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FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN ELEKTRIK

SUBJECT: CONTROL SYSTEM ENGINEERING LABORATORY


BEKC 2421

FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN ELEKTRIK UNIVERSITI TEKNIKAL MALAYSIA MELAKA Semester 2 2011/2012

BEKC 2421 CONTROL SYSTEM ENGINEERING LAB


OPEN AND CLOSED-LOOP SYSTEM
PART 1: TEMPERATURE CONTROL SYSTEM PART 2: TIME RESPONSE SIMULATION AND SIMULINK

Group Members

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Lab Group Program/Section Date

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Task Prepared by

Name
WAN MOHD BUKHARI BIN WAN DAUD Lecturer

Signature

Date 20/2/13

Confirmed by 20/2/13
DR. MUHAMMAD FAHMI BIN MISKON KJ / TD(A)

LAB SHEET

Open and Closed-loop System

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FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN ELEKTRIK


SUBJECT: CONTROL SYSTEM ENGINEERING LABORATORY
BEKC 2421

Part 1: Temperature Control System Objective 1. Observe and explain the operation of open-loop and closed-loop temperature control system. 2. Compare the performance characteristics of the open-loop and closed-loop temperature control system.

Equipment Lab-Volt Process Control Trainer model 3521 Connecting Leads Stopwatch

Problem Statement Radiator is one of the most important operating components in automobile. Responsible for keeping the automobile's engine at a safe operating temperature, a malfunctioning automotive radiator could mean big trouble. Auto radiator problems can often develop cause by small particles of dirt and rust clogging up the essential elements, which prevent the car radiator from being able to cool the engine properly. If this happens, the vehicle will over heat, potentially causing break down. The best way to avoid such problem is with regular routine maintenance and service. The car radiator temperature control system uses a heater and a fan to warm and cool the radiator, respectively to maintain the temperature of a radiator at a desired value. In brief, the heater is switch on and off at regular intervals to meet the heating demand and stabilize the temperature. However, in any process control, there exist parameters which affect the controlled variable referred as loads and disturbances. The temperature in radiator might deviate due to internal heat loss and extreme outdoor temperature. Therefore, to compensate the error, the control element must be readjusted constantly. To do so, the information on the controlled variable must be fed back to the controller. As a student, conduct experiments to test the two configurations mentioned using the Lab-Volt Process Control Trainer model 3521. Make the necessary connections and induce heat loss (load) to the process. Observe the relationship between the temperature of the radiator and time, and the systems performance. From the experiments, produce a comprehensive report on the test procedures results, analysis and discussion of the system performances. Conclude you report with the comparison of the two control system configurations.

Precaution Please be aware of the following hazards: a. To avoid electric shock, connecting circuits is permitted only after power has been disconnected. After finishing the connection of experiment circuit or doing any modification on the experiment circuit, please ask the instructor to verify whether it is right or not before turning on the power supply. b. Always choose sufficiently long leads; do not connect two or more short leads to make one long lead. Remove disconnected lead from the trainer. c. Before proceed with different test, let the system operate and wait until the temperature display is approximately equal to the room temperature.

LAB SHEET

Open and Closed-loop System

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FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN ELEKTRIK


SUBJECT: CONTROL SYSTEM ENGINEERING LABORATORY
BEKC 2421

Part 2: Time Response Simulation and Simulink

Experiment 1: Time Response Simulation

Objectives i. To simulate a transfer function of control system using MATLAB command and RLTOOL ii. To find the value of transient response (peak time, rise time, settling time, percent overshoot) and steady-state response (steady-state value and steady-state error) from the simulation graph of a unit step input

Equipment 1 Computer with MATLAB software

Problem Statement MARDI has been working on the Passive Solar Greenhouse that focuses on chillies plantation for the past few months. Within this big scale project, several small groups have been divided based on their specific task. As an engineer from the Mechanisation and Automation Department, you were assigned under the Irrigation System Group. The purpose of irrigation system in this project is to continuously supply water to the plants to maintain the humidity level of the soil. This is realized by applying the concept of open-loop or closed-loop control system. The transfer function of the system is given by

G(s)

1 s 3s 4
2

For the open-loop control, a proportional controller is going to be selected. You were asked to simulate the performance of the system MATLAB command. The performance should be clearly explained through the observation on the output response of the system. Meanwhile for the closed-loop control system, you were expected to add a feedback into the system in order to monitor the current humidity level of the soil at certain time. For this case, you were asked to simulate the performance by using both MATLAB command and RLTOOL which is embedded in the MATLAB. By having these two different methods, a better check on the results is expected to be made. Finally, you have to decide which control system suits the project better on top of the other one.

LAB SHEET

Open and Closed-loop System

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FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN ELEKTRIK


SUBJECT: CONTROL SYSTEM ENGINEERING LABORATORY
BEKC 2421

Experiment 2: Simulink

Objectives i. To simulate the transfer function of a block diagram using MATLAB Simulink ii. To illustrate the output responses graph and describe performance of the system

Equipment Computer with MATLAB software

Problem Statement Figure 2-1 below depicts a spring-mass-dashpot system. The performance of the open- and closedloop system is about to be evaluated and analyzed. For the closed-loop system, an appropriate feedback and different values of gain should be introduced into the system. Given the values for m = 1 kg-m2, c = 4 N-m-s/rad, k = 8 N-m/rad.

x c m F k

Figure 2-1

LAB SHEET

Open and Closed-loop System

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