Sei sulla pagina 1di 4 End Plate Connection Design

Calculations are inaccordance with the BS5950: Part 1: 1990 and the analysis follows the recommended design procedure checks given in the BCSA/SCI publication "Joints in simple Construction" 2nd Edition.

 Applied Tensile Force F = = 60 kN Applied Shear Vx = = 20 kN Vy = = 5 kN Resultant Shear Vr = (Vx^2+Vy^2)^0.5 = 21 kN End Plate Detail Grade of End Plate Pgrade = = 43 Thickness of Plate tp = = 10 mm Bearing Strength of end plate pbs = Table 33, Grade 43 = 460 N/mm2 Strength py = Table 6, Grade 43 = 275 N/mm2 Ultimate Tensile Strength Us = For Grade 43 = 410 N/mm2 Supported Beam Detail Depth D = = 100 mm Web Thickness tw = = 6.3 mm Strength py = = 275 N/mm2 Bolt Connection Detail Bolt Grade bgrade = = 8.8 Number of bolts n = = 4 Number of rows bn = = 2 Bolt Diameter db = = 16 mm Hole Diameter Dh = db+2 = 18 mm Min. Required Pitch of Bolts pmin = db * 2.5 = 40 mm Min. Required Edge Distance emin = db * 2.0 = 32 mm Pitch of Bolt Group (Vertical) p = = 50 mm Gauge/Pitch of Bolt (Horizontal) g = = 180 mm Edge Distance (Vertical) e1 = = 40 mm Edge Distance (Horizontal) e2 = = 50 mm Bolt Area (per bolt) As = = 157 mm2 Bolt Shear Strength (per bolt) ps = Table 32, Grade 8.8 = 375 N/mm2 Bolt Bearing Strength (per bolt) pt = Table 32, Grade 8.8 = 450 N/mm2 Bolt Tensile Strength (per bolt) pbb = Table 32, Grade 8.8 = 1035 N/mm2 Length of End Plate L = 130 mm Width of Plate W = 280 mm Bolt Group Strength in Shear

Shear Capacity of Bolt Group For Top pair of Bolts

Ps

Ps

=

=

n*ps*As smaller of n*ps*As or 1/2*e1*tp*pbs

V <= Ps, Applied shear is within plain shear capacity of bolt group

Bolt Group Strength in Tension

Tension Capacity of Bolt Tension Area of Bolt Tension Capacity of Bolt Group

p t

A s

Pt

=

=

=

n * p t * A s / 1000

F <= Pbt, Maximum load/bolt is within Tension capacity

Combined Shear and Tension of Bolt Group

Applied Shear / Shear Capacity Applied Tension / Tension Capacity Combined Shear and Tension of Bolt

=

=

=

Bolt Group Strength in Bearing

V / Ps F / Pbt (Fr / Ps) + (Vy / Pt)

The bearing Capacity is taken as the lesser of :

(1) Bearing Capacity of Bolt Bearing Strength of Bolt Thinner Material Thickness Bearing Capacity of Bolt

p bb

tmin

P bb

=

=

=

Table 32 for grade 2 tp d b * t min * p bb / 1000

Fr <= Pb, Maximum load/bolt is within bearing capacity of Bolt

(2) Bearing Capacity of the Thinner Material

Bearing Strength

Bearing Capacity

p bs

P bs

 = Table 33 for grade = d b * t min * p bs / 1000

Fr <= Pb, Maximum load/bolt is within bearing capacity of connecting ply

 = 235.5 kN = 92 kN V <= Ps OK!! = 450 N/mm2 = 157 mm2 = 282.6 kN F <= Pbt bolt OK!! = 0.11 = 0.21 = 0.32 <= 1.4 , OK = 1035 N/mm2 = 10 mm = 165.6 kN V <= Pb OK!! = 460 N/mm2 = 73.6 kN V <= Pb OK!! Shear Capacity of End Plate

End Plate Plain Shear Strength

 Shear Area Av = 0.9 * tp *L = 1170 mm2 Net Shear Area Avnet = Av - ( tp * Dh * bn ) = 810 mm2 Shear Capacity Pvp1 = 0.6 * py * Av / 1000 = 193.05 kN Shear Capacity Pvp2 = 0.5 * Us * Avnet /1000 = 166.05 kN Shear Capacity of Fin Plate Pvp = Pvp2 = 166.05 kN V <= Pvp, Applied shear is within plain shear capacity of fin plate V <= Pvp OK!! End Plate Block Shear Strength Vertical Shear Area Av1 = tp * ( L - e1 ) = 900 mm2 Horizontal Shear Area Ateff = ( e2 - 0.5 * Dh ) * tp = 410 mm2 Shear Capactiy Pvb1 = 0.6 * py * Av1 / 1000 = 148.5 kN Shear Capactiy Pvb2 = 0.5 * Us * Ateff /1000 = 84.05 kN Block Shear Capacity Pvb = Pvb2 = 232.55 kN V <= Pvb, Applied shear is within block shear capacity of fin plate V <= Pvb OK!! Shear Capacity of Supported Beam Web at the End Plate Shear Area Av = 0.9*L*tw = 737.1 mm2 Shear Capacity Pv = 0.6*Av*py = 121.6215 kN V <= Pv, Applied hear is within shear capacity of beam web V <= Pv OK!! Weld Requirement Number of runs of FW FWr = = 4 run Recommended Fillet Weld Thickness s min = 0.8 * tp = 8 mm Max. Weld Length Allowable per run Lmax = ( L - 2 * s min ) = 264 Length of Weld provided per run Lw = = 100 mm Moment of Inertia Ix = FWr * L^3 / 12 = 333333 mm3 Direct Shear Fs = V / (Lw*FWr) = 0.052 kN/mm Direct Tension Ft = F / (Lw*FWr) = 0.150 kN/mm Resultant Load Fr = ( Ft^2 + Fs^2 ) 1/2 = 0.159 kN/mm Try FW size FW = = 6 mm Design Strength (43 or 51) pw = Table 36, E43 = 215 N/mm2 Weld Capacity pwr = FW * pw = 0.903 kN/mm Fr <= pwr, the fillet weld provided is satisfactory Fr <= pwr OK!! Tension Capacity of End Plate

Effective Length of plastic hinge at section A-A

LeA

e eA

P eA

=

=

=

at section B-B

LeB

c

e eB

P eB

=

=

=

=

Design Tensile Strength Moment Capacity of End Plate at section A-A at section B-B

Pu

=

MuA

MuB

=

=

Distance Between Plastic Hinges Tying Capacity of End Plate

L

Ptp

=

=

 2*e eA +(nb-1)*p eA = 130 mm e1, <= e2 = 40 mm p, <= 2*e2 = 50 mm 2*e eB +(nb-1)*p eB = 130 mm 1/2 * (W-2*e2-tw-2s) = 80.85 mm e1, <= c + Dh/2 = 40 mm p, <= 2*c + Dh = 50 mm Us/1.25 = 328 n/mm2 (Pu*LeA*tp^2) /4 = 1.07 kNm (Pu*LeB*tp^2) /4 = 1.07 kNm c - Dh/2 = 71.85 mm 2*(MuA+MuB)/L = 59.35 kN

F <= Ptp, the applied tensile force is within prying capacity of end plateF > Ptp

NOT OK!!!