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End Plate Connection Design Calculations are inaccordance with the BS5950: Part 1: 1990 and the analysis

End Plate Connection Design

Calculations are inaccordance with the BS5950: Part 1: 1990 and the analysis follows the recommended design procedure checks given in the BCSA/SCI publication "Joints in simple Construction" 2nd Edition.

Applied Tensile Force

F

=

=

60

kN

Applied Shear

Vx

=

=

20

kN

Vy

=

=

5

kN

Resultant Shear

Vr

=

(Vx^2+Vy^2)^0.5

=

21

kN

End Plate Detail

Grade of End Plate

Pgrade

=

=

43

Thickness of Plate

tp

=

=

10

mm

Bearing Strength of end plate

pbs

=

Table 33, Grade 43

=

460

N/mm2

Strength

py

=

Table 6, Grade 43

=

275

N/mm2

Ultimate Tensile Strength

Us

=

For Grade 43

=

410

N/mm2

Supported Beam Detail

Depth

D

=

=

100

mm

Web Thickness

tw

=

=

6.3

mm

Strength

py

=

=

275

N/mm2

Bolt Connection Detail

Bolt Grade

bgrade

=

=

8.8

Number of bolts

n

=

=

4

Number of rows

bn

=

=

2

Bolt Diameter

db

=

=

16

mm

Hole Diameter

Dh

=

db+2

=

18

mm

Min. Required Pitch of Bolts

pmin

=

db * 2.5

=

40

mm

Min. Required Edge Distance

emin

=

db * 2.0

=

32

mm

Pitch of Bolt Group (Vertical)

p

=

=

50

mm

Gauge/Pitch of Bolt (Horizontal)

g

=

=

180

mm

Edge Distance (Vertical)

e1

=

=

40

mm

Edge Distance (Horizontal)

e2

=

=

50

mm

Bolt Area (per bolt)

As

=

=

157

mm2

Bolt Shear Strength (per bolt)

ps

=

Table 32, Grade 8.8

=

375

N/mm2

Bolt Bearing Strength (per bolt)

pt

=

Table 32, Grade 8.8

=

450

N/mm2

Bolt Tensile Strength (per bolt)

pbb

=

Table 32, Grade 8.8

=

1035

N/mm2

Length of End Plate

L

=

130

mm

Width of Plate

W

=

280

mm

Bolt Group Strength in Shear Shear Capacity of Bolt Group For Top pair of Bolts Ps

Bolt Group Strength in Shear

Shear Capacity of Bolt Group For Top pair of Bolts

Ps

Ps

=

=

n*ps*As smaller of n*ps*As or 1/2*e1*tp*pbs

V <= Ps, Applied shear is within plain shear capacity of bolt group

Bolt Group Strength in Tension

Tension Capacity of Bolt Tension Area of Bolt Tension Capacity of Bolt Group

p t

A s

Pt

=

=

=

Table 32 for grade2

n * p t * A s / 1000

F <= Pbt, Maximum load/bolt is within Tension capacity

Combined Shear and Tension of Bolt Group

Applied Shear / Shear Capacity Applied Tension / Tension Capacity Combined Shear and Tension of Bolt

=

=

=

Bolt Group Strength in Bearing

V / Ps F / Pbt (Fr / Ps) + (Vy / Pt)

The bearing Capacity is taken as the lesser of :

(1) Bearing Capacity of Bolt Bearing Strength of Bolt Thinner Material Thickness Bearing Capacity of Bolt

p bb

tmin

P bb

=

=

=

Table 32 for grade 2 tp d b * t min * p bb / 1000

Fr <= Pb, Maximum load/bolt is within bearing capacity of Bolt

(2) Bearing Capacity of the Thinner Material

Bearing Strength

Bearing Capacity

p bs

P bs

=

Table 33 for grade

=

d b * t min * p bs / 1000

Fr <= Pb, Maximum load/bolt is within bearing capacity of connecting ply

=

235.5

kN

=

92

kN

V <= Ps OK!!

=

450

N/mm2

=

157

mm2

=

282.6

kN

F <= Pbt bolt OK!!

