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NATURAL HISTORY

OF

CAROLINA, FLORIDAand the BAHAMA ISLANDS:

Containing the Figures of

Birds, Beasts, Fishes, Serpents. Insects, and Plants:

Particularly, the Foi.est-Trees, Shrubs, and other Plants, not hitherto

or very mcorreéUy figured by Authors.

"«"^rto delcribcd.

defcribcd

Together with their Descriptions in Etiglifi and French.

To which, are added

Observations on the Air, Sdil, and Waters:

With Remarks upon

Agriculture, Grain, Pulse, Roots, ^c.

To the whole,

Is Prefixed a new and corredl Map of the Countries Treated of.

B Y

MARK ÇATBJBT, F.R.S.

VOL. I.

HISTOIRE NATURELLE

DE

JL^ .M^

La CAROLINE, k FLORIDE, ^ ks ISLES BAHAMA:

Contenant les Desseins

Des Oiseaux, Animaux, Poissons, Serpents, Insectes, & Plantes.

Et en particulier.

Des Arbres des Forets, Arbrisseaux,

jufques à prefent par

& autre*; Pt n^-rt.*.

^

.

«

.

l^\Z:^Z peVS^et deffi2°"" ''' '^''

Avec leur "Descriptions en François àf en Anglois.

A mol

on a adjoutéj,

Des Obfervations fur l'Air, le Sol, & les Eaux/

Avec des Remarques fur l'Agriculture, les Grains, les Legumes, les Racines, Ç<^

Le tout eft precede d'une Carte nouvelle &

exade

des Païs

Par MARC CATE SÈT. de la SocieteM lovale.

T O m" F

T

dont

ils s'a<^ift

LONDON:

Printedat

the Expenceofthe Author :andSoId by

W

St.Ta„rs,

m HiXtcK

li^Hv.anrlo y,

byMr.HAUKsBEfi ^t the Ro_ya/ S^JayHo7eLdt\^/''^^'

-^

'^""V "oule, and bj the

"t the Weft End of

Author, at Mr. Bacon's

MDCCXXXI.

W^r

C-'

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.\'«sr>

V. /

SI

TOT

QUEEN.

MADAM,

jS thefe Volumes contain an Eflay towards the Natural

Hiftory of that Part of Your MAJEST Y'S

Dominions, which is particularly honoured by bea-

ring Your August Name, CAROLINA, this and Your

great Goodnefs in encouraging all Sorts of Learning, have

embolden'd me to implore Your Royal Proteaion and Favour

to my flender Performance.

I hope Your MAJESTY

will not think a few Minutes difagreeably fpent, in cafting an

Eye on thefe Leaves ; which exhibit no contemptible Scene

of the Glorious Works of the Creator, difplayed in the New

World; and hitherto lain concealed from the

View of Your

M A J E S T Y, as well as of Your Rojal Predecejors, tho' fo

long poflefled of a Country,

inferior to

none of

Your

MAJESTY' S American Dominions.

Wherefore I efteem it a fmgular Happinefs, after feveral

Years Travel and Enquiry in fo remote Parts (by the generous Encouragement of feveral of Your MAJESTY'S

Subjeas, eminent for their Rank, and for their being Pa-

trons of Learning)

that I am the firft that has had an Op-

portunity of prefenting to a Q_UEEN of GREAT

BRITAINa Sample of the hitherto unregarded, tho' bene-

ficial and beautiful Produdions of Your MAJESTY'S

Dominions.

I am,

May itpleafe TOUR MAJESTY»

Tow MAJESTTs

Mofl humble^

and mofl dutiful SubjeB

M. Catesbt.

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The PREFACE.

H E early Inclination I had to fearch after Plants, and other

Produdlions in Nature, being

much fuppreffed by my read-

ing too remote from London,

the Center of all Science, I was deprived of

all Opportunities and. Examples to excite

me to a ftronger Purfuit after thofe Things

to

vv^hich

I was

naturally bent: yet my

Curiofity was fuch, that not being content

with contemplating the Produ6ls of our own Country, I foon imbibed a paflionate Délire

of viewing as well the Animal as Vegetable

Productions in their Native Countries;

which were Strangers to England. Virgi-

nia v/as the

Place

(I

having

Relations

there) fuited moft with my Convenience

to

go

to,

where I

of

I thought then fo little of

arriv'd the 23d.

j4pril 17 1 2.

profecuting a Defign of the Nature of this

AVork, that in the Seven Years I refided

in that Country, (I am afhamed to own it)

1 chiefly gratified my Inclination in obferv-

ing and admiring the various Produdions

of thofe Countries, only fending from

thence fome dried Specimens of Plants and

fome of the moft Specious of them in Tubs

of Earth, at the Requeft of fome curious

Friends, amongft whom was Mr. Dale of

Braintree in Effex, a skilful Apothecary and Botanift- to him, befides Specimens of

Plants, I fent fome few Obfervations on the

Country, which he communicated to the

late William Sherard, L. L.D. one of the

moft celebrated Botanifts of this Age, who

favoured me with his Friendfliip on my

Vs.ctmn to England in

the Year 17 19;

and by his Advice, (tho confcious of my

cwn

PRE FAG

'Inclination que je fentois deS'

majeimejfe à rechereher la con^ noifjance des Plantes, & des

autres produBions de la Na-

ture, etoît fort traverfêe par

mon éloignement de Londres, le centre de

toutes les Sciences : J'étois privé par là

des occajions àf des exemples qui auroient

pu m'exciter à fuivre mon panchant avec

plus d'ardeur.

