighting program. The dark periods should be at least 3 hours in duration. The 1 hour of
light should be removed gradually when no longer needed (see text).
Midnight feeding will generally increase feed intake about 2 to 5 g/day per bird (0.4 to
1.1 lb/day per 100 birds). The technique is applicable for heat stress conditions, or any
time a greater feed intake is desired in either growing or laying flocks.
For a typical layer lighting program with 16 hours of light and 8 hours dark, the night
would consist of 3.5 hours of darkness, 1 hour of light, and 3.5 hours of darkness. The
regular 16 hour light period should not be changed (because the 1-hour midnight-
feeding period is not long enough to count as "day light"). However, it is important that
the dark periods sourrounding the 1-hour midnight-feeding period are at least 3 hours
long.
The 1 hour of light can be added all at once, but, when no longer necessary, shoul d
be r emoved gr adual l y at the rate of 15 minutes per week.
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Bi osec ur i t y
Biosecurity is the best method of avoiding disease. A good biosecurity program identifies
and controls the most likely ways a disease could enter the farm. Human and equipment
movement onto the farm should be strictly controlled. Visitors to the farm should be
limited to those who are essential for its operation. All visitors and workers should enter
at a central location. Visitors should use a logbook to document their visits. Anyone
having been on another poultry facility within 96 hours should not be permitted access.
Clean boots, clothing, and head cover should be provided for everyone working or
visiting the farm. Clean footbaths containing disinfectant should be placed outside the
entries to all poultry houses. If possible, avoid using outside crews or equipment for
vaccination, moving, and beak treatment. Ideally, workers should be limited to a single
house. The number of flocks visited in 1 day should be limited, and always progressing
from younger to older flocks, and from healthy to sick flocks. After visiting a sick flock, no
other flocks should be visited.
The removal of old hens from the farm is a time when disease can be introduced. The
trucks and crews used to transport old hens have often been on other farms. A plan
should be developed to minimize the biosecurity risk during times outside crews or
equipment are needed for vaccination, moving pullets, and beak trimming.
A single-aged growing farm using the all -in/all-out principle is best. This will prevent the
transmission of disease from older flocks to younger, susceptible flocks. All houses
should be designed to prevent exposure of the flock to wild birds. Quickly and properly
dispose of dead chickens.
Rodents are known carriers of many poultry diseases and they are the most common
reason for re-contamination of a cleaned and disinfected poultry facility. They are also
responsible for house-to-house spread of disease on a farm. The farm should be free of
debris and tall grass that might provide cover for rodents. The perimeter of the house
should have a minimum of 1 m (3 ft) area of crushed rock or concrete to prevent rodents
from burrowing into the houses. Feed and eggs should be stored in rodent-proof areas.
Bait stations should be placed throughout the house and maintained with fresh
rodenticide. The bait stations should be checked and re-baited regularly and numbered
for identification of areas with more rodent activity than others.
Cleaning and disinfection of the house between flocks serves to reduce the infection
pressure for a new incoming flock. The house should be cleaned of organic matter by
high pressure spraying with a warm water containing a detergent and disinfectant. Allow
time for the detergent to soak. After drying, the house should be disinfected or fumigated
and allowed to dry again before repopulating with birds. Heating the house during
washing improves the removal of organic matter. Wash the upper portion of the house
before the pit. Thoroughly clean the air inlets, fan housing, fan blades and fan louvers.
Flush and sanitize the water lines. All feed and manure should be removed from the
housing before cleaning. Allow a minimum of 2 weeks downtime between flocks.
Monitoring of poultry houses for the presence of Salmonella, particularly Salmonella
enteritidis, is recommended. This can be done by routine testing of the environment.
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Ver t i c al l y Tr ansmi t t ed Di seases
Some diseases are known to be transmitted from infected breeders to their progeny
(vertical transmission). The production and maintenance of disease-free breeders is the
first step in the control of these diseases at the commercial level. All breeders directly
under Hy-Line's control are free of Mycoplasma gallisepticum, Mycoplasma synoviae,
Salmonella pullorum, Salmonella gallinarum (typhoid), Salmonella enteritidis, and
lymphoid leukosis. Due to the possibility of horizontal transmission of any of these
diseases, subsequent generations may not remain free (these generations are not under
Hy-Line's control). It is the responsibility of the owners of the breeding and commercial
flocks to prevent horizontal transmission of these diseases and to continue testing to be
assured of a negative status.
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This page was last updated May 20, 2010
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Vac c i nat i on
Certain diseases are too widespread or difficult to eradicate and require a routine
vaccination program. In general, all flocks should be vaccinated against Marek's Diease,
Newcastle Disease, Infectious Bronchitis, Infectious Bursal Disease (IBD; Gumboro),
and Avian Encephalomyelitis (AE). The exact vaccination schedule depends upon many
things such as disease exposures expected, maternal immunities, vaccine types
available, and routes of administration preferred. Therefore, no one program can be
recommended for all locations and situations. Consult with local veterinarians to
determine the best vaccination program for your area. Following is a basic program
where breeders received an inactivated Newcastle-Bronchitis-IBD vaccine.
Basi c vac c i nat i on pr ogr am f or c ommer c i al var i et i es
1
Age Di sease Di st r i but i on r out e
1 day Marek's Disease (HVT/SB-1 or HVT/Rispens) Injection
18 days Infectious Bursal Disease Drinking water
24 days Infectious Bursal Disease
Newcastle
Bronchitis
Drinking water
Drinking water
Drinking water
30 days Infectious Bursal Disease Drinking water
6 weeks
Newcastle
Bronchitis
Spray
Spray
10 weeks
Avian Encephalomyelitis
Newcastle
Bronchitis
Spray
Spray
Spray
13 weeks Avian Encephalomyelitis
Pox
Newcastle
Bronchitis
Salmonella
Wing-web
Wing-web
Injection
Injection
Injection
15 weeks Newcastle
Bronchitis
Spray
Spray
1
Vaccination for other diseases may be required depending on local disease challenges.
Basi c vac c i nat i on pr ogr am f or par ent st oc k
1
Age Di sease Di st r i but i on r out e
1 day Marek's Disease (HVT/SB-1 or HVT/Rispens) Injection
18 days Infectious Bursal Disease Drinking water
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24 days Infectious Bursal Disease
Newcastle
Bronchitis
Drinking water
Drinking water
Drinking water
30 days Infectious Bursal Disease Drinking water
6 weeks
Newcastle
Bronchitis
Spray
Spray
10 weeks
Avian Encephalomyelitis
Newcastle
Bronchitis
Spray
Spray
Spray
13 weeks Avian Encephalomyelitis
Pox
Chick Anemia Virus
Newcastle
Bronchitis
Infectious Bursal Disease
Salmonella
Wing-web
Wing-web
Wing-web
Injection
Injection
Injection
Injection
15 weeks Newcastle
Bronchitis
Spray
Spray
1
Vaccination for other diseases may be required depending on local disease challenges.
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
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I nf ec t i ous Bur sal Di sease
Special attention should be paid to Infectious Bursal Disease (I BD) control. This disease
can have many subtle effects which are detrimental to pullet health. The primary feature
of IBD is immunosuppression caused by damage to the bursa of Fabricius, which leaves
the bird unable to fend off other disease challenges. Secondary diseases such as
gangrenous dermatitis, bacterial arthritis, peritonitis, and even Marek's Disease often
result. Virtually all flocks are exposed to IBD and, therefore, should be protected by
vaccination. Most breeding stock receives a killed IBD vaccine to boost maternal
antibodies in the chicks.
Research at Hy-Line International has shown the optimum time to vaccinate such chicks
with intermediate strain live vaccines is at 18 to 20 days, 24 to 26 days, and at 30 to 32
days of age. Extremely severe IBD challenges may require even more frequent
vaccination with stronger strains of vaccine during this period. Bursas can be examined
later to determine the extent of protection.
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I nt er nal Par asi t es
Infections with internal parasites cause damage to the bird's intestines. This may result
in a variety of problems including:
Decrease in shell strength, yolk color, egg size, and egg production.
Poor body weight gain leading to unevenness or stunted birds. Affected birds may
be dull and show pale combs.
Increased cannibalism through vent pecking due to straining. Death, in very heavy
infestations.
There are 3 main worms that may cause problems in free-range or cage birds:
Roundw or ms (Ascaridia galli). These are the largest and most common. They are
white, up to 5 cm (2 in) long and may be visible in droppings in heavy infestations.
Hai r w or ms (Capillaria). These are much smaller (hair-like) and are barely visible
with the naked eye but can cause significant damage even in only moderate
infestations.
Cec al w or ms (Heterakis gallinarum). These worms spend most of their time in the
ceca. Cecal worms are generally harmless, but can be the intermediary host of
another parasite, Histomonas, which can cause liver lesions.
Birds become infected by picking up worm eggs from litter, soil, or feces. The worm eggs
need warm moist conditions to develop outside the bird, which is why problems are
frequently worse in the spring and summer, especially following a wet spring. Worm
burdens can be identified by examination of feces, culled birds, or worm egg counts on
bulk feces.
Effective control is aimed at breaking the cycle of infection. Strategic use of anti-parasitic
drugs (in the growing phase) will help to reduce challenge, but this needs to be
combined with limiting stock density on land, the use of range rotation, good drainage,
and the removal of heavily contaminated soil around the house before new pullets arrive.
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Coc c i di a
This parasitic infection of the intestines can lead to intestinal damage and, in severe
infestations, death of birds. More commonly, poor control of sub-clinical infection
reduces feed conversion, or leaves pullets with chronic irreversible intestinal damage.
Such flocks may be uneven or underweight at housing, and may not perform to their full
potential in lay.
Currently, effective control is achieved with drug treatments in feed that suppress oocyst
output. These may involve the use of ionophores or chemicals on a step-down program
to ensure immunity in pullets. An alternative to anti-coccidial drug treatments is using a
live vaccine. Live coccidial vaccines are available that can be administered by spray in
the hatchery or by feed or water application the first few days in the brooder house. All
treatment/vaccination strategies should be supported with effective biosecurity. The use
of a disinfectant with proven efficacy against coccidial oocysts will reduce challenge
pressure. Maintenance of good dry litter will reduce oocyst build up.
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Ex t er nal Par asi t es
Mites, such as Red Mite (Dermanyssus gallinae) and Northern Fowl Mite (Ornithonyssus
sylviarum), are a cause of increasing problems in free-range and caged laying hens. It is
particularly severe in the summer months when the weather is warm and mites are able
to multiply quickly. Even light infestations can irritate the birds, leading to poor
performance and reduced feed intake. In more severe cases, infestations can lead to
some or all of the following:
Mites irritate the birds and can make the flock unsettled and nervous.
The incidence of peritonitis may increase and there may be increased vent pecking.
Feed intake may be depressed.
Heavy mite infestations can depress egg production up to 5%.
Heavy infestations of red mites will make birds anemic due to loss of blood. Birds
will be evident in the flock with pale combs and, if severely affected, mortality may
increase. Brown eggs may appear pale
There may be loss of yolk color andwith heavy infestations of red mitesthere will
be evidence of mites and mite feces on eggs and egg belts, which may lead to
downgrading of speckled eggs.
There may be an increase in floor eggs as birds will be reluctant to use heavily
infested nests.
Where there are heavy mite infestations, egg collectors may experience skin
irritation.
Breaking the cycle of re-infection when the house is empty is the most effective
approach. Treat the houses effectively at site depletion with an approved product,
properly applied, to reach into all crevices on equipment, slats, and nest boxes. Use a
fan nozzle to produce a flat spray. Do not mix pesticides with disinfectants unless
recommended by the manufacturer.
Monitor the house and birds during the life of the flock to allow prompt treatment even if
only light infestations are identified. Programs for treatment to break the Northern Fowl
Mite life cycle (5 to 7 days) should be done 3 times per day on days 0, 5, and 10. To
control Red Mites, complete fumigation of the house between flocks with an appropriate
pesticide is crucial for breaking the mite life cycle.
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Pr event i on of Fow l Pox i n Layi ng Hens
I nt r oduc t i on
Fowl pox virus is a slow spreading viral disease of various avian species that causes skin
lesions (dry pox) or diptheritic lesions (wet pox). Dry pox results in scabs and lesions around
the comb, wattle, ear lobes, and eyes. Wet pox lesions are associated with the oral cavity
and the upper respiratory tract, especially the larynx and trachea. Wet pox is more serious,
results in higher mortality, and is a source of current industry problems. The course of the
disease in individual birds is from 10 to 14 days and "on a flock basis" generally lasts 6 to
10 weeks.
There are many types of avian pox viruses and they tend to be specific to particular
species of birds. All age groups are at risk and distribution of this disease is worldwide.
The incidence of disease is variable depending on climate, management, hygiene,
biosecurity, and use of a regular vaccination program.
Hi st or y
Historically, outbreaks of wet pox have caused severe mortality losses in both vaccinated
and non-vaccinated flocks. Field isolates from severe wet pox cases have been studied and
some have been found to contain intact reticuloendotheliosis virus (REV) provirus or long
terminal repeats of REV. Most of these field strains show a greater pathogenicity and
induce an antibody response to both REV and fowl pox virus. Reticuloendotheliosis virus is
associated with immunosuppression and, with integrated sequences in the genome of fowl
pox virus, seems to play an important role in the pathogenesis and prolonged persistence of
wet pox.
Wet pox alone can cause high mortality of up to 50 to 60% in unvaccinated chickens.
This disease can start out as wet pox and spread to birds in the dry pox form and vice
versa. It can be found causing both wet and dry pox at the same time. Infectious
laryngotracheitis (I LT) can occur as a dual infection with wet pox.
Lesi ons
Dr y pox
While dry pox generally does not increase mortality, a severe outbreak can cause drops
in egg production up to 15%. A bird infected with dry pox will develop proliferative scabs
on unfeathered areas of skin, and the flock will display a high level of morbidity. An
infection in pullets will result in low mean body weight of the flock.
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Dry pox lesions on comb, nostrils, beak, and wattles.
Wet Pox
Tracheas can appear reddened or hemorrhagic during certain stages of the disease,
clinically similar to an ILT infection. The trachea wall is thickened with proliferative, inflamed,
often patchy lesions on the interior surface. Mortality occurs when the lesion totally occludes
the larynx or the upper part of the trachea.
Wet pox in trachea, patchy lesions.
Wet pox lesions in trachea, similar to infections laryngotracheitis (ILT).
Wet pox in trachea, thickened wall with necrotic tissue.
Occlusion of the larynx; typical of wet pox or infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT).
Wet pox lesions can also be found in the mouth or conjunctiva of the eye. Other upper
respiratory diseases such as ILT, viscerotropic velogenic Newcastle disease, avian
influenza, Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG), Mycoplasma synoviae (MS), coryza, and
cholera may complicate an initial diagnosis of wet pox because of similar respiratory
lesions.
Di agnosi s
Dr y pox
Dry pox can be identified visually by the characteristic scabs on the featherless areas of
the bird. Histopathology may be required for conclusive diagnosis.
Wet pox
Diagnosis of wet pox can be complicated by similar appearing lesions of other
respiratory diseases. The only conclusive way to confirm wet pox is by using
histopathology on suspect lesion tissue fixed in formalin. The presence of eosinophilic
intracytoplasmic inclusion bodies (Bollinger bodies) is diagnostic for pox virus infection.
Tr ansmi ssi on
The virus contained in the scabs contaminates the environment and remains infective for
many months. Mechanical transmission is considered the primary method for dissemination
of the virus, and infection can occur through injured or lacerated skin. Mechanical vectors
such as insects, can easily carry pox virus and may deposit the virus on susceptible birds.
Flys may walk on the eyes of birds, leaving virus behind, and mosquito bites can result in
rapid spread of pox throughout the farm. Airborne transmission is also suspected in many
cases of wet pox.
The mucous membranes of both the trachea and mouth appear to be highly susceptible
to the virus. The infection may occur in the absence of apparent trauma or injury. In a
contaminated house, the infection can spread easily bird to bird, cage to cage, and by
the standing water in drinking cups.
Pr event i on and c ont r ol
Because there is no effective cure for fowl pox, prevention and control are vital for
keeping flocks healthy. The following are some suggestions that will help decrease the
impact of fowl pox on a flock:
Virus particles can be found in the environment and debris found in the poultry
houses, thus dust control and disinfection of the environment are important.
An effective insect control program should be in place.
A biosecurity program to prevent the movement of equipment that could be
contaminated with pox should be implemented.
Vaccination is practiced based on history of exposurerevaccination, if necessary,
can be done in the face of an outbreak because pox infections are usually slow
spreading.
In the event of an outbreak, liquid iodine disinfectant (used for disinfecting water
lines) added to the water appears to aid in reducing mortality.
Create a stock solution by adding 30 to 45 mL/L (4 to 6 oz/gallon) iodine
disinfectant to water.
Add the stock solution to the water line through a medicator at a
concentration of 8 mL/L (1 oz/gallon) drinking water.
Spray or fog the house with a disinfectant to reduce exposure.
Vac c i nat i on
Vaccination should be completed prior to expected exposure to the fowl pox virus. Areas
that have mosquitoes throughout the year often use 2 vaccinations, one early and one
later for "permanent" protection.
Gui del i nes f or pox vac c i nat i on
Chicks can be vaccinated as early as 1 day of age. Tissue culture origin (TCO)
vaccines (at to dose per chick) can be used at hatch, either alone by single
needle wing-web, or in combination with Marek's disease vaccine. This type of
vaccination does not protect for the life of the bird, but should protect adequately
until the second vaccination is given.
For permanent protection, birds need to be vaccinated after 8 to 10 weeks of age
with a chick embryo origin (CEO) vaccine.
Use the 2-prong needle applicators supplied with the vaccine. This allows the skin to
be broken and exposed to vaccine virus 2 times and delivers a full dose of vaccine.
Check "takes" (i.e., a small swelling or scab at the inoculation site) 6 days post
vaccination. Vaccination "takes" should be seen in 99 to 100% of vaccinated pullets.
Check to make sure the correct quantity of vaccine is used and recorded for each
flock.
Vaccine reaction or "take." About 6 days post vaccination.
In addition to the above rules for pox, there are additional steps that may need to be
taken during a wet pox outbreak.
In high challenge areas, birds may need 2 vaccinations in the pullet stage; an early
vaccination at 3 to 6 weeks of age and a second at 8 to 14 weeks of age. Additional
vaccinations can be added, depending on the degree and time of challenge.
Pigeon pox vaccine appears to provide better cross protection to some wet pox field
strains. The combination of fowl pox and pigeon pox stimulates a broader spectrum
immune response needed for optimum protection. Use the combination of pigeon
pox and fowl pox vaccine at 1.25 doses of each per bird. These vaccines can be
mixed together and given in one application by wing web.
A better vaccination response occurs by breaking the skin at four places. The skin
can be punctured four times with one application by gluing 2 of the vaccine
applicators together. Additional vaccine diluent is required to provide 1.25
doses/bird. The quantity of vaccine used per flock should be checked and recorded.
In flocks that receive multiple pox vaccinations or a day of age vaccination, the
percentage of takes or degree of vaccine reaction from subsequent vaccinations will
be lower than 99 to 100% because some birds will still be previously protected and
not respond to the vaccine. "Takes" should still be checked and recorded after each
vaccination so a farm history can be developed.
There is no routine serological test for determining pox immunity, but one way to
check immunity is to take 200 to 300 birds at 18 to 20 weeks of age that have been
previously vaccinated and revaccinate them with a full dose of fowl pox. At 6 days
post vaccination, check for "takes." We should expect 99 to 100% of these birds to
show no "takes." A "take" at this time means they were not previously protected and
were susceptible to challenge. Flocks at this age (under severe challenge) that do
not show at least 95% protection may need to be revaccinated.
Conc l usi on
Dry and wet pox challenges are always present and generally well controlled with a
standard vaccination program, but you should monitor your pox control by constantly
reviewing:
changes in the challenge for the farm or surrounding area,
understanding if the vaccines cover the current pox challenge,
checking on administration, technique, handling, and storage of vaccine,
recording "takes" and quantity of vaccine used on each flock,
timing the vaccine administration for early pullet protection and for permanent
protection, and
implementing biosecurity practices to prevent introduction or spread of a pox
challenge.
This page was last updated February 1, 2010
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Feed Management
Regularly empty, clean, and disinfect feed bins and avoid unnecessary build-up of
dusty, stale, moldy, and unpalatable feed. Birds should be allowed to occasionally empty
feeders to avoid feed build-up in the feeders and to allow the birds to consume the fines
often left in the feed troughs. Order feed in good time to avoid running out of feed.
Upon feed delivery, before discharge, ensure that the correct product and quantities
have been delivered and that it is delivered to the correct feed bin. During discharge,
collect representable feed samples and label the sample bags appropriately before
storage (preferably at -20C or -4F) for at least 3 to 4 weeks (i.e., until all the feed from
the particular load has been consumed and no problems in production or egg quality
have been reported). Inspect the feed visually for particle size, color, and smell and
compare it with previous samples. In the event of a significant deviation from the norm,
inform your feed supplier immediately. Consider returning the load and, if so, send a
feed sample to an accredited laboratory for analysis to verify the suspected defect.
Periodically, feed samples should be sent to an accredited laboratory for analysis of
nutrient content (e.g., moisture, amino acids, total fat, crude protein, phosphorus,
calcium) and for comparison with the supplier's guarantees.
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Ener gy
Energy is supplied by dietary nutrients (i.e., fats or oils, carbohydrates, and amino acids)
and is necessary for growth and egg production. For poultry, apparent metabolizable
energy (defined as gross energy minus losses of energy in feces, urine, and gaseous
products) is typically used to express the available-energy content of feed ingredients
and complete diets. However, as illustrated in the table below, differences in the
metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name differ
substantially among regions. Some of the differences can be attributed to differences in
the feed ingredients' moisture content, but even when the metabolizable energy value is
expressed on a dry matter basis, the assigned energy values differ. As a result, the
calculated energy content of a given diet varies substantially depending on which
assigned energy values were used for the individual feed ingredients.
Tabl e val ues of sel ec t ed f eed i ngr edi ent s show i ng di f f er enc es i n
met abol i zabl e ener gy val ues (as -f ed val ues)
Regi on Cor n (mai ze) Wheat , sof t Soybean meal , 48%
kcal/kg MJ/kg kcal/kg MJ/kg kcal/kg MJ/kg
United States of America
1
3390 14.18 3210 13.43 2458 10.28
Brazil
2
3381 14.15 3046 12.74 2302 9.63
Netherlands
3
3415 14.29 3258 13.63 2309 9.66
France
4
3203 13.40 2988 12.50 2366 9.90
Europe
5
3289 13.79 3036 12.69 2323 9.72
1
Feedstuffs 2008 Reference issue and buyers guide. Feedstuffs, September 10, 2008. Minnetonka,
Minnesota, USA.
2
Rostagno, H. S. (ed.). 2005. Brazilian tables for poultry and swine. Composition of feedstuffs and nutritional
requirements. 2nd ed. Departamento de Zootecnia, Universidade Federal de Vicosa, Brazil.
3
Centraal Veevoederbureau (CVB). 2008. CVB Table booklet feeding of poultry. CVB-series no. 45. (values
of ME for laying hens, "MEla," are shown).
4
Sauvant, D., J.-M. Perez, and G. Tran (eds). 2004. Tables of composition and nutritional value of feed
materials. 2nd rev. ed. INRA-AFZ, France.
5
Janssen, W. M. M. A. (ed.). 1989. European table of energy values for poultry feedstuffs. 3rd ed.
Spederholt Center for Poultry Research and Information Services, Beekbergen, The Netherlands.
Because energy consumption is the main nutritional factor that determines the rate of
egg production, the flock's current rate of egg production (or egg-production curve) is the
best indicator of dietary energy adequacy. Comparisons of the flocks body weight with
the standards is also helpful in determining if the flock is consuming sufficient energy.
See also Feeding the Laying Hen.
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Pr ot ei n and Ami no Ac i ds
Birds do not require protein, but rather the amino acids that make up protein. Although
minimum recommendations for dietary crude protein contents are shown in the
accompanying tables, it is strongly recommended that diets be formulated on an amino
acid basis with no crude protein minimums. However, when no minimum crude protein
content is specified, it is important to consider the content of all amino acids to avoid
deficiencies. With the use of synthetic (crystalline) amino acids (lysine, methionine,
threonine), the limiting amino acids in most diets will likely be tryptophan, valine, or
isoleucine.
Di gest i bl e ami no ac i ds
A portion (typically 10 to 15%) of the dietary amino acids is not digested and instead
excreted in the feces. Because the indigestible portion varies greatly among feed
ingredients, it is highly recommended that diets are formulated on a digestible amino acid
basis. For instance, soybean meal, meat and bone meal, and cottonseed meal contain
about the same amounts of total methionine, but their methionine digestibilities differ
widely (see table below). Therefore, diets formulated on a total amino acid basis must
contain large (and costly) safety margins to account for the differences in digestible
amino acid content of different feed ingredients, especially when low-quality or coproduct
ingredients are used.
Di f f er enc es i n di gest i bi l i t y and c ont ent s of di gest i bl e met hi oni ne among
f eed i ngr edi ent s w i t h si mi l ar c ont ent s of t ot al met hi oni ne
Feed i ngr edi ent Met hi oni ne c ont ent s and di gest i bi l i t y
Soybean meal (48%)
0.64% total methionine 91% digestibility = 0.58% digestible
methionine
Meat and bone meal
1
(48%)
0.64% total methionine 85% digestibility = 0.54% digestible
methionine
Cottonseed meal
1
(46%)
0.64% total methionine 72% digestibility = 0.46% digestible
methionine
1
There may be legal and practical limitations in the use of meat and bone meal and/or cottonseed meal in
laying-hen diets other than the amino acid digestibility.
By formulating diets on a digestible amino acid basis, safety margins can be reduced and
feed ingredients can be more accurately valued based on their content of bioavailable
amino acids. Formulation of diets on a digestible amino acid basis is more accurate,
results in more economical diets, and can reduce the impact on the environment
compared to formulation on total amino acid basis or on a crude protein basis. Note that
the amino acid recommendations for Hy-Line birds are based on digestible amino acids.
Values for amino acid digestibilities in feed ingredients are available through amino acid
companies, such as Evonik and Ajinomoto. A table of amino acid digestibilities in
selected feed ingredients is available here in pdf format (322 kb).
I deal ami no ac i d r at i os
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The hens' requirements for individual amino acids change due to genetic or
environmental factors. However, the ratios among individual amino acids are only slightly
affected. Thus, once the ideal amino acid ratios have been determined, the requirement
for a single amino acid (i.e., lysine) can be determined experimentally for a given field
situation and the requirements for all the other amino acids calculated from the ideal
ratios. This approach has been adopted with success by the swine industry and is finding
use in the broiler industry as well.
The amino acid recommendations for all Hy-Line varieties are based on digestible lysine
and all other amino acids are calculated using ideal amino acid ratios. The ideal amino
acid ratios used are based on a review of the literature (see table below) as well as
analyses of practical commercial diets that result in excellent performance. The ideal
amino acid ratios used to set amino acid recommendations may differ slightly among Hy-
Line varieties due to differences in body weights and egg weights.
I deal ami no ac i d pr of i l es
1
f or l ayi ng hens.
Ami no
ac i d
Br egendahl
et al .
(2008)
2
NRC
(1994)
3
J ai s et
al .
(2008)
4
CVB
(1996)
5
Coon
and
Zhang
(1999)
5
Leeson
and
Summer s
(2005)
6
Rost agno
(2005)
5
Lysine 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Methionine 47 43 44 50 49 51 50
Methionine
+ cystine
94 84 93 81 88 91
Threonine 77 68 76 66 73 80 66
Tryptophan 22 23 16 19 20 21 23
Arginine

7
101 82 130 103 100
Isoleucine 79 94 76 79 86 79 83
Valine 93 101 64 86 102 89 90
1
Lysine requirement set at 100%.
2
Based on true digestible requirements for maximal egg mass (egg mass is defined as percent egg
production grams of egg weight).
3
Based on total amino acid requirements.
4
Based on nitrogen balance.
5
Based on digestible amino acid requirements.
6
Based on total amino acid requirements for 32-to-45-wk-old laying hens.
7
The arginine-to-lysine ratio was estimated to be 107 or less.
The differences in individual ideal amino acid ratios shown in the table above reflect
differences in how they were determined (i.e., by calculation from averages of amino acid
requirements from many or few experiments) and likely by differences in body weight and
egg production of the hens used in the respective experiments (i.e., partitioning of amino
acid needs among maintenance, body weight gain, and egg production). Currently, all
estimates of the ideal amino acid ratios for laying hens combine ratios for maintenance,
body weight gain, and egg production. It should therefore be expected that the ratios can
vary depending on the specific flock and its egg-production performance.
Li t er at ur e Ci t ed
Bregendahl, K., S. A. Roberts, B. Kerr, and D. Hoehler. 2008. Ideal ratios of isoleucine,
methionine, methionine plus cystine, threonine, tryptophan, and valine relative to lysine
for white leghorn-type laying hens of twenty-eight to thirty-four weeks of age. Poultry
Science 87:744-758.
Centraal Veevoederbureau (CVB). 1996. Aminozurenbehoefte van Leghennen en
Vleeskuikens [Amino acid requirements for laying hens and broiler chickens].
Documentation Report nr. 18 (in Dutch). Lelystad, The Netherlands.
Coon, C., and B. Zhang. 1999. Ideal amino acid profile for layers examined. Feedstuffs
71(14):13-15, 31.
Jais, C., F. X. Roth, and M. Kirchgessner. 1995. The determination of the optimum ratio
between the essential amino acids in laying hen diets. Archiv fr Geflgelkunde 59:292-
302.
Leeson, S., and J. D. Summers. 2005. Commercial Poultry Production. 3rd ed. University
Books, Guelph, ON.
NRC. 1994. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. 9th ed. National Academy Press,
Washington, DC.
Rostagno, H. S. 2005. Brazilian tables for poultry and swine. Composition of feedstuffs
and nutritional requirements. 2nd ed. Departamento de Zootecnia, Universidade Federal
de Vicosa, Brazil.
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Use of Ex ogenous Feed Enzymes
Exogenous feed enzymes can be effective in improving the digestibility of nutrients and
energy in feed ingredients, thereby lowering diet cost and the impact on the
environment. For instance, phytase can be used effectively to increase phosphorus
bioavailability from phytate-containing ingredients, such as corn grain and soybean meal,
whereas carbohydrases, such as xylanase and beta-glucanase, can effectively increase
the diet's energy digestibility.
However, the composition of the complete diet must be carefully considered to ensure
that the exogenous enzymes have sufficient amounts of substrates to work on. For
instance, the efficacy of phytase is greatest when all the phosphorus in the diet comes
from phytate-containing ingredients. The available-phosphorus credit assigned to
phytase should be higher in a diet containing corn and soybean meal than in a diet
containing wheat, soybean meal, and meat-and-bone meal. Failure to consider the
phytate content of the complete diet when assigning an available-phosphorus credit to
the phytase product may lead to phosphorus deficiencies, resulting in poor egg
production, osteomalacia, and gout. Similarly, failure to consider the xylan or beta-glucan
content of the complete diet when assigning energy credits to a carbohydrase product
may lead to insufficient energy consumption, resulting in reduced growth, egg
production, and egg weight.
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Feedi ng t he Pul l et
Feeding and management of pullets during the growing period have major effects on
egg production and egg weights during the laying period. Mistakes made during the
growing period can lead to poor production in lay and cannot easily be corrected during
the laying period. Therefore, flexibility in pullet diet formulation and in the timing of diet
changes is necessary to ensure that body weight and uniformity targets are met.
Feeding the starter diet as crumbles can improve body weight gain and uniformity by
increasing the chicks' feed consumption and avoiding selective feeding.
Di et or phase c hanges
Diet changes are governed by target body weights, not bird age. Close monitoring of the
pullets' body weight is therefore a key prerequisite for diet changes. If chicks are below
the recommended target weight at 3 weeks of age (when a change from the starter diet
to the grower diet is normally recommended), the starter diet should be fed longer until
the target weight-for-age is met. If there is a large discrepancy between the pullets' body
weight and the target weight, diets can be reformulated with higher energy
concentrations. Other options to consider include any factor that affect feed intake and,
therefore consumption of energy and nutrients. These factors include
Speed of feeders and the duration of the feedingthe feeders should run long
enough to ensure that feed is distributed throughout the barn, adding 2 to 3 cm (1 in)
of feed in the feed trough.
The numbers of feedings per daythe feeders should run when the lights are turned
on in the morning and before lights are turned off in the evening. Additional feeding
periods should be distributed throughout the day, potentially with a pause in the
middle of the day so the birds can empty (or almost empty) the feed troughs. A
midnight feeding can also be used to increase feed consumption.
Drinking-water flow rateif birds do not drink water, they do not consume feed.
Insufficient feeder or water space (crowding)too little access to feed and/or water
decreases feed consumption and, therefore, growth rate.
Feed refusalcould be caused by presence of molds or mycotoxins. Or parts of the
feed may not be consumed if ground too fine (i.e., poor particle-size distribution) or if
the crumble-quality is not good.
Abrupt feed-formulation changestoo large changes in feed-ingredient compositiion
or nutrient content may (temporarily) decrease feed consumption.
Lack of perches or insufficient perch spaceperches improves the social
environment and allow less-agressive birds in teh flock to consume more feed and
water.
I nf l uenc i ng t he r at e of body w ei ght gai n t hr ough nut r i t i on
Young pullets do not regulate feed consumption based on energy intake as well as
mature laying hens do, and they will therefore usualy respond to higher-energy diets with
an increase in body weight gain. Increasing the dietary energy content to promote
growth in warm weather (when feed consumption is depressed) may not be as effective
as in cool weather; therefore, the concentrations of amino acids, minerals, and vitamins
should also be increased proportionally, following the principles of formulating for feed
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intake for laying hens.
Although high-density diets can be used to improve body weight gain, the sustained
feeding of diets with higher-than-recommended energy contents or with a low fiber
content can result in inadequate development of the birds' capacity for feed
consumption, leading to low feed intakes and egg-production during lay. As long as
body weight targets can be met, the energy content of the pre-lay diet should be lower
than that of the preceding (developer) and subsequent (peaking) diet to encourage
increased feed consumption and build capacity for feed consumption during lay. A
midnight feeding can be used to increase feed intake and body weight gain, which is
especially beneficial in hot weather.
Pr e-l ay di et s
The recommended calcium content in the pullet diet is around 1%, which ensures
sufficient calcium consumption to develop a good bone structure. The pre-lay diet, fed at
the beginning of sexual maturity (i.e., approximately 2 weeks prior to the first egg and
never earlier than 15 weeks of age), should contain higher levels of calcium (2.5%
calcium) and avaiolable phosphorus than the grower diets in an effort to help develop
medullary bone.
Medullary bone acts as a calcium reservoir, from which the mature hen can quickly
mobilize calcium for eggshell formation. Proper development of medullary bone has
implications for osteoporosis and eggshell quality in late lay. Nevertheless, the extra
management of a pre-lay diet, which is fed for only a short time, may preclude its use. In
these cases, it is not recommended to feed a layer-type diet with high (4 to 5%) calcium
prior to sexual maturity (i.e., instead of a pre-layer diet), because it can lead to wet
manure, which persist well into the lay period.
On the other hand, the grower and pre-lay diets should not be fed beyond the first egg,
as they contain inadequate amounts of calcium for sustained egg production. If it is not
practical to feed a pre-lay diet with 2.5% calcium for 2 weeks prior to lay, the last diet
before point-of-lay should contain 1.4% calcium. Although this level of calcium is not as
good as 2.5% calcium to help develop medullary bone, it is better than 1% calcium; the
1.4% calcium is not high enough to cause problems with kidney damage or wet manure
in lay.
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Feedi ng t he Layi ng Hen
The nutrition recommendations are based on supplying a given amount of nutrients per
day to each hen. The recommended amount of nutrients are provided in milligrams or
grams per day and one must therefore know (or acurately estimate) the hens' daily feed
intake in order to calculate the dietary percentage inclusion of each nutrient. The diets
should be formulated on a digestible amino acid basis according to desired egg
production, egg weight, eggshell quality, and observed feed intake (see below). The
level of egg production is mainly controlled by the energy intake, whereas the egg weight
is affectednot controlledby consumption of balanced protein and fats.
For mul at i ng f or f eed i nt ak e
The hens' feed consumption rate is governed by several factors, including body weight
(or age), rate of egg production, egg weight, effective ambient temperature, feed texture,
dietary nutrient imbalances, and dietary energy content. The latter is especially
important, because hens tend to increase or decrease feed consumption to maintain
energy intake within a given range determined by the hens' physical capacity for feed
intake-in other words, hens will attempt to consume more of a low-energy diet than of a
high-energy diet. Only in special cases (such as nutrient imbalances or marginal salt
deficiencies) will the hens adjust their feed consumption to meet their needs for specific
nutrients, but usually not with great accuracy.
Accurate and frequent estimates of actual flock feed intake are critical to effective feed
formulation. Because the hens' feed consumption rate can vary with age of the bird,
effective ambient temperature, and dietary energy content, the diet's concentration of
energy and nutrients should be carefully considered such that the diet provides the
recommended grams or milligrams of nutrient intake.
For example, with an observed feed consumption of 95 g/day and a recommended daily
calcium intake of 4.10 g/day, the dietary calcium concentration should be 4.32%:
(4.10 g Ca needed 100) / 95 g feed consumed = 4.32% Ca in the diet
Similarly, if the recommended digestible lysine consumption is 750 mg/day, the dietary
concentration of digestible lysine should be 0.79%:
(750 mg lysine needed 100) / 95 g feed consumed = 0.789% lysine in the diet
Should the daily feed consumption decrease to, say, 85 g/day (for instance due to increased
effective ambient temperature or an increase in the dietary energy concentration), the hens
fed the above diet would consume only (85 g 4.32% =) 3.67 g calcium and (85 g 0.79%
=) 672 mg digestible lysine, which is significantly less that the recommended amounts. The
same is true for other nutrients and energy. As a result, eggshell quality, egg weight, and
egg production may decrease. Therefore, with a feed consumption of 85 g/day, the dietary
concentrations of calcium and digestible lysine should be adjusted to 4.82% and 0.88%,
respectively, to ensure the recommended calcium and digestible-lysine intakes of 4.10 g
and 750 mg, respectively. This principle is demonstrated in the nutrition tables where the
nutrient levels are expressed on a percentage basis according to the feed intake.
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Feedi ng at st ar t of l ay
Formulating for the observed feed intake is especially important at onset of lay. The daily
feed intake is relatively low in the time between the onset of egg production and peak
egg production (18 to approximately 32 weeks of age). Yet, it is important to provide the
hen with adequate nutrition at this time to sustain increases in body weight and the high
demands for egg productionremember that even though the whole flock's egg
production is, say 50%, the hens that are laying eggs lay 1 egg per day (corresponding
to 100% egg production for the individual hen). This high demand for energy and
nutrients should be met, but can be difficult because of the relatively low feed intake at
this age. Therefore, it is recommended to start feeding a fairly concentrated diet,
formulated for a relatively low feed intake, and then change diet to a less concentrated
diet as the feed intake develops with age. Suggested nutrition programs are available for
each of Hy-Line's laying hens.
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
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Nut r i t i on and Egg Wei ght
Body weight at point of lay influences yolk size, which, in turn, influences egg weight.
Therefore, changing the pullet feeding and management program to increase body
weight at point of lay can increase the egg size throughout the laying period and vice
versa.
During the laying period, egg weight can be influenced by changing the consumption of
balanced protein or amino acids (of these, methionine has traditionally been used to
affect egg weight), linoleic acid, and supplemental fat or oil. Rather than changing just
methionine, it is recommended to change all the amino acids to influence egg weight.
Consumption of energy will typically affect the rate of egg production before affecting
egg weight, so the dietary energy content should normally not be changed in an attempt
to influence egg weight.
Note that if these nutritional strategies are used to influence egg weights to avoid
excessively heavy eggs, i t i s i mpor t ant t o st ar t egg -w ei ght c ont r ol ear l y i n
t he pr oduc t i on c yc l e (i.e., 2 to 3 g before the desired egg weight). Once the eggs
are above the desired weights, it is difficultif not impossibleto reduce egg weight
without also reducing egg production.
Strategies to decrease (or "control") egg weight include
1. Reducing feed intake
this may best be done by increasing the ambient temperature in the barn
without negatively affecting air quality, or
by controlling the number of feedings per day),
2. Reducing the consumption of amino acids ("balanced protein")
3. Reducing the consumption of fat or oil
this may be done without affecting the dietary energy content through the use
of exogenous feed enzymes
for the Hy-Line W-36 and W-36 Parent Stock, reducing the dietary fat or oil
content before peak production is helpful (as long as the birds still receive
sufficient energy)
4. Reducing the consumption of linoleic acid (C18:2 n-3)
it appears that fat or oil in general (as opposed to a specific fatty acid) has
more influence on egg weight than linoleic acid (at linoleic-acid intakes
above 1 g per day)
5. Reducing the body weight at point of lay (and avoid increases in body weight above
the performance standards throughout the lay cycle).
The opposite strategies can be used to increase egg size. All strategies (except perhaps
body weight, which is not easily changed without changing egg production) can be
implemented at different ages to influence the shape of the egg-weight curve.
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This page was last updated June 28, 2010
Nut r i t i on and Eggshel l Qual i t y
Adequate consumption of calcium, phosphorus, trace minerals (e.g., zinc, magnesium,
manganese, and copper), and vitamin D
3
is essential for eggshell quality. Bioavailability
(and solubility) of the minerals vary greatly among feed ingredients and should be
considered when formulating diets.
The eggshell contains about 2 g calcium regardless of the laying-hen's age or egg
weight. Therefore, as the hens' age and the eggs become larger, the shell becomes
thinner. At the same time, the hens' ability to absorb calcium from the intestines
diminishes. There are therefore several strategies to improve eggshell quality in late lay:
Feed a pre-lay diet,
formulate diets for observed feed consumption,
control egg weight,
increase the dietary content of calcium,
change the form of the calcium supplement,
increase the consumption of vitamin D
3
,
increase consumption of 25-hydroxy vitamin D
3
,
increase consumption of organic (chelated) trace mineral, and
replace part of the dietary salt (NaCl) with sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO
3
) during hot
weather.
Feed a pr e-l ay di et
The pre-lay diet should contain about 2.5% calcium and is fed for 2 weeks prior to the
first egg is laid (but not before 15 weeks of age). This type of diet helps develop
medullary bone, which is a type of bone found inside the long bones (e.g., inside the
femur). Medullary bone acts as a source (or reservoir) of calcium at night for eggshell
formation. A more highly developed medullary bone will help improve eggshell quality,
especially late in lay. Feeding the pre-lay diet is an option before the flock starts egg
production.
For mul at e di et s f or obser ved f eed c onsumpt i on
The percentage concentration of nutrients in the diet should correlate with the observed
feed consumption, such that the diet provides the recommended grams or milligrams of
the individual nutrients. Recommended diet concentrations for selected feed
consumption rates and ages are available for each Hy-Line variety in the Nutrition
Recommendations section.
Cont r ol egg w ei ght
As mentioned above, larger eggs have thinner shells, so a relatively smaller egg will
have a better shell quality. Egg weight is influenced by several factors, including body
weight (larger hens will lay larger eggs) and nutrition. Start controlling egg weight with
nutrition when the egg is 2 to 3 g lighter than the desired egg weight. Once the egg
weight is too great, it is all but impossible to make it smaller without adversely affecting
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Nutrition and Eggshell Quality
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egg production. Egg weight can be influenced by reducing the consumption of amino
acids (reduce all the amino acids, not just methionine, to make a less expensive diet),
linoleic acid, and oil in general.
I nc r ease t he di et ar y c ont ent of c al c i um
The hens' ability to absorb calcium from the diet diminishes with age, so the dietary
calcium content should be increased with age. This is reflected in the nutrient
recommendations. However, sometimes, higher or lower levels of calcium will result in
good eggshell quality, so some flexibility in calcium levels is desiredthe optimal calcium
level in the diet is that which results in the best eggshell quality; this calcium level may be
different from that shown in the management guide, but usually very close. Although it is
preferred to increase the dietary content of calcium through changes in diet formulation,
top-dressing with a calcium source (e.g., CaCO
3
, marine shells, or oyster shells) can be
effective. In this case, the calcium source can be distributed by hand directly into the
feeders (on top of the feed) or it can be added to the hopper or feed container at the
feed-distribution point inside the house.
Change t he f or m of t he c al c i um suppl ement
The form in which calcium is added to the diet can also improve eggshell quality. Hy-Line
recommends that 65% of the added CaCO
3
should have a mean particle size of 2 to 4
mm, while 35% of the added CaCO
3
should have a mean particle size less than 2 mm.
The lower solubility of the large-particle-size CaCO
3
will ensure that there is calcium
available in the intestines during the night hours, when the hens normally do not
consume the calcium-rich feed. If large-particle-size CaCO
3
or oyster shells are
topdressed onto the feed instead of mixing it directly into the feed, it is best to topdress in
the late afternoon a few hours before the lights are turned off. A midnight feeding may
provide sufficient calcium during the night, such that large-particle-size CaCO
3
may not
be necessary to optimize eggshell quality, although it is still recommended.
I nc r ease t he c onsumpt i on of vi t ami n D
3
Vitamin D
3
is involved in the regulation of calcium absorption from the intestines.
Therefore, increasing the consumption of vitamin D
3
(though the vitamin premix or
drinking water) may increase shell quality. Although Vitamin D
2
may be available for
purchase, Vitamin D
2
is not metabolized by poultry and, therefore, has no vitamin-D
activity. Therefore, only vitamin D
3
can be used in poultry feed.
I nc r ease c onsumpt i on of 25-hydr ox y vi t ami n D
3
The 25-hydroxy (25-OH) vitamin D
3
helps improve calcium retention and may be given
through the feed or drinking water according with the manufacturer's recommendations.
The 25-OH vitamin D
3
can be mixed into the feed (e.g., through the vitamin premix) or
administered through the drinking water.
I nc r ease c onsumpt i on of or gani c (c hel at ed) t r ac e mi ner al s.
Consumption of organic zinc (Zn), manganese (Mn), and copper (Cu) has been shown to
increase eggshell quality, especially in older layers. As a result, about 20 ppm each of
Zn and Mn could be included in the trace mineral premix and an additional inclusion rate
of organic Zn, Mn, and Cu could be administered in the feed during mid to late lay.
Repl ac e par t of t he di et ar y sal t (NaCl ) w i t h sodi um bi c ar bonat e
(NaHCO
3
)
Under heat-stress conditions, the diet can be re-formulated with 20 to 30% of the sodium
(Na) coming from sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO
3
). During heat stress, birds increase their
respiration rate ('pant') to remove excess heat, which, in turn, affects the bicarbonate
buffer system in the blood. Specifically, the equilibrium
CO
2
+ H
2
O H
2
CO
3
HCO
3
-
+ H
+
shifts towards the left, in effect removing HCO
3
-
from the blood. A reduction in the blood
concentration of HCO
3
-
can adversely affect eggshell quality, because the HCO
3
-
is used
for eggshell formation (the calcium in the eggshell is in the form of CaCO
3
). Adding a dietary
source of HCO
3
-
in the form of NaHCO
3
can therefore help improve eggshell quality in
warm weather. It is important to maintain the overall dietary content of sodium by reducing
the amount of salt (i.e., do not just add NaHCO
3
without reducing the NaCl in the diet),
because an increase in sodium consumption can cause wet manure. Also note, that when
salt (NaCl) is partially removed from the diet, the dietary content of chloride (Cl) is lowered;
therefore, make sure that the diet contains sufficient chloride to meet the birds' needs. The
minimum recommendations for sodium and chloride are provided in the nutrition-
recommendations section.
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Dr i nk i ng Wat er
Water is the most important nutrient and good-quality water must be available to the
birds at all times. Only in special cases (e.g., prior to vaccine delivery through the
drinking water), should drinking water be restricted, and then only for a short time and
under careful monitoring.
Moni t or i ng dr i nk i ng-w at er i nt ak e
Water and feed consumption are directly relatedwhen birds drink less water, they
consume less feed, and production quickly declines accordingly. As a general rule,
healthy adult birds will consume twice as much water as feed, although the ratio
increases during periods of warm weather. Installation and use of water meters in each
house or barn are recommended to monitor the flock's water intake on a daily basis.
Such daily water-intake records can be used as an early warning of problems in the
flock.
Dr i nk i ng-w at er qual i t y
Suggested maximum mineral concentrations as well as a suggested range of pH for
drinking water are shown in the table below. In addition, nitrites (NO
2
2-
) and bacterial
contamination should be minimized (Leeson and Summers, 2005). In some cases, high
concentrations of certain minerals (e.g., sodium, Na) in the drinking water should lead to
corresponding changes in the dietary composition to avoid excessive mineral intakes.
Suggest ed max i mum c onc ent r at i ons of sel ec t ed mi ner al s i n dr i nk i ng
w at er (Leeson and Summer s, 2005).
I t em Conc ent r at i on
ppm or mg/L
Total soluble salts ("hardness") 1500
Chloride (Cl) 500
Sulfate (S) 1000
Iron (Fe) 50
Magnesium (Mg) 200
Potassium (K) 500
Sodium (Na) 500
Nitrate (NO
3
-
) 50
Arsenic (As) 0.01
pH (acidity) 6.0-8.5
Li t er at ur e Ci t ed
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Leeson, S., and J. D. Summers. 2005. Commercial Poultry Production. 3rd ed. University
Books, Guelph, ON.
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
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Feedi ng Rapeseed Meal or Canol a Meal
t o Hy-Li ne Br ow n Hens
All Hy-Line Brown hens, hatched after January 1 2009, can be fed diets containing at
least 24% double-low rapeseed meal or Canola meal without causing fishy taint eggs.
However, the highest recommended dietary content of rapeseed meal or Canola meal
for Hy-Line Brown hens is 8 to 10%, similar to that of white laying hens.
This information is also available in pdf format (1089 kb).
Rapeseed (Canol a) meal
Rapeseed meal and Canola meal are the products remaining after the oil has been
extracted from rapeseed and Canola, respectively. Rapeseed (Brassica napus and
Brassica campestris/rapa) that have been bred to contain low levels (i.e., less than 2%)
of erucic acid in the oil and low levels (i.e., less than 30 mol/g) of glucosinolates in the
meal portion are called double-low rapeseed or Canola.
Depending on the type of rapeseed used, the extent to which oil is extracted, and the
addition of the fibrous hulls back to the meal, rapeseed meal contains 32 to 38% crude
protein and is a good source of amino acids (Table 1). However, the relatively high
content of fiber reduces the metabolizable energy content and also adversely affects the
digestibility of amino acids. Nevertheless, rapeseed meal is used throughout the world as
a protein source in pullet and laying-hen diets, and its use is second only to soybean
meal.
In the 1970s, it was recognized that rapeseed meal in the diet of brown-shell laying hens
could result in a low proportion of the eggs produced having a fishy taint or odor. This
does not normally occur in white-shell laying hens. As a result, rapeseed meal is usually
only fed to brown-shell laying hens in small amounts (i.e., no more than 2 to 3% of the
diet), if at all.
Fi shy t ai nt eggs
Fishy taint eggs are caused by deposition of fishy smelling tri-methylamine (TMA) in the
egg yolk. Although variable, people can detect a fishy taint in eggs when the yolks
contain more than about 4 g TMA per gram yolk. The contents of sinapine and
glucosinolates in dietary rapeseed meal along with a defective gene in some brown hens
are the main causes of the fishy taint eggs.
Rapeseed meal contains 0.6 to 1.8% sinapine, which consists of sinapinic acid bound to
choline (Figure 1). Sinapine is not digested by the hens, but moves with other undigested
feed into the large intestines, where one of the fermentation products is TMA. The TMA
is subsequently absorbed into the blood. Normally, the TMA is oxidized in the liver by the
enzyme, flavin-containing monooxygenase 3 (FMO3 ), to the odorless TMA N-oxide,
which is excreted by the kidneys. However, a small proportion of brown hens have a
mutation in the FMO3 gene that renders the enzyme defective and allows the fishy
smelling TMA to be deposited in the egg yolk. Although sinapine is a form of choline,
other forms of choline (e.g., choline chloride) fed to brown hens at normal inclusion
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levels do not cause fishy taint eggs, because the choline is absorbed in the small
intestines before it can be fermented to TMA in the large intestines.
Figure 1. Structure of sinapine, showing its components, sinapinic acid, choline, and trimethylamine (TMA).
The bond between sinapinic acid and choline is broken by bacterial fermentation in the large intestines;
choline is further broken down by bacteria in the large intestines to TMA, which is absorbed into the blood.
Rapeseed meal contains glucosinolatesalthough the glucosinolate content must be
less than 30 mol/g to be called double-low rapeseed or Canola. Typically, Canadian-
grown Canola meal contains about 7 mol/g glucosinolates, whereas traditional (i.e.,
non-double-low) rapeseed meal contains 120 to 150 mol/g. The glucosinolates are
undesirable in part because they are unpalatable and in part because their breakdown
products can inhibit the hens' production of thyroid hormones. In addition, the
glucosinolates inhibit oxidase enzymes, including the FMO3 enzyme that oxidizes TMA
to the odorless TMA N-oxide. Thus, consumption of glucosinolates may cause fishy taint
eggs, depending on the amount of glucosinolate (and sinapine) consumed.
Rapeseed meal and Canol a meal c an be f ed t o Hy -Li ne Br ow n
hens
Hy-Line Brown hens, hatched after January 1 2009, can tolerate high amounts of
rapeseed meal without fear of causing fishy taint eggs. In a recent experiment conducted
in Dr. Hank Classens' laboratory at the University of Saskatchewan in Canada, Hy-Line
Brown hens were fed diets containing up to 24% Canola meal. Even with this very high
dietary content of Canola, the Hy-Line Brown hens were able to maintain a TMA content
in the yolk below the 4 g/g detection level (Ward et al., 2009).
When applying the information from the research by Ward et al. (2009) to field situations,
there are a few items to consider:
The highest level of Canola meal fed was 24%, so it is possible that the Hy-Line
Brown hens can tolerate higher amounts without affecting the TMA content in the
yolk. That said, it is unlikely that commercial diets will contain more than 24%
Canola meal. Indeed, typically, no more than 5 to 8% Canola meal is recommended
in diets for white laying hens, because of relatively low energy and nutrient contents
that limits the dietary inclusion rate, a relatively high content of tannins that
adversely affect palatability, and the contents of goitrogens (even in double-low
rapeseed meal) that adversely affect egg production. So, in white laying hens, no
more than about 8% rapeseed meal is recommended in the diet. It is therefore
unlikely that Hy-Line Brown hens will be fed diets containing more than 8%
rapeseed meal.
The highest level of rapeseed meal that can be fed to Hy-Line Brown hens without
causing fishy taint eggs depends on the concentration of sinapine (and other forms
of choline) in the specific rapeseed meal that is fed. If the locally available rapeseed
meal contains "high" amounts of sinapine and if the rapeseed meal is included in
"high" amounts in the diet, it is technically possible to overwhelm the FMO3 enzyme
so that not all the TMA is oxidized to non-odorous TMA N-oxide.
The experiment by Ward et al. (2009) lasted for only 4 weeks. From this particular
study, it is impossible to know if dietary rapeseed meal will cause fishy taint if fed to
Hy-Line Brown hens throughout their entire grow and production cycle. That said, it
is unlikely that feeding even very high levels of double-low rapeseed to Hy-Line
Brown hens for more than 4 weeks or throughout the hens' life cycle will cause fishy-
taint eggs.
Rec ommendat i ons
Hy-Line Brown hens can tolerate relatively high amounts of rapeseed meal without
causing fishy taint eggs. From the study by Ward et al. (2009), conducted with Hy-Line
Brown hens, it is evident that the diet can contain at least 24% rapeseed meal without
causing fishy taint eggs. Under practical, commercial conditions, it is unlikely that a
laying hen diet will contain rapeseed meal at such high levels. Therefore, the content of
rapeseed meal in diets for Hy-Line Brown hens is only limited by its energy and nutrient
contents, its contents of tannins, and its price relative to other protein supplements. The
fear of fishy taint eggs need not influence the dietary inclusion level of rapeseed meal to
Hy-Line Brown hens. In other words, egg pr oduc er s c an use r apeseed meal i n
di et s f or Hy -Li ne Br ow n hens t he same w ay as t hey w oul d f or w hi t e
l ayi ng hens.
Li t er at ur e c i t ed
Ward, A. K., H. L. Classen, and F. C. Buchanan. 2009. Fishy-egg tainting is recessively
inherited when brown-shelled layers are fed canola meal. Poultry Science 88:714-721.
Avai l abi l i t y
Note that the local availability of Hy-Line Brown chicks that can tolerate double-low
rapeseed meal depends on the grandparent or parent-stock flock; please check with
your local Hy-Line sales agent for availability.
Tabl e 1. Nut r i t i onal c omposi t i on of r apeseed (Canol a) meal and
soybean meal (as -f ed basi s, st andar di zed t o 88% dr y mat t er ). Not e t hat
t he c omposi t i on of r apeseed meal and soybean meal depends on
var i et y, l oc al gr ow i ng c ondi t i ons, and pr oc essi ng.
I t em Doubl e-l ow r apeseed or
Canol a meal
Soybean meal
Dry matter, % 88.0 88.0
Crude protein, % 36.8 47.8
MEn,
1
kcal/kg
2040 2458
MEn,
1
kcal/lb
925 1115
MEn,
1
MJ/kg
8.54 10.29
Ether extract
(crude fat), %
3.67 1.00
Linoleic acid
(C18:2, n-6), %
0.77 0.50
Crude fiber, % 10.73 3.00
Calcium (Ca), % 0.66 0.20
Phosphorus (P)
(total), %
1.13 0.65
Phosphorus (P)
(available), %
0.29 0.21
Sodium (Na), % 0.10 0.04
Potassium (K), % 1.25 1.90
Sulfur (S), % 0.97 0.43
Chloride (Cl), % 0.10 0.02
Ash, % 6.96 6.00
Goitrogens,
mol/g
<30
2

Erucic acid
(C22:1, n-9), %
0.07
2

Tannins, % 1.5-3.0
Sinapine, % 0.6-1.8
Price,
3
US dollars
per 1000 kg
238 326

Total
content
Digestibility
4 Digestible
content
Total
content
Digestibility
4 Digestible
content
Methionine, % 0.74 84 0.63 0.70 91 0.64
Cystine, % 0.94 77 0.72 0.71 82 0.58
Methionine +
cystine, %
1.68 1.35 1.41 1.22
Lysine, % 1.95 80 1.56 3.02 90 2.72
Tryptophan, % 0.44 80 0.36 0.70 89 0.62
Threonine, % 1.45 73 1.06 2.00 85 1.70
Isoleucine, % 1.46 79 1.15 2.60 89 2.31
Histidine, % 1.06 85 0.90 1.30 92 1.20
Valine, % 1.88 79 1.48 2.70 88 2.38
Leucine, % 2.51 82 2.06 3.80 89 3.38
Arginine, % 2.22 87 2.06 3.60 93 3.35
Phenylalanine, % 1.45 83 1.20 2.70 89 2.40
1
Nitrogen-corrected metabolizable energy.
2
By definition, double-low rapeseed and Canola must contain less than 30 mol/g total glucosinolates in the
meal and less than 2% erucic acid in the oil.
3
Price including delivery in Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA (October 12, 2009).
4
Standardized (true) ileal digestibility.
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Vi t ami n Rec ommendat i ons
The vitamin recommendations shown below include a safety margin. However, if the
feed consumption is low due to heat stress or during the time of developing appetite
between point of lay and peak egg production, the dietary vitamin content can be
increased. This is most easily done by increasing the dietary addition of the vitamin
premix (for example from 3 kg premix per 1000 kg diet to 3.75 kg premix per 1000 kg
diet). Note that local regulations may limit the dietary content of individual vitamins,
which, in turn, may limit how much 'extra' vitamin premix can be added to the diet.
Jump to the table for
Commercial pullets (growing period)
Commercial laying hens (laying period)
Breeders (parent stock) (growing and laying periods)
See also the recommendations for trace minerals.
Rec ommendat i ons f or added vi t ami ns f or c ommer c i al pul l et s
1
Vi t ami n Rec ommended mi ni mum vi t ami n c ont ent i n t he
c ompl et e di et
per 1 kg diet per 1 lb diet
Vitamin A, IU 9900 4490
Vitamin D
3
, IU
3300 1497
25-hydroxy Vitamin
D
3
,
2
g
55
(0.055 mg)
25
(0.025 mg)
Vitamin E, IU 22 10
Vitamin K (menadione),
mg
3.3 1.5
Thiamine (B
1
), mg
2.2 1.0
Riboflavin (B
2
), mg
6.6 3.0
Niacin (B
3
), mg
33 15
Pantothenic acid (B
5
),
mg
11 5
Pyridoxine (B
6
), mg
4.4 2.0
Biotin (B
7
), g
55
(0.55 mg)
25
(0.25 mg)
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Management
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Lighting Program
Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Vitamins
Trace minerals

Hy-Line W-36
Hy-Line W-98
Hy-Line Brown
Hy-Line Silver Brown
Hy-Line Gray

Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock
Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent
Stock
Performance Standards
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Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
Folic acid (B
9
), mg
0.9 0.4
Cobalamine (B
12
), g
22
(0.022 mg)
10
(0.010 mg)
Choline, mg 110 50
1
Minimum recommendations for growing period. Local laws or regulations may limit the dietary inclusion of
some vitamins.
2
If 25-OH Vitamin D
3
is added to the diet, the contents of 'regular' vitamin D
3
may be lowered in accordance
with the manufacturer's recommendations or to comply with local laws regulating the total amount of Vitamin
D added to the diet.
Rec ommendat i ons f or added vi t ami ns f or c ommer c i al l ayi ng hens
1,2
Vi t ami n Rec ommended mi ni mum vi t ami n c ont ent i n t he
c ompl et e di et
per 1 kg diet per 1 lb diet
Vitamin A, IU 8800 3991
Vitamin D
3
, IU
3300 1497
25-hydroxy Vitamin
D
3
,
3
g
55
(0.055 mg)
25
(0.025 mg)
Vitamin E, IU 16.5 7.5
Vitamin K (menadione),
mg
2.2 1.0
Thiamine (B
1
), mg
1.7 0.8
Riboflavin (B
2
), mg
5.5 2.5
Niacin (B
3
), mg
28 13
Pantothenic acid (B
5
),
mg
6.6 3.0
Pyridoxine (B
6
), mg
3.3 1.5
Biotin (B
7
), g
55
(0.55 mg)
25
(0.25 mg)
Folic acid (B
9
), mg
0.6 0.3
Cobalamine (B
12
), g
22
(0.022 mg)
10
(0.010 mg)
Choline, mg 110 50
1
Minimum recommendations for laying period. Local laws or regulations may limit the dietary inclusion of
some vitamins.
2
For W-36 hens in lay, increase amounts by 25% until approximately 95-100 g/day feed intake is reached.
3
If 25-OH Vitamin D
3
is added to the diet, the contents of 'regular' vitamin D
3
may be lowered in accordance
with the manufacturer's recommendations or to comply with local laws regulating the total amount of Vitamin
D added to the diet.
Rec ommendat i ons f or added vi t ami ns f or br eedi ng l ayi ng hens
1,2
Vi t ami n Rec ommended mi ni mum vi t ami n c ont ent i n t he
c ompl et e di et
per 1 kg diet per 1 lb diet
Vitamin A, IU 11000 4990
Vitamin D
3
, IU
4400 1995
25-hydroxy Vitamin
D
3
,
3
g
55
(0.055 mg)
25
(0.025 mg)
Vitamin E, IU 66 30
Vitamin K (menadione),
mg
2.2 1.0
Thiamine (B
1
), mg
2.2 1.0
Riboflavin (B
2
), mg
11 5
Niacin (B
3
), mg
44 20
Pantothenic acid (B
5
),
mg
13 6
Pyridoxine (B
6
), mg
5.0 2.3
Biotin (B
7
), g
220
(0.220 mg)
100
(0.100 mg)
Folic acid (B
9
), mg
1.7 0.8
Cobalamine (B
12
), g
24
(0.024 mg)
11
(0.011 mg)
Choline, mg 220 100
1
Minimum recommendations for growing and laying periods. Local laws or regulations may limit the dietary
inclusion of some vitamins.
2
For W-36 parent stock in lay, increase amounts by 25% until approximately 95-100 g/day feed intake is
reached.
3
If 25-OH Vitamin D
3
is added to the diet, the contents of 'regular' vitamin D
3
may be lowered in accordance
with the manufacturer's recommendations or to comply with local laws regulating the total amount of Vitamin
D added to the diet.
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Tr ac e-Mi ner al Rec ommendat i ons
The trace-mineral recommendations shown below include a safety margin. However, if
the feed consumption is low due to heat stress or during the time of developing appetite
between point of lay and peak egg production, the dietary trace-mineral content can be
increased. This is most easily done by increasing the dietary addition of the trace-mineral
premix (for example from 3 kg premix per 1000 kg diet to 3.75 kg premix per 1000 kg
diet). Note that local regulations may limit the dietary content of individual trace minerals,
which, in turn, may limit how much 'extra' trace-mineral premix can be added to the diet.
The recommendations shown below are for inorganic source of trace minerals; the levels
may be lowered if organic (chelated) trace minerals are used. Note that the bioavailability
of individual trace minerals depends on the specific form in which they are fed (e.g., the
iron in ferric oxide, Fe
2
O
3
, is completely unavailable, whereas the iron in ferrous sulfate,
FeSO
4
, is highly available).
In some cases, addition of the trace minerals manganese (Mn), zinc (Zn), and copper
(Cu) from an organic (chelated) source may improve eggshell quality, especially mid to
late lay. Organic selenium (Se) is recommended in all breeder diets to improve sperm
mobility and, therefore, fertility.
Jump to the table for
Commercial pullets (growing period)
Commercial laying hens (laying period)
Breeders (parent stock) (growing and laying periods)
See also the recommendations for vitamins.
Rec ommendat i ons f or added t r ac e mi ner al s f or c ommer c i al pul l et s
1
Tr ac e mi ner al Rec ommended mi ni mum t r ac e-mi ner al c ont ent i n t he
c ompl et e di et
per 1 kg diet per 1 lb diet
Manganese (Mn),
mg
88
(88 ppm)
40
Zinc (Zn), mg
88
(88 ppm)
40
Iron (Fe), mg
55
(55 ppm)
25
Copper (Cu), mg
11
(11 ppm)
5
1.7
Cont ent s
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Hy-Line W-36
Hy-Line W-98
Hy-Line Brown
Hy-Line Silver Brown
Hy-Line Gray

Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock
Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent
Stock
Performance Standards
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Iodine (I), mg
(1.7 ppm)
0.8
Selenium (Se),
mg
0.30
(0.30 ppm)
0.14
1
Minimum recommendations for growing period. Local laws or regulations may limit the dietary inclusion of
some trace minerals.
Rec ommendat i ons f or added t r ac e mi ner al s f or c ommer c i al l ayi ng
hens
1
Tr ac e mi ner al Rec ommended mi ni mum t r ac e-mi ner al c ont ent i n t he
c ompl et e di et
per 1 kg diet per 1 lb diet
Manganese (Mn),
mg
88
(88 ppm)
40
Zinc (Zn), mg
88
(88 ppm)
40
Iron (Fe), mg
55
(55 ppm)
25
Copper (Cu), mg
5.5
(5.5 ppm)
2.5
Iodine (I), mg
1.7
(1.7 ppm)
0.8
Selenium (Se),
mg
0.30
(0.30 ppm)
0.14
1
Minimum recommendations for laying period. Local laws or regulations may limit the dietary inclusion of
some trace minerals.
Rec ommendat i ons f or added t r ac e mi ner al s f or br eedi ng l ayi ng hens
1
Tr ac e mi ner al Rec ommended mi ni mum t r ac e-mi ner al c ont ent i n t he
c ompl et e di et
per 1 kg diet per 1 lb diet
Manganese (Mn),
mg
83
(83 ppm)
38
Zinc (Zn), mg
83
(83 ppm)
38
Iron (Fe), mg
66
(66 ppm)
30
Copper (Cu), mg
19.3
(19.3 ppm)
8.8
Iodine (I), mg
2.2
1.0
(2.2 ppm)
Selenium (Se),
mg
0.30
(0.30 ppm)
0.14
1
Minimum recommendations for growing and laying periods. Local laws or regulations may limit the dietary
inclusion of some trace minerals.
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Nut r i t i on Rec ommendat i ons f or Hy-Li ne W-36
Jump to the sections for:
W-36 Growing period nutritional recommendations.
W-36 Laying period nutritional recommendations.
W-36 Suggested nutrition program for laying period.
W-36 Molt and post-molt nutritional recommendations.
Download the combined W-36 performance and nutrition-recommendations tables
for easy printing (pdf, 1243 kb).
Cont ent s
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Health
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Vitamins
Trace minerals

Hy-Line W-36
Hy-Line W-98
Hy-Line Brown
Hy-Line Silver Brown
Hy-Line Gray

Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock
Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent
Stock
Performance Standards
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
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Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Nut r i t i on Rec ommendat i ons f or Hy-Li ne W-98
Jump to the sections for:
W-98 Growing period nutritional recommendations.
W-98 Laying period nutritional recommendations.
W-98 Suggested nutrition program for laying period.
W-98 Molt and post-molt nutritional recommendations.
Download the combined W-98 performance and nutrition-recommendations tables
for easy printing (pdf, 1243 kb).
Cont ent s
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Lighting Program
Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Vitamins
Trace minerals

Hy-Line W-36
Hy-Line W-98
Hy-Line Brown
Hy-Line Silver Brown
Hy-Line Gray

Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock
Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent
Stock
Performance Standards
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Nut r i t i on Rec ommendat i ons f or Hy-Li ne Br ow n
Jump to the sections for:
Hy-Line Brown growing period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Brown laying period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Brown suggested nutrition program for laying period.
Hy-Line Brown molt and post-molt nutritional recommendations.
Download the combined Hy-Line Brown performance and nutrition-recommendations
tables for easy printing (pdf, 1243 kb).
Cont ent s
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Lighting Program
Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Vitamins
Trace minerals

Hy-Line W-36
Hy-Line W-98
Hy-Line Brown
Hy-Line Silver Brown
Hy-Line Gray

Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock
Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent
Stock
Performance Standards
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Nut r i t i on Rec ommendat i ons f or Hy-Li ne Si l ver
Br ow n
Jump to the sections for:
Hy-Line Silver Brown growing period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Silver Brown laying period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Silver Brown suggested nutrition program for laying period.
Hy-Line Silver Brown molt and post-molt nutritional recommendations.
Download the combined Hy-Line Silver Brown performance and nutrition-
recommendations tables for easy printing (pdf, 1243 kb).
Cont ent s
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Lighting Program
Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Vitamins
Trace minerals

Hy-Line W-36
Hy-Line W-98
Hy-Line Brown
Hy-Line Silver Brown
Hy-Line Gray

Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock
Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent
Stock
Performance Standards
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
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Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Nut r i t i on Rec ommendat i ons f or Hy-Li ne Gr ay
Jump to the sections for:
Hy-Line Gray growing period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Gray laying period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Gray suggested nutrition program for laying period.
Hy-Line Gray molt and post-molt nutritional recommendations.
Download the combined Hy-Line Gray performance and nutrition-recommendations
tables for easy printing (pdf, 1243 kb).
Cont ent s
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Lighting Program
Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Vitamins
Trace minerals

Hy-Line W-36
Hy-Line W-98
Hy-Line Brown
Hy-Line Silver Brown
Hy-Line Gray

Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock
Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent
Stock
Performance Standards
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Nut r i t i on Rec ommendat i ons f or Hy-Li ne W-36
Par ent St oc k
Jump to the sections for:
W-36 Parent Stock growing period nutritional recommendations.
W-36 Parent Stock laying period nutritional recommendations.
W-36 Parent Stock suggested nutrition program for laying period.
Download the combined W-36 Parent Stock performance and nutrition-
recommendations tables for easy printing (pdf, 1243 kb).
Cont ent s
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Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Vitamins
Trace minerals

Hy-Line W-36
Hy-Line W-98
Hy-Line Brown
Hy-Line Silver Brown
Hy-Line Gray

Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock
Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent
Stock
Performance Standards
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Nut r i t i on Rec ommendat i ons f or Hy-Li ne W-98
Par ent St oc k
Jump to the sections for:
W-98 Parent Stock growing period nutritional recommendations.
W-98 Parent Stock laying period nutritional recommendations.
W-98 Parent Stock suggested nutrition program for laying period.
Download the combined W-98 Parent Stock performance and nutrition-
recommendations tables for easy printing (pdf, 1243 kb).
Cont ent s
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Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Vitamins
Trace minerals

Hy-Line W-36
Hy-Line W-98
Hy-Line Brown
Hy-Line Silver Brown
Hy-Line Gray

Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock
Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent
Stock
Performance Standards
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Nut r i t i on Rec ommendat i ons f or Hy-Li ne Br ow n
Par ent St oc k
Jump to the sections for:
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock growing period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock laying period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock suggested nutrition program for laying period.
Download the combined Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock performance and nutrition-
recommendations tables for easy printing (pdf, 1243 kb).
Cont ent s
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Lighting Program
Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Vitamins
Trace minerals

Hy-Line W-36
Hy-Line W-98
Hy-Line Brown
Hy-Line Silver Brown
Hy-Line Gray

Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock
Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent
Stock
Performance Standards
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Nut r i t i on Rec ommendat i ons f or Hy-Li ne Si l ver
Br ow n Par ent St oc k
Jump to the sections for:
Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent Stock growing period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent Stock laying period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent Stock suggested nutrition program for laying period.
Download the combined Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent Stock performance and
nutrition-recommendations tables for easy printing (pdf, 1243 kb).
Cont ent s
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Management
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Lighting Program
Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Vitamins
Trace minerals

Hy-Line W-36
Hy-Line W-98
Hy-Line Brown
Hy-Line Silver Brown
Hy-Line Gray

Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock
Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent
Stock
Performance Standards
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Per f or manc e St andar ds f or Hy-Li ne W-36
Capabilities of the Hy-Line W-36 (pdf, 14 kb)
Growing period
Target body weights (pdf, 14 kb). Updated January 2009.
Feed consumption (pdf, 14 kb). Updated January 2009.
Water consumption (pdf, 12 kb). Updated January 2009.
Laying period
Performance table (pdf, 26 kb). Updated January 2009.
Performance graph (pdf, 73 kb). Updated January 2009.
Water consumption (pdf, 12 kb). Updated January 2009.
Egg-size distribution, US egg-size standards (pdf, 14 kb). Updated January 2009.
Egg-size distribution, EU egg-size standards (pdf, 15 kb). Updated January 2009.
Post-molt period
Performance table, post-molt (pdf, 16 kb). Updated January 2009.
Performance graph, post-molt (pdf, 148 kb). Updated January 2009.
Combined performance and nutrition-recommendations tables
Download all Hy-Line W-36 tables combined for easy printing (pdf, 255 kb).
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Hy-Line W-36
Hy-Line W-98
Hy-Line Brown
Hy-Line Silver Brown
Hy-Line Gray

Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock
Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent
Stock
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Per f or manc e St andar ds f or Hy-Li ne W-98
Capabilities of the Hy-Line W-98 (pdf, 14 kb)
Growing period
Target body weights (pdf, 12 kb). Updated August 2008.
Feed consumption (pdf, 14 kb). Updated August 2008.
Water consumption (pdf, 12 kb). Updated August 2008.
Laying period
Performance table (pdf, 27 kb). Updated August 2008.
Performance graph (pdf, 73 kb). Updated August 2008.
Water consumption (pdf, 12 kb). Updated August 2008.
Egg-size distribution, US egg-size standards (pdf, 15 kb). Updated August 2008.
Egg-size distribution, EU egg-size standards (pdf, 14 kb). Updated August 2008.
Post-molt period
Performance table, post-molt (pdf, 17 kb). Updated August 2008.
Performance graph, post-molt (pdf, 146 kb). Updated August 2008.
Combined performance and nutrition-recommendations tables
Download all Hy-Line W-98 tables combined for easy printing (pdf, 289 kb).
Cont ent s
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Health
General Nutrition
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Performance Standards
Hy-Line W-36
Hy-Line W-98
Hy-Line Brown
Hy-Line Silver Brown
Hy-Line Gray

Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock
Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent
Stock
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
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Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Per f or manc e St andar ds f or Hy-Li ne Br ow n
We are in the process of updating the performance standards for Hy-Line Brown. We will
post the new standards here when they are available (expected before the end of June
2010). In the meantime, please download the 2009 Hy-Line Brown management guide
(pdf, 1.4 MB) for the 2009 performance standards.
Capabilities of the Hy-Line Brown (pdf, 14 kb) [Link temporarily disabled; see text
above.]
Growing period
Target body weights (pdf, 13 kb). Updated January 2009. [Link temporarily disabled;
see text above.]
Feed consumption (pdf, 13 kb). Updated January 2009. [Link temporarily disabled;
see text above.]
Water consumption (pdf, 12 kb). Updated January 2009. [Link temporarily disabled;
see text above.]
Laying period
Performance table (pdf, 25 kb). Updated January 2009. [Link temporarily disabled;
see text above.]
Performance graph (pdf, 521 kb). Updated January 2009. [Link temporarily disabled;
see text above.]
Egg-size distribution, EU egg-size standards (pdf, 13 kb). Updated January 2009.
[Link temporarily disabled; see text above.]
Egg-size distribution, US egg-size standards (pdf, 13 kb). Updated January 2009.
[Link temporarily disabled; see text above.]
Post-molt period
Performance table, post-molt (pdf, 16 kb). Updated January 2009. [Link temporarily
disabled; see text above.]
Performance graph, post-molt (pdf, 665 kb). Updated January 2009. [Link
temporarily disabled; see text above.]
Combined performance and nutrition-recommendations tables
Download all Hy-Line Brown tables combined for easy printing (pdf, 1243 kb). [Link
temporarily disabled; see text above.]
Cont ent s
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Performance Standards
Hy-Line W-36
Hy-Line W-98
Hy-Line Brown
Hy-Line Silver Brown
Hy-Line Gray

Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock
Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent
Stock
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
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This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Per f or manc e St andar ds f or Hy-Li ne Si l ver Br ow n
Capabilities of the Hy-Line Silver Brown (pdf, 14 kb)
Growing period
Target body weights (pdf, 13 kb). Updated 2006.
Feed consumption (pdf, 14 kb). Updated 2006.
Water consumption (pdf, 12 kb). Updated 2006.
Laying period
Performance table (pdf, 24 kb). Updated 2006.
Performance graph (pdf, 75 kb). Updated 2006.
Water consumption (pdf, 12 kb). Updated 2006.
Egg-size distribution, South African egg-size standards (pdf, 75 kb). Updated 2006.
Combined performance and nutrition-recommendations tables
Download all Hy-Line Silver Brown tables combined for easy printing (pdf, 136 kb).
Cont ent s
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Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Performance Standards
Hy-Line W-36
Hy-Line W-98
Hy-Line Brown
Hy-Line Silver Brown
Hy-Line Gray

Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock
Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent
Stock
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Per f or manc e St andar ds f or Hy-Li ne Gr ay
Capabilities of the Hy-Line Gray (pdf, 14 kb)
Growing period
Target body weights (pdf, 13 kb). Updated January 2009.
Feed consumption (pdf, 14 kb). Updated January 2009.
Water consumption (pdf, 12 kb). Updated January 2009.
Laying period
Performance table (pdf, 21 kb). Updated January 2009.
Performance graph (pdf, 74 kb). Updated January 2009.
Water consumption (pdf, 12 kb). Updated January 2009.
Egg-size distribution, EU egg-size standards (pdf, 14 kb). Updated January 2009.
Egg-size distribution, Japanese egg-size standards (pdf, 15 kb). Updated January
2009.
Combined performance and nutrition-recommendations tables
Download all Hy-Line Gray tables combined for easy printing (pdf, 148 kb).
Cont ent s
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Management
Management for Breeders
Lighting Program
Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Performance Standards
Hy-Line W-36
Hy-Line W-98
Hy-Line Brown
Hy-Line Silver Brown
Hy-Line Gray

Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock
Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent
Stock
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Per f or manc e St andar ds f or Hy-Li ne W-36 Par ent
St oc k
Capabilities of the Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock (pdf, 14 kb)
Growing period
Target body weights (pdf, 14 kb). Updated January 2009.
Feed consumption (pdf, 17 kb). Updated January 2009.
Water consumption (pdf, 12 kb). Updated January 2009.
Laying period
Performance table (pdf, 19 kb). Updated January 2009.
Performance graph (pdf, 195 kb). Updated January 2009.
Feed consumption (pdf, 17 kb). Updated January 2009.
Water consumption (pdf, 12 kb). Updated January 2009.
Combined performance and nutrition-recommendations tables
Download all Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock tables combined for easy printing (pdf,
256 kb).
Cont ent s
Online Management Guide Home
Management
Management for Breeders
Lighting Program
Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Performance Standards
Hy-Line W-36
Hy-Line W-98
Hy-Line Brown
Hy-Line Silver Brown
Hy-Line Gray

Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock
Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent
Stock
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Per f or manc e St andar ds f or Hy-Li ne W-98 Par ent
St oc k
Capabilities of the Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock (pdf, 14 kb)
Growing period
Target body weights (pdf, 14 kb). Updated January 2009.
Feed consumption (pdf, 17 kb). Updated January 2009.
Water consumption (pdf, 12 kb). Updated January 2009.
Laying period
Performance table (pdf, 19 kb). Updated January 2009.
Performance graph (pdf, 192 kb). Updated January 2009.
Feed consumption (pdf, 17 kb). Updated January 2009.
Water consumption (pdf, 12 kb). Updated January 2009.
Combined performance and nutrition-recommendations tables
Download all Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock tables combined for easy printing (pdf,
256 kb).
Cont ent s
Online Management Guide Home
Management
Management for Breeders
Lighting Program
Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Performance Standards
Hy-Line W-36
Hy-Line W-98
Hy-Line Brown
Hy-Line Silver Brown
Hy-Line Gray

Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock
Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent
Stock
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Per f or manc e St andar ds f or Hy-Li ne Br ow n Par ent
St oc k
Capabilities of the Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock (pdf, 14 kb)
Growing period
Target body weights (pdf, 14 kb). Updated January 2009.
Feed consumption (pdf, 17 kb). Updated January 2009.
Water consumption (pdf, 12 kb). Updated January 2009.
Laying period
Performance table (pdf, 19 kb). Updated January 2009.
Performance graph (pdf, 195 kb). Updated January 2009.
Feed consumption (pdf, 17 kb). Updated January 2009.
Water consumption (pdf, 12 kb). Updated January 2009.
Combined performance and nutrition-recommendations tables
Download all Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock tables combined for easy printing (pdf,
255 kb).
Cont ent s
Online Management Guide Home
Management
Management for Breeders
Lighting Program
Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Performance Standards
Hy-Line W-36
Hy-Line W-98
Hy-Line Brown
Hy-Line Silver Brown
Hy-Line Gray

Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock
Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent
Stock
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Per f or manc e St andar ds f or Hy-Li ne Si l ver Br ow n
Par ent St oc k
Capabilities of the Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent Stock (pdf, 14 kb)
Growing period
Target body weights (pdf, 14 kb). Updated January 2009.
Feed consumption (pdf, 17 kb). Updated January 2009.
Water consumption (pdf, 12 kb). Updated January 2009.
Laying period
Performance table (pdf, 19 kb). Updated January 2009.
Performance graph (pdf, 197 kb). Updated January 2009.
Feed consumption (pdf, 17 kb). Updated January 2009.
Water consumption (pdf, 12 kb). Updated January 2009.
Combined performance and nutrition-recommendations tables
Download all Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent Stock tables combined for easy printing
(pdf, 256 kb).
Cont ent s
Online Management Guide Home
Management
Management for Breeders
Lighting Program
Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Performance Standards
Hy-Line W-36
Hy-Line W-98
Hy-Line Brown
Hy-Line Silver Brown
Hy-Line Gray

Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock
Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent
Stock
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Li ght i ng Pr ogr ams
Egg production is very closely related to the changes in day length. Body weight gain in
grow, egg numbers, egg size, livability, and total profitability can be favorably influenced
by a proper lighting program.
When open-type houses are used, which allow natural daylight to affect the flock, the
lighting program must be planned in conjunction with changes in the natural day length.
Because no 2 places have the same sunrise-sunset times year-round, custom lighting
programs for any location worldwide are available. Grandparent flocks can use the
settings for parent flocks.
The customizable lighting program is available in multiple languages and will create a
downloadable spreadsheet with sunrise and sunset times for any location in the World
and the lighting program for your flock. The following are screenshots from the lighting
program (see also the section on Basic Rules of Lighting).
Lighting program available in different languages for any location around the world.
Example from the lighting program, showing weekly changes in artificial light (green bars) and natural light
(black line) for a given location and time of year.
Cont ent s
Online Management Guide Home
Management
Management for Breeders
Lighting Program
Basic Rules of Lighting
Midnight Feeding
Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Performance Standards
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
Example from the lighting program, showing the actual times for turning artificial lights on and off (as well as
local sunrise and sunset times).
This page was last updated July 17, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Mi dni ght Feedi ng
An optional lighting technique that will promote greater feed consumption is the
"midnight feeding." The technique involves turning the lights on for 1 hour in the middle
of the dark period and running the feeders during this time.
Midnight-feeding lighting program. The dark periods should be at least 3 hours in duration. The 1 hour of
light should be removed gradually when no longer needed (see text).
Midnight feeding will generally increase feed intake about 2 to 5 g/day per bird (0.4 to
1.1 lb/day per 100 birds). The technique is applicable for heat stress conditions, or any
time a greater feed intake is desired in either growing or laying flocks.
For a typical layer lighting program with 16 hours of light and 8 hours dark, the night
would consist of 3.5 hours of darkness, 1 hour of light, and 3.5 hours of darkness. The
regular 16 hour light period should not be changed (because the 1-hour midnight-
feeding period is not long enough to count as "day light"). However, it is important that
the dark periods sourrounding the 1-hour midnight-feeding period are at least 3 hours
long.
The 1 hour of light can be added all at once, but, when no longer necessary, shoul d
be r emoved gr adual l y at the rate of 15 minutes per week.
Cont ent s
Online Management Guide Home
Management
Management for Breeders
Lighting Program
Basic Rules of Lighting
Midnight Feeding
Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Performance Standards
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Ingredient (as-fed basis) Lysine, % Methionine, % Cystine, % Threonine, % Tryptophan, % Arginine, % Isoleucine, % Valine, %
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Alfalfa meal (17%), dehydrated 17.0 0.73 59 0.43 0.28 73 0.20 0.18 40 0.07 0.75 71 0.53 0.45 75 0.34 0.75 87 0.65 0.84 77 0.65 1.04 75 0.78
Barley 11.5 0.53 88 0.47 0.18 88 0.16 0.25 88 0.22 0.36 85 0.31 0.17 69 0.12 0.50 85 0.43 0.42 90 0.38 0.62 85 0.53
Canola meal (38%) 38.0 2.30 80 1.84 0.70 84 0.59 0.47 77 0.36 1.71 73 1.25 0.44 80 0.35 2.30 87 2.00 1.51 79 1.19 1.94 79 1.53
Corn (maize) 7.9 0.24 92 0.22 0.18 94 0.17 0.18 87 0.16 0.29 85 0.25 0.07 81 0.06 0.40 93 0.37 0.29 95 0.28 0.42 92 0.39
Corn DDGS 26.5 0.73 75 0.55 0.50 86 0.43 0.54 77 0.42 0.96 72 0.69 0.21 80 0.17 0.96 73 0.70 0.96 84 0.80 1.30 81 1.05
Corn gluten feed (21%) 21.0 0.60 72 0.43 0.50 85 0.43 0.50 67 0.34 0.90 76 0.68 0.10 86 0.09 1.00 88 0.88 0.60 82 0.49 1.04 84 0.87
Corn gluten meal (60%) 60.0 1.00 76 0.76 1.90 88 1.67 1.10 78 0.86 2.00 79 1.58 0.30 66 0.20 1.90 86 1.63 2.30 86 1.98 2.70 85 2.30
Cottonseed meal (41%), mech. 41.0 1.52 65 0.99 0.55 72 0.40 0.59 74 0.44 1.30 68 0.88 0.50 80 0.40 4.33 88 3.81 1.31 71 0.93 1.84 74 1.36
Cottonseed meal (41%), solv. 41.0 1.70 65 1.11 0.51 72 0.37 0.62 74 0.46 1.34 68 0.91 0.52 80 0.42 4.66 88 4.10 1.33 71 0.94 1.82 74 1.35
DL-Methionine 58.1 99.00 100 99.00
Fishmeal (62%), menhaden 62.0 4.70 86 4.04 1.70 86 1.46 0.50 71 0.36 2.75 80 2.20 0.50 78 0.39 3.65 82 2.99 2.40 85 2.04 2.80 83 2.32
Fishmeal (65%), anchovy 65.0 4.90 86 4.21 1.90 86 1.63 0.60 71 0.43 2.70 80 2.16 0.75 78 0.59 3.38 82 2.77 3.00 85 2.55 3.40 83 2.82
Flaxseed (linseed), whole 22.0 0.92 90 0.83 0.35 79 0.28 0.42 80 0.34 0.77 91 0.70 0.22 89 0.20 2.05 92 1.89 0.95 88 0.84 1.17 86 1.01
Linseed (flax) meal (32%), exp. 32.0 1.10 87 0.96 0.47 82 0.39 0.56 73 0.41 1.10 0.47 2.60 95 2.47 1.70 86 1.46 1.50 83 1.25
Linseed (flax) meal (33%), solv. 33.0 1.10 87 0.96 0.48 82 0.39 0.58 73 0.42 1.20 0.48 2.70 95 2.57 1.80 86 1.55 1.60 83 1.33
L-LysineHCl 93.4 78.80 100 78.80
L-Threonine 72.4 98.50 100 98.50
L-Tryptophan 84.0 98.00 100 98.00
Meat and bone meal (50%) 50.0 2.60 81 2.11 0.67 85 0.57 0.33 58 0.19 1.70 79 1.34 0.26 78 0.20 3.35 84 2.81 1.70 84 1.43 2.25 83 1.87
Molasses, cane 2.9
Oats 11.0 0.40 87 0.35 0.20 87 0.17 0.21 84 0.18 0.28 84 0.24 0.18 80 0.14 0.80 94 0.75 0.53 89 0.47 0.62 88 0.55
Peanut meal (45%), mech. 45.0 1.55 76 1.18 0.41 86 0.35 0.68 79 0.54 1.40 85 1.19 0.46 87 0.40 4.70 91 4.28 1.80 89 1.60 2.60 89 2.31
Peanut meal (48%), solv. 48.0 1.77 0.42 0.73 1.16 0.50 4.55 1.76 1.88
Rapeseed meal (36%), solv. 36.0 2.12 80 1.70 0.67 84 0.56 0.54 77 0.42 1.60 73 1.17 0.46 80 0.37 2.04 87 1.77 1.41 79 1.11 1.81 79 1.43
Rice 7.3 0.24 80 0.19 0.14 87 0.12 0.08 84 0.07 0.27 81 0.22 0.12 86 0.10 0.59 91 0.54 0.33 85 0.28 0.46 85 0.39
Rice bran 13.5 0.50 74 0.37 0.17 77 0.13 0.10 68 0.07 0.40 69 0.28 0.10 79 0.08 0.45 86 0.39 0.39 75 0.29 0.60 75 0.45
Rye 12.6 0.40 80 0.32 0.16 79 0.13 0.20 84 0.17 0.36 78 0.28 0.14 81 0.11 0.50 84 0.42 0.53 81 0.43 0.62 81 0.50
Safflower meal (20%), exp. 20.0 0.70 82 0.57 0.40 85 0.34 0.50 77 0.39 0.47 73 0.34 0.30 79 0.24 1.20 84 1.01 0.28 80 0.22 1.00 81 0.81
Safflower meal (22%), solv. 22.0 0.70 82 0.57 0.33 85 0.28 0.35 77 0.27 0.50 73 0.37 0.26 79 0.21 1.90 84 1.60 0.27 80 0.22 1.00 81 0.81
Sesame meal (42%), exp. 42.0 1.37 82 1.12 1.48 84 1.24 0.60 84 0.50 1.71 79 1.35 0.82 84 0.69 5.06 84 4.25 2.28 87 1.98 2.53 88 2.23
Sorghum, milo 11.0 0.27 90 0.24 0.10 89 0.09 0.20 79 0.16 0.27 83 0.22 0.09 87 0.08 0.40 88 0.35 0.60 90 0.54 0.53 87 0.46
Soybean meal (42%), exp. 42.0 2.70 91 2.45 0.60 91 0.54 0.62 82 0.51 1.70 84 1.43 0.58 88 0.51 3.20 91 2.92 2.80 91 2.55 2.20 89 1.96
Soybean meal (44%), solv. 44.0 2.90 90 2.61 0.65 91 0.59 0.67 82 0.55 1.70 85 1.45 0.60 89 0.53 3.40 93 3.16 2.50 89 2.23 2.40 88 2.11
Soybean meal (48%), solv. 47.8 3.02 90 2.72 0.70 91 0.64 0.71 82 0.58 2.00 85 1.70 0.70 89 0.62 3.60 93 3.35 2.60 89 2.31 2.70 88 2.38
Soybeans, full-fat, cooked 38.0 2.40 87 2.09 0.54 88 0.48 0.55 79 0.43 1.69 82 1.39 0.52 86 0.45 2.80 90 2.52 2.18 86 1.87 2.02 85 1.72
Sunflower meal (41%), exp. 41.0 2.00 87 1.74 1.60 92 1.47 0.80 80 0.64 1.60 82 1.31 0.60 87 0.52 4.20 83 3.49 2.40 89 2.14 2.40 87 2.09
Sunflower meal (42%), solv. 42.0 1.70 87 1.48 1.50 92 1.38 0.70 80 0.56 1.50 82 1.23 0.50 87 0.44 3.50 93 3.26 2.10 89 1.87 2.30 87 2.00
Wheat bran 14.8 0.60 73 0.44 0.20 80 0.16 0.30 74 0.22 0.48 74 0.36 0.30 82 0.25 1.07 82 0.88 0.60 79 0.47 0.70 77 0.54
Wheat middlings 15.0 0.70 80 0.56 0.12 86 0.10 0.19 74 0.14 0.50 73 0.37 0.20 79 0.16 1.00 80 0.80 0.70 82 0.57 0.80 77 0.62
Wheat, hard 13.5 0.40 86 0.34 0.25 91 0.23 0.30 90 0.27 0.35 87 0.30 0.18 86 0.15 0.60 85 0.51 0.69 94 0.65 0.69 90 0.62
Wheat, soft 10.8 0.30 86 0.26 0.14 91 0.13 0.20 90 0.18 0.28 78 0.22 0.12 86 0.10 0.40 85 0.34 0.43 94 0.40 0.48 90 0.43
Nutrient recommendations (pages are based on calculations using these nutrient values (source: Feedstuffs Magazine).
Amino acid digestibility is standardized (true) ileal digestibility (Source: Evonik-Degussa).
Crude
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Alfalfa meal (17%), dehydrated 93.0 17.0 3.0 24.0 1.30 0.23 0.23 0.08 0.47 2.40 0.21 672 1482 6.20 1515
Barley 89.0 11.5 1.9 5.0 0.08 0.42 0.15 0.03 0.14 0.56 0.15 1250 2756 11.54 1027
Calcium carbonate (38% Ca) 99.5 38.00 0.06 0.06
Canola meal (38%) 91.0 38.0 3.8 11.1 0.68 1.17 0.30 1.29 1.00 960 2117 8.86 6701
Canola oil 99.0 99.0 4000 8820 36.92 20.50
Corn (maize) 87.0 7.9 3.5 1.9 0.01 0.25 0.09 0.02 0.04 0.30 0.08 1540 3396 14.21 1.75 1103
Corn DDGS 89.0 26.5 10.1 7.0 0.07 0.77 0.48 0.20 0.16 0.85 0.84 1256 2770 11.60 5.05 3254
Corn gluten feed (21%) 88.0 21.0 2.0 10.0 0.20 0.90 0.22 0.15 0.22 1.30 0.16 795 1753 7.34 2420
Corn gluten meal (60%) 90.0 60.0 2.0 2.5 0.02 0.50 0.18 0.03 0.05 0.45 0.50 1700 3749 15.69 2200
Cottonseed meal (41%), mech. 91.0 41.0 3.9 12.6 0.17 0.97 0.32 0.04 0.04 1.20 0.40 955 2106 8.81 2808
Cottonseed meal (41%), solv. 90.0 41.0 2.1 11.3 0.16 1.00 0.32 0.04 0.04 1.16 0.30 915 2018 8.45 2706
Dicalcium phosphate (18.5% P) 99.5 22.00 18.50 18.50 0.08 0.07
DL-Methionine 99.5 58.1 2277 5020 21.01
Fat, animal 99.0 98.0 3600 7938 33.23
Fat, animal-vegetable blend 98.0 92.0 3800 8379 35.07 30.00
Fat, vegetable 99.0 99.0 4000 8820 36.92 40.00
Fishmeal (62%), menhaden 92.0 62.0 9.2 1.0 4.80 3.00 3.00 0.68 0.80 0.96 0.45 1340 2955 12.37 3081
Fishmeal (65%), anchovy 91.0 65.0 10.0 1.0 4.00 2.85 2.85 0.88 0.60 0.90 0.54 1280 2822 11.81 5101
Flaxseed (linseed), whole 92.0 22.0 34.0 6.5 0.25 0.50 0.08 1.50 1795 3958 16.57 54.00 3150
Linseed (flax) meal (32%), exp. 90.0 32.0 3.5 9.5 0.40 0.80 0.11 1.24 0.39 700 1544 6.46 1672
Linseed (flax) meal (33%), solv. 88.0 33.0 0.5 9.5 0.35 0.75 0.14 1.38 0.39 635 1400 5.86 1760
L-LysineHCl 99.5 93.4 1868 4120 17.25
L-Threonine 99.5 72.4 1619 3570 14.94
L-Tryptophan 95.0 84.0 2653 5850 24.49
Meat and bone meal (50%) 93.0 50.0 8.5 2.8 9.20 4.70 4.70 0.73 0.75 1.40 0.40 1150 2536 10.61 2000
Molasses, cane 74.0 2.9 0.82 0.08 0.16 2.80 2.38 0.35 900 1985 8.31 660
Mono-dicalcium phosphate (21% P) 99.5 16.00 21.00 0.05 0.06
Oats 90.0 11.0 4.0 10.5 0.10 0.35 0.14 0.07 0.12 0.37 0.21 1160 2558 10.71 1070
Peanut meal (45%), mech. 92.0 45.0 5.0 12.0 0.15 0.55 0.18 0.03 1.15 0.28 1540
Peanut meal (48%), solv. 92.0 48.0 1.5 6.8 0.29 0.65 0.21 0.07 0.03 1.23 0.30 1000 2205 9.23 1948
Rapeseed meal (36%), solv. 92.0 36.0 2.6 13.2 0.66 0.93 0.30 0.09 805 1775 7.43 6714
Rice 89.0 7.3 1.7 10.0 0.04 0.26 0.09 0.04 0.06 0.34 0.10 1335 2944 12.32 1014
Rice bran 91.0 13.5 5.9 13.0 0.10 1.70 0.24 0.10 0.07 1.35 0.18 925 2040 8.54 1390
Rye 89.0 12.6 1.9 2.8 0.08 0.30 0.10 0.02 0.06 0.46 0.15 1230 2712 11.35
Safflower meal (20%), exp. 91.0 20.0 6.6 32.2 0.23 0.61 0.20 0.05 0.16 0.72 0.10 525 1158 4.85 800
Safflower meal (22%), solv. 90.0 22.0 0.5 37.0 0.34 0.84 0.23 0.05 0.16 0.72 0.10 680 1499 6.28 800
Salt, NaCl 99.6 39.34 60.66
Sesame meal (42%), exp. 94.0 42.0 7.0 6.5 2.00 1.30 0.24 0.04 0.06 1.39 0.40 1025 2260 9.46 1690
Sodium bicarbonate, NaHCO
3
99.0 27.38
Sorghum, milo 89.0 11.0 2.8 2.0 0.04 0.29 0.10 0.03 0.09 0.34 0.09 1505 3319 13.89 678
Soybean meal (42%), exp. 89.0 42.0 3.5 6.5 0.20 0.60 0.20 0.04 0.02 1.71 0.33 1100 2426 10.15 2673
Soybean meal (44%), solv. 90.0 44.0 0.5 7.0 0.25 0.60 0.20 0.04 0.02 1.97 0.43 1020 2249 9.41 2743
Soybean meal (48%), solv. 88.0 47.8 1.0 3.0 0.20 0.65 0.21 0.04 0.02 1.90 0.43 1125 2481 10.38 2851
Soybean oil 99.0 99.0 4000 8820 36.92 40.00
Soybeans, full-fat, cooked 90.0 38.0 18.0 5.0 0.25 0.59 0.20 0.04 0.03 1.70 0.30 1520 3352 14.03 2420
Sunflower meal (41%), exp. 93.0 41.0 7.6 13.0 0.43 1.00 0.25 0.20 0.01 1.00 1050 2315 9.69
Sunflower meal (42%), solv. 93.0 42.0 2.3 13.0 0.40 1.00 0.25 0.20 0.01 1.00 800 1764 7.38 2901
Wheat bran 89.0 14.8 4.0 10.0 0.14 1.17 0.38 0.06 0.14 1.20 0.22 590 1301 5.45 980
Wheat middlings 89.0 15.0 3.6 8.5 0.15 0.91 0.28 0.06 0.07 0.60 0.16 950 2095 8.77 1100
Wheat, hard 88.0 13.5 1.9 3.0 0.05 0.41 0.12 0.06 0.07 0.50 0.10 1440 3175 13.29 778
Wheat, soft 86.0 10.8 1.7 2.8 0.05 0.30 0.11 0.06 0.07 0.40 0.10 1460 3219 13.48 778
Nutrient recommendations (pages ) are based on calculations using these energy and nutrient values (source: Feedstuffs Magazine).
40
26 23
Nut r i t i on Rec ommendat i ons f or Hy-Li ne W-36
Jump to the sections for:
W-36 Growing period nutritional recommendations.
W-36 Laying period nutritional recommendations.
W-36 Suggested nutrition program for laying period.
W-36 Molt and post-molt nutritional recommendations.
Download the combined W-36 performance and nutrition-recommendations tables
for easy printing (pdf, 1243 kb).
W-36 Gr ow i ng per i od nut r i t i onal r ec ommendat i ons
The table below shows the growing-period nutritional recommendations. See also the
Feeding the Pullet section for information of how to implement the growing-period
recommendations. The sections on Monitoring Body Weight and Body Weight Uniformity
are also of importance.
Hy -Li ne W-36 gr ow i ng per i od nut r i t i onal r ec ommendat i ons.
I t em
1
St ar t er
1
St ar t er
2
Gr ow er Devel oper
Pr e-
l ay
6
Feed to a body weight of,
grams
170 410 940 1160 1240
Approximate age, weeks 0-3 4-6 7-12 13-15 16-17
Rec ommended c onc ent r at i on
2
Metabolizable energy,
kcal/lb
1350-1400 1350-1400 1350-1400 1350-1420 1320-
1340
Metabolizable energy,
kcal/kg
2975-3085 2975-3085 2975-3085 2975-3130 2910-
2950
Metabolizable energy,
MJ/kg
12.45-
12.90
12.45-
12.90
12.45-
12.90
12.45-13.10 12.20-
12.35
Mi ni mum r ec ommended c onc ent r at i on
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 1.05 0.98 0.88 0.76 0.78
Methionine, % 0.47 0.44 0.40 0.36 0.38
Methionine + cystine, % 0.74 0.74 0.67 0.59 0.66
Threonine, % 0.69 0.66 0.60 0.52 0.55
Tryptophan, % 0.18 0.18 0.17 0.15 0.16
Arginine, % 1.12 1.05 0.94 0.81 0.83
Cont ent s
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Isoleucine, % 0.74 0.71 0.65 0.57 0.62
Valine, % 0.76 0.73 0.69 0.61 0.66
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 1.15 1.07 0.96 0.83 0.85
Methionine, % 0.51 0.47 0.44 0.38 0.41
Methionine + cystine, % 0.83 0.83 0.75 0.67 0.74
Threonine, % 0.82 0.77 0.70 0.62 0.64
Tryptophan, % 0.21 0.21 0.20 0.18 0.20
Arginine, % 1.21 1.13 1.01 0.87 0.90
Isoleucine, % 0.79 0.76 0.70 0.61 0.67
Valine, % 0.83 0.80 0.76 0.67 0.73
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 20 19 18 17 17
Calcium,
4
%
1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0-1.4 2.5
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.50 0.49 0.47 0.45 0.48
Sodium (Na), % 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18
Chloride, % 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
1
Change diet at the recommended target body weightthe approximate age is a guide only.
2
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ
substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy content may have to be
adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section).
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn
(maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Calcium should be supplied as a fine calcium carbonate source (mean particle size less than 2 mm). It can
be supplied as a 50:50 mix of fine and coarse (mean diameter 2-4 mm) in the pre-lay diet. See also
information about the pre-lay diet in the Feeding the Pullet section).
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are insufficient
data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead,
use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
6
Do not feed the pre-lay diet beyond the first egg as this diet does not contain sufficient calcium to sustain
egg production.
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Nut r i t i on Rec ommendat i ons f or Hy-Li ne W-36
Jump to the sections for:
W-36 Growing period nutritional recommendations.
W-36 Laying period nutritional recommendations.
W-36 Suggested nutrition program for laying period.
W-36 Molt and post-molt nutritional recommendations.
Download the combined W-36 performance and nutrition-recommendations tables
for easy printing (pdf, 1243 kb).
W-36 Layi ng per i od nut r i t i onal r ec ommendat i ons
The nutrient recommendations are based on supplying a given amount (in grams or
milligrams) of nutrients per day (Table 1). To convert these absolute values into a
percentage of the diet, one must know the feed intake (Tables 2 to 5) in order to
formulate the laying-hen diets according to the observed feed intake to ensure the daily
consumption of the recommended grams or milligrams of nutrients. See also the Feeding
the Laying Hen and the Suggested Nutrition Program sections for information of how to
implement the laying-period recommendations.
Tabl e 1. Hy -Li ne W-36 l ayi ng per i od nut r i t i onal r ec ommendat i ons.
I t em
1 Peak i ng Above 92% t o
87% egg
pr oduc t i on
86 -82% egg
pr oduc t i on
Less t han 82%
egg pr oduc t i on
Approximate
age, weeks
Point-of-
lay to 32
33-44 45-58 59+
Rec ommended c onc ent r at i on
2
Metabolizable
energy, kcal/lb
1290-
1340
1290-1335 1280-1325 1270-1290
Metabolizable
energy, kcal/kg
2845-
2955
2845-2945 2820-2920 2800-2845
Metabolizable
energy, MJ/kg
11.90-
12.35
11.90-12.30 11.80-12.20 11.70-11.90
Mi ni mum r ec ommended c onsumpt i on
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, mg/day 805 750 710 695
Methionine,
mg/day
394 368 348 334
Methionine +
cystine, mg/day
676 630 596 570
Cont ent s
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Health
General Nutrition
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Vitamins
Trace minerals

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Hy-Line Brown
Hy-Line Silver Brown
Hy-Line Gray

Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock
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Stock
Performance Standards
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
Threonine,
mg/day
564 525 497 487
Tryptophan,
mg/day
169 158 149 146
Arginine, mg/day 861 803 760 744
Isoleucine,
mg/day
636 593 561 549
Valine, mg/day 725 675 639 626
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, mg/day 881 821 777 761
Methionine,
mg/day
424 395 374 359
Methionine +
cystine, mg/day
763 711 673 643
Threonine,
mg/day
663 618 585 572
Tryptophan,
mg/day
202 188 178 174
Arginine, mg/day 926 863 817 800
Isoleucine,
mg/day
684 637 603 590
Valine, mg/day 799 744 705 690
Crude protein (N
6.25),
3
g/day 17 16 15 15
Calcium,
4
g/day
4.00 4.20 4.35 4.50
Phosphorus
(available),
5
mg/day
500 480 460 400
Sodium (Na),
mg/day
180 180 180 180
Chloride, mg/day 180 180 180 180
Linoleic acid
(C18:2 n-6),
g/day
1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Choline, mg/day 100 100 100 100
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See also the
Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed ingredients.
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ
substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy content may have to be
adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher energy concentrations shown are
appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn
(maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4 mm. See
also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are insufficient
data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead,
use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
Tabl e 2. Peak i ng; poi nt -of -l ay t o 32 w eek s of age.
1
Recommended energy concentration:
2
1290-1340 kcal/lb, 2845-2955 kcal/kg, 11.90-12.35
MJ/kg
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 74 79 84* 89 94
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 16.3 17.4 18.5* 19.6 20.7
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 1.09 1.02 0.96 0.90 0.86
Methionine, % 0.53 0.50 0.47 0.44 0.42
Methionine + cystine, % 0.91 0.86 0.80 0.76 0.72
Threonine, % 0.76 0.71 0.67 0.63 0.60
Tryptophan, % 0.23 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18
Arginine, % 1.16 1.09 1.03 0.97 0.92
Isoleucine, % 0.86 0.81 0.76 0.71 0.68
Valine, % 0.98 0.92 0.86 0.81 0.77
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 1.19 1.12 1.05 0.99 0.94
Methionine, % 0.57 0.54 0.50 0.48 0.45
Methionine + cystine, % 1.03 0.97 0.91 0.86 0.81
Threonine, % 0.90 0.84 0.79 0.74 0.71
Tryptophan, % 0.27 0.26 0.24 0.23 0.21
Arginine, % 1.25 1.17 1.10 1.04 0.99
Isoleucine, % 0.92 0.87 0.81 0.77 0.73
Valine, % 1.08 1.01 0.95 0.90 0.85
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 21.6 20.3 19.0 18.0 17.0
Calcium,
4
%
5.41 5.06 4.76 4.49 4.26
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.68 0.63 0.60 0.56 0.53
Sodium (Na), % 0.24 0.23 0.21 0.20 0.19
Chloride, % 0.24 0.23 0.21 0.20 0.19
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.35 1.27 1.19 1.12 1.06
*Typical feed consumption in North America based on available data for the age.
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See also the
Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed ingredients.
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ
substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy content may have to be
adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher energy concentrations shown are
appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn
(maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4 mm. See
also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are insufficient
data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead,
use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
Tabl e 3. Above 92% t o 87% egg pr oduc t i on; 33 -44 w eek s of age.
1
Recommended energy concentration:
2
1290-1335 kcal/lb, 2845-2945 kcal/kg, 11.90-12.30
MJ/kg
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 85 90 95* 100 105
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 18.7 19.8 20.9* 22.1 23.2
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.88 0.83 0.79 0.75 0.71
Methionine, % 0.43 0.41 0.39 0.37 0.35
Methionine + cystine, % 0.74 0.70 0.66 0.63 0.60
Threonine, % 0.62 0.58 0.55 0.53 0.50
Tryptophan, % 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.15
Arginine, % 0.94 0.89 0.85 0.80 0.78
Isoleucine, % 0.70 0.66 0.62 0.59 0.56
Valine, % 0.79 0.75 0.71 0.68 0.64
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 0.97 0.91 0.86 0.82 0.78
Methionine, % 0.46 0.44 0.42 0.40 0.38
Methionine + cystine, % 0.84 0.79 0.75 0.71 0.68
Threonine, % 0.73 0.69 0.65 0.62 0.59
Tryptophan, % 0.22 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18
Arginine, % 1.02 0.96 0.91 0.86 0.82
Isoleucine, % 0.75 0.71 0.67 0.64 0.61
Valine, % 0.88 0.83 0.78 0.74 0.71
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 18.24 17.22 16.32 15.50 14.76
Calcium,
4
%
4.94 4.67 4.42 4.20 4.00
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.56 0.53 0.51 0.48 0.46
Sodium (Na), % 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17
Chloride, % 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.18 1.11 1.05 1.00 0.95
*Typical feed consumption in North America based on available data for the age.
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See also the
Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed ingredients.
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ
substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy content may have to be
adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher energy concentrations shown are
appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn
(maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4 mm. See
also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are insufficient
data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead,
use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
Tabl e 4. 86 -82% egg pr oduc t i on; 45 -58 w eek s of age.
1
Recommended energy concentration:
2
1280-1325 kcal/lb, 2820-2920 kcal/kg, 11.80-12.20
MJ/kg
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 85 90 95* 100 105
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 18.7 19.8 20.9* 22.1 23.2
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.84 0.79 0.75 0.71 0.68
Methionine, % 0.41 0.39 0.37 0.35 0.33
Methionine + cystine, % 0.70 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.57
Threonine, % 0.58 0.55 0.52 0.50 0.47
Tryptophan, % 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.15 0.14
Arginine, % 0.89 0.84 0.80 0.76 0.72
Isoleucine, % 0.66 0.62 0.59 0.56 0.53
Valine, % 0.75 0.71 0.67 0.64 0.61
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 0.91 0.86 0.82 0.78 0.74
Methionine, % 0.44 0.42 0.39 0.37 0.36
Methionine + cystine, % 0.79 0.75 0.71 0.67 0.64
Threonine, % 0.69 0.65 0.62 0.59 0.56
Tryptophan, % 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17
Arginine, % 0.96 0.91 0.86 0.82 0.78
Isoleucine, % 0.71 0.67 0.63 0.60 0.57
Valine, % 0.83 0.78 0.74 0.71 0.67
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 17.94 16.94 16.05 15.25 14.52
Calcium,
4
%
5.12 4.83 4.58 4.35 4.14
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.54 0.51 0.48 0.46 0.44
Sodium (Na), % 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17
Chloride, % 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.18 1.11 1.05 1.00 0.95
*Typical feed consumption in North America based on available data for the age.
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See also the
Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed ingredients.
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ
substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy content may have to be
adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher energy concentrations shown are
appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn
(maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4 mm. See
also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are insufficient
data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead,
use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
Tabl e 5. Less t han 82% egg pr oduc t i on; 59+ w eek s of age.
1
Recommended energy concentration:
2
1270-1290 kcal/lb, 2800-2845 kcal/kg, 11.70-11.90
MJ/kg
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 83 88 93* 98 103
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 18.3 19.4 20.5* 21.6 22.7
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.84 0.79 0.75 0.71 0.67
Methionine, % 0.40 0.38 0.36 0.34 0.32
Methionine + cystine, % 0.69 0.65 0.61 0.58 0.55
Threonine, % 0.59 0.55 0.52 0.50 0.47
Tryptophan, % 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.15 0.14
Arginine, % 0.90 0.85 0.80 0.76 0.72
Isoleucine, % 0.66 0.62 0.59 0.56 0.53
Valine, % 0.75 0.71 0.67 0.64 0.61
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 0.92 0.86 0.82 0.78 0.74
Methionine, % 0.43 0.41 0.39 0.37 0.35
Methionine + cystine, % 0.77 0.73 0.69 0.66 0.62
Threonine, % 0.69 0.65 0.62 0.58 0.56
Tryptophan, % 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17
Arginine, % 0.96 0.91 0.86 0.82 0.78
Isoleucine, % 0.71 0.67 0.63 0.60 0.57
Valine, % 0.83 0.78 0.74 0.70 0.67
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 18.07 17.05 16.13 15.31 14.56
Calcium,
4
%
5.42 5.11 4.84 4.59 4.37
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.48 0.45 0.43 0.41 0.39
Sodium (Na), % 0.22 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17
Chloride, % 0.22 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.20 1.14 1.08 1.02 0.97
*Typical feed consumption in North America based on available data for the age.
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See also the
Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed ingredients.
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ
substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy content may have to be
adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher energy concentrations shown are
appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn
(maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4 mm. See
also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are insufficient
data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead,
use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Suggest ed Nut r i t i on Pr ogr am f or Hy-Li ne W-36
Jump to the sections for:
W-36 Growing period nutritional recommendations.
W-36 Laying period nutritional recommendations.
W-36 Suggested nutrition program for laying period.
W-36 Molt and post-molt nutritional recommendations.
Download the combined W-36 performance and nutrition-recommendations tables
for easy printing (pdf, 1243 kb).
Download the suggested W-36 nutrition program for easy printing (pdf, 1.6 MB)
The following nutrition program is a suggest ed nutrition program. There are many
programs that work wellthe one shown below is only one of them and can be adapted
for individual farms taking into considerations local conditions and economic goals. It is
strongly recommended that a professional nutritionist be consulted to determine the
nutrition program that works best for the individual farm.
For the Hy-Line W-36, the following suggested diet program is used with success
worldwide and follows the principle of feeding for the observed feed intake and desired
production. Feeding according to this or a similar program ensures a high peak egg
production, an excellent persistence of lay, and a highly profitable business. Note that
the diets should be formulated for the actual, observed feed intakes, which may be
different from the feed intakes shown in this example.
The first diet that is fed as the hens start laying eggs is critical to sustain body weight
gain and the high demands of egg production. Remember that even though the whole
flock's egg production is, say 50%, the hens that are laying eggs produce 1 egg per day
(corresponding to 100% egg production for the individual hen). Therefore, it is
recommended to start feeding a fairly concentrated diet (i.e., formulated for a relatively
low feed intake) to supply the needed energy and nutrients to meet the dietary demands
of the hens that are laying and then change to a less concentrated diet as soon as the
feed intake has increased.
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Hy-Line W-36
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Performance Standards
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Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
Development of feed intake with age and suggested diet phases
according to the above-mentioned nutrition program and the diet matrix shown in the text below.
Di et 1 (appr ox i mat el y 18 t o 26 w eek s of age)
Diet 1 is fed from start of lay at approximately 18 weeks of age. At this time, the feed
intake is relatively low, but rapidly increasing. Accordingly, the diet is formulated for a
relatively low feed intake of about 82 to 84 g/dayor as low as economically and
practically feasible (the exact feed-intake value should be determined by the local
nutritionist and depends in part on the individual farm and economics). The diet is fed
until the observed feed consumption reaches about 90 g/day, which typically occurs
around 26 to 27 weeks of age.
Because of the relatively low (but increasing) feed intake at this time, the diet should be
fairly concentrated, often necessitating relatively high inclusion levels of oil, digestible
amino acids, calcium, and available phosphorus. Because of the high nutrient density of
Diet 1, the diet appears expensive when compared on a price per 1000 kg basis.
However, the diet is only fed for a short time and only little of the diet is consumed
because of the relatively low feed intake during this time. Therefore, the actual cost of
feeding Diet 1 is low and, importantly, ensures adequate energy and nutrient intake to
ensure a high peak and prevents depletion of body reserves.
Di et 2 (appr ox i mat el y 27 t o 35 w eek s of age)
When the flock's feed intake has increased to about 90 g/day, Diet 1 can be
reformulated to take advantage of the now higher feed intake. Diet 2 should be
formulated to deliver the same kilocalories (or megajoules) of energy and milligrams or
grams of nutrients as Diet 1. That means that Diet 2 is less concentrated (because of
the higher feed intake) and, therefore, less expensive. The diet is fed until the feed
intake is 95 g/day.
Di et s 3, 4, 5, 6, et c . (appr ox i mat el y 37+ w eek s of age)
The next diet is formulated for a feed intake of about 95 g/day, which typically occurs
around 36 to 37 weeks of age, and is therefore slightly less concentrated than Diet 2.
The feed intake of the Hy-Line W-36 does not change much after this time, so
subsequent diet changes are governed mainly by controlling egg weight, maintaining
eggshell quality, and reducing diet cost (the latter as the hens' energy and nutrient needs
decrease). That said, these diets should be reformulated to avoid under- or over-feeding
the hens if the feed intake changes.
Di et mat r i x
When diets are formulated to the aforementioned principles of observed feed intake and
desired production, a "diet matrix" can be constructed, illustrated in the table below. The
diets are formulated for age (or, more appropriately, hen-day egg production) and, within
each phase, for observed feed intake. With this set of diets, the farm manager can select
and order an appropriate feed from the feed mill every time a new load of feed is
needed. Each feed matches the feed intake and provides exactly the recommended
grams or milligrams of nutrients (i.e., birds are not under- or over-fed, which would
otherwise result in loss of profits). Note that not all of the diets are necessarily fed, but
are available if the hens' feed intake changes because of hot or cold weather or other
reasons. The number of diets also ensures that the differences among the diets are
relatively small, which helps avoid decreases in egg production that can otherwise occur
with abrupt diet changes.
Suggest ed di et mat r i x f or Hy -Li ne W-36.
1,2
The matrix is intended for a flock
that normally consumes approximately 95 g feed per day post-peak. In warmer climates,
the normal postpeak feed intake may be closer to 90 g/day and closer to 100 g/day in
cooler climates in which case the matrix should be adjusted accordingly.
Age
Obser ved f eed i nt ak e
2
84 g/day 90 g/day 95 g/day 100 g/day
18-32 weeks Diet 1 Diet 2
33-42 weeks Diet 3 Diet 4 Diet 5
43-53 weeks Diet 6 Diet 7 Diet 8
54+ weeks Diet 9 Diet 10 Diet 11
1
Note that, in most cases, only 5 diets are fed through the first lay cycle (i.e., the yellow highlighted Diets 1,
2, 4, 7, and 10) because once the feed intake has stabilized (typically at 95 g/day), it does not change much.
However, Diets 3, 6, and 9 as well as Diets 5, 8, and 11 are available from the feed mill in case the feed
intake decreases or increases, respectively.
2
The matrix should be adjusted according to actual feed intakes, which may differ from those shown.
The diet matrix shown above gives the farm manager 11 diets to choose from. However,
only 4 to 5 of those diets are used under normal conditions:
Diet 1 because of the relatively low feed intake and the importance of providing the
hen with adequate nutrition during this period;
Diet 2 because it is more economical to feed than Diet 1 once the feed intake has
increased; and
Diets 4, 7, and 10 to control egg weight and eggshell quality.
Diets 3, 6, and 9 as well as Diets 5, 8, and 11 may never need to be fed, but are available
from the feed mill in case the feed intake decreases or increases, respectively. These diets
may only have to be fed for a short time until the feed intake returns to the "normal" 95
g/day again.
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-36

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Capabilities of the Hy-Line W-36
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Growing Period (to 17 weeks):
Livability 97%
Feed Consumed 5.21 kg (11.5 lb)
Body Weight at 17 Weeks 1.24 kg (2.7 lb)
Laying Period (to 110 weeks):
Percent Peak 9394%
Hen-Day Eggs to 60 Weeks 240250
Hen-Day Eggs to 80 Weeks 345361
Hen-Day Eggs to 110 Weeks 472482
Hen-Housed Eggs to 60 Weeks 236246
Hen-Housed Eggs to 80 Weeks 336352
Hen-Housed Eggs to 110 Weeks 450460
Livability to 60 Weeks 96%
Livability to 80 Weeks 94%
Days to 50% Production (from hatch) 146
Egg Weight at 26 Weeks 54.9 g/egg (43.6 lb/case)
Egg Weight at 38 Weeks 60.1 g/egg (47.7 lb/case)
Egg Weight at 56 Weeks 62.0 g/egg (49.2 lb/case)
Egg Weight at 84 Weeks 63.5 g/egg (50.4 lb/case)
Total Egg Mass per Hen-Day (1880 weeks) 20.8 kg (45.9 lb)
Total Egg Mass per Hen-Housed (1880 weeks) 20.2 kg (44.6 lb)
Body Weight at 32 Weeks 1.52 kg (3.35 lb)
Body Weight at 70 Weeks 1.54 kg (3.40 lb)
Shell Strength Excellent
Haugh Units at 38 Weeks 91
Haugh Units at 56 Weeks 88
Haugh Units at 84 Weeks 86
Percent Solids at 38 Weeks 24.6
Percent Solids at 56 Weeks 24.7
Percent Solids at 84 Weeks 24.7
Average Daily Feed Consumption (1880 weeks) 91 g/day per bird (20.1 lb/day per 100 birds)
Feed Conversion Rate, kg Feed/kg Eggs or lb Feed/lb Eggs (2160 weeks) 1.82
Feed Conversion Rate, kg Feed/kg Eggs or lb Feed/lb Eggs (2180 weeks) 1.86
Feed Utilization, kg Egg/kg Feed or lb Egg/lb Feed (2160 weeks) 0.55
Feed Utilization, kg Egg/kg Feed or lb Egg/lb Feed (2180 weeks) 0.54
Feed per Dozen Eggs (2160 weeks) 1.29 kg (2.84 lb)
Feed per Dozen Eggs (2180 weeks) 1.35 kg (2.97 lb)
Condition of Droppings Dry
Performance Standards2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-36

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Target Weights of Hy-Line W-36 Pullets
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Growing Period
Age Body Weight*
Weeks g lb
1 65 0.14
2 110 0.24
3 170 0.37
4 250 0.55
5 320 0.71
6 410 0.90
7 500 1.10
8 590 1.30
9 690 1.52
10 790 1.74
11 870 1.92
12 940 2.07
13 1020 2.25
14 1090 2.40
15 1160 2.56
16 1200 2.65
17** 1240 2.73
18 1270 2.80
* Pullets grown on the oor, or in a tropical climate, can be 50 g (0.1 lb) lighter than shown.
** Move to Lay House
Performance Standards2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-36

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Growing Period Feed Consumption*W-36
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Age in Daily Cumulative
weeks g/day per bird lb/day per 100 birds g to date lb to date
1 13 2.80 89 0.20
2 16 3.50 200 0.44
3 19 4.20 333 0.74
4 29 6.30 533 1.18
5 38 8.40 800 1.76
6 41 8.97 1085 2.39
7 43 9.45 1385 3.05
8 46 10.10 1706 3.76
9 48 10.60 2042 4.50
10 51 11.20 2398 5.29
11 53 11.60 2766 6.10
12 54 12.00 3147 6.94
13 56 12.30 3538 7.80
14 57 12.60 3938 8.68
15 59 13.00 4351 9.59
16 61 13.40 4776 10.53
17 62 13.70 5211 11.49
Performance Standards2009
This page was last updated May 2010
* Pullets feed consumption varies with feed formulation and environmental temperatures.
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-36

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Water Consumption for Hy-Line W-36 Pullets and Layers
Performance Standards2009
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
This page was last updated May 2010
* Higher temperatures tend to elevate water consumption by 1.9 liters (0.5 gallons) per 100 birds.
Water Consumed per 100 Birds per Day
Chicks should consume 0.83 liters (0.22 gallons) per 100 birds on day one of age.
Age in Weeks Liters Gallons
1
0.81.1 0.200.30
2
1.11.9 0.300.50
3
1.72.7 0.450.70
4
2.53.8 0.651.00
5
3.44.7 0.901.25
6
4.55.7 1.201.50
7
5.76.8 1.501.80
8
6.18.0 1.602.10
9
6.49.5 1.702.50
1015
6.810.2 1.802.70
1620
7.215.2 1.904.00
2125*
9.918.2 2.604.80
Over 25*
15.220.8 4.005.50
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-36