=

0.11

=

0.21

=

0.32

<= 1.4 , OK

=

1035

N/mm2

=

10

mm

=

165.6

kN

V <= Pb OK!!

=

460

N/mm2

=

73.6

kN

V <= Pb OK!!

Shear Capacity of End Plate End Plate Plain Shear Strength Shear Area Av = 0.9 *

Shear Capacity of End Plate

End Plate Plain Shear Strength

Shear Area

Av

=

0.9 * tp *L

=

1170

mm2

Net Shear Area

Avnet

=

Av - ( tp * Dh * bn )

=

810

mm2

Shear Capacity

Pvp1

=

0.6 * py * Av / 1000

=

193.05

kN

Shear Capacity

Pvp2

=

0.5 * Us * Avnet /1000

=

166.05

kN

Shear Capacity of Fin Plate

Pvp

=

Pvp2

=

166.05

kN

V

<= Pvp, Applied shear is within plain shear capacity of fin plate

 

V <= Pvp OK!!

End Plate Block Shear Strength

Vertical Shear Area

Av1

=

tp * ( L

- e1 )

=

900

mm2

Horizontal Shear Area

Ateff

=

( e2 - 0.5 * Dh ) * tp

=

410

mm2

Shear Capactiy

Pvb1

=

0.6 * py * Av1 / 1000

=

148.5

kN

Shear Capactiy

Pvb2

=

0.5 * Us * Ateff /1000

=

84.05

kN

Block Shear Capacity

Pvb

=

Pvb2

=

232.55

kN

V

<= Pvb, Applied shear is within block shear capacity of fin plate

 

V <= Pvb OK!!

Shear Capacity of Supported Beam Web at the End Plate

 

Shear Area

Av

=

0.9*L*tw

=

737.1

mm2

Shear Capacity

Pv

=

0.6*Av*py

=

121.6215

kN

V

<= Pv, Applied hear is within shear capacity of beam web

 

V <= Pv OK!!

Weld Requirement

Number of runs of FW

FWr

=

=

4

run

Recommended Fillet Weld Thickness

s min

=

0.8 * tp

=

8

mm

Max. Weld Length Allowable per run

Lmax

=

( L - 2 * s min )

=

264

Length of Weld provided per run

Lw

=

=

100

mm

Moment of Inertia

Ix

=

FWr * L^3 / 12

=

333333

mm3

Direct Shear

Fs

=

V / (Lw*FWr)

=

0.052

kN/mm

Direct Tension

Ft

=

F / (Lw*FWr)

=

0.150

kN/mm

Resultant Load

Fr

=

( Ft^2 + Fs^2 ) 1/2

=

0.159

kN/mm

Try FW size

FW

=

=

6

mm

Design Strength (43 or 51)

pw

=

Table 36, E43

=

215

N/mm2

Weld Capacity

pwr

=

FW * pw

=

0.903

kN/mm

Fr <= pwr, the fillet weld provided is satisfactory

 

Fr <= pwr OK!!

Tension Capacity of End Plate Effective Length of plastic hinge at section A-A LeA e P

Tension Capacity of End Plate

Effective Length of plastic hinge at section A-A

LeA

e eA

P eA

=

=

=

at section B-B

LeB

c

e eB

P eB

=

=

=

=

Design Tensile Strength Moment Capacity of End Plate at section A-A at section B-B

Pu

=

MuA

MuB

=

=

Distance Between Plastic Hinges Tying Capacity of End Plate

L

Ptp

=

=

2*e eA +(nb-1)*p

eA

=

130

mm

e1, <= e2

=

40

mm

p, <= 2*e2

=

50

mm

2*e eB +(nb-1)*p

eB

=

130

mm

1/2 * (W-2*e2-tw-2s)

=

80.85

mm

e1, <= c + Dh/2

=

40

mm

p, <= 2*c + Dh

=

50

mm

Us/1.25

=

328

n/mm2

(Pu*LeA*tp^2) /4

=

1.07

kNm

(Pu*LeB*tp^2) /4

=

1.07

kNm

c - Dh/2

=

71.85

mm

2*(MuA+MuB)/L

=

59.35

kN

F <= Ptp, the applied tensile force is within prying capacity of end plateF > Ptp

NOT OK!!!