Cependant il etoit tel que

l'étude ^ la contemplation des produBions

de la Nature, que /'Angleterre me fournif-

foit, ne fatisfaifant point ma curiofitê] je

conçus une envie pajfwnnée d'aller voir

dans leurs propres climats les plantes ^

les animaux qui etoient étrangers à ma

patrie.

La Virginie étoit le Pals où je

pouvois aller le plus commodément, à eauje

de quelques Parens que j'y avois :

rivai le 2 3"" ^A vril 1712.

J'y

ar-

Je fongeois fi

peu dans ce tems à entreprendre un Ou-

vrage tel que celui que je donne au Pub-

lic, que pendant les fept années que je reftai dans ce pais, j'avoue à ma honte

que je rte m'occupai qu'à en obferver tf

admirer les produBions, fans autre inten-

tion cfue de fatisfaire mon goût; feulement

j'envoyoïs des plantes d'ejjèchées, &" quel-

ques unes des plus belles dans des pots, à quelques curieux de mes amis qui ni en

avoient prié. Mr. Dale de Braintree en la

Province ^'E-flex, habile Apotiquaire &"

Botani/te, étoit de ce nombre, mais outre

des plantes defjéchées je lui envoyai queU

ques obfervations fur le pais, il les com^

muniqua à pu Mr. Guillaume Sherard,

un des plus fameux Botanifles^de ce Siè-

cle, tf qui me fit l'honneur de me recevoir au fiombre de fes Amis, lorfque je fus de

retour en Angleterre en 17 19. Ce fut pat

fon avis que je réfolus de commencer

cette entreprife très conforme à m.on incli-

b

nation.

VI

1 lie

r

R E

F A C

E.

own Inability) 1 iiril: refolvcd on this Un- nation, malgré le peu de

dertaking, fo agreeable to my

capacité que \c

Inclination,

"

me trowDois

me

trowDois;

; mais comme f exécution

mais

comme Pexéciitimii

%

'^

But as Expences were necelTary for carrying

as Expences were j-

Deiign, I hereimo

)il gratefully acknow-

ledge the Ailiftance and Encouragement

I received from feveral Noble Perfons and

ce dejfein exigeoit beaucoup de dépende

c'ejl a^jec plaijtr àf une extrême réml

noijfance que je déclare icy que Jaj été

aidé à la foutenir par la Générofite

Gentlemen, whofe Names are here under- plujieurs Seigneurs & autres dont je joins

de

mention'd.

icj les Noms;

His Grace the Duke of Ce an dois.

The Right Honourable Thomas Earl of Milord Comte d'Oxford.

Milord Duc de Chandois.

Oxford.

The Right Honourable Thomas Earl of Milord Comte de Macclesfield.

Macclesfield.

The Right Honourable John Lord Milord Percival. P E R C I V A L.

Sir

George Markka m, Bar'' F. R. S.

Sir Henry Goodrick,

Bar'-

Sir Hans Sloane, Bar'- Prefident of the

Royal Society, and of the College Phylicians.

of

Le Chevalier M a r k h a m, Bar'-

Le Chevalier Goodrick, Bar'-

Le Chevalier H ans Sloane, B^f Pré-

Jident de la Société Royale &f du Col-

lege de Médecins.

The Honourable Colonel Francis Le Colonel Nicholson, Gouverneur

Nichols on, Governor of South

Carolina.

Richard Mead, M.D.and F.R.S.

Charles Dubois, Efq; F.R.S.

John Knight, Efq; F.R.S.

William

F. R. S.

Sherard, L. L. D. and

With this Intention, 1 fet out again from

de la Caroline meridionalle,

MrM'EAjy, M. D. àf de la Société Rojak

ilfr. Du-Bois de la Société Royale:

Mr. Kngiht, de la Société Royale.

Mr. Sherard, Dr. en Droit, de la So-

ciete Royale.