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
% Hen-Day Mortality

Hen-Day
Eggs
Hen-Housed
Eggs
Body Weight Average
Egg Weight*
%
Grade A
Large and
Above
Feed
Consumption
Hen-Housed
Egg Mass
Cum.
Egg Quality
Age
in
Weeks
Curr.
under Opt.
Conditions
Curr.
under Avg.
Conditions
%
Cum.
Cum.
under Opt.
Conditions
Cum.
under Avg.
Conditions
Cum.
under Opt.
Conditions
Cum.
under Avg.
Conditions
kg lb g/egg
Net lb/
30 doz
case
23 oz/doz
g/day
per
bird
lb/day
per 100
birds
kg lb
Haugh
Units
%
Solids**
Breaking
Strength
18 0 1 0.04 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 1.27 2.80 43.2 34.2 - 64 14.1 0.00 0.01 98.0 22.4 4280
19 4 3 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 1.30 2.87 44.3 35.2 1 65 14.3 0.01 0.03 97.8 22.5 4270
20 21 15 0.1 1.8 1.4 1.7 1.4 1.35 2.98 45.8 36.4 2 67 14.8 0.1 0.1 97.6 22.9 4260
21 55 38 0.2 5.6 4.0 5.6 4.0 1.40 3.09 47.4 37.6 6 69 15.3 0.2 0.4 97.2 23.1 4250
22 78 62 0.3 11.1 8.3 11.0 8.3 1.45 3.20 49.6 39.3 14 75 16.5 0.4 0.9 96.8 23.2 4250
23 89 78 0.4 17.3 13.8 17.2 13.8 1.47 3.24 51.4 40.8 25 80 17.6 0.7 1.5 96.4 23.4 4240
24 92 86 0.5 23.7 19.8 23.6 19.8 1.48 3.26 52.9 42.0 36 84 18.5 1.0 2.2 96.0 23.5 4240
25 93 90 0.6 30.2 26.1 30.1 26.0 1.50 3.31 53.9 42.8 45 87 19.1 1.3 2.9 95.6 23.6 4230
26 94 91 0.6 36.8 32.5 36.7 32.4 1.50 3.31 54.9 43.6 53 89 19.5 1.7 3.7 95.3 23.7 4220
27 94 92 0.7 43.4 39.0 43.2 38.8 1.51 3.33 55.5 44.1 58 90 19.9 2.0 4.5 95.0 23.8 4210
28 94 93 0.7 50.0 45.4 49.7 45.2 1.51 3.33 56.3 44.7 64 90 19.8 2.4 5.3 94.6 23.9 4200
29 94 92 0.8 56.6 51.9 56.3 51.6 1.52 3.35 56.9 45.2 69 91 20.1 2.8 6.1 94.2 24.0 4190
30 94 92 0.9 63.1 58.4 62.8 58.0 1.52 3.35 57.5 45.6 73 91 20.1 3.1 6.9 93.9 24.1 4180
31 94 92 0.9 69.7 64.8 69.3 64.4 1.52 3.35 57.8 45.9 75 92 20.3 3.5 7.7 93.6 24.2 4170
32 94 92 1.0 76.3 71.2 75.8 70.8 1.52 3.35 58.2 46.2 78 93 20.5 3.9 8.5 93.2 24.3 4160
33 94 92 1.1 82.9 77.7 82.3 77.1 1.52 3.35 58.5 46.4 80 93 20.5 4.2 9.4 92.9 24.4 4150
34 93 91 1.1 89.4 84.1 88.8 83.5 1.52 3.35 58.9 46.7 83 94 20.7 4.6 10.2 92.6 24.4 4140
35 93 91 1.2 95.9 90.4 95.2 89.8 1.52 3.35 59.2 47.0 84 94 20.7 5.0 11.0 92.3 24.5 4130
36 93 91 1.3 102.4 96.8 101.6 96.0 1.52 3.35 59.5 47.3 87 95 20.9 5.4 11.8 92.0 24.5 4120
37 93 90 1.4 108.9 103.1 108.0 102.3 1.52 3.35 59.8 47.5 88 95 20.9 5.7 12.7 91.7 24.6 4110
38 92 90 1.4 115.4 109.4 114.4 108.5 1.52 3.35 60.1 47.7 90 95 20.9 6.1 13.5 91.4 24.6 4110
39 92 90 1.5 121.8 115.7 120.7 114.7 1.53 3.37 60.2 47.8 90 96 21.2 6.5 14.3 91.1 24.6 4100
40 91 89 1.6 128.2 121.9 127.0 120.8 1.53 3.37 60.4 47.9 90 96 21.2 6.9 15.1 90.8 24.6 4100
41 91 89 1.7 134.5 128.2 133.3 126.9 1.53 3.37 60.6 48.1 91 96 21.1 7.2 15.9 90.5 24.6 4090
42 91 88 1.8 140.9 134.3 139.5 133.0 1.53 3.37 60.8 48.2 91 95 20.9 7.6 16.7 90.3 24.7 4090
43 90 88 1.9 147.2 140.5 145.7 139.0 1.53 3.37 60.9 48.3 91 95 20.9 8.0 17.6 90.0 24.7 4085
44 90 87 2.0 153.5 146.6 151.9 145.0 1.53 3.37 61.0 48.4 91 95 20.9 8.3 18.4 89.7 24.7 4085
45 89 87 2.1 159.7 152.7 158.0 151.0 1.53 3.37 61.1 48.5 92 95 20.9 8.7 19.2 89.5 24.7 4080
46 89 87 2.1 166.0 158.7 164.1 156.9 1.54 3.40 61.1 48.5 91 95 20.9 9.1 20.0 89.2 24.7 4080
47 89 86 2.2 172.2 164.8 170.2 162.8 1.54 3.40 61.2 48.6 91 95 20.9 9.4 20.8 89.1 24.7 4075
48 88 85 2.3 178.4 170.8 176.2 168.6 1.54 3.40 61.3 48.6 91 95 20.9 9.8 21.5 88.9 24.7 4075
49 87 85 2.4 184.5 176.7 182.1 174.4 1.54 3.40 61.3 48.7 91 95 20.9 10.1 22.3 88.6 24.7 4070
50 87 85 2.5 190.5 182.6 188.1 180.2 1.54 3.40 61.3 48.7 91 95 20.9 10.5 23.1 88.5 24.7 4070
51 87 84 2.6 196.6 188.5 194.0 185.9 1.54 3.40 61.5 48.8 91 95 20.9 10.8 23.9 88.3 24.7 4065
52 86 83 2.7 202.7 194.4 199.8 191.6 1.54 3.40 61.6 48.9 91 95 20.9 11.2 24.7 88.1 24.7 4065
53 86 83 2.8 208.7 200.2 205.7 197.3 1.54 3.40 61.6 48.9 91 94 20.7 11.5 25.4 87.9 24.7 4060
54 85 83 2.9 214.6 206.0 211.5 202.9 1.54 3.40 61.7 49.0 90 94 20.7 11.9 26.2 87.7 24.7 4060
55 85 82 3.0 220.6 211.7 217.2 208.5 1.54 3.40 61.8 49.1 90 94 20.7 12.2 27.0 87.6 24.7 4050
56 85 82 3.1 226.5 217.4 223.0 214.0 1.54 3.40 62.0 49.2 90 94 20.7 12.6 27.7 87.5 24.7 4050
57 84 81 3.2 232.4 223.1 228.7 219.5 1.54 3.40 62.0 49.2 90 94 20.7 12.9 28.5 87.3 24.7 4045
58 84 81 3.3 238.3 228.8 234.4 225.0 1.54 3.40 62.1 49.3 90 94 20.7 13.2 29.2 87.2 24.7 4045
59 83 81 3.4 244.1 234.4 240.0 230.5 1.54 3.40 62.2 49.3 90 94 20.7 13.6 30.0 87.1 24.7 4040
Hy-Line W-36 Performance Table
* Egg weights after 40 weeks of age assume phase feeding of protein to limit egg size.
** Percent solids in liquid egg mix of white and yolk.
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Performance Standards2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-36

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Hy-Line W-36 Performance Table
* Egg weights after 40 weeks of age assume phase feeding of protein to limit egg size.
** Percent solids in liquid egg mix of white and yolk.
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Performance Standards2009
% Hen-Day Mortality

Hen-Day
Eggs
Hen-Housed
Eggs
Body Weight Average
Egg Weight*
%
Grade A
Large and
Above
Feed
Consumption
Hen-Housed
Egg Mass
Cum.
Egg Quality
Age
in
Weeks
Curr.
under Opt.
Conditions
Curr.
under Avg.
Conditions
%
Cum.
Cum.
under Opt.
Conditions
Cum.
under Avg.
Conditions
Cum.
under Opt.
Conditions
Cum.
under Avg.
Conditions
kg lb g/egg
Net lb/
30 doz
case
23 oz/doz
g/day
per
bird
lb/day
per
100
birds
kg lb
Haugh
Units
%
Solids**
Breaking
Strength
60 83 80 3.5 249.9 240.1 245.6 235.9 1.54 3.40 62.2 49.3 90 94 20.7 13.9 30.7 87.0 24.7 4040
61 83 80 3.6 255.7 245.6 251.2 241.3 1.54 3.40 62.3 49.4 90 94 20.7 14.3 31.4 86.9 24.7 4035
62 82 79 3.8 261.5 251.2 256.7 246.6 1.54 3.40 62.3 49.4 90 93 20.5 14.6 32.2 86.8 24.7 4030
63 82 78 3.9 267.2 256.7 262.2 251.9 1.54 3.40 62.5 49.6 90 93 20.5 14.9 32.9 86.7 24.7 4020
64 81 78 4.0 272.9 262.1 267.7 257.1 1.54 3.40 62.5 49.6 90 93 20.5 15.3 33.6 86.6 24.7 4010
65 81 77 4.1 278.5 267.6 273.1 262.3 1.54 3.40 62.6 49.7 90 93 20.5 15.6 34.3 86.5 24.7 4005
66 80 77 4.3 284.1 272.9 278.5 267.5 1.54 3.40 62.6 49.7 90 93 20.5 15.9 35.1 86.4 24.7 3990
67 80 76 4.4 289.7 278.3 283.8 272.6 1.54 3.40 62.6 49.7 90 93 20.5 16.2 35.8 86.3 24.7 3985
68 80 76 4.5 295.3 283.6 289.2 277.6 1.54 3.40 62.7 49.7 90 93 20.5 16.5 36.5 86.2 24.7 3970
69 80 76 4.7 300.9 288.9 294.5 282.7 1.54 3.40 62.9 49.9 90 93 20.5 16.9 37.2 86.1 24.7 3960
70 80 76 4.8 306.5 294.2 299.9 287.7 1.54 3.40 62.9 50.0 90 93 20.5 17.2 37.9 86.0 24.7 3955
71 80 75 4.9 312.1 299.4 305.2 292.7 1.54 3.40 63.1 50.1 90 93 20.5 17.5 38.6 85.9 24.7 3950
72 80 75 5.1 317.7 304.7 310.5 297.7 1.54 3.40 63.1 50.1 90 93 20.5 17.8 39.2 85.8 24.7 3945
73 80 75 5.2 323.3 310.0 315.8 302.7 1.54 3.40 63.1 50.1 90 93 20.5 18.1 39.9 85.7 24.7 3940
74 79 74 5.4 328.9 315.2 321.0 307.6 1.54 3.40 63.4 50.3 90 93 20.5 18.4 40.6 85.6 24.7 3940
75 79 74 5.5 334.4 320.3 326.3 312.5 1.54 3.40 63.5 50.4 90 93 20.5 18.7 41.3 85.5 24.7 3930
76 78 74 5.6 339.9 325.5 331.4 317.4 1.54 3.40 63.5 50.4 90 93 20.5 19.0 42.0 85.4 24.7 3930
77 78 72 5.8 345.3 330.5 336.6 322.2 1.54 3.40 63.8 50.6 90 93 20.5 19.4 42.7 85.3 24.7 3920
78 77 72 5.9 350.7 335.6 341.6 326.9 1.54 3.40 63.8 50.7 90 93 20.5 19.7 43.3 85.2 24.7 3920
79 76 71 6.1 356.0 340.6 346.6 331.6 1.54 3.40 63.9 50.7 90 93 20.5 20.0 44.0 85.1 24.7 3910
80 75 70 6.2 361.3 345.5 351.5 336.2 1.54 3.40 63.9 50.7 90 93 20.5 20.2 44.6 85.0 24.7 3910
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-36

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial
ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and
disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Performance Standards2009
This page was last updated May 2010
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
0.0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1.0
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.8
2.0
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3.0
3.2
3.4
3.6
3.8
4.0
4.2
4.4
4.6
4.8
5.0
15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80
P
e
r
c
e
n
t

o
r

g
r
a
m
s
K
i
l
o
g
r
a
m
s
Age (weeks)
Egg weight (g)
Hen-day egg production (%)
Mortality (%)
Body weight (kg)
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-36

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Age in % Hen-Day % Mortality Hen-Day Hen-Housed Body Weight
Average
Egg Weight*
% Grade A
Large and Above Feed Consumption
Hen-Housed
Egg Mass Cum.
Weeks Lay Curr. Cum. Cum. Cum. kg lb g/egg Net lb/30
doz case
23 oz/doz g/day
per bird
lb/day per
100 birds
kg lb
69 0 4.7 280.8 274.9 1.30 2.87 - - - - - 16.3 36.0
70 0 4.8 280.8 274.9 1.27 2.80 - - - 40 8.8 16.3 36.0
71 0 4.9 280.8 274.9 1.30 2.87 - - - 60 13.2 16.3 36.0
72 11 5.0 281.5 275.7 1.35 2.97 62.5 49.6 91 78 17.2 16.4 36.1
73 33 5.2 283.8 277.9 1.39 3.07 62.6 49.7 91 83 18.3 16.5 36.4
74 56 5.3 287.8 281.6 1.44 3.17 63.0 50.0 92 86 19.0 16.8 37.0
75 67 5.4 292.4 286.0 1.44 3.17 63.1 50.1 92 88 19.4 17.0 37.6
76 75 5.5 297.7 291.0 1.46 3.21 63.2 50.2 92 89 19.6 17.4 38.3
77 79 5.6 303.2 296.2 1.49 3.28 63.3 50.2 92 90 19.8 17.7 39.0
78 81 5.8 308.9 301.5 1.51 3.32 63.3 50.2 92 92 20.3 18.0 39.7
79 82 5.9 314.6 306.9 1.53 3.36 63.4 50.3 92 93 20.3 18.4 40.5
80 82 6.0 320.4 312.3 1.55 3.41 63.4 50.3 91 93 20.3 18.7 41.3
81 82 6.2 326.1 317.7 1.56 3.43 63.4 50.3 91 93 20.5 19.1 42.0
82 83 6.3 331.9 323.2 1.57 3.45 63.4 50.3 91 93 20.5 19.4 42.8
83 83 6.5 337.7 328.6 1.57 3.47 63.5 50.4 91 93 20.5 19.7 43.5
84 82 6.6 343.5 334.0 1.57 3.47 63.5 50.4 91 93 20.5 20.1 44.3
85 81 6.8 349.1 339.2 1.57 3.47 63.5 50.4 91 93 20.5 20.4 45.0
86 81 6.9 354.8 344.5 1.57 3.47 63.5 50.4 91 93 20.5 20.8 45.8
87 80 7.1 360.4 349.7 1.57 3.47 63.5 50.4 91 93 20.5 21.1 46.5
88 80 7.3 366.0 354.9 1.57 3.47 63.5 50.4 91 93 20.5 21.4 47.2
89 79 7.4 371.5 360.0 1.57 3.47 63.5 50.4 90 94 20.7 21.7 47.9
90 79 7.6 377.1 365.1 1.57 3.47 63.5 50.4 90 94 20.7 22.1 48.6
91 79 7.7 382.6 370.2 1.57 3.47 63.6 50.5 90 94 20.7 22.4 49.4
92 78 7.9 388.1 375.3 1.57 3.47 63.6 50.5 90 94 20.7 22.7 50.1
93 78 8.1 393.5 380.3 1.57 3.47 63.6 50.5 90 94 20.7 23.0 50.8
94 78 8.3 399.0 385.3 1.57 3.47 63.7 50.6 90 94 20.7 23.3 51.5
95 77 8.4 404.4 390.2 1.57 3.47 63.7 50.6 90 94 20.7 23.7 52.2
96 77 8.6 409.8 395.2 1.57 3.47 63.7 50.6 90 95 20.9 24.0 52.9
97 77 8.8 415.2 400.1 1.57 3.47 63.8 50.6 90 95 20.9 24.3 53.6
98 76 9.0 420.5 404.9 1.57 3.47 63.8 50.6 90 95 20.9 24.6 54.2
99 76 9.1 425.8 409.8 1.57 3.47 63.8 50.6 90 95 20.9 24.9 54.9
100 75 9.3 431.0 414.5 1.57 3.47 63.9 50.7 90 95 20.9 25.2 55.6
101 75 9.5 436.3 419.3 1.57 3.47 63.9 50.7 90 95 20.9 25.5 56.3
102 74 9.7 441.5 423.9 1.57 3.47 64.0 50.8 90 96 21.2 25.8 56.9
103 74 9.9 446.7 428.6 1.57 3.47 64.0 50.8 90 96 21.2 26.1 57.6
104 74 10.1 451.8 433.3 1.57 3.47 64.1 50.9 90 96 21.2 26.4 58.2
105 73 10.3 456.9 437.9 1.57 3.47 64.1 50.9 90 96 21.2 26.7 58.9
106 72 10.5 462.0 442.4 1.57 3.47 64.2 51.0 90 96 21.2 27.0 59.5
107 71 10.7 467.0 446.8 1.57 3.47 64.2 51.0 90 97 21.4 27.3 60.1
108 71 10.9 471.9 451.2 1.57 3.47 64.3 51.0 89 97 21.4 27.6 60.8
109 70 11.1 476.8 455.6 1.57 3.47 64.3 51.0 89 98 21.6 27.8 61.4
110 70 11.3 481.7 459.9 1.57 3.47 64.4 51.1 89 98 21.6 28.1 62.0
Hy-Line W-36 Post Molt Performance Table
* These egg weights are those which can be achieved through controlled feeding of protein. Larger egg sizes can be achieved by feeding higher protein levels.
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Performance Standards2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-36

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Performance Standards2009
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial
ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and
disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
This page was last updated May 2010
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
0.0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1.0
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.8
2.0
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3.0
3.2
3.4
3.6
3.8
4.0
4.2
4.4
4.6
4.8
5.0
15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 105 110
P
e
r
c
e
n
t

o
r

g
r
a
m
s
K
i
l
o
g
r
a
m
s
Age (weeks)
Egg weight (g)
Hen-day egg production (%)
Mortality (%)
Body weight (kg)
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-36

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Age in
Weeks
Average
Egg Weight
(lb/case)
J umbo
Over 30
oz/doz
Extra Large
2730
oz/doz
Large
2427
oz/doz
Medium
2124
oz/doz
Small
1821
oz/doz
Peewee
Under 18
oz/doz
22 39.3 0.0 0.1 5.3 44.7 44.6 5.4
24 42.0 0.0 0.9 19.5 55.9 22.5 1.2
26 43.6 0.0 2.9 32.1 51.9 12.6 0.4
28 44.7 0.1 5.5 41.0 45.7 7.5 0.2
30 45.6 0.2 8.4 48.3 38.8 4.2 0.1
32 46.2 0.2 10.5 52.3 34.1 2.8 0.0
34 46.7 0.3 13.1 55.8 29.1 1.7 0.0
36 47.3 0.4 15.6 58.3 24.7 1.1 0.0
38 47.7 0.5 18.5 60.0 20.3 0.6 0.0
40 47.9 0.7 20.9 58.9 18.9 0.6 0.0
42 48.2 1.0 23.5 58.6 16.5 0.5 0.0
44 48.4 1.2 25.1 57.2 15.9 0.5 0.0
46 48.5 1.3 25.8 57.0 15.4 0.5 0.0
48 48.6 1.7 27.4 55.6 14.9 0.5 0.0
50 48.7 1.9 27.6 55.2 14.9 0.5 0.0
52 48.9 2.2 29.6 53.9 13.9 0.5 0.0
54 49.0 2.5 30.4 52.8 13.9 0.5 0.0
56 49.2 2.9 32.3 51.8 12.5 0.5 0.0
58 49.3 3.4 33.0 50.7 12.5 0.5 0.0
60 49.3 3.8 33.7 49.8 12.2 0.5 0.0
62 49.4 4.0 34.1 49.2 12.2 0.5 0.0
64 49.6 4.4 35.3 48.5 11.4 0.4 0.0
66 49.7 4.6 35.9 48.1 11.0 0.4 0.0
68 49.7 4.8 36.5 47.7 10.7 0.4 0.0
70 50.0 5.2 37.7 46.8 10.0 0.3 0.0
72 50.1 5.6 38.9 45.9 9.3 0.3 0.0
74 50.3 6.3 40.6 44.5 8.3 0.2 0.0
76 50.4 6.6 41.1 44.0 8.0 0.2 0.0
78 50.7 7.4 42.7 42.5 7.2 0.2 0.0
80 50.7 7.7 43.3 41.9 6.9 0.2 0.0
Egg Size DistributionU.S. Standards
Performance Standards2009
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-36

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Age in
Weeks
Average
Egg Weight (g)
Very Large
Over 73 g
Large
6373 g
Medium
5363 g
Small
4353 g
22 49.6 0.0 0.1 21.9 78.0
24 52.9 0.0 1.4 47.7 50.9
26 54.9 0.0 4.2 61.5 34.3
28 56.3 0.0 7.7 68.2 24.1
30 57.5 0.0 11.6 72.0 16.4
32 58.2 0.1 14.3 73.3 12.4
34 58.9 0.1 17.5 73.4 9.0
36 59.5 0.1 20.7 72.7 6.6
38 60.1 0.1 24.4 71.0 4.6
40 60.4 0.2 27.1 68.5 4.3
42 60.8 0.2 30.2 66.1 3.5
44 61.0 0.3 32.2 64.1 3.5
46 61.1 0.3 33.0 63.4 3.3
48 61.3 0.5 34.8 61.5 3.3
50 61.3 0.6 35.0 61.2 3.3
52 61.6 0.7 37.4 58.9 3.1
54 61.7 0.8 38.3 57.8 3.1
56 62.0 1.0 40.6 55.4 3.0
58 62.1 1.2 41.4 54.5 2.9
60 62.2 1.4 42.4 53.4 2.9
62 62.3 1.5 42.9 52.8 2.9
64 62.5 1.6 44.3 51.4 2.6
66 62.6 1.7 45.1 50.8 2.5
68 62.7 1.8 45.8 50.1 2.4
70 62.9 2.0 47.2 48.7 2.2
72 63.1 2.2 48.7 47.2 2.0
74 63.4 2.5 50.8 45.1 1.7
76 63.5 2.6 51.4 44.3 1.6
78 63.8 3.0 53.5 42.1 1.4
80 63.9 3.2 54.1 41.4 1.3
Egg Size DistributionE.U. Standards
Performance Standards2009
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-36

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Growing Period Nutritional RecommendationsW-36
Item
1
Starter 1 Starter 2 Grower Developer Pre-lay
5
Feed to a body weight of 170 g 410 g 940 g 1160 g 1240 g
Approximate age 03 weeks 46 weeks 712 weeks 1315 weeks 1617 weeks
Recommended concentration
2

Metabolizable energy, kcal/lb 13501400 13501400 13501400 13501420 13201340
Metabolizable energy, kcal/kg 29773087 29773087 29773087 29773131 29112955
Metabolizable energy, MJ /kg 12.4612.92 12.4612.92 12.4612.92 12.4613.11 12.1812.37
Minimum recommended concentration
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 1.05 0.98 0.88 0.76 0.78
Methionine, % 0.47 0.44 0.40 0.36 0.38
Methionine +cystine, % 0.74 0.74 0.67 0.59 0.66
Threonine, % 0.69 0.66 0.60 0.52 0.55
Tryptophan, % 0.18 0.18 0.17 0.15 0.16
Arginine, % 1.12 1.05 0.94 0.81 0.83
Isoleucine, % 0.74 0.71 0.65 0.57 0.62
Valine, % 0.76 0.73 0.69 0.61 0.66
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 1.15 1.07 0.96 0.83 0.85
Methionine, % 0.51 0.47 0.44 0.38 0.41
Methionine +cystine, % 0.83 0.83 0.75 0.67 0.74
Threonine, % 0.82 0.77 0.70 0.62 0.64
Tryptophan, % 0.21 0.21 0.20 0.18 0.20
Arginine, % 1.21 1.13 1.01 0.87 0.90
Isoleucine, % 0.79 0.76 0.70 0.61 0.67
Valine, % 0.83 0.80 0.76 0.67 0.73
Crude protein (nitrogen 6.25),
3
% 20.00 19.00 18.00 17.00 17.00
Calcium,
4
% 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.40 2.50
Phosphorus (available), % 0.50 0.49 0.47 0.45 0.48
Sodium, % 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18
Chloride, % 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
1
Change diets at the recommended target body weightthe approximate age is a guide only.
2
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ substantially; in some cases, the recommended dietary energy
content may have to be adjusted accordingly (see Hy-Line Red Book for additional information).
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on digestible
amino acid basis instead.
4
Calcium should be supplied as a ne calcium carbonate source (mean particle size less than 2 mm).
5
Do not feed the pre-lay diet beyond the rst egg as it does not contain sufcient calcium to sustain egg production.
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Nutritional Recommendations2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-36

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Item
1
Peaking
Above 92% to 87%
egg production
86 to 82%
egg production
Less than 82%
egg production
Point of lay to 32 weeks 3344 weeks 4558 weeks 59+weeks
Recommended concentration
2

Metabolizable energy, kcal/lb 12901340 12901335 12801325 12701290
Metabolizable energy, kcal/kg 28442955 28442944 28222922 28002844
Metabolizable energy, MJ /kg 11.9012.37 11.9012.32 11.8112.23 11.7211.90
Minimum recommended concentration
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, mg/day 805 750 710 695
Methionine, mg/day 394 368 348 334
Methionine +cystine, mg/day 676 630 596 570
Threonine, mg/day 564 525 497 487
Tryptophan, mg/day 169 158 149 146
Arginine, mg/day 861 803 760 744
Isoleucine, mg/day 636 593 561 549
Valine, mg/day 725 675 639 626
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, mg/day 881 821 777 761
Methionine, mg/day 424 395 374 359
Methionine +cystine, mg/day 763 711 673 643
Threonine, mg/day 663 618 585 572
Tryptophan, mg/day 202 188 178 174
Arginine, mg/day 926 863 817 800
Isoleucine, mg/day 684 637 603 590
Valine, mg/day 799 744 705 690
Crude protein (nitrogen 6.25),
3
g/day 16.00 15.50 15.25 15.00
Calcium,
4
g/day 4.00 4.20 4.35 4.50
Phosphorus (available), mg/day 500 480 460 400
Sodium, mg/day 180 180 180 180
Chloride, mg/day 180 180 180 180
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), g/day 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Choline, mg/day 100 100 100 100
Laying Period Nutritional RecommendationsW-36
1
Consumption of crude protein, methionine +cystine, fat, linoleic acid, and/or energy may be changed to optimize egg size.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown in the Hy-Line Red Book. Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed
ingredients of the same name can differ substantially; in some cases, the recommended dietary energy content may have to be adjusted accordingly (see Hy-Line Red
Book for additional information).
3
Total amino acids are only appropriate with a corn and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on digestible amino acid basis if a substantial amount of other
protein-supplying ingredients are used.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 24 mm.
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Nutritional Recommendations2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-36

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Item
1
Peaking
Above 92% to 87%
egg production
86 to 82%
egg production
Less than 82%
egg production
Point of lay to 32 weeks 3344 weeks 4558 weeks 59+weeks
Recommended concentration
2

Metabolizable energy, kcal/lb 12901340 12901335 12801325 12701290
Metabolizable energy, kcal/kg 28442955 28442944 28222922 28002844
Metabolizable energy, MJ /kg 11.9012.37 11.9012.32 11.8112.23 11.7211.90
Feed consumption
g/day per hen 74 79 84* 89 94 85 90 95* 100 105 85 90 95* 100 105 83 88 93* 98 103
lb/day per 100 hens 16.3 17.4 18.5 19.6 20.7 18.7 19.8 20.9 22.1 23.2 18.7 19.8 20.9 22.1 23.2 18.3 19.4 20.5 21.6 22.7
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 1.09 1.02 0.96 0.90 0.86 0.88 0.83 0.79 0.75 0.71 0.84 0.79 0.75 0.71 0.68 0.84 0.79 0.75 0.71 0.67
Methionine, % 0.53 0.50 0.47 0.44 0.42 0.43 0.41 0.39 0.37 0.35 0.41 0.39 0.37 0.35 0.33 0.40 0.38 0.36 0.34 0.32
Methionine +cystine, % 0.91 0.86 0.80 0.76 0.72 0.74 0.70 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.70 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.57 0.69 0.65 0.61 0.58 0.55
Threonine, % 0.76 0.71 0.67 0.63 0.60 0.62 0.58 0.55 0.53 0.50 0.58 0.55 0.52 0.50 0.47 0.59 0.55 0.52 0.50 0.47
Tryptophan, % 0.23 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.15 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.15 0.14 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.15 0.14
Arginine, % 1.16 1.09 1.03 0.97 0.92 0.94 0.89 0.85 0.80 0.76 0.89 0.84 0.80 0.76 0.72 0.90 0.85 0.80 0.76 0.72
Isoleucine, % 0.86 0.81 0.76 0.71 0.68 0.70 0.66 0.62 0.59 0.56 0.66 0.62 0.59 0.56 0.53 0.66 0.62 0.59 0.56 0.53
Valine, % 0.98 0.92 0.86 0.81 0.77 0.79 0.75 0.71 0.68 0.64 0.75 0.71 0.67 0.64 0.61 0.75 0.71 0.67 0.64 0.61
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 1.19 1.12 1.05 0.99 0.94 0.97 0.91 0.86 0.82 0.78 0.91 0.86 0.82 0.78 0.74 0.92 0.86 0.82 0.78 0.74
Methionine, % 0.57 0.54 0.50 0.48 0.45 0.46 0.44 0.42 0.40 0.38 0.44 0.42 0.39 0.37 0.36 0.43 0.41 0.39 0.37 0.35
Methionine +cystine, % 1.03 0.97 0.91 0.86 0.81 0.84 0.79 0.75 0.71 0.68 0.79 0.75 0.71 0.67 0.64 0.77 0.73 0.69 0.66 0.62
Threonine, % 0.90 0.84 0.79 0.74 0.71 0.73 0.69 0.65 0.62 0.59 0.69 0.65 0.62 0.59 0.56 0.69 0.65 0.62 0.58 0.56
Tryptophan, % 0.27 0.26 0.24 0.23 0.21 0.22 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17
Arginine, % 1.25 1.17 1.10 1.04 0.99 1.02 0.96 0.91 0.86 0.82 0.96 0.91 0.86 0.82 0.78 0.96 0.91 0.86 0.82 0.78
Isoleucine, % 0.92 0.87 0.81 0.77 0.73 0.75 0.71 0.67 0.64 0.61 0.71 0.67 0.63 0.60 0.57 0.71 0.67 0.63 0.60 0.57
Valine, % 1.08 1.01 0.95 0.90 0.85 0.88 0.83 0.78 0.74 0.71 0.83 0.78 0.74 0.71 0.67 0.83 0.78 0.74 0.70 0.67
Crude protein
(nitrogen 6.25),
3
%
21.62 20.25 19.05 17.98 17.02 18.24 17.22 16.32 15.50 14.76 17.94 16.94 16.05 15.25 14.52 18.07 17.05 16.13 15.31 14.56
Calcium,
4
% 5.41 5.06 4.76 4.49 4.26 4.94 4.67 4.42 4.20 4.00 5.12 4.83 4.58 4.35 4.14 5.42 5.11 4.84 4.59 4.37
Phosphorus (available), % 0.68 0.63 0.60 0.56 0.53 0.56 0.53 0.51 0.48 0.46 0.54 0.51 0.48 0.46 0.44 0.48 0.45 0.43 0.41 0.39
Sodium, % 0.24 0.23 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.22 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17
Chloride, % 0.24 0.23 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.22 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.35 1.27 1.19 1.12 1.06 1.18 1.11 1.05 1.00 0.95 1.18 1.11 1.05 1.00 0.95 1.20 1.14 1.08 1.02 0.97
*Typical feed consumption for the age based on available data.
Laying Period Nutritional RecommendationsW-36
1
Consumption of crude protein, methionine +cystine, fat, linoleic acid, and/or energy may be changed to optimize egg size.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown in the Hy-Line Red Book. Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed
ingredients of the same name can differ substantially; in some cases, the recommended dietary energy content may have to be adjusted accordingly (see Hy-Line Red
Book for additional information).
3
Total amino acids are only appropriate with a corn and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on digestible amino acid basis if a substantial amount of other
protein-supplying ingredients are used.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 24 mm.
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Nutritional Recommendations2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-36

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Post-Molt Nutritional RecommendationsW-36
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Recommended concentration
1
Molt Diet
Metabolizable energy, kcal/lb 11791270
Metabolizable energy, kcal/kg 26002800
Metabolizable energy, MJ /kg 10.8811.72
Minimum recommended concentration
Standardized (true) ileal digestibility
Lysine, % 0.30
Methionine, % 0.15
Methionine +cystine, % 0.32
Threonine, % 0.18
Tryptophan, % 0.10
Arginine, % 0.38
Isoleucine, % 0.18
Valine, % 0.23
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 0.33
Methionine, % 0.16
Methionine +cystine, % 0.36
Threonine, % 0.21
Tryptophan, % 0.12
Arginine, % 0.41
Isoleucine, % 0.20
Valine, % 0.26
Crude protein (nitrogen 6.25),
2
% 8.50
Calcium,
3
% 1.30
Phosphorus (available), % 0.25
Sodium,
4
% 0.03
Chloride, % 0.03
1
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown in the Hy-Line Red Book. Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed
ingredients of the same name can differ substantially; in some cases, the recommended dietary energy content may have to be adjusted accordingly (see Hy-Line Red
Book for additional information).
2
Total amino acids are only appropriate with a corn and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on digestible amino acid basis if a substantial amount of other
protein-supplying ingredients are used.
3
The added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of less than 2 mm.
4
The sodium content in the Molt 1 diet should not exceed 0.035%.
Nutritional Recommendations2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-36

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Post-Molt Nutritional RecommendationsW-36
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Recommended post-molt dietary calcium and available phosphorus contents.
Peaking
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 73 78 83* 89 93
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 16.1 17.2 18.3* 19.4 20.5
Calcium,
1
% 5.96 5.58 5.24 4.94 4.68
Phosphorus (available), % 0.68 0.64 0.60 0.57 0.54
Above 83% to 78% egg production
Feed consumption, g/day per hen
83 88 93* 98 103
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 18.3 19.4 20.5* 21.6 22.7
Calcium,
1
% 5.48 5.17 4.89 4.64 4.42
Phosphorus (available), % 0.54 0.51 0.48 0.46 0.44
77 to 75% egg production
Feed consumption, g/day per hen
85 90 95* 100 105
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 18.7 19.8 20.9* 22.1 23.2
Calcium,
1
% 5.59 5.28 5.00 4.75 4.52
Phosphorus (available), % 0.47 0.44 0.42 0.40 0.38
Less than 75% egg production
Feed consumption, g/day per hen
86 91 96* 101 106
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 19.0 20.1 21.2* 22.3 23.4
Calcium,
1
% 5.76 5.44 5.16 4.90 4.67
Phosphorus (available), % 0.41 0.38 0.36 0.35 0.33
* Typical feed consumption based on available data.
After the Molt 3 diet, formulate diets according to level of desired percentage egg production following the nutritional
recommendations for rst-cycle laying hens (see Hy-Line Red Book), albeit with a 20 kcal/kg (10 kcal/lb, 0.10 MJ /kg)
reduction in the dietary energy content. Other noticeable differences in the post-molt diets are an increased need for
dietary calcium and a decreased need for dietary phosphorus, reected in the table.
Minimum recommended daily consumption Peaking
Above 83% to 78%
egg production
77 to 75%
egg production
Less than 75%
egg production
Calcium,

g/day 4.35 4.55 4.75 4.95
Phosphorus (available),mg/day 500 450 400 350
1
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 24 mm.
Nutritional Recommendations2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Nut r i t i on Rec ommendat i ons f or Hy-Li ne W-98
Jump to the sections for:
W-98 Growing period nutritional recommendations.
W-98 Laying period nutritional recommendations.
W-98 Suggested nutrition program for laying period.
W-98 Molt and post-molt nutritional recommendations.
Download the combined W-98 performance and nutrition-recommendations tables
for easy printing (pdf, 1243 kb).
W-98 Gr ow i ng per i od nut r i t i onal r ec ommendat i ons
The table below shows the growing-period nutritional recommendations. See also the
Feeding the Pullet section for information of how to implement the growing-period
recommendations. The sections on Monitoring Body Weight and Body Weight Uniformity
are also of importance.
Hy -Li ne W-98 gr ow i ng per i od nut r i t i onal r ec ommendat i ons.
I t em
1
St ar t er
1
St ar t er
2
Gr ow er Devel oper
Pr e-
l ay
6
Feed to a body weight of,
grams
180 450 1000 1180 1270
Approximate age, weeks 0-3 4-6 7-12 13-15 16-17
Rec ommended c onc ent r at i on
2
Metabolizable energy,
kcal/lb
1325-1375 1350-1400 1325-1375 1300-1375 1285-
1315
Metabolizable energy,
kcal/kg
2920-3030 2980-3085 2920-3030 2870-3030 2830-
2900
Metabolizable energy,
MJ/kg
12.20-
12.70
12.45-
12.90
12.20-
12.70
12.00-12.70 11.85-
12.15
Mi ni mum r ec ommended c onc ent r at i on
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 1.00 0.92 0.82 0.69 0.69
Methionine, % 0.45 0.43 0.40 0.35 0.384
Methionine + cystine, % 0.70 0.69 0.64 0.57 0.55
Threonine, % 0.65 0.60 0.53 0.46 0.46
Tryptophan, % 0.17 0.17 0.16 0.14 0.14
Arginine, % 1.07 0.98 0.88 0.74 0.74
Cont ent s
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Isoleucine, % 0.70 0.66 0.61 0.52 0.55
Valine, % 0.72 0.68 0.64 0.55 0.59
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 1.09 1.01 0.90 0.76 0.76
Methionine, % 0.48 0.46 0.43 0.38 0.36
Methionine + cystine, % 0.79 0.78 0.72 0.64 0.61
Threonine, % 0.76 0.70 0.63 0.54 0.54
Tryptophan, % 0.20 0.20 0.19 0.16 0.16
Arginine, % 1.15 1.06 0.94 0.79 0.79
Isoleucine, % 0.75 0.71 0.65 0.56 0.59
Valine, % 0.79 0.75 0.71 0.61 0.65
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 20.00 18.00 18.00 16.00 15.50
Calcium,
4
%
1.00 1.00 1.00 1.40 2.75
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.50 0.49 0.48 0.46 0.50
Sodium (Na), % 0.19 0.19 0.18 0.18 0.18
Chloride, % 0.19 0.19 0.18 0.18 0.18
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
1
Change diet at the recommended target body weightthe approximate age is a guide only.
2
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ
substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy content may have to be
adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section).
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn
(maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Calcium should be supplied as a fine calcium carbonate source (mean particle size less than 2 mm). It can
be supplied as a 50:50 mix of fine and coarse (mean diameter 2-4 mm) in the pre-lay diet. See also
information about the pre-lay diet in the Feeding the Pullet section).
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are insufficient
data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead,
use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
6
Do not feed the pre-lay diet beyond the first egg as this diet does not contain sufficient calcium to sustain
egg production.
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Nut r i t i on Rec ommendat i ons f or Hy-Li ne W-98
Jump to the sections for:
W-98 Growing period nutritional recommendations.
W-98 Laying period nutritional recommendations.
W-98 Suggested nutrition program for laying period.
W-98 Molt and post-molt nutritional recommendations.
Download the combined W-98 performance and nutrition-recommendations tables
for easy printing (pdf, 1243 kb).
W-98 Layi ng per i od nut r i t i onal r ec ommendat i ons
The nutrient recommendations are based on supplying a given amount (in grams or
milligrams) of nutrients per day (Table 1). To convert these absolute values into a
percentage of the diet, one must know the feed intake (Tables 2 to 5) in order to
formulate the laying-hen diets according to the observed feed intake to ensure the daily
consumption of the recommended grams or milligrams of nutrients. See also the Feeding
the Laying Hen and the Suggested Nutrition Program sections for information of how to
implement the laying-period recommendations.
Tabl e 1. Hy -Li ne W-98 l ayi ng per i od nut r i t i onal r ec ommendat i ons.
I t em
1 Peak i ng Above 93% t o
87% egg
pr oduc t i on
86 -82% egg
pr oduc t i on
Less t han 82%
egg pr oduc t i on
Approximate
age, weeks
Point-of-
lay to 32
33-44 45-58 59+
Rec ommended c onc ent r at i on
2
Metabolizable
energy, kcal/lb
1290-
1340
1290-1335 1280-1325 1270-1290
Metabolizable
energy, kcal/kg
2845-
2955
2845-2945 2820-2920 2800-2845
Metabolizable
energy, MJ/kg
11.90-
12.35
11.90-12.30 11.80-12.20 11.70-11.90
Mi ni mum r ec ommended c onsumpt i on
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, mg/day 790 760 720 685
Methionine,
mg/day
371 357 338 329
Methionine +
cystine, mg/day
593 570 540 562
Cont ent s
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Health
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Vitamins
Trace minerals

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Stock
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Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
Threonine,
mg/day
520 502 475 452
Tryptophan,
mg/day
158 152 144 137
Arginine, mg/day 845 813 770 733
Isoleucine,
mg/day
624 600 569 541
Valine, mg/day 711 684 648 617
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, mg/day 865 832 788 750
Methionine,
mg/day
399 384 364 354
Methionine +
cystine, mg/day
668 643 609 633
Threonine,
mg/day
613 590 559 532
Tryptophan,
mg/day
189 182 172 164
Arginine, mg/day 909 874 828 788
Isoleucine,
mg/day
671 646 612 582
Valine, mg/day 784 754 715 680
Crude protein (N
6.25),
3
g/day 16.50 16.00 15.50 15.00
Calcium,
4
g/day
4.10 4.25 4.40 4.55
Phosphorus
(available),
5
mg/day
500 470 430 370
Sodium (Na),
mg/day
180 180 180 180
Chloride, mg/day 180 180 180 180
Linoleic acid
(C18:2 n-6),
g/day
1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Choline, mg/day 100 100 100 100
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See also the
Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed ingredients.
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ
substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy content may have to be
adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher energy concentrations shown are
appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn
(maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4 mm. See
also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are insufficient
data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead,
use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
Tabl e 2. Peak i ng; poi nt -of -l ay t o 32 w eek s of age.
1
Recommended energy concentration:
2
1290-1340 kcal/lb, 2845-2955 kcal/kg, 11.90-12.35
MJ/kg
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 84 89 94* 99 104
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 18.5 19.6 20.7* 21.8 22.9
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.94 0.89 0.84 0.80 0.76
Methionine, % 0.44 0.42 0.39 0.37 0.36
Methionine + cystine, % 0.71 0.67 0.63 0.60 0.57
Threonine, % 0.62 0.59 0.55 0.53 0.50
Tryptophan, % 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.15
Arginine, % 1.01 0.95 0.90 0.85 0.81
Isoleucine, % 0.74 0.70 0.66 0.63 0.60
Valine, % 0.85 0.80 0.76 0.72 0.68
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 1.03 0.97 0.92 0.87 0.83
Methionine, % 0.48 0.45 0.42 0.40 0.38
Methionine + cystine, % 0.80 0.75 0.71 0.67 0.64
Threonine, % 0.73 0.69 0.65 0.62 0.59
Tryptophan, % 0.23 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18
Arginine, % 1.08 1.02 0.97 0.92 0.87
Isoleucine, % 0.80 0.75 0.71 0.68 0.65
Valine, % 0.93 0.88 0.83 0.79 0.75
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 19.64 18.54 17.55 16.67 15.87
Calcium,
4
%
4.88 4.61 4.36 4.14 3.94
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.60 0.56 0.53 0.51 0.48
Sodium (Na), % 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17
Chloride, % 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.19 1.12 1.06 1.01 0.96
*Typical feed consumption in North America based on available data for the age.
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See also the
Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed ingredients.
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ
substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy content may have to be
adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher energy concentrations shown are
appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn
(maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4 mm. See
also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are insufficient
data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead,
use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
Tabl e 3. Above 93% t o 87% egg pr oduc t i on; 33 -44 w eek s of age.
1
Recommended energy concentration:
2
1290-1335 kcal/lb, 2845-2945 kcal/kg, 11.90-12.30
MJ/kg
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 88 93 98* 103 108
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 19.4 20.5 21.6* 22.7 23.8
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.86 0.82 0.78 0.74 0.70
Methionine, % 0.41 0.38 0.36 0.35 0.33
Methionine + cystine, % 0.65 0.61 0.58 0.55 0.53
Threonine, % 0.57 0.54 0.51 0.49 0.46
Tryptophan, % 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15 0.14
Arginine, % 0.92 0.87 0.83 0.79 0.75
Isoleucine, % 0.68 0.65 0.61 0.58 0.56
Valine, % 0.78 0.74 0.70 0.66 0.63
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 0.95 0.89 0.85 0.81 0.77
Methionine, % 0.44 0.41 0.39 0.37 0.36
Methionine + cystine, % 0.73 0.69 0.66 0.62 0.60
Threonine, % 0.67 0.63 0.60 0.57 0.55
Tryptophan, % 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17
Arginine, % 0.99 0.94 0.89 0.85 0.81
Isoleucine, % 0.73 0.69 0.66 0.63 0.60
Valine, % 0.86 0.81 0.77 0.73 0.70
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 18.18 17.20 16.33 15.53 14.81
Calcium,
4
%
4.83 4.57 4.34 4.13 3.94
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.53 0.51 0.48 0.46 0.44
Sodium (Na), % 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.17
Chloride, % 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.17
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.14 1.08 1.02 0.97 0.93
*Typical feed consumption in North America based on available data for the age.
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See also the
Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed ingredients.
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ
substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy content may have to be
adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher energy concentrations shown are
appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn
(maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4 mm. See
also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are insufficient
data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead,
use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
Tabl e 4. 86 -82% egg pr oduc t i on; 45 -58 w eek s of age.
1
Recommended energy concentration:
2
1280-1325 kcal/lb, 2820-2920 kcal/kg, 11.80-12.20
MJ/kg
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 90 95 100* 105 110
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 19.8 20.9 22.1* 23.2 24.3
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.80 0.76 0.72 0.69 0.65
Methionine, % 0.38 0.36 0.34 0.32 0.31
Methionine + cystine, % 0.60 0.57 0.54 0.51 0.49
Threonine, % 0.53 0.50 0.48 0.45 0.43
Tryptophan, % 0.16 0.15 0.14 0.14 0.13
Arginine, % 0.86 0.81 0.77 0.73 0.70
Isoleucine, % 0.63 0.60 0.57 0.54 0.52
Valine, % 0.72 0.68 0.65 0.62 0.59
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 0.88 0.83 0.79 0.75 0.72
Methionine, % 0.40 0.38 0.36 0.35 0.33
Methionine + cystine, % 0.68 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.55
Threonine, % 0.62 0.59 0.56 0.53 0.51
Tryptophan, % 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16
Arginine, % 0.92 0.87 0.83 0.79 0.75
Isoleucine, % 0.68 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.56
Valine, % 0.79 0.75 0.72 0.68 0.65
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 17.22 16.32 15.50 14.76 14.09
Calcium,
4
%
4.89 4.63 4.40 4.19 4.00
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.48 0.45 0.43 0.41 0.39
Sodium (Na), % 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16
Chloride, % 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.11 1.05 1.00 0.95 0.91
*Typical feed consumption in North America based on available data for the age.
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See also the
Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed ingredients.
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ
substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy content may have to be
adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher energy concentrations shown are
appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn
(maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4 mm. See
also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are insufficient
data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead,
use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
Tabl e 5. Less t han 82% egg pr oduc t i on; 59+ w eek s of age.
1
Recommended energy concentration:
2
1270-1290 kcal/lb, 2800-2845 kcal/kg, 11.70-11.90
MJ/kg
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 91 96 101* 106 111
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 20.1 21.2 22.3* 23.4 24.5
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.75 0.71 0.68 0.65 0.62
Methionine, % 0.36 0.34 0.33 0.31 0.30
Methionine + cystine, % 0.62 0.59 0.56 0.53 0.51
Threonine, % 0.50 0.47 0.45 0.43 0.41
Tryptophan, % 0.15 0.14 0.14 0.13 0.12
Arginine, % 0.81 0.76 0.73 0.69 0.66
Isoleucine, % 0.59 0.56 0.54 0.51 0.49
Valine, % 0.68 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.56
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 0.82 0.78 0.74 0.71 0.68
Methionine, % 0.39 0.37 0.35 0.33 0.32
Methionine + cystine, % 0.70 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.57
Threonine, % 0.58 0.55 0.53 0.50 0.48
Tryptophan, % 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.15 0.15
Arginine, % 0.87 0.82 0.78 0.74 0.71
Isoleucine, % 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.55 0.52
Valine, % 0.75 0.71 0.67 0.64 0.61
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 16.48 15.63 14.85 14.15 13.51
Calcium,
4
%
5.00 4.74 4.50 4.29 4.10
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.41 0.39 0.37 0.35 0.33
Sodium (Na), % 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16
Chloride, % 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.10 1.04 0.99 0.94 0.90
*Typical feed consumption in North America based on available data for the age.
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See also the
Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed ingredients.
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ
substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy content may have to be
adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher energy concentrations shown are
appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn
(maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4 mm. See
also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are insufficient
data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead,
use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Suggest ed Nut r i t i on Pr ogr am f or Hy-Li ne W-98
Jump to the sections for:
W-98 Growing period nutritional recommendations.
W-98 Laying period nutritional recommendations.
W-98 Suggested nutrition program for laying period.
W-98 Molt and post-molt nutritional recommendations.
Download the combined W-98 performance and nutrition-recommendations tables
for easy printing (pdf, 1243 kb).
The following nutrition program is a suggest ed nutrition program. There are many
programs that work wellthe one shown below is only one of them and can be adapted
for individual farms taking into considerations local conditions and economic goals. It is
strongly recommended that a professional nutritionist be consulted to determine the
nutrition program that works best for the individual farm.
For the Hy-Line W-98, the following suggested diet program is used with success
worldwide and follows the principle of feeding for the observed feed intake and desired
production. Feeding according to this or a similar program ensures a high peak egg
production, an excellent persistence of lay, and a highly profitable business. Note that
the diets should be formulated for the actual, observed feed intakes, which may be
different from the feed intakes shown in this example.
The first diet that is fed as the hens start laying eggs is critical to sustain body weight
gain and the high demands of egg production. Remember that even though the whole
flock's egg production is, say 50%, the hens that are laying eggs produce 1 egg per day
(corresponding to 100% egg production for the individual hen). Therefore, it is
recommended to start feeding a fairly concentrated diet (i.e., formulated for a relatively
low feed intake) to supply the needed energy and nutrients to meet the dietary demands
of the hens that are laying and then change to a less concentrated diet as soon as the
feed intake has increased.
Cont ent s
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Hy-Line W-36
Hy-Line W-98
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Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
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Stock
Performance Standards
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Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
Development of feed intake with age and suggested diet phases
according to the above-mentioned nutrition program and the diet matrix shown in the text below.
Di et 1 (appr ox i mat el y 18 t o 26 w eek s of age)
Diet 1 is fed from start of lay at approximately 18 weeks of age. At this time, the feed
intake is relatively low, but rapidly increasing. Accordingly, the diet is formulated for a
relatively low feed intake of about 87 g/dayor as low as economically and practically
feasible (the exact feed-intake value should be determined by the local nutritionist and
depends in part on the individual farm and economics). The diet is fed until the observed
feed consumption reaches about 95 g/day, which typically occurs around 26 to 27 weeks
of age.
Because of the relatively low (but increasing) feed intake at this time, the diet should be
fairly concentrated, often necessitating relatively high inclusion levels of oil, digestible
amino acids, calcium, and available phosphorus. Because of the high nutrient density of
Diet 1, the diet appears expensive when compared on a price per 1000 kg basis.
However, the diet is only fed for a short time and only little of the diet is consumed
because of the relatively low feed intake during this time. Therefore, the actual cost of
feeding Diet 1 is low and, importantly, ensures adequate energy and nutrient intake to
ensure a high peak and prevents depletion of body reserves.
Di et 2 (appr ox i mat el y 27 t o 35 w eek s of age)
When the flock's feed intake has increased to about 95 g/day, Diet 1 can be
reformulated to take advantage of the now higher feed intake. Diet 2 should be
formulated to deliver the same kilocalories (or megajoules) of energy and milligrams or
grams of nutrients as Diet 1. That means that Diet 2 is less concentrated (because of
the higher feed intake) and, therefore, less expensive. The diet is fed until the feed
intake is 100 g/day.
Di et s 3, 4, 5, 6, et c . (appr ox i mat el y 37+ w eek s of age)
The next diet is formulated for a feed intake of about 100 g/day, which typically occurs
around 36 to 37 weeks of age, and is therefore slightly less concentrated than Diet 2.
The feed intake of the Hy-Line W-98 does not change much after this time, so
subsequent diet changes are governed mainly by controlling egg weight, maintaining
eggshell quality, and reducing diet cost (the latter as the hens' energy and nutrient needs
decrease). That said, these diets should be reformulated to avoid under- or over-feeding
the hens if the feed intake changes.
Di et mat r i x
When diets are formulated to the aforementioned principles of observed feed intake and
desired production, a "diet matrix" can be constructed, illustrated in the table below. The
diets are formulated for age (or, more appropriately, hen-day egg production) and, within
each phase, for observed feed intake. With this set of diets, the farm manager can select
and order an appropriate feed from the feed mill every time a new load of feed is
needed. Each feed matches the feed intake and provides exactly the recommended
grams or milligrams of nutrients (i.e., birds are not under- or over-fed, which would
otherwise result in loss of profits). Note that not all of the diets are necessarily fed, but
are available if the hens' feed intake changes because of hot or cold weather or other
reasons. The number of diets also ensures that the differences among the diets are
relatively small, which helps avoid decreases in egg production that can otherwise occur
with abrupt diet changes.
Suggest ed di et mat r i x f or Hy -Li ne W-98.
1,2
The matrix is intended for a flock
that normally consumes approximately 100 g feed per day post-peak. In warmer
climates (or in cages), the normal postpeak feed intake may be closer to 95 g/day and
closer to 105 g/day in cooler climates (or cage-free) in which case the matrix should be
adjusted accordingly.
Age
Obser ved f eed i nt ak e
2
87 g/day 95 g/day 100 g/day 105 g/day
18-32 weeks Diet 1 Diet 2
33-42 weeks Diet 3 Diet 4 Diet 5
43-53 weeks Diet 6 Diet 7 Diet 8
54+ weeks Diet 9 Diet 10 Diet 11
1
Note that, in most cases, only 5 diets are fed through the first lay cycle (i.e., the yellow highlighted Diets 1,
2, 4, 7, and 10) because once the feed intake has stabilized (typically at 100 g/day), it does not change
much. However, Diets 3, 6, and 9 as well as Diets 5, 8, and 11 are available from the feed mill in case the
feed intake decreases or increases, respectively.
2
The matrix should be adjusted according to actual feed intakes, which may differ from those shown.
The diet matrix shown above gives the farm manager 11 diets to choose from. However,
only 4 to 5 of those diets are used under normal conditions:
Diet 1 because of the relatively low feed intake and the importance of providing the
hen with adequate nutrition during this period;
Diet 2 because it is more economical to feed than Diet 1 once the feed intake has
increased; and
Diets 4, 7, and 10 to control egg weight and eggshell quality.
Diets 3, 6, and 9 as well as Diets 5, 8, and 11 may never need to be fed, but are available
from the feed mill in case the feed intake decreases or increases, respectively. These diets
may only have to be fed for a short time until the feed intake returns to the "normal" 100
g/day again.
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-98

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Capabilities of the Hy-Line W-98
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Growing Period (to 16 weeks):
Livability 98%
Feed Consumed 5.05 kg (11.1 lb)
Body Weight at 16 Weeks 1.23 kg (2.71 lb)
Laying Period (to 80 weeks):
Percent Peak 9394%
Hen-Day Eggs to 60 Weeks 249254
Hen-Day Eggs to 80 Weeks 351359
Hen-Housed Eggs to 60 Weeks 246250
Hen-Housed Eggs to 80 Weeks 342350
Livability to 60 Weeks 97%
Livability to 80 Weeks 93%
Days to 50% Production (from hatch) 137
Egg Weight at 32 Weeks 60.1 g/egg (47.7 lb/case)
Egg Weight at 70 Weeks 65.6 g/egg (52.1 lb/case)
Total Egg Mass per Hen-Day (1780 weeks) 21.8 kg (48.1 lb)
Body Weight at 32 Weeks 1.61 kg (3.55 lb)
Body Weight at 70 Weeks 1.67 kg (3.68 lb)
Shell Strength Excellent
Haugh Units at 32 Weeks 92
Haugh Units at 70 Weeks 81
Average Daily Feed Consumption (1780 weeks) 98 g/day per bird (21.5 lb/day per 100 birds)
Feed Conversion Rate, kg Feed/kg Eggs or lb Feed/lb Eggs (2060 weeks) 1.85
Feed Conversion Rate, kg Feed/kg Eggs or lb Feed/lb Eggs (2080 weeks) 1.93
Feed Utilization, kg Egg/kg Feed or lb Egg/lb Feed (2060 weeks) 0.54
Feed Utilization, kg Egg/kg Feed or lb Egg/lb Feed (2080 weeks) 0.52
Feed per Dozen Eggs (2060 weeks) 1.35 kg (2.97 lb)
Feed per Dozen Eggs (2080 weeks) 1.44 kg (3.18 lb)
Condition of Droppings Dry
Performance Standards2008
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-98

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Target Weights of Hy-Line W-98 Pullets
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Growing Period
Age Body Weight*
Weeks g lb
1 65 0.14
2 110 0.24
3 180 0.40
4 260 0.57
5 350 0.77
6 450 0.99
7 550 1.21
8 650 1.43
9 750 1.65
10 850 1.87
11 930 2.05
12 1000 2.20
13 1070 2.36
14 1130 2.49
15 1180 2.60
16** 1230 2.71
17 1270 2.80
* Pullets grown on the oor, or in a tropical climate, can be 50 g (0.1 lb) lighter than shown.
** Move to Lay House
Performance Standards2008
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-98

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Growing Period Feed Consumption*W-98
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Age in Daily Cumulative
weeks g/day per bird lb/day per 100 birds g to date lb to date
1 14 3.09 98 0.22
2 17 3.75 217 0.48
3 21 4.63 364 0.80
4 29 6.39 567 1.25
5 39 8.60 840 1.85
6 43 9.48 1141 2.52
7 46 10.14 1463 3.23
8 49 10.80 1806 3.98
9 52 11.46 2170 4.78
10 54 11.91 2548 5.62
11 55 12.13 2933 6.47
12 57 12.57 3332 7.35
13 59 13.01 3745 8.26
14 60 13.23 4165 9.18
15 62 13.67 4599 10.14
16 64 14.11 5047 11.13
Performance Standards2008
This page was last updated May 2010
* Pullets feed consumption varies with feed formulation and environmental temperatures.
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-98

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Water Consumption for Hy-Line W-98 Pullets and Layers
Performance Standards2008
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
* Higher temperatures tend to elevate water consumption by 1.9 liters (0.5 gallons) per 100 birds.
Water Consumed per 100 Birds per Day
Chicks should consume 0.83 liters (0.22 gallons) per 100 birds on day one of age.
Age in Weeks Liters Gallons
1
0.81.1 0.200.30
2
1.11.9 0.300.50
3
1.72.7 0.450.70
4
2.53.8 0.651.00
5
3.44.7 0.901.25
6
4.55.7 1.201.50
7
5.76.8 1.501.80
8
6.18.0 1.602.10
9
6.49.5 1.702.50
1015
6.810.2 1.802.70
1620
7.215.2 1.904.00
2125*
9.918.2 2.604.80
Over 25*
15.220.8 4.005.50
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-98

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
% Hen-Day Mortality

Hen-Day
Eggs
Hen-Housed
Eggs
Body Weight Average
Egg Weight*
%
Grade A
Large and
Above
Feed
Consumption
Hen-Housed
Egg Mass
Cum.
Egg Quality
Age
in
Weeks
Curr.
under Opt.
Conditions
Curr.
under Avg.
Conditions
%
Cum.
Cum.
under Opt.
Conditions
Cum.
under Avg.
Conditions
Cum.
under Opt.
Conditions
Cum.
under Avg.
Conditions
kg lb g/egg
Net lb/
30 doz
case
23 oz/doz
g/day
per
bird
lb/day
per 100
birds
kg lb
Haugh
Units
%
Solids**
Breaking
Strength
18 14 12 0.1 1.0 0.8 1.0 0.8 1.32 2.91 41.8 33.2 0 72 15.9 0.0 0.1 98.2 22.0 4520
19 35 33 0.1 3.4 3.2 3.4 3.1 1.39 3.07 45.6 36.2 5 78 17.2 0.1 0.3 98.0 22.3 4515
20 59 57 0.2 7.6 7.1 7.5 7.1 1.45 3.20 47.9 38.0 12 82 18.1 0.3 0.7 97.8 22.5 4500
21 78 76 0.2 13.0 12.5 13.0 12.4 1.49 3.29 49.9 39.6 21 86 19.0 0.6 1.3 97.2 22.9 4500
22 87 85 0.3 19.1 18.4 19.1 18.4 1.52 3.35 51.6 41.0 31 88 19.4 0.9 2.0 97.0 22.9 4490
23 92 90 0.4 25.6 24.7 25.5 24.6 1.54 3.40 53.4 42.4 42 90 19.8 1.2 2.7 96.5 23.1 4485
24 92 90 0.4 32.0 31.0 31.9 30.9 1.56 3.44 54.4 43.2 49 92 20.3 1.6 3.5 96.0 23.3 4480
25 93 91 0.5 38.5 37.4 38.4 37.3 1.57 3.47 55.8 44.3 58 92 20.3 1.9 4.3 95.5 23.4 4475
26 93 91 0.5 45.0 43.8 44.8 43.6 1.58 3.49 56.7 45.0 63 95 20.9 2.3 5.1 95.1 23.5 4470
27 93 92 0.6 51.5 50.2 51.3 50.0 1.59 3.51 57.5 45.6 68 96 21.2 2.7 5.9 94.7 23.6 4465
28 94 92 0.7 58.1 56.6 57.8 56.4 1.60 3.52 58.4 46.3 74 97 21.4 3.0 6.7 94.2 23.6 4460
29 94 93 0.7 64.7 63.1 64.4 62.8 1.60 3.53 59.0 46.8 77 97 21.4 3.4 7.6 93.7 23.7 4455
30 94 93 0.8 71.3 69.7 70.9 69.3 1.61 3.54 59.5 47.2 80 98 21.6 3.8 8.4 93.3 23.7 4450
31 93 93 0.8 77.8 76.2 77.4 75.8 1.61 3.55 59.8 47.5 82 98 21.6 4.2 9.3 92.8 23.8 4440
32 93 92 0.9 84.3 82.6 83.8 82.1 1.61 3.55 60.1 47.7 84 98 21.6 4.6 10.1 92.2 23.8 4440
33 92 91 1.0 90.7 89.0 90.2 88.4 1.61 3.56 60.4 47.9 85 98 21.6 5.0 11.0 92.0 23.9 4430
34 92 91 1.0 97.2 95.3 96.6 94.7 1.61 3.56 60.6 48.1 87 98 21.6 5.4 11.8 91.5 23.9 4430
35 91 90 1.1 103.5 101.6 102.9 101.0 1.62 3.57 61.0 48.4 89 99 21.8 5.7 12.7 91.1 24.0 4420
36 91 90 1.1 109.9 107.9 109.2 107.2 1.62 3.57 61.3 48.7 91 99 21.8 6.1 13.5 90.6 24.0 4400
37 91 89 1.2 116.3 114.2 115.4 113.4 1.62 3.58 61.6 48.9 92 99 21.8 6.5 14.4 90.4 24.2 4400
38 90 89 1.3 122.6 120.4 121.7 119.5 1.62 3.58 61.9 49.1 94 99 21.8 6.9 15.2 90.0 24.2 4395
39 90 88 1.3 128.9 126.6 127.9 125.6 1.63 3.59 62.1 49.3 94 99 21.8 7.3 16.1 89.6 24.5 4395
40 90 88 1.4 135.2 132.7 134.1 131.7 1.63 3.59 62.3 49.4 94 99 21.8 7.7 16.9 89.3 24.5 4390
41 89 87 1.5 141.4 138.8 140.2 137.7 1.63 3.60 62.6 49.7 95 99 21.8 8.1 17.8 88.9 24.5 4350
42 89 87 1.6 147.6 144.9 146.4 143.7 1.63 3.60 62.8 49.8 95 99 21.8 8.4 18.6 88.5 24.5 4350
43 88 87 1.6 153.8 151.0 152.4 149.6 1.64 3.61 63.0 50.0 95 99 21.8 8.8 19.4 88.0 24.5 4320
44 87 86 1.7 159.9 157.0 158.4 155.6 1.64 3.61 63.3 50.2 95 99 21.8 9.2 20.3 87.8 24.5 4320
45 87 86 1.8 166.0 163.0 164.4 161.5 1.64 3.62 63.6 50.5 95 99 21.8 9.6 21.1 87.4 24.5 4290
46 86 85 1.9 172.0 169.0 170.3 167.3 1.64 3.62 63.8 50.6 95 100 22.0 10.0 22.0 87.1 24.4 4290
47 86 85 2.0 178.0 174.9 176.2 173.1 1.64 3.62 63.8 50.6 95 100 22.0 10.3 22.8 86.7 24.4 4265
48 85 85 2.1 184.0 180.9 182.0 179.0 1.65 3.63 64.0 50.8 95 100 22.0 10.7 23.6 86.4 24.4 4265
49 85 84 2.1 189.9 186.8 187.8 184.7 1.65 3.63 64.0 50.8 95 100 22.0 11.1 24.5 86.1 24.4 4220
50 85 84 2.2 195.9 192.6 193.7 190.5 1.65 3.63 64.1 50.9 95 100 22.0 11.5 25.3 85.6 24.4 4200
51 84 83 2.3 201.7 198.5 199.4 196.1 1.65 3.64 64.2 51.0 95 100 22.0 11.8 26.1 85.0 24.4 4190
52 84 83 2.4 207.6 204.3 205.1 201.8 1.65 3.64 64.3 51.0 94 100 22.0 12.2 26.9 85.0 24.4 4190
53 84 82 2.5 213.5 210.0 210.9 207.4 1.65 3.64 64.4 51.1 94 100 22.0 12.6 27.8 84.8 24.4 4160
54 83 82 2.7 219.3 215.7 216.5 213.0 1.65 3.64 64.5 51.2 94 100 22.0 13.0 28.6 84.6 24.4 4160
55 83 81 2.8 225.1 221.4 222.2 218.5 1.66 3.65 64.6 51.3 94 100 22.0 13.3 29.4 84.3 24.4 4100
56 83 81 2.9 230.9 227.1 227.8 224.0 1.66 3.65 64.8 51.4 94 101 22.3 13.7 30.2 84.0 24.3 4100
57 82 80 3.0 236.7 232.7 233.4 229.4 1.66 3.65 64.8 51.4 93 101 22.3 14.1 31.0 83.8 24.3 4095
58 82 80 3.1 242.4 238.3 238.9 234.9 1.66 3.65 64.8 51.4 93 101 22.3 14.4 31.8 83.1 24.3 4095
59 81 79 3.3 248.1 243.8 244.4 240.2 1.66 3.66 64.9 51.5 93 101 22.3 14.8 32.6 82.8 24.3 4090
Hy-Line W-98 Performance Table
* Egg weights after 40 weeks of age assume phase feeding of protein to limit egg size.
** Percent solids in liquid egg mix of white and yolk.
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Performance Standards2008
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-98

