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Types of Refrigeration Systems

4 Basic Refrigeration Systems


Direct Expansion (DX)

Chilled Water System (CW)

Air-Cooled condenser Water-Cooled Condenser

Air-Cooled Condenser Water-Cooled Condenser

Direct Expansion (DX) Chilled Water System (CW)


DX Cooling with Air-Cooled Condensing

Air Cooling Coil & Evaporator (DX)

Outdoor Air

Condenser
Compressor

Typical Residential System


Filter

Expansion Device
Evaporator (Cooling Coil)

Condenser & Compressor

Refrigerant Piping

DX Cooling with Water-Cooled Condensing


Air

Cooling Coil& Evaporator (DX) Pressure Reducing Device

Suction Line Liquid Line

Outside Air Cooling Tower

Compressor Hot Gas Discharge

Water-Cooled Condenser

Condenser Pump

Water-Cooled Condenser

Water flows through tubes Refrigerant vapor fills shell surrounding tubes Heat transfers from refrigerant to water Refrigerant condenses
Refrigerant Vapor Warm Water Cool Water

Liquid Refrigerant

DX Cooling with Water-Cooled Condensers


Self Contained Macon, GA

Cooling Tower
Propeller Fan Sprays Fill Outdoor Air Sump To Condenser
85F [29C]

From Condenser
95F [35C]

Chilled Water Cooling with Air-Cooled Condensing


Cooling Coil

3-Way Valve

Chilled Water Supply Chilled Water Return Evaporator Pressure Reducing Device Liquid Line

Outside Air Air-Cooled Condenser

Chilled Water Pump Suction Line

Compressor

Hot Gas Discharge Line

Shell-and-Tube Evaporator
Chilled-Water Supply Baffles Chilled-Water Return

Refrigerant Vapor
Tube Bundle Liquid / Vapor refrigerant

Chilled Water Cooling with Air-Cooled Condenser


RTAA Pueblo, CO Centrifugal Chiller Charmes, France Packaged Air-Cooled Chiller Clarksville,TN Pueblo, CO

Chilled Water Cooling with Water-Cooled Condensing


Cooling Coil

Air

3-Way Valve

Chilled Water Supply Chilled Water Return Evaporator Pressure Reducing Device Liquid Line

Outside Air Cooling Tower

Chilled Water Pump Suction Line

Compressor Hot Gas Discharge

Water-Cooled Condenser

Condenser Pump

Centrifugal Chiller LaCrosse, WI Helical-Rotary (Screw) Chiller Pueblo, CO Scroll Chiller Pueblo, CO

Chilled Water Cooling with Water-Cooled Condenser

Water Cooled Condenser and Cooling Towers

17 18

15

16 3 6 8 19 13

4 2 21 7 1 5 14

20

9 12 10

11

Summary of Intro to HVAC


90

What Is Refrigeration?
80 70 60 4 50 30 30 40

80%

60%

2
40%

.020 .015

3 1

50 % 20%

.010 .005

comfort zone
50

40

90 60 70 75 80 100 Dry Bulb Temperature (F)

110

Chilled-water return Refrigerant vapor Baffles Tube bundle Liquidvapor refrigerant

Humidity Ratio (Lbw/lba)

.025

From the Trane Library

More on HVAC Fundamentals

Air Conditioning Clinics Psychrometry Refrigeration Cycle Refrigeration Components Engineered System Clinics Understanding HVAC Systems Airside Systems Refrigeration Systems Trane Systems Manual

Definitions: A-C

Definitions: D-G

Definitions: H-O

Definitions: P-U

Definitions: V-Z