Je partis à ce Dejfein d'Angktern

England, in the Year 1722, direélly for pour la Caroline en 1^22. quoique ce fais

abounding in Variety of the Bieflings of productions dont la nature Pa enrichi, cc\

Nature ; yet it's Produétions being very

pendant on n'en connoit guère que ce fit

little known except what barely related

Pitch and

to Commerce,

fuch as Rice,

Tar; was thought the moft proper Place

to fearch and defcribe the ProducHons of:

Bonetoes, Albicores and other Fifli; which

three lail

we regaled on when Fortune

favoured us m catching them ; and even the

--

Fleih

entre dans le commerce, comme le Ri^, ^^

Poix, & le Goudron; c'ejl ce qui dét^r--

mina à s'y fixer, pour en étudier & ^^"

crire rhijîoire naturelle.

J'y arri'ûaij^

des Dauphins, des Bonites, Jlhîcores.O

d'autres Poi [fans. Oiiand nous a'oionn[

bonheur d'enattraper

des trois àrm^'^^

v

.^-'

.

fom

^^,

^^,

>,

enattrapv,

R E

F A G

E.

*

vii

Flefli of Sharks and Porpufes would digcft fortes, nous 7W manquions [ar de nous en

well with the Sailors,

when long fed on

régaler; ^ les Matelot \^ n^ laijjolent pas

salt Meats.

The Purfuit of Dolphins

/

t^Tr'^'"

"^^

o de Requins, lorjquils

r""^^^^^^^^

n'avoient -jêcii

after h lymg-Fini, was another Amufenient pendant long terns que de viandes (aiees :

we were often diverted with ; the Dolphins

having raifed the Flyin-Fifli, by the fwift-

-

nefs of

r

Ç ^u

their Swimming, keep

^

o

\y

Pace with

'i

them, and purine them fo

clofe that the

FJying-Filli at length tired, and their Wings

*

1

1

^

dry d, and thereby necelîitated to drop m

V

,

^

^

. 1

,1

œ, ^

J

toc Water, often fall into the Jaws of their

Un autre de nos Amufements koit de

"^/'"^ ^^ ^^^^# ^' Dauphins après les Poi(

J^^^ 'volants; les Dauphins ohliunt le?

p.^p,,, ^,,/^^,^, ^ ^.j^^^ j^^^^ J>^ ^^^^^^^

mais comme ils nagent aujji vite que les ^^^^^f '"^^^^^^^ ^^^ les pourjuivent de ft près

que les

i/./.v^.

poiffons

/

'H

.,.^/

volants la fiés

j

^^

à la

;/ ^^V*'^^?

fin

^

cf

replonger dans l eau, parce-

que leurs ailes dejechées ne les peuvent

obliges de Je

Purftiers ; at fome Times neither Element f^^^ foutenir, tombent fouvent dans la

Q.p^

gueule

de leurs ennemis; quelquefois ils

r

leur j tirete

/^

.>

j

ny dans

^,

v^'-'

of.r.i f-K-,

aïoid

r

them batety,

.

.-.

r

for no

A

r fooner do they

.\

^

''^y^^

ne

^,,^,,„,^^^

trouvent

lun ny dans

elcape their F.nemies m the Water, but they l'autre Element, car fi tôt qu'ils sechapent

are caught in the Air by voracious Birds

des Poiffons qui les poursuivent dans Feau.

Bat what feem'd moft remarkable of this ''' f'^'^ Prjf dansPAir par desOifeaux de

^-

Kmd, was,

,

.1

that

.

m

1

the Latitude of

T

]

r

^

26

Degrees North, about the Midway between

the two Continents of Africa and Ame-

.-,

rica, which

,•

J i think cannot be lefs than 600

,

P^^y^'

^^^^ (^^ V^^ nous parut de plus

fmgulier en ce genre, ce fut qu en la la-

titude de 26 Degrés vers le Nord, envi-

des deux Continents

TJ-' "^S^"^

^ Afrique

de

^ de I Amérique, qui je crois

ne peut pas être moins éloigné des Terres

Leagues, an Owl appeared hoverino- over ^^^ ^^ ^^^ lieues, nous vîmes un Hibou

oi-

ir-r^-^it

^

^

volant au

oijeaux ont L

de(fus de nôtre l^ai(Teair Cp^

ailes c^JesyTonZ

our Sh,p; thefe Ba-ds have ftort Wings,

and have been obfcrved not to be capable of marque qu'ils ne peuvent pas voler fort

long Flights, it being a common Diverfion 'f"i ï' Enfants mémefe divert iff ent à

f ,

for Boys to run them down after thefecond

or third B'iight This Owl after fome At- Partir. Ce Hibou difparut après avoir

conde ou troifieme fois qu'Us les ont fia

n

^

^^^ '^P^ ^ ^^°t ''^ reiiffiiïent après la fe-

.1

r

^

.

,

tempts to reft, difappear'd; and the

'

' /^

^

'

,

'"'"'^'"e

fame

Day being the 2 2d. oî March, an Hawk

with a white Head, Breaft, and Belly ap-

pear'd in like Manner, and the Day

ij^y duer,

'after

ff^

^'i'^'H'^'i t'»'^''?^^'

même

Pf

le

ï^