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Hy-Line W-98 Performance Table
* Egg weights after 40 weeks of age assume phase feeding of protein to limit egg size.
** Percent solids in liquid egg mix of white and yolk.
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Performance Standards2008
% Hen-Day Mortality

Hen-Day
Eggs
Hen-Housed
Eggs
Body Weight Average
Egg Weight*
%
Grade A
Large and
Above
Feed
Consumption
Hen-Housed
Egg Mass
Cum.
Egg Quality
Age
in
Weeks
Curr.
under Opt.
Conditions
Curr.
under Avg.
Conditions
%
Cum.
Cum.
under Opt.
Conditions
Cum.
under Avg.
Conditions
Cum.
under Opt.
Conditions
Cum.
under Avg.
Conditions
kg lb g/egg
Net lb/
30 doz
case
23 oz/doz
g/day
per
bird
lb/day
per 100
birds
kg lb
Haugh
Units
%
Solids**
Breaking
Strength
60 81 78 3.4 253.8 249.3 249.9 245.5 1.66 3.66 65.0 51.6 93 101 22.3 15.1 33.4 82.6 24.3 4080
61 80 77 3.5 259.4 254.7 255.3 250.7 1.66 3.66 65.1 51.7 93 101 22.3 15.5 34.1 82.4 24.3 4080
62 80 77 3.7 265.0 260.1 260.7 255.9 1.66 3.66 65.2 51.7 93 101 22.3 15.8 34.9 82.2 24.3 4065
63 79 76 3.8 270.5 265.4 266.0 261.0 1.66 3.67 65.3 51.8 92 101 22.3 16.2 35.7 82.0 24.3 4065
64 79 76 4.0 276.0 270.7 271.3 266.1 1.66 3.67 65.3 51.8 92 101 22.3 16.5 36.5 81.9 24.2 4055
65 78 75 4.1 281.5 275.9 276.6 271.1 1.66 3.67 65.4 51.9 92 101 22.3 16.9 37.2 81.8 24.2 4050
66 78 75 4.3 286.9 281.2 281.8 276.2 1.66 3.67 65.4 51.9 92 101 22.3 17.2 38.0 81.6 24.2 4005
67 77 74 4.4 292.3 286.4 286.9 281.1 1.66 3.67 65.5 52.0 92 101 22.3 17.6 38.7 81.5 24.2 4005
68 76 74 4.6 297.6 291.6 292.0 286.0 1.67 3.68 65.5 52.0 92 102 22.5 17.9 39.5 81.5 24.2 3990
69 76 74 4.8 303.0 296.7 297.1 291.0 1.67 3.68 65.5 52.0 92 102 22.5 18.2 40.2 81.3 24.2 3990
70 75 73 4.9 308.2 301.8 302.1 295.8 1.67 3.68 65.6 52.1 92 102 22.5 18.6 41.0 81.1 24.2 3965
71 74 73 5.1 313.4 307.0 307.0 300.7 1.67 3.68 65.6 52.1 92 102 22.5 18.9 41.7 81.1 24.2 3965
72 74 72 5.3 318.6 312.0 311.9 305.5 1.67 3.68 65.6 52.1 91 102 22.5 19.2 42.4 81.0 24.2 3945
73 73 72 5.4 323.7 317.0 316.7 310.2 1.67 3.69 65.6 52.1 91 102 22.5 19.6 43.1 80.9 24.2 3945
74 73 71 5.6 328.8 322.0 321.5 314.9 1.67 3.69 65.7 52.1 91 102 22.5 19.9 43.9 80.8 24.2 3930
75 72 71 5.8 333.8 327.0 326.3 319.6 1.67 3.69 65.7 52.1 91 102 22.5 20.2 44.6 80.7 24.2 3930
76 72 70 6.0 338.9 331.9 331.0 324.2 1.67 3.69 65.8 52.2 91 102 22.5 20.5 45.3 80.5 24.2 3920
77 71 70 6.2 343.8 336.8 335.7 328.8 1.67 3.69 65.8 52.2 91 102 22.5 20.9 46.0 80.4 24.2 3920
78 71 69 6.3 348.8 341.6 340.3 333.3 1.68 3.70 65.8 52.2 91 102 22.5 21.2 46.7 80.2 24.1 3900
79 70 69 6.5 353.7 346.4 344.9 337.8 1.68 3.70 65.9 52.3 91 102 22.5 21.5 47.4 80.1 24.1 3900
80 70 69 6.7 358.6 351.3 349.5 342.3 1.68 3.70 65.9 52.3 91 103 22.7 21.8 48.1 80.0 24.1 3900
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-98

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial
ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and
disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Performance Standards2008
This page was last updated May 2010
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
0.0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1.0
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.8
2.0
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3.0
3.2
3.4
3.6
3.8
4.0
4.2
4.4
4.6
4.8
5.0
15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80
P
e
r
c
e
n
t

o
r

g
r
a
m
s
K
i
l
o
g
r
a
m
s
Age (weeks)
Egg weight (g)
Hen-day egg production (%)
Mortality (%)
Body weight (kg)
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-98

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Age in % Hen-Day % Mortality Hen-Day Hen-Housed Body Weight
Average
Egg Weight*
% Grade A
Large and Above Feed Consumption
Hen-Housed
Egg Mass Cum.
Weeks Lay Curr. Cum. Cum. Cum. kg lb g/egg Net lb/30
doz case
23 oz/doz g/day
per bird
lb/day per
100 birds
kg lb
68 44 4.6 289.5 284.0 1.67 3.68 65.5 52.0 92 - - 17.8 39.3
69 0 4.9 289.5 284.0 1.33 2.93 - - - 36 8.0 17.8 39.3
70 0 5.1 289.5 284.0 1.27 2.80 - - - 68 15.0 17.8 39.3
71 5 5.3 289.8 284.4 1.44 3.18 63.0 50.0 93 92 20.3 17.8 39.3
72 22 5.4 291.4 285.8 1.51 3.32 63.4 50.3 93 96 21.1 17.9 39.5
73 52 5.5 295.0 289.3 1.56 3.44 63.7 50.6 93 98 21.7 18.1 40.0
74 77 5.6 300.4 294.4 1.61 3.55 63.9 50.7 93 101 22.2 18.5 40.7
75 80 5.7 306.0 299.6 1.64 3.62 64.1 50.9 93 100 22.1 18.8 41.5
76 83 5.8 311.8 305.1 1.66 3.66 64.3 51.0 94 100 22.0 19.2 42.4
77 84 6.0 317.7 310.6 1.67 3.68 64.5 51.2 93 99 21.9 19.6 43.2
78 83 6.1 323.5 316.1 1.67 3.69 64.6 51.3 93 99 21.9 20.0 44.0
79 82 6.2 329.2 321.5 1.67 3.69 64.7 51.3 93 99 21.8 20.3 44.8
80 81 6.3 334.9 326.8 1.68 3.70 64.7 51.3 93 99 21.8 20.7 45.6
81 80 6.5 340.5 332.0 1.68 3.70 64.7 51.3 93 99 21.8 21.1 46.4
82 80 6.6 346.1 337.2 1.68 3.70 64.8 51.4 93 98 21.7 21.4 47.2
83 79 6.8 351.6 342.4 1.68 3.70 64.8 51.4 93 98 21.7 21.8 48.0
84 79 6.9 357.2 347.6 1.68 3.71 64.8 51.4 93 98 21.7 22.1 48.8
85 79 7.1 362.7 352.7 1.68 3.71 64.8 51.4 93 98 21.6 22.5 49.6
86 78 7.2 368.2 357.8 1.68 3.71 64.9 51.5 93 98 21.6 22.9 50.4
87 78 7.4 373.6 362.8 1.68 3.71 64.9 51.5 92 98 21.7 23.2 51.2
88 78 7.5 379.1 367.9 1.68 3.71 64.9 51.5 92 98 21.7 23.6 52.0
89 77 7.7 384.5 372.8 1.69 3.72 65.0 51.6 92 98 21.7 23.9 52.7
90 76 7.9 389.8 377.7 1.69 3.72 65.0 51.6 92 99 21.8 24.3 53.5
91 76 8.0 395.1 382.6 1.69 3.72 65.0 51.6 92 99 21.8 24.6 54.3
92 75 8.2 400.4 387.5 1.69 3.72 65.1 51.7 92 99 21.8 24.9 55.0
93 75 8.4 405.6 392.3 1.69 3.72 65.1 51.7 92 99 21.9 25.3 55.8
94 74 8.6 410.8 397.0 1.69 3.72 65.1 51.7 92 100 21.9 25.6 56.5
95 74 8.8 416.0 401.7 1.69 3.73 65.2 51.7 92 100 22.0 26.0 57.3
96 74 9.0 421.2 406.4 1.69 3.73 65.2 51.7 91 100 22.0 26.3 58.0
97 73 9.2 426.3 411.1 1.69 3.73 65.2 51.7 91 100 22.1 26.6 58.7
98 73 9.4 431.4 415.7 1.69 3.73 65.2 51.7 91 100 22.2 27.0 59.5
99 72 9.6 436.4 420.3 1.69 3.73 65.3 51.8 91 101 22.2 27.3 60.2
100 72 9.8 441.5 424.8 1.69 3.73 65.3 51.8 91 101 22.3 27.6 60.9
101 71 10.0 446.4 429.3 1.69 3.73 65.3 51.8 91 101 22.3 28.0 61.6
102 70 10.3 451.3 433.7 1.70 3.74 65.3 51.8 91 101 22.4 28.3 62.3
103 70 10.5 456.2 438.1 1.70 3.74 65.4 51.9 91 102 22.4 28.6 63.0
104 70 10.7 461.1 442.4 1.70 3.74 65.4 51.9 90 102 22.5 28.9 63.8
105 70 11.0 466.0 446.8 1.70 3.74 65.4 51.9 90 102 22.5 29.2 64.5
106 69 11.2 470.9 451.1 1.70 3.74 65.4 51.9 90 102 22.6 29.5 65.2
107 69 11.5 475.7 455.4 1.70 3.74 65.5 52.0 90 103 22.6 29.9 65.9
108 68 11.7 480.4 459.6 1.70 3.74 65.5 52.0 90 103 22.7 30.2 66.5
109 68 12.0 485.2 463.7 1.70 3.74 65.6 52.1 89 103 22.7 30.5 67.2
110 67 12.3 489.9 467.9 1.70 3.75 65.6 52.1 89 103 22.8 30.8 67.9
Hy-Line W-98 Post Molt Performance Table
* These egg weights are those which can be achieved through controlled feeding of protein. Larger egg sizes can be achieved by feeding higher protein levels.
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Performance Standards2008
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-98

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Performance Standards2008
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial
ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and
disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
This page was last updated May 2010
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
0.0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1.0
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.8
2.0
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3.0
3.2
3.4
3.6
3.8
4.0
4.2
4.4
4.6
4.8
5.0
15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 105 110
P
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r
c
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o
r

g
r
a
m
s
K
i
l
o
g
r
a
m
s
Age (weeks)
Egg weight (g)
Hen-day egg production (%)
Mortality (%)
Body weight (kg)
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-98

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Age in
Weeks
Average
Egg Weight
(lb/case)
J umbo
Over 30
oz/doz
Extra Large
2730
oz/doz
Large
2427
oz/doz
Medium
2124
oz/doz
Small
1821
oz/doz
Peewee
Under 18
oz/doz
22 41.0 0.0 1.7 17.1 45.2 30.0 5.9
24 43.2 0.3 5.3 29.3 44.4 18.6 2.2
26 45.0 0.8 10.7 38.5 38.6 10.6 0.8
28 46.3 1.4 15.8 44.5 32.1 5.9 0.3
30 47.2 1.9 19.8 47.7 26.9 3.5 0.1
32 47.7 2.1 22.2 49.6 23.7 2.3 0.1
34 48.1 2.2 24.1 52.0 20.4 1.4 0.0
36 48.7 2.2 27.6 53.7 15.8 0.6 0.0
38 49.1 2.2 31.9 54.0 11.6 0.3 0.0
40 49.4 2.8 34.2 52.3 10.5 0.2 0.0
42 49.8 3.6 37.7 49.9 8.6 0.2 0.0
44 50.2 5.0 40.8 46.7 7.4 0.2 0.0
46 50.6 6.6 43.5 43.4 6.4 0.1 0.0
48 50.8 7.2 44.2 42.2 6.4 0.1 0.0
50 50.9 7.9 44.7 41.3 6.0 0.1 0.0
52 51.0 9.0 45.2 39.8 5.9 0.1 0.0
54 51.2 10.1 45.7 38.4 5.7 0.1 0.0
56 51.4 11.2 46.5 36.7 5.5 0.1 0.0
58 51.4 11.5 46.5 36.4 5.5 0.1 0.0
60 51.6 12.7 46.6 35.2 5.4 0.1 0.0
62 51.7 13.7 46.9 34.2 5.1 0.1 0.0
64 51.8 14.4 46.9 33.5 5.1 0.1 0.0
66 51.9 15.0 46.9 33.0 5.0 0.1 0.0
68 52.0 16.0 46.5 32.5 5.0 0.1 0.0
70 52.1 16.9 46.1 32.0 5.0 0.1 0.0
72 52.1 16.9 46.1 32.0 5.0 0.1 0.0
74 52.1 17.9 45.6 31.5 5.0 0.1 0.0
76 52.2 18.3 45.8 30.9 5.0 0.1 0.0
78 52.2 18.7 45.7 30.7 4.9 0.1 0.0
80 52.3 19.2 45.4 30.3 4.9 0.1 0.0
Egg Size DistributionU.S. Standards
Performance Standards2008
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-98

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Age in
Weeks
Average
Egg Weight (g)
Very Large
Over 73 g
Large
6373 g
Medium
5363 g
Small
4353 g
22 51.6 0.0 2.5 38.0 59.5
24 54.4 0.1 7.2 52.1 40.6
26 56.7 0.3 14.0 59.2 26.5
28 58.4 0.5 20.5 61.8 17.2
30 59.5 0.7 25.5 61.9 11.8
32 60.1 0.8 28.5 61.8 9.0
34 60.6 0.8 31.4 61.3 6.4
36 61.3 0.9 35.2 60.1 3.8
38 61.9 0.9 39.3 57.6 2.2
40 62.3 1.0 43.0 54.2 1.8
42 62.8 1.2 47.1 50.3 1.5
44 63.3 1.8 50.9 46.1 1.3
46 63.8 2.5 54.2 42.2 1.1
48 64.0 2.8 55.1 41.0 1.1
50 64.1 3.2 55.9 39.9 1.0
52 64.3 3.8 56.7 38.5 1.0
54 64.5 4.5 57.4 37.2 1.0
56 64.8 5.1 58.5 35.5 1.0
58 64.8 5.6 58.9 34.5 1.0
60 65.0 6.2 59.0 33.9 1.0
62 65.2 6.7 59.7 32.7 1.0
64 65.3 7.3 59.8 32.0 1.0
66 65.4 7.6 59.9 31.6 1.0
68 65.5 8.3 59.6 31.1 1.0
70 65.6 9.0 59.3 30.8 0.9
72 65.6 9.1 59.2 30.7 0.9
74 65.7 9.5 59.2 30.4 0.9
76 65.8 10.1 58.9 30.1 0.9
78 65.8 10.6 58.6 29.9 0.9
80 65.9 10.8 58.6 29.8 0.9
Egg Size DistributionE.U. Standards
Performance Standards2008
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-98

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Growing Period Nutritional RecommendationsW-98
Item
1
Starter 1 Starter 2 Grower Developer Pre-lay
5
Feed to a body weight of 180 g 450 g 1000 g 1180 g 1270 g
Approximate age 03 weeks 46 weeks 712 weeks 1315 weeks 1617 weeks
Recommended concentration
2

Metabolizable energy, kcal/lb 13251375 13501400 13251375 13001375 13001375
Metabolizable energy, kcal/kg 29223032 29773087 29223032 28673032 28673032
Metabolizable energy, MJ /kg 12.2312.69 12.4612.92 12.2312.69 12.0012.69 12.0012.69
Minimum recommended concentration
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 1.00 0.92 0.82 0.69 0.69
Methionine, % 0.45 0.43 0.40 0.35 0.34
Methionine +cystine, % 0.70 0.69 0.64 0.57 0.55
Threonine, % 0.65 0.60 0.53 0.46 0.46
Tryptophan, % 0.17 0.17 0.16 0.14 0.14
Arginine, % 1.07 0.98 0.88 0.74 0.74
Isoleucine, % 0.70 0.66 0.61 0.52 0.55
Valine, % 0.72 0.68 0.64 0.55 0.59
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 1.09 1.01 0.90 0.76 0.76
Methionine, % 0.48 0.46 0.43 0.38 0.36
Methionine +cystine, % 0.79 0.78 0.72 0.64 0.61
Threonine, % 0.76 0.70 0.63 0.54 0.54
Tryptophan, % 0.20 0.20 0.19 0.16 0.16
Arginine, % 1.15 1.06 0.94 0.79 0.79
Isoleucine, % 0.75 0.71 0.65 0.56 0.59
Valine, % 0.79 0.75 0.71 0.61 0.65
Crude protein (nitrogen 6.25),
3
% 20.00 19.00 18.00 16.00 15.50
Calcium,
4
% 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.40 2.75
Phosphorus (available), % 0.50 0.49 0.48 0.46 0.50
Sodium, % 0.19 0.19 0.18 0.18 0.18
Chloride, % 0.19 0.19 0.18 0.18 0.18
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
1
Change diets at the recommended target body weightthe approximate age is a guide only.
2
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ substantially; in some cases, the recommended dietary energy
content may have to be adjusted accordingly (see Hy-Line Red Book for additional information).
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on digestible
amino acid basis instead.
4
Calcium should be supplied as a ne calcium carbonate source (mean particle size less than 2 mm).
5
Do not feed the pre-lay diet beyond the rst egg as it does not contain sufcient calcium to sustain egg production.
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Nutritional Recommendations2008
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-98

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Item
1
Peaking
Above 93% to 87%
egg production
86 to 82%
egg production
Less than 82%
egg production
Point of lay to 32 weeks 3344 weeks 4558 weeks 59+weeks
Recommended concentration
2

Metabolizable energy, kcal/lb 12751325 12501300 12251300 12251300
Metabolizable energy, kcal/kg 28112922 27562867 27012867 27012867
Metabolizable energy, MJ /kg 11.7712.23 11.5412.00 11.3112.00 11.3112.00
Minimum recommended concentration
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, mg/day 790 760 720 685
Methionine, mg/day 387 372 353 336
Methionine +cystine, mg/day 664 638 605 575
Threonine, mg/day 553 532 504 480
Tryptophan, mg/day 166 160 151 144
Arginine, mg/day 845 813 770 733
Isoleucine, mg/day 624 600 569 541
Valine, mg/day 711 684 648 617
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, mg/day 865 832 788 750
Methionine, mg/day 416 400 379 361
Methionine +cystine, mg/day 748 720 682 649
Threonine, mg/day 651 626 593 564
Tryptophan, mg/day 198 191 181 172
Arginine, mg/day 909 874 828 788
Isoleucine, mg/day 671 646 612 582
Valine, mg/day 784 754 715 680
Crude protein (nitrogen 6.25),
3
g/day 16.50 16.00 15.50 15.00
Calcium,
4
g/day 4.10 4.25 4.40 4.55
Phosphorus (available), mg/day 500 470 430 370
Sodium, mg/day 180 180 180 180
Chloride, mg/day 180 180 180 180
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), g/day 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Choline, mg/day 100 100 100 100
Laying Period Nutritional RecommendationsW-98
1
Consumption of crude protein, methionine +cystine, fat, linoleic acid, and/or energy may be changed to optimize egg size.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown in the Hy-Line Red Book. Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed
ingredients of the same name can differ substantially; in some cases, the recommended dietary energy content may have to be adjusted accordingly (see Hy-Line Red
Book for additional information).
3
Total amino acids are only appropriate with a corn and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on digestible amino acid basis if a substantial amount of other
protein-supplying ingredients are used.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 24 mm.
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Nutritional Recommendations2008
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-98

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Item
1
Peaking
Above 93% to 87%
egg production
86 to 82%
egg production
Less than 82%
egg production
Point of lay to 32 weeks 3344 weeks 4558 weeks 59+weeks
Recommended concentration
2

Metabolizable energy, kcal/lb 12751325 12501300 12251300 12251300
Metabolizable energy, kcal/kg 28112922 27562867 27012867 27012867
Metabolizable energy, MJ /kg 11.7712.23 11.5412.00 11.3112.00 11.3112.00
Feed consumption
g/day per hen 84 89 94* 99 104 88 93 98* 103 108 90 95 100* 105 110 91 96 101* 106 111
lb/day per 100 hens 18.5 19.6 20.7 21.8 22.9 19.4 20.5 21.6 22.7 23.8 19.8 20.9 22.1 23.2 24.3 20.1 21.2 22.3 23.4 24.5
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.94 0.89 0.84 0.80 0.76 0.86 0.82 0.78 0.74 0.70 0.80 0.76 0.72 0.69 0.65 0.75 0.71 0.68 0.65 0.62
Methionine, % 0.46 0.43 0.41 0.39 0.37 0.42 0.40 0.38 0.36 0.34 0.39 0.37 0.35 0.34 0.32 0.37 0.35 0.33 0.32 0.30
Methionine +cystine, % 0.79 0.75 0.71 0.67 0.64 0.73 0.69 0.65 0.62 0.59 0.67 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.55 0.63 0.60 0.57 0.54 0.52
Threonine, % 0.66 0.62 0.59 0.56 0.53 0.60 0.57 0.54 0.52 0.49 0.56 0.53 0.50 0.48 0.46 0.53 0.50 0.48 0.45 0.43
Tryptophan, % 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15 0.17 0.16 0.15 0.14 0.14 0.16 0.15 0.14 0.14 0.13
Arginine, % 1.01 0.95 0.90 0.85 0.81 0.92 0.87 0.83 0.79 0.75 0.86 0.81 0.77 0.73 0.70 0.81 0.76 0.73 0.69 0.66
Isoleucine, % 0.74 0.70 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.68 0.65 0.61 0.58 0.56 0.63 0.60 0.57 0.54 0.52 0.59 0.56 0.54 0.51 0.49
Valine, % 0.85 0.80 0.76 0.72 0.68 0.78 0.74 0.70 0.66 0.63 0.72 0.68 0.65 0.62 0.59 0.68 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.56
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 1.03 0.97 0.92 0.87 0.83 0.95 0.89 0.85 0.81 0.77 0.88 0.83 0.79 0.75 0.72 0.82 0.78 0.74 0.71 0.68
Methionine, % 0.50 0.47 0.44 0.42 0.40 0.45 0.43 0.41 0.39 0.37 0.42 0.40 0.38 0.36 0.34 0.40 0.38 0.36 0.34 0.33
Methionine +cystine, % 0.89 0.84 0.80 0.76 0.72 0.82 0.77 0.73 0.70 0.67 0.76 0.72 0.68 0.65 0.62 0.71 0.68 0.64 0.61 0.58
Threonine, % 0.78 0.73 0.69 0.66 0.63 0.71 0.67 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.66 0.62 0.59 0.56 0.54 0.62 0.59 0.56 0.53 0.51
Tryptophan, % 0.24 0.22 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.22 0.21 0.19 0.19 0.18 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.15
Arginine, % 1.08 1.02 0.97 0.92 0.87 0.99 0.94 0.89 0.85 0.81 0.92 0.87 0.83 0.79 0.75 0.87 0.82 0.78 0.74 0.71
Isoleucine, % 0.80 0.75 0.71 0.68 0.65 0.73 0.69 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.68 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.56 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.55 0.52
Valine, % 0.93 0.88 0.83 0.79 0.75 0.86 0.81 0.77 0.73 0.70 0.79 0.75 0.72 0.68 0.65 0.75 0.71 0.67 0.64 0.61
Crude protein
(nitrogen 6.25),
3
%
19.64 18.54 17.55 16.67 15.87 18.18 17.20 16.33 15.53 14.81 17.22 16.32 15.50 14.76 14.09 16.48 15.63 14.85 14.15 13.51
Calcium,
4
% 4.88 4.61 4.36 4.14 3.94 4.83 4.57 4.34 4.13 3.94 4.89 4.63 4.40 4.19 4.00 5.00 4.74 4.50 4.29 4.10
Phosphorus (available), % 0.60 0.56 0.53 0.51 0.48 0.53 0.51 0.48 0.46 0.44 0.48 0.45 0.43 0.41 0.39 0.41 0.39 0.37 0.35 0.33
Sodium, % 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.17 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16
Chloride, % 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.17 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.19 1.12 1.06 1.01 0.96 1.14 1.08 1.02 0.97 0.93 1.11 1.05 1.00 0.95 0.91 1.10 1.04 0.99 0.94 0.90
*Typical feed consumption for the age based on available data.
Laying Period Nutritional RecommendationsW-98
1
Consumption of crude protein, methionine +cystine, fat, linoleic acid, and/or energy may be changed to optimize egg size.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown in the Hy-Line Red Book. Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed
ingredients of the same name can differ substantially; in some cases, the recommended dietary energy content may have to be adjusted accordingly (see Hy-Line Red
Book for additional information).
3
Total amino acids are only appropriate with a corn and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on digestible amino acid basis if a substantial amount of other
protein-supplying ingredients are used.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 24 mm.
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Nutritional Recommendations2008
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-98

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Post-Molt Nutritional RecommendationsW-98
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Recommended concentration
1
Molt Diet
Metabolizable energy, kcal/lb 11791270
Metabolizable energy, kcal/kg 26002800
Metabolizable energy, MJ /kg 10.8811.72
Minimum recommended concentration
Standardized (true) ileal digestibility
Lysine, % 0.30
Methionine, % 0.15
Methionine +cystine, % 0.32
Threonine, % 0.18
Tryptophan, % 0.10
Arginine, % 0.38
Isoleucine, % 0.18
Valine, % 0.23
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 0.33
Methionine, % 0.16
Methionine +cystine, % 0.36
Threonine, % 0.21
Tryptophan, % 0.12
Arginine, % 0.41
Isoleucine, % 0.20
Valine, % 0.26
Crude protein (nitrogen 6.25),
2
% 8.50
Calcium,
3
% 1.30
Phosphorus (available), % 0.25
Sodium,
4
% 0.03
Chloride, % 0.03
1
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown in the Hy-Line Red Book. Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed
ingredients of the same name can differ substantially; in some cases, the recommended dietary energy content may have to be adjusted accordingly (see Hy-Line Red
Book for additional information).
2
Total amino acids are only appropriate with a corn and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on digestible amino acid basis if a substantial amount of other
protein-supplying ingredients are used.
3
The added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of less than 2 mm.
4
The sodium content in the Molt 1 diet should not exceed 0.035%.
Nutritional Recommendations2008
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-98

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Post-Molt Nutritional RecommendationsW-98
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Recommended post-molt dietary calcium and available phosphorus contents.
Peaking
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 85 90 95* 100 105
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 18.7 19.8 20.9* 22.1 23.2
Calcium,
1
% 5.06 4.78 4.53 4.30 4.10
Phosphorus (available), % 0.59 0.56 0.53 0.50 0.48
Above 83% to 78% egg production
Feed consumption, g/day per hen
85 90 95* 100 105
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 18.7 19.8 20.9* 22.1 23.2
Calcium,
1
% 5.24 4.94 4.68 4.45 4.24
Phosphorus (available), % 0.53 0.50 0.47 0.45 0.43
77 to 75% egg production
Feed consumption, g/day per hen
90 95 100* 105 110
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 19.8 20.9 22.1* 23.2 24.3
Calcium,
1
% 5.11 4.84 4.60 4.38 4.18
Phosphorus (available), % 0.44 0.42 0.40 0.38 0.36
Less than 75% egg production
Feed consumption, g/day per hen
95 100 105* 110 115
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 20.9 22.1 23.2* 24.3 25.4
Calcium,
1
% 5.05 4.80 4.57 4.36 4.17
Phosphorus (available), % 0.37 0.35 0.33 0.32 0.30
* Typical feed consumption based on available data.
After the Molt 3 diet, formulate diets according to level of desired percentage egg production following the nutritional
recommendations for rst-cycle laying hens (see Hy-Line Red Book), albeit with a 20 kcal/kg (10 kcal/lb, 0.10 MJ /kg)
reduction in the dietary energy content. Other noticeable differences in the post-molt diets are an increased need for
dietary calcium and a decreased need for dietary phosphorus, reected in the table.
Minimum recommended daily consumption Peaking
Above 83% to 78%
egg production
77 to 75%
egg production
Less than 75%
egg production
Calcium,

g/day 4.30 4.45 4.60 4.80
Phosphorus (available),mg/day 500 450 400 350
1
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 24 mm.
Nutritional Recommendations2008
This page was last updated May 2010
Nut r i t i on Rec ommendat i ons f or Hy-Li ne Gr ay
Jump to the sections for:
Hy-Line Gray growing period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Gray laying period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Gray suggested nutrition program for laying period.
Hy-Line Gray molt and post-molt nutritional recommendations.
Download the combined Hy-Line Gray performance and nutrition-recommendations
tables for easy printing (pdf, 1243 kb).
Hy -Li ne Gr ay gr ow i ng per i od nut r i t i onal r ec ommendat i ons
The table below shows the growing-period nutritional recommendations. See also the
Feeding the Pullet section for information of how to implement the growing-period
recommendations. The sections on Monitoring Body Weight and Body Weight Uniformity
are also of importance.
Hy -Li ne Gr ay gr ow i ng per i od nut r i t i onal r ec ommendat i ons.
I t em
1
St ar t er
1
St ar t er
2
Gr ow er Devel oper
Pr e-
l ay
6
Feed to a body weight of,
grams
190 390 1170 1370 1490
Approximate age, weeks 0-3 4-6 7-12 13-15 16-17
Rec ommended c onc ent r at i on
2
Metabolizable energy,
kcal/lb
1250-1360 1250-1360 1240-1360 1240-1360 1240-
1360
Metabolizable energy,
kcal/kg
2755-3000 2755-3000 2735-3000 2735-3000 2735-
3000
Metabolizable energy,
MJ/kg
11.55-
12.55
11.55-
12.55
11.45-
12.55
11.45-12.55 11.45-
12.55
Mi ni mum r ec ommended c onc ent r at i on
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 1.00 0.91 0.82 0.69 0.73
Methionine, % 0.45 0.41 0.38 0.32 0.34
Methionine + cystine, % 0.73 0.68 0.66 0.57 0.60
Threonine, % 0.66 0.61 0.56 0.48 0.51
Tryptophan, % 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.14 0.15
Arginine, % 1.07 0.97 0.88 0.74 0.78
Cont ent s
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General Nutrition
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Vitamins
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Hy-Line Gray

Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock
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Stock
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EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
Isoleucine, % 0.70 0.66 0.61 0.52 0.58
Valine, % 0.72 0.67 0.64 0.55 0.62
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 1.09 1.00 0.90 0.76 0.80
Methionine, % 0.48 0.44 0.41 0.35 0.37
Methionine + cystine, % 0.82 0.77 0.74 0.65 0.68
Threonine, % 0.78 0.72 0.66 0.56 0.60
Tryptophan, % 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.17 0.18
Arginine, % 1.15 1.05 0.94 0.79 0.84
Isoleucine, % 0.75 0.70 0.65 0.56 0.63
Valine, % 0.79 0.74 0.71 0.61 0.68
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 20.00 19.00 17.50 15.50 16.00
Calcium,
4
%
1.0 1.0 1.0 1.4 2.5
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.48 0.49 0.45 0.41 0.45
Sodium (Na), % 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18
Chloride, % 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
1
Change diet at the recommended target body weightthe approximate age is a guide only.
2
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ
substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy content may have to be
adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section).
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn
(maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Calcium should be supplied as a fine calcium carbonate source (mean particle size less than 2 mm). It can
be supplied as a 50:50 mix of fine and coarse (mean diameter 2-4 mm) in the pre-lay diet. See also
information about the pre-lay diet in the Feeding the Pullet section).
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are insufficient
data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead,
use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
6
Do not feed the pre-lay diet beyond the first egg as this diet does not contain sufficient calcium to sustain
egg production.
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Nut r i t i on Rec ommendat i ons f or Hy-Li ne Gr ay
Jump to the sections for:
Hy-Line Gray growing period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Gray laying period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Gray suggested nutrition program for laying period.
Hy-Line Gray molt and post-molt nutritional recommendations.
Download the combined Hy-Line Gray performance and nutrition-recommendations
tables for easy printing (pdf, 1243 kb).
Hy -Li ne Gr ay l ayi ng per i od nut r i t i onal r ec ommendat i ons
The nutrient recommendations are based on supplying a given amount (in grams
or milligrams) of nutrients per day (Table 1). To convert these absolute values
into a percentage of the diet, one must know the feed intake (Tables 2 to 5) in
order to formulate the laying-hen diets according to the observed feed intake to
ensure the daily consumption of the recommended grams or milligrams of
nutrients. See also the Feeding the Laying Hen and the Suggested Nutrition
Program sections for information of how to implement the laying-period
recommendations.
Tabl e 1. Hy -Li ne Gr ay l ayi ng per i od nut r i t i onal r ec ommendat i ons.
I t em
1 Peak i ng Above 93% t o
90% egg
pr oduc t i on
89 -83%
egg
pr oduc t i on
Less t han
83% egg
pr oduc t i on
Approximate
age, weeks
Point-of-
lay to 32
33-44 45-58 59+
Rec ommended c onc ent r at i on
2
Metabolizable
energy, kcal/lb
1260-
1300
1250-1300 1225-1300 1225-1300
Metabolizable
energy, kcal/kg
2780-
2865
2755-2865 2700-2865 2700-2865
Metabolizable
energy, MJ/kg
11.65-
12.00
11.55-12.00 11.30-12.00 11.30-12.00
Mi ni mum r ec ommended c onsumpt i on
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, mg/day 810 775 740 705
Methionine,
mg/day
397 357 340 317
Methionine + 664 605 570 529
Cont ent s
Online Management Guide Home
Management
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Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Vitamins
Trace minerals

Hy-Line W-36
Hy-Line W-98
Hy-Line Brown
Hy-Line Silver Brown
Hy-Line Gray

Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock
Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent
Stock
Performance Standards
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
cystine, mg/day
Threonine,
mg/day
567 543 518 494
Tryptophan,
mg/day
170 163 155 148
Arginine,
mg/day
867 829 792 754
Isoleucine,
mg/day
640 612 585 557
Valine, mg/day 729 698 666 635
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, mg/day 887 849 810 772
Methionine,
mg/day
427 383 366 341
Methionine +
cystine, mg/day
749 682 643 596
Threonine,
mg/day
663 638 609 581
Tryptophan,
mg/day
203 195 186 177
Arginine,
mg/day
932 892 851 811
Isoleucine,
mg/day
688 658 629 599
Valine, mg/day 804 769 735 700
Crude protein
(N 6.25),
3
g/day 17.50 17.00 16.00 15.00
Calcium,
4
g/day
4.00 4.25 4.45 4.60
Phosphorus
(available),
5
mg/day
460 420 380 360
Sodium (Na),
mg/day
180 180 180 180
Chloride,
mg/day
180 180 180 180
Linoleic acid
(C18:2 n-6),
g/day
1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Choline,
mg/day
100 100 100 100
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See
also the Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed
ingredients. Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same
name can differ substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy
content may have to be adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher
energy concentrations shown are appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a
corn (maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4
mm. See also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are
insufficient data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible
phosphorus. Instead, use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus
contents of feed ingredients.
Tabl e 2. Peak i ng; poi nt -of -l ay t o 32 w eek s of age.
1
Recommended energy concentration:
2
1260-1300 kcal/lb, 2780-2865 kcal/kg,
11.65-12.00 MJ/kg
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 90 95 100* 105 110
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 19.8 20.9 22.1* 23.2 24.3
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.94 0.89 0.85 0.81 0.77
Methionine, % 0.46 0.44 0.42 0.40 0.38
Methionine + cystine, % 0.79 0.75 0.71 0.68 0.65
Threonine, % 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.57 0.54
Tryptophan, % 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16
Arginine, % 1.01 0.96 0.91 0.87 0.83
Isoleucine, % 0.75 0.71 0.67 0.64 0.61
Valine, % 0.85 0.81 0.77 0.73 0.70
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 1.03 0.98 0.93 0.89 0.85
Methionine, % 0.50 0.47 0.45 0.43 0.41
Methionine + cystine, % 0.89 0.85 0.81 0.77 0.73
Threonine, % 0.78 0.74 0.70 0.67 0.64
Tryptophan, % 0.24 0.22 0.21 0.20 0.19
Arginine, % 1.09 1.03 0.98 0.93 0.89
Isoleucine, % 0.80 0.76 0.72 0.69 0.66
Valine, % 0.94 0.89 0.84 0.80 0.77
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 20.00 18.95 18.00 17.14 16.36
Calcium,
4
%
4.44 4.21 4.00 3.81 3.64
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.49 0.46 0.44 0.42 0.40
Sodium (Na), % 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16
Chloride, % 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.11 1.05 1.00 0.95 0.91
*Typical feed consumption in North America based on available data for the age.
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See
also the Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed
ingredients. Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same
name can differ substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy
content may have to be adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher
energy concentrations shown are appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a
corn (maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4
mm. See also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are
insufficient data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible
phosphorus. Instead, use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus
contents of feed ingredients.
Tabl e 3. Above 93% t o 90% egg pr oduc t i on; 33 -44 w eek s of age.
1
Recommended energy concentration:
2
1250-1300 kcal/lb, 2755-2865 kcal/kg,
11.55-12.00 MJ/kg
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 100 105 110* 115 120
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 22.1 23.2 24.3* 25.4 26.5
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.78 0.74 0.70 0.67 0.65
Methionine, % 0.36 0.34 0.32 0.31 0.30
Methionine + cystine, % 0.61 0.58 0.55 0.53 0.50
Threonine, % 0.54 0.52 0.49 0.47 0.45
Tryptophan, % 0.16 0.16 0.15 0.14 0.14
Arginine, % 0.83 0.79 0.75 0.72 0.69
Isoleucine, % 0.61 0.58 0.56 0.53 0.51
Valine, % 0.70 0.66 0.63 0.61 0.58
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 0.85 0.81 0.77 0.74 0.71
Methionine, % 0.38 0.36 0.35 0.33 0.32
Methionine + cystine, % 0.68 0.65 0.62 0.59 0.57
Threonine, % 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.55 0.53
Tryptophan, % 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16
Arginine, % 0.89 0.85 0.81 0.78 0.74
Isoleucine, % 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.57 0.55
Valine, % 0.77 0.73 0.70 0.67 0.64
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 17.00 16.19 15.45 14.78 14.17
Calcium,
4
%
4.25 4.05 3.86 3.70 3.54
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.42 0.40 0.38 0.37 0.35
Sodium (Na), % 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15
Chloride, % 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.00 0.95 0.91 0.87 0.83
*Typical feed consumption in North America based on available data for the age.
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See
also the Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed
ingredients. Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same
name can differ substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy
content may have to be adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher
energy concentrations shown are appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a
corn (maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4
mm. See also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are
insufficient data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible
phosphorus. Instead, use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus
contents of feed ingredients.
Tabl e 4. 89 -83% egg pr oduc t i on; 45 -58 w eek s of age.
1
Recommended energy concentration:
2
1225-1300 kcal/lb, 2700-2865 kcal/kg,
11.30-12.00 MJ/kg
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 100 105 110* 115 120
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 22.1 23.2 24.3* 25.4 26.5
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.74 0.70 0.67 0.64 0.62
Methionine, % 0.34 0.32 0.31 0.30 0.28
Methionine + cystine, % 0.57 0.54 0.52 0.50 0.48
Threonine, % 0.52 0.49 0.47 0.45 0.43
Tryptophan, % 0.16 0.15 0.14 0.13 0.13
Arginine, % 0.79 0.75 0.72 0.69 0.66
Isoleucine, % 0.59 0.56 0.53 0.51 0.49
Valine, % 0.67 0.63 0.61 0.58 0.56
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 0.81 0.77 0.74 0.70 0.68
Methionine, % 0.37 0.35 0.33 0.32 0.31
Methionine + cystine, % 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.56 0.54
Threonine, % 0.61 0.58 0.55 0.53 0.51
Tryptophan, % 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16
Arginine, % 0.85 0.81 0.77 0.74 0.71
Isoleucine, % 0.63 0.60 0.57 0.55 0.52
Valine, % 0.74 0.70 0.67 0.64 0.61
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 16.00 15.24 14.55 13.91 13.33
Calcium,
4
%
4.45 4.24 4.05 3.87 3.71
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.38 0.36 0.35 0.33 0.32
Sodium (Na), % 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15
Chloride, % 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.00 0.95 0.91 0.87 0.83
*Typical feed consumption in North America based on available data for the age.
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See
also the Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed
ingredients. Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same
name can differ substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy
content may have to be adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher
energy concentrations shown are appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a
corn (maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4
mm. See also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are
insufficient data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible
phosphorus. Instead, use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus
contents of feed ingredients.
Tabl e 5. Less t han 83% egg pr oduc t i on; 59+ w eek s of age.
1
Recommended energy concentration:
2
1225-1300 kcal/lb, 2700-2865 kcal/kg,
11.30-12.00 MJ/kg
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 100 105 110* 115 120
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 22.1 23.2 24.3* 25.4 26.5
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.71 0.67 0.64 0.61 0.59
Methionine, % 0.32 0.30 0.29 0.28 0.26
Methionine + cystine, % 0.53 0.50 0.48 0.46 0.44
Threonine, % 0.49 0.47 0.45 0.43 0.41
Tryptophan, % 0.15 0.14 0.13 0.13 0.12
Arginine, % 0.75 0.72 0.69 0.66 0.63
Isoleucine, % 0.56 0.53 0.51 0.48 0.46
Valine, % 0.64 0.60 0.58 0.55 0.53
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 0.77 0.74 0.70 0.67 0.64
Methionine, % 0.34 0.32 0.30 0.30 0.28
Methionine + cystine, % 0.60 0.57 0.54 0.52 0.50
Threonine, % 0.58 0.55 0.53 0.51 0.48
Tryptophan, % 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.15 0.15
Arginine, % 0.81 0.77 0.74 0.71 0.68
Isoleucine, % 0.60 0.57 0.54 0.52 0.50
Valine, % 0.70 0.67 0.64 0.61 0.58
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 15.00 14.29 13.64 13.04 12.50
Calcium,
4
%
4.60 4.38 4.18 4.00 3.83
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.36 0.34 0.33 0.31 0.30
Sodium (Na), % 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15
Chloride, % 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.00 0.95 0.91 0.87 0.83
*Typical feed consumption in North America based on available data for the age.
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See
also the Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed
ingredients. Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same
name can differ substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy
content may have to be adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher
energy concentrations shown are appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a
corn (maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4
mm. See also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are
insufficient data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible
phosphorus. Instead, use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus
contents of feed ingredients.
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Suggest ed Nut r i t i on Pr ogr am f or Hy-Li ne Gr ay
Jump to the sections for:
Hy-Line Gray growing period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Gray laying period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Gray suggested nutrition program for laying period.
Hy-Line Gray molt and post-molt nutritional recommendations.
Download the combined Hy-Line Gray performance and nutrition-recommendations
tables for easy printing (pdf, 1243 kb).
The following nutrition program is a suggest ed nutrition program. There are many
programs that work wellthe one shown below is only one of them and can be adapted
for individual farms taking into considerations local conditions and economic goals. It is
strongly recommended that a professional nutritionist be consulted to determine the
nutrition program that works best for the individual farm.
For the Hy-Line Gray, the following suggested diet program is used with success
worldwide and follows the principle of feeding for the observed feed intake and desired
production. Feeding according to this or a similar program ensures a high peak egg
production, an excellent persistence of lay, and a highly profitable business. Note that
the diets should be formulated for the actual, observed feed intakes, which may be
different from the feed intakes shown in this example.
The first diet that is fed as the hens start laying eggs is critical to sustain body weight
gain and the high demands of egg production. Remember that even though the whole
flock's egg production is, say 50%, the hens that are laying eggs produce 1 egg per day
(corresponding to 100% egg production for the individual hen). Therefore, it is
recommended to start feeding a fairly concentrated diet (i.e., formulated for a relatively
low feed intake) to supply the needed energy and nutrients to meet the dietary demands
of the hens that are laying and then change to a less concentrated diet as soon as the
feed intake has increased.
Cont ent s
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Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
Development of feed intake with age and suggested diet phases
according to the above-mentioned nutrition program and the diet matrix shown in the text below.
Di et 1 (appr ox i mat el y 18 t o 26 w eek s of age)
Diet 1 is fed from start of lay at approximately 18 weeks of age. At this time, the feed
intake is relatively low, but rapidly increasing. Accordingly, the diet is formulated for a
relatively low feed intake of about 93 g/dayor as low as economically and practically
feasible (the exact feed-intake value should be determined by the local nutritionist and
depends in part on the individual farm and economics). The diet is fed until the observed
feed consumption reaches about 105 g/day, which typically occurs around 26 to 27
weeks of age.
Because of the relatively low (but increasing) feed intake at this time, the diet should be
fairly concentrated, often necessitating relatively high inclusion levels of oil, digestible
amino acids, calcium, and available phosphorus. Because of the high nutrient density of
Diet 1, the diet appears expensive when compared on a price per 1000 kg basis.
However, the diet is only fed for a short time and only little of the diet is consumed
because of the relatively low feed intake during this time. Therefore, the actual cost of
feeding Diet 1 is low and, importantly, ensures adequate energy and nutrient intake to
ensure a high peak and prevents depletion of body reserves.
Di et 2 (appr ox i mat el y 27 t o 35 w eek s of age)
When the flock's feed intake has increased to about 105 g/day, Diet 1 can be
reformulated to take advantage of the now higher feed intake. Diet 2 should be
formulated to deliver the same kilocalories (or megajoules) of energy and milligrams or
grams of nutrients as Diet 1. That means that Diet 2 is less concentrated (because of
the higher feed intake) and, therefore, less expensive. The diet is fed until the feed
intake is 110 g/day.
Di et s 3, 4, 5, 6, et c . (appr ox i mat el y 35+ w eek s of age)
The next diet is formulated for a feed intake of about 110 g/day, which typically occurs
around 35 weeks of age, and is therefore slightly less concentrated than Diet 2. The
feed intake of the Hy-Line Gray does not change much after this time, so subsequent
diet changes are governed mainly by controlling egg weight, maintaining eggshell
quality, and reducing diet cost (the latter as the hens' energy and nutrient needs
decrease). That said, these diets should be reformulated to avoid under- or over-feeding
the hens if the feed intake changes.
Di et mat r i x
When diets are formulated to the aforementioned principles of observed feed intake and
desired production, a "diet matrix" can be constructed, illustrated in the table below. The
diets are formulated for age (or, more appropriately, hen-day egg production) and, within
each phase, for observed feed intake. With this set of diets, the farm manager can select
and order an appropriate feed from the feed mill every time a new load of feed is
needed. Each feed matches the feed intake and provides exactly the recommended
grams or milligrams of nutrients (i.e., birds are not under- or over-fed, which would
otherwise result in loss of profits). Note that not all of the diets are necessarily fed, but
are available if the hens' feed intake changes because of hot or cold weather or other
reasons. The number of diets also ensures that the differences among the diets are
relatively small, which helps avoid decreases in egg production that can otherwise occur
with abrupt diet changes.
Suggest ed di et mat r i x f or Hy -Li ne Gr ay.
1,2
The matrix is intended for a flock
that normally consumes approximately 110 g feed per day post-peak. In warmer
climates, the normal postpeak feed intake may be closer to 105 g/day and closer to 115
g/day in cooler climates in which case the matrix should be adjusted accordingly.
Age
Obser ved f eed i nt ak e
2
93 g/day 105 g/day 110 g/day 115 g/day
18-32 weeks Diet 1 Diet 2
33-42 weeks Diet 3 Diet 4 Diet 5
43-53 weeks Diet 6 Diet 7 Diet 8
54+ weeks Diet 9 Diet 10 Diet 11
1
Note that, in most cases, only 5 diets are fed through the first lay cycle (i.e., the yellow highlighted Diets 1,
2, 4, 7, and 10) because once the feed intake has stabilized (typically at 110 g/day), it does not change
much. However, Diets 3, 6, and 9 as well as Diets 5, 8, and 11 are available from the feed mill in case the
feed intake decreases or increases, respectively.
2
The matrix should be adjusted according to actual feed intakes, which may differ from those shown.
The diet matrix shown above gives the farm manager 11 diets to choose from. However,
only 4 to 5 of those diets are used under normal conditions:
Diet 1 because of the relatively low feed intake and the importance of providing the
hen with adequate nutrition during this period;
Diet 2 because it is more economical to feed than Diet 1 once the feed intake has
increased; and
Diets 4, 7, and 10 to control egg weight and eggshell quality.
Diets 3, 6, and 9 as well as Diets 5, 8, and 11 may never need to be fed, but are available
from the feed mill in case the feed intake decreases or increases, respectively. These diets
may only have to be fed for a short time until the feed intake returns to the "normal" 110
g/day again.
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Gray

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Capabilities of the Hy-Line Gray
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Growing Period (to 18 weeks):
Livability 9698%
Feed Consumed 6.0 kg
Body Weight at 17 Weeks 1.43 kg
Laying Period (to 80 weeks):
Percent Peak 94%
Hen-Day Eggs to 60 Weeks 248
Hen-Day Eggs to 74 Weeks 323
Hen-Day Eggs to 80 Weeks 353
Hen-Housed Eggs to 60 Weeks 245
Hen-Housed Eggs to 74 Weeks 318
Hen-Housed Eggs to 80 Weeks 347
Livability to 60 Weeks 98%
Livability to 80 Weeks 96%
Days to 50% Production (from hatch) 148
Egg Weight at 26 Weeks 57.0 g/egg
Egg Weight at 32 Weeks 61.0 g/egg
Egg Weight at 70 Weeks 66.0 g/egg
Total Egg Mass per Hen-Day (1974 weeks) 20.3 kg
Total Egg Mass per Hen-Day (1980 weeks) 22.3 kg
Body Weight at 32 Weeks 1.86 kg
Body Weight at 70 Weeks 1.92 kg
Freedom from Egg Inclusions Excellent
Shell Strength Excellent
Haugh Units at 32 Weeks 95
Haugh Units at 70 Weeks 83
Average Daily Feed Consumption (1980 weeks) 108 g/day per bird
Feed Conversion Rate, kg Feed/kg Eggs (2160 weeks) 1.97
Feed Conversion Rate, kg Feed/kg Eggs (2180 weeks) 2.05
Feed Utilization, kg Egg/kg Feed (2160 weeks) 0.51
Feed Utilization, kg Egg/kg Feed (2180 weeks) 0.49
Feed per Dozen Eggs (2160 weeks) 1.46 kg
Feed per Dozen Eggs (2180 weeks) 1.55 kg
Feather Color White with Buff Spotting
Skin Color Yellow
Condition of Droppings Dry
Performance Standards2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Gray

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Target Weights of Hy-Line Gray Pullets
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Growing Period
Age Body Weight*
Weeks g lb
1 70 0.15
2 115 0.25
3 190 0.42
4 280 0.62
5 380 0.84
6 490 1.08
7 590 1.30
8 710 1.57
9 810 1.79
10 920 2.03
11 1020 2.25
12 1120 2.47
13 1190 2.62
14 1260 2.78
15 1330 2.93
16 1400 3.09
17** 1460 3.22
18 1520 3.35
* Pullets grown on the oor, or in a tropical climate, can be 50 g (0.1 lb) lighter than shown.
** Move to Lay House
Performance Standards2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Gray

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Growing Period Feed Consumption*Gray
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Age in Daily Cumulative
weeks g/day per bird kcal/day per bird g to date kcal to date
1 13 37 91 259
2 20 57 231 658
3 25 72 406 1162
4 29 83 609 1743
5 33 95 840 2408
6 37 106 1099 3150
7 41 114 1386 3948
8 46 128 1708 4844
9 51 141 2065 5831
10 56 155 2457 6916
11 61 169 2884 8099
12 66 183 3346 9380
13 70 189 3836 10703
14 73 197 4347 12082
15 75 203 4872 13503
16 77 212 5411 14987
17 78 220 5957 16527
Performance Standards2009
This page was last updated May 2010
* Pullets feed consumption varies with feed formulation and environmental temperatures.
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Gray

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Water Consumption for Hy-Line Gray Pullets and Layers
Performance Standards2009
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
* Higher temperatures tend to elevate water consumption by 1.9 liters (0.5 gallons) per 100 birds.
This page was last updated May 2010
Water Consumed per 100 Birds per Day
Chicks should consume 0.83 liters (0.22 gallons) per 100 birds on day one of age.
Age in Weeks Liters Gallons
1
0.81.1 0.200.30
2
1.11.9 0.300.50
3
1.72.7 0.450.70
4
2.53.8 0.651.00
5
3.44.7 0.901.25
6
4.55.7 1.201.50
7
5.76.8 1.501.80
8
6.18.0 1.602.10
9
6.49.5 1.702.50
1015
6.810.2 1.802.70
1620
7.215.2 1.904.00
2125*
9.918.2 2.604.80
Over 25*
15.220.8 4.005.50
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Gray

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Age
in Weeks
%
Hen-Day
%
Mortality
Hen-Day
Eggs
Hen-Housed
Eggs
Body Weight Average
Egg Weight*
Feed
Consumption
Hen-Housed
Egg Mass Cum.
Egg Quality
Cum. Cum. Cum. kg g/egg g/day per bird kg
Haugh
Units
Shell
Thickness
(mm)
Specic Gravity
19 6 0.1 0.40 0.4 1.51 43.0 81 0.0 100.6 0.349 1.088
20 20 0.1 1.8 1.8 1.61 46.0 85 0.1 100.1 0.349 1.088
21 46 0.1 5.0 5.0 1.69 49.0 90 0.2 99.7 0.348 1.088
22 69 0.2 9.8 9.8 1.73 51.0 95 0.5 99.2 0.348 1.088
23 83 0.2 15.7 15.6 1.75 54.0 98 0.8 98.8 0.348 1.087
24 89 0.3 21.9 21.9 1.76 55.0 100 1.1 98.4 0.348 1.087
25 92 0.3 28.4 28.3 1.78 56.0 102 1.5 98.0 0.348 1.087
26 93 0.4 34.9 34.8 1.79 57.0 104 1.9 97.6 0.348 1.087
27 94 0.4 41.5 41.3 1.80 58.0 106 2.3 97.2 0.347 1.087
28 94 0.5 48.1 47.9 1.82 59.0 107 2.6 96.8 0.347 1.087
29 94 0.5 54.6 54.5 1.83 60.0 108 3.0 96.4 0.347 1.087
30 94 0.6 61.2 61.0 1.84 60.0 108 3.4 96.0 0.347 1.086
31 94 0.6 67.8 67.5 1.85 61.0 109 3.8 95.6 0.347 1.086
32 94 0.7 74.4 74.1 1.86 61.0 109 4.2 95.2 0.347 1.086
33 94 0.7 80.9 80.6 1.87 61.0 109 4.6 94.8 0.347 1.086
34 94 0.8 87.5 87.1 1.87 62.0 109 5.0 94.5 0.347 1.086
35 93 0.8 94.0 93.5 1.88 62.0 110 5.4 94.1 0.347 1.086
36 93 0.9 100.5 100.0 1.88 62.0 110 5.9 93.7 0.347 1.086
37 93 0.9 107.0 106.4 1.88 63.0 110 6.3 93.3 0.346 1.086
38 93 1.0 113.5 112.9 1.89 63.0 110 6.7 93.0 0.346 1.085
39 92 1.0 120.0 119.2 1.89 63.0 110 7.1 92.6 0.346 1.085
40 92 1.1 126.4 125.6 1.89 63.0 110 7.5 92.2 0.346 1.085
41 92 1.2 132.8 132.0 1.89 63.0 110 7.9 91.8 0.346 1.085
42 91 1.2 139.2 138.3 1.89 64.0 110 8.3 91.5 0.345 1.085
43 91 1.3 145.5 144.5 1.89 64.0 110 8.7 91.1 0.345 1.085
44 90 1.3 151.8 150.8 1.90 64.0 110 9.1 90.7 0.345 1.085
45 89 1.4 158.1 156.9 1.90 64.0 110 9.5 90.4 0.345 1.084
46 89 1.4 164.3 163.1 1.90 64.0 110 9.9 90.0 0.345 1.084
47 88 1.5 170.5 169.2 1.90 64.0 110 10.3 89.7 0.345 1.084
48 88 1.6 176.7 175.2 1.90 64.0 110 10.7 89.4 0.345 1.084
49 88 1.6 182.8 181.3 1.90 64.0 110 11.1 89.0 0.345 1.084
50 87 1.7 188.9 187.2 1.90 64.0 110 11.5 88.7 0.345 1.084
51 86 1.8 195.0 193.2 1.90 65.0 110 11.9 88.4 0.345 1.084
52 86 1.9 201.0 199.1 1.90 65.0 110 12.3 88.1 0.344 1.083
53 85 1.9 206.9 204.9 1.90 65.0 110 12.7 87.8 0.344 1.083
54 85 2.0 212.9 210.8 1.91 65.0 110 13.0 87.4 0.344 1.083
55 84 2.1 218.8 216.5 1.91 65.0 110 13.4 87.1 0.344 1.083
56 84 2.1 224.6 222.2 1.91 65.0 110 13.8 86.9 0.344 1.083
57 83 2.2 230.4 227.9 1.91 65.0 110 14.2 86.5 0.343 1.083
58 83 2.3 236.2 233.6 1.91 65.0 110 14.6 86.3 0.343 1.083
59 82 2.3 241.9 239.2 1.91 65.0 110 14.9 86.0 0.343 1.083
60 82 2.4 247.6 244.7 1.91 65.0 110 15.3 85.7 0.343 1.082
Hy-Line Gray Performance Table
* Egg weights after 40 weeks of age assume phase feeding of protein to limit egg size.
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Performance Standards2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Gray

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Hy-Line Gray Performance Table
* Egg weights after 40 weeks of age assume phase feeding of protein to limit egg size.
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Performance Standards2009
Age
in Weeks
%
Hen-Day
%
Mortality
Hen-Day
Eggs
Hen-Housed
Eggs
Body Weight Average
Egg Weight*
Feed
Consumption
Hen-Housed
Egg Mass Cum.
Egg Quality
Cum. Cum. Cum. kg g/egg g/day per bird kg
Haugh
Units
Shell
Thickness
(mm)
Specic Gravity
61 81 2.5 253.3 250.3 1.91 65.0 110 15.7 85.4 0.343 1.082
62 81 2.6 258.9 255.7 1.91 65.0 110 16.0 85.2 0.343 1.082
63 80 2.7 264.5 261.2 1.91 65.0 110 16.4 84.9 0.343 1.082
64 79 2.7 270.1 266.6 1.91 65.0 110 16.8 84.7 0.343 1.082
65 79 2.8 275.6 272.0 1.91 65.0 110 17.1 84.4 0.343 1.082
66 78 2.9 281.1 277.3 1.91 66.0 110 17.5 84.1 0.343 1.082
67 78 3.0 286.5 282.5 1.92 66.0 110 17.8 83.8 0.342 1.081
68 77 3.1 291.9 287.8 1.92 66.0 110 18.2 83.5 0.342 1.081
69 76 3.2 297.2 292.9 1.92 66.0 110 18.5 83.3 0.342 1.081
70 76 3.3 302.6 298.1 1.92 66.0 110 18.9 83.0 0.342 1.081
71 75 3.4 307.8 303.2 1.92 66.2 110 19.2 82.8 0.342 1.081
72 75 3.5 313.0 308.2 1.92 66.3 110 19.6 82.6 0.342 1.081
73 74 3.6 318.2 313.2 1.92 66.5 110 19.9 82.4 0.341 1.081
74 73 3.8 323.4 318.1 1.92 66.6 110 20.3 82.1 0.341 1.080
75 73 3.9 328.5 323.0 1.92 66.7 110 20.6 81.9 0.341 1.080
76 72 4.0 333.5 327.9 1.92 66.8 110 21.0 81.7 0.341 1.080
77 72 4.1 338.5 332.7 1.92 66.9 110 21.3 81.4 0.341 1.080
78 71 4.2 343.5 337.4 1.92 67.1 110 21.6 81.2 0.341 1.080
79 70 4.4 348.4 342.2 1.92 67.2 110 22.0 81.0 0.341 1.080
80 70 4.5 353.3 346.8 1.92 67.3 110 22.3 80.8 0.341 1.080
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Gray

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial
ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and
disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Performance Standards2009
This page was last updated May 2010
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
0.0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1.0
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.8
2.0
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3.0
3.2
3.4
3.6
3.8
4.0
4.2
4.4
4.6
4.8
5.0
15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80
P
e
r
c
e
n
t

o
r

g
r
a
m
s
K
i
l
o
g
r
a
m
s
Age (weeks)
Egg weight (g)
Hen-day egg production (%)
Mortality (%)
Body weight (kg)
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Gray

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Age in
Weeks
Average
Egg Weight (g)
Very Large
Over 73 g
Large
6373 g
Medium
5363 g
Small
4353 g
22 51.0 0.00 0.62 33.23 61.37
24 55.0 0.02 5.82 59.42 33.82
26 57.0 0.13 12.75 64.60 22.11
28 59.0 0.41 22.11 64.60 12.75
30 60.0 0.62 27.58 62.89 8.86
32 61.0 0.82 33.64 60.06 5.46
34 62.0 1.24 40.68 54.77 3.31
36 62.0 1.24 40.68 54.77 3.31
38 63.0 1.86 48.14 48.14 1.86
40 63.0 1.86 48.14 48.14 1.86
42 64.0 3.04 50.21 45.01 1.74
44 64.0 3.31 54.12 41.14 1.43
46 64.0 3.31 54.12 41.14 1.43
48 64.0 3.59 54.33 40.68 1.39
50 64.0 3.59 54.33 40.68 1.39
52 65.0 5.84 57.42 35.62 1.12
54 65.0 5.84 57.42 35.62 1.12
56 65.0 6.20 57.78 34.97 1.05
58 65.0 6.20 57.78 34.97 1.05
60 65.0 6.56 57.78 34.61 1.05
62 65.0 6.56 57.78 34.61 1.05
64 65.0 6.56 57.78 34.61 1.05
66 66.0 9.74 60.90 28.56 0.80
68 66.0 9.74 60.90 28.56 0.80
70 66.0 10.16 60.48 28.56 0.80
72 66.3 11.16 61.42 26.65 0.78
74 66.6 12.23 61.42 25.64 0.71
76 66.8 13.41 61.31 24.59 0.69
78 67.1 14.60 61.24 23.49 0.67
80 67.3 15.87 61.20 22.31 0.63
Egg Size DistributionE.U. Standards
Performance Standards2009
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Gray

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Age in
Weeks
Average
Egg Weight (g)
Over
76 g
LL
7076 g
L
6470 g
M
5864 g
MS
5258 g
S
4652 g
SS
4046 g
Under
40 g
20 46.0 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.45 9.15 40.39 40.39 9.61
22 51.0 0.00 0.00 0.33 6.90 34.51 43.37 13.78 1.10
24 55.0 0.00 0.16 3.72 23.94 44.36 23.94 3.72 0.16
26 57.0 0.02 0.69 8.62 33.19 40.21 15.38 1.83 0.07
28 59.0 0.07 1.83 15.38 40.21 33.19 8.62 0.69 0.02
30 60.0 0.10 2.62 19.36 42.89 28.83 5.84 0.35 0.01
32 61.0 0.16 3.46 23.83 45.15 23.81 3.46 0.13 0.00
34 62.0 0.21 4.91 29.03 45.13 18.65 2.01 0.05 0.00
36 62.0 0.21 4.91 29.03 45.13 18.65 2.01 0.05 0.00
38 63.0 0.34 6.54 34.51 43.37 14.15 1.08 0.02 0.00
40 63.0 0.34 6.90 34.51 43.37 13.78 1.08 0.02 0.00
42 64.0 0.62 9.94 38.96 39.44 10.22 0.80 0.02 0.00
44 64.0 0.72 10.32 38.96 38.96 10.22 0.80 0.02 0.00
46 64.0 0.72 10.32 38.96 38.96 10.22 0.80 0.02 0.00
48 64.0 0.82 10.69 38.96 38.49 10.22 0.80 0.02 0.00
50 64.0 0.82 10.69 38.96 38.49 10.22 0.80 0.02 0.00
52 65.0 1.55 14.79 41.43 33.73 7.95 0.53 0.01 0.00
54 65.0 1.55 14.79 41.43 33.73 7.95 0.53 0.01 0.00
56 65.0 1.72 15.09 40.81 33.54 8.29 0.53 0.01 0.00
58 65.0 1.72 15.09 40.81 33.54 8.29 0.53 0.01 0.00
60 65.0 1.90 15.38 40.21 33.25 8.72 0.53 0.01 0.00
62 65.0 1.90 15.38 40.21 33.25 8.72 0.53 0.01 0.00
64 65.0 1.90 15.38 40.21 33.25 8.72 0.53 0.01 0.00
66 66.0 3.20 19.74 41.50 28.63 6.45 0.47 0.01 0.00
68 66.0 3.20 19.74 41.50 28.63 6.45 0.47 0.01 0.00
70 66.0 3.45 19.90 41.20 28.52 6.45 0.47 0.01 0.00
72 66.3 3.89 21.17 41.06 27.23 6.18 0.45 0.01 0.00
74 66.6 4.37 22.45 41.06 25.93 5.78 0.40 0.01 0.00
76 66.8 5.02 23.36 40.73 25.05 5.42 0.40 0.01 0.00
78 67.1 5.60 24.63 40.73 23.79 4.90 0.34 0.01 0.00
80 67.3 6.35 25.44 40.16 22.99 4.73 0.32 0.01 0.00
Egg Size DistributionJapanese Standards
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Gray

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Growing Period Nutritional RecommendationsGray
Item
1
Starter 1 Starter 2 Grower Developer Pre-lay
5
Feed to a body weight of 190 g 390 g 1170 g 1370 g 1490 g
Approximate age 03 weeks 46 weeks 712 weeks 1315 weeks 1617 weeks
Recommended concentration
2

Metabolizable energy, kcal/lb 12501360 12501360 12401360 12401360 12401360
Metabolizable energy, kcal/kg 27562999 27562999 27342999 27342999 27342999
Metabolizable energy, MJ /kg 11.5412.55 11.5412.55 11.4412.55 11.4412.55 11.4412.55
Minimum recommended concentration
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 1.00 0.91 0.82 0.69 0.73
Methionine, % 0.45 0.41 0.38 0.32 0.34
Methionine +cystine, % 0.73 0.68 0.66 0.57 0.60
Threonine, % 0.66 0.61 0.56 0.48 0.51
Tryptophan, % 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.14 0.15
Arginine, % 1.07 0.97 0.88 0.74 0.78
Isoleucine, % 0.70 0.66 0.61 0.52 0.58
Valine, % 0.72 0.67 0.64 0.55 0.62
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 1.09 1.00 0.90 0.76 0.80
Methionine, % 0.48 0.44 0.41 0.35 0.37
Methionine +cystine, % 0.82 0.77 0.74 0.65 0.68
Threonine, % 0.78 0.72 0.66 0.56 0.60
Tryptophan, % 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.17 0.18
Arginine, % 1.15 1.05 0.94 0.79 0.84
Isoleucine, % 0.75 0.70 0.65 0.56 0.63
Valine, % 0.79 0.74 0.71 0.61 0.68
Crude protein (nitrogen 6.25),
3
% 20.00 19.00 17.50 15.50 16.00
Calcium,
4
% 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.40 2.50
Phosphorus (available), % 0.48 0.49 0.45 0.41 0.45
Sodium, % 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18
Chloride, % 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
1
Change diets at the recommended target body weightthe approximate age is a guide only.
2
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ substantially; in some cases, the recommended dietary energy
content may have to be adjusted accordingly (see Hy-Line Red Book for additional information).
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on digestible
amino acid basis instead.
4
Calcium should be supplied as a ne calcium carbonate source (mean particle size less than 2 mm).
5
Do not feed the pre-lay diet beyond the rst egg as it does not contain sufcient calcium to sustain egg production.
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Nutritional Recommendations2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Gray

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Item
1
Peaking
Above 93% to 90%
egg production
89 to 83%
egg production
Less than 83%
egg production
Point of lay to 32 weeks 3344 weeks 4558 weeks 59+weeks
Recommended concentration
2

Metabolizable energy, kcal/lb 12601300 12501300 12251300 12251300
Metabolizable energy, kcal/kg 27782867 27562867 27012867 27012867
Metabolizable energy, MJ /kg 11.6312.00 11.5412.00 11.3112.00 11.3112.00
Minimum recommended concentration
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, mg/day 810 775 740 705
Methionine, mg/day 397 357 340 317
Methionine +cystine, mg/day 664 605 570 529
Threonine, mg/day 567 543 518 494
Tryptophan, mg/day 170 163 155 148
Arginine, mg/day 867 829 792 754
Isoleucine, mg/day 640 612 585 557
Valine, mg/day 729 698 666 635
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, mg/day 887 849 810 772
Methionine, mg/day 427 383 366 341
Methionine +cystine, mg/day 749 682 643 596
Threonine, mg/day 667 638 609 581
Tryptophan, mg/day 203 195 186 177
Arginine, mg/day 932 892 851 811
Isoleucine, mg/day 688 658 629 599
Valine, mg/day 804 769 735 700
Crude protein (nitrogen 6.25),
3
g/day 17.50 17.00 16.00 15.00
Calcium,
4
g/day 4.00 4.25 4.45 4.60
Phosphorus (available), mg/day 460 420 380 360
Sodium, mg/day 180 180 180 180
Chloride, mg/day 180 180 180 180
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), g/day 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Choline, mg/day 100 100 100 100
Laying Period Nutritional RecommendationsGray
1
Consumption of crude protein, methionine +cystine, fat, linoleic acid, and/or energy may be changed to optimize egg size.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown in the Hy-Line Red Book. Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed
ingredients of the same name can differ substantially; in some cases, the recommended dietary energy content may have to be adjusted accordingly (see Hy-Line Red
Book for additional information).
3
Total amino acids are only appropriate with a corn and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on digestible amino acid basis if a substantial amount of other
protein-supplying ingredients are used.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 24 mm.
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Nutritional Recommendations2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Gray

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Item
1
Peaking
Above 93% to 90%
egg production
89 to 83%
egg production
Less than 83%
egg production
Point of lay to 32 weeks 3344 weeks 4558 weeks 59+weeks
Recommended concentration
2

Metabolizable energy, kcal/lb 12601300 12501300 12251300 12251300
Metabolizable energy, kcal/kg 27782867 27562867 27012867 27012867
Metabolizable energy, MJ /kg 11.6312.00 11.5412.00 11.3112.00 11.3112.00
Feed consumption
g/day per hen 90 95 100* 105 110 100 105 110* 115 120 100 105 110* 115 120 100 105 110* 115 120
lb/day per 100 hens 19.8 20.9 22.1 23.2 24.3 22.1 23.2 24.3 25.4 26.5 22.1 23.2 24.3 25.4 26.5 22.1 23.2 24.3 25.4 26.5
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.90 0.85 0.81 0.77 0.74 0.78 0.74 0.70 0.67 0.65 0.74 0.70 0.67 0.64 0.62 0.71 0.67 0.64 0.61 0.59
Methionine, % 0.44 0.42 0.40 0.38 0.36 0.36 0.34 0.32 0.31 0.30 0.34 0.32 0.31 0.30 0.28 0.32 0.30 0.29 0.28 0.26
Methionine +cystine, % 0.74 0.70 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.61 0.58 0.55 0.53 0.50 0.57 0.54 0.52 0.50 0.48 0.53 0.50 0.48 0.46 0.44
Threonine, % 0.63 0.60 0.57 0.54 0.52 0.54 0.52 0.49 0.47 0.45 0.52 0.49 0.47 0.45 0.43 0.49 0.47 0.45 0.43 0.41
Tryptophan, % 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.15 0.16 0.16 0.15 0.14 0.14 0.16 0.15 0.14 0.13 0.13 0.15 0.14 0.13 0.13 0.12
Arginine, % 0.96 0.91 0.87 0.83 0.79 0.83 0.79 0.75 0.72 0.69 0.79 0.75 0.72 0.69 0.66 0.75 0.72 0.69 0.66 0.63
Isoleucine, % 0.71 0.67 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.61 0.58 0.56 0.53 0.51 0.59 0.56 0.53 0.51 0.49 0.56 0.53 0.51 0.48 0.46
Valine, % 0.81 0.77 0.73 0.69 0.66 0.70 0.66 0.63 0.61 0.58 0.67 0.63 0.61 0.58 0.56 0.64 0.60 0.58 0.55 0.53
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 0.99 0.93 0.89 0.84 0.81 0.85 0.81 0.77 0.74 0.71 0.81 0.77 0.74 0.70 0.68 0.77 0.74 0.70 0.67 0.64
Methionine, % 0.47 0.45 0.43 0.41 0.39 0.38 0.36 0.35 0.33 0.32 0.37 0.35 0.33 0.32 0.31 0.34 0.32 0.31 0.30 0.28
Methionine +cystine, % 0.83 0.79 0.75 0.71 0.68 0.68 0.65 0.62 0.59 0.57 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.56 0.54 0.60 0.57 0.54 0.52 0.50
Threonine, % 0.74 0.70 0.67 0.64 0.61 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.55 0.53 0.61 0.58 0.55 0.53 0.51 0.58 0.55 0.53 0.51 0.48
Tryptophan, % 0.23 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.15 0.15
Arginine, % 1.04 0.98 0.93 0.89 0.85 0.89 0.85 0.81 0.78 0.74 0.85 0.81 0.77 0.74 0.71 0.81 0.77 0.74 0.71 0.68
Isoleucine, % 0.76 0.72 0.69 0.66 0.63 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.57 0.55 0.63 0.60 0.57 0.55 0.52 0.60 0.57 0.54 0.52 0.50
Valine, % 0.89 0.85 0.80 0.77 0.73 0.77 0.73 0.70 0.67 0.64 0.74 0.70 0.67 0.64 0.61 0.70 0.67 0.64 0.61 0.58
Crude protein
(nitrogen 6.25),
3
%
19.44 18.42 17.50 16.67 15.91 17.00 16.19 15.45 14.78 14.17 16.00 15.24 14.55 13.91 13.33 15.00 14.29 13.64 13.04 12.50
Calcium,
4
% 4.44 4.21 4.00 3.81 3.64 4.25 4.05 3.86 3.70 3.54 4.45 4.24 4.05 3.87 3.71 4.60 4.38 4.18 4.00 3.83
Phosphorus (available), % 0.51 0.48 0.46 0.44 0.42 0.42 0.40 0.38 0.37 0.35 0.38 0.36 0.35 0.33 0.32 0.36 0.34 0.33 0.31 0.30
Sodium, % 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15
Chloride, % 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.11 1.05 1.00 0.95 0.91 1.00 0.95 0.91 0.87 0.83 1.00 0.95 0.91 0.87 0.83 1.00 0.95 0.91 0.87 0.83
*Typical feed consumption for the age based on available data.
Laying Period Nutritional RecommendationsGray
1
Consumption of crude protein, methionine +cystine, fat, linoleic acid, and/or energy may be changed to optimize egg size.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown in the Hy-Line Red Book. Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed
ingredients of the same name can differ substantially; in some cases, the recommended dietary energy content may have to be adjusted accordingly (see Hy-Line Red
Book for additional information).
3
Total amino acids are only appropriate with a corn and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on digestible amino acid basis if a substantial amount of other
protein-supplying ingredients are used.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 24 mm.
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Nutritional Recommendations2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Gray

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Post-Molt Nutritional RecommendationsGray
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
1
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown in the Hy-Line Red Book. Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed
ingredients of the same name can differ substantially; in some cases, the recommended dietary energy content may have to be adjusted accordingly (see Hy-Line Red
Book for additional information).
2
Total amino acids are only appropriate with a corn and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on digestible amino acid basis if a substantial amount of other
protein-supplying ingredients are used.
3
The added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of less than 2 mm.
4
The sodium content in the Molt 1 diet should not exceed 0.035%.
Nutritional Recommendations2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Recommended concentration
1
Molt Diet
Metabolizable energy, kcal/lb 11791270
Metabolizable energy, kcal/kg 26002800
Metabolizable energy, MJ /kg 10.8811.72
Minimum recommended concentration
Standardized (true) ileal digestibility
Lysine, % 0.30
Methionine, % 0.15
Methionine +cystine, % 0.32
Threonine, % 0.18
Tryptophan, % 0.10
Arginine, % 0.38
Isoleucine, % 0.18
Valine, % 0.23
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 0.33
Methionine, % 0.16
Methionine +cystine, % 0.36
Threonine, % 0.21
Tryptophan, % 0.12
Arginine, % 0.41
Isoleucine, % 0.20
Valine, % 0.26
Crude protein (nitrogen 6.25),
2
% 8.50
Calcium,
3
% 1.30
Phosphorus (available), % 0.25
Sodium,
4
% 0.03
Chloride, % 0.03
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Gray

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Post-Molt Nutritional RecommendationsGray
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Recommended post-molt dietary calcium and available phosphorus contents.
Peaking
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 90 95 100* 105 110
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 19.8 20.9 22.1* 23.2 24.3
Calcium,
1
% 4.94 4.68 4.45 4.24 4.05
Phosphorus (available), % 0.51 0.48 0.46 0.44 0.42
Above 93% to 90% egg production
Feed consumption, g/day per hen
100 105 110* 115 120
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 22.1 23.2 24.3* 25.4 26.5
Calcium,
1
% 4.65 4.43 4.23 4.04 3.88
Phosphorus (available), % 0.42 0.40 0.38 0.36 0.35
89 to 83% egg production
Feed consumption, g/day per hen
100 105 110* 115 120
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 22.1 23.2 24.3* 25.4 26.5
Calcium,
1
% 4.85 4.62 4.41 4.22 4.04
Phosphorus (available), % 0.37 0.35 0.34 0.32 0.31
Less than 83% egg production
Feed consumption, g/day per hen
100 105 110* 115 120
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 22.1 23.2 24.3* 25.4 26.5
Calcium,
1
% 5.05 4.81 4.59 4.39 4.21
Phosphorus (available), % 0.33 0.31 0.30 0.28 0.27
* Typical feed consumption based on available data.
After the Molt 3 diet, formulate diets according to level of desired percentage egg production following the nutritional
recommendations for rst-cycle laying hens (see Hy-Line Red Book), albeit with a 20 kcal/kg (10 kcal/lb, 0.10 MJ /kg)
reduction in the dietary energy content. Other noticeable differences in the post-molt diets are an increased need for
dietary calcium and a decreased need for dietary phosphorus, reected in the table.
Minimum recommended daily consumption Peaking
Above 93% to 90%
egg production
89 to 83%
egg production
Less than 83%
egg production
Calcium,

g/day 4.45 4.65 4.65 5.05
Phosphorus (available),mg/day 460 415 415 325
1
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 24 mm.
Nutritional Recommendations2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Nut r i t i on Rec ommendat i ons f or Hy-Li ne Br ow n
Jump to the sections for:
Hy-Line Brown growing period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Brown laying period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Brown suggested nutrition program for laying period.
Hy-Line Brown molt and post-molt nutritional recommendations.
Download the combined Hy-Line Brown performance and nutrition-recommendations
tables for easy printing (pdf, 1243 kb).
Hy -Li ne Br ow n gr ow i ng per i od nut r i t i onal r ec ommendat i ons
The table below shows the growing-period nutritional recommendations. See also the
Feeding the Pullet section for information of how to implement the growing-period
recommendations. The sections on Monitoring Body Weight and Body Weight Uniformity
are also of importance.
Hy -Li ne Br ow n gr ow i ng per i od nut r i t i onal r ec ommendat i ons.
I t em
1
St ar t er
1
St ar t er
2
Gr ow er Devel oper
Pr e-
l ay
6
Feed to a body weight of,
grams
200 450 1070 1260 1400
Approximate age, weeks 0-3 4-6 7-12 13-15 16-17
Rec ommended c onc ent r at i on
2
Metabolizable energy,
kcal/lb
1275-1325 1275-1325 1265-1315 1230-1280 1240-
1330
Metabolizable energy,
kcal/kg
2810-2920 2810-2920 2790-2900 2710-2820 2735-
2930
Metabolizable energy,
MJ/kg
11.80-
12.20
11.80-
12.20
11.70-
12.10
11.30-11.80 11.45-
12.30
Mi ni mum r ec ommended c onc ent r at i on
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.99 0.90 0.80 0.65 0.70
Methionine, % 0.45 0.41 0.38 0.31 0.34
Methionine + cystine, % 0.75 0.70 0.65 0.57 0.63
Threonine, % 0.63 0.59 0.54 0.44 0.48
Tryptophan, % 0.18 0.17 0.17 0.14 0.15
Arginine, % 1.06 0.96 0.86 0.70 0.75
Cont ent s
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Isoleucine, % 0.69 0.65 0.59 0.49 0.56
Valine, % 0.71 0.67 0.62 0.52 0.60
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 1.08 0.99 0.88 0.71 0.77
Methionine, % 0.48 0.45 0.40 0.33 0.37
Methionine + cystine, % 0.85 0.79 0.73 0.65 0.71
Threonine, % 0.75 0.69 0.63 0.52 0.57
Tryptophan, % 0.21 0.20 0.20 0.17 0.18
Arginine, % 1.14 1.04 0.92 0.75 0.81
Isoleucine, % 0.75 0.70 0.64 0.52 0.60
Valine, % 0.79 0.73 0.69 0.57 0.66
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 20.00 18.25 17.50 16.00 16.50
Calcium,
4
%
1.00 1.00 1.00 1.40 2.50
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.45 0.44 0.43 0.45 0.48
Sodium (Na), % 0.18 0.17 0.17 0.18 0.18
Chloride, % 0.18 0.17 0.17 0.18 0.18
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
1
Change diet at the recommended target body weightthe approximate age is a guide only.
2
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ
substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy content may have to be
adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section).
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn
(maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Calcium should be supplied as a fine calcium carbonate source (mean particle size less than 2 mm). It can
be supplied as a 50:50 mix of fine and coarse (mean diameter 2-4 mm) in the pre-lay diet. See also
information about the pre-lay diet in the Feeding the Pullet section).
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are insufficient
data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead,
use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
6
Do not feed the pre-lay diet beyond the first egg as this diet does not contain sufficient calcium to sustain
egg production.
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Nut r i t i on Rec ommendat i ons f or Hy-Li ne Br ow n
Jump to the sections for:
Hy-Line Brown growing period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Brown laying period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Brown suggested nutrition program for laying period.
Hy-Line Brown molt and post-molt nutritional recommendations.
Download the combined Hy-Line Brown performance and nutrition-recommendations
tables for easy printing (pdf, 1243 kb).
Hy -Li ne Br ow n l ayi ng per i od nut r i t i onal r ec ommendat i ons
The nutrient recommendations are based on supplying a given amount (in grams or
milligrams) of nutrients per day (Table 1). To convert these absolute values into a
percentage of the diet, one must know the feed intake (Tables 2 to 5) in order to
formulate the laying-hen diets according to the observed feed intake to ensure the daily
consumption of the recommended grams or milligrams of nutrients. See also the Feeding
the Laying Hen and the Suggested Nutrition Program sections for information of how to
implement the laying-period recommendations.
Tabl e 1. Hy -Li ne Br ow n l ayi ng per i od nut r i t i onal r ec ommendat i ons.
I t em
1 Peak i ng Above 93% t o
89% egg
pr oduc t i on
88 -85% egg
pr oduc t i on
Less t han 85%
egg pr oduc t i on
Approximate
age, weeks
Point-of-
lay to 32
33-44 45-58 59+
Rec ommended c onc ent r at i on
2
Metabolizable
energy, kcal/lb
1260-
1300
1240-1300 1215-1300 1160-1285
Metabolizable
energy, kcal/kg
2780-
2870
2735-2870 2680-2870 2560-2835
Metabolizable
energy, MJ/kg
11.65-
12.00
11.45-12.00 11.20-12.00 10.70-11.85
Mi ni mum r ec ommended c onsumpt i on
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, mg/day 850 840 800 750
Methionine,
mg/day
417 412 392 338
Methionine +
cystine, mg/day
714 722 688 645
Cont ent s
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Management
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Lighting Program
Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Vitamins
Trace minerals

Hy-Line W-36
Hy-Line W-98
Hy-Line Brown
Hy-Line Silver Brown
Hy-Line Gray

Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock
Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent
Stock
Performance Standards
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Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
Threonine,
mg/day
595 588 560 525
Tryptophan,
mg/day
179 176 168 158
Arginine, mg/day 910 899 856 803
Isoleucine,
mg/day
672 664 632 593
Valine, mg/day 765 756 720 675
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, mg/day 931 920 876 821
Methionine,
mg/day
448 443 422 395
Methionine +
cystine, mg/day
805 815 776 727
Threonine,
mg/day
700 692 659 618
Tryptophan,
mg/day
213 211 201 188
Arginine, mg/day 978 966 920 863
Isoleucine,
mg/day
722 714 680 637
Valine, mg/day 844 834 794 744
Crude protein (N
6.25),
3
g/day 17.00 16.75 16.00 15.50
Calcium,
4
g/day
4.00 4.40 4.70 4.90
Phosphorus
(available),
5
mg/day
440 400 360 350
Sodium (Na),
mg/day
180 180 180 180
Chloride, mg/day 180 180 180 180
Linoleic acid
(C18:2 n-6),
g/day
1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Choline, mg/day 100 100 100 100
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See also the
Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed ingredients.
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ
substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy content may have to be
adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher energy concentrations shown are
appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn
(maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4 mm. See
also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are insufficient
data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead,
use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
Tabl e 2. Peak i ng; poi nt -of -l ay t o 32 w eek s of age.
1
Recommended energy concentration:
2
1260-1300 kcal/lb, 2780-2870 kcal/kg, 11.65-12.00
MJ/kg
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 93 98 103* 108 113
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 20.5 21.6 22.7* 23.8 24.9
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.91 0.87 0.83 0.79 0.75
Methionine, % 0.45 0.43 0.40 0.39 0.37
Methionine + cystine, % 0.77 0.73 0.69 0.66 0.63
Threonine, % 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.55 0.53
Tryptophan, % 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.17 0.16
Arginine, % 0.98 0.93 0.88 0.84 0.81
Isoleucine, % 0.72 0.69 0.65 0.62 0.59
Valine, % 0.82 0.78 0.74 0.71 0.68
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 1.00 0.95 0.90 0.86 0.82
Methionine, % 0.48 0.46 0.43 0.41 0.40
Methionine + cystine, % 0.87 0.82 0.78 0.75 0.71
Threonine, % 0.75 0.71 0.68 0.65 0.62
Tryptophan, % 0.23 0.22 0.21 0.20 0.19
Arginine, % 1.05 1.00 0.95 0.91 0.87
Isoleucine, % 0.78 0.74 0.70 0.67 0.64
Valine, % 0.91 0.86 0.82 0.78 0.75
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 18.28 17.35 16.50 15.74 15.04
Calcium,
4
%
4.30 4.08 3.88 3.70 3.54
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.47 0.45 0.43 0.41 0.39
Sodium (Na), % 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.17 0.16
Chloride, % 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.17 0.16
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.08 1.02 0.97 0.93 0.88
*Typical feed consumption in North America based on available data for the age.
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See also the
Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed ingredients.
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ
substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy content may have to be
adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher energy concentrations shown are
appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn
(maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4 mm. See
also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are insufficient
data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead,
use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
Tabl e 3. Above 93% t o 89% egg pr oduc t i on; 33 -44 w eek s of age.
1
Recommended energy concentration:
2
1240-1300 kcal/lb, 2735-2870 kcal/kg, 11.45-12.00
MJ/kg
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 100 105 110* 115 120
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 22.1 23.2 24.3* 25.4 26.5
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.84 0.80 0.76 0.73 0.70
Methionine, % 0.41 0.39 0.37 0.36 0.34
Methionine + cystine, % 0.72 0.69 0.66 0.63 0.60
Threonine, % 0.59 0.56 0.53 0.51 0.49
Tryptophan, % 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.15 0.15
Arginine, % 0.90 0.86 0.82 0.78 0.75
Isoleucine, % 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.58 0.55
Valine, % 0.76 0.72 0.69 0.66 0.63
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 0.92 0.88 0.84 0.80 0.77
Methionine, % 0.44 0.42 0.40 0.39 0.37
Methionine + cystine, % 0.82 0.78 0.74 0.71 0.68
Threonine, % 0.69 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.58
Tryptophan, % 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.18
Arginine, % 0.97 0.92 0.88 0.84 0.81
Isoleucine, % 0.71 0.68 0.65 0.62 0.60
Valine, % 0.83 0.79 0.76 0.73 0.70
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 16.75 15.95 15.23 14.57 13.96
Calcium,
4
%
4.40 4.19 4.00 3.83 3.67
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.40 0.38 0.36 0.35 0.33
Sodium (Na), % 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15
Chloride, % 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.00 0.95 0.91 0.87 0.83
*Typical feed consumption in North America based on available data for the age.
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See also the
Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed ingredients.
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ
substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy content may have to be
adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher energy concentrations shown are
appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn
(maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4 mm. See
also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are insufficient
data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead,
use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
Tabl e 4. 88 -85% egg pr oduc t i on; 45 -58 w eek s of age.
1
Recommended energy concentration:
2
1215-1300 kcal/lb, 2680-2870 kcal/kg, 11.20-12.00
MJ/kg
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 100 105 110* 115 120
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 22.1 23.2 24.3* 25.4 26.5
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.80 0.76 0.73 0.70 0.67
Methionine, % 0.39 0.37 0.36 0.34 0.33
Methionine + cystine, % 0.69 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.57
Threonine, % 0.56 0.53 0.51 0.49 0.47
Tryptophan, % 0.17 0.16 0.15 0.15 0.14
Arginine, % 0.86 0.82 0.78 0.74 0.71
Isoleucine, % 0.63 0.60 0.57 0.55 0.53
Valine, % 0.72 0.69 0.65 0.63 0.60
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 0.88 0.83 0.80 0.76 0.73
Methionine, % 0.42 0.40 0.38 0.37 0.35
Methionine + cystine, % 0.78 0.74 0.71 0.67 0.65
Threonine, % 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.57 0.55
Tryptophan, % 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.17
Arginine, % 0.92 0.88 0.84 0.80 0.77
Isoleucine, % 0.68 0.65 0.62 0.59 0.57
Valine, % 0.79 0.76 0.72 0.69 0.66
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 16.00 15.24 14.55 13.91 13.33
Calcium,
4
%
4.70 4.48 4.27 4.09 3.92
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.36 0.34 0.33 0.31 0.30
Sodium (Na), % 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15
Chloride, % 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.00 0.95 0.91 0.87 0.83
*Typical feed consumption in North America based on available data for the age.
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See also the
Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed ingredients.
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ
substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy content may have to be
adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher energy concentrations shown are
appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn
(maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4 mm. See
also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are insufficient
data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead,
use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
Tabl e 5. Less t han 85% egg pr oduc t i on; 59+ w eek s of age.
1
Recommended energy concentration:
2
1160-1285 kcal/lb, 2560-2835 kcal/kg, 10.70-11.85
MJ/kg
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 99 104 109* 114 119
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 21.8 22.9 24.0* 25.1 26.2
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.76 0.72 0.69 0.66 0.63
Methionine, % 0.37 0.35 0.34 0.32 0.31
Methionine + cystine, % 0.65 0.62 0.59 0.57 0.54
Threonine, % 0.53 0.50 0.48 0.46 0.44
Tryptophan, % 0.16 0.15 0.14 0.14 0.13
Arginine, % 0.81 0.77 0.74 0.70 0.67
Isoleucine, % 0.60 0.57 0.54 0.52 0.50
Valine, % 0.68 0.65 0.62 0.59 0.57
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 0.83 0.79 0.75 0.72 0.69
Methionine, % 0.40 0.38 0.36 0.35 0.33
Methionine + cystine, % 0.73 0.70 0.67 0.64 0.61
Threonine, % 0.62 0.59 0.57 0.54 0.52
Tryptophan, % 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16
Arginine, % 0.87 0.83 0.79 0.76 0.73
Isoleucine, % 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.56 0.54
Valine, % 0.75 0.72 0.68 0.65 0.63
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 15.66 14.90 14.22 13.60 13.03
Calcium,
4
%
4.95 4.71 4.50 4.30 4.12
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.35 0.34 0.32 0.31 0.29
Sodium (Na), % 0.18 0.17 0.17 0.16 0.15
Chloride, % 0.18 0.17 0.17 0.16 0.15
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.01 0.96 0.92 0.88 0.84
*Typical feed consumption in North America based on available data for the age.
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See also the
Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed ingredients.
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ
substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy content may have to be
adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher energy concentrations shown are
appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn
(maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4 mm. See
also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are insufficient
data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead,
use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Suggest ed Nut r i t i on Pr ogr am f or Hy-Li ne Br ow n
Jump to the sections for:
Hy-Line Brown growing period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Brown laying period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Brown suggested nutrition program for laying period.
Hy-Line Brown molt and post-molt nutritional recommendations.
Download the combined Hy-Line Brown performance and nutrition-recommendations
tables for easy printing (pdf, 1243 kb).
Download the suggested Hy-Line Brown nutrition program for easy printing (pdf, 1.6
MB)
The following nutrition program is a suggest ed nutrition program. There are many
programs that work wellthe one shown below is only one of them and can be adapted
for individual farms taking into considerations local conditions and economic goals. It is
strongly recommended that a professional nutritionist be consulted to determine the
nutrition program that works best for the individual farm.
For the Hy-Line Brown, the following suggested diet program is used with success
worldwide and follows the principle of feeding for the observed feed intake and desired
production. Feeding according to this or a similar program ensures a high peak egg
production, an excellent persistence of lay, and a highly profitable business. Note that
the diets should be formulated for the actual, observed feed intakes, which may be
different from the feed intakes shown in this example.
The first diet that is fed as the hens start laying eggs is critical to sustain body weight
gain and the high demands of egg production. Remember that even though the whole
flock's egg production is, say 50%, the hens that are laying eggs produce 1 egg per day
(corresponding to 100% egg production for the individual hen). Therefore, it is
recommended to start feeding a fairly concentrated diet (i.e., formulated for a relatively
low feed intake) to supply the needed energy and nutrients to meet the dietary demands
of the hens that are laying and then change to a less concentrated diet as soon as the
feed intake has increased.
Cont ent s
Online Management Guide Home
Management
Management for Breeders
Lighting Program
Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Vitamins
Trace minerals

Hy-Line W-36
Hy-Line W-98
Hy-Line Brown
Hy-Line Silver Brown
Hy-Line Gray

Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock
Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent
Stock
Performance Standards
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
Development of feed intake with age and suggested diet phases
according to the above-mentioned nutrition program and the diet matrix shown in the text below.
Di et 1 (appr ox i mat el y 18 t o 26 w eek s of age)
Diet 1 is fed from start of lay at approximately 18 weeks of age. At this time, the feed
intake is relatively low, but rapidly increasing. Accordingly, the diet is formulated for a
relatively low feed intake of about 95 g/dayor as low as economically and practically
feasible (the exact feed-intake value should be determined by the local nutritionist and
depends in part on the individual farm and economics). The diet is fed until the observed
feed consumption reaches about 105 g/day, which typically occurs around 26 to 27
weeks of age.
Because of the relatively low (but increasing) feed intake at this time, the diet should be
fairly concentrated, often necessitating relatively high inclusion levels of oil, digestible
amino acids, calcium, and available phosphorus. Because of the high nutrient density of
Diet 1, the diet appears expensive when compared on a price per 1000 kg basis.
However, the diet is only fed for a short time and only little of the diet is consumed
because of the relatively low feed intake during this time. Therefore, the actual cost of
feeding Diet 1 is low and, importantly, ensures adequate energy and nutrient intake to
ensure a high peak and prevents depletion of body reserves.
Di et 2 (appr ox i mat el y 27 t o 35 w eek s of age)
When the flock's feed intake has increased to about 105 g/day, Diet 1 can be
reformulated to take advantage of the now higher feed intake. Diet 2 should be
formulated to deliver the same kilocalories (or megajoules) of energy and milligrams or
grams of nutrients as Diet 1. That means that Diet 2 is less concentrated (because of
the higher feed intake) and, therefore, less expensive. The diet is fed until the feed
intake is 110 g/day.
Di et s 3, 4, 5, 6, et c . (appr ox i mat el y 35+ w eek s of age)
The next diet is formulated for a feed intake of about 110 g/day, which typically occurs
around 35 weeks of age, and is therefore slightly less concentrated than Diet 2. The
feed intake of the Hy-Line Brown does not change much after this time, so subsequent
diet changes are governed mainly by controlling egg weight, maintaining eggshell
quality, and reducing diet cost (the latter as the hens' energy and nutrient needs
decrease). That said, these diets should be reformulated to avoid under- or over-feeding
the hens if the feed intake changes.
Di et mat r i x
When diets are formulated to the aforementioned principles of observed feed intake and
desired production, a "diet matrix" can be constructed, illustrated in the table below. The
diets are formulated for age (or, more appropriately, hen-day egg production) and, within
each phase, for observed feed intake. With this set of diets, the farm manager can select
and order an appropriate feed from the feed mill every time a new load of feed is
needed. Each feed matches the feed intake and provides exactly the recommended
grams or milligrams of nutrients (i.e., birds are not under- or over-fed, which would
otherwise result in loss of profits). Note that not all of the diets are necessarily fed, but
are available if the hens' feed intake changes because of hot or cold weather or other
reasons. The number of diets also ensures that the differences among the diets are
relatively small, which helps avoid decreases in egg production that can otherwise occur
with abrupt diet changes.
Suggest ed di et mat r i x f or Hy -Li ne Br ow n.
1,2
The matrix is intended for a flock
that normally consumes approximately 110 g feed per day post-peak. In warmer
climates (or in cages), the normal postpeak feed intake may be closer to 105 g/day and
closer to 115 g/day in cooler climates (or free-range) in which case the matrix should be
adjusted accordingly.
Age
Obser ved f eed i nt ak e
2
95 g/day 105 g/day 110 g/day 115 g/day
18-32 weeks Diet 1 Diet 2
33-42 weeks Diet 3 Diet 4 Diet 5
43-53 weeks Diet 6 Diet 7 Diet 8
54+ weeks Diet 9 Diet 10 Diet 11
1
Note that, in most cases, only 5 diets are fed through the first lay cycle (i.e., the yellow highlighted Diets 1,
2, 4, 7, and 10) because once the feed intake has stabilized (typically at 110 g/day), it does not change
much. However, Diets 3, 6, and 9 as well as Diets 5, 8, and 11 are available from the feed mill in case the
feed intake decreases or increases, respectively.
2
The matrix should be adjusted according to actual feed intakes, which may differ from those shown.
The diet matrix shown above gives the farm manager 11 diets to choose from. However,
only 4 to 5 of those diets are used under normal conditions:
Diet 1 because of the relatively low feed intake and the importance of providing the
hen with adequate nutrition during this period;
Diet 2 because it is more economical to feed than Diet 1 once the feed intake has
increased; and
Diets 4, 7, and 10 to control egg weight and eggshell quality.
Diets 3, 6, and 9 as well as Diets 5, 8, and 11 may never need to be fed, but are available
from the feed mill in case the feed intake decreases or increases, respectively. These diets
may only have to be fed for a short time until the feed intake returns to the "normal" 110
g/day again.
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Brown

Growing Period Nutritional RecommendationsBrown
Item
1
Starter 1 Starter 2 Grower Developer Pre-lay
5
Feed to a body weight of 200 g 450 g 1070 g 1260 g 1400 g
Approximate age 03 weeks 46 weeks 712 weeks 1315 weeks 1617 weeks
Recommended concentration
2

Metabolizable energy, kcal/lb 12751325 12751325 12651315 12301280 12401330
Metabolizable energy, kcal/kg 28112922 28112922 27892900 27122822 27342933
Metabolizable energy, MJ /kg 11.7712.23 11.7712.23 11.6812.14 11.3511.81 11.4412.28
Minimum recommended concentration
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.99 0.90 0.80 0.65 0.70
Methionine, % 0.45 0.41 0.38 0.31 0.34
Methionine +cystine, % 0.75 0.70 0.65 0.57 0.63
Threonine, % 0.63 0.59 0.54 0.44 0.48
Tryptophan, % 0.18 0.17 0.17 0.14 0.15
Arginine, % 1.06 0.96 0.86 0.70 0.75
Isoleucine, % 0.69 0.65 0.59 0.49 0.56
Valine, % 0.71 0.67 0.62 0.52 0.60
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 1.08 0.99 0.88 0.71 0.77
Methionine, % 0.48 0.45 0.40 0.33 0.37
Methionine +cystine, % 0.85 0.79 0.73 0.65 0.71
Threonine, % 0.75 0.69 0.63 0.52 0.57
Tryptophan, % 0.21 0.20 0.20 0.17 0.18
Arginine, % 1.14 1.04 0.92 0.75 0.81
Isoleucine, % 0.75 0.70 0.64 0.52 0.60
Valine, % 0.79 0.73 0.69 0.57 0.66
Crude protein (nitrogen 6.25),
3
% 20.00 18.25 17.50 16.00 16.50
Calcium,
4
% 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.40 2.50
Phosphorus (available), % 0.45 0.44 0.43 0.45 0.48
Sodium, % 0.18 0.17 0.17 0.18 0.18
Chloride, % 0.18 0.17 0.17 0.18 0.18
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
1
Change diets at the recommended target body weightthe approximate age is a guide only.
2
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ substantially; in some cases, the recommended dietary energy
content may have to be adjusted accordingly (see Hy-Line Red Book for additional information).
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on digestible
amino acid basis instead.
4
Calcium should be supplied as a ne calcium carbonate source (mean particle size less than 2 mm).
5
Do not feed the pre-lay diet beyond the rst egg as it does not contain sufcient calcium to sustain egg production.
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Nutritional Recommendations2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Brown

Item
1
Peaking
Above 93% to 89%
egg production
88 to 85%
egg production
Less than 85%
egg production
Point of lay to 32 weeks 3344 weeks 4558 weeks 59+weeks
Recommended concentration
2

Metabolizable energy, kcal/lb 12601300 12401300 12151300 11601285
Metabolizable energy, kcal/kg 27782867 27342867 26792867 25582833
Metabolizable energy, MJ /kg 11.6312.00 11.4412.00 11.2112.00 10.7111.86
Minimum recommended concentration
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, mg/day 850 840 800 750
Methionine, mg/day 417 412 392 368
Methionine +cystine, mg/day 714 722 688 645
Threonine, mg/day 595 588 560 525
Tryptophan, mg/day 179 176 168 158
Arginine, mg/day 910 899 856 803
Isoleucine, mg/day 672 664 632 593
Valine, mg/day 765 756 720 675
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, mg/day 931 920 876 821
Methionine, mg/day 448 443 422 395
Methionine +cystine, mg/day 805 815 776 727
Threonine, mg/day 700 692 659 618
Tryptophan, mg/day 213 211 201 188
Arginine, mg/day 978 966 920 863
Isoleucine, mg/day 722 714 680 637
Valine, mg/day 844 834 794 744
Crude protein (nitrogen 6.25),
3
g/day 17.00 16.75 16.00 15.50
Calcium,
4
g/day 4.00 4.40 4.70 4.90
Phosphorus (available), mg/day 440 400 360 350
Sodium, mg/day 180 180 180 180
Chloride, mg/day 180 180 180 180
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), g/day 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Choline, mg/day 100 100 100 100
Laying Period Nutritional RecommendationsBrown
1
Consumption of crude protein, methionine +cystine, fat, linoleic acid, and/or energy may be changed to optimize egg size.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown in the Hy-Line Red Book. Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed
ingredients of the same name can differ substantially; in some cases, the recommended dietary energy content may have to be adjusted accordingly (see Hy-Line Red
Book for additional information).
3
Total amino acids are only appropriate with a corn and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on digestible amino acid basis if a substantial amount of other
protein-supplying ingredients are used.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 24 mm.
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Nutritional Recommendations2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Brown

Item
1
Peaking
Above 93% to 89%
egg production
88 to 85%
egg production
Less than 85%
egg production
Point of lay to 32 weeks 3344 weeks 4558 weeks 59+weeks
Recommended concentration
2

Metabolizable energy, kcal/lb 12601300 12401300 12151300 11601285
Metabolizable energy, kcal/kg 27782867 27342867 26792867 25582833
Metabolizable energy, MJ /kg 11.6312.00 11.4412.00 11.2112.00 10.7111.86
Feed consumption
g/day per hen 93 98 103 108 113 100 105 110 115 120 100 105 110 115 120 99 104 109 114 119
lb/day per 100 hens 20.5 21.6 22.7 23.8 24.9 22.1 23.2 24.3 25.4 26.5 22.1 23.2 24.3 25.4 26.5 21.8 22.9 24.0 25.1 26.2
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.91 0.87 0.83 0.79 0.75 0.84 0.80 0.76 0.73 0.70 0.80 0.76 0.73 0.70 0.67 0.76 0.72 0.69 0.66 0.63
Methionine, % 0.45 0.43 0.40 0.39 0.37 0.41 0.39 0.37 0.36 0.34 0.39 0.37 0.36 0.34 0.33 0.37 0.35 0.34 0.32 0.31
Methionine +cystine, % 0.77 0.73 0.69 0.66 0.63 0.72 0.69 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.69 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.57 0.65 0.62 0.59 0.57 0.54
Threonine, % 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.55 0.53 0.59 0.56 0.53 0.51 0.49 0.56 0.53 0.51 0.49 0.47 0.53 0.50 0.48 0.46 0.44
Tryptophan, % 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.17 0.16 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.15 0.15 0.17 0.16 0.15 0.15 0.14 0.16 0.15 0.14 0.14 0.13
Arginine, % 0.98 0.93 0.88 0.84 0.81 0.90 0.86 0.82 0.78 0.75 0.86 0.82 0.78 0.74 0.71 0.81 0.77 0.74 0.70 0.67
Isoleucine, % 0.72 0.69 0.65 0.62 0.59 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.58 0.55 0.63 0.60 0.57 0.55 0.53 0.60 0.57 0.54 0.52 0.50
Valine, % 0.82 0.78 0.74 0.71 0.68 0.76 0.72 0.69 0.66 0.63 0.72 0.69 0.65 0.63 0.60 0.68 0.65 0.62 0.59 0.57
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 1.00 0.95 0.90 0.86 0.82 0.92 0.88 0.84 0.80 0.77 0.88 0.83 0.80 0.76 0.73 0.83 0.79 0.75 0.72 0.69
Methionine, % 0.48 0.46 0.43 0.41 0.40 0.44 0.42 0.40 0.39 0.37 0.42 0.40 0.38 0.37 0.35 0.40 0.38 0.36 0.35 0.33
Methionine +cystine, % 0.87 0.82 0.78 0.75 0.71 0.82 0.78 0.74 0.71 0.68 0.78 0.74 0.71 0.67 0.65 0.73 0.70 0.67 0.64 0.61
Threonine, % 0.75 0.71 0.68 0.65 0.62 0.69 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.58 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.57 0.55 0.62 0.59 0.57 0.54 0.52
Tryptophan, % 0.23 0.22 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.18 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.17 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16
Arginine, % 1.05 1.00 0.95 0.91 0.87 0.97 0.92 0.88 0.84 0.81 0.92 0.88 0.84 0.80 0.77 0.87 0.83 0.79 0.76 0.73
Isoleucine, % 0.78 0.74 0.70 0.67 0.64 0.71 0.68 0.65 0.62 0.60 0.68 0.65 0.62 0.59 0.57 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.56 0.54
Valine, % 0.91 0.86 0.82 0.78 0.75 0.83 0.79 0.76 0.73 0.70 0.79 0.76 0.72 0.69 0.66 0.75 0.72 0.68 0.65 0.63
Crude protein
(nitrogen 6.25),
3
%
18.28 17.35 16.50 15.74 15.04 16.75 15.95 15.23 14.57 13.96 16.00 15.24 14.55 13.91 13.33 15.66 14.90 14.22 13.60 13.03
Calcium,
4
% 4.30 4.08 3.88 3.70 3.54 4.40 4.19 4.00 3.83 3.67 4.70 4.48 4.27 4.09 3.92 4.95 4.71 4.50 4.30 4.12
Phosphorus (available), % 0.47 0.45 0.43 0.41 0.39 0.40 0.38 0.36 0.35 0.33 0.36 0.34 0.33 0.31 0.30 0.35 0.34 0.32 0.31 0.29
Sodium, % 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.17 0.16 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15 0.18 0.17 0.17 0.16 0.15
Chloride, % 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.17 0.16 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15 0.18 0.17 0.17 0.16 0.15
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.08 1.02 0.97 0.93 0.88 1.00 0.95 0.91 0.87 0.83 1.00 0.95 0.91 0.87 0.83 1.01 0.96 0.92 0.88 0.84
*Typical feed consumption for the age based on available data.
Laying Period Nutritional RecommendationsBrown
1
Consumption of crude protein, methionine +cystine, fat, linoleic acid, and/or energy may be changed to optimize egg size.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown in the Hy-Line Red Book. Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed
ingredients of the same name can differ substantially; in some cases, the recommended dietary energy content may have to be adjusted accordingly (see Hy-Line Red
Book for additional information).
3
Total amino acids are only appropriate with a corn and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on digestible amino acid basis if a substantial amount of other
protein-supplying ingredients are used.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 24 mm.
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Nutritional Recommendations2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Brown

Post-Molt Nutritional RecommendationsBrown
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
1
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown in the Hy-Line Red Book. Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed
ingredients of the same name can differ substantially; in some cases, the recommended dietary energy content may have to be adjusted accordingly (see Hy-Line Red
Book for additional information).
2
Total amino acids are only appropriate with a corn and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on digestible amino acid basis if a substantial amount of other
protein-supplying ingredients are used.
3
The added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of less than 2 mm.
4
The sodium content in the Molt 1 diet should not exceed 0.035%.
Nutritional Recommendations2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Recommended concentration
1
Molt Diet
Metabolizable energy, kcal/lb 11791270
Metabolizable energy, kcal/kg 26002800
Metabolizable energy, MJ /kg 10.8811.72
Minimum recommended concentration
Standardized (true) ileal digestibility
Lysine, % 0.30
Methionine, % 0.15
Methionine +cystine, % 0.32
Threonine, % 0.18
Tryptophan, % 0.10
Arginine, % 0.38
Isoleucine, % 0.18
Valine, % 0.23
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 0.33
Methionine, % 0.16
Methionine +cystine, % 0.36
Threonine, % 0.21
Tryptophan, % 0.12
Arginine, % 0.41
Isoleucine, % 0.20
Valine, % 0.26
Crude protein (nitrogen 6.25),
2
% 8.50
Calcium,
3
% 1.30
Phosphorus (available), % 0.25
Sodium,
4
% 0.03
Chloride, % 0.03
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Brown

Post-Molt Nutritional RecommendationsBrown
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Recommended post-molt dietary calcium and available phosphorus contents.
Peaking
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 93 98 103* 108 113
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 20.5 21.6 22.7* 23.8 24.9
Calcium,
1
% 5.05 4.80 4.56 4.35 4.16
Phosphorus (available), % 0.47 0.45 0.43 0.41 0.39
Above 93% to 89% egg production
Feed consumption, g/day per hen
100 105 110* 115 120
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 22.1 23.2 24.3* 25.4 26.5
Calcium,
1
% 4.90 4.67 4.45 4.26 4.08
Phosphorus (available), % 0.40 0.38 0.36 0.35 0.33
88 to 85% egg production
Feed consumption, g/day per hen
100 105 110* 115 120
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 22.1 23.2 24.3* 25.4 26.5
Calcium,
1
% 5.10 4.86 4.64 4.43 4.25
Phosphorus (available), % 0.36 0.34 0.33 0.31 0.30
Less than 85% egg production
Feed consumption, g/day per hen
99 104 109* 114 119
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 21.8 22.9 24.0* 25.1 26.2
Calcium,
1
% 5.35 5.10 4.86 4.65 4.45
Phosphorus (available), % 0.32 0.31 0.29 0.28 0.27
* Typical feed consumption based on available data.
After the Molt 3 diet, formulate diets according to level of desired percentage egg production following the nutritional
recommendations for rst-cycle laying hens (see Hy-Line Red Book), albeit with a 20 kcal/kg (10 kcal/lb, 0.10 MJ /kg)
reduction in the dietary energy content. Other noticeable differences in the post-molt diets are an increased need for
dietary calcium and a decreased need for dietary phosphorus, reected in the table.
Minimum recommended daily consumption Peaking
Above 93% to 89%
egg production
88 to 85%
egg production
Less than 85%
egg production
Calcium,

g/day 4.70 4.90 5.10 5.30
Phosphorus (available),mg/day 440 400 360 320
1
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 24 mm.
Nutritional Recommendations2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Nut r i t i on Rec ommendat i ons f or Hy-Li ne Si l ver
Br ow n
Jump to the sections for:
Hy-Line Silver Brown growing period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Silver Brown laying period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Silver Brown suggested nutrition program for laying period.
Hy-Line Silver Brown molt and post-molt nutritional recommendations.
Download the combined Hy-Line Silver Brown performance and nutrition-
recommendations tables for easy printing (pdf, 1243 kb).
Hy -Li ne Si l ver Br ow n gr ow i ng per i od nut r i t i onal
r ec ommendat i ons
The table below shows the growing-period nutritional recommendations. See also the
Feeding the Pullet section for information of how to implement the growing-period
recommendations. The sections on Monitoring Body Weight and Body Weight Uniformity
are also of importance.
Hy -Li ne Si l ver Br ow n gr ow i ng per i od nut r i t i onal r ec ommendat i ons.
I t em
1
St ar t er 1
St ar t er
2
Gr ow er Devel oper
Pr e-
l ay
6
Feed to a body weight of,
grams
190 480 1080 1340 1550
Approximate age, weeks 0-3 4-6 7-12 13-15 16-17
Rec ommended c onc ent r at i on
2
Metabolizable energy,
kcal/lb
1290-1325 1280-
1315
1250-
1300
1220-1250 1240-
1275
Metabolizable energy,
kcal/kg
28452920 2820-
2900
2755-
2867
2690-2755 2735-
2810
Metabolizable energy,
MJ/kg
11.90-12.25 11.80-
12.15
11.55-
12.00
11.25-11.55 11.45-
11.80
Mi ni mum r ec ommended c onc ent r at i on
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.95 0.90 0.80 0.57 0.70
Methionine, % 0.43 0.41 0.38 0.27 0.34
Methionine + cystine, % 0.72 0.70 0.65 0.50 0.63
Threonine, % 0.61 0.59 0.54 0.39 0.48
Cont ent s
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Management
Management for Breeders
Lighting Program
Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Vitamins
Trace minerals

Hy-Line W-36
Hy-Line W-98
Hy-Line Brown
Hy-Line Silver Brown
Hy-Line Gray

Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock
Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent
Stock
Performance Standards
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
Tryptophan, % 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.13 0.15
Arginine, % 1.02 0.96 0.86 0.61 0.75
Isoleucine, % 0.67 0.65 0.59 0.43 0.56
Valine, % 0.68 0.67 0.62 0.46 0.60
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 1.04 0.99 0.88 0.62 0.77
Methionine, % 0.46 0.45 0.40 0.29 0.37
Methionine + cystine, % 0.81 0.79 0.73 0.57 0.71
Threonine, % 0.72 0.70 0.64 0.46 0.60
Tryptophan, % 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.15 0.18
Arginine, % 1.09 1.04 0.92 0.66 0.81
Isoleucine, % 0.72 0.70 0.64 0.46 0.60
Valine, % 0.75 0.73 0.69 0.50 0.66
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 20.00 18.25 17.50 15.50 16.50
Calcium,
4
%
1.00 1.00 1.00 1.40 2.50
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.45 0.44 0.43 0.42 0.40
Sodium (Na), % 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15
Chloride, % 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
1
Change diet at the recommended target body weightthe approximate age is a guide only.
2
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ
substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy content may have to be
adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section).
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn
(maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Calcium should be supplied as a fine calcium carbonate source (mean particle size less than 2 mm). It can
be supplied as a 50:50 mix of fine and coarse (mean diameter 2-4 mm) in the pre-lay diet. See also
information about the pre-lay diet in the Feeding the Pullet section).
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are insufficient
data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead,
use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
6
Do not feed the pre-lay diet beyond the first egg as this diet does not contain sufficient calcium to sustain
egg production.
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Nut r i t i on Rec ommendat i ons f or Hy-Li ne Si l ver
Br ow n
Jump to the sections for:
Hy-Line Silver Brown growing period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Silver Brown laying period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Silver Brown suggested nutrition program for laying period.
Hy-Line Silver Brown molt and post-molt nutritional recommendations.
Download the combined Hy-Line Silver Brown performance and nutrition-
recommendations tables for easy printing (pdf, 1243 kb).
Hy -Li ne Si l ver Br ow n l ayi ng per i od nut r i t i onal
r ec ommendat i ons
The nutrient recommendations are based on supplying a given amount (in grams
or milligrams) of nutrients per day (Table 1). To convert these absolute values
into a percentage of the diet, one must know the feed intake (Tables 2 to 5) in
order to formulate the laying-hen diets according to the observed feed intake to
ensure the daily consumption of the recommended grams or milligrams of
nutrients. See also the Feeding the Laying Hen and the Suggested Nutrition
Program sections for information of how to implement the laying-period
recommendations.
Tabl e 1. Hy -Li ne Si l ver Br ow n l ayi ng per i od nut r i t i onal
r ec ommendat i ons.
I t em
1 Peak i ng Above 96% t o
92% egg
pr oduc t i on
91 -86%
egg
pr oduc t i on
Less t han
86% egg
pr oduc t i on
Approximate
age, weeks
Point-of-
lay to 32
33-44 45-58 59+
Rec ommended c onc ent r at i on
2
Metabolizable
energy, kcal/lb
1260-
1300
1240-1300 1215-1300 1160-1285
Metabolizable
energy, kcal/kg
2780-
2870
2735-2870 2680-2870 2560-2835
Metabolizable
energy, MJ/kg
11.65-
12.00
11.45-12.00 11.20-12.00 10.70-11.85
Mi ni mum r ec ommended c onsumpt i on
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, mg/day 850 840 810 760
Cont ent s
Online Management Guide Home
Management
Management for Breeders
Lighting Program
Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Vitamins
Trace minerals

Hy-Line W-36
Hy-Line W-98
Hy-Line Brown
Hy-Line Silver Brown
Hy-Line Gray

Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock
Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent
Stock
Performance Standards
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
Methionine,
mg/day
417 412 397 372
Methionine +
cystine, mg/day
714 722 697 654
Threonine,
mg/day
595 588 567 532
Tryptophan,
mg/day
179 176 170 160
Arginine,
mg/day
910 899 867 813
Isoleucine,
mg/day
672 664 640 600
Valine, mg/day 765 756 729 684
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, mg/day 931 920 887 832
Methionine,
mg/day
448 443 427 400
Methionine +
cystine, mg/day
805 815 786 737
Threonine,
mg/day
700 692 667 626
Tryptophan,
mg/day
213 211 203 191
Arginine,
mg/day
978 966 932 874
Isoleucine,
mg/day
722 714 688 646
Valine, mg/day 844 834 804 754
Crude protein
(N 6.25),
3
g/day 18.00 17.00 17.00 16.00
Calcium,
4
g/day
4.00 4.30 5.00 5.20
Phosphorus
(available),
5
mg/day
440 400 360 350
Sodium (Na),
mg/day
180 180 180 180
Chloride,
mg/day
180 180 180 180
Linoleic acid
(C18:2 n-6),
1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
g/day
Choline,
mg/day
100 100 100 100
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See
also the Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed
ingredients. Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same
name can differ substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy
content may have to be adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher
energy concentrations shown are appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a
corn (maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4
mm. See also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are
insufficient data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible
phosphorus. Instead, use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus
contents of feed ingredients.
Tabl e 2. Peak i ng; poi nt -of -l ay t o 32 w eek s of age.
1
Recommended energy concentration:
2
1260-1300 kcal/lb, 2780-2870 kcal/kg,
11.65-12.00 MJ/kg
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 93 98 103* 108 113
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 20.5 21.6 22.7* 23.8 24.9
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.94 0.89 0.85 0.81 0.77
Methionine, % 0.46 0.44 0.42 0.40 0.38
Methionine + cystine, % 0.79 0.75 0.71 0.68 0.65
Threonine, % 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.57 0.54
Tryptophan, % 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16
Arginine, % 1.01 0.96 0.91 0.87 0.83
Isoleucine, % 0.75 0.71 0.67 0.64 0.61
Valine, % 0.85 0.81 0.77 0.73 0.70
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 1.03 0.98 0.93 0.89 0.85
Methionine, % 0.50 0.47 0.45 0.43 0.41
Methionine + cystine, % 0.89 0.85 0.81 0.77 0.73
Threonine, % 0.78 0.74 0.70 0.67 0.64
Tryptophan, % 0.24 0.22 0.21 0.20 0.19
Arginine, % 1.09 1.03 0.98 0.93 0.89
Isoleucine, % 0.80 0.76 0.72 0.69 0.66
Valine, % 0.94 0.89 0.84 0.80 0.77
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 20.00 18.95 18.00 17.14 16.36
Calcium,
4
%
4.44 4.21 4.00 3.81 3.64
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.49 0.46 0.44 0.42 0.40
Sodium (Na), % 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16
Chloride, % 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.11 1.05 1.00 0.95 0.91
*Typical feed consumption in North America based on available data for the age.
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See
also the Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed
ingredients. Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same
name can differ substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy
content may have to be adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher
energy concentrations shown are appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a
corn (maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4
mm. See also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are
insufficient data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible
phosphorus. Instead, use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus
contents of feed ingredients.
Tabl e 3. Above 96% t o 92% egg pr oduc t i on; 33 -44 w eek s of age.
1
Recommended energy concentration:
2
1240-1300 kcal/lb, 2735-2870 kcal/kg,
11.45-12.00 MJ/kg
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 100 105 110* 115 120
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 22.1 23.2 24.3* 25.4 26.5
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.84 0.80 0.76 0.73 0.70
Methionine, % 0.41 0.39 0.37 0.36 0.34
Methionine + cystine, % 0.72 0.69 0.66 0.63 0.60
Threonine, % 0.59 0.56 0.53 0.51 0.49
Tryptophan, % 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.15 0.15
Arginine, % 0.90 0.86 0.82 0.78 0.75
Isoleucine, % 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.58 0.55
Valine, % 0.76 0.72 0.69 0.66 0.63
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 0.92 0.88 0.84 0.80 0.77
Methionine, % 0.44 0.42 0.40 0.39 0.37
Methionine + cystine, % 0.82 0.78 0.74 0.71 0.68
Threonine, % 0.69 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.58
Tryptophan, % 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.18
Arginine, % 0.97 0.92 0.88 0.84 0.81
Isoleucine, % 0.71 0.68 0.65 0.62 0.60
Valine, % 0.83 0.79 0.76 0.73 0.70
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 17.00 16.19 15.45 14.78 14.17
Calcium,
4
%
4.30 4.10 3.91 3.74 3.58
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.40 0.38 0.36 0.35 0.33
Sodium (Na), % 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15
Chloride, % 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.00 0.95 0.91 0.87 0.83
*Typical feed consumption in North America based on available data for the age.
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See
also the Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed
ingredients. Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same
name can differ substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy
content may have to be adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher
energy concentrations shown are appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a
corn (maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4
mm. See also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are
insufficient data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible
phosphorus. Instead, use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus
contents of feed ingredients.
Tabl e 4. 91 -86% egg pr oduc t i on; 45 -58 w eek s of age.
1
Recommended energy concentration:
2
1215-1300 kcal/lb, 2680-2870 kcal/kg,
11.20-12.00 MJ/kg
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 100 105 110* 115 120
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 22.1 23.2 24.3* 25.4 26.5
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.80 0.76 0.73 0.70 0.67
Methionine, % 0.39 0.37 0.36 0.34 0.33
Methionine + cystine, % 0.69 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.58
Threonine, % 0.56 0.53 0.51 0.49 0.47
Tryptophan, % 0.17 0.16 0.15 0.15 0.14
Arginine, % 0.86 0.82 0.78 0.75 0.72
Isoleucine, % 0.63 0.60 0.58 0.55 0.53
Valine, % 0.72 0.69 0.66 0.63 0.60
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 0.88 0.84 0.80 0.76 0.73
Methionine, % 0.42 0.40 0.38 0.37 0.35
Methionine + cystine, % 0.78 0.74 0.71 0.68 0.65
Threonine, % 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.58 0.55
Tryptophan, % 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.18 0.17
Arginine, % 0.92 0.88 0.84 0.80 0.77
Isoleucine, % 0.68 0.65 0.62 0.59 0.57
Valine, % 0.80 0.76 0.72 0.69 0.66
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 16.83 16.04 15.32 14.66 14.05
Calcium,
4
%
4.95 4.72 4.50 4.31 4.13
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.36 0.34 0.32 0.31 0.30
Sodium (Na), % 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15
Chloride, % 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 0.99 0.94 0.90 0.86 0.83
*Typical feed consumption in North America based on available data for the age.
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See
also the Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed
ingredients. Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same
name can differ substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy
content may have to be adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher
energy concentrations shown are appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a
corn (maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4
mm. See also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are
insufficient data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible
phosphorus. Instead, use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus
contents of feed ingredients.
Tabl e 5. Less t han 86% egg pr oduc t i on; 59+ w eek s of age.
1
Recommended energy concentration:
2
1160-1285 kcal/lb, 2560-2835 kcal/kg,
10.70-11.85 MJ/kg
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 99 104 109* 114 119
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 21.8 22.9 24.0* 25.1 26.2
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.75 0.71 0.68 0.65 0.62
Methionine, % 0.36 0.35 0.33 0.32 0.30
Methionine + cystine, % 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.56 0.54
Threonine, % 0.52 0.50 0.48 0.45 0.44
Tryptophan, % 0.16 0.15 0.14 0.14 0.13
Arginine, % 0.80 0.76 0.73 0.69 0.67
Isoleucine, % 0.59 0.56 0.54 0.51 0.49
Valine, % 0.67 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.56
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 0.82 0.78 0.74 0.71 0.68
Methionine, % 0.39 0.37 0.36 0.34 0.33
Methionine + cystine, % 0.72 0.69 0.66 0.63 0.60
Threonine, % 0.61 0.59 0.56 0.54 0.51
Tryptophan, % 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16
Arginine, % 0.86 0.82 0.78 0.75 0.72
Isoleucine, % 0.63 0.60 0.58 0.55 0.53
Valine, % 0.74 0.70 0.67 0.64 0.62
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 15.69 14.95 14.29 13.68 13.11
Calcium,
4
%
5.10 4.86 4.64 4.44 4.26
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.34 0.33 0.31 0.30 0.29
Sodium (Na), % 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.15 0.15
Chloride, % 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.15 0.15
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 0.98 0.93 0.89 0.85 0.82
*Typical feed consumption in North America based on available data for the age.
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See
also the Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed
ingredients. Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same
name can differ substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy
content may have to be adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher
energy concentrations shown are appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a
corn (maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4
mm. See also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are
insufficient data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible
phosphorus. Instead, use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus
contents of feed ingredients.
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Suggest ed Nut r i t i on Pr ogr am f or Hy-Li ne Si l ver
Br ow n
Jump to the sections for:
Hy-Line Silver Brown growing period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Silver Brown laying period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Silver Brown suggested nutrition program for laying period.
Hy-Line Silver Brown molt and post-molt nutritional recommendations.
Download the combined Hy-Line Silver Brown performance and nutrition-
recommendations tables for easy printing (pdf, 1243 kb).
The following nutrition program is a suggest ed nutrition program. There are many
programs that work wellthe one shown below is only one of them and can be adapted
for individual farms taking into considerations local conditions and economic goals. It is
strongly recommended that a professional nutritionist be consulted to determine the
nutrition program that works best for the individual farm.
For the Hy-Line Silver Brown, the following suggested diet program is used with success
worldwide and follows the principle of feeding for the observed feed intake and desired
production. Feeding according to this or a similar program ensures a high peak egg
production, an excellent persistence of lay, and a highly profitable business. Note that
the diets should be formulated for the actual, observed feed intakes, which may be
different from the feed intakes shown in this example.
The first diet that is fed as the hens start laying eggs is critical to sustain body weight
gain and the high demands of egg production. Remember that even though the whole
flock's egg production is, say 50%, the hens that are laying eggs produce 1 egg per day
(corresponding to 100% egg production for the individual hen). Therefore, it is
recommended to start feeding a fairly concentrated diet (i.e., formulated for a relatively
low feed intake) to supply the needed energy and nutrients to meet the dietary demands
of the hens that are laying and then change to a less concentrated diet as soon as the
feed intake has increased.
Cont ent s
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Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
Development of feed intake with age and suggested diet phases
according to the above-mentioned nutrition program and the diet matrix shown in the text below.
Di et 1 (appr ox i mat el y 18 t o 26 w eek s of age)
Diet 1 is fed from start of lay at approximately 18 weeks of age. At this time, the feed
intake is relatively low, but rapidly increasing. Accordingly, the diet is formulated for a
relatively low feed intake of about 97 g/dayor as low as economically and practically
feasible (the exact feed-intake value should be determined by the local nutritionist and
depends in part on the individual farm and economics). The diet is fed until the observed
feed consumption reaches about 105 g/day, which typically occurs around 26 to 27
weeks of age.
Because of the relatively low (but increasing) feed intake at this time, the diet should be
fairly concentrated, often necessitating relatively high inclusion levels of oil, digestible
amino acids, calcium, and available phosphorus. Because of the high nutrient density of
Diet 1, the diet appears expensive when compared on a price per 1000 kg basis.
However, the diet is only fed for a short time and only little of the diet is consumed
because of the relatively low feed intake during this time. Therefore, the actual cost of
feeding Diet 1 is low and, importantly, ensures adequate energy and nutrient intake to
ensure a high peak and prevents depletion of body reserves.
Di et 2 (appr ox i mat el y 27 t o 35 w eek s of age)
When the flock's feed intake has increased to about 105 g/day, Diet 1 can be
reformulated to take advantage of the now higher feed intake. Diet 2 should be
formulated to deliver the same kilocalories (or megajoules) of energy and milligrams or
grams of nutrients as Diet 1. That means that Diet 2 is less concentrated (because of
the higher feed intake) and, therefore, less expensive. The diet is fed until the feed
intake is 110 g/day.
Di et s 3, 4, 5, 6, et c . (appr ox i mat el y 35+ w eek s of age)
The next diet is formulated for a feed intake of about 110 g/day, which typically occurs
around 35 weeks of age, and is therefore slightly less concentrated than Diet 2. The
feed intake of the Hy-Line Brown does not change much after this time, so subsequent
diet changes are governed mainly by controlling egg weight, maintaining eggshell
quality, and reducing diet cost (the latter as the hens' energy and nutrient needs
decrease). That said, these diets should be reformulated to avoid under- or over-feeding
the hens if the feed intake changes.
Di et mat r i x
When diets are formulated to the aforementioned principles of observed feed intake and
desired production, a "diet matrix" can be constructed, illustrated in the table below. The
diets are formulated for age (or, more appropriately, hen-day egg production) and, within
each phase, for observed feed intake. With this set of diets, the farm manager can select
and order an appropriate feed from the feed mill every time a new load of feed is
needed. Each feed matches the feed intake and provides exactly the recommended
grams or milligrams of nutrients (i.e., birds are not under- or over-fed, which would
otherwise result in loss of profits). Note that not all of the diets are necessarily fed, but
are available if the hens' feed intake changes because of hot or cold weather or other
reasons. The number of diets also ensures that the differences among the diets are
relatively small, which helps avoid decreases in egg production that can otherwise occur
with abrupt diet changes.
Suggest ed di et mat r i x f or Hy -Li ne Si l ver Br ow n.
1,2
The matrix is intended for
a flock that normally consumes approximately 110 g feed per day post-peak. In warmer
climates (or in cages), the normal postpeak feed intake may be closer to 105 g/day and
closer to 115 g/day in cooler climates (or free-range) in which case the matrix should be
adjusted accordingly.
Age
Obser ved f eed i nt ak e
2
95 g/day 105 g/day 110 g/day 115 g/day
18-32 weeks Diet 1 Diet 2
33-42 weeks Diet 3 Diet 4 Diet 5
43-53 weeks Diet 6 Diet 7 Diet 8
54+ weeks Diet 9 Diet 10 Diet 11
1
Note that, in most cases, only 5 diets are fed through the first lay cycle (i.e., the yellow highlighted Diets 1,
2, 4, 7, and 10) because once the feed intake has stabilized (typically at 110 g/day), it does not change
much. However, Diets 3, 6, and 9 as well as Diets 5, 8, and 11 are available from the feed mill in case the
feed intake decreases or increases, respectively.
2
The matrix should be adjusted according to actual feed intakes, which may differ from those shown.
The diet matrix shown above gives the farm manager 11 diets to choose from. However,
only 4 to 5 of those diets are used under normal conditions:
Diet 1 because of the relatively low feed intake and the importance of providing the
hen with adequate nutrition during this period;
Diet 2 because it is more economical to feed than Diet 1 once the feed intake has
increased; and
Diets 4, 7, and 10 to control egg weight and eggshell quality.
Diets 3, 6, and 9 as well as Diets 5, 8, and 11 may never need to be fed, but are available
from the feed mill in case the feed intake decreases or increases, respectively. These diets
may only have to be fed for a short time until the feed intake returns to the "normal" 110
g/day again.
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Silver Brown

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Capabilities of the Hy-Line Silver Brown
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Growing Period (to 17 weeks):
Livability 9798%
Feed Consumed 6.0 kg (13.1 lb)
Body Weight at 17 Weeks 1.48 kg (3.3 lb)
Laying Period (to 80 weeks):
Percent Peak 9496%
Hen-Day Eggs to 60 Weeks 254
Hen-Day Eggs to 74 Weeks 333
Hen-Day Eggs to 80 Weeks 363
Hen-Housed Eggs to 60 Weeks 251
Hen-Housed Eggs to 74 Weeks 327
Hen-Housed Eggs to 80 Weeks 356
Livability to 80 Weeks 95%
Days to 50% Production (from hatch) 145
Egg Weight at 32 Weeks 59.5 g/egg (47.2 lb/case)
Egg Weight at 70 Weeks 63.4 g/egg (50.3 lb/case)
Total Egg Mass per Hen-Day (1874 weeks) 20.2 kg (44.5 lb)
Total Egg Mass per Hen-Day (1880 weeks) 22.1 kg (48.7 lb)
Body Weight at 70 Weeks 2.31 kg (5.09 lb)
Freedom from Egg Inclusions Excellent
Shell Color Uniform, Dark Brown
Shell Strength Excellent
Haugh Units at 70 Weeks 76
Average Daily Feed Consumption (1880 weeks) 116 g/day per bird (25.6 lb/day per 100 birds)
Feed Conversion Rate, kg Feed/kg Eggs or lb Feed/lb Eggs (2174 weeks) 2.19
Feed Utilization, kg Egg/kg Feed or lb Egg/lb Feed (2174 weeks) 0.46
Feed per Dozen Eggs (2174 weeks) 1.62 kg (3.58 lb)
Feather Color White
Skin Color Yellow
Temperament Very calm, adapts well to any management
Condition of Droppings Dry
Performance Standards2006
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Silver Brown

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Target Weights of Hy-Line Silver Brown Pullets
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Growing Period
Age Body Weight*
Weeks g lb
1 70 0.15
2 115 0.25
3 190 0.42
4 290 0.64
5 380 0.84
6 480 1.06
7 590 1.30
8 690 1.52
9 790 1.74
10 890 1.96
11 990 2.18
12 1080 2.38
13 1160 2.56
14 1250 2.76
15 1340 2.95
16 1410 3.11
17** 1480 3.26
18 1550 3.42
19 1630 3.59
* Pullets grown on the oor, or in a tropical climate, can be 50 g (0.1 lb) lighter than shown.
** Move to Lay House
Performance Standards2006
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Silver Brown

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Growing Period Feed Consumption*Silver Brown
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Age in Daily Cumulative
weeks g/day per bird lb/day per 100 birds g to date lb to date
1 13 2.87 91 0.20
2 20 4.41 231 0.51
3 25 5.51 406 0.90
4 29 6.39 609 1.34
5 33 7.28 840 1.85
6 37 8.16 1099 2.42
7 41 9.04 1386 3.06
8 46 10.14 1708 3.77
9 51 11.24 2065 4.55
10 56 12.35 2457 5.42
11 61 13.45 2884 6.36
12 66 14.55 3346 7.38
13 70 15.43 3836 8.46
14 73 16.09 4347 9.58
15 75 16.53 4872 10.74
16 77 16.98 5411 11.93
17 80 17.64 5971 13.16
Performance Standards2006
This page was last updated May 2010
* Pullets feed consumption varies with feed formulation and environmental temperatures.
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Silver Brown

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Water Consumption for Hy-Line Silver Brown Pullets and Layers
Performance Standards2006
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
* Higher temperatures tend to elevate water consumption by 1.9 liters (0.5 gallons) per 100 birds.
Water Consumed per 100 Birds per Day
Chicks should consume 0.83 liters (0.22 gallons) per 100 birds on day one of age.
Age in Weeks Liters Gallons
1
0.81.1 0.200.30
2
1.11.9 0.300.50
3
1.72.7 0.450.70
4
2.53.8 0.651.00
5
3.44.7 0.901.25
6
4.55.7 1.201.50
7
5.76.8 1.501.80
8
6.18.0 1.602.10
9
6.49.5 1.702.50
1015
6.810.2 1.802.70
1620
7.215.2 1.904.00
2125*
9.918.2 2.604.80
Over 25*
15.220.8 4.005.50
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Silver Brown

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Age
in Weeks
%
Hen-Day
%
Mortality
Hen-Day
Eggs
Hen-Housed
Eggs Body Weight
Average
Egg Weight*
Feed
Consumption
Hen-Housed
Egg Mass Cum. Egg Quality
Cum. Cum. Cum. kg lb g/egg
Net lb/30
doz case
g/day
per bird
lb/day per
100 birds kg lb
Haugh
Units
Shell
Thickness
(mm)
Specic
Gravity
18 1 0.1 0.07 0.1 1.55 3.42 - - - - - - - - -
19 12 0.1 0.91 0.9 1.63 3.59 44.1 35.0 - - 0.0 0.1 99.2 0.352 1.088
20 28 0.2 2.87 2.9 1.71 3.77 45.1 35.8 89 19.6 0.1 0.3 98.7 0.352 1.088
21 54 0.2 6.65 6.6 1.76 3.88 46.3 36.7 95 20.9 0.3 0.7 98.2 0.352 1.088
22 79 0.3 12.18 12.2 1.80 3.97 49.0 38.9 98 21.6 0.6 1.3 97.7 0.352 1.088
23 91 0.3 18.55 18.5 1.84 4.06 51.5 40.9 102 22.5 0.9 2.0 97.3 0.352 1.088
24 94 0.4 25.13 25.1 1.88 4.15 53.7 42.6 105 23.1 1.3 2.8 96.8 0.352 1.088
25 94 0.4 31.71 31.6 1.92 4.23 55.5 44.0 108 23.8 1.6 3.6 96.4 0.352 1.088
26 94 0.5 38.29 38.2 1.96 4.32 57.1 45.3 111 24.5 2.0 4.4 95.9 0.351 1.088
27 95 0.5 44.94 44.8 1.99 4.39 57.7 45.8 114 25.1 2.4 5.2 95.5 0.351 1.087
28 95 0.6 51.59 51.4 2.02 4.45 58.3 46.3 116 25.6 2.8 6.1 95.0 0.351 1.087
29 95 0.6 58.24 58.0 2.05 4.52 58.7 46.6 118 26.0 3.2 7.0 94.6 0.351 1.087
30 95 0.7 64.89 64.6 2.08 4.59 58.9 46.7 119 26.2 3.5 7.8 94.1 0.351 1.087
31 94 0.7 71.47 71.1 2.10 4.63 59.2 47.0 120 26.5 3.9 8.7 93.7 0.351 1.087
32 94 0.8 78.05 77.7 2.12 4.67 59.5 47.2 121 26.7 4.3 9.5 93.2 0.351 1.087
33 94 0.8 84.63 84.2 2.14 4.72 59.8 47.5 121 26.7 4.7 10.4 92.7 0.351 1.087
34 94 0.9 91.21 90.7 2.16 4.76 60.0 47.6 121 26.7 5.1 11.3 92.3 0.351 1.086
35 94 0.9 97.79 97.3 2.17 4.79 60.3 47.9 121 26.7 5.5 12.2 91.8 0.351 1.086
36 94 1.0 104.37 103.8 2.19 4.82 60.6 48.1 121 26.7 5.9 13.0 91.4 0.351 1.086
37 94 1.0 110.95 110.3 2.21 4.86 60.8 48.3 121 26.7 6.3 13.9 90.9 0.351 1.086
38 93 1.1 117.46 116.7 2.22 4.89 61.0 48.4 121 26.7 6.7 14.8 90.5 0.351 1.086
39 93 1.1 123.97 123.2 2.23 4.91 61.2 48.6 121 26.7 7.1 15.7 90.0 0.351 1.086
40 93 1.2 130.48 129.6 2.24 4.93 61.3 48.7 121 26.7 7.5 16.6 89.6 0.351 1.086
41 92 1.2 136.92 136.0 2.25 4.96 61.4 48.7 121 26.7 7.9 17.4 89.1 0.351 1.086
42 92 1.3 143.36 142.3 2.26 4.98 61.5 48.8 121 26.7 8.3 18.3 88.7 0.350 1.085
43 92 1.4 149.80 148.7 2.27 5.00 61.5 48.8 121 26.7 8.7 19.2 88.2 0.350 1.085
44 91 1.4 156.17 154.9 2.28 5.02 61.6 48.9 120 26.5 9.1 20.0 87.7 0.350 1.085
45 91 1.5 162.54 161.2 2.28 5.03 61.7 49.0 120 26.5 9.5 20.9 87.3 0.350 1.085
46 91 1.5 168.91 167.5 2.29 5.04 61.8 49.0 120 26.5 9.9 21.8 86.8 0.350 1.085
47 90 1.6 175.21 173.7 2.29 5.05 61.9 49.1 120 26.5 10.3 22.6 86.4 0.350 1.085
48 90 1.7 181.51 179.9 2.30 5.06 62.0 49.2 120 26.5 10.7 23.5 85.9 0.350 1.085
49 89 1.7 187.74 186.0 2.30 5.06 62.1 49.3 120 26.5 11.0 24.3 85.5 0.350 1.085
50 89 1.8 193.97 192.1 2.30 5.06 62.2 49.4 120 26.5 11.4 25.2 85.0 0.350 1.084
51 88 1.8 200.13 198.2 2.30 5.07 62.2 49.4 120 26.5 11.8 26.0 84.6 0.350 1.084
52 88 1.9 206.29 204.2 2.30 5.07 62.3 49.4 120 26.5 12.2 26.9 84.1 0.350 1.084
53 87 2.0 212.38 210.2 2.30 5.07 62.4 49.5 120 26.5 12.6 27.7 83.7 0.350 1.084
54 87 2.0 218.47 216.2 2.31 5.08 62.5 49.6 120 26.5 13.0 28.6 83.2 0.350 1.084
55 86 2.1 224.49 222.0 2.31 5.08 62.6 49.7 119 26.2 13.3 29.4 82.7 0.350 1.084
56 86 2.2 230.51 227.9 2.31 5.08 62.6 49.7 120 26.5 13.7 30.2 82.3 0.350 1.084
57 86 2.3 236.53 233.8 2.31 5.08 62.7 49.8 120 26.5 14.1 31.1 81.8 0.349 1.083
58 85 2.4 242.48 239.6 2.31 5.09 62.8 49.8 120 26.5 14.5 31.9 81.4 0.349 1.083
59 85 2.4 248.43 245.4 2.31 5.09 62.9 49.9 120 26.5 14.8 32.7 80.9 0.349 1.083
Hy-Line Silver Brown Performance Table
* Egg weights after 40 weeks of age assume phase feeding of protein to limit egg size.
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Performance Standards2006
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Silver Brown

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Hy-Line Silver Brown Performance Table
* Egg weights after 40 weeks of age assume phase feeding of protein to limit egg size.
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Performance Standards2006
Age
in Weeks
%
Hen-Day
%
Mortality
Hen-Day
Eggs
Hen-Housed
Eggs Body Weight
Average
Egg Weight*
Feed
Consumption
Hen-Housed
Egg Mass Cum. Egg Quality
Cum. Cum. Cum. kg lb g/egg
Net lb/30
doz case
g/day
per bird
lb/day per
100 birds kg lb
Haugh
Units
Shell
Thickness
(mm)
Specic
Gravity
60 84 2.5 254.31 251.2 2.31 5.09 63.0 50.0 120 26.5 15.2 33.5 80.5 0.349 1.083
61 84 2.6 260.19 256.9 2.31 5.09 63.1 50.1 120 26.5 15.6 34.3 80.0 0.349 1.083
62 83 2.8 266.00 262.5 2.31 5.09 63.2 50.2 120 26.5 15.9 35.2 79.6 0.349 1.083
63 83 2.9 271.81 268.2 2.31 5.09 63.2 50.2 120 26.5 16.3 36.0 79.1 0.349 1.083
64 82 3.0 277.55 273.8 2.31 5.09 63.2 50.2 120 26.5 16.7 36.8 78.7 0.349 1.083
65 82 3.1 283.29 279.3 2.31 5.09 63.3 50.2 120 26.5 17.0 37.6 78.2 0.349 1.082
66 81 3.2 288.96 284.8 2.31 5.09 63.4 50.3 120 26.5 17.4 38.4 77.7 0.349 1.082
67 81 3.4 294.63 290.3 2.31 5.09 63.4 50.3 118 26.0 17.8 39.2 77.3 0.349 1.082
68 80 3.5 300.23 295.7 2.31 5.09 63.4 50.3 118 26.0 18.1 39.9 76.8 0.349 1.082
69 79 3.6 305.76 301.0 2.31 5.09 63.4 50.3 118 26.0 18.5 40.7 76.4 0.349 1.082
70 79 3.7 311.29 306.3 2.31 5.09 63.4 50.3 118 26.0 18.8 41.5 75.9 0.349 1.082
71 78 3.9 316.75 311.6 2.31 5.09 63.5 50.4 118 26.0 19.2 42.2 75.5 0.349 1.082
72 77 4.0 322.14 316.8 2.31 5.09 63.5 50.4 118 26.0 19.5 43.0 75.0 0.349 1.081
73 76 4.1 327.46 321.9 2.31 5.09 63.5 50.4 118 26.0 19.8 43.7 74.6 0.348 1.081
74 75 4.3 332.71 326.9 2.31 5.09 63.5 50.4 118 26.0 20.2 44.5 74.1 0.348 1.081
75 74 4.4 337.89 331.8 2.31 5.09 63.6 50.5 117 25.8 20.5 45.2 73.7 0.348 1.081
76 73 4.5 343.00 336.7 2.31 5.09 63.6 50.5 117 25.8 20.8 45.9 73.2 0.348 1.081
77 72 4.7 348.04 341.5 2.31 5.09 63.6 50.5 117 25.8 21.1 46.6 72.7 0.348 1.081
78 71 4.8 353.01 346.3 2.31 5.09 63.6 50.5 117 25.8 21.5 47.3 72.3 0.348 1.081
79 70 4.9 357.91 350.9 2.31 5.09 63.7 50.6 117 25.8 21.8 48.0 71.8 0.348 1.081
80 69 5.0 362.74 355.5 2.31 5.09 63.7 50.6 117 25.8 22.1 48.7 71.4 0.348 1.080
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Silver Brown

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial
ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and
disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Performance Standards2006
This page was last updated May 2010
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
0.0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1.0
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.8
2.0
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3.0
3.2
3.4
3.6
3.8
4.0
4.2
4.4
4.6
4.8
5.0
15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80
P
e
r
c
e
n
t

o
r

g
r
a
m
s
K
i
l
o
g
r
a
m
s
Age (weeks)
Egg weight (g)
Hen-day egg production (%)
Mortality (%)
Body weight (kg)
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Silver Brown

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Age in
Weeks
Average
Egg Weight (g)
J umbo
Over 66 g
Extra Large
5966 g
Large
5159 g
Medium
4351 g
Small
3343 g
20 45.1 0.0 0.1 9.9 57.6 32.4
22 49.0 0.0 1.8 32.0 55.6 10.6
24 53.7 0.8 14.1 55.2 28.0 1.8
26 57.1 4.7 31.3 51.5 12.1 0.4
28 58.3 7.3 37.4 46.8 8.2 0.2
30 58.9 8.6 40.6 44.3 6.3 0.1
32 59.5 9.7 44.3 41.6 4.4 0.1
34 60.0 11.0 47.1 38.6 3.3 0.0
36 60.6 13.5 49.3 34.7 2.5 0.0
38 61.0 14.9 51.4 32.1 1.7 0.0
40 61.3 16.4 52.0 30.0 1.6 0.0
42 61.5 17.1 52.3 28.9 1.6 0.0
44 61.6 18.5 51.9 28.2 1.5 0.0
46 61.8 19.6 51.5 27.4 1.5 0.0
48 62.0 21.2 51.2 26.1 1.4 0.0
50 62.2 22.6 51.1 25.0 1.3 0.0
52 62.3 23.5 51.0 24.3 1.3 0.0
54 62.5 24.6 50.8 23.4 1.2 0.0
56 62.6 25.7 50.0 23.2 1.2 0.0
58 62.8 26.9 49.8 22.1 1.2 0.0
60 63.0 28.6 48.9 21.3 1.1 0.0
62 63.2 29.9 48.7 20.3 1.1 0.0
64 63.2 29.9 48.7 20.3 1.1 0.0
66 63.4 31.5 47.7 19.7 1.1 0.0
68 63.4 31.5 47.7 19.7 1.1 0.0
70 63.4 31.9 47.3 19.6 1.1 0.0
72 63.5 32.5 46.9 19.5 1.1 0.0
74 63.5 32.5 46.9 19.5 1.1 0.0
76 63.6 33.4 46.0 19.4 1.1 0.0
78 63.6 33.4 46.0 19.4 1.1 0.0
80 63.7 34.3 45.2 19.3 1.1 0.0
Egg Size DistributionSouth African Standards
Performance Standards2006
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Silver Brown

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Growing Period Nutritional RecommendationsSilver Brown
Item
1
Starter 1 Starter 2 Grower Developer Pre-lay
5
Feed to a body weight of 190 g 480 g 1080 g 1340 g 1550 g
Approximate age 03 weeks 46 weeks 712 weeks 1315 weeks 1617 weeks
Recommended concentration
2

Metabolizable energy, kcal/lb 12901325 12801315 12501300 12201250 12201250
Metabolizable energy, kcal/kg 28442922 28222900 27562867 26902756 26902756
Metabolizable energy, MJ /kg 11.9112.23 11.8112.14 11.5412.00 11.2611.54 11.2611.54
Minimum recommended concentration
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.95 0.90 0.80 0.57 0.70
Methionine, % 0.43 0.41 0.38 0.27 0.34
Methionine +cystine, % 0.72 0.70 0.65 0.50 0.63
Threonine, % 0.61 0.59 0.54 0.39 0.48
Tryptophan, % 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.13 0.15
Arginine, % 1.02 0.96 0.86 0.61 0.75
Isoleucine, % 0.67 0.65 0.59 0.43 0.56
Valine, % 0.68 0.67 0.62 0.46 0.60
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 1.04 0.99 0.88 0.62 0.77
Methionine, % 0.46 0.45 0.40 0.29 0.37
Methionine +cystine, % 0.81 0.79 0.73 0.57 0.71
Threonine, % 0.72 0.69 0.63 0.46 0.57
Tryptophan, % 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.15 0.18
Arginine, % 1.09 1.04 0.92 0.66 0.81
Isoleucine, % 0.72 0.70 0.64 0.46 0.60
Valine, % 0.75 0.73 0.69 0.50 0.66
Crude protein (nitrogen 6.25),
3
% 20.00 18.25 17.50 15.50 16.50
Calcium,
4
% 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.40 2.50
Phosphorus (available), % 0.45 0.44 0.43 0.42 0.40
Sodium, % 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15
Chloride, % 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
1
Change diets at the recommended target body weightthe approximate age is a guide only.
2
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ substantially; in some cases, the recommended dietary energy
content may have to be adjusted accordingly (see Hy-Line Red Book for additional information).
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on digestible
amino acid basis instead.
4
Calcium should be supplied as a ne calcium carbonate source (mean particle size less than 2 mm).
5
Do not feed the pre-lay diet beyond the rst egg as it does not contain sufcient calcium to sustain egg production.
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Nutritional Recommendations2006
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Silver Brown

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Item
1
Peaking
Above 96% to 92%
egg production
91 to 86%
egg production
Less than 86%
egg production
Point of lay to 32 weeks 3344 weeks 4558 weeks 59+weeks
Recommended concentration
2

Metabolizable energy, kcal/lb 12601300 12401300 12151300 11601285
Metabolizable energy, kcal/kg 27782867 27342867 26792867 25582833
Metabolizable energy, MJ /kg 11.6312.00 11.4412.00 11.2112.00 10.7111.86
Minimum recommended concentration
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, mg/day 850 840 810 760
Methionine, mg/day 417 412 397 372
Methionine +cystine, mg/day 714 722 697 654
Threonine, mg/day 595 588 567 532
Tryptophan, mg/day 179 176 170 160
Arginine, mg/day 910 899 867 813
Isoleucine, mg/day 672 664 640 600
Valine, mg/day 765 756 729 684
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, mg/day 931 920 887 832
Methionine, mg/day 448 443 427 400
Methionine +cystine, mg/day 805 815 786 737
Threonine, mg/day 700 692 667 626
Tryptophan, mg/day 213 211 203 191
Arginine, mg/day 978 966 932 874
Isoleucine, mg/day 722 714 688 646
Valine, mg/day 844 834 804 754
Crude protein (nitrogen 6.25),
3
g/day 18.00 17.00 17.00 16.00
Calcium,
4
g/day 4.00 4.30 5.00 5.20
Phosphorus (available), mg/day 440 400 360 350
Sodium, mg/day 180 180 180 180
Chloride, mg/day 180 180 180 180
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), g/day 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Choline, mg/day 100 100 100 100
Laying Period Nutritional RecommendationsSilver Brown
1
Consumption of crude protein, methionine +cystine, fat, linoleic acid, and/or energy may be changed to optimize egg size.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown in the Hy-Line Red Book. Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed
ingredients of the same name can differ substantially; in some cases, the recommended dietary energy content may have to be adjusted accordingly (see Hy-Line Red
Book for additional information).
3
Total amino acids are only appropriate with a corn and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on digestible amino acid basis if a substantial amount of other
protein-supplying ingredients are used.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 24 mm.
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Nutritional Recommendations2006
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Silver Brown

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Item
1
Peaking
Above 96% to 92%
egg production
91 to 86%
egg production
Less than 86%
egg production
Point of lay to 32 weeks 3344 weeks 4558 weeks 59+weeks
Recommended concentration
2

Metabolizable energy, kcal/lb 12601300 12401300 12151300 11601285
Metabolizable energy, kcal/kg 27782867 27342867 26792867 25582833
Metabolizable energy, MJ /kg 11.6312.00 11.4412.00 11.2112.00 10.7111.86
Feed consumption
g/day per hen 93 98 103* 108 113 100 105 110* 115 120 100 105 110* 115 120 99 104 109* 114 119
lb/day per 100 hens 20.5 21.6 22.7 23.8 24.9 22.1 23.2 24.3 25.4 26.5 22.1 23.2 24.3 25.4 26.5 21.8 22.9 24.0 25.1 26.2
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.94 0.89 0.85 0.81 0.77 0.84 0.80 0.76 0.73 0.70 0.80 0.76 0.73 0.70 0.67 0.75 0.71 0.68 0.65 0.62
Methionine, % 0.46 0.44 0.42 0.40 0.38 0.41 0.39 0.37 0.36 0.34 0.39 0.37 0.36 0.34 0.33 0.36 0.35 0.33 0.32 0.30
Methionine +cystine, % 0.79 0.75 0.71 0.68 0.65 0.72 0.69 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.69 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.58 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.56 0.54
Threonine, % 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.57 0.54 0.59 0.56 0.53 0.51 0.49 0.56 0.53 0.51 0.49 0.47 0.52 0.50 0.48 0.45 0.44
Tryptophan, % 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.15 0.15 0.17 0.16 0.15 0.15 0.14 0.16 0.15 0.14 0.14 0.13
Arginine, % 1.01 0.96 0.91 0.87 0.83 0.90 0.86 0.82 0.78 0.75 0.86 0.82 0.78 0.75 0.72 0.80 0.76 0.73 0.69 0.67
Isoleucine, % 0.75 0.71 0.67 0.64 0.61 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.58 0.55 0.63 0.60 0.58 0.55 0.53 0.59 0.56 0.54 0.51 0.49
Valine, % 0.85 0.81 0.77 0.73 0.70 0.76 0.72 0.69 0.66 0.63 0.72 0.69 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.67 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.56
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 1.03 0.98 0.93 0.89 0.85 0.92 0.88 0.84 0.80 0.77 0.88 0.84 0.80 0.76 0.73 0.82 0.78 0.74 0.71 0.68
Methionine, % 0.50 0.47 0.45 0.43 0.41 0.44 0.42 0.40 0.39 0.37 0.42 0.40 0.38 0.37 0.35 0.39 0.37 0.36 0.34 0.33
Methionine +cystine, % 0.89 0.85 0.81 0.77 0.73 0.82 0.78 0.74 0.71 0.68 0.78 0.74 0.71 0.68 0.65 0.72 0.69 0.66 0.63 0.60
Threonine, % 0.78 0.74 0.70 0.67 0.64 0.69 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.58 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.58 0.55 0.61 0.59 0.56 0.54 0.51
Tryptophan, % 0.24 0.22 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.18 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.18 0.17 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16
Arginine, % 1.09 1.03 0.98 0.93 0.89 0.97 0.92 0.88 0.84 0.81 0.92 0.88 0.84 0.80 0.77 0.86 0.82 0.78 0.75 0.72
Isoleucine, % 0.80 0.76 0.72 0.69 0.66 0.71 0.68 0.65 0.62 0.60 0.68 0.65 0.62 0.59 0.57 0.63 0.60 0.58 0.55 0.53
Valine, % 0.94 0.89 0.84 0.80 0.77 0.83 0.79 0.76 0.73 0.70 0.80 0.76 0.72 0.69 0.66 0.74 0.70 0.67 0.64 0.62
Crude protein
(nitrogen 6.25),
3
%
20.00 18.95 18.00 17.14 16.36 17.00 16.19 15.45 14.78 14.17 16.83 16.04 15.32 14.66 14.05 15.69 14.95 14.29 13.68 13.11
Calcium,
4
% 4.44 4.21 4.00 3.81 3.64 4.30 4.10 3.91 3.74 3.58 4.95 4.72 4.50 4.31 4.13 5.10 4.86 4.64 4.44 4.26
Phosphorus (available), % 0.49 0.46 0.44 0.42 0.40 0.40 0.38 0.36 0.35 0.33 0.36 0.34 0.32 0.31 0.30 0.34 0.33 0.31 0.30 0.29
Sodium, % 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.15 0.15
Chloride, % 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.15 0.15
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.11 1.05 1.00 0.95 0.91 1.00 0.95 0.91 0.87 0.83 0.99 0.94 0.90 0.86 0.83 0.98 0.93 0.89 0.85 0.82
*Typical feed consumption for the age based on available data.
Laying Period Nutritional RecommendationsSilver Brown
1
Consumption of crude protein, methionine +cystine, fat, linoleic acid, and/or energy may be changed to optimize egg size.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown in the Hy-Line Red Book. Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed
ingredients of the same name can differ substantially; in some cases, the recommended dietary energy content may have to be adjusted accordingly (see Hy-Line Red
Book for additional information).
3
Total amino acids are only appropriate with a corn and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on digestible amino acid basis if a substantial amount of other
protein-supplying ingredients are used.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 24 mm.
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Nutritional Recommendations2006
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Silver Brown

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Post-Molt Nutritional RecommendationsSilver Brown
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
1
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown in the Hy-Line Red Book. Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed
ingredients of the same name can differ substantially; in some cases, the recommended dietary energy content may have to be adjusted accordingly (see Hy-Line Red
Book for additional information).
2
Total amino acids are only appropriate with a corn and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on digestible amino acid basis if a substantial amount of other
protein-supplying ingredients are used.
3
The added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of less than 2 mm.
4
The sodium content in the Molt 1 diet should not exceed 0.035%.
Nutritional Recommendations2006
This page was last updated May 2010
Recommended concentration
1
Molt Diet
Metabolizable energy, kcal/lb 11791270
Metabolizable energy, kcal/kg 26002800
Metabolizable energy, MJ /kg 10.8811.72
Minimum recommended concentration
Standardized (true) ileal digestibility
Lysine, % 0.30
Methionine, % 0.15
Methionine +cystine, % 0.32
Threonine, % 0.18
Tryptophan, % 0.10
Arginine, % 0.38
Isoleucine, % 0.18
Valine, % 0.23
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 0.33
Methionine, % 0.16
Methionine +cystine, % 0.36
Threonine, % 0.21
Tryptophan, % 0.12
Arginine, % 0.41
Isoleucine, % 0.20
Valine, % 0.26
Crude protein (nitrogen 6.25),
2
% 8.50
Calcium,
3
% 1.30
Phosphorus (available), % 0.25
Sodium,
4
% 0.03
Chloride, % 0.03
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Silver Brown

Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Post-Molt Nutritional RecommendationsSilver Brown
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Recommended post-molt dietary calcium and available phosphorus contents.
Peaking
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 93 98 103* 108 113
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 20.5 21.6 22.7* 23.8 24.9
Calcium,
1
% 5.05 4.80 4.56 4.35 4.16
Phosphorus (available), % 0.47 0.45 0.43 0.41 0.39
Above 83% to 78% egg production
Feed consumption, g/day per hen
100 105 110* 115 120
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 22.1 23.2 24.3* 25.4 26.5
Calcium,
1
% 4.90 4.67 4.45 4.26 4.08
Phosphorus (available), % 0.40 0.38 0.36 0.35 0.33
77 to 75% egg production
Feed consumption, g/day per hen
100 105 110* 115 120
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 22.1 23.2 24.3* 25.4 26.5
Calcium,
1
% 5.10 4.86 4.64 4.43 4.25
Phosphorus (available), % 0.36 0.34 0.33 0.31 0.30
Less than 75% egg production
Feed consumption, g/day per hen
99 104 109* 114 119
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 21.8 22.9 24.0* 25.1 26.2
Calcium,
1
% 5.35 5.10 4.86 4.65 4.45
Phosphorus (available), % 0.32 0.31 0.29 0.28 0.27
* Typical feed consumption based on available data.
After the Molt 3 diet, formulate diets according to level of desired percentage egg production following the nutritional
recommendations for rst-cycle laying hens (see Hy-Line Red Book), albeit with a 20 kcal/kg (10 kcal/lb, 0.10 MJ /kg)
reduction in the dietary energy content. Other noticeable differences in the post-molt diets are an increased need for
dietary calcium and a decreased need for dietary phosphorus, reected in the table.
Minimum recommended daily consumption Peaking
Above 83% to 78%
egg production
77 to 75%
egg production
Less than 75%
egg production
Calcium,

g/day 4.70 4.90 5.10 5.30
Phosphorus (available),mg/day 440 400 360 320
1
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 24 mm.
Nutritional Recommendations2006
This page was last updated May 2010
Per c hes
Perches provide a significant improvement to the growing and laying house environment.
In grow, they allow birds to fully develop their leg and flight muscles and will habituate
jumping behavior, which will be important in good nesting behavior and if the laying hens
are later housed in aviaries. In addition, perches reduce the social stress by providing
safe resting sites. In part because of the improvement in social pressure, perches can
improve feed and water consumption, with resulting effects on body weight gain, body
weight uniformity, and egg production. Perches also increase the effective space in the
house, and piling is a common problem in flocks without access to perches.
When pullets and laying hens are housed under cage-free condition, it is important that
they have access to perches and that there is sufficient perch space. Perches helps
improve the social environment as mentioned as above and significancly reduces
occurences of eggs laid outside the nests (i.e., "floor eggs").
The dimensions for A-frame perches are shown in the drawing below. If individual
perches are placed too close to the floor, birds cannot escape from social-stress
situations. Perches above the feed or water lines, perches extending from the wall (i.e.,
half an A-frame), or other perch designs can also be used. The perch length depends on
bird density (see table). If space allows, place perches on slats to maintain good litter
conditions.
A-Frame perch. The width (or diameter) of each perch should be 2.5 cm (1 in) or wider to allow for a
comfortable grip.
The length of all perches in the house depends in part on bird density (see table below).
The r ec ommended per c h depends on bi r d densi t y and l ayi ng-hen
var i et y
Bi r d densi t y Mi ni mum per c h l engt h per bi r d
Hy-Line W-36, W-98, and Gray Hy-Line Brown and Silver Brown
7 birds per m
2
2
2 cm
(0.8 in)
4 cm
(1.6 in)
Cont ent s
Online Management Guide Home
Management
House Preparation
Pullet Management
Socialization of Birds
Cage Growing
Floor Growing
Floor Systems
Perches
Monitoring Body Weights
Body Weight Uniformity
Beak Treatment
Moving from Grower to Layer
Facilities
Nest Training
Molting
House Temperature and
Relative Humidity
Ventilation
Management for Breeders
Lighting Program
Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Performance Standards
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
(1.5 ft /bird)
8 birds per m
2
(1.3 ft
2
/bird)
4 cm
(1.6 in)
6 cm
(2.8 in)
9 birds per m
2
(1.2 ft
2
/bird)
6 cm
(2.8 in)
8 cm
(3.1 in)
10 birds per m
2
(1.1 ft
2
/bird)
8 cm
(3.1 in)
12 cm
(4.7 in)
11 birds per m
2
(1.0 ft
2
/bird)
10 cm
(3.9 in)
13 cm
(5.1 in)
12 birds per m
2
(0.9 ft
2
/bird)
12 cm
(4.7 in)
14 cm
(5.5 in)
This page was last updated August 3, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Nut r i t i on Rec ommendat i ons
The nutritional recommendations presented in this guide result in excellent production in
a wide variety of situations and are derived from observations in the field with Hy-Line
pullets and laying hens. However, specific conditions and specific production objectives
may necessitate increasing or decreasing the recommended daily energy and nutrient
intakes. In such cases, advice from Hy-Line Technical Service or a professional
nutritionist is recommended.
Ener gy r ec ommendat i ons
A range of recommended energy concentrations is provided to accommodate several
situations where diets of different densities are needed (and to accomodate regional
differences in energy table values of feed ingredients). As a general rule, the energy
concentration at the low end of the recommended range corresponds to the higher feed
consumption rates. Increased energy and nutrient density of the feed is useful at certain
times, especially when energy consumption may be a limiting factor, such as the critical
period between housing and peak production (see sections for Feeding the Laying Hen
and the nutrition-program recommendations for each individual variety). Flocks
consuming less than 260 to 280 kcal/day (1.09 to 1.17 MJ/day) per bird at peak
production tend to suffer post-peak dips in production.
Heat stress will also result in lower feed and energy consumption. As a result, increasing
the energy content in the feed can result in better body weight gain, egg production, and
egg weight, especially when the effective ambient temperature is high. Fats or oils are
concentrated sources of energy and can be useful in increasing the energy content of
feed. The digestion of fat produces less body heat (i.e., fat has a relatively low heat
increment), which is useful during periods of heat stress.
Ami no ac i d r ec ommendat i ons
The amino acid recommendations are based on digestible lysine and all other amino
acids are calculated using ideal amino acid ratios. Recommendations for total amino
acids is subsequently calculated using digestibility coefficients from corn (maize) grain
and soybean meal. The ideal amino acid ratios used are based on a review of the
literature, and may differ slightly among Hy-Line varieties.
By basing the recommendations on digestible amino acids, the recommendations
become independent of feed ingredient sourcesin other words, the recommendations
can be used for corn (maize) and wheat based diets alike.
Because of variations in amino acid composition among and within feed ingredients, it is
highly recommended to periodically analyze feed ingredients for amino acid content or
at the very leastanalyze for the crude protein content (from which amino acid
composition can be estimated).
Cal c i um and phosphor us r ec ommendat i ons
The recommended calcium (Ca) and (available) phosphorus (P or P
av
) recommendations
Cont ent s
Online Management Guide Home
Management
Management for Breeders
Lighting Program
Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Vitamins
Trace minerals

Hy-Line W-36
Hy-Line W-98
Hy-Line Brown
Hy-Line Silver Brown
Hy-Line Gray

Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock
Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent
Stock
Performance Standards
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
result in excellent eggshell and bone-structure quality. In some cases, lower-than-
recommended contents may produce good results as well, depending on the rate of egg
production, egg weight, and age of the hens. Note that the recommendations are
independent of the use of phytase. See also the section on avian urolithiasis (gout).
Sodi um (Na) and c hl or i de r ec ommendat i ons
Hy-Line birds need about the same number of milligrams of sodium (Na) per day as that
of other laying hens. However, because their lower feed intake, the sodium content in
percent of the diet should often be higher for Hy-Line hens than for other laying hens
(see the Formulating for Feed Intake section and the suggested nutrition programs for
each of Hy-Line's laying hens, available through the menu on the left). Hy-Line's hens
can tolerate these relatively high levels of sodium without causing wet manure. Note that
(even marginally) low consumption of sodium can cause nervous hens and may lead to
feather picking and cannibalism.
There is little recent research on chloride (Cl) needs of laying hens, so the minimum
recommendations have been set to equal those of sodium. In contrast, there are some
indications that relatively high consumption of chloride (Cl) may lead to wet manure and
poor eggshell quality, but the maximum dietary chloride level is up to the individual
nutritionist. Normally, there are no problems with dietary chloride levels of up to 0.30%.
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Rapeseed (Canola) Meal
Rapeseed meal and Canola meal are the products re-
maining after the oil has been extracted from rapeseed
and Canola, respectively. Rapeseed (Brassica napus and
Brassica campestris/rapa) that have been bred to con-
tain low levels (i.e., less than 2%) of erucic acid in the oil
and low levels (i.e., less than 30 mol/g) of glucosino-
lates in the meal portion are called double-low rapeseed
or Canola. Depending on the type of rapeseed used, the
extent to which oil is extracted, and the addition of the f-
brous hulls back to the meal,
rapeseed meal contains 32
to 38% crude protein and is
a good source of amino ac-
ids (Table 1). However, the
relatively high content of
fber reduces the metaboliz-
able energy content and also
adversely affects the digest-
ibility of amino acids. Nev-
ertheless, rapeseed meal is
used throughout the world as
a protein source in pullet and
laying-hen diets, and its use
is second only to soybean
meal.
In the 1970s, it was recognized that rapeseed meal
in the diet of brown-shell laying hens could result in a
low proportion of the eggs produced having a fshy taint
or odor. This does not normally occur in white-shell lay-
ing hens. As a result, rapeseed meal is usually only fed to
brown-shell laying hens in small amounts (i.e., no more
than 2 to 3% of the diet), if at all.
Fishy Taint Eggs
Fishy taint eggs are caused by deposition of fshy
smelling tri methylamine (TMA) in the egg yolk. Although
variable, people can detect a fshy taint in eggs when the
yolks contain more than about 4 g TMA per gram yolk.
The contents of sinapine and glucosinolates in dietary
rapeseed meal along with a defective gene in some brown
hens are the main causes of the fshy taint eggs.
Rapeseed meal contains 0.6 to 1.8% sinapine, which
consists of sinapinic acid bound to choline (Figure 1). Si-
napine is not digested by the
hens, but moves with other
undigested feed into the
large intestines, where one
of the fermentation products
is TMA. The TMA is sub-
sequently absorbed into the
blood. Normally, the TMA is
oxidized in the liver by the
enzyme, favin-containing
monooxygenase 3 (FMO3),
to the odorless TMA N-
oxide, which is excreted
by the kidneys. However, a
small proportion of brown
hens have a mutation in the FMO3 gene that renders the
enzyme defective and allows the fshy smelling TMA to
be deposited in the egg yolk. Although sinapine is a form
of choline, other forms of choline (e.g., choline chloride)
fed to brown hens at normal inclusion levels do not cause
fshy taint eggs, because the choline is absorbed in the
small intestines before it can be fermented to TMA in the
large intestines.
TEChniCAl bullETin
A publiCATiON OF
hy-linE inTERnATiOnAl
Feeding Rapeseed Meal or Canola Meal
to hy-line brown hens
All Hy-Line Brown hens, hatched after January 1 2009,
1
can be fed diets containing at least 24% double-low
rapeseedmealorCanolamealwithoutcausingfshytainteggs.However,thehighestrecommendeddietarycon-
tentof rapeseedmealorCanolamealforHy-LineBrownhensis8to10%,similartothatofwhitelayinghens.
Figure 1. Structure of sinapine, showing its components, sinapinic
acid, choline, and trimethylamine (TMA). The bond between sinap-
inic acid and choline is broken by bacterial fermentation in the large
intestines; choline is further broken down by bacteria in the large
intestines to TMA, which is absorbed into the blood.
Danish Canola feld by the Baltic Sea in spring time. N. Bregendahl.
Sinapinic acid
Sinapine
Choline
TMA
Rapeseed meal contains glucosinolatesalthough
the glucosinolate content must be less than 30 mol/g
to be called double-low rapeseed or Canola. Typically,
Canadian-grown Canola meal contains about 7 mol/g
glucosinolates, whereas traditional (i.e., nondouble-low)
rapeseed meal contains 120 to 150 mol/g. The glucosino-
lates are undesirable in part because they are unpalatable
and in part because their breakdown products can inhibit
the hens production of thyroid hormones. in addition,
the glucosinolates inhibit oxidase enzymes, including the
FMO3 enzyme that oxidizes TMA to the odorless TMA
N-oxide. Thus, consumption of glucosinolates may cause
fshy taint eggs, depending on the amount of glucosinolate
(and sinapine) consumed.
Rapeseed Meal and Canola Meal Can be Fed to
hy-line brown hens
Hy-line brown hens, hatched after January 1 2009,
1

can tolerate high amounts of rapeseed meal without fear of
causing fshy taint eggs. In a recent experiment conducted
in Dr. Hank Classens laboratory at the university of Sas-
katchewan in Canada, Hy-line brown hens were fed diets
containing up to 24% Canola meal. Even with this very
high dietary content of Canola, the Hy-line brown hens
were able to maintain a TMA content in the yolk below the
4 g/g detection level (Ward et al., 2009).
When applying the information from the research by
Ward et al. (2009) to feld situations, there are a few items
to consider:
The highest level of Canola meal fed was 24%, so it
is possible that the Hy-line brown hens can tolerate
higher amounts without affecting the TMA content in
the yolk. That said, it is unlikely that commercial di-
ets will contain more than 24% Canola meal. indeed,
typically, no more than 5 to 8% Canola meal is rec-
ommended in diets for white laying hens, because of
relatively low energy and nutrient contents that limits
the dietary inclusion rate, a relatively high content of
tannins that adversely affect palatability, and the con-
tents of goitrogens (even in double-low rapeseed meal)
that adversely affect egg production. So, in white laying
hens, no more than about 8% rapeseed meal is recom-
mended in the diet. it is therefore unlikely that Hy-line
brown hens will be fed diets containing more than 8%
rapeseed meal.
The highest level of rapeseed meal that can be fed to
Hy-Line Brown hens without causing fshy taint eggs
depends on the concentration of sinapine (and other
forms of choline) in the specifc rapeseed meal that
is fed. if the locally available rapeseed meal contains
high amounts of sinapine and if the rapeseed meal is
included in high amounts in the diet, it is technically
possible to overwhelm the FMO3 enzyme so that not all
the TMA is oxidized to non-odorous TMA N-oxide.
The experiment by Ward et al. (2009) lasted for only
4 weeks. From this particular study, it is impossible
to know if dietary rapeseed meal will cause fshy taint
if fed to Hy-line brown hens throughout their entire
grow and production cycle. That said, it is unlikely that
feeding even very high levels of double-low rapeseed to
Hy-line brown hens for more than 4 weeks or through-
out the hens life cycle will cause fshy-taint eggs.
Recommendation
Hy-line brown hens can tolerate relatively high
amounts of rapeseed meal without causing fshy taint
eggs. From the study by Ward et al. (2009), conducted
with Hy-line brown hens, it is evident that the diet can
contain at least 24% rapeseed meal without causing fshy
taint eggs. under practical, commercial conditions, it is
unlikely that a laying hen diet will contain rapeseed meal
at such high levels. Therefore, the content of rapeseed
meal in diets for Hy-line brown hens is only limited by
its energy and nutrient contents, its contents of tannins,
and its price relative to other protein supplements. The
fear of fshy taint eggs need not infuence the dietary in-
clusion level of rapeseed meal to Hy-line brown hens.
in other words, egg producers can use rapeseed meal
in diets for hy-line brown hens the same way as they
would for white laying hens.
For more information about feeding rapeseed meal
or Canola meal to Hy-line brown hens, please contact
Hy-line Technical Services through Hy-lines website,
<http://www.hyline.com>.
literature Cited
Ward, A. K., H. l. Classen, and F. C. buchanan.
2009. Fishy-egg tainting is recessively inherited when
brown-shelled layers are fed canola meal. poultry Science
88:714721. Available on-line at <http://ps.fass.org>.
1
The local availability of Hy-line brown chicks that can tolerate double-low
rapeseed meal depends on the grandparent or parent-stock fock; please check
with your local Hy-line sales agent for availability.
Table 1. Nutritional composition of rapeseed (Canola) meal and soybean meal (as-fed basis, standardized to 88% dry matter).
Note that the composition of rapeseed meal and soybean meal depends on variety, local growing conditions, and processing.
Item Double-low rapeseed or Canola meal Soybean meal
Dry matter, % 88.00 88.00
Crude protein, % 36.75 47.80
MEn,
1
kcal/kg 2,040 2,458
MEn,
1
kcal/lb 925 1,115
MEn,
1
MJ/kg 8.54 10.29
Ether extract, % 3.67 1.00
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n6), % 0.77 0.50
Crude fber, % 10.73 3.00
Calcium, % 0.66 0.20
Phosphorus (total), % 1.13 0.65
Phosphorus (available), % 0.29 0.21
Sodium, % 0.10 0.04
Potassium, % 1.25 1.90
Sulfur, % 0.97 0.43
Chloride, % 0.10 0.02
Ash, % 6.96 6.00
Goitrogens, mol/g < 30
.2

Erucic acid (C22:1 n9), % < 0.07


2

Tannins, % 1.53.0
Sinapine, % 0.61.8
Price,
3
US dollars per 1,000 kg 238 326
Total
content
Digestibility
4
Digestible
4
content
Total
content
Digestibility
4
Digestible
4
content
Methionine, % 0.74 84 0.63 0.70 91 0.64
Cystine, % 0.94 77 0.72 0.71 82 0.58
Methionine+cystine, % 1.68 1.35 1.41 1.22
Lysine, % 1.95 80 1.56 3.02 90 2.72
Tryptophan, % 0.44 80 0.36 0.70 89 0.62
Threonine, % 1.45 73 1.06 2.00 85 1.70
Isoleucine, % 1.46 79 1.15 2.60 89 2.31
Histidine, % 1.06 85 0.90 1.30 92 1.20
Valine, % 1.88 79 1.48 2.70 88 2.38
Leucine, % 2.51 82 2.06 3.80 89 3.38
Arginine, % 2.22 87 1.94 3.60 93 3.35
Phenylalanine, % 1.45 83 1.20 2.70 89 2.40
1
Nitrogen-corrected metabolizable energy.
2
By defnition, double-low rapeseed and Canola must contain less than 30 mol/g total glucosinolates in the meal and
less than 2% erucic acid in the oil.
3
Price including delivery in Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA (October 12, 2009).
4
Standardized (true) ileal digestibility.
hy-line international
1755 West lakes parkway
West Des Moines, iowa 50266 uSA
phone: +1 (515) 225-6030
Fax: +1 (515) 225-6425
info@hyline.com
http://www.hyline.com
December 2009
Hy-line is a brand name. Numbers and letter identify varieties.
Registered Trademark of Hy-line international, West Des Moines, iowa u.S.A.
Hy-line international 2009
Nut r i t i on Rec ommendat i ons f or Hy-Li ne W-36
Par ent St oc k
Jump to the sections for:
W-36 Parent Stock growing period nutritional recommendations.
W-36 Parent Stock laying period nutritional recommendations.
W-36 Parent Stock suggested nutrition program for laying period.
Download the combined W-36 Parent Stock performance and nutrition-
recommendations tables for easy printing (pdf, 1243 kb).
W-36 Par ent St oc k gr ow i ng per i od nut r i t i onal r ec ommendat i ons
The table below shows the growing-period nutritional recommendations. See also the
Feeding the Pullet section for information of how to implement the growing-period
recommendations. The sections on Monitoring Body Weight and Body Weight Uniformity
are also of importance as is the general sections for breeders.
Hy -Li ne W-36 Par ent St oc k gr ow i ng per i od nut r i t i onal
r ec ommendat i ons.
I t em
1
St ar t er
1
St ar t er
2
Gr ow er Devel oper
Pr e-
l ay
6
Feed to a body weight of,
grams
175 400 860 1170 1230
Approximate age, weeks 0-3 4-6 7-12 13-17 18-19
Rec ommended c onc ent r at i on
2
Metabolizable energy,
kcal/lb
1370-1410 1360-1400 1350-1390 1350-1390 1320-
1340
Metabolizable energy,
kcal/kg
3020-3110 3000-3085 2975-3065 2975-3065 2910-
2955
Metabolizable energy,
MJ/kg
12.65-
13.00
12.55-
12.90
12.45-
12.85
12.45-12.85 12.20-
12.35
Mi ni mum r ec ommended c onc ent r at i on
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 1.07 0.88 0.79 0.72 0.78
Methionine, % 0.45 0.40 0.36 0.34 0.37
Methionine + cystine, % 0.71 0.66 0.60 0.57 0.64
Threonine, % 0.70 0.58 0.53 0.49 0.55
Tryptophan, % 0.18 0.15 0.14 0.14 0.16
Cont ent s
Online Management Guide Home
Management
Management for Breeders
Lighting Program
Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Vitamins
Trace minerals

Hy-Line W-36
Hy-Line W-98
Hy-Line Brown
Hy-Line Silver Brown
Hy-Line Gray

Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock
Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent
Stock
Performance Standards
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
Arginine, % 1.16 0.95 0.85 0.78 0.84
Isoleucine, % 0.75 0.63 0.58 0.54 0.62
Valine, % 0.77 0.65 0.62 0.58 0.66
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 1.17 0.96 0.86 0.79 0.85
Methionine, % 0.48 0.43 0.39 0.36 0.39
Methionine + cystine, % 0.80 0.74 0.68 0.64 0.72
Threonine, % 0.82 0.68 0.62 0.58 0.64
Tryptophan, % 0.22 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.19
Arginine, % 1.24 1.02 0.92 0.84 0.91
Isoleucine, % 0.81 0.68 0.63 0.58 0.67
Valine, % 0.85 0.72 0.68 0.64 0.73
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 20.0 18.0 16.0 15.5 17.5
Calcium,
4
%
1.1 1.1 1.1 1.4 2.5
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.50 0.49 0.47 0.46 0.50
Sodium (Na), % 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18
Chloride, % 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.5
1
Change diet at the recommended target body weightthe approximate age is a guide only.
2
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ
substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy content may have to be
adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section).
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn
(maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Calcium should be supplied as a fine calcium carbonate source (mean particle size less than 2 mm). It can
be supplied as a 50:50 mix of fine and coarse (mean diameter 2-4 mm) in the pre-lay diet. See also
information about the pre-lay diet in the Feeding the Pullet section).
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are insufficient
data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead,
use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
6
Do not feed the pre-lay diet beyond the first egg as this diet does not contain sufficient calcium to sustain
egg production.
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Nut r i t i on Rec ommendat i ons f or Hy-Li ne W-36
Par ent St oc k
Jump to the sections for:
W-36 Parent Stock growing period nutritional recommendations.
W-36 Parent Stock laying period nutritional recommendations.
W-36 Parent Stock suggested nutrition program for laying period.
Download the combined W-36 Parent Stock performance and nutrition-
recommendations tables for easy printing (pdf, 1243 kb).
W-36 Par ent St oc k l ayi ng per i od nut r i t i onal r ec ommendat i ons
The nutrient recommendations are based on supplying a given amount (in grams or
milligrams) of nutrients per day (Table 1). To convert these absolute values into a
percentage of the diet, one must know the feed intake (Tables 2 to 5) in order to
formulate the laying-hen diets according to the observed feed intake to ensure the daily
consumption of the recommended grams or milligrams of nutrients. See also the Feeding
the Laying Hen and the Suggested Nutrition Program sections for information of how to
implement the laying-period recommendations.
Tabl e 1. Hy -Li ne W-36 Par ent St oc k l ayi ng per i od nut r i t i onal
r ec ommendat i ons.
I t em
1 Peak i ng Above 90% t o
84% egg
pr oduc t i on
83 -80% egg
pr oduc t i on
Less t han 80%
egg pr oduc t i on
Approximate
age, weeks
Point-of-
lay to 32
33-44 45-55 56+
Rec ommended c onc ent r at i on
2
Metabolizable
energy, kcal/lb
1280-
1300
1280-1300 1280-1300 1280-1300
Metabolizable
energy, kcal/kg
2820-
2870
2820-2870 2820-2870 2820-2870
Metabolizable
energy, MJ/kg
11.80-
12.00
11.80-12.00 11.80-12.00 11.80-12.00
Mi ni mum r ec ommended c onsumpt i on
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, mg/day 810 775 740 720
Methionine,
mg/day
397 380 363 338
Methionine + 656 636 599 569
Cont ent s
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Management
Management for Breeders
Lighting Program
Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Vitamins
Trace minerals

Hy-Line W-36
Hy-Line W-98
Hy-Line Brown
Hy-Line Silver Brown
Hy-Line Gray

Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock
Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent
Stock
Performance Standards
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
cystine, mg/day
Threonine,
mg/day
567 543 518 504
Tryptophan,
mg/day
170 163 155 151
Arginine, mg/day 867 829 792 770
Isoleucine,
mg/day
640 612 585 569
Valine, mg/day 729 698 666 648
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, mg/day 887 849 810 788
Methionine,
mg/day
427 408 390 364
Methionine +
cystine, mg/day
740 717 676 642
Threonine,
mg/day
667 638 609 593
Tryptophan,
mg/day
203 195 186 181
Arginine, mg/day 932 892 851 828
Isoleucine,
mg/day
688 658 629 612
Valine, mg/day 804 769 735 715
Crude protein (N
6.25),
3
g/day 16.00 15.50 15.25 15.00
Calcium,
4
g/day
4.20 4.25 4.50 4.65
Phosphorus
(available),
5
mg/day
485 475 440 420
Sodium (Na),
mg/day
180 180 180 180
Chloride, mg/day 180 180 180 180
Linoleic acid
(C18:2 n-6),
g/day
1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Choline, mg/day 100 100 100 100
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See also the
Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed ingredients.
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ
substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy content may have to be
adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher energy concentrations shown are
appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn
(maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4 mm. See
also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are insufficient
data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead,
use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
Tabl e 2. Peak i ng; poi nt -of -l ay t o 32 w eek s of age.
1
Recommended energy concentration:
2
1280-1300 kcal/lb, 2820-2870 kcal/kg, 11.80-12.00
MJ/kg
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 81 86 91* 96 101
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 17.9 19.0 20.1* 21.2 22.3
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 1.00 0.94 0.89 0.84 0.80
Methionine, % 0.49 0.46 0.44 0.41 0.39
Methionine + cystine, % 0.81 0.76 0.72 0.68 0.65
Threonine, % 0.70 0.66 0.62 0.59 0.56
Tryptophan, % 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17
Arginine, % 1.07 1.01 0.95 0.90 0.86
Isoleucine, % 0.79 0.74 0.70 0.67 0.63
Valine, % 0.90 0.85 0.80 0.76 0.72
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 1.10 1.03 0.97 0.92 0.88
Methionine, % 0.53 0.50 0.47 0.44 0.42
Methionine + cystine, % 0.91 0.86 0.81 0.77 0.73
Threonine, % 0.82 0.78 0.73 0.69 0.66
Tryptophan, % 0.25 0.24 0.22 0.21 0.20
Arginine, % 1.15 1.08 1.02 0.97 0.92
Isoleucine, % 0.85 0.80 0.76 0.72 0.68
Valine, % 0.99 0.93 0.88 0.84 0.80
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 19.75 18.60 17.58 16.67 15.84
Calcium,
4
%
5.19 4.88 4.62 4.38 4.16
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.60 0.56 0.53 0.51 0.48
Sodium (Na), % 0.22 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18
Chloride, % 0.22 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.23 1.16 1.10 1.04 0.99
*Typical feed consumption in North America based on available data for the age.
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See also the
Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed ingredients.
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ
substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy content may have to be
adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher energy concentrations shown are
appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn
(maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4 mm. See
also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are insufficient
data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead,
use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
Tabl e 3. Above 90% t o 84% egg pr oduc t i on; 33 -44 w eek s of age.
1
Recommended energy concentration:
2
1280-1300 kcal/lb, 2820-2870 kcal/kg, 11.80-12.00
MJ/kg
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 84 89 94* 99 104
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 18.5 19.6 20.7* 21.8 22.9
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.92 0.87 0.82 0.78 0.75
Methionine, % 0.45 0.43 0.40 0.38 0.37
Methionine + cystine, % 0.76 0.71 0.68 0.64 0.61
Threonine, % 0.65 0.61 0.58 0.55 0.52
Tryptophan, % 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16
Arginine, % 0.99 0.93 0.88 0.84 0.80
Isoleucine, % 0.73 0.69 0.65 0.62 0.59
Valine, % 0.83 0.78 0.74 0.71 0.67
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 1.01 0.95 0.90 0.86 0.82
Methionine, % 0.49 0.46 0.43 0.41 0.39
Methionine + cystine, % 0.85 0.81 0.76 0.72 0.69
Threonine, % 0.76 0.72 0.68 0.64 0.61
Tryptophan, % 0.23 0.22 0.21 0.20 0.19
Arginine, % 1.06 1.00 0.95 0.90 0.86
Isoleucine, % 0.78 0.74 0.70 0.66 0.63
Valine, % 0.92 0.86 0.82 0.78 0.74
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 18.45 17.42 16.49 15.66 14.90
Calcium,
4
%
5.06 4.78 4.52 4.29 4.09
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.57 0.53 0.51 0.48 0.46
Sodium (Na), % 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17
Chloride, % 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.19 1.12 1.06 1.01 0.96
*Typical feed consumption in North America based on available data for the age.
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See also the
Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed ingredients.
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ
substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy content may have to be
adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher energy concentrations shown are
appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn
(maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4 mm. See
also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are insufficient
data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead,
use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
Tabl e 4. 83 -80% egg pr oduc t i on; 45 -55 w eek s of age.
1
Recommended energy concentration:
2
1280-1300 kcal/lb, 2820-2870 kcal/kg, 11.80-12.00
MJ/kg
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 86 91 96* 101 106
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 19.0 20.1 21.2* 22.3 23.4
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.86 0.81 0.77 0.73 0.70
Methionine, % 0.42 0.40 0.38 0.36 0.34
Methionine + cystine, % 0.70 0.66 0.62 0.59 0.57
Threonine, % 0.60 0.57 0.54 0.51 0.49
Tryptophan, % 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.15 0.15
Arginine, % 0.92 0.87 0.83 0.78 0.75
Isoleucine, % 0.68 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.55
Valine, % 0.77 0.73 0.69 0.66 0.63
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 0.94 0.89 0.84 0.80 0.76
Methionine, % 0.45 0.43 0.41 0.39 0.37
Methionine + cystine, % 0.79 0.74 0.70 0.67 0.64
Threonine, % 0.71 0.67 0.63 0.60 0.57
Tryptophan, % 0.22 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.18
Arginine, % 0.99 0.94 0.89 0.84 0.80
Isoleucine, % 0.73 0.69 0.66 0.62 0.59
Valine, % 0.85 0.81 0.77 0.73 0.69
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 17.73 16.76 15.89 15.10 14.39
Calcium,
4
%
5.23 4.95 4.69 4.46 4.25
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.51 0.48 0.46 0.44 0.42
Sodium (Na), % 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17
Chloride, % 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.16 1.10 1.04 0.99 0.94
*Typical feed consumption in North America based on available data for the age.
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See also the
Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed ingredients.
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ
substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy content may have to be
adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher energy concentrations shown are
appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn
(maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4 mm. See
also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are insufficient
data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead,
use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
Tabl e 5. Less t han 80% egg pr oduc t i on; 56+ w eek s of age.
1
Recommended energy concentration:
2
1280-1300 kcal/lb, 2820-2870 kcal/kg, 11.80-12.00
MJ/kg
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 88 93 98* 103 108
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 19.4 20.5 21.6* 22.7 23.8
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.82 0.77 0.73 0.70 0.67
Methionine, % 0.38 0.36 0.34 0.33 0.31
Methionine + cystine, % 0.65 0.61 0.58 0.55 0.53
Threonine, % 0.57 0.54 0.51 0.49 0.47
Tryptophan, % 0.17 0.16 0.15 0.15 0.14
Arginine, % 0.88 0.83 0.79 0.75 0.71
Isoleucine, % 0.65 0.61 0.58 0.55 0.53
Valine, % 0.74 0.70 0.66 0.63 0.60
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 0.90 0.85 0.80 0.77 0.73
Methionine, % 0.41 0.39 0.37 0.35 0.34
Methionine + cystine, % 0.73 0.69 0.66 0.62 0.59
Threonine, % 0.67 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.55
Tryptophan, % 0.21 0.19 0.18 0.18 0.17
Arginine, % 0.94 0.89 0.84 0.80 0.77
Isoleucine, % 0.70 0.66 0.62 0.59 0.57
Valine, % 0.81 0.77 0.73 0.69 0.66
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 17.05 16.13 15.31 14.56 13.89
Calcium,
4
%
5.28 5.00 4.74 4.51 4.31
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.48 0.45 0.43 0.41 0.39
Sodium (Na), % 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.17
Chloride, % 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.17
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.14 1.08 1.02 0.97 0.93
*Typical feed consumption in North America based on available data for the age.
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See also the
Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed ingredients.
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ
substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy content may have to be
adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher energy concentrations shown are
appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn
(maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4 mm. See
also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are insufficient
data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead,
use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Suggest ed Nut r i t i on Pr ogr am f or Hy-Li ne W-36
Par ent St oc k
Jump to the sections for:
W-36 Parent Stock growing period nutritional recommendations.
W-36 Parent Stock laying period nutritional recommendations.
W-36 Parent Stock suggested nutrition program for laying period.
Download the combined W-36 Parent Stock performance and nutrition-
recommendations tables for easy printing (pdf, 1243 kb).
The following nutrition program is a suggest ed nutrition program. There are many
programs that work wellthe one shown below is only one of them and can be adapted
for individual farms taking into considerations local conditions and economic goals. It is
strongly recommended that a professional nutritionist be consulted to determine the
nutrition program that works best for the individual farm.
For the Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock, the following suggested diet program is used with
success worldwide and follows the principle of feeding for the observed feed intake and
desired production. Feeding according to this or a similar program ensures a high peak
egg production, an excellent persistence of lay, and many settable eggs. Note that the
diets should be formulated for the actual, observed feed intakes, which may be different
from the feed intakes shown in this example.
The first diet that is fed as the hens start laying eggs is critical to sustain body weight
gain and the high demands of egg production. Remember that even though the whole
flock's egg production is, say 50%, the hens that are laying eggs produce 1 egg per day
(corresponding to 100% egg production for the individual hen). Therefore, it is
recommended to start feeding a fairly concentrated diet (i.e., formulated for a relatively
low feed intake) to supply the needed energy and nutrients to meet the dietary demands
of the hens that are laying and then change to a less concentrated diet as soon as the
feed intake has increased.
Cont ent s
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Management
Management for Breeders
Lighting Program
Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Vitamins
Trace minerals

Hy-Line W-36
Hy-Line W-98
Hy-Line Brown
Hy-Line Silver Brown
Hy-Line Gray

Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock
Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent
Stock
Performance Standards
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Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
Development of feed intake with age and suggested diet phases
according to the above-mentioned nutrition program and the diet matrix shown in the text below.
Di et 1 (appr ox i mat el y 18 t o 25 w eek s of age)
Diet 1 is fed from start of lay at approximately 18 weeks of age. At this time, the feed
intake is relatively low, but rapidly increasing. Accordingly, the diet is formulated for a
relatively low feed intake of about 84 g/dayor as low as economically and practically
feasible (the exact feed-intake value should be determined by the local nutritionist and
depends in part on the individual farm and economics). The diet is fed until the observed
feed consumption reaches about 95 g/day, which typically occurs around 26 weeks of
age.
Because of the relatively low (but increasing) feed intake at this time, the diet should be
fairly concentrated, often necessitating relatively high inclusion levels of oil, digestible
amino acids, calcium, and available phosphorus. Because of the high nutrient density of
Diet 1, the diet appears expensive when compared on a price per 1000 kg basis.
However, the diet is only fed for a short time and only little of the diet is consumed
because of the relatively low feed intake during this time. Therefore, the actual cost of
feeding Diet 1 is low and, importantly, ensures adequate energy and nutrient intake to
ensure a high peak and prevents depletion of body reserves.
Note that the egg weight should be controlled earlier and more aggressively for the W-
36 Parent Stock than for the W-36 commercial. The nutrient recommendations for the
W-36 Parent Stock reflect this egg-weight control.
Di et 2 (appr ox i mat el y 26 t o 33 w eek s of age)
When the flock's feed intake has increased to about 95 g/day, Diet 1 can be
reformulated to take advantage of the now higher feed intake. Diet 2 should be
formulated to deliver the same kilocalories (or megajoules) of energy and milligrams or
grams of nutrients as Diet 1. That means that Diet 2 is less concentrated (because of
the higher feed intake) and, therefore, less expensive. The diet is fed until the feed
intake is 100 g/day.
Di et s 3, 4, 5, 6, et c . (appr ox i mat el y 33+ w eek s of age)
The next diet is formulated for a feed intake of about 100 g/day, which typically occurs
around 33 weeks of age, and is therefore slightly less concentrated than Diet 2. The
feed intake of the Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock does not change much after this time, so
subsequent diet changes are governed mainly by controlling egg weight, maintaining
eggshell quality, and reducing diet cost (the latter as the hens' energy and nutrient needs
decrease). That said, these diets should be reformulated to avoid under- or over-feeding
the hens if the feed intake changes.
Di et mat r i x
When diets are formulated to the aforementioned principles of observed feed intake and
desired production, a "diet matrix" can be constructed, illustrated in the table below. The
diets are formulated for age (or, more appropriately, hen-day egg production) and, within
each phase, for observed feed intake. With this set of diets, the farm manager can select
and order an appropriate feed from the feed mill every time a new load of feed is
needed. Each feed matches the feed intake and provides exactly the recommended
grams or milligrams of nutrients (i.e., birds are not under- or over-fed, which would
otherwise result in loss of profits). Note that not all of the diets are necessarily fed, but
are available if the hens' feed intake changes because of hot or cold weather or other
reasons. The number of diets also ensures that the differences among the diets are
relatively small, which helps avoid decreases in egg production that can otherwise occur
with abrupt diet changes.
Suggest ed di et mat r i x f or Hy -Li ne W-36 Par ent St oc k .
1,2
The matrix is
intended for a flock that normally consumes approximately 100 g feed per day post-
peak. In warmer climates, the normal postpeak feed intake may be closer to 95 g/day
and closer to 105 g/day in cooler climates in which case the matrix should be adjusted
accordingly.
Age
Obser ved f eed i nt ak e
2
84 g/day 95 g/day 100 g/day 105 g/day
18-32 weeks Diet 1 Diet 2
33-42 weeks Diet 3 Diet 4 Diet 5
43-53 weeks Diet 6 Diet 7 Diet 8
54+ weeks Diet 9 Diet 10 Diet 11
1
Note that, in most cases, only 5 diets are fed through the first lay cycle (i.e., the yellow highlighted Diets 1,
2, 4, 7, and 10) because once the feed intake has stabilized (typically at 100 g/day), it does not change
much. However, Diets 3, 6, and 9 as well as Diets 5, 8, and 11 are available from the feed mill in case the
feed intake decreases or increases, respectively.
2
The matrix should be adjusted according to actual feed intakes, which may differ from those shown.
The diet matrix shown above gives the farm manager 11 diets to choose from. However,
only 4 to 5 of those diets are used under normal conditions:
Diet 1 because of the relatively low feed intake and the importance of providing the
hen with adequate nutrition during this period;
Diet 2 because it is more economical to feed than Diet 1 once the feed intake has
increased; and
Diets 4, 7, and 10 to control egg weight and eggshell quality.
Diets 3, 6, and 9 as well as Diets 5, 8, and 11 may never need to be fed, but are available
from the feed mill in case the feed intake decreases or increases, respectively. These diets
may only have to be fed for a short time until the feed intake returns to the "normal" 100
g/day again.
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock

copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Performance Summary of the Hy-Line W-36 Parent
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Female Livability, 118 Weeks 96%
Female Livability, 1965 Weeks 96%
Male Livability, 118 Weeks 85%
Male Livability, 1965 Weeks 94%
Age at 50% Production 143 Days
Peak Percent Hen-Day Production (age) 91% (27 weeks)
Number of Hen-Day Eggs, 1960 Weeks 241
Number of Hen-Day Eggs, 1965 Weeks 268
Number of Hen-Housed Eggs, 1960 Weeks 236
Number of Hen-Housed Eggs, 1965 Weeks 262
Number of Settable Hen-Housed Eggs, 2560 Weeks 203
Number of Settable Hen-Housed Eggs, 2565 Weeks 228
Number of Female Chicks Produced, 2560 Weeks 87
Number of Female Chicks Produced, 2565 Weeks 97
Average Number of Female Chicks/Week, 2560 Weeks 2.4
Average Number of Female Chicks/Week, 2565 Weeks 2.4
Average Percent Hatchability, 2560 Weeks 86%
Average Percent Hatchability, 2565 Weeks 85%
Female Body Weight, 18 Weeks 1.20 kg (2.7 lb)
Female Body Weight, 65 Weeks (mature) 1.59 kg (3.5 lb)
Male Body Weight, 18 Weeks 1.56 kg (3.4 lb)
Male Body Weight, 65 Weeks (mature) 2.12 kg (4.7 lb)
Feed Consumption Per Bird Housed, 118 Weeks (cumulative) 5.85 kg (12.9 lb)
Feed Consumption Per Bird Housed, 1965 Weeks (average daily total of males and females) 100 g (0.22 lb)
Feed Consumption Per Dozen Eggs, 1965 Weeks 1.48 kg (3.3 lb)
Performance Standards2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock

copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Target Weights of Hy-Line W-36 Parent Pullets
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Growing Period
Body Weight
Age Female Male
Weeks g lb g lb
1 65 0.14 65 0.14
2 110 0.24 120 0.26
3 175 0.39 180 0.40
4 230 0.51 260 0.57
5 300 0.66 375 0.83
6 400 0.88 495 1.09
7 480 1.06 635 1.40
8 550 1.21 730 1.61
9 650 1.43 840 1.85
10 715 1.58 945 2.08
11 780 1.72 1040 2.29
12 860 1.90 1110 2.45
13 900 1.98 1200 2.65
14 970 2.14 1280 2.82
15 1030 2.27 1370 3.02
16 1100 2.43 1435 3.16
17 1170 2.58 1490 3.28
18 1200 2.65 1560 3.44
Performance Standards2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock

copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Growing Period Feed ConsumptionW-36 Parent
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Performance Standards2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Age
in
Weeks
g/day
per
bird
lb/day
per
100 birds
Cumulative Age
in
Weeks
g/day
per
bird
lb/day
per
100 birds
Cumulative
kg lb kg lb
19 84 18.5 0.59 1.3 43 102 22.5 17.00 37.5
20 86 19.0 1.19 2.6 44 102 22.5 17.72 39.1
21 86 19.0 1.79 4.0 45 102 22.5 18.43 40.6
22 90 19.8 2.42 5.3 46 102 22.5 19.15 42.2
23 91 20.1 3.06 6.7 47 102 22.5 19.86 43.8
24 95 20.9 3.72 8.2 48 102 22.5 20.57 45.4
25 95 20.9 4.39 9.7 49 102 22.5 21.29 46.9
26 95 20.9 5.05 11.1 50 102 22.5 22.00 48.5
27 95 20.9 5.72 12.6 51 103 22.7 22.72 50.1
28 100 22.0 6.42 14.2 52 103 22.7 23.44 51.7
29 100 22.0 7.12 15.7 53 103 22.7 24.16 53.3
30 100 22.0 7.82 17.2 54 103 22.7 24.89 54.9
31 100 22.0 8.52 18.8 55 103 22.7 25.61 56.5
32 100 22.0 9.22 20.3 56 103 22.7 26.33 58.1
33 100 22.0 9.92 21.9 57 103 22.7 27.05 59.6
34 101 22.3 10.63 23.4 58 103 22.7 27.77 61.2
35 101 22.3 11.33 25.0 59 104 22.9 28.50 62.8
36 101 22.3 12.04 26.5 60 104 22.9 29.23 64.4
37 101 22.3 12.75 28.1 61 104 22.9 29.95 66.0
38 101 22.3 13.45 29.7 62 104 22.9 30.68 67.7
39 101 22.3 14.16 31.2 63 105 23.1 31.42 69.3
40 101 22.3 14.87 32.8 64 105 23.1 32.15 70.9
41 101 22.3 15.58 34.3 65 105 23.1 32.89 72.5
42 102 22.5 16.29 35.9
Age
in
Weeks
g/day
per
bird
lb/day
per
100 birds
Cumulative Age
in
Weeks
g/day
per
bird
lb/day
per
100 birds
Cumulative
kg lb kg lb
1 13 2.9 0.09 0.2 10 51 11.2 2.41 5.3
2 16 3.5 0.20 0.4 11 53 11.7 2.78 6.1
3 19 4.2 0.34 0.7 12 54 11.9 3.16 7.0
4 29 6.4 0.54 1.2 13 56 12.3 3.55 7.8
5 38 8.4 0.81 1.8 14 57 12.6 3.95 8.7
6 41 9.0 1.09 2.4 15 59 13.0 4.36 9.6
7 43 9.5 1.39 3.1 16 64 14.1 4.81 10.6
8 46 10.1 1.72 3.8 17 71 15.7 5.31 11.7
9 48 10.6 2.05 4.5 18 78 17.2 5.85 12.9
Laying Period Feed ConsumptionW-36 Parent
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock

copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Water Consumption for Hy-Line W-36 Parent Pullets and Layers
Performance Standards2009
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
* Higher temperatures tend to elevate water consumption by 1.9 liters (0.5 gallons) per 100 birds.
Water Consumed per 100 Birds per Day
Chicks should consume 0.83 liters (0.22 gallons) per 100 birds on day one of age.
Age in Weeks Liters Gallons
1
0.81.1 0.200.30
2
1.11.9 0.300.50
3
1.72.7 0.450.70
4
2.53.8 0.651.00
5
3.44.7 0.901.25
6
4.55.7 1.201.50
7
5.76.8 1.501.80
8
6.18.0 1.602.10
9
6.49.5 1.702.50
1015
6.810.2 1.802.70
1620
7.215.2 1.904.00
2125*
9.918.2 2.604.80
Over 25*
15.220.8 4.005.50
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock

copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Age
in Weeks
%
Hen-Day
Female %
Mortality
Male %
Mortality
Number
Hen-Day Eggs
Number
Hen-Housed Eggs
Female
Body Weight
Average
Egg Weight*
%
Settable
Number Settable
Hen-Housed Eggs
%
Hatch
Number
Female Chicks
Curr. Cum. Cum. Curr. Cum. Curr. Cum kg lb g/egg Net lb/30
doz. case
Curr. Cum. Curr. Cum.
19 22 0.1 0.2 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.23 2.71 42.9 34.0
20 43 0.2 0.5 3.0 4.6 3.0 4.5 1.27 2.80 45.5 36.1
21 64 0.3 0.7 4.5 9.0 4.5 9.0 1.30 2.87 46.5 36.9
22 79 0.3 0.9 5.5 14.6 5.5 14.5 1.35 2.98 48.5 38.5
23 87 0.4 1.1 6.1 20.7 6.1 20.6 1.40 3.09 50.3 39.9
24 88 0.5 1.2 6.2 26.8 6.1 26.7 1.42 3.13 52.0 41.3
25 89 0.5 1.4 6.2 33.0 6.2 32.9 1.44 3.18 53.1 42.1 87 5.3 5.3 85 2.3 2.3
26 90 0.6 1.6 6.3 39.3 6.3 39.2 1.45 3.20 53.8 42.7 94 5.8 11.2 86 2.5 4.8
27 91 0.7 1.8 6.4 45.7 6.3 45.5 1.46 3.22 54.3 43.1 95 5.9 17.1 86 2.6 7.3
28 91 0.8 1.9 6.4 52.1 6.3 51.8 1.47 3.24 55.1 43.7 96 6.1 23.2 87 2.6 10.0
29 91 0.8 2.1 6.4 58.5 6.3 58.1 1.48 3.26 55.6 44.1 96 6.1 29.3 88 2.7 12.6
30 90 0.9 2.2 6.3 64.8 6.2 64.4 1.49 3.29 56.1 44.5 97 6.1 35.4 88 2.7 15.3
31 90 1.0 2.4 6.3 71.1 6.2 70.6 1.49 3.29 56.6 44.9 97 6.1 41.4 88 2.7 18.0
32 90 1.0 2.6 6.3 77.4 6.2 76.9 1.50 3.31 57.1 45.3 97 6.1 47.5 89 2.7 20.7
33 89 1.1 2.7 6.2 83.6 6.2 83.0 1.51 3.33 57.4 45.6 97 6.0 53.5 89 2.7 23.4
34 89 1.2 2.9 6.2 89.8 6.2 89.2 1.51 3.33 57.9 46.0 97 6.0 59.5 88 2.6 26.0
35 89 1.3 3.0 6.2 96.0 6.2 95.3 1.52 3.35 58.2 46.2 97 6.0 65.5 88 2.6 28.6
36 88 1.4 3.1 6.2 102.2 6.1 101.4 1.52 3.35 58.4 46.3 97 6.0 71.4 88 2.6 31.3
37 87 1.5 3.3 6.1 108.3 6.0 107.4 1.52 3.35 59.0 46.8 97 5.9 77.3 88 2.6 33.9
38 87 1.5 3.4 6.1 114.4 6.0 113.4 1.53 3.37 59.2 47.0 97 5.8 83.2 87 2.5 36.4
39 86 1.6 3.6 6.0 120.4 5.9 119.3 1.53 3.37 59.4 47.1 97 5.8 89.0 87 2.5 38.9
40 86 1.7 3.7 6.0 126.4 5.9 125.2 1.53 3.37 59.6 47.3 97 5.7 94.7 87 2.5 41.4
41 85 1.8 3.8 6.0 132.4 5.8 131.1 1.53 3.37 59.9 47.5 97 5.7 100.5 87 2.5 43.9
42 85 1.9 3.9 6.0 138.3 5.8 136.9 1.54 3.40 60.1 47.7 97 5.7 106.1 87 2.5 46.4
43 85 2.0 4.1 6.0 144.3 5.8 142.8 1.54 3.40 60.2 47.8 97 5.7 111.8 87 2.4 48.8
44 84 2.1 4.2 5.9 150.2 5.8 148.5 1.54 3.40 60.5 48.0 97 5.7 117.4 86 2.4 51.3
45 84 2.2 4.3 5.9 156.0 5.8 154.3 1.55 3.42 61.0 48.4 97 5.6 123.0 86 2.4 53.7
46 83 2.3 4.4 5.8 161.8 5.7 159.9 1.55 3.42 61.1 48.5 97 5.6 128.6 86 2.4 56.1
47 83 2.4 4.5 5.8 167.7 5.7 165.6 1.55 3.42 61.3 48.7 97 5.5 134.1 86 2.4 58.4
48 82 2.4 4.6 5.7 173.4 5.6 171.2 1.55 3.42 61.3 48.7 97 5.5 139.6 86 2.4 60.8
49 82 2.5 4.7 5.7 179.1 5.6 176.8 1.55 3.42 61.4 48.7 97 5.4 145.1 86 2.3 63.1
50 82 2.6 4.8 5.7 184.9 5.6 182.4 1.56 3.44 61.6 48.9 97 5.4 150.5 85 2.3 65.4
51 81 2.7 4.9 5.7 190.5 5.5 187.9 1.56 3.44 61.8 49.0 97 5.4 155.9 85 2.3 67.7
52 81 2.8 5.0 5.7 196.2 5.5 193.4 1.56 3.44 61.9 49.1 97 5.3 161.3 85 2.3 70.0
53 81 2.9 5.1 5.7 201.9 5.5 198.9 1.56 3.44 62.0 49.2 97 5.3 166.6 84 2.2 72.3
54 80 3.0 5.2 5.6 207.5 5.4 204.4 1.57 3.46 62.1 49.3 97 5.3 171.9 84 2.2 74.5
55 80 3.1 5.3 5.6 213.1 5.4 209.8 1.57 3.46 62.2 49.4 97 5.3 177.2 84 2.2 76.7
56 79 3.2 5.4 5.5 218.6 5.4 215.1 1.57 3.46 62.2 49.4 96 5.2 182.4 84 2.2 78.9
57 79 3.3 5.5 5.5 224.1 5.3 220.5 1.57 3.46 62.3 49.4 96 5.1 187.5 83 2.1 81.0
58 78 3.4 5.6 5.5 229.6 5.3 225.7 1.58 3.48 62.3 49.4 96 5.1 192.7 83 2.1 83.1
59 78 3.5 5.7 5.5 235.1 5.3 231.0 1.58 3.48 62.4 49.5 96 5.1 197.7 82 2.1 85.2
60 78 3.6 5.8 5.5 240.5 5.3 236.3 1.58 3.48 62.4 49.5 96 5.1 202.8 81 2.0 87.3
61 77 3.8 5.9 5.4 245.9 5.2 241.5 1.58 3.48 62.5 49.6 96 5.1 207.8 80 2.0 89.3
62 77 3.9 6.0 5.4 251.3 5.2 246.6 1.58 3.48 62.5 49.6 96 5.0 212.8 79 2.0 91.3
63 77 4.0 6.0 5.4 256.7 5.2 251.8 1.58 3.48 62.7 49.8 96 5.0 217.8 78 2.0 93.2
64 77 4.1 6.1 5.4 262.1 5.2 257.0 1.59 3.51 62.7 49.8 96 5.0 222.8 78 1.9 95.1
65 77 4.2 6.2 5.4 267.5 5.2 262.2 1.59 3.51 62.8 49.8 96 5.0 227.7 77 1.9 97.0
Hy-Line W-36 Parent Performance Projection
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Performance Standards2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock

copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial
ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and
disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Performance Standards2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock

copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Growing Period Nutritional RecommendationsW-36 Parent
1
Change diets at the recommended target body weightthe approximate age is a guide only.
2
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ substantially; in some cases, the recommended dietary energy
content may have to be adjusted accordingly (see Hy-Line Red Book for additional information).
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on digestible
amino acid basis instead.
4
Calcium should be supplied as a ne calcium carbonate source (mean particle size less than 2 mm).
5
Do not feed the pre-lay diet beyond the rst egg as it does not contain sufcient calcium to sustain egg production.
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Nutritional Recommendations2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Item
1
Starter 1 Starter 2 Grower Developer Pre-lay
5
Feed to a body weight of 175 g to 400 g to 860 g to 1170 g to 1230 g
Approximate age 03 weeks 46 weeks 712 weeks 1317 weeks 1819 weeks
Recommended concentration
2

Metabolizable energy, kcal/lb 13701410 13601400 13501390 13501390 13201340
Metabolizable energy, kcal/kg 30203110 30003085 29753065 29753065 29102955
Metabolizable energy, MJ /kg 12.6513.00 12.5512.90 12.4512.85 12.4512.85 12.2012.35
Minimum recommended concentration
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 1.07 0.88 0.79 0.72 0.78
Methionine, % 0.45 0.40 0.36 0.34 0.37
Methionine +cystine, % 0.71 0.66 0.60 0.57 0.64
Threonine, % 0.70 0.58 0.53 0.49 0.55
Tryptophan, % 0.18 0.15 0.14 0.14 0.16
Arginine, % 1.16 0.95 0.85 0.78 0.84
Isoleucine, % 0.75 0.63 0.58 0.54 0.62
Valine, % 0.77 0.65 0.62 0.58 0.66
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 1.17 0.96 0.86 0.79 0.85
Methionine, % 0.48 0.43 0.39 0.36 0.39
Methionine +cystine, % 0.80 0.74 0.68 0.64 0.72
Threonine, % 0.82 0.68 0.62 0.58 0.64
Tryptophan, % 0.22 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.19
Arginine, % 1.24 1.02 0.92 0.84 0.91
Isoleucine, % 0.81 0.68 0.63 0.58 0.67
Valine, % 0.85 0.72 0.68 0.64 0.73
Crude protein (nitrogen 6.25),
3
% 20.00 18.00 16.00 15.50 17.50
Calcium,
4
% 1.10 1.10 1.10 1.40 2.50
Phosphorus (available), % 0.50 0.49 0.47 0.46 0.50
Sodium, % 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18
Chloride, % 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.50
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock

copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Item
1
Peaking
Above 90% to 84%
egg production
83 to 80%
egg production
Less than 80%
egg production
Point of lay to 32 weeks 3344 weeks 4555 weeks 56+weeks
Recommended concentration
2

Metabolizable energy, kcal/lb 12801300 12801300 12801300 12801300
Metabolizable energy, kcal/kg 28202870 28202870 28202870 28202870
Metabolizable energy, MJ /kg 11.8012.00 11.8012.00 11.8012.00 11.8012.00
Minimum recommended concentration
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, mg/day 810 775 740 720
Methionine, mg/day 397 380 363 338
Methionine +cystine, mg/day 656 636 599 569
Threonine, mg/day 567 543 518 504
Tryptophan, mg/day 170 163 155 151
Arginine, mg/day 867 829 792 770
Isoleucine, mg/day 640 612 585 569
Valine, mg/day 729 698 666 648
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, mg/day 887 849 810 788
Methionine, mg/day 427 408 390 364
Methionine +cystine, mg/day 740 717 676 642
Threonine, mg/day 667 638 609 593
Tryptophan, mg/day 203 195 186 181
Arginine, mg/day 932 892 851 828
Isoleucine, mg/day 688 658 629 612
Valine, mg/day 804 769 735 715
Crude protein (nitrogen 6.25),
3
g/day 16.00 15.50 15.25 15.00
Calcium,
4
g/day 4.20 4.25 4.50 4.65
Phosphorus (available), mg/day 485 475 440 420
Sodium, mg/day 180 180 180 180
Chloride, mg/day 180 180 180 180
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), g/day 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Choline, mg/day 100 100 100 100
Laying Period Nutritional RecommendationsW-36 Parent
1
Consumption of crude protein, methionine +cystine, fat, linoleic acid, and/or energy may be changed to optimize egg size.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown in the Hy-Line Red Book. Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed
ingredients of the same name can differ substantially; in some cases, the recommended dietary energy content may have to be adjusted accordingly (see Hy-Line Red
Book for additional information).
3
Total amino acids are only appropriate with a corn and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on digestible amino acid basis if a substantial amount of other
protein-supplying ingredients are used.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 24 mm.
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Nutritional Recommendations2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock

copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Item
1
Peaking
Above 90% to 84%
egg production
83 to 80%
egg production
Less than 80%
egg production
Point of lay to 32 weeks 3344 weeks 4555 weeks 56+weeks
Recommended concentration
2

Metabolizable energy, kcal/lb 12801300 12801300 12801300 12801300
Metabolizable energy, kcal/kg 28202870 28202870 28202870 28202870
Metabolizable energy, MJ /kg 11.8012.00 11.8012.00 11.8012.00 11.8012.00
Feed consumption
g/day per hen 81 86 91* 96 101 84 89 94* 99 104 86 91 96* 101 106 88 93 98* 103 108
lb/day per 100 hens 17.9 19.0 20.1* 21.2 22.3 18.5 19.6 20.7* 21.8 22.9 19.0 20.1 21.2* 22.3 23.4 19.4 20.5 21.6* 22.7 23.8
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 1.00 0.94 0.89 0.84 0.80 0.92 0.87 0.82 0.78 0.75 0.86 0.81 0.77 0.73 0.70 0.82 0.77 0.73 0.70 0.67
Methionine, % 0.49 0.46 0.44 0.41 0.39 0.45 0.43 0.40 0.38 0.37 0.42 0.40 0.38 0.36 0.34 0.38 0.36 0.34 0.33 0.31
Methionine +cystine, % 0.81 0.76 0.72 0.68 0.65 0.76 0.71 0.68 0.64 0.61 0.70 0.66 0.62 0.59 0.57 0.65 0.61 0.58 0.55 0.53
Threonine, % 0.70 0.66 0.62 0.59 0.56 0.65 0.61 0.58 0.55 0.52 0.60 0.57 0.54 0.51 0.49 0.57 0.54 0.51 0.49 0.47
Tryptophan, % 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.15 0.15 0.17 0.16 0.15 0.15 0.14
Arginine, % 1.07 1.01 0.95 0.90 0.86 0.99 0.93 0.88 0.84 0.80 0.92 0.87 0.83 0.78 0.75 0.88 0.83 0.79 0.75 0.71
Isoleucine, % 0.79 0.74 0.70 0.67 0.63 0.73 0.69 0.65 0.62 0.59 0.68 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.55 0.65 0.61 0.58 0.55 0.53
Valine, % 0.90 0.85 0.80 0.76 0.72 0.83 0.78 0.74 0.71 0.67 0.77 0.73 0.69 0.66 0.63 0.74 0.70 0.66 0.63 0.60
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 1.10 1.03 0.97 0.92 0.88 1.01 0.95 0.90 0.86 0.82 0.94 0.89 0.84 0.80 0.76 0.90 0.85 0.80 0.77 0.73
Methionine, % 0.53 0.50 0.47 0.44 0.42 0.49 0.46 0.43 0.41 0.39 0.45 0.43 0.41 0.39 0.37 0.41 0.39 0.37 0.35 0.34
Methionine +cystine, % 0.91 0.86 0.81 0.77 0.73 0.85 0.81 0.76 0.72 0.69 0.79 0.74 0.70 0.67 0.64 0.73 0.69 0.66 0.62 0.59
Threonine, % 0.82 0.78 0.73 0.69 0.66 0.76 0.72 0.68 0.64 0.61 0.71 0.67 0.63 0.60 0.57 0.67 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.55
Tryptophan, % 0.25 0.24 0.22 0.21 0.20 0.23 0.22 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.22 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.18 0.21 0.19 0.18 0.18 0.17
Arginine, % 1.15 1.08 1.02 0.97 0.92 1.06 1.00 0.95 0.90 0.86 0.99 0.94 0.89 0.84 0.80 0.94 0.89 0.84 0.80 0.77
Isoleucine, % 0.85 0.80 0.76 0.72 0.68 0.78 0.74 0.70 0.66 0.63 0.73 0.69 0.66 0.62 0.59 0.70 0.66 0.62 0.59 0.57
Valine, % 0.99 0.93 0.88 0.84 0.80 0.92 0.86 0.82 0.78 0.74 0.85 0.81 0.77 0.73 0.69 0.81 0.77 0.73 0.69 0.66
Crude protein
(nitrogen 6.25),
3
%
19.75 18.60 17.58 16.67 15.84 18.45 17.42 16.49 15.66 14.90 17.73 16.76 15.89 15.10 14.39 17.05 16.13 15.31 14.56 13.89
Calcium,
4
% 5.19 4.88 4.62 4.38 4.16 5.06 4.78 4.52 4.29 4.09 5.23 4.95 4.69 4.46 4.25 5.28 5.00 4.74 4.51 4.31
Phosphorus (available),
5
% 0.60 0.56 0.53 0.51 0.48 0.57 0.53 0.51 0.48 0.46 0.51 0.48 0.46 0.44 0.42 0.48 0.45 0.43 0.41 0.39
Sodium, % 0.22 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.17
Chloride, % 0.22 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.17
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.23 1.16 1.10 1.04 0.99 1.19 1.12 1.06 1.01 0.96 1.16 1.10 1.04 0.99 0.94 1.14 1.08 1.02 0.97 0.93
*Typical feed consumption for the age based on available data.
Laying Period Nutritional RecommendationsW-36 Parent
1
Consumption of crude protein, methionine +cystine, fat, linoleic acid, and/or energy may be changed to optimize egg size.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown in the Hy-Line Red Book. Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed
ingredients of the same name can differ substantially; in some cases, the recommended dietary energy content may have to be adjusted accordingly (see Hy-Line Red
Book for additional information).
3
Total amino acids are only appropriate with a corn and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on digestible amino acid basis if a substantial amount of other
protein-supplying ingredients are used.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 24 mm.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phosphorus. However, there are insufcient data available to make recommendations about a minimum
dietary digettible-phosphorus content for Hy-Line birds. Instead, use the available-phosphorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed
ingredients shown in the Hy-Line Red Book.
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Nutritional Recommendations2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Nut r i t i on Rec ommendat i ons f or Hy-Li ne W-98
Par ent St oc k
Jump to the sections for:
W-98 Parent Stock growing period nutritional recommendations.
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W-98 Par ent St oc k gr ow i ng per i od nut r i t i onal r ec ommendat i ons
The table below shows the growing-period nutritional recommendations. See also the
Feeding the Pullet section for information of how to implement the growing-period
recommendations. The sections on Monitoring Body Weight and Body Weight Uniformity
are also of importance as is the general sections for breeders.
Hy -Li ne W-98 Par ent St oc k gr ow i ng per i od nut r i t i onal
r ec ommendat i ons.
I t em
1
St ar t er
1
St ar t er
2
Gr ow er Devel oper
Pr e-
l ay
6
Feed to a body weight of,
grams
175 400 895 1150 1330
Approximate age, weeks 0-3 4-6 7-12 13-17 18-19
Rec ommended c onc ent r at i on
2
Metabolizable energy,
kcal/lb
1370-1410 1360-1400 1350-1390 1350-1390 1320-
1340
Metabolizable energy,
kcal/kg
3020-3110 3000-3085 2975-3065 2975-3065 2910-
2955
Metabolizable energy,
MJ/kg
12.65-
13.00
12.55-
12.90
12.45-
12.85
12.45-12.85 12.20-
12.35
Mi ni mum r ec ommended c onc ent r at i on
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 1.07 0.88 0.79 0.72 0.78
Methionine, % 0.45 0.40 0.36 0.34 0.37
Methionine + cystine, % 0.71 0.66 0.60 0.57 0.64
Threonine, % 0.70 0.58 0.53 0.49 0.55
Tryptophan, % 0.18 0.15 0.14 0.14 0.16
Cont ent s
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Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
Arginine, % 1.16 0.95 0.85 0.78 0.84
Isoleucine, % 0.75 0.63 0.58 0.54 0.62
Valine, % 0.77 0.65 0.62 0.58 0.66
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 1.17 0.96 0.86 0.79 0.85
Methionine, % 0.48 0.43 0.39 0.36 0.39
Methionine + cystine, % 0.80 0.74 0.68 0.64 0.72
Threonine, % 0.82 0.68 0.62 0.58 0.64
Tryptophan, % 0.22 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.19
Arginine, % 1.24 1.02 0.92 0.84 0.91
Isoleucine, % 0.81 0.68 0.63 0.58 0.67
Valine, % 0.85 0.72 0.68 0.64 0.73
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 20.0 18.0 16.0 15.5 17.5
Calcium,
4
%
1.1 1.1 1.1 1.4 2.5
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.50 0.49 0.47 0.46 0.50
Sodium (Na), % 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18
Chloride, % 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.5
1
Change diet at the recommended target body weightthe approximate age is a guide only.
2
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ
substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy content may have to be
adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section).
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn
(maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Calcium should be supplied as a fine calcium carbonate source (mean particle size less than 2 mm). It can
be supplied as a 50:50 mix of fine and coarse (mean diameter 2-4 mm) in the pre-lay diet. See also
information about the pre-lay diet in the Feeding the Pullet section).
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are insufficient
data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead,
use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
6
Do not feed the pre-lay diet beyond the first egg as this diet does not contain sufficient calcium to sustain
egg production.
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Nut r i t i on Rec ommendat i ons f or Hy-Li ne W-98
Par ent St oc k
Jump to the sections for:
W-98 Parent Stock growing period nutritional recommendations.
W-98 Parent Stock laying period nutritional recommendations.
W-98 Parent Stock suggested nutrition program for laying period.
Download the combined W-98 Parent Stock performance and nutrition-
recommendations tables for easy printing (pdf, 1243 kb).
W-98 Par ent St oc k l ayi ng per i od nut r i t i onal r ec ommendat i ons
The nutrient recommendations are based on supplying a given amount (in grams or
milligrams) of nutrients per day (Table 1). To convert these absolute values into a
percentage of the diet, one must know the feed intake (Tables 2 to 5) in order to
formulate the laying-hen diets according to the observed feed intake to ensure the daily
consumption of the recommended grams or milligrams of nutrients. See also the Feeding
the Laying Hen and the Suggested Nutrition Program sections for information of how to
implement the laying-period recommendations.
Tabl e 1. Hy -Li ne W-98 Par ent St oc k l ayi ng per i od nut r i t i onal
r ec ommendat i ons.
I t em
1 Peak i ng Above 90% t o
86% egg
pr oduc t i on
85 -79% egg
pr oduc t i on
Less t han 79%
egg pr oduc t i on
Approximate
age, weeks
Point-of-
lay to 32
33-44 45-55 56+
Rec ommended c onc ent r at i on
2
Metabolizable
energy, kcal/lb
1290-
1325
1290-1325 1280-1325 1270-1290
Metabolizable
energy, kcal/kg
2845-
2920
2845-2920 2820-2920 2800-2845
Metabolizable
energy, MJ/kg
11.90-
12.25
11.90-12.25 11.80-12.25 11.70-11.90
Mi ni mum r ec ommended c onsumpt i on
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, mg/day 820 785 730 715
Methionine,
mg/day
361 345 321 300
Methionine + 599 573 533 493
Cont ent s
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Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
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Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
cystine, mg/day
Threonine,
mg/day
574 550 511 501
Tryptophan,
mg/day
172 165 153 150
Arginine, mg/day 877 840 781 765
Isoleucine,
mg/day
648 620 577 565
Valine, mg/day 738 707 657 644
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, mg/day 898 859 799 783
Methionine,
mg/day
388 371 345 323
Methionine +
cystine, mg/day
675 646 601 556
Threonine,
mg/day
675 646 601 589
Tryptophan,
mg/day
206 197 183 179
Arginine, mg/day 943 903 840 823
Isoleucine,
mg/day
697 667 620 607
Valine, mg/day 814 779 725 710
Crude protein (N
6.25),
3
g/day 16.50 16.00 15.50 15.00
Calcium,
4
g/day
4.00 4.25 4.40 4.50
Phosphorus
(available),
5
mg/day
500 450 400 350
Sodium (Na),
mg/day
180 180 180 180
Chloride, mg/day 180 180 180 180
Linoleic acid
(C18:2 n-6),
g/day
1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Choline, mg/day 100 100 100 100
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See also the
Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed ingredients.
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ
substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy content may have to be
adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher energy concentrations shown are
appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn
(maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4 mm. See
also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are insufficient
data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead,
use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
Tabl e 2. Peak i ng; poi nt -of -l ay t o 32 w eek s of age.
1
Recommended energy concentration:
2
1290-1325 kcal/lb, 2845-2920 kcal/kg, 11.90-12.25
MJ/kg
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 85 90 95* 100 105
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 18.7 19.8 20.9* 22.1 23.2
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.96 0.91 0.86 0.82 0.78
Methionine, % 0.42 0.40 0.38 0.36 0.34
Methionine + cystine, % 0.70 0.67 0.63 0.60 0.57
Threonine, % 0.68 0.64 0.60 0.57 0.55
Tryptophan, % 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16
Arginine, % 1.03 0.97 0.92 0.88 0.84
Isoleucine, % 0.76 0.72 0.68 0.65 0.62
Valine, % 0.87 0.82 0.78 0.74 0.70
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 1.06 1.00 0.95 0.90 0.86
Methionine, % 0.46 0.43 0.41 0.39 0.37
Methionine + cystine, % 0.79 0.75 0.71 0.68 0.64
Threonine, % 0.79 0.75 0.71 0.68 0.64
Tryptophan, % 0.24 0.23 0.22 0.21 0.20
Arginine, % 1.11 1.05 0.99 0.94 0.90
Isoleucine, % 0.82 0.77 0.73 0.70 0.66
Valine, % 0.96 0.90 0.86 0.81 0.78
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 19.41 18.33 17.37 16.50 15.71
Calcium,
4
%
4.71 4.44 4.21 4.00 3.81
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.59 0.56 0.53 0.50 0.48
Sodium (Na), % 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17
Chloride, % 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.18 1.11 1.05 1.00 0.95
*Typical feed consumption in North America based on available data for the age.
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See also the
Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed ingredients.
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ
substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy content may have to be
adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher energy concentrations shown are
appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn
(maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4 mm. See
also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are insufficient
data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead,
use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
Tabl e 3. Above 90% t o 86% egg pr oduc t i on; 33 -44 w eek s of age.
1
Recommended energy concentration:
2
1290-1325 kcal/lb, 2845-2920 kcal/kg, 11.90-12.25
MJ/kg
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 91 96 101* 106 111
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 20.1 21.2 22.3* 23.4 24.5
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.86 0.82 0.78 0.74 0.71
Methionine, % 0.38 0.36 0.34 0.33 0.31
Methionine + cystine, % 0.63 0.60 0.57 0.54 0.52
Threonine, % 0.60 0.57 0.54 0.52 0.50
Tryptophan, % 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15
Arginine, % 0.92 0.88 0.83 0.79 0.76
Isoleucine, % 0.68 0.65 0.61 0.58 0.56
Valine, % 0.78 0.74 0.70 0.67 0.64
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 0.94 0.89 0.85 0.81 0.77
Methionine, % 0.41 0.39 0.37 0.35 0.33
Methionine + cystine, % 0.71 0.67 0.64 0.61 0.58
Threonine, % 0.71 0.67 0.64 0.61 0.58
Tryptophan, % 0.22 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18
Arginine, % 0.99 0.94 0.89 0.85 0.81
Isoleucine, % 0.73 0.69 0.66 0.63 0.60
Valine, % 0.86 0.81 0.77 0.73 0.70
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 17.58 16.67 15.84 15.09 14.41
Calcium,
4
%
4.67 4.43 4.21 4.01 3.83
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.49 0.47 0.45 0.42 0.41
Sodium (Na), % 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16
Chloride, % 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.10 1.04 0.99 0.94 0.90
*Typical feed consumption in North America based on available data for the age.
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See also the
Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed ingredients.
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ
substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy content may have to be
adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher energy concentrations shown are
appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn
(maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4 mm. See
also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are insufficient
data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead,
use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
Tabl e 4. 85 -79% egg pr oduc t i on; 45 -55 w eek s of age.
1
Recommended energy concentration:
2
1280-1325 kcal/lb, 2820-2920 kcal/kg, 11.80-12.25
MJ/kg
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 94 99 104* 109 114
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 20.7 21.8 22.9* 24.0 25.1
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.78 0.74 0.70 0.67 0.64
Methionine, % 0.34 0.32 0.31 0.29 0.28
Methionine + cystine, % 0.57 0.54 0.51 0.49 0.47
Threonine, % 0.54 0.52 0.49 0.47 0.45
Tryptophan, % 0.16 0.15 0.15 0.14 0.13
Arginine, % 0.83 0.79 0.75 0.72 0.69
Isoleucine, % 0.61 0.58 0.55 0.53 0.51
Valine, % 0.70 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.58
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 0.85 0.81 0.77 0.73 0.70
Methionine, % 0.37 0.35 0.33 0.32 0.30
Methionine + cystine, % 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.55 0.53
Threonine, % 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.55 0.53
Tryptophan, % 0.19 0.18 0.18 0.17 0.16
Arginine, % 0.89 0.85 0.81 0.77 0.74
Isoleucine, % 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.57 0.54
Valine, % 0.77 0.73 0.70 0.67 0.64
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 16.49 15.66 14.90 14.22 13.60
Calcium,
4
%
4.68 4.44 4.23 4.04 3.86
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.43 0.40 0.38 0.37 0.35
Sodium (Na), % 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.17 0.16
Chloride, % 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.17 0.16
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.06 1.01 0.96 0.92 0.88
*Typical feed consumption in North America based on available data for the age.
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See also the
Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed ingredients.
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ
substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy content may have to be
adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher energy concentrations shown are
appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn
(maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4 mm. See
also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are insufficient
data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead,
use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
Tabl e 5. Less t han 79% egg pr oduc t i on; 56+ w eek s of age.
1
Recommended energy concentration:
2
1270-1290 kcal/lb, 2800-2845 kcal/kg, 11.70-11.90
MJ/kg
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 96 101 106* 111 116
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 21.2 22.3 23.4* 24.5 25.6
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.74 0.71 0.67 0.64 0.62
Methionine, % 0.31 0.30 0.28 0.27 0.26
Methionine + cystine, % 0.51 0.49 0.47 0.44 0.43
Threonine, % 0.52 0.50 0.47 0.45 0.43
Tryptophan, % 0.16 0.15 0.14 0.14 0.13
Arginine, % 0.80 0.76 0.72 0.69 0.66
Isoleucine, % 0.59 0.56 0.53 0.51 0.49
Valine, % 0.67 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.56
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 0.82 0.78 0.74 0.71 0.68
Methionine, % 0.34 0.32 0.30 0.29 0.28
Methionine + cystine, % 0.58 0.55 0.52 0.50 0.48
Threonine, % 0.61 0.58 0.56 0.53 0.51
Tryptophan, % 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.15
Arginine, % 0.86 0.81 0.78 0.74 0.71
Isoleucine, % 0.63 0.60 0.57 0.55 0.52
Valine, % 0.74 0.70 0.67 0.64 0.61
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 15.63 14.85 14.15 13.51 12.93
Calcium,
4
%
4.69 4.46 4.25 4.05 3.88
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.36 0.35 0.33 0.32 0.30
Sodium (Na), % 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16
Chloride, % 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.04 0.99 0.94 0.90 0.86
*Typical feed consumption in North America based on available data for the age.
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See also the
Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed ingredients.
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ
substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy content may have to be
adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher energy concentrations shown are
appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn
(maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4 mm. See
also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are insufficient
data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead,
use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Suggest ed Nut r i t i on Pr ogr am f or Hy-Li ne W-98
Par ent St oc k
Jump to the sections for:
W-98 Parent Stock growing period nutritional recommendations.
W-98 Parent Stock laying period nutritional recommendations.
W-98 Parent Stock suggested nutrition program for laying period.
Download the combined W-98 Parent Stock performance and nutrition-
recommendations tables for easy printing (pdf, 1243 kb).
The following nutrition program is a suggest ed nutrition program. There are many
programs that work wellthe one shown below is only one of them and can be adapted
for individual farms taking into considerations local conditions and economic goals. It is
strongly recommended that a professional nutritionist be consulted to determine the
nutrition program that works best for the individual farm.
For the Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock, the following suggested diet program is used with
success worldwide and follows the principle of feeding for the observed feed intake and
desired production. Feeding according to this or a similar program ensures a high peak
egg production, an excellent persistence of lay, and many settable eggs. Note that the
diets should be formulated for the actual, observed feed intakes, which may be different
from the feed intakes shown in this example.
The first diet that is fed as the hens start laying eggs is critical to sustain body weight
gain and the high demands of egg production. Remember that even though the whole
flock's egg production is, say 50%, the hens that are laying eggs produce 1 egg per day
(corresponding to 100% egg production for the individual hen). Therefore, it is
recommended to start feeding a fairly concentrated diet (i.e., formulated for a relatively
low feed intake) to supply the needed energy and nutrients to meet the dietary demands
of the hens that are laying and then change to a less concentrated diet as soon as the
feed intake has increased.
Cont ent s
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Management
Management for Breeders
Lighting Program
Health
General Nutrition
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Vitamins
Trace minerals

Hy-Line W-36
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Hy-Line Gray

Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock
Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent
Stock
Performance Standards
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
Development of feed intake with age and suggested diet phases
according to the above-mentioned nutrition program and the diet matrix shown in the text below.
Di et 1 (appr ox i mat el y 18 t o 25 w eek s of age)
Diet 1 is fed from start of lay at approximately 18 weeks of age. At this time, the feed
intake is relatively low, but rapidly increasing. Accordingly, the diet is formulated for a
relatively low feed intake of about 87 g/dayor as low as economically and practically
feasible (the exact feed-intake value should be determined by the local nutritionist and
depends in part on the individual farm and economics). The diet is fed until the observed
feed consumption reaches about 100 g/day, which typically occurs around 25 weeks of
age.
Because of the relatively low (but increasing) feed intake at this time, the diet should be
fairly concentrated, often necessitating relatively high inclusion levels of oil, digestible
amino acids, calcium, and available phosphorus. Because of the high nutrient density of
Diet 1, the diet appears expensive when compared on a price per 1000 kg basis.
However, the diet is only fed for a short time and only little of the diet is consumed
because of the relatively low feed intake during this time. Therefore, the actual cost of
feeding Diet 1 is low and, importantly, ensures adequate energy and nutrient intake to
ensure a high peak and prevents depletion of body reserves.
Di et 2 (appr ox i mat el y 25 t o 34 w eek s of age)
When the flock's feed intake has increased to about 100 g/day, Diet 1 can be
reformulated to take advantage of the now higher feed intake. Diet 2 should be
formulated to deliver the same kilocalories (or megajoules) of energy and milligrams or
grams of nutrients as Diet 1. That means that Diet 2 is less concentrated (because of
the higher feed intake) and, therefore, less expensive. The diet is fed until the feed
intake is 105 g/day.
Di et s 3, 4, 5, 6, et c . (appr ox i mat el y 34+ w eek s of age)
The next diet is formulated for a feed intake of about 105 g/day, which typically occurs
around 34 weeks of age, and is therefore slightly less concentrated than Diet 2. The
feed intake of the Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock does not change much after this time, so
subsequent diet changes are governed mainly by controlling egg weight, maintaining
eggshell quality, and reducing diet cost (the latter as the hens' energy and nutrient needs
decrease). That said, these diets should be reformulated to avoid under- or over-feeding
the hens if the feed intake changes.
Di et mat r i x
When diets are formulated to the aforementioned principles of observed feed intake and
desired production, a "diet matrix" can be constructed, illustrated in the table below. The
diets are formulated for age (or, more appropriately, hen-day egg production) and, within
each phase, for observed feed intake. With this set of diets, the farm manager can select
and order an appropriate feed from the feed mill every time a new load of feed is
needed. Each feed matches the feed intake and provides exactly the recommended
grams or milligrams of nutrients (i.e., birds are not under- or over-fed, which would
otherwise result in loss of profits). Note that not all of the diets are necessarily fed, but
are available if the hens' feed intake changes because of hot or cold weather or other
reasons. The number of diets also ensures that the differences among the diets are
relatively small, which helps avoid decreases in egg production that can otherwise occur
with abrupt diet changes.
Suggest ed di et mat r i x f or Hy -Li ne W-98 Par ent St oc k .
1,2
The matrix is
intended for a flock that normally consumes approximately 105 g feed per day post-
peak. In warmer climates, the normal postpeak feed intake may be closer to 100 g/day
and closer to 110 g/day in cooler climates in which case the matrix should be adjusted
accordingly.
Age
Obser ved f eed i nt ak e
2
87 g/day 100 g/day 105 g/day 110 g/day
18-32 weeks Diet 1 Diet 2
33-42 weeks Diet 3 Diet 4 Diet 5
43-53 weeks Diet 6 Diet 7 Diet 8
54+ weeks Diet 9 Diet 10 Diet 11
1
Note that, in most cases, only 5 diets are fed through the first lay cycle (i.e., the yellow highlighted Diets 1,
2, 4, 7, and 10) because once the feed intake has stabilized (typically at 105 g/day), it does not change
much. However, Diets 3, 6, and 9 as well as Diets 5, 8, and 11 are available from the feed mill in case the
feed intake decreases or increases, respectively.
2
The matrix should be adjusted according to actual feed intakes, which may differ from those shown.
The diet matrix shown above gives the farm manager 11 diets to choose from. However,
only 4 to 5 of those diets are used under normal conditions:
Diet 1 because of the relatively low feed intake and the importance of providing the
hen with adequate nutrition during this period;
Diet 2 because it is more economical to feed than Diet 1 once the feed intake has
increased; and
Diets 4, 7, and 10 to control egg weight and eggshell quality.
Diets 3, 6, and 9 as well as Diets 5, 8, and 11 may never need to be fed, but are available
from the feed mill in case the feed intake decreases or increases, respectively. These diets
may only have to be fed for a short time until the feed intake returns to the "normal" 105
g/day again.
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock

copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Performance Summary of the Hy-Line W-98 Parent
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Female Livability, 118 Weeks 96%
Female Livability, 1965 Weeks 94%
Male Livability, 118 Weeks 83%
Male Livability, 1965 Weeks 90%
Age at 50% Production 141 Days
Peak Percent Hen-Day Production (age) 92% (26 weeks)
Number of Hen-Day Eggs, 1960 Weeks 242
Number of Hen-Day Eggs, 1965 Weeks 269
Number of Hen-Housed Eggs, 1960 Weeks 236
Number of Hen-Housed Eggs, 1965 Weeks 261
Number of Settable Hen-Housed Eggs, 2460 Weeks 206
Number of Settable Hen-Housed Eggs, 2465 Weeks 229
Number of Female Chicks Produced, 2460 Weeks 90
Number of Female Chicks Produced, 2465 Weeks 99
Average Number of Female Chicks/Week, 2460 Weeks 2.4
Average Number of Female Chicks/Week, 2465 Weeks 2.4
Average Percent Hatchability, 2460 Weeks 87%
Average Percent Hatchability, 2465 Weeks 86%
Female Body Weight, 18 Weeks 1.21 kg (2.7 lb)
Female Body Weight, 65 Weeks (mature) 1.64 kg (3.6 lb)
Male Body Weight, 18 Weeks 1.48 kg (3.3 lb)
Male Body Weight, 65 Weeks (mature) 2.20 kg (4.9 lb)
Feed Consumption Per Bird Housed, 118 Weeks (cumulative) 6.26 kg (13.8 lb)
Feed Consumption Per Bird Housed, 1965 Weeks (average daily total of males and females) 105 g (0.23 lb)
Feed Consumption Per Dozen Eggs, 1965 Weeks 1.56 kg (3.4 lb)
Performance Standards2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock

copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Target Weights of Hy-Line W-98 Parent Pullets
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Growing Period
Body Weight
Age Female Male
Weeks g lb g lb
1 65 0.14 60 0.13
2 110 0.24 120 0.26
3 175 0.39 180 0.40
4 240 0.53 260 0.57
5 310 0.68 380 0.84
6 400 0.88 490 1.08
7 485 1.07 625 1.38
8 570 1.26 730 1.61
9 630 1.39 830 1.83
10 730 1.61 960 2.12
11 820 1.81 1050 2.32
12 895 1.97 1110 2.45
13 965 2.13 1190 2.62
14 1030 2.27 1250 2.76
15 1080 2.38 1320 2.91
16 1110 2.45 1380 3.04
17 1150 2.54 1420 3.13
18 1210 2.67 1480 3.26
Performance Standards2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock

copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Growing Period Feed ConsumptionW-98 Parent
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Performance Standards2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Laying Period Feed ConsumptionW-98 Parent
Age
in
Weeks
g/day
per
bird
lb/day
per
100 birds
Cumulative Age
in
Weeks
g/day
per
bird
lb/day
per
100 birds
Cumulative
kg lb kg lb
19 80 17.6 0.56 1.2 43 107 23.6 17.61 38.8
20 84 18.5 1.15 2.5 44 107 23.6 18.35 40.5
21 86 19.0 1.75 3.9 45 107 23.6 19.10 42.1
22 90 19.8 2.38 5.2 46 107 23.6 19.85 43.8
23 92 20.3 3.02 6.7 47 108 23.8 20.61 45.4
24 96 21.2 3.70 8.1 48 108 23.8 21.36 47.1
25 100 22.0 4.40 9.7 49 108 23.8 22.12 48.8
26 102 22.5 5.11 11.3 50 108 23.8 22.88 50.4
27 102 22.5 5.82 12.8 51 108 23.8 23.63 52.1
28 103 22.7 6.55 14.4 52 109 24.0 24.40 53.8
29 103 22.7 7.27 16.0 53 109 24.0 25.16 55.5
30 104 22.9 7.99 17.6 54 109 24.0 25.92 57.2
31 104 22.9 8.72 19.2 55 109 24.0 26.68 58.8
32 104 22.9 9.45 20.8 56 109 24.0 27.45 60.5
33 105 23.1 10.19 22.5 57 110 24.3 28.22 62.2
34 105 23.1 10.92 24.1 58 110 24.3 28.99 63.9
35 105 23.1 11.66 25.7 59 110 24.3 29.76 65.6
36 106 23.4 12.40 27.3 60 110 24.3 30.53 67.3
37 106 23.4 13.14 29.0 61 110 24.3 31.30 69.0
38 106 23.4 13.88 30.6 62 110 24.3 32.07 70.7
39 106 23.4 14.62 32.2 63 111 24.5 32.84 72.4
40 106 23.4 15.37 33.9 64 111 24.5 33.62 74.1
41 106 23.4 16.11 35.5 65 111 24.5 34.40 75.8
42 107 23.6 16.86 37.2
Age
in
Weeks
g/day
per
bird
lb/day
per
100 birds
Cumulative Age
in
Weeks
g/day
per
bird
lb/day
per
100 birds
Cumulative
kg lb kg lb
1 13 2.9 0.09 0.2 10 54 11.9 2.54 5.6
2 17 3.7 0.21 0.5 11 56 12.3 2.93 6.5
3 22 4.9 0.36 0.8 12 57 12.6 3.33 7.3
4 30 6.6 0.57 1.3 13 59 13.0 3.75 8.3
5 40 8.8 0.85 1.9 14 62 13.7 4.18 9.2
6 43 9.5 1.16 2.5 15 66 14.6 4.64 10.2
7 45 9.9 1.47 3.2 16 71 15.7 5.14 11.3
8 48 10.6 1.81 4.0 17 77 17.0 5.68 12.5
9 51 11.2 2.16 4.8 18 83 18.3 6.26 13.8
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock

copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Water Consumption for Hy-Line W-98 Parent Pullets and Layers
Performance Standards2009
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
* Higher temperatures tend to elevate water consumption by 1.9 liters (0.5 gallons) per 100 birds.
Water Consumed per 100 Birds per Day
Chicks should consume 0.83 liters (0.22 gallons) per 100 birds on day one of age.
Age in Weeks Liters Gallons
1
0.81.1 0.200.30
2
1.11.9 0.300.50
3
1.72.7 0.450.70
4
2.53.8 0.651.00
5
3.44.7 0.901.25
6
4.55.7 1.201.50
7
5.76.8 1.501.80
8
6.18.0 1.602.10
9
6.49.5 1.702.50
1015
6.810.2 1.802.70
1620
7.215.2 1.904.00
2125*
9.918.2 2.604.80
Over 25*
15.220.8 4.005.50
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock

copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Age
in Weeks
%
Hen-Day
Female %
Mortality
Male %
Mortality
Number
Hen-Day Eggs
Number
Hen-Housed Eggs
Female
Body Weight
Average
Egg Weight*
%
Settable
Number Settable
Hen-Housed Eggs
%
Hatch
Number
Female Chicks
Curr. Cum. Cum. Curr. Cum. Curr. Cum kg lb g/egg Net lb/30
doz. case
Curr. Cum. Curr. Cum.
19 20 0.1 0.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.33 2.93
20 42 0.3 0.6 2.9 4.3 2.9 4.3 1.38 3.04 44.1 35.0
21 60 0.4 0.9 4.2 8.5 4.2 8.5 1.42 3.13 48.3 38.3
22 78 0.5 1.2 5.5 14.0 5.4 13.9 1.44 3.18 50.5 40.1
23 85 0.6 1.5 6.0 20.0 5.9 19.9 1.48 3.26 51.6 40.9
24 90 0.7 1.8 6.3 26.3 6.3 26.1 1.52 3.35 52.1 41.3 76 4.5 4.5 86 1.9 1.9
25 91 0.8 2.0 6.4 32.6 6.3 32.4 1.56 3.44 53.4 42.4 84 5.3 9.7 87 2.3 4.2
26 92 0.9 2.3 6.4 39.1 6.4 38.8 1.56 3.44 54.0 42.8 92 5.8 15.6 88 2.6 6.8
27 92 1.0 2.6 6.4 45.5 6.4 45.2 1.58 3.48 54.2 43.0 96 6.1 21.7 89 2.7 9.5
28 91 1.1 2.8 6.4 51.9 6.3 51.5 1.58 3.48 55.1 43.7 96 6.1 27.8 90 2.8 12.3
29 91 1.2 3.1 6.4 58.2 6.3 57.8 1.58 3.48 55.8 44.3 96 6.1 33.9 90 2.7 15.0
30 91 1.3 3.3 6.4 64.6 6.3 64.1 1.60 3.53 56.1 44.5 97 6.1 40.0 90 2.7 17.7
31 91 1.4 3.6 6.4 71.0 6.3 70.3 1.60 3.53 56.2 44.6 97 6.1 46.1 90 2.7 20.5
32 91 1.5 3.8 6.4 77.4 6.3 76.6 1.60 3.53 56.6 44.9 97 6.1 52.2 90 2.7 23.2
33 91 1.6 4.1 6.4 83.7 6.3 82.9 1.60 3.53 57.1 45.3 97 6.1 58.2 90 2.7 25.9
34 90 1.7 4.3 6.3 90.0 6.2 89.1 1.60 3.53 57.5 45.6 97 6.1 64.3 91 2.7 28.7
35 90 1.8 4.5 6.3 96.3 6.2 95.3 1.60 3.53 57.6 45.7 97 6.0 70.3 91 2.7 31.4
36 90 1.9 4.7 6.3 102.6 6.2 101.5 1.62 3.57 58.0 46.0 97 6.0 76.3 91 2.7 34.2
37 89 2.0 5.0 6.2 108.9 6.1 107.6 1.62 3.57 58.3 46.3 97 6.0 82.3 91 2.7 36.9
38 89 2.1 5.2 6.2 115.1 6.1 113.7 1.62 3.57 58.4 46.3 97 5.9 88.3 91 2.7 39.6
39 88 2.2 5.4 6.2 121.2 6.0 119.7 1.62 3.57 58.8 46.7 97 5.9 94.2 90 2.7 42.3
40 88 2.3 5.6 6.2 127.4 6.0 125.7 1.62 3.57 59.2 47.0 96 5.8 100.0 90 2.6 44.9
41 87 2.4 5.8 6.1 133.5 5.9 131.7 1.62 3.57 59.5 47.2 96 5.8 105.7 89 2.6 47.4
42 87 2.5 6.0 6.1 139.6 5.9 137.6 1.62 3.57 59.7 47.4 96 5.7 111.4 89 2.5 50.0
43 86 2.6 6.2 6.0 145.6 5.9 143.5 1.63 3.59 60.0 47.6 96 5.7 117.1 89 2.5 52.5
44 86 2.7 6.4 6.0 151.6 5.9 149.3 1.63 3.59 60.2 47.8 95 5.6 122.7 89 2.5 55.0
45 85 2.8 6.6 6.0 157.6 5.8 155.1 1.63 3.59 60.3 47.9 95 5.6 128.3 89 2.5 57.5
46 84 3.0 6.7 5.9 163.5 5.7 160.8 1.63 3.59 60.5 48.0 95 5.5 133.8 88 2.4 59.9
47 84 3.1 6.9 5.9 169.3 5.7 166.5 1.63 3.59 60.9 48.3 95 5.4 139.2 87 2.4 62.2
48 83 3.2 7.1 5.8 175.1 5.6 172.1 1.63 3.59 61.0 48.4 95 5.4 144.6 86 2.3 64.6
49 83 3.3 7.3 5.8 181.0 5.6 177.7 1.63 3.59 61.2 48.6 95 5.3 150.0 86 2.3 66.9
50 83 3.5 7.5 5.8 186.8 5.6 183.3 1.63 3.59 61.3 48.6 95 5.3 155.3 85 2.3 69.1
51 82 3.6 7.7 5.7 192.5 5.5 188.9 1.63 3.59 61.4 48.7 95 5.3 160.6 85 2.3 71.4
52 81 3.8 7.9 5.7 198.2 5.5 194.3 1.63 3.59 61.5 48.8 95 5.3 165.9 85 2.2 73.6
53 80 3.9 8.1 5.6 203.8 5.4 199.7 1.63 3.59 61.7 49.0 94 5.1 171.0 85 2.2 75.8
54 80 4.1 8.3 5.6 209.4 5.4 205.1 1.63 3.59 61.9 49.1 94 5.1 176.0 84 2.1 77.9
55 79 4.2 8.4 5.5 214.9 5.3 210.4 1.64 3.62 62.0 49.2 94 5.1 181.1 83 2.1 80.0
56 79 4.4 8.6 5.5 220.4 5.3 215.7 1.64 3.62 62.1 49.3 94 5.0 186.1 82 2.0 82.1
57 78 4.5 8.8 5.5 225.9 5.2 220.9 1.64 3.62 62.2 49.4 94 5.0 191.1 81 2.0 84.1
58 78 4.7 9.0 5.5 231.4 5.2 226.1 1.64 3.62 62.4 49.5 94 4.9 196.0 80 2.0 86.1
59 77 4.8 9.2 5.4 236.7 5.1 231.2 1.64 3.62 62.5 49.6 94 4.9 200.9 79 1.9 88.0
60 77 5.0 9.3 5.4 242.1 5.1 236.4 1.64 3.62 62.6 49.7 94 4.8 205.7 78 1.9 89.9
61 76 5.2 9.5 5.3 247.5 5.0 241.4 1.64 3.62 62.8 49.8 94 4.8 210.5 77 1.9 91.7
62 76 5.3 9.7 5.3 252.8 5.0 246.4 1.64 3.62 62.8 49.8 94 4.7 215.2 76 1.8 93.5
63 76 5.5 9.9 5.3 258.1 5.0 251.5 1.64 3.62 62.9 49.9 93 4.7 219.9 75 1.8 95.3
64 75 5.7 10.1 5.3 263.3 4.9 256.4 1.64 3.62 62.9 49.9 93 4.7 224.6 75 1.8 97.0
65 75 5.9 10.2 5.3 268.6 4.9 261.3 1.64 3.62 62.9 49.9 93 4.6 229.2 74 1.7 98.7
Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock Performance Projection
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Performance Standards2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock

copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial
ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and
disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Performance Standards2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock

copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Growing Period Nutritional RecommendationsW-98 Parent
1
Change diets at the recommended target body weightthe approximate age is a guide only.
2
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ substantially; in some cases, the recommended dietary energy
content may have to be adjusted accordingly (see Hy-Line Red Book for additional information).
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on digestible
amino acid basis instead.
4
Calcium should be supplied as a ne calcium carbonate source (mean particle size less than 2 mm).
5
Do not feed the pre-lay diet beyond the rst egg as it does not contain sufcient calcium to sustain egg production.
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Nutritional Recommendations2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Item
1
Starter 1 Starter 2 Grower Developer Pre-lay
5
Feed to a body weight of 175 g to 400 g to 895 g to 1150 g to 1330 g
Approximate age 03 weeks 46 weeks 712 weeks 1317 weeks 1819 weeks
Recommended concentration
2

Metabolizable energy, kcal/lb 13701410 13601400 13501390 13501390 13201340
Metabolizable energy, kcal/kg 30203110 30003085 29753065 29753065 29102955
Metabolizable energy, MJ /kg 12.6513.00 12.5512.90 12.4512.85 12.4512.85 12.2012.35
Minimum recommended concentration
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 1.07 0.88 0.79 0.72 0.78
Methionine, % 0.45 0.40 0.36 0.34 0.37
Methionine +cystine, % 0.71 0.66 0.60 0.57 0.64
Threonine, % 0.70 0.58 0.53 0.49 0.55
Tryptophan, % 0.18 0.15 0.14 0.14 0.16
Arginine, % 1.16 0.95 0.85 0.78 0.84
Isoleucine, % 0.75 0.63 0.58 0.54 0.62
Valine, % 0.77 0.65 0.62 0.58 0.66
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 1.17 0.96 0.86 0.79 0.85
Methionine, % 0.48 0.43 0.39 0.36 0.39
Methionine +cystine, % 0.80 0.74 0.68 0.64 0.72
Threonine, % 0.82 0.68 0.62 0.58 0.64
Tryptophan, % 0.22 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.19
Arginine, % 1.24 1.02 0.92 0.84 0.91
Isoleucine, % 0.81 0.68 0.63 0.58 0.67
Valine, % 0.85 0.72 0.68 0.64 0.73
Crude protein (nitrogen 6.25),
3
% 20.00 18.00 16.00 15.50 17.50
Calcium,
4
% 1.10 1.10 1.10 1.40 2.50
Phosphorus (available), % 0.50 0.49 0.47 0.46 0.50
Sodium, % 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18
Chloride, % 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.50
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock

copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Item
1
Peaking
Above 90% to 86%
egg production
85 to 79%
egg production
Less than 79%
egg production
Point of lay to 32 weeks 3344 weeks 4555 weeks 56+weeks
Recommended concentration
2

Metabolizable energy, kcal/lb 12901325 12901325 12801325 12701290
Metabolizable energy, kcal/kg 28452920 28452920 28202920 28002845
Metabolizable energy, MJ /kg 11.9012.25 11.9012.25 11.8012.25 11.7011.90
Minimum recommended concentration
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, mg/day 820 785 730 715
Methionine, mg/day 361 345 321 300
Methionine +cystine, mg/day 599 573 533 493
Threonine, mg/day 574 550 511 501
Tryptophan, mg/day 172 165 153 150
Arginine, mg/day 877 840 781 765
Isoleucine, mg/day 648 620 577 565
Valine, mg/day 738 707 657 644
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, mg/day 898 859 799 783
Methionine, mg/day 388 371 345 323
Methionine +cystine, mg/day 675 646 601 556
Threonine, mg/day 675 646 601 589
Tryptophan, mg/day 206 197 183 179
Arginine, mg/day 943 903 840 823
Isoleucine, mg/day 697 667 620 607
Valine, mg/day 814 779 725 710
Crude protein (nitrogen 6.25),
3
g/day 16.50 16.00 15.50 15.00
Calcium,
4
g/day 4.00 4.25 4.40 4.50
Phosphorus (available), mg/day 500 450 400 350
Sodium, mg/day 180 180 180 180
Chloride, mg/day 180 180 180 180
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), g/day 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Choline, mg/day 100 100 100 100
Laying Period Nutritional RecommendationsW-98 Parent
1
Consumption of crude protein, methionine +cystine, fat, linoleic acid, and/or energy may be changed to optimize egg size.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown in the Hy-Line Red Book. Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed
ingredients of the same name can differ substantially; in some cases, the recommended dietary energy content may have to be adjusted accordingly (see Hy-Line Red
Book for additional information).
3
Total amino acids are only appropriate with a corn and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on digestible amino acid basis if a substantial amount of other
protein-supplying ingredients are used.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 24 mm.
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Nutritional Recommendations2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock

copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Item
1
Peaking
Above 90% to 86%
egg production
85 to 79%
egg production
Less than 79%
egg production
Point of lay to 32 weeks 3344 weeks 4555 weeks 56+weeks
Recommended concentration
2

Metabolizable energy, kcal/lb 12901325 12901325 12801325 12701290
Metabolizable energy, kcal/kg 28452920 28452920 28202920 28002845
Metabolizable energy, MJ /kg 11.9012.25 11.9012.25 11.8012.25 11.7011.90
Feed consumption
g/day per hen 85 90 95* 100 105 91 96 101* 106 111 94 99 104* 109 114 96 101 106* 111 116
lb/day per 100 hens 18.7 19.8 20.9* 22.1 23.2 20.1 21.2 22.3* 23.4 24.5 20.7 21.8 22.9* 24.0 25.1 21.2 22.3 23.4* 24.5 25.6
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.96 0.91 0.86 0.82 0.78 0.86 0.82 0.78 0.74 0.71 0.78 0.74 0.70 0.67 0.64 0.74 0.71 0.67 0.64 0.62
Methionine, % 0.42 0.40 0.38 0.36 0.34 0.38 0.36 0.34 0.33 0.31 0.34 0.32 0.31 0.29 0.28 0.31 0.30 0.28 0.27 0.26
Methionine +cystine, % 0.70 0.67 0.63 0.60 0.57 0.63 0.60 0.57 0.54 0.52 0.57 0.54 0.51 0.49 0.47 0.51 0.49 0.47 0.44 0.43
Threonine, % 0.68 0.64 0.60 0.57 0.55 0.60 0.57 0.54 0.52 0.50 0.54 0.52 0.49 0.47 0.45 0.52 0.50 0.47 0.45 0.43
Tryptophan, % 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15 0.16 0.15 0.15 0.14 0.13 0.16 0.15 0.14 0.14 0.13
Arginine, % 1.03 0.97 0.92 0.88 0.84 0.92 0.88 0.83 0.79 0.76 0.83 0.79 0.75 0.72 0.69 0.80 0.76 0.72 0.69 0.66
Isoleucine, % 0.76 0.72 0.68 0.65 0.62 0.68 0.65 0.61 0.58 0.56 0.61 0.58 0.55 0.53 0.51 0.59 0.56 0.53 0.51 0.49
Valine, % 0.87 0.82 0.78 0.74 0.70 0.78 0.74 0.70 0.67 0.64 0.70 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.58 0.67 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.56
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 1.06 1.00 0.95 0.90 0.86 0.94 0.89 0.85 0.81 0.77 0.85 0.81 0.77 0.73 0.70 0.82 0.78 0.74 0.71 0.68
Methionine, % 0.46 0.43 0.41 0.39 0.37 0.41 0.39 0.37 0.35 0.33 0.37 0.35 0.33 0.32 0.30 0.34 0.32 0.30 0.29 0.28
Methionine +cystine, % 0.79 0.75 0.71 0.68 0.64 0.71 0.67 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.55 0.53 0.58 0.55 0.52 0.50 0.48
Threonine, % 0.79 0.75 0.71 0.68 0.64 0.71 0.67 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.55 0.53 0.61 0.58 0.56 0.53 0.51
Tryptophan, % 0.24 0.23 0.22 0.21 0.20 0.22 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.19 0.18 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.15
Arginine, % 1.11 1.05 0.99 0.94 0.90 0.99 0.94 0.89 0.85 0.81 0.89 0.85 0.81 0.77 0.74 0.86 0.81 0.78 0.74 0.71
Isoleucine, % 0.82 0.77 0.73 0.70 0.66 0.73 0.69 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.57 0.54 0.63 0.60 0.57 0.55 0.52
Valine, % 0.96 0.90 0.86 0.81 0.78 0.86 0.81 0.77 0.73 0.70 0.77 0.73 0.70 0.67 0.64 0.74 0.70 0.67 0.64 0.61
Crude protein
(nitrogen 6.25),
3
%
19.41 18.33 17.37 16.50 15.71 17.58 16.67 15.84 15.09 14.41 16.49 15.66 14.90 14.22 13.60 15.63 14.85 14.15 13.51 12.93
Calcium,
4
% 4.71 4.44 4.21 4.00 3.81 4.67 4.43 4.21 4.01 3.83 4.68 4.44 4.23 4.04 3.86 4.69 4.46 4.25 4.05 3.88
Phosphorus (available),
5
% 0.59 0.56 0.53 0.50 0.48 0.49 0.47 0.45 0.42 0.41 0.43 0.40 0.38 0.37 0.35 0.36 0.35 0.33 0.32 0.30
Sodium, % 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.17 0.16 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16
Chloride, % 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.17 0.16 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.18 1.11 1.05 1.00 0.95 1.10 1.04 0.99 0.94 0.90 1.06 1.01 0.96 0.92 0.88 1.04 0.99 0.94 0.90 0.86
*Typical feed consumption for the age based on available data.
Laying Period Nutritional RecommendationsW-98 Parent Stock
1
Consumption of crude protein, methionine +cystine, fat, linoleic acid, and/or energy may be changed to optimize egg size.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown in the Hy-Line Red Book. Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed
ingredients of the same name can differ substantially; in some cases, the recommended dietary energy content may have to be adjusted accordingly (see Hy-Line Red
Book for additional information).
3
Total amino acids are only appropriate with a corn and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on digestible amino acid basis if a substantial amount of other
protein-supplying ingredients are used.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 24 mm.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phosphorus. However, there are insufcient data available to make recommendations about a minimum
dietary digettible-phosphorus content for Hy-Line birds. Instead, use the available-phosphorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed
ingredients shown in the Hy-Line Red Book.
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Nutritional Recommendations2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Nut r i t i on Rec ommendat i ons f or Hy-Li ne Br ow n
Par ent St oc k
Jump to the sections for:
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock growing period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock laying period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock suggested nutrition program for laying period.
Download the combined Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock performance and nutrition-
recommendations tables for easy printing (pdf, 1243 kb).
Hy -Li ne Br ow n Par ent St oc k gr ow i ng per i od nut r i t i onal
r ec ommendat i ons
The table below shows the growing-period nutritional recommendations. See also the
Feeding the Pullet section for information of how to implement the growing-period
recommendations. The sections on Monitoring Body Weight and Body Weight Uniformity
are also of importance as is the general sections for breeders.
Hy -Li ne Br ow n Par ent St oc k gr ow i ng per i od nut r i t i onal
r ec ommendat i ons.
I t em
1
St ar t er
1
St ar t er
2
Gr ow er Devel oper
Pr e-
l ay
6
Feed to a body weight of,
grams
175 440 990 1360 1530
Approximate age, weeks 0-3 4-6 7-12 13-17 18-19
Rec ommended c onc ent r at i on
2
Metabolizable energy,
kcal/lb
1370-1410 1360-1400 1350-1390 1350-1390 1320-
1340
Metabolizable energy,
kcal/kg
3020-3110 3000-3085 2975-3065 2975-3065 2910-
2955
Metabolizable energy,
MJ/kg
12.65-
13.00
12.55-
12.90
12.45-
12.85
12.45-12.85 12.20-
12.35
Mi ni mum r ec ommended c onc ent r at i on
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 1.07 0.88 0.79 0.72 0.78
Methionine, % 0.45 0.40 0.36 0.34 0.37
Methionine + cystine, % 0.71 0.66 0.60 0.57 0.64
Threonine, % 0.70 0.58 0.53 0.49 0.55
Cont ent s
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Lighting Program
Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Vitamins
Trace minerals

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Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
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Stock
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EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
Tryptophan, % 0.18 0.15 0.14 0.14 0.16
Arginine, % 1.16 0.95 0.85 0.78 0.84
Isoleucine, % 0.75 0.63 0.58 0.54 0.62
Valine, % 0.77 0.65 0.62 0.58 0.66
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 1.17 0.96 0.86 0.79 0.85
Methionine, % 0.48 0.43 0.39 0.36 0.39
Methionine + cystine, % 0.80 0.74 0.68 0.64 0.72
Threonine, % 0.82 0.68 0.62 0.58 0.64
Tryptophan, % 0.22 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.19
Arginine, % 1.24 1.02 0.92 0.84 0.91
Isoleucine, % 0.81 0.68 0.63 0.58 0.67
Valine, % 0.85 0.72 0.68 0.64 0.73
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 20.0 18.0 16.0 15.5 17.5
Calcium,
4
%
1.1 1.1 1.1 1.4 2.5
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.50 0.49 0.47 0.46 0.50
Sodium (Na), % 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18
Chloride, % 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.5
1
Change diet at the recommended target body weightthe approximate age is a guide only.
2
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ
substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy content may have to be
adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section).
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn
(maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Calcium should be supplied as a fine calcium carbonate source (mean particle size less than 2 mm). It can
be supplied as a 50:50 mix of fine and coarse (mean diameter 2-4 mm) in the pre-lay diet. See also
information about the pre-lay diet in the Feeding the Pullet section).
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are insufficient
data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead,
use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
6
Do not feed the pre-lay diet beyond the first egg as this diet does not contain sufficient calcium to sustain
egg production.
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Nut r i t i on Rec ommendat i ons f or Hy-Li ne Br ow n
Par ent St oc k
Jump to the sections for:
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock growing period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock laying period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock suggested nutrition program for laying period.
Download the combined Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock performance and nutrition-
recommendations tables for easy printing (pdf, 1243 kb).
Hy -Li ne Br ow n Par ent St oc k l ayi ng per i od nut r i t i onal
r ec ommendat i ons
The nutrient recommendations are based on supplying a given amount (in grams or
milligrams) of nutrients per day (Table 1). To convert these absolute values into a
percentage of the diet, one must know the feed intake (Tables 2 to 5) in order to
formulate the laying-hen diets according to the observed feed intake to ensure the daily
consumption of the recommended grams or milligrams of nutrients. See also the Feeding
the Laying Hen and the Suggested Nutrition Program sections for information of how to
implement the laying-period recommendations.
Tabl e 1. Hy -Li ne Br ow n Par ent St oc k l ayi ng per i od nut r i t i onal
r ec ommendat i ons.
I t em
1 Peak i ng Above 90% t o
84% egg
pr oduc t i on
83 -77% egg
pr oduc t i on
Less t han 77%
egg pr oduc t i on
Approximate
age, weeks
Point-of-
lay to 32
33-44 45-55 56+
Rec ommended c onc ent r at i on
2
Metabolizable
energy, kcal/lb
1270-
1320
1260-1310 1250-1300 1235-1285
Metabolizable
energy, kcal/kg
2800-
2910
2780-2890 2755-2865 2725-2835
Metabolizable
energy, MJ/kg
11.70-
12.20
11.65-12.10 11.55-12.00 11.40-11.85
Mi ni mum r ec ommended c onsumpt i on
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, mg/day 845 820 785 750
Methionine,
mg/day
423 402 369 345
Cont ent s
Online Management Guide Home
Management
Management for Breeders
Lighting Program
Health
General Nutrition
Nutrition Recommendations
Vitamins
Trace minerals

Hy-Line W-36
Hy-Line W-98
Hy-Line Brown
Hy-Line Silver Brown
Hy-Line Gray

Hy-Line W-36 Parent Stock


Hy-Line W-98 Parent Stock
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock
Hy-Line Silver Brown Parent
Stock
Performance Standards
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
Graph the performance of your flock
Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
Methionine +
cystine, mg/day
693 664 604 570
Threonine,
mg/day
592 574 550 525
Tryptophan,
mg/day
177 172 165 158
Arginine, mg/day 904 877 840 803
Isoleucine,
mg/day
668 648 620 593
Valine, mg/day 761 738 707 675
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, mg/day 925 898 859 821
Methionine,
mg/day
454 432 397 371
Methionine +
cystine, mg/day
781 749 682 643
Threonine,
mg/day
696 675 646 618
Tryptophan,
mg/day
212 206 197 188
Arginine, mg/day 972 943 903 863
Isoleucine,
mg/day
718 697 667 637
Valine, mg/day 839 814 779 744
Crude protein (N
6.25),
3
g/day 18.00 17.75 17.00 16.00
Calcium,
4
g/day
4.00 4.10 4.25 4.40
Phosphorus
(available),
5
mg/day
450 400 380 340
Sodium (Na),
mg/day
180 180 180 180
Chloride, mg/day 180 180 180 180
Linoleic acid
(C18:2 n-6),
g/day
2.50 2.00 1.50 1.30
Choline, mg/day 100 100 100 100
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See also the
Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed ingredients.
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ
substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy content may have to be
adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher energy concentrations shown are
appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn
(maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4 mm. See
also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are insufficient
data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead,
use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
Tabl e 2. Peak i ng; poi nt -of -l ay t o 32 w eek s of age.
1
Recommended energy concentration:
2
1270-1320 kcal/lb, 2800-2910 kcal/kg, 11.70-12.20
MJ/kg
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 93 98 103* 108 113
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 20.5 21.6 22.7* 23.8 24.9
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.91 0.86 0.82 0.78 0.75
Methionine, % 0.45 0.43 0.41 0.39 0.37
Methionine + cystine, % 0.75 0.71 0.67 0.64 0.61
Threonine, % 0.64 0.60 0.57 0.55 0.52
Tryptophan, % 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16
Arginine, % 0.97 0.92 0.88 0.84 0.80
Isoleucine, % 0.72 0.68 0.65 0.62 0.59
Valine, % 0.82 0.78 0.74 0.70 0.67
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 0.99 0.94 0.90 0.86 0.82
Methionine, % 0.49 0.46 0.44 0.42 0.40
Methionine + cystine, % 0.84 0.80 0.76 0.72 0.69
Threonine, % 0.75 0.71 0.68 0.64 0.62
Tryptophan, % 0.23 0.22 0.21 0.20 0.19
Arginine, % 1.05 0.99 0.94 0.90 0.86
Isoleucine, % 0.77 0.73 0.70 0.66 0.64
Valine, % 0.90 0.86 0.81 0.78 0.74
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 19.35 18.37 17.48 16.67 15.93
Calcium,
4
%
4.30 4.08 3.88 3.70 3.54
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.48 0.46 0.44 0.42 0.40
Sodium (Na), % 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.17 0.16
Chloride, % 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.17 0.16
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 2.69 2.55 2.43 2.31 2.21
*Typical feed consumption in North America based on available data for the age.
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See also the
Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed ingredients.
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ
substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy content may have to be
adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher energy concentrations shown are
appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn
(maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4 mm. See
also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are insufficient
data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead,
use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
Tabl e 3. Above 90% t o 84% egg pr oduc t i on; 33 -44 w eek s of age.
1
Recommended energy concentration:
2
1260-1310 kcal/lb, 2780-2890 kcal/kg, 11.65-12.10
MJ/kg
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 101 106 111* 116 121
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 22.3 23.4 24.5* 25.6 26.7
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.81 0.77 0.74 0.71 0.68
Methionine, % 0.40 0.38 0.36 0.35 0.33
Methionine + cystine, % 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.57 0.55
Threonine, % 0.57 0.54 0.52 0.49 0.47
Tryptophan, % 0.17 0.16 0.15 0.15 0.14
Arginine, % 0.87 0.83 0.79 0.76 0.72
Isoleucine, % 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.56 0.54
Valine, % 0.73 0.70 0.66 0.64 0.61
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 0.89 0.85 0.81 0.77 0.74
Methionine, % 0.43 0.41 0.39 0.37 0.36
Methionine + cystine, % 0.74 0.71 0.67 0.65 0.62
Threonine, % 0.67 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.56
Tryptophan, % 0.20 0.19 0.19 0.18 0.17
Arginine, % 0.93 0.89 0.85 0.81 0.78
Isoleucine, % 0.69 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.58
Valine, % 0.81 0.77 0.73 0.70 0.67
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 17.57 16.75 15.99 15.30 14.67
Calcium,
4
%
4.06 3.87 3.69 3.53 3.39
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.40 0.38 0.36 0.34 0.33
Sodium (Na), % 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15
Chloride, % 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.98 1.89 1.80 1.72 1.65
*Typical feed consumption in North America based on available data for the age.
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See also the
Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed ingredients.
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ
substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy content may have to be
adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher energy concentrations shown are
appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn
(maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4 mm. See
also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are insufficient
data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead,
use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
Tabl e 4. 83 -77% egg pr oduc t i on; 45 -55 w eek s of age.
1
Recommended energy concentration:
2
1250-1300 kcal/lb, 2755-2865 kcal/kg, 11.55-12.00
MJ/kg
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 101 106 111* 116 121
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 22.3 23.4 24.5* 25.6 26.7
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.78 0.74 0.71 0.68 0.65
Methionine, % 0.37 0.35 0.33 0.32 0.30
Methionine + cystine, % 0.60 0.57 0.54 0.52 0.50
Threonine, % 0.54 0.52 0.50 0.47 0.45
Tryptophan, % 0.16 0.16 0.15 0.14 0.14
Arginine, % 0.83 0.79 0.76 0.72 0.69
Isoleucine, % 0.61 0.58 0.56 0.53 0.51
Valine, % 0.70 0.67 0.64 0.61 0.58
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 0.85 0.81 0.77 0.74 0.71
Methionine, % 0.39 0.37 0.36 0.34 0.33
Methionine + cystine, % 0.68 0.64 0.61 0.59 0.56
Threonine, % 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.56 0.53
Tryptophan, % 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16
Arginine, % 0.89 0.85 0.81 0.78 0.75
Isoleucine, % 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.58 0.55
Valine, % 0.77 0.73 0.70 0.67 0.64
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 16.83 16.04 15.32 14.66 14.05
Calcium,
4
%
4.21 4.01 3.83 3.66 3.51
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.38 0.36 0.34 0.33 0.31
Sodium (Na), % 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15
Chloride, % 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.49 1.42 1.35 1.29 1.24
*Typical feed consumption in North America based on available data for the age.
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See also the
Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed ingredients.
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ
substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy content may have to be
adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher energy concentrations shown are
appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn
(maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4 mm. See
also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are insufficient
data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead,
use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
Tabl e 5. Less t han 77% egg pr oduc t i on; 56+ w eek s of age.
1
Recommended energy concentration:
2
1235-1285 kcal/lb, 2725-2835 kcal/kg, 11.40-11.85
MJ/kg
Feed consumption, g/day per hen 102 107 112* 117 122
Feed consumption, lb/day per 100 hens 22.5 23.6 24.7* 25.8 26.9
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.74 0.70 0.67 0.64 0.61
Methionine, % 0.34 0.32 0.31 0.29 0.28
Methionine + cystine, % 0.56 0.53 0.51 0.49 0.47
Threonine, % 0.51 0.49 0.47 0.45 0.43
Tryptophan, % 0.15 0.15 0.14 0.14 0.13
Arginine, % 0.79 0.75 0.72 0.69 0.66
Isoleucine, % 0.58 0.55 0.53 0.51 0.49
Valine, % 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.58 0.55
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 0.80 0.77 0.73 0.70 0.67
Methionine, % 0.36 0.35 0.33 0.32 0.30
Methionine + cystine, % 0.63 0.60 0.57 0.55 0.53
Threonine, % 0.61 0.58 0.55 0.53 0.51
Tryptophan, % 0.18 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.15
Arginine, % 0.85 0.81 0.77 0.74 0.71
Isoleucine, % 0.62 0.60 0.57 0.54 0.52
Valine, % 0.73 0.70 0.66 0.64 0.61
Crude protein (N 6.25),
3
% 15.69 14.95 14.29 13.68 13.11
Calcium,
4
%
4.31 4.11 3.93 3.76 3.61
Phosphorus (available),
5
%
0.33 0.32 0.30 0.29 0.28
Sodium (Na), % 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.15 0.15
Chloride, % 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.15 0.15
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.27 1.21 1.16 1.11 1.07
*Typical feed consumption in North America based on available data for the age.
1
Consumption of balanced protein, fat, linoleic acid may be changed to optimize egg weight. See also the
Nutrition and Egg Weight section.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown for the individual feed ingredients.
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ
substantially among regions; in some cases, the dietary recommended energy content may have to be
adjusted accordingly (see the Energy section). As a general rule, the higher energy concentrations shown are
appropriate for the lower feed intakes within a phase.
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn
(maize) and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on a digestible amino acid basis.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 2-4 mm. See
also the Nutrition and Eggshell Quality section.
5
Digestible phosphorus is sometimes preferred over available phoshporus. However, there are insufficient
data available to make recommendations about a minimum dietary content of digestible phosphorus. Instead,
use the available-phoshorus recommendations and the available-phosphorus contents of feed ingredients.
This page was last updated May 20, 2010
Copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
www.hyline.com
Suggest ed Nut r i t i on Pr ogr am f or Hy-Li ne Br ow n
Par ent St oc k
Jump to the sections for:
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock growing period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock laying period nutritional recommendations.
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock suggested nutrition program for laying period.
Download the combined Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock performance and nutrition-
recommendations tables for easy printing (pdf, 1243 kb).
The following nutrition program is a suggest ed nutrition program. There are many
programs that work wellthe one shown below is only one of them and can be adapted
for individual farms taking into considerations local conditions and economic goals. It is
strongly recommended that a professional nutritionist be consulted to determine the
nutrition program that works best for the individual farm.
For the Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock, the following suggested diet program is used with
success worldwide and follows the principle of feeding for the observed feed intake and
desired production. Feeding according to this or a similar program ensures a high peak
egg production, an excellent persistence of lay, and many settable eggs. Note that the
diets should be formulated for the actual, observed feed intakes, which may be different
from the feed intakes shown in this example.
The first diet that is fed as the hens start laying eggs is critical to sustain body weight
gain and the high demands of egg production. Remember that even though the whole
flock's egg production is, say 50%, the hens that are laying eggs produce 1 egg per day
(corresponding to 100% egg production for the individual hen). Therefore, it is
recommended to start feeding a fairly concentrated diet (i.e., formulated for a relatively
low feed intake) to supply the needed energy and nutrients to meet the dietary demands
of the hens that are laying and then change to a less concentrated diet as soon as the
feed intake has increased.
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Performance Standards
EggCel Spreadsheet Application
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Hy-Li ne I nt er nat i onal Onl i ne Management Gui de
Management gui de f or al l Hy-Li ne var i et i es of l ayi ng hens
Development of feed intake with age and suggested diet phases
according to the above-mentioned nutrition program and the diet matrix shown in the text below.
Di et 1 (appr ox i mat el y 18 t o 26 w eek s of age)
Diet 1 is fed from start of lay at approximately 18 weeks of age. At this time, the feed
intake is relatively low, but rapidly increasing. Accordingly, the diet is formulated for a
relatively low feed intake of about 95 g/dayor as low as economically and practically
feasible (the exact feed-intake value should be determined by the local nutritionist and
depends in part on the individual farm and economics). The diet is fed until the observed
feed consumption reaches about 105 g/day, which typically occurs around 26 weeks of
age.
Because of the relatively low (but increasing) feed intake at this time, the diet should be
fairly concentrated, often necessitating relatively high inclusion levels of oil, digestible
amino acids, calcium, and available phosphorus. Because of the high nutrient density of
Diet 1, the diet appears expensive when compared on a price per 1000 kg basis.
However, the diet is only fed for a short time and only little of the diet is consumed
because of the relatively low feed intake during this time. Therefore, the actual cost of
feeding Diet 1 is low and, importantly, ensures adequate energy and nutrient intake to
ensure a high peak and prevents depletion of body reserves.
Di et 2 (appr ox i mat el y 26 t o 34 w eek s of age)
When the flock's feed intake has increased to about 105 g/day, Diet 1 can be
reformulated to take advantage of the now higher feed intake. Diet 2 should be
formulated to deliver the same kilocalories (or megajoules) of energy and milligrams or
grams of nutrients as Diet 1. That means that Diet 2 is less concentrated (because of
the higher feed intake) and, therefore, less expensive. The diet is fed until the feed
intake is 110 g/day.
Di et s 3, 4, 5, 6, et c . (appr ox i mat el y 34+ w eek s of age)
The next diet is formulated for a feed intake of about 110 g/day, which typically occurs
around 34 weeks of age, and is therefore slightly less concentrated than Diet 2. The
feed intake of the Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock does not change much after this time, so
subsequent diet changes are governed mainly by controlling egg weight, maintaining
eggshell quality, and reducing diet cost (the latter as the hens' energy and nutrient needs
decrease). That said, these diets should be reformulated to avoid under- or over-feeding
the hens if the feed intake changes.
Di et mat r i x
When diets are formulated to the aforementioned principles of observed feed intake and
desired production, a "diet matrix" can be constructed, illustrated in the table below. The
diets are formulated for age (or, more appropriately, hen-day egg production) and, within
each phase, for observed feed intake. With this set of diets, the farm manager can select
and order an appropriate feed from the feed mill every time a new load of feed is
needed. Each feed matches the feed intake and provides exactly the recommended
grams or milligrams of nutrients (i.e., birds are not under- or over-fed, which would
otherwise result in loss of profits). Note that not all of the diets are necessarily fed, but
are available if the hens' feed intake changes because of hot or cold weather or other
reasons. The number of diets also ensures that the differences among the diets are
relatively small, which helps avoid decreases in egg production that can otherwise occur
with abrupt diet changes.
Suggest ed di et mat r i x f or Hy -Li ne Br ow n Par ent St oc k .
1,2
The matrix is
intended for a flock that normally consumes approximately 110 g feed per day post-
peak. In warmer climates, the normal postpeak feed intake may be closer to 105 g/day
and closer to 115 g/day in cooler climates in which case the matrix should be adjusted
accordingly.
Age
Obser ved f eed i nt ak e
2
95 g/day 105 g/day 110 g/day 115 g/day
18-32 weeks Diet 1 Diet 2
33-42 weeks Diet 3 Diet 4 Diet 5
43-53 weeks Diet 6 Diet 7 Diet 8
54+ weeks Diet 9 Diet 10 Diet 11
1
Note that, in most cases, only 5 diets are fed through the first lay cycle (i.e., the yellow highlighted Diets 1,
2, 4, 7, and 10) because once the feed intake has stabilized (typically at 110 g/day), it does not change
much. However, Diets 3, 6, and 9 as well as Diets 5, 8, and 11 are available from the feed mill in case the
feed intake decreases or increases, respectively.
2
The matrix should be adjusted according to actual feed intakes, which may differ from those shown.
The diet matrix shown above gives the farm manager 11 diets to choose from. However,
only 4 to 5 of those diets are used under normal conditions:
Diet 1 because of the relatively low feed intake and the importance of providing the
hen with adequate nutrition during this period;
Diet 2 because it is more economical to feed than Diet 1 once the feed intake has
increased; and
Diets 4, 7, and 10 to control egg weight and eggshell quality.
Diets 3, 6, and 9 as well as Diets 5, 8, and 11 may never need to be fed, but are available
from the feed mill in case the feed intake decreases or increases, respectively. These diets
may only have to be fed for a short time until the feed intake returns to the "normal" 110
g/day again.
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock

copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Performance Summary of the Hy-Line Brown Parent
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Female Livability, 118 Weeks 97%
Female Livability, 1965 Weeks 91%
Male Livability, 118 Weeks 96%
Male Livability, 1965 Weeks 90%
Age at 50% Production 145 Days
Peak Percent Hen-Day Production (age) 92% (28 weeks)
Number of Hen-Day Eggs, 1960 Weeks 235
Number of Hen-Day Eggs, 1965 Weeks 259
Number of Hen-Housed Eggs, 1960 Weeks 227
Number of Hen-Housed Eggs, 1965 Weeks 249
Number of Settable Hen-Housed Eggs, 2560 Weeks 194
Number of Settable Hen-Housed Eggs, 2565 Weeks 215
Number of Female Chicks Produced, 2560 Weeks 78
Number of Female Chicks Produced, 2565 Weeks 85
Average Number of Female Chicks/Week, 2560 Weeks 2.2
Average Number of Female Chicks/Week, 2565 Weeks 2.1
Average Percent Hatchability, 2560 Weeks 80%
Average Percent Hatchability, 2565 Weeks 79%
Female Body Weight, 18 Weeks 1.44 kg (3.2 lb)
Female Body Weight, 65 Weeks (mature) 1.88 kg (4.1 lb)
Male Body Weight, 18 Weeks 2.20 kg (4.9 lb)
Male Body Weight, 65 Weeks (mature) 2.80 kg (6.2 lb)
Feed Consumption Per Bird Housed, 118 Weeks (cumulative) 6.55 kg (14.4 lb)
Feed Consumption Per Bird Housed, 1965 Weeks (average daily total of males and females) 108 g (0.24 lb)
Feed Consumption Per Dozen Eggs, 1965 Weeks 1.65 kg (3.6 lb)
Performance Standards2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock

copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Target Weights of Hy-Line Brown Parent Pullets
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Growing Period
Body Weight
Age Female Male
Weeks g lb g lb
1 65 0.14 70 0.15
2 115 0.25 140 0.31
3 175 0.39 200 0.44
4 255 0.56 330 0.73
5 340 0.75 450 0.99
6 440 0.97 590 1.30
7 540 1.19 730 1.61
8 640 1.41 900 1.98
9 735 1.62 1060 2.34
10 820 1.81 1220 2.69
11 910 2.01 1370 3.02
12 990 2.18 1530 3.37
13 1085 2.39 1690 3.73
14 1160 2.56 1830 4.03
15 1230 2.71 1960 4.32
16 1300 2.87 2060 4.54
17 1360 3.00 2140 4.72
18 1440 3.17 2200 4.85
Performance Standards2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock

copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Growing Period Feed ConsumptionBrown Parent
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Performance Standards2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Laying Period Feed ConsumptionBrown Parent
Age
in
Weeks
g/day
per
bird
lb/day
per
100 birds
Cumulative Age
in
Weeks
g/day
per
bird
lb/day
per
100 birds
Cumulative
kg lb kg lb
19 86 19.0 0.60 1.3 43 111 24.5 18.43 40.6
20 89 19.6 1.23 2.7 44 111 24.5 19.21 42.4
21 92 20.3 1.87 4.1 45 111 24.5 19.99 44.1
22 95 20.9 2.53 5.6 46 111 24.5 20.76 45.8
23 98 21.6 3.22 7.1 47 111 24.5 21.54 47.5
24 100 22.0 3.92 8.6 48 111 24.5 22.32 49.2
25 103 22.7 4.64 10.2 49 111 24.5 23.09 50.9
26 105 23.1 5.38 11.9 50 111 24.5 23.87 52.6
27 106 23.4 6.12 13.5 51 112 24.7 24.65 54.4
28 108 23.8 6.87 15.2 52 112 24.7 25.44 56.1
29 108 23.8 7.63 16.8 53 112 24.7 26.22 57.8
30 108 23.8 8.39 18.5 54 112 24.7 27.01 59.5
31 109 24.0 9.15 20.2 55 112 24.7 27.79 61.3
32 109 24.0 9.91 21.9 56 112 24.7 28.57 63.0
33 110 24.3 10.68 23.6 57 112 24.7 29.36 64.7
34 110 24.3 11.45 25.3 58 112 24.7 30.14 66.5
35 110 24.3 12.22 26.9 59 112 24.7 30.93 68.2
36 110 24.3 12.99 28.6 60 112 24.7 31.71 69.9
37 111 24.5 13.77 30.4 61 112 24.7 32.49 71.6
38 111 24.5 14.55 32.1 62 112 24.7 33.28 73.4
39 111 24.5 15.32 33.8 63 112 24.7 34.06 75.1
40 111 24.5 16.10 35.5 64 112 24.7 34.85 76.8
41 111 24.5 16.88 37.2 65 112 24.7 35.63 78.6
42 111 24.5 17.65 38.9
Age
in
Weeks
g/day
per
bird
lb/day
per
100 birds
Cumulative Age
in
Weeks
g/day
per
bird
lb/day
per
100 birds
Cumulative
kg lb kg lb
1 13 2.9 0.09 0.2 10 56 12.3 2.46 5.4
2 20 4.4 0.23 0.5 11 61 13.4 2.88 6.4
3 25 5.5 0.41 0.9 12 66 14.6 3.35 7.4
4 29 6.4 0.61 1.3 13 70 15.4 3.84 8.5
5 33 7.3 0.84 1.9 14 73 16.1 4.35 9.6
6 37 8.2 1.10 2.4 15 75 16.5 4.87 10.7
7 41 9.0 1.39 3.1 16 77 17.0 5.41 11.9
8 46 10.1 1.71 3.8 17 80 17.6 5.97 13.2
9 51 11.2 2.07 4.6 18 83 18.3 6.55 14.4
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock

copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Water Consumption for Hy-Line Brown Parent Pullets and Layers
Performance Standards2009
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
* Higher temperatures tend to elevate water consumption by 1.9 liters (0.5 gallons) per 100 birds.
Water Consumed per 100 Birds per Day
Chicks should consume 0.83 liters (0.22 gallons) per 100 birds on day one of age.
Age in Weeks Liters Gallons
1
0.81.1 0.200.30
2
1.11.9 0.300.50
3
1.72.7 0.450.70
4
2.53.8 0.651.00
5
3.44.7 0.901.25
6
4.55.7 1.201.50
7
5.76.8 1.501.80
8
6.18.0 1.602.10
9
6.49.5 1.702.50
1015
6.810.2 1.802.70
1620
7.215.2 1.904.00
2125*
9.918.2 2.604.80
Over 25*
15.220.8 4.005.50
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock

copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Age
in Weeks
%
Hen-Day
Female %
Mortality
Male %
Mortality
Number
Hen-Day Eggs
Number
Hen-Housed Eggs
Female
Body Weight
Average
Egg Weight*
%
Settable
Number Settable
Hen-Housed Eggs
%
Hatch
Number
Female Chicks
Curr. Cum. Cum. Curr. Cum. Curr. Cum kg lb g/egg Net lb/30
doz. case
Curr. Cum. Curr. Cum.
19 11 0.1 0.3 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.53 3.37
20 26 0.2 0.5 1.8 2.6 1.8 2.6 1.60 3.53
21 47 0.4 0.8 3.3 5.9 3.3 5.9 1.65 3.64 47.9 38.0
22 71 0.5 1.1 5.0 10.9 4.9 10.8 1.70 3.75 50.5 40.1
23 80 0.6 1.5 5.6 16.5 5.6 16.4 1.72 3.79 52.1 41.3
24 87 0.7 1.8 6.1 22.5 6.1 22.4 1.75 3.86 54.4 43.2
25 90 0.8 2.2 6.3 28.8 6.3 28.7 1.75 3.86 55.4 44.0 85 5.3 5.3 75 2.0 2.0
26 91 0.9 2.5 6.4 35.2 6.3 35.0 1.78 3.92 56.2 44.6 92 5.8 11.1 77 2.2 4.2
27 91 1.0 2.8 6.4 41.6 6.3 41.3 1.79 3.95 57.0 45.2 94 5.9 17.1 78 2.3 6.5
28 92 1.1 3.1 6.4 48.0 6.4 47.7 1.80 3.97 57.4 45.6 95 6.1 23.1 80 2.4 9.0
29 92 1.2 3.4 6.4 54.5 6.4 54.0 1.81 3.99 58.2 46.2 96 6.1 29.2 80 2.4 11.4
30 92 1.3 3.6 6.4 60.9 6.4 60.4 1.82 4.01 58.4 46.3 96 6.1 35.3 82 2.5 13.9
31 91 1.5 3.9 6.4 67.3 6.3 66.7 1.84 4.06 58.9 46.7 96 6.0 41.3 82 2.5 16.4
32 91 1.6 4.1 6.4 73.6 6.3 72.9 1.85 4.08 59.4 47.1 96 6.0 47.4 82 2.5 18.8
33 90 1.8 4.4 6.3 79.9 6.2 79.1 1.85 4.08 59.5 47.2 96 5.9 53.3 82 2.5 21.3
34 90 1.9 4.6 6.3 86.2 6.2 85.3 1.86 4.10 59.8 47.5 96 5.9 59.2 83 2.5 23.8
35 90 2.1 4.8 6.3 92.5 6.2 91.5 1.86 4.10 59.9 47.5 96 5.9 65.2 83 2.5 26.3
36 90 2.2 5.0 6.3 98.8 6.2 97.6 1.86 4.10 60.3 47.9 97 5.9 71.1 83 2.5 28.7
37 89 2.4 5.2 6.2 105.1 6.1 103.7 1.87 4.12 60.3 47.9 97 5.9 77.0 83 2.4 31.2
38 89 2.6 5.4 6.2 111.3 6.1 109.8 1.87 4.12 60.8 48.3 97 5.9 82.9 83 2.4 33.6
39 88 2.8 5.6 6.2 117.5 6.0 115.8 1.87 4.12 61.0 48.4 96 5.8 88.6 83 2.4 36.0
40 87 2.9 5.8 6.1 123.6 5.9 121.7 1.87 4.12 61.1 48.5 96 5.7 94.3 83 2.4 38.4
41 86 3.1 6.0 6.0 129.6 5.8 127.5 1.87 4.12 61.2 48.6 96 5.6 99.9 83 2.3 40.7
42 86 3.3 6.2 6.0 135.6 5.8 133.3 1.87 4.12 61.4 48.7 96 5.6 105.5 82 2.3 43.0
43 85 3.5 6.3 6.0 141.5 5.7 139.1 1.87 4.12 61.6 48.9 96 5.5 111.0 82 2.3 45.2
44 84 3.7 6.5 5.9 147.4 5.7 144.7 1.87 4.12 61.8 49.0 96 5.4 116.5 82 2.2 47.5
45 84 3.9 6.7 5.9 153.3 5.6 150.4 1.87 4.12 61.9 49.1 95 5.4 121.8 81 2.2 49.6
46 82 4.1 6.9 5.7 159.0 5.5 155.9 1.87 4.12 62.0 49.2 95 5.2 127.0 81 2.1 51.8
47 82 4.3 7.1 5.7 164.8 5.5 161.4 1.87 4.12 62.1 49.3 95 5.2 132.3 80 2.1 53.8
48 81 4.5 7.3 5.7 170.5 5.4 166.8 1.87 4.12 62.2 49.4 95 5.1 137.4 80 2.1 55.9
49 80 4.8 7.4 5.6 176.1 5.3 172.1 1.87 4.12 62.4 49.5 95 5.1 142.5 79 2.0 57.9
50 80 5.0 7.6 5.6 181.7 5.3 177.5 1.87 4.12 62.4 49.5 95 5.1 147.5 79 2.0 59.9
51 79 5.2 7.8 5.5 187.2 5.2 182.7 1.88 4.15 62.6 49.7 95 5.0 152.5 79 2.0 61.9
52 79 5.5 8.0 5.5 192.7 5.2 187.9 1.88 4.15 62.8 49.8 95 5.0 157.5 78 1.9 63.8
53 78 5.7 8.2 5.5 198.2 5.1 193.1 1.88 4.15 62.9 49.9 94 4.8 162.3 78 1.9 65.7
54 78 5.9 8.3 5.5 203.6 5.1 198.2 1.88 4.15 63.0 50.0 94 4.8 167.1 78 1.9 67.6
55 77 6.2 8.5 5.4 209.0 5.1 203.3 1.88 4.15 63.0 50.0 94 4.8 171.9 78 1.9 69.4
56 76 6.4 8.7 5.3 214.3 5.0 208.3 1.88 4.15 63.1 50.1 94 4.7 176.6 76 1.8 71.2
57 75 6.7 8.8 5.3 219.6 4.9 213.2 1.88 4.15 63.1 50.1 94 4.6 181.2 76 1.8 73.0
58 74 6.9 9.0 5.2 224.8 4.8 218.0 1.88 4.15 63.3 50.2 93 4.5 185.7 75 1.7 74.6
59 72 7.2 9.2 5.0 229.8 4.7 222.7 1.88 4.15 63.3 50.2 93 4.4 190.0 75 1.6 76.3
60 71 7.4 9.3 5.0 234.8 4.6 227.3 1.88 4.15 63.4 50.3 92 4.2 194.2 74 1.6 77.8
61 70 7.7 9.5 4.9 239.7 4.5 231.8 1.88 4.15 63.5 50.4 92 4.2 198.4 74 1.5 79.4
62 70 7.9 9.6 4.9 244.6 4.5 236.3 1.88 4.15 63.5 50.4 92 4.2 202.6 73 1.5 80.9
63 69 8.2 9.8 4.8 249.4 4.4 240.7 1.88 4.15 63.6 50.5 91 4.0 206.6 73 1.5 82.4
64 68 8.4 9.9 4.8 254.2 4.4 245.1 1.88 4.15 63.8 50.6 91 4.0 210.6 73 1.4 83.8
65 67 8.7 10.1 4.7 258.9 4.3 249.4 1.88 4.15 63.8 50.6 91 3.9 214.5 72 1.4 85.2
Hy-Line Brown Parent Performance Projection
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Performance Standards2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock

copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial
ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and
disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Performance Standards2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock

copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Growing Period Nutritional RecommendationsBrown Parent
1
Change diets at the recommended target body weightthe approximate age is a guide only.
2
Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed ingredients of the same name can differ substantially; in some cases, the recommended dietary energy
content may have to be adjusted accordingly (see Hy-Line Red Book for additional information).
3
The minimum recommendations for total amino acids and crude protein are only appropriate with a corn and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on digestible
amino acid basis instead.
4
Calcium should be supplied as a ne calcium carbonate source (mean particle size less than 2 mm).
5
Do not feed the pre-lay diet beyond the rst egg as it does not contain sufcient calcium to sustain egg production.
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Nutritional Recommendations2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Item
1
Starter 1 Starter 2 Grower Developer Pre-lay
5
Feed to a body weight of 175 g to 440 g to 990 g to 1360 g to 1530 g
Approximate age 03 weeks 46 weeks 712 weeks 1317 weeks 1819 weeks
Recommended concentration
2

Metabolizable energy, kcal/lb 13701410 13601400 13501390 13501390 13201340
Metabolizable energy, kcal/kg 30203110 30003085 29753065 29753065 29102955
Metabolizable energy, MJ /kg 12.6513.00 12.5512.90 12.4512.85 12.4512.85 12.2012.35
Minimum recommended concentration
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 1.07 0.88 0.79 0.72 0.78
Methionine, % 0.45 0.40 0.36 0.34 0.37
Methionine +cystine, % 0.71 0.66 0.60 0.57 0.64
Threonine, % 0.70 0.58 0.53 0.49 0.55
Tryptophan, % 0.18 0.15 0.14 0.14 0.16
Arginine, % 1.16 0.95 0.85 0.78 0.84
Isoleucine, % 0.75 0.63 0.58 0.54 0.62
Valine, % 0.77 0.65 0.62 0.58 0.66
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 1.17 0.96 0.86 0.79 0.85
Methionine, % 0.48 0.43 0.39 0.36 0.39
Methionine +cystine, % 0.80 0.74 0.68 0.64 0.72
Threonine, % 0.82 0.68 0.62 0.58 0.64
Tryptophan, % 0.22 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.19
Arginine, % 1.24 1.02 0.92 0.84 0.91
Isoleucine, % 0.81 0.68 0.63 0.58 0.67
Valine, % 0.85 0.72 0.68 0.64 0.73
Crude protein (nitrogen 6.25),
3
% 20.00 18.00 16.00 15.50 17.50
Calcium,
4
% 1.10 1.10 1.10 1.40 2.50
Phosphorus (available), % 0.50 0.49 0.47 0.46 0.50
Sodium, % 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18
Chloride, % 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.50
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock

copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Item
1
Peaking
Above 90% to 84%
egg production
83 to 77%
egg production
Less than 77%
egg production
Point of lay to 32 weeks 3344 weeks 4555 weeks 56+weeks
Recommended concentration
2

Metabolizable energy, kcal/lb 12701320 12601310 12501300 12351285
Metabolizable energy, kcal/kg 28002910 27802890 27552865 27252835
Metabolizable energy, MJ /kg 11.7012.20 11.6512.10 11.5512.00 11.4011.85
Minimum recommended concentration
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, mg/day 845 820 785 750
Methionine, mg/day 423 402 369 345
Methionine +cystine, mg/day 693 664 604 570
Threonine, mg/day 592 574 550 525
Tryptophan, mg/day 177 172 165 158
Arginine, mg/day 904 877 840 803
Isoleucine, mg/day 668 648 620 593
Valine, mg/day 761 738 707 675
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, mg/day 925 898 859 821
Methionine, mg/day 454 432 397 371
Methionine +cystine, mg/day 781 749 682 643
Threonine, mg/day 696 675 646 618
Tryptophan, mg/day 212 206 197 188
Arginine, mg/day 972 943 903 863
Isoleucine, mg/day 718 697 667 637
Valine, mg/day 839 814 779 744
Crude protein (nitrogen 6.25),
3
g/day 18.00 17.75 17.00 16.00
Calcium,
4
g/day 4.00 4.10 4.25 4.40
Phosphorus (available), mg/day 450 400 380 340
Sodium, mg/day 180 180 180 180
Chloride, mg/day 180 180 180 180
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), g/day 2.50 2.00 1.50 1.30
Choline, mg/day 100 100 100 100
Laying Period Nutritional RecommendationsBrown Parent
1
Consumption of crude protein, methionine +cystine, fat, linoleic acid, and/or energy may be changed to optimize egg size.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown in the Hy-Line Red Book. Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed
ingredients of the same name can differ substantially; in some cases, the recommended dietary energy content may have to be adjusted accordingly (see Hy-Line Red
Book for additional information).
3
Total amino acids are only appropriate with a corn and soybean meal diet; please formulate the diet on digestible amino acid basis if a substantial amount of other
protein-supplying ingredients are used.
4
Approximately 65% of the added calcium carbonate (limestone) should be in particle sizes of 24 mm.
The genetic potential of Hy-Line varieties can only be realized if good poultry husbandry practices and management are used. The above information is based on eld experience
compiled by Hy-Line, extensive commercial ock records cataloged by Hy-Line from all parts of the world and principles taken from industry technical literature. It should be used
for guidance and educational purposes only, recognizing that local environmental and disease conditions may vary and a handout cannot cover all possible circumstances.
Nutritional Recommendations2009
This page was last updated May 2010
Hy-Line International Red Book
Hy-Line Brown Parent Stock

copyright 2010 Hy-Line International
Item
1
Peaking
Above 90% to 84%
egg production
83 to 77%
egg production
Less than 77%
egg production
Point of lay to 32 weeks 3344 weeks 4555 weeks 56+weeks
Recommended concentration
2

Metabolizable energy, kcal/lb 12701320 12601310 12501300 12351285
Metabolizable energy, kcal/kg 28002910 27802890 27552865 27252835
Metabolizable energy, MJ /kg 11.7012.20 11.6512.10 11.5512.00 11.4011.85
Feed consumption
g/day per hen 93 98 103* 108 113 101 106 111* 116 121 101 106 111* 116 121 102 107 112* 117 122
lb/day per 100 hens 20.5 21.6 22.7* 23.8 24.9 22.3 23.4 24.5* 25.6 26.7 22.3 23.4 24.5* 25.6 26.7 22.5 23.6 24.7* 25.8 26.9
Standardized (true) ileal digestible amino acids
Lysine, % 0.91 0.86 0.82 0.78 0.75 0.81 0.77 0.74 0.71 0.68 0.78 0.74 0.71 0.68 0.65 0.74 0.70 0.67 0.64 0.61
Methionine, % 0.45 0.43 0.41 0.39 0.37 0.40 0.38 0.36 0.35 0.33 0.37 0.35 0.33 0.32 0.30 0.34 0.32 0.31 0.29 0.28
Methionine +cystine, % 0.75 0.71 0.67 0.64 0.61 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.57 0.55 0.60 0.57 0.54 0.52 0.50 0.56 0.53 0.51 0.49 0.47
Threonine, % 0.64 0.60 0.57 0.55 0.52 0.57 0.54 0.52 0.49 0.47 0.54 0.52 0.50 0.47 0.45 0.51 0.49 0.47 0.45 0.43
Tryptophan, % 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.17 0.16 0.15 0.15 0.14 0.16 0.16 0.15 0.14 0.14 0.15 0.15 0.14 0.14 0.13
Arginine, % 0.97 0.92 0.88 0.84 0.80 0.87 0.83 0.79 0.76 0.72 0.83 0.79 0.76 0.72 0.69 0.79 0.75 0.72 0.69 0.66
Isoleucine, % 0.72 0.68 0.65 0.62 0.59 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.56 0.54 0.61 0.58 0.56 0.53 0.51 0.58 0.55 0.53 0.51 0.49
Valine, % 0.82 0.78 0.74 0.70 0.67 0.73 0.70 0.66 0.64 0.61 0.70 0.67 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.58 0.55
Total amino acids
3
Lysine, % 0.99 0.94 0.90 0.86 0.82 0.89 0.85 0.81 0.77 0.74 0.85 0.81 0.77 0.74 0.71 0.80 0.77 0.73 0.70 0.67
Methionine, % 0.49 0.46 0.44 0.42 0.40 0.43 0.41 0.39 0.37 0.36 0.39 0.37 0.36 0.34 0.33 0.36 0.35 0.33 0.32 0.30
Methionine +cystine, % 0.84 0.80 0.76 0.72 0.69 0.74 0.71 0.67 0.65 0.62 0.68 0.64 0.61 0.59 0.56 0.63 0.60 0.57 0.55 0.53
Threonine, % 0.75 0.71 0.68 0.64 0.62 0.67 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.56 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.56 0.53 0.61 0.58 0.55 0.53 0.51
Tryptophan, % 0.23 0.22 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.20 0.19 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.18 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.15
Arginine, % 1.05 0.99 0.94 0.90 0.86 0.93 0.89 0.85 0.81 0.78 0.89 0.85 0.81 0.78 0.75 0.85 0.81 0.77 0.74 0.71
Isoleucine, % 0.77 0.73 0.70 0.66 0.64 0.69 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.58 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.58 0.55 0.62 0.60 0.57 0.54 0.52
Valine, % 0.90 0.86 0.81 0.78 0.74 0.81 0.77 0.73 0.70 0.67 0.77 0.73 0.70 0.67 0.64 0.73 0.70 0.66 0.64 0.61
Crude protein
(nitrogen 6.25),
3
%
19.35 18.37 17.48 16.67 15.93 17.57 16.75 15.99 15.30 14.67 16.83 16.04 15.32 14.66 14.05 15.69 14.95 14.29 13.68 13.11
Calcium,
4
% 4.30 4.08 3.88 3.70 3.54 4.06 3.87 3.69 3.53 3.39 4.21 4.01 3.83 3.66 3.51 4.31 4.11 3.93 3.76 3.61
Phosphorus (available),
5
% 0.48 0.46 0.44 0.42 0.40 0.40 0.38 0.36 0.34 0.33 0.38 0.36 0.34 0.33 0.31 0.33 0.32 0.30 0.29 0.28
Sodium, % 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.17 0.16 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.15 0.15
Chloride, % 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.17 0.16 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.15 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.15 0.15
Linoleic acid (C18:2 n-6), % 2.69 2.55 2.43 2.31 2.21 1.98 1.89 1.80 1.72 1.65 1.49 1.42 1.35 1.29 1.24 1.27 1.21 1.16 1.11 1.07
*Typical feed consumption for the age based on available data.
Laying Period Nutritional RecommendationsBrown Parent
1
Consumption of crude protein, methionine +cystine, fat, linoleic acid, and/or energy may be changed to optimize egg size.
2
The recommended energy range is based on the energy values shown in the Hy-Line Red Book. Differences in the metabolizable energy value assigned to feed
ingredients of the same name can differ substantially; in some cases, the recommended dietary energy content may have to be adjusted accordingly (see Hy-Line Red
Book for additional information).
3
Total amino acids are o